Yellow-chevroned Parakeet
Brotogeris chiriri

Yellow-chevroned Parakeet

Description:

20-25 cm.. length and 72 g. of weight.

The Yellow-chevroned Parakeet (Brotogeris chiriri) has a plumage, in general, bright green; the underparts They are of a paler green and lower coverts are yellowish-green.

The wings They are of a slightly darker green, with the yellow border, visible when wings remain bent or when the bird is in flight. Their bill, hook-shaped, is orange-brown and legs and feet, pinkish gray. The eye rings They are creamy white and eyes Brown dark.

It is closely related to the Canary-winged Parakeet (Brotogeris versicolurus). In fact, it was considered conspécifica (owned or belonging to the same species) until 1997.

The females sexually dimorphic and are not to be sexed, either surgically or by DNA.

The immature are similar to adults but have the tail shorter and the bill It is a darker brown.

Taxonomic note:

      Until 1997, some taxonomists considered the Canary-winged Parakeet and Yellow-chevroned Parakeet belonging to the same species. Although the Yellow-chevroned Parakeet It has the same secondary covert yellow feathers that can be seen in the Canary-winged Parakeet – no white in the primary wing feathers.
  • Sound of the Yellow-chevroned Parakeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.ma Vasco care of s.o rg/wp-co Interahamwe nt/the the s/i the ge le ss_gra y_be you ty/so low due s/Catita chirirí.mp3]

Description 2 subspecies:

  • Brotogeris chiriri behni

    (Neumann, 1931) – Similar to the nominal species, except that they are slightly larger; the body green lacks the yellow dye.

  • Brotogeris chiriri chiriri

    (Vieillot, 1818) – Nominal.

Habitat:

They are mainly below 1000 m, locally up 2500 meters in a variety of habitats including rainforests, seasonal and coastal, Pantanal, savannah and city parks. reported to 2500 meters in arid areas.

Usually, traveling in flocks; in such small groups as 2 a 4 birds, but they have been observed to 20. They are described as small parrots assets, entertaining to watch.

Reproduction:

Nest usually in the cavities of trees or in tree termite nests. Tunnels are also nesting in dead palm fronds.

Once a nest It has been located and correctly “prepared” the couple, It is performed the laying, between 4 and 5 eggs. After breeding, the Yellow-chevroned Parakeet They form large communal huts until the next breeding season.

Food:

In their natural habitat, feed of seeds (including outbreaks), fruit as berries and figs and flowers. Also consume nectar, insects and their larvae. Often they are seen visiting barreiros (areas where there is soil rich in minerals) and riverbanks to feed soil.

Distribution:

Size of its range (breeding/resident ): 5,670,000 km2

Distributed inside East Brazil to the East of Bolivia, Paraguay and North of Argentina, in Formosa, Chaco, Missions and North of Currents. Introduced populations in Miami, Florida and California.

Distribution 2 subspecies:

  • Brotogeris chiriri behni

    (Neumann, 1931) – Center of Bolivia to the Northwest of Argentina, in Salta.

  • Brotogeris chiriri chiriri

    (Vieillot, 1818) – Nominal.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

Justification of the red list category

This species has a extremely large range and, therefore, it does not approach the thresholds of vulnerability under the criteria of size range (Extension <20,000 km2 combinada con un tamaño de rango decreciente o fluctuante, extensión / calidad de hábitat o tamaño de población y un pequeño número De lugares o fragmentación severa). La demographic trend appears to be stable and, therefore, the species does not approach the thresholds Vulnerable under the criteria of population trend (> 30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to be close to the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criterion of population size (<10.000 individuos maduros con un descenso continuo estimado> 10% in ten years or three generations or a population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as the least concern.

Justification of the population

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, but this species is described as “quite common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

They suspected that the population is stable in absence of evidence of any decline or threatens substantial.

Catita chiriri in captivity:

Today is rare.

Since the late sixties to mid-seventies, more than 260.000 these were parakeets imported from South America for the pet trade. At that time, the Yellow-chevroned Parakeet It was the most imported parrot. They settled in California (Los Angeles, San Francisco) self-sustaining populations Yellow-chevroned Parakeet released or escapes; populations also in Florida (Miami), as well as Connecticut and New York City.

The Catita chiriri seems better adapted to their habitat adopted her cousin closely related, the the Canary-winged Parakeet (Brotogeris versicolurus).

The Canary-winged Parakeet It has declined considerably since the early 80, while the Yellow-chevroned Parakeet It has established itself in different habitats.

In 2002, the population of Yellow-chevroned Parakeet in the area of Los Angeles, California It was estimated at 400 individuals. In the Florida, They have prospered more than any other place in the United States – there have been huge flocks, several hundred of them. The species is also quite established in the city center Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, which he was also introduced.

