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Turquoise Parrot
Neophema pulchella

Turquoise Parrot




20 cm.. length and a weight between 37 to 44 g..

The Turquoise Parrot )(Neophema pulchella has the head bright turquoise blue, darker on the front of the crown, with the chin yellow and green on the back side of the crown.

Upperparts green.
The interior of the small and medium-sized coverts is reddish brown, the median are light blue. big blankets and primary coverts are blue-violet color. The primary feathers Black have them vane inmates of blue color and a fine yellow edge. The secondary feathers Black has foreign bands of yellowish green colour that tend toward the blue on the edges of the feathers. The lesser coverts the wings are blue-violet color.

The underparts is bright yellow with a slight orange patch in the throat and the chest. An orange stain, sometimes, is visible in the abdomen of certain individuals. The two pairs of the Central feathers of the tail are bright green, the outer tail feathers are yellow with green bases. The bill is black and the irises dark brown. The legs they are a pinkish-brown hue.

In the females, the plumage is more off than in males. There are no brown spots in the shoulders. The underparts they are much more green, especially in the chest. The lores they are whitish and the blue of the face is considerably reduced. A bar can be seen in the wing .

The immature are similar to the females.

The Immature males are distinguished by a small brown spot in the wing and blue dark figure.


Turquoise Parrot

The Turquoise Parrot they are distributed by clear wooded areas, wooded areas, meadows with native grasses, Although they have a strong preference for the ecotones, that is to say, regions that are intermediate between the forests and farmland.

In the State of Victoria, seasonally, These parakeets make positive use of habitats that suit them: the eucalyptus trees that are found in the Rocky Mountains in winter, wetlands and ravines from spring to fall and slopes that face southeast during all months of the year.

The Periquito turquoise they live in small flocks or family groups that feed near the ground.

These birds are sedentary but after nesting, You can attend a light dispersion.

During this last period, the formation of dorms is not uncommon.

We can often see them begging for food on the verges of roads.


The Turquoise Parrot they breed from august to december. In other areas, the nests are also visible in April-may, but they are probably second clutches or broods alternatives. The nest is located in one a tree cavity, usually a eucalyptus, at least in regards to the State of Victoria. But it can also be located in a strain, a fallen pole or branch.

The spawning contains an average of 4 or 5 eggs with one incubation that lasts a few 20 days.

The chicks are altricial and remain in the nest for at least 4 weeks before you fly.


The Turquoise Parrot they have a diet vegetarian. They feed on seeds, flowers and fruits that are native and imported plants. Love cultivated herbs, wild herbs and different parts of the bushes.

A detailed census has identified the following genera: shrubs in Bloom's leucopogon, not less than 4 types of Danthonia, nettle, Urtica urens, Paspalum dilatatum, who are the edges of sea grass and the gernaios. The list is not exhaustive.


Size of its range (reproduction / resident): 771.000 km2

Currently fluctuates irregularly from the southeast of Queensland (North around Chinchilla and Maryborough) to the East of New South Wales, arriving at the coast, about Sydney, and extending to the South up to Nowra) in Victoria to the West of Bendigo. There is also an isolated population in the East of Victoria. The increase of population ,probably, continues in Victoria and New South Wales.



• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern

• Population Trend: Stable

at the beginning of 20th century, the increase of pastoral activities, catastrophic drought in 1902, and to a lesser extent, poaching, they gave rise to the population of the Turquoise Parrot almost disappeared.

Since the decade of 1940, there has been a resurgence in the number of individuals. The resurgence of this species began in the vicinity of Chinchilal and Maryborough and little by little the South joined with the State of Victoria through New South Wales.

Today, growth tends to spread and strong presence in the national parks proof that the cessation of grazing is a great benefit for the development of these parrots. Since they nest close to the ground, These birds are still vulnerable to predation by foxes. The other recurring threat is habitat degradation and loss of nesting sites.. The world population deemed superior to the 20 000 birds, birds captive are estimated at 8 000.

"Turquoise Parrot" in captivity:

The Turquoise Parrot they are birds that are regularly and which are obtained very good results in the reproduction. These parakeets are highly recommended for amateur beginners.

In terms of its behavior, they are relatively strong with a sweet and melodious voice. These parakeets are not shy and are easy to keep..

During the breeding season they do not support other congeners or other species of neophemas. It is mainly of assaults by males. Your need to crack is very limited and their need for bathroom is very different from an individual to another. They tolerate dry climates, but they are very sensitive to cold and wet fog. They like to spend time on the floor, investigating, and therefore, they are vulnerable to infection by worms.

According to sources, a sample lived during 21 years in captivity. In captivity, these animals have been known that they can raise from 1 año de edad.

Alternative names:

Turquoise Parrot, Beautiful Grass-Parakeet, Beautiful Grass-Parrot, Beautiful Parrot, Chestnut-shouldered Grass-Parrot, Chestnut-shouldered Parakeet, Chestnut-shouldered Parrot, Chestnut-winged Grass-Parakeet, Chestnut-winged Parrot, Red-shouldered Grass-Parakeet, Red-shouldered Parakeet, Red-shouldered Parrot, Turcoisine Parrot, Turq, Turquoise Grass-Parakeet, turquoise parakeet, Turquoisine, Turquoisine Grass-Parrot, Turquoisine Parrot (ingles).
Perruche turquoisine (French).
Schönsittich (German).
Periquito-turquesa (Portuguese).
Papagayo Turquesa, Periquito Turquesa (español).

scientific classification:

George Shaw
George Shaw

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Neophema
Scientific name: Neophema pulchella
Citation: (Shaw, 1792)
Protonimo: Psittacus Goshawk

Images “Turquoise Parrot”:

Videos "Turquoise Parrot"


“Turquoise Parrot” (Neophema pulchella)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– Birdlife


(1) – Turquoise Parrot (Neophema pulchella), female; of: Lovebird by Daniel Wehmeyer –> Danweh – Wikimedia
(2) – “Neophema pulchella -Rainbow Jungle -Australia-8a” by Sheila Bradford – originally posted to Flickr as DSCF7029 turquoise parrot. Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(3) – “Neophema pulchella -Twycross Zoo, Leicestershire, England-8a” by stephen jones from uk – [1]Uploaded by Snowmanradio. Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(4) – “Turquoise Parrot (Neophema pulchella)-6” by Lip Kee Yap – originally posted to Flickr as Turquoise Parrot (Neophema pulchella). Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(5) – “Neophema pulchella pair Capertee Valley” by Lip Kee from Singapore, Republic of Singapore – Turquoise Parrot (Neophema pulchella). Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(6) – Jacques Barraband [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Marc Anderson (Xeno-canto)

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