Salmon-crested Cockatoo
Cacatua moluccensis

Cacatúa Moluqueña

Description

40 to 50 cm.. length and a weight of up to 900 gr.

The plumage of the Salmon-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua moluccensis) is predominantly white, except the tuft, that consists of red feathers that is usually when the bird is excited.

The interior of the wings is light salmon color. The the tail feathers they have a yellow-orange and pink color at the base.
The bill is strong, curved and black. The legs also are of color black. A skin bare of color white blue surrounds them eyes

The sexual dimorphism It is in the color of your eyes. Males have dark eyes while females have them red.
The immature are like adults.

  • Sound of the Salmon-crested Cockatoo.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cacatua Moluquena.mp3]

Habitat:

It shows preference for forests. It is from sea level up to the 1200 metres of elevation. In noisy roosts, during the breeding season, alone or in couples; at other times are found in groups of up to 16 birds. Species usually timid. You enable in the early morning and at dusk.

Reproduction:

The breeding season exact in the nature is unknown, but the activity of nesting It has observed in mayo, July and August, When the birds are usually seen alone or in pairs. The nests are built in large trees, taking advantage of holes in the trunks to 25 meters above the ground. The implementation size in captivity is from one to three, usually two, the eggs, they are incubated by both parents for 28 to 29 days.

Food:

With feeds fruit, grains, seeds, berries, vegetables and dried fruits. It has a peak strong, able to break the hard shells.
Probably also feed on insects and their larvae and from time to time in the coconut plantations, where Peck young fruits, to reach the water and the meat of the content.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 33.800 km2

Lives in the Plains to low height in the islands of the South of the Moluccas in Indonesia, Islands of Ceram, Saparua and Haruku.
It was introduced on the neighbouring island of Ambon.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Is in the list of species at risk of CIPA (International Council for the protection of birds). It became part of the I in 1989 of the CITES and, in Europe, is covered by the program of protection of the species in extinction (EEP).

Their main threats they are the illegal trade (in great measure responsibility of Indonesia) and deforestation, that has led to a dramatic loss of habitat.

In 1982, exported a total of 6.413 birds, around the 15% all local poultry export, Since this species is still very desired as a bird company.

Although the international trade reported fell to zero in the Decade of 1990, them hunters will have maintained very active and the birds are sold openly in Indonesia.

Just 62.400 Salmon-crested Cockatoo in the world according to the Federal Register of the FWS.

In the news Loro Parque Foundation has in place a “field project” for their protection and survival in their country of origin, We hope that this great work to proceed and succeed.

Cacatúa Moluqueña en cautividad:

In captivity is quite rare and face, but he has adapted well and plays smoothly in the spaces provided.

As a pet is simply exceptional for its docility. The only drawback is the noise emitted in the moments when their demands are not met immediately.

Despite their exceptional behavior, We should not consider the holding of this cockatoo bird of this wonderful bird cage. Trade can lead in a few years to extinction.

Alternative names:

Salmon-crested Cockatoo, Moluccan Cockatoo, Rose cackatoo (ingles).
Cacatoès à huppe rouge, Cacatoès des Moluques (francés).
Molukkenkakadu (alemán).
Cacatua-das-molucas (portugués).
Cacatúa Copete Encarnado, Cacatúa Moluqueña, Cacatúa de las Molucas (español).

Gmelin Johann Friedrich
Gmelin Johann Friedrich

Clasificación científica:

Orden: Psittaciformes
Familia: Cacatuidae
Genus: Cacatua
Nombre científico: Cacatua moluccensis
Citation: (Gmelin, 1788)
Protónimo: Psittacus moluccensis

Imágenes Cacatúa Moluqueña:

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Cacatúa Moluqueña (Cacatua moluccensis)

Fuentes:
Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Par
Birdlife

– Fotos: de.wikipedia.org, Wikimedia

– Sonidos: Frank Lambert (xeno-canto)

Blue eyed Cockatoo
Cacatua ophthalmica

Cacatúa Oftálmica

Description:

Distribution cockatoo ophthalmic

50 cm. length and a weight between 500 and 580 gr.

The plumage of the Blue eyed Cockatoo (Cacatua ophthalmica) is mostly white. Its crest is yellow, large and well rounded back, leaning to the neck.

The feathers that cover the ear, the base of the neck and cheek are pale yellow. The inside of the wings and tail are slightly yellowish. The ring around the eye is blue, the iris is dark brown and gray peak.

Only you can distinguish males and females by iris.

  • Sound of the Blue eyed Cockatoo.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cacatua Oftalmica.mp3]

Habitat:

Primary forest, edges of forests and areas with sparse vegetation to 1.000 m.
It is most common on the Plains than in the mountains.

They live alone, in pairs or flocks of birds 10-20. Easy to distinguish and noisy, usually. When you are flying over forests, your flight is sandwiched between glide and powerful flapping. Probably similar habits to the Sulphur-crested Cockatoo, screams as she, only that stronger.

Reproduction:

There is no information about the reproduction of this species in the wild, but in captivity the female lays around 2 eggs and incubation lasts 28-30 days. The young are altricial (totally dependent on their parents for the first few weeks of life) and they remain in the nest for nine to twelve weeks being fed by both parents; later, young people, they are accompanied for a few months.

