▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

Red siskin
Spinus cucullatus

Cardenalito de Venezuela


Those who come to achieve Red siskin it seems that they are satisfied with the sole idea of ​​​​getting the coveted F1 from him (hybrids of this beautiful exotic with a female canary), completely disregarding more information and knowledge of their particular biology.

The lack of information available on the Customs is very strange, feeding, reproduction and habitat of Red siskin.

“In canariculture and ornithology treatises, only their colors are described., its properties to convey the color red to the Canary and well little more. Perhaps this is due to the fact that those closest to the life of this little finch, such as twitchers & dealers, they jealously keep to themselves, the knowledge of their customs, thus avoiding, "commercial competition". This belief comes to mind because we know perfectly well the illegal trade that exists in their country of origin..

“Due to the great demand for Cardinals, coming from all the countries where canariculture of color is practiced, This bird has become the most coveted by stealthy casual and hunters merchants. In Caracas, as well as in La Guaira, its famous seaport, the trade of buying and selling of Red siskin constituted, until very recently, an authentic international business. Sailors and travelers came to pay exorbitant amounts for a Red siskin. The few who came alive to Europe listed to astronomical prices.

“It is not strange to think, because, that the scientific ignorance of its wildlife is the result of a tacit agreement between hunters and clandestine traders. As you want it, This disregard for his life and customs brings, as a result, the early illness and death of most Red siskin who manage to reach Europe alive.

"Secondly, This species is seriously threatened with extinction. This beautiful winged ruby ​​from the northern regions of Venezuela, It is already very sparsely found by have turned, inevitably, in one more victim of selfishness and the irrational whim of man. Fortunately, the measures taken by the Government, rigorously applying existing laws for the protection of Venezuelan fauna, they come to alleviate, as far as possible, the damage caused to this species. These laws are being strongly enforced today and trade, as flourishing in past years, This disappearing, with the natural joy of ornithologists and nature lovers from all over the world.


“ This beautiful American finch measures 11 to 12 centimeters. It is known by various vernacular names, such as Tarín, in Argentina, Lúgano Rojo, in other South American countries, Cardenalillo, in Spain, Cardenalito, in Venezuela, etc. The scientific denomination is also varied and confusing: Spinus cucullatus, Carduelis cucullatus and Crhysomitris cucullatus. As we see it, ornithologists have also not delved much into its study and taxonomy: Some include him among theCarduelis”, others among theSpinus”, etc.

“All this contributes negatively to the authentic scientific knowledge of this beautiful tropical bird., so fundamental to the canaricultor of color. What we have no doubt about is that the Red siskin is closely related to a large group of American finches: los “Spinus”.


"Head, the neck and throat are black Jet, in the form of Hood; the back is dark red; the chest and the obispillo are red fire, beautiful; the tail, completely black. The wings are black, with a beautiful and wide strip of color orange through primary and secondary shirts. The legs and beak, dark brown. The eyes are amber.


"The female of Red siskin has a head, the neck, the back and the flanks of ash grey streaks, with little red colouring on the chest and obispillo. The tail is black; the wings of the same color, taking the same strip Orange wing than the male.


“Immature young are perfectly identified by their uniform grayish-brown coloration. The color of the wing band is barely noticeable in the first days after leaving the nest.. Similar to the adult female Saint, but without the black and red colours, being the shade of grey, duller.


“This beautiful finch is native to the northern regions of Venezuela, characterized by mountain ranges, hills and Plains. This wide strip is characterized by its totally different weather stations.: A , rainy and humid, comprising of April to U.k. and other dry, from November to March. The vegetation is itself the American Savannah, This is, shrubs, grasses and herbs of all kinds, with very little Grove. The average temperatures in this area vary considerably, depending on the wet or dry season.

"Live the Red siskin in wandering flocks, on the plains of lower floors. It feeds on seeds, tender stems and small insects. It nests in the spring. The female lays three to five eggs, pure white, that incubates alone. The male brings food, providing a longer regurgitado. The nest is built in the shape of a cup, with abundant dry material of grasses and hairs. The female so carefully lined with feathers and other soft materials. To the 11-12 days of being incubated the eggs, hatch chicks, covered with a fine low down. They are fed with insects, larvae and seed peeled and regurgitadas, by both parents. To the 15 days, they leave the nest. The female makes two to three released per year.


"The Red siskin easily gets used to life in captivity; he is trusting and affectionate with whoever takes care of him and is not quarrelsome with other birds that come into his company. He is cheerful and very cantor. His singing resembles our serin (Serinus serinus). Is always on the move. Much like the green food, especially the lettuce. He is so loving the Whitehorn that if, by your tastes outside, I would only eat this seed and lettuce. Some consent to die than testing other grains. But the Whitehorn just becoming ill will. They must eat of this oilseed seed, but not in excess, because they resist not a diet continued on the basis of this food.

“It is necessary to make them eat birdseed too, millet, Turnip rape, Thistle and rapeseed seed, as well as some fruit and green food. Should they also be lettuce seeds, Blue poppy and some crushed cañamones. Should not be given egg pasta, as is done with the Canaries, because they end up becoming ill hepatitis and die soon.

“The most difficult thing is its adaptation and acclimatization to our latitudes. Must acclimate them very slowly and to ensure that the temperature does not fall from the 10 degrees Celsius. It is a very chilly bird, immediately accusing the lack of heat. Once made the first move in the cage, already does not require special care.

"The evident proof of his health is the singing. Yes a Red siskin Canta, We can think of to raise with him with many chances of success. Is very hot in nature and if this strong and healthy, can attach you with two female perfetamente.

“But in this work we are not going to deal with their reproductive and genetic qualities, Neither of its extraordinary influence on color canaricultura. This item, together with a deep scientific-practical study of its reproduction in captivity with its own female, It will be developed, in detail, in a next job. We advance, However, that this ornithological event has taken place in Spain with Red siskin brought from Venezuela and adapted to our climate. This achievement has been achieved, after long years of tests and trials by the author of this article”.

by José Moreno Sánchez
Judge of the F.O.E. (Spain)

Via: settlers

Several tests have been carried out to try to estimate the number of wild individuals that currently survive; However, Dear sayings are characterized by their inaccuracies and is not really known the current population. Estimates range from as low as 600 until 800 birds across the country, of which are calculated each 350 to 500 individuals in the West, and other 300 in the central zone. Other estimates indicate that they currently survive around 4.000 Red siskin wild in total, of which approximately 2.500 they live in the States of Lara and Falcón. The numbers of birds captured would support the second estimate more than the first.. It is necessary to clarify that, While you can ensure that the figure is low, information is still lacking to accurately estimate the population. In any case, the current figures are lower than the previous ones and most of the populations referred to in the past are now extinct.

Source: Wilkipedia

▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

Green-rumped Parrotlet
Forpus passerinus

Green-rumped Parrotlet



Green-rumped Parrotlet

13-14 cm.. height.

The Green-rumped Parrotlet (Forpus passerinus) is the psittacine smaller that can be found on the American continent. It is distinguished by being green, with a brighter green in the front, cheeks, lower part of the body and behind the neck; the rump bright green in the two sexes, wing with one Strip Turquoise Blue followed by another greenish-blue in males; belly lighter than the back, tail with yellow border.

Female with rump greenish-yellow and wings without blue. It is possible to have dyes more yellowish forehead.

Subspecies description:
  • Forpus passerinus cyanochlorus

    (Schlegel, 1864) – Also known as Parrotlet Schlegel. Similar to the subspecies Forpus passerinus passerinus, but the feathers of the tail of the female they are more green in the bottom. Also it has more yellow along the forecrown .

  • Forpus passerinus cyanophanes

    (Todd, 1915) – Show more blue with the wing closed in the other subspecies.

  • Forpus passerinus deliciosus

    (Ridgway, 1888) – The male has the rear area Emerald green with blue and pale blue tint at the edge of the the greater wing coverts. Female has more yellow in all the facial area.

  • Forpus passerinus passerinus

    (Linnaeus, 1758) – The nominal.

  • Forpus passerinus viridissimus

    (Lafresnaye, 1848) – Also known as Venezuela green parakeet. The plumage is green in males; in females varies considerably according to the region they inhabit.


It is found in dry forest, semi-open areas, crops, among others, until the 500 m. In flocks of more of 100 individuals. You can perform altitudinal migrations.


It nests in abandoned nests of woodpeckers or in other holes, from May to November.


They feed on seeds, including the of the grasses.


Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 1.060.000 km2

This is a very widespread and common. They are distributed in the northeast of Colombia, North of Venezuela, Guyanas to the northeast of Brazil, also in Curacao, Trinidad and the West Indies.

Subspecies distribution:
  • Forpus passerinus cyanochlorus

    (Schlegel, 1864) – Is located in Roraima, Brazil.

  • Forpus passerinus cyanophanes

    (Todd, 1915) – Are found in the areas around the North of Colombia.

  • Forpus passerinus deliciosus

    (Ridgway, 1888) – Is located in the lower basin of the amazon, in Brazil.

  • Forpus passerinus passerinus

    (Linnaeus, 1758) – The nominal. Found in the Guianas.

  • Forpus passerinus viridissimus

    (Lafresnaye, 1848) – Found in the North of Venezuela, Trindad and Tobago.


State of conservation ⓘ

minor concern Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern.
• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the population

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as «common» (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that this species has lost 19,2-21% of habitat within its distribution in three generations (12 years) based on a model of Amazon deforestation (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the., 2011). Given the susceptibility of the species to hunt or capture, It is suspected that it will fall in <25% durante tres generaciones.

"Green-rumped Parrotlet" in captivity:

It´s common bird cage. In captivity they are sweet and playful. It might be possessive with toys and people.

Alternative names:

Blue-winged Parrotlet, Common Parrotlet, Green rumped Parrotlet, Guiana Parrotlet, Guianan Parrotlet, Passerine Parrotlet (English).
Toui été, Perruche-moineau de Guyane (French).
Grünbürzel-Sperlingspapagei (German).
tuim-santo, periquitinho, periquito-do-espírito-santo, periquito-santo, periquito-tabacú, periquito-vassoura (Portuguese).
Catita Enana de Lomo Verde, Cotorrita Culiverde, Periquito Coliverde (español).
Periquito Coliverde (Colombia).
Periquito Mastrantero (Venezuela).

scientific classification:

Carl Linnaeus
Carl Linnaeus

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Forpus
Scientific name: Forpus passerinus
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Protonimo: Psittacus passerinus

Images Green-rumped Parrotlet:

Videos of the "Green-rumped Parrotlet"

Species of the genus Forpus
  • Forpus modestus
  • —- Forpus modestus modestus
  • —- Forpus modestus sclateri
  • Forpus cyanopygius
  • —- Forpus cyanopygius cyanopygius
  • —- Forpus cyanopygius insularis
  • Forpus passerinus
  • —- Forpus passerinus cyanochlorus
  • —- Forpus passerinus cyanophanes
  • —- Forpus passerinus deliciosus
  • —- Forpus passerinus passerinus
  • —- Forpus passerinus viridissimus
  • Forpus spengeli
  • Forpus xanthopterygius
  • —- Forpus xanthopterygius flavescens
  • —- Forpus xanthopterygius flavescens
  • —- Forpus xanthopterygius xanthopterygius
  • Forpus crassirostris
  • Forpus conspicillatus
  • —- Forpus conspicillatus caucae
  • —- Forpus conspicillatus conspicillatus
  • —- Forpus conspicillatus metae
  • Forpus coelestis
  • Forpus xanthops

  • Green-rumped Parrotlet (Forpus passerinus)


    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    – Birdlife
    – Parrot Book, Parrots and macaws Neotropical


    (1) – Forpus passerinus in Trinidad 2014, Caribbean By Jam.mohd (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (2) – Photograph of pet Green-rumped Parrotlet (Forpus passerinus) By self (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
    (3) – Green-rumped Parrotlet, (Forpus passerinus), a pair, male (right) and female (left), in Venezuela By kulyka on flickr (Flickr) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (4) – Periquito mastrantero [Green-rumped Parrotlet] (Forpus passerinus viridissimus) by Cristóbal Alvarado MinicFlickr
    (5) – Periquito mastrantero [Green-rumped Parrotlet] (Forpus passerinus viridissimus) by Cristóbal Alvarado MinicFlickr
    (6) – Blue-winged Parrotlet, adult male (above); Green-rumped Parrotlet, young(?) male (below) Joseph Smit [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

    Sounds: (Xeno-canto)

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Spot-winged Parrotlet
    Touit stictopterus

    Spot-winged Parrotlet




    17 to 18 cm.. height.

    The Spot-winged Parrotlet (Touit stictopterus) It has a green overall coloration, clearer to the abdomen, wings brownish with white spots; below the tail opaque olive is yellow with blue edge.

    The female differs from the male by feathers middle-lower wing which they are green; the forecrown and the face They are yellowish green.


    Very rare species. Observed at the local level and in low densities in a Habitat in decline. Its population It is likely to be small and declining, with very small sub-populations in each known locality.
    It inhabits in semi-humid cloud forests and seasonal crop areas, between 600 and 2400 m. Apparently performs altitudinal migrations, Perhaps conditioned by the supply of food.


    The reproduction It is performed in March.


    They feed on fruit and corn.


    Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 129.000 km2

    It lives in the wild in the Andes, southern Central cordilleras and Eastern in Colombia, western Ecuador and North of Peru.


    State of conservation ⓘ

    Vulnerable Vulnerable (UICN)ⓘ

    Globally it is in the category vulnerable (VU) and in Colombia in danger of extinction (IN). Deforestation in Andes It is their main threat.

    "Spot-winged Parrotlet" in captivity:

    Because of its condition It is not recommended that you keep this bird as a pet.

    Alternative names:

    Spot-winged Parrotlet, Brown-shouldered Parrotlet, Emma’s Parrotlet, Spot winged Parrotlet (English).
    Toui tacheté, Toui d’Emma (French).
    Tüpfelpapagei, Tüpfel-Papagei (German).
    Spot-winged Parrotlet (Portuguese).
    Cotorrita Alipinta, Lorito de Alas Moteadas, Periquito Alipunteado (español).
    Periquito Alipunteado (Colombia).
    Periquito de Ala Punteada (Peru).

    scientific classification:

    Philip Sclater
    Philip Sclater

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittacidae
    Genus: Touit
    Scientific name: Touit stictopterus
    Citation: (Sclater, PL, 1862)
    Protonimo: Urochroma stictoptera

    Images Spot-winged Parrotlet:

    Species of the genus Touit
  • Touit batavicus
  • Touit huetii
  • Touit costaricensis
  • Touit dilectissimus
  • Touit purpuratus
  • —- Touit purpuratus purpuratus
  • —- Touit purpuratus viridiceps
  • Touit melanonotus
  • Touit surdus
  • —- Touit surdus chryseurus
  • —- Touit surdus surdus
  • Touit stictopterus

  • Spot-winged Parrotlet (Touit stictopterus)


    • Avibase
    • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    • Birdlife
    • Parrot Book, Parrots and macaws Neotropical

    • Photos:

    (1) – Urochroma stictoptera = Touit stictoptera by Joseph Wolf [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Festive Parrot
    Amazona festiva

    Amazona festiva




    38-41 cm.. tall and 370g. weight.
    The Festive Parrot (Amazona festiva) has the cheeks and sides neck Green with strong blue diffusion; lores and a close frontal band red; feathers above and behind them eyes blue; Forehead rather yellowish green. Crown Green but darker; Feathers of the nape of color green with a band terminal dark. Mantle, scapulars, top of the back and uppertail-coverts dark green; Rump and the greater part of the low back bright red. Primary coverts Violet Blue. Other coverts dark green.


    Edge carpal of the wing and margin of the outerweb of the primaries, blue; innerwebs black; secondaries dark blue-tipped, secondaries more interior Green. Underwing-coverts green. Chin and throat blue; Breast and belly green; coverts infra-flows brighter yellowish green. Tail green, of paler green yellowish at the tip; Trace reddish at the base of some feathers.

    The bill color cuerno-marron; Iris yellow, legs dark grey.

    Both sexes are similar.

    Immature have irises dark and show a less intense color in the head. Its back low is practically Green; some of the pens outside of it tail they have a red base.

    Subspecies description

    • Amazona festiva bodini

      (Finsch, 1873) – It has a broadband Violet Blue and red in the front behind the eyes.

    • Amazona festiva festiva

      (Linnaeus,1758) – The nominal.


    Video – "Festive Parrot" (Amazona festiva)

    Festive Amazon "Charlie"

    The Festive Parrot they attend primary and secondary lowland forests, mainly várzea, swamp forest and River Islands, as well igapó (permanently flooded forest), usually are found near the water and can prevent forests of Earth firm, although also reported in gallery forests and savannahs with scattered trees.

    Observed in cocoa plantations in Brazil. At altitudes of 500 metres in Colombia and 100 metres in Venezuela. Usually in small flocks with larger meetings occasionally reported. Flocks of up to 50 birds are about Leticia between the months of May-June. Tend to gather is by the afternoon and in the evening in products communal.


    It nests in hollow of trees dead between mayo to June.
    A breeding pair averages 3 eggs in each clutch and the incubation period is generally about 28 days.


    Usually in numerous flocks, little of its power is known.


    The Festive Parrot found in the North of South America mainly as two large populations disjunct in the basins of the amazon and Orinoco.

    A population occupies the Northwest of Guyana (very few records) and Venezuela in southern Apure in the Meta River and a half Orinoco to Delta Amacuro.

    The second extends from parts of the lowlands of the East (Colombia including the lower part of the Casanare River, lower Meta River and Vaupes River towards the South through the amazon of Ecuador (where birds are reported in Napo River, but few recent records) and northeast of Peru, and further to the East through the West of Brazil, from Rio Branco, Black river and bottom of the Madeira river up to the Basin Amazon East in Amapá and For and at the mouth of the amazon on Ilha Mexiana (where is its status uncertain).

    Probably in its greater part resident, Although sporadic Bird on the edge of its distribution area in Ecuador and Guyana, They suggest seasonal movements outside their range, obviously low in Guyana and local in Venezuela, Ecuador and Peru, but more common in parts of the Amazonia occidental in Brazil and locally the Amazona more common in some areas Colombia (for example by of Leticia).

    Pursued to the trade in live birds in parts of its area of distribution (for example, Peru). Its swampy habitat is not much in demand for agriculture, by what does not seems to have a contraction apparent large scale of its population.

    Subspecies distribution:

    • Amazona festiva bodini

      (Finsch, 1873) – It is from Colombia to the basin of the Orinoco of Venezuela

    • Amazona festiva festiva

      (Linnaeus, 1758) – The nominal.


    State of conservation ⓘ

    Near-threatened Near Threatened (UICN)ⓘ

    • Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern.

    • Population trend: Decreasing.

    While it has declined locally, still fairly common throughout much of its range, and may even be close to cities as Manaus and Iquitos.

    The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as «Rare»

    Consequently, is considered of least concern by BirdLife International and the IUCN , Although it was categorized as vulnerable in 2012, because of patterns of deforestation in the Amazon rainforest and the susceptibility to hunt, predicts that the population will decrease quickly during the next three generations.

    Festive Parrot in captivity:

    Very rare in captivity.

    His temperament is extremely excitable. Males tend to be aggressive. Good to excellent imitator.

    It feeds on the sunflower seeds or other provided you ,fruit, vegetables etc..

