Golden-tailed Parrotlet
Touit surdus

Golden-tailed Parrotlet

Description:

16 cm.. length.

Golden-tailed Parrotlet

The Golden-tailed Parrotlet (Touit surdus) has a plumage mostly green; the forecrown, lores, supercilii area and cheeks, They are yellowed; crown, rear area of the neck, ear-coverts and sides neck, green with dark narrow margins, giving a scaly appearance.

Mantle and back, green with rump and uppertail-coverts slightly brighter, more emerald. Scapulars and inner tertials, warm brown: primary coverts, dark brown, rest of the coverts green. The the flight feathers They are brown above with narrow green margins to outerweb; brown opaque below. Blue feathers Carpal edge of the wing. Underwing-coverts green. Chin yellowish; chest brighter yellowish green, brighter in the belly and in the undertail-coverts. Tail, centrally green with faint black markings at tips, laterally golden-yellow with narrow black tips on upper surface.. The bill yellow horn; gray irises, legs grey.

The female perhaps duller below, with lateral feathers tail greener and green tips and margins. Immature not described.

  • Sound of the Golden-tailed Parrotlet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cotorrita sorda.mp3]

Description 2 subspecies:

The subspecies Touit surdus chryseurus it has been proposed to birds of northeastern range on the basis of dubious lateral tail feathers more brownish and smaller.

  • Touit surdus chryseurus

    (Swainson, 1823) – Side tail feathers, brown / yellow; smaller.

  • Touit surdus surdus

    (Kuhl, 1820) – Nominal.

Habitat:

They live mainly in evergreen forests lowland, although occasionally they extend to the adjacent lower mountain slopes. Birds have been observed in the canopy of a secondary forest fragment surrounded by open fields; Other reports suggest that birds visit fruiting trees in deforested areas to feed.

You can visit, occasionally, cocoa plantations where trees shade the crop plants, but this has not been tested. They are a 700 m in Alagoas and a 800 m in Espirito Santo, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. The Brown-backed Parrotlet They seem to live in flocks (mainly 6-12), perhaps you composed of family groups.

Recent observations suggest that this species is resistant habitat alteration.

Reproduction:

The reproduction of this species practically is not registered. A female observed in September Alagoas, He was not in breeding condition.

Food:

Foods reported in feed Brown-backed Parrotlet are fruits Spondias lutea and Rapanea schwackeana

Distribution:

Size of its range (breeding/resident ): 1.680.000 km2

The distribution of the Brown-backed Parrotlet It extends through Atlantic forests of eastern Brazil, including coastal areas of the northeastern states of Paraíba, Pernambuco and Alagoas with a record Camocim in the North of Ceará, where there are fragments of rainforest in coastal areas.

Exist sporadic records but widespread (mainly) on the shores of Bay and Espirito Santo, and in Rio de Janeiro, for example in Teresopolis, around the Itatiaia National Park, new Freiburg and Cabo Frio, with some reports São Paulo southwest to Cardoso Island, near the border with Paraná. The reports of For and Goiás They are not substantiated and they are probably wrong. The apparent seasonal distribution of the species in some areas suggests migration trends.

They seem to be distributed at low densities and (except a report in the lower basin Tiete river in Sao Paulo) It was considered a rare species in the nineteenth century. Like other members of the genus is, without a doubt, ave a difficult to observe, and often overlooked. However, many ancient villages are no longer inhabited, with forests completely eliminated or severely degraded lowland, especially in the north of the mountain range, where you can be almost extinct. In the news They are distributed in several protected areas.

Distribution 2 subspecies:

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Population size: 2500-9999 specimens.

Justification of the red list category

This species is classified as Vulnerable because its population is small and declining rapidly due to continuous deforestation. It has been found that it is more resistant to forest fragmentation of what was thought first, and may be sub-registered instead of actually little, especially in the southern part of its range.

Justification of the population

The species is generally rare; Its population is in the band 2.500-9.999 mature individuals, equivalent to 3.750-14.999 individuals, round here 3.500-15.000 individuals.

Justification of trend

rapid and continuous population decline is suspected on the basis of continuous destruction and fragmentation of habitat.

Conservation Actions Underway

CITES Appendix II. It is considered Vulnerable nationally in Brazil (MMA 2014). And protected by Brazilian law. There have been numerous protected areas: Hewn Stone Biological Reserve (Alagoas), Monte Pascoal National Park and Serra das Lontras, Biological Reserve and Private Reserve Serra Nice (Bahia), Great stream, Sooretama and Augusto Ruschi), Desengano State Park and Itatiaia National Park (Rio de Janeiro)

Conservation Actions Proposed

Examine the historical towns and proper habitat to clarify the distribution. Ecology Research and seasonal movements. designate murici in Alagoas biological reserve and ensure their protection de facto. Consolidate protected areas distributed.

Deaf lovebird in captivity:

Rare and unknown in captivity. Any captive individual (it can not be released) It should be part of a conservation program well managed to ensure continuity of this species.

Alternative names:

Golden-tailed Parrotlet, Golden tailed Parrotlet (English).
Toui à queue d’or (French).
Gelbschwanzpapagei, Gelbschwanz-Papagei (German).
Apuim-de-cauda-amarela, papagainho, periquitinho, periquitinho-surdo (Portuguese).
Cotorrita Sorda, Lorito de Cola Dorada (Spanish).

Kuhl, Heinrich
Heinrich Kuhl

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Touit
Scientific name: Touit surdus
Citation: (Kuhl, 1820)
Protonimo: parrot deaf

Images Golden-tailed Parrotlet:


Golden-tailed Parrotlet (Touit surdus)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • parrots.org

  • Photos:

(1) – Golden-tailed Parrotlet – Touit surdus – Golden-tailed parrotlet by Ciro Albano

httpv://www.YouTube.com/watch?v = ZaWxtXYx6U

(2) – Urochroma deaf By Blanchard, Emile; Bonaparte, Charles Lucian; Bourjot Saint-Hilaire, Alexandre; Le Vaillant, François; Souancé, Charles de. [CC BY 2.0 or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Brown-backed Parrotlet
Touit melanonotus

Brown-backed Parrotlet

Description:

15 cm.. length.

The Brown-backed Parrotlet (Touit melanonotus) has the forecrown, the lower cheeks, the sides of neck, the crown and the rear of the neck, grass-green; lores and upper cheeks paler and more yellowish green; ear-coverts brown. Mantle, back and center rump dull blackish-brown color; scapulars, sides rump and uppertail-coverts green.

Inner coverts and median, alula and primary coverts, blackish brown (latter with narrow green margins to outerweb); other coverts greenish brown grass. Tertiary brown. Flight feather green on the outerweb with black opaque brown at the tips and innerwebs. Underwing, with coverts dull green, flight feather, pale grayish green. Chin yellowish; underparts pale grayish green, blur on the sides of chest. Upper, the tail centrally green with black spot on the tips of the outerweb. Outer feathers bright red at the base with broad black subterminal bands and a small green patch tips; undertail, the tail pale green tones and duller with greyish stain on the tip, pale red in outer featherss. Bill yellow distally, greyer towards base; irises grey; legs grey.

The females may show duller bluish-grey on underparts. Immature not described.

  • Sound of the Brown-backed Parrotlet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cotorrita dorsinegra.mp3]

Habitat:

Mainly reported in moist forests on the lower mountain slopes. Most records are in altitudes between 500-1.000 m (1.400 metres in the Itatiaia National Park), but some are lowlands to near sea level (for example, Cardoso Island). Gregarious and generally in small groups 5-20 birds.

Reproduction:

Virtually no information on the breeding. Presumably it occurs in September-October, but this is unconfirmed (Collar 1997a, Necklace et to the ., 2013). A juvenile was photographed in the National Park Organ Mountains in December of 2008 (Young y Pimentel 2009).

Food:

Known foods include seeds large tree legumes and fruits Rapanea acuminata, Clusia sp. and mistletoe.

Distribution:

Size of its range (breeding / resident): 400.000 km2

The Cotorrita Dorsinegra has a limited distribution in southeast Brazil, from Bay (three records in the nineteenth century) to the South of São Paulo, leaping Espirito Santo (though presumably be extinct there).

sporadically, albeit broad, reported in State of Rio de Janeiro, including Sierra Cantagalo, National Park Organ Mountains and the surrounding areas of Teresopolis, including near the The Desengano State Park. They were also observed in the Itatiaia massif (including the Itatiaia National Park) where distribution may include adjacent parts of Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Also observed in other locations of unspecified Serra do Mar in the State of Rio de Janeiro and in the city of Rio de Janeiro (for example, in the National Park of Tijuca and forest Corvocado).

Reported in several locations in the Sao Paulo State, to the South of the Cardoso Island, near the border with Paraná. There may be seasonal movements or dispersions (perhaps mainly altitudinal and relatively short distances). Registered in several protected areas such as State Park Serra do Mar and the Itatiaia National Park.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Population size : 2500-9999 specimens.

JUSTIFICATION category Red List

It is likely that the population of this species is small and decreases, with small subpopulations. For these reasons, the species is classified as Vulnerable.

Justification of the population

The evaluation of the Brazilian Red List poultry (MMA 2014) It is estimated that there <10.000 individuos maduros con <1,000 individuos maduros en cada subpoblación. Justification of trend

Se sospecha una decrease moderate and continuous of the population because rates of habitat destruction and degradation.

Conservation Actions Underway

CITES Appendix II. In Brazil, this species is considered Vulnerable nationally (Silveira & Straube 2008, MMA 2014), and it is protected by Brazilian law. It is distributed in many protected areas, with recent records: Desengano State Parks and Pedra Branca, Itatiaia, Organ Mountains y Tijuca Parques Nacionales (Rio de Janeiro); Experimental Station Ubatuba, Area Environmental Protection Iguape, Serra do Mar, Ilha do Cardoso and State Parks Intervales (São Paulo); Salto Morato Natural Reserve y Marsh Antwren (Paraná) (Wege and Long 1995, Aleixo y Galetti 1997, Necklace et to the ., 2013)

Conservation Actions Proposed

Examine the suitable habitat in Bahia and Espirito Santo to clarify their distribution and status. To determine the seasonal abundance at different elevations. You consolidate the protected areas where distributed.

Cotorrita Dorsinegra in captivity:

It is not known in captivity.

Alternative names:

Brown-backed Parrotlet, Black-backed Parrotlet, Black-eared Parrotlet, Brown backed Parrotlet, Wied’s Parrotlet (English).
Toui à dos noir (French).
Braunrückenpapagei, Braunrücken-Papagei (German).
Apuim-de-costas-pretas, apuim-de-cauda-vermelha, apuim-de-costa-preta, apuim-de-costas-escuras, papagainho, periquitinho (Portuguese).
Cotorrita Dorsinegra, Lorito de Lomo Negro (Spanish).

Prince Maximilian of Wied-Neuwied
Prince Maximilian of Wied-Neuwied

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Touit
Scientific name: Touit melanonotus
Citation: (Wied-Neuwied, 1820)
Protonimo: Psittacus melanonotus

Images Brown-backed Parrotlet:

————————————————————————————————

Brown-backed Parrotlet (Touit melanonotus)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – A Brown-backed Parrotlet in Ubatuba, São Paulo, Brazil By Dario Sanches from São Paulo, Brazil [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – A Brown-backed Parrotlet in Ubatuba, São Paulo, Brazil By Dario Sanches from São Paulo, Brazil [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A Brown-backed Parrotlet in Ubatuba, São Paulo, Brazil By Dario Sanches from São Paulo, Brazil [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Guilherme de Melo Becher (Xeno-canto)

Red-fronted Parrotlet
Touit costaricensis

Red-fronted Parrotlet

Description:

17,5 cm.. length.

The Red-fronted Parrotlet (Touit costaricensis) has the forecrown, anteriorly of crown, lores and stripe under the eyes, red; sides neck, cheeks and upperparts, green with the back of the crown and nape slightly paler and yellower. Inner wing-coverts green; exterior and median coverts and wing leading edge, red; primary coverts black.

Primaries and outer secondaries, black with green margin to outerweb of the primaries. Inner underwing-coverts, yellow, the outer, red. Feathers on base of the beak, on chin and throat, brighter yellowish green; the chest, the belly and undertail-coverts, green tinted yellowish. The tail greenish yellow with a black tip (except the outermost feathers) and dark green subterminally. Bill pale yellow; cere and bare periophthalmic, grey; irises grey; legs slaty.

The female It has less red on the upperwing-coverts, and perhaps more yellow in the underwing-coverts; probably, on average, are smaller than males. The immature It has little or no red on the head.

  • Sound of the Red-fronted Parrotlet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cotorrita costarricense.mp3]

Note:

The Red-fronted Parrotlet It has sometimes been treated as conspecific with the Blue-fronted Parrotlet (Touit dilectissimus) North of South America and Panama. While these taxa are clearly allies and share a recent common ancestor, most authors now treat them as separate based on their clear and consistent differences in plumage. The structural divergence can also exist in the Red-fronted Parrotlet longer seems to show the uppertail-coverts (extending almost to the end of the tail) its counterpart Southern, While (although the sample is small) it suggests a sexual dimorphism by the length of the wings and tail on Red-fronted Parrotlet but not in Blue-fronted Parrotlet.

Habitat:

Generally observed in the canopy humid forests at middle altitudes. It moves towards the thicket, on forest edges, flying over the clear, sometimes in the lowlands (sometimes at sea level, especially in southeast Costa Rica), where perhaps it is a seasonal visitor. Tolerates some habitat alterations.

Observed in association with Red-headed Barbet (Eubucco bourcierii) and Blue-and-gold Tanager (Bangsia arcaei), both species associated in very humid cold forests in the upper tropical and subtropical areas.

Observed a 3.000 meters in Costa Rica in the early dry season and reported regularly at altitudes 500-1.000 m during the wet season. Generally in pairs or small flocks family.

Reproduction:

The family size usually between 4-5 birds, suggests the clutch usual 2-3 eggs. probably plays during the season, dry.

Food:

Feed of fruits trees and epiphytes, such as Cavendishia and Clusia, but probably also include flowers and seeds.

Distribution:

Size of its range (breeding/resident): 10.000 km2

The few records Red-fronted Parrotlet existing in Costa Rica come, mainly, the highlands of central-south Caribbean slope, where its range seems to extend to the south, from Monteverde, Turrialba volcano and Lemon.

Although there are no records in much of the east of Costa Rica, its existence can be continuous along the Cordillera de Talamanca (perhaps only in the Caribbean slope) to western Panama. The handful of Panamanian specimens and records from observations, They are mainly from the western highlands to a report from the east, about the Cocle Province.

It is obviously a kind rare and presumably declining due to continued deforestation (at least in the lowlands) in a limited range.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Population size : 2500-9999 specimens.

Justification of the red list category

This species is classified as Vulnerable because the clearing and forest fragmentation at middle elevations, mainly in the Cordillera Volcánica Central and in the Sierra de Tilarán of Costa Rica, It is likely to be causing significant slopes in its small range and (presumably) in population.

Justification of the population

It is estimated that the breeding population of Important Bird Areas of Costa Rica is 1.000 a 4.000 mature individuals (J. And others Craido 2007, J. Sánchez et al., In 2007), so it is believed that the total population may be within the range of 2.500-9.999 mature individuals. This is equivalent to 3.750-14.999 individuals in total, round here 3.500-15.000 individuals.

Justification of trend

It is suspected that the population species is decreasing at a moderate rate, in line with the continuous clearance of their forest habitat in the northern part of its range.

Conservation Actions Underway

CITES Appendix II. Live in several areas protected, including national parks Braulio Carrillo, Tapantí-Cerro de la Muerte and Monteverde, Costa Rica, and La Amistad International Park and adjacent reserves in both countries. However, The legal protection of Palo Seco Protected Forest (BPPS) (a booking Panama adjacent to La Amistad) has not prevented clearance for agriculture (Angehr and Jordan, 1998).

Conservation Actions Proposed

Evaluate the importance of habitat outside the breeding season (J. Created en lit. 2007, J. Sanchez et al., In 2007). Conduct surveys to determine the total size of the population. Study of the ecology of the species (J. Sanchez et al., in bed. , 2007). Monitor population trends through regular surveys. Monitor rates of loss and recovery of forests (J. Sanchez et al., In 2007). Effectively protect the Bosque Protector Palo Seco (BPPS).

Costa Rican parrot in captivity:

No reports are known captive birds.

Alternative names:

Red-fronted Parrotlet, Red fronted Parrotlet (English).
Toui du Costa Rica (French).
Costa-Rica-Papagei (German).
Red-fronted Parrotlet (Portuguese).
Cotorrita Costarricense, Lorito de Pecho Rojo, Periquito alirrojo (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Touit
Scientific name: Touit costaricensis
Citation: (Cory, 1913)
Protonimo: Urochroma costaricensis

————————————————————————————————

Red-fronted Parrotlet (Touit costaricensis)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Papagei am Rincon de la Vieja by KovacGEO Reisencommunity

Sounds:

Spot-winged Parrotlet
Touit stictopterus

Spot-winged Parrotlet

Description:

17 a 18 cm.. height.

The Spot-winged Parrotlet (Touit stictopterus) It has a green overall coloration, clearer to the abdomen, wings brownish with white spots; below the tail opaque olive is yellow with blue edge.

The female differs from the male by feathers middle-lower wing which they are green; the forecrown and the face They are yellowish green.

  • Sound of the Spot-winged Parrotlet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Spot-winged Parrotlet.mp3]

Habitat:

Very rare species. Observed at the local level and in low densities in a Habitat in decline. Its population It is likely to be small and declining, with very small sub-populations in each known locality.
It inhabits on cloudy forests and semi-humid areas of seasonal crops, between 600 and 2400 m. Apparently performs altitudinal migrations, Perhaps conditioned by the supply of food.

Reproduction:

The reproduction It is performed in March.

Food:

Feed of fruit and maize.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 129.000 km2

It lives in the wild in the Andes, southern Central cordilleras and Eastern in Colombia, western Ecuador and North of Peru.

Conservation:

Globally it is in the category vulnerable (VU) and in Colombia in danger of extinction (IN). Deforestation in Andes It is their main threat.

Cotorrita Alipinta in captivity:

Because of its condition It is not recommended that you keep this bird as a pet.

Alternative names:

Spot-winged Parrotlet, Brown-shouldered Parrotlet, Emma’s Parrotlet, Spot winged Parrotlet (English).
Toui tacheté, Toui d’Emma (French).
Tüpfelpapagei, Tüpfel-Papagei (German).
Spot-winged Parrotlet (Portuguese).
Cotorrita Alipinta, Lorito de Alas Moteadas, Periquito Alipunteado (Spanish).
Periquito Alipunteado (Colombia).
Periquito de Ala Punteada (Peru).

Philip Sclater
Philip Sclater

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Touit
Scientific name: Touit stictopterus
Citation: (Sclater, PL, 1862)
Protonimo: Urochroma stictoptera

Images Spot-winged Parrotlet:


Spot-winged Parrotlet (Touit stictopterus)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical

  • Photos:

(1) – Urochroma stictoptera = Touit stictoptera by Joseph Wolf [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet
Touit purpurata

Cotorrita Purpurada

Description:

18 cm.. height

Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet

The Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet (Touit purpuratus) has the forecrown, crown, ear-coverts and sides neck, color marron-oliva; lores and cheeks green; rear area of the neck of color green pale with broadcasting brownish. Mantle and top of the back, green; scapulars and tertiary, dark brown; rump blue; uppertail-coverts green.

Feather blue in it bend of wing; primary coverts brown-black, rest of the coverts green. The flight feather Brown by up in innerwebs and tips, Yes no green; pale green blue for below. Underwing-coverts green. The underparts pale, of color green emerald slightly yellowish, with a layer of ochre in the sides of the belly. The tail Le da an appearance unmistakable, with black edge, Green in the middle and dark crimson on the sides, with black margins to outerwebs.

Bill off-white color pale Horn-tipped up to the upper mandible; irises black; legs grey.

The female has the tail (except central feathers) with the subterminal band green. Immature more yellowish below; the black color in the tail confined to the tips; Green olive from the forecrown up to the nape and ear-coverts lower.

  • Sound of the Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet.
[audio:HTTPS://Wwvkmschotrioskorg/wp-kantent/thyms/imgeless_gre_buti/sonidos/Cuarita Rabadilliazulkmp3]

Description 2 subspecies:

  • Touit purpuratus purpuratus

    (Gmelin, 1788) – Nominal.

  • Touit purpuratus viridiceps

    (Chapman, 1929) – As the nominal species but with the forecrown, crown and back neck, green; flanks with less yellowish green and feathery external of the tail that show a glossy purple.

Habitat:

Species rare and difficult to observe.
It inhabits, mainly, in the canopy of humid lowlands and forests and marshes, also observed in savanna in Suriname. In lower and more open to high altitude forests in Venezuela and in isolated areas cleared forests. Reports in altitudes of 400 metres in Colombia, and 1.200 metres in Mount Duida, Venezuela. Gregarious, usually in groups of 12-40 birds.

Reproduction:

Observed the female digging a hole in a tree of forests and marshes in the month of November in Colombia; Birds in a nest in termitario tree in the month of April in Suriname, males and females in condition of breeding in the month of March in Venezuela. The laying tends to be of 3-5 eggs.

Food:

Observed eating fruit of Clusia grandiflora, Pouroma guianensis and Ficus figs and feeding on trees of Sapotaceae and Myrtaceae. Mainly forage in the canopy, Although also observed in low bushes and occasionally Earth.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 4.550.000 km2

It inhabits in the North of South America, mainly in the Basin Amazon, from the north end of Peru, East of Ecuador (Pastaza) and Colombia to the East of the Andes in West Caquetá (for example, Three corners) and the southeastern tip of Guainía (along the Rio Negro) to the South of the Brazilian Amazon until For and North of Maranhão, to the North of the Amazon and along the Rio Vaupes and the Içana River through the basin of the Rio Negro until Manaus; then through the South of Venezuela from Amazon along the Orinoco to the South from the River Ventauri, in the Cerro Yapacana National Park and Mount Duida and from the South of Bolivar in the Tepuyes of the Gran Sabana and Río Caura, in Guyana, Barima, rivers Mazaruni and Chamber and to the South up to Bartica.

Comes to be local in Suriname and French Guiana. Discrete, often difficult of observe and apparently with little population in the majority of areas of its area of distribution. Perhaps more numerous in those sections more low of it Amazon basin.

Distribution 2 subspecies:

  • Touit purpuratus purpuratus

    (Gmelin, 1788) – Nominal. Southeast of Amazon in Venezuela, up to the Guianas and this from the Basin of the Amazon in Brazil.

  • Touit purpuratus viridiceps

    (Chapman, 1929) – Rio Negro, the Northwestern basin of Brazil, Venezuela West from Mount Duida until Colombia, Ecuador and Peru.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

Justification of the population

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, but this species is described as “rare” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that this species has lost 12,8-15,2% of habitat within its distribution over three generations (15 years) starting from a model of deforestation Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the., 2011). Given the susceptibility of the species to hunting and / or capture, It is suspected that it will fall in <25% during three generations.

In captivity:

Very rare in captivity.

Alternative names:

Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet, Purple Guiana Parrotlet, Sapphire rumped Parrotlet (English).
Toui à queue pourprée (French).
Purpurschwanzpapagei, Purpurschwanz, Purpurschwanz-Papagei (German).
Apuim-de-costas-azuis, apuim-de-costa-azul, periquitinho (Portuguese).
Cotorrita Purpurada, Lorito de Lomo Purpúreo, Periquito Zafiro (Spanish).
Periquito Zafiro (Colombia).
Periquito de Lomo Zafiro (Peru).
Periquito Rabadilla Púrpura (Venezuela).
Periquito lomizafiro (Ecuador)

Gmelin Johann Friedrich
Gmelin Johann Friedrich

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Touit
Scientific name: Touit purpuratus
Citation: (Gmelin, JF, 1788)
Protonimo: Psittacus purpuratus

Images Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet:


Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet (Touit purpuratus)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife

  • Photos:

(1) – wildlifepics.EU © 2008 Dennis Binda
(2) – Touit purpuratus By P. Bertrand [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Of 18 cm.. tall Inconfundible by the ends of the tail, dorsal and ventrally they are purple-red with black border.
Overall green body with Brown Crown and nape, wing with both opaque Brown ends and violet blue rump.
The female with the Brown of the paler head and tail with green lists.
The subspecies T. p. viridiceps has a totally green head.

Little common and difficult to observe species.
It is found in humid forests, semihúmedas and marshy, until the 400 m. It forms small groups and they are silent when they feed. It nests in hollows of trees or arboreal termiteros at low altitude. The implementation is of 3-5 eggs and the breeding season: from November to April

It is found in the wild in the Amazon, South-East of Colombia to the Guyanas, Venezuela South to northeast of Peru and North of Brazil.
It feeds on fruits, and figs.

Video: Video 1

Deforestation and loss of Habitat is a threat for this species.

Alternative names: Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet (English), Periquito zafiro (Colombia), Periquito lomizafiro (Ecuador), Purpurschwanz, Purpurschwanzpapagei (Germany), Lorito de Lomo Purpúreo (Spain), Periquito Rabadilla Púrpura (Venezuela), Toui à queue pourprée (France), apuim-de-costa-azul (Brazil)

Source: Parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical
Photo: wildlifepics.EU © 2008 Dennis Binda

Blue-fronted Parrotlet
Touit dilectissima

Blue-fronted Parrotlet

Description

Cotorrita Cariazul

The height of the Blue-fronted Parrotlet (Touit dilectissimus) varies between the 15 and 18 cm.. Is distinguished by the red line that goes from the bill towards the back of the eye and below the eye ring white, and blue along the red line from the forecrown up to the back side of. Wings with the part inside red and yellow, evident on the fly, shoulder and external margin of the wings red, crown and nape green.

Tail with black border, Yellow ends and green central part.

The female have the Red of the shoulder reduced or absent.

  • Sound of the Blue-fronted Parrotlet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cotorrita Cariazul.mp3]

Habitat:

Little common and churlish. It is found in rainforest often clouded and high stubble, between 700 and 1700 meters above sea level (apparently with migration to the 3000 m). ANDA in pairs or groups of 15 or more, lie quietly in the canopy.

In-flight calls are based on mild or sharp notes repeated several times between pauses. Calls are stronger during the flight.

Reproduction:

It nests in termite mounds on tree.

Food:

It feeds on small seeds, fruits and flowers.

Distribution:

Can be seen in freedom from Panama, Colombian Pacific to the Northwest of Ecuador, and in the northeast of Colombia and Northwest of Venezuela.

Conservation:

[stextbox id=”info” float=”true” width =”290″ align =”right”]

Appreciated a decrease of the species due to deforestation at the local level (in particular in Colombia).

The population size World has not been quantified, but this species is described as “rare” (Stotz et to the. 1996).

The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

Cotorrita Cariazul in captivity:

These birds are rare to see them in captivity. Any person possessing one has to know that it can not be put into freedom, It must be part of a well-managed maintenance program to ensure the continued existence of this species.

Alternative names:

Blue-fronted Parrotlet, Blue fronted Parrotlet, Red-winged Parrotlet (English).
Toui à front bleu (French).
Kronenpapagei, Kronen-Papagei (German).
Touit dilectissimus (Portuguese).
Cotorrita Cariazul, Lorito de Alas Amarillas (Spanish).
Periquito Alirrojo (Colombia).
Churiquita (Venezuela).
Periquito frentiazul (Ecuador).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Touit
Scientific name: Touit dilectissimus
Citation: (Sclater,PL & Salvin, 1871)
Protonimo: Urochroma favorite

Videos:

Videos: Video 1Video 2


Blue-fronted Parrotlet (Touit dilectissimus)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical
  • Birdlife

  • Photos:

(1) – One bird perched close to the nest by Manakin Nature Tours – lynx

Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet
Touit huetii

Cotorrita Alirroja

Content

Description:

Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet

15 a 16 cm.. tall and 60 g. weight.

The Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet (Touit huetii) is distinguishable flight, by the armpit and shoulders Scarlet Red, tip wings black, tail ends with deep red with black brim and yellow-green central part, forecrown black and smacking blue; at rest, It is notorious blue stain wing .

Eye ring white; their bill yellowish; eyes dark brown.

The female with the tail totally green. The only thing different in females is that their side feathers tail are green / yellow with black tips.

Habitat:

It inhabits in jungles wet (in the canopy), semi-húmedas and forest edges, until the 400 m (locally until the 1200 m). Fly in large flocks, migrates in high Amazon, perhaps following the fruiting bodies of some kinds of plants.

The species is apparently Nomad, bird rarely found in the same area for little more than a few weeks.

Reproduction:

The nests They are communal in the treetops.
It is believed to be played during the month of April Venezuela, and between September and December in northern Mato Grosso, Brazil.

Food:

It feeds on fruits, seeds, berries and small nuts.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 6.060.000 km2

The Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet It has a very disjunct range in northern South America. It is known from southern Venezuela, as well as the country's northeast, with both populations considered rare and local, although often it recorded along the Caño Colorado east of the state Monagas (pit et to the., 1997, Hilty 2003, Restall et al., 2006).

There is a population in neighboring Guyana, Suriname and North of Brazil in Roraima and the northern states of Amazon, extending at least occasionally in Trinidad*, Trinidad and Tobago.

  • Records Trinidad, in 1974, 1975 and 1980, probably correspond to wandering flocks (pit et to the., 1997).

It is a local and rare species in eastern Colombia. Another is the northernmost town in eastern Ecuador, where it is again rare (Del Hoyo et al., 1997, Restall et al., 2006). This strip continues in the east of Peru, through the west end of Brazil north of Bolivia. They can also be seen in Brazilian Amazon, from Rondônia east to west Maranhão, with one record Manaus (pit et to the., 1997).

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Stable.

Justification of the red list category

Based on a model of future deforestation in the Amazon basin and its susceptibility to hunting and habitat fragmentation, It is suspected that population of this species will decrease rapidly during the next three generations and, therefore, It has risen to Vulnerable.

Justification of the population

The population size World has not been quantified, but this species is described as “some common and distributed unevenly” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that this species has lost 24,4-28,8% of habitat within its distribution over three generations (15 years) starting from a model of deforestation Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the., 2011). Given the susceptibility of the species to hunting and / or entrapping, It is suspected that population of this species decrease by ≥ 30% during three generations.

Cotorrita Alirroja in captivity:

Not found in captivity.

Videos of the “Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet”

Alternative names:

Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet, Huet’s Parrot, Huet’s Parrotlet, Red-winged Parrotlet, Scarlet shouldered Parrotlet (English).
Toui de Huet (French).
Schwarzstirnpapagei, Kronenpapagei, Schwarzstirn-Papagei (German).
apuim-de-asa-vermelha, apuim-de-encontro-vermelho, curiquinha, periquitinho-de-fronte-negra (Portuguese).
Cotorrita Alirroja, Lorito de Alas Rojas, Periquito Frentinegro (Spanish).
Periquito Frentinegro (Colombia).
Periquito de Ala Roja (Peru).
Periquito Azul Alirrojo (Venezuela).

Temminck Coenraad Jacob
Temminck Coenraad Jacob

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Touit
Scientific name: Touit huetii
Citation: (Temminck, 1830)
Protonimo: Psittacus huetii

Images Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet:


Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet (Touit huetii)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • Parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical
  • parrots.org

  • Photos:

(1) – PBase.com – © of Wim of Groo
(2) – Plate depicting Psittacus huetii Temminck, 1830, upper Amazonia = Touit huetii By Nicolas Huet the Younger (1770-1830) (http://ctgpublishing.com/category/authors/page/31/) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Lilac-tailed Parrotlet
Touit batavicus

Lilac-tailed Parrotlet

Description:

Lilac-tailed Parrotlet

The Lilac-tailed Parrotlet (Touit batavicus) has 14 cm.. height. Usually black in it upperparts (back and wings) and green in it lower. With the crown and nape yellowish-green with black border (What gives a suspiciously aspect). The forecrown, cheeks and chin Yellow Gold, chest Azure Blue, Yellow patch in the wing , tail ends reddish purple and black subterminal edge.

Habitat:

It inhabits in forest dry and jungles cloudy between 400 and 1700 m (in Colombia).
Considered powerful flying, the sharp profile of its wings, They quickly fly over the forest canopy, in groups of 10 a 50 and they are gregarious except in the time reproductive.

It is of a forest Ave, but it can be seen near the shore of the sea in the areas where the edge of the forest close to the coast.

The calls during the flight they are soft and nasal, reaching a high tone, Buzz.

Reproduction:

It nests in hollows in trees or in arboreal termite holes, between the months of February and March. It is thought that it has migratory movements.

Food:

Its diet is composed of flowers, nectar, fruit, outbreaks, berries and seeds.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 330.000 km2

Can be found from the North of Venezuela According to the East up to Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana and in Trinidad and Tobago.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the population

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “quite common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

They suspect that this species has lost a 8,2-8,4% of habitat suitable within their distribution during three generations (15 years) based on a model of Amazon deforestation (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the., 2011). Given the susceptibility of the species to the hunting or the capture, It is suspected that will decrease in <25% during three generations.

Cotorrita sietecolores in captivity:

Is difficult to of keep alive in captivity, It rejects the food during the period of acclimatization. Deaths occur for this reason and the unbalanced diet.

Videos:

Alternative names:

Lilac-tailed Parrotlet, Black-winged Parrot, Lilac tailed Parrotlet, Scopoli’s Parrot, Seven-colored Parrot, Seven-colored Parrotlet, Seven-coloured Parrot, Seven-coloured Parrotlet (English).
Toui à sept couleurs (French).
Siebenfarbenpapagei, Siebenfarben-Papagei (German).
Lilac-tailed Parrotlet (Portuguese).
Cotorrita Sietecolores, Lorito de Siete Colores (Spanish).

Pieter Boddaert
Pieter Boddaert

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Touit
Scientific name: Touit batavicus
Citation: (Boddaert, 1783)
Protonimo: Psittaca Batavica


Lilac-tailed Parrotlet (Touit batavicus)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical

Photos:

(1) – birdsoftt
(2) – Lilac-tailed Parrotlet. Watercolor, Romain Risso By Gossipguy (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

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