The male of the Newton's Parakeet(psittacula exaul) It was probably green, with red patches on wings, also manifested in a variation bluish; only two skins of this species, both blue hue; the plumage It was generally greenish blue with gray shades; chest, abdomen and under cover tail slightly paler shades; head darker gray hue without; thin black line between cere and the eye; black bars cheek and narrow black strip on the neck, strip adjacent the blue-green; primaries blue-green; feathers on top of the tail blue-green, underside grey; mandible red top, mandible lower black; irises yellow; legs grey.
The female with narrow black stripe on the forehead; black bars cheek not extend to the side neck; crown washed with gray; upper mandible black.
Immature; No information
It was a kind forest who lived in areas of pine Pandanus and Palm trees.
• Current red list category of the UICN: Extinct.
• The last record was a bird collected in August 1875
It is believed that hunting and habitat loss greatly contributed to its decline, and that the final blow could have been given by heavy storms 1876. curiously, He survived much longer than most species of endemic birds of the island.
Justification of the population
Rodrigues' whore in captivity:
Leguat and his followers saw the birds – presumably Newton's Parakeet – feeding nuts, and they taught to speak to some of these parakeets, which certainly it is an indication of what these birds were tame. Apparently they became bilingual; They could speak both French and Flemish! When Leguat and his small band of followers fled the island, a parakeet they took with them on their trip to Mauritius.
– Newton’s Parakeet, Newton’s Parrot, Rodrigues Parakeet, Rodrigues Ring-necked Parakeet, Rodriguez Parakeet (English).
– Perruche de Newton (French).
– Rodriguessittich, Rodrigues-Sittich, Rodriguez-Edelsittich (German).
– Periquito-de-rodriguez (Portuguese).
– Cotorra de Newton, Cotorra de Rodrigues (Spanish).
The Seychelles Parakeet(Psittacula wardi) It was a medium-sized parrot with a length of about 41 cm. and a weight between 100 and 125 g..
It was green with a large bill red with yellow tips, a red stain on the shoulders and a long tail. The male had a narrow black band on the cheek and neck which they lacked black female and youth. blueness in nape and eyes yellow. the legs They were greyish
Phylogenetic studies suggest that this species away from the Alexandrine Parakeet(Psittacula eupatria).
In a report they were seen over the forest along a field maize.
They encuentraban probably in small groups or flocks, making striking flights. It was reported that the birds were cautious, presumably due to its constant pursuit.
It was a forest species, which probably it fed on fruit and seeds.
The Seychelles Parakeet It was endemic to Mahe and Silhouette, Seychelles, with a visual record of Praslin. A considerable number was found in 1811, But it was rare in 1867 and the last specimen was shot in Mahe by Abbott in 1893. It may have survived until the twentieth century (Skerrett y Disley 2011), although apparently he was already extinguished when Nicoll He visited the island 1906 (Lionnet 1984).
• Current red list category of the UICN: Extinct.
• Population trend: The last known individuals were shot dead in 1893.
Clearing forests for plantations and coconut hunting and capture (in particular, to protect maize crops) were the main causes of the disappearance of the species (Forshaw and Cooper 1989).
Recent records captive birds from the year 1883.
At present there are two specimens in museums Liverpool and New York City.
– Green Parakeet, Seychelles Alexandrine Parrot, Seychelles Parakeet, Seychelles Parrot (inglés).
– Perruche des Seychelles (francés).
– Seychellen-Edelsittich, Seychellensittich, Seychellen-Sittich (alemán).
– Periquito-das-seychelles (portugués).
– Cotorra de las Seychelles, Cotorra de los Seychelles, Cotorra de Seychelles (español).
Avibase Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr Birdlife
(1) – Seychelles Parakeet (Psittacula wardi), depiction by John Gerrard Keulemans from ‘Extinct Birds’ by Lionel Walter Rothschild from the year 1907 by John Gerrard Keulemans [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Origin: Borneo, Sumatra, Malaysia, Brunei, India, Indonesia, Thailand
Character: Active, timid
Life expectancy: ---
Height: Of 40 a 48 cm..
Of 40 a 48 cm.. length and 168 a 196 g. of weight.
The Long-tailed Parakeet(Psittacula longicauda) has the plumage, in general, green. The throat, the chest and the abdomen are greenish-yellow; and lores (the regions between the eyes and the beak, on both sides of the head) are bluish-black. The crown is a green dark, and the sides of the head and nape are pinkish Red. They have a black stripe in the cheeks.
The upperparts is yellowish wash of blue-grey. The lower part of the back is pale-blue. The upperwing-coverts are yellowish. The supracaudales-coverts and infracaudales, as well as the the thighs are pale green. The central feathers of the tail are blue with pale tips and outer feathers are green.
The bill top is red and the lower beak is brown-black color. The irises they are amarillos-blanquecinos, and legs are grey.
The females they have the nape green. The band to their cheeks is dark green, and cheeks superiors are an orange-red live. Their feathers of the tail they are much shorter, and the bill top and bottom are brown-black color.
The young birds they have the head variable green interspersed with orange-red. The feathers of the tail they are shorter, and both the bill top and bottom are brown.
