Australian King-Parrot
Alisterus scapularis

Australian King-Parrot

Description

39-43 cm.. length between 195 and 275 g. of weight.

Australian King-Parrot

The Australian King-Parrot (Alisterus scapularis) is very similar to the Moluccan King-Parrot but larger.

It has the head and bright Scarlet underparts, with the exception of the coverts black infracaudales, with large red tips. Narrow rear necklace with mixture of the dark blue to dark green of the mantle (the mantle fringed darker feathers still); lower back and rump, dark blue. Pale necklaces, slightly greenish-blue, forming a distinctive 'taut'; Green wing coverts, and green flight feathers with vane Blackish internal. Under, feathers dark green bathed in blue wing. Upper, Black tail with a light blue bathroom in the vane external side feathers; undertail, Black tail.

Bright coral red beak, with black tips; iris yellow ; grey legs.

Strong dimorphism in female, with the Crown and green upper parts (including supracaudales coverts and tail, but not the Croup which is a lighter blue than in males). The face and the chest are coloured green opaque with a reddish spread warm. Females may occasionally show some pale necklaces. The infracaudales coverts are green, very red-tipped. The Central tail feathers are green, the lateral blackish with narrow pink tips.

The peak is a blackish brown dark.

The immature birds are like females, but with a pale beak and dark iris.

Younger females are less red below. Males get the adult plumage during a slow change that starts around of the 16 months, and continue for others 14 to 15 months.

  • Sound of the Australian King-Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Papagayo Australiano.MP3]

Subspecies Alisterus scapularis:

  • Alisterus scapularis minor Mathews, 1911 – Same as the nominal species, but smaller.
  • Alisterus scapularis scapularis (Lichtenstein, 1816) – The nominal

Habitat:

The Australian King-Parrot disperse, regularly, After the breeding season, in wooded areas, reaching altitudes of 1.625 m, Although rarely seen on top of the 1.200 m, from where come down to more open habitats; they have seen other apparently climate-related movements. They can travel moderate distance; a ringed bird was recovered to 270 kilometers from their place of origin.

During the breeding season, they are often found in dense forests (sclerophyllous forest wet), wooded streams and associated habitats, including more open eucalyptus forests and savannahs bordering riparian forests.

Outside the breeding season, they are in a wider variety of habitats, including the cultivated areas, parks, orchards and occasionally suburban gardens.

They are usually in pairs or small groups, Although the post-breeding immatures can form groups of up to 50 or more birds. The Australian King-Parrot, often, they sit in a visible way on high exposed branches. When feed, However, the birds are still cautious and fairly quiet. They gather to eat early in the morning, sometimes in mixed groups with Rosella parakeets and other parrots. They remain silent during the warmest part of the day, to re-enable the afternoon.

Noisy flocks, often, they might be returning to the roosts at night.

Reproduction:

During courtship, males move head, the wings and inflate their feathers; the female responds with Wiggles head, and asking for food. The breeding season extends from September to February. The nest is a hollow in a tree dead or alive (often a large eucalyptus with hollow tips). The entrance of the nest is usually at a certain height. Between three and six (usually four) eggs are deposited in a deep hollow on a bed of wood dust. The female incubates alone during 20 days, with the male in the vicinity to provide food.

The young remain in the nest during 5 weeks, after which they leave the nest and remain with their parents.

Food:

The diet consists of fruit, berries, nuts, seeds, insect larvae, flowers, outbreaks and other vegetable materials. The species is also fond of mistletoe VISCUM album, eucalyptus and acacia trees. It can cause damage in orchards and fields, usually in search of potato, the maize and other crops.

When feed, They argue the food with their legs, and extract with its beak. If you bother, These parrots flying quickly to hide, but they can become tame in some inhabited areas.

Distribution:

The Australian King-Parrot is distributed along the East coast of Australia, in the interior of the western slopes of the Great dividing range, extending from Cooktown in the North of Queensland, to the South, the District of Atherton, then through Eungella, Blackall, MooNiE and in New South Wales, where it reaches inside approximately in Bingara, Mudgee and Albury. In Victoria is limited to the South-East, being Portland its southwestern boundary.

It is common in Canberra, especially during autumn and winter, and birds Getaways, occasionally seen in Adelaide, along the Murray River and in the West of Victoria.

The species can also be seen in Fraser, Stradbroke and Broughton Islands.

The world's population is considered that it is far superior to 50.000 specimens and stable, While may have been affected by trade and some degree of habitat loss.

Distribution subspecies Alisterus scapularis:

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Decreasing

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, Although it is estimated over the 50,000 specimens.

The species, According to sources, It is generally common, but may be declining due to deforestation and the destruction of their habitat in course (pit et to the. 1997).

Papagayo Australiano en cautividad:

Fairly common in Australia, not so much in other places.

Sweet disposition, Manso; It will tolerate other species outside the breeding season.

Alternative names:

Australian King-Parrot, Australian King Parrot, Blood Rosella, King Lory, King Parakeet, King Parrot, King-Red Lory, Queensland King-Parrot, Scarlet-and-Green Parrot, Southern King-Parrot, Spud Parrot (English).
Perruche royale (French).
Königssittich, Königsittich (German).
Periquito-rei-australiano (Portuguese).
Papagayo Australiano, Papagayo Real Australiano (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Alisterus
Scientific name: Alisterus scapularis
Citation: (Lichtenstein, MHC, 1816)
Protonimo: Psittacus scapularis

Australian King-Parrot images:

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Australian King-Parrot (Alisterus scapularis)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – “Alisterus scapularis (male) -Bunya Mountains-8” by Arthur Chapman – originally posted to Flickr as Alisterus scapularis (Australian King Parrot). Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(2) – By Andy (originally posted to Flickr as King Parrot Couple) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – By Geoff Penaluna from Australia (Female King parrotUploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – By Jan from Singapore, Singapore [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – “Alisterus scapularis-Commonwealth Park, Canberra, Australia-male-8” by Duncan McCaskillPicasa Web Albums. Licensed under CC BY 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(6) – HBW Alive – hbw

Sounds: Diego Caiafa (Xeno-canto)

Black-lored Parrot
Tanygnathus gramineus

Black-lored Parrot

Description

40 to 42 cm. long.

The Black-lored Parrot (Tanygnathus gramineus) It has the head of green color with a black line that runs from the top of the peak to the eyes; steeped in turquoise blue Crown. The upper parts of green grass.

The medium-sized wing coverts, green; flight feather, green, a little darker, with blackish margins to the vane inner. Supracaudales coverts yellowish-green. The more underparts, more yellowish green, especially in the lower part of the cheeks and upper part of the chest. Upper, the Green tail with yellow tips; undertail, the Brown tail olive warm.

Billed red; iris yellow ; greyish legs.

Female with the grey brown peak, not red.

Immature undescribed.

  • Sound of the Black-lored Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Loro de Buru.mp3]

Habitat:

Information is received for the first time of the Black-lored Parrot Thanks to ornithologist side Hendrik Cornelis Sieber (1890-1949) in 1930.

Very little of this species is known. Is distributed in mountain forests above 600-700 meters and also, According to sources, in the lowlands, hills and coastal areas. It is partially nocturnal, Although sightings of birds sitting in the trees during the day, They show that, similar to the Blue-backed Parrot, they can also be active during the day.

Migration is relatively weak, and there are only a few reports of parrots flying to altitudes during the day and down at night, Judging from their voices.

Reproduction:

There is no data.

Food:

Possibly fruits, berries, seeds and nuts

Distribution:

Endemic of Buru, Indonesia.

Bird predominantly occupies the central part, High Island, where according to sources, There are settlements in Gunung Tagalago, WA Temun and Kunturun, at elevations of 700-1100 m, also in the lowlands of the South in Fäkal, EHU and Leksula. There was an observation of these parrots near the Kayeli Bay on the eastern shores of Buru. Most recent observations made outside North (Waflia) and (Wamlana) Northwest Coast.

The voice of the Black-lored Parrot is heard frequently in Kunturun, in its most 1-7 hours after the sunset, where the locals call the bird “Kakatua ol ’ biru“, which means Blue-headed Parrot. However, He was captured during the day with slings in fruit trees, suggesting that his activity is not purely night.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable

• Population trend: Decreasing

The population is estimated at 2,500-9,999 mature individuals based on an assessment of the known records, descriptions of the abundance and range size. This estimate is equivalent to 3,500-15,000 specimens.

There are no data on trends for this species and has not been seen in the wild since 1995. Their habitat continues to decline slowly and were recorded in domestic trade in the year 2001. Therefore, the population of the species is suspected of have been declining.

Conservation Actions Proposed:

– Conduct surveys, mostly using their vocalizations at night, mainly in the mountain areas.
– Investigate their ecological requirements and movements in order to develop appropriate conservation strategy.
– Identify the most suitable area for the conservation of this and other endangered species in Buru, and promote its establishment as protected areas.

Loro de Buru en cautividad:

Unknown outside the island of Buru

Alternative names:

Black-lored Parrot, Black lored Parrot, Blacklored Parrot, Buru Parrot (English).
Perruche de Buru, Perruche à calotte bleue (French).
Burupapagei, Buru Papagei (German).
Tanygnathus gramineus (Portuguese).
Loro de Buru (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Tanygnathus
Scientific name: Tanygnathus gramineus
Citation: (Gmelin, JF, 1788)
Protonimo: Psittacus gramineus

————————————————————————————————

Black-lored Parrot (Tanygnathus gramineus)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
Wikipedia

Photos:

(1) – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr

Sounds: Frank Lambert (Xeno-canto)

Blue-backed Parrot
Tanygnathus sumatranus


Blue-backed Parrot

Description

32 cm.. length between 173 and 334 g. of weight.

Blue-backed Parrot

The Blue-backed Parrot (Tanygnathus sumatranus) has the head and the the mantle a light yellowish green (slightly more yellowish mantle). The low back, buttocks and uppertail-coverts strongly impregnated with light blue.

Wings Green darker that the the mantle, with fine verde-amarillentos margins to coverts; primary coverts Blue sharp; bend of wing turquoise blue color marked; primaries Foreign and blackish green in vane inner.

Wing feathers greenish yellow; underside of flight feather, blackish. The underparts yellowish-green illuminated.

Upper, the tail green, marked in yellow on the vane inmates of the lateral feathers; Under, the tail varies from the color yellow to the Brown dark.

Bill red; irises yellow; legs grey.

It presents sexual dimorphism. The female has the bill yellowish or whitish grey; less greenish-yellow in the the mantle and less blue in the under wing-coverts.

Male young acquires the bill Red after ten to twelve months.

  • Sound of the Blue-backed Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Loro of Muller.mp3]
List of subspecies Tanygnathus sumatranus
Subspecies
  • Tanygnathus sumatranus sumatranus (Raffles, 1822): The nominal.
  • Tanygnathus sumatranus sangirensis (AB Meyer & Wiglesworth, 1894): It has more blue on the edges of the wings and their coverts, head darker green and Rainbow.
  • Tanygnathus sumatranus burbidgii (Sharpe, 1879): Its green tones are darker and the neck is more clear, its iris is yellow.
  • Tanygnathus sumatranus everetti (Tweeddale, 1877): It has darker mantle and back, clearer head and obispillo. It presents something blue in mantle and his irises are red.
  • Tanygnathus sumatranus duponti (Parkes, 1971): Is dark green with yellow collar, its the bottom of the wing coverts are yellowish and its red iris.
  • Tanygnathus sumatranus freeri (McGregor, 1910): More uniform and less contrasting color, with more yellow in the nape of the neck and the Red IRIS.

Habitat:

It is distributed mainly in lowland and lower montane forests, next to forests, and from time to time in the plantations or rice fields until 800 m altitude (less common in coastal habitats).

The birds are usually found in pairs or in small groups and may be quite accessible. They can be harmful to the crops, especially maize crops, and they are often active at night.

Reproduction:

Little is known of the species reproductive cycle, but a condition of being reproductive female was observed in April and birds have been investigating possible nests in September. In Sulawesi during November were observed in several nests chicks.

Food:

The diet includes fruits, seeds, nuts and berries.

Distribution:

Müller Parrot is distributed by the Celebes island e close Islands, including Buton and Tobea in the South-East, groups Togian and Banggai East, and Talisei, BANGKA and Manadotua in the North, extending northward through the Sangir group, at least in Karakelong in the Talaud group.

In Philippines, the species going from the Sulu archipelago, in the South-West, including at least Bongao, Sanga Sanga, Sibutu, Tawitawi, Jolo, Loran and Basbas.

Also distributed in the main islands of Philippines Luzon, Samar, Leyte, Surigao del Sur, Black, and Mindanao, as well as the Polillo Islands, but it is very rare in the country.

Widespread and locally common elsewhere, While the capture and loss of habitat have caused declines in some areas. Apparently less common than the Blue-naped Parrot, which cohabit.

Distribution subspecies Tanygnathus sumatranus
Subspecies

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, It is estimated over the 50.000 specimens.

The species was reported that it may be common to very frequent (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

Müller parrot in captivity:

It adapts well to captivity, Although they are rare.

Alternative names:

Blue-backed Parrot, Azure-rumped Parrot, Blue backed Parrot, Mèller’s parrot, Mueller’s Parrot, Muller’s Parrot, Müller’s Parrot (English).
Perruche de Müller, Perroquet de Müller (French).
Everettpapagei, Everett Papagei, Everett-Papagei (German).
Tanygnathus sumatranus (Portuguese).
Loro de Müller (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Tanygnathus
Scientific name: Tanygnathus sumatranus
Citation: (Raffles, 1822)
Protonimo: Psittacus Sumatranus

Blue-backed Parrot images:

————————————————————————————————

Blue-backed Parrot (Tanygnathus sumatranus)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
Wikipedia

Photos:

(1) – “Tanygnathus sumatranus-adult male-8-1c” by Tanygnathus_sumatranus_-adult_male-8. jpg: Chrisderivative work: Snowmanradio (talk) – originally posted to Flickr at Parrot and uploaded to Commons as Tanygnathus_sumatranus_-adult_male-8. jpg. Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(2) – “Tanygnathus sumatranus-captive-6a” by TJ Lin – originally posted to Flickr as muller’ s parrot. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(3) – Female Müller’ s Blue-backed Parrot (Tanygnathus sumatranus) By [email protected]Zoochat
(4) – Tanygnathus sumatranus sumatranus By © Angie Pattison – igoterra
(5) – Azure-backed – animalphotos
(6) – “Tanygnathuseverettikeulemans” by John Gerrard Keulemans – Catalogue of the Birds in the British Museum. Volume 20. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.

Sounds: David Farrow (Xeno-canto)

Blue-naped Parrot
Tanygnathus lucionensis


Blue-naped Parrot

Description

31 cm.. length between 148 and 231 g. of weight.

Blue-naped Parrot

The Blue-naped Parrot (Tanygnathus lucionensis) has the head bright green with a clear bright blue diffusion through the back of the crown and nape.

Upperparts yellowish-green with pale blue illuminated on the back low and the tail; upper tail coverts brighter yellowish green.

Scapulars blue, with green edges; shoulder Black with small coverts Black bordered of blue-green and orange Green; median black and pale blue, large edges of opaque orange brown; greater coverts Blue-Green lined with orange-yellow in the feathers interiors.

Secondary Green with yellow and narrow margins; primaries Greens with vane Blackish internal.

Wing feathers green, underside of primaries blackish.

Upper, the tail green, narrow edge and yellowish tip laterally; undertail, the tail yellowish brown opaque.

Bill red, paler at the tip and the lower mandible; irises yellow; legs grey.

Both sexes are equal.

Immature with less blue in the crown and more off the brands of the wings.

  • Sound of the Blue-naped Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Loro Nuquiazul.mp3]

Subspecies:

  • Tanygnathus lucionensis lucionensis

    : The nominal.

  • Tanygnathus lucionensis hybridus

    : It has the most extended head blue, with violet tone. Their wings are greener.

  • Tanygnathus lucionensis talautensis

    : No blue in the obispillo and their plumage is less yellowish.

  • Tanygnathus lucionensis [salvadorii u horrisonus]:

Habitat:

It is a bird of forests closed and open, including secondary growth, coconut plantations, patches of mangrove and banana to the 1.000 meters above sea level; and not so strongly linked to coastal habitats as the Great-billed Parrot. Is usually found in flocks of up to 12 individuals who sit in community and make regular flights at dawn and in the evening between the feeding and resting areas. Feeds on fruit trees.

Reproduction:

The breeding It has been observed in the months of April to June. Registered a nest the natural cavity or abandoned Woodpecker hole, often a clear. There is no data on the size of the laying.

Food:

Fruits and seeds of forest trees, Palm fruit, young coconuts, the banana and papaya.

Distribution:

The population of the Blue-naped Parrot distributes lengthwise of the Philippines and Talaud Islands, (Indonesia). Specific records found in the islands of Balut, Bantavan, Basilan, Biliran, Bohol, Bongao, Cagayan Islands, Calamian Islands, Caluya, Cebu, Cuimaras, Jolo, Leyte, Luzon, Maestre de Campo, Malanipa, Manuk Manka, Marinduque, Masbate, Mindanao, Mindoro, Black, Palawan, Surigao del Sur, Polillo Islands, Romblon, Samar, Sanga Sanga, Sarangani Islands, Samal, Sibay, Sibutu, Sibuyan, Siquijor, Tables, Tawitawi, Ticao, Tumindao and Green (Philippines); Karakelong and Salibabu (Talaud).

Apparently, small groups of birds in Mantanani Kiss (Northwest Sabah), and SI-Amil (until 100 birds present in 1962) and Maratua off the northeast coast of Borneo; The existence of a wild population was also reported around Kota Kinabalu, (Sabah).

Occasional leaks occur in other parts, including the Sangir Islands.

The species was described as common in Salibabu in the Group of Talaud in 1978 (more numerous there that the Blue-backed Parrot) and they are still regularly about there and in the nearby Karakelong During observations on 1995 (Many in a last record in 1997).

In other areas the species is rare. Recent records in Philippines they come mainly from Mindoro and Palawan, places that seem to be the bastion of the species.

Distribution of subspecies:

  • Tanygnathus lucionensis lucionensis

    : The nominal.

  • Tanygnathus lucionensis hybridus

    : (Salomonsen, 1952) – Present in Polillo island, to the North of Philippines.

  • Tanygnathus lucionensis talautensis

    : (AB Meyer & Wiglesworth, 1895) – Talaud Islands (North Moluccas).

  • Tanygnathus lucionensis [salvadorii u horrisonus]:

    (Ogilvie-Grant, 1896) – Philippines, (except North), but it can be rare or extinct on many islands. Also in some small islands off Northwest and northeast of Borneo (If Amil, Mantanani), where it was possibly introduced, especially in this last island.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Near threatened

• Population trend: Decreasing

The total population is provisionally estimated that it could be below the 10,000 specimens in 1993 (Lambert et to the. 1993).

The population is suspected may be declining due to the capture for the bird trade and the degradation of habitat expansion and forestry due to agricultural pressures.

Conservation Actions Proposed Palawan:

– Determine the impact of trade on the population of the species.
– Revise its estimate of the world population.
– Estimate the rates of decline based on the rates of deforestation within its range.
– Protect effectively important extensions of high forest with trees suitable to nest in key places throughout its distribution area, both in the areas of strict protection, as in areas of multiple use.

Nuquiazul parrot in captivity:

Fairly quiet.
Occasionally available.

Alternative names:

Blue-naped Parrot, Blue naped Parrot (English).
Perruche de Luçon, Perroquet à couronne (French).
Blaunackenpapagei, Blaunacken-Papagei (German).
Papagaio-de-nuca-azul (Portuguese).
Loro de Nuca Azul, Loro Nuquiazul (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Tanygnathus
Scientific name: Tanygnathus lucionensis
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1766)
Protonimo: Psittacus lucionensis

Blue-naped Parrot images:

————————————————————————————————

Blue-naped Parrot (Tanygnathus lucionensis)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Wikipedia
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – By Quartl (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – By Joelle Rene Hughes (originally posted to Flickr as jr_parrot10) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – WILD BIRDS of the PHILIPPINES – Subic rainforest, Bataan, December 5, 2007 by Romy Ocon
(4) – By TJ Lin [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – “Tanygnathus lucionensis qtl2” by QuartlOwn work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(6) – «Tanygnathus lucionensis – Barraband». Licensed public via domain Wikimedia Commons.

Sounds: Arend Wassink (Xeno-canto)

Blue-winged Racquet-tail
Prioniturus verticalis


Blue-winged Racquet-tail

Description

27 cm. long, not to mention their racquets, measuring of 5 to 6 cm..

Blue-winged Racquet-tail

The Blue-winged Racquet-tail (Prioniturus verticalis) It has a bright green head, brighter around the lores and the base of the beak; front of the bright blue Crown with central red dot.

Light yellowish green mantle; back and rump Green. Green wing, with a wash of dark blue in both bands of all primaries. Green wing feathers. The underparts light yellowish-green, more green on the belly and coverts infracaudales. At the top of the queue, Foreign feathers green with black tips; dark the infracaudales, with blue bathed at the edges of the vane inner; tail blades, blackish

Whitish gray peak; dark brown irises: grey legs.

The female It has a light blue Crown, with the absence of the male Red stain: the areas of green yellow more turned off.

Young without snowshoes.

  • Sound of the Blue-winged Racquet-tail.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lorito-momoto of Sulu.mp3]

Habitat:

It inhabits lowland moist forests, next to forests, the mangroves, dense remnants of fragments of forests and agricultural areas. The birds are seen most frequently in pairs, in quick flights over the top of the dense vegetation. They feed on fruit trees, staying quiet and hard to detect.

Reproduction:

A nest was discovered in September 1991 with a female: the nest was in a large Palm tree with a broken lid in a Grove near the forest.
Little more is known about the reproductive ecology of this species.

Food:

It is known that it feeds on fruit trees, little more is known about their eating habits.

Distribution:

Is distributed in the Islands to the South-West of the Sulu archipelago, including Tawi-tawi, Bongao (considered probably extinct), Manuk Manka, Sanga Sanga (probably extinct), Tumindao, (There are no recent records) and Sibutu. Although the reports indicated that the species was common in the mangroves of Tawi-tawi during the last century, Today it seems to have suffered a serious decline. Today the world population is estimated at less of 5.000 and the species is being affected by the capture and the rapid elimination of the last forests in the Islands.

The birds are also, apparently, used for shooting practice by the Islanders. In 1991 were observed small amounts near the forest Virgin. During 1994, in Tawi-tawi, There was a rapid elimination of its remnant forest and only six birds were observed.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Danger critic

• Population trend: Decreasing

This Parrot has been uploaded to the category to Critically endangered due to observations that suggest that it now has a very small population, with the suspicion of a fast and rapid deterioration due to the continuous logging of forests, as well as to their persecution. Conservation actions are hampered by security concerns. Urgent action is required to assess the gravity of the situation of the species, lessen the impact of threats, start your recovery.

The population was previously estimated at less of 1.000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2001), but more recent observations indicate that it might now be less of 250 mature individuals, Therefore the population is now in the band of 50 to 249 mature individuals, probably equivalent to a total population of 75 to 375 individuals.

Military activity and the insurgency are still presenting a serious obstacle to the general conservation activity in the Sulus. There is no formal protected areas in the archipelago. In 1997, began an awareness campaign focused on the conservation of terrestrial biodiversity in Tawi-Tawi. There is a proposal to finance the conservation of Tawi Tawi, Coastal zone Sulu, Although neither the result nor the potential benefits for the species are known. A municipal resolution has been developing, hoping to put an end to the hunting of endemic species (I. Sarenas in litt., 2010).

Lorito momoto of Sulu in captivity:

Unknown in captivity.

Alternative names:

Blue-winged Racquet-tail, Blue winged Racquet tail, Blue-winged Racket-tail, Blue-winged Racket-tailed Parrot, Blue-winged Racquet Tail, Blue-winged Racquet-tailed Parrot, Sulu Racket-tail, Sulu Racket-tailed Parrot, Sulu Racquet-tail, Sulu Racquet-tail Parrot, Sulu Racquet-tailed Parrot (English).
Palette des Sulu, Palette à ailes bleues, Perroquet à raquette des Sulu (French).
Sulu-Spatelschwanzpapagei, Sulu Spatelschwanz-Papapgei, Sulupapagei (German).
Prioniturus verticalis (Portuguese).
Lorito momoto de las Sulu, Lorito Momoto Sulu, Lorito-momoto de las Sulu (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Prioniturus
Scientific name: Prioniturus verticalis
Citation: Sharpe, 1893
Protonimo: Prioniturus verticalis

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Blue-winged Racquet-tail (Prioniturus verticalis)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – preening in top of tree by Desmond Allen – Lynx
(2) – “Prioniturusverticaliskeulemans” by {{{Name}}} – Ibis 1894. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.

Sounds: Desmond Allen (Xeno-canto)

Blue-headed Racquet-tail
Prioniturus platenae


Blue-headed Racquet-tail

Description

27 to 28 centimeters length (23,5 not to mention their racquets).

Blue-headed Racquet-tail

The head of the Blue-headed Racquet-tail (Prioniturus platenae) is clear brilliant blue. Mantle and back of color green light; rump slightly brighter green. Wings green, flight feather with vane Blackish internal.

Underwing coverts Turquoise Green, strongly impregnated with blue. Upper abdominal area green, strongly impregnated with blue; undertail-coverts brighter yellowish green, uppertail-coverts bright. Upper, the tail green, Blue-Green lateral feathers with black tips; undertail, the tail Dark, bathed in blue; spatulas blackish

Bill blue-white; irises yellowish; legs black.

Female no blue in the underparts (or simply a wash light blue) and a wash light turquoise blue in the head, in the absence of the male light blue Cap; also with extensions in tail shorter.

  • Sound of the Blue-headed Racquet-tail.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lorito-momoto de Palawan.mp3]

Habitat:

Little-known. The species is found in the humid forests of lowlands and nearby crops up to altitudes above the 300 m. In the islands of the North of Palawan, you have registered in the ultrabásico forest, bamboo thickets, mangroves and natural grasslands with scattered trees.. Birds are often recorded in small groups and their habits are presumably similar to those of other Prioniturus.

Reproduction:

There are hardly any data relating to its reproduction. Marked juvenile birds have been collected in January (two) and in August, and a markedly immature, in the month of may.

Food:

There are many data about food. Remains of nuts in the stomachs of specimens have been found.

Distribution:

Endemic of Palawan and associated Islands, West of Philippines. Registered in Balabac, Dumaran and the islands of the Calamian group (Culion, Calauit, Busuanga). Uncommon and declining due to the destruction of their habitat and indiscriminate capture. The species is rare but regular in the The Puerto Princesa subterranean River National Park.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable

• Population trend: Decreasing

The population is estimated at 2,500-9,999 individuals based on an assessment of the known records, descriptions of the abundance and range size.

The lack of recent information on this species is opposed to making strong claims about its current trend, but threats by logging, mining and capture, They suggest that the species is declining rapidly.

The set of Palawan It is classified as a hunting ground, where is hunting illegal, the island was designated as a Biosphere reserve in 1990. However, the legislation that controls the alteration of habitat and hunting is difficult to enforce effectively.

Lorito momoto of Palawan in captivity:

Not found in captivity.

Alternative names:

Blue-headed Racquet-tail, Blue headed Racquet tail, Blue-headed Racket-Tail, Blueheaded Racket-tailed Parrot, Blue-headed Racquet Tail, Palawan Racket-tailed Parrot, Palawan Racquet-tail, Palawan Racquet-tailed Parrot (English).
Palette de Palawan, Palette à tête bleue, Perroquet à raquette de Palawan (French).
Palawan-Spatelschwanzpapagei, Palawan Spatelschwanz-Papagei, Palawanpapagei (German).
Prioniturus platenae (Portuguese).
Lorito Momoto de Palau, Lorito momoto de Palawan, Lorito-momoto de Palawan (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Prioniturus
Scientific name: Prioniturus platenae
Citation: Blasius,W, 1888
Protonimo: Prioniturus platenae

– Recent phylogenetic study suggests that this species is part of a clade containing also to the P. waterstradti, P. Montanus and P. mindorensis. Formerly treated as a subspecies of the P. discurus, but the treatment recently strengthened as species, considers it Monotypic.

————————————————————————————————

Blue-headed Racquet-tail (Prioniturus platenae)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Birds of the Philippines – Near Coron Airport, Coron, Palawan. April 2010 – manilaoldtimer
(2) – minghouse.infolinker.com.tw

Sounds: Paul Noakes (Xeno-canto)

Blue-crowned Racquet-tail
Prioniturus discurus


Blue-crowned Racquet-tail

Description

27 cm. long, 24 without snowshoes, and a weight between 140 and 160 g.

The head of the Blue-crowned Racquet-tail (Prioniturus discurus) bright green is strongly imbued with bright blue in the crown and brighter green in checks and lores.

Upperparts green. Wings green, darker in the vane inmates of the flight feather, with a narrow pale margin along the innermost edge; primary external Blue-Green. Wing feathers green, underside of flight feather bluish green. The underparts yellowish-green illuminated. Upper, the lateral feathers of the tail green, Basal Blue with black tips; undertail, the tail strongly impregnated with blue; Blackish spatulas.

Bill whitish; irises dark brown; legs grey.

The female similar to the male but with the the tail rackets shorter.

Young with less blue in the crown and the absence of the rackets.

  • Sound of the Blue-crowned Racquet-tail.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lorito-momoto Coroniazul.mp3]

Subspecies

  • Prioniturus discurus discurus (Vieillot, 1822) – The nominal
  • Prioniturus Discurus Whiteheadi (Salomonsen, 1953) – Has less blue on the Crown and in the center of this is not clearly defined and merges gradually with the rest of the green of the head.

– Prioniturus discurus and Prioniturus mindorensis (Pit and necklace 2014) they were grouped previously as Prioniturus discurus

– Previously included to the Blue-headed Racquet-tail (Prioniturus platenae) in this species.

Habitat:

Moist forests, mangroves, plantations, crops in the lowlands and mountains to 1.750 meters above sea level. Seen flying above the canopy in small noisy groups of five to twelve birds outside the breeding season. Groups gather to feed on fruit trees, including banana.

Reproduction:

Breeding season from April to may in Black, During may in Leyte and during April in Mindanao.

Food:

The diet includes fruits, berries, nuts and seeds.

Distribution:

Residents in most of the islands of the Philippines, including Luzon, Catanduanes, Masbate, Mindoro, Guimaras, Black, Tables, Sibuyan, Cebu, Samar, Leyte, Bohol, Mindanao, Olutanga, Basilan and Jolo.

Distribution of subspecies:

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, is estimated at less of 10.000 specimens. The species according to information, It is generally common even in degraded Islands very deforested habitats (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected that it may be in decline due to the capture and loss of habitat.

Lorito Fuertes momoto in captivity:

Unknown in captivity.

Alternative names:

Blue-crowned Racquet-tail, Blue-crowned Racket-tail (English).
Palette à couronne bleue (French).
Philippinen-Spatelschwanzpapagei (German).
Prioniturus discurus (Portuguese).
Lorito momoto coroniazul, Lorito-momoto Coroniazul (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Prioniturus
Scientific name: Prioniturus discurus
Citation: (Vieillot, 1822)
Protonimo: parrot discurus

————————————————————————————————

Blue-crowned Racquet-tail (Prioniturus discurus)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Salomonsen's racquet-tail parrot/Prioniturus discurus whiteheadi by AlexKant – ZooChat

Sounds: Frank Lambert (Xeno-canto)

Buru Racket-tail
Prioniturus mada


Buru Racket-tail

Description

32 cm.. length.

Buru Racket-tail

The head of the Buru Racket-tail (Prioniturus mada) is bright green, marked in blue-gray dark in the crown and in the nape. The upperparts are green, marked in grisaceo-azul dark in the upper mantle; Uppertail green. Wings green with lesser coverts and bend of wing Dark greyish-blue. Wing feathers green; underside of flight feather. Blue.

The underparts are yellowish-green, more yellow in undertail-coverts. Upper, the tail green, outer feathers tipped dark blue; light blue, the tail down.

Bill grey; irises dark brown; legs grey.

Female lacks the blue color in the crown, nape and the the mantle; the blue in the bend of wing is smaller; rackets of the tail shorter.

Young without rackets on tail; males with blue in the nape.

  • Sound of the Buru Racket-tail.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lorito-momoto of Buru.mp3]

Habitat:

Found until the 1600 meters above sea level, in all types of forest habitat, including selective exploitation and secondary high growth areas; also found in cultivated areas remaining trees; most common on 600 m. You often see them in small groups of up to ten birds. Tends to substitute to the Red-checked Parrot at higher elevations.

Reproduction:

Breeding season from December to February. Up to five young can be raised in a nest.

Food:

It feeds on fruits, flowers, berries and seeds.

Distribution:

Endemic of the island of Buru, Indonesia. The inclusion of the species as Near-threatened is based on the assumption of a very restricted range above the 1.000 m, but evidence recently posted shows that is common on the island with a population estimated between 189.000-48S.000 birds.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, It is estimated between 189,000 and 483,000 individuals.

The species is described as common and extended (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

Lorito momoto of Buru in captivity:

Not found in captivity.

Alternative names:

Buru Racket-tail, Buru Racket-tailed Parrot, Buru Racquet tail, Buru Racquet-tail, Buru Racquet-tail Parrot, Buru Racquet-tailed Parrot (English).
Palette de Buru, Perroquet à raquette de Buru (French).
Madapapagei (German).
Prioniturus mada (Portuguese).
Lorito Momoto de Buru, Lorito-momoto de Buru (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Prioniturus
Scientific name: Prioniturus mada
Citation: Hartert, E, 1900
Protonimo: Prioniturus mada

Buru Racket-tail images:

————————————————————————————————

Buru Racket-tail (Prioniturus mada)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – By Klaus Rudloff ([email protected]) – Germany , Weltvogelpark / World Bird Park – Walsrode – biolib
(2) – “Prioniturus mada qtl1” by QuartlOwn work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(3) – “Prioniturus mada-captive-8a-toc” by Prioniturus_mada_-captive-8a.jpg: Robert01.Original uploader was Robert01 at de.wikipediaderivative work: Snowmanradio (talk) – Transferred from de.wikipedia; transferred to Commons by User:Snowmanradio using Commonshelper.(Original text: selbst fotografiert) to Prioniturus_mada_-captive-8a.jpg. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 of via Wikimedia Commons.
(4) – by jon hornbuckle – BIRDING AROUND THE WORLD
(5) – Prioniturus mada buru racquet tail – link

Sounds: Frank Lambert (Xeno-canto)

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