    Alternative names:

    Festive Parrot, Festive Amazon, Red-backed Amazon, Red-backed Parrot (English).
    Amazone tavoua, Amazona festiva (French).
    Blaubartamazone (German).
    Papagaio-da-várzea, papa-cacau, tauá, tavua (Portuguese).
    Amazona de Lomo Rojo, Amazona Festiva, Lora Festiva (español).
    Lora Festiva (Colombia).
    Loro de Lomo Rojo (Peru).
    Loro Lomirrojo (Venezuela).

    scientific classification:

    Carl Linnaeus
    Carl Linnaeus

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittacidae
    Genus: Amazona
    Scientific name: Amazona festiva
    Citation: (Linnaeus, 1758)
    Protonimo: Psittacus festivus

    Festive Parrot Images:

    Species of the genus Amazona


    • Parrot Book, Parrots and macaws Neotropical
    • avibase


    (1) – Festive Amazon at Loro Parque, Teneriffe By derivative work: Snowmanradio (talk)Festive_Amazon_BW. JPG: Berthold Werner (Festive_Amazon_BW. JPG) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
    (2) – A Festive Amazon at Tulsa Zoo, USA. This subspecies is known as Bodinus’ Amazon By Christopher G from Tulsa Oklahoma, USA (Amazon Parrot) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (3) – A pet Festive Amazon By Tutu … F. Lopes (originally posted to Flickr as ♠) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (4) – Two Festive Amazons in an aviary at a bird park in Kaluga Oblast, Russia. They are the subspecies Amazona festiva bodini, common name Bodinus’ Amazon. They are probably jostling for room on their perch By Remiz [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (5) – Festive Parrot By derivative work: Snowmanradio (talk)Amazona_festiva-8.jpg: frank wouters [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (6) – Image from http://search.abaa.org/dbp2/book1700_08832.html

    Sounds: Sergio Chaparro Herrera

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Sulphur-crested cockatoo
    Cacatua galerita

    Cacatua galerita



    55 cm.. height and a weight between 815 and 975 g..
    The Sulphur-crested cockatoo (Cacatua galerita) It is a bird with a predominantly white plumage.
    In adults, the ear-coverts, bases feathers throat and cheeks, are pale yellow. the arista formed by the 6 Erectile feathers slightly inclined forward, are yellow. The crest You can reach up 14 centimeters in length. The bottom of the wings and of the tail van dyed pale yellow.
    The ring surrounding the eye shows a white. The irises is dark brown in the male and reddish brown in the female. The bill is blackish grey, the legs grey.

    The immature They are just different from adults. The irises They are pale brown.

    Description 4 subspecies
    • Cacatua galerita eleonora

      (Finsch, 1863) – It's like Cacatua galerita triton but smaller and with bill smaller.

    • Cacatua galerita fitzroyi

      (Mathews, 1912) – Yellowed feathers, both ear-coverts, and the throat and cheeks, they are absent. The eye ring It is light blue. Bill but great.

    • Cacatua galerita galerita

      (Latham, 1790) – Nominal.

    • Cacatua galerita triton

      (Temminck, 1849) – Something smaller, the crest WIDER and eye ring pale blue.


    They are very noisy and very easy to observe, Although they are more identifiable by their cries.

    During the breeding season, they live in pairs or in small family groups, but the rest of the year, They are in flocks that may contain hundreds of birds.

    In the urban areas and in places that they are equipped with feeders, adopt a family behavior.
    In other places, It inspired his distrust and his usual prudence, the Sulphur-crested cockatoo they are very difficult to deal with.

    In open areas these birds are implementing a sentinel system that is organized as follows: while most of the flock feeds, Some birds seen from a nearby perch and are likely to sound the alarm if danger.


    Video – "Sulphur-crested cockatoo" (Cacatua galerita)

    Cacatua galerita (curiosidades)

    Is located in variety of forest areas, forests (including swamps and river areas), mangroves, Open field, on farm land (including rice fields and plantations of Palm), Savannah, Mallee and suburban areas. Found up to 1.500 meters in parts of Australia, 2.400 metres in Papua New Guinea.


    In Australia, the breeding season occurs from May to August in the North and between August and January, in the South.

    In New Guinea, It takes place during every month of the year, although the most active months are during the period from May to December.

    This species occasionally breeds in colonies. The nest is a natural cavity in a eucalyptus large near a stream between 3 and 30 meters above the ground. Sometimes the residence of the Sulphur-crested cockatoo It is located in the holes of the limestone cliffs along the murray river. In this case, the eggs are deposited directly in the sand.

    In New Zealand, These birds lay amid bales of hay in barns. The nest generally it contains 3 white eggs. These are deposited on a layer of debris decomposing at the bottom of the cavity.
    incubate both parents alternately for a period of 30 days. Hatchlings have a yellowish color and leave the nest after 6 to 9 weeks. Quite regularly, they return to the nest to rest for about two weeks.

    The juveniles They remain within the family group for several months. They feed together in small scattered groups.


    forages in grasses and herbs. You can take corn and wheat sprouts. It also feeds harmful herbs like cotton thistle. other foods include: estate, Rhizomes, nuts, berries, flowers, bulbs, flower and insect larvae.

    They can cause great damage to crops. They dig in lands that were recently planted to eating fruit ripening, It also causes damage to crops that are stored and bales of hay to tear the plastic covering them.


    Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 10600000 km2

    This species is endemic to the north and east of Australia, New Guinea and nearby islands, especially islas Aru, Indonesian.
    It was imported successfully to Palau Islands in Micronesia, New Zealand and some Maluku islands.

    The population in Taiwan It has been estimated at about 100 introduced breeding pairs

    Lives mainly below 1.000 m, but sometimes you can see in Australia to 1500 m. and 2000 m in east New Guinea.

    Distribution 4 subspecies


    State of conservation ⓘ

    minor concern Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

    • Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern.

    • Population trend: In decline.

    It is thought that his population It is greater than 500.000 individuals.

    It is not an endangered species. But, despite protection Indonesian this species is followed by trapping wild bird trade. Nor is a protected species in Australia, therefore sacrifices occur.

    In New Guinea, sometimes it is hunted for its feathers.

    It is suspected that his population is in decline due to ongoing habitat destruction.

    "Sulphur-crested cockatoo" in captivity:

    and valued species often as a pet.
    Very Intelligent, sociable and playful. It is a cockatiel for experienced bird owners. You can be dominant and aggressive. It can be very noisy.

    There are anecdotal reports of some Sulphur-crested cockatoo who they have lived more than 100 years. In the news, However, longevity record, according to sources, belongs to a captive specimen called "Cocky" who lived more than 57 years in the London Zoo. Another report suggests that these animals can live up 73.0 years in captivity, but this has not been verified.

    Alternative names:

    Sulphur-crested Cockatoo, Greater Sulphur-crested Cockatoo, White Cockatoo, Yellow-crested cackatoo (ingles).
    Cacatoès à huppe jaune, Grand Cacatoès à huppe jaune (French).
    Gelbhaubenkakadu (German).
    Cacatua-de-crista-amarela (Portuguese).
    Cacatúa de Moño Amarillo, Cacatúa Galerita (español).

    John Latham
    John Latham

    scientific classification:

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Cacatuidae
    Genus: Cockatoo
    Scientific name: Cacatua galerita
    Citation: (Latham, 1790)
    Protonimo: parrot galeritns

    Images Galerita Cockatoo:

    Species of the genus Cacatua
  • Cacatua tenuirostris
  • Cacatua pastinator
  • —- Cacatua pastinator derbyi
  • —- Cacatua pastinator pastinator
  • Cacatua sanguinea
  • —- Cacatua sanguinea gymnopis
  • —- Cacatua sanguinea normantoni
  • —- Cacatua sanguinea sanguinea
  • —- Cacatua sanguinea transfreta
  • —- Cacatua sanguinea westralensis
  • Cacatua goffiniana
  • Cacatua ducorpsii
  • Cacatua haematuropygia
  • Cacatua galerita
  • —- Cacatua galerita eleonora
  • —- Cacatua galerita fitzroyi
  • —- Cacatua galerita galerita
  • —- Cacatua galerita triton
  • Cacatua ophthalmica
  • Cacatua sulphurea
  • —- Cacatua sulphurea abbotti
  • —- Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata
  • —- Cacatua sulphurea parvula
  • —- Cacatua sulphurea sulphurea
  • Cacatua moluccensis
  • Cacatua alba

  • Sources:

    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    – Birdlife


    (1) – commons.wikimedia.org
    (2) – birdsandbirds.com
    (3) – tilcheff

    Sounds: Hans Matheve (Xeno-canto)

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Black-winged Lory
    Eos cyanogenia

    Lori Alinegro



    30 cm.. height and an approximate weight of 120 gr.

    The Black-winged Lory (Eos cyanogenia) has a plumage predominantly red.

    Adults have a blue patch surrounding the eyes, cover the tops of the ear and reaches the back of the neck.

    Feathers covering the shoulder blade (scapular), small feathers that cover the outside (coverts) and bend of wing are black. The primary and high school they have a black bordered.

    The the thighs and flanks they are sprinkled with black. The bottom of the wings shows a wide band Red. The feathers of the tail are black contrasted with red feathers.

    The bill is red-orange. The irises they are red, legs grey.

    The youth they are more muted than adults. They have blue-black ends in feathers of the head, neck and underparts. The the wing covers are black, with a green light opaque. The bill is of color brown orange, irises brown.

    The Black-winged Lory It can be confused with almost all parrots of the genus Eos, but it is the only one of this category that has the covered wing in black color.


    The Black-winged Lory they are quite common and widespread in coastal areas, coconut plantations, the forested areas in the process of regeneration, in some large trees scattered in bushes Moors and local gardens.

    In some small islands such as Supiori, they are also present in large numbers in inland forests.

    Residing in altitudes ranging from sea level to the 460 m.

    They live in pairs or in small family groups. They are also often found in flocks of forty individuals or more.

    Son noisy birds and easily observable. At the local level are very popular. In the reflection of both, the natives capture them frequently as pet birds.

    The Black-winged Lory they have a fly quick and direct. Often you can hear the hum of their wings when they fly over the villages. They are even more recognizable when they often fly low, well below the tops of the trees.


    Little is known of their reproductive ecology., but it was observed the presence of a possible nesting site in a hole in a tall tree in the forest by a couple during the observations in 1982.

    The incubation in harsh captivity around 26 days, and as in all loris, the nesting cycle is particularly long and hard between 75 and 89 days.


    They have a regime that differs little from other parrots of the genus Eos. Feed in the trees in flower of nectar of Brugierto and pollen. Your menu will probably be complemented by fruit, berries of the mistletoe and sometimes insects.


    Distribution Lori Alinegro

    Being endemic to the islands of the Cenderawasih Bay in the part Indonesia of New Guinea.

    They live on most islands (Numfor, Biak, Manim, Pulau Num) but are absent from Yapen, the main island, where are replaced by the Dusky lory (Pseudeos fuscata).



    – Current IUCN Red List category: Vulnerable

    – The population trend: Decreasing

    The population is estimated at 2,500 to 9,999 mature individuals.

    Logging and subsistence agriculture have driven the loss of forests within their range and the hunting pressure remains a threat. Consequently, the species is suspected to be declining at a moderate pace.

    Relatively large numbers of birds have been trapped for the national and international trade.

    Since December of 1989, the import of the Black-winged Lory It is strictly prohibited in the European Community.

    Conservation Actions Proposed:

    – Conduct surveys on all the Geelvink Islands to clarify its distribution and current population status.
    – Investigation of their ecology and movements to facilitate conservation planning.
    – Investigate the species trade and design and implement appropriate controls.
    – Estimating the rate of loss of forests within its range.
    – Check the register in Supiori and establish a captive breeding program to support future reintroduction and supplementation efforts.

    "Black-winged Lory" in captivity:

    This species is observed commonly as a pet in Biak (island located in the bahía Paradise, off the north coast of Papua).

    Due to its status in danger of extinction, any specimen that can not be returned to their natural habitat (natural range) should preferably be placed in a well-managed breeding program to ensure the survival of the species.

    Alternative names:

    Black winged Lory, Biak Red Lory, Black-winged Lory (ingles).
    Lori à joues bleues (French).
    Schwarzschulterlori (German).
    Lóris-asa-negra (Portuguese).
    Lori Alinegro, Lori de Alas Negras (español).

    scientific classification:

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittaculidae
    Scientific name: Eos cyanogenia
    Citation: Bonaparte, 1850
    Protonimo: Eos cyanogenia

    «Lori Alinegro» images:

    Videos "Black-winged Lory"


    «Lori Alinegro» (Eos cyanogenia)

    Avibase, Oiseaux.NET, BirdLife.org
    – Photos: galleryhip.com, Sheri Hanna
    – Sounds: Hans Matheve (Xeno-canto)

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Iris Lorikeet
    Psitteuteles iris

    Iris Lorikeet



    20 cm.. length and a weight between 65 and 75 gr.

    The Iris Lorikeet (Psitteuteles iris) It has three subspecies recognized including the nominal, the extent and gradation of red and purple coloration in the head varies among the three subspecies:

    • Psitteuteles iris iris

      The Iris Lorikeet (Psitteuteles iris) has a plumage, in general, Green with stripes of color green light in the underparts.

      The forecrown, lores and zone extending in a narrow line around the Crown rear, red.
      Cheeks yellowish green. The eye-stripe and headphones feathers purple.
      Center of the crown, Turquoise, extending it until it nape in a large yellow-green necklace.
      The chest and abdomen are yellowish-green. The feathers of the neck and the chest they have dark green edges. Wings and tail green.
      Bill and irises orange. The legs greyish black.

      It presents sexual dimorphism. The Red coloration of the female on head It is more off and less extensive that in the male.

    • Psitteuteles iris rubripileum

      It has all the forecrown and crown Red and the headphones feathers Violet Blue.

    • Psitteuteles iris wetterensis

      Larger, the crown It is red and mixed with Violet Blue variable extension. The cheeks they are dark green. The chest bright yellow contrast with the Panza green.


    It has placed at times as subspecies to the Neopsittacus. The validity of the subspecies Psitteuteles iris rubripileum, is questionable, and it was claimed that the differences with the nominal species It may be due to age or individual variation.


    Found up to a height of 1.500 meters above the sea level.

    The Iris Lorikeet They inhabit monsoon forests, plantations and agricultural land with flowering trees.
    Although they are apparently more common in the higher elevations, its local abundance is based on the availability of trees with flowers for food, as is the case with most Lori.
    The flight of the Iris Lorikeet fast and slightly wavy.


    Little is known about the breeding ecology of this species in its natural environment.. A record of a captive calf states that the laying is of two eggs, with a period of incubation of 23 days and emancipation some nine weeks more afternoon.


    Feeds of nectar of the flowers Sesbania sp.


    Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 31.300 km2

    Endemic to the Islands Wetar and Timor (Indonesian).

    Subspecies distribution:

    • Psitteuteles iris Iris

      : West of Timor.

    • Psitteuteles iris Rubripileum

      : It is from Timor.

    • Psitteuteles iris Wetterrensis

      : Wetar island.



    • Current IUCN Red List category: Near threatened

    • Population trend: Decreasing

    There are no data on population trend; But, the species is suspected to be in decline due to the capture and the degradation of the habitat.

    Previously considered common, but not found in the Island of Wetar during a search in 1990, found only in two places during a study of nine weeks in the jungle in Timor West in 1993. Considered main many that the Olive headed Lorikeet and the Coconut Lorikeet in East Timor. World population around 10.000 specimens. VULNERABLE.

    "Iris Lorikeet" in captivity:

    Quite rare.

    Alternative names:

    Iris Lory, Iris Lorikeet (ingles).
    Loriquet iris, Loriquet d’Iris (French).
    Irislori (German).
    Lóris-íris (Portuguese).
    Lori de Goldie, Lori Iris, Tricogloso Iris (español).

    scientific classification:

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittaculidae
    Scientific name: Psitteuteles iris
    Citation: (Temminck, 1835)
    Protonimo: Psittacus iris

    Images «Lori Iris»:


    «Iris Truck» (Psitteuteles iris)


    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    – BirdLife.org


    1 – By Dirk (originally posted to Flickr as DSC_7897) [CC-BY-2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – By Dirk (originally posted to Flickr as DSC_2608) [CC-BY-2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – By Asim Bharwani (originally posted to Flickr as San Diego Zoo) [CC-BY-2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – By tinyfroglet [CC-BY-2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – By Liam from Washington DC, USA (IMG_9040Uploaded by snowmanradio) [CC-BY-2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

    Sounds: Filip Noel (Xeno-canto)

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Yellow-bibbed Lory
    Lorius chlorocercus

    Yellow-bibbed Lory



    28 cm.. length and an approximate weight of 200 g..

    The Yellow-bibbed Lory (Lorius chlorocercus) is the only member of the genus Lorius It found in the Solomon Islands Orientales. In flight it has a robust construction, with a distinctive tail short.

    It has a hood black running from the top of the bill up to the nape; the rest of the head is bright red with a prominent patch black, Crescent-shaped, on one side of neck. The upperparts They are red; center of the mantle, dark red. The wings green with yellow light bronze glow, in particular coverts and tertiary.

    internals flight feather and greater coverts, black; bend of wing with a white spot and sometimes showing blue below wing-coverts; the coverts are blue, black tip, with a reddish pink broadband in the Central, on the undersides of the primaries. axillary purple blue.

    The underparts They are red with a prominent yellow necklace; the thighs blue. Top, of the tail, red with green tips; lower tail, red with yellow opaque tip.

    The bill It is orange with dark base to lower jaw; Orange the irises; legs dark gray.

    The immature They have yellow band chest and marks on the sides and virtually absent bill is brown.

    The cap black, wings green and underparts red with a band in the chest yellow, you are distinguished from other sympatric species of similar size as the Cardinal Lory and the Coconut Lorikeet.


    Found in the canopy of the forest and secondary growth at all altitudes up to 1.000 m. In Guadalcanal it is more common in foothills than in lowlands and more common in low cloud forest. Other islands also occasionally observed around coconut plantations. Usually moves individually, in pairs or in groups of up to ten birds. Ecology generally little known although presumably typical of the genus.


    Little is known of its reproduction in the wild.

    In captive, the setting is two eggs and incubation lasts and 25 days. The young remain in the nest during 8 to 10 weeks.


    Its diet pollen compose, nectar, flowers and seeds.


    Size of its range (reproduction / resident): 78.200 km2

    endemic to the Solomon Islands Eastern on Savo, Guadalcanal, Malaita, Suavanao, Uki, San Cristóbal and Rennell. Quite common. World population 10.000 – 50, 000 specimens.


    minor concern

    • Current IUCN Red List category: Least concern.

    • Population trend: Stable.

    Least concern – in the news quite common in the natural and abundant across most of its range.

    Many species of birds in the Solomon Islands are vulnerable simply because of their small natural ranges, and the felling of forests for agriculture is a constant threat.

    "Yellow-bibbed Lory" in captivity:

    Before the Decade of 1990, the Yellow-bibbed Lory (Lorius chlorocercus) it was almost unknown in the United States and poultry farming, even then, a handful of birds were imported from the Solomon Islands. In 1998, a captive breeding consortium, call Solomon Island Parrot Consortium (SIPC), It was formed and received permission from the Government of the Solomon Islands and permissions of USFWS to import 30 pairs of each of the six species of parrots that are found in the Solomon Islands.

    These 60 Yellow-bibbed Lory they were the first species imported under this permit. From these original 60 birds, now there are enough birds that are starting to appear as pets from time to time. They were first bred in United States in 1989, in the aviaries of Seattle by Jan van Oosteen, who is considered the force behind the obtaining of this group of 30 couples.

    More information on –> birdchannel

    Alternative names:

    Yellow-bibbed Lory, Yellow bibbed Lory (ingles).
    Lori à collier jaune (French).
    Grünschwanzlori (German).
    Lóris-de-colar-amarelo (Portuguese).
    Lori Acollarado, Tricogloso de Collar (español).

    John Gould
    John Gould

    scientific classification:

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittaculidae
    Scientific name: Lorius chlorocercus
    Genus: Lorius
    Citation: Gould, 1856
    Protonimo: Lorius chlorocercus

    Images «Collared Lori»:

    Videos "Yellow-bibbed Lory"


    «Lori Acollarado» (Lorius chlorocercus)


    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    – Birdlife


    1 – By Benjamint444 (Own work) [GFDL 1.2], via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – Birds-pet-wallpapers – link
    3 – By Benjamint444 (Own work) [GFDL 1.2], via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – Young Yellow-bibbed lory feeding from spoon – kcbbs.gen.nz
    5 – Singapore Jurong Bird Park – jaxstumpes

    Sounds: Niels Krabbe (Xeno-canto)