Sulfur-breasted Parakeet
Aratinga maculata

Sulfur-breasted Parakeet

Content


Anatomy-parrots-eng

Description:

30 cm. length and 110 g. of weight.

The Sulfur-breasted Parakeet (Aratinga maculata) is pale orange, with the head and rear of the neck pale yellow

. The throat and the chest are pale yellow, the the thighs are greenish; flanks pale orange, undertail-coverts greenish, the mantle pale greenish yellow; rump pale yellow orange, tail blue-green, wings green-yellow, underwing-coverts pale yellow. Close orange stripe on the front of the crown, in the lores and around eyes. Orbital ring pale grey. Iris dark gray / brown. Bill almost black.

The immature presumably as of adults, but with cheeks and top of the chest Yellow olive. (Observed one specimen).

  • Sound of the Sulfur-breasted Parakeet.

taxonomy:

described in 2005 under the name of Aratinga pintoi, but later it was shown that the current name, It considered invalid for a long time, indeed it applies to this form, and therefore takes precedence; of holotype of Aratinga pintoi It has now been designated as neotype of Psittacus maculatus, which formally stabilizes synonymity. The species was misidentified as a juvenile of the Sun Parakeet (Aratinga solstitialis) or a hybrid between the latter and Jandaya Parakeet (Aratinga jandaya); now generally recognized as a separate taxon, differing greatly reduced due to the orange-red in the face (where it forms an irregular mask), Breast and belly.

Habitat and behavior:

The species inhabits areas with large tracts of forest and Savannah adjacent (O’ Shea 2005, Mittermeier et to the. 2010). performs movements nomads.

It is similar in behavior and general ecology of the species group Aratinga solstitialis. Are in groups of 2-10 birds and they are relatively Meek, feeding along roads and orchards.

Reproduction:

Not much is known about their breeding habits. A nest observed with an egg of unknown size.

Breeding season: August October

Food:

Feeds of fruit and seeds of Guateria sp., Dalechampia sp., Byrsonima sp. and Myrcia sp.

Distribution:

Extending its range (breeding / resident): 159.000 km2

The Sulfur-breasted Parakeet (Aratinga maculata) (formerly pintoi; see Nemésio y Rasmussen 2009) It has a fragmented range in For and Amapá in Brazil, and at the southern end of Suriname (p. e.g.. Silveira et al. 2005, Mittermeier et to the. 2010, Vieira da Costa et al. 2011). After a three-day survey conducted in 2003, Silveira et al. (2005) They claim that Sulfur-breasted Parakeet It was quite common in Monte Alegre, For. Also, in Suriname species has been characterized as uncommon to fairly common (O’ Shea 2005, Mittermeier et to the. 2010).

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Growing.

• Population size : unknown.

Justification of the red list category

The trend of the population It seems to be increase, and therefore the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criteria of population trend (> 30% decrease in ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criterion of population size (<10.000 individuos maduros con un descenso continuo estimado en >10% in ten years or three generations, or specific population structure). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least concern

Threats

The distribution area this species is affected by the deforestation, mainly driven by the expansion of agriculture as they build new roads; However, deforestation Brazil You may be benefiting this species and facilitating their spread to new areas (Vieira da Costa et al. 2011). Long-term, deforestation can become so rapid and extensive that the balance of extensive forest tracts and sheets required by the species will be overcome and the species could begin to decline. Silveira et al. (2005) They claim that Monte Alegre, For, no obvious signs of a strong pressure entrapment. Also, Mittermeier et to the. (2010) They say no reports of any hunting or capture of the species by Amerindians in Savannah Sipaliwini of Suriname meridional.

"Sulfur-breasted Parakeet" in captivity:

virtually unknown; maintained by local people and zoos Brazil. It can live up 30 years in captivity.

Alternative names:

Sulfur-breasted Parakeet, Sulphur-breasted Parakeet (English).
Conure de Pinto, Conure à poitrine soufrée (French).
Schwefelbrustsittich (German).
cacaué (Portuguese).
Aratinga Pechisulfúrea (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Aratinga
Scientific name: Aratinga maculata
Citation: (Statius Müller, 1776)

Sulfur-breasted Parakeet images:

————————————————————————————————

Sulfur-breasted Parakeet (Aratinga maculata)


Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
World Parrot Trust

Photos:

(1) – Aratinga maculata by Sidnei DantasFlickr
(2) – alexanderlees, IBC1058449. Accessible at hbw.com/ibc/1058449

Sounds: Thiago V. V. Costa, XC57522. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/57522

Red-browed Parrot
Amazona rhodocorytha

Red-browed Parrot

Content

Description:

35-40 cm.. length and 450-650 g. of weight.

The Red-browed Parrot (Amazona rhodocorytha) has the forecrown and front of the crown, bright red; back of the crown, green with brownish purple tips; lores oranges; lower cheeks and throat, pale blue; ear-coverts and sides neck, green with plenty of blue; nape green with black tips.


Anatomy-parrots-eng

Upperparts green, some feathers showing faint dark tips. Wing coverts green with yellow on the carpal edge. Primaries dark grey; three outermost secondary, red at the base, other green with violet blue tips. Underwing-coverts green. Underparts green, paler and more yellowish than above, with some feathers showing faint pale blue tips (especially in the belly and around the thighs). The tail It is green with yellow tip and a large patch in red subterminal innerwebs of the lateral feathers. Bill color pale horn; irises orange; legs grey

Red-browed Parrot

Both sexes are similar. Immature It is less extensive in red head and in the tail, and the red color is confined to only the first two secondaries.

Taxonomic note:

The Red-browed Parrot It has been widely treated as conspecific with Blue cheeked Parrot (Amazona dufresniana) and Red-tailed Parrot (Amazona brasiliensis). According to reports, the birds of Alagoas show the throat orange, suggesting a racial differentiation. It has not proposed any subspecies.

  • Sound of the Red-browed Parrot.

Habitat:

Video Red-browed Parrot

Parrots in the world

Species of the genus Amazona

The Red-browed Parrot Living mainly in the humid forests of the lowlands, but forests also date from the highlands (perhaps seasonally) inside (for example, in Serra do Mar and east of Minas Gerais, Brazil) up to approximately 1.000 m. Although records on the edges of forests, probably not adapt to the conditions created, even partial deforestation. They sleep communally on tall trees in forest.

Reproduction:

The eggs possibly they hatch in October and couples with their young were observed in January.

In captivity, sunsets four eggs are common; the incubation hard 24 days, with the young leaving the nest 34 days after hatching.

Food:

Feeds of fruit, seeds, berries and cocoons they get in the treetops; It has also been registered to Red-browed Parrot feeding is of papaya, jaca, Mango, cacao, banana and coffee plantations.

Distribution and status:

Size of its range (breeding/resident): 2.700 km2

The Red-browed Parrot It was first discovered in northern São Paulo at the beginning of the year 90.
This is an Amazon of Atlantic tropical forests of Brazil, in the East of Alagoas and further south, until Rio de Janeiro. No records between Alagoas and northeast of Bay, but if southwards and into neighboring areas, to the East of Minas Gerais, Brazil, through Espirito Santo until Rio de Janeiro.

Obviously, he suffered a drastic decline in its geographical expansion and its population since European settlement. Currently you live confined in the last remaining fragments Atlantic tropical forests. Possibly extinct Alagoas, where the last native lowland forests were cleared in the early 1980, although still quite common in at least one protected area Espirito Santo.

The current population is scattered and is susceptible to continued deforestation (for example, around the the Desengano State Park in Rio de Janeiro) and continued illegal trade in which the birds are highly valued. Live in several areas protected, including the Monte Pascoal National Park (Bay), the Rio Doce State Park (Minas Gerais, Brazil), reservations Sooretama and Linhares in Espirito Santo and the Serra da Bocaina National Park, Rio de Janeiro.

Conservation:

Conservation status ⓘ


Endangered Endangered (UICN)ⓘ

• Current red list category of the UICN: In danger of extinction.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

• Population size : 600-1700

  • Justification of the red list category

This species is endangered because of their severely fragmented and declining population. There remains a proper dismantling of Atlantic forest habitat and capture for the bird trade cage is an additional threat. It is considered nationally in peligro de extinctionn in Brazil.

  • Justification of the population

The species has a small population located in the band 1,000-2,499 individuals in total. This is equivalent to 667-1.666 mature individuals, round here 600-1.700 mature individuals.

  • Justification of trend

It is suspected continued rapid population decline on the basis of the destruction and fragmentation of habitat and capture for domestic and international pet trade.

Threats
    less than 10% of the original forest cover remains in Bahia and Espirito Santo, and only 2% en Alagoas (Brown and Brown 1992, Conservation International 1995), mainly due to conversion to plantations and pastures. In fact, now it is estimated that less than 1% the general habitat of this species remains (Klemann-Júnior et al., 2008). In janeiro river, many fragments of important habitats are being cleared, especially around the Desengano State Park. The collapse of the cocoa economy in southern Bahia has resulted in increased logging of landowners and colonization of reserves by former plantation workers (Snyder et to the., 2000). If the seasonal movement of birds is confirmed, This would multiply the problems of habitat loss. In the breeding season 1998-1999, 174 nestlings were captured, especially reservation, for domestic and international trade of birds in cages (Brown and Brown 1992), While 664 individuals were recorded in captivity at the Center for Reintroduction of Wild Animals 2005-2006 and others were found in private cages (L. Klemann-Júnior in a bit., 2007). Illegal trade is apparently the main threat to the species in Espirito Santo (Klemann-Júnior et al., 2008b). Memories containing feathers have been on sale outside the Monte Pascoal National Park (Sweeney 1996). a pest species is considered in some plantations of papaya, coffee and cocoa (Klemann-Junior 2006, L. Klemann-Júnior in a bit., 2012).
Conservation Actions Underway
    CITES Appendix I and II and protected by Brazilian law. Considered endangered in Brazil to 2014 (Klemann-Júnior et al., 2008), It is now classified as Vulnerable (MMA 2014). They live in 14 Reservations (Wege and Long 1995 , RB Pineschi by C. Yamashita in some. 2000), but most of them provide minimal habitat protection and none are effective against poaching. The ex situ population is managed under a European species survival plan (Sweeney 1996) and Curitiba Zoo (L. Klemann-Júnior in some. 2012), which together with Loro Parque Foundation, Foundation Rare Species Conservation and Environmental Idéia, They have successfully developed a captive breeding program (Reinschmidt and Waugh 2005 , L. Klemann-Júnior in some. 2007, 2012) .
Conservation Actions Proposed
    Survey to locate additional populations. Protecting forests where the species is found outside the reserves in Rio de Janeiro. effectively protect the habitat and birds in reserves and further develop captive breeding population. Enforce laws against trafficking, especially on roads connecting the Monte Pascoal National Park with the rest of southern Brazil (Snyder et to the., 2000). Mapping the current distribution of the species within its extent of occurrence. Identify priority areas for conservation. Investigate dietary requirements and nesting. Estimate the range of the house of the species. Study the impact of fragmentation of forests within its population. Implement an education program (L. Klemann-Júnior in some. 2012).

The Red-browed Parrot in captivity:

Suffering from a continuous illegal trade in which the birds are highly valued.
protected by CITES Appendix I, where they are included all endangered species. Trade in specimens of these species is permitted only in exceptional circumstances.

Each captive specimen of this species which is capable of reproducing, It is placed in a well-managed program captive breeding and not be sold as a pet, with the order to ensure their survival long-term.

The captive breeding, though difficult, It has been successful in United States and Europe and overall management plan for captive birds of this species is underway. The reintroduction into the wild of captive populations can become an important conservation strategy in the future.

Alternative names:

Red browed Parrot, Red-browed Amazon, Red-browed Parrot, Red-fronted Amazon, Red-fronted Parrot (English).
Amazone à sourcils rouges (French).
Granada-Amazone, Rotscheitelamazone (German).
acumatanga, chauá, chauã, cumatanga, jauá (Portuguese).
Amazona Coronirroja, Amazona Crestirroja (Spanish).


Scientific classification:


Salvadori Tommaso

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Amazona
Scientific name: Amazona rhodocorytha
Citation: (Salvadori, 1890)
Protonimo: Chrysotis rhodocorytha


Images Red-browed Parrot:


Red-browed Parrot (Amazona rhodocorytha)


Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Red-browed Amazon (Amazona rhodocorytha) at Rare Species Conservatory Foundation, USA By Duncan Rawlinson (originally posted to Flickr as DSC00744) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Red-browed Amazon (Amazona rhodocorytha) in a zoo By Duncan Rawlinson (originally posted to Flickr as [1]) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Red-browed Amazon (Amazona rhodocorytha) at a zoo By Duncan Rawlinson (originally posted to Flickr as [1]) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Red-browed Amazon at Rare Species Conservatory Foundation, Florida, USA By Ruth Rogers (originally posted to Flickr as P8120449) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Red-browed Amazon (Amazona rhodocorytha). Parrot in a zoo By Duncan Rawlinson (originally posted to Flickr as [1]) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Red-browed Amazon (Amazona rhodocorytha) at Rare Species Conservatory Foundation, USA By Duncan Rawlinson (originally posted to Flickr as [1]) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(7) – Red-browed Amazon (Amazona rhodocorytha) in the Loro Parque zoo of Tenrerife (Spain) By Bjoertvedt (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(8) – Red-browed Amazon (Amazona rhodocorytha) at Rare Species Conservatory Foundation, USA By Duncan Rawlinson (originally posted to Flickr as DSC00736) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(9) – The red-browed Amazon parrot Amazona rhodocorytha at Rare Species Conservatory Foundation, USA By Duncan Rawlinson from Vancouver, BC (Flickr) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(10) – Blue-cheeked Amazon (left); Red-browed Amazon (right) Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (too.. 1880, plate IX) – Wikipedia

Sounds: Eduardo D. Schultz, XC114198. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/114198

White-crowned Parrot
Pionus senilis

White-crowned Parrot

Content


Anatomy-parrots-eng

Description:

24 cm.. length and a weight between 193-229 g..

The White-crowned Parrot (Pionus senilis) has the forecrown, crown and lores, white. The feathers of the cheeks, sides head, behind eyes, and rear of the neck, basically pale bluish green with green or blue violet and blue subterminal band darker margins, giving the whole a intricate scaly appearance.

Mantle and back, green with copper plating shine; rump and uppertail-coverts, brighter green; scapulars basically colored green with coppery bronze in the points and outerweb. Lesser coverts and median, bronze with paler tips coppery, giving a mottled appearance; primary coverts, violet blue; greater coverts green. Primaries and secondaries outer, violet blue with green tips to outerweb of the primaries and inner secondary.

Under, the wings pale bluish green. Patch in chin and top of the throat, white; feathers of the chest, green at the base (mostly hidden part) tipped dark blue or violet-blue and blue band paler, giving the whole a scalloped effect; undertail-coverts red. Tail green in the center, outer feathers blue with red at base. Bill pale yellow color with light green tint; eye ring Pink; irises dark brown: legs yellowish gray.

Both sexes are similar. The immature has the head, the back of the neck and the chest, green, pale yellow with margins in the cheeks and crown, giving a pale mottling.

Note:

The subspecies decoloratus, that was distributed from the Yucatan Peninsula to western Panama, previously recognized on the basis of their throat more purpurea (less blue) and your chest and wings, more blue. However, There is not much geographic variation in the species Pionus senilis and the aforementioned characters are not consistent on the proposed range.

  • Sound of the White-crowned Parrot.

Habitat:

Senile Parrot habitat is mainly the rainforest (including tropical rain forest), but locally it can be found in forests of oak pine, and low mountain forest. Birds have been reported in forest edges, cultivated areas and grassland areas with scattered trees, plantations, secondary forest with emergent trees, woodlands and streams in Costa Rica, on the edge of urban areas.

Lives mainly in lowlands, but they are distributed locally 2.300 meters in Guatemala and near 1.600 meters in Costa Rica 1.800 meters in Panama. Gregarious, mainly in pairs or outside breeding season, in small herds; sometimes in larger meetings of up to several hundred birds.

Reproduction:

Build your nests in tree cavities or hollow trunks of palm trees. The reproduction period occurs between February to May; in March in Mexico; in January-April Costa Rica; February to May in Honduras. The incubation comprises of 26-28 days, Followed by 54-68 days growth of pups. It has been difficult to achieve reproduction of the species in captivity and little is known about their reproduction in wildlife.

The size of clutch is of 3 - 5 eggs

Food:

It feeds mainly on the tops of the trees seeds mature Inga and Erythrina and fruits Palm; sometimes cultures maize and Sorghum.

Distribution and status:

Size of its range (breeding/resident ): 1.290.000 km2

Endemic of Central America, from Mexico until Panama.

The White-crowned Parrot It is in the humid tropics East Mexico on the Caribbean side of Tamaulipas and to the East of San Luis Potosí eastward through Yucatan Peninsula, in Campeche and Quintana Roo, the borders of Belize and the northern lowlands and highlands of eastern Guatemala. It is found throughout the Caribbean slope of Honduras, mainly below 1.100 m (Occasionally highest altitudes) and in Roatan in the Bay islands, and on the Caribbean side of Nicaragua (possibly also on the side of Pacific) until Costa Rica, where it remains mainly in the lowlands and foothills of the Caribbean slope, becoming less and less numerous south of Lemon; also observed in the slope of Pacific in the South of Costa Rica and on both sides West Panama, to the West of Chiriqui and to the West of Bull's mouths.

Some local migrations (also apparently vertical) occur (for example, in parts of Oaxaca, Mexico and parts of Costa Rica). The species is widespread, but the abundance varies from rare to common depending on the location; It is perhaps the largest parrot in Costa Rica.

current distribution: No data where the current distribution of specified White-crowned Parrot. This species of psittacine still has a presence throughout its range, although there are regions where it has been extirpated, as the West's Quintana Roo and Gulf Coast (INE 2000).

Despite being frequently eaten by native peoples (at least once), persecuted as a pest of crops, captured in low numbers for trade in live birds and severely deforested parts of its range, It has not detected a serious overall decline in population.

Conservation:


Status


• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: decreasing.

sheltered Mexico by the Official Mexican Standard (NOM–059–SEMARNAT–2001–2010) under the category of Threatened.

Justification of the red list category

This species has a very large range and therefore it is not close to the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criterion of size range (Extension Occurrence <20,000 km2 combinada con un tamaño de rango decreciente o fluctuante, extensión / calidad de hábitat o tamaño de población y un pequeño número De lugares o fragmentación severa). A pesar de que la tendencia de la población parece estar disminuyendo, no se cree que la disminución sea suficientemente rápida para acercarse a los umbrales de Vulnerables bajo el criterio de tendencia poblacional (> 30% decline in ten years or three generations). The population size is very large and, therefore, not approaching the thresholds for vulnerable under the criterion of population size (<10.000 individuos maduros con una disminución continua estimada en> 10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specific population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as the least concern.

Justification of the population

Partners in Flight estimates the total population of 50.000-499.999 individuals (A. Panjabi in a bit., 2008).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that the population is declining due to continuous habitat destruction.

"White-crowned Parrot" in captivity:

(CITES) It included in the Appendix II (It includes species not necessarily threatened with extinction, but in which trade must be controlled to avoid utilization incompatible with their survival.)

The species ranked first in the early 80's in psittacine species most commercialized in Mexico (Iñigo Elias and Ramos 1992). Currently, there marketing of the species in the national and international market.

Valued as a pet or ornamental bird by its feathers, ability to imitate sounds and its tendency to form bonds with people.

Alternative names:

White-crowned Parrot, White crowned Parrot, White-capped Parrot (English).
Pione à couronne blanche, Pione givrée, Pionus à front blanc, Pionus à front blanche (French).
Glatzenkopfpapagei, Glatzenkopf, Glatzenkopf-Papagei, Weißkappenpapagei (German).
Curica-de-testa-branca (Portuguese).
Lora coroniblanca, Loro Corona Blanca, loro corona-blanca, Loro Coroniblanco, Loro de Corona Blanca, Loro Gorgiblanco, Loro Senil (Spanish).
Loro coroniblanco (Costa Rica).
Lora coroniblanca (Honduras).
loro corona blanca, loro corona-blanca, Loro Coroniblanco (Mexico).
Loro Gorgiblanco (Nicaragua).


Scientific classification:

Johann Baptist von Spix

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pionus
Scientific name: Pionus senilis
Citation: (von Spix, 1824)
Protonimo: Psittacus senilis


Images “White-crowned Parrot”:

Videos "White-crowned Parrot"

————————————————————————————————

“White-crowned Parrot” (Pionus senilis)


Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – A White-crowned Parrot (also known as White-crowned Pionus) at Macaw Mountain Bird Park, Honduras By Pionus_senilis_-Macaw_Mountain_Bird_Park,_Honduras-8a.jpg: Sarah and Jasonderivative work: Snowmanradio [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – A White-crowned Parrot (also known as White-crowned Pionus) at Macaw Mountain Bird Park, Honduras By nakashi (Flickr: P1100396) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A White-crowned Parrot (also known as White-crowned Pionus) at Macaw Mountain Bird Park, Honduras By nakashi (Flickr: P1100397) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – (Pionus Senilis). White-crowned Parrot , Guatemala By Virgilrm at English Wikipedia (Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons.) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – A White-crowned Parrot (also known as White-crowned Pionus) at Macaw Mountain Bird Park, Honduras By nakashi (Flickr: P1100398) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – White-crowned Parrot (also known as the White-crowned Pionus); close up of upper body By Brian Gratwicke [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(7) – A White-crowned Parrot at Cape May Zoo, New Jersey, USA By Jim Capaldi (Flickr: Parrot) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(8) – (Pionus Senilis) White-crowned Parrot in a tree By Virgilrm at English Wikipedia (Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons.) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
(9) – White-crowned Parrot (Pionus senilis), also known as White-crowned Pionus, at the aviary Birds of Eden in South Africa By SandyCole (mailto:sandyc@dicksandy.org) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds:

Vulturine Parrot
Pyrilia vulturina

Vulturine Parrot

Content

Description:

23 cm.. length and a weight between 138-165 g..

The Vulturine Parrot (Pyrilia vulturina) It is a small parrot with bare skin yellow orange and covered bristles pale hairlike, in the area that covers the forecrown and back of the crown, until the eyes; bare skin on lores, the cheeks and center of crown black and covered with bristles black hairlike; feathers on the sides of neck and in the part back from the crown, are yellow, forming a band bright contrasting with the black of the head bare; back of the neck, black; upperparts green.

Carpal area and lesser upperwing-coverts, orange-yellow; outer median coverts with some blue; leading edge of wing, red; primary coverts blue; rest of the upper parts of the wings, green.

Primaries bluish-black with narrow bluish-green margins to outerweb. Under, the wings with coverts red; flight feather green with blackish tips. feathers throat and the chest, olive yellow with dark tips, giving a scalloped effect; belly green with bluish tint; undertail-coverts brighter yellowish green. Tail green with tips blue and outer feathers with yellow on base of innerwebs. Bill dark blackish-grey with patch pale yellow at the base of the upper mandible; cere yellowish-horn; irises brownish-orange; legs grey.

Both sexes are similar.

The head of the immature, fully feathered (except in the eye ring); greenish on the cheeks and yellow olive in the rest of the head with no collar yellow. The bend of wing and underwing-coverts, yellowish-orange; irises darker.

  • Sound of the Vulturine Parrot.

Habitat:

It inhabits in the rainforest of lowland formations várzea (seasonally flooded forest), and the Mainland (without flooding). Gregarious.

Reproduction:

No details on the reproductive biology of this species.

Food:

diet includes fruit, seeds and berries taken in the forest canopy. Its bareheaded adaptation may be a highly frugivorous diet, to prevent the fruit pulp enmarañara their feathers.

Distribution and status:

Size of its range (breeding/resident ): 1.030.000 km2

Endemic to the northeast of Brazil, to the South of the Amazon, from the eastern state of Amazon, on the east bank of Madeira river, passing by For, to the south, up to the Serra do Cachimbo, extending eastward to the areas bordering northwest Maranhão, in the region of the river Gurupí. They may be restricted to areas around major rivers in this region, which would mean that the size of the range may be overestimated.

References in relation to its range to include Venezuela (lower basin Río Caura) and Guyana, They are apparently wrong.

generally considered rare, although undoubtedly they not have a lot of data due to the difficulty of observation of this species.

The continuing rapid deforestation throughout its range has had to contribute to a substantial decrease in the population Vulturine Parrot in the last decades.

They can be seen in protected forests in the west of its range, but illegal logging and colonization remain a threat even there.

Conservation:


Vulnerable


• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the red list category

Based on a model of future deforestation in the Amazon basin and its dependence on primary forest and sensitivity to fragmentation, It is suspected that population of this species will decrease rapidly during the next three generations and, therefore, It has risen to Vulnerability.

Justification of the population

The population size World has not been quantified, but this species is described as “rare” (Stotz et to the ., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that this species has lost 37,1-54,8% of habitat within its distribution over three generations (21 years) starting from a model of deforestation Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the ., 2006, Bird et to the ., 2011). Although the species may have some susceptibility to hunting and / or capture, also it appears to have some degree of tolerance habitat degradation (A. Lees in litt ., 2011). Therefore, you suspect your population decline by 30-49% during three generations.

Conservation Actions Underway

• It is listed as Vulnerable nationally in Brazil (MMA 2014).

• No specific actions are known.

Conservation Actions Proposed

• Expanding the network of protected areas to effectively protect the IBA.

• Manage effectively the resources and existing protected areas and new, using the emerging opportunities for financing the management of protected areas with the overall goal of reducing carbon emissions and maximize the conservation of biodiversity.

• It is also essential conservation on private land, through the expansion of market pressures for proper land management and prevention of deforestation on land not suitable for agriculture (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006).

• Campaign against the proposed changes to Brazilian Forest Code which would lead to a decrease in the width of the areas of riparian forest protected as Permanent Preservation Areas (APPs), that function as vital corridors in fragmented landscapes.

"Vulturine Parrot" in captivity:

It is not found in aviculture; Probably they never stood outside Brazil.

Alternative names:

Vulturine Parrot (English).
Caïque vautourin (French).
Kahlkopfpapagei (German).
curica-urubu, papagaio-urubu, periquito d’anta, periquito-urubu, pirí-pirí, urubu-paraguá (Portuguese).
Lorito Cabeza Zamuro, Lorito Vulturino (Spanish).

Scientific classification:


Kuhl, Heinrich
Heinrich Kuhl

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrilia
Scientific name: Pyrilia vulturina
Citation: (Kuhl, 1820)
Protonimo: Psittacus vulturinus

Images “Vulturine Parrot”:

 Vulturine Parrot

Videos Lorito Vulturine:


“Vulturine Parrot” (Pyrilia vulturina)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife

  • Photos:

(1) – Pyrilia vulturina (adult and immature) – Imagen de Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
(2) – Pyrilia vulturina ( Curica Vulture) by victor castro

Pileated Parrot
Pionopsitta pileata

Pileated Parrot

Content

Pileated Parrot

Description:

22 cm.. length and a weight between 98-120 g..

The Pileated Parrot (Pionopsitta pileata) has the forecrown, lores, crown anterior upper cheeks to behind eyes, bright red; patch reddish brown in ear-coverts; the lower cheeks, sides and rear of the neck, green.

The upperparts, green. Primaries and greater coverts, alula and feathers bend of wing, violet blue; other coverts, green. Outerwebs of the primary and secondary, violet blue with blue-green edges. Under, the wings bluish green, coverts with some darker blue feathers. Underparts green with bluish tint in the chest and throat, and with a yellowish tint in the belly and undertail-coverts. Upper, the tail centrally green, laterally violet blue; undertail, bluish green.

Bill dark brown, becoming dark horn distally in both mandibles; bare periophthalmic naked, pale grey, irises and legs, grayish brown.

The female has most of its head green but with a pretty pale blue in the forecrown.

Immature as female, but with grayish green or green spots and dark spots on the base bill; young male sometimes with red limited in forecrown with a patch orange behind.

  • Sound of the Pileated Parrot.

Habitat:

They inhabit in forests, including tropical rain forests and mountains dominated by araucarias, mainly in lowlands in the south of the mountain range, although penetrating the coastal mountains Brazil, at altitudes of 300 - 1.500 m; also in areas partially cleared. Gregarious in groups of approximately 10 birds; apparently rare in greater numbers.

Reproduction:

They nest in the cavities of trees. probably reproduce mainly in the months of November to January. Clutch 3-4 eggs in captivity.

Food:

The fruits of Euterpe edulis They are among the favorite foods during the winter in eastern Paraguay; also recorded fruits Podocarpus and Solanum, and bark Eucalyptus; visit when ripe fruit orchards in Rio Grande do Sul.

Distribution and status:

Size of its range (breeding/resident ): 1.650.000 km2

The Pileated Parrot It is located in southeast Brazil, to the South of Bay, through the belt of the Atlantic forest in Espirito Santo, probably east of Minas Gerais, Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Paraná and Santa Catarina, until Rio Grande do Sul, extending to the east Paraguay and northeast of Argentina in Missions and possibly in Currents (no recent records); also they have been reported east of Chaco in Argentina, where they can arrive as an irregular visitors.

Some seasonal movements occur Paraná, where birds depart from the coast inland plateau after breeding, and in Paraguay where it is in Amambay in October.

Nomad in the Intervales State Park of São Paulo. Its population is widespread but declining due to the extensive loss of forests by urban growth, agriculture and mining.

Described as uncommon to fairly common in Missions, Argentina. Apparently even their population is not at risk from habitat loss as the birds remain quite numerous where forest fragments are (for example, East of Paraguay) and travel between them on land without trees. More numerous are more extensive where the remains of forest, It is more common in eastern Paraguay and adjacent Paraná and São Paulo in Brazil.

Conservation:


Status


• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

Justification of the red list category

This species has a very large range and therefore it is not close to the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criterion of size range (Extension Occurrence <20,000 km2 combinada con un tamaño de rango decreciente o fluctuante, extensión / calidad de hábitat o tamaño de población y un pequeño número de lugares o fragmentación severa). La demographic trend appears to be stable and, therefore, the species does not approach the thresholds Vulnerable under the criteria of population trend (> 30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size It has not been quantified, but it is not believed to be close to the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criterion of population size (<10.000 individuos maduros con un descenso continuo estimado> 10% in ten years or three generations or a population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as the least concern.

Justification of the population

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, but this species is described as “rare” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

They suspected that the population is stable in absence of evidence of any decline or threatens substantial.

"Pileated Parrot" in captivity:

Very rare in captivity.

Alternative names:

Pileated Parrot, red-cappe parrot, Red-capped Parrot (English).
Caïque mitré, Perroquet mitré (French).
Scharlachkopfpapagei, Scharlachkopf-Papagei (German).
Cuiú-cuiú, caturra, cuiú, cuiuiú, curica-cuiú, maitaca-de-cabeça-vermelha, periquito-rei, tui-maritaca (Portuguese).
Catita cabeza roja, Catita decabeza roja, Lorito cabeza roja, Lorito de Cara Roja, Lorito Pileado (Spanish).
Catita cabeza roja, Catita decabeza roja (Argentina).
Lorito cabeza roja (Paraguay).


Scientific classification:

Giovanni Antonio Scopoli
Giovanni Antonio Scopoli

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pionopsitta
Scientific name: Pionopsitta pileata
Citation: (Scopoli, 1769)
Protonimo: Psittacus pileatus


Images “Pileated Parrot”:

Videos "Pileated Parrot"

————————————————————————————————

“Pileated Parrot” (Pionopsitta pileata)


Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Pileated Parrot Loro Parque – Tenerife (Spain) by Florin FeneruFlickr
(2) – Pileated Parrot Loro Parque – Tenerife (Spain) by Florin FeneruFlickr
(3) – Pileated Parrot Loro Parque – Tenerife (Spain) by Florin FeneruFlickr
(4) – Pionopsitta pileata by Taguató yetapaFlickr
(5) – Red-capped parrot (Pionopsitta pileata) – “Cuiú-cuiú” Campina Grande do Sul | The Birds of Brazil by Ben TavenerFlickr
(6) – Catita Red Head by Argentavis - Birds of Argentina

Cliff Parakeet
Myiopsitta luchsi

Cliff Parakeet

Content

Cliff Parakeet

Description:

26-28 cm.. length and a weight between 120 and 140 g..

The Cliff Parakeet (Myiopsitta luchsi) It has a medium size and is mainly green; the front of the crown, lower face and the chest, They are whitish, becoming bright yellow on the lower chest and the belly; the primaries and tail (medium-sized long), They are bright metallic blue.

Similar Monk Parakeet has less extensive white color crown, pale yellow instead of bright yellow in the belly and the pale gray chest It has a scaling effect that give centers feathers dark.

Bill color horn.

The immature They are similar to adults but with forecrown gray tinged with green.


Taxonomic note:

      This species was described in 1868 by Finsch as Bolborhynchus luchsi, with specimens from Bolivia. Later, the species was transferred to the genus Myiopsitta and the name Myiopsitta luchsi It was used apparently to 1918 by Cory. From 1943, Bond & de Schauensee and they treat it as a subspecies of monachus (Myiopsitta monachus luchsi), approach that has been followed by all modern authors, but Necklace (1997) finally he considers that the morphological characters and their way of nesting are sufficient to raise again species level.

Habitat:

It shares the same habitat with another endemic parrot, the Red-fronted Macaw (Ara rubrogenys), although both species do not compete because they feed on different plants.

They found in dry woodland or open fields including fields with trees Gallery forests, isolated groups of trees, Palm trees, forests, savannah and scrubland thorny cactus. It is also found in cultivated areas. Visitors from some urban areas. Until 3000 m.

Reproduction:

The breeding season It is between December and March in crevices in cliffs, constructing a bulky nest branches. Unlike Monk Parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus), the Cliff Parakeet not commonly nests, but often nests are placed immediately adjacent to each other. The female is in charge of making this nest, and their maintenance.
Couples are for life. The laying is of 5 - 8 eggs per clutch, and incubation lasts a few 26 days. At six weeks old chicks can now leave their nest.

Food:

It feeds on seeds of various fruits, including those of fruits cactus Neocardenasia herzogiana and seeds of the Acacia furcatispina; It is also known to feed on corn grown.

Distribution:

Size of its range (breeding/resident): 148.000 km2

Restricted to xerophytic vegetation, near cliffs in intermountain valleys of eastern Andes of Bolivia, from the southeast of Peace, South of Cochabamba and West Santa Cruz, to the North of Chuquisaca and possibly other areas.

Its range is very similar to the Red-fronted Macaw (Ara rubrogenys).

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Unknown.

Justification of the population

The size of the population has not been estimated, but the species has been described as “quite common” (pit et to the., 1997) and “possibly quite rare” (Juniper and Parr 1998).

Justification of trend

The population trend is difficult to determine due to uncertainty about the extent and severity of threats to the species.
However, like many parrots, They face the traffic of wildlife and wild captivity. Also they suffer direct and immediate consequences of the destruction of their habitat by deforestation and the advance of the agricultural frontier.

Conservation Actions Underway

The species is listed in Appendix II of the CITES.

"Cliff Parakeet" in captivity:

Fairly common. Very sociable, but shy with humans.
It is able to vocalize or imitate words, although this quality is far from possessing the capabilities of some genera of the same family.

Alternative names:

Cliff Parakeet, Bolivean monk parakeet, monk parakeet, Monk Parakeet (Cliff) (English).
Perriche des falaises, Conure de Luchs, Conure des falaises, Conure des rochers (French).
Luchssittich, Bolivien Mönchsittich, Bolivien-Mönchsittich (German).
Cliff Parakeet (Portuguese).
Cotorra Boliviana (Spanish).

Friedrich Hermann Otto Finsch
Friedrich Hermann Otto Finsch

Scientific classification:


Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Myiopsitta
Scientific name: Myiopsitta luchsi
Citation: (Finsch, 1868)
Protonimo: Luchs Bolborrhynchus


Images “Cliff Parakeet”:

Videos “Cliff Parakeet”:

————————————————————————————————

Cliff Parakeet (Myiopsitta luchsi)


Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
FAUNA – Psittacidae

Photos:

(1) – Bolivian Parrot, Bolivia, Sud Chichas, Churquipampa by giorgetta.ch
(2) – Bolivian Parrot, Bolivia, Sud Chichas, Cerro Elefante by giorgetta.ch
(3) – Bolivian Parrot, Bolivia, Sud Chichas, Churquipampa by giorgetta.ch
(4) – A couple of Bolivian parrots in their nest located in the chalky wall of Churquipampa where its waters fall almost freely 330 meters to the creek. The female is arranging the main entrance of the nest while the male takes delight in watching her work by giorgetta.ch
(5) – Bolivian Parrot, Bolivia, Sud Chichas, Churquipampa by giorgetta.ch
(6) – Myopsittacus luchsi = Myiopsitta (monachus) luchsi, Cliff Parakeet, sometimes treated as a subspecies of the Monk Parakeet by John Gerrard Keulemans [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Andrew Spencer (Xeno-canto)

Orange-cheeked Parrot
Pyrilia barrabandi


Orange-cheeked Parrot

Content

Parrot-carinaranja-6

Description:

The Orange-cheeked Parrot (Pyrilia barrabandi) measured, approximately, 25 cm., has the head and throat black, except for the bright colored area amarillento-naranja that goes from the base of the bill up to the lower cheek well behind the eyes.

Upperparts green, lesser coverts, yellow-orange; edge front of the wing red; primary coverts blue-black; greater coverts bluish green; other coverts, green. Primary, dark blue at the base and in outerweb, If not black; underwing-coverts, bright red, flight feather opaque green. Upper zone of the chest Golden, its bottom and belly, bright blue green, the thighs with orange-yellow feathers. Tail Green with blue tip, with yellow bases to the innerwebs of outer feathers.

Bill grey; brown the irises; legs grey.

Both sexes are similar.

The immature has the head Brown golden colour with yellowish brown in cheeks inferiores. Younger birds also has less yellow in the bend of wing, some green feathers in the underwing-coverts and yellow on the tips of the primaries.

Description 2 subspecies:

  • Pyrilia barrabandi aurantiigena

    (Gyldenstolpe, 1951) – Lesser coverts, curve of the wing and the thighs intense Orange instead of yellow-orange.

  • Pyrilia barrabandi barrabandi

    (Kuhl, 1820) – Nominal.

Habitat:

They inhabit mainly in lowland forests, apparently less frequently in forests and marshes. They are distributed at the edge of forests and partially disturbed forest, occasionally in small groves in deforested areas. Observed in altitudes of 150-300 metres in Venezuela and 500 meters in the southeast of Colombia. Seen individually, in pairs and in small groups of up to 10 individuals (sometimes more in banks of land rich in minerals). Are activated more early, In the morning, than other parrots and will rest later.

Reproduction:

There is no information about the nesting, but that suggests the registration of immature birds in February and March breeding season It can be between the months of September/October until the end of year.

Food:

Observed taking seeds or fruits of Ficus sphenophylla, Pourouma, Pseudolmedia, Mimosa, Pithecellobium and Heisteria and possibly larvae of the gall wasps. Usually, they feed in the canopy of the trees, or just below them; less frequently in low branches. Regularly visit areas with soil rich in minerals in the company of other species of parrots.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution(reproduction / resident): 3.470.000 km2

This is a kind of basin of the Western Amazon and the Alto Orinoco. Its length extends from the southeast of Colombia, from the Caquetá Western and bass Río Inírida, Guainía, until Venezuela in Amazon and the Center and South of Bolivar and in Brazil in the upper part of the Amazon to the West, from the rivers Black and Madeira through the rivers Juruá and Purus and to the South towards Mato Grosso, through the East of Ecuador and East of Peru and to the Northwest of Bolivia, in Beni.

They are generally considered rare throughout its distribution area, Although they are fairly common in the Northwest of Bolivia and many in the sandy Woods of bass Inírida River, to the southeast of Colombia. Its population has fallen locally due to deforestation, Although large tracts of primary forest remain in all range States. Live in several areas protected.

Distribution 2 subspecies:

  • Pyrilia barrabandi aurantiigena

    (Gyldenstolpe, 1951) – Is located in the East of Ecuador and to the East of Peru, where is this in the Manu National Park. In the North of Bolivia is it described as frequent to numerous. The extension also comes to Brazil: is limited by the Amazon in the North and Rio Madeira from the East (pit et to the., 1997).

  • Pyrilia barrabandi barrabandi

    (Kuhl, 1820) – Nominal.

Conservation:


Status


• Current red list category of the UICN: Almost threatened.

• Population trend: Stable.

Justification of the population

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “rare” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that this species has lost 12.1-15% of habitat within its distribution over three generations (21 years) based on a model of Amazon deforestation (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the., 2011). Given the susceptibility of the species to the fragmentation and degradation of forest and potentially your hunting and/or trapping, It is suspected that its population will decrease at a rate close to the 30% during three generations.

Threats

The main threat This species is the acceleration of the deforestation on Amazon basin with large tracts of land used for cattle raising and soybean production; It is highly susceptible to degradation and fragmentation due to its dependence of primary forests (Soares-Filho et to the. 2006, Bird et to the. 2011, A. Lees in litt. 2011). It can also be vulnerable to the hunt (A. Lees in litt. 2011). The changes proposed by the Forest code of Brazil they reduce the percentage of land that a private owner has the legal obligation to maintain as forest and include an amnesty for owners who have deforested before July of 2008 (that would be subsequently absolved of the need to reforest lands illegally cleared) (Bird et to the. 2011).

"Orange-cheeked Parrot" in captivity:

It is very rare see you in captivity outside of Brazil.

Alternative names:

Orange-cheeked Parrot, Barraband’s Parrot, Orange cheeked Parrot (English).
Caïque de Barraband (French).
Goldwangenpapagei, Goldwangen-Papagei (German).
curica-de-bochecha-laranja, curica, curuca (Portuguese).
Cotorra Cabecinegra, Lorito Carinaranja, Lorito de Mejillas Amarillas (Spanish).
Cotorra Cabecinegra (Colombia).
Loro de Mejilla Naranja (Peru).
Perico Cachete Amarillo (Venezuela).


Scientific classification:

Kuhl, Heinrich
Heinrich Kuhl

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrilia
Scientific name: Pyrilia barrabandi
Citation: (Kuhl, 1820)
Protonimo: Psittacus Barrabandi


Images “Orange-cheeked Parrot”:

Videos "Orange-cheeked Parrot"

————————————————————————————————

“Orange-cheeked Parrot” (Pyrilia barrabandi)


Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Orange-cheeked Parrot (Pyrilia barrabandi) Cristalino Jungle Lodge, Mato Grosso, Brazil by Amy McAndrewsFlickr
(2) – Orange-cheeked Parrot at Napo Wildlife Reserve, Ecuador by ocelot123Flickr
(3) – Cobalt Winged Parakeet , Scarlet Shouldered Parrotlet and Orange Cheeked Parrot at 3rd lick by Vince SmithFlickr
(4) – Cobalt Winged Parakeet , Scarlet Shouldered Parrotlet and Orange Cheeked Parrot at 3rd lick by Vince SmithFlickr
(5) – Cobalt Winged Parakeet , Scarlet Shouldered Parrotlet and Orange Cheeked Parrot at 3rd lick by Vince SmithFlickr
(6) – Oiseaux brillans du Brésil.. Paris,1834.. biodiversitylibrary.org/page/47697228

Sounds: controles-canto.org

Speckle-faced Parrot
Pionus tumultuosus

Speckle-faced Parrot

Content


Anatomy-parrots-eng

Description:

28 - 31 cm.. tall and around 250 g. weight.

The Speckle-faced Parrot (Pionus tumultuosus) It is distinguishable by color from whitish crown up to the nape; base bill red rose, with forecrown redder. Cheeks whitish with red and purple tint to the neck; Purple chest.

Shoulder with thin strip yellow with reddish tint, inside base tail and crissum, red; the rest of the tail is green with blue on the outer feathers; under belly with red feathers with green edge.

ocula ringr greyish

The youth They have almost all head green and the wings, greenish yellow.

Taxonomic note:

The Speckle-faced Parrot It is probably the rarest and most controversial genre Pionus. It is sometimes divided into two species, in which case, the Pionus tumultuosus South is known as Speckle-faced Parrot, while the North, Pionus seniloides, They are known as White-capped Parrot (which leads to easy confusion with Pionus senilis).

Habitat:

Speckle-faced Parrot

It inhabits in Andean and sub-Andean cloud forests and forest edges, between 1600 and 3200 meters above sea level.
It is highly Nomad with temporal variations in the number of individuals who can be registered in a locality.

Reproduction:

With reproduce In September. In captivity puts 4 eggs which incubated about 26 days. more aspects of reproductive biology are unknown.

Food:

It has been registered consuming fruits of Turpinia paniculata and sometimes they are observed in large numbers feeding on corn crops in cultivated areas and banana plantations.

Distribution:

Its population is distributed in the southern Andes, from the center of Peru until Bolivia.

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 329.000 km2

Conservation:


Status


• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the population

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “quite common, but irregular distribution” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that the population is in decline due to the continuous habitat destruction.

"Speckle-faced Parrot" in captivity:

This species is virtually nonexistent in poultry farming. There is only a small collection, private property in the United States. The Fundación Loro Parque in Tenerife, Spain, It has some copies.
The majority of the Speckle-faced Parrot imported to United States They were victims of aspergillosis - Probably caused by stress suffered during the import process.

In captivity They were observed as the to intelligent species, inquisitive and sometimes timid and nervous. Will get used to their caregiver over time. You can interact with a person and jealously attacking others. Prone to obesity.

Alternative names:

Speckle-faced Parrot, Plum-crowned Parrot, Speckle-faced Parrot (Plum-crowned) (inglés).
Pione pailletée, Pione pourprée (francés).
Purpurstirnpapagei (alemán).
Curica-de-cara-manchada (portugués).
Cotorra Gorriblanca, Loro Rosado, Loro Tumultuoso (español).


Clasificación científica:

Tschudi Johann Jakob von
Tschudi Johann Jakob von

Orden: Psittaciformes
Familia: Psittacidae
Genus: Pionus
Nombre científico: Pionus tumultuosus
Citation: (von Tschudi, 1844)
Protónimo: Psittacus tumultuosus


Imágenes “Loro tumultuoso”:

Videos del "Loro tumultuoso"

“Loro tumultuoso” (Pionus tumultuosus)

    Fuentes:

    Avibase
    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Par
    Birdlife
    – Libro Loros, Pericos y Guacamayas Neotropicales

    Fotos:

    (1) – Eduardo Nogueira
    (2) – Speckle-faced Parrot at La Merced Zoo By josecajacuri [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (3) – Speckle-faced Parrot “Pionus tumultuosus” on the grounds of the Pueblo Hotel, Aguas Calientes by Carol FoilFlickr
    (4) – Speckle-faced Parrot “Pionus tumultuosus” on the grounds of the Pueblo Hotel, Aguas Calientes by Carol FoilFlickr
    (5) – Speckle-faced Parrot “Pionus tumultuosus” on the grounds of the Pueblo Hotel, Aguas Calientes by Carol FoilFlickr
    (6) – PIONUS TUMULTUOSUS By Allen, Edgar W.; Erxleben, J.; Hanhart, Michael; Hanhart, N; Keulemans, J. G.; Mintern Bros.; Rowley, George Dawson; Smith, J.; Walther, T. [CC BY 2.0 or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

    Sonidos: Sebastian K. Herzog