Brazilian Shorthair cat
Federations: WCF

The Brazilian Shorthair cat still very unknown today, even in your country of origin. Nowhere has he acquired much notoriety, lo que se explica más fácilmente por el hecho de que la raza es todavía nueva y está en pleno desarrollo.
Brazilian Shorthair
Photo: by Dutchy Doo - Flickr

Content

History

As the name suggests, the Brazilian Shorthair cat He is originally from Brazil..
The history of this breed is relatively recent, ya que se supone que sus ancestros son los gatos traídos a Sudamérica -y en particular a Brasil- by the Portuguese colonizers in the early 16th century. In fact, they carried domestic cats on their boats to hunt pests like rats and mice. With the time, some of them ended up breeding with the local cat population already present in Brazil.

These cats arrived by boat and were domesticated. But once in Brazil, they turned into feral cats. In fact, how they were left in place for some, and escaped for others, they returned to nature. This situation lasted for centuries, more specifically until the decade of 1980.

The recognition of Brazilian Shorthair cat

Paulo Samuel Ruschi – creator, president of the Confederacao de Felinos Do Brasil (CFB) afiliada a la World Cat Federation (WCF) y del primer club de gatos de Río de Janeiro – emigrated to the United States, y fue el primero en realizar un estudio comparando la genética y los diferentes aspectos morfológicos de los gatos comúnmente observados en las principales ciudades de Brasil con los de otras grandes ciudades del mundo. The result was very clear, since it verified that the population of Brazilian cats was quite homogeneous in terms of their appearance, y que difería significativamente de los gatos callejeros de otras grandes ciudades del mundo.

From these general data, Paulo Samuel Ruschi decided to launch, already in 1985, a broader study program aimed at collecting information on Brazilian stray cats in order to develop a national breed. Se organizó con otros tres criadores para observar el mayor número posible de gatos en tres ciudades diferentes: Rio de Janeiro, Porto Alegre and Caera.

Los cuatro recorrieron las calles de estas tres ciudades y anotaron las características morfológicas -forma del cuerpo, head, legs, snout, nose, eyes, tail and fur- of all possible cats. They found that, despite the distance between the cities, their appearance was very similar.

Gato Brasileño de pelo corto
Gato Pêlo Curto BrasileiroJ.Jazz, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Based on these similarities, they drew up a standard for what they called the brazilian short hair: medium-sized, strong and muscular body, cabeza característicamente pequeña y más larga que ancha, big eyes, round and expressive, and a short, tight coat. Next, selected no less than 40 gatos de las tres ciudades para iniciar un programa de cría.

The Brazilian Shorthair was recognized as a breed in its own right by the BFC in 1994. That same year, an application for recognition was submitted to the World Feline Federation (WCF). The president of the WCF, Annelise Ackmann, traveled to Brazil to observe the cats and meet the WCF members who founded the breed. Shortly after his return to Germany, where the WCF headquarters is located, the standard of Brazilian Shorthair proposed by WCF was examined in detail by the organization. WCF decided to accept cats as Celtic shorthair cat, a breed also known as European shorthair cat. Llegó a la conclusión de que tenían muchas similitudes con los gatos europeos de los que descendían.

Paolo Samuel Ruschi contested this decision and pointed out the differences between the two races. In effect, in the European shorthair cat, the body should be medium to large and well muscled, big head, and not all coat colors are accepted. On the other hand, the Brazilian Shorthair cat has a medium size body, a longer head than it is wide and all coat colors are accepted.

The fact that he himself was a senior judge in the WCF helped Paulo Samuel Ruschi defend his position before the commission., apoyándose en muchos documentos y fotografías. He even brought representatives of the races to support his arguments with examples. He kept pushing for a standard for Brazilian short hair to be recognized and, Therefore, the recognition of the race as such. Their efforts ended up paying off, since the institution did it in 1998.

However, fue el único. In fact, the other official bodies that were consulted, as the American Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA), el British Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF), la International Cat Association (TICA) o la Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFé) se negaron a reconocer la raza. Todos utilizaron más o menos el mismo argumento: como estos ejemplares son el resultado de la reproducción de gatos callejeros, no pueden corresponder de ninguna manera a los criterios necesarios para hablar de una raza felina propiamente dicha.

In the news, the breeders keep working, buscando siempre mejorar las características de la raza. in your country of origin, el CFB emite un registro provisional para los gatos que se le presentan cuyas características se aproximan al estándar, and a definitive record for those who are fully compliant.

Popularity of "Brazilian Shorthair cat"

The Brazilian Shorthair cat still very unknown today, even in your country of origin. Nowhere has he acquired much notoriety, lo que se explica más fácilmente por el hecho de que la raza es todavía nueva y está en pleno desarrollo. The opposition of the main world official organizations (the International Cat Federation, the International Cat Association, the Cat Hobbyists Association in America, the Governing Council of Cat Fancy in Great Britain…), with the notable exception of the World Cat Federation (WCF), obviously does not help to improve the situation.

In fact, el número de criadores del Brazilian Shorthair cat still very low, y esto es así en todo el mundo: there are only a dozen of them, half in Brazil. There is no, for example, none in europe, and only a handful in America. However, the large population of these small felines on the streets of Brazil represents a huge breeding ground for their development. In fact, in Brazil, even individuals can present their cat to the Confederación de Felinos Do Brasil (CFB) for registration, as soon as it meets the criteria of the breed standard.

Physical characteristics

Gato Brasileño de pelo corto
Brazilian shorthair kitten playing hide and seek – Button, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The Brazilian Shorthair cat is a medium-sized cat with a semi-cobby complexion. Its body stocky and muscular has a broad, round chest and ends in a tail that tapers towards its rounded tip. Rises over legs strong and medium in size, that end in feet round.

The head is relatively small and longer than wide. The head is dominated by ears medium-sized, rounded at the tip and with tufts of hair at the base. The eyes they are big, round and expressive, they are quite far apart and match the color of the coat. The nose is the same width throughout its length. The lower jaw and the chin are strong and slightly prominent. Last, the slightly curved nasal bone at the level of the eyes gives it a rather particular profile.

The Brazilian Shorthair cat does not have undercoat, but he has thick and silky hair. The standard accepts all coat colors.

Last, esta raza no presenta ningún dimorfismo sexual particular: males and females are identical in size.

Character and skills

The Brazilian Shorthair cat he is a very cuddly and affectionate cat, that does not tolerate loneliness and requires a lot of attention and tenderness. To keep them happy, sus dueños deben tener tiempo para pasar con ellos y no dejarlos solos durante muchas horas del día.

They enjoy interacting with all members of their family and they especially like children, for those who are excellent playmates; the same happens in reverse.

Being sociable by nature, it is perfectly conceivable that you share your home with another animal. Generalmente disfrutan de la compañía de otros gatos, especially if they are as active as they. It is also perfectly conceivable that your cat lives with a dog, especially if they live together since they were little. On the other hand, the utmost caution is required with birds or small rodents. It is better to keep them in a safe place, like a cage, since a cat's hunting instinct can be awakened at any time.

Gato Brasileño de pelo corto
Gato da raça Pelo Curto BrasileiroJunius, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
The Brazilian Shorthair cat not only energetic, but also very agile and curious. However, pueden vivir tanto en una casa con jardín como en un piso, as long as it is spacious enough and they have the possibility to exercise. If you do not have access to the outside or there are no trees, a suitable cat tree is essential, so you can exercise your agility and have a perch to hide in. Unlike many of his peers, it is also very adaptable. For example, moving in with your cat is much less of a problem for a Brazilian Shorthair cat than for many other races, as they quickly appropriate their new environment.

His curiosity and his ability to adapt also give him an unbridled character. This little cat is a good hunter, always eager to discover a new environment, and he likes to watch over his territory, which can be very extensive. Thus, no es de extrañar que a veces desaparezcan durante varios días.

