28-31 cm.. length and 250 g. of weight.
The Hispaniolan Parrot (Amazona ventralis) has the forecrown Lords color and white (variable extension); the crown and upper cheeks with blue feathers and black colored ends; ear-coverts and lower cheeks, charcoal colored (variable measure); feathers nape and the sides of the neck, emerald green with visible black tips.
Mantle and back green grass with black tips, which become progressively less visible to the bottom; rump green, slightly yellowish; uppertail-coverts brighter yellowish green. greater coverts blue; remaining coberteras grass-green. Primaries and secondaries, blue, darker towards the tips, on the innerwebs. Under the wings, green; flight feather bluish green.
The underparts usually green, slightly yellowish, con la mayoría de las plumas mostrando márgenes negros bastante visibles (especially in the upper region) but sometimes with some red feathers chin; patch resizable brown in the center of belly; undertail-coverts pale yellow-green. Upper, the tail is green (perhaps a little darker than the rest of the upperparts) with visible yellowish tip and outerweb external feathers with blue margins; undertail, the tail It is yellowish with the bases of the outer feathers red. Bill Pink; cere brownish white; skin bare periophthalmic white; brown the irises; legs pale grey.
There is no sexual dimorphism. Immature as an adult but less blue in the crown and the patch abdominal is paler brown.
Some authors consider that the Hispaniolan Parrot It conspecific (belonging to the same species) with the Cuban Parrot. Although closely related, It is believed to be quite different due to differences in hue pronounced plumage.
- Sound of the Hispaniolan Parrot.
Video "Hispaniolan Parrot"
The Hispaniolan Parrot They are distributed in a variety of forested habitats, desde sabanas arenosas de palmeras en tierras bajas hasta bosques de pinos de montaña y bosques húmedos de montaña. En la actualidad observadas más comúnmente en bosques de montaña en la isla Hispaniola, due to continued deforestation, although birds also feed at lower altitudes. Observed above 1,500 m (Hispaniola).
Views en parejas durante la cría; fuera de la época de cría, observed in small flocks, usually up to a dozen birds; much larger meetings, until 500 reported in the nineteenth century birds. Couples and couples with young often identifiable in flocks.
Nests generally constructed in tree cavities, but also in rock crevices, cactus voids and cavities in coconut. Territorial and very aggressive while playing. The breeding season It covers the months of February to May. Clutch 2-3 eggs.
Size of its range (breeding/resident): 99.000 km2
The Hispaniolan Parrot are distributed by the islands of Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti), Isla de la Gonâve (Haiti), Isla Saona (Dominican Republic), Puerto Rico and probably Snake (Puerto Rico) in the West Indies. Se encuentra en números moderados en partes de la Sierra de Bahoruco, Sierra Neiba and Cordillera Central in Dominican Republic. More restricted and less numerous in Haiti, con la población restante aparentemente en gran parte en el sur del país.
introduced in Puerto Rico, where the wild population derived from captive birds escaped and at least one consignment of illegally traded birds were released after discovering an attempt to import Puerto Rico. Also wild populations in Islas Vírgenes de los EEUU.
Antiguamente muy común en Hispaniola, although there have been during the twentieth century a strong decline in its population, mainly due to the habitat destruction (arising from agriculture and charcoal production). As well persecuted due to crop damage, hunted for food and trapped for sale as pets at local and international level.
In the Decade of 1930 It was limited to the interior mountain forests of the island of largely Hispaniola.
Aunque sigue siendo localmente común, it is enough rare and rare in the wild.
The population in Puerto Rico It is at least several hundred birds and apparently increasing.
State of conservation ⓘ
• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Vulnerable.
• Population trend: Decreasing.
• Population size : 6000-15000
Rationale for the Red List category
This species is considered Vulnerable because anecdotal evidence suggests there has been a rapid reduction of the population. The size of the population and the exact extent of the decline are unclear, clarification and may lead to the species be reclassified as near threatened.
Justification of the population
The population size It is preliminarily estimated to fall in the band between 10.000 and 19.999 individuals. This is equivalent to 6,667-13,333 mature individuals, rounded here to 6,000-15,000 mature individuals.
Justification of trend
No new data on population trends, but it is suspected that the species is declining quickly, as a result of the hunting, the loss of habitat and capture.
The conversión agrícola and charcoal production have destroyed the most suitable habitat. It is also persecuted as a crop pest, hunted as food and trapped for Local trade and above for international trade cage birds. (Juniper and Parr 1998).
El atrapar a los adultos y robar crías de los nidos para abastecer al Local pet trade It is a particular concern because in some areas la mayoría de las familias poseen un loro, and they only live a few years before they have to be replaced (G. Woolmer in some. T. White one bit., 2012). It also, activities theft nests often they cause destruction of the nest cavity or nest tree, agravando aún más la loss of nesting habitat other causes (T. White in a little .
[spoiler title=”Conservation Actions Underway” open=”0″ style=”1″]
• CITES Appendix II.
• Se ha iniciado una education strategy with community participation to protect species (Vasquez et to the., 1995).
• In 1997-1998, 49 birds bred in captivity were released and you radiographed in East National Park, Dominican Republic (Vilella et al., 1999).
• The Biological Reserve Loma Charco Azul, created in 2009, It has populations of the species. in addition, They have carried out recent activities educación pública y divulgación, including some actions of law enforcement, in several communities surrounding the Jaragua National Park, near the border with Haiti.
• En enero de 2012 there was also a Liberation of 10 parrots raised in captivity que habían sido confiscados como polluelos jóvenes de cazadores furtivos nidos. These chicks were raised and rehabilitated in National Zoological Park, and released successfully in the grounds of the zoo (T. White in a little ).
[spoiler title=”Conservation Actions Proposed” open=”0″ style=”1″]
• Assess current population size.
• Establecer un programa de comprehensive monitoring.
• Determine la extension remaining habitat.
• Determinar el impact of various threats.
• Apply laws and regulations that protect this species and its habitat (Snyder et to the., 2000).
• Promote better bird-keeping practices to reducing demand for wild birds and develop a programa de cría en cautividad.
• Educar al público sobre el negative impact of pet trade in native Dominican Republic (T. White in a bit., 2012).
The Hispaniolan Parrot in captivity:
It is easily reproduced in captivity and used as substitute mother para criar a las crías de la Puerto Rican Parrot as part of the recovery program for the species (highly threatened).
Each captive specimen of this species which is capable of reproducing, It is placed in a well-managed program captive breeding and not be sold as a pet, with the objective of ensure their survival long-term.
– Hispaniolan Amazon, Hispaniolan Parrot, Salle’s Amazon, Salle’s Parrot, San Domingo Amazon, San Domingo Parrot (English).
– Amazone à ventre pourpre, Amazone de Sallé, Amazone d’Hispaniola (French).
– Blaukronenamazone, Haitiamazone (German).
– Papagaio-de-hispaniola (Portuguese).
– Amazona de la Española, Amazona Dominicana, Cotorra, Cotorra de la Española (español).
– Order: Psittaciformes
– Family: Psittacidae
– Genus: Amazona
– Scientific name: Amazona ventralis
– Citation: (Statius Müller, 1776)
– Protonimo: Psittacus ventralis
Images Hispaniolan Parrot:
[spoiler title=”Parrots in the world” style=”fancy” anchor_in_url=”yes”]
[spoiler title=”Species of the genus Amazona” style=”fancy” anchor_in_url=”yes”]
- Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
- Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
(1) – The parrot Cuca – Cuca The Parrot by Jose Uribe Alney – Flickr
(2) – Hispaniolan Amazon. Two in a cage By TJ Lin (originally posted to Flickr as DSCN0712) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Couple of parrots Amazona ventralis in the Jaragua National Park, República Dominicana By Yolanda M. Leon (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – A Hispaniolan Amazon in a cage By Patrick Hawks (originally posted to Flickr as Hispaniolan Parrot) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Blaukronenamazone (Amazona ventralis) Bávaro, Punta Cana, Dominican Republic By Martingloor (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – BARRABAND, Jacques (1767/8-1809) [Perroquet à face rouge male (Hispaniolan Amazon [Amazona ventralis])] From Natural History of Parrots (by François Levaillant, 1801-1805) – Wikimedia
Sounds: Ante Strand, XC15749. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/15749