Hispaniolan Parrot
Amazona ventralis

Hispaniolan Parrot

Description:

28-31 cm.. length and 250 g. of weight.

Hispaniolan Parrot

The Hispaniolan Parrot (Amazona ventralis) has the forecrown Lords color and white (variable extension); the crown and upper cheeks with blue feathers and black colored ends; ear-coverts and lower cheeks, charcoal colored (variable measure); feathers nape and the sides of the neck, emerald green with visible black tips.

Mantle and back green grass with black tips, which become progressively less visible to the bottom; rump green, slightly yellowish; uppertail-coverts brighter yellowish green. greater coverts blue; remaining coberteras grass-green. Primaries and secondaries, blue, darker towards the tips, on the innerwebs. Under the wings, green; flight feather bluish green.

The underparts usually green, slightly yellowish, with most showing very visible black feathers margins (especially in the upper region) but sometimes with some red feathers chin; patch resizable brown in the center of belly; undertail-coverts pale yellow-green. Upper, the tail is green (perhaps a little darker than the rest of the upperparts) with visible yellowish tip and outerweb external feathers with blue margins; undertail, the tail It is yellowish with the bases of the outer feathers red. Bill Pink; cere brownish white; skin bare periophthalmic white; brown the irises; legs pale grey.

Anatomy-parrots-eng
There is no sexual dimorphism. Immature as an adult but less blue in the crown and the patch abdominal is paler brown.

NOTE

Some authors consider that the Hispaniolan Parrot It conspecific (belonging to the same species) with the Cuban Parrot. Although closely related, It is believed to be quite different due to differences in hue pronounced plumage.

  • Sound of the Hispaniolan Parrot.

Habitat:

Video Hispaniolan Parrot

Parrots in the world

Species of the genus Amazona

The Hispaniolan Parrot They are distributed in a variety of forested habitats, from sandy savannas of palm trees in lowland to mountain pine forests and mountain rain forests. Currently most commonly observed in mountain forests on the island Hispaniola, due to continued deforestation, although birds also feed at lower altitudes. Observed above 1,500 m (Hispaniola).

Views in pairs during breeding; outside the breeding season, observed in small flocks, usually up to a dozen birds; much larger meetings, until 500 reported in the nineteenth century birds. Couples and couples with young often identifiable in flocks.

Reproduction:

Nests generally constructed in tree cavities, but also in rock crevices, cactus voids and cavities in coconut. Territorial and very aggressive while playing. The breeding season It covers the months of February to May. Clutch 2-3 eggs.

Food:

They feed on, among others, of seeds or fruits of Caesalpinia, Psidium and Ficus, seeds of oranges wild Citrus, maize and bananas.

Distribution:

Size of its range (breeding/resident): 99.000 km2

The Hispaniolan Parrot are distributed by the islands of Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti), Gonâve Island (Haiti), Isla Saona (Dominican Republic), Puerto Rico and probably Culebra (Puerto Rico) in the West Indies. It is found in moderate numbers in parts of the Sierra de Bahoruco, Sierra Neiba and Cordillera Central in Dominican Republic. More restricted and less numerous in Haiti, with the remaining population appears largely in the south.

introduced in Puerto Rico, where the wild population derived from captive birds escaped and at least one consignment of illegally traded birds were released after discovering an attempt to import Puerto Rico. Also wild populations in US Virgin Islands.

Formerly very common in Hispaniola, although there have been during the twentieth century a strong decline in its population, mainly due to the habitat destruction (arising from agriculture and charcoal production). Also persecuted due to crop damage, hunted for food and trapped for sale as pets at local and international level.

In the Decade of 1930 It was limited to the interior mountain forests of the island of largely Hispaniola.

Although still locally common, it is enough rare and rare in the wild.

The population in Puerto Rico It is at least several hundred birds and apparently increasing.

Conservation:

Condition ⓘ

Status
Least Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

• Population size : 6000-15000

Justification of the red list category

This species is considered Vulnerable because anecdotal evidence suggests there has been a rapid reduction of the population. The size of the population and the exact extent of the decline are unclear, clarification and may lead to the species be reclassified as near threatened.

Justification of the population

The population size It is preliminarily estimated to fall in the band between 10.000 and 19.999 individuals. This is equivalent to 6,667-13,333 mature individuals, round here 6,000-15,000 mature individuals.

Justification of trend

No new data on population trends, but it is suspected that the species is declining quickly, as a result of the hunting, the loss of habitat and capture.

Threats

The agricultural conversion and charcoal production have destroyed the most suitable habitat. It is also persecuted as a crop pest, hunted as food and trapped for Local trade and above for international trade cage birds. (Juniper and Parr 1998).

Trapping adults and steal hatchlings from nests to supply the Local pet trade It is a particular concern because in some areas most families own a parrot, and they only live a few years before they have to be replaced (G. Woolmer in some. T. White one bit., 2012). In addition, activities theft nests often they cause destruction of the nest cavity or nest tree, further aggravating the loss of nesting habitat other causes (T. White in a little .

Conservation Actions Underway

CITES Appendix II.

• It has initiated a education strategy with community participation to protect species (Vasquez et to the., 1995).

• In 1997-1998, 49 birds bred in captivity were released and you radiographed in East National Park, Dominican Republic (Vilella et al., 1999).

• The Biological Reserve Loma Charco Azul, created in 2009, It has populations of the species. Also, They have carried out recent activities public education and outreach, including some actions of law enforcement, in several communities surrounding the Jaragua National Park, near the border with Haiti.

• In January 2012 there was also a Liberation of 10 parrots raised in captivity which had been confiscated as young chicks nest poachers. These chicks were raised and rehabilitated in National Zoological Park, and released successfully in the grounds of the zoo (T. White in a little ).

Conservation Actions Proposed

Assess current population size.

• Establish a program comprehensive monitoring.

• Determine the extension remaining habitat.

• Determine the impact of various threats.

Apply laws and regulations that protect this species and its habitat (Snyder et to the., 2000).

• Promote best practices for keeping birds reducing demand for wild birds and develop a captive breeding program.

• Educate the public about the negative impact of pet trade in native Dominican Republic (T. White in a bit., 2012).

The Hispaniolan Parrot in captivity:

It is easily reproduced in captivity and used as substitute mother to raise the offspring of Puerto Rican Parrot as part of the recovery program for the species (highly threatened).

Each captive specimen of this species which is capable of reproducing, It is placed in a well-managed program captive breeding and not be sold as a pet, with the objective of ensure their survival long-term.

Alternative names:

Hispaniolan Amazon, Hispaniolan Parrot, Salle’s Amazon, Salle’s Parrot, San Domingo Amazon, San Domingo Parrot (English).
Amazone à ventre pourpre, Amazone de Sallé, Amazone d’Hispaniola (French).
Blaukronenamazone, Haitiamazone (German).
Papagaio-de-hispaniola (Portuguese).
Amazona de la Española, Amazona Dominicana, Cotorra, Cotorra de la Española (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Amazona
Scientific name: Amazona ventralis
Citation: (Statius Müller, 1776)
Protonimo: Psittacus ventralis

Images Hispaniolan Parrot:


Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – The parrot Cuca – Cuca The Parrot by Jose Uribe AlneyFlickr
(2) – Hispaniolan Amazon. Two in a cage By TJ Lin (originally posted to Flickr as DSCN0712) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Couple of parrots Amazona ventralis in the Jaragua National Park, Dominican Republic By Yolanda M. Leon (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – A Hispaniolan Amazon in a cage By Patrick Hawks (originally posted to Flickr as Hispaniolan Parrot) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Blaukronenamazone (Amazona ventralis) Bávaro, Punta Cana, Dominican Republic By Martingloor (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – BARRABAND, Jacques (1767/8-1809) [Parrot red faced male (Hispaniolan Amazon [Amazona ventralis])] From Natural History of Parrots (by Francois Levaillant, 1801-1805) – Wikimedia

Sounds: Ante Strand, XC15749. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/15749

Festive Parrot
Amazona festiva

Amazona festiva

Description

38-41 cm.. tall and 370g. weight.

Amazon-festive-6

The Festive Parrot (Amazona festiva) has the cheeks and sides neck Green with strong blue diffusion; lores and a close frontal band red; feathers above and behind them eyes blue; Front rather yellowish green. Crown Green but darker; Feathers of the nape of color green with a band terminal dark. Mantle, scapulars, top of the back and uppertail-coverts dark green; Rump and the greater part of the low back bright red. Primary coverts Violet Blue. Other coverts dark green.

Edge carpal of the wing and margin of the outerweb of the primaries, blue; innerwebs black; secondaries dark blue-tipped, secondaries more interior Green. Underwing-coverts green. Chin and throat blue; Breast and belly green; coverts infra-flows brighter yellowish green. Tail green, of paler green yellowish at the tip; Trace reddish at the base of some feathers.

Anatomy-parrots-eng
The bill color cuerno-marron; Iris yellow, legs dark grey.

Both sexes are similar.

Immature have irises dark and show a less intense color in the head. Its back low is practically Green; some of the pens outside of it tail they have a red base.

Subspecies description

  • Amazona festiva bodini

    (Finsch, 1873) – It has a Broadband Violet Blue and red in the front behind the eyes.

  • Amazona festiva festiva

    (Linnaeus,1758) – The nominal.

Habitat:

Festive Parrot video

Parrots in the world

Species of the genus Amazona

The Festive Parrot they attend primary and secondary lowland forests, mainly várzea, swamp forest and River Islands, also igapó (permanently flooded forest), usually are found near the water and can prevent forests of Earth firm, Although also reported in Gallery forests and savannas with scattered trees.

Observed in cocoa plantations in Brazil. At altitudes of 500 metres in Colombia and 100 metres in Venezuela. Usually in small flocks with larger meetings occasionally reported. Flocks of up to 50 birds are about Leticia between the months of May-June. Tend to gather is by the afternoon and in the evening in products communal.

Reproduction:

It nests in hollow of trees dead between mayo to June.
A breeding pair averages 3 eggs in each clutch of eggs and the incubation period is usually about 28 days.

Food:

Usually in numerous flocks, little of its power is known.

Distribution:

The Festive Parrot found in the North of South America mainly as two large populations disjunct in the basins of the Amazon and Orinoco.

A population occupies the Northwest of Guyana (very few records) and Venezuela in southern Apure in the Meta River and a half Orinoco to Delta Amacuro.

The second extends from parts of the lowlands of the East (Colombia including the lower part of the Casanare River, lower Meta River and Rio Vaupes towards the South through the Amazon of Ecuador (where birds are reported in Rio Napo, but few recent records) and northeast of Peru, and further to the East through the West of Brazil, from Rio Branco, Rio Negro and bottom of the Madeira River up to the Basin Amazon East in Amapá and For and at the mouth of the Amazon on Ilha Mexiana (where is its status uncertain).

Probably in its greater part resident, Although sporadic Bird on the edge of its distribution area in Ecuador and Guyana, They suggest seasonal movements outside their range, obviously low in Guyana and local in Venezuela, Ecuador and Peru, but more common in parts of the Amazon Western in Brazil and locally the Amazona more common in some areas of Colombia (for example by of Leticia).

Pursued to the trade in live birds in parts of its area of distribution (for example, Peru). Its swampy habitat is not much in demand for agriculture, by what does not seems to have a contraction apparent large scale of its population.

Distribution of subspecies:

  • Amazona festiva bodini

    (Finsch, 1873) – East of Colombia to the basin of the Orinoco of Venezuela

  • Amazona festiva festiva

    (Linnaeus, 1758) – The nominal.

Conservation:

Condition ⓘ


Status
Near threatened (UICN)ⓘ

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

While it has declined locally, It remains fairly common throughout a large part of its distribution area, and may even be close to cities as Manaus and Iquitos.

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “rare

As a result, is considered of least concern by BirdLife International and the IUCN , Although it was categorized as vulnerable in 2012, because of patterns of deforestation in the Amazon rainforest and the susceptibility to hunt, predicts that the population will decrease quickly during the next three generations.

Festive Parrot in captivity:

Very rare in captivity.

His temperament is extremely excitable. Males tend to be aggressive. Good to excellent imitator.

It feeds on the sunflower seeds or other provided you ,fruit, vegetables etc..

Alternative names:

Festive Parrot, Festive Amazon, Red-backed Amazon, Red-backed Parrot (English).
Amazone tavoua, Amazona festiva (French).
Blaubartamazone (German).
Papagaio-da-várzea, papa-cacau, tauá, tavua (Portuguese).
Amazona de Lomo Rojo, Amazona Festiva, Lora Festiva (Spanish).
Lora Festiva (Colombia).
Loro de Lomo Rojo (Peru).
Loro Lomirrojo (Venezuela).

Scientific classification:

Carl Linnaeus
Carl Linnaeus

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Amazona
Scientific name: Amazona festiva
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Protonimo: Psittacus festivus

Festive Parrot Images:


Sources:

  • Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical
  • Avibase

Photos:

(1) – Festive Amazon at Loro Parque, Teneriffe By derivative work: Snowmanradio (talk)Festive_Amazon_BW. JPG: Berthold Werner (Festive_Amazon_BW. JPG) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – A Festive Amazon at Tulsa Zoo, USA. This subspecies is known as Bodinus’ Amazon By Christopher G from Tulsa Oklahoma, USA (Amazon Parrot) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A pet Festive Amazon By Tutu … F. Lopes (originally posted to Flickr as ♠) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Two Festive Amazons in an aviary at a bird park in Kaluga Oblast, Russia. They are the subspecies Amazona festiva bodini, common name Bodinus’ Amazon. They are probably jostling for room on their perch By Remiz [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Festive Parrot By derivative work: Snowmanradio (talk)Amazona_festiva-8.jpg: frank wouters [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Image from http://search.abaa.org/dbp2/book1700_08832.html

Sounds: Sergio Chaparro Herrera

Flores Lorikeet
Trichoglossus weberi

Flores Lorikeet

Description Lori Flores:

25 cm. length and 100-150 g. of weight.

 Flores Lorikeet

The Flores Lorikeet (Trichoglossus weberi) is generally Green; light green / blue stripes on the forecrown and lores, the rest of the head with brighter green stripes; underwing-coverts yellow / green. The chest and the thighs are yellowish or reddish. The bill It is orange-red and irises orange-red. The legs son grises. Smaller size than other species Trichoglossus.

The youth they are similar to adults.

    taxonomy:

Sometimes you think you're closer Olive headed Lorikeet (Trichoglossus euteles). With one exception, so far it has been treated as a subspecies within the complex Coconut Lorikeet (Trichoglossus haematodus), but differs in its chest rather pale green; abdominal patch medium green; head dark green with streaks of bright green; small size (less than a Scarlet-breasted Lorikeet (Trichoglossus forsteni) relatively small). Monotypic.

  • Sound of the Flores Lorikeet. (1)

(1) Some species are under extreme pressure because of traps and harassment. The open availability of high-quality recordings of these species may further worsen problems. For this reason, transmission and download of these recordings is off. Recorders are free to share in xeno-edge, but they will have to approve access to these recordings.

Habitat:

It's more common in the lowlands, but it is up 2400 meters above sea level. Wide variety of areas including settlements, forests, coconut plantations, Savanna, eucalyptus forests and mangroves.

It is found in mixed flocks with other parrots; small and noisy groups. Nomads, since they depend on flowering trees. It perches communally in groups of hundreds of birds.

Reproduction:

Birds have been recorded in conditions reproduction in June and is reported reproduction between February and August (White and Bruce 1986, Reeve y Rabenak 2016).

It will nest on the ground in some of the predator-free islands.

Food:

It feeds mainly from nectar, but also feeds on figs, insects and can be found around artificial feeding stations.

Distribution:

Extensión de la distribución (cría/residente): 25.500 km2

The Lori Flores are endemic to the Flores Island, Indonesia, where it is described as common (pit et to the. 1997).

Conservation Lori Flores:

1. Current category Red List UICN: Near-threatened.

2. The population trend: Decreasing.

3. Population size : 10000-19999 individuals.

    Justification of the red list category

It is believed that this species has recently split a moderately small population (approaching 10.000 mature individuals), forming one subpopulation, inferring that is suffering moderately rapid decreases due to the pressure of capture and loss of habitat. Therefore, It has been classified as Near threatened, but more information on population size, trends and threats can lead to a reassessment of their status.

    Justification of the population

It is believed that the population of Flores Lorikeet It is moderately small (namely, approaching 10.000 mature individuals).

    Justification trend

They suspected that the population is declining due to loss of habitat and unsustainable levels of exploitation.

    Threats

The habitat destruction through the combined impacts of firewood collection, commercial logging, timber extraction for construction materials and clearance for agriculture may represent the most relevant threat.

The loss and fragmentation of forests It is already extensive in Flowers, where no semi-permanent forest below 1.000 meters is included within protected areas published in the Official Gazette. These threats are exacerbated by the expansion of human population, with large volumes of timber needed for housing construction, and the fact that the application of the laws by the government is little or no.

Deciduous rain forest is being cut extensively through land grabbing and the establishment of agricultural areas, a factor that is inevitably reducing the range and population of this species. Logging continues in the coastal belt to make way for crops, illegal logging continues in the protected areas.

It is presumed that the capture for trade in wild birds It represents an additional threat, as for other subspecies of the complex (Trichoglossus haemotodus).

Conservation actions and research in progress

Appendix II of the CITES. CMS Appendix II. It has been recorded in the Mbeliling Forest Reserve (Reeve y Rabenak 2016).

Conservation actions and research proposals

1 – Estimate the population and assess population trends and scale of the pressure catch.

2- Conduct a specific study of the species to identify important sites, in order to provide protection.

3- Carry out research on their status and habitat use (with special attention to feeding ecology and fragmentation of forests) so that long-term management of the species facilitate.

4- Monitor trade to investigate whether this represents a significant threat.

5- Initiate campaigns sensitization to get the support of local people in forest protection.

In captivity:

In captivity it is kind enough rare de lori. He was raised for the first time Great Britain, in 1969, in Germany in 1984.

Because of its endangered status, Any suitable specimen can not be released back into their natural habitat (native range) It should preferably be placed in a breeding program well managed to ensure the continued survival of this species.

Alternative names:


- Flores Island rainbow lory, Flores Lorikeet, Leaf Lorikeet, Rainbow Lorikeet (Leaf) (inglés).
- Loriquet à tête bleue (Weber), Loriquet à tête bleue (weberi), Loriquet de Flores, Loriquet de Weber (francés).
- Flores Blauwangenallfarblori, Flores-Allfarblori, Webers Lori (alemán).
- Periquito-arco-íris (weberi) (portugués).
- Lori de Flores, Lori Arcoiris (weberi) (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Género: Trichoglossus
- Nombre científico: Trichoglossus weberi
- Citación: (Büttikofer, 1894)
- Protónimo: Psitteuteles weber

Flores Lorikeet images:


Flores Lorikeet (Trichoglossus weberi)

    Sources:

    1. Avibase
    2. Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    3. Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    4. Birdlife

    Photos:

    (1) – Flores Lorikeet, Trichoglossus (haematodus) weberi, at New Port Aquarium, Cincinnati, USA by derivative work: Snowmanradio (talk)Trichoglossus_haematodus_weberi_-New_Port_Aquarium-8.jpg: Serge Melki [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (2) – Weber’s Lorikeets (Trichoglossus haematodus weberi) at Newport Aquarium by Ltshears [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], from Wikimedia Commons
    (3) – Fig. 1: Flores Lorikeet (Trichoglossus = Psitteuteles Weber Weber)
    Fig. 2: Olive-headed Lorikeet (Trichoglossus euteles = Psitteuteles euteles) by A Weber’s lorikeet (Trichoglossus weberi) at the Jerusalem Biblical Zoo by SuperJew [CC BY-SA 4.0], from Wikimedia Commons
    (4) – Trichoglossus haematodus weberi Buttikofer, 1894 bt Huub Veldhuijzen van Zanten / Naturalis Biodiversity Center [CC BY-SA 3.0]

    (5) – Weber’s lorikeet, Picture taken at Loro Parque in Puerto de la Cruz / Tenerife by Dominik DeobaldFlickr
    (6) – Johann Büttikofer [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

    Sounds: Raf Floats, XC350575. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/350575

Glaucous Macaw †
Anodorhynchus glaucus

Glaucous Macaw

Description:

72 cm.. length.

Glaucous Macaw

The plumage general of the Glaucous Macaw (Anodorhynchus glaucus) It is light blue, almost turquoise top, with strong grayish hue in head and underparts.

Uppertail Blue-Green; undertail gray.

The bill It is dark blackish gray, the naked flames in the base lower mandible they are yellow, but paler than the periophthalmic skin; the irises is dark brown, the periophthalmic skin Nude yellow; the legs They are dark.

Habitat:

probably he occupied Gallery subtropical forests with cliffs, but also used lightly wooded savannas and rich in palm trees. The few contemporary records suggest it was naturalists gregarious.

Reproduction:

It has been reported that anidaba on steep slopes or cliffs, or less generally in the cavities of trees and the average size of laying It was probably two eggs

Food:

Its diet It was probably basic nuts palm Butia horizontal (nearest equivalent in rank to size nuts Syagrus used by the Indigo Macaw, It is having the same dimensions peak).

Distribution:

Extensión de su área de distribución (cría/residente): 1 km2

the Glaucous Macaw They were distributed at the time by the south-eastern South America, where apparently they were recorded in average growth of major rivers, including Parana River, the Uruguay river and the Río Paraguay, with most of the evidence of a prior distribution in the province of Currents, to the North of Argentina; cases were also recorded in western Uruguay and Southeast of Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul and Paraná), and evidently in the south and east of Paraguay. The records of Bolivia They seem wrong. It is almost certainly extinct after a precipitous drop in the early nineteenth century. Only two records in the twentieth century.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: In Critically Endangered.

• Population trend: Unknown.

• Population size : 1-49 individuals.

Justification of the red list category

This species was recorded in the last decade 1960 and it is likely that its population has declined dramatically as a result of hunt, Besides the degradation and habitat destruction. However, you may still exist, since not all its wide range of data, above wide, It has been adequately studied, and there have been persistent and convincing local reports. Any remaining population is likely to be small, and for these reasons it is treated as in Critically Endangered.

Justification of the population

It is assumed that any remaining population is small (counting less than 50 individuals) due to lack of confirmed records since the early 1960.

Threats

The settlement of the major river basins within its range was allegedly accompanied by the widespread loss of palms, whether by direct cleaning for agriculture or suppression of regeneration by livestock settlers. The palma de Horizontal, of the species probably fed, It was chosen to be cleared by early settlers because it was an indicator of good soil quality (Necklace et to the. 2014). Widespread loss of gallery forests could also have had an impact on the species (Necklace et to the. 2014). The size and appearance of the bird probably made him a prime target for hunters, and even capture pups as pets It could have been important. There is some evidence that were sold, but few to support various claims that there have been recent trade of live specimens.

Any current trade in eggs, skins and live specimens would obviously be extremely damaging.

Conservation actions underway

    Appendix I of CITES and protected by Brazilian law.

    – There have been several attempts (so far unsuccessful) to rediscover the species.

    – There are proposals for funding under way to try to fund a work program to confirm the presence of this species in the wild.

Conservation Actions Proposed

    – Conducting interviews with the local population, especially with parrots and ancient hunters assets, to assess the likelihood of any population remains.

    – Getting ready to follow up any positive data from these interviews.

In captivity:

There is some evidence that were sold, but few to support various claims that there have been recent trade of live specimens.

Alternative names:


- Glaucous Macaw (inglés).
- Ara glauque (francés).
- Türkisara (alemán).
- arara-azul-pequena, arara-celeste, guacamaio (portugués).
- Guacamayo Azul, Guacamayo Glauco, Guacamayo Violáceo, Papagayo violáceo (español).
- Guacamayo azul (Argentina).
- Papagayo violáceo (Paraguay).
- Guacamayo Azul (Uruguay).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Anodorhynchus
- Nombre científico: Anodorhynchus glaucus
- Citation: (Vieillot, 1816)
- Protónimo: Macrocercus glaucus

Images Glaucous Macaw:

————————————————————————————————

Glaucous Macaw (Anodorhynchus glaucus)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – digital recreation of glaucous macaw. Butia yatay background with courtesy of http://floradeluruguay.blogspot.com/2010/05/butia-yatay.html , Andrés González. By Rod6807 (Martin Rodriguez Bridges) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Anodorhynchus glaucus by Huub Veldhuijzen van Zanten / Naturalis Biodiversity Center [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Anodorhynchus glaucus by Huub Veldhuijzen van Zanten / Naturalis Biodiversity Center [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Anodorhynchus glaucus By Vieillot, 1816 [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Anodorhynchus glaucus by Huub Veldhuijzen van Zanten / Naturalis Biodiversity Center [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Early illustration of the Glaucous Macaw illustration from Bourjot Saint-Hilaire, 1837-1838 By Bourjot Saint-Hilaire [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

 

Hellmayr's Parakeet
Pyrrhura amazonum

Hellmayr's Parakeet

Description:

22 cm.. length.

The Hellmayr's Parakeet (Pyrrhura amazonum) It is a mainly green parakeet; the area from crown to the nape is dark brown; the belly, the rump and tip tail, They are dark red; below, the tail It is also dark red.

They have a patch whitish in ear-coverts; a blue band in front of eyes. The face It is dark reddish brown; the upper region chest It is greenish gray with gray scalloping; the bottom of the chest It is scaled with yellowish effect; the in bend of wing green; brown-red patch in the center of abdomen; of remiges blue (visible only in flight). Orbital ring blackish; the cheeks and ocular region are dark brown.
Bill grey-black; eyes orange brown.

The immature birds They have a darker plumage.

Taxonomic status:

Considered a subspecies of the Painted Parakeet by some authors

  • Sound of the Hellmayr's Parakeet.

Description 3 subspecies:
  • Pyrrhura amazonum amazonum

    (Hellmayr, 1906) – Nominal.

  • Pyrrhura amazonum lucida

    (Arndt, 2008 parrots[Arndt]) – Little or no blue on the front of the crown. Slightly smaller and paler than the Pyrrhura amazonum snethlageae

  • Pyrrhura amazonum snethlageae

    perico madeira – (Joseph & Bates,JM, 2002) – The bare periophthalmic is of color beige.

Habitat:

They distributed in tropical rain forests and adjacent habitats. It´s social. Observed in pairs or groups. It is quite common in most of its range and live in several protected areas. The Pyrrhura amazonum amazonum It is in the Amazon National Park, For, Brazil, while the Pyrrhura amazonum lucida It is in the The Cristalino State Park, Mato Grosso, Brazil.

Reproduction:

They build their nests in tree cavities.

Food:

With feed seed, flowers, fruit, berries and nuts. They are also considered local pests, and regularly they venture into cornfields and orchards, occasionally causing considerable damage.

Distribution:

Tamaño de su área de distribución (reproductores / residentes): 392.000 km2

Distribution 3 subspecies:
Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: In danger of extinction.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

• Population size : Unknown.

Justification of the Red List Category

Based on a model of deforestation in the Amazon basin, and their potential susceptibility to capture for the bird trade, It is suspected that the population of the Hellmayr's Parakeet It has declined rapidly over three generations, and therefore it has been classified as danger of extinction.

Justification of the population

Recent world population is unknown given taxonomic divisions.

Justification trend

This species is suspected that he has been able to lose 43,0 to 52,1% of suitable habitat within their distribution over three generations (18 years) based on a model of deforestation of the Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the . 2006, Bird et to the. 2011). Given the susceptibility of this species to capture, It suspected population decline by 50% in three generations.

Threats

The main threat to this species is that it is accelerating the Deforestation in the Amazon basin Livestock and soybean production, provided by the expansion of the road network (Soares-Filho et to the. 2006, Bird et to the. 2011).

The changes proposed by the Forest code of Brazil reduce the percentage of land to a private owner it has the legal obligation to maintain as forest and include an amnesty for owners who deforested before July 2008 (that later they would be absolved of the need to reforest cleared land illegally) (Bird et to the. 2011).

His capture for bird trade wild can represent a significant threat.

Conservation actions and ongoing research

It is not known any.

Conservation actions and research proposals

Expand the network of protected areas to effectively protect IBA.

Effectively manage the resources of existing protected areas and new, the use of new opportunities for financing the management of protected areas with the common goals of reducing carbon emissions and maximize biodiversity conservation.

conservation on private lands is also essential, through the expansion of market pressures for rational land management and prevention of logging on land not suitable for agriculture (Soares-Filho et to the. 2006).

Campaign against proposed changes to Forest code of Brazil which would lead to a decrease in the width of the coastal areas of forest protected as Permanent Preservation Areas (APPs), that function as vital corridors in fragmented landscapes.

In captivity:

It is a bird in danger of extinction. Each captive specimen of this species which is capable of reproducing, It is placed in a well-run program of captive breeding and not be sold as a pet, in order to ensure its long-term survival.

Alternative names:


- Hellmayr's Parakeet, Santarem Parakeet, Santarem Parakeet (Santarem) (inglés).
- Conure de Hellmayr (francés).
- Santaremsittich (alemán).
- Tiriba-de-hellmayr (portugués).
- Cotorra de Santarém, Perico Santarém (español).

Carl Edward Hellmayr
Scientific classification:


- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Pyrrhura
- Nombre científico: Pyrrhura amazonum
- Citation: Hellmayr, 1906
- Protónimo: Pyrrhura picta amazonum

Images Hellmayr's Parakeet:

Hellmayr's Parakeet
Santarem Parakeet (Pyrrhura amazonum) Cristalino Jungle Lodge, Mato Grosso, Brazil
Hellmayr's Parakeet
Santarem Parakeet – Cristalino Lodge, Brazil

————————————————————————————————

Hellmayr's Parakeet (Pyrrhura amazonum)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Pyrrhura or Amazon by snethlageae Blake MathesonFlickr
(2) – Santarem Parakeet (Pyrrhura amazonum) Cristalino Jungle Lodge, Mato Grosso, Brazil by Amy McAndrewsFlickr
(3) – Santarem Parakeet – Cristalino Lodge, Brazil by Jorge MontejoFlickr

Sounds: Jeremy Recall, XC235131. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/235131

Grey-breasted Parakeet
Pyrrhura griseipectus

Grey-breasted Parakeet

Description:

23 cm.. length and 70 g. of weight.

Grey-breasted Parakeet

The Grey-breasted Parakeet (Pyrrhura griseipectus) is a bird marked by a mask in reddish face, interrupted by a surrounding white coloration in the regions orbitals and ear-coverts.

The feathers of the neck to the upper region chest They have a gray color with light stripes interleaved, giving the region a striped appearance or escamado. The species has a characteristic patch reddish in belly, highlighting green coloration, its predominant body. The region forecrown up to the nape, It is dark brown with white spots or brown clear that vary from one bird to other. rear area neck green blue border with a width. They have a patch reddish brown in the bottom of the back which leads to the crown. The tail It is long and maroon. Bill gray-black; eye ring white gray; irises brown-orange.

It has no sexual dimorphism. The immature they are more muted than adults; You have scattered green feathers in the abdomen; the cere and the bare periophthalmic is white, less gray tone.

Taxonomic status:

This species is considered to be a subspecies of Pyrrhura [leucotis, emma or griseipectus] by some authors

  • Sound of the Grey-breasted Parakeet.

Habitat:

It is in the moist forests, often located in Serranas regions, where orographic rains favor the occurrence of enclaves Atlantic Forest and Mata dry amid caatinga.

Reproduction:

The breeding season It occurs during the rainy season. The laying It is five to eight eggs in holes dug by woodpeckers since they are not able to dig their own nests; They use these holes to sleep.

When the young are born, the couple divides the task of feeding. Sometimes they help until a third member of the flock for breeding all offspring successful.

Food:

Probably it feeds on fruits, flowers, seeds and algae.

Distribution and status:

Tamaño de su área de distribución (reproductores / residentes): 830 km2

This species was formerly known in 15 Locations (. Anon 2014) within Brazil. At present it is in only three areas in the state of Ceará, the Serra de Baturité and Quixadá (C. Albano in a little . 2006, Waugh et al 2010.) and most recently observed in a rocky mountain Ceará, where five birds were recorded in March 2014 (Anon. 2014).

In Serra do Baturité It seems to be very rare and appears to have been extinct in several areas, but recent records of groups in the Environmental Protection Area mountains Baturité; surveys 2007 half of the remaining habitat in this site revealed near 80 individuals (C. Albano in a little. 2007, 2008) and the population here is now estimated at about 250 birds (Waugh et al . 2010).

Forests of Baturité mountains They have been greatly reduced to make way for coffee plantations and only 13% Jungle was kept in 1996. The discovery in 2010 a population of about 50 birds in Quixadá (Waugh et al ., 2010) It raises the known world population of this species in about 300 birds.

The Grey-breasted Parakeet It was previously known two other areas: the eastern slope of the Saw Ibiapaba in Ceará, and small Serra Negra, in Pernambuco, where it was common in 1974, with flocks of 4-6 individuals regularly seen in the early 1980, although there are no recent records. There are also unconfirmed reports 1991 in organic station Murici Alagoas in which possibly it refers to individuals released; Recent fieldwork was unable to locate the species.

Its known range is very small, and the species has declined dramatically in the past, a trend that may be permanent.

Conservation:
  • Justification of the Red List Category

Recent surveys indicate that this species has a extremely small population, which continues to decline after dramatic historical declines. For these reasons it qualifies as Critically endangered.

  • Justification of the population

• Current red list category of the UICN: Critically endangered.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

• Population size : 200 individuals.

The population in the area Baturité Mountains Environmental Protection It is estimated at about 250 birds, and discovery in 2010 a population of about 50 birds in Quixadá raises the known world population of about 300 birds (Waugh et al ., 2010). This equates to approximately 200 mature individuals.

  • Justification trend

This species is suspected to be decreasing quickly because of their capture and habitat loss in progress within its range.

  • Threats

The habitat destruction He has played a role in the decline of the species with the original forest cover now reduced to only 13%.

The coffee plantations (especially where coffee is grown in the sun instead of shade coffee) They are impacting the habitat of the species.

The main threat, However, It is believed to come from the capture illegal underway for local and national trade (C. Albano a slightly 2006, Anon 2009..) and captive breeding (Fernandes-Ferreira et al 2012.); the Grey-breasted Parakeet They can be easily purchased through Internet (Girão y Albano 2008).

It is easily found in the international trade in bird cage.

The lack of natural nesting sites also it believed to are limiting reproductive success of the species (Campos et al . 2014).

Conservation Actions Underway

Appendix II of CITES.

In Brazil, It was considered above in critically endangered (Silveira y Straube 2008), but it has now been legally designated as endangered national (MMA 2014), and protected Brazilian law.

Dwelleth within Environmental Protection Area Mountains Baturité, but this area has been designated for sustainable use and traditionally has not been achieved for conservation.

Management of land by a private owner in the area has led to an increase in a small town known (C. Albano a slightly . 2006).

From 2007, NGO AQUASIS Brazil has been conducting two research projects: one sponsored by the Brazilian Boticário Foundation for Nature Protection, the topography of the Baturité mountains to monitor their status and their biology research; and another sponsored Fundación Loro Parque, for additional populations (C. Albano in a little. 2007, 2008).

Surveys in historical sites and areas of potential habitat in the period 2007-2008 They have not been able to locate members of this species, although there are strong indications that individuals may still be dwelling in the degraded Sierra Stephen, municipality Jaw, state Ceará (C. Albano in a little. 2007 2008, Anon 2007), where it was actually rediscovered in the 2010 (Waugh et al ., 2010).

A team of AQUASIS, funded by an award Leadership Program for Conservation in 2012, He conducted searches of the species in an isolated mountain in Ceará and he found a small population of five individuals in March 2014 (Anon. 2014).

You can also persist in Serra Negra Biological Reserve, state Pernambuco, although a combination of crops of marijuana and the hostile local culture makes it difficult to research in the latter area (C. Albano in a little. 2007, 2008).

At least 11 private reserves (RPPN) They are in the process of being created in the Serra de Baturité (C. Albano in a little. 2007, 2008) and AQUASIS They are now engaged in the process of developing a nature reserve in the Baturité mountains (Campos et al . 2014).

AQUASIS It has strengthened ties with government agencies in order to influence policy decisions (Campos et al . 2014).

Scheme nest box sponsored by Loro Parque It has been carried out with nest boxes installed in different places with the consent of the landowners. (Anon, 2009).

AQUASIS also they provided nest boxes Insecticide treated to reduce infestations of bee and wasp (Campos et al . 2014). These measures have proved effective, with 16 boxes occupied in 2012 give place to 97 eggs and 71 chicks hatched successfully.

A education and awareness campaign large scale was carried out in the Serra de Baturité in 2008 (C. Albano in a little. 2007, 2008) and continues today, with many schools currently participating in education programs AQUASIS (Campos et al . 2014).

A main objective of AQUASIS is to promote the Cotorra pechigrís Como specie of the nsignia, the work being supported by commercial NGOs and ecotourism WATER Trails of the Park (Anonymous 2009).

AQUASIS also it aims to develop the ability to bird watching and a development process of consciousness creating alternative livelihoods (Anonymous 2009). A visitor center has recently been established (Campos et al . 2014).

It breeds well in captivity and stocks are held in Brazil and abroad. Always captive breeding is well managed and coordinated, it could be used for reintroduction into nature.

They are being conducted studies on factors influencing the survival rate of chicks, population's genetics (in future DNA techniques can be used as a deterrent against illegal collection of wild birds); both adults and juveniles have been banded (Campos et al . 2014).

Conservation Actions Proposed

Conduct more studies in areas similar to the mountains Baturité in the northeast of Brazil, such as Sierras de Aratanha, Maranguape and Machado, by the presence of additional existing populations.

continue population monitoring known in Serra de Baturité.

improve conservation management practiced in the Guaramiranga Ecological Park.

Provide incentives for landowners to increase the network of private reserves Baturité mountains.

Monitor and control trade locally, National and international.

Investigate the feasibility of using giant bamboo (Dendrocalamus giganteus) as sites for constructing artificial nests (Campos et al . 2014).

continue making awareness campaigns to promote the Grey-breasted Parakeet as a symbol for conservation of rain forests and associated biodiversity in Baturité mountains.

Investigate in situ conservation measures.

In captivity:

Its continuous capture, both for domestic and international trade, They have led to this beautiful bird to a critical situation, there are only 200 specimens in the nature. There are probably more animals captivity in its natural habitat

Protected by the Appendix II of CITES, each captive specimen of this species that is capable of reproducing, It is placed in a well-run program of captive breeding and not be sold as a pet, in order to ensure long term survival.

Alternative names:


- Gray-breasted Conure, Gray-breasted Parakeet, Grey-breasted Conure, Grey-breasted Parakeet, Maroon-faced Parakeet (Gray-breasted) (inglés).
- Conure à poitrine grise (francés).
- Graubrustsittich, Salvadori-Weißohrsittich (alemán).
- Tiriba-de-orelha-branca, tiriba-de-peito-cinza, periquito cara-suja (portugués).
- Cotorra pechigrís, Periquito sujo, Cotorra de pecho gris (español).

Salvadori-Thomas
Salvadori Tommaso

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Pyrrhura
- Nombre científico: Pyrrhura griseipectus
- Citation: Salvadori, 1900
- Protónimo: Pyrrhura griseipectus

Grey-breasted Parakee images:

————————————————————————————————

Grey-breasted Parakeet (Pyrrhura griseipectus)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Grey-breasted Parakeet By writhedhornbill [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Grey-breasted Parakeet by Internet Archive Book ImagesFlickr

Sounds: Ciro Albano, XC7948. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/7948

Imperial Parrot
Amazona imperialis

Imperial Parrot

Description:

The largest gender Amazona, measuring up 45 cm.. length.

Imperial Parrot

The Imperial Parrot (Amazona imperialis) has the lores and forecrown, deep purple; cheeks and ear-coverts, brown; crown purple with dark emerald edges; sides neck and nape, deep purple with black tips, sometimes with a subterminal band emerald.

Mantle, back and scapulars, green bluish tipped pens some. Wing coverts green with scarlet at bend of wing. Primaries dark brown-black with green at the base of the outerweb; outer secondaries purple with patch in crimson outerweb, forming a speculum; inner secondary dark green tipped blue.

Under wings green, coverts with blue tips. Throat, chest and belly, deep purple with black tips; some feathers (especially in the chest) show the subterminal band pinkish-vinous or olive-green, while others (visible from certain angles) bright blue sides and ends; the thighs and sides belly green with blue tips; undertail-coverts green with blue markings and vinous. Tail green at the base with a subterminal band dull reddish-brown and vinous tip. Bill dark horn, paler at the base; irises orange; legs dark gray.

The female is paler. The immature It has green on crown, the nape and lower cheeks.

  • Sound of the Imperial Parrot.

Habitat:

The Imperial Parrot frequents the canopy of primary rainforest mountain, sometimes dwarf forests (above 1.200 m), preferring areas with mature trees Dacryodes excelsa and palms as Euterpe dominicana. Mainly they distributed in altitudes of 600-1300 m, but reports at altitudes 150-300 meters when birds fall in response to food shortages or food preferences. The communal roosts They form in traditional sites, for example in large trees Dacryodes or Sloanea berteriana, They are using one year to another (but not necessarily throughout the year.

Reproduction:

Nest in holes in high forest trees, for example Dacryodes or Sloanea. The nesting territory, probably defended throughout the year. Breeding season usually occurs during the dry season between February June, when resources are more abundant. Clutch two eggs. Possibly they breed only every two years, with a calf usually by clutch.

Food:

Foods reported include fruits of Dacryodes, Licania ternatensis, Richeria grandis, Amanoa caribaea, Simarouba amara, Symphonia giobulifera, Pouteria pallida, Tapura antillana, flowers and fruits of Chimarrhis cymosa, nuts and sprouts young palms Euterpe. Usually it is fed in the morning and evening.

Distribution y status:

Tamaño de su área de distribución (reproductor/residente): 240 km2

The Imperial Parrot It is endemic to the Dominica Island in the Lesser Antilles. Formerly she lived in the central highlands around Morne Diablotin (1.447 m, the highest mountain in Dominica) in the North of Morne Anglais, in the South. In 1950 It was reduced to two disjoint forest areas, about Morne Diablotin and around Morne Anglais, where the last reliable vision was in 1983. In Morne Diablotin, per se, birds found in increasing altitudes due to habitat loss and alteration on the lower slopes. Probably now absent on the south side, with the northwest side, particularly in the upper valley of río Picard, in the area of Morne Plaisance and Dyer Estates, It is critical.

Resident. Early observers believed that the Imperial Parrot It was scarce. further investigation (1870) He revealed that it was common to abundant, but the numbers were reduced rapidly due to the loss of habitat, hunting and capture for the pet trade. The census 1975 He suggested a total of 150-250 birds. In 1979, only 16 in Morne Anglais, when a hurricane further reduced the population. In 1987 a survey estimated the total population to 60 specimens. A census 1990 He suggested 80 parrots (possibly, but less than 100), with 80-100 estimated 1993. The species is at serious risk of loss of habitat (mainly due to the conversion of forest tree crop plantations, especially bananas, provided by the new infrastructure) and impacts of hurricanes (to which birds are highly vulnerable in such a restricted range) that destroy food plants and nesting sites. Hunting and gathering for local pet markets have significantly decreased thanks to a Program successful conservation education. Foreign collectors birds remain a persistent threat, but birds are extremely rare in captivity locally or in international trade. Part habitat is protected in the North Forest Reserve, but the important neighboring areas are excluded and remain at risk. Completely protected by national legislation. CITES Appendix I.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: In danger of extinction.

• Population trend: Increasing.

• Population size: 160-240

Justification of the red list category

Conservation action in the past 30 years has improved the situation of this species. The numbers have increased in recent years, but still they can only be 250 mature individuals, calling the species as endangered. If the population continues to increase, It will be finally reduced to Vulnerable unless there is concomitant decreases in available habitat.

Justification of the population

The population is estimated at 250-350 individuals in total, approximately equivalent to 160-240 mature individuals (PR Reillo in a bit., 2012).

Justification of trend

No new data on demographic trends, but it is suspected that the species continues to increase at a rate not quantified due to conservation efforts.

Threats

A combination of habitat loss (mainly conversion to plantations, especially bananas (Snyder et to the., 2000) , and hurricane-related damage), It hunting for food and capture for the cage bird trade, They have been the main reasons for the decline of this species to 1990 (PR Reillo in some). Local trade has been considerably reduced, if not eliminated, as a result of a successful education program, but foreign collectors birds may pose a threat (Snyder et to the., 2000). The competition for nesting sites of the largest Red-necked Parrot (Amazona arausiaca) presumably it will be more significant as the lowland forest is lost and the two species are increasingly putting contact (Ministry of Agriculture and Environment of Dominica 2000).

Conservation Actions Underway

Appendices I and II of CITES. It is protected by national legislation. En los últimos años, They have made considerable efforts to protect adequate habitat and sensitize local citizens to their needs. Successful education programs for conservation have significantly reduced local trade. It is protected in all national parks, Forest Reserve in North and Central Forest Reserve, but important areas adjacent to these reserves remain unprotected (Ministry of Agriculture and Environment of Dominica 2000, Snyder et to the., 2000). An area 33 km 2 of North Forest Reserve it has been designated as Morne Diablotin National Park (Collar (1997to, Wiley et al 2007) . It is also present in small amounts in the Morne Trois Pitons National Park (Reillo 2001, Wiley et al., 2007) . In 2011 reports were published first breeding in captivity of the species (Reillo et al., 2011).

Conservation Actions Proposed

Monitor the population. Continue the implementation of the protection of National Parks Morne Diablotin and Morne Trois Pitons and Forest Reserves North and Central. Study the ecology of this species and the factors affecting their status (including interspecific competition) (Ministry of Agriculture and Environment of Dominica 2000, Zamora y Durand 1998, Wiley et al 2007) . Continue prohibiting trade in this species, exports to captive breeding and importation of non-native psitáquinas as pets in Dominica (PR Reillo in some. 2012).

In captivity:

Completely protected by national legislation. CITES Appendix I.

Each captive specimen of this species which is capable of reproducing, It is placed in a well-managed program captive breeding and not be sold as a pet, with the objective of ensure their survival long-term.

Alternative names:


- August Parrot, Dominican Amazon, Dominican Parrot, Imperial Amazon, Imperial Parrot (inglés).
- Amazone de Bouquet, Amazone de la Dominique, Amazone impériale, Amazone sisserou (francés).
- Kaiseramazone (alemán).
- Papagaio-imperial (portugués).
- Amazona Imperial (español).

Charles Wallace Richmond

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Amazona
- Nombre científico: Amazona imperialis
- Citation: Charles Wallace Richmond (American ornithologist), 1899
- Protónimo: Amazona imperialis

Images Imperial Parrot:

Imperial Parrot (Amazona imperialis)

Sources:

Avibase
Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Imperial Amazon (also known as the Imperial Parrot and Sisserou Parrot) at the Parrot Conservation and Research Centre Botanical Gardens, Roseau, Dominica By Amazona_imperialis_-Roseau_-Dominica_-aviary-6a.jpg: Andrew Szymanskiderivative work: Snowmanradio [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Amazona imperialis By David William Mitchell (1813–1859) (The Genera of Birds. Volume 2) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Jesse Fagan, XC188165. accessible Sound of Imperial Amazon

Golden-tailed Parrotlet
Touit surdus

Golden-tailed Parrotlet

Description:

16 cm.. length.

Golden-tailed Parrotlet

The Golden-tailed Parrotlet (Touit surdus) has a plumage mostly green; the forecrown, lores, supercilii area and cheeks, They are yellowed; crown, rear area of the neck, ear-coverts and sides neck, green with dark narrow margins, giving a scaly appearance.

Mantle and back, green with rump and uppertail-coverts slightly brighter, more emerald. Scapulars and inner tertials, warm brown: primary coverts, dark brown, rest of the coverts green. The the flight feathers They are brown above with narrow green margins to outerweb; brown opaque below. Blue feathers Carpal edge of the wing. Underwing-coverts green. Chin yellowish; chest brighter yellowish green, brighter in the belly and in the undertail-coverts. Tail, centrally green with faint black markings at tips, laterally golden-yellow with narrow black tips on upper surface.. The bill yellow horn; gray irises, legs grey.

The female perhaps duller below, with lateral feathers tail greener and green tips and margins. Immature not described.

  • Sound of the Golden-tailed Parrotlet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cotorrita sorda.mp3]
Description 2 subspecies:

The subspecies Touit surdus chryseurus it has been proposed to birds of northeastern range on the basis of dubious lateral tail feathers more brownish and smaller.

  • Touit surdus chryseurus

    (Swainson, 1823) – Side tail feathers, brown / yellow; smaller.

  • Touit surdus surdus

    (Kuhl, 1820) – Nominal.

Habitat:

They live mainly in evergreen forests lowland, although occasionally they extend to the adjacent lower mountain slopes. Birds have been observed in the canopy of a secondary forest fragment surrounded by open fields; Other reports suggest that birds visit fruiting trees in deforested areas to feed.

You can visit, occasionally, cocoa plantations where trees shade the crop plants, but this has not been tested. They are to 700 m in Alagoas and to 800 m in Espirito Santo, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. The Brown-backed Parrotlet They seem to live in flocks (mainly 6-12), perhaps you composed of family groups.

Recent observations suggest that this species is resistant habitat alteration.

Reproduction:

The reproduction of this species practically is not registered. A female observed in September Alagoas, He was not in breeding condition.

Food:

Foods reported in feed Brown-backed Parrotlet are fruits Spondias lutea and Rapanea schwackeana

Distribution:

Tamaño de su área de distribución (reproductor/residente ): 1.680.000 km2

The distribution of the Brown-backed Parrotlet It extends through Atlantic forests of eastern Brazil, including coastal areas of the northeastern states of Paraíba, Pernambuco and Alagoas with a record Camocim in the North of Ceará, where there are fragments of rainforest in coastal areas.

Existen sporadic records but widespread (mainly) on the shores of Bay and Espirito Santo, and in Rio de Janeiro, for example in Teresopolis, around the Itatiaia National Park, new Freiburg and Cabo Frio, with some reports São Paulo southwest to Cardoso Island, near the border with Paraná. The reports of For and Goiás They are not substantiated and they are probably wrong. The apparent seasonal distribution of the species in some areas suggests migration trends.

They seem to be distributed at low densities and (except a report in the lower basin Tiete river in Sao Paulo) It was considered a rare species in the nineteenth century. Like other members of the genus is, without a doubt, ave a difficult to observe, and often overlooked. However, many ancient villages are no longer inhabited, with forests completely eliminated or severely degraded lowland, especially in the north of the mountain range, where you can be almost extinct. In the news They are distributed in several protected areas.

Distribution 2 subspecies:
Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Population size: 2500-9999 specimens.

Justification of the red list category

This species is classified as Vulnerable because its population is small and declining rapidly due to continuous deforestation. It has been found that it is more resistant to forest fragmentation of what was thought first, and may be sub-registered instead of actually little, especially in the southern part of its range.

Justification of the population

The species is generally rare; Its population is in the band 2.500-9.999 mature individuals, equivalent to 3.750-14.999 individuals, round here 3.500-15.000 individuals.

Justification of trend

rapid and continuous population decline is suspected on the basis of continuous destruction and fragmentation of habitat.

Conservation Actions Underway

CITES Appendix II. It is considered Vulnerable nationally in Brazil (MMA 2014). And protected by Brazilian law. There have been numerous protected areas: Hewn Stone Biological Reserve (Alagoas), Monte Pascoal National Park and Serra das Lontras, Biological Reserve and Private Reserve Serra Nice (Bahia), Great stream, Sooretama and Augusto Ruschi), Desengano State Park and Itatiaia National Park (Rio de Janeiro)

Conservation Actions Proposed

Examine the historical towns and proper habitat to clarify the distribution. Ecology Research and seasonal movements. designate murici in Alagoas biological reserve and ensure their protection de facto. Consolidate protected areas distributed.

In captivity:

Rare and unknown in captivity. Any captive individual (it can not be released) It should be part of a conservation program well managed to ensure continuity of this species.

Alternative names:


- Golden-tailed Parrotlet, Golden tailed Parrotlet (inglés).
- Toui à queue d'or (francés).
- Gelbschwanzpapagei, Gelbschwanz-Papagei (alemán).
- Apuim-de-cauda-amarela, papagainho, periquitinho, periquitinho-surdo (portugués).
- Cotorrita Sorda, Lorito de Cola Dorada (español).

Kuhl, Heinrich
Heinrich Kuhl

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Touit
- Nombre científico: Touit surdus
- Citation: (Kuhl, 1820)
- Protónimo: Psittacus surdus

Images Golden-tailed Parrotlet:

Golden-tailed Parrotlet (Touit surdus)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • parrots.org

  • Photos:

(1) – Golden-tailed Parrotlet – Touit surdus – Golden-tailed parrotlet by Ciro Albano

httpv://www.YouTube.com/watch?v = ZaWxtXYx6U

(2) – Urochroma deaf By Blanchard, Emile; Bonaparte, Charles Lucian; Bourjot Saint-Hilaire, Alexandre; Le Vaillant, François; Souancé, Charles de. [CC BY 2.0 or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Use of cookies

This web site uses cookies so that you have the best user experience. If you continue browsing you are giving your consent for the acceptance of the aforementioned cookies and the acceptance of our cookies policy, Click the link for more information.plugin cookies

TO ACCEPT
Notice of cookies