Crimson Rosella
Platycercus elegans

Crimson Rosella

Description

Between 30 and 37 cm.. length and a weight between 99 and 170 g..

Crimson Rosella

The Crimson Rosella (Platycercus elegans) has a predominantly red plumage.

Its a bright crimson color with the area head lower cheeks and blue throat. The mantle feathers are black with wide margins in Crimson color of varying intensity; rump and Crimson supracaudales coverts.

Medium and lower inner wing coverts black; bend of wing, lesser coverts and medium blue color external; external greater coverts bright blue, Black Interior with red edges giving a scaly appearance to this area; primary coverts blue violet; feathers of flying blackish with thin margin foreign white in them more external and blue violet in vane outer; secondary black with vane external blue violet; tertiary black with red borders.

Under, Blackish wings with blue coats. Bottoms in a showy Crimson.

Upper, the tail is blue, the center of green-washed, Foreign feathers with vane Blackish internal and vane Violet Blue outer with pale at both ends; undertail, the tail of pale blue edged blackish when closed.

The peak of grayish-white; dark brown irises; greyish Brown legs.

The female It is smaller with narrower peak. It has no stripe under the wings..

The immature is very different, with upper parts olive green (including the tail at the top), and green underparts greyish.
The centers to the mantle feathers are dark brown, and the black markings of the wings of the adult are replaced by green. Very young birds rump is green Orange. There is a pale stripe on the bottom of the wings (formed by stains pale in vane inner). It shows red feathers on the head, chest, buttocks and subcaudales coverts and move through the first fall.

Adult plumage is reached in a few 15 months. Immatures of the population in the North are mainly red, and there are less green unripe in Norfolk Island than mainland populations.

Description subspecies Platycercus elegans
Subspecies
  • Platycercus elegans elegans (Gmelin, 1788) – The nominal species
  • Platycercus elegans Warbler (Gould, 1837) – With 33 cm.. length, approximately, It is but little that the nominal species, Yellow has no orange hue and there is orange in the neck, chest and abdomen.
  • Platycercus elegans fleurieuensis (Ashby, 1917) – IMG – It differs from the species rated as having an intense orange color, Red plumage, the mantle and back greyish black, with pale orange-red spots; pale blue medium and secondary wing coverts.
  • Platycercus elegans melanopterus (North, 1906) – Of 36 cm.. length, approximately. The bordered red are more narrow, with which the back looks more black. Female as the nominal.
  • Platycercus elegans nigrescens (Ramsay,EP, 1888) – With 34 cm.. length, It is smaller than the nominal value and the color red is much more dark. Red feathers are more narrow. Female as the nominal.
  • Platycercus elegans subadelaidae (Mathews, 1912) – Approximately 36 cm.. length. Instead of Red Blend Red, Orange and yellow. Orange red forehead, the Crown and face, they turned to brighter red frontal band. Yellow olive from the low back to the supracaudales coverts

Habitat:

The Crimson Rosella they frequent humid tropical and subtropical forests close to the shores and the surrounding area of forests in mountains at altitudes of up to 1.900 m.

They are mainly on the edges of jungle, in the secondary zones and in the dense forests of eucalyptus they arrive at a good stage of maturity.

To the South of the Hunter River in New South Wales, they are distributed at all altitudes.

The nominal species has a preference for thick wooded areas, but often goes into open areas and farmland where it is mixed with the Perico conr (Platycercus eximius).

It also tends to visit plots of pine trees.

In the Kangaroo Island, where is the unique present parakeet, He lives in all types of forest habitats, also they are adapting to agricultural land.

The subspecies subadelaidae and fleurieuensis, sometimes grouped under the term Adelaide parakeet, frequent valleys forest, tree galleries bordering rivers or trees at the edge of the roads. They are also present in the orchards and farmland.

The Flaveolus subspecies attends the same types of habitat, namely, curtains of trees dominated by red rubber trees along the river.

To feed, they move away from the rivers and incursions into farmland, flooded Plains, or bushes “Mallee“.

Adults are sedentary. Usually, they live in pairs or in small groups. On the other hand, juveniles and sub-adults form noisy groups and many roam locally when they leave the bedroom common to the Sunrise.

Its main activity is carried out in the morning and in the evening. In the middle of the day, they rest in the dark foliage. However, If the sky is overcast and the weather is cool, These birds are active during the day.

The Crimson Rosella they seek food on Earth, in trees and shrubs. Often eat in the company of the Eastern Rosella (Platycercus eximius), But if the joint working group is altered during its activity, the two species are separated in flight and taken opposite directions, each seeking refuge by his side.

The Crimson Rosella they are not very shy and can be addressed in a very short distance.
In urban areas, they are particularly friendly.

Reproduction:

The breeding season includes the months of August through February and, sometimes even later.

The elegant parakeet build their nests on a branch or in the cavity of a tree trunk. Usually, Choose a healthy or dead eucalyptus, but sometimes they installed their nests somewhere so strange as a construction crane metal beam.

In all cases, the nest is located high above the ground. Spawning usually includes 4 to 7 white eggs, rarely 8, which are incubated during approximately 19 days.

The female incubates the eggs alone, but the chicks receive equal attention from both parents.

The nesting cycle is quite long and it takes around 5 weeks

Food:

The Crimson Rosella they have a mainly vegetarian mixed diet. Consume the seeds of black Cypress of Australia (Callitris endlicheri), figs, seeds of acacia and eucalyptus.

The plant part of their menu is complemented by a wide variety of imported plants such as Rosa rubiginosa, clover or chickweed (Stellaria media).

In the South of its range, they eat the fruits or flowers trees of Melaleuca, Banksia and Casuarina.

Insects are not forgotten in your menu: Hemiptera, Psyllids, termites, aphids and larvae of beetles.

These parrots times behave as true pests in orchards, eating apples, Plums, pears and quinces.

Distribution:

Confined to the coastal area of Eastern Australia where are widely distributed in the wooded areas along and East of the Great dividing range.

There is an isolated population in the North between the surrounding of Atherton, Northeast of Queensland, to the South of the mountain range of Clarke and Eungella (the population in Eungella It can also be isolated).

The main population is distributed around Gympie, Southeast of Queensland, in the North, across the border with New South Wales, coming up to the Warrumbungle National Park, Bathurst and Wagga Wagga, where are approaching the eastern end where the Yellow Rosella.

In Victoria extends from the East to the Grampian and the Edenhope district, where spills into the Southeast end of Australia, coming to Kingston at its western end.

There is also an isolated population in the Kangaroo Island.

The species is found in the wild around Sydney, Brisbane and Melbourne, and leaks from birds have been around Perth. There are records in the North of Tasmania and the islands of the Bass Strait, probably, also refer to birds Getaways.

It is common in the Norfolk Island where it was introduced in the century 19, but is absent in the vicinity of Nepean and Philip Island; an attempt to introduce the species in Lord Howe Island failed.

Was also introduced in New Zealand, showing in the West suburbs of Wellington, and some birds can also persist in the District of Dunedin of South Island where can hybridize with the introduced Perico conr.

The world's population is above 200.000. Moderate in captivity numbers.
The birds can be eradicated with a permit in States where the destruction of crops occurs.

Distribution subspecies Platycercus elegans
Subspecies

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Decreasing

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, Although it is estimated over the 200.000 specimens.

The Crimson Rosella they are infrequent at both ends of its distribution area, but in other places, they are locally abundant and common.
In the North, they are slightly less numerous. In the past recent, they have colonized successfully parks and urban gardens, so now are very widespread in the suburbs of Canberra and Adelaide.
In the Norfolk Island, the import is so successful that they now represent a competition and a significant danger to the Red-fronted Parakeet (Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae).

Elegant Perico captive:

Moderately loud, very active, they are acclimatized to the owner. It is not usually compatible with other birds.
A sample of the subspecies subadelaidae lived 26,8 years in captivity
Rare in captivity.

Alternative names:

Crimson Rosella, Adelaide Parakeet, Beautiful Lory, Blue-cheeked Rosella, Campbell Parakeet, Crimson Rosella (Crimson), Mountain Lowry, Murray Rosella, Murray Smoker, Murrumbidgee Lowry, Murrumbidgee Rosella, Pennant’s Parakeet, Pennant’s Rosella, Red Lory, Red Lowry, Red Parrot, Swamp Lory, Yellow Parakeet, Yellow Parrot (English).
Perruche de Pennant (French).
Pennantsittich, Adelaidesittich, Pennant-Sittich (German).
Rosela-Pennant (Portuguese).
Perico Elegante, Rosela Roja, Periquito Pennant, Rosella Carmesí (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Platycercus
Scientific name: Platycercus elegans
Citation: (Gmelin, JF, 1788)
Protonimo: Psittacus elegans

Crimson Rosella images:


Crimson Rosella (Platycercus elegans)

Sources:

(1) – An adult Crimson Rosella (Platycercus elegans), Wilsons Promontory National Park, Victoria, Australia By JJ Harrison ([email protected]) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – A Crimson Rosella photographed though a window in the Blue Mountains, Australia By John Poulakis from Australia (Crimson RosellaUploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Crimson Rosella (Platycercus elegans) photographed taken in Swifts Creek, Victoria, Australia Fir0002 [GFDL, CC-BY-SA-3.0 or GFDL 1.2], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – A Crimson Rosella in a bird bath Canberra, Australia By Duncan McCaskill (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Juvenile Crimson Rosella (Platycercus elegans) by David CookFlickr
(6) – An adult Crimson Rosella (Platycercus elegans) Jacques Barraband [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Green Rosella
Platycercus caledonicus


Green Rosella

Description

37 cm.. length between 127 and 142 g. of weight.

The Green Rosella (Platycercus caledonicus) has the forecrown and lores bright red; a crown of a showy color yellow, marked in red and dotted with of Brown olive dark towards the part rear; area low of them cheeks and throat of color blue cake; ear-coverts a bright yellow, with the edges more dark. Strong contrast between the yellow and the dark area of the crown; Brown olive uniform in the the mantle, with fine dark green stripes on their feathers; feathers of the rump and uppertail-coverts have a diffusion of color yellow orange.

Curve of the wing blue; lesser coverts black; corbeteras internal Middle, black, lined in green dark, the light blue external; greater coverts Blue with feathers Interior black finished off with edges of color green; secondaries Blackish with vane Blue external (innermost with green edge); primaries Brown dark with vane external and dark blue margins; tertiary Brown dark with stripes Green.
Under, the wings blackish, with coverts and axillary blue.

The underparts is of color yellow with a tone clear of Orange and with small spots of color orange on the periphery of the area anal. Upper, the tail olive-green tipped off blue, lateral feathers of color blue pale with them tips white; undertail, the tail of color blue pale with them tips white.

Bill White grey; irises dark brown; legs grey.

The female It is smaller than the male and has the bill smaller; also shows more often a wash of orange-red in the upper part of the chest.

The immature they are more muted than adults, show more green in wing-coverts and have them upperparts of color grey olive and yellow olive in them underparts. Plumage adult is reached after the first comprehensive molt, in a few 15 months.

  • Sound of the Green Rosella.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Perico of Tasmania.mp3]

Subspecies description:

  • Platycercus caledonicus caledonicus

    (Gmelin, JF, 1788) – The species nominal

  • Platycercus caledonicus brownii

    (Kuhl, 1820) – Too little differentiated with the species nominal, According to some experts, to justify the recognition as subspecies.

Habitat:

The Green Rosella they are in all types of forest habitats in the territory in which they reside. However, more and more often, they come in orchards and gardens in urban areas, finding favorable conditions in those places to nest and feed themselves. However, its main habitat are still sclerophyllous forests and thickets. Apparently, on Hunter island, they have a strong preference for small ravines filled with piles of rocks.

As the majority of birds on the island who live in a small area, to the Green Rosella It is cataloged as sedentary. However, the specimens that live in altitudes of up to 1500 meters in the Alpine regions, they make altitudinal movements and approaching at low altitude towards the coastal regions in winter season. At the end of the nesting season, young birds roam in small flocks which do not exceed more of 4 or 5 individuals. The Green Rosella be associated at times with them Eastern Rosella (Platycercus eximius). While they are not shy, These parrots take precautions and are very cautious When venturing to Earth to find their food. They prefer to stay in the foliage for this activity. As the majority of them parrots, the female is attached to your partner by strong ties conjugal it last for many years. They maintain and strengthen these links practicing processions which are very similar to the one of other parrots.

Reproduction:

The Green Rosella They nest during the period from September to February. The nest It is usually placed in a cavity of any branch or hollow tree trunk, normally a eucalyptus. They also occupy, exceptionally, the walls of old buildings. They use abandoned nests of sparrows into disuse.

The spawning usually contains between 4 and 6 eggs and your incubation takes a few 19 days. The chicks are altricial and leave the nest only after 3 weeks after hatching. There is no additional information in the care and development of the offspring.

Food:

The Green Rosella they eat mainly eucalyptus seeds, Mirto, Acacia, ragwort large aromatic flowers, canaigre, Solanaceae (Solanum) and pimelea. Most of the flowers are toxic for pets.

These parakeets also eat many types of seeds of grasses and shrubs, some of which are at higher altitudes.

Do not disdain the berries of coprosma and the Hawthorn, they represent an important part of their diet in winter. The menu is sometimes complemented with Psyllids they are small homoptera and insect larvae .

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 68.100 km2

The Green Rosella they are endemic in Tasmania. Also found in the larger islands of the Bass Strait, namely, on isla King and Flinders island. Has also been recorded in the Maatsuyker island, front South of Tasmania.

Birds coming from leaks can be found around Sydney.

The species is common and widespread within its range, with a stable world population of more than 50.000 specimens.

A small number in captivity.

The Green Rosella is protected, but it can be killed with a permit when they cause damage to crops.

The population living in the North of Tasmania It is sometimes differentiated under the name brownii, but this so-called subspecies differences are not as marked enough to consider it as such.

Destribución subespecies:

  • Platycercus caledonicus caledonicus

    (Gmelin, JF, 1788) – The nominal species

  • Platycercus caledonicus brownii

    (Kuhl, 1820) – isla King.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Decreasing

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, Although estimated at more of 50.000 specimens. The species according to sources, It is common in all its small range (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected that it may be declining due to the habitat destruction in course of King Island (pit et to the. 1997).

The Green Rosella It may cause damage to the apple orchards and, Although protected, It can be controlled under a system of licensing.

Captive parakeet Tasmania:

It is not a popular Aviary bird, possibly due to its lack of color and its aggressive reputation.

Alternative names:

Green Rosella, Caledonia Parrot, Green Parrot, Mountain Parrot, Tasmanian Rosella, Yellow-bellied Parakeet, Yellow-bellied Parrot, Yellow-breasted Parakeet, Yellow-breasted Parrot (English).
Perruche à ventre jaune (French).
Gelbbauchsittich (German).
Rosela-da-caledônia (Portuguese).
Perico de Tasmania, Rosela Verde (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Platycercus
Scientific name: Platycercus caledonicus
Citation: (Gmelin, JF, 1788)
Protonimo: Psittacus caledonicus

Green Rosella pictures:

————————————————————————————————

Green Rosella (Platycercus caledonicus)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – A Green Rosella at Tasmanian Devil Conservation Park, Tarana, Tasmania By rockmasterp (Beautiful ParrotUploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Green Rosella (also known as Tasmanian Rosella) in Tasmania, Australia By Sammy Sam (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Green Rosella (also known as Tasmanian Rosella) in Tasmania, Australia By Sammy Sam (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Green Rosella (Platycercus caledonicus), Collinsvale, Tasmania, Australia By JJ Harrison ([email protected]) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Green Rosella (also known as Tasmanian Rosella) in Tasmania, Australia By Sammy Sam (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Marc Anderson (Xeno-canto)

Red-capped Parrot
Purpureicephalus spurius

Red-capped Parrot

Description

36 cm.. length and a weight between 105 and 156 g..

Red-capped Parrot

The Red-capped Parrot (Psittacus erithacus) has the top of the crown and nape dark carmine red. The throat and cheeks are yellowish-green, merging slightly yellow on the sides of neck. The the mantle shows a dark green. The rump is bright yellow, which contrasts with the uppertail-coverts green. The wings covers are green, although large coberteras stain blue in the outer feathers.

The flight feather They are blackish with a large dark blue border around the outside edges of the primaries. The underparts is blue, with the exception of the flight feather that are black. The feathers of the chest and the abdomen They are blue-purple, becoming paler in area anal.

The the thighs and lower area of the tail They have a beautiful red. The undersides They have infiltrated some green feathers. Large central feathers tail They are green at the base, and bluish to the tip. side feathers tail They are dark at the base but gradually diluted colors light blue in the middle and then to white at the tips. The bottom of the tail It is pale blue with a white termination.

The bill, formed by a upper mandible more elongated, is bluish grey. The irises is of color Brown dark and the legs brown.

The female is more off than your partner. It has a crown green and chest brown. It shows a clear cross bar at the bottom of the wings, the level of flight feather. This motif is also present in the immature.

The immature they have the upperparts dark green and yellow rump duller than in adults. The the thighs They are less bright red colo. The chest It is browner. The forecrown It is covered with red feathers that are part, in small scattered groups, red feathers crown. The adult plumage It is acquired largely during the first molt and subsequently completed in the first spring.

  • Sound of the Red-capped Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Perico Capelo.mp3]

Habitat:

Paired adults are sedentary, Although noisy flocks of up to 20 young birds are often seen wandering in search of food.

The Red-capped Parrot they have a preference for the eucalyptus forest and specialized to feed on seeds MARRI their elongated upper jaw is adapted for eating plant big seeds. The Fruit Marri they are available throughout the year and provide the source of staple food. The Red-capped Parrot they can also be observed in gardens (where sometimes cause serious damage), peoples, wooded pastures and forest of mallee (Eucalyptus Gracilis), also feeding on grass strips covering roads.

Couples remain inconspicuous, While quietly feeding in the canopy, during the greater part of the day, Although they sometimes perch on Earth, in the clear, to feed on fallen fruit.

Reproduction:

The nesting season is between between August and December.

During the courtship, the male raises its crest, the tail, It tilts its wings and emits loud calls. The ritual offerings of food are also common, feeding the male partner during the incubation period.

The spawning usually includes 5 eggs, but may vary from 3 to 9. These are white. The eggs are deposited on a layer of sawdust covering the bottom of a natural cavity of a eucalyptus marri, to a great height above the ground.

The incubation lasts a few 20 days. The male does not participate in feeding youngsters until they reach the age of 15 days. The flight of hatchlings produced approximately 5 weeks after hatching. The young remain in the family group for a short time after leaving the nest.

Food:

Apart from MARRI, These birds also feed on other eucalyptus, for example, Jarrah (Eucalyptus marginata), casuarinas, (Grevillea, Hakea), and they have also been feeding on flowers and insects.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 126.000 km2

Confined to the southwest corner of Western Australia. The species is distributed around the Moore River to the North of Perth (occasionally in Dandaragan), through the leafy South-West corner, usually within 100 km from the coast, reaching the inside of Lake Grace in the East and Esperance on the South Coast. The Red-capped Parrot they are regularly observed in the outskirts of Perth, and are reproduced in the King ’ of Park in the center of the city. The species is common, especially in the forests of MARRI (eucalyptus calphylla).

The world's population is believed to be above 20.000.

Moderate in captivity numbers. It can be fired like a plague in a small number of areas.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Growing

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, Although the world's population is estimated at more of 20 000 specimens.
The species is described as quite common (pit et to the. 1997).

The number of captive birds It seems to be quite modest. In some areas, This bird has no protection and can be shot down if it enters an area of intensive growth. Even so, the population It is suspected that You may be increasing.

As the degradation of the habitat is permanent, new areas of suitable habitat are being created.

Perico Capelo in captivity:

It is a bird shy and nervous. They should not be housed with aggressive species. They can be noisy especially early, in the morning.
It is not common in captivity.

Una muestra vivió 15,3 years in captivity. In captivity, these animals have been able to play to the 2 years of age approximately.

Alternative names:

Red-capped Parrot, Hookbill, King Parrot, Pileated Parakeet, Pileated Parrot, Purple-crowned Parrot, Red capped Parrot, Red-capped Parakeet, Western Australian King Parrot, Western Gray Parrot, Western Grey Parrot, Western King Parrot (English).
Perruche à tête pourpre (French).
Kappensittich, Rotkappensittich (German).
Periquito-cabeça-púrpura (Portuguese).
Perico Capelo, Periquito de Birrete Rojo (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Purpureicephalus
Scientific name: Purpureicephalus spurius
Citation: (Kuhl, 1820)
Protonimo: parrot champion

Red-capped Parrot Images:

————————————————————————————————

Red-capped Parrot (Purpureicephalus spurius)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
– Anage: The Animal Ageing and Longevity Database – Anagé entry for Purpureicephalus spurius

Photos:

(1) – “Red-Capped-Parrot 0004 flat web“. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.5 via Wikimedia Commons.
(2) – A juvenile Red-capped Parrot at Earls Golf Club, Perth, Western Australia, Australia By Michael MK Khor [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – By Bill & Mark Bell – Flickr
(4) – By Bill & Mark Bell – Flickr
(5) – By Ralph Green – Red-capped Parrot juvenile – Flickr
(6) – Edward Lear [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Randy Moore (Xeno-canto)

Mallee Ringneck
Barnardius barnardi

Mallee Ringneck

Perico description of Barnard

Of 35 cm.. length between 105 and 143 g. of weight.

The Mallee Ringneck (Barnardius barnardi) has the plumage predominantly Green, crown and sides of the head bright green, with the cheeks slightly tinged blue and a small red band across the forecrown. The neck It is olive brown with a yellow ring around its back.

The lower area of the back is dark blue. The chest and the abdomen are turquoise blue, separated one from the other by a transverse band of yellow color which is more or less wide. The curvature of the wing It shows a greenish blue that overflows on the mantle.

The greater coverts are yellowish-green. The secondaries They are pale blue, In contrast with the covered and primaries which they are dark blue.

The underparts is blue. The upperparts tail is dark green, their central feathers blue tines and outer blue with pale tips.

The bill is whitish grey. The strait bare periophthalmic is solid gray. The irises is of color Brown dark and the legs grey.

The female It has colors more muted than your partner. The back and the lumbar area show a dark greenish gray. The underside is grey, with a more or less visible clear band.

The immature with even more muted than females colors. They have the neck and back of the crown brown. The cheeks blues are often more developed. The back and tail are greyish green. The band underwing usually visible.

    Two species in the genus were traditionally recognized Barnardius, Barnardius zonarius and Barnardius barnardi, but both hibridaban in the contact area and are currently considered a single species.

    Taxonomic status:

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Barnardius [zonarius or Barnardi] (sensu lato) by some authors

Subspecies Barnardius barnardi

  • Zonarius barnardius barnardi

    : (Vigors and Horsfield, 1827) The nominal species

  • Barnardius barnardi whitei

    : (Mathews, 1912) Of 35 cm.. length. It has feathers off, especially the chest and abdomen where the turquoise color is absent. Female plumage more clear than the nominal. Is believed to be a hybrid of the Barnardius Zonarius with the Barnardius Barnardi.

