Red billed Parrot
Pionus sordidus

Tropicbird Parrot

Description:

The Red billed Parrot (Pionus sordidus), of looking scruffy, has a length of 28 to 31 cm. and a weight between 255 and 275 g..

Red billed Parrot

The subspecies Pionus sordidus corallinus, the most widespread, has the feathers of the forecrown, lores and behind the eyes, Green at the base and with blue edges widths; the cheeks, ear-coverts and the sides of the neck, mainly green with some blue narrow tips; the crown and rear of the neck, Green with edges blue narrow. Mantle and back pretty dull green with paler blue margins; rump and uppertail-coverts, of color green basally, more Brown olive distally. Coverts medium and small with wide olive green tips; the front edge of the wing ; coverts primary and higher and flight feather brightest which the parts superiores and others wing-coverts.

Under, the wings green; chin green; throat and upper breast with band broadband of color blue violet; belly green, Some birds with gray Suffusion; undertail-coverts Crimson. Tail Green by the Center, Blue side; Red at the base.

Bill coral red, pale at the base of the upper mandible; cere dark grey; bare periophthalmic pale grey; Iris dark brown; legs pale grey.

Both sexes are similar. Immature sample undertail-coverts yellowish-green with some red marks; head green.

  • Sound of the Red billed Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Loro piquirrojo sound.mp3]
Description 6 subspecies
  • Pionus sordidus antelius

    (Todd, 1947) – Similar to the nominal species but the feathers of the throat lack of edges blue and the center of the chest is in color pink.

  • Pionus sordidus corallinus

    (Bonaparte, 1854) – Described above.

  • Pionus sordidus mindoensis

    (Chapman, 1925) – Is as the subspecies Pionus sordidus corallinus, but of color green more beige, those edges blue of the feathers of the head are more narrow and the under wing-coverts not have them edges dark.

  • Pionus sordidus ponsi

    (Aveledo & Gines, 1950) – Throat of color blue violet almost solid. The chest and upperparts they are darker and greener that the of the nominal species, they lack clear margins to the feathers of the back and of the wing-coverts.

  • Pionus sordidus saturatus

    (Todd, 1915) – More dark and more green that it nominal species with the feathers of the upperparts lack of margins of color green olive. Less green in the throat and cheeks.

  • Pionus sordidus sordidus

    (Linnaeus, 1758) – Nominal. Much more Brown that the subspecies Pionus sordidus corallinus, with blue (turquoise) more reduced in the throat. Feathers in them upperparts with most distinctive pale margins.

Habitat:

It is a very rare species. It inhabits in mountains of cloudy humid and semi-humid forests, edges of forest and partially deforested areas, between 200-2850 m, Although they are more frequent at altitudes of 500-1.500 m. They use areas of secondary growth, partially deforested with tall trees scattered and sometimes light forests on coffee plantations, being less frequent in dry areas.

Gregarious outside of the breeding season; formations in flocks of up to 50 birds, sometimes more where the food is abundant. Children sleep in community.

Reproduction:

They nest in the cavity of the trees, sometimes in very degraded habitats. Birds in attitude breeds during the months of February-April in Colombia; Breeding in months of April-June in Venezuela, January-may in Ecuador; Nest occupied in October in Bolivia. Laying three eggs in captivity.

Food:

Feeds of fruit, berries and seeds.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 169.000 km2

This species has a distribution batch through them land high in the North and West of South America, from Venezuela to the North of Bolivia. You can find in the North of Venezuela, in the mountains of Anzoátegui, Sucre, North of Monagas and apparently, of way to discontinuous, in the Highlands of the Federal District through the mountains coastal, to the West, until Lara and Falcon, then in the Sierra de Perija, Zulia and parts adjacent in Colombia, West to the foothills of Santa Marta in Magdalena, also locally in the Eastern Andes of Boyacá and Huila. Extends over the Western side of the Andes in Ecuador, from Pichincha until Gold and for all the East side to the northeast of Peru.

Although there are no records in the Eastern Andean slope, in the central and southern Peru, the range includes the Yungas North of Bolivia in Santa Cruz and Cochabamba.

Common locally; apparently less numerous in the West of Ecuador and North of Bolivia, and probably in decline locally due to the deforestation (for example, in the Ecuador Western, North of Venezuela and Andes of Colombia).

A recent study not localized to the subspecies Pionus sordidus antelius in its area of distribution widely cleared, Although the subspecies can dwell in forests moderately disturbed.

