Red-lored Amazon
Amazona autumnalis

Red-lored Amazon

Description:

Anatomy-parrots-eng

35,5 to 38,1 cm.. height and between 314 and 485g. weight.

The Red-lored Amazon (Amazona autumnalis) is distinguished by its red front; Green with edge lilac it nape ; crown Lila; stain red in the wing , and tail blue margin.

The bill is grey with the upper mandible yellowish-horn. The irises his eye is orange. The legs are of color gray greenish.

They do not possess sexual dimorphism, namely, There is a physical difference between the male and female.

Description 3 subspecies:

Amazona autumnalis lilacina Lesson, 1844
  • Amazona autumnalis autumnalis

    (Linnaeus, 1758) – Nominal.

  • Amazona autumnalis lilacina

    (Lesson, 1844) – It has a red band in the forecrown that it extends over them eyes; the cheeks Yellow.

  • Amazona autumnalis salvini

    (Salvadori, 1891) – It has cheeks and ear-coverts green; the basis of the tail by under Red.

Habitat:

Red-lored Amazon video

Parrots in the world

Species of the genus Amazona

This Amazon frequents a wide range of habitats wooded and open with trees, including rainforest, tropical deciduous forest, pine forests, mangroves, forest swamps, Gallery forests, areas cultivated with trees high and plantations; also forest dry in the South of Ecuador.

The Red-lored Amazon move from the rainforest (breeding season) to a habitat more open in winter in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. The altitudes that inhabit range from sea level to the 320 metres in Oaxaca, 1.100 metres in Honduras, 800 metres in the Caribbean, 1.000 meters on the slopes of the Pacific of Costa Rica, and 1.000 metres in Colombia.
The birds tend to be in pairs or in flocks loose, being more gregarious When feed (occasionally macaws) and when resting. Outside the breeding season, the bird is refuge in trees high in forests of Gallery or mangroves.

Reproduction:

They nest during the seasonal dry in hollow of trees (usually dead, for example, Tabebuia or Ceiba) or on the stump of a Palm tree. Birds in State reproductive in April, Oaxaca; February-March, Belize; March, Guatemala; January-February, Colombia. Reproduce between February-April, Panama; March-may, Belize and January-March, Ecuador. Clutch 3-4 eggs.

The incubation varies from 25 to 26 days. The chicks remain in the nest 70 days.

Food:

In the wild these birds feed on figs Ficus, orange, Mango, fruits of Palm (including the of Cordia lutea and Spondias purpurea), coffee beans (Coffea arabica), seeds of Ferrule, Casearia and Protium. Mainly are feeds in the tops of trees high.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 2.570.000 km2

The Red-lored Amazon It extends from the South of Mexico north of South America with a population disjunct in the Amazon.

You can find in them lands low of the this of Mexico, in the South of Tamaulipas, in the East of San Luis Potosí, Puebla, Oaxaca, Chiapas, Tabasco, Campeche and Quintana Roo. The records of other parts of the country (for example, City of Mexico) probably you refer to leak.

You can see in Belize and in the lowlands of the Caribbean of Guatemala and Honduras (including Roatan and Guanaja in Islands of the Bay and probably soon in Utila), until Nicaragua and Costa Rica, where are they present in humid areas of the tropical zone on both slopes (absent from the dry Northwest ), also in Panama and on the islands of Coiba and Escudo de Veraguas and in the Archipelago of pearls (absent from the driest areas of the Azuero peninsula).

In the Northwest of Colombia they appear on the Pacific slope of the Western Andes from the Panamanian border to the South up to the The Baudó mountains and from the southwest of Cauca south to Ecuador in the Gulf of Guayaquil. Also it extends to the North of the Andes in Colombia to Magdalena Medio and to the East in the Northwest of Venezuela in Zulia (Sierra de Perija).

In the Northwestern basin of the Brazilian Amazon a disjunct population exists between Rio Negro and Rio Solimões.

Usually resident with some local seasonal habitat preferences (for example, in Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico). Is usually the most common Parrot and more numerous in some parts of the range (for example, in parts of Central America) but now is a species very rare to the West of them Andes in Ecuador and Colombia with a population of the subspecies Amazona autumnalis lilacina estimated in 400-600 specimens.

Population decreased drastically in the island of Roatan (Honduras) where he captured it is massively for export, and maybe missing in Utila for the same reason.

Capture combined with the loss of habitat also has caused declines in some other parts of its area of distribution (for example, East of Mexico and Ecuador). Common in captivity in some areas, and marketed internationally.

Distribution 3 subspecies:

  • Amazona autumnalis autumnalis

    (Linnaeus, 1758) – Nominal. Coast of the Caribbean from the East of Mexico South to North of Nicaragua.

  • Amazona autumnalis lilacina

    (Lesson, 1844) – West of Ecuador.

  • Amazona autumnalis salvini

    (Salvadori, 1891) – North of Nicaragua south to Colombia and Venezuela.

Conservation:

Condition ⓘ

Status
Least Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

This species has a very large range and, Therefore, is not approaching the thresholds of Vulnerability at the discretion of the distribution area size.

The population size is very large and, therefore, not approaching the thresholds for vulnerable under the criterion of population size (<10.000 mature individuals with an estimated> continuous decline 10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specific population structure). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as least concern.

Justification of trend

It is suspected that the population is in decline due to the continuous destruction of the habitat and to levels of exploitation unsustainable.

The Amazona lored in captivity:

Is of vital importance that the diet is complete and balanced in all directions, as this prevents, along with other factors, the appearance of bone problems or the known software that affects numerous parrots. To ensure the balance of this, prepared feed very well supply the nutritional needs of each animal, However, they should not miss plant, fruits and vegetables, as well as diversity of seeds that come in mixture.

As for accommodation, If they are not removed from cage constantly, This should be spacious enough so that you can exercise the muscles of the wings and the legs, and the plumage of the bird is preserved in perfect condition.

The Red-lored Amazon enjoy, like all parrots, tearing apart and finding out things, so it must be of some other toy or we can end up having problems with furniture. Them feet of parrot are very suitable if your stay is in the outside of the cage. Of course, they must not be exposed to draughts or sudden changes in temperature. The water must be clean at your fingertips, because the existence of fungi causes serious breathing problems.

In terms of coexistence to have it in the neighborhood area, in comparison with other species in Amazon, are relatively quiet, so in general do not cause many problems.

In captivity, can get to live up to 80 years.

BREEDING AND REPRODUCTION:

Its captive breeding started for the first time in United States, after their importation from the place of origin, South America in the 1950's.

Those individuals acquire their sexual maturity on the 4 years of age, and if you have a good breeding pair in the right conditions, they can perform two annual broods, Although the main thing if you want to raise, patience. Many couples will need several years to first breeding, so it is very important to be patient and wait for the right moment.

The female lays in the nest (No fill) of 2 to 6 eggs incubated without the help of the male usually. This is dedicated to feeding the own female and chicks after their birth to the 28 days until its independence after twelve weeks.

Alternative names:

Red-lored Parrot, Red-lored Amazon, Yellow-Cheeked Amazon (English).
Amazone à lores rouges, Amazone diadème (French).
Rotstirnamazone (German).
Papagaio-diadema, Papagaio-diadema (Papagaio cavacué) (Portuguese).
Amazona Frentirroja, Lora Frentirroja, Loro Frentirrojo (Spanish).
Lora cariamarilla (Honduras).
loro cachete-amarillo (Mexico).

Scientific classification:

Carl Linnaeus

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Amazona
Scientific name: Amazona autumnalis
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Protonimo: Psittacus autumnalis

Red-lored Amazon images:


Red-lored Amazon (Amazona autumnalis)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical
  • Grupohypermarkup

Photos:

(1) – Wikimedia.org
(2) – Red-lored Amazon or Red-lored Parrot; two captive parrots By Brian Gratwicke (originally posted to Flickr as Red-lored Amazon) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A Red-lored Amazon in Panama By Nelson de Witt from USA (Hello!) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – To pet Red-lored Amazon By Richard (originally posted to Flickr as Looming….) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Red-lored parrots (Amazona autumnalis), OSA Peninsula, Costa Rica By Charlesjsharp (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – A Red-lored Amazon at Rock Farm, Belize. It has a feather problem By Rigrat [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(7) – This is the image of a parrot originating of the jungle of Chiapas in Mexico By Joe Quick [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(8) – Red-lored Amazon perching on a branch with wings open near Belmopan, Belize By Rigrat (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(9) – A strange sight to me to see parrots flying in the wild. This Red-lored Amazon (Amazona autumnalis) was spotted with a group along the roadside in the Cayo distict of Belize By The Lilac Breasted Roller (originally posted to Flickr as Red Lored Parrot) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(10) – Lilacine Amazon, head from lateral by John Gerrard Keulemans [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Walter Rivera

Red Avadavat
Amandava amandava

The species is native to Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Burma, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand and Viet Nam.
There are towns established in the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal), Brunei, Fiji, Malaysia, Puerto Rico, Singapore and Hawaii.

The sexes are different. In the adult male plumage is almost entirely red, the Chin, throat, chest, top of the abdomen and flanks are bright Scarlet. The sides of the chest and flanks have spotted with small white dots. The tail is blackish brown, finely fringed in white at the tip of the lower face. The lower part of the abdomen, the anal area and the bottom of the tail are black or blackish brown with shades of Red. The beak is short, red.

Common at the local level, the Red Bengalis are common among the high grass, Juncos, reedbeds, shrubs and bushes, generally, in areas close to water or wetlands. It is above all a kind of the Plains, but can climb to the 1500 meters in Java and Bali, even up 2400 meters in the small islands of the Sunda.

There are two subspecies:

Amandava flavidiventris He lives in Burma,in the North of Indochina and the Sunda Islands.

Amandava punicea He lives in Indochina, Java and Bali and has many more white spots. The Red of their nuptial plumage is more alive than in the nominal species. The two subspecies are somewhat smaller and less present in imports.

Sound of Bengali Red.

[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Bengali Rojo.mp3]

Generally live in pairs or in small groups of up to thirty individuals. In winter, the demonstrations are larger and sometimes birds are grouped into more than a hundred individuals, sometimes with other species such as Capuchin, sparrows or email us. Its bedrooms are usually located in the common Reed or cane fields. They are very territorial and vigorously defend the entrances to some of their nests.

In the India, the breeding season occurs during the second half of the monsoon season or during the dry season. The nests are found on land or at a low height. They are built with thin strips of grass, stems and other plant materials. The female lays 4-6 white eggs which are incubated during 11 to 12 days by both parents. The young leave the nest after 3 weeks. When leaving the nest, adults are very attentive and communicate with their chicks with sweet notes, especially in the night, When it comes to remind them the location of its nest.

It has a mainly vegetarian diet. This bird feeds on grass and a wide variety of seeds. Also eat rice and millet. His observation in captivity suggest that the reds Bengalis also feed in the nature of a small amount of insects such as ants and caterpillars.

The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

The Bengalis can be kept in spacious cages, in external birdcages or interior, Although farming has better chance of success if kept in external birdcages. Since you dislike empty spaces it is best to decorate your Habitat with an abundance of plants . Love the Sun and the heat so the Aviary should be oriented so that you can to maximize the available hours of sunshine. At the same time it must be protected and have a shelter to protect them from the cold days during the winter months.
Bengali along very well with other species with which you can share Habitat.Less tolerant of its kind during the reproductive season ,It is best to keep a single partner in each Aviary.

Sources:

Oiseaux
mundoexotics

Tucuman Parrot
Amazona tucumana

Tucuman Parrot

Description:

31 cm.. length.

The Tucuman Parrot (Amazona tucumana) It is mostly green, with black borders on the feathers, giving the whole a scalloped appearance.

Relatively large and stocky have the forecrown red and eye rings white. Has also patch Red in the wing-coverts (most notoriously in flight); thin yellow line in shoulder almost half of wing ; the primary wing feathers They have the blue tips, and the thighs They are orange-yellow. The tail It is short and feathers yellow.

The bill It is yellowish to pinkish, and eyes adults are orange-yellow. The legs They are pale gray.

Both the male as the female They are similar in appearance, but the immature They are generally green in full, with the thighs green than orange and less red on the forecrown. Another key difference between adult and immature is that eyes young people are gray.