  • Barnardius barnardi macgillivrayi

    : (North, 1900) Of 33 cm.. length. More small, more pale, with the greenish-yellow forehead more pale and with clear bright blue hue on the cheeks and below the headphone feathers. Broad band of yellow on the abdomen.

Perico habitat Barnard:

The Parakeets Barnard They are mainly sedentary, but there may be some moves to small scale in response to climate change.

The species occupies the arid areas of mallee composed almost exclusively of Eucalyptus gracilis. Also found in shrubs of Acacia and Cypress and in a wide variety of very similar habitats.

The species living in the areas of the North has a clear preference for the rubber Red (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) It covers temporary streams and shows a more arboreal lifestyle.

Generally less common in populated areas and the wetter regions. Large flocks are more rare to observe; pairs or small groups are the usual social units.

Less bold and curious that the Australian Ringneck, Although the two species share habits, diet and cortejo similar.

The Mallee Ringneck they have been recorded feeding in company of the Crimson Rosella (Platycercus elegans), Pale-headed Rosella (Platycercus adscitus), Red-rumped Parrot (Psephotus haematonotus) and Bluebonnet

(Northiella haematogaster)

.

Reproduction:

During courtship, the male shrugs, causing the wings to vibrate slightly.
Like most other species of parrots, the Mallee Ringneck they have as a practice gnaw and chew wood, whether to put his personal stamp on his favorite tree, or to enlarge the cavity entrance. This activity allows them to keep their beaks in good condition.

The nest is usually in a hollow tree, and usually four to five eggs make up the implementation, deposited on a base of wood decaying waste.

In the North, the breeding season tends to be governed by climate, and nesting coincides with the end of the wet season planting.

In the South, playback starts in July or August and the season can be extended until January with a second litter. Incubation lasts around 20 days and is carried out by the female.

The young birds leave the nest after 5 weeks, but remain in the household with his parents for a while.

Food:

The Mallee Ringneck they are mainly vegetarians, they feed on seeds – Melon seeds (Cucumis myriocarpus), bitter melons (Citrullus lanatus), fruits of the tree of the tobacco (introduced), fruits, nectar and flowers. Its menu is complemented by insects and larvae.

Distribution Tito Barnard:

The Mallee Ringneck they are distributed through the interior of the East Australia, to the West of the Great dividing range, with a practically isolated population in the Northwest of Queensland, stretching across the border of the Northern Territory, along the Nicholson River, in the North, and reaching Glenormiston, and western part of Queensland, in the South; its eastern limit is around Kynuna.

The the Northern subspecies meets the nominal species in the region of Range Forsythe, and extends to the South, with its eastern running border near Barcaldine, Mitchell and Goondiwindi, and in New South Wales.

To the South extends East through Moree, Dubbo and Wagga Wagga to get up to Kerang in Victoria.

In the West, the species is dispersed through of Western Queensland to the region of Cooper Creek of South Australia around Innamincka.

In New South Wales, is located to the West of the basin of the Darling river, about Broken Hill.

Distributes lengthwise of the Murray River, and in Victoria It extends through the Northwest corner to the South, until around Edenhope.

In the southeast of South Australia ranges through Naracoorte and Mount Lofty Ranges in Port Augusta and Montes Flinders, where is integrated with the Australian Ringneck; the two species are also more North.

Getaways birds have been registered in Brisbane, Melbourne and Sydney.

Subspecies B distribution. barnardi

  • Zonarius barnardius barnardi:

    (Vigors and Horsfield, 1827) The nominal species

  • Barnardius barnardi whitei:

    (Mathews, 1912) Flinders Ranges, South Australia

  • Barnardius barnardi macgillivrayi:

    (North, 1900) This, Territory of the North and Northwest Queensland

Conservation Tito Barnard:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Growing

The species is considered common throughout its range.

The world population is estimated at around 500 000 individuals and it seems stable.

However, seems less able to adapt to the changes that have occurred in the habitat that the Australian Ringneck.

In captivity:

The Mallee Ringneck It is appreciated as a pet, but the birds in captivity are relatively few.

Una muestra vivió 17,9 years in captivity. According to some sources, these animals can live up to 31,6 years in captivity, but this has not been verified.

More common in Europe and Australia; not so much in the United Kingdom or United States.

It is initially a shy and nervous bird, Although soon it acclimatizes caregiver. Bonding with a partner to do when both birds are young, adults don't usually live in harmony. Aggressive with other parrots.

Alternative names:

Mallee Ringneck, Mallee Parrot, Mallee Ringneck Parrot, Ringneck Parrot (English).
Perruche de Barnard, Barnardius barnardi, Perruche cloncurry (French).
Barnardsittich, Barnard Sittich, Barnard-Sittich (German).
Periquito-de-Barnard (Portuguese).
Perico de Barnard (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Barnardius
Scientific name: Barnardius barnardi
Citation: (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827)
Protonimo: Platycercus theelectronicjumper


Mallee Ringneck (Barnardius barnardi)

Australian Ringneck
Barnardius zonarius

Australian Ringneck

Description

Between 32 to 44 cm.. length and a weight between 121 and 200 g..

Two species in the genus were traditionally recognized Barnardius, Barnardius zonarius and Barnardius barnardi, but both hibridaban in the contact area and are currently considered a single species.

The Australian Ringneck (Barnardius zonarius) It has the head of blackish brown with cheeks, both sides of the throat and underside of the headset coverts densely dotted with dark blue (You can display a few red spots on the front of the Crown); the back of the neck of bright yellow.

Australian Ringneck

Middle of the mantle of dark green with thin dark stripes; slightly more bright green rump; a little more off than the rump supracaudales coverts.

External Middle coverts slightly greenish-yellow color, Green the inner coverts, the large green with blue-green and pale inner margins coverts green outer margins in the outermost feathers; curve of the wing of Turquoise, It extends slightly towards small coverts; primary coverts dark brown with vane dark blue external; Blackish flight feathers, strongly marginalized in foreign feathers, showing fusion from the blue color in the vane external to the blue gray of the tips.

Under, with turquoise coverts blackish flight feathers. Dark green chest with fine dark stripes; upper part of the abdomen of bright yellow, Green the lower belly area, slightly impregnated yellow; subcaudales coverts greenish-yellow. Central tail feathers of dark green merging to dark blue, the external of pale blue with dark bases and white tips. Under, pale blue tail.

The greyish white Peak: the Brown irises; legs grey

The female It has peak and smaller head, the slightly Browner head, and you can display a mark in the form of bar at the bottom of the wings.

The immature, they are a brand of pale bar on the wings (disappearing earlier in males than in females); they are more turned off, with a head of Brown and dissemination of greyish-Brown mantle and upper chest area; the tail is green above. Adult plumage is reached between 12 and 15 months.

  • Sound of the Australian Ringneck.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Perico Port Lincoln.mp3]

Subspecies Barnardius zonarius

  • Barnardius zonarius collared (Quoy and Gaimard, 1830) – Of 40 cm.. length approximately. It is more than nominal, but with the red front, abdomen green more off, Pico mas grande. Female plumage more pale and head color more Brown, the Red coloration of the forehead is narrower in some absentee.
  • Barnardius zonarius zonarius (Shaw, 1805) – Equal to the Barnardius zonarius collared, but with the yellow abdomen and without the prominent red Crimson list in the front, that if you have the subspecies collared.
  • Barnardius zonarius macgillivrayi (North, 1900) – Cloncurry Ringneck – Pileus and the nape of a deep green color and some reddish tones on the cheeks. Is lighter green shades, No red frontal band, and with a broad band uniform across your abdomen. Not recognized by all experts.
  • Barnardius zonarius barnardi (Vigors and Horsfield, 1827) – It has the pileus and the nape of a deep green color and some reddish tones on the cheeks. Their underparts are Turquoise green with an irregular band yellow orange across the abdomen. Your back and mantle are blackish blue and also this subspecies has a red band on the forehead.
    Presumably either the nominal race.