Alternative names:

Yellow-chevroned Parakeet, Chiriri Parakeet, Yellow chevroned Parakeet (English).
Toui à ailes jaunes, Conure à ailes jaunes, Perruche ou, Toui à miroir jaune, Toui chiriri (French).
Gelbflügelsittich, Kanarienflügelsittich (German).
periquito-de-encontro-amarelo, periquio-de-encontro-amarelo, periquito-de-asa-amarela, tuí-chiriri (Portuguese).
Catita chiriri, Catita Chirirí, Catita chíriri (Spanish).
Catita chirirí (Argentina).
Catita chiriri, Catita chíriri (Paraguay).
Tu’î Chyryry (guaraní).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Brotogeris
Scientific name: Brotogeris chiriri
Citation: (Vieillot, 1818)
Protonimo: Psittacus chiriri

Images Yellow-chevroned Parakeet:

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Yellow-chevroned Parakeet (Brotogeris chiriri)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – A Yellow-chevroned Parakeet in Sarutaiá, São Paulo, Brazil By Dario Sanches [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – A pet Yellow-chevroned Parakeet By Wagner Machado Carlos Lemes from Goiânia, Brazil [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A Yellow-chevroned Parakeet perching in a tree By Paulo Barradas (Brotogeris chiririUploaded by Sno whom You nradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – A Yellow-chevroned Parakeet in Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil By Gonçalves Delcio from Goiânia, Brazil (A corn diferenteUploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Parakeet yellow meeting. Photo taken in the backwoods of Rio Sucuriú By Deusdedith de Souza Alves Filho DehAlves (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Yellow-chevroned Parakeet (Brotogeris chiriri)(Left) and Peach-fronted Parakeet (Aratinga aurea)(Right) on Combretum flowers By Bernard DUPONT from FRANCE [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(7) – A Yellow-chevroned Parakeet in Brazil By Alastair Rae (Flickr: Yellow-chevroned Parakeet) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(8) – A Yellow-chevroned Parakeet in Bonito, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. It is perching on the stem of a mango, which it has been eating By Alexandre Pereira [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(9) – A Yellow-chevroned Parakeet on Erythrina velutina By Derek Keats from Johannesburg, South Africa (… on Erythrina velutina) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Fernando Igor de Godoy (Xeno-canto)

Plain Parakeet
Brotogeris tirica

Plain Parakeet

Description:

23 cm.. long and about 63 g. of weight.

Plain Parakeet

The Plain Parakeet (Brotogeris tirica) has the forecrown, lores, crown and cheeks, pale green with yellowish tint. Sides of the neck and nape, green, duller than in the head.

The upperparts green, slightly darker than the rest of the plumage. Most of the under wing-coverts, green, some feathers dyed olive brown, especially in lesser and median coverts. Primary coverts, primaries and outer secondaries, violet blue with green margins close to outerweb. Underwing-coverts greenish yellow, flight feather, bluish green. Underparts, pale yellowish green, tinged with bluish color on the sides of chest, the the thighs and undertail-coverts; flanks yellowish. Upper, the tail green with bluish tint to the central feathers; undertail, the tail is grayish blue-green. Bill color pale horn: irises brown: legs Rosaceae.

Both sexes are similar. Immature with little or no blue in primary coverts.

  • Sound of the Plain Parakeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Catita tirica.mp3]

Habitat:

The Plain Parakeet They are experts in the art of adaptation; They can be found in a wider range of habitats than any other endemic parrot Brazilian Atlantic forest: in the lowlands and highlands, in the forest canopy and forest edges, parks and gardens (for example, of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo), farmland with trees, scattered patches of forest and secondary growth. Apparently more numerous in the forest edge habitats. Generally observed in the lowlands, but reported to 1.200 metres in the Itatiaia National Park on the border between the state of River and São Paulo. Gregarious. Generally seen in pairs or small groups, although sometimes you can see several hundred birds together.

It is the most common parrot São Paulo, where you can find even in the slums of the city.

Reproduction:

Observed in arboreal termite nests, in the crowns of Palmas or natural openings of trees; in the city of São Paulo nest in crevices of buildings and roofs, regularly using the balconies to feed.

The breeding season It has been recorded in September; observed immature in January. The clutch common in captivity is four eggs. They stay together for life.

Food:

Its diet it is very varied, It includes pulp of Posoqueria latifolia; seeds of Ficus, Trema micrantha, Xylopia brasiliensis, Vriesea, rhipsalis, Cecropia glazioui, Hyeronima alchorneoides and Merostachis; seeds and flowers of Tibouchina mutabilis and Psitticanthus; flowers of Norantea brasilensis and Eucatyptus and nectar of Pseudobombax. Sometimes they feed of insects and their larvae.

Distribution:

Size of its range (breeding/resident ): 1.010.000 km2

The Plain Parakeet They found in southeast Brazil, from Alagoas south through the eastern and southern Bay, Espirito Santo, in the South of Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, East of São Paulo and Paraná until Santa Catarina.

The only records Rio Grande do Sul and Goiás They are considered doubtful.