Grooming

The Brazilian Shorthair cat does not require much maintenance, since it has a short coat and has no undercoat. Brushing once a week is enough to remove dead hair.
At the same time, puedes limpiar las esquinas de sus ojos con un paño húmedo para asegurarte de que se mantienen limpios, y así reducir el riesgo de enfermedades oculares en los gatos.

También hay que comprobar si los oídos están infectados y limpiarlos con un paño húmedo.

The weekly maintenance session is also an opportunity to brush the teeth and check that there are no problems in this area. (caries, tartar deposits, etc.). In addition to the risk of bad breath for the cat, lack of dental care can lead to various diseases, some of them very serious (for example, septicemia).

Last, natural wear and tear is usually enough to file the nails of a Brazilian shorthair that is capable of running outside and scratching trees. However, es aconsejable comprobar cada mes si es así y, otherwise, trim them manually. The same should be done with an individual confined indoors, that you should have a scratching post at your disposal to prevent your claws from growing too fast or from making them on furniture.

Whether it's ear care, the eyes, your cat's teeth or nails, don't hesitate to ask a vet or groomer for help the first time, to make sure you know how to do it correctly. What's more, it is better to accustom your pet to these manipulations from a young age, so that everything goes well later.

Health

Gato Brasileño de pelo corto
Gato da raça Pelo Curto BrasileiroJunius, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The Brazilian Shorthair cat seems to be in fairly robust health. However, como esta raza es todavía nueva y está en proceso de desarrollo, there is not enough time to accurately identify certain diseases to which you may be predisposed.

One thing remains true: as in the case of any race, regular veterinary care is the best way to keep your cat in good health. This includes the inevitable health check at the vet.: must be done at least once a year, permite detectar a tiempo cualquier enfermedad y garantiza que el gato esté al día con sus vacunas.

Food

The Brazilian Shorthair cat it is not a demanding animal, but it is necessary to provide him with a diet of sufficient quality to satisfy his nutritional needs. Tanto los productos elegidos como la cantidad que se le da cada día deben adaptarse a su edad y nivel de actividad.

Como su actividad física es en general bastante elevada, not especially prone to obesity. However, if they live in a flat, they tend to be less active, so the problem is more likely to arise. Esto es aún más cierto si ha sido castrado, since neutered cats gain weight more easily. Therefore, to keep your cat healthy, you should make sure to weigh it about once a month. If your cat is persistently overweight, or even if it gets worse after several consecutive measurements, debe tomar las riendas o arriesgarse a atraparlo en un círculo vicioso: the fatter i am, less will want to move. Then it is necessary to go to the vet to determine the origin of the problem (disease, side effects of a medication, choosing an inappropriate food, daily ration too large, etc.) and remedy it.

Last, like any cat, the Brazilian Shorthair cat must have water available at all times.

For sale "Brazilian Shorthair cat"

The Brazilian Shorthair cat it is one of the rarest cat breeds. Therefore, es difícil obtener uno, since there are no breeders in Europe.

The situation is not much better in the United States, where there are very few hatcheries of Brazilian Shorthair cat. They generally offer their kittens for a few 1000 $.

Incluso si se dirige a su país de origen, Brazil, es difícil encontrar uno, de nuevo debido al reducido número de criaderos. The price of a kitten Brazilian Shorthair cat often haunt them 1500 Brazilian real (something more of 200 EUR).

In the case of an adoption abroad, transport costs and administrative costs are added to the purchase price and, of course, It is necessary to respect the legislation regarding the importation of animals.

Characteristics "Brazilian Shorthair cat"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a cat of the breed "Brazilian Shorthair cat" you know certain factors. You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Joy

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Activity level

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendliness to other pets

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendliness to children

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming requirements

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Vocality

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for attention

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection towards its owners

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Docility

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4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Independence

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hardiness

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Videos "Brazilian Shorthair cat"

Typical Brazilian Shorthair Cat
Cat Pelo Curto Brasileiro, O Gato Nacional Brasileiro, Brazilian Shorthair Cat, Também conhecido como Pelo Curto Brasileiro
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