The young male they have a tint blue in the lower part of the back and some birds can have a reddish tint in the bill top.
Immature birds reach your adult plumage When they are near the 30 months of age.
The lutino and other colorations, It is believed that they are mutations observed both in the wild and in captivity.
(Fraser, 1845) – Of 48 cm.. Plumage as of the species nominal, but the crown It has a reddish-brown core and a green at the end of feather edging, becoming pink on the back of the head and nape, causing so in the crown more Brown than green appears in many birds . The black stripe in the lores is more clearly defined, continuing in some birds to form a narrow band in the forecrown. The upper cheeks they have a deep pinkish-Red, orange-red stripes.
Psittacula longicauda nicobarica
(Gould, 1857) – Of 48 cm.. As the species nominal, but the back of the head, the nape and back are greenish-yellow and slightly washed with pale blue. The ear-coverts and cheeks are deep red. The lower part of the back is green.
Psittacula longicauda tytleri
(Hume, 1874) – Of 44 cm.. length. As the species nominal But back in the head, the nape and back are yellowish green washed with grisaceo-malva. The throat, the chest and the top chest they have a pale bluish tint. The lower part of the back is green.
The Long-tailed Parakeet distributed over all types of lowland (below 300 metres in Sumatra), Evergreen from mangrove forests, swamps, tropical forests, to plantations of oil palm plantations (Elaeis) and coconut trees. It prefers the edges of high forest, especially with large dead trees, including close cultivated areas.
Flocks of thousands of birds reported in the Islands Andaman and Borneo but smaller groups (minor's 20) they are typically, especially during breeding. They form mixed flocks with the Blue-rumped Parrot (Psittinus cyanurus) in Kalimantan.
The Long-tailed Parakeet It is a restless bird that are constantly in motion. They fly quickly around branches, moving quickly from a tree to another. Although they are usually well camouflaged in green foliage, its continuous chirp betrays its position. They tend to eat little after the sunrise and resume the search for food in the evening.
The Long-tailed Parakeet nests in tree cavities, usually dead, often to a considerable height (for example, reported nest in a tree of the species Koompassia in Sumatra a 45 meters above sea level); in the Andaman Islands they commonly nest in trees of the species Pterocarpus marsupium; in the Nicobar Islands sometimes in Pandanus, some 4 meters above ground and in larger trees to 10 metres in height.
Breeds in colonies.
The nest It is full of pieces of bark and chewed wood. In the natural habitat, the average clutch consists of 2 a 3 eggs, each one measures 30,6 x 24,7 mm.
During the courtship, the male bows before the female, by spitting up, circular motions with his head and gently touching its beak.
The breeding It is between the months of December-February, Although pigeons have been observed in July in the Malay Peninsula; Feb-Mar in the Nicobar Islands and Andaman. Reports of eggs in July sunsets in Sumatra.
The nominal species diet includes plants from Borneo camphor (Dryobalanops sumatrensis) and fruit of the Dillenia; the subspecies nicobarica largely feeds on fruits as the papaya (Carica papaya) and Pandanus; occasionally feed on the outer cover of the betel nuts (Areca catechu). On the other hand, They assail orchards and fruit plantations to feed, for example, of the oil palm plantationsElaeis, grains and seeds, and they can have an important impact in the fields of ripening rice (for example in the Islas Andaman) and fruit of the oil palm plantations (for example in the Malay Peninsula).
Insects and their larvae can also be part of your daily diet; If these parrots seek them actively unknown, but they may be ingested ,probably, While they feed on fruits and flowers.
Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 877.000 km2
The size of the world population Long-tailed Parakeet It has not been quantified, but the species is described as very common and widespread in the South of Borneo, locally common in Sumatra and Peninsular Malaysia and common in Brunei, the Andaman Islands and Nicobar Islands (pit et to the. 1997).
The destruction of forests in the lowlands of Sundaland in Indonesia, as well as in Thailand and Malaysia It has been wide (Kalimantan almost lost the 25% its perennial forest during 1985 a 1.997, and Sumatra almost lost the 30% your coverage 1985), Even so, the species is still numerous in a number of areas, due to its ability to forage away from forested areas and nest communally. Therefore, the decrease is estimated to have been of the order of 20 a 30% in the last ten years.
Conservation Actions Underway:
– CITES Appendix II.
Conservation Actions Proposed:
– Monitor the species in trade.
– Monitor habitat trends and rates of deforestation in the lowlands of Sundaland using satellite imagery and remote sensing.
– The ecology of the species research to improve the understanding of movements performed.
– Effectively protect significant areas of habitat at key sites, both strictly protected areas and areas of multiple use.
Cotorra colilarga in captivity:
Rare in captivity, its mortality rate is high and breeding successes are rare.
It is a bird very noisy. It is a principle very timid and slow to get your confidence. They don't bathe often, Although they occasionally sit in the rain. They enjoy gnawing fresh branches. The main problems for its captive breeding are the difficulty of matching compatible couples; the Long-tailed Parakeet they tend not to accept a partner that they have not chosen and even if you are breeding pairs, It is very difficult to keep alive the chicks. Sudden deaths no apparent cause they have been reported – possibly as a result of stress.
Some birds may refuse to eat. Have been observed Occasional attacks of females to males, coming to Peck them on the penis, causing them serious injury. In addition, These delicate parrots are hard to acclimatize. Newly imported birds are susceptible to the cold and wet conditions. During the period of acclimatization, should not be exposed to temperatures below to 24 ° C at any time below 10 ° C.
Given that these parrots are so rare, experts prefer well managed breeding programs the possibility of keeping them captive in private hands.
The size of the clutch average consists of 2 – 4 eggs laid at daily intervals, with an incubation which lasts approximately 23 days. The young leave the nest 7 weeks after hatching and are independent 2 weeks later.
The Long-tailed Parakeet, in any case, you will need a large aviary which is a very active bird and will need plenty of room to move.
It is important to place the bird in a quiet and protected, as well as providing a rest box (22 x 22 x 60 cm.) at all times.
– Long-tailed Parakeet, Long tailed Parakeet, Malaccan Red-cheeked Parakeet, Malayan Red-cheeked Parakeet, Pink-cheeked Parakeet, Red-cheeked Parakeet (English).
– Perruche à longs brins, Perruche de Malacca (French).
– Langschwanzsittich (German).
– Periquito-mustache-cauda-longa (Portuguese).
– Cotorra Colilarga, Cotorra de Cola Larga (Spanish).
Origin: Bali, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Java, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Viet Nam
Life expectancy: 15 a 20 years.
Height: Of 33 a 38 cm..
33 a 38 cm.. length between 133 and 168 g. of weight.
The Red-breasted Parakeet(Psittacula alexandri) is a bird with a form attractive, thin, and with a long and narrow tail. Its plumage is green, the overall tone of the head is grey, the bill red, and with brands distinctive in the head and face. The area around the eyes is greenish, with a pretty bluish tint. It has a thin line along your forecrown and wide stripes in their cheeks. Plumage in the chest, the throat and the top abdomen is salmon-pink color, extending halfway from the vent.
The female It has a shade bluish through the region of the face. In general, they have a pink color more off above the chest and the feather half of its tail they are shorter than the of the male.
The immature birds they have the tail shorter, the bill Pink, and incomplete rays of the cheek they are easily distinguished.
Between the young birds hard identification between males and females, However, breeders have managed to identify them correctly. The head of the female bows in a more uniform manner from the cere to the rear of the head. The young males they tend to be flatter in the forecrown. The females They seem to have a face darker than blue.
Sound of the Red-breasted Parakeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.ma Vasco care of s.o rg/wp-co Interahamwe nt/the the s/i the ge le ss_gra y_be you ty/so low due s/Cotorra Pechirroja.mp3]
Psittacula alexandri abbotti
(Oberholser,1919) – Length: 36 cm.. Similar to the Psittacula alexandri fasciata (including sexual dimorphism in staining of the bill) but larger and paler.
(Oberholser, 1912) – Length: 36 cm.. As the Psittacula alexandri fasciata but with the belly blue (especially in males), the upper part of the abdomen darker and the lores, forecrown and bottom of the abdomen strongly impregnated with the pale blue.
Psittacula alexandri dammermani
(Chasen & Kloss, 1932) – Length: 36 cm.. Perhaps, on average, larger that the Psittacula alexandri fasciata. The pink color of the chest It is darker than the species nominal. In the female, the pink color extends from the throat at the sides of the neck. The bill larger than that of the species nominal. Both mandibles Red in both sexes.
Psittacula alexandri fasciata
(Statius Müller, 1776) – Length: 33 cm.. Upper chest and abdomen is dark pink with violet tone, the head is bluish-grey way more uniform. The areas of the eyes and forehead with greenish hue. The females, part of the difference of the bill, nor have the violet tonality in the pink of the chest.
Psittacula alexandri kangeanensis
(Hoogerwerf, 1962) – Length: 33 cm.. More grey the head (less blue). Bill larger than that of the species nominal and both mandibles Red in both sexes.
Psittacula alexandri major
(Richmond, 1902) – It is more large, of 38 cm.. length. Similar to the Psittacula Alexandri Fasciata but something more pale and the head is without bluish tone gray.
Psittacula alexandri perionca
(Oberholser, 1912) – Length: 37 cm.. As the Psittacula alexandri fasciata (including sexual dimorphism in the coloration of the bill) but paler and larger, without the Green tint around the eyes.
Usually, they live below 2.000 m (rarely above 345 metres in Nepal) all types or forest and wooded areas, including dry forest, secundaria-humeda deciduous forest, mangroves, coconut and mango groves , areas planted with trees (including hills of shifting cultivation), parks and urban areas. In the region of the Himalaya avoids the dense green forests.
Gregarious, usually in flocks of 6-10 birds, less frequently in groups of 50 and very exceptionally in thousands, larger flocks during garbage collection (for example, the mango or rice), sometimes mixed with the Slaty-headed Parakeet wave Gray-headed Parakeet. They form communal roosts in the tall trees, scrublands of bamboo and sugar cane.
The Red-breasted Parakeet nests in natural cavities or old hole made by woodpeckers or barbets, usually at a height between 3 and 10 m, often in loose colonies. The hole is filled with wood shavings.