Food:

They feed mainly on seeds, fruit, in particular the figs, berries and, possibly, insects and larvae.

Distribution:

New Britain and new Ireland in the Bismarck Archipelago (Papua New Guinea).

Conservation:

[stextbox id=”warning” float=”true” align =”right” width =”270″]

Conservation status of IUCN: Vulnerable (VU)

This species has been uploaded category to Vulnerable because remote sensing techniques indicate that the lowland forest, on which this species depends for nesting, It is disappearing at a notorious enough pace to cause a rapid decline in the population.
The rapid conversion of the lowland to the use of plantations of oil during the last thirty years it probably that has caused a significant loss of habitat for reproduction.

Although it is rare in international trade, even the limited catch would be a cause for concern.

The population is estimated at at least 10.000 mature individuals.

Cacatúa Oftálmica en cautividad:

Extremely elegant and striking. It is gaining share as a companion pet.
It mimics human speech, is very active, capable of stunts and very close to the people.

Despite his intelligence and skills, It is not at all a cockatoo that can be kept in an apartment.
On the one hand, due to its high energy, and secondly because of the power of their cries.

Their average lifespan is of 40 years in captivity. Surprisingly their hope for life in nature is longer, of 50 to 60 years. The life expectancy in captivity decrease may be due to inadequate attention.

Alternative names:

Blue eyed Cockatoo, Blue-eyed cackatoo, Blue-eyed Cockatoo (English).
Cacatoès à oeil bleu, Cacatoès aux yeux bleus (French).
Brillenkakadu (German).
Cacatua-de-olhos-azuis (Portuguese).
Cacatúa Oftálmica (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cockatoo
Scientific name: Cacatua ophthalmica
Citation: Sclater,PL, 1864
Protonimo: Cacatua ophthalmica

Blue eyed Cockatoo Images:

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Blue eyed Cockatoo (Cacatua ophthalmica)

Sources:
Avibase
– Photos: Wikimedia Commons, kisspanda.rajce.idnes.cz/, Gros-becs.net
– Sounds: Frank Lambert

Sulphur-crested Cockatoo
Cacatua galerita

Cacatua galerita

Description

55 cm.. height and a weight between 815 and 975 g..

The Sulphur-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua galerita) It is a bird with a predominantly white plumage.

In adults, the ear-coverts, bases feathers throat and cheeks, are pale yellow. the arista formed by the 6 Erectile feathers slightly inclined forward, are yellow. The crest You can reach up 14 cm in length. The bottom of the wings and of the tail van dyed pale yellow.
The ring surrounding the eye shows a white. The irises is dark brown in the male and reddish brown in the female. The bill is blackish grey, the legs grey.

The immature They are just different from adults. The irises They are pale brown.

  • Sound of the Sulphur-crested Cockatoo.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cacatua Galerita.MP3]
Description 4 subspecies
  • Cacatua galerita eleonora

    (Finsch, 1863) – It's like Cacatua galerita triton but smaller and with bill smaller.

  • Cacatua galerita fitzroyi

    (Mathews, 1912) – Yellowed feathers, both ear-coverts, and the throat and cheeks, they are absent. The eye ring It is light blue. Bill but great.

  • Cacatua galerita galerita

    (Latham, 1790) – Nominal.

  • Cacatua galerita triton

    (Temminck, 1849) – Something smaller, the crest WIDER and eye ring pale blue.

Behavior:

They are very noisy and very easy to observe, Although they are more identifiable by their cries.

During the breeding season, they live in pairs or in small family groups, but the rest of the year, They are in flocks that may contain hundreds of birds.

In the urban areas and in places that they are equipped with feeders, adopt a family behavior.
In other places, It inspired his distrust and his usual prudence, the Sulphur-crested Cockatoo they are very difficult to deal with.

In open areas these birds are implementing a sentinel system that is organized as follows: while most of the flock feeds, Some birds seen from a nearby perch and are likely to sound the alarm if danger.

Habitat:

Is located in variety of forest areas, forests (including swamps and river areas), mangroves, Open field, in agricultural lands (including rice fields and plantations of Palm), Savannah, Mallee and suburban areas. Found up to 1.500 meters in parts of Australia, 2.400 metres in Papua New Guinea.

Reproduction:

In Australia, the breeding season occurs from May to August in the North and between August and January, in the South.

In New Guinea, It takes place during every month of the year, Although those months more active are during the period from May to December.

This species occasionally breeds in colonies. The nest is a natural cavity in a eucalyptus large near a stream between 3 and 30 meters above the ground. Sometimes the residence of the Sulphur-crested Cockatoo It is located in the holes in the limestone cliffs along the Murray River. In this case, the eggs are deposited directly in the sand.

In New Zealand, These birds lay amid bales of hay in barns. The nest generally it contains 3 white eggs. These are deposited on a layer of debris decomposing at the bottom of the cavity.
incubate both parents alternatively for a period of 30 days. Hatchlings have a yellowish color and leave the nest after 6 to 9 weeks. Quite regularly, they return to the nest to rest for about two weeks.

The juveniles They remain within the family group for several months. They feed together in small scattered groups.

