Cymric cat
Federations: CFA, FIFe, TICA, WCF, AACE, ACF, ACFA/CAA

To the Cymric cat the water fascinates him, perhaps this fascination comes from originating on a small piece of land surrounded by water.
Cymric
Photo: animalplanet.TK

Content

Characteristics "Cymric cat"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a cat of the breed "Cymric cat" you know certain factors. You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Joy

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Activity level

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Friendliness to other pets

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Friendliness to children

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Grooming requirements

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Vocality

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Need for attention

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Affection towards its owners

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Docility

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Intelligence

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Independence

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Hardiness

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History

The Cymric cat hails from the Isle of Man, located in the Irish Sea, between Ireland and the United Kingdom. It takes its name from the Welsh word “Wales”, that means “Wales”. It's a long-haired version of the Manx cat, so talk about the history of Cymric is also talking about the history of Manx, since both are largely intertwined.

The cat is believed to have originated around the decade of 1750, but there are many different versions of how your ancestors came to the island. Podrían haber cruzado el mar con la Armada Española en la década de 1580, the Vikings who settled on the island around the year 800, or even long before, with the Phoenician merchants, around the year 500 a.C.

The history of the Cymric and that of the Manx It, Therefore, quite vague, but it is also full of stories. In particular, various legends try to explain how this cat lost its tail. One of them tells that he arrived too late at Noah's Ark and that the door closed on his tail. Otro dice que los vikingos solían robar gatitos porque sus colas se consideraban de la suerte; as a result, las madres gatas mordían las colas de sus crías para no perderlas. Otra explicación es que los isleños solían cortar la cola de sus gatos durante los duros inviernos para ahorrar leña. In effect, a cat without a tail enters the house faster, allowing the door to be closed earlier.

Desde un punto de vista más científico, the fact that Manx cats and Cymric cats be anura (that is to say, have their tail docked) It is explained by a spontaneous genetic mutation that was reinforced by centuries of inbreeding due to the insular nature of the breed. This corresponds to an incomplete formation of the spine., and the gene responsible for this is called gene Manx, since it was first observed in this cat. Según algunos documentos de archivo, this particularity, llamada comúnmentesíndrome de Manx“, began to be observed on the island, so many specialists deduce that cats without a tail were born in these lands. Other, on the other hand, están convencidos de que un gato con esta peculiaridad fue traído del exterior a través de un barco, and spread his gene to the island's feline population. It must be said that the gene Manx is dominant, which greatly facilitates its dissemination: in effect, it is enough that only one of the two parents is a carrier, y presente así esta especificidad anatómica, so that a part of your kittens is in the same case.

Existe en todos los mamíferos vertebrados, and therefore notably in cats of other breeds. Having said that, although within these breeds you can find short-tailed and tailless cats - due to the same genetic mutation- the Cymric and the Manx son las únicas razas que no tienen cola específicamente.

Parallel to the absence of a tail, during the years 1940-1950 se introdujo en las líneas un gen recesivo que proporcionaba pelo largo. However, esta característica se consideraba inicialmente un defecto, hasta el punto de que todos los individuos que la presentaban quedaban excluidos de la cría y la exhibición. It wasn't until a decade later, over the years 60, cuando los criadores canadienses empezaron a interesarse por este rasgo y lo fijaron como una característica del Cymric.

This led to the differentiation between the Manx cat (shorthair) and the Cymric cat (longhair). En Canadá se iniciaron programas de cría dedicados enteramente a este último, which allowed its recognition by the Canadian Cat Association (CCA) in 1970. The breed was also introduced to the United States, where it was very well received and quickly gained popularity. Breeders considered to be the pioneers of the breed are both Canadians and Americans. Blair Wright y Leslie Falteisek, in particular, were responsible for the current name of the breed: hasta entonces se la conocía simplemente como Manx longhair, but the name was changed to Cymric en la década de 1970. This illustrates the clear differentiation between the Manx and the Cymric that was introduced at that time, cuando este último comenzó a ser considerado una raza por derecho propio. In other words, although they are of British origin, It was in North America where the Cymric became independent and took off.