The laying is of 2 a 4 eggs.
The breeding season is between December and April, Depending on the location and the altitude; in Java, breeding has been recorded in every month, except for April.
Diet Red-breasted Parakeet includes wild figs and other fruits, fruit trees and wild, flowers and nectar (especially, for example, of the Parkia speciosa and Erythrina variegata), dried fruits (for example, chestnuts Castanea), fruit (for example, Mango), berries, seeds (for example Albizia), leaves and cereals such as rice and corn, by causing serious damage to crops, especially for rice.
Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 2.570.000 km2
The Red-breasted Parakeet are distributed from the central area of the Himalaya until Indochina, China and West of Indonesia. From the lowlands of the Himalaya in the North of India, approximately to the East of Dehradun, through Nepal, Sikkim and North of Bhutan in the southwest of Yunnan, China; to the South by Assam, Manipur and Nagaland, India, until Bangladesh and to the East by Burma (including Mergui archipelago), Indochina, Malay Peninsula, around 9 ° N (a record of 1889 in the Kelantan River approximately at 5° N suggests a contraction in its distribution) of Guangxi and Provinces of Canton and Hainan Island, to the South of China.
Getaways captive birds eggs were found in Singapore and a single record (presumably an escape) in Hong Kong.
Resident but with some local movements dependent on food supply.
It is the parrot that is more common in some parts of its area of distribution, but with a substantial decrease in Thailand and Laos in recent years, and local extinctions (for example, Java and Bali), because of the live poultry trade; the nominal subspecies may be at risk as a result of his capture. A small number in captivity outside range (mainly the nominal species and fasciata).
The population of the Red-breasted Parakeet It is suspected in a moderate to fast global decline, due to the unsustainable levels of exploitation and the destruction of their habitat. This suspicion is supported by widespread anecdotal evidence that in many parts of its range decreases.
– The declines and local extinctions in recent decades in the population of the Red-breasted Parakeet have been attributed in large part to his capture to the trade in live birds (Juniper and Parr 1998).
– The hunt they are considered the main threats to the species in Nepal, where it is also threatened by the loss of forests (C. Inskipp and HS Baral in litt. 2011).
– His nasal voice makes the species a popular in Nepal cage bird, and vocal habits in breeding season, together with the tendency to form large flocks when not raising, they make susceptible to trappers. These factors lead to illegal hunting and his capture in protected areas; they are also persecuted by farmers due to their raids on crops (C. Inskipp and HS Baral in litt. 2013).
– In the same way, in Bangladesh, the species is captured for the cage bird trade It is also likely that they are affected by the removal of large trees (P. Thompson in litt. 2012).
– Almost the total disappearance of the species from the North of Laos, It is believed that it is mainly due to the loss of habitat through conversion to agriculture (JW Duckworth in litt. 2011).
– Loss and fragmentation of forests is likely to accelerate in Cambodia in the near future, given that many of the large agro-industrial concessions have been awarded recently (H. Rainey in some. 2011).
– The species is listed in the Appendix II of CITES.
The Red-breasted Parakeet is a bird Smart and outgoing that is gaining increasing worldwide popularity. These parrots are sociable and playful, and if they are properly socialized, they can be a few excellent pets. They can be a bit aggressive and authoritarian, If it is not properly discipline. They need a good cage for a large size, with a lot of toys to avoid boredom.
Although this bird is linked with the Rose-ringed Parakeet, they are very different in personality. The Red-breasted Parakeet It is softer and not so noisy, Although it has been described as “fighter”. It is usually more quiet than other Psittacula. Also are great eaters and you accept easily new foods other birds may be thrown away.
You can get to imitate some sounds, even words, Although not as clear as the some of the larger parrots, example the Grey Parrot. However, According to some sources, they can speak more clearly than the Rose-ringed Parakeet.
Regular handling is important at an early age, since they can become aggressive, If not are well socialized and manipulated.
If you want a small Parrot with personality, the Red-breasted Parakeet It can be the ideal ave. However, continues to be a bird “stubborn” and “stubborn”. It is not surprising considering his intelligence. Obedience training is recommended. On the other hand it is one voracious chomping and should it be should provide plenty of toys to chew.
Like other parrots, they need company, and if they will not be in an Aviary with other birds, We must be able and willing to spend large amounts of time with them.
In nature, this bird is often seen in flocks of 10 a 50 individuals. These flocks, often, they are heard before to be seen. This is a fact that must be taken into account before deciding to buy one Red-breasted Parakeet. Breeding females can be put in 3 a 4 eggs in each clutch, with an incubation approximately 22 days.
With regard to its longevity, According to sources, We need to know that a specimen lived 23,3 years in captivity.
Rearing in captivity:
The Red-breasted Parakeet is commonly bred in captivity. They reach maturity between 2 and 3 years of age. The birds must be matched at a young age. The female can sometimes dominate males. The procession begins at the end of winter and the females can be seen calling males for food. In the wild they breed between the months of December and April, Although this is variable, Depending on the climate and altitude.
A thick-walled hollow trunk, It can be used as nest. If not available, any commercially available nesting box should be sufficient.
They require long aviaries, more than wide, due to its long tail and its type of flight (powerful, linear). Also like a protected breeding area. The entrance door to the Aviary must be on the opposite end. We must place leaves of Palm on the bird front and leafy branches on the back to protect the young fledged when they hit the walls of the Aviary and fall on your floor. If this is not done, many of the young people will die from injuries in the head or severely damage their hair. Young calves do not have great control when they start to fly; they can be left with the parents during 9 months, but then you must be separated.
The diet during breeding It is very important. We can use sunflower seeds germinated, soaked chickpeas, Apple diced, celery, raw or boiled corn and green power. Multiple vitamins and liquid calcium supplementation is particularly important before egg-laying.
– Red-breasted Parakeet, Banded Parakeet, Bearded Parakeet, Indian Red-breasted Parakeet, Moustached Parakeet, Pink-breasted Parakeet, Red breasted Parakeet, Rose-breasted Parakeet (English).
– Perruche à moustaches (French).
– Bartsittich, Rosenbrustsittich (German).
– Periquito-de-bigode (Portuguese).
– Cotorra de Pecho Rosado, Cotorra Pechirroja (Spanish).
Between 55 and 61 cm.. of length and a weight of 224 g..
The Nicobar Parakeet(Psittacula caniceps) has the crown, upper cheeks and ear-coverts pale grey; stripe black in the region perioftalmica through the lores up to the forecrown; the lower cheeks and the chin are black. Nape and upper mantle pale gray bathed in blue; rest of the upper region green grass pale.
Upperwing-coverts green; primaries and secondaries Green with dark tips. Underwing-coverts green. Underparts green, slightly paler than upper parts. The elongated feathers central tail green with grey tinge, outer green.
Upper mandible coral red, the lower black; cere dark grey; irises orange-red; legs dark gray.
The female has the bill black, the grey of the head and nape more strongly impregnated with blue, and tail slightly shorter.
The immature similar to females.
The Nicobar Parakeet It is difficult to locate visually through the dense foliage, Although its presence is revealed by their distinctive calls. Their flight is fast and direct.
They inhabit in the high rainforest. Generally held among the dense foliage on canopy, about everything when not fully.
They are perhaps most abundant in the coastal forests than inside.
Has also been recorded in areas with plants of Areca catechu and coconut plantations, which suggests a considerable tolerance of the species in habitats modified.
Usually, observed in pairs or in small groups.
Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 1,100 km2
Endemic of the Nicobar Islands, located in the Indian Ocean and belonging to the India. Registered since Great Nicobar, Montschall and Kondul. Resident. His status is unknown but they are potentially at risk due to habitat loss due to the expansion of rice cultivation; also affected its population because of the bird trade, Although there is little local use of these birds as pets and there are no known international traffic.
The population of the Nicobar Parakeet It is suspected that It may be waning as a result of the destruction of habitat due to the tsunami of the 2004 (K. Sivakumar in litt. 2007), due to the development of the island, and because the capture for the wild bird trade. However, more research is needed to establish with precision the trends.
Probably between 10,000 – 15,000 specimens on freedom.
The main threats to the Nicobar Parakeet they come by the large number of birds are trapped for the cage bird trade. On the other hand, the increase of settlements on the Islands It has led to increased pressure on natural resources and the planned development projects may seriously affect the habitat of this species. The tsunami of 2004 It destroyed large tracts of coastal forest that may have caused a further decline in the population. However, the data remains scarce, and the rate of regeneration of these forests is unknown (K. Sivakumar in litt., 2007).
Conservation Actions Proposed:
– Determine the impact of the trade in the species.
– Calculate the rates of forest loss.
– Protect remaining habitat areas.
– Assess the impact of the tsunami of 2004.
Nicobar Parakeet in captivity:
There is not much information available; probably brought to the London Zoo at the beginning of 20th century; kept as pets, in an unknown number, by the local population of the Nicobar Islands
Since the Nicobar Parakeet is a species so rare, It is not recommended to keep them captive, It is preferable to place them in a breeding program well managed by expert hands.
– Nicobar Parakeet, Blyth’s Parakeet (English).
– Perruche des Nicobar, Perruche de Blyth (French).
– Graukopfsittich (German).
– Periquito-de-nicobar (Portuguese).
– Cotorra de Nicobar (Spanish).
The Derbyan Parakeet(Psittacula derbiana) has the crown and lower cheeks lavender-blue shading through pale iridescent blue on forecrown and pale green bright in the upper cheeks and periophthalmic region; narrow black stripe that extends horizontally from the eyes to the area above the bill; spacious malar stripes (“moustache“) Black fuse next to the chin to create a great patch.
Since the nape until uppertail-coverts green, bright in the the mantle. Upperwing-coverts Green with yellow or marginalized feathers with yellow in median and greater coverts, creating distinct pale patch. The primaries and secondaries emerald green.
The underparts to belly lavender-bue; the thighs, vent and undertail-coverts grass-green. Uppertail centrally blue, outer feathers Blue in vane outer, green on inner.
Upper mandible red tipped yellow, the lower black; cere blue-gray, irises straw-colored; legs dark grey.
The female has the bill black.
The immature they have the head green and the underparts much paler.
The very young birds has bill pink, turning black later and then red again in males.
Sound of the Derbyan Parakeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cotorra of Derby.mp3]
Observed in forest, between 1.250 and 4.000 meters above sea level. It is thought that you can make vertical migration seasonal. Views in the Tibet in 3.300 m, even in winter.
According to reports, they have priority for coniferous forests or mixed forests of Pinus and Quercus, also of Alpine growth as the rhododendron. Visit valleys culture, especially during harvest.
Gregarious, usually seen in noisy flocks of up to several dozen birds. Only rarely are in pairs or individually.
Holes for their nests they are located in tree hollows, usually at a certain height, commonly in a Poplar of HimalayaPopulus ciliata.
The breeding they performed it during the month of June.
The put in captivity is between 2 and 5 eggs.
Reported foods include barley, corn, catkins of Populus ciliata, cones of Pinus tabulaefornis and fruit grown according to availability, including peaches; they can be highly destructive crops. It is believed that they may eat some invertebrates, Hoja-brotes and berries.
The population of the Derbyan Parakeet It is suspected that it may be suffering a moderately rapid decline mainly due to the pressure that is subjected , not only due to its continuous capture for the cage bird trade, but also by the indiscriminate felling of trees in the nest, together with evidence of local extinctions and declining birds in some parts of its area of distribution.
– This species was previously threatened by deforestation campaigns, that it resulted in, the loss of much of its breeding habitat; However, This threat ended in the Decade of 1990 (Zeidler and Francis 2011).
– Today, Middle-aged trees, some of which provide the perfect place for the construction of the nest, they are being felled for the construction of housing and firewood, even in protected forests (Zeidler and Francis 2011).
– Recent observations indicate that this species is subject to a strong pressure catch and the collection of eggs for the pet trade (J. Eaton in litt. 2010, Zeidler and Francis 2011).
– The collection of eggs and subsequent incubation, for the Derby and subsequent sale Parrot breeding, is very organized in some areas (Zeidler and Francis 2011).
– The species is sold openly and are kept, in large numbers, as a pet in its natural distribution area (J. Eaton in litt. 2010, J. Hornskov in litt. 2010, Zeidler and Francis 2011).
Actions of conservation in CITES Appendix II course.:
– Is listed in Schedule I of the law of 1972 for nature (Protection) on India (The India Government, 1993) and the collection for the pet trade is illegal in China (Zeidler and Francis 2011).
– In some areas, as the Shachong valley (Szechwan), the monks provide protection for wildlife, including trap activities (Zeidler and Francis 2011).
Conservation Actions Proposed:
– Population trends and monitor hunting pressure.
– Addressing the threat of trade through the application of the legislation and awareness-raising activities.
– Increase the number of sites that are protected firmly.
– Support monks engaged in activities for the protection of wildlife (Zeidler and Francis 2011).
– Evaluate the effectiveness of a scheme of nest boxes (Zeidler and Francis 2011).
Parakeet Derby in captivity:
The Derbyan Parakeet is a pet very popular at the local level due to the wonderful color of its plumage, his intelligence and its excellent speaking skills, that distinguishes it from other Asian parrots, usually you do not have that voice clarity.
While these parrots do not have the ability to learn an extensive vocabulary, his manner of speaking looks like the speech of Amazon parrots. Having said that, There are never guarantees that a Derbyan Parakeet you will learn to speak, but most do so – even the females.
It is a bird that needs much stimulation. She loves to chew and can be very destructive, provided that provide it a variety of toys to chew, It will inhibit its destructive behavior and avoid his boredom.
It is a species with demand among farmers for several reasons, including its striking plumage, its ease of reproduction and its excellent parenting skills.
The Derby Parrot reach sexual maturity between the 2 and 3 years of age. It reported that it may reach sexual maturity later in nature, possibly to the 5 years.
The typical breeding season It will begin in April or June and average clutch sizes are of 2 – 4 eggs. Incubation lasts 23 – 28 days, and the chicks leave the nest to the 8 a 9 weeks of age.
The Derbyan Parakeet It must be kept in an Aviary, or in a large cage, providing a daily time flying out. They are social birds and like to be “part of a flock” – It could be a group of birds in an Aviary environment or a human family.
It requires much interaction to keep its meekness. By nature, It is a shy bird to human contact, Although considered usually placid compared to some other parrots.
If they are kept outdoors they may require periodic deworming – since they spend considerable time at the bottom of your aviaries or cages. Because of this habit, they are also susceptible to fungal infections. Good hygiene is especially important to keep healthy this Parrot.
Even so, the Cotorra de Derby es un ave poco común fuera de su área de distribución y con una cría limitada.
– Derbyan Parakeet, Chinese Parakeet, Lord Derby’s Parakeet, Upper Yangtze Parakeet (English).
– Perruche de Derby (French).
– Chinasittich (German).
– Periquito-da-china (Portuguese).
– Cotorra de Derby, Cotorra Verde China (Spanish).
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
(1) – A pair of Lord Derby’s Parakeet (also known as Derbyan Parakeet)s at Wilhelma Zoo, Stuttgart, Germany By krislorenz (_DSC2098Uploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – A male Derbyan Parakeet (also known as Lord Derby’s Parakeet) in Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China By Michael Vito from South Orange, NJ, USA (Hangzhou RevisitedUploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – An adult male Derbyan Parakeet at Shenlong Eco Park, People’s Republic of China By Doug Janson (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – A male Lord Derby’s Parakeet (also known as Derbyan Parakeet) in an aviary By Richard J. Blach (Own work (Original text: eigene Fotografie)) [GFDL or CC-BY-SA-3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Derbyan Parakeet (Psittacula derbiana) at Wellington Zoo, New Zealand. A male bird showing red beak by Peter Halasz – Wikipedia
(6) – Psittacula derbiana, drawing from nature by J. Gould & H.C. Richter By JoJan (Own work) [CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
Origin: India, Bangladesh, Indochina, China, Myanmar and Thailand
Life expectancy: ---
Height: Of 36 a 40 cm..
Of 36 a 40 cm.. length and 120 g. of weight.
The Gray-headed Parakeet(Psittacula finschii) It is very similar to Slaty-headed Parakeet but smaller, with feathers tail longer, the head slightly paler, upperparts and more yellowish underwing-coverts darker blue-green.
The Gray-headed Parakeet(Psittacula finschii) has the forecrown, crown, lores and ear-coverts Grey Slate-blue; the chin and the lower part of the cheeks, black, It forming a narrow collar that marks a clear boundary between the head dark and a bright ring greenish blue on the back of the neck.
Nape brighter yellowish green, duller green fading in the rest of the upper region.
Upperwing-coverts green except for the brown of the inner coverts, that makes the effect of a distinctive patch on the shoulder; primaries Green with a narrow yellow margin on the vane outer; secondaries green.
Underwing-coverts dark bluish green. Underparts bright pale green. Uppertail lilac blue with pale yellow tips, outer feathers Greens with vane internal and yellow tips; undertail-coverts ochre-coloured.
Upper mandible coral red to vermilion with yellow tip, lower mandible yellow; cere whitish; irises creamy white to yellow; legs greenish.
Sometimes considered the same species as the Slaty-headed Parakeet, but the lack of intergradation in a possible area of overlap in Bhutan and the northeast of the India (Arunachal Pradesh) suggests appropriate treatment as allospecies.
Sound of the Gray-headed Parakeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cotorra the Finsch.mp3]
Similar to the Slaty-headed Parakeet. Frequents forests of oak, teak, cedar and pine, wooded hills and open farmland with tall trees. Move altitude between 650 and 3.800 m (in Yunnan, China), rarely drop below 250 m, usually at or near the mountainous terrain.
Mainly distributed in the forest Viet Nam, but, According to sources, laz away from growing areas and tolerant of lower and more open habitats.
In general, obsevadas in flocks or or small family groups, but also it is seen in larger numbers than in Burma.
The breeding season in the central and southern Burma It covers the months January, February and March.
The Gray-headed Parakeet It is distributed in the east of the Himalayas towards Indochina. They vary from eastern Bhutan towards Arunachal Pradesh and south through Nagaland, Assam (to the South of the rio Brahmaputra). Manipur, Mizoram and Bangladesh oriental (Sylhet Area Chittagong). Through Burma (South of Tenasserim), al sur-oeste de China (center Sichuan and North of Yunnan), the mountainous districts of northern and southwestern Thailand, South of Laos, Kampuchea and Viet Nam, especially the western slopes of the central mountains.
Generally Common resident (very common in some places), but lacking in some areas and subject to local fluctuations and irregular appearances.
Recent decline in Thailand, where it is now rare in the more accessible areas. Uncommon in China. Some seasonal altitudinal movements in some parts of the range. Very popular cage bird in some parts of the home territory.
The size of the world population Gray-headed Parakeet It has not been quantified, but the species, According to sources, It is rare in China, Variable and elsewhere (pit et to the. 1997).
The population is suspected rapid decline because of continued habitat loss and trapping. Observations of local trends in some parts, within its range, support this suspicion, for example in Cambodia, at least since the early 1990 (F. Goes in some. 2013, T. Gray in litt. 2013, RJ Timmins in litt. 2013).
The Gray-headed Parakeet It is widely captured for trade in cage birds and kept locally as a pet, for example, in Laos and China (JW Duckworth in litt. 2013, M. Zhang in some. 2013).
In China, poaching and illegal trade in this species continues: it was reported that in one village, each family has an individual of this species as a pet (M. Zhang in some. 2013).
The pressure at which it is subjected for his capture may also be contributing to the observed decrease in Cambodia (F. Goes in some. 2013).
Lowland forests Indochina They are under intense pressure, above all in Cambodia, because of the authorization for large-scale industrial agriculture. This particularly affects areas with evergreen or semi-evergreen forest, rather than forest deciduous, because the best conditions for growing (S. Mahood in some. 2013).
This species is dependent areas and forests with evergreens, whereby the effects of logging can seriously affect, especially since it is likely to depend on large trees for nesting. Habitats where large trees are scarce, as forests and hill areas with mixed forest deciduous, patches of evergreen forest and semi-evergreen forest, They are under particular pressure from logging, even for local use (S. Mahood in some. 2013).
