▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

Red-tailed Parrot
Amazona brasiliensis

Red-tailed Parrot



37 cm.. length and 430 g. of weight.

The Red-tailed Parrot (Amazona brasiliensis) has forecrown, front of crown and lores, red; Subsequent red feathers crown with purple tips; cheeks, ear-coverts, sides neck and throat, mauve-blue; back of the crown and nape, green with black tips.

Upperparts green, some feathers rump with yellow points. The median, greater coverts and secondary internal clearly appear yellow; edge front of the wing Red and yellow; primaries grey-black, secondaries green, turning blue towards the tips.


Under the wings, brighter yellowish green; flight feather of black and blue color on the basis of innerwebs. Underparts brighter yellowish green, paler in undertail-coverts. Tail green with broad greenish-yellow tips, lateral feathers marked basally with purplish-blue on outerweb and tipped yellowish-green with broad subterminal band red.

Red-tailed Parrot

Bill pale horn with dark tip; irises orange; legs pink-gray.

Both sexes are similar. The immature It is less extensive in red head, a plumage darker overall and irises darker.

  • Sound of the Red-tailed Parrot.

taxonomic note:

The molecular study suggests that this species is closest to the Orange-winged Parrot (Amazona amazonica). Previously it thought to form a group with Blue cheeked Parrot (Amazona dufresniana) and Red-browed Parrot (Amazona rhodocorytha), and it has been treated as conspecific with one or both. monotypic.


Video "Red-tailed Parrot"

The Red-tailed Parrot dwells in a restricted area or coastal lowland forest and wetlands with rare species and structural diversity, including moist lowland forests, restinga, freshwater marshes and mangroves. Your preferred coastal habitats have complex channel networks, swamps and wetlands. Trees characteristic of its forest habitat include Luehea and Andira, while the vegetation of the islands, where they sleep and breed, They are dominated by several species Halophyte and formations restinga.

Apparently, some birds are practically living in flooded forests, probably due to increased availability of nests. Sympatric presence and partnership with the Red-spectacled Parrot (Amazona pretrei) in forests Araucaria, probably wrong. Lives in altitudes not exceeding the 300-400 m, Although there are records to 700 metres in Paraná. Forman communal shelters (often in mangroves) during at least part of the year, with more than 750 birds reported at a meeting (1985).


They nest in the cavity of a living or dead tree, for example, palms Jerivá (Syagrus romanzoffianum) and guanandi (Callophyllum Brasiliense) and occasionally arboreal nests of termites; height generally, but recorded only a nest 1 meter above the floodwater. Usually it played in flooded or swampy areas, including mangroves. breeding season in September to February, in some cases in April. Clutch 5-4 eggs. The eggs are hatch during 27 to 28 days, and the period until nest abandonment is thought to last from 50 to 55 days


The fruits of Callophyllum Brasiliense They are considered of considerable importance in the diet of the Red-tailed Parrot, with fruits Syagrus romanzoffianum and Psidium cattleyanum also taken in quantity; other registered foods include flowers, fruits of Erythrina speciosa, fruits of Euphorbia and Myrcia and insects in fruit. They feed in pairs or groups up 20 birds.

Distribution and status:

Size of its range (breeding/resident): 10.100 km2

The Amazona Colirroja et is confined to a small area in the southeast coastal of Brazil, in the states of São Paulo and Paraná. In coastal areas São Paulo It extends southwest of Itanhaém, including the isla Long and isla del Cardoso, and virtually all coastal areas of neighboring Paraná, from Guaraquecaba, Antonina and Paianagua, until Guaratuba and several offshore islands adjacent, eg Mel Island.

Possibly they inhabit the extreme northeast Santa Catarina, adjacent to Paraná, but there are no reliable records. An old record Rio Grande do Sul it seems unlikely. possibly some seasonal movements lower in winter (May-August).

The rapid decline in population in the twentieth century it is due in part to the loss of habitat, with most areas densely settled and totally deforested, the remaining threatened are given by urbanization (for example, in isla Long), the felling of trees nesting and feeding, as well as the Palmas for human use (shipbuilding and food) and conversion of wetlands for water buffalo and rice production (birds also face competition from grazing animals for consumption of fruits Erythrina speciosa). However, direct human exploitation of the species is not now a less serious problem, some related to their hunting for food, although most suffer their capture illegal for trade. A recent study 49 showed that nests 41 of them they were illegally stolen their young, while the 1,27% available habitat was lost only in 1993.

Total wild population estimated in 3.600 birds (1995) with rapid decline of several hundreds Predicted. Distribution area probably no more than 6.000 km2, with large parts of this extension susceptible to sea level rise caused by climate change.

protected by national legislation. Live in several areas protected (for example, Isla del Cardoso, Sao Paulo), but in them there is only a very small proportion of birds.


State of conservation ⓘ

Vulnerable Vulnerable (UICN)ⓘ

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Increasing.

• Population size : 6000-6700.

  • Rationale for the Red List category

The catch for cage bird trade and loss of habitat are the major threats to this species. Despite the heavy pressure to capture the early nineties, It is believed that the range of the species remained essentially the same, and populations have been stable or declined less steeply than feared, According to a recent estimate that suggests a population increase. Due to its small breeding range and highly fragmented habitat, the species qualifies as Vulnerable.

conservation project "Red-tailed Parrot"

  • Justification of the population

The winter counts in 2015 registered 7.464 and individuals in Paraná 1.712 in São Paulo, with both populations continuing to increase (D. Waugh in some ., 2015). The population It is estimated, therefore, between 9.000 and 10.000 individuals, equivalent approximately to 6.000 to 6.700 mature individuals.

  • Justification of trend

It is suspected that the conservation measures long term have contributed to a recent increase in population at a rate unquantified, although habitat fragmentation and poaching remain significant threats (Waugh 2006).

    In the municipality of Canaanite (a quarter of the distribution of the species) (Freire 1994), has been caught during the breeding period of 1991-1992 for domestic trade and (especially) international with 356 birds. Of 47 controlled nests between 1990 and 1994, six were naturally default and the other 41 stolen by human (Freire 1997). Nest cavities are almost always damaged when the chicks are captured, reducing the number available (Freire 1994). Habitat loss persists for shipbuilding, banana plantations, cattle and buffalo and beach houses (Lalime 1999, Snyder et to the., 2000). They cut the Palmitos for processing in Guaraqueçaba (Lalime 1999). The proposed construction of a bridge to Ilha Comprida increase the pressure of tourism and habitat conversion (Snyder et to the., 2000).
Conservation Actions Underway
    CITES Appendix I and II and protected by Brazilian law. This species is not considered of conservation concern nationwide in Brazil (MMA 2014). They are distributed within 15 protected areas, but these do not apply locally (Freire 1994, Lalime 1999). The Superagui National Park in Paraná, It is a bastion for the protection of the species (R. Bóçon in litt., 2006). The creation of new reserves is hampered by economic interests (Freire 1994). Several programs are increasing local awareness (Freire 1994, Lalime 1999 , Padua et al. 2001). Conservation projects and protected areas created in the area of ​​distribution of species appear to be paying off, although there are still pitfalls. There are herd books and successful captive breeding programs in the European Union and Brazil (Lucker 1998) and the provision of artificial nests and repair of natural nesting cavities is enhancing reproductive success in the wild (Waugh 2006). Conservation Project of the Amazon Redstart is monitoring the population in Paraná (R. Bóçon in litt., 2006).
Conservation Actions Proposed
    Conduct surveys to monitor population trends and support captive breeding programs. Monitoring discount rates for trade. Monitor trade levels. Monitor the rates of loss and degradation of habitat. Apply laws on trafficking, especially in the paths to breeding islands (Lalime 1997, Lalime 1999). effectively protect existing reserves (Lalime 1997, Lalime 1999). formally appoints the Ilha Comprida State Park and Ecological Station Itapanhapina (Snyder et to the., 2000). Expand Superagüi National Park to include Ilha do Pinheiro (Snyder et to the., 2000). Reforest nursery islands (Lalime 1999). Continue and expand awareness efforts (Lalime 1999).

The "Red-tailed Parrot" in captivity:

CITES Appendix I and II and protected by the Brazilian legislation.

Each captive specimen of this species which is capable of reproducing, It is placed in a Program well managed captive breeding and not be sold as a pet, in order to ensure long term survival.

Alternative names:

Blue-cheeked Parrot, Blue-faced Parrot, Brazilian Green Amazon, Brazilian Green Parrot, Red tailed Parrot, Red-tailed Amazon, Red-tailed Parrot (English).
Amazone à joues bleues (French).
Rotschwanzamazone (German).
papagaio, papagaio-de-cara-roxa (Portuguese).
Amazona Brasilera, Amazona Colirroja (español).
Marreco ananai (Brazil)

Carl Linnaeus

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Amazona
Scientific name: Amazona brasiliensis
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Protonimo: Psittacus brasiliensis

Images Red-tailed Parrot:

Species of the genus Amazona

  • Amazona festiva
  • —- Amazona festiva bodini
  • —- Amazona festiva festiva
  • Amazona vinacea
  • Amazona tucumana
  • Amazona pretrei
  • Amazona agilis
  • Amazona albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons nana
  • —- Amazona albifrons saltuensis
  • Amazona collaria
  • Amazona leucocephala
  • —- Amazona leucocephala bahamensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala caymanensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala hesterna
  • —- Amazona leucocephala leucocephala
  • Amazona ventralis
  • Amazona vittata
  • —- Amazona vittata gracilipes †
  • —- Amazona vittata vittata
  • Amazona finschi
  • Amazona autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis lilacina
  • —- Amazona autumnalis salvini
  • Amazona diadema
  • Amazona viridigenalis
  • Amazona xantholora
  • Amazona dufresniana
  • Amazona rhodocorytha
  • Amazona arausiaca
  • Amazona versicolor
  • Amazona oratrix
  • —- Amazona oratrix belizensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix hondurensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix oratrix
  • Amazona tresmariae
  • Amazona auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata caribaea
  • —- Amazona auropalliata parvipes
  • Amazona ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala nattereri
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala panamensis
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala xantholaema
  • Amazona barbadensis
  • Amazona aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva xanthopteryx
  • Amazona mercenarius
  • —- Amazona mercenarius canipalliata
  • —- Amazona mercenarius mercenarius
  • Amazona guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae virenticeps
  • Amazona farinosa
  • Amazona kawalli
  • Amazona imperialis
  • Amazona brasiliensis
  • Amazona amazonica
  • Amazona guildingii

  • Sources:

    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr


    (1) – A Red-tailed Amazon at Parque das Aves, Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil By Kee Yip from Union City, California, USA (IMG_4509_P1040018) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (2) – A juvenile Red-tailed Amazon which is grasping something in its right foot, probably to chew or eat it By writhedhornbill (originally posted to Flickr as Red tailed amazon) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (3) – Red-tailed Amazon (Amazona brasiliensis) bird Park, Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil By http://www.birdphotos.com (Own work) [GFDL or CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (4) – Red-tailed Amazon at the zoo By Elcio Ferreira [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (5) – A Red-tailed Amazon at Parque das Aves, Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil By Chad Bordes (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (6) – CHEYSOTIS ERYTHRURA By Zoological Society of London.; Zoological Society of London. [CC BY 2.0 or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

    Sounds: Antonio Silveira, XC109467. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/109467

    5/5 (1 Review)

    1 thought on "Red-tailed Parrot”

    Leave a Comment