Baudin’s Black Cockatoo
Zanda baudinii

Baudin’s Black Cockatoo

Distribution cockatoo funeral Wigeon

Description

50 to 57 cm.. height and weight between 560 and 770 g.

The Baudin’s Black Cockatoo (Zanda baudinii) is almost entirely of black, with whitish margins in the feathers, patches rounded on them ear-coverts (yellowish to white in the female and Brown to grey in the male), white rectangular panels in the tail.

It has a powerful bill (with very elongated upper jaw), Black in the male and white-gray color with a black color in the female tip.
Iris dark brown surrounded by a eye ring Red in the male and female grey.

Tail rounded, crest Erectile and legs grey.

The birds youth are like adults in appearance, but the bill of the male juvenile is equal to the of the of the female adult. The bill the juvenile male begins to darken after the second year.

  • The Calyptorhynchus Baudinii sound.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cacatua Funebre Piquilarga.mp3]

Habitat:

Its natural habitat is the dense forests dominated by the Marris (Corymbia calophylla) in the extreme southwest of Australia.

Gregarious, is often seen in groups of three, a pair of adults with a breeding, or in small groups. Occasionally gather in large flocks of up to 300 birds during the non-breeding season, usually in places where food is abundant.

Reproduction:

Very little is known about the reproductive biology This cockatoo, such as their reproduction area, nesting events calendar, the nest tree, characteristics of the Hollows for nests, implementation size, incubation period, nesting success and early period.

Little is known about their reproductive cycle because the nests are extremely difficult to locate. Most of the features of the biology of the species are inferred from of the Slender-billed Black-Cockatoo.

They show a strong union of couple and probably is pair of by life. They remain together throughout the year, except when the female is incubating eggs. Probably they begin to breed at the age of four. The species grows at the end of the winter and during the spring, from August to November or December. Intercourse probably takes place three days before starting. The female lays one or two white eggs and you can lay an egg of replacement if the first since egg fails. The incubation lasts a few 29 days and only the female incubates them. The chicks remain in the nest for a maximum of 16 weeks.

The nests are composed of a layer of wood chips, built in large hollow in the high eucalyptus, 30 to 40 cm. in diameter and more than 30 depth cm.

Food:

Are fed mainly from the seeds of MARRI and Karri. They are also fond of the rending of wood, Apart from pierce the bark of trunks in search of larvae. Apple trees and pear trees are frequently visited to enjoy its fruits.

Distribution:

Confined in the South-West of Western Australia, especially among Perth, Albany and Margaret River.
Small captive populations in the Melbourne Zoo, in the Healesville sanctuary in Victoria, and in the Zoo of Perth. The species breeds in captivity with great difficulty.

Conservation:

In Australia is listed as Vulnerable by the law on protection and conservation of biodiversity for the environment.

The total population of the species is estimated at 12.500 individuals, with one downward trend.
Before the inclusion of the threatened species, the annual reproductive rate was of 0,6 per couple, too low to replace the large number of birds that were killed by growers in order to protect their crops. It is now illegal to shoot these birds, However is it still done.

In captivity:

Appears in the Appendix II of CITES, what limited international trade in the species. It´s illegal capture These wild birds, a penalty of up to 10,000 $. This cockatoo is protected under the Wildlife Conservation Act of Australia.

Alternative names:

Baudin’s Black Cockatoo, Long-billed Black Cockatoo, White tailed Black Cockatoo (English).
Cacatoès de Baudin (French).
Langschnabel-Rußkakadu, Weißohr-Rabenkakadu (German).
Cacatua-negra-de-bico-longo (Portuguese).
Cacatúa Fúnebre de Pico Largo, Cacatúa Fúnebre Piquilarga (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cockatoo
Scientific name: Zanda baudinii
Genus: Zanda
Citation: Lear, 1832
Protonimo: Zanda Baudinii

Images:

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Baudin’s Black Cockatoo (Zanda Baudinii)

Sources:
Avibase, Australian Government
Photos: Long-billed Black-cockatoo, Taronga Zoo, Sydney, Wikipedia, Goura (zoochat.com),
Sounds: Chris Benesh (controles-canto.org)

Slender-billed Black-Cockatoo
Zanda latirostris

Slender-billed Black-Cockatoo

Description

54 to 56 cm.. height and a weight between 520 and 790 g.

The Slender-billed Black-Cockatoo (Zanda latirostris) It is a large black cockatoo.

It has great bill black, crest erectile, white spot in the area ear and white panels on the tail. The female It is similar except patch area ear large and slightly yellowish white.
The immature Similar to adult female.

Closely related Baudin’s Black Cockatoo (Zanda baudinii). They were formerly treated as a single species.

  • The Slender-billed Black-Cockatoo sound.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cacatua Funeral Piquicorta.mp3]

Habitat:

Mainly inhabits in native forests eucalyptus and shrubland or heathland. Visit temporarily plantations exotic pines.
Sometimes you see them in cities or at the edges of roads. It is also a visible visitor to the gardens containing native plants with hard fruits around Perth.

Usually they see them in groups of three or in small flocks, but occasionally gather in large flocks composed of hundreds or, exceptionally, thousands of birds. Sometimes it is associated with Baudin’s Black Cockatoo (Zanda baudinii) wave Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo (Zanda Banksia) in places where food is plentiful.

The species is said to be Residents in areas of high rainfall They are retaining much native vegetation and are emigrants of the driest regions and places where most of the native vegetation has been removed.

Reproduction:

They do not breed to at least four years of age.
Adult birds They mate for life, and stay together throughout the year.
Reproduction occurs mainly in the region Wheatbelt, northwest of the Stirling Range about Three Springs, but it has also recorded on the coastal plain in the South West, about Bunbury.
The reproductive activity It is limited to eucalyptus forests. They make their nests in large holes in the top of the eucalyptus.

The eggs They are white or cream, and they have no marks. Are incubated by female only, for a period of 28 to 29 days. The nestlings are fed by both parents, Although during the first 10 to 14 days after hatching are fed exclusively by the female.

Adults return to the same breeding ground each year.

Food:

It feeds mainly from seeds and occasionally nectar, fruit and insect larvae.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 196.000 km2

Endemic southwest Australia.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: In danger of extinction.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

On the basis of the distribution of birds during the breeding season, the total population of the Slender-billed Black-Cockatoo it has been estimated that is between the 11 000 and 60 000 birds, Although there are those who claim that their population could have less of 10 000 birds.

The decline of this species It is mainly due to the loss and fragmentation of habitat. This has been caused by the clearing of native vegetation, mainly for agricultural purposes, Since the mid-20th century.

There is no specific information available about future changes in the size of the population. However, It is believed that the range of the species will continue to shrink for a while, which leads to a concomitant decrease in population size.

Fúnebre short billed cockatoo in captivity:

A program captive breeding It was established in 1996 by the Department of Conservation and Land Management (CALM), in association with poultry farmers and licensed Zoo of Perth.
Genetic diversity in the captive population is enhanced by a program ' abandoned’ It rehabilitates injured wild birds and then incorporates them into captive breeding.

Some eggs and chicks are caught illegally for sale in the markets of poultry. Although it is said that the demand for the species has decreased during the last decade, high market prices (approximately 3.000 dollars per bird and 5,000 $ couple) along with the lack of success of captive breeding, They suggest that the illegal capture of this cockatoo will remain a continuing threat to the survival of this species.

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cockatoo
Genus: Zanda
Scientific name: Zanda latirostris
Citation: Carnaby, 1948
Protonimo: Zanda latirostris

Alternative names:

Slender-billed Black-Cockatoo, Carnaby’s Black Cockatoo, Mallee Cockatoo, Short-billed Black Cockatoo, Mallee Cockatoo, Short-billed Black Cockatoo, (English).
Cacatoès à rectrices blanches, Cacatoès de Carnaby (French).
Carnabys Weißohr-Rabenkakadu, Weißschwanz-Rußkakadu (German).
Cacatua-negra-de-bico-curto (Portuguese).
Cacatúa Fúnebre de Pico Corto, Cacatúa Fúnebre Piquicorta (Spanish).

Images Fúnebre short billed cockatoo:

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Slender-billed Black-Cockatoo (Zanda latirostris)

Sources:
Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos: Wikipedia, lostandcold (Flickr), Rabenkakadus – Wikipedia, Gnangarra…commons.wikimedia.org

Sounds: Nigel Jackett

Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoo
Zanda funereus

Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoo

Description

55 to 65 cm.. length and a weight of up to 900 g..

The Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoo (Zanda funereus) stands out clearly by its plumage mostly black, patch yellow in cheek and yellow panels in tail.

The body feathers They are lined with yellow giving it a scalloped appearance. It has a crest short and moving on top of her head.
The female It has a yellow stain on the cheek more defined and larger than the male, Bello to singr pale gray (Pink in males)
The juveniles has plumage duller overall.
The bill top of immature male black obscures two years old, While the lower peak black four years.

  • The Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoo sound.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cacatua Funeral Coliamarilla.mp3]

Description 3 subspecies

  • Zanda funereus funereus

    (Shaw, 1794) – Nominal. Larger and tail longer dark mottled.

  • Zanda funereus whiteae

    (Mathews, 1912)

  • Zanda funereus xanthanotus

    (Gould, 1838) – Smaller size, tail shorter dark mottled.

Habitat:

Variety of types habitats, including forests of eucalyptus, heaths, subalpine areas, pine plantations and occasionally in urban areas.
Often you see them flying in pairs or trios consisting of a couple and their offspring, although outside the breeding season can join in larger flocks.

Reproduction:

have a long breeding season, that varies throughout its distribution area, although Tasmania in general it is from October to February. Both sexes construct the nest in holes of mature trees, high, generally eucalyptus. Fill the hole of wood chips. The same tree can be used for many years.

One or two eggs form a clutch. Only the female incubates the eggs, While the male supplies the food. Both parents help rear the chicks, Although usually only one chick survives. The chicks fledge around three months after hatching and remain in the company of their parents until the next breeding season.

Food:

Seeds native trees, terrestrial plants and pine cones. Some insects also part of their diet. Unlike other cockatoos, a significant proportion of the diet up wood borers worms. The bird put his ear against the surface of dead trees to hear the sound of worms. If a worm is detected, the bird will use their powerful beaks to pull pieces of the tree until you get to the meal, often leaving a pile of wood chips at the base of the tree. These scars on dead trees are a common sight in forests Tasmania.

Distribution:

Size of its range (breeding/resident ): 2.700.000 km2

It is up to the 2000 meters throughout Southeast Australia, from South Eyre Peninsula to the east-central Queensland.
Their number is declining in parts of its range due to habitat fragmentation and loss of large trees used for breeding.
In Tasmania It is common and nomadic. They can be seen in many parts of the state and in the larger islands Bass Strait.

Distribution 3 subspecies

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

This species has a very large range, and therefore not approaching the threshold of vulnerable. Not threatened worldwide. CITES II. As with most other cockatoos, its long-term existence depends on the continued availability of hollow trees for nesting,

The population is estimated at at least 25.000 birds.

The population trend appears to be stable.

Coliamarilla Fúnebre cockatoo in captivity:

In the poultry industry this species is extremely rare and expensive. In Australia It has attained breed in captivity.
Like all cockatoos, they come to live over 40 years.

Alternative names:

Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoo, Black Cockatoo, Common Black-Cockatoo, Funeral Cockatoo (English).
Cacatoès funèbre, Cacatoès noir à queue jaune (French).
Gelbohrkakadu, Gelbschwanz-Rußkakadu, Rußkakadu (German).
Cacatua-negra-de-cauda-amarela (Portuguese).
Cacatúa Fúnebre Coliamarilla, Cacatúa Fúnebre de Cola Amarilla (Spanish).

George Shaw
George Shaw

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cockatoo
Genus: Zanda
Scientific name: Zanda funerea
Citation: (Shaw, 1794)
Protonimo: Psittacus funereus

Images Cacatúa Fúnebre Coliamarilla:

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Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoo (Zanda funereus)

Sources:

www.parks.tas.gov.au
Avibase
BirdLife

Photos: David Cook

Sounds: Nigel Jackett

Palm Cockatoo
Probosciger aterrimus

Palm Cockatoo


Description

51 to 64 cm. height and a weight between 910 and 1200 g.

The Palm Cockatoo (Probosciger aterrimus) It is one of the biggest cockatoo species. Unmistakable with a Erectile Crest of 15 cm.. Mainly arboreal.

Both sexes differ in size. Immatures are differentiated by the pale yellow at the bottom and the tip of the bill and the eye ring in color white.

Usually black with a bare area around the cheeks and eyes red. The feathers of the crest they are long and thin, black streaks.

The bill is dark gray, smaller in the female. The legs son grises. The language is black and Red.

The cheek skin changes color according to its health or stress level, a pink / beige to a yellow when it is excited.

Description 4 supespecies

  • Probosciger aterrimus aterrimus

    (Gmelin, 1788) – Nominal.

  • Probosciger aterrimus goliath

    (Kuhl, 1820) – Larger than the subspecies macgillivrayi.

  • Probosciger aterrimus macgillivrayi

    (Mathews, 1912) – Larger than the species nominal.

  • Probosciger aterrimus stenolophus

    (Oort Cloud, 1911) – As the subspecies Goliath, but with feathers crest closer.

  • Sound of the Palm Cockatoo.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cacatua Enlutada.mp3]

Habitat:

The presence of this cockatoo is documented from sea level up to the 1350 metres in height.

In New Guinea they are in tropical rainforests, including Gallery forests, edges of forests and monsoon forests. In Australia they live in forests of eucalyptus, forest of Melaleuca, partially cleared areas and sheets.

You are travelling individually, in pairs or in groups of five or six. About an hour after the Sunrise gather in the trees.

Reproduction:

The nesting occurs between August and February.
Nest in the cavities of trees which tend to be of approximately 1 m depth and 25 to 60 cm in diameter. These are full of branches broken at the bottom on which rests the egg. The site is often used year after year.
Reproduce every two years. They put a single egg and both parents the hatch for a period of 28 to 31 days, at around 3 to 4 days more for hatch. The squab was born completely naked and does not develop marker, Unlike other cockatoos chicks. They are taken from 100 to 110 days to abandon the nest, the longest among all the species of parrot. After leaving the nest, the young bird depends on the parents at least others 6 weeks because of its inability to fly.

Food:

Seeds, dried fruits, fruit, berries, sprouts leaves and insect larvae.
They feed mainly in the forest canopy, but they can also feed on the ground of fallen seeds and fruits.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 716.000 km2

New Guinea and adjacent islands, North of Queensland, Australia.

Distribution 4 subspecies:

Conservation:

Least concern According to the classification IUCN.

• Population trend: Decrease

This species has a very large range, and therefore not approaching the threshold of vulnerability. While the trend of the population seems to be decreasing, the descent is not believed to be sufficiently fast for approaching the threshold of vulnerable bird according to the criterion of population trend.

In some parts of its area of distribution, the forest habitat in which occur the hollow trees is being invaded by the rainforest.

Cockatoo mourning in captivity:

Rare bird cage, Although they have a great demand for the market of pet due to its unusual appearance.
They can live more than 55 years of age in captivity.

They may develop compulsive behaviors, as the pecking of feathers. They can also mimic sounds and human language.

For its captive breeding has in mind the aggression within pairs, Sometimes the male usually kill the female. To do this, There are more different management methods, join both cockatoos only in breeding season and quickly removed the male, cut the male that the female escape flying, or create complex installations that are carried out next to a cutout of the male, to make the female always escape before an attack route.

There are currently laws prohibiting export of any Palm Cockatoo without a permit.

Alternative names:

Palm Cockatoo, Black Macaw, Goliath Aratoo, Goliath Cockatoo, Great Black Cockatoo, Great Palm Cockatoo (English).
Cacatoès noir, Microglosse noir (French).
Arakakadu (German).
Cacatua-das-palmeiras (Portuguese).
Cacatúa de las Palmas, Cacatúa Enlutada (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cockatoo
Genus: Palm
Scientific name: Probosciger aterrimus
Citation: (Gmelin, JF, 1788)
Protonimo: Psittacus aterrimus

Images Palm Cockatoo:

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Palm Cockatoo (Probosciger aterrimus)

Sources:
Avibase
infoexoticos
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– Birdlife

– Photos: avianzoo, papageien.org, avianzoo, Wikimedia.org

– Sound: Frank Lambert

Yellow-crested Cockatoo
Cacatua sulphurea

Yellow-crested Cockatoo

Content

Description

Medium-sized, 35 cm.. long.

