Brehm's Tiger-Parrot
Psittacella brehmii


Brehm's Tiger-Parrot

Description

24 cm. length and a weight between 94 and 120 g..

The head of the Brehm's Tiger-Parrot (Psittacella brehmii) is marron-oliva. The neck It is colored with black and green bars. The front and sides of the neck they are surrounded by a bright yellow stripe. The chest It is slightly striped in green and black colors.

The center of the back is very green and it integrates perfectly, with yellow and black striped, the area of the rump. Black fusion is absent from yellowish green to the extent lumbar and Hip. Wings they are a dark green color with dark edges in the covered medium-sized. The flight feather are blackish with vane a thin border beige and green external. The curvature of the wing is Bluestone. Wing feathers green.

The underparts are green, totally opaque, except the undertail-coverts that are of color red Scarlet. The bottom of the tail is green, greyish black down.

The bill It is brownish grey with lighter edges and a white tip. The irises is reddish orange. The legs are grey green.

The female lacks the yellow Crescent on the front of the neck. The chest listed in green and black.

Youth with the colors green and yellow absent from the chest area. Coverts of the tail of color orange tinged with tips yellow. The bill pale.

  • Sound of the Brehm's Tiger-Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lorito-tigre de Brehm.mp3]

Subspecies description

  • Psittacella brehmii brehmii

    : The nominal.

  • Psittacella brehmii intermixta

    : Its underparts and back listing are more yellowish green tones, and larger.

  • Psittacella brehmii pallida

    : As the nominal but with narrower peak.

  • Psittacella brehmii harterti

    : It is clearer and less yellowish green head. Is smaller.

Habitat:

Are observed in the montane forest, including Podocarpus, beech forests of Nothofagus and edge of forests, mainly from 1.500 metres to the 2.600 m, ends in 1.100 and 3.800 m.

The Brehm's Tiger-Parrot is distributed primarily at altitudes below the habitat of the Painted Tiger-Parrot, but there is an area in which are sympatric latitudinally, and is between 2.500 and 3.000 m. Birds are often found individually or in small groups and allow an approximation.

You spend much time below the canopy or even close plants feeding on seeds and berries (including conifer and Podocarpus), Although also found in levels higher in the forest. Move slowly, often using his beak to balance and sometimes you can stay still. They only make short flights, never flying above the canopy.

Reproduction:

Little is known of nesting behavior, but two nestlings were observed in a nest during the month of June.

Food:

Diet includes seeds, berries of conifers and Podocarpus.

Distribution:

The Brehm's Tiger-Parrot they are endemic in New Guinea, where often live almost exclusively in mountain areas. Its range is divided into three isolated populations, an in Vogelkop, West Papua, the second in all the central and South-Eastern Highlands of New Guinea and the third in the mountains of the Huon peninsula (the Painted Tiger-Parrot is absent and the Parrot Brehm Tiger is observed at altitudes higher than usual). The species is widespread, but generally uncommon; the world's population is believed to be superior to 100.000 specimens.

Distribution of subspecies

  • Psittacella brehmii brehmii

    : The nominal.

  • Psittacella brehmii intermixta

    : Is located in the central mountains of New Guinea.

  • Psittacella brehmii pallida

    : Of the mountains of the southeast of New Guinea.

  • Psittacella brehmii harterti

    : Occupies the Huon peninsula (to the northeast of New Guinea).

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, It is believed that it is superior to 100.000 specimens.

The species, According to sources, is fairly common and widespread (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

Lorito Brehm tiger in captivity:

It is not a bird for the lovers of the aviaries since their mortality rate in captivity is very high.

Alternative names:

Brehm’s Tiger-Parrot, Brehm’s Parrot, Brehm’s Tiger Parrot (English).
Perruche de Brehm (French).
Brehmpapagei, Brehm Papagei, Brehm-Papagei (German).
Psittacella brehmii (Portuguese).
Lorito de Brehm, Lorito tigre de Brehm, Lorito-tigre de Brehm (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Psittacella
Scientific name: Psittacella brehmii
Citation: Schlegel, 1871
Protonimo: Psittacella brehmii

Brehm's Tiger-Parrot images :

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Brehm's Tiger-Parrot (Psittacella brehmii)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Wikipedia
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – By Jerry Oldenettel, on Flickr – Flickr
(2) – “Psittacella brehmii” by markaharper1Brehm’ s Tiger-Parrot. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(3) – Lateral view of a male perched near the feeding table by Mikko Pyhälä – Mikko Pyhälä – Lynx
(4) – Male feeding at the bird feeder by David Cook Wildlife Photography – Lynx
(5) – By © Jerry Oldenettel – inaturalist

Sounds: Marc Anderson (Xeno-canto)

Blue-collared Parrot
Geoffroyus simplex


Blue-collared Parrot

Description

23-25 cm.. length and around 161 g. of weight.

