The Cardinal Lory(Pseudeos cardinalis) It has a characteristic shape due to its relatively long tail.
Among adults, There is no sexual dimorphism, the plumage is completely brilliant red, but the upperparts and wings They seem to be darker.
The bill is orange-red with a black color in the base area.
The bare orbital skin is black.
The feathers the lower parts have small yellowish features, What gives a vaguely scaly appearance.
The legs are grey.
The irises is red-orange.
The immature has the back and blankets of Red Wings clear. Its bill It is pale orange with small black marks. Its orbital skin is whitish grey. Their irises are pale yellow.
It is a kind forest. It is very widespread and is locally abundant in primary and secondary forests. It is also in the forests in regeneration in coconut plantations and mangroves where there are trees in flower.
Can rise to 1.200 m above sea level, Although in the Bougainville Island (Papua New Guinea), does not exceed of the 800 m.
It is a bird loud that does not happen easily unnoticed.
It is usually in small flocks of up to 20 birds flying high above the canopy. Also gets into branches higher trees in flower which is notable for its continuous shrieks and its beautiful bright colors.
Is often found in the company of the Coconut Lorikeet(Trichoglossus haematodus) and they particularly appreciate red flowers.
This bird is constantly moved in the day, flying from one island to another.
The breeding season probably starts in June. There are reports of links in August and stops extending to September.
To date, We have found a nest in a high tree cavity, at low altitude above the ground. This is the only information we have on the natural environment.
In captivity, the Cardinal Lory puts two white eggs. Both parents incubate and care for young people.
The incubation period is of 24 days.
When out of the shell, chicks weigh in 6 to 7 g.. They are covered with a white quilt, long and dense.
As with all the Loris type Chalcopsitta y Pseudeos the nest is especially long and hard between 65 and 80 days.
The Cardinal Lory is exclusively vegetarian. Feeds in the canopy and fruit Palms, small berries, flowers, outbreaks, also pollen and nectar.
This Parrot seems to mark a clear preference for the flowers and red fruits.
The Cardinal Lory It is endemic to the Islands to the East of New Guinea. Its area of distribution covers New Hanover and the islands surrounding (Tabar, Lihir, Thong, FeNi and Nissan). Extends to Buka and Bougainville. In the Solomon Islands occupies a territory that extends to the South of San Cristóbal.
– Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern
– The population trend: Stable
The world population It has not been quantified, but the species is described as abundant (pit et to the. 1997). Sources estimate that the total population in nature exceeds the 100 thousand copies.
The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.
However, is classified by the UICN as a species “in restricted zone “, which means that it has a territory whose surface is less to 50 000 km, therefore, potential danger.
In 1989, the Solomon Island allowed that a few Cardinal Lory were exported to the EE.UU.. However, because of the Law on the conservation of wild birds in 1992 The export of the Lori of Solomon Islands to the United States. UU. they banned except that is for authorized reproduction.
- Cardinal Lory (ingles).
- Lori cardinal (francés).
- Kardinallori (alemán).
- Lóris-cardinal (portugués).
- Lori Cardenal (español).
- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Nombre científico: Pseudeos cardinalis
- Genus: Pseudeos
- Citation: (Gray,GR, 1849)
- Protónimo: Lorius cardinalis
31 cm.. length and a weight between 200 and 230 gr.
The bottom of the wings of the Brown Lory(Chalcopsitta duivenbodei) are bright yellow narcissus.
Two other features of their plumage that calls powerfully the attention are, seen head-on , the yellow that completely surrounds the bill and forecrown and also the contrast of color violet or blue deep in it low back, the thighs and feathers of the tail.
The feathers of the chest have pointed yellow, giving a scaly appearance to the area.
The bill is black, as the eye ring and the skin bare at the base of the bill. The irises are orange-red, the legs are grey.
There is no sexual dimorphism, females are identical to males.
The youth they have more muted colors, with less yellow.
