40 to 42 cms. length and 200 to 250 g. of weight.
The Slender-billed Parakeet (Enicognathus leptorhynchus) has the lores, forecrown and a narrow ring feathers around the eyes bright crimson red; cheeks and sides neck, green; feathers of the crown, the nape, the the mantle and back, with dark green margins producing a scalloped effect (more pronounced in the crown, where the feathers are brighter and more emerald).
Scapulars, rump and uppertail-coverts They are green. Primary coverts green with blue suffusion; other coverts green. Flight feather green-blue above with dark margins in innerwebs near the tips; light gray below. Underwing-coverts brighter yellowish green. Underparts yellowish green with patch dull red in centre of belly. Upper, the long tail red is off; greenish toward the tip; undertail, dull red suffused greyish.
The upper mandible It is dark gray with colored tip horn, the lower mandible is horn; Strait bare periophthalmic grey; irises orange-red; legs grey.
Both sexes are similar.
Immature darker, with the upper mandible shorter, less red in the face little or no red on belly.
- Sound of the Slender-billed Parakeet.
The Slender-billed Parakeet dwells in wooded areas, mainly Nothofagus and Araucaria, although they can be seen in more open cultivated fields or pastures, especially in winter. Its range is located from sea level in winter 2.000 meters in summer. Usually in flocks, of a few individuals to several hundred, even during the breeding season; large communal concentrations sometimes composed of several thousand birds.
Nests generally treeholes, often at a certain height and several couples using the same tree; very deep holes fill them with twigs to raise the base level. Occasionally nidifican in rock crevices, building the nest with twigs (for example, Bamboo thicket This chusquea) if there is no tree cavities available. Breeding season in November-December. Clutch 5-6 eggs.
Its diet It consists of seeds of wild and cultivated plants (They are sometimes considered a pest), including grains and thistles, seed cones araucaria (March April) open with its elongated peaks, acorns, seeds of Nothofagus and bulbous roots. generally place vigilantes while the rest of the birds feed.
Distribution and status:
Distribution area (breeding / resident): 195.000 km2
The Slender-billed Parakeet It is confined to the center Chile, from the South of Santiago through coastal lowlands and valleys on the slopes of hills Pacific, south to the Chiloe Island and maybe Palena river in the North of Aysen; They can also be seen in Isla Mocha off the southwest coast Bío Bío.
made some movements altitudinal seasonal, with moving from coastal lowlands to the foothills of the hills between spring and autumn bird (September-May).
Fairly common, although in recent decades its population has decreased due, fundamentally, deforestation, his capture and the Newcastle disease.
Less frequent and perhaps only sporadic in the northern and southern ends of its range.
Caught locally as pets, although quite rare in captivity outside Chile.
- Current category Red List UICN: Least concern.
- The population trend: Stable.
- Population size : Unknown.
(classified in Appendix II of CITES)
Justification of the Red List Category
This species has a range very large, and as a result does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (extent of occurrence <20.000 km2). La tendencia de la population seems to be stable, and therefore the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under criterion population trend (> 30% decrease of more than ten years or three generations). The population size It has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under criterion of population size (<10.000 individuos maduros con una disminución continua estima en> 10% in ten years or three generations, or in a particular population structure). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least concern.
Justification of the population
The world population It has not been quantified, but the species according to sources is locally common (pit et to the., 1997).
The population suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.
Cotorra Choroy in captivity:
Virtually unknown until 1976.
It is a nice and noisy bird, whose docility and cunning behavior have meant it to be hunted down and captured to commercialize as pets, common practice but absolutely unlawful, because they are removed from their natural means of inhabitancy in South Chile, which they can not be replaced in urban areas and in captivity. People who do sell through a network of illegal trafficking. However, it is a rare bird watching in captivity outside Chile.
In captivity, According to sources, a specimen lived 15,3 years.
– Chilean Parakeet, Long-billed Conure, Long-billed Parakeet, Slender billed Parakeet, Slender-billed Conure, Slender-billed Parakeet, Slight-billed Conure, Slight-billed Parakeet (English).
– Conure à long bec, Perriche à long bec, Perruche à long bec (French).
– Langschnabelsittich, Langschnabel-Sittich (German).
– Periquito Delgado-faturado (Portuguese).
– Choroy, Cotorra Choroy (Spanish).
Scientific name: Enicognathus leptorhynchus
Citation: (King, PP, 1831)
Protonimo: Psittacara leptorhyncha
Images Slender-billed Parakeet:
Slender-billed Parakeet (Enicognathus leptorhynchus)
- Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
- Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
- (1) Enicognathus leptorhynchus (Slender-billed parakeet), Vogelpark Walsrode Taken sometime during 1985 by Rüdiger Stehn – Flickr
- (2) Enicognathus leptorhynchus Paso Mamuil by Malal xerofito – Flickr
- (3) they choroy, recovering after being stoned Austral By Blizzard (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
- (4) Slender-billed Parakeets rehabilitating in a Parque Tumbes in a large aviary, Talcahuano, Bio Bio Region, Chile. In January 2012, about a 100 parrots were rescued from a pet shop in La Granja, Santiago Province, Chile. They were rehabilitated for about three months before being released to the wild. By Municipality of Talcahuano [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
- (5) Enicognathus leptorhynchus – thin nose cones – Slender-billed conure – conure Beaked by Florin Feneru – Flickr
- (6) A painting of a Slender-billed Parakeet (originally captioned “Psittacara leptorhyncha Long-billed. Parrakeet-Maccaw.”) by Edward Lear 1812-1888 [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
– Sounds: Ross Gallardy, XC296142. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/296142