The Blue-collared Parrot (Geoffroyus simplex), they have the head green, more pale and more yellowish in the chin and lower cheeks, with a collar weak but clearly identified blue across the top of the chest and rear of the neck. The upperparts are blackish Green. Curve of the wings yellow; patch Brown in medium-sized inner cover; greater coverts with yellowish green trim; flight feather Black with green in the vane outer; pale line along the inside edge of the ends of the wings closed, formed by yellow tipping in the vane inmates of the flight feather. Underwing coverts and axillary, blue. Ventral pale, more yellowish green than the upper parts. Upper, the tail green; undertail, yellowish.

Bill greyish black; Iris White pale yellowish; legs gray-green.

The females they lack the collar Blue males but have a little blue on the back of the crown.

  • Sound of the Blue-collared Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lorito Acollarado.mp3]

Subspecies

  • Geoffroyus simplex simplex (Meyer, AB, 1874): The nominal.
  • Geoffroyus simplex buergersi (Neumann, 1922): It measures each 25 cm in length and has purplish blue collar more extensive. Coverts of the wings with Violet Blue. Females have Violet Blue Underwing.

Habitat:

The species is distributed mainly among the wet hills and mid-mountain forests, along its edges and areas of secondary growth between 500 and 2.500 meters above sea level, being more frequent among the 800 and 1.900 m. Variations in food supply can lead to birds at elevations lower than normal (even at altitudes near sea level).

The Blue-collared Parrot they are shy and difficult to detect when they are perched in the trees. Large flocks of birds, of up 200 specimens, they can be seen and heard flying above the treetops.

The species tends to form large groups with the Red-checked Parrot, Although sometimes single birds are, in pairs or in small groups.

Reproduction:

Little is known of the ecology of breeding. A nest dug with three young was found in mid-January to nine metres in height, close to the top of a stump. The entrance was of 80 mm in diameter, and the gap between 200 mm and 400 mm deep. Nesting is also reported in October.

Food:

The Parrot Acollarado quietly feed in the canopy of seeds, fruit, berries and nectar. They are particularly fond of the seeds of (Castanopis and Oaks Lithocarpus).

Distribution:

New Guinea, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea, with an isolated population in the Doberai peninsula, from Tamrau to Mountains Parotia. The main population is distributed through the central highlands, absent from the higher central areas, But coming to the Owen Stanley mountain range at the end of this. Generally common, but the difficulty of detection makes these less abundant parecezcan birds.

Distribution of subspecies:

  • Geoffroyus simplex simplex (Meyer, AB, 1874): The nominal.
  • Geoffroyus simplex buergersi (Neumann, 1922): Mountains of New Guinea, except Vogelkop peninsula.

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern.

•Tendencia of the population: Stable.

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, Although estimated at more of 50.000 specimens. The species, According to sources, It is usually rather limited to fairly common (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

Lorito Vireo in captivity:

Rare.

Alternative names:

Blue-collared Parrot, Blue collared Parrot, Lilac-Collared Parrot, Simple Parrot (English).
Perruche à col bleu, Eclectus à col bleu, Éclectus à col bleu (French).
Blauhalspapagei (German).
Geoffroyus simplex (Portuguese).
Lorito Acollarado, Lorito Acollorado, Lorito de Collar (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Geoffroyus
Scientific name: Geoffroyus simplex
Citation: (Meyer,AB, 1874)
Protonimo: Pionias simplex

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Blue-collared Parrot (Geoffroyus simplex)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Sounds: Phil Gregory (Xeno-canto)

Buff-faced Pygmy-Parrot
Micropsitta pusio


Buff-faced Pygmy-Parrot

Description

The Buff-faced Pygmy-Parrot (Micropsitta pusio) has a length 8,4-8,6 cm.. and 11,5 g. of weight, what it becomes in the Parrot more small of the world.

