Night Parrot
Pezoporus occidentalis

Night Parrot

Description

22 to 25 cm.. length

The Night Parrot (Pezoporus occidentalis) It is one of the most elusive and mysterious world of birds.

They have a bill plane, similar to the of the Kakapo (Strigops habroptila), without apparent upper jaw hook. They have feathers around the cere. The tail is short. The legs are relatively elongated, indicating its good predispositions to walk.

The male and female they are similar.

In adults, the upperparts they are generally yellowish-green with dark brown cryptic spots, black and yellow. The front of the neck is greenish yellow. The chest and flanks they have discreet black and yellow stripes. Belly and coats are bright yellow. The flight feather are pale yellow, forming a thin stripe on the lower part of the wing. The Central tail feathers are green with a strong yellowish brown shade. The bill is grey-brown, black eyes. Legs long claws dark grey.

In nature, the Night Parrot It can be confused with the kakapo Parrot, If not we are looking too details which differentiates them.

Habitat:

The Night Parrot It attends a wide variety of habitats in arid or semi-arid land. They are mainly in places where the herbs grow in clumps on rocky peaks, also in the steppes composed of thickets of quenopodios. Also feel a great attraction for the Rock Samphire (Crithmum maritimum), plants that are highly resistant to drought and salt.

They are known to flee to the interior areas of Muehlenbeckia, which have a dense foliage. The most recent reports do not come from the areas of Spinifex. It seems that new techniques of fire used to create firewall, They allow you to create favourable conditions for this parakeet.

The night Parrot almost never fly, except when looking for sources of water. To observe them, What has become extremely rare, We must look to the ground, in areas which consists almost exclusively of grasses of the genus Spinifex.

After dusk, They fly a short distance until they find a fresh water pond. Once he has satisfied his thirst, they return to the infeed zone.

There is no certainty about the movements of this parakeet. It can be nomadic, Perhaps sedentary. No doubt depend on the climate and territory who attends them. Formerly, When the number of the Night Parrot they were still substantial, stocks were fluctuating seasonally.

At the end of the 19th century, in Southern Australia, groups of fifteen individuals were local irruptions, a signal that were sensitive to the favorable climatic conditions or were found in the alternative storage sites whose resources were relatively abundant.

All these considerations must be taken with great moderation for the following reason: the well-established notion that birds move through the Plains Spinifex in the direction of places full of thickets of quenopodios According to the seasons and seed resources, not always been confirmed in recent reports.

Reproduction:

We know very little about the reproductive habits of this bird. The season of nesting is in July or August. The nest It is a kind of platform built with pieces of wood, on the ground or at low altitude. It is placed in a cavity which has been extended and wing which is accessed by a tunnel whose entrance is in a tussock of grass. Its diameter is of some 8 centimeters. According to the previous data, the spawning usually contains 4 or 5 eggs. The time of incubation It is unknown.

Food:

The Night Parrot mainly consumed seeds of Spinifex (Triodia). Recent and circumstantial reports, indicate also the absorption of deciduous plants family leaves Poaceae as Enneapogon purpurascens.

Distribution:

Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 26.300 km2

The Night Parrot (Pezoporus occidentalis) are confined in the arid interior of Australia. Samples or reports come from all Australian States, especially in the Center and North of Western Australia (Mount Farmer, Nichol Spring, to the North of Glenayle, South of Kimberleys and to the West of the District Cue), Southern Australia (Lake Eyre, to the South of Oodnadatta, Gawler Ranges, the Eyre Peninsula and Coopers believesk), Northern Territory South-Central and North-Western (Mac Donnell Ranges, Tanami desert), and to the southwest of Queensland (Lake Muncoonie and the surrounding areas of Boulia).

There is a report of 1913 that places them around Murrayville and Cowangie, Victoria, and another around of Ross Springs between 1954 and 1959. There is also a register of 1.897 that placed them in District of Oxleand, New South Wales.

The species has never been common, but it was more frequently toward the end of the last century (for example, 16 sightings in the region of the Lake Eyre, Southern Australia, in the Decade of 1870). Due to marauding habits, many sightings remain unconfirmed, and this makes it difficult to assess their real condition. Even so, It seems certain that the population is declining. The cause of this is unknown, but it may be related to the introduction of predators such as cats, rats, dogs or foxes. Changes in fire regimes, as well as the introduction of camels, they have also influenced its decline.

Night Parrot
The Night Parrot seen only as museum specimens for 25 are not extinct. To cat-killed Night Parrot was recovered recently in western Queensland, Australia. (South Australian Museum)

There have been reports in every decade since its discovery, and of all the States in recent years, except Victoria (the last record was in 1950). The most notable recent sighting was of four birds in the eastern side of the Cooper River, to 8 km to the East of the Lake Perigundi, Northeast of Southern Australia, in June of 1979. The birds were arrebolados in tangled shrubs, Sclerolaena intricata and flew away before perederse in the dense forests of Muehlenbeckia florulenta. In 1990 a dead guy for a long time, It was the first specimen in a Museum from the Decade of 1880, was collected in the southwest of Queensland,to 36 km to the North of Boulia. A more recent record of these birds (between March of 1992 and June of 1993) He was picked up in the South of Cloncurry, about 150 km to the North of the area where the dead bird was found, which confirms the local persistence of this species.

The global population is unknown, but it can be very small and is likely to be declining. There are none in captivity.

The Night Parrot has been the subject of a legal protection in Australia since 1937.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Danger

• Population trend: Decreasing

After not to confirm any registration from 1990, Despite several exhaustive searches and advertising campaigns, This species was rediscovered in 2005 in the region of Pilbara in Western Australia, and a dead juvenile was found in the Diamantina National Park, Queensland in 2006.

It is likely that they have decreased as a result of a series of threats, and the remaining population can be very small and possibly subject to extreme fluctuations.

As a result of the records of 2005 and 2006, and because of the shortage of sightings, a Committee of experts concluded that the species was in danger of extinction.

The population of the Night Parrot is supposed to be very small, and is estimated at less of 50 mature individuals based on the scarcity of records. In 2010 a Committee of experts re-evaluó given records of Western Australia in 2005 and Queensland in 2006, and estimated that there could be of 50 to 250 birds in total (Garnett et to the. 2011). As a result, the number of mature individuals is placed on the band's 50-249, but it can become something bigger.

The population It is suspected that it may be in decline due to a combination of threats, including predation by invasive exotic predators.

