Hooded Parrot
Psephotellus dissimilis

Hooded Parrot

Description

25,5 a 28 cm.. length and a weight between 50 and 60 g..

The Hooded Parrot (Psephotellus dissimilis) is a very striking species, restricted to the dry forests of the North of Australia. The male has a pileum black, their underparts are Turquoise with a patch in the shoulders golden yellow.

The females are pale green with a pale turquoise diffusion in the cheeks, abdomen and cadwas.

The Golden-shouldered Parrot, with which it is closely linked, is very similar in appearance, but they are only observed in the Cape York Peninsula, in the North of Queensland, and males differ in their tones slightly. The Hooded Parrot does the yellow colour in the forecrown or in the lores and the yellow markings of the shoulders and reddish of the belly, they are smaller than. The females they are very similar, but the Golden-shouldered Parrot It shows a faint red marks on the area, white, Bass belly, has the undertail- coverts Blue, bluish color of the belly is absent and the undertail- coverts They have a pinkish tone; also has a Brown Suffusion in the crown, a forecrown yellowish and the cheeks they are greener.

The Northern Rosella shares territory with the Hooded Parrot and also has a pileum black, but it lacks of the underparts Turquoise and yellow markings on the wings.

The Hooded Parrot they have an elegant flight, and males they are very bright with a Flash of bright yellow showing in the wings. The flight fast and slightly wavy. Bird perch, times, phone cables, and can make long flights at high altitude.

Providing more detail to its description, the Hooded Parrot has the pileum, lores and the area below and in front of the eyes, black, merging into grey-brown colour in the the mantle (darker uppers than the Golden-shouldered Parrot). The rump is turquoise blue and the uppertail-coverts green. Wing coverts golden yellow (grey dark in vane inner).

Flight feather Blackish with difusion-verde turquoise at the edge of the vane outer (thin yellow color at the outer edge). Feathers of the wings and bend of wing bluish green; underside of flight feather blackish brown. The cheeks, the neck and the chest Turquoise, lightly coated with emerald green; rest of the underparts Turquoise with the exception of undertail- coverts they are orange-red with yellow tips. Uppertail dark bars.

Central feathers of the tail Green bronze with black tips, side green blue with white tips, with a blackish central bar; undertail, the tail apparently light blue with black tips when it is closed. Bill pale grey; irises dark brown; legs light brown.

The female is usually pale, a light yellowish green, with wing-coverts a bright yellowish-green, flight feather blackish, and a turquoise color broadcasting in the rump, from the top of the breast to belly, and vaguely in the cheeks. Subcaudales coverts bathed in Pink salmon; pale marks in the wings.

The immature they are like the females, but males have the head darker and the cheeks bright. Adult plumage they would earn in the second annual moult.

The very young birds they have the peaks yellow.

Habitat:

Sedentary, Although some early records of the Melville Island they probably relate to the post breeding dispersal. Scattered sparsely through the open dry forests, flooded Plains, especially grasslands of Malaleuca-dominated and Spinifex Triodia, meadows with termite mounds, also in rows of eucalyptus trees along watercourses and the rocky ridges.

Usually, they are in pairs or in small groups, but after the breeding season, from September (end of the dry season) onwards, they may gather in groups of up to 100 birds feeding.

Reproduction:

Egg-laying range from late January until mid-April, at the end of the rainy season, the nest is a tunnel in a Termite Mound. The direction and height of the entrance of the nest is variable, but the temperatures in nest Chambers are more stable within the larger mounds. A recent study of the ecology of nesting in the Northern Territory showed a density of 0,45 a 0,70 nests per square kilometer, with a 50% the egg producing offspring. Between two and six eggs make up the implementation, and are incubated for around 20 days by the female. Within five weeks the hatchlings leave the nest. The females., sometimes, they sit away from their nests during the heat of the day.

Food:

The diet is composed, mainly, of pasture seeds seasonal during the dry season and perennial plants during the wet season. The variation in the ability to master the techniques of power for different types of seeds can explain the apparent early dispersal of immatures in the wet season. Birds feed on quietly on the floor, resting in the foliage near the water during the heat of the day. When drinking, they often walk into the water along banks of sand. They are sometimes seen feeding on road verges, often in association with the Black-faced Woodswallow (Artamus cinereus).

Distribution:

Endemic to North of Australia where is located in the western part of Arnhem Land, Northern Territory, from the South of the Alligator River, to the southwest of Pine Creek and the South-East of Include. Birds also are scattered over East and West until the rivers Roper and upper area of the Daly.

The Hooded Parrot formerly extended eastward to the MacArthur River, but its territory, covering the Kakadu National Park, It has contrataido in recent times.

In general, It rare. Although it is now fully protected. Capture is believed to it has been a problem in the past. Burning and grazing may limit the availability of herbs seeds during the dry season.

Mining also threatens the habitat of the species. There is a moderate number of birds in captivity.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The world population is estimated at 20.000 specimens (Garnett and Crowley 2000).

Population trends have not been quantified, but populations seem to be stable, without descents recent (Garnett and Crowley 2000).

The species is still common in areas under the administration of the Park Aboriginal and National, where the grazing is minimal and where there are programs that ensure its survival, or around the Rocky slopes, where is the availability of food in the rainy season relatively assured.

Perico Capirotado in captivity:

Although the popularity of the Hooded Parrot has increased considerably in the last decade, This species is still quite unknown in poultry. The main reason is, probably, that they are not easy to care for and reproduce in captivity, due to its high demands care and difficulty it in terms of its food supply. The Hooded Parrot they are not recommended for a beginner breeder birds.

No one knows exactly when these birds were imported for the first time to Europe, but it was probably at the beginning of the last century. In the autumn of 1912 English Hubert Astley It was who got the first satisfactory result of breeding with the Hooded Parrot, got 4 young people from a litter of 5. In the Netherlands, the Dr. Polak It also had results before the second world war. Once born the offspring, they were taken along with a couple of Red-rumped Parrot (Psephotus haematonotus) they grew up without any problem.

There is a variety of the Hooded Parrot because different crosses with other species such as Mulga Parrot (Psephotellus varius) and the the Golden-shouldered Parrot (Psephotellus chrysopterygius). Therefore, We must pay attention to the features when we are going to buy a couple of future players of this species. If you have doubts about the purity of certain birds, consult with a person who is familiar with this type of parrots.

In terms of the behavior, the Hooded Parrot adapt to the European climate relatively well, Although they are sensitive to the cold and damp climate. They are quiet birds, enable, not shy and that adapt quickly to their caregiver. His voice is not worrying. Love these birds being on the ground, where spend much time. They love to swim and are not rodents of wood. During the breeding season they are aggressive with other birds. Even outside the breeding season, It is not advisable to fit them with their peers or keep them with other bird species. Young birds together may stay in a birdhouse. As a basic rule, Ave predict an area of one square meter.

It is not known exactly how these birds can live, According to sources, a specimen was still alive after 18 years in captivity

Alternative names:

Hooded Parrot, Antbed Parrot, Anthill Parrot, Black-hooded Parakeet, Black-hooded Parrot, Golden-shouldered Parrot, Hooded Parakeet (English).
Perruche à capuchon noir (French).
Collettsittich, Hooded Sittich (German).
Periquito-encapuzado (Portuguese).
Perico Capirotado, Periquito encapuchado (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Psephotellus
Scientific name: Psephotellus dissimilis
Citation: Collett, 1898
Protonimo: Psephotus dissimilis

Hooded Parrot images :

————————————————————————————————

Hooded Parrot (Psephotellus dissimilis)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – A male Hooded Parrot, about 30 km south of Pine Creek, Northern Territory, Australia By birdphotosneill (Hooded ParrotUploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – A pair of Hooded Parrots, about 30 km south of Pine Creek, Northern Territory, Australia By birdphotosneill (Hooded ParrotsUploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A pair of Hooded Parrots about 30 Km south of Pine Creek, Northern Territory, Australia. The male is in the foreground By birdphotosneill (Hooded ParrotsUploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – By originally posted to Flickr as parkiet xxx and uploaded to commons at Psephotus_dissimilis_(female)_-Burgers_Zoo-8a.jpg: frank woutersderivative work: Snowmanradio (Psephotus_dissimilis_(female)_-Burgers_Zoo-8a.jpg) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Male Hooded Parrot (Psephotus dissimilis) – Sylvan Heights Waterfowl Park in Scotland Neck, North Carolina By SandyCole (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons

Golden-shouldered Parrot
Psephotellus chrysopterygius


Golden-shouldered Parrot

Description

26 cm. length between 54 and 56 g. of weight.

Golden-shouldered Parrot

The Golden-shouldered Parrot (Psephotellus chrysopterygius) males have a pileum black, the forecrown, the lores and orbital area yellow, slightly with blue-green tones. The black of the pileum merges gradually with the greyish Brown of the the mantle, with some blue on the back neck pink. The rump shows a beautiful turquesa color that contrasts slightly with the green color of the tail view from above.

The median bright yellow, they form a visible band in the wings. The greater coverts they have a dominant brown-black color with some small patches of Turquoise Blue clear.

The flight feather they are blackish with a turquoise-colored border around the vane outer. The underparts is blue. The lower parts are turquoise blue, except the lower abdomen and the lower part of the tail, that are red with bases and white finishes. The Central tail feathers they usually have a bluish-black-tipped bronze color. The lateral tail feathers they are blue-green with white tips. The underside of tail is white with a dark blue finish. The bill is pale-grey. The irises are dark brown, the legs brownish grey.

The females they have a yellowish-grey colour, along with opaque Brown wash on the top. In addition, they have the forecrown yellowish. The flanks, bottom of the chest and Hip they are shaded light blue. The belly is whitish grey with red spots. You can see a pale bars on the wings.

The immature are similar to the females, Although the young male they have a dark CAP and the cheeks more blue. Young people acquire their adult plumage final at the age of 16 months.

  • Sound of the Golden-shouldered Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Perico Aligualdo.mp3]

Habitat:

The Golden-shouldered Parrot they are birds sedentary. However, just after the nesting season, they can make short trips that lead to mangroves. At the time of playback, mainly frequent open forests of eucalyptus and logging and whose undergrowth is covered with a thick layer of grass. Within these areas, the Golden-shouldered Parrot nest, mainly, along with small partially invaded by water bowls. In the territory should, mandatory, Haber mounds of Earth made by termites, which are essential for the nesting of this species.

The Perico Aligualdor, usually, they live alone, in pairs or small family groups, but also sometimes gather in flocks of up to 30 individuals. These birds feed and quench your thirst first thing in the morning or in the evening. They rest in the foliage during the hottest times of the day. The Golden-shouldered Parrot they tend to feed on the ground, where venture with confidence. They find refuge in trees if bother them. They walk up to small pools of water where bathing and quench your thirst.

Reproduction:

The time of reproduction extends from April to August. During courtship, the male makes short flights around the female, rising from the front a short feather Crest and waving his chest feathers.

The Golden-shouldered Parrot they dig their nests in a termite still damp from recent rain.

There are two types of termite mounds that are usually used by this species:

– built by termites type conical termite mounds Scopulus

– semicircular termite mounds built by termites of the type laurensis.

The first are usually their favorite because the temperature is most constant, While in semicircular termite mounds, they often have the entrance North, which sometimes causes large thermal contrasts. The mound may contain several nesting rooms. The nest entrance is located between 45 and 125 cm above the ground. A long tunnel of 15 a 60 cm ends into a round hole in one 25 cm long.

The Golden-shouldered Parrot It lives in symbiosis with a moth:
The Trisyntopa Scatophaga that at the same time it lays its eggs in the nest of the parakeet. The larvae feed on feces and feathers of the juveniles, helping to keep the nest clean waste.

The female lays of 4 a 7 eggs who is responsible for incubating single for almost 20 days. The young man takes around 5 weeks to acquire all their feathers and leaving the nest. A week after hatching, the male joins the female to feed the offspring. He stands guard at the top of the nest for long periods of the day. When he brings the food, notifies the female's arrival, emitting loud cries. When it is time to leave the nest the young are able to fly inside the tunnel without landing. After the flight, they continue to be fed by adults during at least 2 weeks. They remain in the family group for quite some time. To the dispersal of family groups, young males are away more of their places of birth than young females.

Food:

Outside the breeding season, the Golden-shouldered Parrot they have a diet almost exclusively vegetarian. They remain of the seeds of grasses Panicum or Eragostris. They often feed on seeds falls of different plants. During the rainy season, When these resources become scarcer, It is likely that it depends on the species of plants that can be found throughout the year.

Distribution:

Endemic to the northeast of Australia, where is distributed only in a small area north of the River Morehead and South of Musgrave, to the North of Queensland. There are currently at least four populations, each with between 30 and 100 birds, so the world's population can be of no more than 500 individuals, or 150 breeding pairs. Other more recent sources estimate the spawning in around 2.500 individuals mature (Garnett et to the., 2011).

A record of 1980 It extended its known range North to the Pascoe River, but in general it has contracted significantly in recent 100 years, prior records were situated towards the South, until around Normanton.

They were largely trapped in the past, especially since the mid of 1960 until the beginning of 1970. However, grazing and burning of crop residues, the spread of tea trees Leptospermum, predation by cats and the disruption of nests by tourists, It may have played one major role in the decline of the species.

Despite the fact that is protected, probably continue some screenshots.
Some individuals in captive.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Danger

• Population trend: Decreasing

The breeding population has been estimated at around 2.500 individuals mature (Garnett et to the., 2011)

Historically, There were three confirmed breeding populations: from Coen a Port Stewart, According to sources in the Decade of 1920, River Musgrave-Moorhead where the population has shrunk significantly and continues to decline, and to the West of Chillagoe where the population persists, with a stable trend. In general, the population is suspected that it may now be decreasing (Garnett and Crowley 2000), Although the likely rate of decline has not been estimated.

The species has suffered terribly from poaching in the Decade of 1960 and the early 70 Although this bird is protected, There are still such practices.
Today, the Golden-shouldered Parrot faced with new threats: the development of new agricultural lands and the destruction of the traditional habitats where distributed.

Perico Aligualdo in captivity:

The Golden-shouldered Parrot It has always been a rare guest of aviaries in the world. However, Currently, there are more birds in captivity of those existing in freedom, which demonstrates the difficulties encountered by these birds in their natural habitat.

This species is not recommended for beginners; prices already are high enough to discourage potential buyers, only the true fans virtually “Professional”.

