▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

Todl`s Parakeet (sub)
Pyrrhura picta caeruleiceps

Cotorrita de Perijá

Content

Perija Parakeet. Copyright ProAves Colombia.

Description:

21-23 cm.. height.

The Todl`s Parakeet (Pyrrhura picta caeruleiceps) It is generally green with the forehead and areas around the eyes, dark red.

In flight the dark red stain is very evident abdomen. Wings below greyish. The crown and nape they are blue; the front and sides of the strip head, red and scaly appearance of the chest with wider margins. This subspecies is included within the species Pyrrhura picta.

Cotorrita de Perijá

Notes:

    Historically, classification of Pyrrhura picta caeruleiceps (Todd 1947) He has been subject to opinions found. While some authors recognize this taxon at the species level, others consider it a subspecies of Pyrrhura subandina (Todd 1947) or Pyrrhura picta (Meyer de Schauensee 1949), the latter being the most widely followed classification (Hilty & Brown 1986, pit et to the. 1997, Rodríguez & Hernandez-Camacho 2002). Based on analysis of morphological characters, Joseph (2000) and Joseph & Stockwell (2002) suggested that P. caeruleiceps should be considered as a distinct phylogenetic species and that the taxon Pyrrhura pantchenkoi (Phelps 1977), described from two specimens with worn plumage, is its synonym. Hilty (2003) He continued this treatment, but the classification committee Bird South America of the American Ornithologists’ Union recently it considered that existing information was insufficient to support this taxonomic change according to the biological species concept and kept provisionally caeruleiceps like a subspecies of painted parakeet (Remsen et al. 2010).
    Source: Rediscovery and notes on the ecology and vocalizations of Todd’s Parakeet (Pyrrhura picta caeruleiceps) in northeastern Colombia

Ecology:

They inhabit in humid jungle, semi-humid and low cloud forests.
Nest sizable trees in abandoned nests of other species.

Distribution:

The enigmatic and little known Todl`s Parakeet (Pyrrhura picta caeruleiceps) It has a very restricted range in the rainforest, mainly between 500 and 900 Attitude meters along the border between Colombia and Venezuela, as well as patches of tropical forest in the foothills of the Serrania del Perija.

Its Freedom population It is believed to be about 30 to 50 individuals.

Conservation:

State of conservation ⓘ


Endangered Endangered (UICN)ⓘ

The forest loss and fragmentation are the main threats facing this bird, but the species is also trapped and kept in cages as a pet. According to the categories of UICN It is considered In danger (IN), mainly due to the habitat destruction.

Images "Todl`s Parakeet (sub)"

Videos "Todl`s Parakeet (sub)"



Especies del género Pyrrhura

Sources:


– Parrot Book, Parrots and macaws Neotropical
– Proaves

▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

Red-tailed black cockatoo
Calyptorhynchus banksii

Red-tailed black cockatoo

Content

Description

55 to 60 cm.. length between 570 and 870 weight g.

The adults of the Red-tailed black cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus banksii) present sexual dimorphism. The male is entirely black, with the exception of the sides of the tail that are of color red glossy. The upper part of the head It is a long Ridge which starts from the front and goes up to the nape. The bill is grey dark.

The females they are slightly smaller. Show a plumage blackish brown with yellow-orange stripes on the tail and the chest. The cheeks and wings they are covered with small yellow spots. The bill is of color bone pale. Lower parts to the tail coverts they are finely excluded in beige.

The youth are similar to the females until they reach the maturity sexual, around the 4 years. Gradually, as they approach this age, YM will acquire their feathers red which gradually replaced their initial feathers in yellow.

Description 5 subspecies

They differ from each other mainly by the size of their beak.

  • Calyptorhynchus banksii banksii

    (Latham, 1790) – Nominal. Grand. Bill dark grey.


  • Calyptorhynchus banksii graptogyne

    (Schodde, Saunders,DA & Homberger, 1989) – It is the smaller of the 5 Subspecies.


  • Calyptorhynchus banksii macrorhynchus

    (Gould, 1843) – Large as it nominal.


  • Calyptorhynchus banksii naso

    (Gould, 1837) – They have wings that seem to be more long and pointy.


  • Calyptorhynchus banksii samueli

    (Mathews, 1917) – Have a size and bill smaller.

Habitat:

Wide variety of habitats. Grasslands and scrub, from the dense rainforests to the forests of acacia and eucalyptus.
Nestbox, These birds are generally dependent on the old eucalyptus, although according to which regions regions, the variety of trees for nesting, could be different.

To feed, flocks of these cockatoos, they penetrate in agricultural lands and orchards, becoming a real plague.
In all parts of the Australian mainland, have been observed seasonal movements.
In the North, most cockatoos flee from high humidity areas during the rainy season.
In other parts of the continent, We are seeing movements directly related to food.
In South Australia, the movements are carried out in the South-North direction and are not necessarily linked to the stations.

Reproduction:

It nests in the hollow of the following trees: MARRI, Jarrah, Wandoo, Karri and Bullich. Eggs are laid on the bottom of a hollow log, up dry branches, between March and December. The cavity can have a depth of one to two meters. The diameter of the entry may vary from 25 to 50 centimeters.

The laying is of an only egg (In rare cases two). The incubation runs by features of the female and lasts between 29 and 31 days.
At birth the chicks are covered by a little and yellow plumage. Most of the time, the second calf is abandoned and eventually dies from lack of food. The surviving offspring is fed by both parents..

Food:

It feeds mainly from seeds, in particular those of Eucalyptus Marri (E. calophylla). Chew small branches, seizes clusters with legs and the “Chew” to extract the seeds. Strip the remains to the soil, at the foot of the tree. It is a great vegetarian, also eats berries, fruit, some insects and larvae. Occasionally it feeds on plants or varieties introduced as the radish wild, turnips or melons.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 8.680.000 km2

endemic to Australia, where in drier areas.
They are especially prevalent in the northern part of the country. In the South, they are less abundant and more dispersed.