To the Brown Lory may be mistaken for it is a very similar species, the Dusky Lory(Pseudeos fuscata). This last, However, can be distinguished by their underparts predominantly orange or yellow, rump white, their bill Orange and its smaller size.
It is a bird of extraordinary beauty.
Chalcopsitta Duivenbodei Syringanuchalis
(Neumann, 1915) – 31 cm approx.. Brown is more dark by the area of the head and back. Many specimens with dark violet hue.
They frequent the primary and secondary forests with large mature trees.
They seem to especially appreciate the edges of wooded areas. They are also found in the partially open forests. They seem to be able to adapt to areas that have suffered more or less significant damage.
The Brown Lory It is a bird of lowland, It is usually present below the 200 m.
There is little information about the habits of this species. Often live in pairs or in small groups in that often is associated with other species of parrots dining rooms of nectar or near those trees in flower.
They usually seek food the canopy of the forest and vegetation at ground level. Their activity seems to have no end. At night they retire to dormitories in the branches.
When moving, they have a very characteristic flight made with very accentuated flapping at the tips of the wings.
Their flight is much slower than the Coconut Lorikeet(Trichoglossus hamatodus). Yellow-orange color under the wings are very obvious.
The breeding season is produced in April. In captivity, the females usually lay two eggs, which hatch in approximately 24 days. The total duration of the nesting is very long. 11 weeks from the construction of the nest until the full autonomy of the offspring. We don't have more information.
We don't have many details on its menu. One thing is certain, their diet is almost exclusively vegetarian. It feeds on fruits, seeds and sprouts. Given the fact that spends most of its time in shrubs or flowering trees, pollen and nectar should be an essential resource in your diet.
This species has a patchy distribution along the lowlands of the North coast of New Guinea, since the Cenderawasih Bay between Papua and West Papua (Indonesia) to the The astrolabe Bay in Papua New Guinea. In general they are rare (Coates 1985, Beehler et to the., 1986), but is fairly common locally in locations such as the South of River Vanimo Puwani and in the area of the Wapoga River (A. Mack in lit. . 1999, KD Bishop in litt. 1999, B. Beehler in litt., 2000).
The species has a population global estimated at more of 50.000 individuals.
Forests throughout its area of distribution is threatened by commercial logging, but the abundance of the species in secondary forest suggests that it is not threatened.
The fact that are able to adapt to them areas forest exploited or degraded, It is an encouraging sign and the mark of the relative health of the species.
It is of a bird rare in captivity, but his breeding is easy.
Measured between 30 to 31 cm.. and a weight between 180 and 245 gr.
The adults of the species Yellow-streaked Lory(Chalcopsitta scintillata) have plumage dark green, pale green veins in head and the abdomen, and bright yellow bands in the chest and in the the mantle.
The forecrown, cheeks and the thighs are bright red. The sides of the chest with large red infiltrations.
The under wing
It is crossed by a thick yellow band. The bill is black. Bare skin eye and at the base of bill is dark gray. The irises are orange-red, the legs grey.
There is no sexual dimorphism, but in the female, the front spot It is less pronounced.
The immature They resemble adults, but have less red in the forecrown. The basis of the bill It is less stained yellow. The irises Brown.
They are particularly visible in the early hours of the day, When the bands fly over canopy, sometimes very large heights.
They have a direct flight with rapid wing beats. In spite of this, they give the impression of moving slowly, almost in a hesitant way. Its neck tense and the tail feathers widely deployed gives them a vision that is very characteristic flight. Couples often engage in stunts, with many screams.
(Salvadori, 1876) – Adults of this subspecies differ little from those of the nominal species. However, They differ from the latter by the narrowest stripes on the plumage. The bottom of your wings They are green or green with red markings.
Chalcopsitta scintillata rubrifrons
(Gray,GR, 1858) – In this subspecies, both adults and juveniles, they are identical to the nominal species, but the veins of body plumage They are more spacious and orange-yellow.
common in the lowlands, in the Savanna They are covering the hills, in plantations cocoteros and in the mangroves.
They are also in the primary forest and secondary adjacent, even bands narrow Gallery forests bordering rivers in open terrain.
Occasionally, the Yellow-streaked Lory They sit near or inside Gardens in local villages.
They can fly to 800 m above sea level.
Typically install their nests in treeholes high. There is not much information about the reproduction in the center of nature.
In captivity, the implementation is of 2 eggs which both parents incubate alternately during 26 days. At hatching, hatchlings weigh 7 u 8 g.. Duration reproductive cycle It is very long and can overcome 80 days. Despite this, There may be a second clutch in the season.
They feed in the trees.
consume nectar, pollen and fruit. Are said to some insects complete this predominantly vegetarian diet.
Tamaño de su área de distribución (reproductor/residente): 586.000 km2
These birds are endemic to the Aru Islands and South of Papua New Guinea.
It is not an endangered species. In a study in Southeast New Guinea, its density was estimated at 20 birds per square kilometer.
Its world population approaches the 100.000 birds.
The population suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.
They are birds very noisy People who like to let their loud cries are heard. They are playful, they have no fear and they can easily become meek in the hands of your caregiver. They are not only extremely aggressive against other Yellow-streaked Lory, also as with other species.
- Yellow-streaked Lory, Greater Streaked Lory, Streaked Lory, Yellow streaked Lory, Yellowish-streaked Lory (ingles).
- Lori flamméché, Lori à front jaune, Lori à front rouge, Lori strié (francés).
- Schimmerlori (alemán).
- Lóris-listrado-amarelo (portugués).
- Lori Chispeado (español).
32 cm.. height and a weight between 230 and 260 gr.
The Black Lory(Chalcopsitta atra) It is the least colorful member of an otherwise very colorful genre. It´s, in poultry, therefore, the least popular. This is unfortunate because it is equally as interesting as the other members of the genus.
Black color with a purplish gloss in plumage that is highly apparent in the light of the Sun, which gives it a superficial appearance of a crow. Even their bare parts, as the nose , the skin around the eyes and on the basis of JAWS, eyes and claws, they are equally dark. Rump displays a violet blue.
The underside of the tail feathers are color olivaceous with light infusions of red at the base.
The iris is orange-red, the grey legs.
The youth differ little from adults but have an eye-ring and a skin at the base of the peak which are whitish. It is grey.
There is a 3 subspecies, that differ little between if:
Chalcopsitta atra atra: Both adults, usually black. The bluish violet rump. The feathers of the bottom of tail olive/yellow washed in red. Naked eye-ring black , black skin at the base of the peak. Orange-red eyes.
Chalcopsitta atra bernsteini: Red marks / Purple forehead and thighs, less evident in females; Blue darker in the rump.
Chalcopsitta atra insignis: Head striped gray/blue. The front, the face, the thighs and the underside of the wings are red. The feathers of the throat and underparts with red trim. The rump is dull blue. The lower part of the tail is greyish blue. It is one of the most beautiful parrots that exist. It will be necessary to see any parrot in the light of the Sun to be able to appreciate its beauty.
It is also said that there are other subspecies, the calcopsitta atra spectabilis, resident in the peninsula Mamberiok, but the data given are running that it was only a hybridization of the Chalcopsitta Atra and the Chalcopsitta Sintillata.
They are nomads outside the breeding season, and, they are sometimes found in large groups, associated with the Blackbirds, feeding together on trees in flower.
The Black Lory live in the Plains, rarely above the 200 m. They are very abundant in relatively open habitats, as the mangroves near the coast, swamp forest, coconut plantations, scattered eucalyptus in the Middle areas of meadows and scrub land. From time to time come to the edge of the Woods primary or forest growth. The Black Lory is endemic to New Guinea.
Most of the information has been obtained from captive birds. In nature, most of these birds are played between December and February. In captivity, the female lays two white eggs which are incubated for about 25 days. The whole reproductive period is particularly long, lasting approximately 75 days.
The male incubates not, but sometimes it remains in the nest with the female. After birth the chicks remain in the nest approximately one 10 weeks.
The Black Lory is vegetarian. Primarily feeds on nectar and fruits. Migrates constantly search for food in season. Green corn seeds and sprouts are also within your diet. Enjoy the Schefflera shrubs.
This species is distributed along the western part of West Papua, the Indonesian portion of New Guinea. In particular, they are in the Western Vogelkop, also on the islands of Misool (provinces of Maluku), Batanta (Papua Province), the Onin and Bomberai and Salawati peninsulas (West Papua), off the coast.
Between the 3 [+] Subspecies:
Chalcopsitta atra atra: Distribution. West New Guinea
Chalcopsitta atra bernsteini: Distribution. Confined to the island of Misool (Indonesia) in the West of New Guinea.
Chalcopsitta atra insignis: Distribution. The Vogelkop, Island Amberpon, Onin, peninsulas Bomberai, Northeast of New Guinea.
This lory is evaluated as least concern on the red list of threatened species. Is included in Appendix II of CITES.
The world population is estimated at 50.000 birds.
This number is probably stable, but data are lacking to say it with certainty.
The commercial import of this species in EC was banned in 1991.
The Black Lory It is said is among the parrots with the sweetest character. They are easy to tame. Its obvious disadvantage is acute cries that often emit. Not everyone can tolerate them. It is however unusual in captivity.
The subspecies insignis is rare, and the subspecies bernsteini practically non-existent.
- Black Lory, Rajah Lory, Red-quilled Lory (ingles).
- Lori noir (francés).
- Schwarzlori (alemán).
- Lóris-negro (portugués).
- Lori Negro (español).
Origin: Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guiana, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela.
Character: Active and playful.
Longevity: 30 to been
Height: 35 a 41cm.
35 to 41 cm.. height and between 190 and 277 g. of weight.
The Red fan Parrot(Deroptyus accipitrinus) is unmistakable for its showy colours. Has the forecrown and crown yellowish white, fading is back to Brown with striped pale in the part back from the neck and a bordered of feathers elongated in form of collar of color red Bordeaux in its base and blue bright in the tips; lores brown; cheeks, throat, sides neck and supercilii area, brown, strongly striped with shades yellow.
The upperparts are green. The under wing-coverts medium-sized and small are green; primary coverts of color blue dark dark. Primaries blackish, secondaries Green with dark tips. Under, the wings green, flight feather blackish. Sides of chest and belly green; Center of the chest and the belly red Bordeaux with blue tips, creating an effect bleached blue and Red, sometimes with a little bit of green, especially in the part superior of the chest; the thighs and undertail-coverts green. Upper, the tail green with blue tips, outer feathers with blue in the outerweb and Red hidden in the base of the innerwebs; undertail, the tail black. Bill blackish, paler at the tip; cere black; yellow the irises; legs dark grey.
It is not possible to determine the sex safely by their appearance.
Immature has lower mandible of color Horn and a rainbow Brown warm.
The Red fan Parrot living in the jungle tropical of land low, preferring the formations of land firm, including the ground slightly wavy or of the hills (perhaps due to a greater diversity of plants of which is fed). Apparently prevents them forests and marshes, edge of forest and clear, but there is a report of birds in forest flooded in the drainage of River Morona, Peru, and feeds mainly on riverine forests in Venezuela. Only comes to them 400 meters in the southeast of Colombia and a 200 metres in Venezuela.
Not is very gregarious, are distributed in pairs or small groups of 3-4. On rare occasions, until 10. The aggregations prior to it breeds seem to break is in couples or trios to the home of the nesting. Rest in the cups give the trees in small groups (Perhaps alone in tree cavities). It feeds mainly in the canopy.
Not are very sociable. They show an appearance of Raptor, Deploying the feathers of the back of the head fan.
Nest in tree holes, including an old nest of Woody Woodpecker, for example of a Woodpecker grebes (Campephilus rubricollis). The rapid flapping of wings, followed of a mild decline of sliding, give a flight of display deep wavy during the period of breeding. Breeding March-June, Venezuela; January-March, Guiana; February-April, Suriname; December-February, Brazil. Clutch 2-3 in captivity.
Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 4.240.000 km2
Discontinuous. Amazon, from the South of Venezuela to the northeast of Ecuador and Peru, the Guianas and Amazonia Brazil.
Distribution 2 subspecies:
Deroptyus accipitrinus accipitrinus
(Linnaeus, 1758) – Nominal. From the South-East of Colombia to Venezuela, the Guianas; Northeast of Peru and North of Brazil.
Deroptyus accipitrinus fuscifrons
(Hellmayr, 1905) – Brazil, to the South of the River Amazons (from For to the North of Mato Grosso) possibly Bolivia.
• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.
• Population trend: Decreasing.
Justification of the population
The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “quite common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).
Justification of trend
It is suspected that this species has lost 24-31.3% of habitat suitable within their distribution during three generations (23 years) based on a model of Amazon deforestation (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the., 2011). However, given the tolerance of the species to the effects of fragmentation / degradation / edges and / or the magnitude of the losses global, It is suspected that will decrease in <25% en tres generaciones.
The Red fan Parrot or Parrot Hawk is a bird very Intelligent, playful and very beautiful. However and, Despite its undeniable appeal, It is not ideal to have captive species. Are extremely nervous and in occasions this is translated in that is start or bite them feathers or even can get to self-harm is.
Are parrots extremely noisy and have an exemplary inside House not seems too tolerable and Yes, a tough test for our patience.
Origin: Venezuela, Guyanas, Brazil, Suriname and French Guiana French
Character: Intelligent and curious.
Longevity: 25 years
Height: 24 to 26 cm..
24 to 26 cm.. height and between 179 and 222g. weight.
The coloration general of the Dusky Parrot(Pionus fuscus) is blue violet dark. Small patch of feathers on the front of the lores; on the basis of the cere, Pink; for the rest, lores, cheeks, forecrown and crown, lavender blue pale with white feather bases in the crown, What gives a faint mottled appearance in some birds; ear-coverts more dark and more grey, forming a distinctive patch; Feathers in the throat and the sides of the neck narrow Brown in the Center and tips of pale blue white stripe, forming the joint a collar incomplete.
Feathers in the the mantle and back, of color Brown leaden with those margins pale, giving the scalloped effect; Scapulars, rump and uppertail-coverts, darker grey brown, with very weak pale margins (or absent).
Coverts smaller and medium-sized, of color Brown leaden with margins pale; coverts primary and higher, as well as the flight feather, cobalt blue; undertail, the wings deep blue. Feathers on the top of the chest, pale pinkish with pale Lavender color tips; area more low in the chest with less dye Lavender, becoming darker and more color came in the belly, reaching, Some birds, the center of the belly of a rich colour came; undertail-coverts Crimson.
Tail of color blue with red at the base. Upper mandible Blackish at the tip with patch of color Horn in the base, lower mandible Blackish with the base more clear and more pale visible in some birds; Iris dark brown; Legs grey.
Both sexes similar.
In the immature staining is equal to the adult, but with some roofs on the upper wings with green edge; secondary feathers dyed in green and the eye ring naked and white.
They inhabit mainly in forests rainy of land low and forests moist in the hills, in where the birds spend the greater part of the time in the canopy; Mainly in the forest land, occasionally in forests and marshes and less frequently in igapó (permanently flooded forests), Although there have been reports of birds in Savannah (Suriname), coastal forest Gallery (French Guiana) and cultivated areas (Although avoiding habitats more open and less seen in clearings or edges of forest to some close relatives, such as the Blue-headed Parrot(Pionus menstruus).
Rare species, flying alone or in small groups on the forest canopy,
Are you can see in Venezuela from the level of the sea to close them 1.000 m, and in close 1.200-1.800 meters on the side Colombian of the Sierra de Perija.
Gregarious, especially outside the breeding season.
It nests in hollows of old trees, probably during the second quarter of the year, Although a nest was observed in the month of November in For, Brazil. The laying is of 3-4 eggs.
It feeds mainly in the canopy but also in the branches of fruit trees in light areas.
Distribución de tamaño (reproducción / residente): 1.870.000 km2
Its population is discontinuous. There is an isolated population in the Sierra de Perija (border between Colombia and Venezuela); regardless of population, The species is found in Venezuela, to the South of the Orinoco in Bolivar, from the Río Caura, in the Northwest, up to the Nuria upland, the upper area of the River Cuyuni and Sierra de Lema in the areas border with Guyana, in the East, extending through the forested parts of Guyana, Suriname and presumably it French Guiana (There are no known records) until Amapá, the North-East of Brazil, and spreading more broadly to the East of the Brazilian Amazon, from Rio Negroin the North and South, from the Madeira River to the East of For and Maranhão.
Movements regular seasonal occur in Suriname, with the birds present in the coastal region in the months of July and August.
In general quite common, Although distributed locally; reports of a moderate and widespread presence in Guyana (Although rare in the Mountains Kanuku in the Southwest); Common in the forests of the coastal coastal, the savanna and forests inside of Suriname.
The deforestation severe and rapid in parts of its range (for example, For and Maranhão, Brazil) is, presumably, causing a decline in the population of the Dusky Parrot.
Very tight in bondage.
• Not considered under No category of threat.
• Not is known as bird's cage, but the loss of habitat may be affecting their populations.
Justification of the population:
The size of the world population Dusky Parrot It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “rare” (Stotz et to the., 1996).
Justification of trend:
It is suspected that this species has lost the 1,1% of habitat within its distribution over three generations (20 years) on the basis of a model of Amazon deforestation (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the., 2011).
Given the susceptibility of the species to hunt or capture, It is suspected that it will fall in <25% durante tres generaciones.
Intelligent, curious, a bit noisy, playful when acclimatizes to the owner.
Rare in captivity until the Decade of 1970 When in small quantities were imported from Guyana.
The Bronze winged Parrot(Pionus chalcopterus) has the general Brown, darker in head, neck, chest and flanks, This plumage with blue-violet edge.
The throat whitish and pink; wings Bronze Green.
Flight is evident violet blue at the top of the wing
the Green bottom, that contrasts with the Red of the lower abdomen. Dorsally Violet Blue is notorious in the rump, shoulder and tail. The feathers of the tail are dark blue with a shade of red at the base.
The bill is of color beige, area of naked skin surrounding the eyes of pink. The legs They are pink.
It inhabits in rainforest, semi-húmeda, crops and forest edge between 120 and 2800 m.
They are birds gregarious and noisy. Every tomorrow is mobilized in flocks in search of food. Within the flocks are can observe to the couples, that form of life, and to interact with a variety of behavior of contact that reaffirm the conjugal relationship.
Prefer for their nests broken rods, hollow of logs and palm trees. They nest in the months of October-may. The female often put in two to four eggs they are incubated during three weeks approximately, after which are born them chicks naked or just covered with down. The chicks remain with their parents until the next reproductive shekel.
Will congregate in cornfields in groups up to of 40 individuals, feeding is of pulp and seeds many fruits and other material ingredients as nectar and flower petals, complementing occasionally its diet with insects.
Its population is distributed by the mountain range of the Andes, from Colombia, Northwest of Venezuela; to the South, by the mountains to the Northwest of Peru.
• Red list category of the UICN current: Least concern
• Population trend: Decreasing
The size of the population World of the Bronze winged Parrot It has not been quantified, but this species is described as ‘rare‘ (Stotz et to the., 1996).
The population was suspected of being in decline due to ongoing habitat destruction.
This species is characterized be decreasing in Colombia and West Ecuador, due to the logging of forest subtropical, which has been severe and quick on the slopes of the Andes (Juniper and Parr 1998).
The evident anecdotal, based on the frequency of sightings, suggests that the species has declined in Pineapples, South of Ecuador, c.15-20 years (M. By D Sanchez. Diaz in litt. 2011). Also is says that has been extirpated from areas previously occupied as the slopes of them Andes and valleys of the Cauca and the Magdalena river in Colombia, again due to loss of habitat (Juniper and Parr 1998).
In Venezuela the species is scarce and local, limited, to a large extent, to the slope West of them Andes in Mérida and Sierra de Perija, with occasional records in Táchira (CJ Sharpe in litt. 2011). These areas have experienced rapid deforestation during at least the last 24 years for the crop and the livestock.
Surveys conducted in the Northwest of Peru in the Decade of 1990 they appeared to detect a sharp decrease in population from 1993 (Rosales et to the., 2007), Although this species is known as Nomad and their local numbers may fluctuate.
Rare in captivity, It is not a main target of poachers (CJ Sharpe in litt. 2011, R. Clay in litt. 2011), Although it is still present in illegal trade of Peru (F. Angle in litt. 2011)
Intelligent, playful and curious. You can be nervous, loving with your caregiver and aggressive with other people. It has a tendency to obesity.
It requires a spacious cage unless the bird pass periods of time outside of it. Not must keep is to open air where the temperatures fall below them 5 ° C.
With feed a wide variety of seeds, fruits and berries.
It is a relatively healthy bird, While it may be more susceptible to infection aspergillosis that other species.
In captivity they lay two eggs the incubation takes 26 days.
- Bronze winged Parrot, Bronze-winged Parrot (inglés).
- Pione noire, Pionus noir (francés).
- Glanzflügelpapagei, Glanzflügel-Papagei (alemán).
- Curica-asa-de-bronze (portugués).
- Cotorra Oscura (Colombia).
- Cotorra Negra (Venezuela).
- Cotorra Oscura, Loro Alibronceado, Loro de Alas Bronceadas, Cheja alibronceada (español).
27 to 29 cm.. height and between 233 and 293 g. of weight.
The Scaly-headed Parrot(Pionus maximiliani) It is medium in size and tail very short; has the lores, the forecrown and the eye area opaque dark bronze; the feathers on crown, the cheeks, the chin and the sides of the neck, basal green with wide enough margins bronze that give the appearance of flake; ear-coverts with dark green margins but brighter than other pens head.
The back of the neck and green the mantle become more brown and olive green upper lower parts, where some feathers have quite indistinct darker tips. Coverts smaller and medium-sized green olive brown with indistinct dark tips; alula, primary and greater coverts and flight feathers, brighter green, contrasting with the upperparts brown, duller.
Under the wings, opaque green. The throat and the top chest blue violet off that fade in brownish olive green in the bottom of the chest and most of the belly, but they are become brighter and greener in flanks and the thighs; undertail-coverts Crimson. Upper, the tail green in the center, outer feathers mainly blue and red at the base; undertail, the tail, bluish green duller. Bill black with yellow edges on the upper mandible and the bottom tip; orbital skin pale grey; irises dark brown; legs grey.
Both sexes are similar. Immature It has less intense the blue throat; feathers head more green with less distinct margins.
(Ribeiro, 1920) – Blue darker in throat and darker above. Larger.
Pionus maximiliani siy
(Souance , 1856) – Much like the nominal species but darker below, more purple and less blue in the chest, yellower in back and Blue throat lighter.
It inhabits in a wide range of forested habitats, but mostly in dry forests lowland ranging from caatinga very dry, inside the northeast of Brazil, through the savannas Closed seasonal, to Chaco; also in wetter forests, including forests in galleries and forests of araucarias, especially in southeast Brazil. They can also be seen in subtropical forests in Eastern Andean slopes some 2.000 meters in the Northwest of Argentina and some 1.500 meters in the mountains of the South of Brazil.
Tolerant to human alteration of forest habitats and sometimes cultivated areas. Generally gregarious, arriving to form flocks numerous in places in where the food is abundant probably is hiding in small groups in them cups of them trees.
They nest in tree hollows. Birds in terms of breeding in the month of October in Paraguay; November in São Paulo; laying 3-5 eggs.
Mainly resident, Although perhaps not raised in the drier parts of the Argentine Chaco. Apparently more numerous in the center of its area of distribution, where its abundance is only surpassed by the Maroon-bellied Parakeet(Pyrrhura frontalis); progressively more scarce toward the periphery.
The decrease apparent, in some parts of the range, (for example, North of the Argentina) is attributable to the trade, but in other places (for example, the southeast of Brazil) is undoubtedly its decline due to the loss of forests.
(Ribeiro, 1920) – East of Paraguay, Brazil and northeast of Argentina (Missions)
Pionus maximiliani siy
(Souance , 1856) – Southeast of Bolivia until Paraguay, West of Brazil (Mato Grosso), North of Argentina.
• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.
• Population trend: Decreasing.
Justification of the population
The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “quite common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).
Justification of trend
It is suspected that the population is in decline due to the continuous habitat destruction and to levels of exploitation unsustainable.
The species has been object of strong exchanges: from 1981, When is included in the Appendix II of the CITES, they have been 93.234 individuals captured in the wild in the international trade (database CITES from the UNEP-WCMC, January 2005).
Curious, very intelligent and social. Quiet and relatively little aggressive. Prone to obesity. You can learn to imitate.
Pretty common in captivity. Longevity: 20 years.
Housing: Site suspended at a minimum to 2 metres in height.
Diet: fruit as: Apple, pear, orange, banana, Granada, cactus fruits, they form approximately the 30 percent of the diet; vegetables as: carrot, celery, Green beans, pea in the pod; maize fresh; green leaves such as: Chard, lettuce, Dandelion, Aviary grass; millet; mix of seeds small e.g.: millet, and small amounts of buckwheat, oats, safflower and hemp; soaked and sprouted from seeds of sunflower; beans, cooked vegetables and boiled corn.
It needs regular exercise it is necessary to provide you with an Aviary as large as possible. Provide shallow bowls of water for bathing. Also provide stairs, swings, strings, different sizes of hooks and assorted toys.
- Scaly-headed Parrot, Maximilian's Parrot, Scaly headed Parrot (inglés).
- Pione de Maximilien, Pionus de Maximilien (francés).
- Maximilianpapagei (alemán).
- Maitaca, baitaca, maitaca-bronzeada, maitaca-de-Maximiliano, maitaca-suia, maitaca-verde, suia, umaitá (portugués).
- Loro Bronceado, Loro choclero, Loro maitaca (español).
(1) – IBC.lynxeds.com
(2) – A Scaly-headed Parrot (also called a Scaly-headed Pionus, Maximilian’s Pionus, amd Maximilian’s Parrot) in a cage By Alex Knowles [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A pet male Scaly-headed Parrot (also called Maximilian Pionus, Maximilian Parrot, Maximilian’s Pionus, or Maximilian’s Parrot) By Snowmanradio (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Scaly-headed Pionus (also called Maximilian Pionus, Maximilian Parrot, Maximilian’s Pionus, or Maximilian’s Parrot) at Zoológico de Americana, São Paulo, Brazil By Moe Oliveira [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Loro Choclero By Danbrazil (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Iconographie des perroquets : non figurés dans les publications de Levaillant et de M. Bourjot Saint-Hilaire By Blanchard, Emile; Bonaparte, Charles Lucian; Bourjot Saint-Hilaire, Alexandre; Le Vaillant, François; Souancé, Charles de. [CC BY 2.0 or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons