Yellow-faced Parrot
Alipiopsitta xanthops

Yellow-faced Parrot

Content

Description

Yellow-faced Parrot

26 a 27 cm.. tall and about 260g. weight.

The Yellow-faced Parrot (Alipiopsitta xanthops) It is distinguished by the large area of ​​yellow in the head, with green tint nape; orange to the sides of body and upper base of the tail; collar yellowish green, belly almost all yellow, the thighs and green inner core tail green; the back it is usually green with yellow tints.

blackish brown with yellow edges; iris yellow .

The youth less yellow in body.


Anatomy-parrots-eng

Habitat:

It inhabits in dry forests, also called deciduous forests, in lowlands, with the presence of palmas Mauritia, Although they prefer water courses.
They can be seen in pairs or flocks of up 50 specimens.

Reproduction:

Video – "Yellow-faced Parrot"

Although little information regarding this is available, it is known that nest in the hollows of the highest trees closed; the laying usually three eggs and the incubation period is 23-24 days.

Food:

It's a species of which there are few studies of their natural habitat. Its main food It consists mainly of fruits and seeds. Very fond of mangoes, usually visit their trees full of fruit.

Distribution:

Size of its range (reproduction / resident): 2.700.000 km2

Inside of Brazil and adjacent area to the east of Bolivia and Horqueta, in the East of Paraguay.

Conservation Alipiopsitta xanthops:

State of conservation ⓘ


Status Near Threatened (UICN)ⓘ

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Near-threatened.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

In 1993 two thirds of the Cerrado, This species inhabited, había sido moderada o gravemente alterada por la agricultura, la cría de ganado pesado, invasive grasses, the use of pesticides and annual burning.

Conservation Actions Proposed:

• Cotejar los datos de la muestra y registros recientes para proporcionar una evaluación mejorada de la distribución y estado.

• Estimar la población total salvaje (Bianchi 2009).

• Evaluar el impacto de la pérdida de hábitat (Snyder et to the . 2000).

• Crear una red de grandes reservas en Bahia, maranhão and Piauí.

Yellow-faced Parrot in captivity:

Ave Rare in the world of poultry farming.

active, curious and playful. Agresiva con otros loros. They can become very noisy. Prone to obesity

Its reproduction rarely been achieved in captivity. El requisito básico sería aislar a una pareja compatible durante la temporada de reproducción debido al aumento de agresiones hacia otras aves durante este periodo; also require spacious accommodations and a nest box of 25 x 25 x 60 cm. . with input from 8 cm in diameter.

They tend to be aggressive toward their caregivers. The breeding season begins in early May. The implementation is of 2 a 4 eggs, which are incubated during 26 days. The young leave the nest when they are near the 8 weeks of age.

Alternative names:

Yellow faced Parrot, Yellow-crowned Amazon, Yellow-crowned Parrot, Yellow-faced Amazon (English).
Amazone à face jaune (French).
Goldbauchamazone, Schoapapagei (German).
Papagaio-galego, chorão, curau, papagaio-acurau, papagaio-curraleiro, papagaio-de-barriga-amarela (Portuguese).
Amazona Chica, Amazona del Cerrado, Loro cara amarilla, Lora chica (español).


Clasificación científica Alipiopsitta xanthops:

Johann Baptist von Spix

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Alipiopsitta
Scientific name: Alipiopsitta xanthops
Citation: (von Spix, 1824)
Protonimo: Psittacus xanthops


Images Yellow-faced Parrot:


Species of the genus Amazona

  • Amazona festiva
  • —- Amazona festiva bodini
  • —- Amazona festiva festiva
  • Amazona vinacea
  • Amazona tucumana
  • Amazona pretrei
  • Amazona agilis
  • Amazona albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons nana
  • —- Amazona albifrons saltuensis
  • Amazona collaria
  • Amazona leucocephala
  • —- Amazona leucocephala bahamensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala caymanensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala hesterna
  • —- Amazona leucocephala leucocephala
  • Amazona ventralis
  • Amazona vittata
  • —- Amazona vittata gracilipes †
  • —- Amazona vittata vittata
  • Amazona finschi
  • Amazona autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis lilacina
  • —- Amazona autumnalis salvini
  • Amazona diadema
  • Amazona viridigenalis
  • Amazona xantholora
  • Amazona dufresniana
  • Amazona rhodocorytha
  • Amazona arausiaca
  • Amazona versicolor
  • Amazona oratrix
  • —- Amazona oratrix belizensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix hondurensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix oratrix
  • Amazona tresmariae
  • Amazona auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata caribaea
  • —- Amazona auropalliata parvipes
  • Amazona ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala nattereri
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala panamensis
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala xantholaema
  • Amazona barbadensis
  • Amazona aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva xanthopteryx
  • Amazona mercenarius
  • —- Amazona mercenarius canipalliata
  • —- Amazona mercenarius mercenarius
  • Amazona guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae virenticeps
  • Amazona farinosa
  • Amazona kawalli
  • Amazona imperialis
  • Amazona brasiliensis
  • Amazona amazonica
  • Amazona guildingii

  • Sources:

    • Parrot Book, Parrots and macaws Neotropical
    • avibase
    • parrots.org
    • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    • Birdlife

    Photos:

    (1) – Yellow-faced parrot (Alipiopsitta xanthops) green morph, the Pantanal, Brazil By Charlesjsharp (Own work, from Sharp Photography, sharpphotography) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (2) – Yellow-faced parrot (Alipiopsitta xanthops) yellow morph, the Pantanal, Brazil By Charlesjsharp (Own work, from Sharp Photography, sharpphotography) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (3) – Alipiopsitta xanthops, Yellow-faced Parrot; two in a cage By TJ Lin (originally posted to Flickr as yellow-faced amazon) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (4) – Yellow-faced Parrot in Giza Zoo By Hatem Moushir (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (5) – Registro realizado na cidade de Três Lagoas-MS, urban area. Um bando pousou em um pé de poncã para se alimentar By Jairmoreirafotografia (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (6) – Illustration does not look like A. xanthops (Yellow-faced Parrot). Fisch’s Papageien monograph discusses this dubious specimen by Francis de Laporte de Castelnau [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

    Sounds: João Antônio de B. Vitto

    Hispaniolan Parrot
    Amazona ventralis

    Hispaniolan Parrot

    Content

    Description:

    28-31 cm.. length and 250 g. of weight.

    The Hispaniolan Parrot (Amazona ventralis) has the forecrown Lords color and white (variable extension); the crown and upper cheeks with blue feathers and black colored ends; ear-coverts and lower cheeks, charcoal colored (variable measure); feathers nape and the sides of the neck, emerald green with visible black tips.
    Hispaniolan Parrot
    Mantle and back green grass with black tips, which become progressively less visible to the bottom; rump green, slightly yellowish; uppertail-coverts brighter yellowish green. greater coverts blue; remaining coberteras grass-green. Primaries and secondaries, blue, darker towards the tips, on the innerwebs. Under the wings, green; flight feather bluish green.

    The underparts usually green, slightly yellowish, con la mayoría de las plumas mostrando márgenes negros bastante visibles (especially in the upper region) but sometimes with some red feathers chin; patch resizable brown in the center of belly; undertail-coverts pale yellow-green. Upper, the tail is green (perhaps a little darker than the rest of the upperparts) with visible yellowish tip and outerweb external feathers with blue margins; undertail, the tail It is yellowish with the bases of the outer feathers red. Bill Pink; cere brownish white; skin bare periophthalmic white; brown the irises; legs pale grey.


    Anatomy-parrots-eng

    There is no sexual dimorphism. Immature as an adult but less blue in the crown and the patch abdominal is paler brown.

    NOTE

    Some authors consider that the Hispaniolan Parrot It conspecific (belonging to the same species) with the Cuban Parrot. Although closely related, It is believed to be quite different due to differences in hue pronounced plumage.

    • Sound of the Hispaniolan Parrot.

    Habitat:

    Video "Hispaniolan Parrot"

    The Hispaniolan Parrot They are distributed in a variety of forested habitats, desde sabanas arenosas de palmeras en tierras bajas hasta bosques de pinos de montaña y bosques húmedos de montaña. En la actualidad observadas más comúnmente en bosques de montaña en la isla Hispaniola, due to continued deforestation, although birds also feed at lower altitudes. Observed above 1,500 m (Hispaniola).

    Views en parejas durante la cría; fuera de la época de cría, observed in small flocks, usually up to a dozen birds; much larger meetings, until 500 reported in the nineteenth century birds. Couples and couples with young often identifiable in flocks.

    Reproduction:

    Nests generally constructed in tree cavities, but also in rock crevices, cactus voids and cavities in coconut. Territorial and very aggressive while playing. The breeding season It covers the months of February to May. Clutch 2-3 eggs.

    Food:

    They feed on, among others, of seeds or fruits of Caesalpinia, Psidium and Ficus, seeds of oranges wild Citrus, corn and bananas.

    Distribution:

    Size of its range (breeding/resident): 99.000 km2

    The Hispaniolan Parrot are distributed by the islands of Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti), Isla de la Gonâve (Haiti), Isla Saona (Dominican Republic), Puerto Rico and probably Snake (Puerto Rico) in the West Indies. Se encuentra en números moderados en partes de la Sierra de Bahoruco, Sierra Neiba and Cordillera Central in Dominican Republic. More restricted and less numerous in Haiti, con la población restante aparentemente en gran parte en el sur del país.

    introduced in Puerto Rico, where the wild population derived from captive birds escaped and at least one consignment of illegally traded birds were released after discovering an attempt to import Puerto Rico. Also wild populations in Islas Vírgenes de los EEUU.

    Antiguamente muy común en Hispaniola, although there have been during the twentieth century a strong decline in its population, mainly due to the habitat destruction (arising from agriculture and charcoal production). As well persecuted due to crop damage, hunted for food and trapped for sale as pets at local and international level.

    In the Decade of 1930 It was limited to the interior mountain forests of the island of largely Hispaniola.

    Aunque sigue siendo localmente común, it is enough rare and rare in the wild.

    The population in Puerto Rico It is at least several hundred birds and apparently increasing.

    Conservation:

    State of conservation ⓘ


    Status Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

    • Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Vulnerable.

    • Population trend: Decreasing.

    • Population size : 6000-15000

    Rationale for the Red List category

    This species is considered Vulnerable because anecdotal evidence suggests there has been a rapid reduction of the population. The size of the population and the exact extent of the decline are unclear, clarification and may lead to the species be reclassified as near threatened.

    Justification of the population

    The population size It is preliminarily estimated to fall in the band between 10.000 and 19.999 individuals. This is equivalent to 6,667-13,333 mature individuals, rounded here to 6,000-15,000 mature individuals.

    Justification of trend

    No new data on population trends, but it is suspected that the species is declining quickly, as a result of the hunting, the loss of habitat and capture.

    Threats

    The conversión agrícola and charcoal production have destroyed the most suitable habitat. It is also persecuted as a crop pest, hunted as food and trapped for Local trade and above for international trade cage birds. (Juniper and Parr 1998).

    El atrapar a los adultos y robar crías de los nidos para abastecer al Local pet trade It is a particular concern because in some areas la mayoría de las familias poseen un loro, and they only live a few years before they have to be replaced (G. Woolmer in some. T. White one bit., 2012). It also, activities theft nests often they cause destruction of the nest cavity or nest tree, agravando aún más la loss of nesting habitat other causes (T. White in a little .

    Conservation Actions Underway

    CITES Appendix II.

    • Se ha iniciado una education strategy with community participation to protect species (Vasquez et to the., 1995).

    • In 1997-1998, 49 birds bred in captivity were released and you radiographed in East National Park, Dominican Republic (Vilella et al., 1999).

    • The Biological Reserve Loma Charco Azul, created in 2009, It has populations of the species. in addition, They have carried out recent activities educación pública y divulgación, including some actions of law enforcement, in several communities surrounding the Jaragua National Park, near the border with Haiti.

    • En enero de 2012 there was also a Liberation of 10 parrots raised in captivity que habían sido confiscados como polluelos jóvenes de cazadores furtivos nidos. These chicks were raised and rehabilitated in National Zoological Park, and released successfully in the grounds of the zoo (T. White in a little ).

    Conservation Actions Proposed

    Assess current population size.

    • Establecer un programa de comprehensive monitoring.

    • Determine la extension remaining habitat.

    • Determinar el impact of various threats.

    Apply laws and regulations that protect this species and its habitat (Snyder et to the., 2000).

    • Promote better bird-keeping practices to reducing demand for wild birds and develop a programa de cría en cautividad.

    • Educar al público sobre el negative impact of pet trade in native Dominican Republic (T. White in a bit., 2012).

    The Hispaniolan Parrot in captivity:

    It is easily reproduced in captivity and used as substitute mother para criar a las crías de la Puerto Rican Parrot as part of the recovery program for the species (highly threatened).

    Each captive specimen of this species which is capable of reproducing, It is placed in a well-managed program captive breeding and not be sold as a pet, with the objective of ensure their survival long-term.

    Alternative names:

    Hispaniolan Amazon, Hispaniolan Parrot, Salle’s Amazon, Salle’s Parrot, San Domingo Amazon, San Domingo Parrot (English).
    Amazone à ventre pourpre, Amazone de Sallé, Amazone d’Hispaniola (French).
    Blaukronenamazone, Haitiamazone (German).
    Papagaio-de-hispaniola (Portuguese).
    Amazona de la Española, Amazona Dominicana, Cotorra, Cotorra de la Española (español).

    scientific classification:

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittacidae
    Genus: Amazona
    Scientific name: Amazona ventralis
    Citation: (Statius Müller, 1776)
    Protonimo: Psittacus ventralis

    Images Hispaniolan Parrot:


    Species of the genus Amazona

  • Amazona festiva
  • —- Amazona festiva bodini
  • —- Amazona festiva festiva
  • Amazona vinacea
  • Amazona tucumana
  • Amazona pretrei
  • Amazona agilis
  • Amazona albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons nana
  • —- Amazona albifrons saltuensis
  • Amazona collaria
  • Amazona leucocephala
  • —- Amazona leucocephala bahamensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala caymanensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala hesterna
  • —- Amazona leucocephala leucocephala
  • Amazona ventralis
  • Amazona vittata
  • —- Amazona vittata gracilipes †
  • —- Amazona vittata vittata
  • Amazona finschi
  • Amazona autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis lilacina
  • —- Amazona autumnalis salvini
  • Amazona diadema
  • Amazona viridigenalis
  • Amazona xantholora
  • Amazona dufresniana
  • Amazona rhodocorytha
  • Amazona arausiaca
  • Amazona versicolor
  • Amazona oratrix
  • —- Amazona oratrix belizensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix hondurensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix oratrix
  • Amazona tresmariae
  • Amazona auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata caribaea
  • —- Amazona auropalliata parvipes
  • Amazona ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala nattereri
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala panamensis
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala xantholaema
  • Amazona barbadensis
  • Amazona aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva xanthopteryx
  • Amazona mercenarius
  • —- Amazona mercenarius canipalliata
  • —- Amazona mercenarius mercenarius
  • Amazona guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae virenticeps
  • Amazona farinosa
  • Amazona kawalli
  • Amazona imperialis
  • Amazona brasiliensis
  • Amazona amazonica
  • Amazona guildingii

  • Sources:

    • Avibase
    • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    • Birdlife

    Photos:

    (1) – The parrot Cuca – Cuca The Parrot by Jose Uribe AlneyFlickr
    (2) – Hispaniolan Amazon. Two in a cage By TJ Lin (originally posted to Flickr as DSCN0712) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (3) – Couple of parrots Amazona ventralis in the Jaragua National Park, República Dominicana By Yolanda M. Leon (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
    (4) – A Hispaniolan Amazon in a cage By Patrick Hawks (originally posted to Flickr as Hispaniolan Parrot) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (5) – Blaukronenamazone (Amazona ventralis) Bávaro, Punta Cana, Dominican Republic By Martingloor (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (6) – BARRABAND, Jacques (1767/8-1809) [Perroquet à face rouge male (Hispaniolan Amazon [Amazona ventralis])] From Natural History of Parrots (by François Levaillant, 1801-1805) – Wikimedia

    Sounds: Ante Strand, XC15749. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/15749

    White-fronted Parrot
    Amazona albifrons

    White-fronted Parrot

    Content

    Description:

    22 a 26 cm.. length.

    The White-fronted Parrot (Amazona albifrons) has the forecrown white; lores, upper cheeks and ring of feathers around eyes, red; the crown pale blue mingles with the green nape; the feathers with dark margins; sides neck green with narrow black margins. Mantle, back and scapulars, grass-green, sometimes with olive tint; the mantle with indistinct black tips; rump green, perhaps more emerald colors than the rest of the upperparts.

    Grandes coberteras and alula, red, other coverts green. The outerweb of the primaries, green, They turn blue at the tips; outerweb of the secondaries, blue; innerwebs of the flight feather, blackish. Under, the wings bluish green. Underparts green with weak blackish edges to feathers on throat and the chest. Upper, the tail It is yellow in the center, outer feathers red at the base, blue in the outerweb. Bill light colored horn, darker at the tip; bare periophthalmic pale grey; irises pale yellow; legs pale grey.


    Anatomy-parrots-eng

    It presents an undistinguished sexual dimorphism. The female It differs from the male in the red face It is limited to the region eye ring and it lacks the red hue in wing coverts. The immature male It looks like female but with red on the primary coverts.

    • Sound of the White-fronted Parrot.

    Description 3 subspecies:

    White-fronted Parrot

    • Amazona albifrons albifrons

      (Sparrman, 1788) – Nominal.


    • Amazona albifrons nana

      (Miller,W, 1905) – smaller the species nominal. Little differentiated from nominal but the green plumage It is perhaps paler, yellower. Some individuals Coast peaceful show some red on the throat.


    • Amazona albifrons saltuensis

      (Nelson, 1899) – Similar to the nominal but the plumage It is heavily steeped in blue. The blue of the crown It extends to the nape.

    Habitat:

    This adaptable Amazona uses all kinds of wooded habitats and open field with trees, incluyendo bosque semi-perennifolio semi-perennemente húmedo y estacional (especially at the edge), pine forests, gallery forest, terrenos agrícolas con bosques abiertos, savannah and tropical arid scrub with cactus, tending to more frequent open areas in the vertiente caribeña.

    Usually they prefer drier forests, but where it is simpátrica with Yellow-lored Parrot (Amazona xantholora), tiende a preferir la vegetación más húmeda y cerrada.

    In Yucatan the White-fronted Parrot habitan en plantaciones costeras de coco mientras se cría. In altitudes of 900 m (Oaxaca), 1.800 m (Honduras) and 1.500 m (Sonora meridional: register only known outside the tropics).

    En parejas en época de cría pero usually gregarious, distributed primarily in small groups, with occasional concentrations of hundreds of birds and some communal roosts (for example, mangroves) with several thousand birds.

    Reproduction:

    Video – "White-fronted Parrot"

    The White-fronted Parrot nest in trees, cavities of the palm tree termitarium, a veces en la cavidad excavada por algún pájaro carpintero. Árboles de la especie Bursera simaruba and Caesalpinia gaumeri are among the favorites to nest in Yucatan. Breeding January July, depending on the location.

    A clutch contains 3-5 eggs. Only the female incubates. The incubation lasts around 24 days.

    Food:

    Registered foods include guilt of Acacia gaumeri (Yucatan), fruits of Lemaireocereus thurberi and Pachycereus and cocoons of Jatropha cordata (Sonora), Ehretia tinijolia and Metopium browneii (Campeche); They also feed on cultivated fruits like mango and grain, incluyendo maíz. Birds often get excited and shout while feeding.

    Distribution and status:

    Size of its range (breeding/resident ): 2.330.000 km2

    The White-fronted Parrot They extend Mexico, from the South of Sonora (north to about 28 ° N) along the Sinaloa and West Durango hacia el sur a través de la región del Pacífico hasta Oaxaca and north through Tehuantepec isthmus the Atlantic coast in southern Veracruz and to the East by Tabasco the entire Península de Yucatán, including northern Guatemala and Belice.

    They are present in southern Chiapas and in the lowlands of the Pacífico de Guatemala and, según se informa, in West El Salvador, extending through the lowlands of peaceful, arid and Caribbean lowlands Honduras hasta el Pacífico noroeste de Costa Rica and Nicaragua (where distribution is not detailed).

    Mainly seasonal residents but visitors in some parts of the range (for example, Yucatan, El Salvador western and eastern mountains Guatemala).

    Introduced in urban areas Cozumel Island, in the State of Quintana Roo (Mexico). Their presence only in urban areas of the island, the ability of the species to live successfully in urban areas, the abundance of fruit trees and use as a pet by the islanders allows us to suggest that registered individuals are the result of leakage or were released by their owners.

    Usually common and together with the Orange-fronted Parakeet (Eupsittula canicularis), It is the largest parrot in the vertiente del Pacífico de América Central; although obviously scarce in some areas. The deforestation It is possibly promoting increases in population Caribbean slope of Central America. Capturadas para el pet trade and hunted as food, for example in Yucatan, where recently there has been a population decline due to the persecution of parrots that feed on fruit after loss of wild foods cultivated by Hurricane Gilbert. Its capture se autoriza únicamente durante los meses de octubre a febrero en los estados de Warrior, Jalisco, Michoacán, Oaxaca, Sinaloa and Tabasco and from September to January in Veracruz.

    Distribution 3 subspecies:

    • Amazona albifrons albifrons

      (Sparrman, 1788) – Nominal. Costa Pacífica de México from Nayarit a Oaxaca and South of Chiapas in the lowlands Pacífico de Guatemala. Birds in the northern Guatemalan lowlands and the arid interior, they can refer to the subspecies Amazona albifrons nana.


    • Amazona albifrons nana

      (Miller,W, 1905) – Veracruz until Costa Rica, including all península de Yucatán.


    • Amazona albifrons saltuensis

      (Nelson, 1899) – Sonora, Sinaloa and Durango, in Mexico.

    Conservation Amazona:

    State of conservation ⓘ


    Status Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

    • Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern.

    • Population trend: Increasing.

    Rationale for the Red List category

    • Esta especie tiene un very large range and therefore it is not close to the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criterion of size range (Extent of occurrence below 20,000 km2 combined with a size decreasing or fluctuating range, extension / calidad de hábitat o tamaño de población y un pequeño número de lugares o fragmentación severa).

    • La tendencia de la population appears to be increasing and, therefore, the species does not approach the thresholds Vulnerable under the criteria of population trend (Wholesale 30% decrease in ten years or three generations).

    • The population size is very large and, therefore, not approaching the thresholds for vulnerable under the criterion of population size (less than 10.000 mature individuals with continuing decline estimated a higher percentage of 10% en diez años o tres generaciones o con una estructura poblacional específica).

    • Por estas razones la especie es evaluada como la least concern.

    Justification of the population

    Partners in Flight estimated that the total population of 500.000-4.999.999 individuals (A. Panjabi in a bit., 2008).

    Justification of trend

    • Se sospecha que la población está aumentando a medida que la degradación del hábitat está creando new areas of suitable habitat.

    The White-fronted Parrot in captivity:

    Due to the decline of these birds in the wild, especially in the Mexican populations, the White-fronted Parrot is now, unlike other times, offered for sale only rarely. It also, among birds received by importers, the males generally far outweigh the females por lo que es difícil encontrar una pareja.

    Según muchas observaciones, the White-fronted Parrot captured still quite tímidas y poco sociables, especially if they were mature when they were trapped. The birds immature, which can be stained by the yellowing of his crown, relatively well sympathize with their caregivers and are easily adapted to a life in a cage or aviary. It is said to have some talent to imitate.

    Según fuentes, the first crías en cautividad They were born in 1949 in the United States by I.D. Putman; the second in 1977 on República Federal Alemana by H. Müller (Walsrode) and a third set in Switzerland in 1979; Desde entonces varios avicultores europeos han reportado éxitos de cría. El último informe llegó en 1985 from the bird park Metelen Heide in Muen-sterland (Western Germany). Allí un clutch de cinco huevos produjo cuatro crías a mediados de junio de 1984 después de un período de incubación de 28 days. The young left the nest after about 70 days, pero todavía eran cuidados y alimentados activamente, mainly by the parent, for a few weeks more.

    Its price in the European market round 1000 EUR. generally silent the Amazons largest. It can be noisy just before and during the breeding season.

    These birds can become agresivas en la temporada de cría and can attack the caregiver. The nest boxes are better positioned to nest inspection can be performed from outside the aviary. The inspection of the nest is best when adult birds are out of the nest, no obstante la cría en cautividad rara vez se ha logrado entre particulares.

    Susceptibles a las infecciones intestinales durante el período de aclimatación.

    Their life expectancy can overcome the 50 years.

    Alternative names:

    White-fronted Parrot, Spectacled Amazon, Spectacled Parrot, White fronted Parrot, White-browed Amazon, White-browed Parrot, White-fronted Amazon (English).
    Amazone à front blanc, Amazone à lunettes (French).
    Weißstirnamazone (German).
    Papagaio-de-testa-branca (Portuguese).
    Amazona de Frente Blanca, Amazona Frentialba, Cotorra Frentiblanca, Lora frentiblanca, Loro Frente Blanca, loro frente-blanca, Loro Frentiblanco, Cotorra Guayabera (español).
    Cabeza de Manta, Loro Manglero, Cocha, Cocho, Cucha (Mexico).


    Clasificación científica Amazona albifrons:

    Anders Sparrman

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittacidae
    Genus: Amazona
    Scientific name: Amazona albifrons
    Citation: (Sparrman, 1788)
    Protonimo: Psittacus albifrons


    Images White-fronted Parrot:


    Species of the genus Amazona

  • Amazona festiva
  • —- Amazona festiva bodini
  • —- Amazona festiva festiva
  • Amazona vinacea
  • Amazona tucumana
  • Amazona pretrei
  • Amazona agilis
  • Amazona albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons nana
  • —- Amazona albifrons saltuensis
  • Amazona collaria
  • Amazona leucocephala
  • —- Amazona leucocephala bahamensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala caymanensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala hesterna
  • —- Amazona leucocephala leucocephala
  • Amazona ventralis
  • Amazona vittata
  • —- Amazona vittata gracilipes †
  • —- Amazona vittata vittata
  • Amazona finschi
  • Amazona autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis lilacina
  • —- Amazona autumnalis salvini
  • Amazona diadema
  • Amazona viridigenalis
  • Amazona xantholora
  • Amazona dufresniana
  • Amazona rhodocorytha
  • Amazona arausiaca
  • Amazona versicolor
  • Amazona oratrix
  • —- Amazona oratrix belizensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix hondurensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix oratrix
  • Amazona tresmariae
  • Amazona auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata caribaea
  • —- Amazona auropalliata parvipes
  • Amazona ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala nattereri
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala panamensis
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala xantholaema
  • Amazona barbadensis
  • Amazona aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva xanthopteryx
  • Amazona mercenarius
  • —- Amazona mercenarius canipalliata
  • —- Amazona mercenarius mercenarius
  • Amazona guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae virenticeps
  • Amazona farinosa
  • Amazona kawalli
  • Amazona imperialis
  • Amazona brasiliensis
  • Amazona amazonica
  • Amazona guildingii

  • Sources:

    • Avibase
    • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    • Birdlife
    • The New Parrot Handbook by Werner Lantermann,Matthew M. Vriends

    Photos:

    (1) – White-fronted Amazon By David Oliva (originally posted to Flickr as Cotorro 007) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (2) – Weißstirnamazonen im Tiergarten Schönbrunn By spacebirdy(also known as geimfyglið (:> )=| made with Sternenlaus-spirit) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or FAL], via Wikimedia Commons
    (3) – white-fronted amazon (Amazona albifrons) By Christoph Anton Mitterer (Flickr: P8155550) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (4) – White-fronted Amazon Amazona albifrons pair perching in a tree at Guanacaste, Costa Rica By Steve Jurvetson (originally posted to Flickr as love birds) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (5) – White-fronted Amazon, (Amazona albifrons). A pet parrot on a perch. Red feathers on this parrots shoulders indicate that it is a male By ➨ Redvers (Flickr) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (6) – Weißstirnamazonen im Tiergarten Schönbrunn By spacebirdy(also known as geimfyglið (:> )=| made with Sternenlaus-spirit) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or FAL], via Wikimedia Commons
    (7) – A captive White-fronted Amazon in Copán Ruinas, Copán, Honduras By Troy from Charlottesville, USA (Flickr) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (8) – A White-fronted Amazon – upper body by sumba [CC BY 2.0 of], via Wikimedia Commons
    (9) – A pet juvenile White-fronted Amazon in Poole, Dorset, England By Kyle Payne from England (Odd Looking Seagull) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (10) – White-fronted Amazon, Amazona albifrons, Remove alone B. Planet EarthFlickr

    Sounds: Richard E. Webster, XC353211. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/353211

    Tres Marias Parrot
    Amazona tresmariae

    Tres Marias Parrot

    Content

    Description:

    38-40 cm.. length and 580-650 g. of weight.

    The Tres Marias Parrot (Amazona tresmariae) has head and throat yellow.

    The upperparts are green. The underparts They are green but more yellowed than upperparts. Thighs yellow. Primaries and secondaries green, violet-blue becoming the tip. should carpal yellow. Speculum red on the basis of the five outer secondaries. The curve wings, pale red, with some yellow.

    The tail is green, with yellowish green tip and lateral feathers basically marked with red on the inner band; outermost feathers fringed blue. The legs They are pale gray. The irises It is orange. The bill is horn-colored, gray towards the base of the upper jaw. Cere dark gray.


    Anatomy-parrots-eng

    Both sexes are similar. The immature They are completely green head, except the yellow patch in forecrown. The curve wings, green. should carpal yellowish green.

    Taxonomic note:

    It is granted status species by the Congreso Internacional de Ornitología.

    Habitat:

    Video "Tres Marias Parrot"

    They have preference by deciduous forests or evergreen, clear, Savanna Woods, pine forests, densos bosques de galería; menos comúnmente en bosques secos de espinos, mangroves or coastal marshes and cultivated areas with scattered trees.

    Resident throughout its area of distribution.

    Reproduction:

    Nest en agujeros en troncos de árboles o ramas caídas.

    Food:

    consume outbreaks, leaves news, fruits palm, seeds of Acacia, fruits of Macuna, figs and some fruits of cultivated land.

    Distribution:

    Endemic to the Islas Marías, on the west coast of Mexico.

    Amazon tresmariae Conservation :

    State of conservation ⓘ


    Status Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

    • Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern.

    • Population trend: Decreasing.

    The Tres Marias Parrot It has an extremely large range and, therefore, it does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable at the discretion of the distribution area size (Extension <20,000 km2 combined with a size decreasing or fluctuating range, extensión o calidad del hábitat o tamaño de población y un pequeño número de lugares o fragmentación severa).

    Even though the population trend appears to be declining, It not believed to be declining fast enough to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criteria of population trend (> 30% decline over ten years or three generations).

    The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed that approximates Vulnerable thresholds under the criterion of population size (<10.000 mature individuals with an estimated continuing decline> 10% in ten years or three generations or a population structure). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

    Usually it regarded as a subspecies of the Yellow-crowned Parrot (Amazona ochrocephala).

    Tres Marias Parrot in captivity:

    These birds belong to Appendix I of the CITES, with special protection because they are highly sought.

    Alternative names:

    Panama yellow-crowned amazon, Tres Maria Yellow-headed Parrot, Tres Marias Amazon, Tres Marias Parrot, Yellow-headed Parrot (Tres Marias Is.) (English).
    Amazone à tête jaune (forme des Tres Marias), Amazone de Três Marias, Amazone des Tres Marias (French).
    Gelbkopfamazone-tresmariae, Tres-Marias-Amazone (German).
    Tres Marias Parrot (Portuguese).
    Tres Marias Parrot, Tres Marias Amazon, amazona de Tres Marias, Amazona cabeciamarilla de tres marias, Loro de las islas María (español).


    Clasificación científica Amazona tresmariae:

    Edward William Nelson
    Edward William Nelson

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittacidae
    Genus: Amazona
    Scientific name: Amazona tresmariae
    Citation: Nelson, 1900<

    Tres Marias Parrot images:


    Species of the genus Amazona

  • Amazona festiva
  • —- Amazona festiva bodini
  • —- Amazona festiva festiva
  • Amazona vinacea
  • Amazona tucumana
  • Amazona pretrei
  • Amazona agilis
  • Amazona albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons nana
  • —- Amazona albifrons saltuensis
  • Amazona collaria
  • Amazona leucocephala
  • —- Amazona leucocephala bahamensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala caymanensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala hesterna
  • —- Amazona leucocephala leucocephala
  • Amazona ventralis
  • Amazona vittata
  • —- Amazona vittata gracilipes †
  • —- Amazona vittata vittata
  • Amazona finschi
  • Amazona autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis lilacina
  • —- Amazona autumnalis salvini
  • Amazona diadema
  • Amazona viridigenalis
  • Amazona xantholora
  • Amazona dufresniana
  • Amazona rhodocorytha
  • Amazona arausiaca
  • Amazona versicolor
  • Amazona oratrix
  • —- Amazona oratrix belizensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix hondurensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix oratrix
  • Amazona tresmariae
  • Amazona auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata caribaea
  • —- Amazona auropalliata parvipes
  • Amazona ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala nattereri
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala panamensis
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala xantholaema
  • Amazona barbadensis
  • Amazona aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva xanthopteryx
  • Amazona mercenarius
  • —- Amazona mercenarius canipalliata
  • —- Amazona mercenarius mercenarius
  • Amazona guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae virenticeps
  • Amazona farinosa
  • Amazona kawalli
  • Amazona imperialis
  • Amazona brasiliensis
  • Amazona amazonica
  • Amazona guildingii


  • Sources:

    • Avibase
    • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr

    Photos:

    (1) – Amazona tresmariae at Cougar Mountain Zoological Park, USA perching on a zoo keepers left hand By Derrick CoetzeeCamera location47° 33′ 11.72″ N, 122° 04′ 50.26″ W View this and other nearby images on: Openstreetmap – Google Earth 47.553255; -122.080628 [CC0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (2) – Amazona tresmariae in a cage at Cougar Mountain Zoological Park By Derrick Coetzee from Seattle, USA (Tres Marias Amazon in cage 2) [CC0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (3) – Amazona tresmariae at Cougar Mountain Zoological Park, USA. There are two with a woman zoo keeper By Derrick Coetzee [CC0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (4) – Tres Marias Amazon in cage by D CoetzeeFlickr
    (5) – Loro de cabeza amarilla de las Islas Tres Marías by (c) Juan Cruzado Cortés – naturalista.mx

    Saint Lucia amazon
    Amazona versicolor

    Saint Lucia amazon

    Content

    Description:

    43 cm.. length and 700-800 g. of weight.

    Saint Lucia amazon

    The Saint Lucia amazon (Amazona versicolor) has the lores, cheeks and forecrown, bright blue; crown, ear-coverts and lower cheeks, paler blue with iridescent emerald suffusion from some angles; dark tips to feathers on head.

    Hindneck neck, nape and upperparts, yellowish-olive, many feathers with visible black tips, giving the whole a barred effect strong, especially in the upper region. Wing coverts yellowish green olive. Primary coverts dyed blue, rest with black tips to some feathers. Primaries blue; bases of external secondarys forman speculum red, blue tips; secondary internal green and blue at the base to the tips. Underwing, yellowish green with blackish tips to some feathers; flight feather bluish green. Chin and throat, bright blue with blackish tips to feathers; tips of feathers on lower throat and top of the chest, bright red forming a patch distinct red patch or mottled red area; chest and belly rather yellowish-green, blackish tips and brick red in the subterminal area of some feathers, giving scalloped appearance with scattered rusty patches; the thighs and undertail-coverts, green-yellow. Tail bluish green in the center, outer feathers green with large yellowish green tips and hidden red bases. Bill grey; irises orange; legs grey.


    Anatomy-parrots-eng

    Probably no sexual dimorphism.

    Immature has irises brown.

    • Sound of the Saint Lucia amazon.

    Habitat:

    Video "Saint Lucia amazon"

    Mainly they inhabit the canopy montana primary rainforest, but they make inroads into areas of secondary growth to feed. Reported flocks of up 20 birds. living forms community.

    Reproduction:

    They nest in tree hollows. Nests observed in trees Dacryodes excelsa, Pouleria and Tetracera caribaeum. breeding season in February-August. Clutch usually two eggs, although, usually, only one young per nest thrives.

    Food:

    Its diet includes flowers and fruits of Clusia, Fruits of Talauma dodecapetala, Acrocomia irenensis, Pouleria, Dacryodes excelsa, Sloanea massoni, Byrsonima martinicensis, Miconia mirabilis, Pterocarpus officinalis and Euterpe globosa; also they have been seen feeding on bananas after the hurricane and presumably due to the depletion of natural food sources. Absence of common areas from August to November possibly linked to the lack of fruitfulness of Clusia.

    Distribution and status:

    Size of the area of distribution (raising / resident): 230 km2

    Confined to St. Lucia in the Lesser Antilles, now in the central and southern mountains, aunque antiguamente eras más generalizadas en todas partes en donde crecía el bosque húmedo. The species has suffered a contraction of the range since the nineteenth century and now It occupies an area of ​​only 65-70 km2 from Millet and Mont Lacombe in the North, until Mont Beucop and Calfourc in the East, Piton Pig, St Piton, St Desrache and Big store in the south to Morne Gimie in the west and Mont Houlemon in the Northwest. The results of studies on the species suggest that the southwestern part of this area is the most densely populated of parrots, while relatively few live in the northeast.

    Plentiful mid-nineteenth century, but decreasing rapidly to very little in the early twentieth century. Subsequently they recovered, with an estimated population of 1.000 birds in 1950. They declined again sixties, en su mayoría debido a la caza; observations in 1977 They estimated that there were more than 100 birds. steady increase since then with an estimated population of 300-350 birds in 1990.

    The threats main arise from habitat loss and its hunting for food and pet trade as. Forestry practices that lead to the removal of mature trees (favorite breeding sites) podrían suponer una presión adicional. They seem to be less susceptible to hurricanes than their counterparts in Dominica, pero esto puede deberse a esfuerzos de conservación en lugar de cualquier capacidad intrínseca de soportar los efectos de tormentas severas.

    Can compete for nesting sites with Pearly-eyed Thrasher (Margarops fuscatus), which it has increased considerably since 1950.

    Amazona versicolor Conservation:

    State of conservation ⓘ


    Vulnerable Vulnerable (UICN)ⓘ

    • Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Vulnerable.

    • Population trend: In increased.

    • Population size : 230-330

    Rationale for the Red List category

    Conservation action may have saved this species from extinction. Los números ahora están aumentando y hay alguna evidencia de una extensión pequeña de la gama. However, the habitat area apparently adequate (but vacated) It may be waning. If this begins to affect the habitat occupied, the species can be described as danger of extinction. In the news, its small population size and small size on one island are calling it Vulnerable.

    Justification of the population

    The population is estimated at 350-500 individuals, approximately equal to 230-330 mature individuals.

    Justification of trend

    No new data on population trends, so it is assumed that the species continues increasing.

    Threats

    The human population St. Lucia It is growing at a considerable rate, increasing the pressure on the forest and resulting in habitat loss (Copsey 1995). The selective logging of mature trees You can significantly reduce breeding sites (Juniper and Parr 1998), and hurricanes, the hunting and the trade pose new threats. There have been recent efforts to raise the moratorium on hunting within forest reserves, lo que amenazaría seriamente esta especie (J. D. Gilardi in litt., 1999).

    Conservation Actions Underway
    Coat of arms of Saint Lucia

    Appendices I and II of CITES. This protected by national legislation (J. D. Gilardi in litt., 1999).

    Education programs and awareness have made this bird in a símbolo nacional.

    This has eliminated successfully hunting (Juniper and Parr 1998), helped by a moratorium on hunting within forest reserves (J. D. Gilardi in litt., 1999).

    In 1975 program was established captive breeding, and in 1995 se había desarrollado un total de 19 young birds (Copsey, 1995).

    Conservation Actions Proposed

    Maintain the moratorium on hunting within all forest reserves. Conduct a studyo básico de la alimentación y la ecología de la cría. Designate the remaining habitat protected areas. Reassess the objectives of the program captive breeding.

    La Amazona de Santa Lucía en cautividad:

    Extremadamente rara; currently only it found in the Jersey Zoo

    Appendices I and II CITES. This protected by national legislation.

    Each captive specimen of this species which is capable of reproducing, It is placed in a well-managed program captive breeding and not be sold as a pet, with the objective of ensure their survival long-term.

    Alternative names:

    Blue-masked Amazon, Blue-masked Parrot, St Lucia Amazon, St Lucia Parrot, St. Lucia Amazon, St. Lucia Parrot, St.Lucia amazon, Versicolored Parrot, Versicoloured Parrot (English).
    Amazone de Sainte-Lucie, Amazone versicolore, Amazone versicolore de Sainte-Lucie (French).
    Blaumaskenamazone, Blaustirnamazone (German).
    Papagaio-de-santa-lúcia (Portuguese).
    Amazona de Santa Lucia, Amazona de Sta. Lucia (español).

    Clasificación científica Amazona versicolor:

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittacidae
    Genus: Amazona
    Scientific name: Amazona versicolor
    Citation: (Statius Müller, 1776)
    Protonimo: Psittacus versicolor

    Imágenes Amazona de Santa Lucía:


    Species of the genus Amazona

  • Amazona festiva
  • —- Amazona festiva bodini
  • —- Amazona festiva festiva
  • Amazona vinacea
  • Amazona tucumana
  • Amazona pretrei
  • Amazona agilis
  • Amazona albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons nana
  • —- Amazona albifrons saltuensis
  • Amazona collaria
  • Amazona leucocephala
  • —- Amazona leucocephala bahamensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala caymanensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala hesterna
  • —- Amazona leucocephala leucocephala
  • Amazona ventralis
  • Amazona vittata
  • —- Amazona vittata gracilipes †
  • —- Amazona vittata vittata
  • Amazona finschi
  • Amazona autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis lilacina
  • —- Amazona autumnalis salvini
  • Amazona diadema
  • Amazona viridigenalis
  • Amazona xantholora
  • Amazona dufresniana
  • Amazona rhodocorytha
  • Amazona arausiaca
  • Amazona versicolor
  • Amazona oratrix
  • —- Amazona oratrix belizensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix hondurensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix oratrix
  • Amazona tresmariae
  • Amazona auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata caribaea
  • —- Amazona auropalliata parvipes
  • Amazona ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala nattereri
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala panamensis
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala xantholaema
  • Amazona barbadensis
  • Amazona aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva xanthopteryx
  • Amazona mercenarius
  • —- Amazona mercenarius canipalliata
  • —- Amazona mercenarius mercenarius
  • Amazona guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae virenticeps
  • Amazona farinosa
  • Amazona kawalli
  • Amazona imperialis
  • Amazona brasiliensis
  • Amazona amazonica
  • Amazona guildingii

  • Sources:

    • Avibase
    • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    • Birdlife

    Photos:

    (1) – Saint Lucia Parrot(Amazona versicolor) by Josh MoreFlickr
    (2) – Chrysotis bouqueti (a.k.a. Amazona versicolor, the St. Lucia amazon, or the St. Lucia parrot) by Joseph Smit [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

    Sounds: Allen T. Chartier, XC9438. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/9438

    St. Vincent Parrot
    Amazona guildingii

    St. Vincent Parrot

    Content

    Description:

    40 cm.. length and 580 – 700 weight g.

    The plumage of the St. Vincent Parrot (Amazona guildingii) It is very variable, virtually no two similar birds.

    Its forecrown, lores, supercilii area and upper cheeks are blanquecinas; crown yellow; Feathers back neck and its sides, pale blue dark blue tips; fusion green feathers on the neck show black points. Upperparts dark brown with dark black tips to some feathers. Scapulars gold; coverts outer primaries with pale blue in outerweb.

    St. Vincent Parrot

    Wing coverts brown with a green band subterminal and dark extremes some feathers; carpal edge yellow-orange with scattered green feathers. Primaries blue with bases yellow-orange; the Outer secondaries They are equal with green subterminal bands, the inner secondary green with blue tips; tertiary interior dark green tinted golden brown on outerweb, Outside tertiary green at the base becoming dark blue at the tips.

    Under the wings, with lesser coverts brown with green tips, greater coverts Yellow; flight feathers blackish with yellow at the base. Throat orange with blue tips or blue-green; upper chest golden brown with dark brown tips giving a barred effect; belly yellower than gold chest green blackish subterminal band and pointed to some feathers; undertail-coverts green-yellow. Tail Orange at the base with blue broadband and wide ends central bright yellow. Bill pale gray-horn; irises orange; legs grey.


    Anatomy-parrots-eng

    Both sexes are similar. The immature They have softer colors.

    VARIACIÓN GEOGRÁFICA

    Parrots eastern side of San Vicente They are possibly genetically isolated from the western side: the small bird population East (perhaps only about 80 in 1982) show a high proportion of green and have their high-pitched voices.

    • Sound of the St. Vincent Parrot.

    Habitat:

    Video "St. Vincent Parrot"

    The St. Vincent Parrot principalmente habitan en bosques húmedos maduros en altitudes of 125 some 1000 m, although they prefer lowland forests, where they spend most time. Occasionally they leave the forest to visit cultivated areas and even gardens. Gregarias and usually in groups 20-30 indivíduos o en parejas. They forage in flocks and roost use Community. Defienden el área alrededor del nido mientras que crían aunque también se mantienen en grupos mientras se alimentan y duermen.

    Reproduction:

    Nests in hollow mature forest trees such as Dacryodes or Sloanea large. Las parejas comienzan la actividad de cría alrededor de febrero con los huevos puestos entre abril-mayo. In dry years, eggs can be deposited as soon as in January-February or as late as in July. Si las condiciones son especialmente húmedas, birds can not be played at all. Clutch two eggs, rarely three. low productivity with 50% Natural suffering nest failure and successful nests with only two young people in the best years.

    Food:

    Its diet includes plants of Cordia sulcata, Clusia, Sloanea, Dacryodes excelsa, Ficus, Cecropia peltata, Mangifera indica, Melisoma virescens, Euterpe, Ixora ferrea, Micropholis chrysophylloides, Acrocomia aculeata, Simarouba amara, iron Krugiodendron, Dussia Martinicensis, Andira inermis, No Ingoides, Byrsonima coriacea, Talauma dodecapetala, see venosa, Psidium guajava and Aiphanes erosa. The Pouteria multiflora It is your favorite.

    Distribution and status:

    Size of its range (breeding/resident): 100 km2

    endemic to the San Vicente Island in the Lesser Antilles. La distribución está estrechamente relacionada con la presencia de los bosques húmedos nativos que durante la mayor parte del siglo XX se han confinado a los lados este y oeste de las estribaciones centrales de la isla.

    Currently the largest flocks of St. Vincent Parrot inhabit the headwaters of Buccament, Cumberland, Colonaire, Congo-Jennings-Perseverance and Richmond Valley’s, where much of the remaining native forest concentrated; en otros lugares en menor número.

    Some estimates of its population between 1870 and 1920 They are contradictory, but the species evidently decreased substantially 1950. Estimates of the population in the early seventies suggested that between several hundred to 1.000 then birds inhabited the island. Survey 1982 suponía un total de 421 ± 52 birds while estimating 1988 He suggested 440-500. Perhaps they increased to 800 birds in 1994. The declining population and shrinking range, está vinculada a la pérdida de la cubierta húmeda del bosque que una vez (at least in the western side) almost reached sea level. Deforestation seems to have stopped in at least some valleys, but habitat remains at risk due to forestry, expansion of banana, charcoal production and loss of nests for collectors looking young birds for trade. Survey 1984 sugirió que sólo sobrevivían en 16 km2 of primary forest. His capture for pets and international trade It remains a threat, but this and hunting, that was probably the main threat from late 1950 a 1970, They have declined in importance following an education campaign. The remaining population is also at risk because of hurricanes that can cause loss of plants that consume and nesting sites, así como la mortalidad directa. In 1902 much of the favorite habitat of this species was destroyed by the eruption of Monte Soufrière and these parrots are clearly vulnerable to future volcanic eruptions. Parts of the remaining forest habitat are now protected areas and the species is protected under domestic law. CITES Appendix I.

    Conservation:

    State of conservation ⓘ


    Vulnerable Vulnerable (UICN)ⓘ

    • Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Vulnerable.

    • Population trend: In increased.

    • Population size: 250-999

    Rationale for the Red List category

    Habitat conservation, la aplicación de la ley y las campañas de concienciación pública han frenado el deslizamiento de esta especie hacia la extinción e incluso han revertido algunas de las disminuciones anteriores. However, todavía califica como Vulnerable because it has a very small population and range on one island.

    Justification of the population

    The species has a wild population of about 730 birds (Loro Parque Foundation 2008), which is equivalent to 487 mature individuals, colocados aquí en la banda de 250-999 individuals.

    Justification of trend

    El número de esta especie continúa aumentando constantemente (Culzac-Wilson 2005).

    Threats

    It hunting for food, capture for trade in birds in cages and habitat loss were the main causes of the decline of this species. Deforestation has been a result of forestry activities, expansion of banana, production of charcoal, loss of nesting trees felled by hunters looking young birds for trade, así como desastres naturales tales como huracanes y erupciones volcánicas (Snyder et to the., 2000).

    The nine-banded armadillo o tatú negro (Salmo salar), introduced on the island, socava los árboles grandes causando su caída, reduciendo el número de nidos adecuados para la St. Vincent Parrot (Culzac-Wilson 2005). a highway is planned through the island, funded by the Taiwanese government, que destruiría grandes áreas de hábitat adecuado y aumentaría las tasas de deforestación (Culzac-Wilson et al., 2003). Genetic isolation of separate subpopulations may be of greater concern.

    Conservation Actions Underway

    Appendices I and II CITES. national legislation protecting the species applies. The Reserve Pargo de San Vicente It was established to protect the entire habitat occupied (Juniper and Parr 1998). Las campañas exitosas de educación pública han mejorado aparentemente la percepción pública de la especie y, combined with the above measures, They have reversed some of the earlier reductions. There captive populations San Vicente and Barbados (Woolcock 2000, Sweeney 2001). In 2005 a large species conservation plan published (Culzac-Wilson 2005) .

    Conservation Actions Proposed

    Continue to monitor the population. Continue and enhance existing security measures, incluyendo el desarrollo del programa de cría en cautividad. Study the reproductive success, movement patterns and habitat requirements of this species (Snyder et to the., 2000) . Oppose plans for cross-country road and propose a better option. Implement species conservation plan.

    St. Vincent Parrot in captivity:

    Each captive specimen of this species which is capable of reproducing, It is placed in a well-managed program captive breeding and not be sold as a pet, in order to ensure its long-term survival.

    Alternative names:

    Guilding’s Amazon, Guilding’s Parrot, St Vincent Amazon, St Vincent Parrot, St. Vincent Amazon, St. Vincent Parrot, St.Vincent amazon (English).
    Amazone de Guilding, Amazone de Saint-Vincent (French).
    Königsamazon, Königsamazone (German).
    Papagaio-de-são-vicente (Portuguese).
    Amazona de San Vicente, Amazona de St. Vicente (español).

    scientific classification:

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittacidae
    Genus: Amazona
    Scientific name: Amazona guildingii
    Citation: (Vigors, 1837)
    Protonimo: Psittacus Guildingii

    St. Vincent Parrot images:


    Species of the genus Amazona

  • Amazona festiva
  • —- Amazona festiva bodini
  • —- Amazona festiva festiva
  • Amazona vinacea
  • Amazona tucumana
  • Amazona pretrei
  • Amazona agilis
  • Amazona albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons nana
  • —- Amazona albifrons saltuensis
  • Amazona collaria
  • Amazona leucocephala
  • —- Amazona leucocephala bahamensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala caymanensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala hesterna
  • —- Amazona leucocephala leucocephala
  • Amazona ventralis
  • Amazona vittata
  • —- Amazona vittata gracilipes †
  • —- Amazona vittata vittata
  • Amazona finschi
  • Amazona autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis lilacina
  • —- Amazona autumnalis salvini
  • Amazona diadema
  • Amazona viridigenalis
  • Amazona xantholora
  • Amazona dufresniana
  • Amazona rhodocorytha
  • Amazona arausiaca
  • Amazona versicolor
  • Amazona oratrix
  • —- Amazona oratrix belizensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix hondurensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix oratrix
  • Amazona tresmariae
  • Amazona auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata caribaea
  • —- Amazona auropalliata parvipes
  • Amazona ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala nattereri
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala panamensis
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala xantholaema
  • Amazona barbadensis
  • Amazona aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva xanthopteryx
  • Amazona mercenarius
  • —- Amazona mercenarius canipalliata
  • —- Amazona mercenarius mercenarius
  • Amazona guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae virenticeps
  • Amazona farinosa
  • Amazona kawalli
  • Amazona imperialis
  • Amazona brasiliensis
  • Amazona amazonica
  • Amazona guildingii

  • Sources:

    • Avibase
    • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    • Birdlife

    Photos:

    (1) – A St Vincent Amazon in the rehabilitation and breeding centre in the Botanical Gardens, Kingstown, on the island of Saint VincenBy Amazona_guildingii_-Botanical_Gardens_-Kingstown_-Saint_Vincent-8a.jpg: Chennettederivative work: Snowmanradio [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (2) – A St. Vincent Amazon at World Parrot Refuge, Coombs, British Columbia, Canada By Herb Neufeld (World Parrot Refuge – Coombs, BC) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (3) – St. Vincent Amazon (Amazona guildingii) also known as St. Vincent Parrot By Beralpo at ru.wikipedia [CC BY 2.5], from Wikimedia Commons
    (4) – St. Vincent Parrot – Source: own work – Location: Bronx Zoo, New York – Author: self, User:Stavenn By No machine-readable author provided. Stavenn assumed (based on copyright claims). [GFDL, CC-BY-SA-3.0 or CC BY-SA 2.5-2.0-1.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (5) – St. Vincent Amazon at Houston Zoo, USA By Kent Wang (originally posted to Flickr as Parrot) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (6) – St Vincent Parrot (1) by Mark MorganFlickr

    Sounds: Jesse Fagan, XC48891. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/48891

    Red-collared Lorikee
    Trichoglossus rubritorquis

    Red-collared Lorikee

    Content

    Red-collared Lorikee

    Description Red-collared Lorikeet:

    26 cm. in length and 103–140 grams in weight.

    The Red-collared Lorikee (Trichoglossus rubritorquis) they have the head violet / blue with purple / blue streaks on face; throat and sides of the nape blackish; neck orange / red; chest yellow / orange without sweeping; abdomen dark green; the thighs green / yellow until undertail-coverts; upperparts and tail green; underwing-coverts orange; yellow and broadband under the wing . Bill orange / red. Eyes dark orange.
    The youth they are similar to adults.

      taxonomy:

    Occasionally he treated in Australian literature as a separate species of Coconut Lorikeet (Trichoglossus haematodus), but this is only appropriate review, como aquí, the whole complex of Rainbow Lorikeet: differs from Rainbow Lorikeet (Trichoglossus moluccanus) in his collarín Orange Fire vs. pale green; Blue neck vs. green; vs belly black. blue; and of the Scarlet-breasted Lorikeet (Trichoglossus forsteni) in his collarín Orange Fire vs. yellowish green; nape blue vs. red crab; nape blue vs. dark blue or green; larger size.

    Species Monotípica.

    • Sound of the Red-collared Lorikee.

    Habitat:

    There have been no large-scale seasonal movements are common throughout the year in some places.

    It's more común en las tierras bajas, but it is up 2400 meters above sea level. They can be observed in a wide variety of areas including settlements, forests, coconut plantations, Savanna, eucalyptus forests and mangroves. They are in mixed flocks with other parrots; small and noisy groups. Nomads, since they depend on flowering trees. It perches communally in groups of hundreds of birds.

    Reproduction:

    Biología reproductiva muy parecida a la del Coconut Lorikeet (Trichoglossus haematodus). May-January season in Northern Territory. The laying Typically two or three eggs.

    Food:

    Diet very similar to the Coconut Lorikeet (Trichoglossus haematodus) which feeds on nectar, fruit, flowers and insects, including Pandanus spiralis. It can also be found around artificial feeding stations.

    I necked Lori distribution:

    Extension of the distribution (breeding/resident): 1.100.000 km2

    North Autóctono Australia, which they inhabit the lowlands. Integrated or hybridized with Coconut Lorikeet (Trichoglossus haematodus) on península de Queensland, Australia, in southwest Cape York.

    Red-collared Lorikeet Conservation:


      Rationale for the Red List category


    Status

    1. Current red list category of the UICN: Least Concern..

    2. The population trend: Decreasing.

    3. Population size : It is unknown.

    This species has a extremely large distribution area, and therefore does not approach the thresholds Vulnerable under the criterion of size range (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a decreasing area size or fluctuating distribution, extension / habitat quality, or population size and a small number of places or severe fragmentation).

    While the trend of the population seems to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be rapid enough to approach the Vulnerable thresholds according to the population trend criterion (decrease of more than 30% in ten years or three generations).

    The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds Vulnerable under the criterion of population size (<10.000 mature individuals with an estimated> 10% continuous decline in ten years or three generations, or with a specific population structure). For these reasons, the species is assessed as Least concern.

      Justification of the population

    Global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as abundant (pit et to the. 1997).

      Justification trend

    It is suspected that the population is declining due to unsustainable levels of exploitation.

      Threats

    The species has been the subject of a intense trade: from 1981, When it was included in the Appendix II of the CITES, they have been 100.388 individuals caught in international trade (UNEP-WCMC CITES Trade Database, January 2005).

    In captivity:

    In Europe, this species of lori has been largely imported from early last century, and in 1910 it managed to raise in the zoo London (four years later, la primera cría en France). Currently it is rare outside Australia. Life expectancy: 20 years in nature, 15-25 years in captivity.

    Alternative names

    Australian rainbow lory, Rainbow Lorikeet (Red-collared), Red collared Lorikeet, Red-collared Lorikeet (English).
    Loriquet à col rouge, Loriquet à collier rouge, Loriquet à tête bleue (à col rouge), Loriquet à tête bleue (rubritorquis) (French).
    Australischer Blauwangenallfarblori, Darwin-Allfarblori, Rotnackenlori (German).
    Periquito-arco-íris (rubritorquis), Lóris-de-colar-rojo (Portuguese).
    Lori cuellirrojo, Lori Arcoiris (rubritorquis) (español).


    Thomas Horsfield
    Thomas Horsfield

    scientific classification:


    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittaculidae
    Gender: Trichoglossus
    Scientific name: Trichoglossus rubritorquis
    Subpoena: Vigors & Horsfield, 1827
    Protonimo: Trichoglossus Rubritorquis

    Images “Red-collared Lorikee”:

    Videos "Red-collared Lorikee"


    “Red-collared Lorikee” (Trichoglossus rubritorquis)

      Sources:

      1. Avibase
      2. Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
      3. Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
      4. Birdlife

      Photos:

      (1) – A Red-collared Lorikeet at Cincinnati Zoo, Ohio, USA by Fr. Ted Bobosh [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
      (2) – A Red-collared Lorikeet at Cincinnati Zoo, Ohio, USA by Ted [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
      (3) – Red-collared Lorikeet standing on a man’s cap at Lion Country Safari, Florida, USA by derivative work: Snowmanradio (talk)Trichoglossus_haematodus_rubritorquis_-Lion_Country_Safari-6.jpg: Duncan Rawlinson from Vancouver, BC [CC BY 2.0 or CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
      (4) – Red-collared Lorikeet (Trichoglossus rubritorquis) in the Walsrode Bird Park, Germany by Quartl [CC BY-SA 3.0], from Wikimedia Commons
      (5) – Red-collared Lorikeet (Trichoglossus haemotodius rubritorquis) by Geoff WhalanFlickr
      (6) – Red-collared Lorikeet (Trichoglossus haemotodius rubritorquis) by Geoff WhalanFlickr
      (7) – Red-collared Lorikeet (Trichoglossus haematodus rubritorquis) by Graham WinterfloodFlickr
      (8) – Trichoglossus haematodus rubritorquis Location taken: Lion Country Safari, Loxahatchee, Florida Photo by David J. pole [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
      (9) – Red-collared Lorikeet (Trichoglossus haemotodius rubritorquis) by Geoff WhalanFlickr
      (10) – A painting of a Red-collared Lorikeet (originally captioned “Trichoglossus rubritorquis. Scarlet-collared Parrakeet by Edward Lear [Public domain]

      Sounds: Phil Gregory, XC287820. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/287820

    Rainbow Lorikeet
    Trichoglossus moluccanus

    Rainbow Lorikeet


    Rainbow Lorikeet

    Content

    Description “Rainbow Lorikeet”:

    Of 25-30 cm. length; 70-169 grams and a wingspan of 46 cm..

    Rainbow Lorikeet

    The plumage of the Rainbow Lorikeet (Trichoglossus moluccanus) is very bright. The head is deep blue with a neck greenish-yellow and the rest of the upperparts (wings, back and tail) are deep green. The chest is red with blue-black barring.. The belly is deep green, and the thighs and rump are yellow with deep green barring.. In flight, a yellow wing-bar contrasts clearly with the red underwing-coverts.

    There is little to visually distinguish between the sexes; However, for an acute observer, their dimorphism is readily apparent.

    The youth has bill black, which gradually brightens to orange in the adults..

    The markings of Trichoglossus moluccanus resemble of the Coconut Lorikeet (Trichoglossus haematodus), but with a belly blue and breast with little or no blue-black barring..

    Rainbow Lorikeet taxonomy

    With one exception, the species have been treated so far as a group of subspecies within the extended group Coconut Lorikeet (Trichoglossus haematodus), but they differ from the Trichoglossus haematodus her pale red breast without bars ; its blue belly against green or blackish; its pale blue hood without black edge and its larger size.

    The subspecies Trichoglossus moluccanus eyrei (South of Australia) It is included within the species nominal. Small hybrid population of present species paired with the Musk Lorikeet (Glossopsitta concinna) in SE Southern Australia (Yorke Peninsula).

    • Sound of the Rainbow Lorikeet. (1)

    (1) Some species are under extreme pressure because of traps and harassment. So, the open availability of high-quality recordings of these species may further worsen the problems, this being the reason why downloading these recordings is off. In conclusion, recorders themselves are free to share these files on xeno-canto, but they will have to approve access to these recordings.

    We do not take this action lightly, and we wish it wasn't necessary, but we are convinced that the negative impacts of offering easy access to these recordings outweigh the benefits. To access these recordings, You can contact directly with the recorder.

    Subspecies description:

    • Trichoglossus moluccanus moluccanus

      (Gmelin, 1788) – Nominal.

    • Trichoglossus moluccanus septentrionalis

      (Robinson, 1900) – As the species nominal but with brighter purple/blue stripes on the head and tail shorter.

    Habitat:

    The Rainbow Lorikeet often they travel together in pairs and occasionally respond to calls to fly like a flock, then they disperse again in pairs. Couples aggressively defend their feeding and nesting against other lstallion arcoiris and other bird species. Not only they scare off smaller birds, as the Noisy Miner (Manorina melanocephala) and the Brush Wattlebird (Anthochaera chrysoptera), but also to larger, as the Australian Magpie (Gymnorhina tibicen).

    Reproduction:

    In Australia, Reproduction usually takes place during spring (from September to December), but it may vary from one region to another with changes in food availability and climate. Sites nesting They are variable and may include gaps as tall trees eucalyptus, trunks of palm trees or overhanging rocks.

    Couples sometimes nest in the same tree with other couples Rainbow Lorikeet or other species of birds. The clutch size is between one and three eggs, which are incubated for about 25 days. Incubation tasks are performed by the female alone.

    The Rainbow Lorikeet are mostly monogamous and remain paired for long periods, if not for life.

    Food:

    Nectar and pollen of native trees and shrubs, especially eucalyptus (for example, Eucalyptus gummifera, Eucalyptus maculata).

    Rainbow Lorikeet distribution:

    Extension of the distribution (breeding/resident): 3,810,000 km2

    Endemic East and Southeast Australia (of Cape York to the Eyre Peninsula, South of Australia)

    They were recorded for the first time in Perth in 1968 and the population is believed to have come from fewer than ten birds that were deliberately released or had escaped from aviaries.

    Since the beginning of the decade 1960, the population has grown exponentially and has spread rapidly throughout 174 km2 metropolitan area. The current population is estimated at 8.400 birds and their range is expanding at a rate of 0,7 km per year.

    wanderer Tasmania.

    Subspecies distribution:

    • Trichoglossus moluccanus moluccanus

      (Gmelin, 1788) – Nominal.

    • Trichoglossus moluccanus septentrionalis

      (Robinson, 1900) – North of Queensland (Cape York Peninsula), in northwestern Australia; also the Torres Strait Islands (Boigu and Saibai except, at the north end) and it was introduced in the district of Perth, in southwest Australia..

    Conservation “Rainbow Lorikeet”:


    Status

    1. Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

    2. The population trend: Decreasing.

    3. Population size : Unknown.

    Rationale for the Red List category

    This species has a extremely large distribution area, and therefore does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criteria of size range (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a decreasing area size or fluctuating distribution, extension / habitat quality, or population size and a small number of places or severe fragmentation). While the trend of the population seems to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be rapid enough to approach the Vulnerable thresholds according to the population trend criterion (decrease of more than 30% in ten years or three generations).

    The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criterion of population size (<10.000 mature individuals with an estimated> 10% continuous decline in ten years or three generations, or with a specific population structure). For these reasons, the species is assessed as Least concern.

    Justification of the population

    Global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as abundant in northern Australia and rare Tasmania (pit et to the. 1997).

    Justification trend

    They suspected that the population is declining due to unsustainable levels of exploitation.

    Rainbow Lori Threats

    The species has been the subject of a intense trade: from 1981, When it was included in the Appendix II of the CITES, they have been 100.388 individuals caught in international trade (UNEP-WCMC CITES Trade Database, January 2005).

    In captivity:

    Not very common. Its longevity It 20 years en libertad, 15-25 years in captivity and its market price is around wild birds 250 EUR.

    Alternative names:

    Rainbow Lorikeet, Rainbow Lorikeet (Rainbow) (English).
    Loriquet à tête bleue (de Swainson), Loriquet à tête bleue (moluccanus), Loriquet arc-en-ciel, Loriquet de Swainson (French).
    Regenbogenlori (German).
    Lóris-molucano, Periquito-arco-íris (moluccanus) (Portuguese).
    Lori arcoiris, Lori de Arco Iris (español).


    Gmelin Johann Friedrich
    Gmelin Johann Friedrich

    scientific classification:


    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittaculidae
    Gender: Trichoglossus
    Scientific name: Trichoglossus moluccanus
    Subpoena: (Gmelin, JF, 1788)
    Protonimo: Psittacus moluccanus

    Images “Rainbow Lorikeet”:

    Videos "Rainbow Lorikeet"


    “Rainbow Lorikeet” (Trichoglossus moluccanus)