A small group composed of one male and seven females of Golden-shouldered Parrot they came to Britain in 1897. These birds were forerunners, but the first known result of successful reproduction dates of 1961. Is inscribed with the name of Alan Lendon an Australian.
The second reproductive success corresponds to a German W. Etterich, This was in 1966. R. Burkard Zurich succeeded in 1968. In addition, in 1954, a so-called Australian breeder Edward Hallstrom He got sixteen hybrids after the mating of two males of Golden-shouldered Parrot with females of Hooded Parrot.
Currently there are many impure birds in the aviaries of fans and thats a shame. These are mostly young females hybrid. These birds do not have the opaque yellow band on the front and, Therefore, one can easily recognize, female purebred if they have the yellow tape and a bronze-colored Crown clear.

The Golden-shouldered Parrot a temperate maritime climate does not resist; they are very sensitive to the cold moisture. Apart from that, It's a peaceful and active bird, She is not shy and quickly forged a friendship with your caregiver. His voice is melodious, with what does not bother the neighbors. You spend much time on the ground and like, often, bathing. They are aggressive during breeding with other birds and it is not appropriate to keep abroad with other species; interactions with other birds are often problematic.

Alternative names:

Golden-shouldered Parrot, Antbed Parrot, Anthill Parrot, Chestnut-crowned Parakeet, Chestnut-crowned Parrot, Golden shouldered Parrot, golden-shouldered parakeet, Golden-shouldered Parrot (chrysopterygius), Golden-winged Parakeet, Golden-winged Parrot (ingles).
Perruche à ailes d’or, Perruche à ailes d’or (chrysopterygius) (francés).
Goldschultersittich (alemán).
Periquito-de-asas-douradas (portugués).
Perico Aligualdo, Perico de Alas Amarillas, Loro Hombroamarillo, Periquito de Espalda Dorada (español).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Psephotellus
Scientific name: Psephotellus chrysopterygius
Citation: Gould, 1857
Protonimo: Psephotus chrysopterygius

————————————————————————————————

Golden-shouldered Parrot (Psephotellus chrysopterygius)


Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Male Golden-shouldered Parrot at Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia By TheGirlsNY (originally posted to Flickr as Pretty bird) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Golden-shouldered Parakeet (Psephotus chrysopterygius) – watercolor, Romain Risso By Gossipguy (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Phil Gregory (Xeno-canto)

Mulga Parrot
Psephotellus varius

Mulga Parrot

Description

27 a 28 cm. length between 53 and 70 g. of weight.

Mulga Parrot

The plumage of the Mulga Parrot (Psephotellus varius) It, in general, color bright green. A yellow band on the front and a variable red spot adorns the back of the crown. The abdomen and the thighs are yellow, more or less stained Red. The uppertail-coverts are bright green, with a reddish blotch at the base of the tail. The lower area of the back It has a greenish-blue band bordered above and below with a dark bluish green line;. The curvature of the wings are turquoise and the blankets they have a yellow-orange tone forming a patch on the wing. The central feathers of the tail are green bronze, changing to greenish-blue. The outer feathers of the tail are green-blue on the bottom and white on the tip. The bottom of the tail It has a pale blue base and a finish in black. The bill is dark gray. The irises Brown, legs grey.

In the female, the head, the back and top of the chest a color is brownish olive. The feathers of the lower parts are light green. The headband orange-yellow is barely noticeable and, often dyed red bermejo. The place that adorns the back of the crown is opaque reddish. The patch of the wing is red, not yellow as in the male.

The youth they are much more muted than their parents. Young females have small blankets Green bordered of Red, giving a scaly appearance to the latter. Among young males, the red in the abdomen and the thighs is practically missing.

Habitat:

The Mulga Parrot generally prefers dry open habitats and lightly wooded Plains, where can find a great variety of vegetation. Found in scrubland Mallee and, in plots of Acacia, Casuarina, and also in the regions where small trees of eucalyptus They punctuate the stretches of sand. They are also present in the rocky hills or rocky cliffs.

They survive in dry areas, but in these cases, often sit near sources or temporary streams. The Mulga Parrot they owe their English name (Mulga Parrot) the fact that his rank often coincides with areas of Mulga, It is the vernacular name of Aboriginal origin, It is used to describe the semi-arid vegetation that covers the largest part the Australian continent. Mulga It appoints to the extension of the ecosystem or landscape in which Acacia are the dominant vegetation type. This does not mean that this species is strictly dependent on this habitat type.

Unlike in the Red-rumped Parrot, the Mulga Parrot is a quiet and reserved bird. This species usually lives in pairs or small family groups, rarely in large flocks. Most of the time, looking for food on the ground, in the shade of the trees at the edge of a road.

They show a great familiarity and usually allow to photograph them at close range. When it manifests some distrust, They walk away a short distance, to a tree and then return to Earth as soon as the intruder has moved away. On the other hand, When it comes to drinking, they are very cautious, as well as when they rest in the treetops, where are trying to keep hidden.

Reproduction:

They hold the nesting period between the months of July and December, but also at other times of the year, provided that is a rainy month. The processions are very similar to the of the Red-rumped Parrot (Psephotus haematonotus) and includes mutual grooming.

The nest It is often found in a cavity in a tree, However, They also use nests of others parakeets or other openings such as tunnels dug on the banks.

The nests of the Mulga Parrot they are often found in small stunted trees, at low altitude above the ground. However, places near the rivers provide locations that are to a greater height.

The female incubated during 19 days, While the male mounts guard close to stock up your food partner and warn of possible dangers.

The chicks, they leave the nest four weeks after hatching. Immediately after take-off, they join adults to form family groups.

Food:

The Mulga Parrot they feed on grass seeds, acacia seeds, berries, mistletoe and fruits. They complement your menu with different varieties of insects.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 3.330.000 km2

Endemic to the southern part of the Australian continent. Its range covers the entire southern part of Western Australia, except the forest area of ​​south west. It continues along the Great Australian Bight, Southern Australia and reaching the state of Victoria. Ends in southeast New South Wales, but does not cross the Great dividing range and it kept at great distance from the coast. Despite the large size of its territory (more than 3 million square kilometers), the species is considered monotypic (no subspecies).

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Decreasing

The Mulga Parrot they are widespread and relatively common in appropriate habitats.

Since the European colonization, the species seems to have significantly changed their habitat and is now more common in the grain belt in the desert.

The population, currently estimated at around 100.000 birds, It is slightly decreasing in the South due to the thinning areas of Mallee. In general, is not endangered. Classified by the IUCN as it does not present major problems.

Perico Variado in captivity:

It is in 1861 that the Mulga Parrot they arrived in Europe. The first issue was exposed to the public at the Zoo in London. The first case of reproduction of this species dates back in the year 1876 in charge of the SR. Verviers in France. For a long time, These birds were known for being unreliable. That may be true, but the Mulga Parrot who are captives now in Europe support good climate, Although they seem a little less solid than the Red-rumped Parrot (Psephotus haematonotus). It is possible that this is one of reasons why have been much less popular in aviaries that the Red-rumped Parrot.
Despite this, It is a parakeet can be advised to novice fans. The varied Perico often show minor differences in color and design. This is not anything unusual, This phenomenon is also known among the birds living in the wild. It is even possible to see the small differences in the same nest, If you look well.
These birds always in motion they are not suitable to be captive as company bird in a small cage.

These are relatively strong birds, they withstand the cold relatively well, Although they are sensitive to very low temperatures. They are birds peaceful and assets. Quickly show confidence to their caregiver. The sound of his voice is melodious. It is a bird that likes to raise. Like to be on the ground and, often spend their time grooming are. They also love to bathe. On the other hand, they are large rodents.
They are aggressive during the breeding season when they are in the company of other birds, even if it can be accommodated with conspecifics and other species of large birds, that will have no trouble, If the space in which birds are kept is large enough.

With regard to its longevity, a sample lived 11,8 years in captivity. In captivity, estas aves se han conocido casos de reproducción con 1 año de edad.

Alternative names:

Mulga Parrot, Many-colored Parakeet, Many-colored Parrot, Many-coloured Parakeet, Many-coloured Parrot, Varied Parrot (English).
Perruche multicolore (French).
Vielfarbensittich (German).
Periquito-de-mulga (Portuguese).
Perico Variado, Periquito multicolor (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Psephotellus
Scientific name: Psephotellus varius
Citation: Clark, AH, 1910
Protonimo: Psephotus varius

Mulga Parrot images :


Mulga Parrot (Psephotellus varius)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • Anage: El Animal Envejecimiento y Longevidad de base de datos – AnAge entry for Psephotus varius

  • Photos:

(1) – Mulga Parrot (Psephotus varius), Northern Territory, Australia By Christopher Watson (http://www.comebirdwatching.blogspot.com/) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – A male Mulga Parrot at Gluepot Reserve, South Australia, Australia. Male By David Cook Wildlife Photography from Wamboin, NSW, Australia [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Mulga Parrot (Psephotus varius) Currawinya NP, SW Queensland, Australia By Aviceda (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Mulga Parrot (Psephotus varius), Northern Territory, Australia By Christopher Watson (http://www.comebirdwatching.blogspot.com/) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – A male Mulga Parrot (also known as the Many-coloured Parrot at Wyperfeld National Park, Victoria, Australia By David Cook Wildlife Photography [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Parrots in captivity /. London :George Bell and Sons,1884-1887 [i.e. 1883-1888] – Flickr

Red-rumped Parrot
Psephotus haematonotus

Red-rumped Parrot

Description

27 a 30 cm. length between 55 and 85 g. of weight.

The Red-rumped Parrot (Psephotus haematonotus) It has a bright pale green head, slightly iridescent, with the front of the crown Blue pale and diffusion in the throat. Mantle Green grey with stripes dark fine; floor area of the back and Hip, Scarlet pale; uppertail-coverts bright green. Curve of the wing blue-violet shiny; carpal edge dark blue; small coverts bluish green, the external medium yellow, the inner of a pale blue-green; greater coverts, bluish green, clearer internal; primary coverts dark blue. Flight feather Blackish with vane external edges and dark blue yellowish; tertiarys grey-green with vane Dark internal. Wing feathers dark blue. Green light the chest with a broadcasting slightly yellow, belly bright yellow, feathers of the chest and belly with stripes more dark very fine; the thighs, vent and undertail- coverts off-white, sometimes blur of yellowish-green. Upper, the tail Green feathered side of greenish-blue with white tips; by down whitish appearance when it is closed.

Bill black; irises brown; legs grey.

The female It is much more off than the male, usually greyish green. With white spots on the ear-coverts, the upper part of the chest is grey olive clear with fringed slightly more dark and the belly whitish with a blue-green light diffusion. The wing-coverts are of a gray olive more uniform that it's the male (medium-sized coverts pale blue). The vane outside of the flight feather they are more muted and more greenish, with the tail green. The bill and the irises are more pale, with some brands shaped pale wing bar.

The immature They also have a pale bar on the wings. Males are darker, with more olive than females and a rump with a narrow margin of Red; The feathers greenish blue begin to show in the head, the chest and wing-coverts first.

The adult plumage was purchased in two or three months, the male young retain the bar of wing and have it rump more off for another year.

  • Sound of the Red-rumped Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Perico Dorsirrojo.mp3]

Description 2 subspecies

  • Psephotus haematonotus caeruleus

    (Condom 1941) – Adults of both sexes are more pale in color, the male is a shade more blue, the Central undertail feathers they have more nuances blue and red of the rump is more pale; the nape and the the mantle of the female are more grayish Green

  • Psephotus haematonotus haematonotus

    (Gould 1838) – The nominal.

Habitat:

The Red-rumped Parrot usually sedentary, but some movements of flocks with farming jobs have been recorded at the edges of its range.

They prefer open terrain and trees of ribera, grasslands and croplands until 1.000 meters above sea level, where the annual precipitation is inferior to 800 mm. They are also found in suburban areas, having canevale for golf courses, roadsides and parks, and locally in the mangroves.

Are usually replaced by the Bluebonnet and Mulga Parrot in more humid areas.

They are usually in pairs or small groups, but they are not uncommon flocks of 100 copies or more during the subsequent breeding season. These groups maintain the partner link and mutual grooming is common. The Red-rumped Parrot are sociable, and to retire to the roosts are constantly called.

Reproduction:

The breeding season of the Red-rumped Parrot extends from July to January, Although you can rely more on the rains in the North than elsewhere. The courtship the male consists of head and tail Wiggles, as well as the pose of alas-caidas.

The nesting they tend to occur in small colonies, often resulting in disputes between couples. The nest usually in a hollow tree, in different heights, often in a eucalyptus, also you can place in a tree stump or even the eaves of a building can provide a suitable place. Between two and eight eggs (usually four to five) they form the laying. The female incubates alone for around 20 days, regularly fed by the male.

The pricipio, males remain in small groups, but as the chicks grow, These groups begin to disperse and males joined young people directly in the moments of eating. Young people take to abandon the nest between four to six weeks.

Food:

The Red-rumped Parrot they tend to feed on the ground, but it is also common to see them feeding in trees and shrubs.

The diet includes a mix of grasses and herbs, also seed sprouts, leaves, flowers and grain. They rest during the heat of the day and they can remain hidden, unless you disturb them.

Distribution:


Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 1.930.000 km2

The Red-rumped Parrot are confined to the southeast of Australia, from the North of the Peninsula of Eyre and Yorke, in the South of Australia, until the Montes Flinders, the basin of the Lake Eyre and Innamincka in the Northeast. The species expands eastward through Victoria, having come up to Melbourne in the middle of the Decade of 1970.

In the news, the species is still scarce in the eastern end of the State. However, in New South Wales can be found around Sydney and along the coast towards the North, extending inward across the fullest part of New South Wales (largely absent in the Northwest of the Darling river,).

In Queensland reaches Windorah, in the West and the surrounding area of Charleville, Chinchilla and Brisbane, in the East.

Its population is common and growing in the North and to the South coast of Queensland, to the South of New South Wales, benefiting from the expansion of agriculture.

The world population is more of 200.000 specimens and the species is protected by law.

Distribution 2 subspecies

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Crecent

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, It is estimated over the 200.000 specimens.

Considered as a bird common to abundant in some parts of its area of distribution, do not believe that the Red-rumped Parrot is in danger of extinction, Although there is some evidence that the numbers they may be decreasing slightly. The reasons for this are not clear.

As the Red-rumped Parrot It is immersed in the pet trade, This species is included in the Appendix II the Convention on international trade in endangered species (CITES), which means that all international trade in this species should be carefully controlled.

Red-backed parrot in captivity:

You have a nice voice. It is active and not particularly shy. It can be kept with other parrots outside the breeding season.

The Red-rumped Parrot (Psephotus h. Psephotus) It is one of the species of breeding parakeets more common in captivity. The first imports of Australia they arrived in the middle of the 19TH century. In 1857, the Zoo's London announced the first reproduction successful with this species. Other reproductive success would continue in Germany and Netherlands, already in 1860.

It's a tough species recommended for novice breeders. The Red-rumped Parrot It is very tolerant of our climate and prefers an Aviary in the open air all year round.

You can play from the age of one year; being two years total maturity age. Playing at the end of the winter, early spring. It usually has two to three broods.

The El Perico shrike is also used as a foster parent. Breeders have used their good reproductive provisions for more delicate species such as the Australian King-Parrot (Alisterus scapuleris), the Red-winged Parrot (Apromictus erytropterus) or other species of Polytelis.

The first mutation mentioned back in the middle of the Decade of 1930. This mutation of Australian origin was named as Yellow before later being renamed as Green cake. Currently known as cinnamon.

Other mutations emerged later as the panache, blue, lutino, opaline, etc … In the news, This species is very common in aviaries. Observations show a unrecognized majority of mutated subjects and a worrisome decline in wild phenotypes. Reasonably, It is likely that the wild phenotypes genetically pure are extremely rare nowadays.

According to sources, a sample lived 12,2 years in captivity.

Alternative names:

Red-rumped Parrot, Grass Parrot, Grassie, Green Leek, Ground Parrot, Red rumped Parrot, Red-backed Parakeet, Red-backed Parrot, Redrump, Red-rumped Grass Parakeet, Red-rumped Parakeet (English).
Perruche à croupion rouge (French).
Singsittich (German).
Periquito-dorso-vermelho (Portuguese).
Perico de Dorso Rojo, Perico Dorsirrojo, Periquito de Rabadilla Roja, Cotorra de rabadilla roja, Espalda roja, Periquito cantor (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Psephotus
Scientific name: Psephotus haematonotus
Citation: (Gould, 1838)
Protonimo: Platycercus haematonotus

Images Red-rumped Parrot:

————————————————————————————————

Red-rumped Parrot (Psephotus haematonotus)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– Anage: The Animal Ageing and Longevity Database – Anagé entry for Psephotus haematonotus
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – A male Red-rumped Parrot by Yarra River, Victoria, Australia By Andrea (originally posted to Flickr as rainbow parrot) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – A male Red-rumped Parrot near Lake Ginninderra, Canberra, Australia By Duncan McCaskill (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Red-rumped Parrot in Capertee Valley, Blue Mountains, NSW, Australia. The red rump is seen only in male By Lip Kee Yap from Singapore, Republic of Singapore [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Red-rumped Parrot male (Psephotus haematonotus) – Flickr by Patrick_K59
(5) – Red-rumped Parrot (Psephotus haematonotus) Photographed @ Yarra Bend Park, Melbourne, Australia – Flickr

Sounds: Peter Woodall (Xeno-canto)

Northern Rosella
Platycercus venustus

Northern Rosella

Description

28 cm.. length between 85 and 100 g. of weight.

Northern Rosella

The Northern Rosella (Platycercus venustus) they have a whitish beaks, black head, except the bottom of the cheeks and Chin that show a cream color. Their underparts feathers, lower back and rump, are pale yellow with black trim, giving these areas a look slightly flaky.

The curves of the wings are blue.

The subcaudales coverts are bright red. Nape, mantle and scapulars are black with broad yellow edges, forming an effect of shoulder straps. Blankets are black. The medium-sized coverts are bluish grey. The rest of the wing coverts are black with edges of yellow or blue grey. Deployed primaries are black. The Central tail feathers are verde-bronce while the outer feathers are dark blue with clear or white edges.

The females they are slightly smaller than the male, with the narrower peak.

The youth they are more turned off, with red markings on the head, and with more green and short tail feathers. Reaches it adult plumage in 12 months.

Subspecies description

  • Platycercus venustus hilli (Mathews 1910) – Adults are similar to the nominal species but with bottoms scalloped with a sweeping black and the bottom of the cheeks of violet blue colour.
  • Platycercus venustus venustus (Kuhl 1820) – The nominal.

Habitat:

The Northern Rosella they are unusual or are irregularly distributed in the mixed forests of eucalyptus and Melaleuca. They are usually found in areas along the rivers but they are absent in the alluvial plains along major rivers. They are also present in the monsoon forests bordering open forests. From time to time, the Northern Rosella visit mangroves, parks and gardens in the vicinity of Darwin.

The Northern Rosella they live in pairs or in small groups ranging between 6 and 8 specimens. You rarely see them in flocks. They are usually very cautious and discreet, except in national parks where they are accustomed to human presence. They are more arboreal than other parrots of the genus habits Rosella. The funny Perico are difficult to observe, whether on land or hidden in the foliage in the trees. They are most active in the morning and at the end of the afternoon. They show great caution when they come to drink at water points. When moving, their flight is fast, but unpredictable and less undulating than most of the parrots.

Reproduction:

The nesting season extends from June to September, Sometimes a little earlier. The Northern Rosella install their nests in hole of a branch or the trunk of a tree cavity, usually in eucalyptus located within walking distance of a Brook. Implementation usually includes between 2 and 4 eggs that are incubated during 19 days. The female is only responsible for incubation and is fed in the nest by a partner. The chicks stay is relatively long and may last up to 7 weeks.

Food:

The Northern Rosella feed mainly on seeds of eucalyptus, Acacia and Melaleuca Although they despise the of the Blue Cypress (Callitris intratropica). Also its menu are the seeds of green areas and nectar. The birds that live in the forests near the coast sometimes feed on the coast and along the banks of small streams.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 785.000 km2

Scattered through the coastal areas of the region of Kimberley, Western Australia, stretches of the North of the Northern Territory, and spreading over the border of Queensland at its eastern end.

The species is distributed from around Napier Ranges, in the Western region of Kimberley, to the East across the plateau of Kimberley and reaching the inside of Springvale. Below, crosses the border of the Northern Territory, spreading with its southern boundary along of the Victoria River, inside, about Katherine, and along the McArthur River. Also located along of the Nicholson River at the border of Queensland, and are distributed by a series of Islands on the coast including Koolan, Augusto, Coronation, Bathurst and Melville. Is occasionally in the suburbs of Darwin.

The species is generally rare throughout its range. The world's population is less of 50.000, and may that declining. A small number of captive.

Fully protected by law.

Distribution of subspecies

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The Northern Rosella they have a very unequal distribution. At most, they can be considered locally common, but in any part of their range they are evaluated as abundant.

Despite the studies that have been conducted since the 19th century, It is not possible to discern whether numbers are increasing or decreasing. It is possible that its population has always been limited, given the difficulty of finding refuge during the dry season.

Its population, According to some sources, It is estimated at around 50.000 specimens.

Funny parrot in captivity:

Bastante tranquilos y tímidos. Incompatible con otras aves.

It is not common in captivity, incluso en la avicultura de Australia

In terms of their longevity, una muestra, According to sources, lived 19,1 years in captivity

Alternative names:

Northern Rosella, Brown’s Parakeet, Brown’s Rosella, Smutty Parakeet, Smutty Parrot, Smutty Rosella, White-cheeked Rosella (English).
Perruche gracieuse, Perruche de Brown (French).
Brownsittich, Brown Sittich, Brown-Sittich, Schwarzkopfsittich (German).
Rosela-do-norte (Portuguese).
Perico Gracioso, Rosela del Norte (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Platycercus
Scientific name: Platycercus venustus
Citation: (Kuhl, 1820)
Protonimo: parrot charming

Northern Rosella images:

————————————————————————————————

Northern Rosella (Platycercus venustus)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
– Anage: The Animal Ageing and Longevity Database – AnAge entry for Platycercus venustus

Photos:

(1) – Platycercus – loros tipo Rosella – popugaychiki
(2) – Northern rosella taken in Litchfield National Park – A BRIEF DIGRESSION ON PARROTS
(3) – Alan Marshall’s Pictures of Northern Rosella (Platycercus venustus) in the NT (Northern Territory) of Australia
(4) – Alan Marshall’s Pictures of Northern Rosella (Platycercus venustus) in the NT (Northern Territory) of Australia
(5) – By TJ Lin from Taiwan (DSCN8954Uploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Rosellas, Northern – Princenton University Press

Western Rosella
Platycercus icterotis

Western Rosella

Description

25 a 26 cm. length and a weight between 52 and 80 g..

Western Rosella

The Western Rosella (Platycercus icterotis) is the smallest of the Platycercus and the only large cheeks Yellow.

Adults have a clear dimorphism. The adult male has head and underparts bright red. The the mantle feathers, the back and scapulars They are black with large green edges forming a scalloped effect. Green edges sometimes infiltrated Red. The inner coverts They are dull green, While the external are dark blue. In the Middle, you can see some black on median. The primaries son negruzcas. The rump is dark green. The Central tail feathers are dark green, the exteriors are blue with white tips. The underparts It has no stripe.
The bill grey; irises dark brown; legs Brown grey.

The adult female has the forecrown dark red. The crown and the sides of the neck are green. The cheeks are yellow, but duller and less developed than in the male. The underparts They are green with red infiltrations. The under wing wearing a light streak.

The immature are similar to the females. They have head green with a strip of orange red on the front of the forecrown. The cheeks Yellow absent. The underparts is pale green with slight red orange infiltration in young men.
The adult plumage It is reached after a quick complete change to 14 months.

  • Sound of the Western Rosella.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Perico Carigualdo.mp3]

Description 2 subspecies

  • Platycercus icterotis icterotis

    (Temminck & Kuhl 1820) – The nominal.

  • Platycercus icterotis xanthogenys

    (Salvadori 1891) – The cheeks They are paler; black feathers nape; back and shoulders lined with large red brown. Area of the rump and uppertail-coverts, Olive Drab. Female much paler than the nominal.

Habitat and habits:

The Western Rosella they are not very common. Found in variable densities in stands of eucalyptus and in many types of open forest habitats. They also attend camps with little trees, partially cleared farm fields and residual trees lining the fields of cereal or the sides of the roads. They tend to visit the gardens and freshly harvested fields. They occasionally enter the parks, gardens and golf courses.

In areas close to the coast, the Western Rosella, without a doubt, they have benefited from the transformation of the dense woods on agricultural land. On the other hand, they were expelled from the Inland deforestation programmes on a large scale.

The Western Rosella they suffer the aggressive competition Australian Ringneck (Platycercus zonarius) that shares the same habitat type.

They are birds sedentary. Usually, they live in pairs or in small groups, and it is very rare to find them in flocks. Are quiet and discrete, so very often go unnoticed when they feed in Earth or when they seek refuge in the trees.

Around the houses, the Western Rosella they are very confident, coming into barns and corrals to feed on grain. Unlike other parrots, they have a stable flight consisting of multiple hits. Move over short distances, preferring to fly from one tree to another, instead of crossing open spaces.

Reproduction:

The nesting season running from August to December.

The nest It is in a branch hole or cavity of a tree trunk. The couple often choose a eucalyptus wandoo the genus eucalyptus salmonophloia. The cavity must be deep enough and the Fund should be lined with a layer of sawdust.

Before mating, the male courts to your partner. Leaning forward on his perch launching very specific cries. If the female agrees, responds in the same way.

The laying, generally, comprises of 3 a 7 eggs which are incubated during 19 days. The female is responsible for one incubation, but she pauses in the morning and in the afternoon to be resupplied by the male.

The Young people are altricial and do not fly away before reaching the age of 5 weeks.

Food:

They mainly eat seeds of grasses and other plants that are in stubble fields. They also feed on fruits, berries, Jarrah flowers (Eucalyptus marginata) and seeds of the Zamia Palm.

Often in orchards where cause some damage.

Distribution:

Size of its range (reproduction / resident): 308.000 km2

Endemic of Western Australia, where its population is distributed between the vicinity of Dongara, in the North and Israelite Bay, on the South Coast, and reaching the interior in a line that goes more or less through the Lake Dundas, Southern Cross and Moora. Sometimes found in parks in Perth.

The species is common and appears to have benefited from the felling of forests and agriculture. The world's population is of more than 100,000 specimens. A small number of captive. The birds can be pursued under a permit.

Distribution 2 subspecies

  • Platycercus icterotis icterotis

    (Temminck & Kuhl 1820) – The nominal. Coast and Southwest podrebere Australia.

  • Platycercus icterotis xanthogenys

    (Salvadori 1891) – Southwest Interior Australia.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Decreasing

The species is relatively common, as the majority of birds that live in open areas, the Western Rosella It has benefited, to some extent, the slimming of the wooded areas. However, their numbers have declined in areas in which confronts the aggressive competition Australian Ringneck. In addition, the difficulty to find holes for the construction of nests is a concern in the long run.

The Western Rosella is one protected species, However in some counties, a period was opened to try to regulate or stop the damage caused by this bird in crops.

Perico Carigualdo in captivity:

Pretty common in captivity.

Una muestra vivió 13,2 years in captivity. Taking into account the longevity of the similar species, the maximum longevity in these birds could be underestimated. In fact it has been reported that these birds can live up to 31,6 years in captivity, data that can be, but it has not been verified; the same study reported that these animals can reproduce, approximately, to the 2 years of age in captivity.

Alternative names:

Western Rosella, Earl of Derby’s Parrot, Stanley Parakeet, Stanley Rosella, West Australian Rosella, Yellow-cheeked Parakeet, Yellow-cheeked Parrot, Yellow-cheeked Rosella (English).
Perruche à oreilles jaunes, Perruche de Stanley (French).
Gelbwangenrosella (German).
Rosela-do-leste (Portuguese).
Perico Carigualdo, Rosela Oriental (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Platycercus
Scientific name: Platycercus icterotis
Citation: (Temminck & Kuhl, 1820)
Protonimo: Psittacus icterotis

Images Western Rosella:

————————————————————————————————

Western Rosella (Platycercus icterotis)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– Anage: The Animal Ageing and Longevity Database – Anagé entry for Platycercus icterotis
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – By derivative work: Snowmanradio (talk)Western_Rosella_(Platycercus_icterotis)-5.jpg: Robert Young [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – By Luke Durkin (IMG_0526Uploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – By Hervé (zoo_090912_518.jpgUploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – “Platycercus icterotis1“. Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(5) – By Robert Young (originally posted to Flickr as Mmmm, wet bread) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – John Gould [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: John Graff (Xeno-canto)

Pale-headed Rosella
Platycercus adscitus

Perico pale

Description

30 cm.. length and a weight between 100 and 175 g..

Pale-headed Rosella

The adult male of the Pale-headed Rosella (Platycercus adscitus), has the head pale yellow. The part superior of the cheeks is whitish in contrast with the part below that is of color blue light. Upper chest is yellow, the lower part of the chest and the abdomen are blue. The coverts They show a beautiful red hue. The the mantle, the back and scapulars are black with broad yellow edges, these areas giving a scaly appearance.

The tail is of color yellow uniform. The external coverts are dark blue. The central feathers of the tail are dark blue, but the outer feathers are more pale with thin white edges. The bottom has no stripe.

The bill is white. The irises Brown, legs grey.

The female is different from the male, its color is more off and has a strip at the bottom of the wings.

The immature they have grayish feathers ending in yellow or orange-red at the top of the crown and the neck. The red feathers lose them about three months. The bottom of the wings is scratched. They acquire adult plumage in about 16 months.

  • Sound of the Pale-headed Rosella.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Perico Palido.mp3]

Description 2 subspecies:

  • Platycercus adscitus adscitus

    (Latham 1790) – The nominal

  • Platycercus adscitus palliceps

    (Lear 1832) – 32 cm.. length. It is something most large that the nominal species. The white color of the face is more extensive, coming up to the neck. Crown, nape and ear-coverts are pale yellow. The blue of the chest presents tonalities yellowishwhite and the feathers of the chest they have a thin lined black. The shoulders with wide verdosa-amarilla blue staining. Bottom of the flight feather white.

Habitat:

The Pale-headed Rosella they are common in all types of habitats of open forests, either scrub, scattered forests with logging, the rows of trees along the rivers or marshes. They are also found in the wooded heaths which surround the coast and which are dominated by trees of the genus Banksia.

Avoid plunging into the thick forests, giving preference to the clear, meadows at the edges or directly border the plots. They also penetrate the surrounding farmland to feed.

They are birds of the lower regions, rarely rising above 700 meters and voluntarily leaving altitudes to the Crimson Rosella in dense forests and semi-montanosas areas.

Reproduction:

In the North, the Pale-headed Rosella They nest in the months of February to June, with some variations depending on the frequency of rains.

In the South, the breeding season are produced starting from September until the month of December.

These birds build their nests in deep a sick or healthy tree cavity, preferably a eucalyptus located near a river.
Other places that tend to choose are: a hole in a stump or a hole in an any fence post.

The spawning generally includes between 3 and 5 eggs. The female incubates alone during 19 days, but as soon as the eggs are incubated, It receives assistance from the male that helps feed the young.

The chicks leave the nest after 5 weeks.

Food:

The Pale-headed Rosella they are mostly vegetarian. They consume a lot of plants, We have identified about 50 plant species. Similar to the Eastern Rosella, the Pale-headed Rosella It feeds mainly in the trees. The seeds of eucalyptus, Acacias, Melaleuca, Black Cypress of Australia, acanthus and spiny Thistles, they are your favorite foods. The flowers and fruits some species also form part of their diet.

The Pale-headed Rosella they are often real pests for the gardens and fields of corn.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 1.470.000 km2

Confined to the East of Australia, where is dispersed through of the Cape York Peninsula, coming to the South up to the Gilbert River in the West, and extending to the South along the coast East of Queensland to the North of New South Wales.

In Queensland its inner boundary runs approximately through Croydon, Richmond, Lomgreach, Charleville and Bingara.

Are also distributed by the Fraser Island and around Brisbane, as well as in other coastal districts.

In New South Wales, the population is limited to the Northeast, extending toward the interior of Bourke and to the South up to around Coffs Harbour, on the coast.

Escapes have been recorded in Sydney and Melbourne, and there was an introduction without success in Hawaii at the beginning of this century.

The species coexists in the same altitude with the Eastern Rosella in the southeast of Queensland.

Common in the habitat within its range.

The world's population is above the 100.000 specimens.

Moderate in captivity numbers.

Fully protected.

Distribution 2 subspecies:

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Growing

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, It is estimated at around 100,000 specimens.

The species according to reports, It is abundant in much of their range (pit et to the. 1997).

They have benefited from the elucidation of forests and the development of crops of fruit trees and farm fields. However, a major limitation is its acquisition as a popular bird of company, marketed as Blue cheek parakeet. Each year, hundreds of birds are illegally captured in the wild.

Perico Pallid in captivity:

Common in Europe, not so much in the United States.

Active and moderately loud. Aggressive with other birds. A little susceptible to stress and disease.

Alternative names:

Pale-headed Rosella, Blue Rosella, Blue-cheeked Parakeet, Blue-cheeked Rosella, Mealy Parakeet, Mealy Rosella, Moreton Bay Parakeet, Moreton Bay Rosella, Pale headed Rosella, White-cheeked Rosella, White-headed Rosella (English).
Perruche à tête pâle, Perruche palliceps (French).
Blasskopfrosella (German).
Rosela-pálida (Portuguese).
Perico Pálido, Rosela de Cabeza Pálida (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Platycercus
Scientific name: Platycercus adscitus
Citation: (Latham, 1790)
Protonimo: Trained parrot

Pale-headed Rosella images:

————————————————————————————————

Pale-headed Rosella (Platycercus adscitus)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Loromania
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – A Pale-headed Rosella in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia By Paul Gear (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Pale-headed Rosella (Platycercus adscitus) Kobble Creek, SE Queensland, Australia By Pale-headed_Rosella_kob02. JPG: Avicedaderivative work: Snowmanradio [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A Pale-headed Rosella in Herberton, Far North Queensland, Australia By Peter Shanks (originally posted to Flickr as pale headed rosella) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – A Pale-headed Rosella in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia By Paul Gear (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Pale-headed Rosella, Platycercus adscitus By Glen Fergus (Own work, Brisbane, Australia) [CC BY-SA 2.5], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – A painting of a Pale-headed Rosella(originally captioned “Platycercus palliceps. Paleheaded Parakeet. In the pofsefsion of Mr. Leadbeater.”) by Edward Lear 1812-1888 Edward Lear [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Judith Lattaway (Xeno-canto)

Eastern Rosella
Platycercus eximius


Eastern Rosella

Description

30 cm.. length between 95 and 120 g. of weight.

The males of the Eastern Rosella (Platycercus eximius), has bill white. The lower area of the cheeks and chin are white, that contrasts sharply with the rest of the head and the chest that are of color red glossy. Upper abdomen shows a beautiful color yellow that is again gradually of color green pale in its part lower. The coats are of color red. The the mantle feathers, the back and scapulars are of color black with a broad edge yellow, giving these regions a highly scaled appearance. The median are black. The blankets, out of them coverts secondary and flight feather are bluish grey. The rump is bright green. The central feathers of the tail are green bottle, While the outer feathers of the tail are bluish grey with white tips.

The irises Brown, legs grey.

The female looks like your partner, but the Red of the head and the chest is less bright.

The underparts has a thin white stripe.

The youth they are a copy in Pale tones of the female. They have a little bit of green on the back of the head.

  • Sound of the Eastern Rosella.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Perico Multicolor.mp3]

Subspecies description:

  • Platycercus eximius diemenensis (North 1911) – Of 30 cm.. length. Head and chest color much more dark and white cheek much more large. Female as the nominal species.
  • Platycercus eximius elecica (Schodde & Short 1989) – Of 33 cm.. length. It is something more than the nominal species, the red and the chest and the head is slightly more dark, the black feathers of the neck, back and shoulders have a very broad bright yellow bordered. Area of the rump and coverts bluish-green supracaduales. Female with back and neck with hints. Your obispillo is bluish green
  • Platycercus eximius eximius (Shaw 1792) – The nominal.

Habitat:

The Eastern Rosella they tend to be fairly common in all habitats of open forests, including agricultural land, urban parks and gardens. They are usually in little populated wooded areas, rows of trees along streams, shrub and scrub savannahs “Mallee“.

They are common in cultivated areas and can invade orchards where you can cause severe damage.

In many areas, It is the most widespread species of parrot, You can even nest in the trees lining the streets of towns and cities. Wherever possible, they avoid dense forests and mountainous areas, where is replaced by the Crimson Rosella. The habitat of the Eastern Rosella usually less to 1.250 m above sea level.

Breeding pairs are sedentary in their territories, While young and immature form bands of up to 25 birds that roam the area. Very commonly, the multicolored parrot can be seen perched on power lines or poles lining the sides of the roads in the outskirts of cities.

On the floor were fed more frequently than other types of rosella Parrot. In flight, they are quite noisy and therefore very easy to detect. However, When they are on the ground, they are not always easy to observe.

They feed on, sometimes, in the company of the Red-rumped Parrot (Psephotus haematonotus) but never be with them organized mixed flocks.

Reproduction:

The Eastern Rosella They nest in the months from August to February, but also from time to time in April and may.

Pairs mate for life and is the female which chooses the nest site, usually in a hole or cavity of a eucalyptus branch. Sometimes the place to start may be an old stump, an any fence post, a fallen trunk, a rabbit hole, the nest of a Rainbow Bee-eater. Optionally, the Eastern Rosella also used the abandoned nest of the Blue-winged Kookaburra, a termite mound, ferns in facades of houses, rock walls, old buildings and an old nest of pomatostome.

The lower part of the nest is filled with sawdust or wood chips small.

Spawning includes 4-9 eggs (generally 5) which are incubated during 19 days. The female is responsible for only the incubation and her partner of supply. The chicks stay lasts a few 35 days.

Food:

The Eastern Rosella has a mainly vegetarian diet. Consumed mainly eucalyptus and acacia seeds, Although also seeds of a variety of greenery bushes. Berries, leaves and shoots are also part of your menu.

During the summer, eats some insects and their larvae. Take the seeds that are dispersed in fields and roads. It penetrates into the orchards where causes some damage.

Distribution:

The Eastern Rosella lives confined to the southeast of Australia where is spread around Gympie, Bribie Island and the Darling Downs district in the extreme southeast of Queensland, in the South through New South Wales, coming towards the inside of Moree, Parkes, Griffith and There is a, and reaching Victoria where is it absent only in the Northwest region, and West up to Edenhope.

In the southeast of South Australia the species is largely limited to the area between Bordertown and Salt Creek, but a population caused by birds in captivity is also distributed by the Lofty Mountains.

In Tasmania, the species is widespread, Although barely wide and sparsely distributed, and have been faced with the King Island in the Bass Strait.

There are small introduced populations in the South Island of New Zealand, concentrated around Dunedin (includes some Crimson Rosella mixed with Oriental hybrids) and in the Banks Peninsula, and a larger population in the North Island, that extends from the northern end of the island, along the West Coast through Raglan, New Plymouth and the interior of Pirongia and Taupo. They can also be found Eastern Rosella in the districts of Wellington and Lower Hutt, in the Tararua mountains, about Gisborne and along the Coromandel peninsula, but are rare in the South of Auckland.

The world population is more of 500.000 birds, and stable or increasing.

There is some competition with nesting places with the Common Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) in Tasmania.

Moderate multicolored parrot in captivity.

The species has benefited before the spread of agriculture, and although protected by law, they can be killed under license.

Distribution of subspecies:

  • Platycercus eximius diemenensis (North 1911) – Own East of Tasmania.
  • Platycercus eximius elecica (Schodde & Short 1989) – Present in the northeast of New South Wales and the southeast of Queensland.
  • Platycercus eximius eximius (Shaw 1792) – The nominal.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Growing

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, Although it is estimated over the 500.000 birds.

Throughout its distribution area, except Tasmania, the Eastern Rosella East are very common birds. Unlike in the Crimson Rosella, that like dense forests, the Eastern Rosella they have benefited from deforestation that took place for the establishment of new pastures or areas of cereals.

Multicolor parrot in captivity:

Very common in captivity, It is probably the most popular of the Rosellas.

The Eastern Rosella they are coveted because of the beautiful colors of plumage.

They are intelligent birds and that can be trained to whistle a large repertoire of melodies, and you can even learn how to pronounce some words.

These parrots can be good company birds but require a lot of care and attention, In addition to devices and toys to keep them mentally stimulated. They are wild birds which are not always adapted to live as a family pet, and even the hand reared parrots are never fully domesticated. They generally do not tolerate Petting or the Cuddles and often react to clicking when you try to handle them as well. Many breeders believe that the best way to keep this type of bird is in great aviaries where can fly freely, in pairs in order to cover your needs with minimal human interaction and social. Although they tend to be aggressive with other species Bird by should not be treated so integrate them to mixed aviaries.

Its diet poultry includes seeds, fruits like Apple, PEAR and grape, and vegetables such as lettuce, grass, and silver beet.

A sample of Eastern Rosella lived 27,4 years in captivity. In captivity, these animals have been able to play, approximately, to the 2 years of age..

Alternative names:

Eastern Rosella, White-cheeked Rosella (English).
Perruche omnicolore (French).
Rosella, Buntsittich (German).
Rosela-multicolorida (Portuguese).
Perico Multicolor, Rosela Común (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Platycercus
Scientific name: Platycercus eximius
Citation: (Shaw, 1792)
Protonimo: Psittacus eximius

Eastern Rosella images:

————————————————————————————————

Eastern Rosella (Platycercus eximius)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Wikipedia
– Anage: The Animal Ageing and Longevity Database – Anagé entry for Platycercus eximius
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Eastern Rosella (Platycercus eximius), male, Queen’ s Domain, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia By JJ Harrison ([email protected]) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Eastern Rosella (Platycercus eximius), female, Queen’ s Domain, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia By JJ Harrison ([email protected]) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Eastern Rosella (Platycercus eximius) at Woodland Park Zoo, Seattle, USA By Platycercus_eximius_-Woodland_Park_Zoo-6. jpg: Nickderivative work: Snowmanradio [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Eastern Rosella at Hobart Domain, Tasmania (grazing) By KeresH (Own work) [GFDL, CC-BY-SA-3.0 or CC BY-SA 2.5], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Eastern Rosella (Platycercus eximius diemenensis), The Queen’ s Domain, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia By JJ Harrison ([email protected]) (Own work) [GFDL 1.2 or CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Peter Woodall (Xeno-canto)

Use of cookies

This web site uses cookies so that you have the best user experience. If you continue browsing you are giving your consent for the acceptance of the aforementioned cookies and the acceptance of our cookies policy, Click the link for more information.plugin cookies

TO ACCEPT
Notice of cookies