Kept as pets locally although generally scarce in captivity.

Distribution 6 subspecies

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the population

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “quite common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that the population is in decline due to ongoing habitat destruction.

Loro Piquirrojo en cautividad:

Very rare in captivity. In general, they are not so nervous in temperament as other parrots. They can learn to imitate.

Its diet in captivity It varied: Fruits such as: Apple, orange, banana, Granada, Cactus, they form approximately the 30 percent of the diet; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, Green beans, pea in the pod, fresh corn; Greens such as: Chard, lettuce, Dandelion, Aviary grass; millet; mixture of small seeds, such as: millet, birdseed, and small amounts of oats, buckwheat, safflower and hemp; soaked and sprouted sunflower seeds; beans, cooked vegetables and boiled corn; hard cheese.

Alternative names:

Red-billed Parrot, Dusky parrot, Red billed Parrot, Sordid parrot (English).
Pione à bec rouge, Perroquet sordide (French).
Dunenkopfpapagei, Dunenkopf, Dunenkopf-Papagei (German).
Curica-de-bico-vermelho (Portuguese).
Cotorra Piquirroja, Loro de Pico Rojo, Loro Piquirrojo (Spanish).
Cotorra piquiroja, Cotorra Piquirroja (Colombia).
Loro de Pico Rojo (Peru).
Perico Pico Rojo (Venezuela).

Carl Linnaeus
Carl Linnaeus

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pionus
Scientific name: Pionus sordidus
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Protonimo: Psittacus sordidus

Tropicbird Parrot images:


Red billed Parrot (Pionus sordidus)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical

  • Photos:

(1) – Red-billed Parrot, Pionus s. sordidus, Perico Pico Rojo – Our beautiful world
(2) – Red-billed Parrot, Pionus s. sordidus, Perico Pico Rojo – Our beautiful world
(3) – Red-billed Parrot, Pionus s. sordidus, Perico Pico Rojo – Our beautiful world
(4) – Red-billed Parrot (also known ans the Red-billed Pionus); two captive By TJ Lin (originally posted to Flickr as coral-billed pionus) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Red-billed-Parrot (Pionus sordidus), Pajaro Jumbo Reserve, NW Ecuador By Nomdeploom (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – BARRABAND, Jacques (1767/8-1809) Le Perroquet brun [Red-billed Parrot (Pionus sordidus)] – Wikimedia

Blue-headed Parrot
Pionus menstruus


Blue-headed Parrot

Description parrot-headed:

28 to 30 cm.. height and between 234 and 295g. weight.

The Blue-headed Parrot (Pionus menstruus) is distinguishable by having the head, neck and chest blue; Red in the rump and in the Base ventral of the tail (very visible on the fly), basis of the bill and neck dotted with pink.

Shoulder and end of the wing olive green with yellow border, tail Green with blue tip.

Subspecies description:

  • Pionus menstruus menstruus

    (Linnaeus, 1766) – The nominal

  • Pionus menstruus reichenowi

    (Heine, 1884) – Blue head, the neck and darker throat; lower underparts washed with blue green color; coverts red infracaudales with blue ends.

  • Pionus menstruus rubrigularis

    (Cabanis, 1881) – Smaller, head pale blue, neck more extensive and clear Red.

Habitat:

Species very common, inhabits rainforests, semi-húmedas, Gallery, stubble, crop areas until the 1500 m.

Reproduction:

It feeds on various seeds, fruits and flowers.

Food:

It nests in hollows of trees and palms in dry season.

Loro distribution-headed:

They live in freedom from the South of Costa Rica, North of South America to the West of Ecuador. To the East of the Andes, comes to Peru, part of Brazil to the North of Bolivia.

Subspecies description:

  • Pionus menstruus menstruus

    (Linnaeus, 1766) – The nominal

  • Pionus menstruus reichenowi

    (Heine, 1884) – Coastal areas of the northeast of Brazil (Alagoas until Spirit Holy)

  • Pionus menstruus rubrigularis

    (Cabanis, 1881) – Tropical North of Costa Rica to western Colombia and West of Ecuador.

Conservation-headed Parrot:

• Red list category of the UICN current: Least concern

• Population trend: Decreasing

The size of the world population of the Blue-headed Parrot It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

This species is suspected that it may lose 18,5-23% of habitat within its distribution over three generations (20 years) based on a model of deforestation in the Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the. 2011). Therefore, they suspected that can decrease in <25% in three generations.

In captivity:

Pretty common in captivity. Intelligent, inquisitive Although sometimes shy. Active by nature, they can become overweight if you don't have a wide space where exercise your flight. Mature birds usually match throughout his life with his partner, you will defend with aggression of any intruder.

Its diet in captivity is wide. fruits such as: Apple, pear, orange, banana, Granada, cactus fruits, Kiwi, they form around the 30 percent of the diet; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, Green beans and peas in pod; fresh corn; Greens such as: Chard, lettuce, Kale, Dandelion, healer, chickweed; mixture of small seeds, such as: millet, birdseed, and small amounts of buckwheat, oats, safflower and hemp; soaked and sprouted sunflower; beans, cooked vegetables and boiled corn.

Alternative names

Blue-headed Parrot, Cobalt Parrot (English).
Schwarzohrpapagei, Schwarzohr-Papagei (German).
Cotorra Cabeciazul, Loro Cabeciazul, Loro de Cabeza Azul (Spanish).
Pione à tête bleue, Pionus à tête bleue (French).
baitaca, curica, maitaca, maitaca-de-barriga-azulada, maitaca-de-cabeça-azul, sijá, Sôia, Suia (potugués).
Pappagallo testablu (Italian).

Carl Linnaeus
Carl Linnaeus

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pionus
Scientific name: Pionus menstruus
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1766)
Protonimo: Psittacus menstruus

Blue-headed Parrot (Pionus menstruus)

Short tailed Parrot
Graydidascalus brachyurus

Short tailed Parrot

Description:

Short tailed Parrot

23 to 24 cm.. height and between 188 and 233 g. weight.

The short tail Short tailed Parrot (Graydidascalus brachyurus) It is the most distinctive, although it is also known the eyes red orange.

General Green, somewhat yellowish on wing and the belly; Flying red noted in the base of the outer feathers tail and a small upper portion of wing towards the armpit.

The beak is greenish gray, large.
The sexual dimorphism in this species it is absent.

This species, the only genre Graydidascalus, is related with the Yellow-faced Parrot (Alipiopsitta xanthops), own kind of Bolivia and Brazil.

  • Sound of the Short tailed Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/lorito colicorto.mp3]

Habitat:

It inhabits in swampy forests, intervenidas, River Islands, edges of humid and semi-humid forest, until the 400 m, associated with the banks of the rivers.

Fly quickly in large groups of up to 50 individuals, is very noisy and visit populated places. They are very social outside the breeding season. It will associate with other species of parrots in the wild.

Reproduction:

With plays during the last quarter of the year.
Successes captive breeding They have not yet been registered; although several females put one or two eggs, but no chicks. In its natural habitat, the clutch average consists of 3 to 4 eggs. The period of incubation is of 24 to 25 days.

Food:

Consume large variety of fruits (very fond of guava), tubers and possibly berries, seeds, sprouts and flowers. Foraging in the treetops.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 3.870.000 km2

Its population is distributed between the rivers of southeastern Colombia, East of Ecuador, northeastern Peru and northern Brazil, on Basin Amazon.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the population

The population size World has not been quantified, but this species is described as “quite common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that this species has lost 19.1-20.4% of habitat within its distribution over three generations (15 years) based on a model of Amazon deforestation (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the., 2011). Given the susceptibility of the species to hunting and / or capture, you suspect your decrease in population <25% over the next three generations.

Tailed parrot in captivity:

Rare in captivity. Young people are susceptible to stress and disease.

Alternative names:

Short-tailed Parrot, Short tailed Parrot (English).
Caïque à queue courte, Perroquet à queue courte, Perroquet nain de Panama (French).
Kurzschwanzpapagei, Kurzschwangenpapagei (German).
curica-verde, curica-pequena, curiquinha, papagainho-verde (Portuguese).
Cotorra Colicorta, Cotorrita Cabezona, Lorito Colicorto (Spanish).
Cotorra Colicorta (Colombia).
Loro de Cola Corta (Peru).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Graydidascalus
Scientific name: Graydidascalus brachyurus
Citation: (Temminck & Kuhl, 1820)
Protonimo: Psittacus brachyurus

Images Short tailed Parrot:

Short tailed Parrot
Peruvian Indians with Short-tailed Parrot (Graydidascalus brachyurus)

Short tailed Parrot (Graydidascalus brachyurus)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical

  • Photos:

(1) – IBC.lynxeds.com
(2) – Peruvian Indians with Short-tailed Parrot (Graydidascalus brachyurus) By derivative work: Snowmanradio (talk)Peruvian_Indians_with_Short-tailed_Parrot-6.jpg: Shea Hazarian [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Plate 155. Psittacus viridissimus. Green Parrot. Modern accepted name (2012) is Graydidascalus brachyurusBy William Swainson, F.R.S., F.L.S. (Zoological Illustrations, Volume III.) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Red-faced Parrot
Hapalopsittaca pyrrhops

Red-faced Parrot

Description:

23 cm.. height.