If a population can be located, the following measures they could be made:

    • a program of research and monitoring
    • control of wild animals in and around the place where dwells the population of the Night Parrot
    • patch burning to limit the possibility, or to prevent the occurrence of fire in the place of the population until better understanding of the situation and the ecological needs of the population
    • minimize the inconvenience to the population site, which could include the filtering of information to the public, and the establishment of agreements with landowners and land managers.
    • to establish a breeding programme in captivity (Blyth 1996; Garnett and Crowley 2000).
In captivity:

There are no records of this bird in captivity.

Alternative names:

- Night Parrot (ingles).
- Perruche nocturne (francés).
- Höhlensittich (alemán).
- Periquito-de-barriga-laranja (portugués).
- Perico Nocturno (español).

John Gould
John Gould
Scientific classification:


- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Pezoporus
- Nombre científico: Pezoporus occidentalis
- Citation: (Gould, 1861)
- Protónimo: Geopsittacus occidentalis


Night Parrot (Pezoporus occidentalis)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife

  • Night parakeet photos:

(1) – 1971 painting of a night parrot by William Cooper – Enlace
(2) – The Night Parrot seen only as museum specimens for 25 are not extinct. To cat-killed Night Parrot was recovered recently in western Queensland, Australia. (South Australian Museum) – Top Birding Tours

Orange-bellied Parrot
Neophema chrysogaster

Orange-bellied Parrot

Description

The Orange-bellied Parrot (Neophema chrysogaster) is a small ‘Grass parakeet‘, so called by spend much time on the floor feeding on seeds and grasses.

Adults have, approximately, 21 26cm in length and a weight of around of 45 to 50 g..

Has the crown, the nape and the the mantle bright green, with one frontal band dark blue and a lighter blue later point that does not extend beyond the eyes.

Face and lores are yellowish-green. You have a few different bands in the wings Green and blue colors, the vane inmates of the wing-coverts are green, the blue outer.

The primary coverts are dark blue. The primary feathers Black has the outside edges with fine violet blue and yellow. The secondaries has a green border.

The underparts is blue. The chest Green is mixed with the greenish yellow color under the tail. The belly is very stained Orange. The top of queue is green with blue tip. The lateral tail feathers they are yellow with blue-green bases.

Peak and iris are black, the legs are grey.

The female is more off than the male, the frontal band has a single tone. The stain ventral Orange is smaller.

Between the juveniles, the frontal band is barely visible. The Wing band is very prominent and the bill is pale.

  • Sound of the Orange-bellied Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Periquito Ventrinaranja.mp3]
Habitat:

As one migratory species, its habitat varies throughout the year, with the birds that live in the marshes, coastal dunes, pastures, scrub, estuaries, Islands, beaches and Moors generally within the 10 km of distance from shore.

There is practically no records more towards the inside of 5 km and most are to 2 km from the coast. The holes of mature eucalyptus, as the Smithton Peppermint (Eucalyptus nitida) and the Swamp gum (Eucalyptus ovata), they are used by the Orange-bellied Parrot for the nesting during the breeding season in Tasmania, the breeding habitat is a mosaic of moorland and lands covered with reeds, dominated by the Button Gras (Gymnoschoenus sphaerocephalus) and forests.

The behavior of foraging species are usually characterized by the power in the suelor or in low vegetation, in general a less than 1 m above ground.

Birds they feed usually in pairs or individually during the breeding season, and in small herds of variable size in non-breeding season. Solitary birds often have been feeding with other species, especially with the Blue-winged Parrot (Neophema chrysostoma).

Reproduction:

In Tasmania, the only place in breeding, spawning takes place in the months of November and December.

The nest of the Orange-bellied Parrot is located in natural cavities, between the 8 and 25 meters of height in eucalyptus (Eucalyptus nitida) and less frequently, in the (Eucalyptus ovata). The nest is sometimes maintained during several consecutive years. The marital ties they are strong and sometimes last a lifetime.

The spawning included among 3 and 6 eggs they are incubated during 21 days. Young people are altricial and remain in the nest for at least 5 weeks.

Food:

Initially, on Spring, the Orange-bellied Parrot they feed on plants. They mostly eat seed Sedge (Reedy) and parts of the herbs of the genus Boronia or Actinotus.

At the beginning of Winter, the regime being vegetarian, suffering some transformations. the Orange-bellied Parrot consume algae in decomposition, seeds and herbs Poaceae and Halophyte, namely, you adapt to saline environments, as the Rock Samphire (Crithmum maritimum).

The goosefoot )Chenopodium) and Salt plants (Atriplex) also classic in their food. Introduced plants such as the Sea rocket (Cakile maritima) they are also popular.

Distribution:

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code > size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident) 3.100 km2

The Orange-bellied Parrot They nest along the margins of forests of the coastal plains and feeds on land covered with reeds of the Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area Southwest of Tasmania, Australia, between Macquarie Harbour and Port Davey.

They migrate across Islands in the West of the Bass Strait (mainly King Island) towards the coast South of Australia, to Hibernate from the months of March to July, mainly along the coasts of the Bay Port Phillip, Victoria (greater number of birds in Point Wilson and Swan Island, including the Queenscliffe Golf Course). They also winter in a small number, from Gippsland, Victoria, to the West of the Coorong, Southern Australia. Occasionally occur during winter in areas of Tasmania and surrounding islands, as well as other individuals spend the summer on the continent.

Each summer around 40 couples are reproduced, and an analysis of nine nests showed an average offspring of 1,7 young couple. Back to the breeding population increase by of 50 individuals, of around 170 birds, but the population is becoming increasingly smaller, which suggests a high annual mortality. The adults begin to leave the breeding area in February and fly across the coast of Tasmania, crossing the Bass Strait, mainly through King Island (also records in the Hunter Croup) towards the coast of the Southeast of Australia (young birds usually travel a month later).

The Orange-bellied Parrot They tend to move around the continent, and are in the South of Australia at the end of winter. They return to breed in the months of September and October, usually they travel directly back to their breeding sites. From 1979 to 1990, the wintering population has remained relatively stable, with a count of 67 to 126 individuals registered every year (with a maximum of 50% of the world's population known with presence in Point Wilson).

In the last century the species flying in flocks of thousands of individuals (and raised as far East as Sydney up to approximately 1907). Wintering habitat loss and capture for the bird trade are cited as factors in its decline.

The possible loss of winter habitat remains a threat, as does the competition of introduced herbivores, the disturbance, and the possibility of exploration and exploitation of minerals. A detailed recovery plan includes the management of winter habitat with the exclusion of grazing animals, the diversion of economic activity and the development of Murtcaim Wildlife Management Area about Point Wilson. Birds bred in captivity have been released and combined with wild individuals.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Critically endangered

• Population trend: Decreasing

The Orange-bellied Parrot It has a very low population size. This very low population size is even more significant, given that the species migrates through of the Bass Strait, with which this species is subjected to the additional risk by stormy phenomena on their migratory journey.

It has a restricted geographical distribution when breeding, and apparently a limited supply of food during migration and winter.

The species is found in a single population of between 100 and 150 mature individuals. Habitat loss, fragmentation and modification, in particular about the route of migration and in wintering areas, they are the key threats to the survival of the species.

For a small population, stochastic factors, as the disease, storms during the migratory species, and the destruction of nests by forest fires have the potential to reduce the survival of the species in the long term.

The Orange-bellied Parrot It has a restricted geographical distribution which is precarious for its survival.

The Threatened species Scientific Committee considers that the Orange-bellied Parrot It has suffered a historic fall from European colonization. It is considered, In addition, that the recent recovery actions that have been implemented are having a beneficial impact on the species and the possibility of future stability in the reproduction sites is becoming apparent. However, as the population of the Orange-bellied Parrot is so low, the data that we have are based on a small area of occupancy and it is likely that this species continue suffering from a series of threats in course, with what the Committee may not be sufficiently secure that available information indicate that the population is stable and safe.

Future declines in population are still likely as a result of potential threats, especially the stochastic and genetic threats to small populations are likely and that can lead to the extinction.

In captivity:

The Orange-bellied Parrot is very rare in captivity and is, probably, more present in the hands of European collections. There are also some captive birds by some fans in Australia, to the South of the continent.

Orange-bellied Parrot video

Orange-bellied Parrot (Neophema chrysogaster) 'Instincts': PPC R&BCaptive Management Using Biological Data

Fifteen years ago in the South of Australia, under expert supervision, were built cages with the aim of raising these birds and avoid that the Orange-bellied Parrot disappeared completely. In the early years, most of the young people died from diseases of the beak and feathers (PBFD), a viral disease (virus BFD). In the same way, the winters in this region, where was launched the project, they had a negative effect on the end result.

Once the aviaries were displaced to areas more temperate and increased its amount, the result is improved and each year dozens of parrots have been released into the wild.

The Orange-bellied Parrot they are birds calm, peaceful and little noisy. They belong to the less active within the genre of the kind Neophema, so tend to the Obesity. These birds spend much time ashore. Usually, They bathe once a day, in long baths. Reproduce well in captivity. They are exceptionally susceptible to various infections, including the intestinal parasites. These birds also, often, they die without apparent reason.

Alternative names:

- Orange-bellied Parrot, Grass Parakeet, Orange bellied Parrot, Orange-bellied Grass-Parakeet, orange-bellied parakeet, Orange-breasted Grass-Parakeet, Orange-breasted Parrot, Purple-banded Parrot, Yellow-bellied Parrot (ingles).
- Perruche à ventre orange, Perruche à poitrine orange (francés).
- Goldbauchsittich (alemán).
- Periquito-de-barriga-laranja (portugués).
- Papagayo de Vientre Naranja, Periquito Ventrinaranja (español).

John Latham
John Latham
Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Neophema
- Nombre científico: Neophema chrysogaster
- Citation: (Latham, 1790)
- Protónimo: Psittacus chrysogaster

Orange-bellied Parrot images:

Orange-bellied Parrot (Neophema chrysogaster)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Ministry of the environment – Australia – Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act)
  • Birdlife

  • Photos:

(1) – Orange-bellied Parrot (Neophema chrysogaster) male, Melaleuca, Southwest Conservation Area, Tasmania, Australia By JJ Harrison ([email protected]) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Orange-bellied Parrot (Neophema chrysogaster) female, Melaleuca, Southwest Conservation Area, Tasmania, Australia By JJ Harrison ([email protected]) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Orange-bellied Parrot (Neophema chrysogaster) Melaleuca,Tasmania by Ron Knight – Flickr
(4) – Orange-bellied parrot, Neophema chrysogaster, photographed at Tasmania, Australia – Image: David Boyle/National Geographic [velociraptorize] (5) – Photo: Justin McManus
(6) – John Latham – Allen, ELSA G. (1951) The History of American Ornithology before Audubon. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, New be. 41(3):387-591. See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Mulga Parrot
Psephotellus varius

Mulga Parrot

Description

27 to 28 cm. length between 53 and 70 g. of weight.

Mulga Parrot

The plumage of the Mulga Parrot (Psephotellus varius) It, in general, color bright green. A yellow band on the front and a variable red spot adorns the back of the crown. The abdomen and the thighs are yellow, more or less stained Red. The uppertail-coverts are bright green, with a reddish blotch at the base of the tail. The lower area of the back It has a greenish-blue band bordered above and below with a dark bluish green line;. The curvature of the wings are turquoise and the blankets they have a yellow-orange tone forming a patch on the wing. The central feathers of the tail are green bronze, changing to greenish-blue. The outer feathers of the tail are green-blue on the bottom and white on the tip. The bottom of the tail It has a pale blue base and a finish in black. The bill is dark gray. The irises Brown, legs grey.

In the female, the head, the back and top of the chest a color is brownish olive. The feathers of the lower parts are light green. The headband orange-yellow is barely noticeable and, often dyed red bermejo. The place that adorns the back of the crown is opaque reddish. The patch of the wing is red, not yellow as in the male.

The youth they are much more muted than their parents. Young females have small blankets Green bordered of Red, giving a scaly appearance to the latter. Among young males, the red in the abdomen and the thighs is practically missing.

Habitat:

The Mulga Parrot generally prefers dry open habitats and lightly wooded Plains, where can find a great variety of vegetation. Found in scrubland Mallee and, in plots of Acacia, Casuarina, and also in the regions where small trees of eucalyptus They punctuate the stretches of sand. They are also present in the rocky hills or rocky cliffs.

They survive in dry areas, but in these cases, often sit near sources or temporary streams. The Mulga Parrot they owe their English name (Mulga Parrot) the fact that his rank often coincides with areas of Mulga, It is the vernacular name of Aboriginal origin, It is used to describe the semi-arid vegetation that covers the largest part the Australian continent. Mulga It appoints to the extension of the ecosystem or landscape in which Acacia are the dominant vegetation type. This does not mean that this species is strictly dependent on this habitat type.

Unlike in the Red-rumped Parrot, the Mulga Parrot is a quiet and reserved bird. This species usually lives in pairs or small family groups, rarely in large flocks. Most of the time, looking for food on the ground, in the shade of the trees at the edge of a road.

They show a great familiarity and usually allow to photograph them at close range. When it manifests some distrust, They walk away a short distance, to a tree and then return to Earth as soon as the intruder has moved away. On the other hand, When it comes to drinking, they are very cautious, as well as when they rest in the treetops, where are trying to keep hidden.

Reproduction:

They hold the nesting period between the months of July and December, but also at other times of the year, provided that is a rainy month. The processions are very similar to the of the Red-rumped Parrot (Psephotus haematonotus) and includes mutual grooming.

The nest It is often found in a cavity in a tree, However, They also use nests of others parakeets or other openings such as tunnels dug on the banks.

The nests of the Mulga Parrot they are often found in small stunted trees, at low altitude above the ground. However, places near the rivers provide locations that are to a greater height.

The female incubated during 19 days, While the male mounts guard close to stock up your food partner and warn of possible dangers.

The chicks, they leave the nest four weeks after hatching. Immediately after take-off, they join adults to form family groups.

Food:

The Mulga Parrot they feed on grass seeds, acacia seeds, berries, mistletoe and fruits. They complement your menu with different varieties of insects.

Distribution:

Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 3.330.000 km2

Endemic to the southern part of the Australian continent. Its range covers the entire southern part of Western Australia, except the forest area of ​​south west. It continues along the Great Australian Bight, Southern Australia and reaching the state of Victoria. Ends in southeast New South Wales, but does not cross the Great dividing range and it kept at great distance from the coast. Despite the large size of its territory (more than 3 million square kilometers), the species is considered monotypic (no subspecies).

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Decreasing

The Mulga Parrot they are widespread and relatively common in appropriate habitats.

Since the European colonization, the species seems to have significantly changed their habitat and is now more common in the grain belt in the desert.

The population, currently estimated at around 100.000 birds, It is slightly decreasing in the South due to the thinning areas of Mallee. In general, is not endangered. Classified by the IUCN as it does not present major problems.

In captivity:

It is in 1861 that the Mulga Parrot they arrived in Europe. The first issue was exposed to the public at the Zoo in London. The first case of reproduction of this species dates back in the year 1876 in charge of the SR. Verviers in France. For a long time, These birds were known for being unreliable. That may be true, but the Mulga Parrot who are captives now in Europe support good climate, Although they seem a little less solid than the Red-rumped Parrot (Psephotus haematonotus). It is possible that this is one of reasons why have been much less popular in aviaries that the Red-rumped Parrot.
Despite this, It is a parakeet can be advised to novice fans. The varied Perico often show minor differences in color and design. This is not anything unusual, This phenomenon is also known among the birds living in the wild. It is even possible to see the small differences in the same nest, If you look well.
These birds always in motion they are not suitable to be captive as company bird in a small cage.

These are relatively strong birds, they withstand the cold relatively well, Although they are sensitive to very low temperatures. They are birds peaceful and assets. Quickly show confidence to their caregiver. The sound of his voice is melodious. It is a bird that likes to raise. Like to be on the ground and, often spend their time grooming are. They also love to bathe. On the other hand, they are large rodents.
They are aggressive during the breeding season when they are in the company of other birds, even if it can be accommodated with conspecifics and other species of large birds, that will have no trouble, If the space in which birds are kept is large enough.

With regard to its longevity, a sample lived 11,8 years in captivity. In captivity, estas aves se han conocido casos de reproducción con 1 año de edad.

Alternative names:

- Mulga Parrot, Many-colored Parakeet, Many-colored Parrot, Many-coloured Parakeet, Many-coloured Parrot, Varied Parrot (ingles).
- Perruche multicolore (francés).
- Vielfarbensittich (alemán).
- Periquito-de-mulga (portugués).
- Perico Variado, Periquito multicolor (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Psephotellus
- Nombre científico: Psephotellus varius
- Citation: Clark, AH, 1910
- Protónimo: Psephotus varius

Mulga Parrot images :

Mulga Parrot (Psephotellus varius)

Sources:

(1) – Mulga Parrot (Psephotus varius), Northern Territory, Australia By Christopher Watson (http://www.comebirdwatching.blogspot.com/) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – A male Mulga Parrot at Gluepot Reserve, South Australia, Australia. Male By David Cook Wildlife Photography from Wamboin, NSW, Australia [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Mulga Parrot (Psephotus varius) Currawinya NP, SW Queensland, Australia By Aviceda (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Mulga Parrot (Psephotus varius), Northern Territory, Australia By Christopher Watson (http://www.comebirdwatching.blogspot.com/) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – A male Mulga Parrot (also known as the Many-coloured Parrot at Wyperfeld National Park, Victoria, Australia By David Cook Wildlife Photography [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Parrots in captivity /. London :George Bell and Sons,1884-1887 [i.e. 1883-1888] – Flickr

Northern Rosella
Platycercus venustus

Northern Rosella

Description

28 cm.. length between 85 and 100 g. of weight.

Northern Rosella

The Northern Rosella (Platycercus venustus) they have a whitish beaks, black head, except the bottom of the cheeks and Chin that show a cream color. Their underparts feathers, lower back and rump, are pale yellow with black trim, giving these areas a look slightly flaky.

The curves of the wings are blue.

The subcaudales coverts are bright red. Nape, mantle and scapulars are black with broad yellow edges, forming an effect of shoulder straps. Blankets are black. The medium-sized coverts are bluish grey. The rest of the wing coverts are black with edges of yellow or blue grey. Deployed primaries are black. The Central tail feathers are verde-bronce while the outer feathers are dark blue with clear or white edges.

The females they are slightly smaller than the male, with the narrower peak.

The youth they are more turned off, with red markings on the head, and with more green and short tail feathers. Reaches it adult plumage in 12 months.

Subspecies description
  • Platycercus venustus hilli (Mathews 1910) – Adults are similar to the nominal species but with bottoms scalloped with a sweeping black and the bottom of the cheeks of violet blue colour.
  • Platycercus venustus venustus (Kuhl 1820) – The nominal.
Habitat:

The Northern Rosella they are unusual or are irregularly distributed in the mixed forests of eucalyptus and Melaleuca. They are usually found in areas along the rivers but they are absent in the alluvial plains along major rivers. They are also present in the monsoon forests bordering open forests. From time to time, the Northern Rosella visit mangroves, parks and gardens in the vicinity of Darwin.

The Northern Rosella they live in pairs or in small groups ranging between 6 and 8 specimens. You rarely see them in flocks. They are usually very cautious and discreet, except in national parks where they are accustomed to human presence. They are more arboreal than other parrots of the genus habits Rosella. The funny Perico are difficult to observe, whether on land or hidden in the foliage in the trees. They are most active in the morning and at the end of the afternoon. They show great caution when they come to drink at water points. When moving, their flight is fast, but unpredictable and less undulating than most of the parrots.

Reproduction:

The nesting season extends from June to September, Sometimes a little earlier. The Northern Rosella install their nests in hole of a branch or the trunk of a tree cavity, usually in eucalyptus located within walking distance of a Brook. Implementation usually includes between 2 and 4 eggs that are incubated during 19 days. The female is only responsible for incubation and is fed in the nest by a partner. The chicks stay is relatively long and may last up to 7 weeks.

Food:

The Northern Rosella feed mainly on seeds of eucalyptus, Acacia and Melaleuca Although they despise the of the Blue Cypress (Callitris intratropica). Also its menu are the seeds of green areas and nectar. The birds that live in the forests near the coast sometimes feed on the coast and along the banks of small streams.

Distribution:

Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 785.000 km2

Scattered through the coastal areas of the region of Kimberley, Western Australia, stretches of the North of the Northern Territory, and spreading over the border of Queensland at its eastern end.

The species is distributed from around Napier Ranges, in the Western region of Kimberley, to the East across the plateau of Kimberley and reaching the inside of Springvale. Below, crosses the border of the Northern Territory, spreading with its southern boundary along of the Victoria River, inside, about Katherine, and along the McArthur River. Also located along of the Nicholson River at the border of Queensland, and are distributed by a series of Islands on the coast including Koolan, Augusto, Coronation, Bathurst and Melville. Is occasionally in the suburbs of Darwin.

The species is generally rare throughout its range. The world's population is less of 50.000, and may that declining. A small number of captive.

Fully protected by law.

Distribution of subspecies
Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The Northern Rosella they have a very unequal distribution. At most, they can be considered locally common, but in any part of their range they are evaluated as abundant.

Despite the studies that have been conducted since the 19th century, It is not possible to discern whether numbers are increasing or decreasing. It is possible that its population has always been limited, given the difficulty of finding refuge during the dry season.

Its population, According to some sources, It is estimated at around 50.000 specimens.

In captivity:

Bastante tranquilos y tímidos. Incompatible con otras aves.

It is not common in captivity, incluso en la avicultura de Australia

In terms of their longevity, una muestra, According to sources, lived 19,1 years in captivity

Alternative names:

- Northern Rosella, Brown's Parakeet, Brown's Rosella, Smutty Parakeet, Smutty Parrot, Smutty Rosella, White-cheeked Rosella (ingles).
- Perruche gracieuse, Perruche de Brown (francés).
- Brownsittich, Brown Sittich, Brown-Sittich, Schwarzkopfsittich (alemán).
- Rosela-do-norte (portugués).
- Perico Gracioso, Rosela del Norte (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Platycercus
- Nombre científico: Platycercus venustus
- Citation: (Kuhl, 1820)
- Protónimo: Psittacus venustus

Northern Rosella images:

————————————————————————————————

Northern Rosella (Platycercus venustus)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
– Anage: The Animal Ageing and Longevity Database – AnAge entry for Platycercus venustus

Photos:

(1) – Platycercus – loros tipo Rosella – popugaychiki
(2) – Northern rosella taken in Litchfield National Park – A BRIEF DIGRESSION ON PARROTS
(3) – Alan Marshall’s Pictures of Northern Rosella (Platycercus venustus) in the NT (Northern Territory) of Australia
(4) – Alan Marshall’s Pictures of Northern Rosella (Platycercus venustus) in the NT (Northern Territory) of Australia
(5) – By TJ Lin from Taiwan (DSCN8954Uploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Rosellas, Northern – Princenton University Press

Pale-headed Rosella
Platycercus adscitus

Perico pale

Description

30 cm.. length and a weight between 100 and 175 g..

Pale-headed Rosella

The adult male of the Pale-headed Rosella (Platycercus adscitus), has the head pale yellow. The part superior of the cheeks is whitish in contrast with the part below that is of color blue light. Upper chest is yellow, the lower part of the chest and the abdomen are blue. The coverts They show a beautiful red hue. The the mantle, the back and scapulars are black with broad yellow edges, these areas giving a scaly appearance.

The tail is of color yellow uniform. The external coverts are dark blue. The central feathers of the tail are dark blue, but the outer feathers are more pale with thin white edges. The bottom has no stripe.

The bill is white. The irises Brown, legs grey.

The female is different from the male, its color is more off and has a strip at the bottom of the wings.

The immature they have grayish feathers ending in yellow or orange-red at the top of the crown and the neck. The red feathers lose them about three months. The bottom of the wings is scratched. They acquire adult plumage in about 16 months.

  • Sound of the Pale-headed Rosella.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Perico Palido.mp3]
Description 2 subspecies:
  • Platycercus adscitus adscitus

    (Latham 1790) – The nominal

  • Platycercus adscitus palliceps

    (Lear 1832) – 32 cm.. length. It is something most large that the nominal species. The white color of the face is more extensive, coming up to the neck. Crown, nape and ear-coverts are pale yellow. The blue of the chest presents tonalities yellowishwhite and the feathers of the chest they have a thin lined black. The shoulders with wide verdosa-amarilla blue staining. Bottom of the flight feather white.

Habitat:

The Pale-headed Rosella they are common in all types of habitats of open forests, either scrub, scattered forests with logging, the rows of trees along the rivers or marshes. They are also found in the wooded heaths which surround the coast and which are dominated by trees of the genus Banksia.

Avoid plunging into the thick forests, giving preference to the clear, meadows at the edges or directly border the plots. They also penetrate the surrounding farmland to feed.

They are birds of the lower regions, rarely rising above 700 meters and voluntarily leaving altitudes to the Crimson Rosella in dense forests and semi-montanosas areas.

Reproduction:

In the North, the Pale-headed Rosella They nest in the months of February to June, with some variations depending on the frequency of rains.

In the South, the breeding season are produced starting from September until the month of December.

These birds build their nests in deep a sick or healthy tree cavity, preferably a eucalyptus located near a river.
Other places that tend to choose are: a hole in a stump or a hole in an any fence post.

The spawning generally includes between 3 and 5 eggs. The female incubates alone during 19 days, but as soon as the eggs are incubated, It receives assistance from the male that helps feed the young.

The chicks leave the nest after 5 weeks.

