Blue-crowned Lorikeet
Vini australis

Blue-crowned Lorikeet


19 cm.. of length and a weight of 40 to 55 g..

Samoa distribution of Lori

The Blue-crowned Lorikeet (Vini australis) has a plumage in their great majority color green. The upper part of the head is dark blue with light blue streaks. The region of the windows of the nose, the cheeks, the ear-coverts, the neck and the abdomen They are red. the lower part of abdomen and the thighs they are purple blue. The back is green, the interior of the tail is yellowish-green. The irises is reddish brown. The legs are of color red and the bill is orange.

The youth are equal to adults, but with less red in the face and throat, little or no abdominal patch, stripes blue shorter in the crown, no purple in the thighs, Brown the eyes.

  • Sound of the Blue-crowned Lorikeet.
[audio:HTTPS:// of Samoa.mp3]


It is found in forests, coconut palms or any habitat where flowering trees; coastal mountains, gardens and agricultural areas. Nomad, sometimes traveling between the Islands.

Daily movements in search of food. Aggressive but gregarious, they often move in flocks of up to 12 individuals, except during the breeding season living with their partners.

In Samoa It is common around villages and plantations and less common in moist forests, higher elevations in the rain forest and secondary growth.


Nests in holes or hollows of trees, It has also been reported that they dig burrows in the banks of Earth, Although it has not confirmed. The laying is one or two white eggs. Breeding registered in June and August. In captivity the incubation It has been calculated in 23 days.


It feeds on nectar, pollen and red fruits. It particularly prefers Erythrina, Wild hibiscus and coconut.


Extends over the archipelagos of Samoa, Tonga and LAU, distributed by Islands: ʻAlofi, Fotuhaʻa, Fulago, Futuna, Haʻafeva, Niuafoʻou, Moce, Niuē, Ofu, Olosega, Sāmoa, Savaiʻi, Tafahi, Taʻu, Tofua, Tungua, ʻUiha, ʻUpolu, Varoa, Vavaʻu and Voleva. In the past was also in ‘USA, Tongatapu and Mata-Utu but there has been extinguished.


– Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern.

– The population trend: Decreasing.

The world population It has not been quantified, but the species is informed that it is common in much of its restricted area of distribution.

The population is suspected to be in decline due to the predation by species invasive.

It is still fairly common throughout its range, but it has become extinct on many islands and it is decreasing in Tonga (probably because of the rats).

Lori Samoa in captivity:

Like the others Vini lories, the Blue-crowned Lorikeet It is still quite rare in poultry, probablemente como resultado de la protección que reciben en see you soon países nativos del Pacífico Sur.

Alternative names:

Blue-crowned Lorikeet, Blue crowned Lorikeet, Blue-crowned Lory (English).
Lori fringillaire (French).
Blaukäppchen (German).
Loris Vini Australis (Portuguese).
Lori de Samoa (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Vini
Scientific name: Vini australis
Citation: (Gmelin, 1788)
Protonimo: Psittacus australis

Blue-crowned Lorikeet pictures:


Blue-crowned Lorikeet (Vini australis)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr


1 – “Vini australis-London Zoo, England-8a” by William Warby from London, England – Unknown-Tropical BirdUploaded by Snowmanradio. Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
2 – “Vini australis-two on a perch-8a-4c” by Vini_australis_-two_on_a_perch-8a.jpg: TJ Lin – originally posted to Flickr as Dscn6140 and uploaded to commons at Vini_australis_-two_on_a_perch-8a.jpg. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
3 – By Duncan Wright (Own work) [GFDL or CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
4 – By Steven G. Johnson on commons (same as unnormalized on flickr) (Dsc_0014uploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
5- by Zambar –

Sounds: Samuel Jones (Xeno-canto)

Blue-eared Lory
Eos semilarvata

Lori de Seram


Is the more small of the gender Eos, with only 24 cm.. length and an approximate weight of 170 gr.

Lori distribution of Seram

The plumage of the Blue-eared Lory x(Psittacus erithacus) is bright red.

The upperparts of the cheeks and ear-coverts form a band blue violet.

The feathers of abdomen and under the tail are blue, the primaries are black and red color on the inside, the secondaries has black spots, the feathers largest of the shoulder are blue, the back is red-brown, the underparts bright red, their irises are reddish brown, the legs grey and orange red the bill.

The plumage of the youth usually appears paler and duller Red. The mask boils down to a simple pale blue dot under the eye and the mumps. The scapulars are brownish grey with light blue striped uniform. The feathers of abdomen are red with some blue touches. The irises reddish color.

The Blue-eared Lory EOS can be mistaken for other species of the genus, but in its area of distribution, only the Red Lory (Eos Bornea) shows similarity of characters. However, does not display a blue stain in the face or at the bottom of the abdomen.

  • Sound of the Blue-eared Lory.
[audio:HTTPS:// of Seram.mp3]


Frequently not only in primary forests, but also in the Highlands bordering the bare mountain peaks.

This bird usually lives above the 1.200 meters above sea level, area to which the Red Lory (Eos Bornea) fails. However, from time to time is reduced to 800 m, so sometimes they interfere in the same area two species.

The Blue-eared Lory they live alone, in pairs or small family groups.

They feed in the foreign branches of trees in flower.

They are noisy birds in flight, but they are relatively quiet and discrete When feed. When they move they tend to fly at low altitude.


There is not much information of their reproduction habits in the natural environment. However, It can be assumed that the Red Lory It takes a form of very similar to that of other nesting Loris. These are cave-dwelling, namely, you install their nests in tree cavities.

The season of spawning It estimated that the months of September to March.
Usually, they lay two eggs per clutch and its incubation lasts a few 26 days.

Young people are often taken up to 10 weeks before you fly.


They feed mainly on nectar in the trees in flower in lower altitudes and Heath (Heather, gorse, broom) at higher altitudes.


The Blue-eared Lory is endemic of the Seram island in the Moluccas (Indonesia).


– Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern

– The population trend: Decreasing

The world population It has not been quantified, but the species is estimated that it can range from common to abundant at the local level (pit et to the. 1997). However, justified the population trend, suspected to be declining due to unsustainable levels of exploitation.
Fork of population lies between 5,000 and 50,000 birds released.

Probably the Blue-eared Lory It will always remain a rare specimen in the world of birds.

In March of 1995 the Government of Indonesia stopped the export of these birds.

It has become especially intense hunting for local trade. Fortunately, There is no reason to keep to the Blue-eared Lory as a pet for the indigenous population part.

Lori Seram in captivity:

Since its population is decreasing, any specimen that can not be returned to their natural habitat (natural range) It should be placed preferably in a breeding program well managed to ensure the survival of the species.

Alternative names:

Blue-eared Lory, Ceram Lory, Blue eared Lory, Seram Lory (English).
Lori masqué, Lori à oreilles bleues (French).
Halbmaskenlori (German).
Loris Semilarvata (Portuguese).
Lori de Orejas Azul, Lori de Seram (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Eos
Scientific name: Eos semilarvata
Citation: Bonaparte, 1850
Protonimo: Eos semilarvata

Blue-eared Lory images:


Blue-eared Lory – (Eos semilarvata)




– Blue-eared Lory in the Walsrode Bird Park, Germany by Quartl – Wikimedia
– Blue-eared Lory (Eos semilarvata) at the San Diego Zoo by Leon Mitchell – Wikipedia

Sounds: Mark Todd (Xeno-canto)

Blue streaked Lory
Eos reticulata

Blue streaked Lory


Approximately 30 cm.. length and a weight between 140 and 170 gr.

Lori distribution of the Tanimbar

Like all species of the genus Eos, the Blue streaked Lory (Eos reticulata), shows a beautiful plumage mainly red. In adults, a great band blue-violet crosses the region of the eye and continues in patches that cover the ears, at the sides of the neck.

The under neck and the mantle they are covered with long, violet-blue stripes.
The back and tail they are more or less blue red striped.

The pens and large blankets have terminations in black. The primary is almost entirely black. The tail is brownish black above and below a red opaque.

The bottom of the wings they have the edge and dark tips. Thighs and flanks they are completely Red. The bill coral red. Iris orange-red. The legs are grey.

In youth , the feathers the lower parts are aligned blue-black variably. The shield It is covered with blue spots instead of stripes. The bill is brownish Orange. The irises Brown.

  • Sound of the Blue streaked Lory.
[audio:HTTPS:// of Tanimbar.mp3]


The Blue streaked Lory most live in the more wooded areas, including primary and secondary forests. They are also found in coconut plantations, of sago Palms, in the mangroves and the cultivated lands.

It seems that they show a certain attraction for the monsoon forests, relatively open and located in low-lying areas.

They live alone, in pairs or in small groups of up to ten or more individuals. These are rather shy and discreet, but their presence is often betrayed by the screams produced flocks in flight.

They have a direct flight, quite fast and composed of many flapping. Often feed on coconut blossom trees and the sago Palms.


There is little information of the natural environment. The Blue streaked Lory They typically make 2 or 3 eggs that colouring of 24 to 26 days. The chicks leave the nest after 7 to 8 weeks. However, even after feather, they return regularly to rest awhile. The youth they remain in the family throughout the summer and then join the dormitories where to continue your learning.


They have an exclusively vegetarian diet. They feed on fruits, seeds, buds and immature seeds. His tongue with a brush-shaped end is specialized to collect nectar and pollen.


Is located in Yamdena and Larat, Tanimbar Islands and island of Babar, Indonesia. Introduced in Kai Islands and island of Damar, where has possibly gone.


– Current IUCN Red list category: Near threatened

– The population trend: Decreasing

Habitat loss continues apace in the South of Yamdena
The species is suspected that it is decreasing at a rate of slow to moderate, due to the combined forces of habitat loss and capture.
It is estimated a population of 220.000 ± 50.000 birds in Yamdena

About 3000 birds are traded on the international market of birds each year, fact that probably has not caused a decrease in its population. Habitat loss continues nevertheless, and this, combined with capture, probably if that will lead to more declines.

Conservation Actions Proposed:

– Regularly monitoring at certain sites throughout its range to determine population trends.
– Investigate the degree of capture and take appropriate measures, including the use of awareness-raising campaigns, to address these issues.
– Protection of the areas significant of forest right in all the Islands where is distributes the species.

The conservation status of the Eos reticulata

Lori of Tanimbar in captivity:

Lives of 15 to 30 years in the wild; and between 28 and 32 years in captivity.
Fairly common in the Decade of 1970. Nowadays it is not unusual to see them in captivity.

Alternative names:

Blue streaked Lory, Blue-streaked Lory (English).
Lori réticulé, Lori à raies bleues, Lori strié bleu (French).
Strichellori (German).
Lóris-de-crista-azul (Portuguese).
Lori de las Tanimbar, Lori Reticulado (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Scientific name: Eos reticulata
Citation: (Muller,S, 1841)
Protonimo: Psittacus reticulatus

Blue streaked Lory images:


Blue streaked Lory (Eos reticulata)

Avibase,, Oiseaux.NET
– Photos: Wikipedia – Uploaded by Benjamint444 , Jurong Bird Park, Singapore by chong kwang (Wikimedia), Jurong Bird Park, Singapore 2 by Michael Gwyther-Jones (Wikimedia), Photographed by Benjamint444 (Wikimedia), René Modery (Wikimedia)
– Sounds: Mike Catsis (Xeno-canto)

Black-winged Lory
Eos cyanogenia

Lori Alinegro


30 cm.. height and an approximate weight of 120 gr.

The Black-winged Lory (Eos cyanogenia) has a plumage predominantly red.

Adults have a blue patch surrounding the eyes, cover the tops of the ear and reaches the back of the neck.

Feathers covering the shoulder blade (scapular), small feathers that cover the outside (coverts) and bend of wing are black. The primary and high school they have a black bordered.

The the thighs and flanks they are sprinkled with black. The bottom of the wings shows a wide band Red. The feathers of the tail are black contrasted with red feathers.

The bill is red-orange. The irises they are red, legs grey.

The youth they are more muted than adults. They have blue-black ends in feathers of the head, neck and underparts. The the wing covers are black, with a green light opaque. The bill is of color brown orange, irises brown.

The Black-winged Lory It can be confused with almost all parrots of the genus Eos, but is the only one of this category that has the covered wing Black.

  • Sound of the Black-winged Lory.
[audio:HTTPS:// Alinegro.MP3]


The Black-winged Lory they are quite common and widespread in coastal areas, coconut plantations, the forested areas in the process of regeneration, in some large trees scattered in bushes Moors and local gardens.

In some small islands such as Supiori, they are also present in large numbers in the forests of the interior.

Residing in altitudes ranging from sea level to the 460 m.

They live in pairs or in small family groups. They are also often found in flocks of forty individuals or more.

Are noisy birds and easily observable. At the local level are very popular. In the Biak island, the natives capture them frequently as birds of company.

The Black-winged Lory they have a fly quick and direct. Often you can hear the hum of their wings when they fly over the villages. They are even more recognizable when they often fly at low altitude, well below the tops of the trees.


Little is known of their reproductive ecology, but it was observed the presence of a possible nesting site in a hole in a tall tree in the forest by a couple during the observations in 1982.

The incubation in harsh captivity around 26 days, and as in all loris, the nesting cycle is particularly long and hard between 75 and 89 days.


They have a regime that differs little from other parrots of the genus Eos. Feed in the trees in flower of nectar of Brugierto and pollen. The menu probably are complemented with fruit, berries of the mistletoe and sometimes insects.


Distribution Lori Alinegro

Being endemic to the islands of the Cenderawasih Bay in the part Indonesia of New Guinea.

They live in most of the Islands (Numfor, Biak, Manim, Pulau Num) but are absent from Yapen, the main island, where are replaced by the Dusky Lory (Pseudeos fuscata).


– Current IUCN Red list category: Vulnerable

– The population trend: Decreasing

The population is estimated at 2,500 to 9,999 mature individuals.

Logging and subsistence agriculture have driven the loss of forests within their range and the hunting pressure remains a threat. As a result, the species is suspected to be declining at a moderate pace.

Relatively a number large of birds have been trapped for the national and international trade.

Since December of 1989, the import of the Black-winged Lory It is strictly prohibited in the European Community.

Conservation Actions Proposed:

– Conduct surveys on all the Geelvink Islands to clarify its distribution and current population status.
– The investigation of its ecology and movements to facilitate the planning of their conservation.
– Investigate the species trade and design and implement appropriate controls.
– Estimating the rate of loss of forests within its range.
– Check the register in Supiori and to establish a breeding programme in captivity to support future efforts of re-introduction and supplementation.

Lori Black-winged captive:

This species is observed commonly referred to as pet in Biak (island located in the Cenderawasih Bay, near the North coast of Papua).

Due to its status in danger of extinction, any specimen that can not be returned to their natural habitat (natural range) It should be placed preferably in a breeding program well managed to ensure the survival of the species.

Alternative names:

Black winged Lory, Biak Red Lory, Black-winged Lory (English).
Lori à joues bleues (French).
Schwarzschulterlori (German).
Lóris-asa-negra (Portuguese).
Lori Alinegro, Lori de Alas Negras (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Scientific name: Eos cyanogenia
Citation: Bonaparte, 1850
Protonimo: Eos cyanogenia

Black-winged Lory images:


Black-winged Lory (Eos cyanogenia)

Avibase, Oiseaux.NET,
– Photos:, Sheri Hanna
– Sounds: Hans Matheve (Xeno-canto)

Brown Lory
Chalcopsitta duivenbodei

Lori Pardo


31 cm.. length and a weight between 200 and 230 gr.

The bottom of the wings of the Brown Lory (Chalcopsitta duivenbodei) are bright yellow narcissus.

Two other features of their plumage that calls powerfully the attention are, seen head-on , the yellow that completely surrounds the bill and forecrown and also the contrast of color violet or blue deep in it low back, the thighs and feathers of the tail.

The feathers of the chest have pointed yellow, giving a scaly appearance to the area.

The bill is black, as the eye ring and the skin bare at the base of the bill. The irises are orange-red, the legs are grey.

There is no sexual dimorphism, females are identical to males.

The youth they have more muted colors, with less yellow.

To the Brown Lory may be mistaken for it is a very similar species, the Dusky Lory (Pseudeos fuscata). This last, However, can be distinguished by their underparts predominantly orange or yellow, rump white, their bill Orange and its smaller size.

It is a bird of extraordinary beauty.

Subspecies description

  • Chalcopsitta Duivenbodei Syringanuchalis

    (Neumann, 1915) – 31 cm approx.. Brown is more dark by the area of the head and back. Many specimens with dark violet hue.

  • Chalcopsitta Duivenbodei Duivenbodei

    (Dubois, 1884) – The nominal

  • Sound of the Brown Lory.
[audio:HTTPS:// Pardo.mp3]


They frequent the primary and secondary forests with large mature trees.
They seem to especially appreciate the edges of wooded areas. They are also found in the partially open forests. They seem to be able to adapt to areas that have suffered more or less significant damage.

The Brown Lory It is a bird of lowland, It is usually present below the 200 m.

There is little information about the habits of this species. Often live in pairs or in small groups in that often is associated with other species of parrots dining rooms of nectar or near those trees in flower.

They usually seek food the canopy of the forest and vegetation at ground level. Their activity seems to have no end. At night they retire to dormitories in the branches.

When moving, they have a very characteristic flight made with very accentuated flapping at the tips of the wings.
Their flight is much slower than the Coconut Lorikeet (Trichoglossus hamatodus). Yellow-orange color under the wings are very obvious.


The breeding season is produced in April. In captivity, the females usually lay two eggs, which hatch in approximately 24 days. The total duration of the nesting is very long. 11 weeks from the construction of the nest until the full autonomy of the offspring. We don't have more information.


We don't have many details on its menu. One thing is certain, their diet is almost exclusively vegetarian. It feeds on fruits, seeds and sprouts. Given the fact that spends most of its time in shrubs or flowering trees, pollen and nectar should be an essential resource in your diet.


This species has a patchy distribution along the lowlands of the North coast of New Guinea, since the Cenderawasih Bay between Papua and West Papua (Indonesia) to the The astrolabe Bay in Papua New Guinea. In general they are rare (Coates 1985, Beehler et to the., 1986), but is fairly common locally in locations such as the South of River Vanimo Puwani and in the area of the Wapoga River (A. Mack in lit. . 1999, KD Bishop in litt. 1999, B. Beehler in litt., 2000).

Distribution of subspecies


• Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

The species has a population global estimated at more of 50.000 individuals.
Forests throughout its area of distribution is threatened by commercial logging, but the abundance of the species in secondary forest suggests that it is not threatened.

The fact that are able to adapt to them areas forest exploited or degraded, It is an encouraging sign and the mark of the relative health of the species.

Lori Pardo in captivity:

It is of a bird rare in captivity, but his breeding is easy.

Information in BeautyofBirds

Alternative names:

Brown Lory, Duyvenbode’s Lory (English).
Lori de Duyvenbode (French).
Braunlori (German).
Lóris-castanho (Portuguese).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Chalcopsitta
Scientific name: Chalcopsitta duivenbodei
Citation: (Dubois, 1884)
Protonimo: Chalcopsittacus Duivenbodei

Brown Lory images:


Brown Lory (Chalcopsitta duivenbodei)

Avibase, BirdLife International, Oiseaux.NET

Photos: Bob|P-&-S (Flickr), Wikimedia, J. Brubaker (, iggino (,

Sounds: BAS van Balen (Xeno-canto)

Black Lory
Chalcopsitta atra

Lori Negro


32 cm.. height and a weight between 230 and 260 gr.

The Black Lory (Chalcopsitta atra) It is the least colorful member of an otherwise very colorful genre. It´s, in poultry, therefore, the least popular. This is unfortunate because it is equally as interesting as the other members of the genus.

Distribution Lori black
Black color with a purplish gloss in plumage that is highly apparent in the light of the Sun, which gives it a superficial appearance of a crow. Even their bare parts, as the nose , the skin around the eyes and on the basis of JAWS, eyes and claws, they are equally dark. Rump displays a violet blue.

The underside of the tail feathers are color olivaceous with light infusions of red at the base.
The iris is orange-red, the grey legs.

The youth differ little from adults but have an eye-ring and a skin at the base of the peak which are whitish. It is grey.

There is a 3 subspecies, that differ little between if:

  • Chalcopsitta atra atra: Both adults, usually black. The bluish violet rump. The feathers of the bottom of tail olive/yellow washed in red. Naked eye-ring black , black skin at the base of the peak. Orange-red eyes.

  • Chalcopsitta atra bernsteini: Red marks / Purple forehead and thighs, less evident in females; Blue darker in the rump.

  • Chalcopsitta atra insignis: Head striped gray/blue. The front, the face, the thighs and the underside of the wings are red. The feathers of the throat and underparts with red trim. The rump is dull blue. The lower part of the tail is greyish blue. It is one of the most beautiful parrots that exist. It will be necessary to see any parrot in the light of the Sun to be able to appreciate its beauty.

It is also said that there are other subspecies, the calcopsitta atra spectabilis, resident in the peninsula Mamberiok, but the data given are running that it was only a hybridization of the Chalcopsitta Atra and the Chalcopsitta Sintillata.

They are nomads outside the breeding season, and, they are sometimes found in large groups, associated with the Blackbirds, feeding together on trees in flower.

  • Sound of the Black Lory.
[audio:HTTPS:// Negro.mp3]


The Black Lory live in the Plains, rarely above the 200 m. They are very abundant in relatively open habitats, as the mangroves near the coast, swamp forest, coconut plantations, scattered eucalyptus in the Middle areas of meadows and scrub land. From time to time come to the edge of the Woods primary or forest growth. The Black Lory is endemic to New Guinea.


Most of the information has been obtained from captive birds. In nature, most of these birds are played between December and February. In captivity, the female lays two white eggs which are incubated for about 25 days. The whole reproductive period is particularly long, lasting approximately 75 days.

The male incubates not, but sometimes it remains in the nest with the female. After birth the chicks remain in the nest approximately one 10 weeks.


The Black Lory is vegetarian. Primarily feeds on nectar and fruits. Migrates constantly search for food in season. Green corn seeds and sprouts are also within your diet. Enjoy the Schefflera shrubs.


This species is distributed along the western part of West Papua, the Indonesian portion of New Guinea. In particular, they are in the Western Vogelkop, also on the islands of Misool (provinces of Maluku), Batanta (Papua Province), the Onin and Bomberai and Salawati peninsulas (West Papua), off the coast.

Between the 3 [+] Subspecies:

  • Chalcopsitta atra atra: Distribution. West New Guinea

  • Chalcopsitta atra bernsteini: Distribution. Confined to the island of Misool (Indonesia) in the West of New Guinea.

  • Chalcopsitta atra insignis: Distribution. The Vogelkop, Island Amberpon, Onin, peninsulas Bomberai, Northeast of New Guinea.

  • calcopsitta atra spectabilis: Distribution. Peninsula Mamberiok


This lory is evaluated as least concern on the red list of threatened species. Is included in Appendix II of CITES.

The world population is estimated at 50.000 birds.

This number is probably stable, but data are lacking to say it with certainty.

The commercial import of this species in EC was banned in 1991.

Lori Black captive:

The Black Lory It is said is among the parrots with the sweetest character. They are easy to tame. Its obvious disadvantage is acute cries that often emit. Not everyone can tolerate them. It is however unusual in captivity.

The subspecies insignis is rare, and the subspecies bernsteini practically non-existent.

Alternative names:

Black Lory, Rajah Lory, Red-quilled Lory (ingles).
Lori noir (francés).
Schwarzlori (alemán).
Lóris-negro (portugués).
Lori Negro (español).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Scientific name: Chalcopsitta atra
Citation: (Scopoli, 1786)
Protonimo: Psittacus ater

Black Lory images:

Black Lory (Chalcopsitta atra)

– Photos:,
Goura (, My Birds Region
– Sounds: BAS van Balen (Xeno-canto)

Blue eyed Cockatoo
Cacatua ophthalmica

Cacatúa Oftálmica


Distribution cockatoo ophthalmic

50 cm. length and a weight between 500 and 580 gr.

The plumage of the Blue eyed Cockatoo (Cacatua ophthalmica) is mostly white. Its crest is yellow, large and well rounded back, leaning to the neck.

The feathers that cover the ear, the base of the neck and cheek are pale yellow. The inside of the wings and tail are slightly yellowish. The ring around the eye is blue, the iris is dark brown and gray peak.

Only you can distinguish males and females by iris.

  • Sound of the Blue eyed Cockatoo.
[audio:HTTPS:// Oftalmica.mp3]


Primary forest, edges of forests and areas with sparse vegetation to 1.000 m.
It is most common on the Plains than in the mountains.

They live alone, in pairs or flocks of birds 10-20. Easy to distinguish and noisy, usually. When you are flying over forests, your flight is sandwiched between glide and powerful flapping. Probably similar habits to the Sulphur-crested Cockatoo, screams as she, only that stronger.


There is no information about the reproduction of this species in the wild, but in captivity the female lays around 2 eggs and incubation lasts 28-30 days. The young are altricial (totally dependent on their parents for the first few weeks of life) and they remain in the nest for nine to twelve weeks being fed by both parents; later, young people, they are accompanied for a few months.


They feed mainly on seeds, fruit, in particular the figs, berries and, possibly, insects and larvae.


New Britain and new Ireland in the Bismarck Archipelago (Papua New Guinea).


[stextbox id=”warning” float=”true” align =”right” width =”270″]

Conservation status of IUCN: Vulnerable (VU)

This species has been uploaded category to Vulnerable because remote sensing techniques indicate that the lowland forest, on which this species depends for nesting, It is disappearing at a notorious enough pace to cause a rapid decline in the population.
The rapid conversion of the lowland to the use of plantations of oil during the last thirty years it probably that has caused a significant loss of habitat for reproduction.

Although it is rare in international trade, even the limited catch would be a cause for concern.

The population is estimated at at least 10.000 mature individuals.

Opthalmic cockatoo in captivity:

Extremely elegant and striking. It is gaining share as a companion pet.
It mimics human speech, is very active, capable of stunts and very close to the people.

Despite his intelligence and skills, It is not at all a cockatoo that can be kept in an apartment.
On the one hand, due to its high energy, and secondly because of the power of their cries.

Their average lifespan is of 40 years in captivity. Surprisingly their hope for life in nature is longer, of 50 to 60 years. The life expectancy in captivity decrease may be due to inadequate attention.

Alternative names:

Blue eyed Cockatoo, Blue-eyed cackatoo, Blue-eyed Cockatoo (English).
Cacatoès à oeil bleu, Cacatoès aux yeux bleus (French).
Brillenkakadu (German).
Cacatua-de-olhos-azuis (Portuguese).
Cacatúa Oftálmica (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cockatoo
Scientific name: Cacatua ophthalmica
Citation: Sclater,PL, 1864
Protonimo: Cacatua ophthalmica

Blue eyed Cockatoo Images:


Blue eyed Cockatoo (Cacatua ophthalmica)

– Photos: Wikimedia Commons,,
– Sounds: Frank Lambert

Baudin’s Black Cockatoo
Zanda baudinii

Baudin’s Black Cockatoo

Distribution cockatoo funeral Wigeon


50 to 57 cm.. height and weight between 560 and 770 g.

The Baudin’s Black Cockatoo (Zanda baudinii) is almost entirely of black, with whitish margins in the feathers, patches rounded on them ear-coverts (yellowish to white in the female and Brown to grey in the male), white rectangular panels in the tail.

It has a powerful bill (with very elongated upper jaw), Black in the male and white-gray color with a black color in the female tip.
Iris dark brown surrounded by a eye ring Red in the male and female grey.

Tail rounded, crest Erectile and legs grey.

The birds youth are like adults in appearance, but the bill of the male juvenile is equal to the of the of the female adult. The bill the juvenile male begins to darken after the second year.

  • The Calyptorhynchus Baudinii sound.
[audio:HTTPS:// Funebre Piquilarga.mp3]


Its natural habitat is the dense forests dominated by the Marris (Corymbia calophylla) in the extreme southwest of Australia.

Gregarious, is often seen in groups of three, a pair of adults with a breeding, or in small groups. Occasionally gather in large flocks of up to 300 birds during the non-breeding season, usually in places where food is abundant.


Very little is known about the reproductive biology This cockatoo, such as their reproduction area, nesting events calendar, the nest tree, characteristics of the Hollows for nests, implementation size, incubation period, nesting success and early period.

Little is known about their reproductive cycle because the nests are extremely difficult to locate. Most of the features of the biology of the species are inferred from of the Slender-billed Black-Cockatoo.

They show a strong union of couple and probably is pair of by life. They remain together throughout the year, except when the female is incubating eggs. Probably they begin to breed at the age of four. The species grows at the end of the winter and during the spring, from August to November or December. Intercourse probably takes place three days before starting. The female lays one or two white eggs and you can lay an egg of replacement if the first since egg fails. The incubation lasts a few 29 days and only the female incubates them. The chicks remain in the nest for a maximum of 16 weeks.

The nests are composed of a layer of wood chips, built in large hollow in the high eucalyptus, 30 to 40 cm. in diameter and more than 30 depth cm.


Are fed mainly from the seeds of MARRI and Karri. They are also fond of the rending of wood, Apart from pierce the bark of trunks in search of larvae. Apple trees and pear trees are frequently visited to enjoy its fruits.


Confined in the South-West of Western Australia, especially among Perth, Albany and Margaret River.
Small captive populations in the Melbourne Zoo, in the Healesville sanctuary in Victoria, and in the Zoo of Perth. The species breeds in captivity with great difficulty.


In Australia is listed as Vulnerable by the law on protection and conservation of biodiversity for the environment.

The total population of the species is estimated at 12.500 individuals, with one downward trend.
Before the inclusion of the threatened species, the annual reproductive rate was of 0,6 per couple, too low to replace the large number of birds that were killed by growers in order to protect their crops. It is now illegal to shoot these birds, However is it still done.

In captivity:

Appears in the Appendix II of CITES, what limited international trade in the species. It´s illegal capture These wild birds, a penalty of up to 10,000 $. This cockatoo is protected under the Wildlife Conservation Act of Australia.

Alternative names:

Baudin’s Black Cockatoo, Long-billed Black Cockatoo, White tailed Black Cockatoo (English).
Cacatoès de Baudin (French).
Langschnabel-Rußkakadu, Weißohr-Rabenkakadu (German).
Cacatua-negra-de-bico-longo (Portuguese).
Cacatúa Fúnebre de Pico Largo, Cacatúa Fúnebre Piquilarga (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cockatoo
Scientific name: Zanda baudinii
Genus: Zanda
Citation: Lear, 1832
Protonimo: Zanda Baudinii



Baudin’s Black Cockatoo (Zanda Baudinii)

Avibase, Australian Government
Photos: Long-billed Black-cockatoo, Taronga Zoo, Sydney, Wikipedia, Goura (,
Sounds: Chris Benesh (

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