Has the forecrown, face and chin of color Brown mottled dark, eyebrows yellowish; centre of crown blue, merging to green in the area of the nape. Upperparts Greens with wing-coverts Black in the Center. Flight feather Black with green ends; lower coverts greenish yellow; underside of the primaries greyish, lightly bathed in yellow. The underparts brighter yellowish green, more pale in the center of the chest and the belly; uppertail-coverts Yellow. The tail centrally blue, with a black shaft. Outer feathers Black with yellow spots.

Bill dark grey; irises brown; legs of color grey or pink.

Female slightly more off than the male around the face.

Young with crown greenish blue and less brightness in the face.

  • Sound of the Buff-faced Pygmy-Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Microloro Pusio.mp3]

Subspecies description

  • Micropsitta pusio pusio

    (PL Sclater, 1866) – Nominal

  • Micropsitta pusio beccarii

    (Salvadori, 1876) – Usually darker than the nominal race especially on the face, including eyebrows.

  • Micropsitta pusio harterti

    (Mayr, 1940) – Brands that most off the nominal head, Blue throat. Less yellow in the parts below that the subspecies Micropsitta pusio stresemanni.

  • Micropsitta pusio stresemanni

    (ECTION Hartert, 1926) – As the subspecies Micropsitta pusio harterti, but slightly larger and more yellow below.

Habitat:

They are found in lowland forests, wooded hills, Gallery forest and secondary growth, from sea level to the 500 m. It is also locally in the Savannah and areas of coconut trees (Cocos nucifera).

The species is common and committed, but it can be difficult to find due to its small size. Birds can also sometimes be glimpsed by flying in small groups above the canopy. They tend to fraternize in pairs or in groups of up to 30 birds.

They frequently stop while they feed on and turn your head to the right, possibly to find predators.

Reproduction:

Tanysiptera-galatea
Common Paradise-Kingfisher (Tanysiptera galatea)

Nestbox, they dig in tree cavities active termite mounds, for example the (Microcerotermes biroi). A nest was also found in a terrestrial termite, the entry just a meter from the ground. There is a flange on each side of the entry hole and this differentiates their holes of other species that make their nests in termite mounds, such as the Common Paradise-Kingfisher (Tanysiptera galatea).

Until three white eggs are the implementation. The nesting season has been recorded throughout the year. Adults sleep on community and up to eight birds have been recorded from a cavity.

Food:

It moves rapidly along lianas and trunks or branches of trees (in inverted position) using its long claws to grip and digging Lichens and fungi in the barks. Also sometimes feed on seeds, fruits and insects (that it can be accidentally ingested).

Distribution:

Lowlands of North of New Guinea from the West coast of the Cenderawasih Bay, Irian Java, at the Southeast end of Papua New Guinea; absent from the Highlands of the Huon peninsula and Owen Stanley Ranges above each 500 m, but observed in some of the Northern Islands of New Guinea, including Kairiru, the Schouten Islands, Manam, Karkar and Batangas. The species is found in the lowlands of the West to the coastal region of South on the River Puari. Are also in the Bismarck Archipelago, including Umboi, Tolokiwa, Sakai, the Witu Islands, Lolobau, New Britain, Uatom and Duke of York. Also observed in the archipelago D ’ Entrecasteaux in Fergusson and in the Louisiade archipelago in Misima Island and Tagula.

Distribution of subspecies:

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The size of the world's population has not been quantified but he is estimated above the 100 000 specimens.

The species according to sources is very little common in its range distribution.

The population suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

Microloro pusio in captivity:

They feed on lichens and fungi, therefore its reproduction and maintenance in captivity it is virtually impossible.

Alternative names:

Buff-faced Pygmy-Parrot, Buff faced Pygmy Parrot, Buff-faced Pygmy Parrot (English).
Micropsitte à tête fauve (French).
Braunstirn-Spechtpapagei (German).
Papagaio-pigmeu (Portuguese).
Microloro de Cabeza Azul, Microloro Pusio (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Meeki
Scientific name: Micropsitta pusio
Citation: (Sclater,PL, 1866)
Protonimo: Nasiterna pusio

Images Buff-faced Pygmy-Parrot:

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Buff-faced Pygmy-Parrot (Micropsitta pusio)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – El loro más pequeño del mundo – medioambiente.net
(2) – Photo of Micropsitta pusio [By Katerina Tvardikova] – New Guinea Birds
(3) – A bird feeding on the bark of a tree. Author Carmelo López – lynx
(4) – Photo of Micropsitta pusio [By Katerina Tvardikova] – New Guinea Birds
(5) – Buff-faced Pygmy-Parrot, Micropsitta pusio at Nimbokrang by jon hornbuckle – BIRDING AROUND THE WORLD
(6) – Tanysiptera galatea By Katerina Tvardikova – New Guinea Birds

Sounds: BAS van Balen (Xeno-canto)

Black-billed Hanging Parrot (2)
Loriculus philippensis bonapartei

Description

Black-billed Hanging Parrot
14 cm.. length.

The Black-billed Hanging Parrot (2) is a subspecies of the Colasisi (Loriculus philippensis) being the only member of the genus, in the Sulu archipelago. The combination of the Red Crown on front, merging Orange gold neckband, and the black Bill are the brand identity of the Black-billed Hanging Parrot for both sexes. Apart from lacking these characteristics, the most similar species within the subspecies of Loriculus philippensis, the L. p. apicalis and L. p. dohertyi, they have the necks much more of orange-red color and a strong orange color shawl in broadcast.

The female of the Ceylon Hanging-Parrot has the Red Crown, reddish diffusion in the mantle, peak red and a whitish iris (males do not have the Red bib of birds of Sulu).

Loriculus-bonapartei-Distribucion

The front of the Crown of the Black-billed Hanging Parrot is red, shading back in Orange and yellow in the back of the Crown, with a clear line of demarcation of the Green mantle; bright green cheeks and Lores. Orange robe loosely washed in the Center; rump and bright crimson tail coverts (Blue Suffusion on sides of rump). Wings green brilliant with vane internal to blackish flight feathers. Feathers of the wings of Turquoise Green: below, the wings of blue. The Chin and throat bright Scarlet; rest of the underparts of bright green. Upper, the Green tail; Blue below. Black Peak; Brown irises; Orange to greyish legs.

Habitat:

The species is little known, But habits and ecology are presumably similar to the of the Colasisi. Commonly found front groves of coconuts on the coast, inside you have registered in forests, as well as partially cleared areas. Observed feeding on flowers of Palm and flying between the trees.

Reproduction:

The breeding season starts around February and may continue until may. An average clutch can coasts of 2 a 4 eggs. Parents make their nests on top of the cavities of the trees.

Food:

Their natural diet consists of nectar, seeds, red fruits (especially wild figs), berries and flowers

Distribution:

Restricted to islands in the Sulu archipelago. Philippines, among them: Sibutu, Bongao, Sanga Sanga, Manuk Manka, Tawitawi, Siasi and Jolo.

Conservation:

There is no data

Black-billed Hanging Parrot (2) in captivity:

The captive breeding of this once rare species have been; It has however occurred in communal aviaries.

Alternative names:

Black-billed Hanging Parrot, Black-billed Hanging-Parrot (English).
Coryllis de Bonaparte, Coryllis à bec noir (French).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Scientific name: Black-billed Hanging Parrot
Citation: Souance, 1856
Protonimo: Loriculus Bonaparte

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Black-billed Hanging Parrot (Black-billed Hanging Parrot)

Sources:

– Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr

Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot
Loriculus galgulus


Hanging Coroniazul

Content

Description

Of 13 cm.. length and 28 g. of weight.

The head of the Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot (Loriculus galgulus) is bright green with a patch dark blue in the center of the back of the crown. Upperparts Greens with patch orange-brown in the Centre of the the mantle, yellow band at the bottom of the rump and tail coverts scarlet. Wings Greens with vane inner to flight feather darker. Under the wing coats green, with the underside of the flight feather blue. Throat and top of the chest with a patch bright Scarlet, the rest of the underparts slightly of a green pale that the upperparts (and more yellowish on the flanks). Upper, the tail green; Blue below.

Bill black; irises dark brown, legs yellowish brown.

The females lack of the bib red, with the underparts yellowish green. The patch of the crown is much more off, and the the mantle Orange is less marked than in the male.

The young birds lack of the crown blue, they have only an orange wash on the the mantle and bill yellowish. Maturation takes from two to four years in young men, showing the throat Red as the first sign of plumage adult.

Habitat:

Birds have been observed spending the night on the Hill of Fraser's Hill (Malaysia), which indicates that there is a certain night dispersion. Extralimitales records have also reached coastal islands. The species occurs from the lowlands up to around 1.300 m, lies in the Woods, river banks growing, mangroves, secondary growth, lightly wooded areas, clumps of bamboo, orchards, inhabited areas and coconut trees. The birds frequent the canopy and medium height plants, travelling alone, in pairs or. outside the breeding season, in groups of up to 150 birds that invade fruit orchards.

The birds are moving forward with steps balanced through the vegetation with a comical air, using the peak to help upload, and tail as support. Like other hanging parrots, This species sleeping upside down and also uses rain water for bathing in the same position.

Reproduction:

The reproductive behavior you have registered between the months of January and August. When the courtship takes place, the male is shaking his head, cupping their red feathers, extending the tail, with the body upright, and making calls with a soft Twitter.

The nest It is built into the natural cavity in a tree, enlarged by birds, at a height between 5 and 12 meters above the ground.

The Nesting material It is cut by the female and taken to the nest in the contour feathers. The laying is three to four white eggs often dyed Brown. The female incubates the eggs for 20 days and the chicks leave the nest about 33 days after hatching.

Food:

It feeds on flowers, outbreaks, fruit, various seeds and nuts.

Distribution:

Ranges to South, about 10 ° North, on the peninsula of Thailand, through Malaysia and Singapore, distributed also in some surrounding islands, including the Anambas Islands, the archipelago of Riau and Batam. The species is widespread through Sumatra and can be seen in the islands of the coast including Tuangku, Nias, Pini, Batu, Siberut, Sipura, Enggano, and to the North of BANGKA, Mendanau and Belitung. Is present in a habitat along of Borneo, and the coastal islands Labuan and Maratua. His presence at the end of Java Western, in the area Labuhan, It can be the result of leaks of birds; the population around Jakarta is certainly wild.

Conservation:

[stextbox id=”info” float=”true” align =”right” width =”280″]

• Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, but it is thought that it may be superior to 100.000 specimens without registration of captive birds. The species according to information, It is common and widespread in most parts of its area of distribution (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

Lorículo Fuertes in captivity:

These birds are kept in poultry, both in United States as in all Europe. Your dietary needs predispose them to a series of infections if failure to observe stringent hygiene practices, What makes them difficult to maintain in captivity. This is the main reason that this species is uncommon in poultry, and even more uncommon as a pet.

More information on loromania

Alternative names:

Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot, Blue crowned Hanging Parrot, Blue-crowned Hanging-Parrot, Blue-topped Hanging-parrot, Malay Hanging Parrot, Malay Lorikeet, Malaysian Hanging-Parrot (English).
Coryllis à tête bleue, Coryllis à calotte bleue, Coryllis de Malacca, Coryllis malais, Loricule à tête bleue, Loricule de Malacca, Loricule malais (French).
Blaukrönchen (German).
Loriculus galgulus (Portuguese).
Lorículo Azul, Lorículo Coroniazul (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Loriculus
Scientific name: Loriculus galgulus
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Protonimo: Psittacus Galgulus

Images Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot:

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Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot (Loriculus galgulus)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – By Lip Kee Yap from Singapore, Republic of Singapore [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – By Quartl (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – By Art Bromage [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – By Lip Kee Yap from Singapore, Republic of Singapore [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – By Lip Kee Yap from Singapore, Republic of Singapore [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Marc Anderson (Xeno-canto)

Blue-fronted Lorikeet
Charmosyna toxopei


Description

16 cm.. length.

Blue-fronted Lorikeet

The forecrown of the Blue-fronted Lorikeet (Charmosyna toxopei) is bright green, the front of the crown, above the eyes is bright blue; rest of the head green. Upperparts green, bright in the rump. Wings Green with blackish inner feathers. The underwing-coverts green; flight feather Blackish with yellow band in the whole lower part of the secondaries. The underparts brighter yellowish green. Tail green, with red bases and blackish stain. The bill orange; the irises yellow orange; legs orange-red.

Habitat:

If recent observations were in fact of the Blue-fronted Lorikeet, species can be nomadic, moving from high to low altitude on the basis of the availability of food (like some other small parrots). This might explain the scarcity of records, especially for a species already by itself it is distributed sparsely. The other possibility is that the birds are distributed only in the forested hills.

Interviews with local residents suggest that the species moved to the lowlands during the two annual seasons of heat, in March-April and August-November.

Reproduction:

There is no data.

Food:

The locals who live in the plateau frog They reported that the bird feeds on nectar and pollen from the trees in flower.

Distribution:

Endemic of Buru, Indonesia. Obviously, is a rare species, and virtually nothing is known of its State. The original specimens were collected in the wooded hills between 850 m and 1.000 m.

In 1980 It was reported that the species was fairly common in plantations, secondary and primary forest, but this record has been suggested as a reference to the Red-flanked Lorikeet (Charmosyna placentis) (the record of this species from Buru It is in fact wrong). In 1989 two flocks of five to six birds, supposedly this species, they were seen during a selective felling of forests to 600 meters on the Teluk Bara. There is also a report of 1993 of four small unidentified parakeets seen in the same area as the observations of 1.980. The species are now considered endangered by BirdLife International, Although a thorough search should be performed until their status can be determined by full. VULNERABLE.

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Danger critic

• Population trend: Decreasing

• Population size: 50-249 mature individuals

Although there are few records (confirmed or unconfirmed) of the species, It is suspected that it is declining due to loss of forests in the lowlands.

Most of the forests in the coastal lowlands of Buru have they been clarified, and much of the forest in the northern part of the island has been connected shape selective or degraded and fragmented by migratory agriculture, in such a way that only a few small patches of lowland primary forest remain. However, the gardens of the island still contain many species of indigenous trees. In 2010, There was at least one search operation on a large scale above Buru, located in the lowlands. However, extensive forests of mountain of the island remain largely without being scanned. The topography of the mountain range Kaplamandan is the hope that almost all of the montane forest is inaccessible to loggers (A. Gray in litt. 2010).

All of the original specimens were captured alive using lime, However, the species is not kept as a pet, does not seem to be listed. Have a distribution of mountain which is close to the maximum altitude within its distribution area, does this species is potentially susceptible to climate change (BirdLife International data not publ.).

Buru Lori captive:

Not found in captivity.

Alternative names:

Blue-fronted Lorikeet, Blue fronted Lorikeet, Buru Lorikeet (English).
Lori de Buru (French).
Burolori, Burulori (German).
Lori de Buru (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Charmosyna
Scientific name: Charmosyna toxopei
Citation: (Siebers, 1930)
Protonimo: Hypocharmosyna toxopei

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Blue-fronted Lorikeet (Charmosyna toxopei)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
BirdLife

Black-capped Lory
Lorius lory

Black-capped Lory

Description

The Black-capped Lory (Lorius lory) has an approximate length of 31 cm.. and a weight between 200 and 260 g..

Black hood extends above the peak to the nape of the neck, where a few blue spots appear; rest of the head is bright red. The black hood is separated from the rear mantle red pink (sometimes mottled red), a thin collar dark purple blue; back, the upper coverts bright red tail and rump.

Upper parts of green color with slight shine bronze wing, more visible on the coverts and secondary more internal.

Flight feathers of black on the inside and marked with yellow in the middle part, forming the group a tricolour in the Underwing. Red Wing coverts.

Throat and upper part of the chest of Red; Blue mantle extends around the sides of the chest, dark blue in the abdomen that is slightly brighter in thighs and coverts; flanks with varying amounts of Red ranging upward and around the curve of the wing.

Dark bluish black on the upper tail feathers, Green slightly sieved in the Centre and Red at the base (It shows only dark blue at rest); Yellow undertail dark Olive with red hidden base.

Orange peak; Cere and grey-black periophthalmic ring; orange-yellow IRIS; grey to black legs.

Males and females they are the same. Immature with less extensive blue underparts and the upper part of the chest of color red wine. Fine blue collar around throat. Underwing coverts blue and yellow with a black tip, not red as in adults. Brownish beak.

The subspecies vary considerably in color:

  • Lorius lory lory: It is the nominal
  • Lorius lory erythrothorax: Neck and central area of blue belly. Yellow in the wings. Blue mantle in two bands. Red Underwing coverts.
  • Lorius lory SOMU: Red neck, blue belly.
  • Lorius lory salvadorii: As the erythrothorax but with blue-black Underwing coverts.
  • Lorius lory viridicrissalis: As the salvadorii but the blue darker everywhere.
  • Lorius lory jobiensis: As the salvadorii but top of the paler breast and mantle bands.
  • Lorius lory cyanuchen: Black on the top with blue on the nape of the neck.
  • Sound of the Black-capped Lory.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lori Tricolor.mp3]

Habitat:

The Black-capped Lory he prefers the primary forests and edges of these, They also reported in secondary forests well grown, in some partially cleared areas and swamp forest. It is not known to occur in the monsoon forest, planted forests or plantations of coconut trees. The Black-capped Lory is mainly distributed in the lowlands up to 1.000 m, but there have been examples to 1.750 m.

They are mainly found in pairs and usually smaller than other groups parrots sympatric, but it may happen that they get together in groups of ten or more to feed in trees in flower.

Reproduction:

Little is known of its ecology of breeding in the wild, Although there is a history of a couple digging a pit to make the nest in a dead tree. Apparently the nesting occurs from the month of may until October.

In captivity, the setting is two eggs with 26 days of incubation; emancipation occurs between 57 and 70 days after hatching.

Food:

The diet includes pollen, nectar, flowers, fruits and insects. The birds prefer to feed in the canopy or half-height where they remain quiet and discrete. Unlike in the Coconut Lorikeet and the Dusky Lory, It reached generally similar maximum altitudes, This species has been able to adapt to secondary habitats in high levels in the East of New Guinea.

Distribution:

Widely distributed from the West of Irian Java (Indonesia), including Waigeo, Batanta, Salawati and Misool in the Group of islands west of Papua and Yapen, My Num. Also found in the Biak Islands on Geelvink Bay, (East of Papua New Guinea).

It is quite common in the lowlands and hills. Top world population to the 100.000 individuals.

Distribution of subspecies:

  • Lorius lory lory: It is the nominal.
  • Lorius lory erythrothorax: The South coast of New Guinea to the East of the peninsula of Bird ’ s Head, and to the southeast of the North Coast.
  • Lorius lory SOMU: Mountain districts in the South of the center of New Guinea.
  • Lorius lory salvadorii: Northwest Coast of Papua New Guinea.
  • Lorius lory viridicrissalis: Northeast coast of Western New Guinea.
  • Lorius lory jobiensis: Islands Yapen and My Num.
  • Lorius lory cyanuchen: Biak island.

Conservation:

[stextbox id=”info” float=”true” align =”right” width =”270″]

• Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The world's population has not been quantified, but the species has been observed that it is, usually, common, but not abundant throughout its area of distribution.

Suspected that the population is stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

Lori Tricolor in captivity:

It has attractive voice and can learn to imitate. Playful and curious; It can be noisy at times.

Common until the Decade of 1960 When exports began to cease.

Alternative names:

Black-capped Lory, Black capped Lory, Tricolored Lory, Tricoloured Lory, Western Black-capped Lory (English).
Lori tricolore, Lori à calotte noire (French).
Frauenlori (German).
Lóris-bailarino (Portuguese).
Lori Tricolor, Tricogloso Tricolor (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Scientific name: Lorius lory
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Protonimo: Psittacus Lory

Black-capped Lory images:

————————————————————————————————

Black-capped Lory (Lorius lory)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
BirdLife

Photos:

1 – By Michael Spencer [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
2 – “Lorius lory – Bird Park, Singapore – upside down-8a” by Benjamint444Own work. Licensed under GFDL 1.2 via Wikimedia Commons.
3 – “Lorius lory-20051118” by Doug JansonOwn work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
4 – By René Modery (originally posted to Flickr as CIMG6207) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
5 – VJ Czar World – Black-capped Lory Snapshots

Sounds: Frank Lambert (Xeno-canto(

Blue Lorikeet
Vini peruviana


Blue Lorikeet

Description

The Blue Lorikeet (Vini peruviana) has an approximate length of 18 cm.. and a weight ranging between 31 and 34 g..

Dark blue bright in the crown with paler veins; The feathers of the back of the crown, elongated as in other members of the genus; Lords and ear-coverts white. Upperparts dark blue bright with Plumas-bases blackish. Upper wing bright blue with the internals of the flight feather brownish colour. Underwing coverts dark blue, the rest of Underwing Black.

Throat and upper breast white; bright dark blue rest, underparts on the basis of blackish feathers. The tail dark blue, with the slightly elongated Central feathers typical of the genus; undertail blackish.

The bill orange; Iris yellowish brown; Legs orange color.

Male slightly larger, particularly the head and the bill, with the chin pure white. Legs they can also be a bit darker.

The immature differs from the adult as having the underparts uniform greyish-black, with the exception of some small white spots on the chin. Black the bill. Dark brown the irises and legs dark brown.

  • Sound of the Blue Lorikeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lori Monjita.mp3]

Habitat:

It depends largely on coconut palm (Cocos nucifera) for food and nesting, Although other species such as the banana and Hibiscus they are also frequented by the Blue Lorikeet.

Sometimes they look around the villages and in the gardens. The Blue Lorikeet they are very active, rarely remain long in one place. They are usually seen in small groups of a maximum of seven birds that fly between the coconut trees in flower.

Reproduction:

The breeding It is estimated that it is from May to July. Nests in the coconut trees, whether in a hollow log or a coconut tree rotten still attached to the tree, also have seen them are nesting in a stump of Pandanus fallen. The laying is two eggs that incubate for 25 days and budding young leave the nest in 6-8 weeks.

Food:

Feed of nectar, but has also been recorded feeding on the ground and the search for small insects on the underside of leaves.

Distribution:

The Blue Lorikeet It was formerly widespread in the The Society Islands and the Tuatnotu archipelago, but at present is absent from 15 of the 23 Islands where dwelt in the past (some of which can be to come back to enter), including Tahiti, Bora-Bora and Moorea, the largest group of the Society Islands (c expiry date. 1900 of Tahiti and Moorea; Decade of 1920 for Bora-Bora).

Although the population decline has been linked to a series of threats, including the introduction of the the swamp Harrier (Cirrus approximans) and introduction of a malaria avian provoked by the Culicoides mosquito; predation by rats and cats is the most serious problem facing the species. The distribution currently in the different islands, including population estimated with the dates when they know, shown below (but there are several islands that they have never been visited and that even ideal might be to sustain the species).

The Society Islands: Motu One 250 couples; Manuae 300-400 couples in 1974 but in apparent decline following the introduction of cats in 1975.

Tuamotu archipelago: Tikehau 30 couples in 1984; Rangiroa 100-200 birds before 1972, were kept in 1991 but the numbers are not quantified; Arutua, apparently still present in 1975 but there are no current statistics; Manihi a bird in 1991; Kaukura last sighting in 1923; No estimate of population; Apataki 1989 survey gave a minimum of 300 birds.

Cook Islands: Aitutaki probably introduced; until 500 couples present in 1991; Island Hervey possibly introduced in the past, but there is no recent information.

– The population in Aitutaki seems stable and as the Black Rat (Ratuus ruttus) is not present, This island is thought to be the hope for the survival of the species.

Conservation:

– Current IUCN Red list category: Vulnerable

– The population trend: Decreasing

There are few data on population trends; However, the species has declined gradually in each island, where cats, the black rats of Marsh Harriers have colonized the coast. Therefore, a slow to moderate fall in the population is suspicious.

The threat of extinction of this species in the Islands, It is more than likely due to their predation by black rats (Rattus rattus) and to a lesser extent, by the Feral cats (Felis catus). Their extinction since Makatea in the Tuamotu archipelago It could have been accelerated by a particularly violent hurricane. Its reduction in the scope of the Society Islands correlated with the spread of the marsh harriers (Circus approximans) introduced. The accidental introduction of black rats on islands where the Blue Lorikeet It is a continuous threat to the species.

Lori Monjita in captivity:

There are more than 20 males in captivity, but only about ten females. The species was first raised in captivity in 1937 by Lord Tavistock, but until 1977, When a group of birds seized in the U.S.. He was sent to the poultry farmer Rosemary Low en el Reino Unido, These birds were practically unknown in poultry.

Also have grown up in the San Diego Zoo, whose success with two females breeding in 1979 He had much international publicity when parents, that it had been confiscated from smugglers, they escaped the destruction by Customs officers after a public protest.

Alternative names:

Blue Lorikeet, Pacific Lorikeet, Tahiti Lorikeet, Tahiti Lory, Tahitian Lorikeet, Tahitian Lory, Thaitian lory, Violet Lorikeet (English).
Lori nonnette, Lori de Tahiti, Perruche nonnette (French).
Saphirlori (German).
Loris Vini Peruviana (Portuguese).
Lori Monjita, Lorito Zafiro (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Vini
Scientific name: Vini peruviana
Citation: (Statius Müller, 1776)
Protonimo: Psittacus peruvianus

Lori Monjita images:

————————————————————————————————

Blue Lorikeet (Vini peruviana)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
BirdLife

Photos:

1 – free-pet-wallpapers
2 – Two adults (left) close to a three immature birds perched in a palm tree. – Author Josep del Hoyo – lynxeds
3 – Miles to the wild – Enlace
4 -Miles to the wild – Enlace
5 – Adult bird preening. Author Tomasz Doroń – lynxeds

Sounds: Matthias Feuersenger (Xeno-canto)

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