The Red-faced Parrot (Hapalopsittaca pyrrhops) It is distinguishable by the intense red in face and pink magenta in shoulder.

Of bill Of course, yellow feathers on the sides of the neck, crown Green with more bluish back.
Dorsally, wing with blue stain and end blackish; tail with blue border.
In flight, wing with armpit red, Blue-Green rest, tail Red with blue tip.
Youth with the face less red.

  • Sound of the Red-faced Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Loro carirrojo.mp3]

Habitat:

Rare. It inhabits in the Woods high Andean, near fells, edges and secondary forests, from the 2400 to 3500 m. They are gregarious, usually in pairs or small flocks of 4 to 6 individuals, rarely more.
They are mostly sedentary. However, can arise some movements seasonal altitudinal.

Reproduction:

Nest in the cavities of trees in October-January; the laying of eggs in late November; the chicks are born in early December, and they leave the nest in late January.

Food:

They feed in the canopy of the forest.
Its diet includes outbreaks, flowers, berries and seeds.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 33.800 km2

Inhabits the southern Andes Ecuador and North end of Peru.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

The population is estimated at a number of 2.500-9.999 mature individuals.

Threats

Its decline is attributed to the destruction and fragmentation of habitat, largely through the conversion of the burning of forests in small farms (Jacobs and Walker, 1999).

Severe loss of this species can be expected due to deforestation and degradation of forests, by burning and grazing, on Cordillera de Chilla, Loja of Ecuador, although 1995 still, there were extensive areas forest (Toyne and Flanagan 1997, Jacobs and Walker 1999).

Lorito Ecuatoriano en cautividad:

Unknown in the poultry.

Alternative names:

Red-faced Parrot, Ecuadorian Parrot, Red faced Parrot (English).
Caïque de Salvin, Caïque à face rouge (French).
Salvinpapagei, Salvins Zwergpapagei (German).
Red-faced Parrot (Portuguese).
Lorito Ecuatoriano (Spanish).
Loro de Cara Roja (Peru).

Salvin Osbert
Salvin Osbert

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Hapalopsittaca
Scientific name: Hapalopsittaca pyrrhops
Citation: (Salvin, 1876)
Protonimo: Pionopsitta pyrrhops


Red-faced Parrot (Hapalopsittaca pyrrhops)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical

  • Photos:

(1) – Red-faced Parrot (Hapalopsittaca pyrrhops) by Dusan M. Brinkhuizen – IBC

Black-winged Parrot
Hapalopsittaca melanotis


Parrot Alinegro

Larson celeste

24 cm. height.

The Black-winged Parrot (Hapalopsittaca melanotis) is distinguishable by the head almost all greyish blue, with blue-billed, ochre around the eye and back of the same black spot defined. Wings with large black patch and blue purple ends; the tip of the tail blue. The subspecies Hapalopsittaca melanotis peruviana head green, with the spot towards the back of the eye dark orange.

Rare, Although most abundant in Bolivia. Dwells in valleys temperate and humid montane forests, between 1500 to 2500 m.. (Occasionally a 3450 m.. in Peru). Generally in pairs or small groups. Seen mostly in pairs or in small groups of 3 to 25 birds. Occasionally gather in groups of up to 50 birds around their favored roosting.

[stextbox id=”info” align =”right” float=”true” width =”290″]

Not considered in any of the categories of threat, It is very rare in captivity.

They have recorded for this species altitudinal migration, Depending perhaps on the fruiting, Since the fruit is their main source of food.

With reproduced in cavities of trees or places of nesting woodpeckers.

Inhabits intermittently to the East of the Andes, in the center of Peru and in the yunga of Bolivia.

  • Sound of the Black-winged Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lorito celeste.mp3]

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Hapalopsittaca
Scientific name: Hapalopsittaca melanotis
Citation: (Lafresnaye, 1847)
Protonimo: Pionus melanotis

Alternative names:

Black-winged Parrot or Black-eared Parrot (English)
Lorito celeste (Peru, Bolivia)
Schwarzflügelpapagei (German)
Caïque à ailes noires (French)
Pappagallo alinere, (Italian).