Food:

The Pale-headed Rosella they are mostly vegetarian. They consume a lot of plants, We have identified about 50 plant species. Similar to the Eastern Rosella, the Pale-headed Rosella It feeds mainly in the trees. The seeds of eucalyptus, Acacias, Melaleuca, Black Cypress of Australia, acanthus and spiny Thistles, they are your favorite foods. The flowers and fruits some species also form part of their diet.

The Pale-headed Rosella they are often real pests for the gardens and fields of corn.

Distribution:

Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 1.470.000 km2

Confined to the East of Australia, where is dispersed through of the Cape York Peninsula, coming to the South up to the Gilbert River in the West, and extending to the South along the coast East of Queensland to the North of New South Wales.

In Queensland its inner boundary runs approximately through Croydon, Richmond, Lomgreach, Charleville and Bingara.

Are also distributed by the Fraser Island and around Brisbane, as well as in other coastal districts.

In New South Wales, the population is limited to the Northeast, extending toward the interior of Bourke and to the South up to around Coffs Harbour, on the coast.

Escapes have been recorded in Sydney and Melbourne, and there was an introduction without success in Hawaii at the beginning of this century.

The species coexists in the same altitude with the Eastern Rosella in the southeast of Queensland.

Common in the habitat within its range.

The world's population is above the 100.000 specimens.

Moderate in captivity numbers.

Fully protected.

Distribution 2 subspecies:
Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Growing

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, It is estimated at around 100,000 specimens.

The species according to reports, It is abundant in much of their range (pit et to the. 1997).

They have benefited from the elucidation of forests and the development of crops of fruit trees and farm fields. However, a major limitation is its acquisition as a popular bird of company, marketed as Blue cheek parakeet. Each year, hundreds of birds are illegally captured in the wild.

In captivity:

Common in Europe, not so much in the United States.

Active and moderately loud. Aggressive with other birds. A little susceptible to stress and disease.

Alternative names:


- Pale-headed Rosella, Blue Rosella, Blue-cheeked Parakeet, Blue-cheeked Rosella, Mealy Parakeet, Mealy Rosella, Moreton Bay Parakeet, Moreton Bay Rosella, Pale headed Rosella, White-cheeked Rosella, White-headed Rosella (ingles).
- Perruche à tête pâle, Perruche palliceps (francés).
- Blasskopfrosella (alemán).
- Rosela-pálida (portugués).
- Perico Pálido, Rosela de Cabeza Pálida (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Platycercus
- Nombre científico: Platycercus adscitus
- Citation: (Latham, 1790)
- Protónimo: Psittacus adscitus

Pale-headed Rosella images:

————————————————————————————————

Pale-headed Rosella (Platycercus adscitus)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Loromania
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – A Pale-headed Rosella in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia By Paul Gear (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Pale-headed Rosella (Platycercus adscitus) Kobble Creek, SE Queensland, Australia By Pale-headed_Rosella_kob02. JPG: Avicedaderivative work: Snowmanradio [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A Pale-headed Rosella in Herberton, Far North Queensland, Australia By Peter Shanks (originally posted to Flickr as pale headed rosella) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – A Pale-headed Rosella in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia By Paul Gear (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Pale-headed Rosella, Platycercus adscitus By Glen Fergus (Own work, Brisbane, Australia) [CC BY-SA 2.5], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – A painting of a Pale-headed Rosella(originally captioned “Platycercus palliceps. Paleheaded Parakeet. In the pofsefsion of Mr. Leadbeater.”) by Edward Lear 1812-1888 Edward Lear [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Judith Lattaway (Xeno-canto)

Mallee Ringneck
Barnardius barnardi

Mallee Ringneck

Perico description of Barnard

Of 35 cm.. length between 105 and 143 g. of weight.

The Mallee Ringneck (Barnardius barnardi) has the plumage predominantly Green, crown and sides of the head bright green, with the cheeks slightly tinged blue and a small red band across the forecrown. The neck It is olive brown with a yellow ring around its back.

The lower area of the back is dark blue. The chest and the abdomen are turquoise blue, separated one from the other by a transverse band of yellow color which is more or less wide. The curvature of the wing It shows a greenish blue that overflows on the mantle.

The greater coverts are yellowish-green. The secondaries They are pale blue, In contrast with the covered and primaries which they are dark blue.

The underparts is blue. The upperparts tail is dark green, their central feathers blue tines and outer blue with pale tips.

The bill is whitish grey. The strait bare periophthalmic is solid gray. The irises is of color Brown dark and the legs grey.

The female It has colors more muted than your partner. The back and the lumbar area show a dark greenish gray. The underside is grey, with a more or less visible clear band.

The immature with even more muted than females colors. They have the neck and back of the crown brown. The cheeks blues are often more developed. The back and tail are greyish green. The band underwing usually visible.

    Two species in the genus were traditionally recognized Barnardius, Barnardius zonarius and Barnardius barnardi, but both hibridaban in the contact area and are currently considered a single species.

    Taxonomic status:

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Barnardius [zonarius or Barnardi] (sensu lato) by some authors

Subspecies Barnardius barnardi

  • Zonarius barnardius barnardi

    : (Vigors and Horsfield, 1827) The nominal species

  • Barnardius barnardi whitei

    : (Mathews, 1912) Of 35 cm.. length. It has feathers off, especially the chest and abdomen where the turquoise color is absent. Female plumage more clear than the nominal. Is believed to be a hybrid of the Barnardius Zonarius with the Barnardius Barnardi.

  • Barnardius barnardi macgillivrayi

    : (North, 1900) Of 33 cm.. length. More small, more pale, with the greenish-yellow forehead more pale and with clear bright blue hue on the cheeks and below the headphone feathers. Broad band of yellow on the abdomen.

Perico habitat Barnard:

The Parakeets Barnard They are mainly sedentary, but there may be some moves to small scale in response to climate change.

The species occupies the arid areas of mallee composed almost exclusively of Eucalyptus gracilis. Also found in shrubs of Acacia and Cypress and in a wide variety of very similar habitats.

The species living in the areas of the North has a clear preference for the rubber Red (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) It covers temporary streams and shows a more arboreal lifestyle.

Generally less common in populated areas and the wetter regions. Large flocks are more rare to observe; pairs or small groups are the usual social units.

Less bold and curious that the Australian Ringneck, Although the two species share habits, diet and cortejo similar.

The Mallee Ringneck they have been recorded feeding in company of the Crimson Rosella (Platycercus elegans), Pale-headed Rosella (Platycercus adscitus), Red-rumped Parrot (Psephotus haematonotus) and Bluebonnet

(Northiella haematogaster)

.