Some seasonal movements. Uncommon to fairly common depending on the location, but apparently only reported very common in the city of Sao Paulo. Its population has declined in the Eastern European settlement Brazil, although less than other endemic parrots in the region. Live in several areas protected (for example, Itatiaia National Park).

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

Justification of the red list category

This species has a very large range and therefore it is not close to the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criterion of size range (Extension Occurrence <20,000 km2 combinada con un tamaño de rango decreciente o fluctuante, extensión / calidad de hábitat o tamaño de población y un pequeño número De lugares o fragmentación severa). La demographic trend appears to be stable and, therefore, the species does not approach the thresholds Vulnerable under the criteria of population trend (> 30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to be close to the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criterion of population size (<10.000 individuos maduros con un descenso continuo estimado> 10% in ten years or three generations or a population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as the least concern.

Justification of the population

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, but this species is described as “common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

They suspected that the population is stable in absence of evidence of any decline or threatens substantial.

Catita tirica in captivity:

They are not very common in aviculture.

Alternative names:

Plain Parakeet, All-green Parakeet, Tirica Parakeet (English).
Toui tirica, Perruche tirica (French).
Tirikasittich, Tiricasittich (German).
periquito-rico, periquito, periquito-verdadeiro, periquito-verde, tuim (Portuguese).
Catita Tirica, Periquito Amarillento (Spanish).

Gmelin Johann Friedrich
Gmelin Johann Friedrich

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Brotogeris
Scientific name: Brotogeris tirica
Citation: (Gmelin, JF, 1788)
Protonimo: Psittacus Tirica

Images Plain Parakeet:

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Plain Parakeet (Brotogeris tirica)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – A Plain Parakeet in Morretes, Paraná, Brazil By Ben Tavener from Curitiba, Brazil [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Plain Parakeet in Brazil By Jonathan Cunha [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Plain Parakeet in captivity By Lucas de Melo [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Independence Park, Ipiranga museum, São Paulo By Dario Sanches from SÃO PAULO, BRAZIL (PERIQUITO-RICO ( Brotogeris tirica)) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Plain Parakeet (Brotogeris tirica) in São Paulo By Dario Sanches [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Independence Park, Ipiranga museum, São Paulo By Dario Sanches from SÃO PAULO, BRAZIL (PERIQUITO-RICO ( Brotogeris tirica)) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(7) – Indepedencia Park, Ipiranga museum, São Paulo Species in phase moulting By Dario Sanches from SÃO PAULO, BRAZIL (PERIQUITO-RICO ( Brotogeris tirica)) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(8) – Brotogeris tirica, Independence Park, Ipiranga museum, São Paulo By Dario Sanches from SÃO PAULO, BRAZIL (PERIQUITO-RICO ( Brotogeris tirica)) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(9) – The Plain Parakeet in the Serra da Cantareira State Park, São Paulo, Brazil By Dario Sanches (Flickr: PERIQUITO-RICO (Brotogeris tirica)) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(10) – Illustration Ricardo Sanches, parakeets rich(Brotogeris tirica) in ABES-SP

Sounds: Jerome Fischer (Xeno-canto)

Canary-winged Parakeet
Brotogeris versicolorus


Catita Versicolor

Description:

The Canary-winged Parakeet (Brotogeris versicolurus) measured between 24 and 25 height cm. Unique Parrot with patch yellow and white and tip blue on the wing , tail green, long and acute (noticeable in flight).

Of Green general coloration, with belly opaque, front and sides of the head grey.

It has no sexual dimorphism.

  • Sound of the Blue cheeked Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/BrotogerisVersicolurus.mp3]

Habitat:

It is found in variety of habitats, Rainforest, riparian, edges, stubble, open and urban areas, until 300 m (in Bolivia comes up to the 2700 m).

Abundant trees in cities and towns. They fly high, in pairs or small flocks to large.

Reproduction:

The breeding season includes the months between January and July in South America. The female places of 4 a 5 white eggs. The incubation hard of 23 a 26 days. Usually, the male can stay in the nest at night, but the incubation is main task of females.

It nests in tree hollows and decaying fruit capsules.

Food:

In their natural habitat, the Canary-winged Parakeet, feeds mainly on worms, flowers, seeds and fruit.

Distribution:

Its population is discontinuous. All the banks of the Amazon River, from the East of Ecuador to the South of the French Guiana.

You can also see them out of these places due to its introduction by release of pet; places such as Lima, California, Florida and Puerto Rico.

Conservation:

It is not considered in any of the categories of threat, his trade has declined in recent decades.

Justification of the population:

The size of the world population Canary-winged Parakeet It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “common” (Stotz et to the. (1996).

Justification trend:

The population suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

Catita Versicolor in captivity:

Ago years was a bird very common in captivity, at the present time is less.

