Indigo-winged Parrot
Hapalopsittaca fuertesi

Indigo-winged Parrot

23-24 cm.. height.

In 2002 It was the rediscovery of the the Indigo-winged Parrot (Hapalopsittaca fuertesi), an enigmatic parrot that it had lost in the world during more than 90 years and continues being one of the birds more rare of the Earth. It has a plumage mainly yellowish-green and is highlighted by the blue of the crown and olive yellow tone of the forecrown (except a strip), cheeks and sides of the eyes, narrow strip in the forecrown, under abdomen and shoulders red. End of the wing blue violet dark, tail Blue with red base.

The bill Horn colored with blue color, Grey at the base of the upper mandible. Iris Green-yellow.

The immature It has less yellow streaks and more off face.

  • Sound of the Indigo-winged Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS:// Coroniazul.mp3]


Is a kind of range restricted, very rare and difficult to observe. It inhabits high Andean forests and frequent cloud subparamos, between 2600 and 3800 m on the level of the sea, being the majority of the records between 2.900 and 3.150 m. With guavas, encenillo and laurels "where consumed fruits of the"matapalo”, and with Oak (Quercus humboldtii).

Observed in fairly open forests, and possibly disturbed, with small Palm trees and tree ferns.

Fly in flocks of 6 - 25 individuals.


It believes that the nests they make them in cavities of tall, mature trees.

The nesting period takes place from January to may. The average size clutch is three eggs. The incubation be carried out only by the female, Although the attention back to the hatching is biparental (Diaz 2006).


The ecology of the breeds and the power of the Indigo-winged Parrot is practically unknown, but it has been observed the birds feeding of berries, and is likely to show a preference for the berries of mistletoe.


Size distribution (reproduction / resident): 100 km2

Restricted to a small strip on the western slope of the Andes Central of Colombia, near the border of the Quindio, Risaralda and Tolima.


• Current red list category of the UICN: Critically Endangered.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

In accordance with the categories of the UICN is considered in Danger critic (CR), due to the accelerated process of deforestation in the Andean forests.

Since ago 90 years it was thought that the bird was extinct until it was rediscovered in 2002, When a few biologists of the Fundación ProAves in the montane forest of the municipality of Genoa, Department of Quindío, where the group more large observed consisted of 25 birds and the total population was of approximately 60 individuals.

Currently there are some 300 mature free individuals.
Thanks to the efforts made by different project is have retrieved data of them fluctuations in the abundances of them individuals during the year associated to its reproduction. Is very likely that the offer of the artificial nests This already having a positive impact that the length of the project It has observed an increase in the size population.

Strong parrot in captivity:

They do not exist in captivity.

Alternative names:

Indigo-winged Parrot, Fuerte’s Parrot, Fuertes’s Parrot, Indigo winged Parrot (English).
Caïque de Fuertes, Caïque de Colombie (French).
Fuertespapagei, Chapmans Zwergamazone, Zwergamazone (German).
Indigo-winged Parrot (Portuguese).
Cotorra Aliazul, Lorito de Fuertes (Spanish).
Cotorra Aliazul, Loro coroniazul (Colombia).

Frank Chapman
Frank Chapman

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Hapalopsittaca
Scientific name: Hapalopsittaca fuertesi
Citation: (Chapman, 1912)
Protonimo: Pionopsitta fuertesi


Indigo-winged Parrot (Hapalopsittaca fuertesi)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical


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