Taxonomic note:

Until a few years ago it was considered a subspecies of the Red-spectacled Parrot (Amazona pretrei) (Fjeldså y Krabbe 1990), but now they are recognized as separate species, although closely related to each other and, In addition, with the Vinaceous Parrot (Amazona vinacea), who possibly form a basal group to all other parrots of the genus (Russello y Amato 2004).

  • Sound of the Amazona tucumana.

Habitat:

It is found in open forests Andean mountain forests Yungas, particularly in areas with Alnus acuminata or Podocarpus parlatorei, as well as other species of Alnus, Podocarpus and Nothofagus. This species It is in elevations of between 1.600 and 2.600 metres in the breeding season, but during breeding season not descend to lower elevations around 350 m. At this time, sometimes you can enter inhabited areas.

Often it gathers in large flocks often have more than 200 individuals.

Reproduction:

The Tucuman Parrot They breed between November and January or February, building usually your nest in a hole in a tree Alnus or Podocarpus. The normal size clutch is three to four eggs, although they have been reported sunsets from one to five eggs. The incubation lasts around 26 to 29 days, usually it is the female that the male incubates and which feeds, and the main source of food for chicks come from seeds and flowers Podocarpus parlatorei. Young they leave the nest usually after seven to nine weeks.

Food:

The Tucuman Parrot They feed on trees Family Myrtaceae, as well as seeds and flowers trees as Podocarpus parlatorei, Juglans australis and Alnus, of the immature fruits of the species Cedrela and flowers species Erythrina.

Distribution and status:

Tamaño de su área de distribución (reproductor/residente ): 86.200 km2

The Amazona tucumana It is located in northwest Argentina and in southern Bolivia, where it is known in 12 locations departments Tarija, Chuquisaca and Santa Cruz (A. Maccormick in some. 2005, R. Hoyer in some. Slightly., 2012).

A recent study of the situation and distribution of the species Argentina registered 6.015 individuals (Rivera et al., 2007) and Argentina estimated that the population was near 10.000 birds, but around 20.000 They were exported from Argentina in the mid 80, suggesting that there may have been a substantial population decline.

After inclusion in the Appendix I of the CITES, international trade was cut, Although the Local exploitation continues. However, It does not appear that the stocks have recovered, and loss of habitat is of concern, particularly in Argentina, where their habitat is highly degraded and there are only a few remains of small forests and isolated. Threats to habitat are less severe in Bolivia, but the species has declined there and is projected to continue to do so (A. Maccormick in a bit., 2005).

The main concentrations of this species in Bolivia are in clad hills, Villa Serrano and Tariquía Flora and Fauna National Reserve, with 1.643 individuals recorded in several places during a recent study (Rivera et al., 2009).

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

• Population size : 6000-15000.

Justification of the red list category

This species is classified as Vulnerable, as it is experiencing rapid population decline due to the loss of habitat and capture for the bird trade.

Justification of the population

A recent study of the situation and distribution of the species Argentina registered 6,015 individuals and Argentina estimated that the population was approximately 10.000 birds (L. Rivera in a bit., 2004). In addition, 1.643 individuals were recorded at several sites in Bolivia during another recent study (Rivera et al., 2007). The total population is well placed in the band 10.000-19.999 individuals (L. Rivera in a bit., 2012). This is equivalent to 6,667-13,333 mature individuals, round here 6,000-15,000 mature individuals.

Justification of trend

The results of the survey, observations on habitat loss and the local occurrence of the species, and catch and trade data suggest that the population is suffering rapid population decline (L. Rivera in some.)

Conservation Actions Underway

• CITES Appendix I, although the convention is not respected in Bolivia (AB Hennessey in litt., 2012).

• Present in several protected areas, including the El Rey National Park, Argentina, mainly in the non-breeding season (L. Rivera in some. 2012).

• In 2006, was appointed the Iñao National Park and Integrated Management Natural Area, which it was the basis for the conservation of one of the largest shelters species Bolivia (Rivera Et al . 2009).

• currently it is developing an action plan for the conservation of species for each of their native countries (L. Rivera in a bit., 2012).

Conservation Actions Proposed

• Apply local trade ban (L. Rivera in a bit., 2012).

• Evaluate current population size.

• Produce an action plan species.

• Conduct additional research to clarify the scope of the current threat of trade.

• Effectively protect the core areas of remaining habitat; review their habitat requirements and complement nesting sites using boxes where appropriate (AB Hennessey in some. 2012).

• Addressing unsustainable use of resources and illegal activities in protected areas.

• Designate clad hills a protected area.

In captivity:

Parrots Gender Amazona are among the most recognizable and sought-after pet birds. His colorful plumage and ability to mimic the human voice have made them highly sought after for centuries and unfortunate consequence of this is the threatened status of most species (Russello y Amato 2004). In the Red list of Threatened Species International Union for the conservation of nature, 16 parrot species of this genus are included either as Vulnerable, Endangered or Critically Endangered (IUCN 2010). In the same way, 16 species are listed in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).

The Amazona tucumana It is a species that should only be kept in captive with the sole purpose of achieving their reproduction and subsequent insertion into wildlife.

Alternative names:


- Tucuman Parrot, Alder Amazon, Alder Parrot, Tucuman Amazon (inglés).
- Tucumanaamazone, Tucumanamazone (alemán).
- Amazone de Tucuman (francés).
- Papagaio-tucumă (portugués).
- Amazona Alisera, Amazona Tucumana, Loro alisero (español).
- Loro alisero (Argentina).
- Loro alisero (Bolivia).

Jean Louis Cabanis
Jean Louis Cabanis

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Amazona
- Nombre científico: Amazona tucumana
- Citation: (Cabanis, 1885)
- Protónimo: Chysotis tucumana

Images Tucuman Parrot:

————————————————————————————————

Tucuman Parrot (Amazona tucumana)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
– RIVERA, Luis; POLICE, Natalia y BUCHER, Enrique H. Ecology and conservation of Loro Alisero (Amazona tucumana). Hornero [online]. 2012, vol.27, n.1 [aforementioned 2017-01-29], pp. 51-61 . Available in: <>. ISSN 0073-3407.

Photos:

(1) – Tucuman Parrot (Amazona tucumana) by birdsandbirds

Sounds: Niels Krabbe, XC29107. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/29107

Red-cheeked Cordonbleu
Uraeginthus bengalus

Azulito de Senegal

The Red-cheeked Cordonbleu are in Equatorial Africa and East Africa. They live in pairs or in groups of a few individuals in semi-arid areas.

They have a melodious song, This varies depending on the species. Males have more brightly colored than females. The cheeks of the males are red. The female has a blue paler . Sometimes the female also sings, so you can not rely on the voice to determine the sex of the bird.

It is a large bird, It can co-exist with other small exotic birds. Small species of the Azulito of Senegal can co-exist if there is sufficient space, but the larger species are very aggressive and should not be mixed with other species of Azulitos.

They are insectivorous and granivores. Must be accustomed gradually to fruit and vegetables to prevent the occurrence of gastrointestinal disorders (diarrhea). Must be given in small amounts, washed and dried at room temperature, withdrawing them as soon as they lose their freshness. Vitamins can also be put in drinking water, especially in times of illness, stress, molting and reproduction.

The best thing is to install them in the Aviary, so they can fly to and organize themselves into a social group. These birds are sensitive to cold and moisture. They need to keep at a temperature between 20 and 25 ° C. They must be protected from the cold currents and air, Although over time can be adapted to more extreme temperatures.

Reproduction must stay in pairs in a large cage (100 * 50 * 50 cm at least for a couple), in groups of the same species in a spacious Aviary, with a lot of places to hide, allowing them to build their nest in peace. Reproduction is usually easy, when birds are calm and have sufficient space. They must have variety of foods (seed mix, germinated seeds, spray millet and living insects (they are essential during the breeding season).

The female lays from 3 to 7 eggs, the parents take turns incubating and hard incubation of 15 to 17 days. The young leave the nest to the 3 weeks and are weaned at the 6 weeks. The sexual dimorphism appears to the 5 months.

Red-cheeked Cordonbleu (Uraeginthus bengalus)

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