Ornate Lory
Trichoglossus ornatus

Lori Adornado

Distribution Lori adorned


Of 25 cm.. length and 100 to 120 gr. weight.

The general plumage of the Ornate Lory (Trichoglossus ornatus) is green. The front, the head and feathers that cover the ears are blue. It has a small red stripe that goes from the upper right corner of the eye to the nape of the neck, It also has a yellow stripe on the sides of the neck. The throat and chest are orange-red and in each pen has a bluish-black wide table. Underwing feathers are yellow.

The rest of the bottom is green with yellowish scales.
Belly pale green with dark green bars. Green-yellow under the tail is bright green ends. The upper part of the tail is dark green with yellow edges in outer feathers. The base of the outer tail feathers is pink.

The circle around the eyes is narrow and dark grey. The iris is red, the legs are grey and orange beaks.

  • Sound of the Ornate Lory.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lori Adornado.mp3]

The Ornate Lory they usually visit the swamps and marshy woodlands where there is fresh water. They are also found in the forest, the plots during the regeneration near the edges, scattered shrubs in cropland, including coconut plantations.

Usually, They appreciate the open areas and do not venture far from the primary forests.

In the North and center of the main island, These birds live from sea level up to the 1.000 meters above the sea level, While in the South, You can climb up to the 1.500 m. Its preferred habitat is between 300 and 500 m.

The Ornate Lory They mainly live in pairs or in small groups. Sometimes, when feeding in fruit trees or at the edges of the forest, are associated with the Yellow-and-green Lorikeet (Trichoglossus flavoviridis).

Benefiting from stable climate, These birds are probably sedentary.


We really know very little about the reproductive habits of this species in the wild.

Most of the birds are able to raise in the months of September and October. There is no information on the construction and composition of the nest.

Spawning usually consists of 3 eggs that are incubated during 27 days. The chicks are nidicolas and depend on their parents for 80 days after hatching.


The Ornate Lory they are vegetarian birds, most of their menu is composed of nectar, pollen and fruit. When feed, These birds can concentrate in large numbers in the trees in flower. The seeds of the trees of the genus Tectona and Casuarina they are also part of their diet.


This species is endemic to Indonesia , where is widespread in Sulawesi and surrounds the coast islands including Togian, Peleng, Banggai and the archipelago Tukang Besi. It has reported that no longer common in parts of Northern and Central of Sulawesi, But even that seems to be common in the Islands Togian and in the lowland forest in Torout (Bogani Nani NP) and to a lesser extent in Tangkoko.

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– Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern

– The population trend: Decreasing

It has been described as common and locally very common, with a total population of over of 50.000 specimens.

The trend has not been quantified, but slow descents can be seen due to some pressure from capture, and although it does not require primary forest it is more common in the lowlands and can therefore be affected by habitat loss.

It seems that the Ornate Lory is trapped in national parks as Tangkoko and Lore Lindu, and they are commonly seen in bird markets.

In captivity:

Due to its state of decline in its population, any specimen that can not be returned to their natural habitat (natural range) It should be placed preferably in a breeding program well managed to ensure the survival of the species.

Alternative names:

- Ornate Lorikeet, Ornate Lory (ingles).
- Loriquet orné (francés).
- Schmucklori (alemán).
- Lóris-ornado (portugués).
- Lori Adornado, Tricogloso Adornado (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Famiilia: Psittaculidae
- Nombre científico: Trichoglossus ornatus
- Citation: (Linnaeus, 1758)
- Protónimo: Psittacus ornatus

Ornate Lory Images:


Ornate Lory (Trichoglossus ornatus)




– Ornate Lorikeet at San Antonio Zoo, Texas, USA. by George Coller – Wikimedia
– by © 2004 Jeff Whitlock – Jacksonville Zoo
– by iggino – IBC.lynxeds.com
– Trichoglossus ornatus parrot eating banana – free-pet-wallpapers.com

Sounds: Mike Nelson (Xeno-canto)

Philippine cockatoo
Cacatua haematuropygia

Cacatúa Filipina


It measures 31 cm. and weighs around 300 g..

To the Philippine cockatoo (Cacatua haematuropygia) It is called locally Katala.

Its plumage is a beautiful white with the exception of the feathers of the crest they are yellow or pink on its base and the bottom of the tail and wings they are yellow and Red.

The bill is a grayish-white color, and males has irises dark brown, While the of the female are brown-red color.

  • Sound of the Philippine cockatoo.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cacatua Filipina.mp3]

Is restricted to lowland not more than 50 meters above the sea level, in the rivers or adjacent thereto, and in coastal mangrove areas.

Outside the breeding season (March to June, and, times, from February to August), frequent crops corn and rice. This depends on the station where foods are grown and have the available resources, being partially nomadic.

These birds can fly from their island to the adjacent if they are not more than a few 8 km. distance.


breeding season between February and June. Of one to three eggs they are placed on a nest on a tree branch. The eggs are hatch for a few 28 days, and the chicks remain in the nest for nine to ten weeks after the hatching.


Feed of seeds, vegetables, fruits and berries.
They are known for attacking crops of maize in agricultural areas.


Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 22.700 km2

This cockatoo is endemic in Philippines, and the sole representative of cockatoos found there; This has become a treasure of these islands.


• Current IUCN Red list category: Danger critic.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

• Population size: 370-770 mature individuals.

In Palawan the capture of the cockatoos to the international illegal trade is particularly serious, something which is reflected in the high price of these birds ($ 160 Americans in Manila in 1997); to have been looted all the visible nests each time the price is higher because it costs more to catch them.

The deforestation and the destruction of mangroves they have been extensive in its range of occupation and has significantly contributed to its decline.

It is also hunted and hunted for consumption as food.
The release of captive birds can introduce diseases into wild populations.

Conservation Actions Proposed:

    • Perform surveys in all them islands of range to assess the size of the population of the species and the distribution.
    • Monitor population trends.
    • Monitor the rates of loss and degradation of habitat.
    • Quantify levels of capture, persecution and trade.
    • Designating more protected areas (for example Tawi-Tawi and towns in or near Palawan).
    • To support the proposed expansion of the The Puerto Princesa subterranean River National Park.
    • Prevent destruction of mangroves.
    • Promote economically viable alternatives to prevent catches of this cockatoo.
    • Continuing education programs and captive breeding programs.
    • Establish personnel at airports and ferry terminals to control the output of copies.
    • Conduct translocations of animals to suitable areas as lowlands or mangrove forests.

Loro Parque Foundation It has warned of the risk of extinction that runs the Philippine cockatoo by the construction of a power plant in Palawan, an island province of Philippines in the region of Western Visayas.

This Spanish NGO has invested 1,3 millions of dollars and more than 14 years of work in this cockatoo recovery project, and fears that with the construction of this station, the less than 1.000 specimens remaining in the world could electrocution with high voltage lines, In addition to being blocked their migration in search of food.

See more in: (20minutes)

In captivity:

Very rare in captivity, Fortunately.

Alternative names:

- Philippine Cockatoo, Philippine Islands Cockatoo, Red-vented cackatoo, Red-vented Cockatoo (ingles).
- Cacatoès des Philippines (francés).
- Rotsteißkakadu (alemán).
- Catatua-filipina (portugués).
- Cacatúa Filipina, Cacatúa Malaya (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Cacatuidae
- Genus: Cacatua
- Nombre científico: Cacatua haematuropygia
- Citation: (Statius Müller, 1776)
- Protónimo: Psittacus haematuropygius

Philippine cockatoo pictures:


Philippine cockatoo (Cacatua haematuropygia)


Avibase, BirdLife.org

– Photos: Kim Arveen homeland, © Laender Benedict, Wikimedia.

– Sounds: Frank Lambert (Xeno-canto)

Pink Cockatoo
Cacatua leadbeateri

Cacatúa Abanderada


35 cm.. length and weighing approximately between 340 and 425 g.

The Pink Cockatoo (Cacatua leadbeateri) is distinguishable by its spectacular crest composed by 16 long feathers forward curved. These pens have a wide base with a slightly pink and yellow red-stained central part.

The top ends of the crest are white. Another set of more rounded feathers grow over the eye, forming a white base when the crest is raised. The forecrown is spanned by a band thin and reddish.

The face, neck and underparts are salmon, becoming is white in the coverts.
The flight feather and tail are white with infiltration of salmon on the bottom.

The bill is horn. The irises Dark Brown and the legs grey.

The female looks like your partner, but the head Pink salmon and underparts they are paler. The band Yellow that decorates the bill is brighter and wider. Upper belly It is white instead of Pink salmon. The irises are reddish-pink.

The immature they are identical to the female. The frontal band is bright orange-red, the irises light brown.

  • Sound of the Pink Cockatoo.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cacatua Abanderada.mp3]
Description 2 subspecies
  • Cacatua leadbeateri leadbeateri

    (Vigors, 1831) – Nominal.

  • Cacatua leadbeateri mollis

    (Mathews, 1912) – Both similar to the kind adults nominal, but with the crest darker red, with little or no yellow. White Peak.


The couple is the basic social unit, but are maintained contact with other couples nonreproductive through the establishment of groups.

Out of it breeding season, There are mainly small bands consisting of 10 to 50 birds. The most important meetings occur only during periods of drought or when food sources are abundant. In this case, There may be a few hundred individuals, among them, small Galah.

Dormitories they are occupied exclusively outside the breeding season and the birds are early in the morning.

The Pink Cockatoo they forage in trees and on the ground. However, This species is more arboreal that the Galah wave Little Corella.

When moving on the ground, He walks slowly to avoid the tall grass.

In the Flock, a bird play always the role of Sentinel. It adopts a very careful attitude, it partially roughcast its crest and regularly pauses during which is very upright inspecting the surroundings.

During the heat of noon, he finds refuge in the foliage of the trees. During the summer, the rest period is longer.

The paired birds they are always near each other. During periods of intense heat, This bird visit water points, even during the day. At sunset, they return to your bedroom.


Its population is distributed by a variety of forest habitats in arid or semi-arid areas.
The species is closely related to the areas of “Mallee“.

Found particularly in afforestation of Cypress and eucalyptus, in mixed plots of eucalyptus and Casuarinas or near cliffs.
Its presence in a place is largely also to the existence of a water fountain.
On the other hand, shows a very weak attachment to the fragmented habitats that is no long.


The nesting season running from August to December. The cockatoos return to their traditional breeding grounds.

The cavity for the nest receives improvements: the entry expands and is covered with a layer of fresh chips placed in the lower part of the nest. The nests they are almost always far from one another, at a distance of 2 km.

The spawning is between 2 and 5 eggs being deposited between 2 and 3 days. The incubation It made both parents, begins after the deposit of the third egg and lasts between 23 and 24 days.

The chicks they remain at the bottom of the cavity during 57 days and are fed by the male and female interchangeably. The family remains near the nest until the last brood leaves the nest, they will then join other family groups in the place where food resources are appropriate.

On rare occasions, the Pink Cockatoo is forced to eject a couple of Galah He started to lay eggs in their nest, but it can also happen that this form of parasitism is a success. In this case, the partner of the Pink Cockatoo takes care of the eggs and the young after hatching. When are born, the young of the species Eolophus roseicapilla, they behave exactly like their hosts, ignoring the difference in origin.


With feed seed, herbs, cereals and often of melons (Cucumis myiocarpus). Also consume fresh local figs, pine cones, eucalyptus seeds, bulbs, dried fruits, roots, insects and larvae.

During and after your meal, These birds biting branches and pieces of bark, causing a shower of timber crushed at the foot of the trees.

During periods of intense heat, increase the frequency of his visits to water points.


Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 2,88 millones km2

Endemic of Australia. Its main strongholds are in the southwest of Queensland where is quite extended and South of Australia, where it is locally common.

In other parts of the continent are very rare and scarce, going back to the vicinity of the Northern Territory and carrying out raids in Western Australia.

Distribution 2 subspecies:
  • Cacatua leadbeateri leadbeateri

    (Vigors, 1831) – Nominal.

  • Cacatua leadbeateri mollis

    (Mathews, 1912) – Interior West and centre of Australia, towards the East, up to the Eyre Peninsula and the basin of the Lake Eyre, South of Australia.


Least concern (Red list 2006).

• Classified as vulnerable by NSW national parks and wildlife.

Threatened by the law of conservation of species (2005).

Its distribution is very unequal, but only in the Centre - this actually is and South-East where they have widespread. In other parts of Australia, This species is declining due to the thinning of the habitat and its marketing as bird cage.

Competition with the Galah for nesting cavities may be a crucial problem in the future if this species continues to grow. The world population of the Pink Cockatoo It is estimated in a little less than 20 000 birds. It is classified as near threatened.

In captivity:

It is a frequently held in captive animal in your Australia natal, but it is less known in other countries as our. Its price in the market is very high, especially that of males, being one of the white cockatoos more expensive.

Very noisy, with a great personality, playful and very Active. It is very destructive, We must therefore provide toys and wood to gnaw, or otherwise you will satisfy with house furniture and other elements. Inactive animals, bored or stressed out they tend to yell a lot.

Its life expectancy round between the 40 and 60 years of life.

Alternative names:

- Pink Cockatoo, Leadbeater's Cockatoo, Major Mitchell's cackatoo (ingles).
- Cacatoès de Leadbeater, Cacatoès commandant Mitchell (francés).
- Inkakakadu (alemán).
- Cacatua-rosa (portugués).
- Cacatúa Abanderada, Cacatúa Inca (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Cacatuidae
- Genus: Cacatua
- Nombre científico: Cacatua leadbeateri
- Citation: (Vigors, 1831)
- Protónimo: Plyctolophus Leadbeateri

Pink Cockatoo pictures:


Pink Cockatoo (Cacatua leadbeateri)


Avibase, infoexoticos, Oiseaux.NET

– Photos: imagenesdeanimalessalvajes (Alexis Obninsk), David Cook Wildlife Photography, Wikimedia , parcodeipappagalli , Geoffrey Dabb

– Sounds: Patrik Aberg (Xeno-canto)

Palm Cockatoo
Probosciger aterrimus

Palm Cockatoo


51 to 64 cm. height and a weight between 910 and 1200 g.

The Palm Cockatoo (Probosciger aterrimus) It is one of the biggest cockatoo species. Unmistakable with a Erectile Crest of 15 cm.. Mainly arboreal.

Both sexes differ in size. Immatures are differentiated by the pale yellow at the bottom and the tip of the bill and the eye ring in color white.

Usually black with a bare area around the cheeks and eyes red. The feathers of the crest they are long and thin, black streaks.

The bill is dark gray, smaller in the female. The legs son grises. The language is black and Red.

The cheek skin changes color according to its health or stress level, a pink / beige to a yellow when it is excited.

Description 4 supespecies
  • Probosciger aterrimus aterrimus

    (Gmelin, 1788) – Nominal.

  • Probosciger aterrimus goliath

    (Kuhl, 1820) – Larger than the subspecies macgillivrayi.

  • Probosciger aterrimus macgillivrayi

    (Mathews, 1912) – Larger than the species nominal.

  • Probosciger aterrimus stenolophus

    (Oort Cloud, 1911) – As the subspecies Goliath, but with feathers crest closer.

  • Sound of the Palm Cockatoo.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cacatua Enlutada.mp3]

The presence of this cockatoo is documented from sea level up to the 1350 metres in height.

In New Guinea they are in tropical rainforests, including Gallery forests, edges of forests and monsoon forests. In Australia they live in forests of eucalyptus, forest of Melaleuca, partially cleared areas and sheets.

You are travelling individually, in pairs or in groups of five or six. About an hour after the Sunrise gather in the trees.


The nesting occurs between August and February.
Nest in the cavities of trees which tend to be of approximately 1 m depth and 25 to 60 cm in diameter. These are full of branches broken at the bottom on which rests the egg. The site is often used year after year.
Reproduce every two years. They put a single egg and both parents the hatch for a period of 28 to 31 days, at around 3 to 4 days more for hatch. The squab was born completely naked and does not develop marker, Unlike other cockatoos chicks. They are taken from 100 to 110 days to abandon the nest, the longest among all the species of parrot. After leaving the nest, the young bird depends on the parents at least others 6 weeks because of its inability to fly.


Seeds, dried fruits, fruit, berries, sprouts leaves and insect larvae.
They feed mainly in the forest canopy, but they can also feed on the ground of fallen seeds and fruits.


Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 716.000 km2

New Guinea and adjacent islands, North of Queensland, Australia.

Distribution 4 subspecies:

Least concern According to the classification IUCN.

• Population trend: Decrease

This species has a very large range, and therefore not approaching the threshold of vulnerability. While the trend of the population seems to be decreasing, the descent is not believed to be sufficiently fast for approaching the threshold of vulnerable bird according to the criterion of population trend.

In some parts of its area of distribution, the forest habitat in which occur the hollow trees is being invaded by the rainforest.

In captivity:

Rare bird cage, Although they have a great demand for the market of pet due to its unusual appearance.
They can live more than 55 years of age in captivity.

They may develop compulsive behaviors, as the pecking of feathers. They can also mimic sounds and human language.

For its captive breeding has in mind the aggression within pairs, Sometimes the male usually kill the female. To do this, There are more different management methods, join both cockatoos only in breeding season and quickly removed the male, cut the male that the female escape flying, or create complex installations that are carried out next to a cutout of the male, to make the female always escape before an attack route.

There are currently laws prohibiting export of any Palm Cockatoo without a permit.

Alternative names:

- Palm Cockatoo, Black Macaw, Goliath Aratoo, Goliath Cockatoo, Great Black Cockatoo, Great Palm Cockatoo (inglés).
- Cacatoès noir, Microglosse noir (francés).
- Arakakadu (alemán).
- Cacatua-das-palmeiras (portugués).
- Cacatúa de las Palmas, Cacatúa Enlutada (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Cacatuidae
- Genus: Probosciger
- Nombre científico: Probosciger aterrimus
- Citation: (Gmelin, JF, 1788)
- Protónimo: Psittacus aterrimus

Images Palm Cockatoo:


Palm Cockatoo (Probosciger aterrimus)

– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– Birdlife

– Photos: avianzoo, papageien.org, avianzoo, Wikimedia.org

– Sound: Frank Lambert

Orange-winged Parrot
Amazona amazonica

Amazona Alinaranja

Description Orange-winged Parrot

Of 33 to 36 cm.. height can weigh between 350 gr y 450 gr.
The Orange-winged Parrot (Amazona amazonica) It is distinguishable by having the Centre of the crown and cheeks yellow, separated by the forecrown and sides of the crown pale blue, edge of the wing orange, and inside of the tail Orange with stripe green in the Middle.
The copies juveniles have a color different to it of them adults; the head is green, Blue and pale yellow.
It is not possible to determine the sex of the Amazons in a safe manner by their appearance.

Condition ⓘ

Least Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

Orange winged Parrot Video

Parrots in the world

Species of the genus Amazona


Present in varied habitats (dry forests, morichales, Savanna, stubble, mangroves, etc.) below the 500 m.

Frequently is seen in pairs or in flocks numerous out of it breeding season.


It is a kind monogamous (the couple stays together for life).

It nests in trunks of Palms killed apparently at the end of the season dry.
The female lays from 3 to 5 eggs and she incubates them for three weeks approximately. the chicks take two months to develop.


It feeds on various fruits, seeds and sprouts leaves. Including the fruit of Palms (Sloanea, Richeria and Byrsonima) , flowers Erythrina and sometimes cocoa.
You can take oranges and mangoes of the cultivated areas when other food is scarce.


Size of distribution area (breeding/resident): 7,420,000 km2

North and Central South America to the East of Peru, Brazilian Amazon and northeast of Bolivia.


• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Trapped for the wild bird trade: they have been 268.510 wild-caught individuals for international trade from 1981.
In some areas of its area of distribution are hunted as food for the population indigenous.
The loss of habitat is also a concern.

In captivity:

Popular as a mascot for more than 100 years.
Loving, playful, with good ability to speak, sociable with people.

Known for being very friendly, easy to train, very Smart.
They need constant attention of their owners, they carry out all kinds of fun pranks to get that attention.
Over time, they will form a strong bond with his owner, they can however be quite noisy. They will make noise early in the morning and when the Sun is setting. This usually lasts for a few 10 minutes, to wake up and just before sleep.

Alternative names:

- Orange winged Parrot, Common Amazon Parrot, Orange-winged Amazon, Orange-winged Parrot (inglés).
- Amazone à ailes orange, Amazone aourou (francés).
- Venezuelaamazone (alemán).
- curica, airu-curuca, ajuru-catinga, ajuru-curau, ajuru-curuca, curau, curuçá, Papagaio-do-mangue, papagaio-grego, papagaio-poaieiro (portugués).
- Amazona Alinaranja, Amazona Guaro, Cotorra Alianaranjada, Lora Amazónica, Loro Real, Lora alianaranjada (español).
- Lora Amazónica (Colombia).
- Loro Guaro (Venezuela).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Amazona
- Nombre científico: Amazona amazonica
- Citation: (Linnaeus, 1766)
- Protónimo: Psittacus amazonicus

Orange winged Parrot images :

Orange winged Parrot Video:


– Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical


Our beautiful world
– An Orange-winged Amazon at Kuala Lumpur Bird Park, Malaysia. It is eating a slice of corn on the cob by Vasenka – Wikimedia
– by Patrick Ingremeau – IBC.lynxeds.com
– by Snowmanradio (talk) – Wikimedia
– by Thore Noernberg – IBC.lynxeds.com

Sounds: João Antonio de B. Vitto (Xeno-canto)

Orange-chinned Parakeet
Brotogeris jugularis

Orange-chinned Parakeet


17 to 20 cm.. height.


The Orange-chinned Parakeet (Brotogeris jugularis) has the forecrown, crown, back of the neck and upper cheeks, bright green with blue tinge; lores and lower cheeks, duller green with olive tinge. Feathers in the the mantle and the top of the back, olive-green with more green tips; Scapulars Green tipped bronce-marrones; lower back and rump, bluish green. Lesser coverts and median, foliage color, with a patch large in the shoulder; Primary coverts blue, greater coverts green. Flight feather greenish blue above, Blue-Green below with less yellow in the underwing-coverts.

Bright orange stain in the throat, which flying becomes very evident. Underparts brighter yellowish green, more blue from the belly up to the undertail-coverts. Upper, the tail bluish green; by below more pale and yellowish.

Bill color pale horn; bare periophthalmic whitish; irises dark brown; legs pink.

The plumage of both sexes are similar.

  • Sound of the Orange-chinned Parakeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Orange-chinned Parakeet.mp3]
Description 2 subspecies:
  • Brotogeris jugularis exsul

    (Todd, 1917) – Has the back and rump olive, and dorsally the wing darker, In addition the stain in the neck smaller.

  • Brotogeris jugularis exsul
    Brotogeris jugularis exsul

  • Brotogeris jugularis jugularis

    (Statius Müller, 1776) – Nominal.


The Orange-chinned Parakeet prefer, generally, forests or partially wooded habitats with bushes, deciduous forest, dry and wet, plantations, edge of light and areas cultivated or grasslands with trees large. It tolerates human presence and it attends the parks and gardens in cities. Most numerous in partially deforested areas, mainly in tropical zone, Although it amounts to subtropical vegetation zones in (for example, the Cordillera de Guanacaste, Costa Rica. Observed at altitudes of 500 m (Guatemala), 900 m (Honduras), 1.360 m (El Salvador), 1.200 m (Costa Rica), 1.000 m (Venezuela). Usually, in pairs or small groups, with large gatherings where abundant food. More gregarious out of the breeding season. Rest communally on rubbers (Ficus sp.) or palms.

Are very good flying, in nature there have been flights of up to 45 kilometres per hour.


Nest from May to July in tree hollows (including old Woodpecker nests) and termite mounds. A laying, usually, compose of four to six white eggs, What hatch After a few 26 days of incubation. The chicks leave the nest about 42 days after birth.

Sometimes colonial. Reproduction reported in March in Mexico; January in El Salvador; February-April in Panama; January-March in Colombia.


Feeds of seeds and fruits trees of Bombax, Ficus, Muntingia, Byrsonima, Cecropia, Ceiba, flowers and nectar of Erythrina, raft and guava. It feeds mainly in the canopy. They can be destructive crops (for example, Mango).


Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 781.000 km2

This parakeet occupies the land low of it shed peaceful from the South of Mexico, in Oaxaca and Chiapas (reports of Warrior dubious) and areas adjacent to Guatemala and El Salvador, lowlands of the Honduran Pacific, and springs of the Pacific and Caribbean from Nicaragua.

In Costa Rica is mainly a bird of your side of the Pacific, but comes into the lowlands of the Caribbean adjacent, to the South of the Lake Cocibolca, spread is by the land low of the Pacific and the Caribbean from Panama, including the Islands Coiba and Cebaco.

Are also distributed to the West of the Andes in Colombia, to the south, to Atrato river and in the Caribbean lowlands of the region of Santa Marta and Serranía del Perijá and further South, to the top of the The Magdalena River Valley and lowlands of Norte de Santander and Arauca.

In Venezuela It extends from the North of the Orinoco in Zulia, Táchira North, Merida Western, the coastal mountains Yaracuy and Carabobo and in the lowlands of Portuguese, Cojedes, Barinas, Apure and Guarico.

The Orange-chinned Parakeet are, mainly, residents although they roam locally in some areas (for example, in El Salvador After the breeding season).

Usually of common to abundant though apparently uncommon at the local level (for example, Oaxaca).

Captured for the trade and common in captivity in the range countries.

Distribution 2 subspecies:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

Justification of the population

Partners in Flight estimate your total population in 500,000-4,999,999 individuals (A. Panjabi in litt., 2008).

Justification of trend

They suspected that the population is stable in absence of evidence of any decline or threatens substantial.

In captivity:

Very common in captivity does time. It is a bird very timid and easily alarmable but with the passage of time creates a good emotional relationship with his owner. It can be aggressive with other smaller parrots.

Alternative names:

- Orange-chinned Parakeet, Bee Bee Parakeet, Brown-shouldered Parakeet, Mexican Parakeet, Orange chinned Parakeet, Tovi Parakeet (inglés).
- Toui à menton d'or, Perruche à front orange, Perruche tovi, Toui à menton jaune (francés).
- Tovisittich, Goldkinnsittich (alemán).
- Periquito-de-queixo-laranja (portugués).
- Catita Churica, Chocoyo Barbinaranja, Perico Ala Amarilla, perico ala-amarilla, perico barbinaranja, Periquito Barbinaranja, Periquito Bronceado, Periquito de Alas Doradas (español).
- Periquito Bronceado (Colombia).
- Periquito barbinaranja (Costa Rica).
- perico barbinaranja (Honduras).
- perico ala amarilla, perico ala-amarilla, Periquito Barbinaranja (México).
- Chocoyo Barbinaranja (Nicaragua).
- Perico Ala Marrón (Venezuela).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Brotogeris
- Nombre científico: Brotogeris jugularis
- Citation: (Statius Muller, 1776)
- Protónimo: Psittacus jugularis

Images Orange-chinned Parakeet:


Orange-chinned Parakeet (Brotogeris jugularis)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr


(1) – A pet Orange-chinned Parakeet in Panama By Nelson de Witt from USA (IMG_2058Uploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – An Orange-chinned Parakeet feeding in Panama By Brian Gratwicke (Flickr: Orange-chinned Parakeet) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Pericos barbinaranja en Ciudad de Panamà, Rep. de Panamà. Aproximadamente tres o cuatro meses de edad By Ricaurte Puga (Own work) [GFDL or CC BY-SA 4.0-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Brotogeris jugularis en El Salvador tomando Coca Cola By Kevinmenendez (Own work) [GFDL or CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – This is the smallest parakeet in El Salvador know as Catalnica, Perico de Lesson, Orange-chinned Parakeet (Brotogeris Jugularis) By ceasol (Flickr) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Orange-chinned Parakeet | Brown wing parakeet (Brotogeris jugularis exsul) by Fernando FloresFlickr
(7) – Conurus jugularis Dev. & Cast. = Brotogeris jugularis (Müller, 1776) by Francis de Laporte de Castelnau [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: (Xeno-Canto)

Mountain Parakeet
Psilopsiagon aurifrons

Mountain Parakeet


17 to 19 cm.. height.

The Mountain Parakeet (Psilopsiagon aurifrons) is distinguishable by the face yellow and the belly yellow with dye-Green, bill pale, wing with extreme blue (notorious is when closed), tail long. Bill and legs color clear. Iris black.

The female with face Green and belly yellow-green.

Treated above as Bolborhynchus aurifrons.

  • Sound of the Mountain Parakeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Catita front dorada.mp3]
Subspecies description:
  • Psilopsiagon aurifrons aurifrons

    (Lesson, 1830) – The nominal,

  • Psilopsiagon aurifrons margaritae

    (Berlioz & Dorst, 1956) – With very little or nothing of yellow and very little dimorphic sexual, they resemble females of the subspecies nominal and robertsi. The females sometimes have the bill grey;

  • Psilopsiagon aurifrons robertsi

    (Carriker, 1933) – It has yellow only in the forecrown, sides bill, throat with green dye, and belly Green with yellow line at the sides.

  • Psilopsiagon aurifrons rubrirostris

    (Burmeister, 1860) – With mask facial blue sky and no sexual dimorphism


It is found in variety of ecosystems, forest Gallery, Puna and crops, from 1000 to 2900 m (sometimes from sea level up to 4500 m). It is possible to carry out local migration after reproduction. Gregarious.


Sometimes They nest colonially, in cracks or holes in inaccessible Rocky escarpments.
Breeding station: From October to December, North of Chile, February/March, Argentina.


It feeds on shoots, seeds, vegetables and fruits.


Tamaño de la distribución (reproducción/residente): 820.000 km2

Can be found in the Centre and South of the Andes, from Peru until Argentina and Chile.

Distribution of subspecies:
  • Psilopsiagon aurifrons aurifrons

    (Lesson, 1830) – The nominal,

  • Psilopsiagon aurifrons margaritae

    (Berlioz & Dorst, 1956) – The Andean slopes in the South of Peru, Bolivia, North of Chile and Northwest of Argentina.

  • Psilopsiagon aurifrons robertsi

    (Carriker, 1933) – The Valley of the Marañón River in the Center-North of Peru.

  • Psilopsiagon aurifrons rubrirostris

    (Burmeister, 1860) – The sheds Andean of the Northwest Argentine, between Catamarca and Córdoba, and South of Chile


• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

This species has a very large range, and therefore not it approaches the threshold of Vulnerable on the criterion of size of the area.

The trend of the population seems to be stable, and therefore, the species is not approaching thresholds for vulnerable under the trend of criterion.

For these reasons, the species is evaluated as of Least concern.

In captivity:

It´s rare in captivity. They are very susceptible to stress and disease, so many die during the process of acclimatization. It is good to acclimatize it in a large aviary with other birds. Prone to deficiency of vitamin D3.

Need of hiding places so that they may disappear from view.

Alternative names:

- Mountain Parakeet, Golden-fronted Parakeet (inglés).
- Toui à bandeau jaune, Perruche à bandeau jaune (francés).
- Zitronensittich, Zitronen-Sittich (alemán).
- Periquito-da-cordilheira (portugués).
- Catita de Frente Dorada, Catita Frentidorada, Catita serrana chica, Perico cordillerano (español).
- Catita serrana chica (Argentina).
- Perico cordillerano (Chile).
- Perico Cordillerano (Perú).
- Cialla (Aymara).

René Primevère Lesson
René Primevère Lesson

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Psilopsiagon
- Nombre científico: Psilopsiagon aurifrons
- Citation: (Lesson, 1831)
- Protónimo: Psittacus (Lathamus) aurifrons

Mountain Parakeet

Two Mountain Parakeet views between Uquia and Yavi, Salta, Argentina


Mountain Parakeet (Psilopsiagon aurifrons)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical


(1) – Mountain Parakeet; two in a cage By TJ Lin (originally posted to Flickr as mountain oarakeet) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Two Mountain Parakeets seen between Uquia to Yavi, Salta, Argentina By Ron Knight from Seaford, East Sussex, United Kingdom (Mountain ParakeetUploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: (Xeno-canto)

Monk Parakeet
Myiopsitta monachus

Monk Parakeet


28-31 cm. length and 120-140 weight g

The Monk Parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus) has the forecrown (up to the half of the crown), the lores and cheeks, pale ash gray; the rear of the crown and nape, grass-green, fading to green, slightly more off, in the the mantle, the back and scapulars; rump green. Primary coverts, blue; other coverts, green.

Flight feather Blue by up. Under the wings has the lesser coverts green, the coverts more large and innerwebs of the the flight feathers, blue. Throat and upper area of the chest, Ash Grey, with pale edges to the feathers, giving a beaming effect; Bottom of the chest, pale yellow; Abdomen, the thighs and vent, pale green.

Upper, the tail is green with blue in the Center; below, pale bluish-green.

Bill color horn; Brown of the irises; legs grey.

Both sexes are similar.

Immature has the front green-tinted.

Subspecies description:
  • Myiopsitta monachus calita

    (Jardine & Selby, 1830) – Less of the nominal species (27cm.) with wings more blue and head dark gray.

  • Myiopsitta monachus cotorra

    (Vieillot, 1818) – Very similar to the subspecies Myiopsitta monachus calita, but supposedly more bright, belly least yellow.

  • Myiopsitta monachus monachus

    (Boddaert, 1783) – Nominal.


The Monk Parakeet is, mainly, in dry wooded areas or fields open with trees, such as gallery forest, isolated thickets, palm groves, forests, linens and areas with thorny thickets with Cactus, also in land cultivation and in urban areas with trees, mainly below 1.000 m.

They tend to be observed in pairs or flocks of 30-50 individuals; with much larger meetings outside of breeding season. Rest communally, Sometimes the nests, While you are not playing.


    There are reports of lines of transmission damaged by the birds to the be nesting. In general, in the area in which have been introduced these birds, the impacts are associated mainly to the behaviors of nesting. This species of birds build large, bulky nests in communications and transmission towers, and distribution poles. In the towers of transmission represent simply a problem of maintenance and does not affect the communications, but in electrical installations can cause blackouts and fires since the nests can create electrical circuits. This problem intensifies during rainy and humid climates. The nests of these birds can cause significant damage to the facilities power including a decrease in electrical reliability, damage to equipment and loss in income due to power outages caused by nests, an increase in the maintenance and operation costs associated with the removal of nests and repair of structures damaged as well as issues of public safety (ISC 2011).

Source: Naturalist


It is the only, between the parrots, It builds, usually, his nest with twigs (commonly Celtis shrubs) in branches of tree (sometimes in telephone poles, etc.). Sometimes build nests alone (especially in those areas more dry), Although they are usually communal (until 100 nests, usually around 10) combined to form large structures cluttered of several meters of width, with inputs from the side or by under. Each nest It is built with remains of chewed branches. The nests are sometimes used by them Spot-winged Falconet (Spiziapteryx circumcincta) and other birds, to nest and rest. A nest can get to to weigh 50 kilos and be formed by more than 20.000 remained.

The breeding season, in your area natural's distribution, is between October-December. The clutch generally 4-6 eggs, Although according to some sources, the laying You can understand between 1-11 eggs.


Its diet includes a wide range of seeds wild and cultivated, wild fruits, as well as different material plant in which will include seeds of grass and grains, stems of cactus, roots vegetables and fruits cultivated, sometimes also insects and their larvae. Feeds, both in trees as in the soil, sometimes with other species including pigeons and birds of the genus Molothrus.


Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 2720000 km2

The Monk Parakeet lives in the lowlands of the South of South America, to the East of the Andes front Bolivia to Rawson Department (Chubut) in Argentina.

Observed in the East and North of Bolivia in the southeast of Peace, to the south, in Cochabamba, West of Santa Cruz, North of Chuquisaca and possibly in other areas (for example, Tarija), Paraguay and South of Brazil, in the South and West of Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso from the South and two-thirds of the southwest of Rio Grande do Sul, in all the Uruguay and in the Argentina, to the South of Rio Negro and probably to the North of Chubut.

Generally common and abundant in Uruguay and Rio Grande do Sul (Although does not play there). It is the Parrot more common in large part of its area of distribution and largely local expansion is due to the plantations of Euralyptus in areas without trees, partial deforestation in other areas, the Elimination of predators and the expansion of crops.

Pursued in several areas, Although the overall effect on its population is apparently slight.

Wild populations established in many towns outside of the range, including Puerto Rico, Florida, New York City (where there are fears of that could convert is in a plague agriculture important) and several cities more than them EE.UU. There have also been populations of the Monk Parakeet in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), Berlin (Germany), Austria, Belgium, Italy, Spain (including the Islas Canarias) and several places over the Mediterranean.

Is a trade in these birds, both local, as international, with large numbers of this species in captivity.

Distribution of subspecies:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Increasing.

Justification of the population

Global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as “common” (Stotz et to the., 1996) and ‘common to abundant‘ (pit et to the., 1997).

Justification of trend

The population is suspected to have increased as a consequence of the creation of new areas of habitat suitable (pit et to the., 1997).


The species has been marketed strongly: from 1981, When is included in the Appendix II of the CITES, they have been 710.686 individuals captured in the Middle wild for the Commerce International (database CITES from the UNEP-WCMC, January 2005).

In captivity:

Renowned for her beauty and intelligence, the Monk Parakeet is a pet people, especially in North America, Since the Decade of the 1960 ’ s (ISC, 2011). Can learn to imitate great amount of words, but at the same time are very bustling, demanding of attention and affection, with much character, and very territorial, by what not is rare that attack to their own owners when the manipulated or manipulate your cage. In captivity is reproduced with ease, but to the have many colonies in State Wildlife, not be usually stimulate its reproduction in captivity.
Its life expectancy It 3-10 years in freedom and 25 to 35 years in captivity (Alvarez-Romero et to the., 2008).

Before trying to acquire to an of these birds as mascot there that know that in many countries is prohibited its sale to the be listed as species invasive.

Alternative names:

- Monk Parakeet, Monk Parakeet (Monk), South American monk parakeet (inglés).
- Perriche veuve, Conure veuve (francés).
- Mönchsittich, Mönchssittich, Südamerikanischer Mönchsittich (alemán).
- catorra, catorrita, Caturrita, papo-branco, periquito-do-Pantanal (portugués).
- Cata Aliazul, Cotorra, Cotorra Argentina, Cotorra Común, Cotorrita, Perico Monje (español).
- Cotorra (Argentina).
- Cotorra argentina (Chile).
- Cotorrita (Paraguay).
- Cotorra, Cotorra Común (Uruguay).
- Periquito (Venezuela).

Pieter Boddaert
Pieter Boddaert

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Myiopsitta
- Nombre científico: Myiopsitta monachus
- Citation: (Boddaert, 1783)
- Protónimo: Psittacus monachus

Monk Parakeet images:

Monk Parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus)

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