Habitat:

The Australian Ringneck is mainly sedentary, with occasional movements during extreme weather conditions. The species occupies a range of habitats, including eucalyptus red zones (Eucalyptus camaldulensis), along water courses, acacia scrub and mallee (Eucalyptus gracilis), eucalyptus open woodlands, agricultural fields, desert shrubland and suburban areas.

In general has adapted better to the effects produced by settlements that the Mallee Ringneck, and it has been particularly successful in the South-West wheat belt, in where the birds are observed while they eat at road verges. The subspecies collared has a more specific habitat, preferring the high forests of coastal eucalyptus, particularly marri (Eucalyptus calophylla).

The Australian Ringneck they form strong pair-bonds and, normally, is found in small family parties or groups of up to eight birds. They are usually visible, loud and inquisitive, being more active during the morning and evening. They tend to remain silent while they feed on the ground, but they loud chattering when they feed in the canopy and when they gather to sleep after drinking, remaining assets after the sunset.

Reproduction:

The time of nesting is from June to February, starting earliest in the North.

The birds are territorial around the nest, and there are many quarrels in the beginning of the breeding season. In courtship, the male drops his wings, WAGs tail producing a buzzing sound, He chatters loudly and shakes head. During courtship feeding is also common. The nest is built at different heights, usually in the natural hollow of a tree based on decomposition of waste wood inside.

Between four and seven (normally five) white eggs are laid during the implementation, sometimes producing two broods. The female incubates during 19 days and leaves the nest only to feed itself or be fed by the male. At the beginning, She feeds the chicks alone, but a week after hatching, the male joins food tasks. The young leave the nest about four weeks after. Family groups remain together during some after fledglings leave the nest.

Food:

The diet consists of nectar, flowers, seeds, fruit, insects and their larvae (that sometimes stripping the bark of lso trees). The cereal crops and orchards are often attacked by the Australian Ringneck, registering birds digging up onion bulbs (Romulea longifolia).

The more arboreal southwestern subspecies has preference by the ripe fruits of eucalyptus, especially those of marri.

Distribution:

The Australian Ringneck they are in the West, Central and South of Australia. Is distributed from Port Augusta, the Eyre Peninsula and Cordillera Gawler, to the North, through the center of Southern Australia in the Northern Territory, where stretches through of the MacDonnell Ranges and lies to the North of Newcastle Waters and Winnecke Creek.

Birds may also go more towards the East, sometimes up to the border of Queensland, and a record outside eastern limit comes from Pine Creek in New South Wales.

In Western Australia, the species is increasing in the South West which concentrates around King George Sound, in the South, to Murchison River, in the North, reaching inside for Kalgoorlie and Wiluna East. Further north, is scattered through the Northwest corner, and extends eastward to the upper part of the Grey River system.

There is a small isolated population, probably, at the East end of Western Australia in the Gardiner Range region. Escapes have been recorded in the District of Port Wakefield, about Melbourne, Canberra, Sydney, Darwin and Hobart, in Tasmania.

A population of probable leak in the Lofty Mountains It was destroyed to prevent cross-breeding with the Mallee Ringneck, but there is a zone of hybridization with the Mallee Ringneck in the Montes Flinders. The two species are found and hybridize in other places also.

The world's population is piobablemente well above the current estimate of 100.000 specimens given by Lambert (1993).

A moderate number of captivity.

The birds can be low temperatures under permit in some districts to prevent damage in orchards.

Subspecies B distribution. zonarius

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Growing

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, It is estimated over 100 000 specimens. The species, According to sources, is the most common species of birds in the wheat belt of Australia (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected that it may be increasing. To mitigate the effects of the degradation of the habitat, new areas of suitable habitat are being created.

In the East, the numbers are affected by scrub cleaning Mallee and forests for agriculture. The Australian Ringneck they were considered vermin in Western Australia and in the seasons of hunting by be considered pests of orchards. Fugadas birds in aviaries are seen around the urban areas in the East.

Port Lincoln parrot in captivity:

Are aggressive toward other birds, especially during the breeding season, and it is better to accommodate them with a couple by Aviary.

Although friendly, they are not as sociable with people like other parrots. They are formidable chewing and require a heavy duty cage. You can learn to imitate.

Una muestra vivió 17,9 years in captivity. According to some sources, these animals can live up to 31,6 years in captivity, but this has not been verified.

Common in Europe, less in the United Kingdom and United States. UU.

Alternative names:

Australian Ringneck, Banded Parakeet, Banded Parrot, Barnard’s Parakeet, Barnard’s Parrot, Bauer’s Parakeet, Buln Buln, Buln-buln Parakeet, Buln-buln Parrot, Cloncurry Buln-buln, Cloncurry Parrot, Eastern Ringneck, Mallee Parrot, Mallee Ringneck, Mallee Ringneck-Parrot, Mrs Morgan’s Parrot, North Parakeet, Northern Buln-buln, North’s Parrot, Port Lincoln Parrot, Port Lincoln Ringneck, Port Lincoln Ringnecked Parrot, Ringneck, Ring-necked Parrot, Scrub Parrot, Twenty-eight Parakeet, Twenty-eight Parrot, Western Banded Parakeet, Western Ringneck, Yellow-banded Parrot, Yellow-collared Parakeet, Yellow-collared Parrot, Yellow-naped Parakeet, Yellow-naped Parrot (English).
Perruche à collier jaune, Perruche de Bauer, Perruche de Port Lincoln (French).
Ringsittich (German).
Periquito-port-lincoln (Portuguese).
Perico de Port Lincoln (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Barnardius
Scientific name: Barnardius zonarius
Citation: (Shaw, 1805)
Protonimo: Psittacus zonarius

Australian Ringneck images:

————————————————————————————————

Australian Ringneck (Barnardius zonarius)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Loromania
Wikipedia
– Anage: The Animal Ageing and Longevity Database – Genomics.senescence.info
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – An Australian Ringneck in Perth, Western Australia, Australia By Luke Durkin (Img_9967 (3)Uploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – An Australian Ringneck at Gloucester National Park, Western Australia, Australia By Ken & Nyetta (Ring Necked CocatooUploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A Australian Ringneck in Karratha, Pilbara, Western Australia, Australia By Jim Benton from Karratha, Australia (ring necked parrot_1Uploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Twenty Eight Parrot (Barnardius zonarius collared) at Mundaring Weir picnic reserve. It is eating by holding food in is left foot By Casliber (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – “Barnardius zonarius macgillivrayi – Buffalo Zoo” by Dave PapeOwn work. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.
(6) – A painting of an jpg Australian Ringneck (originally captioned “Platycercus baueri. Bauer’ s Parakeet.” by Edward Lear 1812-1888. – Edward Lear [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Patrik Aberg (Xeno-canto)

Alexandra's Parrot
Polytelis alexandrae

Alexandra's Parrot

Description

45 cm. length, including its long, narrow tail, and around 92 g. of weight.

The head of the Alexandra's Parrot (Polytelis alexandrae) is light olive brown color, heavily washed in blue pastel in the Crown area, the nape of the neck, and slightly below the eyes; the Chin and throat pale pink.

