25,5 - 28 cm.. length and a weight between 50 and 60 g..
The Hooded Parrot (Psephotellus dissimilis) is a very striking species, restricted to the dry forests of the North of Australia. The male has a pileum black, their underparts are Turquoise with a patch in the shoulders golden yellow.
The females are pale green with a pale turquoise diffusion in the cheeks, abdomen and cadwas.
The Golden-shouldered Parrot, with which it is closely linked, is very similar in appearance, but they are only observed in the Cape York Peninsula, in the North of Queensland, and males differ in their tones slightly. The Hooded Parrot does the yellow colour in the forecrown or in the lores and the yellow markings of the shoulders and reddish of the belly, they are smaller than. The females they are very similar, but the Golden-shouldered Parrot It shows a faint red marks on the area, white, Bass belly, has the undertail- coverts Blue, bluish color of the belly is absent and the undertail- coverts They have a pinkish tone; also has a Brown Suffusion in the crown, a forecrown yellowish and the cheeks they are greener.
The Northern Rosella shares territory with the Hooded Parrot and also has a pileum black, but it lacks of the underparts Turquoise and yellow markings on the wings.
The Hooded Parrot they have an elegant flight, and males they are very bright with a Flash of bright yellow showing in the wings. The flight fast and slightly wavy. Bird perch, times, phone cables, and can make long flights at high altitude.
Providing more detail to its description, the Hooded Parrot has the pileum, lores and the area below and in front of the eyes, black, merging into grey-brown colour in the the mantle (darker uppers than the Golden-shouldered Parrot). The rump is turquoise blue and the uppertail-coverts green. Wing coverts golden yellow (grey dark in vane inner).
Flight feather Blackish with difusion-verde turquoise at the edge of the vane outer (thin yellow color at the outer edge). Feathers of the wings and bend of wing bluish green; underside of flight feather blackish brown. The cheeks, the neck and the chest Turquoise, lightly coated with emerald green; rest of the underparts Turquoise with the exception of undertail- coverts they are orange-red with yellow tips. Uppertail dark bars.
Central feathers of the tail Green bronze with black tips, side green blue with white tips, with a blackish central bar; undertail, the tail apparently light blue with black tips when it is closed. Bill pale grey; irises dark brown; legs light brown.
The female is usually pale, a light yellowish green, with wing-coverts a bright yellowish-green, flight feather blackish, and a turquoise color broadcasting in the rump, from the top of the breast to belly, and vaguely in the cheeks. Subcaudales coverts bathed in Pink salmon; pale marks in the wings.
The immature they are like the females, but males have the head darker and the cheeks bright. Adult plumage they would earn in the second annual moult.
The very young birds they have the peaks yellow.
Sedentary, Although some early records of the Melville Island they probably relate to the post breeding dispersal. Scattered sparsely through the open dry forests, flooded Plains, especially grasslands of Malaleuca-dominated and Spinifex Triodia, meadows with termite mounds, also in rows of eucalyptus trees along watercourses and the rocky ridges.
Usually, they are in pairs or in small groups, but after the breeding season, from September (end of the dry season) onwards, they may gather in groups of up to 100 birds feeding.
Egg-laying range from late January until mid-April, at the end of the rainy season, the nest is a tunnel in a Termite Mound. The direction and height of the entrance of the nest is variable, but the temperatures in nest Chambers are more stable within the larger mounds. A recent study of the ecology of nesting in the Northern Territory showed a density of 0,45 - 0,70 nests per square kilometer, with a 50% the egg producing offspring. Between two and six eggs make up the implementation, and are incubated for around 20 days by the female. Within five weeks the hatchlings leave the nest. The females., sometimes, they sit away from their nests during the heat of the day.
The diet is composed, mainly, of pasture seeds seasonal during the dry season and perennial plants during the wet season. The variation in the ability to master the techniques of power for different types of seeds can explain the apparent early dispersal of immatures in the wet season. Birds feed on quietly on the floor, resting in the foliage near the water during the heat of the day. When drinking, they often walk into the water along banks of sand. They are sometimes seen feeding on road verges, often in association with the Black-faced Woodswallow (Artamus cinereus).
Endemic to North of Australia where is located in the western part of Arnhem Land, Northern Territory, from the South of the Alligator River, to the southwest of Pine Creek and the South-East of Include. Birds also are scattered over East and West until the rivers Roper and upper area of the Daly.
In general, It rare. Although it is now fully protected. Capture is believed to it has been a problem in the past. Burning and grazing may limit the availability of herbs seeds during the dry season.
Mining also threatens the habitat of the species. There is a moderate number of birds in captivity.
• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern
• Population trend: Stable
The world population is estimated at 20.000 specimens (Garnett and Crowley 2000).
Population trends have not been quantified, but populations seem to be stable, without descents recent (Garnett and Crowley 2000).
The species is still common in areas under the administration of the Park Aboriginal and National, where the grazing is minimal and where there are programs that ensure its survival, or around the Rocky slopes, where is the availability of food in the rainy season relatively assured.
"Hooded Parrot" in captivity:
Although the popularity of the Hooded Parrot has increased considerably in the last decade, This species is still quite unknown in poultry. The main reason is, probably, that they are not easy to care for and reproduce in captivity, due to its high demands care and difficulty it in terms of its food supply. The Hooded Parrot they are not recommended for a beginner breeder birds.
No one knows exactly when these birds were imported for the first time to Europe, but it was probably at the beginning of the last century. In the autumn of 1912 English Hubert Astley It was who got the first satisfactory result of breeding with the Hooded Parrot, got 4 young people from a litter of 5. In the Netherlands, the Dr. Polak It also had results before the second world war. Once born the offspring, they were taken along with a couple of Red-rumped Parrot (Psephotus haematonotus) they grew up without any problem.
There is a variety of the Hooded Parrot because different crosses with other species such as Mulga Parrot (Psephotellus varius) and the the Golden-shouldered Parrot (Psephotellus chrysopterygius). Therefore, We must pay attention to the features when we are going to buy a couple of future players of this species. If you have doubts about the purity of certain birds, consult with a person who is familiar with this type of parrots.
In terms of the behavior, the Hooded Parrot adapt to the European climate relatively well, Although they are sensitive to the cold and damp climate. They are quiet birds, enable, not shy and that adapt quickly to their caregiver. His voice is not worrying. Love these birds being on the ground, where spend much time. They love to swim and are not rodents of wood. During the breeding season they are aggressive with other birds. Even outside the breeding season, It is not advisable to fit them with their peers or keep them with other bird species. Young birds together may stay in a birdhouse. As a basic rule, Ave predict an area of one square meter.
It is not known exactly how these birds can live, According to sources, a specimen was still alive after 18 years in captivity
– Hooded Parrot, Antbed Parrot, Anthill Parrot, Black-hooded Parakeet, Black-hooded Parrot, Golden-shouldered Parrot, Hooded Parakeet (English).
– Perruche à capuchon noir (French).
– Collettsittich, Hooded Sittich (German).
– Periquito-encapuzado (Portuguese).
– Perico Capirotado, Periquito encapuchado (Spanish).
– Order: Psittaciformes
– Family: Psittaculidae
– Genus: Psephotellus
– Scientific name: Psephotellus dissimilis
– Citation: Collett, 1898
– Protonimo: Psephotus dissimilis
Hooded Parrot images :
Hooded Parrot (Psephotellus dissimilis)
(1) – A male Hooded Parrot, about 30 km south of Pine Creek, Northern Territory, Australia By birdphotosneill (Hooded ParrotUploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – A pair of Hooded Parrots, about 30 km south of Pine Creek, Northern Territory, Australia By birdphotosneill (Hooded ParrotsUploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A pair of Hooded Parrots about 30 Km south of Pine Creek, Northern Territory, Australia. The male is in the foreground By birdphotosneill (Hooded ParrotsUploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – By originally posted to Flickr as parkiet xxx and uploaded to commons at Psephotus_dissimilis_(female)_-Burgers_Zoo-8a.jpg: frank woutersderivative work: Snowmanradio (Psephotus_dissimilis_(female)_-Burgers_Zoo-8a.jpg) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Male Hooded Parrot (Psephotus dissimilis) – Sylvan Heights Waterfowl Park in Scotland Neck, North Carolina By SandyCole (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons