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Sulphur-breasted parakeet
Aratinga maculata

Sulphur-breasted parakeet

Content

Description:


Anatomy-parrots-eng

30 cm. length and 110 g. of weight.
The Sulphur-breasted parakeet (Aratinga maculata) is pale orange, with the head and rear of the neck pale yellow

. The throat and the chest are pale yellow, the the thighs are greenish; flanks pale orange, undertail-coverts greenish, the mantle pale greenish yellow; rump pale yellow orange, tail blue-green, wings green-yellow, underwing-coverts pale yellow. Close orange stripe on the front of the crown, in the lores and around eyes. Orbital ring pale grey. Iris dark gray / brown. Bill almost black.

The immature presumably as of adults, but with cheeks and top of the chest Yellow olive. (Observed one specimen).

  • Sound of the Sulphur-breasted parakeet.

taxonomy:

described in 2005 under the name of Aratinga pintoi, but later it was shown that the current name, It considered invalid for a long time, indeed it applies to this form, and therefore takes precedence; of holotype of Aratinga pintoi It has now been designated as neotype of Psittacus maculatus, which formally stabilizes synonymity. The species was misidentified as a juvenile of the Sun Parakeet (Aratinga solstitialis) or a hybrid between the latter and the Jandaya Parakeet (Aratinga jandaya); now generally recognized as a separate taxon, differing greatly reduced due to the orange-red in the face (where it forms an irregular mask), Breast and belly.

Habitat and behavior:

The species inhabits areas with large tracts of forest and Savannah adjacent (O’ Shea 2005, Mittermeier et to the. 2010). performs movements nomads.

It is similar in behavior and general ecology to the species of the group of the Aratinga solstitialis. Are in groups of 2-10 birds and they are relatively Meek, feeding along roads and orchards.

Reproduction:

Not much is known about their breeding habits. One nest observed with an egg of unknown size.

Breeding season: August October

Food:

Feeds of fruit and seeds of Guateria sp., Dalechampia sp., Byrsonima sp. and Myrcia sp.

Distribution:

Extending its range (breeding/resident): 159.000 km2

The Sulphur-breasted parakeet (Aratinga maculata) (formerly pintoi; see Nemésio y Rasmussen 2009) It has a fragmented range in For and Amapá in Brazil, and at the southern end of Suriname (p. e.g.. Silveira et al. 2005, Mittermeier et to the. 2010, Vieira da Costa et al. 2011). After a three-day survey conducted in 2003, Silveira et al. (2005) They claim that Sulphur-breasted parakeet was quite common in Monte Alegre, For. in addition, in Suriname the species has been characterized as uncommon to fairly common (O’ Shea 2005, Mittermeier et to the. 2010).

Conservation:

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Growing.

• Population size : unknown.

Rationale for the Red List category

The trend of the population It seems to be increase, and therefore the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criteria of population trend (> 30% decrease in ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criterion of population size (<10.000 individuos maduros con un descenso continuo estimado en >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specific population structure). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least concern

Threats

The distribution area this species is affected by the deforestation, mainly driven by the expansion of agriculture as they build new roads; However, deforestation Brazil You may be benefiting this species and facilitating their spread to new areas (Vieira da Costa et al. 2011). Long-term, deforestation may become so rapid and extensive that the balance of extensive forest tracts and savannas required by the species will be exceeded and the species may begin to decline. Silveira et al. (2005) They claim that Monte Alegre, For, no obvious signs of a strong pressure entrapment. in addition, Mittermeier et to the. (2010) state that no hunting or capture of the species by Amerindians in the savannah was reported Sipaliwini of Suriname meridional.

"Sulphur-breasted parakeet" in captivity:

virtually unknown; maintained by local people and zoos Brazil. It can live up 30 years in captivity.

Alternative names:

Sulfur-breasted Parakeet, Sulphur-breasted Parakeet (English).
Conure de Pinto, Conure à poitrine soufrée (French).
Schwefelbrustsittich (German).
cacaué (Portuguese).
Aratinga Pechisulfúrea (español).

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Aratinga
Scientific name: Aratinga maculata
Citation: (Statius Müller, 1776)

Images Sulfur-breasted Aratinga:



Species of the genus Aratinga
  • Aratinga weddellii
  • Aratinga nenday
  • Aratinga solstitialis
  • Aratinga maculata
  • Aratinga jandaya
  • Aratinga auricapillus
  • —- Aratinga auricapillus auricapillus
  • —- Aratinga auricapillus aurifrons

  • Sources:

    Avibase
    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    Birdlife
    World Parrot Trust

    Photos:

    (1) – Aratinga maculata by Sidnei DantasFlickr
    (2) – alexanderlees, IBC1058449. Accessible at hbw.com/ibc/1058449

    Sounds: Thiago V. V. Costa, XC57522. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/57522

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    Red-browed Parrot
    Amazona rhodocorytha

    Red-browed Parrot

    Content

    Description:

    35-40 cm.. length and 450-650 g. of weight.

    The Red-browed Parrot (Amazona rhodocorytha) has the forecrown and front of the crown, bright red; back of the crown, green with brownish purple tips; lores oranges; lower cheeks and throat, pale blue; ear-coverts and sides neck, green with plenty of blue; nape green with black tips.
    Upperparts green, some feathers showing faint dark tips. Wing coverts green with yellow on the carpal edge. Primaries dark grey; three outermost secondary, red at the base, other green with violet blue tips. Underwing-coverts green. Underparts green, paler and more yellowish than above, with some feathers showing faint pale blue tips (especially in the belly and around the thighs). The tail It is green with yellow tip and a large patch in red subterminal innerwebs of the lateral feathers. Bill color pale horn; irises orange; legs grey.


    Anatomy-parrots-eng

    Red-browed Parrot

    Both sexes are similar. Immature It is less extensive in red head and in the tail, and the red color is confined to only the first two secondaries.

    Taxonomic note:

    The Red-browed Parrot It has been widely treated as conspecific with Blue cheeked Parrot (Amazona dufresniana) and Red-tailed Parrot (Amazona brasiliensis). According to reports, the birds of Alagoas show the throat orange, suggesting a racial differentiation. It has not proposed any subspecies.

    • Sound of the Red-browed Parrot.

    Habitat:

    Video – "Red-browed Parrot"

    The Red-browed Parrot mainly inhabits moist lowland forests, but forests also date from the highlands (perhaps seasonally) inside (for example, in Serra do Mar and east of Minas Gerais, Brazil) up to approximately 1.000 m. Although records on the edges of forests, probably not adapt to the conditions created, even partial deforestation. They sleep communally on tall trees in forest.

    Reproduction:

    The eggs possibly they hatch in October and pairs with their young have been observed in January.

    In captivity, sunsets four eggs are common; the incubation hard 24 days, with the young leaving the nest 34 days after hatching.

    Food:

    Feeds of fruit, seeds, berries and cocoons they get in the treetops; It has also been registered to Red-browed Parrot feeding is of papaya, jaca, Mango, cacao, banana and coffee plantations.

    Distribution and status:

    Size of its range (breeding/resident): 2.700 km2

    The Red-browed Parrot It was first discovered in northern Sao Paulo at the beginning of the year 90.
    This is an Amazon of Atlantic tropical forests of Brazil, in the East of Alagoas and further south, until Rio de Janeiro. No records between Alagoas and northeast of Bay, but if southwards and into neighboring areas, to the East of Minas Gerais, Brazil, through Espirito Santo until Rio de Janeiro.

    Obviously, he suffered a drastic decline in its geographical expansion and its population since European settlement. Today they live confined to the last remaining fragments of the Atlantic tropical forests. Possibly extinct Alagoas, where the last native lowland forests were cleared in the 1990s 1980, although still quite common in at least one protected area Espirito Santo.

    The current population is scattered and is susceptible to continued deforestation (for example, around the the Desengano State Park in Rio de Janeiro) and continued illegal trade in which the birds are highly valued. Live in several areas protected, including the Monte Pascoal National Park (Bay), the Rio Doce State Park (Minas Gerais, Brazil), reservations Sooretama and Linhares in Espirito Santo and the Serra da Bocaina National Park, Rio de Janeiro.

    Conservation:

    State of conservation ⓘ


    Endangered Endangered (UICN)ⓘ

    • Current category of the Red List of the UICN: In danger of extinction.

    • Population trend: Decreasing.

    • Population size : 600-1700

    • Rationale for the Red List category

    This species is endangered because of their severely fragmented and declining population. There remains a proper dismantling of Atlantic forest habitat and capture for the bird trade cage is an additional threat. It is considered nationally in peligro de extinctionn in Brazil.

    • Justification of the population

    The species has a small population located in the band 1,000-2,499 individuals in total. This is equivalent to 667-1.666 mature individuals, rounded here to 600-1.700 mature individuals.

    • Justification of trend

    It is suspected continued rapid population decline based on habitat destruction and fragmentation and capture for domestic and international pet trade.

    Threats
      less than 10% of original forest cover remains in Bahia and Espírito Santo, and only 2% en Alagoas (Brown and Brown 1992, Conservation International 1995), mainly due to conversion to plantations and pastures. In fact, now it is estimated that less than 1% the general habitat of this species remains (Klemann-Júnior et al., 2008). In janeiro river, many fragments of important habitats are being cleared, especially around the Desengano State Park. The collapse of the cocoa economy in southern Bahia has resulted in increased logging by landowners and colonization of reserves by former plantation workers. (Snyder et to the., 2000). If the seasonal movement of birds is confirmed, this would multiply the problems of habitat loss. In the breeding season 1998-1999, 174 nestlings were captured, especially reservation, for domestic and international trade of birds in cages (Brown and Brown 1992), While 664 individuals were recorded in captivity at the Center for Reintroduction of Wild Animals 2005-2006 and others were found in private cages (L. Klemann-Júnior a little., 2007). Illegal trade is apparently the main threat to the species in Espírito Santo (Klemann-Júnior et al., 2008b). Memories containing feathers have been on sale outside the Monte Pascoal National Park (Sweeney 1996). a pest species is considered in some plantations of papaya, coffee and cocoa (Klemann-Junior 2006, L. Klemann-Júnior a little., 2012).
    Conservation Actions Underway
      CITES Appendix I and II and protected by Brazilian law. Considered endangered in Brazil to 2014 (Klemann-Júnior et al., 2008), It is now classified as Vulnerable (MMA 2014). They live in 14 Reservations (Wege and Long 1995 , RB Pineschi by C. Yamashita in some. 2000), but most of them provide minimal habitat protection and none are effective against poaching. The ex situ population is managed under a European species survival plan (Sweeney 1996) and Curitiba Zoo (L. Klemann-Júnior a little. 2012), which together with Loro Parque Foundation, Foundation Rare Species Conservation and Environmental Idéia, have successfully developed a captive breeding program (Reinschmidt and Waugh 2005 , L. Klemann-Júnior a little. 2007, 2012) .
    Conservation Actions Proposed
      Survey to locate additional populations. Protect forests where the species is found outside reserves in Rio de Janeiro. Effectively protect habitat and birds within reserves and further develop the captive breeding population. Enforce laws against trafficking, especially on roads connecting the Monte Pascoal National Park with the rest of southern Brazil (Snyder et to the., 2000). Mapping the current distribution of the species within its extent of occurrence. Identify priority areas for conservation. Investigate dietary requirements and nesting. Estimate the range of the house of the species. Study the impact of fragmentation of forests within its population. Implement an education program (L. Klemann-Júnior a little. 2012).

    The Red-browed Parrot in captivity:

    Suffering from a continuous illegal trade in which the birds are highly valued.
    protected by CITES Appendix I, where they are included all endangered species. Trade in specimens of these species is authorized only under exceptional circumstances..

    Each captive specimen of this species which is capable of reproducing, It is placed in a well-managed program captive breeding and not be sold as a pet, with the order to ensure their survival long-term.

    The captive breeding, although difficult, It has been successful in United States and Europe and overall management plan for captive birds of this species is underway. The reintroduction into the wild of captive populations can become an important conservation strategy in the future.

    Alternative names:

    Red browed Parrot, Red-browed Amazon, Red-browed Parrot, Red-fronted Amazon, Red-fronted Parrot (English).
    Amazone à sourcils rouges (French).
    Granada-Amazone, Rotscheitelamazone (German).
    acumatanga, chauá, chauã, cumatanga, jauá (Portuguese).
    Amazona Coronirroja, Amazona Crestirroja (español).


    scientific classification:


    Salvadori Tommaso

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittacidae
    Genus: Amazona
    Scientific name: Amazona rhodocorytha
    Citation: (Salvadori, 1890)
    Protonimo: Chrysotis rhodocorytha


    Images Red-browed Parrot:


    Species of the genus Amazona

  • Amazona festiva
  • —- Amazona festiva bodini
  • —- Amazona festiva festiva
  • Amazona vinacea
  • Amazona tucumana
  • Amazona pretrei
  • Amazona agilis
  • Amazona albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons nana
  • —- Amazona albifrons saltuensis
  • Amazona collaria
  • Amazona leucocephala
  • —- Amazona leucocephala bahamensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala caymanensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala hesterna
  • —- Amazona leucocephala leucocephala
  • Amazona ventralis
  • Amazona vittata
  • —- Amazona vittata gracilipes †
  • —- Amazona vittata vittata
  • Amazona finschi
  • Amazona autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis lilacina
  • —- Amazona autumnalis salvini
  • Amazona diadema
  • Amazona viridigenalis
  • Amazona xantholora
  • Amazona dufresniana
  • Amazona rhodocorytha
  • Amazona arausiaca
  • Amazona versicolor
  • Amazona oratrix
  • —- Amazona oratrix belizensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix hondurensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix oratrix
  • Amazona tresmariae
  • Amazona auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata caribaea
  • —- Amazona auropalliata parvipes
  • Amazona ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala nattereri
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala panamensis
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala xantholaema
  • Amazona barbadensis
  • Amazona aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva xanthopteryx
  • Amazona mercenarius
  • —- Amazona mercenarius canipalliata
  • —- Amazona mercenarius mercenarius
  • Amazona guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae virenticeps
  • Amazona farinosa
  • Amazona kawalli
  • Amazona imperialis
  • Amazona brasiliensis
  • Amazona amazonica
  • Amazona guildingii

  • Sources:

    • Avibase
    • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    • Birdlife

    Photos:

    (1) – Red-browed Amazon (Amazona rhodocorytha) at Rare Species Conservatory Foundation, USA By Duncan Rawlinson (originally posted to Flickr as DSC00744) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (2) – Red-browed Amazon (Amazona rhodocorytha) in a zoo By Duncan Rawlinson (originally posted to Flickr as [1]) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (3) – Red-browed Amazon (Amazona rhodocorytha) at a zoo By Duncan Rawlinson (originally posted to Flickr as [1]) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (4) – Red-browed Amazon at Rare Species Conservatory Foundation, Florida, USA By Ruth Rogers (originally posted to Flickr as P8120449) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (5) – Red-browed Amazon (Amazona rhodocorytha). Parrot in a zoo By Duncan Rawlinson (originally posted to Flickr as [1]) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (6) – Red-browed Amazon (Amazona rhodocorytha) at Rare Species Conservatory Foundation, USA By Duncan Rawlinson (originally posted to Flickr as [1]) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (7) – Red-browed Amazon (Amazona rhodocorytha) in the Loro Parque zoo of Tenrerife (Spain) By Bjoertvedt (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (8) – Red-browed Amazon (Amazona rhodocorytha) at Rare Species Conservatory Foundation, USA By Duncan Rawlinson (originally posted to Flickr as DSC00736) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (9) – The red-browed Amazon parrot Amazona rhodocorytha at Rare Species Conservatory Foundation, USA By Duncan Rawlinson from Vancouver, BC (Flickr) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (10) – Blue-cheeked Amazon (left); Red-browed Amazon (right) Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (too.. 1880, plate IX) – Wikipedia

    Sounds: Eduardo D. Schultz, XC114198. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/114198

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    White-crowned Parrot
    Pionus senilis

    White-crowned Parrot

    Content


    Anatomy-parrots-eng

    Description:

    24 cm.. length and a weight between 193-229 g..

    The White-crowned Parrot (Pionus senilis) has the forecrown, crown and lores, white. The feathers of the cheeks, sides head, behind eyes, and rear of the neck, basically pale bluish green with green or blue violet and blue subterminal band darker margins, giving the whole a intricate scaly appearance.

    Mantle and back, green with copper plating shine; rump and uppertail-coverts, brighter green; scapulars basically colored green with coppery bronze in the points and outerweb. Lesser coverts and median, bronze with paler tips coppery, giving a mottled appearance; primary coverts, violet blue; greater coverts green. Primaries and secondaries outer, violet blue with green tips to outerweb of the primaries and inner secondary.

    Under, the wings pale bluish green. Patch in chin and top of the throat, white; feathers of the chest, green at the base (mostly hidden part) tipped dark blue or violet-blue and blue band paler, giving the whole a scalloped effect; undertail-coverts red. Tail green in the center, outer feathers blue with red at base. Bill pale yellow color with light green tint; eye ring Pink; irises dark brown: legs yellowish gray.

    Both sexes are similar. The immature has the head, the back of the neck and the chest, green, pale yellow with margins in the cheeks and crown, giving a pale mottling.

    Note:

    The subspecies decoloratus, que se distribuía desde la península de Yucatán to western Panama, previously recognized on the basis of their throat más purpúrea (less blue) and your chest and wings, more blue. However, There is not much geographic variation in the species Pionus senilis and the aforementioned characters are not consistent on the proposed range.

    • Sound of the White-crowned Parrot.

    Habitat:

    El hábitat del Loro Senil es principalmente el bosque húmedo (including tropical rain forest), but locally it can be found in forests of oak pine, and low mountain forest. Birds have been reported in forest edges, cultivated areas and grassland areas with scattered trees, plantations, secondary forest with emergent trees, woodlands and streams in Costa Rica, on the edge of urban areas.

    Lives mainly in lowlands, but they are distributed locally 2.300 meters in Guatemala and near 1.600 meters in Costa Rica 1.800 meters in Panama. gregarious, principalmente en parejas o fuera de temporada de cría, in small herds; sometimes in larger meetings of up to several hundred birds.

    Reproduction:

    Build your nests in tree cavities or hollow trunks of palm trees. The reproduction period occurs between February to May; in March in Mexico; in January-April Costa Rica; February to May in Honduras. The incubation comprises of 26-28 days, Followed by 54-68 días de crecimiento de las crías. Ha sido difícil lograr la reproducción de la especie en cautiverio y existe poca información sobre su reproducción en vida silvestre.

    The size of clutch is of 3 to 5 eggs

    Food:

    It feeds mainly on the tops of the trees seeds mature Inga and Erythrina and fruits Palm; sometimes cultures corn and Sorghum.

    Distribución y status:

    Size of its range (breeding/resident ): 1.290.000 km2

    Endemic to Central America, from Mexico until Panama.

    The White-crowned Parrot se encuentra en la zona tropical húmeda del este de Mexico on the Caribbean side of Tamaulipas and to the East of San Luis Potosi eastward through península de Yucatán, in Campeche and Quintana Roo, the borders of Belice and the northern lowlands and highlands of eastern Guatemala. It is found throughout the Caribbean slope of Honduras, mainly below 1.100 m (Occasionally highest altitudes) and in Roatan in the islas de la Bahía, and on the Caribbean side of Nicaragua (possibly also on the side of peaceful) until Costa Rica, where it remains mainly in the lowlands and foothills of the Caribbean slope, becoming less and less numerous south of Lemon; also observed in the slope of peaceful in the South of Costa Rica and on both sides West Panama, to the West of Chiriqui and to the West of Bull's mouths.

    Some local migrations (also apparently vertical) occur (for example, in parts of Oaxaca, Mexico and parts of Costa Rica). The species is widespread, pero la abundancia varía de poco común a muy común dependiendo de la localidad; It is perhaps the largest parrot in Costa Rica.

    current distribution: No data where the current distribution of specified White-crowned Parrot. This species of psittacine still has a presence throughout its range, although there are regions where it has been extirpated, as the West's Quintana Roo and Gulf Coast (INE 2000).

    Despite being frequently eaten by native peoples (at least once), persecuted as a pest of crops, capturados en números bajos para el comercio de aves vivas y desforestando gravemente partes de su área de distribución, It has not detected a serious overall decline in population.

    Conservation:


    Status


    • Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern.

    • Population trend: decreasing.

    sheltered Mexico by the Official Mexican Standard (NOM–059–SEMARNAT–2001–2010) bajo la categoría de Threatened.

    Rationale for the Red List category

    This species has a very large range and therefore it is not close to the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criterion of size range (Extension Occurrence <20,000 km2 combinada con un tamaño de rango decreciente o fluctuante, extensión / calidad de hábitat o tamaño de población y un pequeño número De lugares o fragmentación severa). A pesar de que la tendencia de la población parece estar disminuyendo, no se cree que la disminución sea suficientemente rápida para acercarse a los umbrales de Vulnerables bajo el criterio de tendencia poblacional (> 30% decline in ten years or three generations). The population size is very large and, therefore, not approaching the thresholds for vulnerable under the criterion of population size (<10.000 individuos maduros con una disminución continua estimada en> 10% en diez años o tres generaciones o con una estructura poblacional específica). For these reasons the species is evaluated as the least concern.

    Justification of the population

    Partners in Flight estimates the total population of 50.000-499.999 individuals (A. Panjabi in a bit., 2008).

    Justification of trend

    It is suspected that the population is declining due to continuous habitat destruction.

    "White-crowned Parrot" in captivity:

    (CITES) It included in the Appendix II (It includes species not necessarily threatened with extinction, but in which trade must be controlled to avoid utilization incompatible with their survival.)

    La especie ocupó el primer lugar en la década de los 80’s dentro de las especies de psitácidos más comercializadas en Mexico (Iñigo Elías y Ramos 1992). Currently, there marketing of the species in the national and international market.

    Valued as a pet or ornamental bird by its feathers, ability to imitate sounds and its tendency to form bonds with people.

    Alternative names:

    White-crowned Parrot, White crowned Parrot, White-capped Parrot (English).
    Pione à couronne blanche, Pione givrée, Pionus à front blanc, Pionus à front blanche (French).
    Glatzenkopfpapagei, Glatzenkopf, Glatzenkopf-Papagei, Weißkappenpapagei (German).
    Curica-de-testa-branca (Portuguese).
    Lora coroniblanca, Loro Corona Blanca, loro corona-blanca, Loro Coroniblanco, Loro de Corona Blanca, Loro Gorgiblanco, Loro Senil (español).
    Loro coroniblanco (Costa Rica).
    Lora coroniblanca (Honduras).
    loro corona blanca, loro corona-blanca, Loro Coroniblanco (Mexico).
    Loro Gorgiblanco (Nicaragua).


    scientific classification:

    Johann Baptist von Spix

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittacidae
    Genus: Pionus
    Scientific name: Pionus senilis
    Citation: (von Spix, 1824)
    Protonimo: Psittacus senilis


    Images “White-crowned Parrot”:

    Videos "White-crowned Parrot"

    ————————————————————————————————

    “White-crowned Parrot” (Pionus senilis)


    Sources:

    Avibase
    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    Birdlife

    Photos:

    (1) – A White-crowned Parrot (also known as White-crowned Pionus) at Macaw Mountain Bird Park, Honduras By Pionus_senilis_-Macaw_Mountain_Bird_Park,_Honduras-8a.jpg: Sarah and Jasonderivative work: Snowmanradio [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (2) – A White-crowned Parrot (also known as White-crowned Pionus) at Macaw Mountain Bird Park, Honduras By nakashi (Flickr: P1100396) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (3) – A White-crowned Parrot (also known as White-crowned Pionus) at Macaw Mountain Bird Park, Honduras By nakashi (Flickr: P1100397) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (4) – (Pionus Senilis). White-crowned Parrot , Guatemala By Virgilrm at English Wikipedia (Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons.) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
    (5) – A White-crowned Parrot (also known as White-crowned Pionus) at Macaw Mountain Bird Park, Honduras By nakashi (Flickr: P1100398) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (6) – White-crowned Parrot (also known as the White-crowned Pionus); close up of upper body By Brian Gratwicke [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (7) – A White-crowned Parrot at Cape May Zoo, New Jersey, USA By Jim Capaldi (Flickr: Parrot) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (8) – (Pionus Senilis) White-crowned Parrot in a tree By Virgilrm at English Wikipedia (Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons.) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
    (9) – White-crowned Parrot (Pionus senilis), also known as White-crowned Pionus, at the aviary Birds of Eden in South Africa By SandyCole (mailto:sandyc@dicksandy.org) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons

    Sounds:

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    Vulturine Parrot
    Pyrilia vulturina

    Vulturine Parrot

    Content

    Description:

    23 cm.. length and a weight between 138-165 g..

    The Vulturine Parrot (Pyrilia vulturina) It is a small parrot with bare skin yellow orange and covered bristles pale hairlike, in the area that covers the forecrown and back of the crown, until the eyes; bare skin on lores, the cheeks and center of crown black and covered with bristles black hairlike; feathers on the sides of neck and in the part back from the crown, are yellow, forming a band bright contrasting with the black of the head bare; back of the neck, black; upperparts green.

    Área carpiana and lesser upperwing-coverts, orange-yellow; outer median coverts with some blue; leading edge of wing, red; primary coverts blue; rest of the upper parts of the wings, green.

    Primaries bluish-black with narrow bluish-green margins to outerweb. Under, the wings with coverts red; flight feather green with blackish tips. feathers throat and the chest, olive yellow with dark tips, giving a scalloped effect; belly green with bluish tint; undertail-coverts brighter yellowish green. Tail green with tips blue and outer feathers with yellow on base of innerwebs. Bill dark blackish-grey with patch pale yellow at the base of the upper jaw; cere yellowish-horn; irises brownish-orange; legs grey.

    Both sexes are similar.

    The head of the immature, fully feathered (except in the eye ring); greenish on the cheeks and yellow olive in the rest of the head with no collar yellow. The bend of wing and underwing-coverts, yellowish-orange; irises darker.

    • Sound of the Vulturine Parrot.

    Habitat:

    It inhabits in the rainforest of lowland formations várzea (seasonally flooded forest), and the Mainland (without flooding). Gregarious.

    Reproduction:

    No details on the reproductive biology of this species.

    Food:

    diet includes fruit, seeds and berries taken in the forest canopy. Its bareheaded adaptation may be a dieta altamente frugívora, to prevent the fruit pulp enmarañara their feathers.

    Distribution and status:

    Size of its range (breeding/resident ): 1.030.000 km2

    Endémico del nordeste de Brazil, to the South of the amazon, from the eastern state of amazon, on the east bank of Madeira River, passing by For, to the south, up to the Serra do Cachimbo, extending eastward to the areas bordering northwest Maranhão, in the region of the Río Gurupí. Pueden estar restringidos a las áreas alrededor de los ríos principales dentro de esta región, lo que significaría que the size of the range may be overestimated.

    References in relation to its range to include Venezuela (lower basin Río Caura) and Guyana, They are apparently wrong.

    generally considered Rare, although undoubtedly they not have a lot of data due to the difficulty of observation of this species.

    The continuing rapid deforestation throughout its range has had to contribute to a substantial decrease in the population Vulturine Parrot en las últimas décadas.

    They can be seen in protected forests in the west of its range, pero la tala ilegal y la colonización siguen siendo una amenaza incluso allí.

    Conservation:


    Vulnerable


    • Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Vulnerable.

    • Population trend: Decreasing.

    Rationale for the Red List category

    Based on a model of future deforestation in the amazon basin and its dependence on primary forest and sensitivity to fragmentation, It is suspected that population of this species will decrease rapidly during the next three generations and, therefore, It has risen to Vulnerability.

    Justification of the population

    The population size World has not been quantified, but this species is described as “Rare” (Stotz et to the ., 1996).

    Justification of trend

    It is suspected that this species has lost 37,1-54,8% of habitat within its distribution over three generations (21 years) starting from a model of deforestation Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the ., 2006, Bird et to the ., 2011). Although the species may have some susceptibility to hunting and / or capture, also it appears to have some degree of tolerance habitat degradation (A. Lees in litt ., 2011). Therefore, you suspect your population decline by 30-49% during three generations.

    Conservation Actions Underway

    • Está listado como Vulnerable nationally in Brazil (MMA 2014).

    • No se conocen acciones específicas.

    Conservation Actions Proposed

    • Ampliar la red de áreas protegidas para proteger eficazmente las IBA.

    • Gestionar de manera eficaz los recursos y las áreas protegidas existentes y nuevas, using the emerging opportunities for financing the management of protected areas with the overall goal of reducing carbon emissions and maximize the conservation of biodiversity.

    • Es también esencial la conservation on private land, through the expansion of market pressures for proper land management and prevention of deforestation on land not suitable for agriculture (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006).

    • Campaña contra los cambios propuestos al Brazilian Forest Code que conducirían a una disminución en el ancho de las áreas de riparian forest protected as Permanent Preservation Areas (APPs), that function as vital corridors in fragmented landscapes.

    "Vulturine Parrot" in captivity:

    It is not found in aviculture; Probably they never stood outside Brazil.

    Alternative names:

    Vulturine Parrot (English).
    Caïque vautourin (French).
    Kahlkopfpapagei (German).
    curica-urubu, papagaio-urubu, periquito d’anta, periquito-urubu, pirí-pirí, urubu-paraguá (Portuguese).
    Lorito Cabeza Zamuro, Lorito Vulturino (español).

    scientific classification:


    Kuhl, Heinrich
    Heinrich Kuhl

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittacidae
    Genus: Pyrilia
    Scientific name: Pyrilia vulturina
    Citation: (Kuhl, 1820)
    Protonimo: Psittacus vulturinus

    Images “Vulturine Parrot”:

     Vulturine Parrot

    Vídeos Lorito Vulturino:


    “Vulturine Parrot” (Pyrilia vulturina)

    Sources:

    • Avibase
    • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    • Birdlife

    • Photos:

    (1) – Pyrilia vulturina (adult and immature) – Imagen de Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    (2) – Pyrilia vulturina ( Curica Vulture) by victor castro

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    Pileated Parrot
    Pionopsitta pileata

    Pileated Parrot

    Content

    Pileated Parrot

    Description:

    22 cm.. length and a weight between 98-120 g..

    The Pileated Parrot (Pionopsitta pileata) has the forecrown, lores, crown anterior upper cheeks to behind eyes, bright red; patch reddish brown in ear-coverts; the lower cheeks, sides and rear of the neck, green.

    The upperparts, green. Primaries and greater coverts, alula and feathers bend of wing, violet blue; other coverts, green. Outerwebs of the primary and secondary, violet blue with blue-green edges. Under, the wings bluish green, coverts with some darker blue feathers. Underparts green with bluish tint in the chest and throat, and with a yellowish tint in the belly and undertail-coverts. Upper, the tail centrally green, laterally violet blue; undertail, bluish green.

    Bill dark brown, becoming dark horn distally in both jaws; bare periophthalmic naked, pale grey, irises and legs, grayish brown.

    The female has most of its head green but with a pretty pale blue in the forecrown.

    Immature as female, but with grayish green or green spots and dark spots on the base bill; young male sometimes with red limited in forecrown with a patch orange behind.

    • Sound of the Pileated Parrot.

    Habitat:

    They inhabit in forests, incluyendo bosques tropicales húmedos y montes dominados por araucarias, mainly in lowlands in the south of the mountain range, although penetrating the coastal mountains Brazil, at altitudes of 300 to 1.500 m; also in areas partially cleared. gregarious in groups of approximately 10 birds; aparentemente poco frecuentes en mayor número.

    Reproduction:

    They nest in the cavities of trees. probably reproduce mainly in the months of November to January. Clutch 3-4 eggs in captivity.

    Food:

    The fruits of Euterpe edulis They are among the favorite foods during the winter in eastern Paraguay; also recorded fruits Podocarpus and Solanum, and bark Eucalyptus; visit when ripe fruit orchards in Rio Grande do Sul.

    Distribution and status:

    Size of its range (breeding/resident ): 1.650.000 km2

    The Pileated Parrot It is located in southeast Brazil, to the South of Bay, through the belt of the Atlantic forest in Espirito Santo, probably east of Minas Gerais, Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Paraná and Santa Catarina, until Rio Grande do Sul, extending to the east Paraguay and northeast of Argentina in Missions and possibly in Currents (no recent records); also they have been reported east of Chaco in Argentina, where they can arrive as an irregular visitors.

    Some seasonal movements occur Paraná, donde las aves parten de la meseta interior de la costa después de la cría, and in Paraguay where it is in Amambay in October.

    Nomad in the Intervales State Park of São Paulo. Its population is widespread but declining due to the extensive loss of forests by urban growth, la agricultura y la minería.

    Descrito como poco común a bastante común en Missions, Argentina. Aparentemente aún su población no está en riesgo por la pérdida de hábitat ya que las aves siguen siendo bastante numerosas en donde quedan fragmentos de bosque (for example, east of Paraguay) and travel between them on land without trees. More numerous are more extensive where the remains of forest, It is more common in eastern Paraguay and adjacent Paraná and São Paulo in Brazil.

    Conservation:


    Status


    • Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern.

    • Population trend: Stable.

    Rationale for the Red List category

    This species has a very large range and therefore it is not close to the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criterion of size range (Extension Occurrence <20,000 km2 combinada con un tamaño de rango decreciente o fluctuante, extensión / calidad de hábitat o tamaño de población y un pequeño número de lugares o fragmentación severa). La demographic trend appears to be stable and, therefore, the species does not approach the thresholds Vulnerable under the criteria of population trend (> 30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size It has not been quantified, but it is not believed to be close to the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criterion of population size (<10.000 individuos maduros con un descenso continuo estimado> 10% in ten years or three generations or a population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as the least concern.

    Justification of the population

    The size of the world's population has not been quantified, but this species is described as “Rare” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

    Justification of trend

    They suspected that the population is stable in absence of evidence of any decline or threatens substantial.

    "Pileated Parrot" in captivity:

    Very rare in captivity.

    Alternative names:

    Pileated Parrot, red-cappe parrot, Red-capped Parrot (English).
    Caïque mitré, Perroquet mitré (French).
    Scharlachkopfpapagei, Scharlachkopf-Papagei (German).
    Cuiú-cuiú, caturra, cuiú, cuiuiú, curica-cuiú, maitaca-de-cabeça-vermelha, periquito-rei, tui-maritaca (Portuguese).
    Catita cabeza roja, Catita decabeza roja, Lorito cabeza roja, Lorito de Cara Roja, Lorito Pileado (español).
    Catita cabeza roja, Catita decabeza roja (Argentina).
    Lorito cabeza roja (Paraguay).


    scientific classification:

    Giovanni Antonio Scopoli
    Giovanni Antonio Scopoli

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittacidae
    Genus: Pionopsitta
    Scientific name: Pionopsitta pileata
    Citation: (Scopoli, 1769)
    Protonimo: Psittacus pileatus


    Images “Pileated Parrot”:

    Videos "Pileated Parrot"

    ————————————————————————————————

    “Pileated Parrot” (Pionopsitta pileata)


    Sources:

    Avibase
    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    Birdlife

    Photos:

    (1) – Pileated Parrot Loro Parque – Tenerife (Spain) by Florin FeneruFlickr
    (2) – Pileated Parrot Loro Parque – Tenerife (Spain) by Florin FeneruFlickr
    (3) – Pileated Parrot Loro Parque – Tenerife (Spain) by Florin FeneruFlickr
    (4) – Pionopsitta pileata by Taguató yetapaFlickr
    (5) – Red-capped parrot (Pionopsitta pileata) – “Cuiú-cuiú” Campina Grande do Sul | The Birds of Brazil by Ben TavenerFlickr
    (6) – Catita Cabeza Roja by Argentavis – Birds of Argentina

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    Cliff Parakeet
    Myiopsitta luchsi

    Cliff Parakeet

    Content

    Description:

    Cliff Parakeet

    26-28 cm.. length and a weight between 120 and 140 g..
    The Cliff Parakeet (Myiopsitta luchsi) It has a medium size and is mainly green; the front of the crown, lower face and the chest, They are whitish, becoming bright yellow on the lower chest and the belly; the primaries and tail (medium-sized long), They are bright metallic blue.
    Similar Monk Parakeet has less extensive white color crown, pale yellow instead of bright yellow in the belly and the pale gray chest It has a scaling effect that give centers feathers dark.

    Bill color horn.

    The immature They are similar to adults but with forecrown gray tinged with green.


    Taxonomic note:

        This species was described in 1868 by Finsch as Bolborhynchus luchsi, with specimens from Bolivia. Later, the species was transferred to the genus Myiopsitta and the name Myiopsitta luchsi It was used apparently to 1918 by Cory. From 1943, Bond & de Schauensee and they treat it as a subspecies of monachus (Myiopsitta monachus luchsi), approach that has been followed by all modern authors, but Necklace (1997) finally he considers that the morphological characters and their way of nesting are sufficient to raise again species level.

    Habitat:

    Video – "Cliff Parakeet" (Myiopsitta luchsi)

    It shares the same habitat with another endemic parrot, the Red-fronted Macaw (Ara rubrogenys), although both species do not compete because they feed on different plants.

    They found in dry woodland or open fields including fields with trees gallery woods, isolated groups of trees, Palm trees, forests, savannah and scrubland thorny cactus. It is also found in cultivated areas. Visitors from some urban areas. Until 3000 m.

    Reproduction:

    The breeding season occurs between December and March in crevices in cliffs, constructing a bulky nest branches. Unlike Monk Parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus), the Cliff Parakeet does not nest commonly, but often the nests are placed immediately adjacent to each other. The female is in charge of making this nest, as well as its maintenance.
    Couples are for life. The laying is of 5 to 8 eggs per clutch, and incubation lasts a few 26 days. At six weeks old chicks can now leave their nest.

    Food:

    It feeds on seeds of various fruits, including those of fruits cactus Neocardenasia herzogiana and seeds of the Acacia furcatispina; It is also known to feed on cultivated corn.

    Distribution:

    Size of its range (breeding/resident): 148.000 km2

    Restricted to xerophytic vegetation, near cliffs in intermountain valleys of eastern Andes of Bolivia, from the southeast of Peace, South of Cochabamba and West Santa Cruz, to the North of Chuquisaca and possibly other areas.

    Its range is very similar to the Red-fronted Macaw (Ara rubrogenys).

    Conservation:

    State of conservation ⓘ


    Status Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

    • Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern.

    • Population trend: Unknown.

    Justification of the population

    The size of the population has not been estimated, but the species has been described as “quite common” (pit et to the., 1997) and “possibly quite rare” (Juniper and Parr 1998).

    Justification of trend

    Population trends are difficult to determine due to uncertainty about the extent and severity of threats to the species..
    However, like many parrots, They face the traffic of wildlife and wild captivity. Also they suffer direct and immediate consequences of the destruction of their habitat by deforestation and the advance of the agricultural frontier.

    Conservation Actions Underway

    The species is listed in Appendix II of the CITES.

    "Cliff Parakeet" in captivity:

    Quite common. Very sociable, but shy with the human being.
    It is able to vocalize or imitate words, although this quality is far from possessing the capabilities of some genera of the same family.

    Alternative names:

    Cliff Parakeet, Bolivean monk parakeet, monk parakeet, Monk Parakeet (Cliff) (English).
    Perriche des falaises, Conure de Luchs, Conure des falaises, Conure des rochers (French).
    Luchssittich, Bolivien Mönchsittich, Bolivien-Mönchsittich (German).
    Cliff Parakeet (Portuguese).
    Cotorra Boliviana (español).

    Friedrich Hermann Otto Finsch
    Friedrich Hermann Otto Finsch

    scientific classification:


    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittacidae
    Genus: Myiopsitta
    Scientific name: Myiopsitta luchsi
    Citation: (Finsch, 1868)
    Protonimo: Luchs Bolborrhynchus


    Images “Cliff Parakeet”:

    Videos “Cliff Parakeet”:



    Species of the genus Myiopsitta
  • Myiopsitta monachus
  • —- Myiopsitta monachus calita
  • —- Myiopsitta monachus cotorra
  • —- Myiopsitta monachus monachus
  • Myiopsitta luchsi

  • Sources:

    Avibase
    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    Birdlife
    FAUNA – Psittacidae

    Photos:

    (1) – Bolivian Parrot, Bolivia, Sud Chichas, Churquipampa by giorgetta.ch
    (2) – Bolivian Parrot, Bolivia, Sud Chichas, Cerro Elefante by giorgetta.ch
    (3) – Bolivian Parrot, Bolivia, Sud Chichas, Churquipampa by giorgetta.ch
    (4) – A couple of Bolivian parrots in their nest located in the chalky wall of Churquipampa where its waters fall almost freely 330 meters to the creek. The female is arranging the main entrance of the nest while the male takes delight in watching her work by giorgetta.ch
    (5) – Bolivian Parrot, Bolivia, Sud Chichas, Churquipampa by giorgetta.ch
    (6) – Myopsittacus luchsi = Myiopsitta (monachus) luchsi, Cliff Parakeet, sometimes treated as a subspecies of the Monk Parakeet by John Gerrard Keulemans [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

    Sounds: Andrew Spencer (Xeno-canto)

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    Orange-cheeked Parrot
    Pyrilia barrabandi


    Orange-cheeked Parrot

    Content

    Parrot-carinaranja-6

    Description:

    The Orange-cheeked Parrot (Pyrilia barrabandi) measured, approximately, 25 cm., has the head and throat black, except for the bright colored area amarillento-naranja that goes from the base of the bill up to the lower cheek well behind the eyes.

    Upperparts green, lesser coverts, yellow-orange; edge front of the wing red; primary coverts blue-black; greater coverts bluish green; other coverts, green. Primary, dark blue at the base and in outerweb, If not black; underwing-coverts, bright red, flight feather opaque green. Upper zone of the chest dorado, its bottom and belly, bright blue green, the thighs with orange-yellow feathers. Tail de color verde con punta azul, with yellow bases to the innerwebs of outer feathers.

    Bill grey; brown the irises; legs grey.

    Both sexes are similar.

    The immature has the head Brown golden colour with yellowish brown in cheeks inferiores. Younger birds also has less yellow in the bend of wing, some green feathers in the underwing-coverts and yellow on the tips of the primaries.

    Description 2 subspecies:

    • Pyrilia barrabandi aurantiigena

      (Gyldenstolpe, 1951) – Lesser coverts, curve of the wing and the thighs intense Orange instead of yellow-orange.

    • Pyrilia barrabandi barrabandi

      (Kuhl, 1820) – Nominal.

    Habitat:

    They inhabit mainly in lowland forests, apparently less frequently in forests and marshes. They are distributed at the edge of forests and partially disturbed forest, occasionally in small groves in deforested areas. Observed in altitudes of 150-300 metres in Venezuela and 500 meters in the southeast of Colombia. Seen individually, in pairs and in small groups of up to 10 individuals (sometimes more in banks of land rich in minerals). Are activated more early, In the morning, than other parrots and will rest later.

    Reproduction:

    There is no information about the nesting, but that suggests the registration of immature birds in February and March breeding season It can be between the months of September/October until the end of year.

    Food:

    Observed taking seeds or fruits of Ficus sphenophylla, Pourouma, Pseudolmedia, Mimosa, Pithecellobium and Heisteria and possibly larvae of the gall wasps. Usually, they feed in the canopy of the trees, or just below them; less frequently in low branches. Visita regularmente zonas con tierra rica en minerales en compañía de otras especies de parrots.

    Distribution:

    Size of the area of distribution(reproduction / resident): 3.470.000 km2

    This is a kind of basin of the Western Amazon and the Alto Orinoco. Its length extends from the southeast of Colombia, from the Caquetá Western and bass río Inirida, Guainia, until Venezuela in amazon and the Center and South of Bolívar and in Brazil in the upper part of the Amazon to the West, from the rivers Negro and Madeira through the rivers Juruá and Purus and to the South towards Mato Grosso, through the East of Ecuador and East of Peru and to the Northwest of Bolivia, in El Beni.

    They are generally considered rare throughout its distribution area, Although they are fairly common in the Northwest of Bolivia and many in the sandy Woods of bass Río Inirida, to the southeast of Colombia. Its population has fallen locally due to deforestation, Although large tracts of primary forest remain in all range States. Live in several areas protected.

    Distribution 2 subspecies:

    • Pyrilia barrabandi aurantiigena

      (Gyldenstolpe, 1951) – Is located in the East of Ecuador and to the East of Peru, where is this in the Manu National Park. In the North of Bolivia is it described as frequent to numerous. The extension also comes to Brazil: is limited by the Amazon in the North and Rio Madeira from the East (pit et to the., 1997).

    • Pyrilia barrabandi barrabandi

      (Kuhl, 1820) – Nominal.

    Conservation:


    Status


    • Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Almost threatened.

    • Population trend: Stable.

    Justification of the population

    The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “Rare” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

    Justification of trend

    It is suspected that this species has lost 12.1-15% of habitat within its distribution over three generations (21 years) based on a model of Amazon deforestation (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the., 2011). Given the susceptibility of the species to the fragmentation and degradation of forest and potentially your hunting and/or trapping, It is suspected that its population will decrease at a rate close to the 30% during three generations.

    Threats

    The main threat This species is the acceleration of the deforestation on amazon basin con grandes extensiones de terreno utilizadas para la ganadería y para la producción de soja; It is highly susceptible to degradation and fragmentation due to its dependence of primary forests (Soares-Filho et to the. 2006, Bird et to the. 2011, A. Lees in litt. 2011). It can also be vulnerable to the hunt (A. Lees in litt. 2011). The changes proposed by the Forest code of Brazil reducen el porcentaje de tierras que un propietario privado tiene la obligación legal de mantener como bosque e incluyen una amnistía para los propietarios que hayan deforestado antes de julio de 2008 (que posteriormente sería absuelto de la necesidad de reforestar terrenos despejados ilegalmente) (Bird et to the. 2011).

    "Orange-cheeked Parrot" in captivity:

    It is very rare see you in captivity outside of Brazil.

    Alternative names:

    Orange-cheeked Parrot, Barraband’s Parrot, Orange cheeked Parrot (English).
    Caïque de Barraband (French).
    Goldwangenpapagei, Goldwangen-Papagei (German).
    curica-de-bochecha-laranja, curica, curuca (Portuguese).
    Cotorra Cabecinegra, Lorito Carinaranja, Lorito de Mejillas Amarillas (español).
    Cotorra Cabecinegra (Colombia).
    Loro de Mejilla Naranja (Peru).
    Perico Cachete Amarillo (Venezuela).


    scientific classification:

    Kuhl, Heinrich
    Heinrich Kuhl

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittacidae
    Genus: Pyrilia
    Scientific name: Pyrilia barrabandi
    Citation: (Kuhl, 1820)
    Protonimo: Psittacus Barrabandi


    Images “Orange-cheeked Parrot”:

    Videos "Orange-cheeked Parrot"

    ————————————————————————————————

    “Orange-cheeked Parrot” (Pyrilia barrabandi)


    Sources:

    Avibase
    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    Birdlife

    Photos:

    (1) – Orange-cheeked Parrot (Pyrilia barrabandi) Cristalino Jungle Lodge, Mato Grosso, Brazil by Amy McAndrewsFlickr
    (2) – Orange-cheeked Parrot at Napo Wildlife Reserve, Ecuador by ocelot123Flickr
    (3) – Cobalt Winged Parakeet , Scarlet Shouldered Parrotlet and Orange Cheeked Parrot at 3rd lick by Vince SmithFlickr
    (4) – Cobalt Winged Parakeet , Scarlet Shouldered Parrotlet and Orange Cheeked Parrot at 3rd lick by Vince SmithFlickr
    (5) – Cobalt Winged Parakeet , Scarlet Shouldered Parrotlet and Orange Cheeked Parrot at 3rd lick by Vince SmithFlickr
    (6) – Oiseaux brillans du Brésil.. Paris,1834.. biodiversitylibrary.org/page/47697228

    Sounds: controles-canto.org

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    Speckle-faced Parrot
    Pionus tumultuosus

    Speckle-faced Parrot

    Content


    Anatomy-parrots-eng

    Description:

    28 to 31 cm.. tall and around 250 g. weight.

    The Speckle-faced Parrot (Pionus tumultuosus) It is distinguishable by color from whitish crown up to the nape; base bill red rose, with forecrown redder. Cheeks blancuzcas con tinte rojo y púrpura hacia el neck; pecho púrpura.

    Shoulder with thin strip yellow with reddish tint, inside base tail and crissum, red; the rest of the tail is green with blue on the outer feathers; under belly with red feathers with green edge.

    ocula ringr greyish

    The youth They have almost all head green and the wings, greenish yellow.

    Taxonomic note:

    The Speckle-faced Parrot It is probably the rarest and most controversial genre Pionus. It is sometimes divided into two species, in which case, the Pionus tumultuosus South is known as Speckle-faced Parrot, while the North, Pionus seniloides, They are known as White-capped Parrot (which leads to easy confusion with Pionus senilis).

    Habitat:

    Speckle-faced Parrot

    It inhabits in Andean and sub-Andean cloud forests and forest edges, between 1600 and 3200 meters above sea level.
    It is highly Nomad con variaciones temporales en cuanto al número de individuos que se puedan registrar en una localidad.

    Reproduction:

    With reproduce In September. In captivity puts 4 eggs which incubated about 26 days. No se conocen más aspectos de su biología reproductiva.

    Food:

    It has been registered consuming fruits of Turpinia paniculata y a veces se les observa en grandes números alimentándose en cultivos de maíz en cultivated areas and banana plantations.

    Distribution:

    Its population is distributed in the southern Andes, from the center of Peru until Bolivia.

    Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 329.000 km2

    Conservation:


    Status


    • Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern.

    • Population trend: Decreasing.

    Justification of the population

    The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “quite common, but irregular distribution” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

    Justification of trend

    It is suspected that the population is in decline due to the continuous habitat destruction.

    "Speckle-faced Parrot" in captivity:

    This species is virtually nonexistent in poultry farming. There is only a small collection, private property in the United States. The Fundación Loro Parque in Tenerife, Spain, It has some copies.
    Most of the Speckle-faced Parrot imported to United States fueron víctima de la aspergillosis – probablemente provocada por el estrés sufrido durante el proceso de importación.

    In captivity They were observed as the to intelligent species, inquisitiva y a veces tímida y nerviosa. Will get used to their caregiver over time. You can interact with a person and jealously attacking others. Prone to obesity.

    Alternative names:

    Speckle-faced Parrot, Plum-crowned Parrot, Speckle-faced Parrot (Plum-crowned) (inglés).
    Pione pailletée, Pione pourprée (francés).
    Purpurstirnpapagei (alemán).
    Curica-de-cara-manchada (portugués).
    Cotorra Gorriblanca, Loro Rosado, Loro Tumultuoso (español).


    Clasificación científica:

    Tschudi Johann Jakob von
    Tschudi Johann Jakob von

    Orden: Psittaciformes
    Familia: Psittacidae
    Genus: Pionus
    Nombre científico: Pionus tumultuosus
    Citation: (von Tschudi, 1844)
    Protónimo: Psittacus tumultuosus


    Imágenes “Loro tumultuoso”:

    Videos del "Loro tumultuoso"

    “Loro tumultuoso” (Pionus tumultuosus)

      Fuentes:

      Avibase
      – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
      – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Par
      Birdlife
      – Libro Loros, Pericos y Guacamayas Neotropicales

      Fotos:

      (1) – Eduardo Nogueira
      (2) – Speckle-faced Parrot at La Merced Zoo By josecajacuri [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
      (3) – Speckle-faced Parrot “Pionus tumultuosus” on the grounds of the Pueblo Hotel, Aguas Calientes by Carol FoilFlickr
      (4) – Speckle-faced Parrot “Pionus tumultuosus” on the grounds of the Pueblo Hotel, Aguas Calientes by Carol FoilFlickr
      (5) – Speckle-faced Parrot “Pionus tumultuosus” on the grounds of the Pueblo Hotel, Aguas Calientes by Carol FoilFlickr
      (6) – PIONUS TUMULTUOSUS By Allen, Edgar W.; Erxleben, J.; Hanhart, Michael; Hanhart, N; Keulemans, J. G.; Mintern Bros.; Rowley, George Dawson; Smith, J.; Walther, T. [CC BY 2.0 or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

      Sonidos: Sebastian K. Herzog