Mantle and scapulars Brown olive-tinged greenish and fine dark stripes; back and rump, color pastel blue; upper coverts greenish-gray tail. Upper coverts bright yellowish green wings, with a few more green feathers around the curve of the wing; Dark greenish blue primary coverts; primary blue-green with yellowish-brown, and dark brown margin leading edge for the vane inner (the third rémige primary has the tip spatula-shaped. ); secondary of pale blue-green with a yellowish margin (more pronounced in vane outer); greenish grey tertials with vane more obscure internal. Wing of bright green feathers, more yellow towards leading edge; undertail, wings greyish Brown with large pale yellow inner margin to the vane inner. Usually gray olive underparts pale, with the pink color of the throat which runs on top of the chest; belly and flanks washed clear bluish green; thighs and lower flanks with increase in pink; coverts yellow olive color infracaudales. Upper, tail Brown olive green near the axis and blue toward tip-washed, side bluish gray and pink feather tips; undertail, Black tail with tips and margins of pink.

The beak is red with a grey periophthalmic ring; orange-yellow irises; grey legs.

Female has a shorter tail (average of 6 cm.. less than the male) and it lacks of spatula in the third tip rémige primary. The wing coverts are greener and more off. And the mantle shows less green Suffusion. Crown, back and rump are less blue.

Immature similar to females and males acquire the adult plumage in about 14 to 18 months.

  • Sound of the Alexandra's Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Perico Princesa.mp3]

Habitat:

Highly nomadic and little known in the wild.

Inhabits the deserts of sand from the arid Center of Australia, often far from water. Birds can reach an area which have been absent for many years, reproduce, and quickly exit again.

They are in the prairies of mounds, dry forests of coastal eucalyptus, thickets of acacia, mulga (Acacia aneura) and deserts with scattered Oaks (Allocasuarina decaisneana).

The birds are alone, in pairs or in small groups of up to 15 Member. There are also some records of large breeding colonies.

Reproduction:

The breeding season has been registered from September to January, Although the nesting can be irregular and probably depend on the rainfall of rain and is also sometimes colonial.

During courtship, the male raises some feathers on its Crown and extends its wings and tail.

Favorite nesting place is a large hole in a Red eucalyptus (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) lined with a pile of rotting wood dust (the desert oak It has also been used).

Of four to six white eggs make up the implementation, incubated by the female for a few 21 days. While the female is incubating, the male takes care of your power. The brood is fed during 5-6 weeks and become independent from three to five weeks after leaving the nest.

Food:

The birds feed on the floor and can be very gentle. The diet includes seeds of Spinifex (Triodia mitchelli) and Herb mulga (Bipartite Danthonia). Also, According to sources, they can feed on nectar.

Distribution:

The Alexandra's Parrot are confined to the interior of Australia, where usually are very rare and few records. The species is an irregular visitor, It may not appear in parts of its distribution area for two decades or more.

Are distributed in Western Australia, from the North of the Great sandy desert to the West of the Fitzroy river, about Wiluna, Sandstone, Menzies and Coolgardie and East through the deserts Gibson and Great victory.

Occurs in the Northern Territory to the North of the area of Newcastle Waters and Stuart Plains, and to the South up to around Alice Springs.

In Queensland, It is very rare in the South-western end, but there is a recent record of breeding around Cloncurry.

In South Australia, extends to the East, about Oodnadatta, and there is a record of 1986 in the Great Victoria desert some 25 kilometers to the North of the Nurrari Lakes.

There is disagreement about its conservation status. The recent lack of records of large groups of reproduction, He cited as a possible indication of population decline, but there is little real information, and it suggests that the world's population can be estimated between 1.000 and 20.000 birds. A recent study suggests that the species could be irruptiva instead of nomad, and that a core of population can be resident in the area around the Tobin Lake, Western Australia.

Trade, fires, the change in the land use and the predation regimes, they have been cited as potential threats.

Protected by law.

A large number in captivity.

VULNERABLE

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Near threatened

• Population trend: Stable

The population of the Alexandra's Parrot It is estimated, with low reliability, in 5 000 birds breeding (Garnett and Crowley 2000).

There is no firm evidence to determine the general trend number of Perico Princess that exist. However, the rate appears to have decreased (Garnett and Crowley 2000), and recent sightings (in different places of Tobin Lake in the Great sandy desert) they have only been small batches (Garnett 1993; Garnett and Crowley 2000). On the other hand, historical records include reports of large flocks and large breeding colonies (Forshaw and Cooper 2002; North 1912; Parker 1971; Whitlock 1924).

The Alexandra's Parrot It has not been registered crossed with other species in nature. It is unlikely that any interbreeding occurs because the other two members of the genus Polytelis, the Superb Parrot (Polytelis swainsonii) and the Regent Parrot (Polytelis anthopeplus), they usually do not occur in the same places as the Princess Parrot (Higgins 1999).

Remote areas occupied by species, his presence irregular in the majority of sites, and the lack of information about their movements, they make it difficult to accurately estimate the size of the population (Higgins 1999).

Conservation Actions Proposed

• Study the ecology of the species, about the Tobin Lake or the Great Victoria desert to determine the likely constraints on population size.

• Monitoring of sightings to characterize habitat and habitat models to verify the needs and historical responses to fire and precipitation of the entire distribution of the species.

• Use the information from the investigation to develop a management strategy.

• Protect the areas where the species breeding is recorded.

Perico Princess in captivity:

Not too noisy, good whistling, and friendly disposition. It is a robust bird able to tolerate reasonable temperatures. Susceptible to infections in the eyes.

According to records, a female lived 23,9 years in captivity.

Common in captivity.

Pure birds, with colors typical of their species are increasingly hard to find.

The Alexandra's Parrot they can be accommodated in a wide variety of sizes of aviaries. It is best to raise them as couples, They seem to play better if they can see or listen to another pair of the same species. An Aviary of 4 meters long is considered the minimum to properly accommodate these birds.

Have brought successfully as a colony of 3-5 couples in a large aviary.

Non-toxic hardwood branches can be placed in the Aviary of birds so that they can chew them. This entertains our parakeets, helping to minimize boredom and providing them with a little exercise for supico. Natural branches of different diameters, and placed in different angles, they can be used for hangers. These natural hangers can be chewed by birds and may need to be replaced periodically. Birds may chew flowers and fruiting bodies in the branches.

Its diet It requires a mixture of quality of food for parrots and a variety of fruits, such as the Apple and orange, as well as a variety of vegetables – maize, Chard, usually providing green food and green leafy vegetables. Sowing grasses, If they are available. Soaked or sprouted seeds if they are available.

Commercial dry pellets can be part of a balanced diet.

Some birds will eat insects, as mealworms, especially around the breeding season. Insects provide a good source of easily digestible proteins to adult and young birds. Insects can serve food to these birds on your daily diet.

The breeding season These parrots begins in March; the implementation is of 3 to 7 eggs, and incubation lasts approximately 20 days; the young become independent to the 50 days; occasionally breeding occurs 2 times a year. It is frequent that the female sexually mature in the first year, the male after the second year; couples can stay in adjacent aviaries each other separated by double metal fabric.

Alternative names:

Alexandra’s Parrot, Gould princess parrot, Pilpul, Princess Alexandra’s Parrot, Princess Parrot (English).
Perruche d’Alexandra, Perruche, Perruche à calotte bleue, Perruche Princesse-de-Galles, Princesse-de-Galle (French).
Alexandrasittich, Alexandra-Sittich, Blaukappensittich, Grosser Alexandersittich (German).
Periquito-princesa (Portuguese).
Perico Princesa, Periquito Princesa de Gales (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Polytelis
Scientific name: Polytelis alexandrae
Citation: Gould, 1863
Protonimo: Polyteles alexandrae

Alexandra's Parrot pictures:

————————————————————————————————

Alexandra's Parrot (Polytelis alexandrae)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
– Anage: The Animal Ageing and Longevity Database – Genomics.senescence.info

Photos:

(1) – Pet Info Club – petinfoclub.com
(2) – Princess Parrot at Cincinnati Zoo, USA By Ted (originally posted to Flickr as DSC_0026) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Princess Parrot at Cincinnati Zoo, USA By Ted (originally posted to Flickr as DSC_0063) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – A blue mutant Princess Parrot at Flying High Bird Sanctuary, Australia By paulgear (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – ©2013 Simon J. Tonge – calphotos

Sounds: Nigel Jackett (Xeno-canto)

Regent Parrot
Polytelis anthopeplus

Regent Parrot

Description

37 to 42 cm.. length and around 114 g. of weight.

