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Rainbow Lorikeet
Trichoglossus moluccanus

Rainbow Lorikeet


Rainbow Lorikeet

Content

Description “Rainbow Lorikeet”:

Of 25-30 cm. length; 70-169 grams and a wingspan of 46 cm..

Rainbow Lorikeet

The plumage of the Rainbow Lorikeet (Trichoglossus moluccanus) is very bright. The head is deep blue with a neck greenish-yellow and the rest of the upperparts (wings, back and tail) are deep green. The chest is red with blue-black barring.. The belly is deep green, and the thighs and rump are yellow with deep green barring.. In flight, a yellow wing-bar contrasts clearly with the red underwing-coverts.

There is little to visually distinguish between the sexes; However, for an acute observer, their dimorphism is readily apparent.

The youth has bill black, which gradually brightens to orange in the adults..

The markings of Trichoglossus moluccanus resemble of the Coconut Lorikeet (Trichoglossus haematodus), but with a belly blue and breast with little or no blue-black barring..

Rainbow Lorikeet taxonomy

With one exception, the species have been treated so far as a group of subspecies within the extended group Coconut Lorikeet (Trichoglossus haematodus), but they differ from the Trichoglossus haematodus her pale red breast without bars ; its blue belly against green or blackish; its pale blue hood without black edge and its larger size.

The subspecies Trichoglossus moluccanus eyrei (South of Australia) It is included within the species nominal. Small hybrid population of present species paired with the Musk Lorikeet (Glossopsitta concinna) in SE Southern Australia (Yorke Peninsula).

  • Sound of the Rainbow Lorikeet. (1)

(1) Some species are under extreme pressure because of traps and harassment. Therefore, the open availability of high-quality recordings of these species may further worsen the problems, this being the reason why downloading these recordings is off. In conclusion, recorders themselves are free to share these files on xeno-canto, but they will have to approve access to these recordings.

We do not take this action lightly, and we wish it wasn't necessary, but we are convinced that the negative impacts of offering easy access to these recordings outweigh the benefits. To access these recordings, You can contact directly with the recorder.

Subspecies description:

  • Trichoglossus moluccanus moluccanus

    (Gmelin, 1788) – Nominal.

  • Trichoglossus moluccanus septentrionalis

    (Robinson, 1900) – As the species nominal but with brighter purple/blue stripes on the head and tail shorter.

Habitat:

The Rainbow Lorikeet often they travel together in pairs and occasionally respond to calls to fly like a flock, then they disperse again in pairs. Couples aggressively defend their feeding and nesting against other lstallion arcoiris and other bird species. Not only they scare off smaller birds, as the Noisy Miner (Manorina melanocephala) and the Brush Wattlebird (Anthochaera chrysoptera), but also to larger, as the Australian Magpie (Gymnorhina tibicen).

Reproduction:

In Australia, Reproduction usually takes place during spring (from September to December), but it may vary from one region to another with changes in food availability and climate. Sites nesting They are variable and may include gaps as tall trees eucalyptus, trunks of palm trees or overhanging rocks.

Couples sometimes nest in the same tree with other couples Rainbow Lorikeet or other species of birds. The clutch size is between one and three eggs, which are incubated for about 25 days. Incubation tasks are performed by the female alone.

The Rainbow Lorikeet are mostly monogamous and remain paired for long periods, if not for life.

Food:

Nectar and pollen of native trees and shrubs, especially eucalyptus (for example, Eucalyptus gummifera, Eucalyptus maculata).

Rainbow Lorikeet distribution:

Extension of the distribution (breeding/resident): 3,810,000 km2

Endemic East and Southeast Australia (of Cape York to the Eyre Peninsula, South of Australia)

They were recorded for the first time in Perth in 1968 and the population is believed to have come from fewer than ten birds that were deliberately released or had escaped from aviaries.

Since the beginning of the decade 1960, the population has grown exponentially and has spread rapidly throughout 174 km2 metropolitan area. The current population is estimated at 8.400 birds and their range is expanding at a rate of 0,7 km per year.

wanderer Tasmania.

Subspecies distribution:

  • Trichoglossus moluccanus moluccanus

    (Gmelin, 1788) – Nominal.

  • Trichoglossus moluccanus septentrionalis

    (Robinson, 1900) – North of Queensland (Cape York Peninsula), in northwestern Australia; also the Torres Strait Islands (Boigu and Saibai except, at the north end) and it was introduced in the district of Perth, in southwest Australia..

Conservation “Rainbow Lorikeet”:


Status

1. Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

2. The population trend: Decreasing.

3. Population size : Unknown.

Rationale for the Red List category

This species has a extremely large distribution area, and therefore does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criteria of size range (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a decreasing area size or fluctuating distribution, extension / habitat quality, or population size and a small number of places or severe fragmentation). While the trend of the population seems to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be rapid enough to approach the Vulnerable thresholds according to the population trend criterion (decrease of more than 30% in ten years or three generations).

The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criterion of population size (<10.000 mature individuals with an estimated> 10% continuous decline in ten years or three generations, or with a specific population structure). For these reasons, the species is assessed as Least concern.

Justification of the population

Global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as abundant in northern Australia and rare Tasmania (pit et to the. 1997).

Justification trend

They suspected that the population is declining due to unsustainable levels of exploitation.

Rainbow Lori Threats

The species has been the subject of a intense trade: from 1981, When it was included in the Appendix II of the CITES, they have been 100.388 individuals caught in international trade (UNEP-WCMC CITES Trade Database, January 2005).

In captivity:

Not very common. Its longevity It 20 years en libertad, 15-25 years in captivity and its market price is around wild birds 250 EUR.

Alternative names:

Rainbow Lorikeet, Rainbow Lorikeet (Rainbow) (English).
Loriquet à tête bleue (de Swainson), Loriquet à tête bleue (moluccanus), Loriquet arc-en-ciel, Loriquet de Swainson (French).
Regenbogenlori (German).
Lóris-molucano, Periquito-arco-íris (moluccanus) (Portuguese).
Lori arcoiris, Lori de Arco Iris (español).


Gmelin Johann Friedrich
Gmelin Johann Friedrich

scientific classification:


Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Gender: Trichoglossus
Scientific name: Trichoglossus moluccanus
Subpoena: (Gmelin, JF, 1788)
Protonimo: Psittacus moluccanus

Images “Rainbow Lorikeet”:

Videos "Rainbow Lorikeet"


“Rainbow Lorikeet” (Trichoglossus moluccanus)

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Marigold Lorikeet
Trichoglossus capistratus

Marigold Lorikeet

Content

Description “Marigold Lorikeet”:

26 cm.. length and a weight between 100-157 g..

The Marigold Lorikeet (Trichoglossus capistratus) has the forecrown, the cheeks and chin, dark blue; and the rest of the head It is green with a broadband yellow-green in nape (part posterior of the neck). The upper breast is yellow with green narrow edges feathers. Underwing-coverts are yellow with scattered orange marks. Males may have some red on their edges. The abdomen is dark green. Their peaks They are hooked.

The males and females and players seem to depend on DNA or endoscopic sexing to determine gender.

Taxonomic status:

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Trichoglossus [haematodus, rosenbergii, moluccana, forsteni, capistratus, weberi] (sensu lato) by some authors.

  • Sound of the Marigold Lorikeet (1).

(1) Some species are under extreme pressure because of traps and harassment. Therefore, the open availability of high-quality recordings of these species may further worsen the problems, this being the reason why downloading these recordings is off. In conclusion, recorders themselves are free to share these files on xeno-canto, but they will have to approve access to these recordings.

We do not take this action lightly, and we wish it wasn't necessary, but we are convinced that the negative impacts of offering easy access to these recordings outweigh the benefits. To access these recordings, You can contact directly with the recorder.

Description 3 subspecies:

  • Trichoglossus capistratus capistratus

    (Bechstein, 1811) – Nominal.

  • Trichoglossus capistratus flavotectus

    (Hellmayr, 1914) – Head verde con vetas púrpura/azul en la forecrown up to the cheeks; variability of yellow to deep orange in chest; neck wide and yellow; abdomen dark green to green / black; underwing-coverts yellow with orange markings variables.

  • Trichoglossus capistratus fortis

    (Hartert, 1898) – Head negra/marrón con vetas púrpura/azul en la forecrown up to the cheeks; lores , throat, línea de arriba hacia atrás de los ojos y occiput, green; chest bright yellow with orange but not barred / red marks; abdomen dark green, with occasional shades blue / black; underwing-coverts yellow.

Habitat “Marigold Lorikeet”:

The Marigold Lorikeet They are in mixed flocks with other parrots; small and noisy groups. Nomads, since they depend on flowering trees. It perches communally in groups of hundreds of birds.

Es más común en las lowlands, but it is up to altitudes of 2400 m. Wide variety of areas including settlements, forests, coconut plantations, Savanna, eucalyptus forests and mangroves, including dry forest Roti.

Reproduction “Marigold Lorikeet”:

Total of 21 nests found in Sumba between late August and early October 1992, all cavities in large trees (principalmente deciduous).

Food “Marigold Lorikeet”:

Pocos datos dietéticos específicos, but presumably similar to Trichoglossus haematodus and it is known to take nectar and pollen from native trees, así como higos e insectos.

Distribution “Marigold Lorikeet”:

Extension of the distribution (breeding/resident): 171.000 km2

The Marigold Lorikeet It is a species of parrot endemic to the islands of Southeast Asia Sumba, Roti, Wetar and Blend (Indonesian) and Timor (Indonesia and East Timor).

Distribution 3 subspecies:

Conservation “Marigold Lorikeet”:


Status


1. Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

2. The population trend: Decreasing.

3. Population size : —.

Rationale for the Red List category

Although this species may have a restricted range, It not believed to approach the thresholds Vulnerable under the criterion of size range (Scope of the presence <20.000 km2 combined with a decreasing area size or fluctuating distribution, extension / habitat quality, or population size and a small number of places or severe fragmentation).

While the trend of the population seems to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be rapid enough to approach the Vulnerable thresholds according to the population trend criterion (decrease of more than 30% in ten years or three generations).
The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds Vulnerable under the criterion of population size (<10.000 mature individuals with an estimated> 10% continuous decline in ten years or three generations, or with a specific population structure). For these reasons, the species is assessed as Least concern.

Justification of the population

Global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as común en Timor (pit et to the. 1997).

Justification trend

They suspected that the population is declining due to unsustainable levels of exploitation.

Threats

The species has been the subject of a intense trade: from 1981, When it was included in the Appendix II of the CITES, they have been 100.388 individuals captured in international trade (UNEP-WCMC CITES Trade Database, January 2005).

In captivity:

It's one of the lori rainbow menos ruidosos aunque poco común en cautividad a excepción de Dili (Capital of Timor Oriental), where it is quite common. Its longevity It 20 years en libertad, 15-25 years in captivity.

Alternative names

Marigold Lorikeet, Rainbow Lorikeet (Marigold) (English).
Loriquet à tête bleue (harnaché), Loriquet à tête bleue [capistratus], Loriquet d’Edward, Loriquet harnaché (French).
Blauwangenlori, Timor-Allfarblori (German).
Periquito-arco-íris-de-timor, Lóris-de-timor (Portuguese).
Lori de Caléndula, Lori embridado, Lori Arcoiris [capistratus Group] (español).


Johann Matthew Bechstein
Johann Matthew Bechstein

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Gender: Trichoglossus
Scientific name: Trichoglossus capistratus
Subpoena: (Bechstein, 1811)
Protonimo: Psittacus capistratus

Images “Marigold Lorikeet”:

Videos "Marigold Lorikeet"


“Marigold Lorikeet” (Trichoglossus capistratus)

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Red-flanked Lorikeet
Charmosyna placentis

Red-flanked Lorikeet

Content

Description:

15 to 18 cms. length and 38 to 48 g. of weight.

The Red-flanked Lorikeet (Charmosyna placentis) has the forecrown and yellowish-green crown; nape green; chin, throat and lores red; ear-coverts dark blue striped strongly light blue. Top green with rump matte blue: uppertail-coverts green. The part superior of the wings It is green with innerwebs and ends the blackish flight feather. Underwing-coverts red; intense yellow band across the innerwebs of the flight feather blackish. Underparts lighter green than yellow upperparts; Strong red marks on the sides of chest and in the flanks below the sides of belly.

The upper part of the tail It is duller green than upperparts, tipped bright yellow, with lateral feathers red in the center of the innerwebs and slightly in outerweb, with a subterminal black mark; lower tail is basal yellow, with black and red marks.

Bill red; irises yellow to orange; legs opaque red.

The female no yellow-green spots on the top of the forecrown, Red in the face, in the chest, in the flanks and at the bottom of the wings (the underwing-coverts are green-yellow). El azul de las ear-coverts It is replaced by a dark patch badly scratched yellow.

Immature as the female, but duller green, and less extensive yellow streaks in ear-coverts (the young male can present a red stain on the face and greenish yellow in forecrown). Iris pale yellow, legs orange-brown.

  • Sound of the Red-flanked Lorikeet.

Subspecies description
  • Charmosyna placentis intensior

    (Kinnear, 1928) – Greener than the species nominal, including the forecrown. Headphones coverts and patch on the rump duller blue-violet.

  • Charmosyna placentis ornata

    (Mayr, 1940) – Mantle green slightly darker than the species nominal, a patch on rump largest darker blue and crown yellower. The Red throat larger in males.

  • Charmosyna placentis pallidior

    (Rothschild & Hartert, 1905) – As the subspecies subplacens, but with upperparts pale green. Headphones coverts light blue in the male.

  • Charmosyna placentis placentis

    (Temminck, 1835) – Nominal.

  • Charmosyna placentis subplacens

    (Sclater,PL, 1876) – It differs from the species nominal by having green, nonblue the rump.

Habitat:

The Red-flanked Lorikeet It, mainly, a kind of lowlands que se encuentra en el bosque primario húmedo, in the forest edge, in Savannah, the secondary high growth, in the monsoon forest, in the swamps of sagú (when they are in bloom), en el bosque de galería, in eucalypts, in the coastal forest and, occasionally, in the mangroves and coconut palms. It is also found in flowering trees in cultivated areas.

Can be Quiet and discreet and, even when feeding active and noisy, puede ser difícil de ver entre un follaje espeso. They are mostly in pairs, but occasionally in groups 25 or more, looking for food with others Loris with flowers and trees epiphytes or flying through or above the tree tops in small compact and noisy flocks.

Reproduction:

In New Guinea, Several observations of couples investigating montículos de termitas arbóreas They indicate that it is likely that they are preferred for nest. The bases of ferns and moss cultures have also been identified as potential sites nesting. Activity on these sites has been observed between February and October, y se encontró que los especímenes encontrados en el este de Papua New Guinea by Diamond in July and August 1965 They were able to play. In the Vit Islandu, Coates He watched a couple with chicks in mid-August and is likely to play occurring during much of the year.

Food:

Feeds of pollen, nectar, flowers and seeds, mainly in the upper canopy.

Distribution and status:

Extension of the distribution (breeding/resident): 2.800.000 km2

originating Indonesia Oriental, New Guinea and the northern Solomon Islands.

They can be observed from the Moluccan Islands and West Papua New, through lowland West Papua New and Papua New Guinea to Bismarck Archipelago and Bougainville.

Although mostly they found in lowlands, there have been up to 1.600 metres above sea level in Komo, in the highlands of southern Papua New Guinea; They are also common in high altitudes (about 1.150 meters to 1.450 m) in the zone of Karimui, the east, and they do not seem to be anywhere else in the region. reaches 300 metres in New Britain, above which is replaced by the Red-chinned Lory (Charmosyna rubrigularis). In the North of New Guinea It is replaced by the higher altitude Red-fronted Lorikeet (Charmosyna rubronotata).

Generalizado y común a localmente abundante. It is believed that the world population is at a level of caresses 500.000 individuals and it is stable. Pequeños números en cautiverio.

Translation made with the translator www.DeepL.com/Translator

Subspecies distribution

Conservation:


Status


• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable.

• Population size : Unknown

Rationale for the Red List category

This species has a very extens distribution areato, and therefore does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criteria of size range (Scope of the presence <20.000 km2 combined with a decreasing area size or fluctuating distribution, extension / habitat quality, o tamaño de la población y un pequeño número de localizaciones o fragmentación severa).

The population trend appears to be stable, and therefore the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criteria of population trend (decrease> 30% in ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criterion of population size (<10.000 mature individuals with an estimated> 10% continuous decline in ten years or three generations, or with a specific population structure). For these reasons, the species is assessed as Least concern.

Justification of the population

Global population size has not been quantified, but it has been reported that the species is generalmente común and sometimes abundant (pit et to the. 1997). Some sources estimate the current population of this Lori in about half a million individuals.

Justification trend

They suspected that the population is stable the absence of evidence of decline or substantial threats.

"Red-flanked Lorikeet" in captivity:

Rare in captivity.

Alternative names:

Blue-eared Lorikeet, Lowland Lorikeet, Red flanked Lorikeet, Red-flanked Lorikeet, Yellow-fronted Blue-eared Lorikeet, Yellow-fronted Blue-eared Lory (English).
Lori coquet, Loriquet à croupion bleu, Loriquet joli (French).
Schönlori (German).
Loris Charmosyna Placentis (Portuguese).
Lori de Dorso Rojo, Lori Flanquirrojo (español).


Temminck Coenraad Jacob
Temminck Coenraad Jacob

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Gender: Charmosyna
Scientific name: Charmosyna placentis
Subpoena: (Temminck, 1835)
Protonimo: Psittacus placentis

Red-flanked Lorikeet images:

Videos "Red-flanked Lorikeet"


Sources:

Avibase
• Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
• Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – A male Red-flanked Lorikeet at Cincinnati Zoo, USA by Ltshears [CC BY 3.0]

(2) – Female Red-flanked Lorikeet at the Louisville Zoo, USA by Ltshears [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], from Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A pair of Red-flanked Lorikeets at Jurong Bird Park, Singapore by Peter Tan [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – The image is free from copyright under Creative Commons CC0
(5) – Red-flanked Lorikeet, Male (Charmosyna placentis) at the Louisville Zoo by Ltshears [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], from Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Ross Gallardy, XC410521. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/410521.

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Raiatea parakeet †
Cyanoramphus ulietanus

Raiatea Parakeet

Content

Description:

25 cm.. length.

The Raiatea Parakeet (Cyanoramphus ulietanus) had the head blackish brown, paler on neck, Rump and wings. The lower part of the back and tail coverts were brownish-red; and under wing-coverts and outerweb the flight feathers were gray-blue. Había un borde gris en las plumas primaries and secondaries. The chest, the abdomen and the under tail were yellow olive. The feathers of the middle tail were olive brown. The outer feathers tail were gray.

The irises were probably orange-red in the adult and juvenile brown. The legs were grayish brown. The bill was pale blue-gray or gray-brown to black tip. The males and females se parecían.

Habitat:

It is believed that it was a kind forest, when the Society Islands They were all wooded.

Reproduction:

It knows nothing about the reproductive habits of this parrot or why died.

Food:

Nothing is known about the eating habits of this parrot.

Distribution:

Of the Raiatea Parakeet sólo se conoce de dos especímenes en Raiatea, in the Society Islands of the french polynesia (Forshaw and Cooper 1989), collected on the trip Cook in 1773, and now Vienna and Tring (Knox y Walters 1994).

Conservation:

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: EXTINCT.

Rationale for the Red List category

This species was known in the Isla de Raiatea, french polynesia, but now it is extinct, probably as a result of habitat or cleaning action of invasive species.

Justification of the population

There remains no existing population.

It is believed that the two bodies of this parrot that remain dissected in two museums, the Natural History Museum London and the Naturhistorisches Museum, They were collected by Georg Forster in 1773 or 1774 during the second voyage of Capitán Cook (Stresemann 1950). However, Medway (2009), based on the travel journal Joseph Banks, He thought they were collected in November 1777 during the third trip Cook. It seems likely that no collection will be made on Raiatea in 1768 during the first trip Cook, since the natives were hostile, which is why Forster probablemente obtuvo ambos especímenes en el segundo. However, There is some confusion as to the locality, but Forster (1844) It refers to a “Psittacus pacificus” seen in Otaheite (Tahití) and Oriadea (Raiatea), from where Greenway (1967) presumed that found and collected Cyanoramphus zealandicus en Tahití y C. ulietanus in Raiatea. unusually, Forster He did not consider the two species as different.

Alternative names:

Raiatea Parakeet, Society Parakeet, Society Parrot (English).
Kakariki de Raiatea, Perruche de Raiatea (French).
Braunkopf-Laufsittich, Raiateasittich (German).
Periquito-de-raiatea (Portuguese).
Perico de Raiatea (español).

scientific classification:

Gmelin Johann Friedrich
Gmelin Johann Friedrich

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Gender: Cyanoramphus
Scientific name: Cyanoramphus ulietanus
Subpoena: (Gmelin, JF, 1788)
Protonimo: Psittacus ulietanus

Sources:

Avibase
• Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
• Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Illustration of the society parakeet (Cyanoramphus ulietanus) by Mr thrice [CC BY-SA 4.0], from Wikimedia Commons

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Black-fronted Parakeet †
Cyanoramphus zealandicus

Black-fronted Parakeet

Content


Anatomy-parrots-eng

Description:

Of 25 cm.. length

The Black-fronted Parakeet (Cyanoramphus zealandicus) They seemed to be very similar to the rest of the species of Cyanoramphus; They were olive green; the forecrown It was black; the lores (the regions between the eyes and the peak on the sides of the head of a bird) and stretches along the eyes They were red; the lower part of the back It was red; the uppertail-coverts red. the outerweb of the flight feather They were blue violet. The eye rings They were light blue. Los adultos probablemente tenían irises orange, mientras que las aves jóvenes tenían eyes dark or brown.

The legs They were brown and gray bill It was pale bluish gray with a blackish tip.

Habitat:

Black-fronted Parakeet

According to Des Murs (1845, 1849), Lt. M. J. Marolles shot three birds Tahití in 1844, in Port Phaeton, in the isthmus Taravao. The bird was rare at that time, and only he was in the isthmus and the mountains Tahití-iti. Marolles saw only four or five individuals in total, y los lugareños le dijeron que los loros vivían en grandes árboles en escarpas inaccesibles y valles profundos. It is not known nothing about it.

Reproduction:

No data

Food:

No data

Distribution:

The Black-fronted Parakeet they were from Tahití, on french polynesia. Tres especímenes conocidos recogidos (two of which are now in Liverpool and one in Tring) collected on the trip Cook in 1773, a fourth collected by Amadis in 1842, now in Perpignan and a fifth collected by the Marolles in 1844, now in Paris (Voisin et al. 1995).

No se ha registrado ningún espécimen desde 1844.

Conservation:

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Extinct.

• Population trend: Extinct.

• Population size : No queda ningún indivíduo.

Rationale for the Red List category

The frentinegro Perico were known Tahití, (french polynesia), but it has not been seen since 1844 and it is now regarded as a kindextinct. Possible causes include deforestation, the hunting and predation introduced species.

Hume y Walters sugieren que como los tahitianos apreciaban mucho las plumas verdes y rojas de loro traídas de Tonga, it is possible that excessive hunting in the past has been, at least in part, responsible for the disappearance of Black-fronted Parakeet.

Alternative names:

Black fronted Parakeet, Black-fronted Parakeet, Black-Fronted Parrot, Tahiti Parakeet (English).
Kakariki de Tahiti, Perruche de Tahiti (French).
Schwarzstirnsittich, Tahiti-Laufsittich (German).
Periquito-do-tahiti (Portuguese).
Perico de Frente Negra, Perico frentinegro (español).

scientific classification:

John Latham
John Latham

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Gender: Cyanoramphus
Scientific name: Cyanoramphus zealandicus
Subpoena: (Latham, 1790)
Protonimo: Psittacus zealandicus

Sources:

Avibase
• Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
• Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Iconographie ornithologique by Marc Athanase Parfait Œillet Des Murs (1804-1878) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Watercolour painting by George Forster annotated ‘Psittacus pacificus’. Made during Captain James Cook’s second voyage to explore the southern continent (1772-75). George Forster [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

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Newton's parakeet †
Psittacula exsul

Newton's Parakeet

Content

Description:

Of 40 centimeters length.

The male of the Newton's Parakeet (Psittacula exsul) It was probably green, with red patches on wings, also manifested in a variation bluish; only two skins of this species, both blue hue; the plumage It was generally greenish blue with gray shades; chest, abdomen and under cover tail slightly paler shades; head darker gray hue without; línea negra fina entre el cere and the eye; black bars cheek and narrow black strip on the neck, strip adjacent the blue-green; primaries blue-green; feathers on top of the tail blue-green, underside grey; mandible red top, mandible lower black; irises yellow; legs grey.

The female with narrow black stripe on the forehead; black bars cheek not extend to the side neck; crown washed with gray; upper jaw black.

Immature; No information

Habitat:

It was a kind forest who lived in areas of pine Pandanus and Palm trees.

Reproduction:

Probably similar to Reunion Parakeet (Psittacula eques)

Food:

According to reports, las aves preferían las nueces y los frutos de Cassine East and Fernelia buxifolia.

Distribution:

The Newton's Parakeet It was endemic to the forests of Rodrigues, Mauritius (checks 1987).

Se decía que era abundante por el explorador Leguat in 1691 (Cowles 1987), but Pingre He noted that it was rare in 1761, y el último registro fue un ave capturada en agosto de 1875 (Forshaw 2010).

Parece probable que las últimas aves fueron aniquilados a finales de ese año, when the island suffered “the worst hurricane season nineteenth century” (checks 1987).

Sobreviven dos especímenes completos, plus several bones subfossil (Cowles 1987).


Conservation:

Rationale for the Red List category


This species was endemic to the Rodrigues Island, Mauritius, but it has not been seen since 1875 and now it is extinct.

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Extinct.
• El último registro fue un ave recolectada en agosto de 1875

It is believed that hunting and habitat loss greatly contributed to its decline, and that the final blow could have been given by heavy storms 1876. curiously, sobrevivió durante mucho más tiempo que la mayoría de las especies de aves endémicas de la isla.

Justification of the population

extinct.

"Newton's parakeet †" in captivity:

Leguat and his followers saw the birds – presumably Newton's Parakeet – feeding nuts, and they taught to speak to some of these parakeets, which certainly it is an indication of what these birds were tame. Aparentemente se volvieron bilingües; ¡podían hablar tanto en francés como en flamenco! When Leguat and his small band of followers fled the island, a parakeet they took with them on their trip to Mauritius.

Alternative names:

Newton’s Parakeet, Newton’s Parrot, Rodrigues Parakeet, Rodrigues Ring-necked Parakeet, Rodriguez Parakeet (English).
Perruche de Newton (French).
Rodriguessittich, Rodrigues-Sittich, Rodriguez-Edelsittich (German).
Periquito-de-rodriguez (Portuguese).
Cotorra de Newton, Cotorra de Rodrigues (español).



scientific classification:

Alfred Newton
Alfred Newton

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Gender: Psittacula
Scientific name: Psittacula exsul
Subpoena: (Newton, A, 1872)
Protonimo: Palaeornis exaul



Especies del género Psittacula
  • Psittacula finschii
  • Psittacula himalayana
  • Psittacula roseata
  • —- Psittacula roseata juneae
  • —- Psittacula roseata roseata
  • Psittacula cyanocephala
  • Psittacula alexandri
  • —- Psittacula alexandri abbotti
  • —- Psittacula alexandri alexandri
  • —- Psittacula alexandri cala
  • —- Psittacula alexandri dammermani
  • —- Psittacula alexandri fasciata
  • —- Psittacula alexandri kangeanensis
  • —- Psittacula alexandri major
  • —- Psittacula alexandri perionca
  • Psittacula derbiana
  • Psittacula longicauda
  • —- Psittacula longicauda defontainei
  • —- Psittacula longicauda longicauda
  • —- Psittacula longicauda modesta
  • —- Psittacula longicauda nicobarica
  • —- Psittacula longicauda tytleri
  • Psittacula columboides
  • Psittacula calthrapae
  • Psittacula eupatria
  • —- Psittacula eupatria Avensis
  • —- Psittacula eupatria eupatria
  • —- Psittacula eupatria magnirostris
  • —- Psittacula eupatria nipalensis
  • —- Psittacula eupatria siamensis
  • Parrots wardi
  • Psittacula krameri
  • —- Psittacula krameri borealis
  • —- Psittacula krameri krameri
  • —- Psittacula krameri manillensis
  • —- Psittacula krameri parvirostris
  • Psittacula eques
  • —- Parrot knight knight†
  • —- Psittacula eques echo
  • Parrots
  • Psittacula caniceps

  • Sources:

    Avibase
    • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    Birdlife

    Photos:

    (1) – Psittacula exsul (Newton’s Parakeet), female holotype specimen – Wikipedia
    (2) – Sternum and mandible of Psittacula exsul, extracted from the female holotype specimen – Wikipedia

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Seychelles parakeet †
    Psittacula wardi

    Seychelles Parakeet

    Content

    Description:


    Anatomy-parrots-eng

    The Seychelles Parakeet (Psittacula wardi) It was a medium-sized parrot with a length of about 41 cm and a weight between 100 and 125 g..

    It was green with a large bill red with yellow tips, a red stain on the shoulders and a long tail. The male had a narrow black band on the cheek and neck black that the female and juvenile lacked. blueness in nape and eyes yellow. the legs They were greyish

    taxonomy:

    Phylogenetic studies suggest that this species away from the Alexandrine Parakeet (Psittacula eupatria).

    Habitat:

    In a report they were seen over the forest along a field corn.

    They were probably in small groups or flocks, making striking flights. It was reported that the birds were cautious, presumably due to its constant pursuit.

    Reproduction:

    No data.

    Food:

    It was a forest species, which probably it fed on fruit and seeds.

    Distribution:

    The Seychelles Parakeet It was endemic to Mahe and Silhouette, Seychelles, with a visual record of Praslin. A considerable number were found in 1811, But it was rare in 1867 and the last specimen was shot at Mahe by Abbott in 1893. It may have survived until the twentieth century (Skerrett y Disley 2011), although apparently he was already extinguished when Nicoll He visited the island 1906 (Lionnet 1984).

    Conservation:

    • Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Extinct.
    • Population trend: The last known individuals were shot dead in 1893.

    Clearing forests for plantations and coconut hunting and capture (in particular, to protect corn crops) were the main causes of the disappearance of the species (Forshaw and Cooper 1989).

    In captivity:

    The last captive records of these birds date back to the year 1883.

    There are currently two specimens in the museums of Liverpool and New York City.

    Alternative names:

    Green Parakeet, Seychelles Alexandrine Parrot, Seychelles Parakeet, Seychelles Parrot (inglés).
    Perruche des Seychelles (francés).
    Seychellen-Edelsittich, Seychellensittich, Seychellen-Sittich (alemán).
    Periquito-das-seychelles (portugués).
    Cotorra de las Seychelles, Cotorra de los Seychelles, Cotorra de Seychelles (español).


    scientific classification:

    Newton Edward
    Newton Edward

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittaculidae
    Genus: Psittacula
    Scientific name: Psittacula wardi
    Citation: (Newton, E, 1867)
    Protonimo: Palaeornis wardi



    Especies del género Psittacula
  • Psittacula finschii
  • Psittacula himalayana
  • Psittacula roseata
  • —- Psittacula roseata juneae
  • —- Psittacula roseata roseata
  • Psittacula cyanocephala
  • Psittacula alexandri
  • —- Psittacula alexandri abbotti
  • —- Psittacula alexandri alexandri
  • —- Psittacula alexandri cala
  • —- Psittacula alexandri dammermani
  • —- Psittacula alexandri fasciata
  • —- Psittacula alexandri kangeanensis
  • —- Psittacula alexandri major
  • —- Psittacula alexandri perionca
  • Psittacula derbiana
  • Psittacula longicauda
  • —- Psittacula longicauda defontainei
  • —- Psittacula longicauda longicauda
  • —- Psittacula longicauda modesta
  • —- Psittacula longicauda nicobarica
  • —- Psittacula longicauda tytleri
  • Psittacula columboides
  • Psittacula calthrapae
  • Psittacula eupatria
  • —- Psittacula eupatria Avensis
  • —- Psittacula eupatria eupatria
  • —- Psittacula eupatria magnirostris
  • —- Psittacula eupatria nipalensis
  • —- Psittacula eupatria siamensis
  • Parrots wardi
  • Psittacula krameri
  • —- Psittacula krameri borealis
  • —- Psittacula krameri krameri
  • —- Psittacula krameri manillensis
  • —- Psittacula krameri parvirostris
  • Psittacula eques
  • —- Parrot knight knight†
  • —- Psittacula eques echo
  • Parrots
  • Psittacula caniceps

  • Seychelles Parakeet (Psittacula wardi)


    Sources:

    Avibase
    Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    Birdlife

    Photos:

    (1) – Seychelles Parakeet (Psittacula wardi), depiction by John Gerrard Keulemans from ‘Extinct Birds’ by Lionel Walter Rothschild from the year 1907 by John Gerrard Keulemans [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Seychelles Black Parrot
    Coracopsis barklyi

    Seychelles Black Parrot

    Content


    Anatomy-parrots-eng

    Description:

    35-40 cm. length and 132-153 g. of weight.

    The Seychelles Black Parrot (Coracopsis barklyi) They have a pale brown, less black than the plumage Black Parrot (Coracopsis nigra), but gray / blue reflections in the outer layers of the primary feathers; parches marrones pálidos con leves estrías pálidas en la crown.

    The tone becomes slightly paler in uppertail-coverts.

    The underparts They are pale grayish brown. We can see some short lines in throat, while the chest and the belly show a diffuse pale obstruction. The tail is pale-grey.
    The bill gris oscuro se vuelve más pálido durante la época de cría. The eyes are dark brown, surrounded by a naked orbital gray area. Legs and feet are dark gray to bluish gray.

    Ambos sexos son muy similares.

    Youth colorization:

    Immature paler than adults with a yellowish tinge bill and tips of the feathers tail with pale gray.

    Taxonomic status:

    Formerly a subspecies of Black Parrot (Coracopsis nigra), originating from Madagascar. Parrots Gender Coracopsis only found in the Océano Índico Occidental.

    Habitat:

    Seychelles Black Parrot

    The Seychelles Black Parrot (Coracopsis barklyi) inhabits native and mixed woodland in Praslin, (Rocamora and Laboudallon 2013, A. Reuleaux y N. Bunbury a slightly. 2016). It is also found in cultivated areas and residential areas with gardens, habitats that are suitable feed (A. Reuleaux y N. Bunbury a slightly. 2016). They are usually seen alone or in pairs.

    Reproduction:

    Their main breeding areas They are in a forest dominated by endemic palms coco de mer (Lodoicea maldivica). The tree species nests in cavities primarily in mer coconut dead, but also registered that nests in cavities and other palms living trees broadleaf (Reuleaux et al. 2014to), with reproductive activity October to March (Rocamora and Laboudallon 2013, Reuleaux et al. 2014to). Preferred deep cavities of hollow logs of L. maldivica with a dense cover canopy over the entrance (Reuleaux et al. 2014to). The reproductive activity fluctúa ampliamente entre los años (A. Reuleaux y N. Bunbury a slightly. 2016). In a study, the 53% of nests they were successful in 36 nesting attempts, with a 57% incipient year survival (Reuleaux et al. 2014to).

    Food:

    The Seychelles Black Parrot It feeds on a variety of plant species, la mayoría de las cuales son endémicas y nativas (Reuleaux et al. 2014b), mainly from the fruit pulp, seeds and buds, with occasional observations feeding on leaves, flowers, crusts and scale insects (Reuleaux et al. 2014b).

    Distribution:

    Extending its range (breeding/resident): 70 km2

    The Seychelles Black Parrot (Coracopsis barklyi) reside in Praslin, with occasional records in Curieuse (to 1 km to the North of Praslin), Seychelles (Reuleaux et al. 2013).

    No se detectó ningún individuo en curious durante los recuentos puntuales durante cuatro días y durante el trabajo de campo suplementario, por lo que se asume que no hay ninguna población residente allí (Reuleaux et al. 2013).

    Conservation:


    Vulnerable


    • Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Vulnerable.

    • Population trend: Stable.

    • Population size : 340-600 individuals.

    Rationale for the Red List category

    This newly divided species is listed as Vulnerable because, but it appears to be stable or possibly increasing, their population is still very small, and therefore it is at risk of stochastic events and human impacts.

    Justification of the population

    Count surveys conducted in Praslin points in 2010 and 2011 They found a density of 0.14-0.24 individuals / ha, as resultadi giving an estimate of the Total population 520-900 individuals (confidence intervals 95%) obtenida a través de la metodología de muestreo a distancia (Reuleaux et al. 2013). After reviewing recent survey results, Rocamora and Laboudallon (2013) estimated total breeding population less than 200 couples, sugiriendo que podría haber less than 400 mature individuals. Based on these data, it is assumed that there 340-600 mature individuals in the population.

    Justification trend

    They suspected that the population is stable the absence of evidence of any reduction or immediate threat. It is believed that the species has increased at least until the beginning of the century, pero no está claro si todavía está aumentando (Reuleaux et al. 2013, Rocamora and Laboudallon 2013).

    Threats

    It is believed that the decline of Seychelles Black Parrot before age 60 It was mainly due to predation by introduced rats and hunting conducted by settlers and farmers (Rocamora and Laboudallon 2013). Other causes of increased mortality include capture as pets and trade, and bycatch when targeting other species.

    The most serious current threats for the species include diseases such as disease Beak and feather, continuous nest predation by rats and cats, competition from introduced species of birds for food and nesting sites, cacería furtiva de su principal árbol de anidación (coco de mer), and habitat destruction caused by fires, with potential threats including persecution, pesticides, bats and kinship networks (Rocamora and Laboudallon 2013, Seychelles Islands Foundation in litt. 2014).

    The forest fires They may represent the most serious threat to the species, with records since the beginning of the decade 1980 showing that approximately every 10 years a major fire occurs (The Seychelles Islands Foundation in litt. 2014). The availability of nesting cavities can be a limiting factor in years of very active reproduction, some females occupying suboptimal cavities.

    Collection sea ​​coconuts probably reduce the area of ​​palm forest long term.

    The presence of the Rose-ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri) in Mahe, one of which is registered Praslin, increases the risk of disease.

    The impacts of introduced species causing nest predation and competition for nesting sites can not be serious enough to limit the population; However, mice are increasing in Praslin.

    The crazy ants or zanconas ants (anoplolepis gracilipes) not appear to have impacted the species so far, probably because they use dead palms, where the appropriate cavities Seychelles Black Parrot.

    Chicks predation by cats and dogs is probably limited, and post-harvest mortality is not currently a major concern. The persecution of the species by farmers is considered a minor threat.

    Other risk factors for the species include their low genetic diversity and unexplained large fluctuations in reproductive activity of one station to another (Seychelles Islands Foundation in litt. 2014).

    Acciones de conservación

    Conservation actions underway

    The species is protected by law from 1966 (Rocamora and Laboudallon 2013). Endemic palms have been protected from 1991, and the restoration of native palm forest on Praslin and Curieuse is underway. The species is found in the Praslin National Park, created in 1979, and Vallée de Mai It was declared a World Heritage Site in 1983. The Background islas Ferdinand curious y They are administered as nature reserves, but no official protection. Among 1983 and 2005 boxes were provided artificial nesting (Rocamora and Laboudallon 2013, A. Reuleaux y N. Bunbury a slightly. 2016).

    In Vallée de Mai hay un cortafuegos alrededor del núcleo de cría, but it is not guaranteed to work in the event of a large fire that can not be contained quickly (The Seychelles Islands Foundation in litt. 2014), However, It has only proved partially effective when a fire destroyed several hectares of breeding habitat high quality 2010 (A. Reuleaux y N. Bunbury a slightly. 2016). Poaching coco de mer nuts it being countered with increased security and a program regeneration, and they have carried out awareness activities to reduce the persecution by farmers. Measures are being taken to eradicate the presence of the Rose-ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri) and also they are conducting tests for the virus Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease Virus (The Seychelles Islands Foundation in litt. 2014).

    In 2009 a national plan of action was drawn up for the species, It is including plans to introduce the species Silhouette, junto con la cría en cautividad en Frégate y Île du Nord, if you can carry out a proper restoration and habitat management (reviewed by Rocamora and Laboudallon 2013). Other conservation identified for this species include control of introduced, the renovation and improvement of nests, el seguimiento de la población y las campañas de sensibilización pública (reviewed by Rocamora and Laboudallon 2013). El análisis mediante modelos estadísticos está previsto para 2014, after annual counts have been made for three years without interruption, and conclusions on the trend of the species will be published from 1982 (G. Rocamora in litt. 2014). Repeating the remote sampling survey is scheduled at intervals 5-10 years (A. REuleaux y N. Bunbury a slightly. 2016).

    Conservation Actions Proposed

    Carry out further surveys to get a more accurate estimate population size and to monitor the demographic trend. Conduct research on the impacts of potential threats. Protect additional areas of native forest of palms. Suitable restore native habitats. Continue awareness activities to eliminate any residual persecution.

    "Seychelles Black Parrot" in captivity:

    This species is protected by law from 1966. Ningún ejemplar del Seychelles Black Parrot debería ser mantenido en cautividad, a no ser que lo fuera bajo un programa controlado de cría con el fin de reincorporar aves de esta especie a su hábitat.

    Alternative names:

    Seychelles Black Parrot, Seychelles Lesser Vasa Parrot, Seychelles Parrot (English).
    Vasa des Seychelles, Vaza des Seychelles (French).
    Seychellenpapagei (German).
    Seychelles Black Parrot (Portuguese).
    Loro de Seychelles (español).


    scientific classification:

    Newton Edward
    Newton Edward

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittaculidae
    Genus: Coracopsis
    Scientific name: Coracopsis barklyi
    Citation: Newton, E, 1867
    Protonimo: Coracopsis barklyi

    Images “Seychelles Black Parrot”:

    Videos "Seychelles Black Parrot"

    Seychelles Black Parrot (Coracopsis barklyi)

    Sources:

    Avibase
    Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    Birdlife

    Photos:

    (1) – Coracopsis barklyi (=Coracopsis nigra barklyi) by Joseph Wolf [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
    (2) – Coracopsis barklyi By Post of Seychelles ([1]) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons