Bourke's Parrot
Neopsephotus bourkii

Bourke's Parrot


19 cm. length and an approximate weight of 39 g..

The Bourke's Parrot (Neopsephotus bourkii) has frontal area white. The chin, lores and contour of the eyes they are also white and form a kind of orbital ring clear when seen from a distance.

The ear-coverts and upper cheeks are dark brown with pink dots and you specks. The pileum and the neck are greenish-Brown, with darker edges.

The upperparts are brown-grey color with pale edges on scapulars.

The rump and the top of the tail has darker tones, with some pale blue on the sides. The curvature of the wing is blue.

The small coverts are blue, the median they have light blue, the greater coverts they have a dark tint with yellow-white and blue pink.

The flight feather primary and secondary are mostly blue.

The underparts is blue.

The breast feathers are brown with pink ends, giving an appearance of general pinkish brown.

The abdomen is bright pink.

Thighs, lower flanks, side of the rump, under belly and lower area of the tail they have a light blue color. The upper part of the tail infiltrates with bluish-grey.

The bill is greyish black, without hook in the upper jaw. The irises Brown, legs grey-brown.

The female in General, the colors are off and the blue coloration is very little visible or is absent.

The youth they are equal to the female adult but more muted, with a pale band under the wings which is less pronounced in the male juvenile

For a long time, the Bourke's Parrot It was classified in the genus Neophema. A number of ornithologists, more and more, is of the opinion that this parakeet does not belong to this genus and species have been classified in a separate genus called Bourkii.

  • Sound of the Bourke's Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS:// Rosado.mp3]

The Bourke's Parrot they are distributed among the driest inland areas.
They mark a strong preference for scattered areas of mulga (Acacia aneura) but does not disdain the plantations of eucalyptus. Can also be observed in plots along streams and afforestation of Callitris they are conifers belonging to the family of Cypress.

Are nomads and slightly Twilight. These birds are established in a territory and remain there several years before disappearing completely. The Bourke's Parrot they can be very sociable. During periods of drought, You can meet thousands around the water wells and springs.

During the months of the summer, We can see them in the morning and in the evening around the ponds.

In Winter, These parakeets come to drink during the day in the company of species of pigeons as the Common Bronzewing (Phaps chalcoptera). In places close to the drinking fountains, the Bourke's Parrot They fly in Group emitting loud cries and making whistling wings. However, These parakeets sometimes go unnoticed, they are able to rest or to eat ground in pairs or in small groups. They remain in silence on the floor or hide in the dead wood that serves as camouflage. There are more assets during the sunset.


The Bourke's Parrot they usually reproduce in August to December, but the season can vary depending on rainfall. The courtship of this bird are similar to those of other species of Parrot Neophema. Males approach the female in upright position with outspread wings and tail.

The nest is located in one a tree cavity, between 1 and 3 meters above the ground. The laying is formed by between 3 and 6 eggs they are incubated during at least 18 days. There are often two Broods in the season. The female leaves the nest just once a day in order to be resupplied by the male. The male is also in charge of mounted guard, patrolling and emitting cries in the vicinity of the nest, with the intention to deter intruders.

At birth, the chicks have a white marker, are altricial and remain in the nest for at least 4 weeks. They remain dependent on their parents during a week after feather.


The Bourke's Parrot they are almost exclusively vegetarian: they eat grass seeds, especially those that are dispersed by the wind. They also eat herbs collected in the soil and in the bushes. These parakeets also appreciate the fresh young shoots and seeds of Acacia or of Bassia, they are small shrubs belonging to the category of Chenopodium album.


Scattered through the interior of Australia, where are nomads but locally common.

The species ranges from the West coast of Western Australia around the inside of Geraldton to Ashburton River and South, through Leonora, and through Gibson and the Great Victoria desert in the South of the Northern Territory, about 20 ° S.

Extends from the Northwest of Southern Australia, South-East through Woomera until Port Augusta, that also extends to the North through Oodnadatta and the regions of the Lake Eyre and the Lake Frome.

Birds, to the This of the Montes Flinders You can isolate, Since there are no records from among 139 ° and 140 ° E.

Apparently, the species has declined in the center of New South Wales due to overgrazing by cattle and rabbits, and is now mainly in the West, from the surroundings of Broken Hill, to Paroo River; nomads, However, There have been more towards the This, in the surroundings of Narrandera in the South and the Lightning Ridge in the North.

In the South of Queensland, the Bourke's Parrot are distributed to the This, about Dirranbandi and Cunnamulla. and in the North until Windorah.

Escapes There have been around Brisbane.

The world population is considered to be more of 50.000 specimens.

The species is probably increasing in the West due to agricultural expansion that includes the provision of artificial irrigation sites.


• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Growing

It is estimated one population superior to the 50 000 individuals.

In the western part of its range, the numbers are growing, probably due to the development of agriculture and the installation of new irrigation areas. The reason for their development can also be found in sheep breeding and the replacement of areas reducing salinas with grass.

In captivity:

The Bourke's Parrot they are very good birds for beginners amateurs, easy-to-play.

It is a bird peaceful, silent and it is active only in the first and last hours of the day. Are calm and confident by nature and easy to maintain. It has almost no cravings for crack and your bathroom need depends on the individual. A dry climate supports well, but it is sensitive to cold and wet mist.

Les gusta estar en tierra firme y son susceptibles a la infección por gusanos, también son susceptibles a infecciones oculares.

With regard to its longevity, According to sources, una muestra vivíó 12,6 years in captivity. In captivity, estos animales pueden criar, approximately, to the 2 years of age.

Alternative names:

- Bourke's Parrot, Blue-vented Parakeet, Blue-vented Parrot, Bourke Grass-Parakeet, Bourke Parakeet, Bourke Parrot, Bourke's Grass-Parakeet, Night Parrot, Pink-bellied Parakeet, Pink-bellied Parrot, Sundown Parrot (ingles).
- Perruche de Bourke (francés).
- Bourkesittich, Bourke-Sittich (alemán).
- Periquito-rosa (portugués).
- Papagayo de Bourke, Periquito Rosado (español).

John Gould
John Gould
Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Neopsephotus
- Nombre científico: Neopsephotus bourkii
- Citation: (Gould, 1841)
- Protónimo: Euphema Bourkii

Bourke's Parrot pictures:


Bourke's Parrot (Neopsephotus bourkii)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr


(1) – Bourke’s parrot (Neopsephotus bourkii) By Flickr user Jan Tik (Flickr) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Bourke’s Parrot – Neopsephotus bourkii taken at the Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Gardens By Greg5030 (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Bourke’s Parrot Neopsephotus bourkii. Wild pair at Bowra Station, near Cunamulla, Queensland, Australia By Bruce Kendall (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – A male Bourke’s Parrot at the Flying High Bird Sanctuary, Apple Tree Creek, Queensland, Australia By paulgear (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Neopsephotus bourkii (formally placed in genus Neophema) By Jan Tik (originally posted to Flickr as Hitchhiker) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – By T.H. Maguire (1821–1895) ( [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Tom Tarrant (Xeno-canto)

Scarlet-chested Parrot
Neophema splendida

Scarlet-chested Parrot


19 cm. length and a weight between 36 and 44 g..

The Scarlet-chested Parrot (Neophema splendida) It is particularly colorful. Has the face and forecrown are bright turquoise blue, darker in the throat and chin.

The upperparts are green. The curvature of the wings is dark blue, wing-coverts are the same blue tone to the face. Primary coverts dark blue-violet. The primaries Black has light blue brainwashed in the foreign bands. The outer edge of the secondaries has a tone blue-green that is mixed with the green of them vane inner and tertiary.

The underparts is dark blue. The chest is bright Scarlet, It is an important feature of recognition. The sides of the top of the chest and flanks are green. The rest of the underparts is bright yellow. The bottom of the tail is green, but the tips of the outer tail feathers they are dyed yellow.

The bill is black, irises dark brown. The legs are gray-Brown.

The female is duller than its companion, with the belly and the chest green. The blue color of the face is restricted.

The females and juveniles they often show Wing bars.

The young male need four months to purchase your mature plumage, and retain a youthful glow until the age of 2 years.


The Scarlet-chested Parrot they are usually distributed in arid scrublands that are composed mainly of acacias and eucalyptus. They appreciate, particularly, plants of Mallee (Eucalyptus gracilis) and Mulga (Acacia aneura).

Also live in wooded areas dominated by casuarinas, as well as areas in which the soil is covered by Spinifex or large clumps of grass type Triodia.

The Scarlet-chested Parrot do not despise the crests of hills that are equipped with a large number of plants, like the covered Plains of Sea sandwort or Salt grass (Honckenya peploides), What are plants which grow in saline environments.

They tend to find their food on Earth and form relatively consistent flocks outside of the nesting season.

During the breeding season, These birds are not very gregarious, but couples establish their nests in trees not very far from the other.

As with the Turquoise Parrot, the division of labor is well established and the females are responsible for the collection of green leaves that adorn the interior of the nest.

There is no description of the various courtship.


The season of nesting of the Scarlet-chested Parrot, usually, is carried out between January and August, but these dates can change as the reproduction is influenced, significantly, by climatic conditions, especially the rains.

The nest It is placed in a tree cavity, above all a eucalyptus, between 2,5 and 8 meters above the ground.

The Scarlet-chested Parrot they are very loose colonies.

The spawning includes of 3 to 5 eggs and your incubation lasts a few 18 days. The most numerous litters, sometimes, provide 6 eggs.

The chicks are altricial, they take flight to leave his place of birth 30 days after hatching.


The Scarlet-chested Parrot they have a diet almost exclusively granivora.

These birds acquire most of the moisture you need eating Succulents as Calandrinia. If this practice is not enough, These parrots are like other species of arid lands, namely, that it will supply liquid directly to the sources and water points.

The details of the menu are poorly understood, but it is known that most feed on seeds of plants as Triodia, Newcastelia, haloragis, Acacia and Stipa.


Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 1.280.000 km2

This rare Nomad has a wide area of historical distribution, but it is probable that now concentrate on parts with more vegetation of the Great Victoria desert, with records from Kalgoorlie, Western Australia, East, through the North of the Nullarbor plain in Southern Australia, North of the Eyre Peninsula, about Port Augusta and in areas of Mallee to the North of the Murray River, to the Northwest of Victoria, West of New South Wales, Southwest of Queensland and MacDonnell Ranges of the Northern Territory.

A flock of 240 bird was recently recorded in the Great Victoria desert.


• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The inroads among 1939 and 1996 They show that these birds are able to form very rapidly large gatherings.

Disruptions affecting the natural environment had a negative impact on the evolution of the workforce. The use of aquatic resources for the livestock and competition in this field with the Bourke's Parrot they have also caused damage.

Poaching and marketing of this bird have also had devastating consequences: more than 25.000 Scarlet-chested Parrot they are in captivity in Australia.

Its population in freedom is estimated at around 10,000 specimens.

In captivity:

The Scarlet-chested Parrot is a species peaceful and silent. This beautiful parakeet ends up gaining confidence with your caregiver, It is only a matter of time. It is also easy to maintain and almost do not eat wood. It is cold-resistant (light Frost), but it is very sensitive to humidity, fog, and air currents.

The Scarlet-chested Parrot they feed on the ground; It is convenient to use of vermicides, deworming them regularly. They are also susceptible to ocular infections and vulnerable to infections of Candida.

Tastes by bath vary from one individual to another.

In terms of their longevity, According to sources, a sample lived during 14 years in captivity. The same sources report that these parakeets can live up to 25,4 years in captivity, but this has not been verified; the same study also ensures that the Scarlet-chested Parrot You can play from around 1 year of age in captivity.

The mutations:

    Aqua: autosomal recessive
    Turquoise: autosomal recessive
    Blue: autosomal recessive
    Cake: autosomal recessive (not in Europe)
    Cinnamon: recessive sex-linked
    Pale: recessive sex-linked
    Mixed: autosomal dominant
    Misty: Autosomal co-dominant (PAS en Europe)
    Grey: autosomal dominant
    Mixed: autosomal recessive
    Fallow (Bronze fallow): autosomal recessive
    INO: recessive sex-linked
    Platinum: recessive sex-linked
    Violet: co-dominante autosomique
    Dark factor: co-autosomal dominant
Alternative names:

- Scarlet-chested Parrot, Scarlet chested Parrot, Scarlet-breasted Parrot, Scarlet-chested Parakeet, splendid parakeet (ingles).
- Perruche splendide, Euphème resplendissante, Perruche resplendissante (francés).
- Glanzsittich (alemán).
- Periquito-esplêndido (portugués).
- Papagayo Espléndido, Periquito Espléndido (español).

John Gould
John Gould
Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Neophema
- Nombre científico: Neophema splendida
- Citation: (Gould, 1841)
- Protónimo: Euphema splendida

Scarlet-chested Parrot pictures:


Scarlet-chested Parrot (Neophema splendida)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– Birdlife


(1) – Adult male at Cincinnati zoo, USA By Ltshears (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Taken at the Cincinnati Zoo By Greg Hume (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Immature male on the left and an immature female on the right at Gluepot Reserve, South Australia By David Cook Wildlife Photography from Wamboin, NSW, Australia [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Immature male on the left and an immature female on the right at Gluepot Reserve, South Australia By David Cook Wildlife Photography from Wamboin, NSW, Australia [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Scarlet-chested Parrot “Neophema splendida” at Cincinnati Zoo By Ltshears (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – By T.H. Maguire (1821–1895) ( [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Turquoise Parrot
Neophema pulchella

Turquoise Parrot


20 cm.. length and a weight between 37 to 44 g..

Turquoise Parrot

The Turquoise Parrot )(Neophema pulchella has the head bright turquoise blue, darker on the front of the crown, with the chin yellow and green on the back side of the crown.

Upperparts green.
The interior of the small and medium-sized coverts is reddish brown, the median are light blue. Great coverts and primary coverts are blue-violet color. The primary feathers Black have them vane inmates of blue color and a fine yellow edge. The secondary feathers Black has foreign bands of yellowish green colour that tend toward the blue on the edges of the feathers. The lesser coverts the wings are blue-violet color.

The underparts is bright yellow with a slight orange patch in the throat and the chest. A spot of Orange, sometimes, is visible in the abdomen of certain individuals. The two pairs of the Central feathers of the tail are bright green, the outer tail feathers are yellow with green bases. The bill is black and the irises dark brown. The legs they are a pinkish-brown hue.

In the females, the plumage is more off than in males. There are no brown spots in the shoulders. The underparts they are much more green, especially in the chest. The lores they are whitish and the blue of the face is considerably reduced. A bar can be seen in the wing .

The immature are similar to the females.

The Immature males are distinguished by a small brown spot in the wing and blue dark figure.

  • Sound of the Turquoise Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS:// Turquesa.mp3]

The Turquoise Parrot they are distributed by clear wooded areas, wooded areas, meadows with native grasses, Although they have a strong preference for the ecotones, namely, regions that are intermediate between the forests and farmland.

In the State of Victoria, seasonally, These parakeets make positive use of habitats that suit them: the eucalyptus trees that are found in the Rocky Mountains in winter, wetlands and ravines from spring to autumn and earrings that are oriented towards the Southeast during every month of the year.

The Periquito turquoise they live in small flocks or family groups that feed near the ground.

These birds are sedentary but after nesting, You can attend a light dispersion.

During this last period, the formation of dorms is not uncommon.

We can often see them begging for food on the verges of roads.


The Turquoise Parrot they breed of August to December. In other areas, the nests are also visible in April-may, but they are probably second clutches or broods alternatives. The nest is located in one a tree cavity, usually a eucalyptus, at least in regards to the State of Victoria. But it can also be located in a strain, a post or a fallen branch.

The spawning contains an average of 4 or 5 eggs with one incubation that lasts a few 20 days.

The chicks are altricial and remain in the nest for at least 4 weeks before you fly.


The Turquoise Parrot they have a diet vegetarian. They feed on seeds, flowers and fruits that are native and imported plants. Love cultivated herbs, wild herbs and different parts of the bushes.

A detailed census has identified the following genera: shrubs in Bloom's leucopogon, not less than 4 types of Danthonia, nettle, Urtica urens, Paspalum dilatatum, who are the edges of sea grass and the gernaios. The list is not exhaustive.


Tamaño de su área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 771.000 km2

Currently fluctuates irregularly from the southeast of Queensland (North around Chinchilla and Maryborough) to the East of New South Wales, arriving at the coast, about Sydney, and extending to the South up to Nowra) in Victoria to the West of Bendigo. There is also an isolated population in the East of Victoria. The increase of population ,probably, continues in Victoria and New South Wales.


• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

At the beginning of the 20th century, the increase of pastoral activities, the catastrophic drought in 1902, and to a lesser extent, poaching, they gave rise to the population of the Turquoise Parrot almost disappeared.

Since the Decade of 1940, There has been a resurgence in the number of individuals. The resurgence of this species began in the vicinity of Chinchilal and Maryborough and little by little the South joined with the State of Victoria through New South Wales.

Today, growth tends to spread and strong presence in the national parks proof that the cessation of grazing is a great benefit for the development of these parrots. Since they nest close to the ground, These birds are still vulnerable to predation by foxes. Another recurrent threat is habitat degradation and loss of nesting sites. The world population deemed superior to the 20 000 birds, birds captive are estimated at 8 000.

In captivity:

The Turquoise Parrot they are birds that are regularly and which are obtained very good results in the reproduction. These parakeets are highly recommended for amateur beginners.

In terms of its behavior, they are relatively strong with a sweet and melodious voice. These parakeets are not shy and are easy to maintain.

During the breeding season does not support other congeners or other species of neophemas. It is mainly of assaults by males. Your need to crack is very limited and their need for bathroom is very different from an individual to another. They tolerate dry climates, but they are very sensitive to cold and wet mist. They like to spend time on the floor, investigating, and therefore, they are vulnerable to infection by worms.

According to sources, a sample lived during 21 years in captivity. In captivity, these animals have been known that they can raise from 1 año de edad.

Alternative names:

- Turquoise Parrot, Beautiful Grass-Parakeet, Beautiful Grass-Parrot, Beautiful Parrot, Chestnut-shouldered Grass-Parrot, Chestnut-shouldered Parakeet, Chestnut-shouldered Parrot, Chestnut-winged Grass-Parakeet, Chestnut-winged Parrot, Red-shouldered Grass-Parakeet, Red-shouldered Parakeet, Red-shouldered Parrot, Turcoisine Parrot, Turq, Turquoise Grass-Parakeet, turquoise parakeet, Turquoisine, Turquoisine Grass-Parrot, Turquoisine Parrot (ingles).
- Perruche turquoisine (francés).
- Schönsittich (alemán).
- Periquito-turquesa (portugués).
- Papagayo Turquesa, Periquito Turquesa (español).

George Shaw
George Shaw
Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Neophema
- Nombre científico: Neophema pulchella
- Citation: (Shaw, 1792)
- Protónimo: Psittacus pulchellus

Turquoise Parrot pictures:


Turquoise Parrot (Neophema pulchella)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr


(1) – Turquoise Parrot (Neophema pulchella), female; of: Schönsittich by Daniel Wehmeyer –> Danweh – Wikimedia
(2) – “Neophema pulchella -Rainbow Jungle -Australia-8a” by Sheila Bradford – originally posted to Flickr as DSCF7029 turquoise parrot. Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(3) – “Neophema pulchella -Twycross Zoo, Leicestershire, England-8a” by stephen jones from uk – [1]Uploaded by Snowmanradio. Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(4) – “Turquoise Parrot (Neophema pulchella)-6” by Lip Kee Yap – originally posted to Flickr as Turquoise Parrot (Neophema pulchella). Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(5) – “Neophema pulchella pair Capertee Valley” by Lip Kee from Singapore, Republic of Singapore – Turquoise Parrot (Neophema pulchella). Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(6) – Jacques Barraband [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Marc Anderson (Xeno-canto)

Orange-bellied Parrot
Neophema chrysogaster

Orange-bellied Parrot


The Orange-bellied Parrot (Neophema chrysogaster) is a small ‘Grass parakeet‘, so called by spend much time on the floor feeding on seeds and grasses.

Adults have, approximately, 21 26cm in length and a weight of around of 45 to 50 g..

Has the crown, the nape and the the mantle bright green, with one frontal band dark blue and a lighter blue later point that does not extend beyond the eyes.

Face and lores are yellowish-green. You have a few different bands in the wings Green and blue colors, the vane inmates of the wing-coverts are green, the blue outer.

The primary coverts are dark blue. The primary feathers Black has the outside edges with fine violet blue and yellow. The secondaries has a green border.

The underparts is blue. The chest Green is mixed with the greenish yellow color under the tail. The belly is very stained Orange. The top of queue is green with blue tip. The lateral tail feathers they are yellow with blue-green bases.

Peak and iris are black, the legs are grey.

The female is more off than the male, the frontal band has a single tone. The stain ventral Orange is smaller.

Between the juveniles, the frontal band is barely visible. The Wing band is very prominent and the bill is pale.

  • Sound of the Orange-bellied Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS:// Ventrinaranja.mp3]

As one migratory species, its habitat varies throughout the year, with the birds that live in the marshes, coastal dunes, pastures, scrub, estuaries, Islands, beaches and Moors generally within the 10 km of distance from shore.

There is practically no records more towards the inside of 5 km and most are to 2 km from the coast. The holes of mature eucalyptus, as the Smithton Peppermint (Eucalyptus nitida) and the Swamp gum (Eucalyptus ovata), they are used by the Orange-bellied Parrot for the nesting during the breeding season in Tasmania, the breeding habitat is a mosaic of moorland and lands covered with reeds, dominated by the Button Gras (Gymnoschoenus sphaerocephalus) and forests.

The behavior of foraging species are usually characterized by the power in the suelor or in low vegetation, in general a less than 1 m above ground.

Birds they feed usually in pairs or individually during the breeding season, and in small herds of variable size in non-breeding season. Solitary birds often have been feeding with other species, especially with the Blue-winged Parrot (Neophema chrysostoma).


In Tasmania, the only place in breeding, spawning takes place in the months of November and December.

The nest of the Orange-bellied Parrot is located in natural cavities, between the 8 and 25 meters of height in eucalyptus (Eucalyptus nitida) and less frequently, in the (Eucalyptus ovata). The nest is sometimes maintained during several consecutive years. The marital ties they are strong and sometimes last a lifetime.

The spawning included among 3 and 6 eggs they are incubated during 21 days. Young people are altricial and remain in the nest for at least 5 weeks.


Initially, on Spring, the Orange-bellied Parrot they feed on plants. They mostly eat seed Sedge (Reedy) and parts of the herbs of the genus Boronia or Actinotus.

At the beginning of Winter, the regime being vegetarian, suffering some transformations. the Orange-bellied Parrot consume algae in decomposition, seeds and herbs Poaceae and Halophyte, namely, you adapt to saline environments, as the Rock Samphire (Crithmum maritimum).

The goosefoot )Chenopodium) and Salt plants (Atriplex) also classic in their food. Introduced plants such as the Sea rocket (Cakile maritima) they are also popular.



code > size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident) 3.100 km2

The Orange-bellied Parrot They nest along the margins of forests of the coastal plains and feeds on land covered with reeds of the Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area Southwest of Tasmania, Australia, between Macquarie Harbour and Port Davey.

They migrate across Islands in the West of the Bass Strait (mainly King Island) towards the coast South of Australia, to Hibernate from the months of March to July, mainly along the coasts of the Bay Port Phillip, Victoria (greater number of birds in Point Wilson and Swan Island, including the Queenscliffe Golf Course). They also winter in a small number, from Gippsland, Victoria, to the West of the Coorong, Southern Australia. Occasionally occur during winter in areas of Tasmania and surrounding islands, as well as other individuals spend the summer on the continent.

Each summer around 40 couples are reproduced, and an analysis of nine nests showed an average offspring of 1,7 young couple. Back to the breeding population increase by of 50 individuals, of around 170 birds, but the population is becoming increasingly smaller, which suggests a high annual mortality. The adults begin to leave the breeding area in February and fly across the coast of Tasmania, crossing the Bass Strait, mainly through King Island (also records in the Hunter Croup) towards the coast of the Southeast of Australia (young birds usually travel a month later).

The Orange-bellied Parrot They tend to move around the continent, and are in the South of Australia at the end of winter. They return to breed in the months of September and October, usually they travel directly back to their breeding sites. From 1979 to 1990, the wintering population has remained relatively stable, with a count of 67 to 126 individuals registered every year (with a maximum of 50% of the world's population known with presence in Point Wilson).

In the last century the species flying in flocks of thousands of individuals (and raised as far East as Sydney up to approximately 1907). Wintering habitat loss and capture for the bird trade are cited as factors in its decline.

The possible loss of winter habitat remains a threat, as does the competition of introduced herbivores, the disturbance, and the possibility of exploration and exploitation of minerals. A detailed recovery plan includes the management of winter habitat with the exclusion of grazing animals, the diversion of economic activity and the development of Murtcaim Wildlife Management Area about Point Wilson. Birds bred in captivity have been released and combined with wild individuals.


• Current red list category of the UICN: Critically endangered

• Population trend: Decreasing

The Orange-bellied Parrot It has a very low population size. This very low population size is even more significant, given that the species migrates through of the Bass Strait, with which this species is subjected to the additional risk by stormy phenomena on their migratory journey.

It has a restricted geographical distribution when breeding, and apparently a limited supply of food during migration and winter.

The species is found in a single population of between 100 and 150 mature individuals. Habitat loss, fragmentation and modification, in particular about the route of migration and in wintering areas, they are the key threats to the survival of the species.

For a small population, stochastic factors, as the disease, storms during the migratory species, and the destruction of nests by forest fires have the potential to reduce the survival of the species in the long term.

The Orange-bellied Parrot It has a restricted geographical distribution which is precarious for its survival.

The Threatened species Scientific Committee considers that the Orange-bellied Parrot It has suffered a historic fall from European colonization. It is considered, In addition, that the recent recovery actions that have been implemented are having a beneficial impact on the species and the possibility of future stability in the reproduction sites is becoming apparent. However, as the population of the Orange-bellied Parrot is so low, the data that we have are based on a small area of occupancy and it is likely that this species continue suffering from a series of threats in course, with what the Committee may not be sufficiently secure that available information indicate that the population is stable and safe.

Future declines in population are still likely as a result of potential threats, especially the stochastic and genetic threats to small populations are likely and that can lead to the extinction.

In captivity:

The Orange-bellied Parrot is very rare in captivity and is, probably, more present in the hands of European collections. There are also some captive birds by some fans in Australia, to the South of the continent.

Orange-bellied Parrot video

Orange-bellied Parrot (Neophema chrysogaster) 'Instincts': PPC R&BCaptive Management Using Biological Data

Fifteen years ago in the South of Australia, under expert supervision, were built cages with the aim of raising these birds and avoid that the Orange-bellied Parrot disappeared completely. In the early years, most of the young people died from diseases of the beak and feathers (PBFD), a viral disease (virus BFD). In the same way, the winters in this region, where was launched the project, they had a negative effect on the end result.

Once the aviaries were displaced to areas more temperate and increased its amount, the result is improved and each year dozens of parrots have been released into the wild.

The Orange-bellied Parrot they are birds calm, peaceful and little noisy. They belong to the less active within the genre of the kind Neophema, so tend to the Obesity. These birds spend much time ashore. Usually, They bathe once a day, in long baths. Reproduce well in captivity. They are exceptionally susceptible to various infections, including the intestinal parasites. These birds also, often, they die without apparent reason.

Alternative names:

- Orange-bellied Parrot, Grass Parakeet, Orange bellied Parrot, Orange-bellied Grass-Parakeet, orange-bellied parakeet, Orange-breasted Grass-Parakeet, Orange-breasted Parrot, Purple-banded Parrot, Yellow-bellied Parrot (ingles).
- Perruche à ventre orange, Perruche à poitrine orange (francés).
- Goldbauchsittich (alemán).
- Periquito-de-barriga-laranja (portugués).
- Papagayo de Vientre Naranja, Periquito Ventrinaranja (español).

John Latham
John Latham
Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Neophema
- Nombre científico: Neophema chrysogaster
- Citation: (Latham, 1790)
- Protónimo: Psittacus chrysogaster

Orange-bellied Parrot images:

Orange-bellied Parrot (Neophema chrysogaster)


  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Ministry of the environment – Australia – Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act)
  • Birdlife

  • Photos:

(1) – Orange-bellied Parrot (Neophema chrysogaster) male, Melaleuca, Southwest Conservation Area, Tasmania, Australia By JJ Harrison ([email protected]) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Orange-bellied Parrot (Neophema chrysogaster) female, Melaleuca, Southwest Conservation Area, Tasmania, Australia By JJ Harrison ([email protected]) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Orange-bellied Parrot (Neophema chrysogaster) Melaleuca,Tasmania by Ron Knight – Flickr
(4) – Orange-bellied parrot, Neophema chrysogaster, photographed at Tasmania, Australia – Image: David Boyle/National Geographic [velociraptorize] (5) – Photo: Justin McManus
(6) – John Latham – Allen, ELSA G. (1951) The History of American Ornithology before Audubon. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, New be. 41(3):387-591. See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Rock Parrot
Neophema petrophila

Rock Parrot


22 cm. height and a weight between 47 and 54 g..

The male of the Rock Parrot (Neophema petrophila) has a band front of color blue dark that is surrounded by a small and striking edge blue marine. The blue becomes even a little bit behind the eye. The area between the eyes and ears, the region of the eye and the anterior part of the cheeks are Navy Blue. The upper part of the crown, the neck, the the mantle, the back, rump and covered wing are olive green. The cheeks, except the front edge, the region of the throat and the chest are olive-gray color. The belly, flanks, the thighs and anal region are opaque yellow.

The curvature of the wing and feathers of the median of the wings are Navy Blue. The flight feather are black with a dark blue marks.

The feathers of the uppertail-coverts are an olive green-brown color and the undertail yellow. The upper part of the feathers of the tail are matte blue streaked olive green. The bottom is dark gray. The irises the eye is dark brown, the bill is dark gray, the cere is brown, legs grayscale and nails dark grey.

The female: is very similar to the male, but its colors are more opaque, especially the blue. The frontal band is a little thinner.

The immature do not have the frontal band blue. The only decoration is a bare periophthalmic characteristic white.

2 subspecies
  • Neophema petrophila petrophila

    (Gould, 1841)

  • Neophema petrophila zietzi

    (Mathews, 1912)


The Rock Parrot they frequent the coastal dunes, mangroves, marshes, agricultural areas, lightly treed savanna, areas of mallee (Eucalytus gracilis), scrublands abound where the Salt plants (Atriplex). Also visit the coast, where small rivers flow into estuaries. They appreciate the plantations of Casuarina and margins of brackish water bordering the coasts and rocky islets where nests are less susceptible to predation. Throughout the year, These birds do not deviate more than several hundred meters from the sea.

Large gatherings of the Rock Parrot, sometimes, There are land, When there is abundance of food. However, like most of the Neophema, This parakeet can be difficult to detect, and it will only be visible when you take the flight because of any danger.

Their plumage is not anti-absorbente and often remains wet, which gives it a darker shade. They tend to use the same Burrows to the Wedge-tailed Shearwater (Puffinus pacificus), the 2 species sometimes have the same habits and the same mating rituals.


The Rock Parrot reproduced from August to December, sometimes in February. Occasionally, There is a second litter.

The nest is placed in the crevice of a low cliff, on a facade or on some rocky ledge. Since relatively recently, they have come to nest on small islands of limestone, the entry hole is often hidden behind a curtain of vegetation.

Sometimes, abandoned Burrows of the Wedge-tailed Shearwater (Puffinus pacificus) they are used as a nest by the Rock Parrot. In other cases, These parakeets usurp active nests of the White-faced Storm-Petrel (Pelagodroma marina).

Spawning contains 4 or 5 eggs and your incubation lasts a few 18 days. The chicks are altricial and stay in the nest during 30 days.


The Rock Parrot are, above all, vegetarian. They like to eat cultivated seeds, fruits and a variety of herbs. They also eat young shoots, shrubs and plants that are tolerant of saline environments.


Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 1.700.000 km2

There are two separate populations by the Great Australian Bight, which does not offer the suitable coastal islands for nesting.

The Eastern population extends from about Robe, Southern Australia, in the East, to Nuyts archipelago, approximately 133 ° E in the West (Although records of breeding in Kangaioo Island, they have not been confirmed).

The Western population extends from Israelite Bay to archipelago of the Recherche.

In Western Australia, to the West around the Cape Leeuwin and to the North of Shark Bay.

To the North of Perth the species nests in the continent, but in other parts, birds occupy the coastal islands, at least for breeding, also sometimes traveling from the Mainland to settle on the islands of the coast.

The population of the Rottnest Island on the coast of Perth suffered, in the past, illegal capture, but it has grown rapidly in recent years.

The Rock Parrot they are considered common and partially nomadic residents throughout its area of distribution; so far, coastal islands have not been subjected to the same pressures of development than continental zones.


• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

In accordance with Handbook of the Birds of the World, This species is not threatened at the global level. His surprising absence from the region of the Great Australian Bight It can be explained by the lack of sites available in which to nest. In these places, the rocks are in fact very limited in number, so the nests bad are protected in the absence of rocks and crevices where they serve this species as a refuge against the attacks of predators. The Rock Parrot they prefer to nest on the islets off the coast, Surely in order not to deal with rats, foxes, cats, lizards, monitors and monitor lizards.

Its population is estimated above of the 20,000 individuals.

In captivity:

The Rock Parrot they are extremely rare in captivity and is likely to be more present in the aviaries of Europe.

In Australia they are only in the hands of some fans.

These parrots are extremely slow, within the genus Neophema, is the least active, so these birds tend to the Obesity, which is very damaging for the fertility.

The Rock Parrot they are birds peaceful in the nature, that make noise. They are birds that they spend too much time on the ground and they bathe regularly. The first generations in captivity will be very susceptible to various infections, including, among others, intestinal parasites. These birds also regularly die without apparent reason.

Alternative names:

- Rock Parrot, Rock Elegant, Rock Elegant-Parakeet, Rock Grass-Parakeet, Rock Parakeet, Western Rock-Parrot (ingles).
- Perruche des rochers, Perruche pétrophile (francés).
- Klippensittich (alemán).
- Periquito-da-rocha (portugués).
- Papagayo de las Rocas, Periquito Roquero (español).

John Gould
John Gould

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Neophema
- Nombre científico: Neophema petrophila
- Citation: (Gould, 1841)
- Protónimo: Euphema petrophila

Rock Parrot pictures:


Rock Parrot (Neophema petrophila)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr


(1) – A Rock Parrot with grass seed in rain near Cape Leeuwin Lighthouse, Cape Leeuwin, Western Australia, Australia By Cas Liber (CAs Liber) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – A Rock Parrot at Greens Pool, Western Australia, Australia By butupa (IMGP8254Uploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Neophema petrophila rock parrot free wallpaper in free pet category – free-pet-wallpapers
(4) – Neophema petrophila free wallpaper in free pet category – free-pet-wallpapers
(5) – Grass Parrots {Neopherma} – myparrots

Elegant Parrot
Neophema elegans

Elegant Parrot

Description elegant parakeet

21 to 24 cm.. length between 40 and 51 g. of weight.

The Elegant Parrot (Neophema elegans) is very similar to the Blue-winged Parrot (Neophema chrysostoma), but its plumage It is brighter and more yellowish especially in the chest.

The crown is olive-green with a front band in dark blue tone and a distinctive and fine light blue on the rear margin. Lords bright yellow; the face Yellow olive.

The the mantle and back are olive green, staining in yellow tones in the area of the rump. The bend of wing they are blue. The wing-coverts more internal are olive green, the median pale blue tips, the large coverts with edge them in blue malva; the primary coverts in blackish shades with margins of violet-blue. The primaries black, with edges in blue violet dark; the secondaries greenish-yellow colour with external margins of blue color in the outermost zone.

The wing feathers blue-violet color. Throat and chest of yellowish-green, becoming bright yellow in the belly and in the undertail- coverts, sometimes with orange patches among the legs. Upper, the tail greyish blue, darker towards tip, Yellow lateral feathers with darker bases.

The bill black; irises dark brown; legs grey.

The plumage of the female is olive green opaque.

Immature females they are similar, except the line of the forecrown It is barely visible.

The adult plumage WINS in three or four months.

  • Sound of the Elegant Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS:// Elegante.mp3]
Habitat elegant parakeet:

The Elegant Parrot It is a nocturnal migratory bird. It is the least specialized of its kind. It attends the nearshore or coastal dunes, wooded grasslands and Shrublands, areas of Mallee that have the appearance of large shrubs and plots of eucalyptus.

You can also see in the shrubs of Acacia, in areas of low altitude provided Acacias (Acacia caesiella) or fitted with bushes of the salt Plains Saltbush Atriplex. They especially appreciate the groups of trees that are cleared up areas.

Outside the breeding season, the Elegant Parrot they form large flocks, often in association with the Blue-winged Parrot, in the Southeast. Gather in the grasslands and scrub areas to feed on seeds or native or imported herbs.

These parakeets are partially nomadic, above the outer limits of its range. Local low-intensity movements can also occur. These birds nest in Kangaroo Island, from November to April. After this last month, they move to the Mainland to form their winter quarters.

Elegant parakeet reproduction:

The Elegant Parrot They nest from August to November. Usually install their nest in a cavity in a tree at high altitude. They often use the highest branches of isolated trees. Spawning is composed of 4 or 5 eggs incubation lasts a few 18 days. The chicks are altricial and they leave the nest after one month.

Elegant parakeet food:

The Elegant Parrot they are almost exclusively vegetarian. Their menu consists of clover, sunflower seeds or plants of the type Helianthus, Trifolium and paspalum. Also appreciate the Berberis (Jeffersonia diphylla) and barberry (Berberis vulgaris).

Distribution elegant parakeet:

There is a two morphologically identical populations but well separated, Although the species is nomadic so the birds can appear outside the normal range sometimes.

In the Southwest the species is found to the West of a line from the surroundings of Esperance on the southern coast of the North of Western Australia through Merredin until Moora on the Northwest Coast.

Have spread through the wheat belt areas more dry northeast and are now in the vicinity of Perth, as well as occasionally North of Point Cloates and the Fortescue River.

In the Southeast are distributed in the South of Southern Australia, on Eyre Peninsula, on Kangaroo Island (present in summer), and in the districts of South, about Port Augusta, Port Wakefield and about Adelaide, in the Lofty Mountains, reaching northward in the northern most part of the Montes Flinders.

The species is irregular East of 140 ° E, with few records from New South Wales, North of Riverina to Paroo River; is also irregular in the Northwest of Victoria.

The population of the Southwest It is growing, While in the Southeast feel stable even though the species is generally less common and its historical distribution area is not easy to determine because of the possible confusion with the Blue-winged Parrot.

The world population is estimated over of 30.000 individuals.

Conservation elegant parakeet:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Growing

According to the Manual of the birds of the world (HBW), This species is not threatened globally. It is common, especially in the southwest of Australia.

Until the Decade of 1930, It grew, After the use of clover in pastures.

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, but the species, According to sources, It is common. (pit et to the. 1997). It is estimated that it may be around the 30,000 specimens.

In captivity:

The Elegant Parrot they belong to a species that are obtained very good results in reproduction. Are also suitable for fans to the parrots.

They are peaceful birds that make it very low noise. They are a little shy, but they become confident with time. They are easy to maintain but they have the need to crack, a little bigger, than other species of neophemas, without the destruction of your Aviary. Your bathroom need depends on the individual. Are heat-resistant, but they are very sensitive to cold and wet mist.

To the Elegant Parrot He loves to dig the ground and is therefore susceptible to infection by worms. They are also sensitive to eye infections.

Alternative names:

- Elegant Parrot, Elegant Grass-Parakeet, Grass Parakeet, Grass Parrot, Yellow Lowry (ingles).
- Perruche élégante (francés).
- Schmucksittich (alemán).
- Periquito-elegante (portugués).
- Papagayo Elegante, Periquito Elegante (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Neophema
- Nombre científico: Neophema elegans
- Citation: (Gould, 1837)
- Protónimo: Nanodes elegans

Elegant Parrot pictures:


Elegant Parrot (Neophema elegans)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr


(1) – Elegant Parrot in the Walsrode Bird Park, Germany By Quartl (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – By Goura – Elegant parrot Perth, WA, Australia – ZooChat
(3) – Elegant Parrot Neophema elegans – animalphotos
(4) – Elegant Parakeet (Neophema elegans) at Walsrode 2007 by Maguari – ZooChat
(5) – Stirling Range Retreat, Stirling Range National Park, Western Australia, Australia (Monotypic species) by Clive Nealon – Lynx

Sounds: Mark Harper (Xeno-canto)

Blue-winged Parrot
Neophema chrysostoma

Parakeet Crisostomo


20 to 21 cm. length and a weight between 44 and 61 g..

The Blue-winged Parrot (Neophema chrysostoma) has the crown olive green color with a yellow front wallwashing; Blue frontal band (clearer on the back edge), arriving from the front towards the eyes (but not beyond); Lords bright yellow; coverts outpus and face Gris-Oliva. Upperparts olive green color without brightness.

Wing coverts blue, clearer in some feathers of the greater coverts Interior. Primaries black, with blue-violet edges in vane thin yellow margin and external; secondary internal with vane Green external, secondary average with blue in vane outer; tertiary olive green. Wing feathers blue. Top of the chest light green with yellow shading in the area of the belly and undertail- coverts. Upper, the tail is bluish grey, with the exception of the tips of the outer tail feathers, that are yellow.

The bill negro-grisaceo is with the lower jaw of pink color and sharp-edged upper jaw; irises dark brown; legs gris-rosado color.

The female It is more off than the male with the line that decorates the forecrown less developed.
It has the top of the crown olive green. The underparts they are tinged with pale green.

The young birds they lack the front band and most show a wing bar; the bill It is orange in very young birds.

  • Sound of the Parakeet Crisostomor.
[audio:HTTPS:// Crisostomo.mp3]

During the nesting season, the Blue-winged Parrot frequent eucalyptus plots.

From the winter, These birds change the habitat type, visiting the clear, orchards or similar locations. In addition to these common locations, they tend to move into thickets of acacia and lightly wooded grasslands. At this time of the year, the Blue-winged Parrot They also feel attracted by the arid plains with Salt plants (Atriplex) and for the coast and mountain Moors.

These colorful birds occasionally visit swamps, sand dunes along the coast and wetlands.

To the Blue-winged Parrot You can see them in pairs or in small groups, but in the off-season, form large meetings in the regions south of the coast, in partnership with the Crimson Rosella or more rarely with the Orange-bellied Parrot.

When feed, they are relatively accessible, flying into a nearby tree when bother them.

During the courtship, the male drops his wings, moves the head and regurgitates food for your future partner. By now, not explained clearly the migration. We know that the birds of the South of the continent are directed toward the North after breeding and the northern limit of this movement lies in the South of Queensland. On the other hand, It is unclear whether all the population of the island of Tasmania It has to do with the migration that it crosses the Bass Strait.


The nesting season extends from October to January. The nest It is usually a natural cavity in a large eucalyptus. Sometimes, However, It is a strain on an any fence post or on a fallen trunk.

The female always makes the choice of the site. The Blue-winged Parrot They nest in colonies, sometimes several pairs are established in the same tree. The site can be used for several consecutive years.

Contains the implementation of 4 to 6 eggs, which are incubated for a period of 18 to 20 days. At birth, the chicks are altricial, and leave their place of birth to the 30 days after hatching. However, they stay with their parents for a short time before becoming independent.


The Blue-winged Parrot they feed mainly on grass seeds, and especially Danthonia What are family of grasses Poaceae. However, they often enter fields, where to dig the ground with their beaks to retrieve newly sown seeds.

Insects and invertebrates are probably part of their diet. Fruits and flowers represent a significant part of your menu.


During the breeding season (September to January) the birds are found below in 36 ° S, focusing on the more humid parts of the southeast of Southern Australia, South of Victoria, and in Tasmania.

In winter they are, to a large extent, absent of Tasmania and are distributed much more North, in the southeast of Australia, reaching the South of Queensland (some 26 ° S, for example Thargomindah, Cunnamulla, Chinchilla), and extending westward to the East of Southern Australia, coming to the South of the Eyre Peninsula and spreading northward around the border of Queensland; They also extend to the East, to the Western parts of New South Wales (also, from time to time, to the South of the coastal districts in summer).

It is not known if the continental population of the South is resident and birds of Tasmania they are migrant, flying over the Mainland farms to winter over North, or if the entire population moved northward in winter.

There are relatively few records of the King Islands and Flinders, which suggests that, Unlike in the Orange-bellied Parrot, most of the birds fly directly over Bass Strait to the Mainland.

The Blue-winged Parrot they are generally common in the majority of open field types and are, probably, the most common parrot in Tasmania. where are reproduced to the South of Macquarie Harbour, on the West Coast and are found in the central region, provided that their habitat is suitable.

Flocks of up to 2.000 young birds they can form in the Northwest of Tasmania before the autumn migration.

The world's population is above the 20.000 birds.


• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

According to the Manual of the birds of the world (HBW), This species is not threatened globally. Even it is common in the region of Melbourne and Tasmania.

The population is suspected to be stable in the apparent absence of any reduction or substantial threats.

According to Barry Talor, the world's population would exceed 20.000 individuals.

In captivity:

The Blue-winged Parrot It, in general, less popular in aviculture as the Crimson Rosella, the Turquoise Parrot, the Scarlet-chested Parrot and the Bourke's Parrot, Although it's not really rare.

Their behavior is relatively quiet with few movement needs. It is a bird that is easy to maintain, even for beginners. Your need to crack is almost non-existent and their need for bathroom depends on the individual. It is resistant to the European climate and, certainly, is not inferior to other species of neophemas. However, It is susceptible to fog and cold musty, as we know it here in the seasons of autumn and winter.

The Blue-winged Parrot they seek food by digging in the Earth and are therefore vulnerable to parasitic infections.

According to sources, a Blue-winged Parrot lived during 21 years in captivity. In captivity, these animals have been able to play at the age of 2 years.

Alternative names:

- Blue-winged Parrot, Blue winged Parrot, Blue-banded Grass-Parakeet, Blue-banded Grass-Parrot, Blue-banded Parrot, Blue-winged Grass-Parakeet, Grass Parrot, Hobart Grass-Parrot (ingles).
- Perruche à bouche d'or, Perruche à ailes bleues, Vénuste à ailes bleues (francés).
- Feinsittich (alemán).
- Periquito-de-asa-azul (portugués).
- Papagayo de Alas Azules, Periquito Crisóstomo (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Neophema
- Nombre científico: Neophema chrysostoma
- Citation: (Kuhl, 1820)
- Protónimo: Psittacus chrysostomus

Images Blue-winged Parrot:


Blue-winged Parrot (Neophema chrysostoma)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr


(1) – Blue-winged Parrot, Tasmania. Neophema Chrysostom By KeresH (Own work) [GFDL, CC-BY-SA-3.0 or CC BY-SA 2.5-2.0-1.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Blue-winged Parrot (Neophema chrysostoma), Mortimer Bay, Tasmania, Australia By JJ Harrison ([email protected]) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Blue-winged Parrot (Neophema chrysostoma), Flagstaff Gully, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia By JJ Harrison ([email protected]) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Blue-winged Parrot (Neophema chrysostoma) by Ron Knight – Flickr
(5) – Blue-winged Parrot, Tasmania. Neophema Chrysostom By KeresH (Own work) [GFDL, CC-BY-SA-3.0 or CC BY-SA 2.5-2.0-1.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: nick talbot (Xeno-canto)

Northiella haematogaster



28 cm. length and a weight between 74 and 105 g..

The Bluebonnet (Northiella haematogaster) they have the forecrown, lores and face, blue-violet color. The rest of the head, the chest, the layer, the back and rump It has a beautiful ochre mixed with yellow belly. The abdominal area It is covered by a large red spot.

The curvature of the wings is blue, the majority of the coverts are a key olive. The outermost feathers are purplish blue. The the wing lower and flight feather they are also blue-purple color. The tail color is greenish bronze but the outer feathers are blue-purple with white tips.
The bill grayish white is; the irises pale grey; legs grey.

The females they are more off, with less blue in the face and a pale bar on the wing .

The immature they resemble females, but the stain abdominal Red is more discrete. The immature plumage is lost after few months. The chicks have the bill yellow.

Subspecies description
  • Northiella haematogaster haematogaster (Gould 1838) – The nominal.
  • Northiella haematogaster haematorrhoa (Bonaparte 1856) – The curvature of the wing is turquoise blue and the blankets they are redheads. The underparts is red
  • Northiella haematogaster pallescens (Salvadori 1891) – The plumage It is similar to the nominal, but the underparts they are paler.
  • * Northiella haematogaster narethae (White,HL 1921) – The forecrown is blue, and has spots on the chest. The upperparts color is olive, the underparts is yellow with reddish color underneath the tail. Small outer covers red.
  • * A molecular study published in 2015 by Gaynor Dolman and Leo Joseph He confirmed the genetic isolation of the subspecies Northiella haematogaster narethae and recommended that it was restored as a separate species, the Naretha Bluebonnet (Northiella narethae)


The Bluebonnet frequent arid and semi-arid forests dominated by trees of the genus Myoporum, they are perennial and salt and drought-resistant shrubs.

Also appreciate the conifer and the casuarinas that you are home to colonies of caterpillars. They have a certain affection for the Acacias and eucalyptus, especially if the weed is made up of small quenopodios.

The Bluebonnet they often visit the grassy plains, dry underbrush and trees bordering the river. Sometimes they come to buildings, farms or small ponds.

In the South of its range, the removal of waste bags of Mallee, located on agricultural land, It seems to have had a very important influence.

The Bluebonnet they live in pairs or in small groups. When resent, loud disperse, but they remain on the ground a short distance from the trees. In the event of alarm, they raise the feathers of her eyebrows.

These birds are very enable, especially early in the morning when the boisterous groups are formed, just before his departure to feed. They are able to run very fast and have a very characteristic straight posture. They are less active during the heat of the day, staying on the ground in silence.

The Western populations They seem to form larger groups, showing more sociability than the Eastern. They tend to get together with other species of parrots, such as the Mulga Parrot, Pale-headed Rosella and Mallee Ringneck.

During the spawning, the Bluebonnet carried out parades such as greetings with head, movements of the tail and eating ritual exchanges. They also have a ceremonial flight consisting of small flapping.


The season of nesting extends from July to December, with some variations depending on the rains. The nest is located in a cavity in a tree, except in the subspecies narethae to use scrubby trees, being their favorite nesting place a nest on the ground in a crack in the base of a trunk. This subspecies usually gives preference to a tree of the genus acacia (Acacia papyrocarpa) family Fabaceae.

The spawning contains 4-7 eggs with one incubation lasts a few 19 days. The young chicks are born without feathers and remain in place of birth at least during 30 days.


The Bluebonnet consume mainly herbaceous seeds, of Atriplex hortensis, of coquia (Kochia scoparia), of Bassia and some cultivated as garden plants.

Sometimes consume fruit, berries and acacia flowers, the mistletoe and the larvae of Lepidoptera that are attracted to the trunks of casuarinas.

When are juveniles, its menu consists primarily of seeds composed of helipterum, that you belong to the same family as sunflowers.


Endemic of Australia, where there are four populations, one of which is isolated in the southeast of Western Australia, from the West of the Nullarbor plain up close Kalgoorlie.

Birds belonging to this Western race is also in the West of Southern Australia, about Ooldea and Colona, but they are probably from exhaust. Further East, the species range in the East of Southern Australia, from the West of Bordertown through Salt Creek, Adelaide, the northern parts of the Cape York Peninsula and Eyre, to the North across the basin of the Lake Eyre to the Simpson Desert, about Commonwealth Hill station (but largely absent from the Montes Flinders).

From the North of Southern Australia, extends to the South of Queensland to the West of the Great dividing range, reaching around to East of Windorah, Charleville, Mitchell and Goondiwindi.

In New South Wales found to the West of the Cordillera Central, to the East of a line, More or less, that crosses Warialda, Orange and Wagga Wagga (registration outside boundary to the East of Gunning).

In Victoria, from time to time, they arrive as far East as Rochester and Southeast of Bendigo and Beaufort.

The species is common within suitable habitat.

The world population is probably superior to the 100.000 individuals, Although the Western subspecies Nanthae You can have less than 5.000 specimens, having suffered for their catch in the past.

A small number of captive.

Fully protected by law.

Distribution of subspecies

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Decreasing

In accordance with the Manual of the birds of the world (Handbook of the Birds of the World, HBW), the Bluebonnet they are not globally threatened. Are fairly common, except at the extremes of its range. However, the elucidation of native plants must be stopped if we want to preserve the food resources and nesting places.

The spread of the Common Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) It is a real danger in some areas. The subspecies Narethae is prized by poachers and the lots of beautiful feathers.

The proliferation of rabbits and Lagomorphs threatens the equilibrium of the habitat.

In captivity:

The Bluebonnet they were classified for more than one hundred years within the genus Psephotus. On the basis of some essential differences with the species Psephotus, they are currently classified within the independent genre Northiella.

The parakeet more required by lovers of Australian parakeets, are likely to be the Bluebonnet, Although the subspecies Naretha is very rare and scarce. The Bluebonnet pure breed, they are virtually non-existent in Europe.

There are many Bluebonnet non-purebred, since they often interbreed with the of red-bellied (Northiella haematogaster haematorrhoa). The birds that have tones rojas in the coverts infracaudales non-purebred. Be very careful when making their acquisitions.

The first successful breeding of the nominal species dates back to the year 1878, in France. With the subspecies of red-bellied (Northiella haematogaster haematorrhoa) also data from 1878, but this time in Belgium.

The first results of the subspecies breeding Northiella narethae they date from 1941 in Australia.

Are capricious in nature. The big problem is that of aggression since they are probably the most aggressive of all the Australian parakeets. Males, above all, they are the protagonists of this bad reputation. Therefore other birds not can be joined with the Bluebonnet, even larger birds.

The aggressiveness of the male reaches their own partner, the Aviary must take into account this, the female should be able to take refuge in case of attack. On the other hand, they are very animated and jugetones.

You spend much time on the ground looking for food, they are moderate rodents and are lovers of bath.

According to sources, a sample lived 15,3 years in captivity. In captivity, these animals have been known that they be reproduced in approximately 2 years of age.

Alternative names:

- Bluebonnet, Blue Bonnet, Blue-Bonnet, Bluebonnet Parakeet, Bulloak Parrot, Common Bluebonnet, Common Bluebonnet Parrot, Crimson-bellied Parakeet, Crimson-bellied Parrot, Eastern or Western Bluebonnet, Little Bluebonnet, Naretha Bluebonnet, Naretha Parrot, Oak Parrot, Pallid Parrot, Red-bellied Bluebonnet, Red-vented Bluebonnet, Yellow-vented Bluebonnet, Yellow-vented Parrot (ingles).
- Perruche à bonnet bleu, Bonnet bleu, Perruche à bonnet bleu ou P. de Nareth (francés).
- Blutbauchsittich (alemán).
- Periquito-de-bluebonnet (portugués).
- Perico Azul, Perico Cariazul (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Northiella
- Nombre científico: Northiella haematogaster
- Citation: (Gould, 1838)
- Protónimo: Platycercus haematogaster

Bluebonnet pictures:

Bluebonnet (Northiella haematogaster)


  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife


(1) – To Blue Bonnett in the Cocoparra National Park (near Griffith), NSW, Australia By David Cook Wildlife Photography [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Bluebonnet (Northiella haematogaster) Birdsville Track, South AustraliaBy by Ron Knight – Flickr
(3) – Northiella haematogaster, Photo by Benjamint444 – Animalia Etymology of animal name
(4) – Bluebonnet/Blue Bonnet/Crimson-bellied Parrot – animalphotos
(5) – Blue Bonnet Fact Sheet 26 May 2011, Windorah. QLD –

Sounds: Frank Lambert (Xeno-canto)

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