Reproduction:

During courtship, the male shrugs, causing the wings to vibrate slightly.
Like most other species of parrots, the Mallee Ringneck they have as a practice gnaw and chew wood, whether to put his personal stamp on his favorite tree, or to enlarge the cavity entrance. This activity allows them to keep their beaks in good condition.

The nest is usually in a hollow tree, and usually four to five eggs make up the implementation, deposited on a base of wood decaying waste.

In the North, the breeding season tends to be governed by climate, and nesting coincides with the end of the wet season planting.

In the South, playback starts in July or August and the season can be extended until January with a second litter. Incubation lasts around 20 days and is carried out by the female.

The young birds leave the nest after 5 weeks, but remain in the household with his parents for a while.

Food:

The Mallee Ringneck they are mainly vegetarians, they feed on seeds – Melon seeds (Cucumis myriocarpus), bitter melons (Citrullus lanatus), fruits of the tree of the tobacco (introduced), fruits, nectar and flowers. Its menu is complemented by insects and larvae.

Distribution Tito Barnard:

The Mallee Ringneck they are distributed through the interior of the East Australia, to the West of the Great dividing range, with a practically isolated population in the Northwest of Queensland, stretching across the border of the Northern Territory, along the Nicholson River, in the North, and reaching Glenormiston, and western part of Queensland, in the South; its eastern limit is around Kynuna.

The the Northern subspecies meets the nominal species in the region of Range Forsythe, and extends to the South, with its eastern running border near Barcaldine, Mitchell and Goondiwindi, and in New South Wales.

To the South extends East through Moree, Dubbo and Wagga Wagga to get up to Kerang in Victoria.

In the West, the species is dispersed through of Western Queensland to the region of Cooper Creek of South Australia around Innamincka.

In New South Wales, is located to the West of the basin of the Darling river, about Broken Hill.

Distributes lengthwise of the Murray River, and in Victoria It extends through the Northwest corner to the South, until around Edenhope.

In the southeast of South Australia ranges through Naracoorte and Mount Lofty Ranges in Port Augusta and Montes Flinders, where is integrated with the Australian Ringneck; the two species are also more North.

Getaways birds have been registered in Brisbane, Melbourne and Sydney.

Subspecies B distribution. barnardi

  • Zonarius barnardius barnardi:

    (Vigors and Horsfield, 1827) The nominal species

  • Barnardius barnardi whitei:

    (Mathews, 1912) Flinders Ranges, South Australia

  • Barnardius barnardi macgillivrayi:

    (North, 1900) This, Territory of the North and Northwest Queensland

Conservation Tito Barnard:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Growing

The species is considered common throughout its range.

The world population is estimated at around 500 000 individuals and it seems stable.

However, seems less able to adapt to the changes that have occurred in the habitat that the Australian Ringneck.

In captivity:

The Mallee Ringneck It is appreciated as a pet, but the birds in captivity are relatively few.

Una muestra vivió 17,9 years in captivity. According to some sources, these animals can live up to 31,6 years in captivity, but this has not been verified.

More common in Europe and Australia; not so much in the United Kingdom or United States.

It is initially a shy and nervous bird, Although soon it acclimatizes caregiver. Bonding with a partner to do when both birds are young, adults don't usually live in harmony. Aggressive with other parrots.

Alternative names:


- Mallee Ringneck, Mallee Parrot, Mallee Ringneck Parrot, Ringneck Parrot (ingles).
- Perruche de Barnard, Barnardius barnardi, Perruche cloncurry (francés).
- Barnardsittich, Barnard Sittich, Barnard-Sittich (alemán).
- Periquito-de-Barnard (portugués).
- Perico de Barnard (español).

Scientific classification:


- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Barnardius
- Nombre científico: Barnardius barnardi
- Citation: (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827)
- Protónimo: Platycercus Barnardi


Mallee Ringneck (Barnardius barnardi)

Olive-shouldered Parrot
Aprosmictus jonquillaceus

Olive-shouldered Parrot

Description

35 cm.. length and 130 g. of weight.

The Olive-shouldered Parrot (Aprosmictus jonquillaceus) has the head bright pale green. Mantle and back darker green color that the of the head and underparts, showing a blue diffusion; rump bright teal pale. Uppertail brighter yellowish green.

Upper, the wing feathers with small coverts fused in color yellow-green; Blue dark greenish in the curve of the wings; outer median coverts bright Scarlet, feathers interiors lit of color green yellowish with a bit of red in the tips. Large external coverts scarlet, feathers interiors light green, some showing red ends; some feathers turquoise green on the edge of the Carpus; primary coverts Green with broadcasting blue at the tips of the vane outer; secondary green medium, primaries medium green with blue diffusion in the coats of the feathers outermost. Wing feathers brighter yellowish green; underside of flight feather black. The underparts light green, more yellowish in them the thighs and undertail-coverts. Upper, the tail of color green dark with edges of color yellow, and with vane yellowish external to the lateral feathers; undertail, the tail of color Brown blackish with tips yellow, and with yellowish diffusion in vane outside of lateral feathers.

Bill orange red, with yellow tip; irises orange: legs Blackish grey.

The female lacks of the broadcast Blue in the the mantle, shows less contrast between the head and the the mantle, limb yellowish to them greater coverts red, and have them irises more Brown.

Immature has green, No greenish-yellow, in the wing-coverts and irises of Brown pale.

  • Sound of the Olive-shouldered Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Papagayo of Timor.mp3]
Subspecies description
  • Aprosmictus jonquillaceus wetterensis

    (Salvadori, 1891) – The male as the nominal but the coverts wing lower and Middle are of color green washed with yellow; the mantle and top of the back pale green, with less blue markings; less red on the outer half and the secondary wings covers; smaller.

    The female is like the female of the nominal species, but the uppertail-coverts darker green; slightly smaller in size.

    The youth as the youth of the nominal species, but with the uppertail-coverts darker green; smaller.

  • Aprosmictus jonquillaceus jonquillaceus

    (Vieillot, 1818) – The nominal

Habitat:

In Timor the species is found in forests, acacia savannas, primary and secondary forest, from sea level to the 2.200 m (2.600 meters altitude extreme). In Wetar, observed in 1990 in recently logged forests, near the coast.

The ecology of the species is probably similar to the of the Red-winged Parrot, but it is not well known; observations of birds that fly involve couples and small flocks. A couple allowed a closer approach, observing her in silence to three meters high in a big tree.

Reproduction:

Their reproductive habits are unknown, probably similar to the of the Red-winged Parrot.

Food:

Probably similar to the of the Red-winged Parrot: seeds, fruit, flowers and insects; in the mangroves, the mistletoe is your favorite food.

Distribution:

Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 28.500 km2

Endemic and fairly common in Timor (for example, about Camplong, Kupang, Lelogama, Mutis and Dili), Wetar and Roti.

The world population is estimated at around 10.000 specimens and it is probably stable, but as the species the majority of parrots from Indonesia is vulnerable to capture and habitat loss. A number of moderate in captivity.

Distribution of subspecies:
Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Near threatened

• Population trend: Decreasing

The total population has been estimated at 10,000 individuals (Lambert et to the., 1993), probably including mature individuals 6,700.

The population is suspected that it may be declining due to the continuous destruction of the habitat and unsustainable levels of exploitation.

Ongoing conservation actions

Appendix II of CITES. Quotas were imposed during the Decade zero of 1990 While there was uncertainty about the total size of the population, but these are not met.

Conservation Actions Proposed

• Review estimates of the population of the species and review the impact of the trade in their numbers.
• Determine if the decreases are still evident.
• Protect areas of suitable habitat.

In captivity:

Game, with low noise level, aggressive with other birds. You can require deworming.

Very rare in captivity

Alternative names:

- Olive-shouldered Parrot, Jonquil Parrot, Olive shouldered Parrot, Timor Parrot, Timor Red-winged Parrot (ingles).
- Perruche jonquille (francés).
- Timorsittich, Timor Sittich (alemán).
- Periquito-de-asa-vermelha-de-timor (portugués).
- Papagayo de Timor (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Aprosmictus
- Nombre científico: Aprosmictus jonquillaceus
- Citation: (Vieillot, 1818)
- Protónimo: Psittacus jonquillaceus

————————————————————————————————

Olive-shouldered Parrot (Aprosmictus jonquillaceus)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Aprosmictus Jonquillaceus – LoroMania

Sounds: Mike Nelson (Xeno-canto)

Papuan King-Parrot
Alisterus chloropterus

Papuan King-Parrot

Description

36 cm.. length between 138 and 190 g. of weight.

The Papuan King-Parrot (Alisterus chloropterus) It has a bright red head, wide rear collar of blue stretching at the nape to the back of the Crown and sides of the upper part of the chest. Blackish green mantle, apparently black in the field; lower part of the back, buttocks and supracaudales coverts Dark Violet.

Dark green wings with large patch of yellowish-green through the lower, internal medium and more large inner coverts; Green flight feathers, with vane Dark internal. Under, the wing coverts blue-violet. Bright red bottoms, with hidden dark bases to the coverts infracaudales. Upper, tail bluish black; Black down.

Black beaks with a red upper mandible base; Orange iris; feet of color grey blackish.

The female of color green for over, devoid of the pale in wings patch, with a dark blue rump and blackish tail. Head and upper part of the chest of green (reddish mottled), and the rest of of the Red bottoms. Under, the Green wing coverts. Coverts with dark centers infracaudales, but this is less evident in the Australian females. That base with more Brown in the upper jaw in males.

Young as females, but with tips to the tail feathers pink, a greener chest, and a peak and iris darker.

  • Sound of the Papuan King-Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Papagayo Papu.mp3]
Subspecies description
  • Alisterus chloropterus chloropterus

    (Ramsay, EP 1879), the nominal subspecies.

  • Alisterus chloropterus callopterus

    (Albertis & Salvadori 1879) – Male with blue band narrow through the mantle, It does not extend to the rear of the Crown. More green in the mantle.

  • Alisterus chloropterus moszkowskii

    (Reichenow 1911) – Sexes generally similar. Male has no or only shows a blue light in the back of the neck band, and it has the mantle and signs on the sides of the chest of green. Male with violet that extends more down in the back that the nominal species. Both sexes can display tips pink tail feathers. Immature with narrower and more off the wings patch. Green marks on the chest.

Habitat:

They are distributed in the dense forests from close to sea level until the 2.800 m. The birds are also sometimes found in cultivated areas, at higher altitudes, in more open habitats with casuarinas, and in areas of secondary growth. To the Papuan Parrot hears them more frequently of what seen, and are more frequently asked vislumbrados flying between the trees through breaks in the forest.

Bird alone, couples or groups of up to ten copies, they feed on silently and discreetly in the lower floors and half-height of the forests, and they can be addressed a short distance when they deliberately leave in search of fruits, seeds, berries and nuts; When resent, they usually only fly within walking distance.

Reproduction:

Little-known cycle of reproduction, but nesting, According to sources, begins in the month of March with two or three eggs in the implementation. The period of incubation is of 21 days, and the incipient takes 35 days. Young people reach the independence in 50 days.

Food:

Fruits, seeds, berries and nuts

Distribution:

Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 324.000 km2

The Papuan King-Parrot extends from North of Cenderawasih Bay, to the East, about Aitape on the North Coast. Although locally common, the species is probably suffering due to the trade of birds. The world population is estimated at around 70.000 birds.

Distribution of subspecies:
Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, Although it is estimated at around 70,000 specimens.

The species is reported as locally common (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

In captivity:

Active Parrot; need extra space because of the tendency that has to turn into an apathetic or lethargic in a small cage bird. It is not very loud. The dietary changes must occur slowly. It has a tendency to internal parasites.

Very rare in captivity.

Alternative names:

- Papuan King-Parrot, Green-winged King Parrot, Green-winged King-Parrot, Papuan King Parrot (ingles).
- Perruche à ailes vertes, Perruche royale à ailes vertes, Perruche royale de Papouasie (francés).
- Papuasittich (alemán).
- Periquito-rei-de-asa-verde (portugués).
- Papagayo Papú, Papagayo Real de Alas Verdes (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Alisterus
- Nombre científico: Alisterus chloropterus
- Citation: (Ramsay, EP, 1879)
- Protónimo: Aprosmictus chloropterus

Papuan King-Parrot Images:

————————————————————————————————

Papuan King-Parrot (Alisterus chloropterus)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Wikipedia
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – “Alisterus chloropterus-Jurong Bird Park-male-8a” by Peter Tan – originally posted to Flickr as Australian King Parrot. Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(2) – “Alisterus chloropterus-Grant’ s picnic ground-in tree-8” by Jade Craven – originally posted to Flickr as King Parrot at Grants Picnic Ground. Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(3) – Birds and Birds – Parrocchetto reale aliverdi
(4) – Bottom view of a male perched on a branch by Carmelo López – Lynx
(5) – franz.kulman

Sounds: Sam Woods (Xeno-canto)

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