38 to 45 cm.. from head to tail and 535 to 766 weight g.
The Southern Mealy Parrot (Amazona farinosa) It is the fifth in size among the Amazon parrots of the Americas, and is the Parrot largest in Mexico. The plumage its body is green with a slight yellow tone. Presents some yellow feathers on the crown, Although may not be very well defined.
Is characterized by its crown light blue color that continues to the side of the nape . Their wings are of round shape, and tail is short and square. The primary feathers and secondaries they have the blue-violet end, with a band red in them 4 – 5 Outer secondaries. The feathers of the tail they have a broad band of yellowish-green tip. The irises the eye is red with eye ring white, and the bill horn.
It has no sexual dimorphism and youth they are similar to adults, but with the irises dark brown .
Two more for South America subspecies have been proposed, Chapmani and Inornata but lack of character distinctive clear.
- Sound of the Southern Mealy Parrot.
They inhabit in dense, humid rain forests near clear, Although also can inhabit in areas forested of the sheets.
You can see in altitudes of 290 to 1,200 m.
The Southern Mealy Parrot are birds very social, often seen flying in pairs or small flocks of up to 20 individuals. Also form groups more large, hundreds of birds, close the season of breeding. Very enable, is the view often interacting with other species of parrots, such as macaws (ARA).
Is an of the species of parrot more noisy of the Amazon, so they are easier to observe than other species.
The mating It takes place once a year and usually starts in the spring. Once they mature sexually, the Southern Mealy Parrot they will choose a partner for life.
The breeding varies usually between the months of November to March. The nesting has place in the cavity of a tree. The laying by year tends to be of three eggs. The eggs are hatch for approximately four weeks, After the hatching the males help females in the upbringing of young people, regurgitating food in the crop of the female. The offspring is list to leave the nest after a period of approximately eight weeks.
It feeds on fruits of various species, some of them are: Euterpe SP.., Brosimum sp., Inga sp., Dussia sp., Eschweilera SP.., Pithecellobium SP.., Tetragastris sp., Dialium guianensis, Peritassa compta, Sloanea grandiflora and It corima macrocarpa. Also consumes flowers, arils of Cassearia sp. and nectar of Tabebuia insignis.
Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 6.790.000 km2
Are in Mexico, Central America and South America, occupying a wide range from the South of Mexico to the North of Bolivia and South of Brazil. They are more common in Costa Rica and Panama, particularly in the costa Caribbean. Observed in the Valley average of the Río Magdalena and to the East of them Andes on Serranía de San Jacinto, Western base of the Serranía de Perijá and the Department of Sucre, in Colombia.
• Current red list category of the UICN: Near-threatened.
• Population trend: Decreasing.
Not are currently identified as a species in crisis. Not comply with the criteria for a decrease of the population, that means a loss of thirty per cent of the population in ten years or three generations, as defined in the Red list of the UICN. Are considered a least concern species. This, However, It does not suggest that the species is completely free from danger. The important trade of trade in live birds of this species, and loss of habitat caused by deforestation have a significant impact on the decrease of the population of the Southern Mealy Parrot in certain areas.
Of special interest to the international trade in exotic birds; common in captivity. In some areas, they are also hunted for food, due to its relatively large size. With regard to its ability to speak, It seems that can be good talkative, but is true that there are birds that do not come to make it never.
- Southern Mealy Parrot, Mealy Parrot, Mealy Parrot (nominate), Southern Mealy Amazon (inglés).
- Amazone poudrée, Amazone poudrée (nominal), Amazone poudrée (nominale), Amazone poudrée (race nominale) (francés).
- Mülleramazone (alemán).
- papagaio-moleiro (portugués).
- Amazona harinosa sureña, Amazona Burrona (español).
- Lora Real (Colombia).
- Loro verde (Costa Rica).
- Lora coroniazul (Honduras).
- Loro corona-azul (México).
- Loro Harinoso (Perú).
- Loro Burrón (Venezuela).
- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Amazona
- Nombre científico: Amazona farinosa
- Citation: (Boddaert, 1783)
- Protónimo: Psittacus farinosus
Southern Mealy Parrot (Amazona farinosa)
(1) – Mealy Amazon at Elmwood Park Zoo. Photograph shows upper body By Art G. from Willow Grove, PA, USA (African Parrot) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Mealy Parrot (Amazona farinosa), Tambopata Lodge, Peru By D. Gordon E. Robertson (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Two Mealy Amazons at South Lakes Wild Animal Park, Broughton Road, Dalton in Furness, Cumbria, England By Glen Bowman (originally posted to Flickr as 18:02:2009 14:33:08) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – A Mealy Amazon at Kobe Oji Zoo, Kobe, Japan By Jun Y (originally posted to Flickr as Poll Parrot) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Mealy Parrot or Mealy Amazon (Amazona farinosa) of the blue crowned variety. Note the characteristic flour-like surface texture of the feathers on shoulder area By Eightball38 at English Wikipedia [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons