Brown-headed Parrot
Poicephalus cryptoxanthus

Lorito Cabecipardo


Of 22 cm.. length and a weight between 120 and 156 g..

The Brown-headed Parrot (Poicephalus cryptoxanthus) has the head, including the nape, the chin and throat brown; ear-coverts paler. Mantle brown, but more to the tail; scapulars dark green-edged Brown; rump and uppertail-coverts bright green. Upper, the wing-coverts green, sometimes with a small yellow spot on the curve of the wing folded; wing feathers yellow. Primaries Brown with vane Blue-Green external; the secondaries brown.

The feathers in the upper area of the chest Brown with a narrow edge of green at the bottom; the rest of the underparts green, but darker bases of the feathers, giving a mottled look.

Tail dark brown with green washing and dark green tip.

The upper mandible and cere grey-black (darker towards tip), lower pale, almost white; irises yellow-green light; periophthalmic ring and legs dark grey to black.

Both sexes similar.

Immature generally more muted than adults and with the irises brown.

  • Sound of the Brown-headed Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS:// Cabecipardo.mp3]

Subspecies description:

  • Poicephalus cryptoxanthus cryptoxanthus (Peters,W, 1854) – Nominal species
  • Poicephalus cryptoxanthus tanganyikae (Bowen, 1930) – As the nominal but more pale species; more green and less Brown. Green mantle and underparts brighter. Bib of brown feathers on the throat and upper of the much smaller chest than in the nominal species; the head more color olive brown.


Is located in almost all the forests: riparian forests, inside Savannah forests and dry forests in southeastern Africa, but it seems to avoid the miombo woodland and prefers areas with baobabs.

Registered in coconut plantations, riparian forest, the edges of small farms and mangroves.

Confined in lowlands (below the 1.200 metres above sea level in Tanzania and 1.000 metres in Malawi).

Gregarious; usually seen them is in small flocks of about 12 birds, but can meet up to 50 in places of power. Sometimes it is associated with the Cape Parrot and also observed feeding in company of the Madagascar Green-Pigeon.


Normally nest in hollows of old trees of woodpeckers, between 4 and 10 meters above the ground. Often has to compete with the Cape Parrot, Meyer's Parrot, squirrels and Crowned Hornbill the nesting sites.

Season of laying egg is April-May in the South of its range.

The laying is of 2 a 4 eggs, which are incubated solely by the female during 26-30 days, While the male feeds her on the nest.

The chicks they remain in the nest during 50-54 days before leaving to the “breeding ground”, It is generally an area with dense trees broadband supply of water in the vicinity. During this time the chicks are silent and largely immobile, becoming fully independent a few 28 days later.


Diet includes figs, berries cultivation of cassava Manihot esculenta, seeds of Adansonia, coconut palm flowers, new shoots of trees, fruits of Pseudocadia zambesica, pods of Acacia nigrescens and Albizia gummifera, immature seeds of Erythrina and nectar from flowers of Aloe and African Kigelia; also takes millet and maize and in some areas considered to be a pest.

They forage, with slow and deliberate movements, climbing and often holding the food between the claws. They drink daily, around noon.


The Brown-headed Parrot are distributed by the southeast of Africa. From the North-East of South Africa (Swaziland, Zululand and Transvaal) through the southeast of Zimbabwe, Mozambique and South of Malawi to the East of Tanzania (including the island of Pemba and southern end of Zanzibar) and southeastern edge of Kenya.

There are also in Wasini island.

Apparently sedentary. In some places, the Brown-headed Parrot, are a species common, especially close to the coast and in the South of its range, but in some other areas are scarce or rather local; in Zanzibar possibly extinct.

Distribution of subspecies:

  • Poicephalus cryptoxanthus cryptoxanthus (Peters,W, 1854) – Nominal species
  • Poicephalus cryptoxanthus tanganyikae (Bowen, 1930) – Mozambique, to the North of the Save river across the South of Malawi and this from Tanzania to the coastal part of Kenya.


• Current red list of UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

It is not threatened, Although their distribution has shrunk from 1990, to a large extent due to the capture illegal for the industry of cage birds.

More and more vulnerable due to the loss and fragmentation of their habitat.

Largely confined to protected areas in Zululand and East of Transvaal.

Lorito Cabecipardo in captivity:

The only data we have on this bird, According to sources, is that a specimen was still alive after 32,1 years in captivity.

Alternative names:

Brown-headed Parrot, Brown headed Parrot, Brownheaded Parrot (English).
Perroquet à tête brune (French).
Braunkopfpapagei, Braunkopf-Papagei (German).
Papagaio-de-cabeça-castanha (Portuguese).
Lorito Cabecipardo, Lorito de Cabeza Parda (Spanish).

Peters Wilhelm
Peters Wilhelm

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Poicephalus
Scientific name: Poicephalus cryptoxanthus
Citation: (Peters, W, 1854)
Protonimo: Psittacus (Poiocephalus) [sic] cryptoxanthus

Brown-headed Parrot images:


Brown-headed Parrot (Poicephalus cryptoxanthus)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr


(1) – A Brown-headed Parrot at Kruger National Park, South Africa Henry Flower at en.Wikipedia [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], from Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Bungalow N ° 51, Mopani Camp, Kruger NP, SOUTH AFRICA By Bernard DUPONT from FRANCE (Brown-headed Parrot (Poicephalus cryptoxanthus)) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A Brown-headed Parrot in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa By New Jersey Birds (Brown-headed ParrotUploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Bungalow N ° 51, Mopani Camp, Kruger NP, SOUTH AFRICA By Bernard DUPONT from FRANCE (Brown-headed Parrot (Poicephalus cryptoxanthus)) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Lower Sabie Camp, Kruger NP, SOUTH AFRICA By Bernard DUPONT from FRANCE (Brown-headed Parrot (Poicephalus cryptoxanthus)) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Peter Boesman (Xeno-canto)

Black Parrot
Coracopsis nigra

Black Parrot

Black Parrot


35 a 40 cm. length and a weight between 215 and 315 gr.

The plumage of the Black Parrot (Coracopsis nigra) It, usually, blackish brown (iridescent green Sheen during the breeding season) with inconspicuous grayish color marks in undertail- coverts and gray in vane external to the primary.

Bottom of flight feathers pale grey. Upper, the tail brown-black color; undertail, light grey: subterminal band Dark.

The bill color horn, more off-white to modify the moult; irises dark brown: periophthalmic ring grey-brown (does not reach the peak); legs dark brown.

Sound of the Black Parrot ✩ ✩.

Without sexual dimorphism.

Immature paler than adults with pale undertail- coverts and yellowish tint in the bill; Tips of the feathers of the tail pale grey.

Subspecies description

  • Coracopsis nigra libs (Bangs, 1927) – Paler and with the underparts Browner that nominal species; back bluish grey tinted. No dark subterminal band on the tail.
  • Coracopsis nigra nigra (Linnaeus, 1758) – Nominal species
  • Coracopsis nigra sibilans (Milne-Edwards & Oustalet, 1885) – Smaller, about 30 cm., and paler than the nominal species. Chocolate color replaces the nominal blackish brown. No grey in the vane the primary external


The Black Parrot are resident with some movements of foraging day.

It is found in a wide variety of forests and savanna areas, including ecosystems modified by man, wooded land of cities and towns, as well as primary forests, from the level of the sea up to 2,050 m altitude.

You can see more on the dense forests, swamp forest (including mangroves) and scrublands, that the Vasa Parrot, in order to avoid large areas of forests.

Usually seen in small noisy groups, either flying or sitting on the tops of the trees; active on moonlit nights.

In Seychelles, However, the Black Parrot seldom form flocks and in general you seen alone or in pairs, except when the food, locally, they are abundant.

Is not known to form mixed flocks with the Vasa Parrot.


Nest in the hollow trunk of tree or in a branch, usually above the 15 m.

Breeding probably from November to February.

Clutch of 2 a 8 eggs.


The Black Parrot they feed on seed, berries, fruits and nuts; more fruit-eating bats that the Vasa Parrot.

Specific items reported on food include fruits of Afzelia bijuga and Chassalia, seeds of Cinnamosma fragrans, flowers of Symphonia and some types of leaves.

In Madagascar, According to sources, It has reported consumption of Insect Galls on the part of the Black Parrot.

They attack crops and in the Comoros they are real pests in cocoa plantations, feeding on immature pods.

The main food of the population of Praslin include: Verschaffeltia splendida, Averrhoa bilimbi, Phoenicophorium borsigianum, Deckenia nobilis, Chrysobalanus icaco and Ficus rubra.


Endemic of Madagascar, The Comoros archipelago (Grand Comore and Anjouan) and Praslin island (Seychelles), where it was possibly introduced.

Distribution of subspecies

  • Coracopsis nigra libs (Bangs, 1927) – Can be found in the West of Madagascar.
  • Coracopsis nigra nigra (Linnaeus, 1758) – Nominal species


• Current red list of UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The species that are found in Madagascar and the Comoros they are generally described as common.

Officially treated as pests in Madagascar where the Black Parrot they are persecuted because of the damage caused in crops; Also hunted as food and as domestic fowl.

Despite their intense persecution, apparently they are not at risk and are distributed in many protected areas of Madagascar.

The size of the world's population has not been quantified.

The subspecies of the Praslin island (Seychelles), found in the The Valle de Mai nature reserve, is located in critical condition (probably less than 100 birds). Competition for nesting sites with the Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis) can be one of the threats of the remaining birds.

The black parrot in captivity:

It is possible to keep them in community with its kind, but outside the breeding period. At the beginning you can be shy. It is a Active Parrot and nervous, generally Extrovert Once accustomed to people and environment, tends to be entrusted, Although depends on also his way of breeding enough (natural or by hand) and earlier experiences.

As a pet can be a magnificent company, loving, playful and very smart.

With regard to its longevity, sources they indicate that a sample lived 34.1 years in captivity.

Alternative names:

Black Parrot, Lesser Vasa Parrot, Lesser Vasa-Parrot (English).
Vaza noir, Perroquet noir (French).
Rabenpapagei (German).
Papagaio preto (Portuguese).
Loro Negro (Spanish).

Carl Linnaeus
Carl Linnaeus

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Coracopsis
Scientific name: Coracopsis nigra
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Protonimo: Psittacus niger

Black Parrot images:


Black Parrot (Coracopsis nigra)



– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr


(1) – Madeira_botanischer_garten_Coracopsis_nigra By Hedwig Storch (Own work) [GFDL or CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Lesser Vasa Parrot (also known as the Black Parrot). Two in a cage with a nestbox By TJ Lin (originally posted to Flickr as pic-264) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Lesser vasa parrot (coracopsis nigra) in Anjajavy Forest, Madagascar By Charlesjsharp (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Lesser Vasa Parrot or Black Parrot (Coracopsis nigra); picture taken at Mangily, Western Madagascar By Axel Strauss (Own work) [GFDL or CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Male Lesser Vasa Parrot in an aviary at Tropical Birdland, Leicestershire, England By Snowmanradio (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Mike Nelson (Xeno-canto)

Antipodes Parakeet
Cyanoramphus unicolor

Antipodes Parakeet


32 cm.. of length and a weight of 130 g..

Antipodes Parakeet

The Antipodes Parakeet (Cyanoramphus unicolor) has a plumage brighter yellowish green, more yellowish on the hand down and sometimes with irregular yellow markings at the top. It is the only species that has no color marks in head and tail. It is the largest of its kind.

The face and top are bright emerald green, and the contrast with the neck and the chest is more off.

At the top of the wings, the outer bands of the flight feather are blue, While the long tail It is green with fine yellow piping.

The great bill is silver-grey with dark end. The eyes are orange-red. The legs and feet are greyish.

Both sexes are identical. The female is slightly smaller than the male.

The young birds they are of tail shorter. The young people have the bill Pink White and the eyes light brown.


The Antipodes Parakeet, usually, they prefer areas with tall grass (POA littorosa), areas of open scrub and sedges (Carex). Can also be seen in areas where thorny ferns grow (Polystichum vestitum) and the bushes (Coprosma antipode).

The birds are most common on steeper slopes and near water courses, alone or in small groups; They walk on the floor and climb among the branches as they seek food, normally during the morning and before nightfall.

These birds are very Meek and curious. When frightened, they disappear among the dense vegetation, keeping silent or giving a short alarm call. More than half of the day are dedicated to Sun bathing and preening in protected areas. They bathe in small ponds and rest in burrows.


The season of reproduction takes place between October and March. The Antipodes Parakeet nest in soils with good drainage, a length of at least one meter. The nests is carved in fibrous peat, under the thick base of the tall grass vegetation. The nesting Chamber It is full of rootlets or fern scales.

The spawning occurs between November and January. The female lays 2-3 white eggs (5-6 in captivity). She carries out most of the duties of nesting, and incubates the eggs for a few 26 days. She cares for and feeds the chicks for nearly two weeks. The male contributes to raising, feeding the female during this period, as well as to the power of youth to their independence, at least two weeks after leaving the nest.


The diet main consists of leaves; an amount of crushed leaves, still attached to the plant, they are a distinctive sign of the power of the Antipodes Parakeet. Also consume seeds, berries, the remains of penguins and petrels dead. They often enter into colonies of the Western Rockhopper Penguin (Eudyptes chrysocome) and of the Erect-crested Penguin (Eudyptes sclateri) between the months of October and may, to feed on their eggs or dead offspring. Also eggs and sometimes feeds the newborn babies of the same species. (The sympatrico Red-fronted Parakeet prevents competition by taking advantage of the niche that provide seeds, flowers, berries and small invertebrates.)


Endemic to the main island Antipodes, In addition to Bollons, Leeward, Inner Windward and Islands Archway.


• Current red list of UICN: Vulnerable

• Population trend: Stable

The world's population of the Antipodes Parakeet It is estimated between 2.000 and 3,000 specimens. Although common and stable within its distribution area, the species is permanently at risk due to accidental introduction of predators, problem that could be solved in a short time.

Some birds are kept in captivity in New Zealand.


Antipodes parakeet in captivity:

This plump parakeet can live in community with species with similar characteristics. It is usually Extrovert, Active Depending on your type of poultry rearing (natural or hand) and earlier experiences, It may be a trusted Parrot (hand raised or treated early), even being raised by their parents tends to be entrusted.

As pet could be of good pet by his way of being cheerful and curious.

It is a rather nice parrot as vocalizations. It is not just loud. He likes to climb, There is no great need to crack and loves to be on the floor. Enjoy the baths.

However, due to their vulnerability, is very rare poultry.

Alternative names:

Antipodes Parakeet, Antipodes Green Parakeet, Antipodes Green Parrot, Antipodes Island Parakeet, Antipodes Island Parrot (English).
Perruche des Antipodes, Kakariki des Antipodes, Perruche d’Antipodes (French).
Einfarbsittich (German).
Kakariki dos Antípodas (Portuguese).
Perico de Antípodas, Perico de las Antípodas (Spanish).

Edward Lear
Edward Lear

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Cyanoramphus
Scientific name: Cyanoramphus unicolor
Citation: (Lear, 1831)
Protonimo: Platycercus unicolor

Images of the Antipodes Parakeet:

Antipodes Parakeet (Cyanoramphus unicolor)


  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • Loromania

  • Photos of antipodes parakeet:

(1) – Cyanoramphus unicolor at Wellington Zoo, Wellington, New Zealand by Peter Halasz. (User:Pengo) – Wikimedia
(2) – Cyanoramphus unicolor at Wellington Zoo, Wellington, New Zealand by Peter Halasz. (User:Pengo) – Wikimedia
(3) – Antipodes Island Parakeet, Auckland Zoo by russellstreet – Flickr
(4) – Antipodes Island parakeet (Cyanoramphus unicolor) by Chlidonias – zoochat
(5) – Antipodes Island parakeet (Cyanoramphus unicolor) by Chlidonias – zoochat
(6) – A painting of Antipodes Parakeet, also known as Antipodes Island Parakeet, (originally captioned “Platycercus unicolor Uniform Parrakeet”) by Edward Lear 1812-1888 [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Bourke's Parrot
Neopsephotus bourkii

Bourke's Parrot


19 cm. length and an approximate weight of 39 g..

The Bourke's Parrot (Neopsephotus bourkii) has frontal area white. The chin, lores and contour of the eyes they are also white and form a kind of orbital ring clear when seen from a distance.

The ear-coverts and upper cheeks are dark brown with pink dots and you specks. The pileum and the neck are greenish-Brown, with darker edges.

The upperparts are brown-grey color with pale edges on scapulars.

The rump and the top of the tail has darker tones, with some pale blue on the sides. The curvature of the wing is blue.

The small coverts are blue, the median they have light blue, the greater coverts they have a dark tint with yellow-white and blue pink.

The flight feather primary and secondary are mostly blue.

The underparts is blue.

The breast feathers are brown with pink ends, giving an appearance of general pinkish brown.

The abdomen is bright pink.

Thighs, lower flanks, side of the rump, under belly and lower area of the tail they have a light blue color. The upper part of the tail infiltrates with bluish-grey.

The bill is greyish black, without hook in the upper jaw. The irises Brown, legs grey-brown.

The female in General, the colors are off and the blue coloration is very little visible or is absent.

The youth they are equal to the female adult but more muted, with a pale band under the wings which is less pronounced in the male juvenile

For a long time, the Bourke's Parrot It was classified in the genus Neophema. A number of ornithologists, more and more, is of the opinion that this parakeet does not belong to this genus and species have been classified in a separate genus called Bourkii.

  • Sound of the Bourke's Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS:// Rosado.mp3]


The Bourke's Parrot they are distributed among the driest inland areas.
They mark a strong preference for scattered areas of mulga (Acacia aneura) but does not disdain the plantations of eucalyptus. Can also be observed in plots along streams and afforestation of Callitris they are conifers belonging to the family of Cypress.

Are nomads and slightly Twilight. These birds are established in a territory and remain there several years before disappearing completely. The Bourke's Parrot they can be very sociable. During periods of drought, You can meet thousands around the water wells and springs.

During the months of the summer, We can see them in the morning and in the evening around the ponds.

In Winter, These parakeets come to drink during the day in the company of species of pigeons as the Common Bronzewing (Phaps chalcoptera). In places close to the drinking fountains, the Bourke's Parrot They fly in Group emitting loud cries and making whistling wings. However, These parakeets sometimes go unnoticed, they are able to rest or to eat ground in pairs or in small groups. They remain in silence on the floor or hide in the dead wood that serves as camouflage. There are more assets during the sunset.


The Bourke's Parrot they usually reproduce in August a December, but the season can vary depending on rainfall. The courtship of this bird are similar to those of other species of Parrot Neophema. Males approach the female in upright position with outspread wings and tail.

The nest is located in one a tree cavity, between 1 and 3 meters above the ground. The laying is formed by between 3 and 6 eggs they are incubated during at least 18 days. There are often two Broods in the season. The female leaves the nest just once a day in order to be resupplied by the male. The male is also in charge of mounted guard, patrolling and emitting cries in the vicinity of the nest, with the intention to deter intruders.

At birth, the chicks have a white marker, are altricial and remain in the nest for at least 4 weeks. They remain dependent on their parents during a week after feather.


The Bourke's Parrot they are almost exclusively vegetarian: they eat grass seeds, especially those that are dispersed by the wind. They also eat herbs collected in the soil and in the bushes. These parakeets also appreciate the fresh young shoots and seeds of Acacia or of Bassia, they are small shrubs belonging to the category of Chenopodium album.


Scattered through the interior of Australia, where are nomads but locally common.

The species ranges from the West coast of Western Australia around the inside of Geraldton to Ashburton River and South, through Leonora, and through Gibson and the Great Victoria desert in the South of the Northern Territory, about 20 ° S.

Extends from the Northwest of Southern Australia, South-East through Woomera until Port Augusta, that also extends to the North through Oodnadatta and the regions of the Lake Eyre and the Lake Frome.

Birds, to the This of the Montes Flinders You can isolate, Since there are no records from among 139 ° and 140 ° E.

Apparently, the species has declined in the center of New South Wales due to overgrazing by cattle and rabbits, and is now mainly in the West, from the surroundings of Broken Hill, to Paroo River; nomads, However, There have been more towards the This, in the surroundings of Narrandera in the South and the Lightning Ridge in the North.

In the South of Queensland, the Bourke's Parrot are distributed to the This, about Dirranbandi and Cunnamulla. and in the North until Windorah.

Escapes There have been around Brisbane.

The world population is considered to be more of 50.000 specimens.

The species is probably increasing in the West due to agricultural expansion that includes the provision of artificial irrigation sites.


• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Growing

It is estimated one population superior to the 50 000 individuals.

In the western part of its range, the numbers are growing, probably due to the development of agriculture and the installation of new irrigation areas. The reason for their development can also be found in sheep breeding and the replacement of areas reducing salinas with grass.

Rosado parakeet in captivity:

The Bourke's Parrot they are very good birds for beginners amateurs, easy-to-play.

It is a bird peaceful, silent and it is active only in the first and last hours of the day. Are calm and confident by nature and easy to maintain. It has almost no cravings for crack and your bathroom need depends on the individual. A dry climate supports well, but it is sensitive to cold and wet mist.

Les gusta estar en tierra firme y son susceptibles a la infección por gusanos, también son susceptibles a infecciones oculares.

With regard to its longevity, According to sources, una muestra vivíó 12,6 years in captivity. In captivity, estos animales pueden criar, approximately, to the 2 years of age.

Alternative names:

Bourke’s Parrot, Blue-vented Parakeet, Blue-vented Parrot, Bourke Grass-Parakeet, Bourke Parakeet, Bourke Parrot, Bourke’s Grass-Parakeet, Night Parrot, Pink-bellied Parakeet, Pink-bellied Parrot, Sundown Parrot (English).
Perruche de Bourke (French).
Bourkesittich, Bourke-Sittich (German).
Periquito-rosa (Portuguese).
Papagayo de Bourke, Periquito Rosado (Spanish).

John Gould
John Gould

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Bourkii
Scientific name: Neopsephotus bourkii
Citation: (Gould, 1841)
Protonimo: Euphema Bourkii

Bourke's Parrot pictures:


Bourke's Parrot (Neopsephotus bourkii)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr


(1) – Bourke’s parrot (Neopsephotus bourkii) By Flickr user Jan Tik (Flickr) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Bourke’s Parrot – Neopsephotus bourkii taken at the Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Gardens By Greg5030 (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Bourke’s Parrot Neopsephotus bourkii. Wild pair at Bowra Station, near Cunamulla, Queensland, Australia By Bruce Kendall (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – A male Bourke’s Parrot at the Flying High Bird Sanctuary, Apple Tree Creek, Queensland, Australia By paulgear (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Neopsephotus bourkii (formally placed in genus Neophema) By Jan Tik (originally posted to Flickr as Hitchhiker) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – By T.H. Maguire (1821–1895) ( [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Tom Tarrant (Xeno-canto)

Blue-winged Parrot
Neophema chrysostoma

Parakeet Crisostomo


20 a 21 cm. length and a weight between 44 and 61 g..

The Blue-winged Parrot (Neophema chrysostoma) has the crown olive green color with a yellow front wallwashing; Blue frontal band (clearer on the back edge), arriving from the front towards the eyes (but not beyond); Lords bright yellow; coverts outpus and face Gris-Oliva. Upperparts olive green color without brightness.

Wing coverts blue, clearer in some feathers of the greater coverts Interior. Primaries black, with blue-violet edges in vane thin yellow margin and external; secondary internal with vane Green external, secondary average with blue in vane outer; tertiary olive green. Wing feathers blue. Top of the chest light green with yellow shading in the area of the belly and undertail- coverts. Upper, the tail is bluish grey, with the exception of the tips of the outer tail feathers, that are yellow.

The bill negro-grisaceo is with the lower jaw of pink color and sharp-edged upper jaw; irises dark brown; legs gris-rosado color.

The female It is more off than the male with the line that decorates the forecrown less developed.
It has the top of the crown olive green. The underparts they are tinged with pale green.

The young birds they lack the front band and most show a wing bar; the bill It is orange in very young birds.

  • Sound of the Parakeet Crisostomor.
[audio:HTTPS:// Crisostomo.mp3]


During the nesting season, the Blue-winged Parrot frequent eucalyptus plots.

From the winter, These birds change the habitat type, visiting the clear, orchards or similar locations. In addition to these common locations, they tend to move into thickets of acacia and lightly wooded grasslands. At this time of the year, the Blue-winged Parrot They also feel attracted by the arid plains with Salt plants (Atriplex) and for the coast and mountain Moors.

These colorful birds occasionally visit swamps, sand dunes along the coast and wetlands.

To the Blue-winged Parrot You can see them in pairs or in small groups, but in the off-season, form large meetings in the regions south of the coast, in partnership with the Crimson Rosella or more rarely with the Orange-bellied Parrot.

When feed, they are relatively accessible, flying into a nearby tree when bother them.

During the courtship, the male drops his wings, moves the head and regurgitates food for your future partner. By now, not explained clearly the migration. We know that the birds of the South of the continent are directed toward the North after breeding and the northern limit of this movement lies in the South of Queensland. On the other hand, It is unclear whether all the population of the island of Tasmania It has to do with the migration that it crosses the Bass Strait.


The nesting season extends from October to January. The nest It is usually a natural cavity in a large eucalyptus. Sometimes, However, It is a strain on an any fence post or on a fallen trunk.

The female always makes the choice of the site. The Blue-winged Parrot They nest in colonies, sometimes several pairs are established in the same tree. The site can be used for several consecutive years.

Contains the implementation of 4 a 6 eggs, which are incubated for a period of 18 a 20 days. At birth, the chicks are altricial, and leave their place of birth to the 30 days after hatching. However, they stay with their parents for a short time before becoming independent.


The Blue-winged Parrot they feed mainly on grass seeds, and especially Danthonia What are family of grasses Poaceae. However, they often enter fields, where to dig the ground with their beaks to retrieve newly sown seeds.

Insects and invertebrates are probably part of their diet. Fruits and flowers represent a significant part of your menu.


During the breeding season (September to January) the birds are found below in 36 ° S, focusing on the more humid parts of the southeast of Southern Australia, South of Victoria, and in Tasmania.

In winter they are, to a large extent, absent of Tasmania and are distributed much more North, in the southeast of Australia, reaching the South of Queensland (some 26 ° S, for example Thargomindah, Cunnamulla, Chinchilla), and extending westward to the East of Southern Australia, coming to the South of the Eyre Peninsula and spreading northward around the border of Queensland; They also extend to the East, to the Western parts of New South Wales (also, from time to time, to the South of the coastal districts in summer).

It is not known if the continental population of the South is resident and birds of Tasmania they are migrant, flying over the Mainland farms to winter over North, or if the entire population moved northward in winter.

There are relatively few records of the King Islands and Flinders, which suggests that, Unlike in the Orange-bellied Parrot, most of the birds fly directly over Bass Strait to the Mainland.

The Blue-winged Parrot they are generally common in the majority of open field types and are, probably, the most common parrot in Tasmania. where are reproduced to the South of Macquarie Harbour, on the West Coast and are found in the central region, provided that their habitat is suitable.

Flocks of up to 2.000 young birds they can form in the Northwest of Tasmania before the autumn migration.

The world's population is above the 20.000 birds.


• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

According to the Manual of the birds of the world (HBW), This species is not threatened globally. Even it is common in the region of Melbourne and Tasmania.

The population is suspected to be stable in the apparent absence of any reduction or substantial threats.

According to Barry Talor, the world's population would exceed 20.000 individuals.

Parakeet Chrysostom in captivity:

The Blue-winged Parrot It, in general, less popular in aviculture as the Crimson Rosella, the Turquoise Parrot, the Scarlet-chested Parrot and the Bourke's Parrot, Although it's not really rare.

Their behavior is relatively quiet with few movement needs. It is a bird that is easy to maintain, even for beginners. Your need to crack is almost non-existent and their need for bathroom depends on the individual. It is resistant to the European climate and, certainly, is not inferior to other species of neophemas. However, It is susceptible to fog and cold musty, as we know it here in the seasons of autumn and winter.

The Blue-winged Parrot they seek food by digging in the Earth and are therefore vulnerable to parasitic infections.

According to sources, a Blue-winged Parrot lived during 21 years in captivity. In captivity, these animals have been able to play at the age of 2 years.

Alternative names:

Blue-winged Parrot, Blue winged Parrot, Blue-banded Grass-Parakeet, Blue-banded Grass-Parrot, Blue-banded Parrot, Blue-winged Grass-Parakeet, Grass Parrot, Hobart Grass-Parrot (English).
Perruche à bouche d’or, Perruche à ailes bleues, Vénuste à ailes bleues (French).
Feinsittich (German).
Periquito-de-asa-azul (Portuguese).
Papagayo de Alas Azules, Periquito Crisóstomo (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Neophema
Scientific name: Neophema chrysostoma
Citation: (Kuhl, 1820)
Protonimo: Psittacus chrysostomus

Images Blue-winged Parrot:


Blue-winged Parrot (Neophema chrysostoma)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr


(1) – Blue-winged Parrot, Tasmania. Neophema Chrysostom By KeresH (Own work) [GFDL, CC-BY-SA-3.0 or CC BY-SA 2.5-2.0-1.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Blue-winged Parrot (Neophema chrysostoma), Mortimer Bay, Tasmania, Australia By JJ Harrison ([email protected]) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Blue-winged Parrot (Neophema chrysostoma), Flagstaff Gully, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia By JJ Harrison ([email protected]) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Blue-winged Parrot (Neophema chrysostoma) by Ron Knight – Flickr
(5) – Blue-winged Parrot, Tasmania. Neophema Chrysostom By KeresH (Own work) [GFDL, CC-BY-SA-3.0 or CC BY-SA 2.5-2.0-1.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: nick talbot (Xeno-canto)

Northiella haematogaster



28 cm. length and a weight between 74 and 105 g..

The Bluebonnet (Northiella haematogaster) they have the forecrown, lores and face, blue-violet color. The rest of the head, the chest, the layer, the back and rump It has a beautiful ochre mixed with yellow belly. The abdominal area It is covered by a large red spot.

The curvature of the wings is blue, the majority of the coverts are a key olive. The outermost feathers are purplish blue. The the wing lower and flight feather they are also blue-purple color. The tail color is greenish bronze but the outer feathers are blue-purple with white tips.
The bill grayish white is; the irises pale grey; legs grey.

The females they are more off, with less blue in the face and a pale bar on the wing .

The immature they resemble females, but the stain abdominal Red is more discrete. The immature plumage is lost after few months. The chicks have the bill yellow.

Subspecies description

  • Northiella haematogaster haematogaster (Gould 1838) – The nominal.
  • Northiella haematogaster haematorrhoa (Bonaparte 1856) – The curvature of the wing is turquoise blue and the blankets they are redheads. The underparts is red
  • Northiella haematogaster pallescens (Salvadori 1891) – The plumage It is similar to the nominal, but the underparts they are paler.
  • * Northiella haematogaster narethae (White,HL 1921) – The forecrown is blue, and has spots on the chest. The upperparts color is olive, the underparts is yellow with reddish color underneath the tail. Small outer covers red.
  • * A molecular study published in 2015 by Gaynor Dolman and Leo Joseph He confirmed the genetic isolation of the subspecies Northiella haematogaster narethae and recommended that it was restored as a separate species, the Naretha Bluebonnet (Northiella narethae)


The Bluebonnet frequent arid and semi-arid forests dominated by trees of the genus Myoporum, they are perennial and salt and drought-resistant shrubs.

Also appreciate the conifer and the casuarinas that you are home to colonies of caterpillars. They have a certain affection for the Acacias and eucalyptus, especially if the weed is made up of small quenopodios.

The Bluebonnet they often visit the grassy plains, dry underbrush and trees bordering the river. Sometimes they come to buildings, farms or small ponds.

In the South of its range, the removal of waste bags of Mallee, located on agricultural land, It seems to have had a very important influence.

The Bluebonnet they live in pairs or in small groups. When resent, loud disperse, but they remain on the ground a short distance from the trees. In the event of alarm, they raise the feathers of her eyebrows.

These birds are very enable, especially early in the morning when the boisterous groups are formed, just before his departure to feed. They are able to run very fast and have a very characteristic straight posture. They are less active during the heat of the day, staying on the ground in silence.

The Western populations They seem to form larger groups, showing more sociability than the Eastern. They tend to get together with other species of parrots, such as the Mulga Parrot, Pale-headed Rosella and Mallee Ringneck.

During the spawning, the Bluebonnet carried out parades such as greetings with head, movements of the tail and eating ritual exchanges. They also have a ceremonial flight consisting of small flapping.


The season of nesting extends from July to December, with some variations depending on the rains. The nest is located in a cavity in a tree, except in the subspecies narethae to use scrubby trees, being their favorite nesting place a nest on the ground in a crack in the base of a trunk. This subspecies usually gives preference to a tree of the genus acacia (Acacia papyrocarpa) family Fabaceae.

The spawning contains 4-7 eggs with one incubation lasts a few 19 days. The young chicks are born without feathers and remain in place of birth at least during 30 days.


The Bluebonnet consume mainly herbaceous seeds, of Atriplex hortensis, of coquia (Kochia scoparia), of Bassia and some cultivated as garden plants.

Sometimes consume fruit, berries and acacia flowers, the mistletoe and the larvae of Lepidoptera that are attracted to the trunks of casuarinas.

When are juveniles, its menu consists primarily of seeds composed of helipterum, that you belong to the same family as sunflowers.


Endemic of Australia, where there are four populations, one of which is isolated in the southeast of Western Australia, from the West of the Nullarbor plain up close Kalgoorlie.

Birds belonging to this Western race is also in the West of Southern Australia, about Ooldea and Colona, but they are probably from exhaust. Further East, the species range in the East of Southern Australia, from the West of Bordertown through Salt Creek, Adelaide, the northern parts of the Cape York Peninsula and Eyre, to the North across the basin of the Lake Eyre to the Simpson Desert, about Commonwealth Hill station (but largely absent from the Montes Flinders).

From the North of Southern Australia, extends to the South of Queensland to the West of the Great dividing range, reaching around to East of Windorah, Charleville, Mitchell and Goondiwindi.

In New South Wales found to the West of the Cordillera Central, to the East of a line, More or less, that crosses Warialda, Orange and Wagga Wagga (registration outside boundary to the East of Gunning).

In Victoria, from time to time, they arrive as far East as Rochester and Southeast of Bendigo and Beaufort.

The species is common within suitable habitat.

The world population is probably superior to the 100.000 individuals, Although the Western subspecies Nanthae You can have less than 5.000 specimens, having suffered for their catch in the past.

A small number of captive.

Fully protected by law.

Distribution of subspecies


• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Decreasing

In accordance with the Manual of the birds of the world (Handbook of the Birds of the World, HBW), the Bluebonnet they are not globally threatened. Are fairly common, except at the extremes of its range. However, the elucidation of native plants must be stopped if we want to preserve the food resources and nesting places.

The spread of the Common Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) It is a real danger in some areas. The subspecies Narethae is prized by poachers and the lots of beautiful feathers.

The proliferation of rabbits and Lagomorphs threatens the equilibrium of the habitat.

Perico Cariazul in captivity:

The Bluebonnet they were classified for more than one hundred years within the genus Psephotus. On the basis of some essential differences with the species Psephotus, they are currently classified within the independent genre Northiella.

The parakeet more required by lovers of Australian parakeets, are likely to be the Bluebonnet, Although the subspecies Naretha is very rare and scarce. The Bluebonnet pure breed, they are virtually non-existent in Europe.

There are many Bluebonnet non-purebred, since they often interbreed with the of red-bellied (Northiella haematogaster haematorrhoa). The birds that have tones rojas in the coverts infracaudales non-purebred. Be very careful when making their acquisitions.

The first successful breeding of the nominal species dates back to the year 1878, in France. With the subspecies of red-bellied (Northiella haematogaster haematorrhoa) also data from 1878, but this time in Belgium.

The first results of the subspecies breeding Northiella narethae they date from 1941 in Australia.

Are capricious in nature. The big problem is that of aggression since they are probably the most aggressive of all the Australian parakeets. Males, above all, they are the protagonists of this bad reputation. Therefore other birds not can be joined with the Bluebonnet, even larger birds.

The aggressiveness of the male reaches their own partner, the Aviary must take into account this, the female should be able to take refuge in case of attack. On the other hand, they are very animated and jugetones.

You spend much time on the ground looking for food, they are moderate rodents and are lovers of bath.

According to sources, a sample lived 15,3 years in captivity. In captivity, these animals have been known that they be reproduced in approximately 2 years of age.

Alternative names:

Bluebonnet, Blue Bonnet, Blue-Bonnet, Bluebonnet Parakeet, Bulloak Parrot, Common Bluebonnet, Common Bluebonnet Parrot, Crimson-bellied Parakeet, Crimson-bellied Parrot, Eastern or Western Bluebonnet, Little Bluebonnet, Naretha Bluebonnet, Naretha Parrot, Oak Parrot, Pallid Parrot, Red-bellied Bluebonnet, Red-vented Bluebonnet, Yellow-vented Bluebonnet, Yellow-vented Parrot (English).
Perruche à bonnet bleu, Bonnet bleu, Perruche à bonnet bleu ou P. de Nareth (French).
Blutbauchsittich (German).
Periquito-de-bluebonnet (Portuguese).
Perico Azul, Perico Cariazul (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Northiella
Scientific name: Northiella haematogaster
Citation: (Gould, 1838)
Protonimo: Platycercus haematogaster

Bluebonnet pictures:

Bluebonnet (Northiella haematogaster)


  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife


(1) – To Blue Bonnett in the Cocoparra National Park (near Griffith), NSW, Australia By David Cook Wildlife Photography [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Bluebonnet (Northiella haematogaster) Birdsville Track, South AustraliaBy by Ron Knight – Flickr
(3) – Northiella haematogaster, Photo by Benjamint444 – Animalia Etymology of animal name
(4) – Bluebonnet/Blue Bonnet/Crimson-bellied Parrot – animalphotos
(5) – Blue Bonnet Fact Sheet 26 May 2011, Windorah. QLD –

Sounds: Frank Lambert (Xeno-canto)

Australian Ringneck
Barnardius zonarius

Australian Ringneck


Between 32 a 44 cm.. length and a weight between 121 and 200 g..

Two species in the genus were traditionally recognized Barnardius, Barnardius zonarius and Barnardius barnardi, but both hibridaban in the contact area and are currently considered a single species.

The Australian Ringneck (Barnardius zonarius) It has the head of blackish brown with cheeks, both sides of the throat and underside of the headset coverts densely dotted with dark blue (You can display a few red spots on the front of the Crown); the back of the neck of bright yellow.

Australian Ringneck

Middle of the mantle of dark green with thin dark stripes; slightly more bright green rump; a little more off than the rump supracaudales coverts.

External Middle coverts slightly greenish-yellow color, Green the inner coverts, the large green with blue-green and pale inner margins coverts green outer margins in the outermost feathers; curve of the wing of Turquoise, It extends slightly towards small coverts; primary coverts dark brown with vane dark blue external; Blackish flight feathers, strongly marginalized in foreign feathers, showing fusion from the blue color in the vane external to the blue gray of the tips.

Under, with turquoise coverts blackish flight feathers. Dark green chest with fine dark stripes; upper part of the abdomen of bright yellow, Green the lower belly area, slightly impregnated yellow; subcaudales coverts greenish-yellow. Central tail feathers of dark green merging to dark blue, the external of pale blue with dark bases and white tips. Under, pale blue tail.

The greyish white Peak: the Brown irises; legs grey

The female It has peak and smaller head, the slightly Browner head, and you can display a mark in the form of bar at the bottom of the wings.

The immature, they are a brand of pale bar on the wings (disappearing earlier in males than in females); they are more turned off, with a head of Brown and dissemination of greyish-Brown mantle and upper chest area; the tail is green above. Adult plumage is reached between 12 and 15 months.

  • Sound of the Australian Ringneck.
[audio:HTTPS:// Port Lincoln.mp3]

Subspecies Barnardius zonarius

  • Barnardius zonarius collared (Quoy and Gaimard, 1830) – Of 40 cm.. length approximately. It is more than nominal, but with the red front, abdomen green more off, Pico mas grande. Female plumage more pale and head color more Brown, the Red coloration of the forehead is narrower in some absentee.
  • Barnardius zonarius zonarius (Shaw, 1805) – Equal to the Barnardius zonarius collared, but with the yellow abdomen and without the prominent red Crimson list in the front, that if you have the subspecies collared.
  • Barnardius zonarius macgillivrayi (North, 1900) – Cloncurry Ringneck – Pileus and the nape of a deep green color and some reddish tones on the cheeks. Is lighter green shades, No red frontal band, and with a broad band uniform across your abdomen. Not recognized by all experts.
  • Barnardius zonarius barnardi (Vigors and Horsfield, 1827) – It has the pileus and the nape of a deep green color and some reddish tones on the cheeks. Their underparts are Turquoise green with an irregular band yellow orange across the abdomen. Your back and mantle are blackish blue and also this subspecies has a red band on the forehead.
    Presumably either the nominal race.


The Australian Ringneck is mainly sedentary, with occasional movements during extreme weather conditions. The species occupies a range of habitats, including eucalyptus red zones (Eucalyptus camaldulensis), along water courses, acacia scrub and mallee (Eucalyptus gracilis), eucalyptus open woodlands, agricultural fields, desert shrubland and suburban areas.

In general has adapted better to the effects produced by settlements that the Mallee Ringneck, and it has been particularly successful in the South-West wheat belt, in where the birds are observed while they eat at road verges. The subspecies collared has a more specific habitat, preferring the high forests of coastal eucalyptus, particularly marri (Eucalyptus calophylla).

The Australian Ringneck they form strong pair-bonds and, normally, is found in small family parties or groups of up to eight birds. They are usually visible, loud and inquisitive, being more active during the morning and evening. They tend to remain silent while they feed on the ground, but they loud chattering when they feed in the canopy and when they gather to sleep after drinking, remaining assets after the sunset.


The time of nesting is from June to February, starting earliest in the North.

The birds are territorial around the nest, and there are many quarrels in the beginning of the breeding season. In courtship, the male drops his wings, WAGs tail producing a buzzing sound, He chatters loudly and shakes head. During courtship feeding is also common. The nest is built at different heights, usually in the natural hollow of a tree based on decomposition of waste wood inside.

Between four and seven (normally five) white eggs are laid during the implementation, sometimes producing two broods. The female incubates during 19 days and leaves the nest only to feed itself or be fed by the male. At the beginning, She feeds the chicks alone, but a week after hatching, the male joins food tasks. The young leave the nest about four weeks after. Family groups remain together during some after fledglings leave the nest.


The diet consists of nectar, flowers, seeds, fruit, insects and their larvae (that sometimes stripping the bark of lso trees). The cereal crops and orchards are often attacked by the Australian Ringneck, registering birds digging up onion bulbs (Romulea longifolia).

The more arboreal southwestern subspecies has preference by the ripe fruits of eucalyptus, especially those of marri.


The Australian Ringneck they are in the West, Central and South of Australia. Is distributed from Port Augusta, the Eyre Peninsula and Cordillera Gawler, to the North, through the center of Southern Australia in the Northern Territory, where stretches through of the MacDonnell Ranges and lies to the North of Newcastle Waters and Winnecke Creek.

Birds may also go more towards the East, sometimes up to the border of Queensland, and a record outside eastern limit comes from Pine Creek in New South Wales.

In Western Australia, the species is increasing in the South West which concentrates around King George Sound, in the South, to Murchison River, in the North, reaching inside for Kalgoorlie and Wiluna East. Further north, is scattered through the Northwest corner, and extends eastward to the upper part of the Grey River system.

There is a small isolated population, probably, at the East end of Western Australia in the Gardiner Range region. Escapes have been recorded in the District of Port Wakefield, about Melbourne, Canberra, Sydney, Darwin and Hobart, in Tasmania.

A population of probable leak in the Lofty Mountains It was destroyed to prevent cross-breeding with the Mallee Ringneck, but there is a zone of hybridization with the Mallee Ringneck in the Montes Flinders. The two species are found and hybridize in other places also.

The world's population is piobablemente well above the current estimate of 100.000 specimens given by Lambert (1993).

A moderate number of captivity.

The birds can be low temperatures under permit in some districts to prevent damage in orchards.

Subspecies B distribution. zonarius


• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Growing

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, It is estimated over 100 000 specimens. The species, According to sources, is the most common species of birds in the wheat belt of Australia (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected that it may be increasing. To mitigate the effects of the degradation of the habitat, new areas of suitable habitat are being created.

In the East, the numbers are affected by scrub cleaning Mallee and forests for agriculture. The Australian Ringneck they were considered vermin in Western Australia and in the seasons of hunting by be considered pests of orchards. Fugadas birds in aviaries are seen around the urban areas in the East.

Port Lincoln parrot in captivity:

Are aggressive toward other birds, especially during the breeding season, and it is better to accommodate them with a couple by Aviary.

Although friendly, they are not as sociable with people like other parrots. They are formidable chewing and require a heavy duty cage. You can learn to imitate.

Una muestra vivió 17,9 years in captivity. According to some sources, these animals can live up to 31,6 years in captivity, but this has not been verified.

Common in Europe, less in the United Kingdom and United States. UU.

Alternative names:

Australian Ringneck, Banded Parakeet, Banded Parrot, Barnard’s Parakeet, Barnard’s Parrot, Bauer’s Parakeet, Buln Buln, Buln-buln Parakeet, Buln-buln Parrot, Cloncurry Buln-buln, Cloncurry Parrot, Eastern Ringneck, Mallee Parrot, Mallee Ringneck, Mallee Ringneck-Parrot, Mrs Morgan’s Parrot, North Parakeet, Northern Buln-buln, North’s Parrot, Port Lincoln Parrot, Port Lincoln Ringneck, Port Lincoln Ringnecked Parrot, Ringneck, Ring-necked Parrot, Scrub Parrot, Twenty-eight Parakeet, Twenty-eight Parrot, Western Banded Parakeet, Western Ringneck, Yellow-banded Parrot, Yellow-collared Parakeet, Yellow-collared Parrot, Yellow-naped Parakeet, Yellow-naped Parrot (English).
Perruche à collier jaune, Perruche de Bauer, Perruche de Port Lincoln (French).
Ringsittich (German).
Periquito-port-lincoln (Portuguese).
Perico de Port Lincoln (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Barnardius
Scientific name: Barnardius zonarius
Citation: (Shaw, 1805)
Protonimo: Psittacus zonarius

Australian Ringneck images:


Australian Ringneck (Barnardius zonarius)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– Anage: The Animal Ageing and Longevity Database –


(1) – An Australian Ringneck in Perth, Western Australia, Australia By Luke Durkin (Img_9967 (3)Uploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – An Australian Ringneck at Gloucester National Park, Western Australia, Australia By Ken & Nyetta (Ring Necked CocatooUploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A Australian Ringneck in Karratha, Pilbara, Western Australia, Australia By Jim Benton from Karratha, Australia (ring necked parrot_1Uploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Twenty Eight Parrot (Barnardius zonarius collared) at Mundaring Weir picnic reserve. It is eating by holding food in is left foot By Casliber (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – “Barnardius zonarius macgillivrayi – Buffalo Zoo” by Dave PapeOwn work. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.
(6) – A painting of an jpg Australian Ringneck (originally captioned “Platycercus baueri. Bauer’ s Parakeet.” by Edward Lear 1812-1888. – Edward Lear [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Patrik Aberg (Xeno-canto)

Alexandra's Parrot
Polytelis alexandrae

Alexandra's Parrot


45 cm. length, including its long, narrow tail, and around 92 g. of weight.

The head of the Alexandra's Parrot (Polytelis alexandrae) is light olive brown color, heavily washed in blue pastel in the Crown area, the nape of the neck, and slightly below the eyes; the Chin and throat pale pink.

Mantle and scapulars Brown olive-tinged greenish and fine dark stripes; back and rump, color pastel blue; upper coverts greenish-gray tail. Upper coverts bright yellowish green wings, with a few more green feathers around the curve of the wing; Dark greenish blue primary coverts; primary blue-green with yellowish-brown, and dark brown margin leading edge for the vane inner (the third rémige primary has the tip spatula-shaped. ); secondary of pale blue-green with a yellowish margin (more pronounced in vane outer); greenish grey tertials with vane more obscure internal. Wing of bright green feathers, more yellow towards leading edge; undertail, wings greyish Brown with large pale yellow inner margin to the vane inner. Usually gray olive underparts pale, with the pink color of the throat which runs on top of the chest; belly and flanks washed clear bluish green; thighs and lower flanks with increase in pink; coverts yellow olive color infracaudales. Upper, tail Brown olive green near the axis and blue toward tip-washed, lateral feathers bluish grey and pink-tipped; undertail, Black tail with tips and margins of pink.

The beak is red with a grey periophthalmic ring; orange-yellow irises; grey legs.

Female has a shorter tail (average of 6 cm.. less than the male) and it lacks of spatula in the third tip rémige primary. The wing coverts are greener and more off. And the mantle shows less green Suffusion. Crown, back and rump are less blue.

Immature similar to females and males acquire the adult plumage in about 14 a 18 months.

  • Sound of the Alexandra's Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS:// Princesa.mp3]


Highly nomadic and little known in the wild.

Inhabits the deserts of sand from the arid Center of Australia, often far from water. Birds can reach an area which have been absent for many years, reproduce, and quickly exit again.

They are in the prairies of mounds, dry forests of coastal eucalyptus, thickets of acacia, mulga (Acacia aneura) and deserts with scattered Oaks (Allocasuarina decaisneana).

The birds are alone, in pairs or in small groups of up to 15 Member. There are also some records of large breeding colonies.


The breeding season has been registered from September to January, Although the nesting can be irregular and probably depend on the rainfall of rain and is also sometimes colonial.

During courtship, the male raises some feathers on its Crown and extends its wings and tail.

Favorite nesting place is a large hole in a Red eucalyptus (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) lined with a pile of rotting wood dust (the desert oak It has also been used).

Of four to six white eggs make up the implementation, incubated by the female for a few 21 days. While the female is incubating, the male takes care of your power. The brood is fed during 5-6 weeks and become independent from three to five weeks after leaving the nest.


The birds feed on the ground and can be very meek. The diet includes seeds of Spinifex (Triodia mitchelli) and Herb mulga (Bipartite Danthonia). Also, According to sources, they can feed on nectar.


The Alexandra's Parrot are confined to the interior of Australia, where usually are very rare and few records. The species is an irregular visitor, It may not appear in parts of its distribution area for two decades or more.

Are distributed in Western Australia, from the North of the Great sandy desert to the West of the Fitzroy river, about Wiluna, Sandstone, Menzies and Coolgardie and East through the deserts Gibson and Great victory.

Occurs in the Northern Territory to the North of the area of Newcastle Waters and Stuart Plains, and to the South up to around Alice Springs.

In Queensland, It is very rare in the South-western end, but there is a recent record of breeding around Cloncurry.

In South Australia, extends to the East, about Oodnadatta, and there is a record of 1986 in the Great Victoria desert some 25 kilometers to the North of the Nurrari Lakes.

There is disagreement about its conservation status. The recent lack of records of large groups of reproduction, He cited as a possible indication of population decline, but there is little real information, and it suggests that the world's population can be estimated between 1.000 and 20.000 birds. A recent study suggests that the species could be irruptiva instead of nomad, and that a core of population can be resident in the area around the Tobin Lake, Western Australia.

Trade, fires, the change in the land use and the predation regimes, they have been cited as potential threats.

Protected by law.

A large number in captivity.



• Current red list category of the UICN: Near threatened

• Population trend: Stable

The population of the Alexandra's Parrot It is estimated, with low reliability, in 5 000 birds breeding (Garnett and Crowley 2000).

There is no firm evidence to determine the general trend number of Perico Princess that exist. However, the rate appears to have decreased (Garnett and Crowley 2000), and recent sightings (in different places of Tobin Lake in the Great sandy desert) they have only been small batches (Garnett 1993; Garnett and Crowley 2000). On the other hand, historical records include reports of large flocks and large breeding colonies (Forshaw and Cooper 2002; North 1912; Parker 1971; Whitlock 1924).

The Alexandra's Parrot It has not been registered crossed with other species in nature. It is unlikely that any interbreeding occurs because the other two members of the genus Polytelis, the Superb Parrot (Polytelis swainsonii) and the Regent Parrot (Polytelis anthopeplus), they usually do not occur in the same places as the Princess Parrot (Higgins 1999).

Remote areas occupied by species, his presence irregular in the majority of sites, and the lack of information about their movements, they make it difficult to accurately estimate the size of the population (Higgins 1999).

Conservation Actions Proposed

• Study the ecology of the species, about the Tobin Lake or the Great Victoria desert to determine the likely constraints on population size.

• Monitoring of sightings to characterize habitat and habitat models to verify the needs and historical responses to fire and precipitation of the entire distribution of the species.

• Use the information from the investigation to develop a management strategy.

• Protect the areas where the species breeding is recorded.

Perico Princess in captivity:

Not too noisy, good whistling, and friendly disposition. It is a robust bird able to tolerate reasonable temperatures. Susceptible to infections in the eyes.

According to records, a female lived 23,9 years in captivity.

Common in captivity.

Pure birds, with colors typical of their species are increasingly hard to find.

The Alexandra's Parrot they can be accommodated in a wide variety of sizes of aviaries. It is best to raise them as couples, They seem to play better if they can see or listen to another pair of the same species. An Aviary of 4 meters long is considered the minimum to properly accommodate these birds.

Have brought successfully as a colony of 3-5 couples in a large aviary.

Non-toxic hardwood branches can be placed in the Aviary of birds so that they can chew them. This entertains our parakeets, helping to minimize boredom and providing them with a little exercise for supico. Natural branches of different diameters, and placed in different angles, they can be used for hangers. These natural hangers can be chewed by birds and may need to be replaced periodically. Birds may chew flowers and fruiting bodies in the branches.

Its diet It requires a mixture of quality of food for parrots and a variety of fruits, such as the Apple and orange, as well as a variety of vegetables – maize, Chard, usually providing green food and green leafy vegetables. Sowing grasses, If they are available. Soaked or sprouted seeds if they are available.

Commercial dry pellets can be part of a balanced diet.

Some birds will eat insects, as mealworms, especially around the breeding season. Insects provide a good source of easily digestible proteins to adult and young birds. Insects can serve food to these birds on your daily diet.

The breeding season These parrots begins in March; the implementation is of 3 a 7 eggs, and incubation lasts approximately 20 days; the young become independent to the 50 days; occasionally breeding occurs 2 times a year. It is frequent that the female sexually mature in the first year, the male after the second year; couples can stay in adjacent aviaries each other separated by double metal fabric.

Alternative names:

Alexandra’s Parrot, Gould princess parrot, Pilpul, Princess Alexandra’s Parrot, Princess Parrot (English).
Perruche d’Alexandra, Perruche, Perruche à calotte bleue, Perruche Princesse-de-Galles, Princesse-de-Galle (French).
Alexandrasittich, Alexandra-Sittich, Blaukappensittich, Grosser Alexandersittich (German).
Periquito-princesa (Portuguese).
Perico Princesa, Periquito Princesa de Gales (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Polytelis
Scientific name: Polytelis alexandrae
Citation: Gould, 1863
Protonimo: Polyteles alexandrae

Alexandra's Parrot pictures:


Alexandra's Parrot (Polytelis alexandrae)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– Anage: The Animal Ageing and Longevity Database –


(1) – Pet Info Club –
(2) – Princess Parrot at Cincinnati Zoo, USA By Ted (originally posted to Flickr as DSC_0026) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Princess Parrot at Cincinnati Zoo, USA By Ted (originally posted to Flickr as DSC_0063) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – A blue mutant Princess Parrot at Flying High Bird Sanctuary, Australia By paulgear (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – ©2013 Simon J. Tonge – calphotos

Sounds: Nigel Jackett (Xeno-canto)

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