RECALLS: NEVER COMMAND A PARAKEET IN THE CITY OR IN THE FIELD

Aggressive with other bird species. However, It is possible to keep a group of birds of this species together in a large enough space. Easy of tame If it is manipulated from small. Communicates with their owners, making different sounds, for example, to greet us when we see, When you want food, etc.

They are not usually very noisy. Like to climb by what shall provide elements so you can make this activity. In hot season, supplied with a tray of water so that you can bathe.

Alternative names:

Canary-winged Parakeet, White-winged Parakeet, Yellow-winged Parakeet (English).
Toui à ailes variées, Conure à ailes blanches, Perruche à ailes blanches, Perruche à ailes jaunes, Toui à ailes jaunes (French).
Weissflügelsittich (German).
Periquito-de-asa-branca, periquito-castanha, periquito-da-asa-amarela, periquito-da-campina, periquito-das-ilhas, periquito-de-asas-amarelas, periquito-estrela (Portuguese).
Catita Chirirí, Catita de patas amarillas, Catita Versicolor, Periquito Aliamarillo, Periquito Aliblanco, Periquito de Alas Blancas, Periquito Versicolor (Spanish).
Catita Chirirí, Catita de patas amarillas (Argentina).
Periqquito aliblanco, Periquito Aliblanco (Colombia).
Periquito Aliamarillo (Dominican Republic).
Perico de Ala Amarilla (Peru).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Brotogeris
Scientific name: Brotogeris versicolurus
Citation: (Statius Müller, 1776)
Protonimo: psittacus versicolurus

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Canary-winged Parakeet (Brotogeris versicolurus)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Sounds: (Xeno-canto)

Orange-chinned Parakeet
Brotogeris jugularis


Orange-chinned Parakeet

Description:

17 a 20 cm.. height.

catita-churica-7

The Orange-chinned Parakeet (Brotogeris jugularis) has the forecrown, crown, back of the neck and upper cheeks, bright green with blue tinge; lores and lower cheeks, duller green with olive tinge. Feathers in the the mantle and the top of the back, olive-green with more green tips; Scapulars Green tipped bronce-marrones; lower back and rump, bluish green. Lesser coverts and median, foliage color, with a patch large in the shoulder; Primary coverts blue, greater coverts green. Flight feather greenish blue above, Blue-Green below with less yellow in the underwing-coverts.

Bright orange stain in the throat, which flying becomes very evident. Underparts brighter yellowish green, more blue from the belly up to the undertail-coverts. Upper, the tail bluish green; by below more pale and yellowish.

Bill color pale horn; bare periophthalmic whitish; irises dark brown; legs pink.

The plumage of both sexes are similar.

  • Sound of the Orange-chinned Parakeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Orange-chinned Parakeet.mp3]

Description 2 subspecies:

  • Brotogeris jugularis exsul

    (Todd, 1917) – Has the back and rump olive, and dorsally the wing darker, In addition the stain in the neck smaller.

  • Brotogeris jugularis exsul
    Brotogeris jugularis exsul

  • Brotogeris jugularis jugularis

    (Statius Müller, 1776) – Nominal.

Habitat:

The Orange-chinned Parakeet prefer, generally, forests or partially wooded habitats with bushes, deciduous forest, dry and wet, plantations, edge of light and areas cultivated or grasslands with trees large. It tolerates human presence and it attends the parks and gardens in cities. Most numerous in partially deforested areas, mainly in tropical zone, Although it amounts to subtropical vegetation zones in (for example, the Cordillera de Guanacaste, Costa Rica. Observed at altitudes of 500 m (Guatemala), 900 m (Honduras), 1.360 m (El Salvador), 1.200 m (Costa Rica), 1.000 m (Venezuela). Usually, in pairs or small groups, with large gatherings where abundant food. More gregarious out of the breeding season. Rest communally on rubbers (Ficus sp.) or palms.

Are very good flying, in nature there have been flights of up to 45 kilometres per hour.

Reproduction:

Nest from May to July in tree hollows (including old Woodpecker nests) and termite mounds. A laying, usually, compose of four to six white eggs, What hatch After a few 26 days of incubation. The chicks leave the nest about 42 days after birth.

Sometimes colonial. Reproduction reported in March in Mexico; January in El Salvador; February-April in Panama; January-March in Colombia.

Food:

Feeds of seeds and fruits trees of Bombax, Ficus, Muntingia, Byrsonima, Cecropia, Ceiba, flowers and nectar of Erythrina, raft and guava. It feeds mainly in the canopy. They can be destructive crops (for example, Mango).

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 781.000 km2

This parakeet occupies the land low of it shed peaceful from the South of Mexico, in Oaxaca and Chiapas (reports of Warrior dubious) and areas adjacent to Guatemala and El Salvador, lowlands of the Honduran Pacific, and springs of the Pacific and Caribbean from Nicaragua.

In Costa Rica is mainly a bird of your side of the Pacific, but comes into the lowlands of the Caribbean adjacent, to the South of the Lake Cocibolca, spread is by the land low of the Pacific and the Caribbean from Panama, including the Islands Coiba and Cebaco.

Are also distributed to the West of the Andes in Colombia, to the south, to Atrato river and in the Caribbean lowlands of the region of Santa Marta and Serranía del Perijá and further South, to the top of the The Magdalena River Valley and lowlands of Norte de Santander and Arauca.

In Venezuela It extends from the North of the Orinoco in Zulia, Táchira North, Merida Western, the coastal mountains Yaracuy and Carabobo and in the lowlands of Portuguese, Cojedes, Barinas, Apure and Guarico.

The Orange-chinned Parakeet are, mainly, residents although they roam locally in some areas (for example, in El Salvador After the breeding season).

Usually of common to abundant though apparently uncommon at the local level (for example, Oaxaca).

Captured for the trade and common in captivity in the range countries.

Distribution 2 subspecies:

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

Justification of the population

Partners in Flight estimate your total population in 500,000-4,999,999 individuals (A. Panjabi in litt., 2008).

Justification of trend

They suspected that the population is stable in absence of evidence of any decline or threatens substantial.

Catita Churica in captivity:

Very common in captivity does time. It is a bird very timid and easily alarmable but with the passage of time creates a good emotional relationship with his owner. It can be aggressive with other smaller parrots.

Alternative names:

Orange-chinned Parakeet, Bee Bee Parakeet, Brown-shouldered Parakeet, Mexican Parakeet, Orange chinned Parakeet, Tovi Parakeet (English).
Toui à menton d’or, Perruche à front orange, Perruche tovi, Toui à menton jaune (French).
Tovisittich, Goldkinnsittich (German).
Periquito-de-queixo-laranja (Portuguese).
Catita Churica, Chocoyo Barbinaranja, Perico Ala Amarilla, perico ala-amarilla, perico barbinaranja, Periquito Barbinaranja, Periquito Bronceado, Periquito de Alas Doradas (Spanish).
Periquito Bronceado (Colombia).
Periquito barbinaranja (Costa Rica).
perico barbinaranja (Honduras).
perico ala amarilla, perico ala-amarilla, Periquito Barbinaranja (Mexico).
Chocoyo Barbinaranja (Nicaragua).
Perico Ala Marrón (Venezuela).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Brotogeris
Scientific name: Brotogeris jugularis
Citation: (Statius Müller, 1776)
Protonimo: Psittacus jugularis

Images Orange-chinned Parakeet:

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Orange-chinned Parakeet (Brotogeris jugularis)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – A pet Orange-chinned Parakeet in Panama By Nelson de Witt from USA (IMG_2058Uploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – An Orange-chinned Parakeet feeding in Panama By Brian Gratwicke (Flickr: Orange-chinned Parakeet) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Pericos barbinaranja en Ciudad de Panamà, Rep. de Panamà. Aproximadamente tres o cuatro meses de edad By Ricaurte Puga (Own work) [GFDL or CC BY-SA 4.0-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Brotogeris jugularis en El Salvador tomando Coca Cola By Kevinmenendez (Own work) [GFDL or CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – This is the smallest parakeet in El Salvador know as Catalnica, Perico de Lesson, Orange-chinned Parakeet (Brotogeris Jugularis) By ceasol (Flickr) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Orange-chinned Parakeet | Brown wing parakeet (Brotogeris jugularis exsul) by Fernando FloresFlickr
(7) – Conurus jugularis Dev. & Cast. = Brotogeris jugularis (Müller, 1776) by Francis de Laporte de Castelnau [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: (Xeno-Canto)

Tui Parakeet
Brotogeris sanctithomae

Tui Parakeet

Content

Description:

16,5 a 17,5 cm.. height.

The Tui Parakeet (Brotogeris sanctithomae) has the forecrown and the front of the crown, bright yellow; rest of the head and nape, bluish green.

Mantle, back and scapulars dark green, paler and brighter in the rump and in the uppertail-coverts. Alula blue on the innerwebs, greenish on the outerweb; primary coverts greenish blue; other coverts green, the smaller and medium slightly impregnated olive green. Flight feather greenish-blue on outerweb, dark green innerwebs, and light blue below; infra-wing coverts minor, green, the greater coverts, blue. Underparts brighter yellowish green. Upper, the tail is green; below is more yellowish.

The bill It is quite dark orange-brown; Cere pale pink; the irises brown; legs grayish bone.

Both sexes have similar plumage.

Description 2 subspecies:

  • Brotogeris sanctithomae sanctithomae

    (Statius Müller, 1776) – Nominal.

  • Brotogeris sanctithomae takatsukasae

    (Neumann, 1931) – The yellow stripe behind (and sometimes below) of the eyes It extends over the ear-coverts. The yellow patch on the forecrown sometimes it is larger.

Habitat:

Mainly inhabits in second-growth forests, in moist areas of rainforest, forests and marshes on the banks of large rivers and clear river and islands near watercourses; a 100 metres in Colombia and 900 metres in Peru. Gregarious, usually in small flocks; sometimes in larger meetings. The Tui Parakeet It is very common in towns and cities along comes in large flocks where to spend the night. Visit palms on the banks of rivers.

Reproduction:

It nests on trees, in natural hollows or termiteros, small and noisy groups. views in nests in May and July, with immature during the month of June Colombia.

Food:

Few details about their diet; taking views flowers Erythrina in Colombia.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 3.870.000 km2

This species is confined to the Basin Amazon Southeast Colombia (area of Leticia), northeast and southeast Peru and to the West of Brazil, possibly on the right bank of Black river and river basins Purus, Solimões (this to about Cojadás) and south of Juruá, to the North of Bolivia in Pando and Beni, It is able to see so dispersed in the Eastern Amazonas, around river mouths Black and Madeira, to the this to Amapá and Pari Eastern, possibly up area Belém.

Apparently sedentary. Local (for example, in Loreto, Peru) but common or abundant in many places (for example, about Leticia).

Perhaps its population has been reduced due to trade locally (for example, in Peru), but the effect of habitat loss remains within the range lower. Present in many protected areas (for example, > Manu National Park, Peru).

Distribution 2 subspecies:

  • Brotogeris sanctithomae sanctithomae

    (Statius Müller, 1776) – Nominal. West Basin Amazon, from the southeast of Colombia to the North of Bolivia.

  • Brotogeris sanctithomae takatsukasae

    (Neumann, 1931) – Both sides of the basin under Amazon, from the junction with the Rio Negro to the East of Pari.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

Justification of the population

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that this species has lost 15,9-17,4% of habitat within its distribution over three generations (15 years) starting from a model of deforestation Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the., 2011). Given the susceptibility of the species to hunting and / or capture, suspected population decline in <25% durante tres generaciones.

Tui Parakeet in captivity:

saved pet locally but rare in captivity outside their range.

Alternative names:

Tui Parakeet, Golden-headed Parakeet (English).
Toui à front d’or, Perruche toui, Perruche tui (French).
Tuisittich (German).
Periquito-testinha, estrelinha, estrelinha-do-pará, periquito-brasileiro, periquito-de-testa-amarela, periquito-estrela, tuim, tuipara-estrelinha (Portuguese).
Catita Frentigualda, Periquito Cabeciamarillo, Periquito Pálido (Spanish).
Periquito Cabeciamarillo, Periquito frentiamarillo (Colombia).
Perico Tui (Peru).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Brotogeris
Scientific name: Brotogeris sanctithomae
Citation: (Statius Müller, 1776)
Protonimo: Psittacus St. Thomas

Images Tui Parakeet:

————————————————————————————————

Tui Parakeet (Brotogeris sanctithomae)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
– Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical

Photos:

(1) – A Tui Parakeet in Uarini, Amazon, Brazil By Claudio Dias Timm from Rio Grande do Sul [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Tui Parakeet in a cage By Ruth Rogers (originally posted to Flickr as Tui Parrot) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Brotogeris sanctithomae by Gabriel SmithFlickr
(4) – Brotogeris sanctithomae (Amazon river – Brazil) by Martha de Jong-LantinkFlickr
(5) – Photograph taken from flickr.com - © barbetboy

Sounds: controles-canto.org

Golden-winged Parakeet
Brotogeris chrysoptera


Catita Alidorada

Description:

18 cm.. height.

Golden-winged Parakeet

The Golden-winged Parakeet ((Brotogeris chrysoptera)) has a tail short and finished in tip, bill Of course, body almost all green.

Its main feature is having in the wing a patch orange or gold and the end blue (more visible on the fly). Crown bluish, forecrown and throat orange.

The eye ring is whitish and without feathers; the irises is of color Brown dark and the legs flesh-colored.

The immature is distinguished by not having the Golden wing patch.

  • Sound of the Golden-winged Parakeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Golden-winged Parakeet.mp3]
Subspecies description
  • Brotogeris chrysoptera chrysoptera

    (Linnaeus, 1766) – The nominal.

  • Brotogeris chrysoptera chrysosema

    (Sclater,PL) – Golden parakeets. Its plumage is generally more yellow. L0s adults have yellow-orange the forecrown and the regions between them eyes and the peak, on the sides of the head. There is a patch in the chin orange. The primary coverts are yellow. Are larger the species nominal.

  • Brotogeris chrysoptera solimoensis

    (Gyldenstolpe, 1941) – Codajás Golden parakeets. Similar to subspecies nominal, but the frontal band is more pale and of color brown reddish. The patch of the chin is a yellow-brown color.

  • Brotogeris chrysoptera tenuifrons

    (Friedmann, 1945) – Parakeets Rio Negro. Similar in appearance to the subspecies Brotogeris chrysoptera tuipara, with the exception of the frontal band orange, that is minimal or absent.

  • Brotogeris chrysoptera tuipara

    (Gmelin, 1788) – Parakeets Tuipara. It also seems to refer to the species, with the exception of its plumage that is usually more yellow. Adults have a frontal band fine of color orange and a patch Orange in the chin. The lateral feathers with edges yellow. They are also larger that the subspecies nominal.

Habitat:

It inhabits in forest moist and savanna, most common to the 300 meters although it has reported to them 1200 m. ANDA in groups small of 8 a 16 individuals not reproductive time, It is common to observe more than 100 consuming fruits in the canopy. Noisy when flying and silent when they feed on.

Reproduction:

Nest on trees, in hollows and termite mounds. Breeding season in November, February and April.

Food:

With feeds of the nectar of the flowers, fruit, figs, berries and seeds.

Distribution:

Size of the distribution (reproduction / resident): 3.110.000 km2

Its population is distributed between the East of Venezuela, Guyanas, Center and East of the Brazilian Amazon.

Distribution of subspecies

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the population

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that this species has lost 20,7-24,8% of habitat suitable within their distribution during three generations (15 years), on the basis of a model of Amazon deforestation (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the., 2011). Therefore, It is suspected that will decrease in <25% durante tres generaciones.

Catita winged captive:

Rare in captivity. They are birds a bit nerve until you are acclimatized to its owner. They can be housed in an Aviary with other parrots.

Alternative names:

Golden-winged Parakeet, Golden winged Parakeet, Golden-winget parakeet, Tuipara Parakeet (English).
Toui para (French).
Braunkinnsittich (German).
periquitinho, Periquito-de-asa-dourada, periquito-de-asas-douradas, tuipara-de-asa-dourada, tuipara-de-asa-laranjaperiquitinho, xperiquito-de-asas-douradas, tuipara-de-asa-dourada, tuipara-de-asa-laranja (Portuguese).
Catita Alidorada, Periquito de Alas Amarillas (Spanish).
Periquito Ala Dorada (Venezuela).

Carl Linnaeus
Carl Linnaeus

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Brotogeris
Scientific name: Brotogeris chrysoptera
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1766)
Protonimo: Psittacus chrysopterus

————————————————————————————————

Golden-winged Parakeet (Brotogeris chrysoptera)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
– Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical

Photos:

(1) – animalphotos
(2) – Modern accepted name (2012) is Brotogeris chrysoptera By William Swainson, F.R.S., F.L.S. (Zoological Illustrations, Volume I.) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: controles-canto.org

Cobalt-winged Parakeet
Brotogeris cyanoptera


Periquito Aliazul

Periquito Aliazul

Description:

The Cobalt-winged Parakeet (Brotogeris cyanoptera) measured 15-21 cm.. in height and weighs around 67 g. Distinguishable on the fly by the cobalt blue of the the flight feathers; forecrown yellow and crown with blue dye; chin orange.

Has the tail short and acute. Its bill opaque beige es

  • Sound of the Blue cheeked Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Brotogeris_cyanoptera.mp3]

Subspecies description:

  • Brotogeris cyanoptera beniensis

    (Gyldenstolpe, 1941) – It has lighter green in all the body and yellow plumage edges in the wing .

  • Brotogeris cyanoptera cyanoptera

    (Pelzeln, 1870) – The nominal

  • Brotogeris cyanoptera gustavi

    (Berlepsch, 1889) – Has the forecrown light green, shoulder yellow and only a patch blue in half of the wing .

Habitat:

Very common. It is found in secondary forest, riparian, edges and savanna, until the 600 m (occasional over of 1000 m). Fly in small flocks of 10 a 20 individuals (rare in couples), feed in the canopy.

Reproduction:

It nests in hollow and termite mounds on tree.

Food:

Its diet It is probably the same as that for the majority of the species Brotogeris: fruit nectar, figs, berries and seeds.

Distribution:

Its population is distributed between the East of Colombia, Southwest of Venezuela to the North of Bolivia and Brazilian Amazon.

Distribution of subspecies:

  • Brotogeris cyanoptera beniensis

    (Gyldenstolpe, 1941) – Bolivia.

  • Brotogeris cyanoptera cyanoptera

    (Pelzeln, 1870) – The nominal

  • Brotogeris cyanoptera gustavi

    (Berlepsch, 1889) – Peru.

Conservation:

Its population has been estimated at more of one million copies.

Not considered in any of the categories of threat.

Parakeet Aliazul in captivity:

Rare in captivity, due to the limited success in reproduction.

