Moluccan King-Parrot
Alisterus amboinensis

Moluccan King-Parrot

35 a 40 cm.. length between 145 and 163 g. of weight.

Moluccan King-Parrot

The Moluccan King-Parrot (Alisterus amboinensis) has a head, neck, the nape of the neck and the upper mantle of bright red, with strong demarcation to dark blue-violet in the lower mantle, back, buttocks and supracaudales coverts. Green wings with the exception of the blue in the small inner coverts and carpal edge. Under, black wings with blue-violet coverts. Bright red bottoms, with mauve bases to coverts infracaudales, sometimes visible; flanks with a little blue. Upper, the very dark blue colal; below black grey color wide-margin rose to the side feathers.

Peak with a base of orange-red in the upper jaw, Blackish lower; Orange iris; black grey legs.

The two sexes, somatic sexual dimorphism is not presented..

Immature with more green in the back; Brown-Black beaks; pale eye-ring and darker than the adults of iris. Dotted pink on the outer tail feathers. Mature in one year.

  • Sound of the Moluccan King-Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Papagayo Moluqueno.mp3]
List of subspecies Alisterus amboinensis
Subspecies
  • Alisterus amboinensis amboinensis (Linnaeus, 1766) – The nominal
  • Alisterus amboinensis buruensis (Salvadori, 1876) – As the subspecies sulaensis but with more feathers in the tail with pink edges. Blackish grey peak in both sexes
  • Alisterus amboinensis dorsalis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1830) – As the nominal but the rose of the absent tail feathers; Red slightly darker on the head and underparts.
  • Alisterus amboinensis hypophonius (S. Muller, 1843) – As the nominal, but the wings and the deep blue wing coverts; the rose in the absent tail feathers
  • Alisterus amboinensis sulaensis (Reichenow, 1881) – As the nominal, but with a green stripe across the upper mantle; No rim with pink in the tail feathers.
  • Alisterus amboinensis versicolor (Neumann, 1939) – Unlike the subspecies sulaensis by having a uniform blue mantle; smaller in size than the nominal.

Habitat:

The Parrot Moluqueno is distributed through the dense humid primary and secondary forest, and from time to time in the adjacent plantations, farmland and gardens, from the lowlands up to around the 2.100 meters above sea level.

The birds are usually found in pairs or in small groups, and are very quiet while they eat and shy at all times, hiding in the thick foliage and flying in the midst of strident calls at the first sign of the emergence of any intruder.

Reproduction:

Just nothing is known of the cycle of reproduction in the wild, but according to sources, nesting takes place between the months of February and April.

Two young birds nests have been found on two occasions in hollow trees.

An instance of the breeding in captivity gave data for the incubation of 19 days, with the emerging young in nine weeks.
The courtship was observed during feeding, and two eggs were deposited.

Food:

The diet includes acorns Lithocarpus, as well as the hard fruits, outbreaks and other forest tree berries.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 149.000 km2

Is distributed from Peleng and Sula Islands eastward through the Moluccas, including Halmahera, Buru, Ambon and Seram. Also found in the Western Islands of Papua, including Waigeo, Batanta and Salawati.

In New Guinea is from Vogelkop and East of the Bomberai peninsula some 135 ° E.

Generally rare due to habitat loss and trade in birds.

Distribution subspecies Alisterus amboinensis
Subspecies
  • Alisterus amboinensis amboinensis (Linnaeus, 1766) – The nominal
  • Alisterus amboinensis buruensis (Salvadori, 1876) – Is located in Buru in the center of the Moluccas.
  • Alisterus amboinensis dorsalis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1830) – Is located in West Papua.
  • Alisterus amboinensis hypophonius (S. Muller, 1843) – Endemic of Halmahera in the North of the Moluccas.
  • Alisterus amboinensis sulaensis (Reichenow, 1881) – Is located in the Sula Islands
  • Alisterus amboinensis versicolor (Neumann, 1939) – It is endemic in the Peleng island of the Banggai Islands

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Decreasing

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, but the species is described as generally common, Although rare in Halmahera.

The nominal subspecies population is estimated at 70.000 specimens (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected to be declining due to the destruction of habitat in course.

Moluccan Papagayo in captivity:

Occasionally available.

Nervous, is a bird a pet bird.

In captivity will have failed to reproduce.

In the Zoological gardens of Loro Parque, Tenerife, on Canary Islands, biologists Dr. Burkard and Dr. Gerlach they have made so large colonies, but since 1972 they have succeeded until now non.

More information on loromania

Alternative names:

Moluccan King-Parrot, Amboina King Parrot, Amboina King-Parrot, Ambon King-Parrot, Moluccan King Parrot (English).
Perruche tricolore, Perruche royale d’Amboine (French).
Amboinasittich (German).
Periquito-rei-amboina (Portuguese).
Papagayo Moluqueño, Papagayo Real de Amboina (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Alisterus
Scientific name: Alisterus amboinensis
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1766)
Protonimo: Psittacus amboinensis

Moluccan King-Parrot images :

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Moluccan King-Parrot (Alisterus amboinensis)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
– World Parrot Trust – parrots.org

Photos:

(1) – “Alisterus amboinensis-Brevard Zoo-8a-ec” by Alisterus_amboinensis_-brevard_zoo-8a.jpg: Malinderivative work: Snowmanradio (talk) – originally posted to Flickr as Purdy Birdy and uploaded to commons at Alisterus_amboinensis_-brevard_zoo-8a.jpg. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(2) – By richard broderick (T0010716uploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Brevard Zoo – Melbourne, FL, USA © 2004 Jeff Whitlock – The Online Zoo
(4) – Brevard Zoo – Melbourne, FL, USA © 2004 Jeff Whitlock – The Online Zoo
(5) – Vogelpark, Alphen Aan Den Rijn – ZOOTOGRAFIANDO
(6) – “Swainson king parakeet” by William John Swainson – Transferred from en.Wikipedia. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.

Sounds: Frank Lambert (Xeno-canto)

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