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Red siskin
Spinus cucullatus

Cardenalito de Venezuela


Those who come to achieve Red siskin it seems that they are satisfied with the sole idea of ​​​​getting the coveted F1 from him (hybrids of this beautiful exotic with a female canary), completely disregarding more information and knowledge of their particular biology.

The lack of information available on the Customs is very strange, feeding, reproduction and habitat of Red siskin.

“In canariculture and ornithology treatises, only their colors are described., its properties to convey the color red to the Canary and well little more. Perhaps this is due to the fact that those closest to the life of this little finch, such as twitchers & dealers, they jealously keep to themselves, the knowledge of their customs, thus avoiding, "commercial competition". This belief comes to mind because we know perfectly well the illegal trade that exists in their country of origin..

“Due to the great demand for Cardinals, coming from all the countries where canariculture of color is practiced, This bird has become the most coveted by stealthy casual and hunters merchants. In Caracas, as well as in La Guaira, its famous seaport, the trade of buying and selling of Red siskin constituted, until very recently, an authentic international business. Sailors and travelers came to pay exorbitant amounts for a Red siskin. The few who came alive to Europe listed to astronomical prices.

“It is not strange to think, because, that the scientific ignorance of its wildlife is the result of a tacit agreement between hunters and clandestine traders. As you want it, This disregard for his life and customs brings, as a result, the early illness and death of most Red siskin who manage to reach Europe alive.

"Secondly, This species is seriously threatened with extinction. This beautiful winged ruby ​​from the northern regions of Venezuela, It is already very sparsely found by have turned, inevitably, in one more victim of selfishness and the irrational whim of man. Fortunately, the measures taken by the Government, rigorously applying existing laws for the protection of Venezuelan fauna, they come to alleviate, as far as possible, the damage caused to this species. These laws are being strongly enforced today and trade, as flourishing in past years, This disappearing, with the natural joy of ornithologists and nature lovers from all over the world.


“ This beautiful American finch measures 11 to 12 centimeters. It is known by various vernacular names, such as Tarín, in Argentina, Lúgano Rojo, in other South American countries, Cardenalillo, in Spain, Cardenalito, in Venezuela, etc. The scientific denomination is also varied and confusing: Spinus cucullatus, Carduelis cucullatus and Crhysomitris cucullatus. As we see it, ornithologists have also not delved much into its study and taxonomy: Some include him among theCarduelis”, others among theSpinus”, etc.

“All this contributes negatively to the authentic scientific knowledge of this beautiful tropical bird., so fundamental to the canaricultor of color. What we have no doubt about is that the Red siskin is closely related to a large group of American finches: los “Spinus”.


"Head, the neck and throat are black Jet, in the form of Hood; the back is dark red; the chest and the obispillo are red fire, beautiful; the tail, completely black. The wings are black, with a beautiful and wide strip of color orange through primary and secondary shirts. The legs and beak, dark brown. The eyes are amber.


"The female of Red siskin has a head, the neck, the back and the flanks of ash grey streaks, with little red colouring on the chest and obispillo. The tail is black; the wings of the same color, taking the same strip Orange wing than the male.


“Immature young are perfectly identified by their uniform grayish-brown coloration. The color of the wing band is barely noticeable in the first days after leaving the nest.. Similar to the adult female Saint, but without the black and red colours, being the shade of grey, duller.


“This beautiful finch is native to the northern regions of Venezuela, characterized by mountain ranges, hills and Plains. This wide strip is characterized by its totally different weather stations.: A , rainy and humid, comprising of April to U.k. and other dry, from November to March. The vegetation is itself the American Savannah, This is, shrubs, grasses and herbs of all kinds, with very little Grove. The average temperatures in this area vary considerably, depending on the wet or dry season.

"Live the Red siskin in wandering flocks, on the plains of lower floors. It feeds on seeds, tender stems and small insects. It nests in the spring. The female lays three to five eggs, pure white, that incubates alone. The male brings food, providing a longer regurgitado. The nest is built in the shape of a cup, with abundant dry material of grasses and hairs. The female so carefully lined with feathers and other soft materials. To the 11-12 days of being incubated the eggs, hatch chicks, covered with a fine low down. They are fed with insects, larvae and seed peeled and regurgitadas, by both parents. To the 15 days, they leave the nest. The female makes two to three released per year.

THE “Red siskin” IN CAPTIVITY.-

"The Red siskin easily gets used to life in captivity; he is trusting and affectionate with whoever takes care of him and is not quarrelsome with other birds that come into his company. He is cheerful and very cantor. His singing resembles our serin (Serinus serinus). Is always on the move. Much like the green food, especially the lettuce. He is so loving the Whitehorn that if, by your tastes outside, I would only eat this seed and lettuce. Some consent to die than testing other grains. But the Whitehorn just becoming ill will. They must eat of this oilseed seed, but not in excess, because they resist not a diet continued on the basis of this food.

“It is necessary to make them eat birdseed too, millet, Turnip rape, Thistle and rapeseed seed, as well as some fruit and green food. Should they also be lettuce seeds, Blue poppy and some crushed cañamones. Should not be given egg pasta, as is done with the Canaries, because they end up becoming ill hepatitis and die soon.

