Moluccan King-Parrot
Alisterus amboinensis

Moluccan King-Parrot

Description

35 to 40 cm.. length between 145 and 163 g. of weight.

Moluccan King-Parrot

The Moluccan King-Parrot (Alisterus amboinensis) has a head, neck, the nape of the neck and the upper mantle of bright red, with strong demarcation to dark blue-violet in the lower mantle, back, buttocks and supracaudales coverts. Green wings with the exception of the blue in the small inner coverts and carpal edge. Under, black wings with blue-violet coverts. Bright red bottoms, with mauve bases to coverts infracaudales, sometimes visible; flanks with a little blue. Upper, the very dark blue colal; below black grey color wide-margin rose to the side feathers.

Peak with a base of orange-red in the upper jaw, Blackish lower; Orange iris; black grey legs.

The two sexes, somatic sexual dimorphism is not presented..

Immature with more green in the back; Brown-Black beaks; pale eye-ring and darker than the adults of iris. Dotted pink on the outer tail feathers. Mature in one year.

  • Sound of the Moluccan King-Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Papagayo Moluqueno.mp3]
List of subspecies Alisterus amboinensis
Subspecies
  • Alisterus amboinensis amboinensis (Linnaeus, 1766) – The nominal
  • Alisterus amboinensis buruensis (Salvadori, 1876) – As the subspecies sulaensis but with more feathers in the tail with pink edges. Blackish grey peak in both sexes
  • Alisterus amboinensis dorsalis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1830) – As the nominal but the rose of the absent tail feathers; Red slightly darker on the head and underparts.
  • Alisterus amboinensis hypophonius (S. Muller, 1843) – As the nominal, but the wings and the deep blue wing coverts; the rose in the absent tail feathers
  • Alisterus amboinensis sulaensis (Reichenow, 1881) – As the nominal, but with a green stripe across the upper mantle; No rim with pink in the tail feathers.
  • Alisterus amboinensis versicolor (Neumann, 1939) – Unlike the subspecies sulaensis by having a uniform blue mantle; smaller in size than the nominal.

Habitat:

The Parrot Moluqueno is distributed through the dense humid primary and secondary forest, and from time to time in the adjacent plantations, farmland and gardens, from the lowlands up to around the 2.100 meters above sea level.

The birds are usually found in pairs or in small groups, and are very quiet while they eat and shy at all times, hiding in the thick foliage and flying in the midst of strident calls at the first sign of the emergence of any intruder.

Reproduction:

Just nothing is known of the cycle of reproduction in the wild, but according to sources, nesting takes place between the months of February and April.

Two young birds nests have been found on two occasions in hollow trees.

An instance of the breeding in captivity gave data for the incubation of 19 days, with the emerging young in nine weeks.
The courtship was observed during feeding, and two eggs were deposited.

Food:

The diet includes acorns Lithocarpus, as well as the hard fruits, outbreaks and other forest tree berries.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 149.000 km2

Is distributed from Peleng and Sula Islands eastward through the Moluccas, including Halmahera, Buru, Ambon and Seram. Also found in the Western Islands of Papua, including Waigeo, Batanta and Salawati.

In New Guinea is from Vogelkop and East of the Bomberai peninsula some 135 ° E.

Generally rare due to habitat loss and trade in birds.

Distribution subspecies Alisterus amboinensis
Subspecies
  • Alisterus amboinensis amboinensis (Linnaeus, 1766) – The nominal
  • Alisterus amboinensis buruensis (Salvadori, 1876) – Is located in Buru in the center of the Moluccas.
  • Alisterus amboinensis dorsalis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1830) – Is located in West Papua.
  • Alisterus amboinensis hypophonius (S. Muller, 1843) – Endemic of Halmahera in the North of the Moluccas.
  • Alisterus amboinensis sulaensis (Reichenow, 1881) – Is located in the Sula Islands
  • Alisterus amboinensis versicolor (Neumann, 1939) – It is endemic in the Peleng island of the Banggai Islands

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Decreasing

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, but the species is described as generally common, Although rare in Halmahera.

The nominal subspecies population is estimated at 70.000 specimens (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected to be declining due to the destruction of habitat in course.

Moluccan Papagayo in captivity:

Occasionally available.

Nervous, is a bird a pet bird.

In captivity will have failed to reproduce.

In the Zoological gardens of Loro Parque, Tenerife, on Canary Islands, biologists Dr. Burkard and Dr. Gerlach they have made so large colonies, but since 1972 they have succeeded until now non.

More information on loromania

Alternative names:

Moluccan King-Parrot, Amboina King Parrot, Amboina King-Parrot, Ambon King-Parrot, Moluccan King Parrot (English).
Perruche tricolore, Perruche royale d’Amboine (French).
Amboinasittich (German).
Periquito-rei-amboina (Portuguese).
Papagayo Moluqueño, Papagayo Real de Amboina (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Alisterus
Scientific name: Alisterus amboinensis
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1766)
Protonimo: Psittacus amboinensis

Moluccan King-Parrot images :

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Moluccan King-Parrot (Alisterus amboinensis)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
– World Parrot Trust – parrots.org

Photos:

(1) – “Alisterus amboinensis-Brevard Zoo-8a-ec” by Alisterus_amboinensis_-brevard_zoo-8a.jpg: Malinderivative work: Snowmanradio (talk) – originally posted to Flickr as Purdy Birdy and uploaded to commons at Alisterus_amboinensis_-brevard_zoo-8a.jpg. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(2) – By richard broderick (T0010716uploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Brevard Zoo – Melbourne, FL, USA © 2004 Jeff Whitlock – The Online Zoo
(4) – Brevard Zoo – Melbourne, FL, USA © 2004 Jeff Whitlock – The Online Zoo
(5) – Vogelpark, Alphen Aan Den Rijn – ZOOTOGRAFIANDO
(6) – “Swainson king parakeet” by William John Swainson – Transferred from en.Wikipedia. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.

Sounds: Frank Lambert (Xeno-canto)

Pesquet's Parrot
Psittrichas fulgidus

Pesquet's Parrot

Description

46 cm. length and a weight between 680 and 800 g..

The head of the Pesquet's Parrot (Psittrichas fulgidus) is black, front without feathers, It can be covered with small black feathers ruffled patch of rigid red feathers in the anterior zone of the ear-coverts. Nape, the mantle, back and tail blackish brown with fine pale edges.

Uppertail Red with black bases. Upper, black flight feathers, with large and medium-sized external coverts (except the innermost) and vane external Central flight feathers, red; Black primary coverts. Under, Black tail with red in the lower and medium coverts. More Brown on the top breast than in the rest, with a wavy effect to pale fringes to the feathers; belly, flanks and coverts red infracaudales. Upper, Black tail.

Black Peak; black skin of the face; dark brown irises; Blackish grey legs.

The female It lacks the red patch on the side of the head and is slightly smaller on average.

In birds immature the red marks are more off.

  • Sound of the Pesquet's Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Loro Aguileno.mp3]

Habitat:

The Pesquet's Parrot are found mainly in the primary and secondary montane rain forest at an altitude between 600 and 1.200 m. However there are to the 2.000 m, and are occasional at altitudes as low as 50 m.

The species is thought, generally, they have a low density of population, finding the highest concentrations in forest areas relatively calm, where the birds are free from persecution.

These large and showy parrots, commonly found in pairs or in groups of up to 20 individuals, perched, usually, at the top of the exposed trees, or loud flying through or above the canopy.

Jump nervously around the Bush with quick flapping, and they can stay in the tops of emergent trees during a rain. It has been flying to settle on a solitary tree in the midst of the darkness.

Reproduction:

Reproductive habits in nature are unknown, but in terms of breeding birds have been observed in the months of February to may. In captivity a pair was observed to courting; There was a two-egg-laying, which were incubated by the female during 31 days, and the only chick, yellowish white, was fed by both parents.

Food:

The Pesquet's Parrot mainly feed on the soft pulp of fruits such as Ficus figs, handles (Mangifera indica) and Freycinetia cumingiana.

During their feeding, the base of the beak can become covered with fruit pulp, and it is likely that extension of the exposed facial skin has evolved to avoid that feathers absorb from food scraps.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 278.000 km2

Confined in West Papua New, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. It goes from the Mountains Tamrau, Vogelkop, West Papua, to the East by the mountains of snow and Cordillera Central (including the upper part of the Fly River, Lake Kutubu and Karimui district), on Owen Stanley mountain range and Huon peninsula, in the East of Papua New Guinea.

The species is unevenly distributed in montane forests, and it is considered uncommon in most areas. World population is thought to be in decline, mainly due to hunting for food and feathers (they are more appreciated than the feathers of the bird of paradise Paradisaeidae).

The introduction of weapons has significantly increased the pressure of the species in more densely populated areas. Live bird trade and habitat loss, It is also thought that they represent potential threats. There is a small number in captivity.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable

• Population trend: Decreasing

It is estimated that their population may be setting to the 42,000 birds.

This species is under severe pressure from the hunt for obtaining their colorful feathers, and to one degree lower for trade and meat. The hunt for the obtaining of feathers has increased with the growth of the population and the growing number of tourists. As a whole, These factors are suspected of being leading to a rapid and continuous reduction of the population of this species.

Conservation Actions Proposed:

– Conduct surveys to improve the accuracy of the estimate of the population.
– The research of the basic ecology of the species, especially any of their food.
– Investigate the trade in feathers.
– Monitor numbers in the sites studied, as the crater of the mountain and Kikori.
– Numbers of monitors marketed domestically and internationally.
– Transport Control of threatened species in domestic flights.
– Run an education program to discourage tourists from buying feathers and artifacts.
– Investigate adequacy of a program to replace artificial or dyed feathers (Mack and Wright 1998) .

Aguileño parrot in captivity:

Extremely rare.

Birds, even bred hand, they can be difficult and show aggressiveness with your caregiver; they can be a bit uncomfortable mainly due to their diet of fruit.

Alternative names:

Pesquet’s Parrot, Vulturine Parrot (English).
Psittrichas de Pesquet, Perroquet de Pesquet (French).
Borstenkopf (German).
Papagaio-de-pesquet (Portuguese).
Loro Aguileño (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Psittrichas
Scientific name: Psittrichas fulgidus
Citation: (Lesson, 1830)
Protonimo: Banksianus fulgidus

Pesquet's Parrot images:

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Pesquet's Parrot (Psittrichas fulgidus)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – “Pesquetsparrot03” by Greg HumeOwn work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(2) – “Psittrichas fulgidus-Jurong Bird Park-8a” by Peter TanPesquet’ s ParrotUploaded by Snowmanradio. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(3) – “Psittrichas fulgidus-Miami Zoo, USA-8-toc” by Psittrichas_fulgidus_-Miami_Zoo,_Usa-8. jpg: bognietsderivative work: Snowmanradio (talk) – originally posted to Flickr as Pesquet’ s Parrot and uploaded to commons as Psittrichas_fulgidus_-Miami_Zoo,_Usa-8. jpg. Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(4) – Greg HumeTo feltoltő sajat munkaja: „Pesquetsparrot03”. Engedely: CC BY-SA 3.0, Forrás: Wikimedia Commons
(5) – By Matthias Wicke – Flickr

Sounds: Phil Gregory (Xeno-canto)

Mindanao Racquet-tail
Prioniturus waterstradti

Description

Mindanao Racquet-tail

27 cm.. length between 120 and 160 g. of weight.

The Mindanao Racquet-tail (Prioniturus waterstradti) has the head bright green, with broadcasting slightly more blue-green in the cheeks, the lores and front of the crown. Duller green mantle; olive rump with different shades. The Green wings, with vane Dark internal to the flight feather, narrow marginalized yellow on the edges Interior; carpal edge yellow, wing feathers green; underside of primaries with blue dye.

The underparts brighter yellowish green, more yellow in undertail-coverts. Upper, the tail green, with side feathers blackish tip; undertail, the tail bluish; Blackish spatulas

Bill light grey; Brown irises; legs Blackish grey.

Females with extensions of tail more short.

  • Sound of the Mindanao Racquet-tail.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lorito-momoto de Mindanao.mp3]

Subspecies:

  • Prioniturus waterstradti malindangensis

    (Mearns, 1909) – Both adults, the color blue in the forecrown and the area under the eyes, paler; less Brown at the back.

  • Prioniturus waterstradti waterstradti

    (Rothschild, 1904) – The nominal

Habitat:

It is distributed in montane moist forest, mainly between 850 and 2000 m, but have been recorded at altitudes of 450 m. Little is known about the habits of this species, that until recently was considered the same species as the Luzon Racquet-tail. Most observations refer to small flocks of between two and ten birds. Apparently lower than other members of its genus is distributed in densities.

Reproduction:

There are no data of their reproductive ecology

Food:

Without data

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 11.300 km2

Endemic to the Highlands of Mindanao, Philippines. The records come from the Mount Apo, the Mount Malindang, Mount Kitanglad, Mount Mayon, Mount Matutum, Mt. Lebo, Anakan, Civolig, the Mount McKinley, Lake Faggamb and Baracatan, But even though the total population is estimated at 5.000 specimens, currently only limited to five mountains.

Distribution of subspecies:

  • Prioniturus waterstradti malindangensis

    (Mearns, 1909) – Southeast of the mountains of Mindanao (Southeast of Philippines).

  • Prioniturus waterstradti waterstradti

    (Rothschild, 1904) – The nominal

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Near threatened

• Population trend: Decreasing

In 1993, the population was estimated at 5,000 individuals (Lambert et to the. 1993)

The population is suspected that it may be declining due to the continuous degradation of the forests and the capture for the cage bird trade.

Conservation Actions Proposed:

– Collect data on the impacts of the international and domestic trade.
– Review the estimate of the population.
– Calculate loss of forests within their geographic range and altitude using satellite and remote sensing images.
– Protect effectively important tracts of forest right in key places, both in the areas of strict protection, as in areas of multiple use.

Lorito momoto of Mindanao in captivity:

Not found in captivity.

Alternative names:

Mindanao Racquet-tail, Crimson-spotted Racket-tailed Parrot, Crimson-spotted Racquet-tailed Parr, Minadnao racket-tailed parrot, Mindanao Montane Racquet-tail, Mindanao Racket-Tail, Mindanao Racket-tailed Parrot, Mindanao Racquet tail, Mindanao Racquet-tailed Parrot (English).
Palette de Mindanao, Palette de Waterstradt, Perroquet à raquette de Mindanao (French).
Mindanao-Spatelschwanzpapagei, Mindanao Spatelschwanz-Papagei, Mindanaopapagei, Mindano-Spatelschwanzpapagei (German).
Prioniturus waterstradti (Portuguese).
Lorito Momoto de Mindanao, Lorito-momoto de Mindanao (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Prioniturus
Scientific name: Prioniturus waterstradti
Citation: Rothschild, 1904
Protonimo: Prioniturus waterstradti

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Mindanao Racquet-tail (Prioniturus waterstradti)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Sounds: Desmond Allen (Xeno-canto)

Madarasz's Tiger-Parrot
Psittacella madaraszi

Madarasz's Tiger-Parrot

Description

14 cm. length between 34 and 44 g. of weight.

The Madarasz's Tiger-Parrot (Psittacella madaraszi) is very similar to the Modest Tiger-Parrot.

Head brown, slightly paler in the cheeks and ear-coverts because of the light streaks; crown strongly mottled in color yellow, the throat It also shows some pale yellow stains. Mantle and back green, with good dark edges to the feathers; rump with alternation of yellow-green and black. Wings green, marked in blue in curve and along the leading edge; flight feather Blackish with vane Green external, showing a thin yellow margin. Wing feathers light green, underside of flight feather with broadcasting yellow in vane inner. Throat and top of the chest grey-brown; rest of the underparts slightly yellowish-green, paler than upper parts, with the exception of uppertail-coverts red. Upper, the tail green, by down blackish.

Bill grey-blue, White at the tip; irises reddish brown; legs grey.

The female has the head Green with the front of the crown bluish and heavily barred black and orange pink nape. The rest of them upperparts are slightly more barred that in the male, and underparts are of color green uniform, lack of the colour brown of the throat and the top of chest.

The young birds they are similar to females.

Subspecies

  • Psittacella madaraszi major (Rothschild, 1936) – Of approximately 15 cm.. length. The only difference is that it is something most large. The same as the nominal species female.
  • Psittacella madaraszi hallstromi (Mayr and Gilliard, 1951) – Of approximately 14,5 cm.. length. Usually more dark and yellow paths from the back of the head and neck more narrow. Females with the black Crown and broad green bordered Orange will be making them by the back of the head.
  • Psittacella madaraszi huonensis (Mayr and Rand, 1935) – Of 14 cm.. length. It has the Crown of yellowish-brown. Females have the Crown, neck and back green.

Habitat:

The Madarasz's Tiger-Parrot, usually lives below the Modest Tiger-Parrot. The two two species overlap, usually in the Strip between 1.200 and 2.500 m, Although less numerous the of Madarasz.

It inhabits forests, in secondary vegetation and occasionally cleared areas, being particularly fond of the forest of beech Nothofagus.

It is a quiet species, slow and inconspicuous. You are often seen sitting in pairs on the lower floors of forests, making rash calls at sunset.

Reproduction:

Little is known of their reproductive ecology, but they have been observed in breeding conditions in the month June.

Food:

It feeds on seeds, fruit, tough berries and leaves pulp, eat alone or in pairs at different levels within the forest. Have you noticed them is, feeding, in the company of the Painted Tiger-Parrot.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 193.000 km2

New Guinea from the mountains in the center of Irian Jaya, Indonesia, through the central mountains of Papua New Guinea, up to the mountain ranges to the South-East, with an isolated population in the Highlands of the Huon peninsula. The world's population is considered to be more of 50.000 specimens.

Distribution of subspecies:

  • Psittacella madaraszi major (Rothschild, 1936) – present in the West of its range mountains;
  • Psittacella madaraszi hallstromi (Mayr and Gilliard, 1951) – occupies the central mountains of New Guinea;
  • Psittacella madaraszi huonensis (Mayr and Rand, 1935) – is located in the northeast of New Guinea (mountains of the Huon peninsula).

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, It is estimated in more than 50.000 specimens. The species, According to sources, It very rare in its area of distribution (pit et to the. 1997).

The population suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

Lorito Madarasz tiger in captivity:

Not found in captivity.

Alternative names:

Madarasz’s Tiger-Parrot, Madarasz’s Parrot, Madarasz’s Tiger Parrot, Madarász’s Tiger Parrot, Maderasz’s Parrot, Plain-breasted Little Parrot, Plain-breasted Little Tiger-Parrot (English).
Perruche de Madarasz (French).
Madaraszpapagei, Madarasz Papagei, Maderaszpapagei, Schuppenkopfpapagei (German).
Psittacella madaraszi (Portuguese).
Lorito de Madarasz, Lorito tigre de Madarasz, Lorito-tigre de Madarasz (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Their scientific and common names commemorating the Hungarian ornithologist Gyula von Madarasz

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Psittacella
Scientific name: Psittacella madaraszi
Citation: Meyer,AB, 1886
Protonimo: Birding tiger parrot

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Madarasz's Tiger-Parrot (Psittacella madaraszi)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Wikipedia
Birdlife
Loromania

Photos:

(1) – Photo by © Nancy Bell

Modest Tiger-Parrot
Psittacella modesta

Parrot-Tiger-modest

Description

14 cm.. length between 42 and 43 g. of weight.

The Modest Tiger-Parrot (Psittacella modesta) has the head Brown olive, with indistinct centers yellow to the feathers of the crown and nape. Mantle dark green, with slightly darker edges to feathers; rump with indistinct greenish-yellow and black mix. Uppertail green, with fringe darker. Wings of color green dark marked in blue on the curve.

Yellow wing feathers. Of flight outer feathers blackish edged green in the bases and with fine yellow margins the vane internal and external. Top of the chest Gris-Oliva below the bend of wing, belly paler, opaque green; undertail-coverts red. Upper, the tail dark green; by down blackish.

The bill grey-blue, whitish tip; irises orange; legs bluish grey.

Female alternating the Brown dark and the pink in the chest, flanks alternating the Green and yellow-green.

  • Sound of the Modest Tiger-Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lorito-tigre Modesto.mp3]

Subspecies

  • Psittacella modesta modesta

    (Schlegel, 1871) – Nominal.

  • Psittacella modesta subcollaris

    (Rand, 1941) – Something more dark in General, the collar yellow on the back of the neck is more brilliant and variable, head brown / dark grey.
    The females with the head darker and some with a slight yellow colouring.

  • Psittacella modesta collaris

    (Ogilvie-Grant, 1914) – The neck yellow, irregularly present. Darker hue at the sides of the head.
    The females have mild brands yellow in the part back from the head.

Habitat:

You can find in the humid mountain forest, forest Moss, edges of secondary vegetation and forests, a altitude between 1.200 and 4.000 m (for the most part between 1,700-2,800 Metro).

The Modest Tiger-Parrot is a bird quiet, discreet, quite docile and difficult to observe. It tends to prefer medium or lower forest and seeks its food crawling or jumping slowly at ground level. They only fly short distances when bother them.

Birds are found alone or in pairs, and they feed on seeds and small fruits.

The young birds as females.

Reproduction:

There is no information on the breeding ecology, but a male State of reproduction was observed during the month of June.

Food:

Observed feeding is of small fruits; seeds and pieces of berries DURAS were found in their stomachs.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 65.100 km2

New Guinea in Irian Jaya, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Scattered through the uplands, observed in the Vogelkop mountains (isolated population), and after all 136 ° E latitude, through the central mountain belt, in the central mountain ranges, including the Tari area, the range of Victor Emanuel and the District of Mount Hagen, reaching around of 145 ° E. The range overlaps with the species Madarasz's Tiger-Parrot at a length of 1,200 kilometers along the Cordillera central and where the two species overlap. The Modest Tiger-Parrot is usually found in slightly higher altitudes than the Madarasz's Tiger-Parrot. The world's population is thought to be greater of 50.000 specimens. The species is locally common.

Distribution of subspecies:

  • Psittacella modesta modesta

    (Schlegel, 1871) – Nominal.

  • Psittacella modesta subcollaris

    (Rand, 1941) – extends from North of the Maoke mountains to the Montes Hindenburg;

  • Psittacella modesta collaris

    (Ogilvie-Grant, 1914) – is located to the South of the Maoke mountains.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, Although deemed superior to the 50.000 specimens. The species is reported as locally common (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

Lorito modest tiger in captivity:

Not found in poultry.

Alternative names:

Modest Tiger-Parrot, Barred Little Parrot, Barred Little Tiger-Parrot, Modest Parrot, Modest Tiger Parrot (English).
Perruche modeste, Perruche olive (French).
Olivpapagei, Oliv-Papagei (German).
Psittacella modesta (Portuguese).
Lorito Modesto, Lorito tigre Modesto, Lorito-tigre Modesto (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Psittacella
Scientific name: Psittacella modesta
Citation: Schlegel, 1871
Protonimo: Psitacella [sic] modest

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Modest Tiger-Parrot (Psittacella modesta)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
Wikipedia
Loromania

Photos:

(1) – By © Wong Tsu Shi – Sooty-headed bulbul

Sounds: Patrik Aberg (Xeno-canto)

Painted Tiger-Parrot
Psittacella picta

Painted Tiger-Parrot

Description

19 cm.. length and a weight between 48 and 60 g..

In adults of the Painted Tiger-Parrot (Psittacus erithacus), the head is predominantly Brown, but the colors of the top they are bright and warm, While the cheeks they are more off and more grey. A collar Yellow Strait decorates the neck. The plumage is green with black stripes. Rump and uppertail-coverts red. The wings They show a green with yellow stripes on the external threads and the flight feather. The underparts is yellowish-green.

The chin is brown, the upper part of the chest It has a central patch of blue. The coverts are orange-red. The rest of them underparts are a green medium, slightly clearer that the upperparts. The upper part of the tail is dark green. The bottom of the tail is blackish grey.

The bill is light grey and blue color with a white tip. The irises are reddish orange, the legs dark gray.

The collar Yellow is absent in the female. The cheeks they are dyed blue. The chest black and yellow colors absent. In the upperparts abounds over the scratched.

The immature they are similar to females.

  • Sound of the Painted Tiger-Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lorito-tigre Pintado.MP3]

Distribution 3 subspecies

  • Psittacella picta picta

    (Rothschild, 1896) – Nominal.

  • Psittacella picta lorentzi

    – (Victoria, 1910) Adults as the nominal species but the crown and the surroundings are color marron-oliva; cheeks teal, with a green darker in ear-coverts; rump and uppertail-coverts greenish yellow striped with black.

  • Psittacella picta excelsa

    – (Mayr & Gilliard, 1951) Males as the nominal, but the Crown is colored bright marron-oliva. The female is like the female of the nominal species but with the head color glossy marron-oliva; the throat and cheeks heavily washed in blue.

Habitat:

The Painted Tiger-Parrot they live in the mountains, in forest areas where can be seen especially at edges and clearings. They are also found in the moss-covered forests, the secondary forest, and in the thickets of Alpine and subalpine areas. These birds can be downloaded at 1.370 m. In the southeast of its distribution area, they tend to be distributed at lower altitudes than in other places. However, their preferred Habitat is between the 2.400 and 4.000 m, just above the Brehm's Tiger-Parrot (Psittacella brehmii).

The birds are generally quiet, but not shy, and move individually, in pairs or in groups of up to six members; It has been observed feeding on groups, mixed with the Madarasz's Tiger-Parrot. They often feed in low bushes or on the ground.

Reproduction:

Little is known of the ecology of the species and the only information about the reproductive behavior is that in terms of breeding birds have been observed in the months of June and August.

Food:

The diet It includes seeds, berries and fruit of conifers Dacrydium.

Distribution:

Endemic to the central band of the mountain of New Guinea. Restricted to the high montane forests, from the West of the Maoke through the central mountains, including the Tari region, about Kandep, Mount Hagen, Monte, Kubor up to the Owen Stanley mountain range in the Southeast. The world's population is believed to be superior to the 100.000 specimens.

Distribution 3 subspecies:

  • Psittacella picta picta

    (Rothschild, 1896) – Nominal.

  • Psittacella picta lorentzi

    – It is located on the westernmost stretch (Sudirman mountains).

  • Psittacella picta excelsa

    – Occupied the mountains Central of Papua New Guinea.

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Unrecognized

According to “The World Parrot Trust“, in accordance with Tony Juniper, the world's population is superior to 100 000 individuals.

According to the Manual, This species, Although relatively dispersed, It may be locally common. Despite its small extension, is classified as “least concern” by ornithological organizations.

Lorito-painted tiger in captivity:

Not found in poultry.

Alternative names:

Painted Tiger-Parrot, Painted Parrot, Painted Tiger Parrot, Timberline Parrot, Timberline Tiger-Parrot (English).
Perruche peinte (French).
Braunscheitelpapagei, Braunscheitel-Papagei (German).
Psittacella picta (Portuguese).
Lorito Pintado, Lorito tigre Pintado, Lorito-tigre Pintado (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Psittacella
Scientific name: Psittacella picta
Citation: Rothschild, 1896
Protonimo: Psittacella picta

————————————————————————————————

Painted Tiger-Parrot (Psittacella picta)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Wikipedia

Photos:

(1) – Psittacella picta near Lake Habbema – BIRDING AROUND THE WORLD

Sounds: Hans Matheve (Xeno-canto)

Orange-breasted Fig-Parrot
Cyclopsitta gulielmitertii

Orange-breasted Fig-Parrot

Description

11 to 13 cm.. length and a weight between 27 and 34 g..

The forecrown of the Orange-breasted Fig-Parrot (Cyclopsitta gulielmitertii), back of the crown and area behind the eyes are a deep blue; pale yellow the lores, throat and both sides of the head; black spot on the back of the cheek; Orange the top part of the abdomen; the interior of the wing-coverts Yellow-edged; wide bands of pale yellow under the wings. Bill Blackish grey. The eyes dark brown.

The female similar to the male, but pale yellow on the front of the cheeks black and white on the back. Front of the cheeks bordered below green with blue stripe; the ear-coverts on both sides of neck, orange; underparts green.

The immature as females, but orange, Since the ear-coverts and sides neck to the area below, faced with the cheeks; chest male washed with orange-brown.

  • Sound of the Orange-breasted Fig-Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lorito Pechinaranja.mp3]
Description of the 7 subspecies
  • Cyclopsitta gulielmitertii gulielmitertii

    (Schlegel, 1866) – The nominal

  • Cyclopsitta gulielmitertii nigrifrons

    (Reichenow, 1891) – 13 cm.. length. Area of the forecrown, crown and behind the eye, black. Female without chest Neither abdomen orange, cheeks white-yellowish color bordered by a blackish band. Back of the cheeks and headphones feathers bright orange. Below the black band greenish blue. The youth they are equal to adults.

  • Cyclopsitta gulielmitertii ramuensis

    (Neumann, 1915) – It is more small, about 11 cm.., with the area of the forecrown, crown and behind the eye Black interspersed with dark blue, cheeks and headphones feathers whitish in colour. Breast and abdomen cream color. Females as males but behind the eye and cheeks with a broad black patch interspersed with dark blue. Breast whitish interspersed with orange feathers. Abdomen brighter yellowish green. The youth equal to adults.

  • Cyclopsitta gulielmitertii amabilis

    (Reichenow, 1891) – It is more small, a few 11 cm.. Front, crown and rear of the eye matte black. Cheeks Black interspersed with dark blue. Females similar to the males but with the patch from behind the eye Black interspersed with dark blue matte. Headphones feathers whitish. The juveniles as in adult females but with the upper part of the chest greener

  • Cyclopsitta gulielmitertii suavissima

    (Salvadori, 1876) – Smaller, a few 11 cm.., area of the forecrown, crown and behind the eye blue color, great patch on cheek black. Headphones feathers and cheeks white-yellowish color and chest and top of the abdomen reddish orange. The female It has a hue of different reddish orange and black spot of the cheek is Matt and interspersed with dark blue color. The youth adult females are, but marks of the head they are more off.

  • Cyclopsitta gulielmitertii fuscifrons

    (Salvadori, 1876) – As the diophthalma gulielmitertii suavissima but the area of the forecrown, crown and back of the eye, blackish brown. The females similar to the Cyclopsitta gulielmitertii suavissima But back in the cheeks, front and behind the eyes blackish brown. The youth as adult females.

  • Cyclopsitta gulielmitertii melanogenia

    (Rosenberg,HKB, 1866) – Of 11 cm.. length. The male is as the diophthalma gulielmitertii suavissima, the female also with the fused in light green Orange tones in the abdomen. The youth are like adults.

Habitat:

It is distributed in the rainforest, swamp forest, forest of Melaleuca , dense sheets and partially cleared areas from sea level to a 300 meters above sea level, rarely recorded in higher altitudes to the 800 m, the largest known altitude is 1.100 m.

They are usually in small groups assets of 6 to 10 individuals, whether it is flying above the treetops, or congregate where can feed on figs and other fruits in the canopy or plants at lower levels.

The feed can be difficult to detect, since they climb around the silent tree trunks, Although they can swing upside down as they feed on, sometimes dropping food.

Reproduction:

The nests of the Orange-breasted Fig-Parrot found in arboreal termite, at the top of the trees of the forest. Up to three holes can be dug., and nesting they can be community. The nests also found at the base of a complex of epiphytes. There is little information available upon the breeding season, activity in apparent nests have been observed between the months of September and June. These sites can, However also, have been used to settle, and a record in January of a male regurgitating food near an entrance hole probably indicates breeding during that month at least.

Food:

The diet includes seeds of figs and other fruits, as well as small whole figs, nectar flower e insects occasional.

Distribution:

Widely distributed, abundant and easily observable in the lowland tropical rainforest, throughout much of New Guinea. The Orange-breasted Fig-Parrot most Western they are isolated, only seen in Salawati in the West of the islands of Papua, and in the lowlands of theDoberai peninsula, West Papua.

In other parts of New Guinea the range is continuous through the lowlands of the North of the eastern edge of Geelvink Bay around the Memberamo River, throughout the region of the Sepik River and the lowlands of the Huon peninsula, to Milne Bay, at the eastern end.

The range continues westward through the lowlands of southern New Guinea across regions Puari and Fly River to the lowlands of Southeast of West Papua, on the 138 ° E; also in the Aru Islands.

The Orange-breasted Fig-Parrot seems to be more common in the South of New Guinea in the North.

Distribution of the 7 subspecies
  • Cyclopsitta gulielmitertii gulielmitertii

    : The nominal

  • Cyclopsitta gulielmitertii nigrifrons

    : North of New Guinea between Mamberamo and Sepik Rivers.

  • Cyclopsitta gulielmitertii ramuensis

    : District Ramu River, North of Papua New Guinea; It is thought that it may be a cross between the nigrifrons and the amabilis, therefore, probably not a valid subspecies.

  • Cyclopsitta gulielmitertii amabilis

    : Northwest of Papua New Guinea from peninsula Huon to Milne Bay.

  • Cyclopsitta gulielmitertii suavissima

    : Southwest of Papua New Guinea West of Gulf of Papua.

  • Cyclopsitta gulielmitertii fuscifrons

    : South of New Guinea between Mimika and Fly Rivers.

  • Cyclopsitta gulielmitertii melanogenia

    : Aru Islands, Indonesia.

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, due to the recent taxonomic divisions, Although it is estimated over the 100,000 specimens.

The population suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

Orange-breasted parrot in captivity:

Rare in captivity.

Alternative names:

Orange-breasted Fig-Parrot, Blue-fronted Fig-parrot, Orange-breasted Fig Parrot, Orange-breasted Fig-Parrot (nominate), Orange-breasted Fig-Parrot (Orange-breasted) (English).
Psittacule à poitrine orange, Psittacule à poitrine orange (nominal), Psittacule à poitrine orange (nominale), Psittacule à poitrine orange (race nominale) (French).
Orangebrust-Zwergpapgei (German).
Cyclopsitta gulielmitertii (Portuguese).
Lorito de Pecho Naranja, Lorito Pechinaranja (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Scientific name: Cyclopsitta gulielmitertii
Citation: (Schlegel, 1866)
Protonimo: Psittacula gulielmi III

Orange-breasted Fig-Parrot images:

————————————————————————————————

Orange-breasted Fig-Parrot (Cyclopsitta gulielmitertii)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
Loromania

Photos:

(1) – animalphotos
(2) – A female Orange-breasted Fig-parrot in the Walsrode Bird Park, Germany By Quartl (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A male Orange-breasted Fig-parrot in the Walsrode Bird Park, Germany – “Cyclopsitta gulielmitertii qtl1” by QuartlOwn work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(4) – Birds-pet-wallpapers
(5) – animalphotos

Sounds: Frank Lambert (Xeno-canto)

Meek's Pygmy-Parrot
Micropsitta meeki

Meek's Pygmy-Parrot

Description

10 cm. length.

Microloro-of-Meek-(2)

The Meek's Pygmy-Parrot (Micropsitta meeki) has the feathers of the head dark brown, strongly scalloped in color yellow on them ear-coverts and the sides of the throat, and usually with the eyebrows in a vague color yellow; feathers of the crown with fine greyish yellow tips.

Upperparts dark green, darker on the margins and the Center to the Middle coverts black. Feathers primary Black with green trim; secondaries mainly green. Wing feathers more dark with the tips of color yellow; underside of flight feather blackish. Top of the chest and centre of belly, opaque yellow, with brown spots at the tips of the feathers; flanks color green dark; under the tail, coverts yellow. Tail greenish blue in the Center, feathers laterales blackish with stains yellow on the tips or with pointed blue and yellow.

Bill yellow rose pale; irises yellowish brown; legs Pink.

Similar to males females.

  • Sound of the Meek's Pygmy-Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Microloro the Meek.mp3]

Subspecies

  • Micropsitta meeki meeki

    : (Rothschild and Hartert, 1914) – The nominal.

  • Micropsitta meeki proxima

    : (Rothschild and Hartert, 1924) – The face is more pale and the grey more beige that the of the nominal species; light diffusion of greenish color instead of the yellow markings of the nominal, and a band front yellow with find in them eyebrows.

Habitat:

Not well known. It occurs in forests, high secondary growth, and even in trees around inhabited areas. The birds are found in small groups. Habits are like those of the Buff-faced Pygmy-Parrot.

Reproduction:

The nest It tend to build in a mound of termites tree, Sometimes it can be very close to the ground.

Food:

Feed of lichens and fungi collected from trunks of trees.
They nourish also of seeds, nuts, berries and fallen fruit that can be found, Although they prefer to eat fruits of plants. They also feed on insects and insect larvae.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 2,400 km2

Endemic to the forests of the lowlands, until 700 meters of altitude on the Islands in the Northwest Bismarck Archipelago including Manus, Lou and Rambutyo in the Group of Admiralty and Mussau and Emira in the Group of San Matías.

Of the two subspecies:

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, It is thought that it may be above the 10,000 specimens. The species according to sources is common both in Manus as Lou (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

Microloro Meek captive:

Not found in captivity.

While attempts have been made to keep Pygmy parrots in captivity, These have not been successful. This may be due to the fact that birds suffer from stress or a lack of understanding of their dietary needs.

Alternative names:

Meek’s Pygmy-Parrot, Citrine Pygmy Parrot, Meek’s Pygmy Parrot, Yellow-breasted Pygmy Parrot, Yellow-breasted Pygmy-parrot (English).
Micropsitte de Meek (French).
Meekspechtpapagei, Meek-Papagei (German).
Micropsitta meeki (Portuguese).
Microloro de Meek (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Meeki
Scientific name: Micropsitta meeki
Citation: Rothschild & Hartert, 1914
Protonimo: Micropsitta meeki

————————————————————————————————

Meek's Pygmy-Parrot (Micropsitta meeki)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
(2) – Meek’ s Pygmy-Parrot on Manus – BIRDING AROUND THE WORLD

Sounds: Frank Lambert (Xeno-canto)

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