Yellow-billed Lorikeet
Neopsittacus musschenbroekii

Yellow-billed Lorikeet

Description

23 cm.. length and a weight between 43 and 55 g..

Yellow-billed Lorikeet

The head of the Yellow-billed Lorikeet (Neopsittacus musschenbroekii) is green, strongly impregnated with olive brown, veined in ear-coverts and showing a shaft of yellow stripes on the crown; darker line in lores, above the bill; forecrown green.

Upperparts green intermediate. The wings green above with vane blackish internal to the coverts and black on the tips of the flight feather. Rojas the Underwing coverts. Flight feather blackish with wide red central band. Throat greenish yellow yielding to red chest to the top of the the thighs. Flanks yellowish green to the sides of chest, with a central area in the bottom area chest and belly, red; coverts more yellowish than the rest of the underparts.

Cover top of queue, green, yellow tips, Brown shafts with red bases on the side of the feathers; undertail yellow-orange, showing red bases in lateral feathers when they deployed.

Bill pale yellow; irises red; Grey legs.

Sexes alike.

Immature duller than adults with brands head less clear and red on the underparts restricted to spots in the center of belly and in the chest. Bill brownish-orange, irises yellow brown or orange. Young birds also show feathers tail pointy, which they are rounded as adults.

  • Sound of the Yellow-billed Lorikeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lori Montano Grande.mp3]
Description 2 subspecies
  • Neopsittacus musschenbroek musschmbrorkii

    (Schlegel, 1871) – The nominal.

  • Neopsittacus greater musschenbroek

    (Neumann, 1924) – Slightly larger than the nominal and paler in upperparts.

Habitat:

It inhabits in montane forests, edges of forests, partially cleared areas of secondary growth, mainly between 1.400 and 2.500 m, even if you are also registered at altitudes as low as 1.100 meters and as high as 3,000 m. Also it is common in disturbed areas or groves of Casuarina or eucalyptus in garden areas.

It seems that they have adapted well to the impacts of the man. But it is absent from the places where the forest has been removed completely over large areas.

Visible and noisy, they are in pairs, small flocks and in larger congregations of up to 50 birds in flowering trees. Over most of New Guinea, This species is replaced at higher altitudes by the smaller Orange-billed Lorikeet, commonly found in company with the latter in the top band of its altitudinal range (except Vogelkop).

Most frequently found in flowering trees, often in the company of other species such as the Papuan Lorikeet, also in the fructification of the Schefflera and feeding is sometimes lower levels even on the weeds at ground level.

Reproduction:

Observed to be moving like a rodent along branches. The laying It is two eggs in a hole in the trunk of a tree. Period unknown but an immature nesting was observed in the West Papua Province in late August and a fledgling in the same area in the middle of November.

Food:

Feeds of pollen, nectar, small fruits and berries. It is also thought that feed on seeds as part regular your diet, while the Orange-billed Lorikeet It is confined to nectar. As other parrots can eat insects and their larvae, deliberately or accidentally.

Distribution:

Tamaño de su área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 587.000 km2

New Guinea in Irian Java (Indonesia) and Papua New Guineto. Is distributed from East of Vogelkop up to the Huon peninsula and scattered areas in the Southeast. In Vogelkop, Despite the absence of the Orange-billed Lorikeet, the population of the Yellow-billed Lorikeet is relatively low. A small amount in captivity.

Distribution 2 subspecies
  • Neopsittacus musschenbroek musschmbrorkii

    (Schlegel, 1871) – The nominal.

  • Neopsittacus greater musschenbroek

    (Neumann, 1924) – Live from the East of the region of Sepik to the Huon peninsula and areas southeast.

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern.

• Population trend: Growing.

The world population It has not been quantified, Although it is probably superior to the 300.000 specimens.

The species reportedly is usually common.

The population is suspected can be increased. As the degradation of the habitat is permanent, new suitable habitat areas are being created.

In captivity:

Rare in aviculture.

More distant other parrots. Average noise level. Shy.

Alternative names:

- Yellow-billed Lorikeet, Musschenbroek's Lorikeet, Yellow billed Lorikeet, Yellow-billed Mountain Lory (ingles).
- Lori de Musschenbroek (francés).
- Gelbschnabel-Berglori, Gelbschnabelberglori (alemán).
- Lori Montano Grande, Lori Moteado Grande (español).

Hermann Schlegel

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Nombre científico: Neopsittacus musschenbroekii
- Genus: Neopsittacus
- Citation: (Schlegel, 1871)
- Protónimo: Nanodes Musschenbroekii

Yellow-billed Lorikeet images:

————————————————————————————————

Yellow-billed Lorikeet (Neopsittacus musschenbroekii)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
BirdLife

Photos:

(1) – Animal Photos – link
(2) – “Neopsittacus musschenbroekii-two captive-8a” by TJ Lin – originally posted to Flickr as Dscn8852. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(3) – papageien.org – link
(4) – Animal Photos – link
(5) – neopsittacus musschenbroekii, male By iggino – lynx
(6) – Illustration

Sounds: Frank Lambert (Xeno-canto)

Plum-faced Lorikeet
Oreopsittacus arfaki

Plum-faced Lorikeet

Description

15 cm.. length between 16 and 23 g. of weight.
Plum-faced Lorikeet

The hood of the Plum-faced Lorikeet (Oreopsittacus arfaki), from the top of bill up to the crown rear, is Scarlet Red ; chin and Double Chin color plum (with bluish Sheen), broken by two rows of thin stripes.

Upperparts of color green uniform with a light spread of olive in the the mantle. Wings, views from the top are green; vane internal to the flight feather, Blackish and vane external to the primaries outermost, bluish green. Underwing-coverts and axillary, red (Outer secondaries slightly marked with yellow); flight feather Blackish with yellow central band. The mauve of it chin be extended slightly in the throat; top of the chest green, Center of the chest and belly bathed in orange-red; under belly green; undertail-coverts green, lightly bathed in yellow on sides. Uppertail green, merging to blackish and ending in pinkish-Red, in the tip lighter fusion: below, the tail is red with marked with black side feathers.

The bill black; irises blackish brown; legs grey.

Female lack of top red (but you can show a bit of red on the part rear of the Crown).

Immature male with only red on the back of the crown. The young birds they look like a slightly ‘ flaky ’; also off the tip of orange-yellow color of the tail.

  • Sound of the Plum-faced Lorikeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lori Bigotudo.mp3]
Description 3 subspecies
  • Oreopsittacus arfaki arfaki

    (Meyer,AB, 1874) – The nominal.

  • Oreopsittacus arfaki grandis

    : (Ogilvie-Grant, 1895) – Greater than the nominal. Lack of the flanks redorange and markings of the belly of the other two subspecies.

  • Oreopsittacus arfaki major

    : (Ogilvie-Grant, 1914) – Larger that the nominal and more red-tipped in the tail.

Habitat:

The distribution of the Plum-faced Lorikeet is more or less continuous in the extension of the moss forests; the species is mainly found among the 2.000 and 3,750 m, but can observe is to 1.000 m occasionally. Be found with greater frequency in pairs or small flocks very vocal. They feed acrobatically in the canopy; They also feed on plants, especially in the flowers of epiphytes, often in company of other amateur to the flowers as the lori of the gender Neopsittacus.

Reproduction:

Habits of nesting unknown, birds in reproductive attitudes they have been observed in August and October. The display of marks under the wings have been observed in pairs and can be linked to courtship, as well as by the male head rolling.

Food:

It feeds on pollen, nectar, possibly, flowers, fruit (especially Schefflera) and berries.

Distribution:


Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 108.000 km2

New Guinea in Irian Java (Indonesia) and Papua New Guinea, ranging from the East ofVogelkop to the Huon peninsula and ranges from the Southeast. A small number of captive

Distribution 3 subspecies:
  • Oreopsittacus arfaki arfaki

    (Meyer,AB, 1874) – The nominal.

  • Oreopsittacus arfaki grandis

    : (Ogilvie-Grant, 1895) – Mountains of the Central and East of Papua New Guineto, including, those in the southeast of the region of the Huon peninsula and Sepik, extending to the West of Victor Emanuel Range

  • Oreopsittacus arfaki major

    : (Ogilvie-Grant, 1914) – Snow Mountains (Papua New Guinea)

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The world population It has not been quantified, Although it is thought of more than 300.000 specimens. The species according to information is quite common (pit et to the. 1997).

The population suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

In captivity:

The Plum-faced Lorikeet is a bird quiet and at times active. Young birds are susceptible to stress and disease during the acclimatization; they may die suddenly without apparent cause. They become more resistant and less shy after acclimatization. You can be accommodated with members of their own species in a system of colony.

It is very rare in captivity.

Alternative names:

- Plum-faced Lorikeet, Plum faced Lorikeet, Plum-faced Mountain Lory, Plum-faced Mountain-Lory, Whiskered Lorikeet (ingles).
- Lori bridé (francés).
- Arfaklori, Arfakalori (alemán).
- Lori Bigotudo, Lori de Bigotes (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Oreopsittacus
- Nombre científico: Oreopsittacus arfaki
- Citation: (Meyer,AB, 1874)
- Protónimo: Trichoglossus (Charmosyna) Arfaki

Plum-faced Lorikeet images:

————————————————————————————————

Plum-faced Lorikeet (Oreopsittacus arfaki)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
BirdLife

Photos:

(1) – Dansk Lori Klub
(2) – arfak lori man oreopsittacus arfaki – photobucket
(3) – By Katerina Tvardikova – pngbirds.myspecies.info
(4) – By Guy Dutson – lynx
(5) – By Katerina Tvardikova – pngbirds.myspecies.info
(6) – Illustration – HBW.com

Sounds: Patrik Aberg (Xeno-canto(

Papuan Lorikeet
Charmosyna papou

Papuan Lorikeet

Description

25 cm.. length and a weight between 90 and 115 g..

Papuan Lorikeet

The head of the Papuan Lorikeet (Charmosyna papou) It is red with a black patch on the back of the crown and a crescent-shaped mark on the nape; patch in the crown with mottled blue extends to the top of the eyes.

Under the nape a red uniform coat; centre of back Dark emerald green; under the back bright red; rump light blue. Wings Emerald green with vane internal black; undertail, the flight feather grey with coats red; coverts marginal green. Throat red, darker than the upper part of the chest and a little more off: lower chest Red clear with a variable black patch in the center of the belly, Sometimes it extends over them the thighs; the sides of chest and flanks with two obvious yellow stripe sets; bottom of the belly and coverts of the tail, red. View from the top, the tail is green and yellow is your long tip, the axis of the Central feathers is of dark brown; below, the tail is yellow, finished in Orange at its end.

The bill orange; Orange the irises; Orange and the legs.

In the nominal species, both sexes are equal.

Immature more turned off than adults. A band yellow variables at the bottom of the secondaries; rump with mottled Green; Naranja-Pardo the bill and legs; irises pale yellow.

  • Sound of the Papuan Lorikeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lori Rabilargo.mp3]
Description 4 subspecies
  • Charmosyna papou papou

    (Scopoli, 1786) The nominal.

  • Charmosyna papou goliathina

    (Rothschild & Hartert, 1911) With sexual dimorphism and two different colors. The normal morph is similar to the subspecies Stellae, but differentiated by the yellow at the tip of the tail (non-fusion Orange to yellow). The coverts of the tail they are longer, in color purple blue, not red as in the stellae. As in the subspecies stellae, This subspecies has melanism, the upperparts is green, and underparts blue-black in their entirety. Head and the mantle, only broken by the blue of the stripes in the nape; Red in the coverts of the back and bottom of the tail. The wings are green. The tail viewed from below it is more greenish-yellow than normal morphology, and streamers they are fused opaque to verdoso-amarillo down Green.

  • Charmosyna papou wahnesi

    (Rothschild, 1906) Similar to the subspecies goliathina, but the Red of the part superior of the chest It is bordered below with a narrow yellow band. Does not have a green-washing in the flanks and abdomen top. The belly Central and tail coverts are red.

  • Charmosyna papou stellae

    (Meyer,AB, 1886) This species has sexual dimorphism and also has a melanism (excess of dark pigmentation). In comparison with the nominal, the black patch has much more extensive of the nape, blue-violet striped; This black patch replaces the two areas of black in the crown and in the nape of the speciesnominal. The streamers of the tail They also differ, merging from green to orange red (instead of green to Orange) and finally to yellow on the tips. The subspecies stellae also lacks of the chest yellow and stripes on the flanks that if you have the Papou, as well as his black patch in the belly that extends to the flanks.

    The females They show a visible patch of yellow on the lower of the back Green-tipped on the longest feathers, and coverts of the tail red (male shows red with blue on the patch of the rump). The Red of the part superior of the chest seems more uniform. In the metamorphosis by melanism the Red is largely replaced by black (see goliathina).

    The young birds with dark and thin stripes on the underparts.

Habitat:

Have been recorded at an approximate height of 1.200 meters above a row of trees and also to the 3.500 m, Although the most common is to see them over the 2.000 meters and rare to see them below the 1.500 m; found by Forshaw in the forest of Nothofagus and Podocarpus to 2.800 m.

A species Active and Agile you are often found in pairs or in small groups. The birds move through the trees with jerky movements, often waving his serpentine tail, However, It can be very discreet between the tops of the trees.

Observed in Scheffleras, often in the company of other species, with the same food taste, as the Yellow-billed Lorikeet (Neopsittacus musschenbroekii). Seen often making passes above the trees or half-height, among the plants through the clear.

Reproduction:

The nesting in nature it is not described, but Pratt He observed an adult tracing the branches above and below a large group of epiphytes , Perhaps in search of a nesting site. A couple in husbandry conditions was also observed at the end of August, and young people have been in nature during October and November. In captivity, the implementation has been two eggs, lasting about three weeks of incubation and the young remain in the nest for about two months.

Food:

Feeds on flowering trees or flowers of the epiphytes, nectar, pollen, fruits and small seeds. Larvae of insects occasionally.

Distribution:

Intervals in the center of New Guinea in Irian Java (Indonesia) and Papua New Guinea, in where are distributed from the southeast of Vogelkop towards the Adelbert range, Huon peninsula and intervals in the Southeast.

Distribution 4 subspecies:
Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

The world population It has not been quantified, Although that it is more thought of 500.000 specimens. The species appears to be quite common throughout its area of distribution (pit et to the ., 1997).

The hunting of this species for the use of their feathers as tribal headdresses and capture for the bird trade do not believe today that can affect the size of the population.

It is suspected that the population is stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or other substantial threat.

In captivity:

Coupled pairs will defend their territory vigorously. Individual birds active and playful; they require a cage as big as possible. It may be a bit uncomfortable due to the liquid diet.

Are rare in captivity.

Alternative names:

- Papuan Lorikeet, Fairy Lorikeet, Fairy Lory, Papuan Lory, Stella's Lorikeet (ingles).
- Lori papou, Lori de Stella (francés).
- Papualori (alemán).
- Lori de Cola Larga, Lori Rabilargo (español).

Scientific classification:


- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Charmosyna
- Nombre científico: Charmosyna papou
- Citation: (Scopoli, 1786)
- Protónimo: Psittacus Papou

Papuan Lorikeet images:

————————————————————————————————

Papuan Lorikeet (Charmosyna papou)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
BirdLife

Photos:

1 – (1) “Charmosyna papou goliathina1” by DrägüsOwn work. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.
2 – (2) “Stellas Lory 2” by LtshearsOwn work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
3 – (3) “Charmosyna papou-Fort Worth Zoo-8” by Philip Shoffner – originally posted to Flickr as Dsc_0120. Licenciado sob CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
4 – (4) Charmosyna papou goliathina by Zdeněk Chalupabiolib.cz
5 – (5) Charmosyna papou goliathina – Birds-pet-wallpapers
6 – (6) Charmosyna papou goliathina By Elaine Radford (ilustración) – rightpet.com

Sounds: Andrew Spencer (Xeno-canto)

Duchess Lorikeet
Charmosyna margarethae


Duchess Lorikeet

Description

20 cm.. length and a weight between 40 60 g..

Duchess Lorikeet

The head of the Duchess Lorikeet (Charmosyna margarethae), is red except for the back of the crown that is black and extends from the top of the eye up to the nape.

Broad collar Red on the back of the neck, bordered below by a thin black purple line and one strip of more broad orange-yellow: the mantle and scapulars green; rump Green with trademark red on the side; tail coverts, view from above, green. The wings green. Under the wing , coverts marginal green, the coats under the wing red, and the bottom of the flight feather Black with a panel of yellow color that goes from the center of the flight feather passing by the secondaries.

The underparts, basically, are red with a yellow stripe on the chest, lined purple black color over Strait, a thin red margin and a broader and more diffuse below purple edge; from below, the tail coats are green. From above, the tail It is red with black borders and the sharp tip of yellow; from below, the tail is yellowish-brown, Yellow-tipped.

The bill is orange; irises yellow to orange; legs oranges.

The male and the female are very similar.

Immature they lack the Black Hat and black and orange margin on the back of the neck. The chest belt is a yellow shutdown. The bill orange, the irises Yellow-grey and the legs gray.

  • Sound of the Duchess Lorikeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lori of Margarita.mp3]
Habitat:

It inhabits in the forests and wooded areas, at the edges of forests and tall secondary growth forests, mostly mountains and hills, Although you can also see in coconut plantations and coastal villages; above all between 100 and 1.350 meters above sea level.

Often feeds in noisy groups of 10 to 40 birds in the trees in flower and epiphytes with others Loris (including (Cardinal Lory). They feed acrobatically, mainly in the forest canopy.

Reproduction:

Nesting and unknown breeding habits, Although a male was seen in the attitude of breeding during the month of January.

Food:

Apart from pollen and nectar, observed feeding on fruits of Schefflera.

Distribution:

The Duchess Lorikeet is endemic of the Solomon Islands including Bougainville (Papua New Guinea), Gizo, Kolombangara, Guadalcanal, Malaita and San Gristobal. Brian Coates indicates that this species often seen in the city of Kieta, Bougainville.

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Near threatened.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Much of the lowland forests, within the area of distribution of the Duchess Lorikeet, He has been or is scheduled to be connected, but this species is probably safe in the Highlands.

There is an export license fee for 60 birds, the funds will be used to finance conservation programs (JR van Oosten in litt. 1999); However, This species may be threatened by any trade on a large scale (T. Leary in litt. 2000). In 2002, 200 birds were imported to Singapore with permissions CITES (UNEP-WCMC CITES Trade Database, January 2005).

The world population It is considered of less than 50.000 birds, but stable.

In captivity:

Very rare in captivity.

Alternative names:

- Duchess Lorikeet, Dutchess Lorikeet (ingles).
- Lori de Margaret (francés).
- Margarethenlori, Margaretenlori (alemán).
- Lori de Margarita (español).
- Duchess Lorikeet (portugués).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Nombre científico: Charmosyna margarethae
- Genus: Charmosyna
- Citation: Tristram, 1879
- Protónimo: Charmosyna margarethae

————————————————————————————————

Duchess Lorikeet (Charmosyna margarethae)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
BirdLife

Photos:

1 – By © Markus Lagerqvist – PBase
2 – “Charmosynamargarethaesmit” by John Gerrard KeulemansThe Ibis, ser. 4, too.. 3. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.

Sounds: Niels Krabbe (Xeno-canto)

Josephine's Lorikeet
Charmosyna josefinae


Josephine's Lorikeet

Description

24 cm.. length and an approximate weight of 68 g..
Lori-of-Josefina drawing

The head of the Josephine's Lorikeet (Charmosyna josefinae) is red with a visible black patch that extends from the back of the Crown to the nape and a transverse line into the eyes; back of the Crown is marked with purple stripes; large red necklace. Mantle and scapulars Green; bottom of the Red back: rump with a central patch of dark blue; views from the top, the coverts of the tail of blue to red. The wings, from above, green with vane internal greyish towards flight feathers; marginal coverts Green. View from below, the coverts of Red Wings. The Red underparts with a purple patch in the center of the belly, that extends to the flanks on the thighs; seen from below, tail-coats are red. From above, the tail shows red with yellow tip and green color side feathers; from below, the tail is yellow. The peak, orange red; iris yellow ; orange-yellow legs.

The female It shows the lower part of the back of yellow, tending to green on the rump.

The immature with impregnated in green belly patch, and bluish black thighs. The blue rump patch impregnated in green. Makes color lilac in the back of the Crown replaced by blue-green color marks.

Immature females It shows the low back of red with some yellow marks.

  • Sound of the Josephine's Lorikeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lori de Josefina.mp3]
Subspecies description
  • Charmosyna josefinae josefinae

    : The nominal.

  • Charmosyna josefinae sepikiana

    : It differs from the nominal value by having more extensive black belly patch and more grey marks on the back of the Crown. Females lack of greenish broadcasting on the flanks and in the low back.

  • Charmosyna josefinae cyclopum

    : Differs from the nominal value by the absence of black belly patch and the practical absence of grisaceo-azul in the back color of the Crown marks.

Habitat:

Possibly Nomad. Frequents montane forests, edges of forests and partially cleared areas, mainly between 760 and 2.200 meters and more common among 850 and 1.200 meters although there have been up to at sea level. Usually seen in pairs or small groups. Despite their striking coloration, is quite discreet. Feeds in the tops of trees in flower, flowering vines or plants epiphytes, often in the company of the Fairy Lorikeet.

Reproduction:

Nesting and breeding by describing.

Food:

Diet includes pollen, nectar, flower buds and soft fruits.

Distribution:

New Guinea in Irian Java (Indonesia) and Papua New Guinea, mainly in the Western and central cordillera, Since the Mountains Parotia and Vogelkop, to the Bismarck range in the Northeast (Jimi and also Baiyer River). There has been since Jayapura, on the North coast of Irian Java, and come to the South of Mount Bosavi, Papua New Guinea.

Distribution of subspecies:
  • Charmosyna josefinae josefinae

    : The nominal.

  • Charmosyna josefinae sepikiana

    : Mountains of the region of Sepik, Papua New Guinea and in the Highlands of the West to the East until approximately the area of the Jimi River and to the South of Mount Bosavi

  • Charmosyna josefinae cyclopum

    : Cyclops ranges.

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

The world's population has not been quantified, but it is thought that it may be above the 300.000 specimens.

A small number in captivity.

The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

In captivity:

Take it easy, but at the lively and active time. Some new birds may initially be nervous. Young birds, in particular, curious and playful. Aggressive toward other birds. Susceptible to stress and disease during the acclimatization. Required a strict hygiene due to a mostly liquid diet.

Alternative names:

- Josephine's Lorikeet, Josephine's Lory (ingles).
- Lori de Josephine, Lori de Joséphine (francés).
- Josefinenlori (alemán).
- Lori de Josefina (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Nombre científico: Charmosyna josefinae
- Genus: Charmosyna
- Citation: (Finsch, 1873)
- Protónimo: Trichoglossus Josefinae

Josephine's Lorikeet images:

————————————————————————————————

Josephine's Lorikeet (Charmosyna josefinae)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
BirdLife

Photos:

1 – danskloriklub.dk
2 – By Drägüs (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
3 – By Katerina Tvardikova – Photo of Charmosyna josefinae [By Drägüs (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons] – Charmosyna josefinae
4 – papageien.org
5 – animalphotos.me
6 – Dibujo by HBW.com

Sounds: BAS van Balen (Xeno-canto)

Fairy Lorikeet
Charmosyna pulchella


Fairy Lorikeet

Description

18 cm.. length and a weight between 24 and 34 g..

The head of the Fairy Lorikeet (Charmosyna pulchella) is dark red with the back of the crown Black extending from above and behind the eyes up to the nape. Mantle Green with a black area below the nape and collar of color red dark at the height of the shoulders; under the back It shows a patch of dark violet interspersed with some green feathers on the ends; rump and tail coverts view from above of color green.

Wings Green with extremes of color black in them flight feather and in the internal parts of the coats. Below the wings Red with coverts marginal green; flight feather blackish.

The underparts Red with stripes of pale yellow in the center of the chest, the thighs purple with yellow stripes. The tail view from the top of green at the top with a black shaft in the Center and the rest of red and yellow at the tip; view from below, the tail is yellow, bathed in red and green ends.

The bill is orange with gray tip; irises yellow red; legs oranges.

The female shows a color green beige, not red, on the sides and a yellow patch in the flanks that extends to the sides of the rump.

The female of the subspecies Rothschildi also shows more green in the underparts males and a green mottling on the upper part of the chest.

The Immature They show the yellow patch of the flanks more defined than the females. The lower part of the back, mainly green with some blue-violet. Top of the chest Green mottled without clearly defined yellow stripes adult. Crown Red with black patch restricted to the nape and mixed with the green of the upper mantle. Lack of the Red of the part back from neck clearly defined in adults. Yellow area at the bottom of the flight feather. Iris brown. Beak and feet grayish brown.

Subspecies description

There are two subspecies including the nominal. A third, Charmosyna pulchella beautiful, described by Devis (1900), is considered here as Charmosyna pulchella pulchella.

  • Charmosyna pulchella pulchella

    : (Gray,GR, 1859) – The nominal

  • Charmosyna pulchella rothschildi

    : (Hartert, 1930) – The patch of the crown descends to find is with them eye; Green fusion behind the yellow lines of the chest, and green fusion in the flanks and the thighs (that can also show some yellow stripes); without the Red of the neck and much less defined the violet patch in the lower part of the back.

Habitat:

Nomads. They are mainly distributed in montane forests, at the edges of forests and secondary growth forests. Its preferred habitat are the mountains between 500 and 1.800 m, but also found in lowlands up to the level of the sea and in the mountains up to 2.300 m.

Found in pairs or flocks of 15 or more members, uniting in the tops of trees in flower with others Charmosyna lorikeets, including the Josephine's Lorikeet.

Reproduction:

In captivity it nests continuously, with incubation of 25 days shared by both parents. Usually, It lays two eggs in a hole in the base of one epiphyte. In nature it is intended that nests between January and April (Pratt picked up breeding males in March).

Food:

It feeds on pollen and nectar.

Distribution:

The Fairy Lorikeet is distributed between New Guinea in Irian Java (Indonesia) and Papua New Guinea, from the East of Vogelkop the peninsula of Huon. Owen Stanley mountains and southeastern intervals.

Distribution of subspecies:
  • Charmosyna pulchella pulchella

    : The nominal

  • Charmosyna pulchella rothschildi

    : The mountains Cyclops and the slope North of the mountains on the Idenburg River (Irian Java).

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

The world's population has not been quantified, It is thought that it surpasses the 500.000 birds. the species, According to information, is abundant in some areas, but few in others due to the trade (pit et to the., 1997). Suspected that the population is stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

In captivity:

A small number of captive.

Alternative names:

- Fairy Lorikeet, Little Red Lorikeet, Little Red Lory (ingles).
- Lori féérique, Lori à croupion noir, Lori féerique, Loriquet à croupion noir (francés).
- Goldstrichellori (alemán).
- Lori Lindo (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Nombre científico: Charmosyna pulchella
- Citation: Gray,GR, 1859
- Protónimo: Charmosyna pulchella

Fairy Lorikeet images:

————————————————————————————————

Fairy Lorikeet (Charmosyna pulchella)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
BirdLife

Photos:

1 – animalphotos.me
2 – by W. Voit – koppiekrauw
3 – animalphotos.me
4 – Author iggino in Vogelpark Walsrode, Walsrode, Lower Saxony, Germany – lynx
5 – in Neues vom Loro-Parque – koelle-zoo

Red-throated Lorikeet
Charmosyna amabilis

Red-throated Lorikeet

Description

18 cm.. length.

The head of the Red-throated Lorikeet (Charmosyna amabilis) is green with lores and chin red. Upperparts green. Wings internal and ends with green feathers flight feather color black. Throat red, bordered below by a narrow yellow collar; rest of the underparts with a yellowish green that upperparts, particularly in the center of belly; the thighs red. The tail above green a little darker than the rump, with yellow ends; undertail yellow. Bill orange; irises yellow; legs orange-red.

Male and female are equal.

Immature generally duller. The the thighs opaque purple. The yellow band throat much weaker than in adults and the red facial and marks throat more restricted.

Habitat:

Move by tropical forests, mainly over the 500 m. Are nomads and fly in pairs or small flocks of 5-8 birds in search of flowering trees, uniting to feed on flowers, nectar and pollen. They prefer to feed in the canopy, and although it is apparently ejected away from the areas of power by the aggressive Collared Lory, Holyoak He found two species feeding on the same tree during his remarks in 1973.

Reproduction:

Breeding and nesting habits unknown.

Food:

They feed actively, to often hung upside down to get to flores.

Distribution:

Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 37.100 km2

Endemic of the Fiji Islands where it is rare and usually only moves above 500 meters and below 1.000 m. Is distributed between in Viti Levu, Ovalau (where it may now be extinct), Vanua Levu and Taveuni. In 1973 Holyoak found at a Red-throated Lorikeet on a wooded Ridge around 250 metres in Viti Levu, species to which saw or heard on five different days while exploring Taveuni thinking that the species was widespread in the rainy forests at an altitude between 550 and 1,000 m. The species was also recorded in rainforests between 120 meters and 980 feet by Martyn L. Gorman (1975), but it is said that they are rare. These records are among the few documented sightings of this century. The world's population is believed to be of less than 10.000 specimens. Despite its apparent rarity, This species may be overlooked due to their unobtrusive plumage and behavior.

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Danger critic

• Population trend: Decreasing

Threats to the lowlands and hills of the forest is slowly being erased much of Fiji. However, the rarity and assumed decline of this species is probably largely the result of predation by introduced mammals, especially Black Rat (Rattus rattus) , as it is the case with the closely related New Caledonian Lorikeet (Charmosyna diadema).

Increases in course in the logging and the expansion of the road network, especially around the Highlands of Monasavu and Serua in Viti Levu, It is likely that you have caused an increase of the density of these rats (Watling 2000, G. Dutson in litt. 2005). The Indian Brown Mongoose (Herpestes fuscus) introduced, is also present in the areas of distribution of the Red-throated Lorikeet and it can be a threat (V. Masibalavu in litt. 2012).

Agricultural expansion is invading the primary forest in Taveuni. Have a distribution in mountains close to the maximum altitude within its distribution area, It also makes this potentially susceptible species to climate change (BirdLife International).

Is species is protected by the laws of Fiji. In Viti Levu, dwells within the Tomaniivi nature reserve, but this is not large enough to maintain a resident population and, Despite the creation of the extension Wabu proposal to make a reservation of adequate size, This would not provide better protection against rats if the reserve remains unmanaged (D. Watling in litt. 2000)

In captivity:

Unknown in captivity.

Alternative names:

- Red-throated Lorikeet, Red throated Lorikeet (ingles).
- Lori à gorge rouge (francés).
- Rothöschen (alemán).
- Lori de Garganta Roja, Lori Gorgirrojo (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Nombre científico: Charmosyna amabilis
- Citation: (Ramsay, 1875)
- Protónimo: Trichoglossus (Glossopsitta) amabilis

Lori Pipit pictures:

————————————————————————————————

Red-throated Lorikeet (Charmosyna amabilis)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
BirdLife

Photos:

1 – (Photo by Bill Beckon, 1973)
2 – Charmosyna amabilis By Artwork by John Gerard Keulemans (1842-1912). [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Red-fronted Lorikeet
Charmosyna rubronotata


Red-fronted Lorikeet

Description

17 cm.. length and a weight between 30 and 35 g..

Charmosyna rubronotata kordoana

The front of the crown of the Red-fronted Lorikeet (Charmosyna rubronotata) is red; rest of the crown green; chin, the throat and headphones coverts, yellowish green with a prominent patch purple-blue in the center of the ear coverts. Upperparts green; lower part of the rump and tail coverts, matte red. Wings Green with a bit of yellow in the curve. Below, the wings red; flight feather blackish brown with a yellow stripe in the Center. The underparts yellowish green with prominent red blotch on the upper side of the chest; the thighs green. The tail above blackish brown with green piping; below, the tail Brown with wide yellow tips (except central pair) and Red covered in the base. The bill Red pink; cere pinkish; irises brown; legs Pink.

Females lack of red color in the crown, in the marks of the chest and at the bottom of the wings (that are greenish yellow). Ear patch It is replaced by streaks of greenish-yellow.

  • Sound of the Red-fronted Lorikeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lori Frentirrojo.mp3]
Description 2 subspecies
  • Charmosyna rubronotata kordoana

    (Meyer,AB, 1874) – Female is similar to the nominal. The male has the patch of the crown paler, extensive and blue; less blue purple the ear-coverts.

  • Charmosyna rubronotata rubronotata

    (Wallace, 1862) – Nominal.

Habitat:

It inhabits in the moist forests, edges of forests and plantations of coconut, Once in a while visit the trees and shrubs in open field. Are from the lowlands up to the 850 m. Usually found in small flocks of up to 10 birds flying over dense forest, or feeding on flowers in the canopy, sometimes with other parrots. Habits are similar to the of the Red-flanked Lorikeet.

Reproduction:

Nesting and breeding habits not described.

Food:

Feeds of pollen, nectar, flowers and seeds.

Distribution:

Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 417.000 km2

New Guinea in West Papua New (Indonesia) and Papua New Guinea. The range goes from East of Vogel-kop through Maprik, the lower reaches of the rivers Sepik and Ramu reaching Astrolabe Bay in the East. Also in Salawati in the islands of the West of Papua and in Biak. The Red-fronted Lorikeet It is irregularly distributed throughout its area of distribution, but it can be locally common in some areas. Seems to be less common that the Red-flanked Lorikeet, He replaced at higher altitudes, where the two species overlap.

Description 2 subspecies
Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

The trend of the population seems to be stable, and therefore, species not approaching the thresholds for vulnerable according to the criterion of population trend.

The world population It has not been quantified, It is believed that it is by the 100.000 specimens and stable.

The species is described as common to scale local.

In captivity:

There are no data of their captive breeding.

Alternative names:


- Red-fronted Lorikeet, Red fronted Lorikeet, Red-fronted Blue-eared Lorikeet, Red-fronted Blue-eared Lory, Red-spotted Blue-eared Lorikeet, Red-spotted Lorikeet (ingles).
- Lori à front rouge, Lori de Wallace, Loriquet à croupion rouge (francés).
- Rotstirnlori (alemán).
- Lori de Frente Roja, Lori Frentirrojo (español).

Alfred Russel Wallace
Alfred Russel Wallace

Scientific classification:


- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Nombre científico: Charmosyna rubronotata
- Citation: (Wallace, 1862)
- Protónimo: Coriphilus rubronotatus

Red-fronted Lorikeet images:


————————————————————————————————

Red-fronted Lorikeet (Charmosyna rubronotata)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
BirdLife

Photos:

1 – Author iggino – lynx
2 – Charmosyna rubronotata kordoana by Biodiversity Heritage Library

Sounds: Katerina Sam (Tvardikova) – (Xeno-canto)

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