“The most difficult thing is its adaptation and acclimatization to our latitudes. Must acclimate them very slowly and to ensure that the temperature does not fall from the 10 degrees Celsius. It is a very chilly bird, immediately accusing the lack of heat. Once made the first move in the cage, already does not require special care.

"The evident proof of his health is the singing. Yes a Red siskin Canta, We can think of to raise with him with many chances of success. Is very hot in nature and if this strong and healthy, can attach you with two female perfetamente.

“But in this work we are not going to deal with their reproductive and genetic qualities, Neither of its extraordinary influence on color canaricultura. This item, together with a deep scientific-practical study of its reproduction in captivity with its own female, It will be developed, in detail, in a next job. We advance, However, that this ornithological event has taken place in Spain with Red siskin brought from Venezuela and adapted to our climate. This achievement has been achieved, after long years of tests and trials by the author of this article”.

by José Moreno Sánchez
Judge of the F.O.E. (Spain)

Via: settlers

Several tests have been carried out to try to estimate the number of wild individuals that currently survive; However, Dear sayings are characterized by their inaccuracies and is not really known the current population. Estimates range from as low as 600 until 800 birds across the country, of which are calculated each 350 to 500 individuals in the West, and other 300 in the central zone. Other estimates indicate that they currently survive around 4.000 Red siskin wild in total, of which approximately 2.500 they live in the States of Lara and Falcón. The numbers of birds captured would support the second estimate more than the first.. It is necessary to clarify that, While you can ensure that the figure is low, information is still lacking to accurately estimate the population. In any case, the current figures are lower than the previous ones and most of the populations referred to in the past are now extinct.

Source: Wilkipedia

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Red avadavat
Amandava amandava

The species is native to Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Egypt, India, Indonesian, Burma, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand and Viet Nam.
There are established populations in the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal), Brunei, fiji, Malaysia, Puerto Rico, Singapore and Hawaii.

The sexes are different. In the adult male plumage is almost entirely red, the Chin, throat, chest, top of the abdomen and flanks are bright Scarlet. The sides of the chest and flanks have spotted with small white dots. The tail is blackish brown, finely fringed in white at the tip of the lower face. The lower part of the abdomen, the anal area and the bottom of the tail are black or blackish brown with shades of Red. The beak is short, red.

common at local level, red bengals are prevalent among the tall grass, Juncos, reedbeds, shrubs and bushes, generally, in areas close to water or wetlands. It is above all a kind of the Plains, but can climb to the 1500 meters in Java and Bali, even up 2400 meters in the small islands of the Sunda.

There are two subspecies:

Amandava flavidiventris He lives in Burma,in the North of Indochina and the Sunda Islands.

Amandava punicea He lives in Indochina, Java and Bali and has many more white spots. The Red of their nuptial plumage is more alive than in the nominal species. The two subspecies are somewhat smaller and less present in imports.

Sound of the Red avadavat.

Generally live in pairs or in small groups of up to thirty individuals. In winter, the demonstrations are larger and sometimes birds are grouped into more than a hundred individuals, sometimes with other species such as Capuchin, sparrows or email us. Their bedrooms are usually located in the common cane or cane fields. They are very territorial and vigorously defend the entrances to some of their nests.

In the India, breeding season occurs during the second half of the monsoon season or during the dry season. The nests are found on land or at a low height. They are built with thin strips of grass, stems and other plant materials. The female lays 4-6 white eggs which are incubated during 11 to 12 days for both parents. The young leave the nest after 3 weeks. When leaving the nest, adults are very attentive and communicate with their chicks with sweet notes, especially in the night, When it comes to remind them the location of its nest.

It has a mainly vegetarian diet. This bird feeds on grass and a wide variety of seeds. Also eat rice and millet. Their observation in captivity suggests that Red Bengals also feed in the wild on a small number of insects such as ants and caterpillars..

The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

Bengals can be kept both in spacious cages and in outdoor or indoor aviaries., although the breeding has a greater chance of success if they are kept in outdoor aviaries. Since it does not like empty spaces, it is best to decorate its habitat with an abundance of plants. . Love the Sun and the heat so the Aviary should be oriented so that you can to maximize the available hours of sunshine. At the same time, it must be sheltered and have a shelter that protects them from cold days during the winter months..
The Bengali gets along very well with the other species with which it can share a habitat. Less tolerant with its own species during the breeding season. ,It is best to keep a single partner in each Aviary.


– mundoexotics

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Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet
Touit huetii

Cotorrita Alirroja



Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet

15 to 16 cm.. tall and 60 g. weight.

The Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet (Touit huetii) is distinguishable flight, by the armpit and shoulders Scarlet Red, tip wings black, tail ends with deep red with black brim and yellow-green central part, forecrown black and smacking blue; at rest, It is notorious blue stain wing .

Eye ring white; their bill yellowish; eyes dark brown.

The female with the tail totally green. The only thing different in the females is that the lateral feathers of their tail are green / yellow with black tips.


It inhabits in humid jungles (in the canopy), semi-humid and forest edges, until the 400 m (locally until the 1200 m). Fly in large flocks, migrates in high Amazonia, perhaps following the fruiting of some kind of plants.

The species is apparently Nomad, bird rarely found in the same area for little more than a few weeks.


The nests They are communal in the treetops.
It is believed to be played during the month of April Venezuela, and between September and December in northern Mato Grosso, Brazil.


It feeds on fruits, seeds, berries and small nuts.


Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 6.060.000 km2

The Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet It has a very disjunct range in northern South America. It is known from southern Venezuela, as well as the northeast of the country, with both populations considered rare and local, although often it recorded along the Caño Colorado east of the state Monagas (pit et to the., 1997, Hilty 2003, Restall et al., 2006).

There is a population in neighboring Guyana, Suriname and North of Brazil in Roraima and the northern states of amazon, extending at least occasionally in Trinidad*, Trinidad and Tobago.

  • Records Trinidad, in 1974, 1975 and 1980, probably correspond to wandering flocks (pit et to the., 1997).

It is a local and rare species in eastern Colombia. Another is the northernmost town in eastern Ecuador, where it is again rare (Del Hoyo et al., 1997, Restall et al., 2006). This strip continues to the east of Peru, through the west end of Brazil north of Bolivia. They can also be seen in brazilian amazon, from Rondônia east to west maranhão, with one record Manaus (pit et to the., 1997).


State of conservation ⓘ

Vulnerable Vulnerable (UICN)ⓘ

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Stable.

Rationale for the Red List category

Based on a model of future deforestation in the amazon basin and its susceptibility to hunting and habitat fragmentation, It is suspected that population of this species will decrease rapidly during the next three generations and, therefore, It has risen to Vulnerable.

Justification of the population

The population size World has not been quantified, but this species is described as “uncommon and patchily distributed” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that this species has lost 24,4-28,8% of habitat within its distribution over three generations (15 years) starting from a model of deforestation Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the., 2011). Given the susceptibility of the species to hunting and / or entrapping, It is suspected that population of this species will decrease by ≥ 30% during three generations.

"Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet" in captivity:

Not found in captivity.

Videos "Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet"

Alternative names:

Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet, Huet’s Parrot, Huet’s Parrotlet, Red-winged Parrotlet, Scarlet shouldered Parrotlet (English).
Toui de Huet (French).
Schwarzstirnpapagei, Kronenpapagei, Schwarzstirn-Papagei (German).
apuim-de-asa-vermelha, apuim-de-encontro-vermelho, curiquinha, periquitinho-de-fronte-negra (Portuguese).
Cotorrita Alirroja, Lorito de Alas Rojas, Periquito Frentinegro (español).
Periquito Frentinegro (Colombia).
Periquito de Ala Roja (Peru).
Periquito Azul Alirrojo (Venezuela).

scientific classification:

Temminck Coenraad Jacob
Temminck Coenraad Jacob

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Touit
Scientific name: Touit huetii
Citation: (Temminck, 1830)
Protonimo: Psittacus huetii

Images Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet:

Species of the genus Touit

Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet (Touit huetii)


  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • Parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical
  • parrots.org

  • Photos:

(1) – PBase.com – © or Wim de Groo
(2) – Plate depicting Psittacus huetii Temminck, 1830, upper Amazonia = Touit huetii By Nicolas Huet the Younger (1770-1830) (http://ctgpublishing.com/category/authors/page/31/) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

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Scaly-headed Parrot
Pionus maximiliani

Scaly-headed Parrot




27 to 29 cm.. height and between 233 and 293 g. of weight.

The Scaly-headed Parrot (Pionus maximiliani) It is medium in size and tail very short; has the lores, the forecrown and the eye area opaque dark bronze; the feathers on crown, the cheeks, the chin and the sides of the neck, basal green with wide enough margins bronze that give the appearance of flake; ear-coverts with dark green margins but brighter than other pens head.

The back of the neck and green the mantle become more brown and olive green upper lower parts, where some feathers have quite indistinct darker tips. Coverts smaller and medium-sized green olive brown with indistinct dark tips; alula, primary and greater coverts and flight feathers, brighter green, contrasting with the upperparts brown, duller.

Under the wings, opaque green. The throat and the top chest blue violet off that fade in brownish olive green in the bottom of the chest and most of the belly, but they are become brighter and greener in flanks and the thighs; undertail-coverts crimson. Upper, the tail green in the center, outer feathers mainly blue and red at the base; undertail, the tail, bluish green duller. Bill black with yellow edges on the upper jaw and the bottom tip; orbital skin pale grey; irises dark brown; legs grey.
Scaly-headed Parrot
Both sexes are similar. Immature It has less intense the blue throat; feathers head more green with less distinct margins.

Description 4 subspecies:

  • Pionus maximiliani lacerus

    (Heine, 1884) – Similar to the subspecies Pionus maximiliani siy but with a bill stronger, the chest more purple and perhaps larger on average.

  • Pionus maximiliani maximiliani

    (Kuhl, 1820) – Nominal.

  • Pionus maximiliani melanoblepharus

    (Ribeiro, 1920) – Blue darker in throat and darker above. Larger.

  • Pionus maximiliani siy

    (Souance , 1856) – Much like the nominal species but darker below, more purple and less blue in the chest, yellower in back and Blue throat lighter.


It inhabits in a wide range of forested habitats, but mostly in dry forests lowland ranging from caatinga very dry, inside the northeast of Brazil, through the savannas Cerrado seasonal, to chaco; also in wetter forests, including gallery forests and forests of araucarias, especially in southeast Brazil. They can also be seen in subtropical forests in Eastern Andean slopes some 2.000 meters in the Northwest of Argentina and some 1.500 meters in the mountains of the South of Brazil.

Tolerant to human alteration of forest habitats and sometimes cultivated areas. Usually gregarious, arriving to form flocks numerous in places in where the food is abundant probably is hiding in small groups in them cups of them trees.


They nest in tree hollows. Birds in terms of breeding in the month of October in Paraguay; November in São Paulo; laying 3-5 eggs.


The plants food include Erythrina, Inga, Piptadenia, Copaifera, Croton, Pachystroma, Plathymenia reticulata, Ficus and Araucaria.


Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 6.650.000 km2

The species is found in the Center, South and East of Brazil, from maranhão and Ceará in the Northeast, to the South by Piauí, Bay, Goiás, Minas Gerais, Brazil and the eastern coastal States up to Rio Grande do Sul and to the South of Mato Grosso (region pantanal), extending to the southeast of Bolivia, from Santa Cruz to the South in the Eastern Andes and to the North of Argentina in Salta, Tucumán and Catamarca in the East and North of Santa Fe in the West.

Mainly resident, although it may not grow in the drier parts of the Argentine Chaco. Apparently more numerous in the center of its area of distribution, where its abundance is only surpassed by the Maroon-bellied Parakeet (Pyrrhura frontalis); progressively more scarce toward the periphery.

Locally quite common the common in Bolivia and locally common in the North of Argentina, where it is most abundant in the South of Salta, Tucumán and areas adjacent in Catamarca. Moderately common in Rio Grande do Sul and common in the pantanal; densities Brazilian more high in São Paulo.

The decrease apparent, in some parts of the range, (for example, North of the Argentina) is attributable to the trade, but in other places (for example, the southeast of Brazil) is undoubtedly its decline due to the loss of forests.

Distribution 4 subspecies:

  • Pionus maximiliani lacerus

    (Heine, 1884) – Northwest of Argentina.

  • Pionus maximiliani maximiliani

    (Kuhl, 1820) – Nominal. Northeast of Brazil.

  • Pionus maximiliani melanoblepharus

    (Ribeiro, 1920) – It is from Paraguay, Brazil and northeast of Argentina (Missions)

  • Pionus maximiliani siy

    (Souance , 1856) – Southeast of Bolivia until Paraguay, West of Brazil (Mato Grosso), North of Argentina.



• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the population

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “quite common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that the population is in decline due to the continuous habitat destruction and to levels of exploitation unsustainable.


The species has been object of strong exchanges: from 1981, When is included in the Appendix II of the CITES, they have been 93.234 individuals captured in the wild in the international trade (database CITES from the UNEP-WCMC, January 2005).

"Scaly-headed Parrot" in captivity:

Curious, very intelligent and social. Quiet and relatively little aggressive. Prone to obesity. You can learn to imitate.
Pretty common in captivity. Life expectancy: 20 years.

Housing: Enclosure suspended at least 2 metres in height.

Diet: fruit as: Apple, pear, orange, banana, granada, cactus fruits, they form approximately the 30 percent of the diet; vegetables as: Carrot, celery, green beans, pea in the pod; corn fresh; green leaves such as: chard, lettuce, dandelion, Aviary grass; millet; mix of seeds small e.g.: millet, and small amounts of buckwheat, oats, safflower and hemp; soaked and sprouted from seeds of sunflower; beans, cooked legumes and boiled corn.

It needs regular exercise it is necessary to provide you with an Aviary as large as possible. Provide shallow bowls of water for bathing. Also provide stairs, swings, strings, different sizes of hooks and assorted toys.

Alternative names:

Scaly-headed Parrot, Maximilian’s Parrot, Scaly headed Parrot (English).
Pione de Maximilien, Pionus de Maximilien (French).
Maximilianpapagei (German).
Maitaca, baitaca, maitaca-bronzeada, maitaca-de-Maximiliano, maitaca-suia, maitaca-verde, suia, umaitá (Portuguese).
Loro Bronceado, Loro choclero, Loro maitaca (español).

scientific classification:

Kuhl, Heinrich
Heinrich Kuhl

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pionus
Scientific name: Pionus maximiliani
Citation: (Kuhl, 1820)
Protonimo: Maximilian parrot

Images “Scaly-headed Parrot”:

Videos "Scaly-headed Parrot"

pichu - My Maximilian Pionus

Scaly-headed Parrot (Pionus maximiliani)


  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • Parrot Book, Parrots and macaws Neotropical
  • parrots.org

  • Photos:

(1) – IBC.lynxeds.com
(2) – A Scaly-headed Parrot (also called a Scaly-headed Pionus, Maximilian’s Pionus, amd Maximilian’s Parrot) in a cage By Alex Knowles [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A pet male Scaly-headed Parrot (also called Maximilian Pionus, Maximilian Parrot, Maximilian’s Pionus, or Maximilian’s Parrot) By Snowmanradio (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Scaly-headed Pionus (also called Maximilian Pionus, Maximilian Parrot, Maximilian’s Pionus, or Maximilian’s Parrot) at Zoológico de Americana, Sao Paulo, Brazil By Moe Oliveira [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Loro Choclero By Danbrazil (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Iconographie des perroquets : non figurés dans les publications de Levaillant et de M. Bourjot Saint-Hilaire By Blanchard, Emile; Bonaparte, Charles Lucian; Bourjot Saint-Hilaire, Alexandre; Le Vaillant, François; Souancé, Charles de. [CC BY 2.0 or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

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Baudin's black cockatoo
Zanda baudinii

Baudin's black cockatoo



50 to 57 cm.. height and weight between 560 and 770 g.
to Baudin's black cockatoo (Zanda baudinii) is almost entirely of black, with whitish margins in the feathers, patches rounded on them ear-coverts (yellowish to white in the female and Brown to grey in the male), white rectangular panels in the tail.
has a powerful bill (with greatly elongated upper jaw), Black in the male and white-gray color with a black color in the female tip.
Iris dark brown surrounded by a eye ring Red in the male and female grey.
Tail rounded, crest Erectile and legs greys. birds youth are like adults in appearance, but the bill of the male juvenile is equal to the of the of the female adult. The bill the juvenile male begins to darken after the second year.


Its natural habitat is the dense forests dominated by the Marris (Corymbia calophylla) in the extreme southwest of Australia.

Gregaria, is often seen in groups of three, a pair of adults with a young, or in small groups. Occasionally they gather in large flocks of up to 300 birds during the non-breeding season, usually in places where food is abundant.


Very little is known about the reproductive biology This cockatoo, such as their reproduction area, nesting events calendar, the nest tree, Characteristics of holes for nests, implementation size, incubation period, incipient and successful nesting period.

Little is known about their reproductive cycle because nests are extremely difficult to locate.. Most of the characteristics of the biology of the species are inferred from the Short-billed black cockatoo.

They show a strong union of couple and probably is pair of by life. They remain together throughout the year, except when the female is incubating eggs. Probably they begin to breed at the age of four. The species breeds in late winter and spring, from August to November or December. Copulation probably takes place three days before laying. The female lays one or two white eggs and you can lay an egg of replacement if the first since egg fails. The incubation lasts a few 29 days and only the female incubates them. The chicks remain in the nest for a maximum of 16 weeks.

The nests are composed of a layer of wood chips, built in large hollow in the high eucalyptus, 30 to 40 cm. in diameter and more than 30 depth cm.


Are fed mainly from the seeds of MARRI and Karri. They are also fond of the rending of wood, Apart from pierce the bark of trunks in search of larvae. Apple trees and pear trees are frequently visited to enjoy its fruits.


Confined in the South-West of Western Australia, especially among Perth, Albany and Margaret River.

Distribution Long-billed Black-billed Cockatoo

Small captive populations in the Melbourne Zoo, in the Healesville sanctuary in Victoria, and in the Zoo of Perth. The species is bred in captivity with great difficulty.


State of conservation ⓘ

Vulnerable Vulnerable (UICN)ⓘ

In Australia is listed as Vulnerable by the law on protection and conservation of biodiversity for the environment.

The total population of the species is estimated at 12.500 individuals, with one downward trend.
Before the inclusion of the threatened species, the annual reproductive rate was of 0,6 per couple, too low to replace the large number of birds that were killed by horticulturists to protect their crops. It is now illegal to shoot these birds, However is it still done.

In captivity:

Appears in the Appendix II of CITES, what limited international trade in the species. It´s illegal capture These wild birds, a penalty of up to 10,000 $. This cockatoo is protected under the Wildlife Conservation Act of Australia.

Alternative names:

Baudin’s Black Cockatoo, Long-billed Black Cockatoo, White tailed Black Cockatoo (English).
Cacatoès de Baudin (French).
Langschnabel-Rußkakadu, Weißohr-Rabenkakadu (German).
Cacatua-negra-de-bico-longo (Portuguese).
Cacatúa Fúnebre de Pico Largo, Cacatúa Fúnebre Piquilarga (español).

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cacatuidae
Scientific name: Zanda baudinii
Genus: Zanda
Citation: Lear, 1832
Protonimo: Zanda Baudinii


Species of the genus Zanda
  • Zanda funerea
  • —- Zanda funeral funeral
  • —- Zanda funerea whiteae
  • —- Zanda funerary xanthanota
  • Zanda baudinii
  • Zanda latirostris

  • Sources:
    Avibase, Australian Government
    Photos: Long-billed Black-cockatoo, Taronga Zoo, Sydney, Wikipedia, Goura (zoochat.com),
    Sounds: Chris Benesh (controles-canto.org)

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    Nymphicus hollandicus

    Cacatúa Ninfa



    25-33 cm.. length and a weight between 80 and 100 grams approximately.
    This small cockatoo is no doubt an of the bird's cage more common in the world.
    The Cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus) adult has the head and the basis of the crest yellow.
    Stain handset is orange, paler on the back.
    The neck and the long crest feathers are grey.
    The upperparts are of color grey Pearl dark.
    The wings are grey, but exhibit a white color in the covered and sides.
    The underparts are a grey clear.
    The tail varies from medium gray to dark gray, the base of the tail is paler.
    The bill is grey, the irises dark brown.
    The legs are grey-brown.

    The female presents the stain handset duller, the tuft is less developed, In addition instead of the yellow, the head presents a yellowish grey with yellow dirty envelope the forecrown and a vaguely colorless gray general staining and staining is generally less intense.
    The immature are much similar to the females, but have the tail shorter.

    We find Pearl specimens in captivity, White, Gray and lutinos.


    Video – "Cockatiel" (Nymphicus hollandicus)

    Funny Parrot (Nymphicus Hollandicus)

    The cockatoo Nymph they live in a wide variety of habitats, including open forests, small acacia forests that line the rivers and even stretches of Spinifex (Triodia) they are perennial and grow in semi-arid regions.

    Also found in farmland, in the stubble and the orchards, as well as on the plains and along the roads.

    In dry areas are observed in pairs or in groups of up to 100 individuals.

    When feed, the groups contain an average of 27 Member. But, We have already seen demonstrations of almost 1.000 birds near landfills containing vegetable remainders of the rice milling.

    Near the points of water, the cockatoo Nymph are often associated with the Budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus).

    Estas Cockatoos eat twice a day: In the morning, shortly after the Sun, consuming around 2,72 grams of plant material. At night, about an hour and a half before the night, eating around a mass of 4,25 g., It is almost 7 grams for the whole day.

    Son great travellers.
    Outside of the nesting season, they form large gatherings around the planting of cereals.
    As they feed on seeds, these birds need water and in times of drought, sometimes bands come to the coast.

    All these movements are quite unpredictable, since they are related to the weather conditions and the State of the food resources. But, in the South of the continent, migrations are more regular: the birds come to nest during the austral spring and usually go away early in the new year.

    Son gregarious and very social, so they need a wide repertoire of calls to communicate or express their feelings. They have a great power to imitate other birds.


    In the North, the reproduction is carried out between April and July, While in the South occurs in general from August to December.
    The nest is located in a tree hollow whose bottom is padded with sawdust shavings. Most of the time, the nesting site is placed near a source of water in which poultry cooled daily.

    The spawning has between 3 and 7 eggs they are incubated alternately by both parents for a few 20 days. 4 eggs are a normal litter. There will be several broods during the season. At birth, the chicks have a thick down comforter yellow. They receive their food mainly in the morning and in the evening.

    Chicks they leave the nest after 3 to 4 weeks, but they remain within the family group, Depending on their parents for 1 month. After this time, they join large flocks that roam in search of food.


    Consume a wide variety of small seeds He collected soil, including the cultivated fields of sorghum and sunflower. When they are abundant, local seed varieties are generally preferred to the seeds that come from crops.


    Distribucion Nymphicus hollandicus
    Endemic to Australia. Its range covers a vast majority of the continent, except wet coastal areas. Also absent from the Cape York Peninsula, districts located more to the South in winter and areas located more to the North in the summer.

    After heavy rainfall, large meetings can be set up in the center of the country where they are, usually, absent.


    State of conservation ⓘ

    Status Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

    – Current IUCN Red List category: Least concern.

    – The population trend: Stable

    This bird is very common and extended throughout the area. Probably its population grows, It has benefited from the facilities and artificial reservoirs for the development of agriculture.

    Its population It is estimated in around a million of birds. The birds that sought to be introduced in the United States they have failed in their attempts to establish themselves in the wild.

    In Australia, these small cockatoos are often persecuted for considering them pests for agriculture.

    "Cockatiel" in captivity:

    The Nymphs or Carolinas they are highly prized birds as pets by its docile nature and for being less demanding than the larger parrots. The nymphs they are perfectly suited to life in the home, they are easy to care for and if you homeschool them from small become companions adorable and very affectionate.

    They generally live in pairs or in colonies, that is why it is very common to mate them, to be able to enjoy the birth of the offspring and their development.

    They usually enjoy sharing their time with people and rather stick to their owners, Each bird has its personality, so you don't like all that take them into your hands. Males can sing and learn to mimic a few words, but they are much better to imitating sounds, as melodies, sirens or other birds singing. Females vocalize much less but tend to also be more caring.

    The nymphs are birds Smart, of friendly character and practically does not present problems of behaviour. They are easily adapted to family life and learn to interact and communicate with people who love. If you've decided to adopt one of these cute birds, make sure you dedicate time to your training to get to have a great pet. This will help you create a strong emotional bond between you and you will also keep it entertaining, mentally active, healthy and happy.

    Alternative names:

    Cockatiel, Cockatoo Parrot, Crested Parrot, Quarrion, Weero (ingles).
    Calopsitte élégante, Perruche calopsitte (French).
    Nymphensittich (German).
    Cocatiel (Portuguese).
    Cacatúa Ninfa, Carolina, Ninfa (español).

    scientific classification:

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Cacatuidae
    Scientific name: Nymphicus hollandicus
    Genus: Nymphicus
    Citation: (Kerr, 1792)
    Protonimo: Psittacus hollandicus

    Images Cockatoo Nymph:

    Avibase, elblogdemaskota
    Photos: commons.wikimedia.org, huffingtonpost.com, optusnet.com.au, cockateil.NET, galleryhip.com
    Sounds: Marc Anderson (Xeno-canto)

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Scaly breasted Lorikeet
    Trichoglossus chlorolepidotus

    Scaly breasted Lorikeet



    23 cm.. length and a weight between 75 and 95 gr.

    The plumage of the Scaly breasted Lorikeet (Trichoglossus chlorolepidotus) is usually green.

    The part back from your neck, the throat and the chest has several brands of yellow.
    Under its tail, the the thighs and the sides of the body they are clearly marked with yellow.
    Under its wing , and more specifically by the part inferior of them flight feather, its color is reddish orange.
    The circle around the eyes is narrow and grey. Its irises is yellowish-Orange. The legs are ash and the bill orange.

    The immature are equal to adults, but with less scalloped yellow; the thighs Brown pale and tail shorter. The bill brown. The eye ring White grey.


    The Scaly breasted Lorikeet they are distributed by many forest habitats, including parks and Gardens located on the outskirts of cities and farmland, where are the flowering trees present.

    They usually found in coastal areas and adjacent plateaus.

    They have a strong preference for agricultural land and coastal scrub that are dominated by trees of the genus Banksia.

    They can also be seen along the rivers, to the West of the Great dividing range. They can live up to 600 m.

    The Scaly breasted Lorikeet they have quite similar patterns to the of the Coconut Lorikeet. It is not uncommon to find them together in mixed flocks where one of the two species generally outnumbers the other..

    Most of the time, the Scaly breasted Lorikeet they live in pairs or in small groups of up to 10 individuals. They are most active at dawn, shortly after the dormitories are scattered.

    They usually roam locally. These short trips are motivated by the search for food.

    During flowering of trees, large groups may intervene if resources are abundant. The dispersion of groups is immediately after flowering.

    In urban districts, are sedentary Since the sources of food are abundant in the gardens during all the year.

    They are particularly friends of cultivated fruit, arriving to cause much damage in the orchards.

    These birds have a flying fast and direct. When they are in the air they are immediately identifiable by its green head and bright orange red wings bass. When flying over the tops of them trees with rhythms fast, their wings produce a buzzing sound which is easily audible.


    The nesting season comprises of mayo to February in the North of the area of distribution, probably related to the decrease of rainfall.

    In the southern part of the State of Victoria It takes place between August and January.

    The Scaly breasted Lorikeet They nest in tree cavities, usually at a considerable height from the ground. They cover the bottom of the nest with a layer of sawdust and then lay two or three white eggs., oval in shape.

    The incubation lasts a few 25 days. The male spends most of its time near hollow, but it does not seem to participate in the incubation. Both parents feed the chicks until they leave the nest, of 6 to 8 weeks after hatching.


    The Scaly breasted Lorikeet they have a scheme rather similar to the of the Coconut Lorikeet. Both species feed primarily on nectar and pollen from the flowers especially the Niaouli (Melaleuca quinquenervia).

    They feed also on flowers, berries, fruit, seeds, small insects and their larvae. Are big lovers of the fruits cultivated. They also enter sorghum and corn fields because they crave small immature milky grains..


    Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 2.310.000 km2

    The Scaly breasted Lorikeet being endemic to the Australian continent.

    Its area of distribution extends from Bamaga in the extreme north of Queensland the District of Illawarra, on the South coast of New South Wales.

    These birds are sedentary and abundant in the North, nomadic and less numerous in the South. They were introduced in the District of Melbourne, in the State of Victoria.



    • Current IUCN Red List category: Least concern

    • Population trend: Stable

    The population World has not been quantified, but is estimated above 100.000 specimens.

    The species is described as common in the center of its area of distribution and more rare toward the areas north and South of their area of distribution.

    It is suspected that the population It stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

    "Scaly breasted Lorikeet" in captivity:

    Rare out of Australia; small number in the United States and the United Kingdom.

    Gregarious, playful and loud. A bit messy due to a diet of nectar.
    Its life in captivity ranges between 20 and 25 years.

    Alternative names:

    Scaly breasted Lorikeet, Scalybreasted Lorikeet, Scaly-breasted Lorikeet (ingles).
    Loriquet vert, Loriquet à poitrine squameuse, Loriquet écaillé (French).
    Schuppenlori (German).
    Lóris-verde-de-peito-escamosos (Portuguese).
    Lori Escuamiverde, Tricogloso de Pecho Escamoso (español).

    Kuhl, Heinrich
    Heinrich Kuhl

    scientific classification:

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittaculidae
    Genus: Trichoglossus
    Scientific name: Trichoglossus chlorolepidotus
    Citation: (Kuhl, 1820)
    Protonimo: Psittacus chlorolepidotus

    Images “Scaly breasted Lorikeet”:

    Videos "Scaly breasted Lorikeet"


    “Scaly breasted Lorikeet” (Trichoglossus chlorolepidotus)

    – BirdLife.org
    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr


    – Josep de el Hoyo – IBC.lynxeds.com
    – by Tobias Spaltenberger – Two Scaly-breasted Lorikeets at Taronga Zoo, Australia. – Wikimedia
    – by Ken Havard – IBC.lynxeds.com
    – by Aviceda – Wikipedia
    – by Jeremy Eades – Wikipedia

    Sounds: Peter Woodall (Xeno-canto)

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Blue Lorikeet
    Vini peruviana

    Blue Lorikeet



    The Blue Lorikeet (Vini peruviana) has an approximate length of 18 cm.. and a weight ranging between 31 and 34 g..

    Dark blue bright in the crown with paler veins; The feathers of the back of the crown, elongated as in other members of the genus; Lords and ear-coverts white. Upperparts dark blue bright with Plumas-bases blackish. Upper wing bright blue with the internals of the flight feather brownish colour. Underwing coverts dark blue, the rest of Underwing color negro.

    Throat and upper breast white; bright dark blue rest, underparts on the basis of blackish feathers. The tail dark blue, with the slightly elongated central feathers typical of the genus; undertail blackish.

    The bill orange; Iris yellowish brown; Legs orange color.

    Male slightly larger, particularly the head and the bill, with the chin pure white. Legs they can also be a bit darker.

    The immature differs from the adult as having the underparts uniform greyish-black, with the exception of some small white spots on the chin. Black the bill. Dark brown the irises and legs dark brown.


    It depends largely on coconut palm (Cocoa nuts) for food and nesting, Although other species such as the banana and Hibiscus they are also frequented by the Blue Lorikeet.

    Sometimes they look around the villages and in the gardens. The Blue Lorikeet they are very active, rarely remain long in one place. They are usually seen in small groups of a maximum of seven birds that fly between the coconut trees in flower.


    The breeding It is estimated that it is from May to July. Nests in the coconut trees, either in a hollow log or in a rotten coconut palm still attached to the tree, also have seen them are nesting in a stump of Pandanus fallen. The laying is two eggs that incubate for 25 days and the fledgling young leaves the nest in 6-8 weeks.


    They feed on nectar, but foraging on the ground and the search for small insects on the underside of the leaves have also been recorded..


    The Blue Lorikeet It was formerly widespread in the The Society Islands and the Tuatnotu archipelago, but at present is absent from 15 of the 23 Islands where dwelt in the past (some of which can be to come back to enter), including tahiti, Bora-Bora and Moorea, the largest group of the Society Islands (c expiry date. 1900 of tahiti and Moorea; decade of 1920 for Bora-Bora).

    Although the population decline has been linked to a series of threats, including the introduction of the the swamp Harrier (Cirrus approximans) and introduction of a malaria avian provoked by the Culicoides mosquito; predation by rats and cats is the most serious problem facing the species. The distribution currently in the different islands, including population estimated with the dates when they know, shown below (but there are several more islands that have never been visited and that could still be suitable to support the species).

    The Society Islands: Motu One 250 couples; Manuae 300-400 couples in 1974 but in apparent decline following the introduction of cats in 1975.

    Tuamotu archipelago: Tikehau 30 couples in 1984; Rangiroa 100-200 birds before 1972, were kept in 1991 but the numbers are not quantified; Arutua, apparently they were still present 1975 but no current stats; Manihi a bird in 1991; Kaukura last sighting in 1923; No estimate of population; Apataki 1989 survey gave a minimum of 300 birds.

    Islas Cook: Aitutaki probably introduced; until 500 couples present in 1991; Island Hervey possibly introduced in the past, but there is no recent information.

    – The population in Aitutaki seems stable and as the Black Rat (Ratuus ruttus) is not present, This island is thought to be the hope for the survival of the species.



    – Current IUCN Red List category: Vulnerable

    – The population trend: Decreasing

    There are few data on population trends; But, the species has declined gradually in each island, where cats, the black rats of Marsh Harriers have colonized the coast. So, a slow to moderate fall in the population is suspicious.

    The threat of extinction of this species in the Islands, It is more than likely due to their predation by black rats (Rattus rattus) and to a lesser extent, by the Feral cats (Felis catus). Their extinction since Makatea in the Tuamotu archipelago could have been accelerated by a particularly violent hurricane. Its reduction in the scope of the Society Islands correlated with the spread of the marsh harriers (Circus approximans) introduced. The accidental introduction of black rats on islands where the Blue Lorikeet It is a continuous threat to the species.

    "Blue Lorikeet" in captivity:

    There are more than 20 males in captivity, but only about ten females. The species was first raised in captivity in 1937 by Lord Tavistock, but until 1977, When a group of birds seized in the U.S.. He was sent to the poultry farmer Rosemary Low en el Reino Unido, These birds were practically unknown in poultry.

    Also have grown up in the San Diego Zoo, whose success with breeding two females in 1979 He had much international publicity when parents, that had been confiscated from smugglers, escaped destruction by customs officers after a public outcry.

    Alternative names:

    Blue Lorikeet, Pacific Lorikeet, Tahiti Lorikeet, Tahiti Lory, Tahitian Lorikeet, Tahitian Lory, Thaitian lory, Violet Lorikeet (ingles).
    Lori nonnette, Lori de Tahiti, Perruche nonnette (French).
    Saphirlori (German).
    Loris Vini Peruviana (Portuguese).
    Lori Monjita, Lorito Zafiro (español).

    scientific classification:

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittaculidae
    Genus: Vini
    Scientific name: Vini peruviana
    Citation: (Statius Müller, 1776)
    Protonimo: Psittacus peruvianus

    Images “Blue Lorikeet”:

    Video “Blue Lorikeet”:


    “Blue Lorikeet” (Vini peruviana)


    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    – Birdlife


    1 – free-pet-wallpapers
    2 – Two adults (left) close to a three immature birds perched in a palm tree. – Author Josep del Hoyo – lynxeds
    3 – Miles to the wild – Enlace
    4 – Miles to the wild – Enlace
    5 – Adult bird preening. Author Tomasz Doron – lynxeds

    Sounds: Matthias Feuersenger (Xeno-canto)