Of 18 cm.. of length and a weight of 85 g..
The Blue-rumped Parrot (Psittinus cyanurus) is a small Parrot, robust and with a tail very short.
Since the crown up to the nape is a bluish grey, glossy on the front of the crown; the lower cheeks and chin grayish brown; the nape sharply demarcated from the the mantle black, with a strongly mottled grey; the low back and rump Blue light violet, brighter than the blue of the head. The patch in the shoulders reddish brown; upperwing-coverts medium Green, the edges of yellowish-green, especially in internal and great stockings coverts; primary coverts blue; flight feather green, with the primaries finely lined with yellow along the inner edges; carpal edge Blue and yellow. Lower parts of the wings Dark, with bright red feathers on the underwing-coverts and axillary.
Underparts grayish brown, becoming a blue-green shutdown, with yellow marks in the vent. Uppertail greenish blue in the Center, inner featherss of yellow light with vane outer greener; undertail-coverts yellow
A long bill with red notches in the upper mandible, lower mandible duller; irises yellowish white; legs bluish grey.
The female has the head and upper mandible brown; lacks black on the back and shows just a little blue in the rump; the underparts are light green, Gray as in the male Brown not.
The youth are like females, but with the head green.
- Sound of the Blue-rumped ParrotSound Lorito dorsiazul.
There is some evidence of possible regular movements in the North of its distribution area, with a view to passing birds above Fraser Hill in Malaysia, 1,300 m.
The Blue-rumped Parrot is also seasonal in parts of the South visitor of Burma.
They are distributed in lowland forests (usually below 700 m) and related habitats, including open forests, secondary growth, huertas, mangroves, dry forests, swamp forest, cultivated areas, including oil palm plantations (Elaeis guineensis), near forests (where are the post-cria concentrations considered pests in some areas), dense thickets and groves of coconut (Cocos nucifera).
The Blue-rumped Parrot they are not shy, and can be found in groups of up to 20 birds, whether eating in silence at the canopy level, quickly flying above the forest, or above the tops of the trees hacuendo calls continuously.
The breeding season of the Blue-rumped Parrot extends from February to may in Malaysia, and from June to September in Borneo, Although some birds have been seen inspecting possible nesting cavities at other times of the year.
During the courtship the grooming each other is common; the male jumps by placing both feet on the back of the female during mating. The implementation is up to three eggs, which are deposited in a hole in the top of a tree, little more is known about the reproductive cycle.
The diet of the Blue-rumped Parrot is composed of seeds, fruits and flowers.
Its distribution ranges from around the 11° N in Peninsular Thailand and South of Tenasserim, Burma, through the peninsula of Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra and Borneo (Kalimantan, Sarawak, Sabah and Brunei). Also found in the Riau (including Bintan) and groups of Lingga Islands to the North of the South of Sumatra, in BANGKA, and, in West Sumatra, in Simeulue and the Group Mentawai including Siberut, Sipura, Pagai Utara and Pagai Selatan.
It is only locally common and less abundant than other sympatric species of Psittaculas in most of its range.
• Current red list of UICN: Near threatened
• Population trend: Decreasing
The size of the world population Blue-rumped Parrot He has not formally quantified, but it is believed that they are more than 100.000 individuals (Juniper and Parr 1998), and the species is described as common in primary habitats and rare in secondary habitats and plantings (pit et to the. 1997).
In general, the loss of the forest cover between 2000 and 2010 It has been estimated in 23,7% in the case of Sumatra, the 12,0% in Borneo and the 8,2% for Peninsular Malaysia (Miettinen et to the. 2011).
In Sumatra, It has been estimated that you close to of the 36% primary forest cover in 1990, lost in 2010 (including degraded primary forest) (Margono et to the. 2012).
Descents are compounded by the pressure of the capture; However, the Blue-rumped Parrot uses of forest fragments, forest exploitation, secondary vegetation, other modified habitats and habitats at elevations, What has prevented a faster decrease in its population. However, many lowland forests have been logged.. Therefore, suspected of may be suffering a decrease in the moderately rapid population.
Conservation Actions Underway:
- – CITES Appendix II.
– Some of the habitats of the species are protected, for example, the Way Kambas National Park (Sumatra), Danum Valley (Sabah, Malaysia), and Taman Negara National Park and Book forest pantyhose (Peninsular Malaysia) (KD Bishop in litt. 2013, DL Yong in litt . 2013).
Pretty rare in captivity.
The Blue-rumped Parrot It is not a bird which like to interact with humans, nor is it a particularly playful bird. Are described as docile I love to sing in rainy days. Due to its melodic voice, they are often alone as songbirds. However, not all of them are born as birds cantadoras, in fact, Some are dumb.
It is recommended to buy the younger, since they are more likely to sing. However, in general it's parrots very quiet with occasional whistles and high-pitched vocation, that it can be irritating when held captive in an apartment.
They have very limited ability to speak. Some of them learn to speak – but most never make it.
Unfortunately, they are easy to catch, since they remain immobile when frightened. Hunters have only to shoot into the air or make some noise on turning the birds when they are resting so that they can be easily caught. This has led to its State endangered extincion ..
With regard to its longevity, According to sources, a Lorito Dorsiazul was still alive after 10,2 years in captivity. Taking into account the longevity of the similar species, maximum longevity is probably underestimated in this species.
The Blue-rumped Parrot It is a beautiful bird when it is in its natural habitat, its potential as a pet it is said that it is limited. Usually do better in an environment of Aviary, with plenty of space so that you can explore the surrounding area. It is even better protect their natural habitat and let them enjoy freedom.
- Blue-rumped Parrot, Blue rumped Parrot (inglés).
- Perruche à croupion bleu, Perroquet à croupion bleu (francés).
- Rotachselpapagei, Rotachsel-Papagei (alemán).
- Papagaio-de-rabadilha-azul (portugués).
- Lorito de Lomo Azul, Lorito Dorsiazul (español).
- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Psittinus
- Nombre científico: Psittinus cyanurus
- Citation: (Forster, JR, 1795)
- Protónimo: Psittacus cyanurus
Blue-rumped Parrot (Psittinus cyanurus)
(1) – Blue-rumped Parrot Psittinus cyanurus. Bird Park Kuala Lumpur by Bernard DUPONT – Flickr
(2) – Bird Park Kuala Lumpur By Bernard DUPONT from FRANCE (Blue-rumped Parrots Psittinus cyanurus) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Blue-rumped Parrot in a cage By TJ Lin (originally posted to Flickr as DSC01255) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Male blue-rumped parrot (Psittinus cyanurus) by Chlidonias – zoochat
(5) – Female blue-rumped parrot (Psittinus cyanurus) by Chlidonias – zoochat
(6) – Psittacus Malaccensis. (Latham, not Gmellin) Blue-rumped Parrot By William Swainson, F.R.S., F.L.S. (Zoological Illustrations, Volume III.) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons