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Rufous-fronted Parakeet
Bolborhynchus ferrugineifrons

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Catita Frentirrufa



18 cm.. height.
The Rufous-fronted Parakeet (Bolborhynchus ferrugineifrons) has an unmistakable band narrow in the forecrown, face and around the base of the bill, brown-red color; cheeks and throat, brighter yellowish green; crown, rear area of the neck, the mantle, scapulars, wing-coverts and skull, green; uppertail-coverts a green slightly paler. Outerwebs to primaries, bluish green. Under, the wings bluish green. Breast of color green beige tinted in green olive; rest of underparts brighter yellowish green. Upper, the tail green; by down green dyed blue. Bill brownish (slightly thickness and width) with grey base to the upper jaw; bare periophthalmic grey; irises dark brown; legs grey.

Both sexes are similar. Immature not described.


Video – "Rufous-fronted Parakeet" (Bolborhynchus ferrugineifrons)

Occupies the area warm upper and low of the Páramo of the high mountains in bushes, sparsely forested slopes near tree line, and habitats more open including fields of potatoes; those records are in altitudes of 2.800 to 4.000 m, most above 3,200m. Probably roams outside of breeding season. Highly gregarious, they forage in flocks of 5 to 50 individuals, Noting with relative frequency in the soil. Communal dormideros on the cliffs.


They have reported nesting on cliffs. The male reproductive condition taken in mid-January.


It feeds mainly on ground of seeds grass, as Calamagrostis effusa, and of herbs, as flowers and achenes of Espeletia hartwegiana.


Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 18.600 km2

Endemic the high slopes of the Central Andes of Colombia, in where have been sightings in two areas General. The group over North of records involves the complex volcanic Nevado del Ruiz and Nevado del Tolima, where are the departments of Tolima, Quindio, Risaralda and Caldas. The southern part is located on the slopes of the Purace volcano in the Cauca. The high mountains are located between these two areas, by what the distribution can be continuous or of low density in all the chain Andean central, from Caldas until the Cauca.

The Rufous-fronted Parakeet be found in several areas protected including the Alto Quindío Acaime Reserve and the Los Nevados National Park, considered the last bastion of the species; is common there with more than 100 birds observed during eight hours in 1993. But, overgrazing can pose a threat to long term on this site.


State of conservation ⓘ

Vulnerable Vulnerable (UICN)ⓘ

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Usually low density of the species (perhaps only a bird by km2) and scarce. Total population Perhaps 1.000-2.000 birds, probably less. IN DANGER OF EXTINCTION.


The conversion of forests for agricultural purposes has spread below the 3.300 m in the Central Andes. In the elevations more high, the forest is exploited for firewood and grazing, Although left large areas. Given its adaptation to the agricultural environment, the level of threat posed by deforestation is unknown (Snyder et to the. 2000). On the other hand, the widespread destruction of Páramo vegetation, even in Los Nevados, seems to have affected seriously to the population of the Rufous-fronted Parakeet. This is caused by the burning frequent, intense grazing and, to a lesser extent, the conversion to the cultivation of the potato. Colombian authorities have not been able to buy existing properties within national parks, making often that the parks are ineffective. From time to time stored as a pet.

"Rufous-fronted Parakeet" in captivity:

Occasionally stays as a pet locally but it is not known in captivity outside its area of distribution.

Alternative names:

Rufous-fronted Parakeet, Rufous fronted Parakeet (English).
Toui à front roux (French).
Rotstirnsittich (German).
Periquito-tolima (Portuguese).
Catita de Frente Parda, Catita Frentirrufa, Periquito Frentirrufo (español).

George Newbold Lawrence
George Newbold Lawrence

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Bolborhynchus
Scientific name: Bolborhynchus ferrugineifrons
Citation: (Lawrence, 1880)
Protonimo: Brotogerys [sic] ferrugineifrons

Images "Rufous-fronted Parakeet"

Species of the genus Bolborhynchus


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– Parrot Book, Parrots and macaws Neotropical


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