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Tui Parakeet
Brotogeris sanctithomae

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Tui Parakeet




16,5 to 17,5 cm.. height.
The Tui Parakeet (Brotogeris sanctithomae) has the forecrown and the front of the crown, bright yellow; rest of the head and nape, bluish green.

Mantle, back and scapulars dark green, paler and brighter in the rump and in the uppertail-coverts. Alula blue on the innerwebs, greenish on the outerweb; primary coverts greenish blue; other coverts green, the smaller and medium slightly impregnated olive green. Flight feathers greenish-blue on outerweb, dark green innerwebs, and light blue below; infra-wing coverts minor, green, the greater coverts, blue. Underparts brighter yellowish green. Upper, the tail is green; below is more yellowish.

The bill It is quite dark orange-brown; Cere pale pink; the irises brown; legs grayish bone.

Both sexes have similar plumage.

Description 2 subspecies:

  • Brotogeris sanctithomae sanctithomae

    (Statius Müller, 1776) – Nominal.

  • Brotogeris sanctithomae takatsukasae

    (Neumann, 1931) – The yellow stripe behind (and sometimes below) of the eyes It extends over the ear-coverts. The yellow patch on the forecrown sometimes it is larger.


Mainly inhabits in second-growth forests, in humid areas of tropical forest, forests and marshes on the banks of large rivers and river islands and clearings near watercourses; to 100 metres in Colombia and 900 metres in Peru. Gregaria, usually in small flocks; sometimes in larger meetings. The Tui Parakeet it is very common in riverside towns and cities where it arrives in large flocks to spend the night. Visit palms on the banks of rivers.


It nests on trees, in natural hollows or termiteros, small and noisy groups. views in nests in May and July, with immature during the month of June Colombia.


Few details about their diet; taking views flowers Erythrina in Colombia.


Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 3.870.000 km2

This species is confined to the Basin Amazon Southeast Colombia (area of Leticia), northeast and southeast Peru and to the West of Brazil, possibly on the right bank of Black river and in river basins Purus, Solimões (this to about Cojadás) and south of Juruá, to the North of Bolivia in Pando and Beni, It is able to see so dispersed in the Eastern Amazonas, around river mouths Negro and Madeira, to the this to Amapá and Pari Eastern, possibly up area Bethlehem.

Apparently sedentary. Local (for example, in Loreto, Peru) but common or abundant in many places (for example, about Leticia).

Perhaps its population has been reduced due to trade locally (for example, in Peru), but the effect of habitat loss remains within the range lower. Present in many protected areas (for example, > Manu National Park, Peru).

Distribution 2 subspecies:

  • Brotogeris sanctithomae sanctithomae

    (Statius Müller, 1776) – Nominal. West Basin amazon, from the southeast of Colombia to the North of Bolivia.

  • Brotogeris sanctithomae takatsukasae

    (Neumann, 1931) – Both sides of the basin under amazon, from the junction with the Black river to the East of Pari.


State of conservation ⓘ

Status Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

Justification of the population

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that this species has lost 15,9-17,4% of habitat within its distribution over three generations (15 years) starting from a model of deforestation Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the., 2011). Given the susceptibility of the species to hunting and / or capture, suspected population decline in <25% durante tres generaciones.

"Tui Parakeet" in captivity:

saved pet locally but uncommon in captivity outside its range.

Alternative names:

Tui Parakeet, Golden-headed Parakeet (English).
Toui à front d’or, Perruche toui, Perruche tui (French).
Tuisittich (German).
Periquito-testinha, estrelinha, estrelinha-do-pará, periquito-brasileiro, periquito-de-testa-amarela, periquito-estrela, tuim, tuipara-estrelinha (Portuguese).
Catita Frentigualda, Periquito Cabeciamarillo, Periquito Pálido (español).
Periquito Cabeciamarillo, Periquito frentiamarillo (Colombia).
Perico Tui (Peru).

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Brotogeris
Scientific name: Brotogeris sanctithomae
Citation: (Statius Müller, 1776)
Protonimo: Psittacus St. Thomas

Images “Tui Parakeet”:

Videos "Tui Parakeet"

Species of the genus Brotogeris


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– Birdlife
– Parrot Book, Parrots and macaws Neotropical


(1) – A Tui Parakeet in Uarini, amazon, Brazil By Claudio Dias Timm from Rio Grande do Sul [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Tui Parakeet in a cage By Ruth Rogers (originally posted to Flickr as Tui Parrot) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Brotogeris sanctithomae by Gabriel SmithFlickr
(4) – Brotogeris sanctithomae (Amazon river – Brazil) by Martha de Jong-LantinkFlickr
(5) – Photo taken from flickr.com – ©barbetboy

Sounds: controles-canto.org

1 thought on "Tui Parakeet”

  1. I have a girl parakeet parakeet the have three years this enfermito is le cayo their wings of the pechito to do for his recovery of his wings.


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