It is expected that the loss of habitat Cambodia bring a devastating impact on this species over the next decade, although there may be a delay before the actual effects were observed in the population (H. Rainey in some. 2013).
Conservation Actions Underway:
The species is known to occur in some protected areas across its range, as in the Mondulkiri Protected Forest, Cambodia (T. Gray in litt. 2013).
Parakeet Finsch in captivity:
– Rare in captivity outside of its range.
It is unclear how much spread among breeders, as often it was considered a subspecies of the more common Slaty-headed Parakeet. It is a very mountain bird resistant, at low temperatures is not a problem for them, However, must be protected facilities available to avoid sudden changes in temperature and drafts.
How other Psittacula, the Gray-headed Parakeet You need to nibble fresh branches, although not a destructive bird that could demolish a wooden birdhouse.
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
(1) – Bird perched on a home made perch. Part of the tail appears to be missing by Vijay Anand Ismavel – Lynx
(2) – Gould, John, 1804-1881; Sharpe, Richard Bowdler, 1847-1909: Birds of Asia by John Gould [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Finsch’s Parakeet Psittacula finschii by Raju Kasambe. Photo taken in Imphal Zoo, Manipur, India By Dr. Raju Kasambe (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
Origin: Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan.
Character: Shy, quiet.
Life expectancy: 15 a 17 years.
Height: Of 39 a 41 cm..
Of 39 a 41 cm.. of length and a weight of 125 g..
The Slaty-headed Parakeet(Psittacula himalayana) has the forecrown, crown, lores and ear-coverts slaty-grey; chin and lower cheeks black, extending in the lateral narrow shaped collar black, to mark a clear boundary between the dark head and back neck bright green and nape, whose colour fades to duller green on rest of upperparts..
Lesser wing-coverts outer, green, brown the inner coverts, with a distinctive patch shoulder; remaining upperwing-coverts green.
The primaries Green with narrow yellow margins in vane outer; secondaries green. Underwing-coverts bluish green. Underparts bright pale green. Uppertail bright blue green, tipped chrome yellow color in the center, outer feathers green with yellowish tips; undertail-coverts bright yellow.
Upper mandible orange-red, tipped pale yellowish, the lower yellower; cere whitish; irises creamy white; legs yellowish green.
The female smaller, more opaque in nape, usually with the tail shorter and often they lack the brown in the patch of the shoulders.
The immature with the head greenish brown opaque; acquire gray slate after first winter. The young birds they have the irises dark.
Sound of the Slaty-headed Parakeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cotorra del Himalaya.mp3]
The Slaty-headed Parakeet Mountain forests are distributed, at altitudes around 2.500 meters in summer; rarely above the 250 meters in winter. Otherwise residents, although there are fluctuations depending on local food supply.
Occupy forest denser than most of its peers, but preferably in extensions near orchards or farms with high trees. Registered in a variety of slopes and steep wooded valleys, including oak forests, cedars, Oak, rhododendrons and pines.
Observed, in general, in small flocks or family groups, no large gatherings, although flocks 50 birds have been recorded at the end of the monsoon.
Also registered with mixed banndadas Rose-ringed Parakeet, the Plum-headed Parakeet and Blossom-headed Parakeet. Registered a flock of 15 males during the month of November Nepal.
The nest Slaty-headed Parakeet usually it located in a recess, on top of a tree, at an altitude between 6 and 20 m above the ground; a rotten branch used to excavate a cavity or modificadan the old nest of other species.
In East Afghanistan, the nest is ,normally, an old hole made by a Scaly-bellied Woodpecker (Pico squamatus).
Often several nests are close together.
The breeding season in the west of the range is between March and May, (maybe later at higher altitudes); leave farming area in July; the laying is of 3 a 5 eggs.
The Slaty-headed Parakeet it feeds on various fruit, cultivated and wild, dried fruits and seeds, depending on the season.
Although the overall economic impact of this species is probably light, they are considered locally as a pest due to attacks on maize crops, Apple trees (flower and fruit), pear and walnuts Juglans regia.
Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 696.000 km2
The Slaty-headed Parakeet It is distributed by the Himalaya occidental, where they are, commonly, above the 1.350 m, from the East of Afghanistan through northern Pakistan, northern India and Nepal until Bhutan, West of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam (about 92 ° East) to the North of the Brahmaputra.
The size of the world population Slaty-headed Parakeet It has not been quantified, but the species, According to sources, It is generally common, although apparently poorly documented in recent decades; rare in China.
The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.
Cotorra of the Himalayas in captivity:
Fairly common in Australia, not so much in other places. In general, trade is not significant.
– Slaty-headed Parakeet, Himalayan Slaty-headed Parakeet (English).
– Perruche de l’Himalaya, Perruche à tête ardoisée (French).
– Himalayasittich, Finsch-Sittich, Schwarzkopf-Edelsittich (German).
– Periquito-himalayana (Portuguese).
– Cotorra de Cabeza Pizarra, Cotorra del Himalaya (Spanish).