Alternative names:

Cobalt-winged Parakeet, Blue-winged Parakeet, Cobalt winged Parakeet (English).
Toui de Deville, Perruche à ailes de cobalt (French).
Kobaltflügelsittich (German).
Periquito-de-asa-azul, Periquito-de-asa-azul, tuipara-de-asa-azul (Portuguese).
Catita Aliazul, Periquito Aliazul, Periquito de Alas Azules (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Brotogeris
Scientific name: Brotogeris cyanoptera
Citation: (of Pelzeln, 1870)
Protonimo: Sittace cyanoptera

————————————————————————————————

Cobalt-winged Parakeet (Brotogeris cyanoptera)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Grey-cheeked Parakeet
Brotogeris pyrrhoptera

Catita Macareña

Description:

20 cm.. height.

The Grey-cheeked Parakeet (Brotogeris pyrrhoptera) discovered in 1801. Is difference for them cheeks and sides neck grey, crown up to almost the nape, blue, bill yellowish, armpit reddish orange (only visible in flight), tail long and pointed, the rest of the body green.

The immature they have the crown greenish blue and the bill blackish.

Hybrid species:

    Brotogeris [erythrogenys x pyrrhoptera] (hybrid)
    Brotogeris [chevroned x pyrrhoptera] (hybrid)
    Brotogeris [pyrrhoptera x jugularis] (hybrid)
  • Sound of the Grey-cheeked Parakeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/grchparak.mp3]

Habitat:

It inhabits in forest wet, semi-humid, secondary, formations of semi-deciduous forest and cultivated areas, until 1500 m. Has also seen it is in the banana plantations. Flies in pairs or small groups up to of 12 individuals, sometimes associated with other parrots.

Reproduction:

Nest in hollows and termite mounds on large trees and apparently be reproduced between January and March. It remains unclear why the termites tolerate their presence.

Their eggs, they are around for 2 cm.. x 1,6 cm.. they settle in sunsets of four to six eggs in a nest filled with MOSS. The female incubates them for a few 25-26 days, While the male mounts guard out of the nest.

Food:

Feeds of flowers and seeds large trees including Erythina, Chorisia and cavanillesia platanifolia, Cecropia catkins, fruits of Ceiba and Ficus figs. Sometimes they feed of banana.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 9.300 km2

The Grey-cheeked Parakeet distributed over the southwest of Ecuador and Northwest corner of Peru, from the Valley of the Chone River, Manabi, to the South up to Gold and Loja in Ecuador, and Tumbes and Piura in Peru.

The populations more large is found in the coast of Manabi and Guayas, and at the border between Ecuador and Peru (Juniper and Parr, 1998).

There was a large decrease in the population during the 20TH century, at the beginning of the year 1980 (Best et to the., 1995, Juniper and Parr 1998), with 59.320 birds imported by countries CITES between 1983-1988. In 1995, the population Wild was estimated in 15.000 birds, mainly in Ecuador (Best et to the., 1995). This represents a very crude c.70% decline in 10 years, Although still being locally common in some remains of its habitat. (Juniper and Parr 1998).

Counts of investigations in the Cerros de Amotape National Park and in the Tumbes national reserve they revealed a descent of the 33,2% between 1992 and 2008 (Anon. 2009).

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: In danger of extinction.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

The main threat to this species is the wild bird trade. The Habitat It is also losing out by logging, Agriculture and overgrazing. Its persecution as a pest crops can be also significant.

Is expected that the rate of decline is more slow in the next 10 years.

Catita macarena in captivity:

Most of the existing populations are in the homes of individuals as pets. Because of this, effort has been made to save this species of Brotogeris.

Alternative names:

Gray-cheeked Parakeet, Gray cheeked Parakeet, Grey cheeked Parakeet, Grey-cheeked Parakeet (English).
Toui flamboyant, Perroquet à flancs orangés, Perroquet de Perico, Perruche ou (French).
Feuerflügelsittich (German).
Periquito-de-bochecha-cinza (Portuguese).
Catita Macareña, Periquito de Alas Naranjas (Spanish).
Perico de Mejilla Gris (Peru).

John Latham
John Latham

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Brotogeris
Scientific name: Brotogeris pyrrhoptera
Citation: (Latham, 1801)
Protonimo: Psittacus pyrrhopterus

Images Grey-cheeked Parakeet:

————————————————————————————————

Grey-cheeked Parakeet (Brotogeris pyrrhoptera)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
– Book parrots, parrots and macaws Neotropical

Photos:

(1) – Grey-cheeked Parakeet (also known as the Fire-winged Parakeet) at El Empalme (also known officially as Velasco Ibarra), a town located in Guayas, Ecuador By markaharper1 [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Periquito macareño (Brotogeris pyrrhoptera), Quito, Ecuador by Diego Delso [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Grey-cheeked Parakeet (Brotogeris pyrrhoptera) in captivity in Cuenca, Ecuador By Beatrice Murch (originally posted to Flickr as Grey headed parrot) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – A pet Grey-cheeked Parakeet By Juano80 (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Gray-cheeked Parakeet Brotogeris pyrrhoptera in Río Milagro en Yaguachi. Prov. Guayas. ECU by Ronald Navarrete-AmayaFlickr

Sounds: (xENO-singing)

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