Yellow-crested Cockatoo

The Yellow-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea) It is distinguished by its long, thin Erectile Crest yellowish, that curves forward, and extending upward, above the nape, when it folded. The front of his crown and main feathers crest, are white. The rest of your plumage It is also white, except in yellow suffusion ear-coverts, under the wings and in the innerwebs of the undertail-coverts. The bases of the hackles and underparts, They are yellowed; some birds show a slight yellow tone, particularly on chest and the belly. The bill It is black; eye ring pale bluish; irises dark brown; legs grey. The female is similar to the male but with the irises reddish and slightly smaller.

The young birds They show both sexes irises dark taupe, although females They begin to acquire the red coloration in the first year. The bill and legs immature are also lighter.

Description 4 subspecies
  • Cacatua sulphurea abbotti

    (Oberholser, 1917) – Similar to the parvula, but largest.

  • Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata
  • Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata

    (Fraser, 1844) – Slightly larger than the nominal, with one crest orange & ear-coverts orange yellow. Further research may provide the basis for improving this subspecies to a specific state.

  • Cacatua sulphurea parvula

    (Bonaparte, 1850) – Similar to the nominal species, but with the ear-coverts paler and less yellow on yellow feathers underparts. The size of the bill in this subspecies increases clinically west.

  • Cacatua sulphurea sulphurea

    (Gmelin, 1788) – Nominal.

Habitat:

They inhabit at the edges of the forest, wooded areas, farmland, cocoteros, semi-arid areas and forests until the 800 m (locally 1.200 m).

The Yellow-crested Cockatoo usually they found in pairs or small groups of up to ten individuals, although they may meet in larger flocks to feed on fruit trees. They can form flocks with Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus).

They tend to be noisy and visible, but they can be difficult to detect when they move quietly in the canopy, and they are more often in flight. The groups who leave their resting places in the montane forest areas frequently displace forage at lower altitudes including cultivated fields. Couples can flit visibly on the forest canopy looking for fruit trees, allowing a reasonably close approach when resting on a branch.

The crest It is generally stands when landing, or when an individual is making calls from a perch. As most cockatoos They enjoy a bath in the rain.

Reproduction:

Specimens were observed Yellow-crested Cockatoo on the island of Buton in State reproductive during the months of September and October, although Nusa Tenggara the breeding It occurs in the months of April and May. The female It lays two or three white eggs in the hollow of a tree, and incubation lasts around 28 days with both parents involved. Chicks they leave the nest to 10 weeks and are dependent parent for about two months.

Food:

They feed in trees and soil. Its diet It includes seeds, maize (Zea mays) of cultivated fields, fruit, berries, egg yolks, flowers and nuts (including large coconuts (Cocos nucífera)).

Distribution and status:

Size of its range (breeding/resident ): 1.360.000 km2

The Yellow-crested Cockatoo They are confined Indonesia, where they can be seen in the lowlands Isla Celebes (virtually extinct in the north), islands in the Flores sea, in Nusa Tenggara and isolated islands Masalembu in the Java Sea.

introduced in Singapore and Hong Kong. The species is found in both wooded areas and cultivated and is scarce throughout its range. It is estimated that the world population total is less than 40.000 birds and is decreasing. Although populations of the nominal subspecies and of the subspecies parvula they can still be close 10.000 specimens, the citrinocristata subspecies It has an estimated population between 800 and 7.200 only individuals, having declined by 80% between the years 1986 and 1989, while the distinctive subspecies abbotti It is now represented by only nine individuals in nature.

Although habitat loss is clearly a factor in Sumba, where distribution appears to be linked to the extent of primary forest (is only about 15% the original forest), trade is the main threat to the species as a whole. Trade data show that exported almost 100.000 birds in years 1980-1992. The export citrinocristata subspecies It was banned in 1992 by local authorities, and 26 birds were confiscated in September of that year. There are probably at least 50 individuals of each subspecies in public collections and over 2.000 in private aviculture, although the numbers for subspecies abbotti They are unknown.

Distribution 4 subspecies

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Critically Endangered.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Its plummeting It is almost entirely attributable to the unsustainable exploitation for domestic and international trade. Logging to the conversion of forests for agriculture as well as the use of pesticides for land and large-scale.

Justification of the population

Based on recent surveys in various parts of the range of the species, C. Trainor in some (2007) It has been estimated the world population in less than 7.000 individuals: 3.200-5.000 en Sumba (though perhaps only 562 in 2012, Burung Indonesia en preparación), 500 en Komodo, 200-300 en Timor Leste, 200-300 en Sulawesi, 20-50 in West Timor, 40-70 Flores, 50-100 en Sumbawa, 100 in Rinca and other 700 birds in total. The best thing is in the band 2.500-9.999 individuals, equivalent to 1.667-6.666 mature individuals, round here 1.500-7.000 mature individuals.

Conservation actions and research in progress

CITES Appendix I (2005). It has developed and adopted a recovery plan cooperative and has prepared an update 2012 (D. Mulyawati in some. 2012). The populations are found in various protected areas, It is the most important Rawa Aopa Watumohai (55 copies in 2011 [Waugh 2013]) and National Parks Caraente (en Sulawesi), supporting up 100 individuals (transgressed 2006) , Reserva Natural de Wildlife en Pulau Moyo, Komodo National Park and two national parks in Sumba: Manupeu-Tanadaru y Laiwangi-Wanggameti. Nini Konis Santana National Park declared in Timor has a 100 estimated birds (Trainor et al., Without date) . In Rawa Aopa Watumohai nests they have been protected from predators by removing vegetation pendant necklaces and installation of plastic around the tree trunks nesting (Waugh 2013). Moratoriums on international trade are in effect, although it is likely that a large proportion of trade is a national. Several subpopulations of Cacatúa Sulfurea Sumba have increased between 1992 and 2002, due to conservation efforts (including local education, ecotourism and law enforcement), although densities remained below typical of other species of cockatoos (Cahill et al ., 2006) . Capture for trade has declined dramatically in Sumba through a variety of awareness and protection measures of the community (D. Mulyawati in some. 2012).

Following surveys 2008 and 2009, the Indonesian Parrot Project and Konservasi Kakatua Indonesia have begun meetings with community leaders and villagers in Masakambing and Masalembu, as well as the military and local police, to create awareness and support for conservation Cacatúa Sulfurea (Metz et al. Al., 2009) . A conservation program-awareness-pride has also begun to involve adults and school Archipelago Masalembu (Metz et al. , 2009, Translating et al., 2009) And in Southeast Sulawesi (Anon., 2012). He wrote a “Regulations village” to make it illegal to catch, possess or transport the species and initiate measures to reduce habitat destruction and employ a former village chief to monitor and protect the nests and study crested Cockatoo (Translating et al., 2009) . Moronone community in Rawa Aopa Watumohai NP, where four members of the village have been hired as Forest Wardens (Anon., 2012), Similar regulations have established community-based. The guards protect the species against poachers and perform monitoring activities (Waugh 2013). The pest status of the species can be addressed by planting crops to compensate for losses and to act as a “culture sacrifice”, for example, sunflower fields are used to attract the species out of other crops (Waugh 2013). Mangrove restoration is also being used to increase nesting habitat available (Waugh 2013). a repeat of the population census is planned abbotti , along with studies on the biological history and ecology (Metz et al., 2009) .

Conservation actions and research proposals

Carry out further studies (including Roti, but also more studies on Alor and Pantar) to identify the most appropriate action for conservation areas and to periodically monitor key population surveys repeating ago 8-10 years. Provide relevant support for protected areas and conservation initiatives within its range and protect nests when possible. Strengthen the protection of forest Poronumbu, Sumba, declaring Nature Reserve (Translating y Agustina 2012). Strengthen control, the enforcement and monitoring of trade and establishing greater management of captive populations. Improve law enforcement in designated protected areas and other key areas for trade, including ports, markets, etc. Promote widespread community conservation initiatives. For example, en la isla de Pasoso, Sulawesi Central, work to protect the cockatoo Sulfurea should involve the five families living on the island and introduce community participation programs for children and adults in several other islands where the species is found (Translating y Agustina 2012). Recommendations made specifically for the protection of the species in Komodo National Park consisted conduct annual monitoring, maintain regular patrols, sensitize local communities and studying human activities and impacts within the park (Imansyah et al ., 2005, Benstead 2006) . Conduct ecological research to clarify options for management and conservation. Other objectives should be to study the abundance and distribution of holes nests and water sources. The provision of artificial sources of water near the nesting sites, namely, water ponds, It is essential for the species on the island of Komodo and may also be necessary to protect the nests of young Komodo dragons in Komodo (Translating y Agustina, 2012).

Sulfurea cockatoo in captivity:

The male Yellow-crested Cockatoo It is especially aggressive with the female, sometimes to kill her. This phenomenon is known in many species of cockatoos.

Between the white cockatoos, This is something difficult to breed in captivity. As a pet can be a formidable partner provided it has been raised for that purpose and to provide much attention.

Costs them much disconnect in the presence of their owners and entertain themselves without looking for continuous interaction
Great ability to mimic human sound in the world of the cockatoos.

Note: Because of its status, CRITICALLY ENDANGERED, only controlled breeding recommended in captivity in an attempt to recover this species in their natural environment.

Alternative names:

Yellow-crested Cockatoo, Lesser sulphur-crested cackatoo, Sulphur-crested Cockatoo (English).
Cacatoès soufré, Petit Cacatoès à huppe jaune (French).
Gelbwangenkakadu, Orangehaubenkakadu (German).
Cacatua-de-crista-amarela (Portuguese).
Cacatúa de Moño Naranja, Cacatúa Sulfúrea (Spanish).

Gmelin Johann Friedrich
Gmelin Johann Friedrich

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cockatoo
Genus: Cockatoo
Scientific name: Cacatua sulphurea
Citation: (Gmelin, JF, 1788)
Protonimo: Psittacus sulphureus

Images Yellow-crested Cockatoo:

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Yellow-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
BirdLife

Photos:

(1) – Cacatua sulphurea by Charles LamFlickr
(2) – Citron-crested Cockatoo(Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata) in the Walsrode Bird Park, Germany By Quartl (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A Yellow-crested Cockatoo at Auckland Zoo, New Zealand By Ashleigh Thompson (originally posted to Flickr as Captain) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata, Citron-crested Cockatoo. Photograph of upper body and crest By Ruth Rogers (originally posted to Flickr as Citron Cockatoo) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Citron-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata). The glass between the camera and this parrot makes the picture just a little bit blurry By Alexander Tundakov (originally posted to Flickr as White Parrot) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Photo of Lesser Sulphur-crested Cockatoo (wings clipped) By Snowmanradio, with permission from Tropical Birdland, Leicestershire, England. (Own work) [GFDL or CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(7) – Yellow-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea) at the KOBE Oji Zoo by opencage.info
(8) – Lesser Sulphur-crested Cockatoo (wings clipped) By Snowmanradio, with permission from Tropical Birdland, Leicestershire, England. (Own work) [GFDL or CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(9) – Yellow-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea) by DarrenFlickr
(10) – Yellow-Crested Cockatoo, Cacatua sulphurea by Sek Keung LoFlickr
(11) – Cacatua sulphurea by Charles LamFlickr
(12) – Cacatua sulphurea by Charles LamFlickr
(13) – Cacatua sulphurea by Pichon Charles LamFlickr
(14) – A painting of a Yellow-crested Cockatoo, also known as the Lesser Sulphur-crested Cockatoo, (originally captioned “Plyctolophus sulphureus. Lesser Sulphur-crested Cockatoo”) by Edward Lear 1812-1888. [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: (Xeno-canto)

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