Cymric
Cymric – Desaix83, d'après le travail d'Heikki Siltala, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Following its recognition by the CEC in 1970, it was the turn of the TICA (The International Cat Association) in 1979.

The Cat Fan Association (CFA), que había reconocido al Manx desde su fundación en 1906, did the same, recognizing the Cymric as a race in its own right in 1989. However, the CFA reversed its position only five years later, in 1994, arguing that the Cymric debía considerarse una variedad del Manx cat and not a race in its own right. Then it started to call Manx longhair, as opposed to Manx shorthair , considering both as two varieties of the same race and having the same standard. The main argument for the association was the strong resemblance between the two cats, that only differ by the length of the hair.

In fact, el parecido es tal que en la mayoría de las asociaciones que consideran las dos razas por separado, parents kittens Manx but with long hair they are recorded as Cymrics.

The Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) also consider the Cymric as a simple variety of the Manx cat. Last, the Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFé), que abarca unos cuarenta países, including France and Belgium, y que había reconocido al Manx in 1949, lined up on 2006 with the position of the TICA, also considering the Cymric cat as a race in its own right.

In France, despite its recognition as a breed in its own right, the Cymric cat it's almost impossible to find: only one individual was registered in the Livre Officiel des Origines Félines between 2003 and 2019.

En los países en los que se considera una simple variedad del Manx cat, es más difícil medir su popularidad, since it remains “drowned” en las estadísticas de este último. However, It should be noted that in the United States, the Manx cat se sitúa justo por encima del puesto 30 (of little more than 40) en la clasificación de razas basada en el número de inscripciones anuales en la CFA, that is to say, is far from widespread, y esto es aún más cierto para su variante de pelo largo. The situation in the UK is similar to that in France: it can be considered that the Cymric cat está casi ausente del país, ya que el número de Manx registered annually was about 40 around the decade of 2000, and then collapsed from 2007, to the point where you can now count on the fingers of one hand. However, in 2018 there was a jump to more than 22 registrations, but it remains to be seen if this recovery will be sustainable.

Physical characteristics

The Cymric It's a long-haired version of the Manx cat: apart from coat length, the two races are identical. The Cymric it is a medium size cat, of solid bones, lighter than it seems and distinguished by its rounded appearance, from the eyes to the spine, head and body in general.

Its back short and compact forms an arch. The legs they are strong and the front ones are shorter than the rear ones. The thighs are especially muscular and the general appearance of the four limbs is such that some compare it to a rabbit. The feet They are round, medium in size and quite bushy.

The head is rounded and slightly longer than wide. It has the ears widely separated with rounded tips. The cheeks are prominent and the muzzle is longer than it is wide. The eyes they are big, round and can be yellow, orange, hazelnut or greens.

La principal característica distintiva del Cymric and of the Manx is the no tail. Es el resultado de una mutación genética espontánea bastante común en los felinos, and is called “síndrome de Manx“, even when it occurs in individuals of other races. However, it is possible that Cymrics and Manx are born with a longer or shorter tail. Some have up to three sacral vertebrae (vertebrae located in the pelvic region): called “risers“. Other, the “stumpies“, have a stump composed of one to three caudal vertebrae (vertebrae located in the tail). Last, the “longys” have a tail longer than a stump, but shorter than that of the other races.

Los individuos que no tienen cola -el caso más común- are called “rumpies“. Only rumpies and risers are accepted in cat shows, pero los otros tipos siguen siendo de gran valor para la raza y se encuentran en la mayoría de los programas de cría, ya que la cría de dos individuos completamente sin cola provoca la muerte de una cuarta parte de los fetos antes de nacer, and spinal malformations (calls “síndrome de Manx“) in around the 20% of those who are born, which leads to certain death to 3/4 years.

However, It should be noted that for cats that get rid of these serious problems, la ausencia de cola -que es la suerte de la mayoría de los representantes de la raza- not really a disadvantage: as he Cymric as the Manx they have little to envy their peers in terms of their sense of balance, since they have known how to adapt to the absence of it.

Its fur it's semi-long, thick, silky and double-layered. The breed offers a wide range of coat colors: brown, carey, cream, blue, Silver, black, red, white… There is also diversity in terms of coat patterns: ombre, smoked, striped, calico or tortoiseshell. Chocolate patterns, lavender and Himalayas are not allowed in the breed standard. What's more, the coat may change color and / or length with the seasons, becoming lighter in summer and longer in winter.

Some Cymrics have especially prominent tufts of hair on their ears and legs, a trait that is valued and sought after by breeders and in shows. Incluso sin esta característica, the hair is longer on the neck, the belly, legs and chest.

Last, It should be noted that the Cymric and the Manx they mature very slowly, to the point that some do not reach their maximum size before the 5 years. There is also a slight sexual dimorphism, since the male is usually slightly heavier and larger than the female.

Size and weight

  • Size: Of 30 a 35 cm.
  • Weight: Of 2 a 5 kg

Varieties of "Cymric cat"

The different feline associations distinguish four varieties of Cymric and Manx, lo único que las diferencia es el tamaño de la cola:

  • Rumpy: the cat has no tail;
  • Riser : the tail has a cartilaginous growth of one to three sacral vertebrae (vertebrae of the pelvic region);
  • Stumpy : the cat has a small tail that measures 3 a 4 cm., formed by one to three caudal vertebrae (that is to say, located in the queue);
  • Longy: the cat has a longer tail than the other varieties, but shorter than other breeds.

The varieties Rumpy and Riser son las más propensas a transmitir el síndrome de Manx. The síndrome de Manx causes the death of the kitten, even before birth or shortly after delivery. Therefore, it is recommended not to breed two representatives of these varieties and, Instead, cross tailless cats with stumpies or longies.

Cymric
A photograph of a long-haired Manx, also known as a Cymric, in a perched position near a window – Robertlucien, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Character and skills

Basically, the Cymric cat differs from Manx cat only in the length of her hair, por lo que algunas organizaciones de referencia lo consideran una mera variedad de este último. They both have similar personality traits.

The Cymric he is a gentle and affectionate cat, que adora la compañía de los humanos y es particularmente conocido por su lealtad hacia ellos. They love to follow their owners around the house and participate in all the daily tasks.. Some individuals focus all their love on one person, while others show affection to all family members, including children: its tender and attentive nature makes it a good cat breed choice for children, for whom it is a very good playmate. However, they need a loving and caring family, whose members take time to play and interact with them. Therefore, not recommended for people who are absent often, but it is an ideal cat breed for the elderly.

They are never aggressive, rather they enjoy a generally serene and peaceful lifestyle, but that doesn't mean they are inactive. They love to play, either loading things, crawling into cabinets or opening drawers. Able to play with very little, always find something to do. He is also a very clever and clever cat., able to learn tricks: it is very possible, for example, train him to catch a ball, just like a dog.

This powerful cat is also capable of running very fast and making big jumps.. This means that you can easily reach the high shelves, so objects that must be kept absolutely away from this joker are best kept in tightly closed cupboards.

The Cymric cat no sólo es flexible físicamente: is very adaptable and can cope with a change of environment, for example after moving in with your cat or even if it is necessary to transfer it to another family.
It must be said that he likes to meet new people, especially if you are used to all kinds of people, animals and situations from a very young age. Living with other dogs usually goes well, just like living with a dog, especially if it belongs to a breed recommended for cats.

On the other hand, you have to be very careful when it comes to small animals that can be prey for him, like birds, rodents or even fish. In fact, in addition to a great passion for the game, has a well developed hunting instinct. If you live in the same house as this type of animal, it is necessary to get used very early not to attack them. However, it is still preferable to avoid contact with them, so the best option is to avoid coexistence.

By the way, he is a pretty disciplined cat, que acepta que se le pongan límites. Entiende rápidamente si su amo le prohíbe ciertas cosas, like rubbing on the couch or scratching in certain places.

On the other hand, the Cymric es una raza de gato que maúlla mucho. Este gran hablador está acostumbrado a maullar para hacerse oír, or simply to communicate with its owner. Some individuals even seem to want to play the role of watchdog., as they tend to growl or be threatening when seeing or hearing unusual things.

Health

The absence of a queue in the Cymric and the Manx, caused by the mutation of a gene called “gen manx“, not always benign. This greatly complicates the reproduction of these cats..

Cymric
Long-haired stumpy Manx (Cymric) – Jumpinjim, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

First of all, the embryos that are homozygous for the gene -that is, that inherit the mutation of gen manx of both parents- are destined to die before being born, since your spinal cord is not fully developed. They represent about a quarter of the embryos conceived, so litters are usually small. On a larger plane, debe evitarse a toda costa la cría de dos gatos sin cola (variety “Rumpand” or “Riser“), as it increases the risk of getting kittens with deformities.

However, ser Heterozygosity is not enough to be healthy: some of the kittens that are heterozygous they are also heavily affected by deformities of the spine. The spine is usually too short, which can cause movement difficulties, damage to the spinal cord and nerves, or malformations of the urinary or intestinal tract. La mayoría de los gatitos con este problema se identifican entre los 4 and 6 months of age, mainly by observation. Therefore, before adopting a kitten Cymric or Manx of a breeder, it is advisable to check that the breeder has made sure that the kittens are in full health before putting them up for sale. This particular situation explains why representatives of this breed are usually not available before the 4 months of age, ya que así se garantiza que no sufran esos problemas de salud de antemano. The percentage of kittens affected is around 20%, y en su mayoría son rabones, that is to say, tailless. They are usually euthanized, pero si no es así, do not usually survive more than 3 or 4 years; el gato más longevo tenía 5 years when he died.
Esta característica física también puede provocar coccyx arthritis. This affects all varieties, but individuals with a partial tail are most affected.

On the other hand, to a kitten Cymric getting rid of these various risks linked to the absence or unusually short length of its tail is generally promised a long life, since it is not uncommon for representatives of the breed to reach the 20 years of age and living in perfect health. It is a very slow maturing breed, since puppies take many years to reach their adult size, sometimes even 5 years.

One of the health problems they may face is corneal dystrophy, an inherited disease caused by the accumulation of water in the layers of the cornea, which can lead to reduced vision and even blindness.

Last, the Cymric cat are prone to being overweight. Therefore, it is advisable to adapt the portions that are given to your needs (that depend, in particular, of your lifestyle) and check your weight regularly, to prevent any obesity problem in the cat. Aunque la obesidad no es una enfermedad en sí misma, can cause or aggravate various conditions.

Grooming

The long coat of the Cymric cat no es especialmente difícil de mantener, but must be brushed regularly, ideally two or three times a week. This prevents dead hair from spreading throughout the house. Be more careful during the shedding periods in spring and autumn.

You should also wash your cat's ears about once a week., and do the same with the eyes.

Looking at your nails, largely depends on your level of activity, but natural wear and tear may not be enough: si es así, es necesario recortarle las uñas para evitar que se avergüence en su vida diaria.

Food

The Cymric no es un gato especialmente difícil de alimentar, and conforms perfectly to quality industrial foods, either croquettes or patés. On the other hand, is very gluttonous and tends to be overweight: therefore, it is advisable to be especially attentive to the amounts of food that are given, y adaptarlas bien en función de su actividad física y, Therefore, of your needs. Unlike many races, permanent access to food is not possible, since it is not capable of self-regulation.

For sale "Cymric cat"

The price of a kitten Cymric heavily dependent on his lineage and the reputation of the kennel from which he came. The price range is quite wide, of 900 a 1500 EUR. In any case, the fact that it is a rare breed of cat largely explains its high price. Debido al reducido número de criadores de Cymric, it is common to have to join a waiting list before being able to take in a kitten of this breed.

Alternative names:

Long-haired Manx / Longhair Manx / Manx Longhair

Videos "Cymric cat"

Winston the Cymric Manx
Cymric kitten Miyako
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