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- psittacula exaul

Newton's Parakeet


Description:

Of 40 centimeters length.

The male of the Newton's Parakeet (psittacula exaul) It was probably green, with red patches on wings, also manifested in a variation bluish; only two skins of this species, both blue hue; the plumage It was generally greenish blue with gray shades; chest, abdomen and under cover tail slightly paler shades; head darker gray hue without; thin black line between cere and the eye; black bars cheek and narrow black strip on the neck, strip adjacent the blue-green; primaries blue-green; feathers on top of the tail blue-green, underside grey; mandible red top, mandible lower black; irises yellow; legs grey.

The female with narrow black stripe on the forehead; black bars cheek not extend to the side neck; crown washed with gray; upper mandible black.

Immature; No information

Habitat:

It was a kind forest who lived in areas of pine Pandanus and Palm trees.

Reproduction:

Probably similar to Reunion Parakeet (Psittacula eques)

Food:

According to reports, birds preferred nuts and fruits Cassine East and Fernelia buxifolia.

Distribution:

The Newton's Parakeet It was endemic to the forests of Rodrigues, Mauritius (checks 1987).

by explorer was said to be abundant Leguat in 1691 (Cowles 1987), but Pingre He noted that it was rare in 1761, and the last record was a bird caught in August 1875 (Forshaw 2010).

It seems likely that the last birds were destroyed at the end of that year, when the island suffered “the worst hurricane season nineteenth century” (checks 1987).

Survived by two complete specimens, plus several bones subfossil (Cowles 1987).

Conservation:

Justification of the red list category

This species was endemic to the Rodrigues Island, Mauritius, but it has not been seen since 1875 and now it is extinct.

• Current red list category of the UICN: Extinct.
• The last record was a bird collected in August 1875

It is believed that hunting and habitat loss greatly contributed to its decline, and that the final blow could have been given by heavy storms 1876. curiously, He survived much longer than most species of endemic birds of the island.

Justification of the population

extinct.

In captivity:

Leguat and his followers saw the birds – presumably Newton's Parakeet – feeding nuts, and they taught to speak to some of these parakeets, which certainly it is an indication of what these birds were tame. Apparently they became bilingual; They could speak both French and Flemish! When Leguat and his small band of followers fled the island, a parakeet they took with them on their trip to Mauritius.

Alternative names:


- Newton's Parakeet, Newton's Parrot, Rodrigues Parakeet, Rodrigues Ring-necked Parakeet, Rodriguez Parakeet (inglés).
- Perruche de Newton (francés).
- Rodriguessittich, Rodrigues-Sittich, Rodriguez-Edelsittich (alemán).
- Periquito-de-rodriguez (portugués).
- Cotorra de Newton, Cotorra de Rodrigues (español).

Alfred Newton

Alfred Newton

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Género: Psittacula
- Nombre científico: Psittacula exsul
- Citación: (Newton, A, 1872)
- Protónimo: Palaeornis exsul


Sources:

Avibase
• Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
• Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – psittacula exaul (Newton’s Parakeet), female holotype specimen – Wikipedia
(2) – Sternum and mandible of Psittacula exsul, extracted from the female holotype specimen – Wikipedia

 
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