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Newton's parakeet †
Psittacula exsul

Newton's Parakeet

Content

Description:

Of 40 centimeters length.

The male of the Newton's Parakeet (Psittacula exsul) It was probably green, with red patches on wings, also manifested in a variation bluish; only two skins of this species, both blue hue; the plumage It was generally greenish blue with gray shades; chest, abdomen and under cover tail slightly paler shades; head darker gray hue without; línea negra fina entre el cere and the eye; black bars cheek and narrow black strip on the neck, strip adjacent the blue-green; primaries blue-green; feathers on top of the tail blue-green, underside grey; mandible red top, mandible lower black; irises yellow; legs grey.

The female with narrow black stripe on the forehead; black bars cheek not extend to the side neck; crown washed with gray; upper jaw black.

Immature; No information

Habitat:

It was a kind forest who lived in areas of pine Pandanus and Palm trees.

Reproduction:

Probably similar to Reunion Parakeet (Psittacula eques)

Food:

According to reports, las aves preferían las nueces y los frutos de Cassine East and Fernelia buxifolia.

Distribution:

The Newton's Parakeet It was endemic to the forests of Rodrigues, Mauritius (checks 1987).

Se decía que era abundante por el explorador Leguat in 1691 (Cowles 1987), but Pingre He noted that it was rare in 1761, y el último registro fue un ave capturada en agosto de 1875 (Forshaw 2010).

Parece probable que las últimas aves fueron aniquilados a finales de ese año, when the island suffered “the worst hurricane season nineteenth century” (checks 1987).

Sobreviven dos especímenes completos, plus several bones subfossil (Cowles 1987).


Conservation:

Rationale for the Red List category


This species was endemic to the Rodrigues Island, Mauritius, but it has not been seen since 1875 and now it is extinct.

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Extinct.
• El último registro fue un ave recolectada en agosto de 1875

It is believed that hunting and habitat loss greatly contributed to its decline, and that the final blow could have been given by heavy storms 1876. curiously, sobrevivió durante mucho más tiempo que la mayoría de las especies de aves endémicas de la isla.

Justification of the population

extinct.

"Newton's parakeet †" in captivity:

Leguat and his followers saw the birds – presumably Newton's Parakeet – feeding nuts, and they taught to speak to some of these parakeets, which certainly it is an indication of what these birds were tame. Aparentemente se volvieron bilingües; ¡podían hablar tanto en francés como en flamenco! When Leguat and his small band of followers fled the island, a parakeet they took with them on their trip to Mauritius.

Alternative names:

Newton’s Parakeet, Newton’s Parrot, Rodrigues Parakeet, Rodrigues Ring-necked Parakeet, Rodriguez Parakeet (English).
Perruche de Newton (French).
Rodriguessittich, Rodrigues-Sittich, Rodriguez-Edelsittich (German).
Periquito-de-rodriguez (Portuguese).
Cotorra de Newton, Cotorra de Rodrigues (español).



scientific classification:

Alfred Newton
Alfred Newton

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Gender: Psittacula
Scientific name: Psittacula exsul
Subpoena: (Newton, A, 1872)
Protonimo: Palaeornis exaul



Especies del género Psittacula
  • Psittacula finschii
  • Psittacula himalayana
  • Psittacula roseata
  • —- Psittacula roseata juneae
  • —- Psittacula roseata roseata
  • Psittacula cyanocephala
  • Psittacula alexandri
  • —- Psittacula alexandri abbotti
  • —- Psittacula alexandri alexandri
  • —- Psittacula alexandri cala
  • —- Psittacula alexandri dammermani
  • —- Psittacula alexandri fasciata
  • —- Psittacula alexandri kangeanensis
  • —- Psittacula alexandri major
  • —- Psittacula alexandri perionca
  • Psittacula derbiana
  • Psittacula longicauda
  • —- Psittacula longicauda defontainei
  • —- Psittacula longicauda longicauda
  • —- Psittacula longicauda modesta
  • —- Psittacula longicauda nicobarica
  • —- Psittacula longicauda tytleri
  • Psittacula columboides
  • Psittacula calthrapae
  • Psittacula eupatria
  • —- Psittacula eupatria Avensis
  • —- Psittacula eupatria eupatria
  • —- Psittacula eupatria magnirostris
  • —- Psittacula eupatria nipalensis
  • —- Psittacula eupatria siamensis
  • Parrots wardi
  • Psittacula krameri
  • —- Psittacula krameri borealis
  • —- Psittacula krameri krameri
  • —- Psittacula krameri manillensis
  • —- Psittacula krameri parvirostris
  • Psittacula eques
  • —- Parrot knight knight†
  • —- Psittacula eques echo
  • Parrots
  • Psittacula caniceps

  • Sources:

    Avibase
    • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    Birdlife

    Photos:

    (1) – Psittacula exsul (Newton’s Parakeet), female holotype specimen – Wikipedia
    (2) – Sternum and mandible of Psittacula exsul, extracted from the female holotype specimen – Wikipedia

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