Origin: South Africa, Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya, Malawi
Longevity: 32 years
Height: 22 cm..
Of 22 cm.. length and a weight between 120 and 156 g..
The Brown-headed Parrot(Poicephalus cryptoxanthus) has the head, including the nape, the chin and throat brown; ear-coverts paler. Mantle brown, but more to the tail; scapulars dark green-edged Brown; rump and uppertail-coverts bright green. Upper, the wing-coverts green, sometimes with a small yellow spot on the curve of the wing
folded; wing feathers yellow. Primaries Brown with vane Blue-Green external; the secondaries brown.
The feathers in the upper area of the chest Brown with a narrow edge of green at the bottom; the rest of the underparts green, but darker bases of the feathers, giving a mottled look.
Tail dark brown with green washing and dark green tip.
The upper mandible and cere grey-black (darker towards tip), lower pale, almost white; irises yellow-green light; periophthalmic ring and legs dark grey to black.
Both sexes similar.
Immature generally more muted than adults and with the irises brown.
Poicephalus cryptoxanthus cryptoxanthus (Peters,W, 1854) – Nominal species
Poicephalus cryptoxanthus tanganyikae (Bowen, 1930) – As the nominal but more pale species; more green and less Brown. Green mantle and underparts brighter. Bib of brown feathers on the throat and upper of the much smaller chest than in the nominal species; the head more color olive brown.
Is located in almost all the forests: riparian forests, inside Savannah forests and dry forests in southeastern Africa, but it seems to avoid the miombo woodland and prefers areas with baobabs.
Registered in coconut plantations, riparian forest, the edges of small farms and mangroves.
Confined in lowlands (below the 1.200 metres above sea level in Tanzania and 1.000 metres in Malawi).
Gregarious; usually seen them is in small flocks of about 12 birds, but can meet up to 50 in places of power. Sometimes it is associated with the Cape Parrot and also observed feeding in company of the Madagascar Green-Pigeon.
Normally nest in hollows of old trees of woodpeckers, between 4 and 10 meters above the ground. Often has to compete with the Cape Parrot, Meyer's Parrot, squirrels and Crowned Hornbill the nesting sites.
Season of laying egg is April-May in the South of its range.
The laying is of 2 to 4 eggs, which are incubated solely by the female during 26-30 days, While the male feeds her on the nest.
The chicks they remain in the nest during 50-54 days before leaving to the “breeding ground”, It is generally an area with dense trees broadband supply of water in the vicinity. During this time the chicks are silent and largely immobile, becoming fully independent a few 28 days later.
They forage, with slow and deliberate movements, climbing and often holding the food between the claws. They drink daily, around noon.
The Brown-headed Parrot are distributed by the southeast of Africa. From the North-East of South Africa (Swaziland, Zululand and Transvaal) through the southeast of Zimbabwe, Mozambique and South of Malawi to the East of Tanzania (including the island of Pemba and southern end of Zanzibar) and southeastern edge of Kenya.
Apparently sedentary. In some places, the Brown-headed Parrot, are a species common, especially close to the coast and in the South of its range, but in some other areas are scarce or rather local; in Zanzibar possibly extinct.
Distribution of subspecies:
Poicephalus cryptoxanthus cryptoxanthus (Peters,W, 1854) – Nominal species
Poicephalus cryptoxanthus tanganyikae (Bowen, 1930) – Mozambique, to the North of the Save river across the South of Malawi and this from Tanzania to the coastal part of Kenya.
35 to 40 cm. length and a weight between 215 and 315 gr.
The plumage of the Black Parrot(Coracopsis nigra) It, usually, blackish brown (iridescent green Sheen during the breeding season) with inconspicuous grayish color marks in undertail- coverts and gray in vane external to the primary.
Bottom of flight feathers pale grey. Upper, the tail brown-black color; undertail, light grey: subterminal band Dark.
The bill color horn, more off-white to modify the moult; irises dark brown: periophthalmic ring grey-brown (does not reach the peak); legs dark brown.
Immature paler than adults with pale undertail- coverts and yellowish tint in the bill; Tips of the feathers of the tail pale grey.
Coracopsis nigra libs (Bangs, 1927) – Paler and with the underparts Browner that nominal species; back bluish grey tinted. No dark subterminal band on the tail.
Coracopsis nigra nigra (Linnaeus, 1758) – Nominal species
Coracopsis nigra sibilans (Milne-Edwards & Oustalet, 1885) – Smaller, about 30 cm., and paler than the nominal species. Chocolate color replaces the nominal blackish brown. No grey in the vane the primary external
The Black Parrot are resident with some movements of foraging day.
It is found in a wide variety of forests and savanna areas, including ecosystems modified by man, wooded land of cities and towns, as well as primary forests, from the level of the sea up to 2,050 m altitude.
You can see more on the dense forests, swamp forest (including mangroves) and scrublands, that the Vasa Parrot, in order to avoid large areas of forests.
Usually seen in small noisy groups, either flying or sitting on the tops of the trees; active on moonlit nights.
In Seychelles, However, the Black Parrot seldom form flocks and in general you seen alone or in pairs, except when the food, locally, they are abundant.
Is not known to form mixed flocks with the Vasa Parrot.
Nest in the hollow trunk of tree or in a branch, usually above the 15 m.
Breeding probably from November to February.
Clutch of 2 to 8 eggs.
The Black Parrot they feed on seed, berries, fruits and nuts; more fruit-eating bats that the Vasa Parrot.
It is possible to keep them in community with its kind, but outside the breeding period. At the beginning you can be shy. It is a Active Parrot and nervous, generally Extrovert Once accustomed to people and environment, tends to be entrusted, Although depends on also his way of breeding enough (natural or by hand) and earlier experiences.
As a pet can be a magnificent company, loving, playful and very smart.
With regard to its longevity, sources they indicate that a sample lived 34.1 years in captivity.
- Black Parrot, Lesser Vasa Parrot, Lesser Vasa-Parrot (inglés).
- Vaza noir, Perroquet noir (francés).
- Rabenpapagei (alemán).
- Papagaio preto (portugués).
- Loro Negro (español).
The Antipodes Parakeet(Cyanoramphus unicolor) has a plumage brighter yellowish green, more yellowish on the hand down and sometimes with irregular yellow markings at the top. It is the only species that has no color marks in head and tail. It is the largest of its kind.
The face and top are bright emerald green, and the contrast with the neck and the chest is more off.
At the top of the wings, the outer bands of the flight feather are blue, While the long tail It is green with fine yellow piping.
The great bill is silver-grey with dark end. The eyes are orange-red. The legs and feet are greyish.
Both sexes are identical. The female is slightly smaller than the male.
The young birds they are of tail shorter. The young people have the bill Pink White and the eyes light brown.
The birds are most common on steeper slopes and near water courses, alone or in small groups; They walk on the floor and climb among the branches as they seek food, normally during the morning and before nightfall.
These birds are very Meek and curious. When frightened, they disappear among the dense vegetation, keeping silent or giving a short alarm call. More than half of the day are dedicated to Sun bathing and preening in protected areas. They bathe in small ponds and rest in burrows.
The season of reproduction takes place between October and March. The Antipodes Parakeetnest in soils with good drainage, a length of at least one meter. The nests is carved in fibrous peat, under the thick base of the tall grass vegetation. The nesting Chamber It is full of rootlets or fern scales.
The spawning occurs between November and January. The female lays 2-3 white eggs (5-6 in captivity). She carries out most of the duties of nesting, and incubates the eggs for a few 26 days. She cares for and feeds the chicks for nearly two weeks. The male contributes to raising, feeding the female during this period, as well as to the power of youth to their independence, at least two weeks after leaving the nest.
The diet main consists of leaves; an amount of crushed leaves, still attached to the plant, they are a distinctive sign of the power of the Antipodes Parakeet. Also consume seeds, berries, the remains of penguins and petrels dead. They often enter into colonies of the Western Rockhopper Penguin (Eudyptes chrysocome) and of the Erect-crested Penguin (Eudyptes sclateri) between the months of October and may, to feed on their eggs or dead offspring. Also eggs and sometimes feeds the newborn babies of the same species. (The sympatrico Red-fronted Parakeet prevents competition by taking advantage of the niche that provide seeds, flowers, berries and small invertebrates.)
The world's population of the Antipodes Parakeet It is estimated between 2.000 and 3,000 specimens. Although common and stable within its distribution area, the species is permanently at risk due to accidental introduction of predators, problem that could be solved in a short time.
Some birds are kept in captivity in New Zealand.
This plump parakeet can live in community with species with similar characteristics. It is usually Extrovert, Active Depending on your type of poultry rearing (natural or hand) and earlier experiences, It may be a trusted Parrot (hand raised or treated early), even being raised by their parents tends to be entrusted.
As pet could be of good pet by his way of being cheerful and curious.
It is a rather nice parrot as vocalizations. It is not just loud. He likes to climb, There is no great need to crack and loves to be on the floor. Enjoy the baths.
However, due to their vulnerability, is very rare poultry.
- Antipodes Parakeet, Antipodes Green Parakeet, Antipodes Green Parrot, Antipodes Island Parakeet, Antipodes Island Parrot (inglés).
- Perruche des Antipodes, Kakariki des Antipodes, Perruche d'Antipodes (francés).
- Einfarbsittich (alemán).
- Kakariki dos Antípodas (portugués).
- Perico de Antípodas, Perico de las Antípodas (español).
(1) – Cyanoramphus unicolor at Wellington Zoo, Wellington, New Zealand by Peter Halasz. (User:Pengo) – Wikimedia
(2) – Cyanoramphus unicolor at Wellington Zoo, Wellington, New Zealand by Peter Halasz. (User:Pengo) – Wikimedia
(3) – Antipodes Island Parakeet, Auckland Zoo by russellstreet – Flickr
(4) – Antipodes Island parakeet (Cyanoramphus unicolor) by Chlidonias – zoochat
(5) – Antipodes Island parakeet (Cyanoramphus unicolor) by Chlidonias – zoochat
(6) – A painting of Antipodes Parakeet, also known as Antipodes Island Parakeet, (originally captioned “Platycercus unicolor Uniform Parrakeet”) by Edward Lear 1812-1888 [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
The Bourke's Parrot(Neopsephotus bourkii) has frontal area white. The chin, lores and contour of the eyes they are also white and form a kind of orbital ring clear when seen from a distance.
The ear-coverts and upper cheeks are dark brown with pink dots and you specks. The pileum and the neck are greenish-Brown, with darker edges.
The upperparts are brown-grey color with pale edges on scapulars.
The rump and the top of the tail has darker tones, with some pale blue on the sides. The curvature of the wing is blue.
The small coverts are blue, the median they have light blue, the greater coverts they have a dark tint with yellow-white and blue pink.
The flight feather primary and secondary are mostly blue.
The underparts is blue.
The breast feathers are brown with pink ends, giving an appearance of general pinkish brown.
The abdomen is bright pink.
Thighs, lower flanks, side of the rump, under belly and lower area of the tail they have a light blue color. The upper part of the tail infiltrates with bluish-grey.
The bill is greyish black, without hook in the upper jaw. The irises Brown, legs grey-brown.
The female in General, the colors are off and the blue coloration is very little visible or is absent.
The youth they are equal to the female adult but more muted, with a pale band under the wings which is less pronounced in the male juvenile
For a long time, the Bourke's Parrot It was classified in the genus Neophema. A number of ornithologists, more and more, is of the opinion that this parakeet does not belong to this genus and species have been classified in a separate genus called Bourkii.
The Bourke's Parrot they are distributed among the driest inland areas.
They mark a strong preference for scattered areas of mulga (Acacia aneura) but does not disdain the plantations of eucalyptus. Can also be observed in plots along streams and afforestation of Callitris they are conifers belonging to the family of Cypress.
Are nomads and slightly Twilight. These birds are established in a territory and remain there several years before disappearing completely. The Bourke's Parrot they can be very sociable. During periods of drought, You can meet thousands around the water wells and springs.
During the months of the summer, We can see them in the morning and in the evening around the ponds.
In Winter, These parakeets come to drink during the day in the company of species of pigeons as the Common Bronzewing (Phaps chalcoptera). In places close to the drinking fountains, the Bourke's Parrot They fly in Group emitting loud cries and making whistling wings. However, These parakeets sometimes go unnoticed, they are able to rest or to eat ground in pairs or in small groups. They remain in silence on the floor or hide in the dead wood that serves as camouflage. There are more assets during the sunset.
The Bourke's Parrot they usually reproduce in August to December, but the season can vary depending on rainfall. The courtship of this bird are similar to those of other species of Parrot Neophema. Males approach the female in upright position with outspread wings and tail.
The nest is located in one a tree cavity, between 1 and 3 meters above the ground. The laying is formed by between 3 and 6 eggs they are incubated during at least 18 days. There are often two Broods in the season. The female leaves the nest just once a day in order to be resupplied by the male. The male is also in charge of mounted guard, patrolling and emitting cries in the vicinity of the nest, with the intention to deter intruders.
At birth, the chicks have a white marker, are altricial and remain in the nest for at least 4 weeks. They remain dependent on their parents during a week after feather.
The Bourke's Parrot they are almost exclusively vegetarian: they eat grass seeds, especially those that are dispersed by the wind. They also eat herbs collected in the soil and in the bushes. These parakeets also appreciate the fresh young shoots and seeds of Acacia or of Bassia, they are small shrubs belonging to the category of Chenopodium album.
Scattered through the interior of Australia, where are nomads but locally common.
Birds, to the This of the Montes Flinders You can isolate, Since there are no records from among 139 ° and 140 ° E.
Apparently, the species has declined in the center of New South Wales due to overgrazing by cattle and rabbits, and is now mainly in the West, from the surroundings of Broken Hill, to Paroo River; nomads, However, There have been more towards the This, in the surroundings of Narrandera in the South and the Lightning Ridge in the North.
The world population is considered to be more of 50.000 specimens.
The species is probably increasing in the West due to agricultural expansion that includes the provision of artificial irrigation sites.
• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern
• Population trend: Growing
It is estimated one population superior to the 50 000 individuals.
In the western part of its range, the numbers are growing, probably due to the development of agriculture and the installation of new irrigation areas. The reason for their development can also be found in sheep breeding and the replacement of areas reducing salinas with grass.
The Bourke's Parrot they are very good birds for beginners amateurs, easy-to-play.
It is a bird peaceful, silent and it is active only in the first and last hours of the day. Are calm and confident by nature and easy to maintain. It has almost no cravings for crack and your bathroom need depends on the individual. A dry climate supports well, but it is sensitive to cold and wet mist.
Les gusta estar en tierra firme y son susceptibles a la infección por gusanos, también son susceptibles a infecciones oculares.
With regard to its longevity, According to sources, una muestra vivíó 12,6 years in captivity. In captivity, estos animales pueden criar, approximately, to the 2 years of age.
20 to 21 cm. length and a weight between 44 and 61 g..
The Blue-winged Parrot(Neophema chrysostoma) has the crown olive green color with a yellow front wallwashing; Blue frontal band (clearer on the back edge), arriving from the front towards the eyes (but not beyond); Lords bright yellow; coverts outpus and face Gris-Oliva. Upperparts olive green color without brightness.
Wing coverts blue, clearer in some feathers of the greater coverts Interior. Primaries black, with blue-violet edges in vane thin yellow margin and external; secondary internal with vane Green external, secondary average with blue in vane outer; tertiary olive green. Wing feathers blue. Top of the chest light green with yellow shading in the area of the belly and undertail- coverts. Upper, the tail is bluish grey, with the exception of the tips of the outer tail feathers, that are yellow.
The bill negro-grisaceo is with the lower jaw of pink color and sharp-edged upper jaw; irises dark brown; legs gris-rosado color.
The female It is more off than the male with the line that decorates the forecrown less developed.
It has the top of the crown olive green. The underparts they are tinged with pale green.
The young birds they lack the front band and most show a wing bar; the bill It is orange in very young birds.
During the nesting season, the Blue-winged Parrot frequent eucalyptus plots.
From the winter, These birds change the habitat type, visiting the clear, orchards or similar locations. In addition to these common locations, they tend to move into thickets of acacia and lightly wooded grasslands. At this time of the year, the Blue-winged Parrot They also feel attracted by the arid plains with Salt plants (Atriplex) and for the coast and mountain Moors.
These colorful birds occasionally visit swamps, sand dunes along the coast and wetlands.
To the Blue-winged Parrot You can see them in pairs or in small groups, but in the off-season, form large meetings in the regions south of the coast, in partnership with the Crimson Rosella or more rarely with the Orange-bellied Parrot.
When feed, they are relatively accessible, flying into a nearby tree when bother them.
During the courtship, the male drops his wings, moves the head and regurgitates food for your future partner. By now, not explained clearly the migration. We know that the birds of the South of the continent are directed toward the North after breeding and the northern limit of this movement lies in the South of Queensland. On the other hand, It is unclear whether all the population of the island of Tasmania It has to do with the migration that it crosses the Bass Strait.
The nesting season extends from October to January. The nest It is usually a natural cavity in a large eucalyptus. Sometimes, However, It is a strain on an any fence post or on a fallen trunk.
The female always makes the choice of the site. The Blue-winged Parrot They nest in colonies, sometimes several pairs are established in the same tree. The site can be used for several consecutive years.
Contains the implementation of 4 to 6 eggs, which are incubated for a period of 18 to 20 days. At birth, the chicks are altricial, and leave their place of birth to the 30 days after hatching. However, they stay with their parents for a short time before becoming independent.
The Blue-winged Parrot they feed mainly on grass seeds, and especially Danthonia What are family of grasses Poaceae. However, they often enter fields, where to dig the ground with their beaks to retrieve newly sown seeds.
Insects and invertebrates are probably part of their diet. Fruits and flowers represent a significant part of your menu.
During the breeding season (September to January) the birds are found below in 36 ° S, focusing on the more humid parts of the southeast of Southern Australia, South of Victoria, and in Tasmania.
It is not known if the continental population of the South is resident and birds of Tasmania they are migrant, flying over the Mainland farms to winter over North, or if the entire population moved northward in winter.
The Blue-winged Parrot they are generally common in the majority of open field types and are, probably, the most common parrot in Tasmania. where are reproduced to the South of Macquarie Harbour, on the West Coast and are found in the central region, provided that their habitat is suitable.
Flocks of up to 2.000 young birds they can form in the Northwest of Tasmania before the autumn migration.
The world's population is above the 20.000 birds.
• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern
• Population trend: Stable
According to the Manual of the birds of the world (HBW), This species is not threatened globally. Even it is common in the region of Melbourne and Tasmania.
The population is suspected to be stable in the apparent absence of any reduction or substantial threats.
According to Barry Talor, the world's population would exceed 20.000 individuals.
The Blue-winged Parrot It, in general, less popular in aviculture as the Crimson Rosella, the Turquoise Parrot, the Scarlet-chested Parrot and the Bourke's Parrot, Although it's not really rare.
Their behavior is relatively quiet with few movement needs. It is a bird that is easy to maintain, even for beginners. Your need to crack is almost non-existent and their need for bathroom depends on the individual. It is resistant to the European climate and, certainly, is not inferior to other species of neophemas. However, It is susceptible to fog and cold musty, as we know it here in the seasons of autumn and winter.
The Blue-winged Parrot they seek food by digging in the Earth and are therefore vulnerable to parasitic infections.
According to sources, a Blue-winged Parrot lived during 21 years in captivity. In captivity, these animals have been able to play at the age of 2 years.
- Blue-winged Parrot, Blue winged Parrot, Blue-banded Grass-Parakeet, Blue-banded Grass-Parrot, Blue-banded Parrot, Blue-winged Grass-Parakeet, Grass Parrot, Hobart Grass-Parrot (ingles).
- Perruche à bouche d'or, Perruche à ailes bleues, Vénuste à ailes bleues (francés).
- Feinsittich (alemán).
- Periquito-de-asa-azul (portugués).
- Papagayo de Alas Azules, Periquito Crisóstomo (español).
The Bluebonnet(Northiella haematogaster) they have the forecrown, lores and face, blue-violet color. The rest of the head, the chest, the layer, the back and rump It has a beautiful ochre mixed with yellow belly. The abdominal area It is covered by a large red spot.
The curvature of the wings is blue, the majority of the coverts are a key olive. The outermost feathers are purplish blue. The the wing lower and flight feather they are also blue-purple color. The tail color is greenish bronze but the outer feathers are blue-purple with white tips.
The bill grayish white is; the irises pale grey; legs grey.
The females they are more off, with less blue in the face and a pale bar on the wing
The immature they resemble females, but the stain abdominal Red is more discrete. The immature plumage is lost after few months. The chicks have the bill yellow.
Northiella haematogaster haematogaster (Gould 1838) – The nominal.
Northiella haematogaster haematorrhoa (Bonaparte 1856) – The curvature of the wing is turquoise blue and the blankets they are redheads. The underparts is red
Northiella haematogaster pallescens (Salvadori 1891) – The plumage It is similar to the nominal, but the underparts they are paler.
* Northiella haematogaster narethae (White,HL 1921) – The forecrown is blue, and has spots on the chest. The upperparts color is olive, the underparts is yellow with reddish color underneath the tail. Small outer covers red.
* A molecular study published in 2015 by Gaynor Dolman and Leo Joseph He confirmed the genetic isolation of the subspecies Northiella haematogaster narethae and recommended that it was restored as a separate species, the Naretha Bluebonnet(Northiella narethae)
The Bluebonnet frequent arid and semi-arid forests dominated by trees of the genus Myoporum, they are perennial and salt and drought-resistant shrubs.
Also appreciate the conifer and the casuarinas that you are home to colonies of caterpillars. They have a certain affection for the Acacias and eucalyptus, especially if the weed is made up of small quenopodios.
The Bluebonnet they often visit the grassy plains, dry underbrush and trees bordering the river. Sometimes they come to buildings, farms or small ponds.
In the South of its range, the removal of waste bags of Mallee, located on agricultural land, It seems to have had a very important influence.
The Bluebonnet they live in pairs or in small groups. When resent, loud disperse, but they remain on the ground a short distance from the trees. In the event of alarm, they raise the feathers of her eyebrows.
These birds are very enable, especially early in the morning when the boisterous groups are formed, just before his departure to feed. They are able to run very fast and have a very characteristic straight posture. They are less active during the heat of the day, staying on the ground in silence.
During the spawning, the Bluebonnet carried out parades such as greetings with head, movements of the tail and eating ritual exchanges. They also have a ceremonial flight consisting of small flapping.
The season of nesting extends from July to December, with some variations depending on the rains. The nest is located in a cavity in a tree, except in the subspecies narethae to use scrubby trees, being their favorite nesting place a nest on the ground in a crack in the base of a trunk. This subspecies usually gives preference to a tree of the genus acacia (Acacia papyrocarpa) family Fabaceae.
The spawning contains 4-7 eggs with one incubation lasts a few 19 days. The young chicks are born without feathers and remain in place of birth at least during 30 days.
• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern
• Population trend: Decreasing
In accordance with the Manual of the birds of the world (Handbook of the Birds of the World, HBW), the Bluebonnet they are not globally threatened. Are fairly common, except at the extremes of its range. However, the elucidation of native plants must be stopped if we want to preserve the food resources and nesting places.
The spread of the Common Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) It is a real danger in some areas. The subspecies Narethae is prized by poachers and the lots of beautiful feathers.
The proliferation of rabbits and Lagomorphs threatens the equilibrium of the habitat.
The Bluebonnet they were classified for more than one hundred years within the genus Psephotus. On the basis of some essential differences with the species Psephotus, they are currently classified within the independent genre Northiella.
The parakeet more required by lovers of Australian parakeets, are likely to be the Bluebonnet, Although the subspecies Naretha is very rare and scarce. The Bluebonnet pure breed, they are virtually non-existent in Europe.
There are many Bluebonnet non-purebred, since they often interbreed with the of red-bellied (Northiella haematogaster haematorrhoa). The birds that have tones rojas in the coverts infracaudales non-purebred. Be very careful when making their acquisitions.
The first successful breeding of the nominal species dates back to the year 1878, in France. With the subspecies of red-bellied (Northiella haematogaster haematorrhoa) also data from 1878, but this time in Belgium.
The first results of the subspecies breeding Northiella narethae they date from 1941 in Australia.
Are capricious in nature. The big problem is that of aggression since they are probably the most aggressive of all the Australian parakeets. Males, above all, they are the protagonists of this bad reputation. Therefore other birds not can be joined with the Bluebonnet, even larger birds.
The aggressiveness of the male reaches their own partner, the Aviary must take into account this, the female should be able to take refuge in case of attack. On the other hand, they are very animated and jugetones.
You spend much time on the ground looking for food, they are moderate rodents and are lovers of bath.
According to sources, a sample lived 15,3 years in captivity. In captivity, these animals have been known that they be reproduced in approximately 2 years of age.
- Bluebonnet, Blue Bonnet, Blue-Bonnet, Bluebonnet Parakeet, Bulloak Parrot, Common Bluebonnet, Common Bluebonnet Parrot, Crimson-bellied Parakeet, Crimson-bellied Parrot, Eastern or Western Bluebonnet, Little Bluebonnet, Naretha Bluebonnet, Naretha Parrot, Oak Parrot, Pallid Parrot, Red-bellied Bluebonnet, Red-vented Bluebonnet, Yellow-vented Bluebonnet, Yellow-vented Parrot (ingles).
- Perruche à bonnet bleu, Bonnet bleu, Perruche à bonnet bleu ou P. de Nareth (francés).
- Blutbauchsittich (alemán).
- Periquito-de-bluebonnet (portugués).
- Perico Azul, Perico Cariazul (español).
Between 32 to 44 cm.. length and a weight between 121 and 200 g..
Two species in the genus were traditionally recognized Barnardius, Barnardius zonarius and Barnardius barnardi, but both hibridaban in the contact area and are currently considered a single species.
The Australian Ringneck(Barnardius zonarius) It has the head of blackish brown with cheeks, both sides of the throat and underside of the headset coverts densely dotted with dark blue (You can display a few red spots on the front of the Crown); the back of the neck of bright yellow.
Middle of the mantle of dark green with thin dark stripes; slightly more bright green rump; a little more off than the rump supracaudales coverts.
External Middle coverts slightly greenish-yellow color, Green the inner coverts, the large green with blue-green and pale inner margins coverts green outer margins in the outermost feathers; curve of the wing of Turquoise, It extends slightly towards small coverts; primary coverts dark brown with vane dark blue external; Blackish flight feathers, strongly marginalized in foreign feathers, showing fusion from the blue color in the vane external to the blue gray of the tips.
Under, with turquoise coverts blackish flight feathers. Dark green chest with fine dark stripes; upper part of the abdomen of bright yellow, Green the lower belly area, slightly impregnated yellow; subcaudales coverts greenish-yellow. Central tail feathers of dark green merging to dark blue, the external of pale blue with dark bases and white tips. Under, pale blue tail.
The greyish white Peak: the Brown irises; legs grey
The female It has peak and smaller head, the slightly Browner head, and you can display a mark in the form of bar at the bottom of the wings.
The immature, they are a brand of pale bar on the wings (disappearing earlier in males than in females); they are more turned off, with a head of Brown and dissemination of greyish-Brown mantle and upper chest area; the tail is green above. Adult plumage is reached between 12 and 15 months.
Sound of the Australian Ringneck.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Perico Port Lincoln.mp3]
Subspecies Barnardius zonarius
Barnardius zonarius collared (Quoy and Gaimard, 1830) – Of 40 cm.. length approximately. It is more than nominal, but with the red front, abdomen green more off, Pico mas grande. Female plumage more pale and head color more Brown, the Red coloration of the forehead is narrower in some absentee.
Barnardius zonarius zonarius (Shaw, 1805) – Equal to the Barnardius zonarius collared, but with the yellow abdomen and without the prominent red Crimson list in the front, that if you have the subspecies collared.
Barnardius zonarius macgillivrayi (North, 1900) – Cloncurry Ringneck – Pileus and the nape of a deep green color and some reddish tones on the cheeks. Is lighter green shades, No red frontal band, and with a broad band uniform across your abdomen. Not recognized by all experts.
Barnardius zonarius barnardi (Vigors and Horsfield, 1827) – It has the pileus and the nape of a deep green color and some reddish tones on the cheeks. Their underparts are Turquoise green with an irregular band yellow orange across the abdomen. Your back and mantle are blackish blue and also this subspecies has a red band on the forehead.
Presumably either the nominal race.
The Australian Ringneck is mainly sedentary, with occasional movements during extreme weather conditions. The species occupies a range of habitats, including eucalyptus red zones (Eucalyptus camaldulensis), along water courses, acacia scrub and mallee (Eucalyptus gracilis), eucalyptus open woodlands, agricultural fields, desert shrubland and suburban areas.
In general has adapted better to the effects produced by settlements that the Mallee Ringneck, and it has been particularly successful in the South-West wheat belt, in where the birds are observed while they eat at road verges. The subspecies collared has a more specific habitat, preferring the high forests of coastal eucalyptus, particularly marri (Eucalyptus calophylla).
The Australian Ringneck they form strong pair-bonds and, normally, is found in small family parties or groups of up to eight birds. They are usually visible, loud and inquisitive, being more active during the morning and evening. They tend to remain silent while they feed on the ground, but they loud chattering when they feed in the canopy and when they gather to sleep after drinking, remaining assets after the sunset.
The time of nesting is from June to February, starting earliest in the North.
The birds are territorial around the nest, and there are many quarrels in the beginning of the breeding season. In courtship, the male drops his wings, WAGs tail producing a buzzing sound, He chatters loudly and shakes head. During courtship feeding is also common. The nest is built at different heights, usually in the natural hollow of a tree based on decomposition of waste wood inside.
Between four and seven (normally five) white eggs are laid during the implementation, sometimes producing two broods. The female incubates during 19 days and leaves the nest only to feed itself or be fed by the male. At the beginning, She feeds the chicks alone, but a week after hatching, the male joins food tasks. The young leave the nest about four weeks after. Family groups remain together during some after fledglings leave the nest.
The diet consists of nectar, flowers, seeds, fruit, insects and their larvae (that sometimes stripping the bark of lso trees). The cereal crops and orchards are often attacked by the Australian Ringneck, registering birds digging up onion bulbs (Romulea longifolia).
The more arboreal southwestern subspecies has preference by the ripe fruits of eucalyptus, especially those of marri.
A population of probable leak in the Lofty Mountains It was destroyed to prevent cross-breeding with the Mallee Ringneck, but there is a zone of hybridization with the Mallee Ringneck in the Montes Flinders. The two species are found and hybridize in other places also.
The world's population is piobablemente well above the current estimate of 100.000 specimens given by Lambert (1993).
A moderate number of captivity.
The birds can be low temperatures under permit in some districts to prevent damage in orchards.
• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern
• Population trend: Growing
The size of the world's population has not been quantified, It is estimated over 100 000 specimens. The species, According to sources, is the most common species of birds in the wheat belt of Australia (pit et to the. 1997).
The population is suspected that it may be increasing. To mitigate the effects of the degradation of the habitat, new areas of suitable habitat are being created.
In the East, the numbers are affected by scrub cleaning Mallee and forests for agriculture. The Australian Ringneck they were considered vermin in Western Australia and in the seasons of hunting by be considered pests of orchards. Fugadas birds in aviaries are seen around the urban areas in the East.
Are aggressive toward other birds, especially during the breeding season, and it is better to accommodate them with a couple by Aviary.
Although friendly, they are not as sociable with people like other parrots. They are formidable chewing and require a heavy duty cage. You can learn to imitate.
Una muestra vivió 17,9 years in captivity. According to some sources, these animals can live up to 31,6 years in captivity, but this has not been verified.
Common in Europe, less in the United Kingdom and United States. UU.
- Australian Ringneck, Banded Parakeet, Banded Parrot, Barnard's Parakeet, Barnard's Parrot, Bauer's Parakeet, Buln Buln, Buln-buln Parakeet, Buln-buln Parrot, Cloncurry Buln-buln, Cloncurry Parrot, Eastern Ringneck, Mallee Parrot, Mallee Ringneck, Mallee Ringneck-Parrot, Mrs Morgan's Parrot, North Parakeet, Northern Buln-buln, North's Parrot, Port Lincoln Parrot, Port Lincoln Ringneck, Port Lincoln Ringnecked Parrot, Ringneck, Ring-necked Parrot, Scrub Parrot, Twenty-eight Parakeet, Twenty-eight Parrot, Western Banded Parakeet, Western Ringneck, Yellow-banded Parrot, Yellow-collared Parakeet, Yellow-collared Parrot, Yellow-naped Parakeet, Yellow-naped Parrot (ingles).
- Perruche à collier jaune, Perruche de Bauer, Perruche de Port Lincoln (francés).
- Ringsittich (alemán).
- Periquito-port-lincoln (portugués).
- Perico de Port Lincoln (español).
45 cm. length, including its long, narrow tail, and around 92 g. of weight.
The head of the Alexandra's Parrot(Polytelis alexandrae) is light olive brown color, heavily washed in blue pastel in the Crown area, the nape of the neck, and slightly below the eyes; the Chin and throat pale pink.
Mantle and scapulars Brown olive-tinged greenish and fine dark stripes; back and rump, color pastel blue; upper coverts greenish-gray tail. Upper coverts bright yellowish green wings, with a few more green feathers around the curve of the wing; Dark greenish blue primary coverts; primary blue-green with yellowish-brown, and dark brown margin leading edge for the vane inner (the third rémige primary has the tip spatula-shaped. ); secondary of pale blue-green with a yellowish margin (more pronounced in vane outer); greenish grey tertials with vane more obscure internal. Wing of bright green feathers, more yellow towards leading edge; undertail, wings greyish Brown with large pale yellow inner margin to the vane inner. Usually gray olive underparts pale, with the pink color of the throat which runs on top of the chest; belly and flanks washed clear bluish green; thighs and lower flanks with increase in pink; coverts yellow olive color infracaudales. Upper, tail Brown olive green near the axis and blue toward tip-washed, lateral feathers bluish grey and pink-tipped; undertail, Black tail with tips and margins of pink.
The beak is red with a grey periophthalmic ring; orange-yellow irises; grey legs.
Female has a shorter tail (average of 6 cm.. less than the male) and it lacks of spatula in the third tip rémige primary. The wing coverts are greener and more off. And the mantle shows less green Suffusion. Crown, back and rump are less blue.
Immature similar to females and males acquire the adult plumage in about 14 to 18 months.
Of four to six white eggs make up the implementation, incubated by the female for a few 21 days. While the female is incubating, the male takes care of your power. The brood is fed during 5-6 weeks and become independent from three to five weeks after leaving the nest.
The Alexandra's Parrot are confined to the interior of Australia, where usually are very rare and few records. The species is an irregular visitor, It may not appear in parts of its distribution area for two decades or more.
There is disagreement about its conservation status. The recent lack of records of large groups of reproduction, He cited as a possible indication of population decline, but there is little real information, and it suggests that the world's population can be estimated between 1.000 and 20.000 birds. A recent study suggests that the species could be irruptiva instead of nomad, and that a core of population can be resident in the area around the Tobin Lake, Western Australia.
Trade, fires, the change in the land use and the predation regimes, they have been cited as potential threats.
Protected by law.
A large number in captivity.
• Current red list category of the UICN: Near threatened
• Population trend: Stable
The population of the Alexandra's Parrot It is estimated, with low reliability, in 5 000 birds breeding (Garnett and Crowley 2000).
There is no firm evidence to determine the general trend number of Perico Princess that exist. However, the rate appears to have decreased (Garnett and Crowley 2000), and recent sightings (in different places of Tobin Lake in the Great sandy desert) they have only been small batches (Garnett 1993; Garnett and Crowley 2000). On the other hand, historical records include reports of large flocks and large breeding colonies (Forshaw and Cooper 2002; North 1912; Parker 1971; Whitlock 1924).
The Alexandra's Parrot It has not been registered crossed with other species in nature. It is unlikely that any interbreeding occurs because the other two members of the genus Polytelis, the Superb Parrot (Polytelis swainsonii) and the Regent Parrot (Polytelis anthopeplus), they usually do not occur in the same places as the Princess Parrot (Higgins 1999).
Remote areas occupied by species, his presence irregular in the majority of sites, and the lack of information about their movements, they make it difficult to accurately estimate the size of the population (Higgins 1999).
• Monitoring of sightings to characterize habitat and habitat models to verify the needs and historical responses to fire and precipitation of the entire distribution of the species.
• Use the information from the investigation to develop a management strategy.
• Protect the areas where the species breeding is recorded.
Not too noisy, good whistling, and friendly disposition. It is a robust bird able to tolerate reasonable temperatures. Susceptible to infections in the eyes.
According to records, a female lived 23,9 years in captivity.
Common in captivity.
Pure birds, with colors typical of their species are increasingly hard to find.
The Alexandra's Parrot they can be accommodated in a wide variety of sizes of aviaries. It is best to raise them as couples, They seem to play better if they can see or listen to another pair of the same species. An Aviary of 4 meters long is considered the minimum to properly accommodate these birds.
Have brought successfully as a colony of 3-5 couples in a large aviary.
Non-toxic hardwood branches can be placed in the Aviary of birds so that they can chew them. This entertains our parakeets, helping to minimize boredom and providing them with a little exercise for supico. Natural branches of different diameters, and placed in different angles, they can be used for hangers. These natural hangers can be chewed by birds and may need to be replaced periodically. Birds may chew flowers and fruiting bodies in the branches.
Its diet It requires a mixture of quality of food for parrots and a variety of fruits, such as the Apple and orange, as well as a variety of vegetables – maize, Chard, usually providing green food and green leafy vegetables. Sowing grasses, If they are available. Soaked or sprouted seeds if they are available.
Commercial dry pellets can be part of a balanced diet.
Some birds will eat insects, as mealworms, especially around the breeding season. Insects provide a good source of easily digestible proteins to adult and young birds. Insects can serve food to these birds on your daily diet.
The breeding season These parrots begins in March; the implementation is of 3 to 7 eggs, and incubation lasts approximately 20 days; the young become independent to the 50 days; occasionally breeding occurs 2 times a year. It is frequent that the female sexually mature in the first year, the male after the second year; couples can stay in adjacent aviaries each other separated by double metal fabric.
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– Anage: The Animal Ageing and Longevity Database – Genomics.senescence.info