Food:

forages in grasses and herbs. You can take corn and wheat sprouts. It also feeds harmful herbs like cotton thistle. other foods include: roots, Rhizomes, nuts, berries, flowers, bulbs, flower and insect larvae.

They can cause great damage to crops. They dig in lands that were recently planted to eating fruit ripening, It also causes damage to crops that are stored and bales of hay to tear the plastic covering them.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 10600000 km2

This species is endemic to the north and east of Australia, New Guinea and nearby islands, especially Aru Islands, Indonesia.
It was imported successfully to Palau Islands in Micronesia, New Zealand and some Maluku islands.

The population in Taiwan It has been estimated at about 100 introduced breeding pairs

Lives mainly below 1.000 m, but sometimes you can see in Australia to 1500 m. and 2000 m in east New Guinea.

Distribution 4 subspecies

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: In decline.

It is thought that his population It is greater than 500.000 individuals.

It is not an endangered species. However, despite protection Indonesia this species is followed by trapping wild bird trade. Nor is a protected species in Australia, therefore sacrifices occur.

In New Guinea, sometimes it is hunted for its feathers.

It is suspected that his population is in decline due to ongoing habitat destruction.

Sulfur-crested cockatoo in captivity:

and valued species often as a pet.
Very Intelligent, sociable and playful. It is a cockatoo for experienced owners of birds. You can be dominant and aggressive. It can be very noisy.

There are anecdotal reports of some Sulphur-crested Cockatoo who they have lived more than 100 years. In the news, However, longevity record, According to sources, It belongs to a captive specimen called “Cocky” who he lived more than 57 years in the London Zoo. Another report suggests that these animals can live up 73.0 years in captivity, but this has not been verified.

Alternative names:

Sulphur-crested Cockatoo, Greater Sulphur-crested Cockatoo, White Cockatoo, Yellow-crested cackatoo (English).
Cacatoès à huppe jaune, Grand Cacatoès à huppe jaune (French).
Gelbhaubenkakadu (German).
Cacatua-de-crista-amarela (Portuguese).
Cacatúa de Moño Amarillo, Cacatúa Galerita (Spanish).

John Latham
John Latham

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cockatoo
Genus: Cockatoo
Scientific name: Cacatua galerita
Citation: (Latham, 1790)
Protonimo: parrot galeritns

Images Sulphur-crested Cockatoo:

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Sulphur-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua galerita)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – commons.wikimedia.org
(2) – birdsandbirds.com
(3) – tilcheff

Sounds: Hans Matheve (Xeno-canto)

Pink Cockatoo
Cacatua leadbeateri

Cacatúa Abanderada


Description

35 cm.. length and weighing approximately between 340 and 425 g.

The Pink Cockatoo (Cacatua leadbeateri) is distinguishable by its spectacular crest composed by 16 long feathers forward curved. These pens have a wide base with a slightly pink and yellow red-stained central part.

The top ends of the crest are white. Another set of more rounded feathers grow over the eye, forming a white base when the crest is raised. The forecrown is spanned by a band thin and reddish.

The face, neck and underparts are salmon, becoming is white in the coverts.
The flight feather and tail are white with infiltration of salmon on the bottom.

The bill is horn. The irises Dark Brown and the legs grey.

The female looks like your partner, but the head Pink salmon and underparts they are paler. The band Yellow that decorates the bill is brighter and wider. Upper belly It is white instead of Pink salmon. The irises are reddish-pink.

The immature they are identical to the female. The frontal band is bright orange-red, the irises light brown.

  • Sound of the Pink Cockatoo.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cacatua Abanderada.mp3]

Description 2 subspecies

  • Cacatua leadbeateri leadbeateri

    (Vigors, 1831) – Nominal.

  • Cacatua leadbeateri mollis

    (Mathews, 1912) – Both similar to the kind adults nominal, but with the crest darker red, with little or no yellow. White Peak.

Behavior:

The couple is the basic social unit, but are maintained contact with other couples nonreproductive through the establishment of groups.

Out of it breeding season, There are mainly small bands consisting of 10 to 50 birds. The most important meetings occur only during periods of drought or when food sources are abundant. In this case, There may be a few hundred individuals, among them, small Galah.

Dormitories they are occupied exclusively outside the breeding season and the birds are early in the morning.

The Pink Cockatoo they forage in trees and on the ground. However, This species is more arboreal that the Galah wave Little Corella.

When moving on the ground, He walks slowly to avoid the tall grass.

In the Flock, a bird play always the role of Sentinel. It adopts a very careful attitude, it partially roughcast its crest and regularly pauses during which is very upright inspecting the surroundings.

During the heat of noon, he finds refuge in the foliage of the trees. During the summer, the rest period is longer.

The paired birds they are always near each other. During periods of intense heat, This bird visit water points, even during the day. At sunset, they return to your bedroom.

Habitat:

Its population is distributed by a variety of forest habitats in arid or semi-arid areas.
The species is closely related to the areas of “Mallee“.

Found particularly in afforestation of Cypress and eucalyptus, in mixed plots of eucalyptus and Casuarinas or near cliffs.
Its presence in a place is largely also to the existence of a water fountain.
On the other hand, shows a very weak attachment to the fragmented habitats that is no long.

Reproduction:

The nesting season running from August to December. The cockatoos return to their traditional breeding grounds.

The cavity for the nest receives improvements: the entry expands and is covered with a layer of fresh chips placed in the lower part of the nest. The nests they are almost always far from one another, at a distance of 2 km.

The spawning is between 2 and 5 eggs being deposited between 2 and 3 days. The incubation It made both parents, begins after the deposit of the third egg and lasts between 23 and 24 days.

The chicks they remain at the bottom of the cavity during 57 days and are fed by the male and female interchangeably. The family remains near the nest until the last brood leaves the nest, they will then join other family groups in the place where food resources are appropriate.

On rare occasions, the Pink Cockatoo is forced to eject a couple of Galah He started to lay eggs in their nest, but it can also happen that this form of parasitism is a success. In this case, the partner of the Pink Cockatoo takes care of the eggs and the young after hatching. When are born, the young of the species Eolophus roseicapilla, they behave exactly like their hosts, ignoring the difference in origin.

Food:

With feed seed, herbs, cereals and often of melons (Cucumis myiocarpus). Also consume fresh local figs, pine cones, eucalyptus seeds, bulbs, dried fruits, roots, insects and larvae.

During and after your meal, These birds biting branches and pieces of bark, causing a shower of timber crushed at the foot of the trees.

During periods of intense heat, increase the frequency of his visits to water points.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 2,88 million km2

Endemic of Australia. Its main strongholds are in the southwest of Queensland where is quite extended and South of Australia, where it is locally common.

In other parts of the continent are very rare and scarce, going back to the vicinity of the Northern Territory and carrying out raids in Western Australia.

Distribution 2 subspecies:

  • Cacatua leadbeateri leadbeateri

    (Vigors, 1831) – Nominal.

  • Cacatua leadbeateri mollis

    (Mathews, 1912) – Interior West and centre of Australia, towards the East, up to the Eyre Peninsula and the basin of the Lake Eyre, South of Australia.

Conservation:

Least concern (Red list 2006).

• Classified as vulnerable by NSW national parks and wildlife.

Threatened by the law of conservation of species (2005).

Its distribution is very unequal, but only in the Centre - this actually is and South-East where they have widespread. In other parts of Australia, This species is declining due to the thinning of the habitat and its marketing as bird cage.

Competition with the Galah for nesting cavities may be a crucial problem in the future if this species continues to grow. The world population of the Pink Cockatoo It is estimated in a little less than 20 000 birds. It is classified as near threatened.

Championed cockatoo in captivity:

It is a frequently held in captive animal in your Australia natal, but it is less known in other countries as our. Its price in the market is very high, especially that of males, being one of the white cockatoos more expensive.

Very noisy, with a great personality, playful and very Active. It is very destructive, We must therefore provide toys and wood to gnaw, or otherwise you will satisfy with house furniture and other elements. Inactive animals, bored or stressed out they tend to yell a lot.

Its life expectancy round between the 40 and 60 years of life.

Alternative names:

Pink Cockatoo, Leadbeater’s Cockatoo, Major Mitchell’s cackatoo (English).
Cacatoès de Leadbeater, Cacatoès commandant Mitchell (French).
Inkakakadu (German).
Cacatua-rosa (Portuguese).
Cacatúa Abanderada, Cacatúa Inca (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cockatoo
Genus: Cockatoo
Scientific name: Cacatua leadbeateri
Citation: (Vigors, 1831)
Protonimo: Plyctolophus Leadbeateri

Pink Cockatoo pictures:

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Pink Cockatoo (Cacatua leadbeateri)

Sources:

Avibase, infoexoticos, Oiseaux.NET

– Photos: imagenesdeanimalessalvajes (Alexis Obninsk), David Cook Wildlife Photography, Wikimedia , parcodeipappagalli , Geoffrey Dabb

– Sounds: Patrik Aberg (Xeno-canto)

Galah
Eolophus roseicapilla


Cacatúa Galah

Description

Measured around 35 centimeters and between 240 and 330 g. weight.

In the Galah (Eolophus roseicapilla) adult, the front of, the hoopoe and the Cap they form a joint undercover pale pink in white which contrasts slightly with the back of the neck darker. The face, neck and underparts they are deep pink.

The bottom of the flanks, the the thighs and mantas subcaudales are grey clear. The upperparts They show a grey pigeon which is slightly paler on the rump and in their flow rates. Tertiary they are grey and dark grey and medium the flight feather.
The upper part of the tail It is pale grey with a darker terminal tips. The bottom of the tail is uniformly Brown.

The bill is horn. The bare periophthalmic is greyish Red. The irises shows a dark brown hue. The legs are grey.

The female is similar to fellow, outside of the irises red.

The youth can distinguish is from the adults by their underparts grey infiltrated.

  • Sound of the Galah.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cacatua Galah.mp3]

Subspecies description

  • Eolophus roseicapilla roseicapilla:

    The species nominal

  • Eolophus roseicapilla albiceps:

    Differs from the nominal by their larger size, the crest whitish instead of pink, and eye ring Red instead of greyish white.

  • Eolophus roseicapilla kuhli:

    It has a plumage paler and a crest shorter.

Habitat:

In the North of its distribution area, the Galah frequent mountain forests, While much further South, most tend to live in the temperate forests of the lowlands.
During the summer season, It is most common in wooded areas of altitude, staying mainly in small fresh and shady ravines, always near a river.

In Winter, He moved to arid forests in more moderate altitudes. At this time of the year, also visit the parks and urban gardens.

The Galah It is a bird of open areas, always avoiding the dense forests.

During the nesting season they live in pairs or in small family groups, but the rest of the year, they gather in flocks very numerous in places where food resources are important. Sometimes can gather up to 1.000 birds in the pastures where they feed.

They are sentinels responsible to give the alarm in case of danger.
The power stations are separated by many miles of the rest areas.
In the evening devoted to drinking and perform aerial stunts before joining the residence. Occasionally it can be active and noisy at night.

Reproduction:

In the North, the reproduction has place between February and June.

During the courtship, the male Struts before his partner making bows, shaking his head, producing low notes and showing a repertoire of stunts.

Most of the times, the nest is a natural cavity in a eucalyptus, between 2 and 20 meters above the ground.
The Galah You strum the bark of the trunk around the hole which is the entrance of the nest. This practice is sometimes so excessive that they cause the death of the tree. Cliffs can also be used as a place of nesting.

The same couples usually are mate during all their life and are loyal to the same nesting sites for several consecutive years.

The spawning includes 2-6 eggs. The female lays one egg every one or two days and the incubation period is about 25 days. Both parents incubate at the same time, and they provide assistance to young people. They feed their young each 3 hours, sounding his beak to regurgitate the food. The young remain in the nest during 7 u 8 weeks.

While they are able to fly quickly when they come out of the nest, their survival rate is small. The first few days after the flight, they return to the nest for the night. Shortly after, form large nursery where parents are feeding their young.

From time to time, the Galah It has a second litter in a season.

Food:

Consume a wide variety of plants, such as oats or wheat seed or the other many herbaceous plants. In addition to that, They also eat insects and their larvae, berries, outbreaks, flowers and seeds of eucalyptus.

They feed almost exclusively on Earth.

Distribution:

Size distribution (reproduction / resident): 14400000 km2

Endemic of Australia where it occupies the entire continent. The majority of its population is located South-East of New Welsh of the South and in the State of Victoria. In other places, is less abundant.

Distribution of subspecies:

  • Eolophus roseicapilla roseicapilla:

    (Western Australia, South of the great desert of sand and probably in the Simpson Desert in the southern part of the territory of the North)

  • Eolophus roseicapilla albiceps:

    (Tasmania and Southeast of Australia, heading north to the 20 degrees latitude South and East)

  • Eolophus roseicapilla kuhli:

    (to the North of the of Australia, from the District of Kimberley to the Peninsula of the Cape York)

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: In increased.

Although it has a beneficial action stopping the spread of some weeds, the Galah have a considerable potential of destruction and is considered a pest in the majority of Australia.

Crops, especially cereals, they suffer great losses each year. They often cause the destruction of the trees where they nest or establish their residences. The world population It is estimated in more than 5 millions of individuals and the number is growing constantly.

This remarkable species not is protected in all the regions and can be collapsed if causes too much losses agricultural.

Cacatúa Galah en cautividad:

It´s very common in aviculture worldwide, one of the cockatoos more easy to raise as caring and being very sued as a pet so much by his physical appearance both for its more manageable than of other cockatoos. Her offspring should take into account the different subspecies, Therefore we will avoid possible hybridization between them.

Are parrots extroverts, friendly, playful and affectionate. However, they are still cacatuidos, They therefore require more attention than other psittacine species to be happy animals. Its speaking ability is fairly high within the Group of cockatoos, with males that better mimic. It is considered that it might also noisy, especially if you are bored or if it has been poorly educated or poorly maid, so you will have to always buy weaned and well socialized specimens. When they are young and still take porridge his voice is very unpleasant.

They possess a behavior that is similar to the of the small Cockatiel. Males are more talkers and possess a strong character. The females., on the other hand, they are silent and less dominant. They are most appropriate, Therefore, to be adopted as pets.

The males they may become aggressive in mating season.

They have a high tendency to obesity, thing very significantly decreases their hope and quality of life, by what control seriously its diet, providing low number of fats and allowing to do much exercise.

Its life expectancy formerly was around the 15-18 years, probably due to a bad diet popular ignorance of your requirements. Today speaks of animals of up to 40 years of life.

If we opt for a cockatoo for home, a pink may be the best alternative: less demanding than her sisters, slightly less noisy and, If we chose a female, We have the gentleness and docility secured.

Its price market round the 1.000 €.

Alternative names:

Galah, Rose Cockatoo, Roseate Cockatoo, Rose-breasted Cockatoo, Willock (English).
Cacatoès rosalbin, Galah (French).
Rosakakadu (German).
Cacatua-galah (Portuguese).
Cacatúa Galah, Cacatúa Rosa (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cockatoo
Scientific name: Eolophus roseicapilla
Genus: Eolophus
Citation: (Vieillot, 1817)
Protonimo: Cacatua roseicapilla

Images cockatoo Galah:

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Galah (Eolophus roseicapilla)

Sources:
Avibase
Oiseaux
kktwas
faunatura

Photos: de.wikipedia.org , commons.wikimedia.org, David Cook Wildlife Photography (kookr), Richard.fisher

Sounds: nick talbot (Xeno-canto)

Gang-gang Cockatoo
Callocephalon fimbriatum


Gang-gang Cockatoo

Description

Of approximately 35 cm.. height and an average weight of 257 g.

The Gang-gang Cockatoo (Callocephalon fimbriatum) is a small cockatoo, robust, with one crest Dim, large wings wide, and tail short. Are gregarious but relatively calm.

The males of the Gang-gang Cockatoo they are immediately recognizable by their head and crest scarlet. The remaining plumage is slate grey.
The females they have the head and crest grey. The feathers of the part inferior of the body are lined with green Orange and yellow, giving a scaly appearance. The tail also has stripes horizontal white. In all other respects, is identical to the male.

The juveniles they are similar to the females, they differ in their top, the head Red and one crest shorter and less twisted.
The Gang-gang Cockatoo not can confuse it with other species of parrots. In flight, However, sometimes their shape resembles to the Galah.

  • Sound of the Gang-gang Cockatoo.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cacatua time-gang.mp3]

Habitat:

During the summer are found in the forests of mountain and areas with understory of shrubs dense. In Winter they will move to more dry and low altitudes, more open forests. They can often be seen along the roads and in parks and gardens in urban areas. They require high hollow trees for nest.

Reproduction:

Forman couples monogamous. The female chooses a hole in the right tree and both sexes prepare the nest for egg-laying. Lined with sawdust and dust of the chewing sides of the hollow. Both sexes incubate the eggs and care for the young. The parents feed their young for four to six weeks after Feather.

The family groups are commonly seen feeding together during the breeding season. In some cases, be formed ' nurseries’ where have several couples nested together, their offspring will settle together in the same tree, While their parents seek for food.

Food:

With feed mainly seeds trees and shrubs, native and introduced, with a preference for the eucalyptus, beards and thorns. They also eat berries, fruit, dried fruits, insects and their larvae.

They are mainly arboreal, they sit on the ground only for drinking and for forage among the fallen fruit or cones.

They feed in flocks of up 60 birds outside the breeding season. Feed in pairs or small family groups during the breeding season.

They are able to use exotic plants as food in the urban areas.

Distribution:

Size distribution (reproduction / resident): 333.000 km2

They are endemic to the South-East of Australia. They are widespread in the East of New South Wales, from the Central slopes and plateaus to the South Coast, along the northeastern regions of Victoria to Seymour, with some records in the East of Melbourne, Peninsula of Mornington and Southwest Gippsland.
Have also been introduced in the Kangaroo Island to the South of Australia.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: In increased.

Is come affected negatively by deforestation and the removal of mature trees (potential breeding sites). A population is classified as threatened: in the Valley Cove Lane, New South Wales.

The the rest of the population It is suspected that it may be increasing and now will spend the winter in the suburbs of Canberra.

The world population are estimated at more of 20,000 individuals.

Cacatúa Gang-gang en cautividad:

It´s very rare in poultry and hard to find as a pet.

Are Smart and playful, but they have a great tendency to suffer from software. They are very destructive for what need of abundant toys to not attack against the furniture of the House.

When you get bored, they are often automutilan as a way to fight against boredom.

Its life expectancy You can overcome the 60 years.

Alternative names:

Gang-gang Cockatoo, Cockatoo Corella, Helmeted Cockatoo, Red-crowned Cockatoo, Red-headed Parrot (English).
Cacatoès à tête rouge, Cacatoès gang-gang (French).
Helmkakadu, Helm-Kakadu (German).
Cacatua-gang-gang (Portuguese).
Cacatúa Gang Gang, Cacatúa Gang-gang (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cockatoo
Scientific name: Callocephalon fimbriatum
Genus: Callocephalon
Citation: (Grant,JB, 1803)
Protonimo: Psittacus fimbriatus

Images cockatoo Gang-gang:

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Gang-gang Cockatoo (Callocephalon fimbriatum)

Sources:
Avibase
infoexoticos
Birdlife

– Photos: Jan Wegener, Co (Panoramio), papouch.webzdarma.cz, Benjamint444 (commons.wikimedia.org)

– Sounds: (Xeno-canto)

Glossy Black-Cockatoo
Calyptorhynchus lathami


Glossy Black-Cockatoo

Description

46 to 51 cm.. height and between 400 and 500 g. of weight.

The Glossy Black-Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus lathami) is the smallest of the 5 Black cockatoos and is restricted to the East coast of Australia (a population isolated also is reproduced in the Islands Kangaroo).

The male is brown-black color with a small crest rounded and bright Scarlet spots in the tail. The female shows spots irregular in color yellow in it head, The Scarlet patches in the tail they are permeated by narrow black bars and edges of pale yellow on the underparts of the wings.

The immature they are similar to the females, but they lack the yellow markings on the head and show different yellowish tones in the feathers, the chest and in the belly.

  • Sound of the Glossy Black-Cockatoo.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cacatua Lustrosa.mp3]

Subspecies description

  • Calyptorhynchus lathami lathami

    (Temminck, 1807) – The nominal.

  • Calyptorhynchus lathami halmaturinus

    (Mathews, 1912) – Medium-size ones 48 cm. length and 510 to 515 weight g, with a wing of approximately 90 cm.. The of adults they are mainly black, dark brown in the head, the neck and the bottom of the body, and Red panels (in males) or orange-red with bars Black (in females) on tail. The female adult is also conspicuous in the head. These patches are absent from the majority of the males, Although they can be expressed faintly in a few individuals (Higgins 1999).

    The immature are similar in appearance to the male adult, but have small stains yellow in it head; spots or bars yellow in the chest, belly and flanks; yellow or orange spots on the wing (mainly on the bottom); Red or orange-yellow panels with black bars at the tail; A bill pale grey (instead of dark); And a ring of skin around the eye pale grey (instead of grey dark) (Higgins 1999, L. Pedler 2007, com. Pers.).

  • Calyptorhynchus lathami erebus

    (Schodde & Mason,IJ, 1993) – The only difference with the nominal species resides in that has the bill shorter.

Habitat:

Areas forested frequently dominated by casuarinas of which are highly dependent for its food. It is of small shrubs commonly known as the Sheoaks, wood for beef (Beefwood) or Australian pine. These shrubs are widespread in tropical and subtropical regions.

They are also distributed by open rainforests, difficult terrain that was not too large deforestation. They have an imperative for natural tree cavities to nest.

Reproduction:

Forman couple during all the life. The couple has relationships throughout the year. This type of family of them parrots prefers to nest in cavities natural of the eucalyptus, whether dead or in full vitality. The nest usually placed at an altitude that ranges between the 3 and 30 meters above the ground. The cavity is filled with leaves and branches. Sometimes, together with other breeding pairs, they share the same tree year after year.

In New South Wales the season extends from March to August. The spawning It consists of a single egg white. Is the female which takes care of most tasks: It prepares the nest and incubates herself. Never leave the nest until the small is reached the age of one week. In the majority of cases, the female, the male provides food and assistance until he raised it can stand by itself in, normally four months which remains with them until the next breeding season.

Food:

It feeds almost exclusively on the seeds several species of She-oak (Casuarina and Allocasuarina). You can also sometimes eat larvae of wood-boring. They feed in threes, less frequently in pairs, small groups or flocks of up to 60 birds. They can be detected by the snapping of their beaks and the remains of the casuarina cones and twigs that fall.

Distribution:

Size distribution (reproduction / resident): 770.000 km2

The species is rare Although widespread in suitable forests of the central coast and forest habitats of Queensland and in the interior of the southern plateaus and Plains of the Midwest's New South Wales, with a small population in the Riverina. There is an isolated population in the Kangaroo Island, South of Australia.

Distribution of subspecies

  • Calyptorhynchus lathami lathami

    (Temminck, 1807) – The nominal.

  • Calyptorhynchus lathami halmaturinus

    (Mathews, 1912) – Kangaroo Island (South of Australia)

  • Calyptorhynchus lathami erebus

    (Schodde & Mason,IJ, 1993) – East of Australia (the central eastern coastal area of Queensland)

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

As most of the species of parrots, the Glossy Black-Cockatoo is protected by the Convention on international trade in endangered species of Fauna and Flora Silvestres ( CITES ), with its inclusion in the list of the Appendix II of vulnerable species, What makes the import, the export and trade of animals captured in the wild is illegal.

Justification of the population

Garnett and Crowley (2000) estimated the size of the population in the following way: 12.000 individuals of the subspecies lathami, 70 breeding pairs of the subspecies halmaturinus (equivalent to 140 individuals) and 5.000 individuals of the subspecies erebus giving a total of 17.140 individuals.

Justification of trend

They suspected that the population is declining in general Since the largest subpopulation, lathami, It is slowly decreasing throughout its range. However it is believed that the subspecies Erebus is increasing and the subspecies halmaturinus It is increasing as a result of conservation efforts in the Island Ganguro (Garnett and Crowley 2000).

Cacatúa Lustrosa en cautividad:

Like the other black cockatoos, the Glossy Black-Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus lathami) is extremely rare in the poultry. In Australia It has attained breed in captivity.

Alternative names:

Glossy Black-Cockatoo, Casuarina Cockatoo, Casuarine Cockatoo, Latham’s Cockatoo, Leach’s Black-Cockatoo, Leach’s Red-tailed Cockatoo, Nutcracker (English).
Cacatoès de Latham, Cacatoès noir étincelant (French).
Braunkopfkakadu (German).
Cacatua-preto-brilhante (Portuguese).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cockatoo
Scientific name: Calyptorhynchus lathami
Genus: Calyptorhynchus
Citation: (Temminck, 1807)
Protonimo: Psittacus Lathami

Images Calyptorhynchus lathami:

———————————————————————————————–

Glossy Black-Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus lathami)

Sources:
Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos: commons.wikimedia.org, The Glossy Black Conservancy,

Sounds: Nigel Jackett (Xeno-canto)

Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo
Calyptorhynchus banksii

Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo

Description

55 to 60 cm.. length between 570 and 870 weight g.

Adults of the Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus banksii) present sexual dimorphism. The male is entirely black, with the exception of the sides of the tail that are of color red glossy. The upper part of the head It is a long Ridge which starts from the front and goes up to the nape. The bill is grey dark.

The females they are slightly smaller. Show a plumage blackish brown with yellow-orange stripes on the tail and the chest. The cheeks and wings they are covered with small yellow spots. The bill is of color bone pale. Lower parts to the tail coverts they are finely excluded in beige.

The youth are similar to the females until they reach the maturity sexual, around the 4 years. Gradually, as they approach this age, YM will acquire their feathers red which gradually replaced their initial feathers in yellow.

  • Sound of the Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cacatua Colirroja.mp3]
Description 5 subspecies

Will differ between itself mainly by the size of its peak

  • Calyptorhynchus banksii banksii

    (Latham, 1790) – Nominal. Large. Bill dark grey.

  • Calyptorhynchus banksii graptogyne

    (Schodde, Saunders,DA & Homberger, 1989) – It is the smaller of the 5 Subspecies.

  • Calyptorhynchus banksii macrorhynchus

    (Gould, 1843) – Large as it nominal.

  • Calyptorhynchus banksii naso

    (Gould, 1837) – They have wings that seem to be more long and pointy.

  • Calyptorhynchus banksii samueli

    (Mathews, 1917) – Have a size and bill smaller.

Habitat:

Wide variety of habitats. Grasslands and scrub, from the dense rainforests to the forests of acacia and eucalyptus.
Nestbox, These birds are generally dependent on the old eucalyptus, Although according to which regions regions, the variety of trees for nesting, It could be different.

To feed, flocks of these cockatoos, they penetrate in agricultural lands and orchards, becoming a real plague.
In all parts of the Australian mainland, have been observed seasonal movements.
In the North, the majority of the cockatoos flee zones of high humidity during the rainy season.
In other parts of the continent, We are seeing movements directly related to food.
In South Australia, the movements are carried out in the South-North direction and are not necessarily linked to the stations.

Reproduction:

It nests in the hollow of the following trees: MARRI, Jarrah, Wandoo, Karri and Bullich. Eggs are laid on the bottom of a hollow log, up dry branches, between March and December. The cavity can have a depth of one to two meters. The diameter of the entry may vary from 25 to 50 centimeters.

The laying is of an only egg (In rare cases two). The incubation runs by features of the female and lasts between 29 and 31 days.
At birth the chicks are covered by a little and yellow plumage. Most of the times, the second breeding is abandoned and eventually die from lack of food. The breeding that survives is fed by both parents.

Food:

It feeds mainly from seeds, in particular those of Eucalyptus Marri (E. calophylla). Chew small branches, seizes clusters with legs and the “Chew” to extract the seeds. Strip the remains to the soil, at the foot of the tree. It is a great vegetarian, also eats berries, fruit, some insects and larvae. Occasionally it feeds on plants or varieties introduced as the radish wild, turnips or melons.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 8.680.000 km2

Endemic of Australia, where in drier areas.
They are especially common in the northern part of the country. In the South, they are less abundant and more dispersed.

The WPT (World Parrot Trust) contributed funds to a project in the South of Australia for help to save to these birds.

Distribution 5 subspecies

Will differ between itself mainly by the size of its peak

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

In the past it was common, but now it has become rare, It is distributed unevenly in areas that have been significantly reduced.
The decrease is caused by the deforestation, the competition for the nesting with species native and exotic, as well as the fires.

It is believed that the world's population exceeds the 100.000 individuals.
the subspecies graptogyne was estimated to be in less of 1.000 individuals in 1989.
Only the subspecies of the Southwest, Calyptorhynchus banksii naso, is considered as “Vulnerable”.

The subspecies Calyptorhynchus banksii banksii is not classified as threatened in all regions.

Cacatúa Colirroja en cautividad:

Excellent with a very devoted owner. It can be quite noisy. It has a moderate ability to imitate human sound.
There has been an increase in captive birds in Australia. It is very rare as bird cage.
They can live in 50 to 100 years in captivity. The variety Calyptorhynchus banksii naso, of 25 to 50 years.

Alternative names:

Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo, Banksian Cockatoo, Banks’s Black Cockatoo, Black Cockatoo (English).
Cacatoès banksien, Cacatoès de Banks (French).
Rabenkakadu (German).
Cacatua-negra-de-cauda-vermelha (Portuguese).
Cacatúa Colirroja, Cacatúa Fúnebre de Cola Roja (Spanish).

John Latham
John Latham

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cockatoo
Genus: Calyptorhynchus
Scientific name: Calyptorhynchus banksii
Citation: (Latham, 1790)
Protonimo: Psittacus Banksii

Cockatoo images Colirroja:

——————————————————————————————-

Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus banksii)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

– Photos: Laslovarga (commons.wikimedia.org), Wikipedia, Scarlet23 (Wikipedia), Uploaded by Casliber (Wikipedia), Uploaded by Peter Campbell (Wikipedia)

– Sounds: Nigel Jackett

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