Black-winged Parrot (Hapalopsittaca melanotis)

Sources:

Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical.

Sounds: controles-canto.org

Caica Parrot
Pyrilia caica


Lorito Caica

Description:

23 cm.. height.

The head of the Caica Parrot (Pyrilia caica) totally black is it more distinguishable from this species, together with a collar Golden cafesoso that extends up to the chest.

The rest of the body usually Green, more clear in the belly and the inside of the tail; wing with blue stain and dark ends, Tip of the tail black.

Bill color bone; ring eyepiece bare of color grey pale; Orange irises.

The youth with crown green, face Dark greenish yellow, and collar not very notorious gold in neck and almost absent in chest.

  • Sound of the Caica Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/CGypopsitta Caicos (Caica Parrot)E.P.11.06.08.mp3]

Habitat:

It is found in humid forests little disturbed, firm ground, in Tepuis, from the 50 to the 1100 m.
Gregarious, They walk in small groups. They feed in the canopy of the forest.

Reproduction:

Currently with little information about the reproduction.

Food:

In nature, It believes that its diet consists mainly of eucalyptus flowers, fruit, nectar and pollen.

Distribution:

Can be observed in the South-East of Venezuela, Guyanas and northeast of the Brazilian Amazon.

Conservation:

• Red list category of the UICN current: Near-threatened

• Population trend: Stable

Justification of the population:

The size of the world population Caica Parrot It has not been quantified, Although this species is described as ‘ rare’ (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification trend :

This species is suspected that it may lose 13,6-17,2% of habitat within its distribution over three generations (21 years) based on a model of deforestation of the Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the. 2011).

Given the susceptibility of this species to the hunting and/or entrapment, It is suspected that its population will decrease at a rate close to the 30% in three generations.

Lorito Caica in captivity:

They adult acclimatised quite easily to a new environment and are very resistant … Conversational skills (in comparison with other species).
They are very quiet in an Aviary, with a personality friendly and Gentile. They are very sociable and it should be with a partner or in a group environment. In any way, It is not easy to see to the Caica Parrot in captivity.

Alternative names:

Caica Parrot, Hooded Parrot (English).
Caïque à tête noire (French).
Kappenpapagei, Kappen-Papagei (German).
curica-caica, curica, papagainho, periquito-de-pescoço-marrom (Portuguese).
Lorito Caica, Lorito de Cabeza Negra (Spanish).
Perico Cabecinegro (Venezuela).

John Latham
John Latham

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrilia
Scientific name: Pyrilia caica
Citation: (Latham, 1790)
Protonimo: Psittacus Caïca

————————————————————————————————

Caica Parrot (Pyrilia caica)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – lynxeds

Sounds: controles-canto.org

Rose-faced Parrot
Pyrilia pulchra

Lorito Carirrosado

Description:

23 to 26 cm.. height.

The Rose-faced Parrot (Pyrilia pulchra) be distinguished easily by your face and both sides of the neck purple red with black margin; crown and throat grayish coffee. General green olive in the back and beige in the belly. Wings with the part superior mixed with yellow or red orange and the rest green blue.

Stubby-looking and tail short. The immature have only have a line red on the eye and the ear While their cheeks are coffee Green.

  • Sound of the Rose-faced Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lorito Carirrosado.mp3]

Habitat:

The Rose-faced Parrot is a parrot little known, that is is commonly between 1,200 and 2,100 m above sea level, Although has been observed at altitudes as low as 200 m. It inhabits lowland and warm humid and semi-deciduous forests. According to the information available, is known that this Parrot is often feed is on the canopy of forests, Although visit disturbed areas and crops. Flying in pairs or groups of size variable up to of 25 or more.

Reproduction:

The data on reproduction are scarce. However, they have observed individuals with gonads developed between November and February in the Chocó, in Colombia and Ecuador.

Food:

Its diet It is little known, but some observations indicate that includes in its feeding fruits of Oenocarpus bataua (Arecaceae) and other fruits from species wild and plants cultivated as banana and maize.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 195.000 km2

Are you can observe in freedom from the West of Colombia to the West of Ecuador.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

Justification of the population

The population size World has not been quantified, but this species is described as “some common and distributed unevenly” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that the population is stable in absence of evidence of any decline or threatens substantial.

Lorito Carirrosado in captivity:

Not usually seen in aviculture. Extremely sensitive, has ever survived more than one couple of months in captivity.

Alternative names:

Rose-faced Parrot, Beautiful Parrot, Rose faced Parrot (English).
Caïque à joues roses (French).
Rosenwangenpapagei, Rosenwangen-Papagei (German).
Rose-faced Parrot (Portuguese).
Cotorra Carirrosada, Lorito Carirrosado, Lorito de Cara Rosada (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrilia
Scientific name: Pyrilia pulchra
Citation: von Berlepsch, 1897
Protonimo: Pionopsitta pulchra


Rose-faced Parrot (Pyrilia pulchra)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical
  • parrots.org
  • Rodriguez-Mahecha & Hernández-Camacho 2002

  • Photos:

(1) – Photo © stolmstead Flickr.com

Brown-hooded Parrot
Pyrilia haematotis


Lorito Encapuchado

Description:

21 cm.. height and weight around 165 g.

It more distinguishable from the Brown-hooded Parrot (Pyrilia haematotis) is your head, with forecrown White and the eye ring naked white also; ear with red feathers or oranges, crown grayish coffee, chest and nape Green yellowish.

The rest of the body usually green with it armpit red (easily view on the fly), contrasting with the blue-green of the wings and the green of the tail. The latter with light blue at the tip of the central feathers.

The bill is pale brown with yellow tinge. The irises they are red and the legs grayish brown.

The immature they are similar to adults, but more pale, off and without the color red in the head. Their irises is dark.

  • Sound of the Brown-hooded Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lorito Encapuchado.mp3]

Subspecies description:

  • Pyrilia haematotis coccinicollaris

    (Lawrence, 1862) – With red marks on the bottom of the rear of the neck and in the part superior of the chest, often forming a band in the male, more weakly in the females.

  • Pyrilia haematotis haematotis

    (Sclater,PL & Salvin, 1860) – The nominal.

Habitat:

It inhabits mainly in the canopy of forests moist with trend deciduous, until the 1500 m. Their flocks are not numerous and are quiet at the time of feeding.
In Colombia is considered species very rare.

Reproduction:

It nests in hollow of trees and seems to share them with Blue-headed Parrot (Pionus menstruus).

Time of breeding in February in Yucatan; May-July in Guatemala; August in Panama.

Food:

Feeds of fruits and seeds of trees in areas forested, as well as plant epiphytes and leaves green of some types of mistletoe.

Distribution:

Are you can observe in freedom from the Centre-South of Mexico to northwest of Colombia.
You can socialize with other parrots and toucans.

Distribution of subspecies:

  • Pyrilia haematotis coccinicollaris

    (Lawrence, 1862) – East of Panama and Northwest of Colombia.

  • Pyrilia haematotis haematotis

    (Sclater,PL & Salvin, 1860) – The nominal.

Conservation:

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• Red list category of the UICN current: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

Justification of the population:

Partners in Flight estimated the population in a number lower of 50.000 individuals (A. Panjabi in litt., 2008), by what is placed in the band 20,000-49,999 individuals here.

Justification trend:

The population of the Parrot Encapuchad suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

Hooded parrot in captivity:

Extremely susceptible to stress and diseases during the acclimatization, the sudden mortality occur without prior notice. These are reasons why the they are seldom seen in captivity.

Alternative names:

Brown hooded Parrot, Brown-hooded Parrot, Red-eared Parrot (English).
Caïque à capuchon (French).
Grauwangenpapagei, Grauwangen-Papagei (German).
Brown-hooded Parrot (Portuguese).
Cotorra Cabeciparda, Lora cabeciparda, Lorito Abigarrada, Lorito Encapuchado, Loro Cabecipardo, Loro Cabeza Oscura, loro cabeza-oscura, Loro Orejirrojo (Spanish).
Cotorra Cabeciparda (Colombia).
Loro cabecipardo (Costa Rica).
Lora cabeciparda (Honduras).
loro cabeza oscura, loro cabeza-oscura, Loro Orejirrojo (Mexico).
Loro Cabecipardo (Nicaragua).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrilia
Scientific name: Pyrilia haematotis
Citation: (Sclater,PL & Salvin, 1860)
Protonimo: Pionus haematotis


Brown-hooded Parrot (Pyrilia haematotis)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • parrots.org

  • Photos:

(1) – avconline

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