The WPT (World Parrot Trust) contributed funds to a project in the South of Australia for help to save to these birds.

Distribution 5 subspecies

They differ from each other mainly by the size of their beak.

Conservation:

State of conservation ⓘ


Status Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

In the past it was common, but now it has become rare, It is distributed unevenly in areas that have been significantly reduced.
The decrease is caused by the deforestation, the competition for the nesting with species native and exotic, as well as the fires.

It is believed that the world's population exceeds the 100.000 individuals.
the subspecies graptogyne was estimated to be in less of 1.000 individuals in 1989.
Only the subspecies of the Southwest, Calyptorhynchus banksii naso, is considered as “Vulnerable”.

The subspecies Calyptorhynchus banksii banksii is not classified as threatened in all regions.

"Red-tailed black cockatoo" in captivity:

Excellent with a very devoted owner. It can be quite noisy. It has a moderate ability to imitate human sound.
There has been an increase in captive birds in Australia. It is very rare as bird cage.
They can live in 50 to 100 years in captivity. The variety Calyptorhynchus banksii naso, of 25 to 50 years.

Alternative names:

Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo, Banksian Cockatoo, Banks’s Black Cockatoo, Black Cockatoo (English).
Cacatoès banksien, Cacatoès de Banks (French).
Rabenkakadu (German).
Cacatua-negra-de-cauda-vermelha (Portuguese).
Cacatúa Colirroja, Cacatúa Fúnebre de Cola Roja (español).

John Latham
John Latham

scientific classification:


Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cacatuidae
Genus: Calyptorhynchus
Scientific name: Calyptorhynchus banksii
Citation: (Latham, 1790)
Protonimo: Psittacus Banksii


Images Red-tailed Cockatoo:



Species of the genus Calyptorhynchus
  • Calyptorhynchus banksii
  • —- Calyptorhynchus banksii banksii
  • —- Calyptorhynchus banksii graptogyne
  • —- Calyptorhynchus banksii macrorhynchus
  • —- Calyptorhynchus banksii naso
  • —- Calyptorhynchus banksii samueli
  • Calyptorhynchus lathami
  • —- Calyptorhynchus lathami erebus
  • —- Calyptorhynchus lathami halmaturinus
  • —- Calyptorhynchus lathami lathami

  • Sources:

    Avibase
    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    Birdlife

    – Photos: Laslovarga (commons.wikimedia.org), Wikipedia, Scarlet23 (Wikipedia), Uploaded by Casliber (Wikipedia), Uploaded by Peter Campbell (Wikipedia)

    – Sounds: Nigel Jackett

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Orange-fronted hanging parrot
    Loriculus aurantiifrons

    Loriculo Bean

    Content


    Anatomy-parrots-eng

    Description

    It measures each 11 cm.. length and a weight between 13 and 16 g..

    Hanging-Papu

    The head of the Orange-fronted hanging parrot (Loriculus aurantiifrons) is green, with the front of the crown yellow (sharp demarcation of the green in the crown rear). Upperparts green, with rump and uppertail-coverts bright red; sides rump with yellow marks. Wings Greens with vane internal to the flight feather blackish. Blue with green Underwing coverts. Chin red, rest of the underparts are slightly more yellowish than upperparts (especially coverts). Timoneras pens Green with tips yellow; undertail bluish.

    Bill black; Iris whitish; legs brownish black.

    Female has the face and the part front of it crown Green with red and pale blue feathers. Spada Red more small that it's the male. Iris brown.

    The young birds lack of the crown and throat red. Bill brown.

    Description 3 subspecies

    • Loriculus aurantiifrons aurantiifrons

      (Schlegel, 1871) – Nominal


    • Loriculus aurantiifrons batavorum

      (Stresemann, 1913) – Male with less yellow in forecrown. Female similar to nominal.


    • Loriculus aurantiifrons meeki

      (Hartert, 1895) – The male as of the subspecies batavorum but slightly larger. Female also similar to nominal but larger and bases of feathers on the front of the crown, yellow-brown color.

    Habitat:

    The Orange-fronted hanging parrot they are distributed in the low jungle to a altitude approximate of 1.200 m (from time to time to 1.000 m), along the edges of forests, in palm plantations, areas of secondary growth, casuarinas, pines, gardens and partially cleared areas.

    The species is inconspicuous and usually difficult to detect, except when they are called among them, Since it flies above the canopy. It is usually found in groups of two to four members, foraging at various levels in the forest.

    Birds perch on occasions in a branch and sing (possibly part of their courtship behavior).

    Reproduction:

    Guidelines of nesting you have registered between July and October, and it is said that on one occasion a bird was found incubating four eggs in a hole to 12 meters above the ground. The birds have also been observed visiting holes in arboreal termite, perhaps to rest.

    Food:

    Is them has observed entering their peak next to the needles of casuarinas, probably in search of Lerp insects. The diet also includes outbreaks, fruits and flowers.

    Distribution:

    Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 576.000 km2

    Widely distributed, Although not particularly continuously, through much of the lowlands of New Guinea, in both Irian Java, Indonesian, and Papua New Guinea, Although it can be absent from most of the Center-South of the big island.

    Its small size, coloration and habits make difficult his observation. Field work are running that the species is continuing in the North and South of New Guinea with the clinal variation in size. The range includes the following islands of the coast: Misool, Waigeo, Karkar, Fergusson and Goodenough.

    Distribution 3 subspecies:

    • Loriculus aurantiifrons aurantiifrons

      Nominal.


    • Loriculus aurantiifrons batavorum

      Waigeu, West of the papua islands, and Northwest of New Guinea, East Coast region North of Sepik River, North of Papua New Guinea, and the South coast of Setekwa River, Irian Jaya.


    • Loriculus aurantiifrons meeki

      Fergusson, Goodenough, Karkar Islands (Papua New Guinea), and this from New Guinea, from the coast north to the West of the region of Sepik River, and in the South West area of lowland up to the region of Fly River, and possibly in the vicinity of Irian Jaya.

    Conservation:


    Status


    • Current IUCN Red List category: Least concern.

    • Population trend: Stable.

    The world population of the Orange-fronted hanging parrot It has not been quantified, Although it is suspected that it may be most of 100.000 specimens and are considered stable and locally common (pit et to the. 1997).

    The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.


    "Orange-fronted hanging parrot" in captivity:

    extremely rare.

    Alternative names:

    Orange-fronted Hanging-Parrot, Bat Lorikeet, Golden-fronted Hanging-Parrot, Misool Hanging-Parrot, Orange fronted Hanging Parrot, Orange-fronted Hanging Parrot, Papuan Hanging Parrot, Papuan Hanging-Parrot (ingles).
    Coryllis à front orange (French).
    Goldstirnpapageichen, Grünstirnpapag (German).
    Lorículo Papú (español).


    scientific classification:

    Hermann Schlegel
    Hermann Schlegel

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittaculidae
    Genus: Loriculus
    Scientific name: Loriculus aurantiifrons
    Citation: Schlegel, 1871
    Protonimo: Loriculus aurantiifrons

    Images "Orange-fronted hanging parrot"

    “Orange-fronted hanging parrot” (Loriculus aurantiifrons)


    Sources:

    Avibase
    Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    Birdlife

    Photos:

    (1) – Rockjumper
    (2) – hbw

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Thick-billed Parrot
    Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha


    Cotorra Serrana Occidental

    Content

    Description:

    Ilustración Cotorra Serrana Occidental

    38 cm.. of length and a weight of 300 g..

    The Thick-billed Parrot (Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha) has the forecrown, the lores and a large swath in the region supercilii, bright Scarlet Red; a small patch of feathers brown in color lores, directly in front of the eyes; the crown, the cheeks and the sides of the neck are green with yellow tinge. The upperparts Green tinged indistinct tone olive in scapulars.

    Upperwing-coverts Green with red feathers in the region where bend the wings. The flight feather of color green for over, with blackish tips and margins to the vane inner, grey below. Large infra-wing coverts Yellow, other coverts green.

    Underparts Green with red on the the thighs. Upper, the tail green; gray at the bottom.

    The bill black; bare orbital skin yellowish white; irises yellow-orange; legs grey.

    Both sexes similar.

    Immature with the bill color horn, greyish the bare orbital skin, and no Scarlet feathers behind the eye or red in the region where bend the wings.

    The Thick-billed Parrot is often treated as the same species as the Maroon-fronted Parrot.

    Habitat:

    It inhabits in Highlands with mature pine forests or pine forests with other conifers of the genus Pseudotsuga, malls Populus and/or trees of the genus Quercus, in areas isolated and often rugged, sometimes are also observed in towns of lowlands.

    They are mostly distributed at altitudes between 1,500 and 3,000 m, breeding generally at heights between 2,000 and 3,000 m.

    Its preference they are areas with Pinus arizonica and Pinus ayacahuite. In general, observed in flocks. They rest in large groups on inaccessible cliffs or trees with dense foliage. Diurnal movements of up 40 km between resting areas and feeding.

    Long-lived and gregarious, they form social groups; because of this, over time the Thick-billed Parrot they return to visit forests which are of your choice.

    Reproduction:

    Nest in the cavities of trees, usually pine, but also, according to sources, in trees of the species Populus tremuloides and Pseudotsuga taxifolia; usually in trees partially dead or alive, with small holes excavated, for example, by woodpeckers as the Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus) or caused by fungal decomposition in the Heartwood wood; sometimes very together (in the same tree) When there is available room, Although generally scattered.

    The breeding season coincides with the ripening of the pine seeds; birds, usually, They arrive at the breeding area between the months of April and May, carrying out the mid June to end of July update. The young begin to leave the nest from early September to late October, after 59 – 65 days, depending on their parents for a period of time after fledging.

    Clutch of 2 to 4 eggs, generally three, Perhaps variable with the size of the harvest of pine seeds. The care of the eggs during incubation is carried out by the female and the care of the young is biparental..

    Food:

    Diet Thick-billed Parrot It is mainly composed of pine seeds (including the of the Pinus teocote and of the Pinus leiophylla) extracted from the cones with its powerful beak; They also feed, according to sources, of seeds and sprouts coniferous Pseudotsuga, fruits of the American black cherry (Prunus serotina) and acorns.

    Distribution:

    Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 67.100 km2

    The distribution Master of the Thick-billed Parrot lies between the West and centre of Mexico, with sporadic movements towards the North and towards South.

    You can see in Sierra Madre Occidental in the South of Chihuahua, South and West of Durango, the adjacent areas of the East of Sonora and Sinaloa; confirmed breeding only in the first two states.

    Like other bird specialists in pine seeds, the Thick-billed Parrot wanders widely after playback, sporadically to South-West of Mexico in Jalisco, Colima and Michoacán, previously to the East up to Veracruz (Although these records are possibly involved the Maroon-fronted ParrotRhynchopsitta in terris) and, possibly, Coahuila de Zaragoza.

    Formerly it was a sporadic visitor, and possibly resided and lesson in Arizona (especially in the mountains of Chiricahua, in the South) and in New Mexico, EE.UU, Although since the beginning of the century 20 no large-scale visits have been observed and the latest reproductive data in the area date from the 1938.

    The presence of the Thick-billed Parrot is determined by the availability of pine seeds; the core of your playback area It seems to be the most constantly occupied area.

    The decrease important in your population during the century 20 as a result ,mainly, of the loss and degradation of habitat, with the absence of these birds where the large pines were cut down, mainly by forestry. The loss of birds in EE.UU. was attributable to the hunt, but his presence there, probably, It was only in the short term, When were feeding conditions unusually favorable (or on the contrary very unfavorable in Mexico).

    The recent threats in Mexico they are the trade in live birds and the continuous loss of habitat for livestock, as well as logging (the loss of old trees for nesting is a major problem that puts this species at a higher risk than the of the Maroon-fronted Parrot, when the latter uses the cliffs to build their nests).

    Confiscated and captive-bred birds were released in Arizona at the end of the Decade of 1960, with the first successful reproduction in EE.UU. shortly after, although unfortunately the birds have mostly disappeared from that area.

    There are no protected areas in Sierra Madre Occidental. The Appendix I. In danger.

    Conservation:

    State of conservation ⓘ


    Endangered Endangered (UICN)ⓘ

    • Red List category of the UICN current: In danger of extinction

    • Population trend: Decreasing

    The thick-billed Parrot is found in danger of extinction due to the destruction of nesting habitat, as well as his commercial exploitation, the decrease of population who have suffered these parrots is very evident to those that, long overdue, They inhabit the timber areas of Chihuahua and Durango (Lanning and Shiflett, 1981).

    The commercial logging of pine living for wood, as well as standing dead trees to obtain their pulp, they are ending with a lot of nesting sites effective and potential for these birds (Lanning and Shiflett, 1983).

    The trade of the parrots seemed to be minimal until the 1980s (Lanning and Shiflett, 1981), However, It is estimated that during 1985 and 1986 between several hundred and even thousands of parrots were illegally trafficked to the United States of America (Snyder & Wallace, 1988).

    To reduce these threats the species and its habitat, There are legal instruments such as the vedas and provisions in the Law-General ecological balance and environmental protection (LGEEPA) and General wildlife law (LGVS); as well as the Norma Oficial Mexicana NOM-059-SEMARNAT-2001 that lists the species of Mexican wild flora and fauna under some risk category and the inclusion and modification mechanisms.

    The size of the population of the Thick-billed Parrot It is estimated between 2000-2800 mature individuals.

    "Thick-billed Parrot" in captivity:

    Its sale as a pet is illegal.

    Alternative names:

    Thick-billed Macawlet, Thick billed Parrot, Thick-billed Parrot (English).
    Conure à gros bec, Perriche à gros bec, Perruche à gros bec (French).
    Kiefernsittich, Arasittich, Kiefern Sittich (German).
    Papagaio-mexicano-de-testa-vermelha (Portuguese).
    Cotorra de Pico Ancho, Cotorra serrana, Cotorra Serrana Occidental, Cotorra-serrana Occidental (español).
    Cotorra serrana, Cotorra-serrana Occidental, Loro de Pico Grueso Occidental Mexicano, Cotorra de Pico Duro,
    Guacamaya, Guaca
    (Mexico).


    scientific classification:

    William Swainson
    William Swainson

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittacidae
    Genus: Rhynchopsitta
    Scientific name: Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha
    Citation: (Swainson, 1827)
    Protonimo: Macrocercus pachyrhynchus


    Thick-billed Parrot images:



    Species of the genus Rhynchopsitta

    Thick-billed Parrot (Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha)


    Sources:

    Avibase
    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    – Birdlife
    – National Commission of Natural Protected Areas

    Photos:

    (1) – Two Thick-billed Parrots at Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, Tucson, Arizona, USA By Tim Lenz from Ithaca (Thick-billed ParrotsUploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (2) – Thick-Billed Parrots at Twycross Zoo, Leicestershire, England By derivative work: Snowmanradio (talk)Rhynchopsitta_pachyrhyncha_-Twycross_Zoo-8.jpg: Paul Reynolds from UK [CC BY 2.0 or CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (3) – An adult Thick-billed Parrot at Edinburgh Zoo, Scotland By Jenni Douglas from Edinburgh, Scotland (Thick billed ParrotUploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (4) – A Thick-billed Parrot at Cincinnati Zoo, USA By Rhynchopsitta_pachyrhyncha_-captive-8a.jpg: Jean from Shelbyville, KYderivative work: Snowmanradio [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (5) – Three adult Thick-billed Parrots in captivity in the USA By Joe Mazzola (LovebirdsUploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (6) – Thick-billed Parrot (Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha). Two parrots on a nestbox By Just chaos [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (7) – Thick-billed Parrot Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha at Cincinnati Zoo By Ltshears (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons
    (8) – A Thick-billed Parrot in captivity By Mark Dumont from Cincinnati, USA (Thick Billed ParrotUploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (9) – Thick-billed Parrot – Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha at Cincinnati Zoo By Ltshears (Own work) [CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (10) – Monographia Psittacorum By Wagler, Johann Georg [CC BY 2.0 or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

    Sounds: Scott Olmstead (Xeno-canto)

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Dusky-headed Parakeet
    Aratinga weddellii

    Aratinga Cabecifusca

    Content


    Anatomy-parrots-eng

    Description:

    Of 25-30 cm.. length and a weight between 95-115 g.

    The head of the Dusky-headed Parakeet (Aratinga weddellii) is greyish Brown, with off blue stripes that give it a scaly appearance. The upperparts are green, the feathers of the nape they have yellowish margins (some banks in the mantle), the back and Hip with Brown centers, giving an appearance of Brown altogether. The scapulars with varying between Brown and green edges; the minor, large and medium-sized inner coverts green grass with paler green margins; the outer and the primary coverts are dark blue. Primary and secondary mostly blue with vane outer Green or green margins toward the vane external in the primaries; very dark (almost black) the Tips. Underwing-coverts green: underside of the flight feather opaque gray. Top of the chest pale green with turquoise suffusion; belly and undertail-coverts pale yellowish green, greener on the flanks. Upper, the tail green, Blue towards the tip: undertail, opaque gray.

    Dusky-headed Parakeet

    The bill shiny black; cere pinkish grey; wide area orbital off-white; irises yellowish white; legs dark gray.

    Both sexes similar.

    The immature are like adults but with the irises darker.

    Habitat:

    Video – "Dusky-headed Parakeet"

    Dusky-headed Parakeet (Aratinga weddellii)

    They inhabit in humid jungle, semi-wet, swamps, involved swamp forest and stubble, until 500 metres in Colombia and exceptionally 750 metres in Bolivia. Its preferred habitats are the forests and marshes and flooded forests in swampy areas. Also in the remnants of forest in humid savannah and cleared areas with patches of remnant forest. Also observed in coffee and sugarcane plantations; apparently rarely fly over the dense forest. Usually, in pairs or in small groups, but flocks of up to 75 reported individuals where food is plentiful.

    Reproduction:

    It nests in trees and palms of marshy or riparian areas, between June and August. They also used the cups of dead Palm trees and termite nests.
    Four nests observed in Leticia, Colombia, between 4 and 15 metres in height. Birds incubating in the month of February in Colombia. Bird in reproductive condition in the month of August in Bolivia. Observed breeding from June to September in Loreto, eastern peru; from April to July in the Mato Grosso.
    A normal start is of 3 to 5 eggs and both parents feed the chicks.

    Food:

    Its diet consists of seeds, fruit, flowers, berries, as well as insects and their larvae found in decaying trees and stumps.

    Distribution:

    Its distribution ranges from the southeast of Colombia, east of Ecuador and Peru to the East of Bolivia and West of Brazil.

    Apparently Nomad in some parts of the distribution. In general common, even in partially deforested areas, and perhaps increase due to clearing and fragmentation of dense forest.

    Conservation:

    State of conservation ⓘ


    Status Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

    • Red List category of the UICN current: Least concern

    • Population trend: Growing

    The size of the world population Dusky-headed Parakeet It has not been quantified, but this species is described as common (Stotz et to the. (1996)).

    This species is suspected that it has been lost between the 15 and the 17,7% of its suitable habitat within its range over three generations (21 years) based on a model of deforestation of the Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the. 2011). Given the susceptibility of this species to the hunting or trapping, It is suspected that its population may decrease in around the 25% in three generations.

    "Dusky-headed Parakeet" in captivity:

    Not common in captivity, but in the past was part of the international trade. They are common in cultivation areas, for this reason they are common in homes of peasants.

    The Dusky-headed Parakeet is not known for its ability to mimic the speak human, but they are nevertheless birds very fun, kind and loving – provided that they have been hand reared and socialized properly. They are not as active and noisy as other species of parrots, they only emit sounds, not too high, when excited.

    wonderful pets. His charming personality makes them good pets for children. They are not demanding, they spend happy hours playing with their favorite toys but still enjoy human company very much.

    They are relatively easy to raise. They may have several broods per year; But, good husbandry practice stipulates that they should not be allowed to have more than two or three clutches to allow for their rest. The size of Sunset is of 3 to 4 eggs, they are incubated for a few 23 days. Both parents take care of the young.. The chicks leave the nest after a few 50 days.

    In the wild, according to sources, females have been estimated can live up to 25 years. Its longevity in captivity It has not been studied in detail. It has been observed a muscle aging in wild animals.

    Alternative names:

    Dusky-headed Parakeet, Dusky Conure, Dusky headed Parakeet, Dusky Parakeet, Dusky-headed Conure, Weddell’s Conure (English).
    Conure de Weddell, Conure à tête sombre, Perriche de Weddell, Perruche de Weddell (French).
    Weddellsittich, Weddell-Sittich (German).
    Aratinga-de-cabeca-escura, aratinga-de-cabeça-suja, jandaia-de-cabeça-azulada, jandaia-de-cara-suja, periquito-de-cabeça-suja (Portuguese).
    Aratinga Cabecifusca, Perico Canoso, Periquito de Cabeza Gris, Perico cabezagris(español).
    Loro canoso, Perico Canoso, Cotorra cabecigris, Cotorra cabeciparda (Colombia).
    Cotorra de Cabeza Oscura, San Pedrito, Lorito cabeza gris (Peru).
    Perico cabecioscuro (Ecuador).
    Tarechi (Bolivia).
    Ipií (Chimane).
    Bambaorito (I ingano).
    Sacara (Cofán.).
    Butuquiria (Macuna).

    scientific classification:

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittacidae
    Genus: Aratinga
    Scientific name: Aratinga weddellii
    Citation: (Deville, 1851)
    Protonimo: Conurus Weddellii

    Dusky-headed Parakeet images:



    Species of the genus Aratinga

    Sources:

    Avibase
    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    – Birdlife

    Photos:

    (1) – Dusky-headed Conure or Weddell’s Conure (Aratinga weddellii) in captivity. Kobe Kachoen By merec0 (originally posted to Flickr as Kobe Kachoen (32)) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (2) – A Dusky-headed Parakeet at Jurong Bird Park, Singapore By Sham Edmond [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (3) – Dusky-headed Conure or Weddell’s Conure (Aratinga weddellii) By Steve Beger [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (4) – Dusky-headed Conure or Weddell’s Conure (Aratinga weddellii) By en:user:Jhwodchuck (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:DuskyConure.jpg) [GFDL, GFDL or CC-BY-SA-3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (5) – Aratinga weddellii – black-headed conure – Dusky-headed conure – dusky-headed conure Florin FeneruFlickr
    (6) – Ilustración Dusky-headed parakeet by Biodiversity Heritage LibraryFlickr

    Sounds: (Xeno-canto)

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Rusty-faced Parrot
    Hapalopsittaca amazonina

    Rusty-faced Parrot

    Content


    Anatomy-parrots-eng

    Description:

    23 cm.. height and a weight between 97 and 115g.

    The Rusty-faced Parrot or Parrot mountain (Hapalopsittaca amazonina) It is distinguishable by the dirty red of his face and crown. Its bill is pale with to the base of the lower jaw and the chin of color red orange. Headphones coverts reddish brown with yellow lines that extend behind the nape and the neck. The rest of upperparts they are green. Its chest This is olive green, with red spots in the shoulders similar to their Wing coverts internal minors. The rest of your wing-coverts they are blue-green and the remiges bluish-black. Its tail It is mainly dull red with wide blue apexes.

    It has no sexual dimorphism. The youth are green-yellow color, with the face pale red and the secondaries grey.

    Description 3 subspecies:

    • Hapalopsittaca amazonina amazonina

      (Des Murs, 1845) – Nominal.


    • Hapalopsittaca amazonina theresae

      (Hellmayr, 1915) – The plumage with more olive tones and the face dark red.


    • Hapalopsittaca amazonina velezi

      (Serious,GR & Restrepo, 1989) – With part of the crown and nape, brighter yellowish green; forecrown red; list fine near to the ear; below and behind the eye, green. More information.

    Habitat:

    It inhabits in mountains with semi-humid and cloud forests, between the 2000 to 3600 m, with the presence of Oak (Quercus humboldtii) and Alder (Alnus acuminata).
    Fly high in the forest canopy, in groups of 5-30 individuals. Presents aggregation behaviors for the night, establishing communal bedrooms in groups of between 2-35 individuals.

    Reproduction:

    Many aspects of the reproductive biology of the Rusty-faced Parrot. Probably nests in tree hollows of Oak dead.

    Food:

    Consumes fruits of the “matapalo“, flowers and seeds, including the of Clusia sp. and some GUIs of which is fed with high frequency.

    Distribution:

    Size of the breeding range / resident): 234.000 km2

    Is located in Colombia and Venezuela and Peru. In Colombia lives between 2000 and 2700 m above the sea level in the Cordillera Oriental and in the The upper Magdalena valley (South of the Department of the Huila). Among 3100 and 3600 m of height in the cordillera Central in Caldas (where it is considered Bird emblem), in the basin of the White River in the municipality of Manizales. In the Cordillera Oriental is known only in Norte de Santander and the southwest of Bogotá. Has also been recorded in the departments of Risaralda, Tolima, Huila (Cave of the Guacharos, Meremberg nature reserve) and Cauca (Puracé National Park).

    Distribution 3 subspecies:

    • Hapalopsittaca amazonina amazonina

      (Des Murs, 1845) – Nominal. East of the Colombian Andes.


    • Hapalopsittaca amazonina theresae

      (Hellmayr, 1915) – Eastern edge of the Andes of Colombia and Northwest of Venezuela.


    • Hapalopsittaca amazonina velezi

      (Serious,GR & Restrepo, 1989) – Center of the Colombian Andes. More information.

    Conservation:


    Vulnerable


    • Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Vulnerable.

    • Population trend: Decreasing.

    From makes several years appears in the book red of species threatened by fault of the destruction of their habitat, including, the Palm of wax (Ceroxylon quindiuense).

    Rationale for the Red List category

    This species is classified as Vulnerable Since its small population consists of subpopulations very small and scattered that probably will be experiencing declines continuous due to the loss widespread of habitat.

    Justification of the population

    Renjifo et to the. (2002) estimated that in Colombia the population can count 2,500-10,000 individuals, based on a hypothetical C.1 density of individuals / km2, and the 25% occupation of the approximately 13.890 km2 of habitat suitable. This may be an overestimate and the population could be right around the few thousand mark in Colombia (P. Salaman in litt., 2005). There are also much smaller populations in Venezuela. Its location in the Ecuador is uncertain. Be placed better in the band 2.500-9.999 mature in general individuals, which is equivalent to 3.750-14.999 individuals, rounded here to 3.500-15.000 individuals.

    Justification of trend

    Se sospecha una lenta y continua disminución de la población del Rusty-faced Parrot sobre la base de la continua destrucción y fragmentación del hábitat.

    "Rusty-faced Parrot" in captivity:

    No encontrado en avicultura.

    Alternative names:

    Rusty-faced Parrot, Bogota Parrot, Little Amazonian Parrot, Rusty faced Parrot (English).
    Caïque à face rousse, Caïque à face rouge (French).
    Caïque à face rousse (German).
    Rusty-faced Parrot (Portuguese).
    Cotorra Montañera, Lorito Amazonino, Lorito Multicolor, Loro fantasma (español).
    Cotorra Montañera, Lora montañera (Colombia).
    Perico Multicolor (Venezuela).


    scientific classification:

    Marc Athanase Parfait Oeillet Des Murs
    Marc Athanase Parfait Oeillet Des Murs

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittacidae
    Genus: Hapalopsittaca
    Scientific name: Hapalopsittaca amazonina
    Citation: (Des Murs, 1845)
    Protonimo: Psittacus amazoninus


    Images “Rusty-faced Parrot”:

    Videos “Rusty-faced Parrot”:


    “Rusty-faced Parrot” (Hapalopsittaca amazonina)


    Sources:

    Avibase
    Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    Birdlife

    Photos:

    (1) – Iconographie ornithologique By Marc Athanase Perfect Carnation Walls (1804-1878) (Iconographie ornithologique) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

    Sounds:

    Restrepo, Daniel Uribe

    * – Restrepo, Daniel Uribe

    Daniel has been chasing birds since he was 9-years old, growing on a farm in the Central Andes of Colombia, with his bedroom walls covered with colorful prints of John James Audubon’s birds. Daniel graduated in Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science and has pursued bird and nature photography as his main passions in life.

    He is co-founder of the Caldas Ornithological Society (SCO) based in Manizales. Dedicated mainly to conservation and sustainable development projects, Daniel has consulted for many of the most prominent environmental organizations in Colombia and currently assists private nature reserves in Colombia in the establishment of agritourism and ecotourism services.

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Red-crowned Parakeet
    Pyrrhura roseifrons

    Red-crowned Parakeet

    Content

    Description:


    Anatomy-parrots-eng

    22 cm.. in length and a weight ranging from 54 and 70 g..

    The Red-crowned Parakeet (Pyrrhura roseifrons) has the head pinkish red. The neck and the area of ​​the upper chest They are dark with whitish scales. The bill is black. The tail and the central area of belly They are red. The tip of his tail It is dark red. The wings they are blue. Orbital ring dark gray bordered by a yellowish white. the legs are grey.

    The immature It has reddish forehead and dark tones in the rest of the head. The pinkish red head in adults it is distinctive. Losl youth They may resemble subspecies Pyrrhura roseifrons peruviana or the Deville's Parakeet (Pyrrhura lucianii), but it lacks of the ear-coverts pale.

    • Sound of the Red-crowned Parakeet.

    Description 4 subspecies
    • Pyrrhura roseifrons dilutissima

      (Arndt, 2008) – Blue restricted to a narrow strip on the forecrown; yellowish beige in ear-coverts; upper region chest pale brown festooned with pale yellowish beige.

    • Pyrrhura roseifrons roseifrons

      (Gray,GR, 1859) – Nominal. –

    • Pyrrhura roseifrons parvifrons

      (Arndt, 2008) – It looks like the Pyrrhura roseifrons peruviana, but with blue, rather than red, on forecrown.

    • Pyrrhura roseifrons peruviana

      (Hocking, Blake & Joseph, 2002) – 22 cm., length. Absent in his bright red plumage, It has more dark brown in crown and the area eyes, the crown with bluish.

    Habitat:

    They mostly live in small groups of a dozen members and remain in pairs during the breeding period. breeding. They lead a life Nomad, little little is known about the behavior of this species in the wild.

    Reproduction:

    build their nest in tree cavities. The laying is of 5 to 7 eggs incubated by both parents for 26 days (captive breeding data). The pups remain in the nest 2 months, becoming independent at the age of 3 months.

    Food:

    It feeds on fruits, seeds, leaves and flowers.

    Distribution:

    Size of its range (reproduction / residents): 1.000.000 km2

    It is located in the west of the Amazonia, from the state amazon about the Juruá, in Brazil, and the lowlands of eastern Peru in the North of Bolivia. In Brazil, They spread south and west of habitat Deville's Parakeet (Pyrrhura lucianii)

    Distribution 4 subspecies
    • Pyrrhura roseifrons dilutissima

      (Arndt, 2008) – Center of Peru around the rio Ene at the confluence with the rio Quipachiari, and around Hacienda Louisiana, on Cordillera Vilcabamba.

    • Pyrrhura roseifrons roseifrons

      (Gray,GR, 1859) – Nominal. – Amazonia occidental, to the South of the amazon, from the North of Peru South to North of Bolivia (Peace) and in the West of Brazil (Western Amazon).

    • Pyrrhura roseifrons parvifrons

      (Arndt, 2008) – Two disjoint regions in northern Peru; in the East of San Martin and adjacent areas, Center west Loreto, and along the amazon in the northeast of Loreto (only on the southern shore of amazon).

    • Pyrrhura roseifrons peruviana

      (Hocking, Blake & Joseph, 2002) – Foothills of Andes in the southeast of Ecuador (Morona-Santiago) and North of Peru (Amazon and Loreto Western)

    Conservation:

    State of conservation ⓘ


    Status Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

    • Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern.

    • Population trend: Decreasing.

    • Population size : Unknown.

    Justification of the Red List of the Category

    This species has a very large range, and therefore does not approach the thresholds for vulnerable under the range size criterion (extent of occurrence <20.000 km2 combinan con un tamaño gama disminución o fluctuante, hábitat medida / calidad, o de la población tamaño y un pequeño número de localidades o fragmentación severa). A pesar de que la tendencia de la población parece estar disminuyendo, el descenso no se cree que es suficientemente rápido como para acercarse a los umbrales para Vulnerables según el criterio tendencia de la población (> 30% decrease of more than ten years or three generations). The population size It has not been quantified, but is not believed to be a reason to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable based on population size criteria (<10.000 individuos maduros con una disminución continua estima en> 10% in ten years or three generations, or a specific population structure). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least concern.

    Justification of the population

    Recent world population is unknown given taxonomic divisions.

    Justification trend

    This species is suspected that there may be lost 7,0-7,3% of habitat within its distribution over three generations (18 years) based on a model of deforestation of the Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the. 2006, Bird et to the. 2011). Given the susceptibility of this species to hunting and / or entrapment, it is suspected that its population can decrease <25% en tres generaciones.

    "Red-crowned Parakeet" in captivity:

    little presence in captivity and found only in some aviaries, where however they reproduce very well. After acclimation is a strong bird that can live outdoors. It is a bird suspicious although curious and playful nature, especially if they feel safe. Young birds in captivity quickly lose their fear and are very attached to their caregivers. It´s noisy, especially in the morning and sleeps in the nest. The female is very aggressive during the breeding period with other birds..

    Alternative names:

    Red-crowned Parakeet, Rose-fronted Parakeet, Rose-fronted Parakeet (Rose-fronted) (English).
    Conure à calotte rouge, Conure rougissante (French).
    Rotscheitelsittich (German).
    Tiriba-de-cabeça-vermelha (Portuguese).
    Cotorra frentirrosa, Perico de Frente Rosada (español).

    scientific classification:

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittacidae
    Genus: Pyrrhura
    Scientific name: Pyrrhura roseifrons
    Citation: (Gray, GR, 1859)
    Protonimo: Conurus roseifrons

    Images Red-crowned Parakeet:

    Videos "Red-crowned Parakeet"



    Especies del género Pyrrhura

    Red-crowned Parakeet (Pyrrhura roseifrons)


    Sources:

    Avibase
    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    Birdlife

    Photos:

    (1) – Painted Parakeet (Pyrrhura picta) – the subspecies on this photo, roseifrons, is now often considered a separate species, the Rose-fronted Parakeet (Pyrrhura roseifrons) By http://www.birdphotos.com (http://www.birdphotos.com) [CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

    Sounds: Micah Riegner, XC208597. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/208597

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    White-necked Parakeet
    Pyrrhura albipectus

    Cotorra cuelliblanca

    Content

    Description:

    White-necked Parakeet

    24 to 25,5 cm.. height.

    The most notorious of the White-necked Parakeet (Pyrrhura albipectus) It is the yellowish-white or white that goes from the cheeks to chest.

    Crown dark stripes pale gray on the back; frontal band reddish thin; cheeks escalations of yellow and green and ear-coverts Orange; collar full white and chest yellow; belly and remaining upperparts green. Wings Greens with primary coverts red and carpal area, and primaries Bluish; tail long and pointy green, red opaque at the bottom.

    The immature lacks the frontal band and has paler the ear-coverts.

    Habitat:

    Lives mainly in humid primary forest, foraging on fruit trees, preferably along rivers, Although he tolerates areas open and intercepted, from 900 to 2000 m (usually between 1400 and 1800 m).
    Make altitudinal movements following the fruiting. Flies in flocks of 12 to 50 individuals. It bathes in pools or between rocks covered with MOSS.

    Reproduction:

    There is little evidence about its reproduction, possibly from May to July. A young clerk was seen in September (Snyder et to the., 2000).

    Food:

    The diet includes fruit, seeds and flowers Vine, mainly taken in the canopy.

    Distribution:

    Size of its range (reproduction / resident): 19.600 km2

    Confined to three areas in southeast Ecuador and recently also it has been found in northern Peru.

    In Ecuador It is known from the Podocarpus national park, the Cordillera de Cutucú and Cordillera del Condor. Although their numbers seem relatively low, possibly with a total population of only a few thousand individuals, is apparently common in the Podocarpus national park. There are also confirmed records as far south as the Pangui in Zamora-Chinchipe. Also recently it observed in adjacent parts of the Cordillera del Condor, Peru, with a sighting released from Condor Mirador on Morona-Santiago Province (Navarrete 2003). These range extensions suggest that it is not as severely threatened as previously feared. (Balchin y Toyne 1998).

    Conservation:

    State of conservation ⓘ


    Vulnerable Vulnerable (UICN)ⓘ

    • Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Vulnerable.

    • Population trend: Decreasing.

    Rationale for the Red List category

    This species is classified as Vulnerable because it dwells in a few places and has a small range in which the habitat (and presumably the population) it is decreasing.

    Justification of the population

    The total population it may be only a few thousand birds, by what is placed in the band 2.500-9.999 individuals. This is equivalent to 1.667-6.666 mature individuals, rounded here to 1.500-7.000 mature individuals.

    Justification of trend

    It is suspected that the species is falling slowly, on the basis of continuous habitat destruction.

    Conservation Actions Underway

    CITES Appendix II.
    • The Podocarpus national park It is an important site for the conservation of the species. A revised management plan has been designed for the area and a public awareness campaign highlights the importance of the park (Snyder et to the. 2000).
    • The White-necked Parakeet It is also found in the reserve Tapichalaca of 3.500 acres of the Fundación Jocotoco, where they are used successfully artificial nesting boxes (Waugh 2009).
    • It is also located in the Ichigkat Muja- Condor Range National Park (F. Angulo 2012 a bit.).

    Conservation Actions Proposed

    • Conduct surveys to assess species distribution and total population size.
    • Monitor rates of habitat loss and degradation within its range.
    • Manage the Podocarpus national park so that endangered species are better protected.

    "White-necked Parakeet" in captivity:

    It is not easy to find it in captivity.

    Alternative names:

    White-necked Parakeet, White necked Parakeet, White-breasted Conure, White-breasted Parakeet, White-necked Conure (English).
    Conure à col blanc, Perriche à col blanc, Perruche à col blanc (French).
    Weißhalssittich, Weisshals-Sittich (German).
    Tiriba-do-pescoço-branco (Portuguese).
    Cotorra Cuelliblanca, Perico de Pecho Blanco (español).
    Perico de Cuello Blanco (Peru).


    scientific classification:

    Frank Chapman
    Frank Chapman

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittacidae
    Genus: Pyrrhura
    Scientific name: Pyrrhura albipectus
    Citation: Chapman, 1914
    Protonimo: Pyrrhura albipectus


    Images White-necked Parakeet:

    Videos "White-necked Parakeet"

    White Breasted Parakeet

    White-necked Parakeet (Pyrrhura albipectus)



    Especies del género Pyrrhura

    Sources:

    Avibase
    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    Birdlife
    – Parrot Book, Parrots and macaws Neotropical

    Photos:

    (1) – Ingrid Grunwald, IBC943789. Photo of White-necked Parakeet Pyrrhura albipectus at Zamora-Chinchipe Province, Ecuador. Accessible at hbw.com/ibc/943789.

    Sounds: (Xeno-canto)