Regent Parrot

The Regent Parrot (Polytelis anthopeplus) has the yellow head, tending to yellow olive in it crown and nape. Green olive the the mantle; scapulars of color Brown olive dark; floor area of the back and tail showy yellow, tending to yellow olive in uppertail-coverts. Smalls and medium corbeteras, Yellow; greater coverts of color black blue in them pens external, Red with yellow tips on the innermost feathers; tertiary black grey in vane inner; reddish pink, with yellow tip in the vane outer; primary coverts bluish-black; primaries and secondaries bluish-black, with black inner tubes. Wing feathers yellow; underside of flight feather brown, almost black. The underparts Yellow, more off the yellow olive in undertail-coverts with some brands Orange indistinct around it area anal.

The tail is of color black with infiltrations of color blue dark in the part superior of their feathers Central and of the threads internal of their feathers side.

The bill is pinkish-Red. The irises are of color brown orange; legs grey.

The female has the underparts grey and of color green it top. Lords and ear-coverts are of colour more greenish. The strip of color blue dark of the feathers is more broad and it extends to the under wing-coverts that are more than color yellow-green that in the male. The rump is green olive opaque, not yellow. The red dot of the wing is less developed and has less brightness. Tail of color green blue by over. It has a pink tip below.

The youth they resemble females, However, young males have more yellow in the head.

  • Sound of the Regent Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Perico Regente.mp3]

Description 2 subspecies.

  • Polytelis anthopeplus anthopeplus

    : (Lear 1831) – The nominal.

  • Polytelis anthopeplus monarchoides

    : (Schodde 1993) – The male has much more brightness that it nominal species, particularly, the yellow of the underparts.

Habitat and habits:

The Regent Parrot they reside mainly in the East, Although the birds disperse after breeding season.

More regular movements have been recorded in the Western population, with spread towards the South during the summer, and a concentration below the 32 ° S in the autumn.

The birds move to the northeast in winter; movements of up to 320 km have been recorded. Oriental birds are linked to the banks of the rivers, where is the red rubber (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) trees with mallee Shrublands partners (Eucalyptus gracilis). They are also distributed in forests of eucalyptus, areas with thin Cypress pine (Callitris preissii), orchards and vineyards.

In the West, the species is less dependent from the Mallee and they reside in mixed plots of acacia and eucalyptus (wandoo, salmonophloia) and within agricultural land.

The Regent Parrot they are not in the forests of the South-western area, Although there have been in the forest clearings.

Outside the breeding season, the birds can be found in noisy flocks of a hundred or more individuals, being in general cautious. They feed primarily on Earth.

Reproduction:

The nesting season takes place between January and August. These birds nest either in single pairs or in small colonies composed of a maximum of 18 couples. Before the mating, There are ritual offerings of food.

The site selected for reproduction is usually a great tree of the gum dead or dying, to 20 metres above the ground and near a permanent water course. These nests are often reused.

The spawning includes of 3 to 6 white eggs You settle on a layer of decaying wood shavings. The female incubates alone during 21 days. His companion, he defected from the nest tree and joined a group consisting only of males, it comes to collaborate with food tasks. The chicks have white down. Usually, leave the nest after 5 to 6 weeks, but after feather, they remain in the family group for a few weeks yet.

Food:

The diet usually comprises seeds of grasses, herbs, fruit, berries, sprouts and flowers. They also take crops of cereals and dried fruits from orchards, as well as the grain spilled on roads.

In the East, males tend to feed in the mallee scrub (for example White Mallee Eucalyptus dumosto and Red Mallee Eucalyptus socialis) during the breeding season.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 1.520.000 km2

Confined to Australia, where in two very distant populations. In Western Australia are distributed mainly in the wheat belt, extending north to Ajana, on the inside of Laverton and Karonie, and down in Israelite Bay, on the South Coast; is also located to the South of Perth, but they have not fully colonized the wooded area Southwest.

In the southeast of Australia the range has shrunk in recent years. In the South of Australia, the species occurs along of the Murray River, around Morgan at the border of New South Wales, Victoria (seven colonies).

In Victoria are distributed in the Wyperfeld National Park and along the Wimmera River to the South of the Lake Hindmarsh, but the reproduction, probably, ceased to occur in the Lake Albacutya as recently as 1988.

In New South Wales is isolated along foci of the Murray River, and around the mouth of the Murrumbidgee River.

Along the border of New South Wales, Victoria, they are now grouped into four areas, and is absent 100 kilometres on both sides of Mildura; There are some couples throughout the North of the Darling river in Pooncarie, and along the Wakool River East.

There is a certain dispersion post-cria, but the birds is unlikely it lies to the northeast of Balranald or to the South of Castenaso, except perhaps during periods of drought.

Locally common in areas of riparian forest and Mallee (Eucalyptus gracilis).

The world's population is believed to be superior to the 15.000 individuals, but the subspecies of the East is by far the smaller of the two.

Completely protected by law in all but a few regions of the South-West.

A moderate number of captivity.

Distribution 2 subspecies:

  • Polytelis anthopeplus anthopeplus

    : (Lear 1831) – The nominal. Southwest of Australia.

  • Polytelis anthopeplus monarchoides

    : (Schodde 1993) – Interior West of the part of Southeast of Australia (Southeast of the South of Australia, Southwest of New South Wales and Northwest of Victoria).

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Decreasing

The species has an estimated world population in 21.500 individuals (Garnett and Crowley 2000).
The population of the subspecies anthopeplusis It is estimated in 20.000 individuals.
The population of the subspecies monarchoides It is estimated in 1.500 individuals (Garnett and Crowley 2000).

The population of the subspecies anthopeplusis is probably stable as a whole, While the subspecies monarchoides It may be waning (Garnett and Crowley 2000).

Areas of degradation Mallee (eucalyptus), accidents on the road, occupation natural cavities of swarms of bees and persecution due to farmers, they are the threats more recurrent. Despite its original development in areas of the southwest through the development of agriculture, even in these areas, It is considered a slight decline. The hope comes from the fact that can go to colonizing New Territories in forest areas in the South-western end. By now, the species is considered not presenting no important problem. However, in nearly all regions, except in areas of intensive agriculture, benefits from the protection.

Regent parakeet in captivity:

It is a bird very quiet. It is customary to his carer quickly enough. Friendly, It will also tolerate other non-aggressive species. Very active in the morning and afternoon. They may be prone to infections in the eyes and feet.

A sample was still alive after 13,8 years in captivity. It has been reported that these animals can live up to 27,5 years in captivity but it has not been able to be verified; the same study reported that these animals can reproduce from around the first year of age in captivity.

It is not very common in captivity.

Alternative names:

Regent Parrot, Black-tailed Parakeet, Black-tailed Parrot, Black-throated Parrot, Blossom-feathered Parakeet, Mallee Smoker, Marlock Parakeet, Marlock Parrot, Mountain Parrot, Plaide-wing Parrot, Regal Parrot, Rock Pebbler, Royal Parrot, Smoker, Smoker Parrot, Yellow King-Parrot (English).
Perruche mélanure, Perruche à queue noire (French).
Bergsittich (German).
Periquito-regente (Portuguese).
Perico Regente, Periquito de Rock Pebbler (Spanish).

Edward Lear
Edward Lear

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Polytelis
Scientific name: Polytelis anthopeplus
Citation: (Lear, 1831)
Protonimo: Palaeornis anthopeplus

Regent Parrot Images:

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Regent Parrot (Polytelis anthopeplus)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
– Anage: The Animal Ageing and Longevity Database – Anage entry for Polytelis anthopeplus

Photos:

(1) – A juvenile Regent Parrot (Polytelis anthopeplus) at the Bird Walk (Walk-in Aviary), Canberra, Australian National Territory, Australia By Polytelis_anthopeplus_2. jpg: JJ Harrison ([email protected])derivative work: Diliff (Polytelis_anthopeplus_2. jpg) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – An adult male perched by Josep del Hoyo – Lynx
(3) – A juvenile Regent Parrot (Polytelis anthopeplus) also known as the Rock Pebbler, Black-tailed Parakeet, Smoker, Marlock Parakeet and sometimes Regent Parakeet By Rainey06au at en.wikipedia [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Two Regent Parrots in an aviary in Australia. It is also known as the Rock Pebbler, Black-tailed Parakeet, Smoker, Marlock Parakeet and sometimes Regent Parakeet By Kristina (originally posted to Flickr as Parrots) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – A Regent Parrot in Flying High Bird Sanctuary, Australia. The parrot is feeding on seeds from the left hand of small boy’ s outstretched arm By paulgear (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – The Cape Parrot (Polytelis anthopeplus) Started by Dallas – Gros-becs.net

Sounds: Scott Connop (Xeno-canto)

Superb Parrot
Polytelis swainsonii

Superb Parrot

Description

40 cm.. length between 132 and 157 g. of weight.

Superb Parrot

The Superb Parrot (Polytelis swainsonii) has the front, crown, throat and chin bright yellow; back of the bright green Crown with turquoise blue wash: headphones coverts and Lords, green. Bright green upper parts. Upper, the wings, bright green, with dark diffusion in the inner margins of the vane internal and blue diffusion in vane outer (fine yellow rear margin for flight feathers); bluish carpal edge: light blue primary coverts; primary elongated.

Wing of bright green feathers; bottom of blackish brown flight feathers. Underparts pale bright green, with thin bright red Ruff between throat yellow and green at the top of the chest. Upper, bright green tail, with dark elongated Central feathers Slightly bulbous tips. outer feathers with bluish edges vane outer. The lower part of the tail is black.

Bill, coral red; yellow-orange irises; Blackish legs.

The female is completely Green, with a bath pink Brown throat and with the headphones cinnamon and the Crown of blue-grey. The mantle is more off, more greenish Brown, contrasting with the Green rump and dark flight feathers. The underparts are paler, orange-red legs. She also has distinctive pink trim and pink tips to yellow vane internal bottom of the queue.

Yellow IRIS.

Immature as females but with Brown iris. Males attain adult plumage in about 12 months.

  • Sound of the Superb Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Perico Soberbio.mp3]

Habitat:

A part of the population of the superb Parrot is migratory, wintering in the North of the breeding areas.

The habitat preferences of the breeding populations varies slightly from East to West within the slopes of the Great dividing range and open areas in forests of eucalyptus, It is the dominant vegetation type. Here the species nests away from water courses, and it uses a variety of tree species.
In the region of Riverina, to the West, the birds are bred almost exclusively on the banks of the rivers, in forests of Eucalyptus camaldulensis, feeding on nearby forests of Eucalyptus bicolor, Eucalyptus melliodora and White Pino-CIPRES (Callitris columellaris).

They sometimes also found in farmland and villages.

The size of the flocks are usually small, but groups of up to 100 individuals have been recorded after the breeding season.

The superb Parrot feed in the trees, in the understory, and also in land, where can be accessible, feeding on grain spilled at the edges of roads and maintenance of the company of the Yellow Rosella and cockatoos.

Reproduction:

The breeding season of the Superb Parrot is from September to November.
Male parade making small greetings and nodding his head. Both members of the couple make ritual exchanges of food.

The nest is usually a hollow, full of scrap wood, at the top of a tree dead or alive and a considerable height that is usually between 11 and 51 meters above the ground. The individual sites tend to be reused.

The Superb Parrot, they often nest in colonies ranging up to six couples. Spawning contains 4 or 6 eggs which are incubated for at least 20 days. The chicks are altricial and leave the nest after 30 days.

Food:

The diet includes fruits and flowers of Acacia and eucalyptus, fruit shrubs (for example Exocarpos); seeds of crops, pastures, weeds and grasses

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 95.300 km2

The Superb Parrot they are endemic in Australia, where are distributed only in New South Wales and the north end of Victoria.

The species are concentrated in two main areas: on the South-West slope of the Great dividing range (regions of Cowra, Boorowa, Cootamundra and Yass), and in the area of Riverina, New Wales of the itsr. In this latter range extends along of the Murrumbidgee River, from There is a to Darlington Point, Narrandera and Wagga Wagga.

Also found in the North of Goolgowi and the Lachlan River, and in South, in the rivers Edward and Murray (Barham. Deniliquin, Tocumwal, Cobram, Getafe and Albury).

In the North of Victoria, It concentrated along the Rivers Goulburn and Ovens, and in the area of Barmah Forest.

Wandering birds occasionally appear more to the West, along the border of Victoria and New South Wales.

The Superb Parrot, normally they are not reproduced above 33 ° S, but at least part of the population disperses northward to 33° S at the end of the breeding season.

These birds are found from April to August in the northeast of New South Wales from Gunnedah to Narrabri, Gilgandra and Coonamble, and between river systems to the West (Barwon, Namoi, Macquarie, Castlereagh, Marthaguy Creek).

Occasionally, alleged migratory birds, They fly to the West, about Tottenham and Hermidale.

Escapes have been recorded around Sydney and Melbourne.

A moderate number of captivity.

Protected by law.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

Its population, apparently, fell in 1920 as an accidental effect of a poisoning by the crop protection.

A panel of experts considered that it was very likely that the population in 2010 exceeds the 10.000 mature individuals. The current estimate ranges in the Strip between 10.000 and 20.000 specimens.

The general trend of the population of the Superb Parrot (Polytelis swainsonii) is uncertain, but there is no evidence of a continuous decline.

In Australia is also classified as vulnerable species the law of protection of the environment and conservation of the biodiversidadad of 1999. Their conservation status also varies between States, for example in the law of Victoria (1988) is considered to be threatened species.

Perico Soberbio in captivity:

Take it easy, relatively little aggressive with other birds, and very social.

Una muestra vivió 15,1 years in captivity. According to sources, these animals can live up to 24,2 years in captivity, It is possible to, but the source is not verified; the same study reported that these animals can reproduce in approximately 2 years of age in captivity.

Pretty common in captivity, above all in Australia.

Alternative names:

Superb Parrot, Barraband, Barraband Parakeet, Barraband Parrot, Green Leek, Scarlet-breasted Parrot (English).
Perruche de Barraband, Perruche Barraband, Perruche superbe (French).
Schildsittich (German).
Periquito-soberbo (Portuguese).
Perico Soberbio, Periquito de Barraband (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Polytelis
Scientific name: Polytelis swainsonii
Citation: (Desmarest, 1826)
Protonimo: Psittacus Swainsonii

Superb Parrot images:

————————————————————————————————

Superb Parrot (Polytelis swainsonii)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
– The Animal Ageing and Longevity Database – Polytelis swainsonii

Photos:

(1) – By paulgear (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Image Credit: Stuart Harris – Canberra Birds
(3) – Image Credit: Julian Robinson – Canberra Birds
(4) – Image Credit: Stuart Harris – Canberra Birds
(5) – Image Credit: Julian Robinson – Canberra Birds

Sounds: Ding Li Yong (Xeno-canto)

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