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Chantilly-Tiffany cat
Federations: ACFA, AFC / CCA , TICA

The Chantilly-Tiffany Cat has only existed for a few 50 years, and has struggled to gain recognition compared to other recent cat breeds that have quickly achieved success.

chantill/ytiffany

Content

History

The Chantilly He is originally from the United States. His story began when, in 1967, a breeder from New York, Jennie Robinson, came across some pretty unusual items at a yard sale: two cats of an unknown breed whose owner had recently died. I buy them, motivated by the desire to save them from a worse fate.

The two animals had semi-long chocolate-colored hair and golden eyes.. They were very similar, which led Mrs. Robinson to assume that they had at least one parent in common. Estimated Thomas's age, the male, in a few 18 months and that of the female, Shirley, in a few 6 months. Neither of us was neutered.

In May of 1969, Thomas and Shirley had their first litter of 6 kittens. Like his parents, the kittens were all smooth, with a medium chocolate-colored coat and pink pads on the legs.

Jennie Robinson realized that these cats did not belong to any recognized breed.. They seemed beautiful and decided to start a breeding program. He also promoted them, showing Thomas and some of the kittens at various cat shows in the New York area in the early years 70.

In 1970, the American Cat Association (ACA) agreed to register Thomas, Shirley and her offspring as Sable Foreign Longhair.

The first litter was followed by many more, so that in just 7 years the Neotype kennel (Jennie Robinson's name for her kennel) saw the birth of some 60 kittens. Other Connecticut and Long Island breeders became interested in the new breed and bought some of the kittens, which in turn were exhibited in exhibitions.

Many professionals were convinced that the Sable Foreign Longhair He was a descendant of the Burmese cat. More concretely, they thought it was just the long-haired version. This confusion continued for many years and was later expanded.

In fact, in the mid 70, Jennie Robinson gave up breeding him Sable Foreign Longhair. He sold the cats he still owned to a Florida breeder, Sigyn Lun, which in turn started a breeding program. This breeder basically bred burmese cats, which contributed to the belief that the Sable Foreign Longhair was a Long Haired Burmese cat.

But, in some of the exhibitions in which these cats were shown, the judges commented that the name was too vague to designate a breed. Sigyn Lun decided to call them Tiffanie in reference to the eponymous theater in Los Angeles, a symbol of luxury and glamor for her. In fact, considered the cat to be the very embodiment of elegance and grace.

But, how the cat had become too weird, the ACA stopped accepting your registration.

In 1979, the International Cat Association (TICA) recognized the Burmese and formed a group with him Burmese and the Tiffanie, which was recognized at the same time. In other words, even a major international feline organization was convinced that the second was simply a long-haired equivalent of the first.

At the beginning of the Decade of 1980, Sygin Lun decided to stop raising the cat Tiffanie, that was on the verge of extinction. But a Canadian breeder probably saved the breed…

A salvation from Canada

Chantilly-Tiffany cat
Photograph of a Tiffany cat called Kumori (Cloudy). Tsukuba, Japan – Jennie Kondo (Jennie Valdivieso Kondo – Grialte), CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The second life of the Chantilly-Tiffany Cat started in canada, more specifically in the province of Alberta, When in 1973 a chocolate-colored cat with golden eyes came to give birth on a farm. She gave birth to a litter of kittens, all of them chocolate-colored and similar to Tiffanie. The farm was owned by a breeder, Tracy Oraas, who decided to start raising cats after falling in love with their grace and beauty.

Before embarking on this new project, and noting the similarities with the Burmese cats, tried to establish if there was any link, and got in touch with Jennie Robinson and Sygin Lun. Based on your research and the information provided to you, concluded that Tiffanie They had no relationship with the Burmese cats.

He teamed up with a Siamese breeder friend, Jan de Regt, to create a breeding program. They decided to cross the Tiffanie with the Angora cat, the Havana Brown cat Brown, the Somali cat and the Nebelung cat. In effect, given the small population of the breed, These marriages made it possible to expand the gene pool and, Therefore, develop it in the best conditions, reducing the risks of inbreeding. They also offered the possibility of diversifying the range of coat colors, since thanks to them the cinnamon colors were added, leonado, lilac and blue.

Since the beginning of the years 80, other breeders joined the program. The exchanges between all these enthusiasts allowed the Chantilly progress slowly but surely in Canada.

But, just when the information about the Chantilly it was finally clearing up, since it was no longer confused with the Burmese, in 1992 Canadian breeders were asked to choose another name. The name “Tiffany” used in Great Britain to refer to a new developing breed. Although the spelling was not exactly the same, it was confusing. Tracy Oraas decided to change the name of Tiffanie for that of Chantilly to keep the idea of ​​elegance and refinement, while remembering the idea of ​​a floaty coat.

The cat regained importance in the United States in 2001, when an Illinois foodie, Anne Davenport-Parini, founded the Amorino kennel. Hershey Nugget, a handsome chocolate-colored male, he was the father of the first generation of kittens. Also in this case several matings with representatives of other races were necessary.. It's about him brown havana (for its beautiful chocolate color), The somali (for his thicker fur in his pants, the gola and the tail), the Abyssinian (origin of the somali) and, finally, the Nebelung (by the length and texture of its fur).

In 2012, the hatchery was completely destroyed by a fire. One of the surviving cats, Frosty, was purchased by a Norwegian Nebelung breeder, Norma Hubenbecker. Norma Hubenbecker tried to start a breeding program for the Chantilly, but his attempt was unsuccessful. Frosty only sired a puppy, called Acey. In 2015, Frosty died of cancer and the breeder castrated Acey, ending the experiment.

In fact, it seems that the Chantilly-Tiffany cat he wasn't exactly born under a lucky star: from its inception to today, its history has been full of pitfalls and confusion, which has inevitably greatly limited its growth.

Today, there are less than twenty breeders (concentrated in Canada and the United States) who are dedicated to the breed and give all their energy to try to develop and perpetuate it.

Chantilly recognition

The Chantilly-Tiffany Cat has only existed for a few 50 years, and has struggled to gain recognition compared to other recent cat breeds that have quickly achieved success.

Since 1967, the beginning of its history, his path has been complicated and has been strewn with pitfalls, which obviously did not facilitate its recognition by the different recalcitrant official bodies. In addition to the various twists, the latter also noted the successive name changes, which obviously didn't help things.

However, the International Cat Association (TICA) granted recognition in 1979, at the same time as Burmese: formed a group composed of these two races, considering that one was the long-haired version of the other. But, realizing that this was not really the case and that the population of Tiffanie didn't really take off, in 1992 backtracked on acknowledging the latter.

Two years later, in 1994, TICA accepted it again, this time as a different race and with the name of Chantilly… before changing my mind shortly after.

In the year 2000, another change: the organization recognized him Chantilly as an experimental breed. This allowed their representatives to appear in the halls organized under the auspices of the organization., without entering competition. A few years later, the breed suffered another setback: while admission as an experimental breed is usually the prelude to full recognition, the association simply stopped recognizing the Chantilly, due to lack of enough specimens.

The Canadian Cat Association (CCA) accepted the Chantilly as an experimental breed in 1992, and granted him full recognition in 1996. But, observing that its population did not increase -and even decreased-, downgraded her to the rank of experimental breed in 2011.

Either internationally or nationally, other important feline organizations such as the Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFé), the American Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA), the British Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) or the Livre Officiel des Origines Félines (LOOF) they don't recognize the Chantilly.

Like this, more than half a century after the creation of this breed, almost everything remains to be done in terms of recognition.

Physical characteristics

The Chantilly-Tiffany cat It is of medium size and semi-linear type.

  • Its body it is rectangular in shape with a flat back and a rounded rump. His moderate musculature is based on a medium bone structure.
  • The tail is proportional to the length of the body. Tapers from base to tip and has a coat of feathers.
  • The legs they are of equal length in front and behind. They end in oval feet.
  • The head it is medium in size and harmonious in outline, resting on a rather short and thick neck. The skull is rounded and the forehead a little flattened. The profile shows a slight stop just below the eyes.
  • The ears they are widely spaced and medium in size, slightly angled outwards and forwards. Wide at the base, tapers to a rounded tip. The breed standard states that it is desirable that they have hair on the inside.
  • The eyes they are also widely separated and oval in shape. Its color ranges from dark yellow, gold and amber. In any case, it is preferable that it is as intense as possible, and a green ring is accepted around the pupil. The upper lash line is straight, while the lower one is rounded.
  • The cheeks they are tall and prominent.
  • The nose it is moderately long and ends in a broad muzzle, short and square. Whisker pads are flat. The complexion is dominated by wide jaws and a slightly prominent chin..
  • This cat has no undercoat, but it is distinguished by its semi-long coat, silky, light and very soft. This is what gives this animal its elegance, since its coat is reminiscent of an airy and vaporous whipped cream.

    Should have 5 cm length, but it can be a bit longer as long as the texture remains light and silky. In any case, up to two years of age this cat does not have its final coat. The fur appears first on the tail and then on the rest of the body. The male has a fuller ruff and a heavier coat than the female.. Regardless of gender, the hair on the hind legs is similar to that of the feathers, forming a small petticoat on the legs.

Originally, the Chantilly-Tiffany cat appeared with a chocolate brown fur, which is still the most popular today. But, crosses with the Angora Cat, the Oriental, the havana, the Nebelung and the Somali have expanded the range of colors. There's also Chantilly black, blue, cinnamon, tawny and lilac. The coat patterns are also more varied: may be agouti, stained or tabby.

In all cases, the color should be bright and deep. But, lighter shades of brindle on throat and muzzle are acceptable.

Last, there is true sexual dimorphism in this breed, since the male is bigger and heavier than the female.

Size and weight

  • Male size: Of 25 to 30 cm.
  • female size: 20-25 cm.
  • Male weight: 4-5 kg
  • female weight: 3 to 4 kg

  • Varieties:

    The Canadian Cat Association (CCA) is the only official body that recognizes the Chantilly, with experimental character, by the way. Allows crosses with the following breeds:

  • Angora ;
  • Brown havana ;
  • Nebelung ;
  • Oriental Longhair cat and Oriental shorthair cat;
  • somali.
  • <a href="https://Commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/file:Tiffany1.jpg&quot;>Jennie Kondo (Jennie Valdivieso Kondo - Grialte)</a>, a href=&quot;httpsttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0&quot;>CC BY-SA 3.0&tot;/a>, via Wikimedia Commons
    Photograph of a Tiffany cat called Kumori (Cloudy). Tsukuba, Japan –

    Character and skills

    The Chantilly-Tiffany cat it is an ideal cat for a family, since its balanced character makes it adorable and easy to live with.

    He is especially attached to the person he considers his teacher. Devoted and faithful, follows her everywhere and scrutinizes her every move at all times. It can also be perfectly placid, for example, snuggling into or against your lap for hours, or inviting himself to her bed. He likes to be caressed and gives all the attention he receives, but it is clear that it is not for someone who does not want a partner “sticky”.

    Although they have a very strong relationship with their owner, this cat has a broader love for all humans in the home, and you need your company to be happy. This makes it an excellent companion for the whole family., since it is the type of cat that establishes a good relationship with each member of the family. He will be happy to play with them or to seek pampering.

    Playing is also a favorite activity, making it an excellent entertainment companion for children. You just have to make sure children treat you with respect, like any other cat. In any case, for the good of both parties, a young child should never be left alone with a cat without adult supervision, regardless of race.

    Very comfortable in your family environment, the Chantilly-Tiffany cat It, on the other hand, much more reserved with strangers. Without being fearful, prefers to stay away when strangers enter its domain. A tree for cats, essential for every small cat, it is an ideal place to take refuge on those occasions.

    The fact that this cat loves the company of its humans goes hand in hand with the fact that it does not like to be alone.. Obviously, not recommended for owners who are away for long periods of time. In fact, if left alone for hours, quickly becomes anxious and melancholic. Leaving him toys cannot replace the presence of the people who usually surround him and allow him to flourish..

    On the other hand, having him share his home with a small companion is an interesting option. In fact, tends to live easily with another cat, delighted as he is to share moments of play with him. Living under the same roof as a dog is usually not a problem, especially if it is a breed of dog that gets along well with cats. But, in either case, it is always preferable that the two of you join at a young age: then the other is considered a full member of the family from the beginning, and the relationship is much better for it. Otherwise, it is preferable to establish coexistence gradually, to minimize the risk of problems.

    The Chantilly-Tiffany cat it can also live in the same house as birds or small rodents. They are quiet, peaceful and not aggressive. But, some caution must be exercised when the animal is outside: should be kept in a separate room or cage.

    It also, Even if I'm not the hyperactive type, this cat is very playful and needs his little crazy moments. Providing a variety of interactive toys is a great way to satisfy their curiosity and develop their skills.. But, this does not mean that you do not have to play with your cat: he likes very much to interact with the people around him in this way.

    As long as your need for entertainment is met and you have enough space to play, the Chantilly-Tiffany cat you can live both in a flat and in a house with a garden. On this last case, It is highly recommended to install a cat flap so that you can come and go as you please.

    In any case, like any cat, must have an easily accessible scratching post. In effect, scratching is a compelling need that you cannot give up; without this accessory, would have no choice but to resort to furniture or curtains, for example.

    Last, the Chantilly is known to be a very talkative cat. As he follows his master throughout the day and shares his activities, does not hesitate to tell you his life and give his opinion on everything. His way of communicating is, However, nice, since its meow is not very loud and is comparable to a screech.

    Chantilly-Tiffany cat
    «Black smoke». Our cat «Sarah» outside our house in the suburb of Selfors, in Rana municipality, Nordland, Norway. – Magne Aga, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Health

    Because the breed's population has always been very small, little is known about the health of Chantilly-Tiffany cat. But, appears to be in robust health.

    It also, is able to adapt to all climates and, Therefore, to live in almost all latitudes. It is only important to ensure that you always have access to fresh water and a shady area during hot periods., and to a sheltered and warm place when the temperature is very low.

    But, it is known to have a delicate digestion and is especially sensitive to cellulose, that decomposes with difficulty during assimilation and digests poorly. So, It is important not to hesitate to consult a veterinarian or a nutritionist to identify the most suitable food and, in any case, to avoid, for example, those based on corn, containing a large amount of cellulose.

    It is also important that you always receive the same food, even if it is left in a cattery when its owners are away. In any case, even more than with other breeds, a change in the cat's diet (for example, for health reasons) requires a very gradual transition to the new food, so that the digestive system can gradually get used to the new food.

    On the other hand, the Chantilly-Tiffany cat have an unfortunate tendency to be overweight or even obese, especially if you live indoors and, Therefore, are less likely to exercise. This problem should not be taken lightly, as excess weight can both aggravate existing diseases and cause new ones.

    Ears of the Chantilly they also require special attention. In fact, the presence of hair makes it less able to clean itself in this area. Thus, wax and dirt can build up and lead to ear infections (for example, otitis).

    As in the case of any race, turning to a serious breeder is the best way to adopt a healthy and well-endowed kitten. In effect, a professional worthy of the name spares no effort to socialize the little ones from a very young age and make them grow up in an ideal environment. In any case, at the time of sale, must be able to present a certificate of good health issued by a veterinarian, as well as the list of vaccines applied to the animal, registered in the health or vaccination card of this.

    Once the adoption is done, it is the responsibility of the new owner to take care of the health of his little companion while he is alive. Taking the cat to the vet at least once a year is one of the golden rules to keep it healthy. In fact, this not only allows the administration of the necessary booster vaccines, but also a complete health check of the animal, which sometimes makes it possible to detect a possible problem and treat it in the best conditions. It also, do not hesitate to increase the frequency as the cat grows.

    Continuing with the theme of prevention, the owner must ensure that his partner's antiparasitic treatments are regularly renewed, so that you are continuously protected. This applies even to cats that do not have access to the outdoors.: even if the risk is lower, are still exposed to certain parasites.

    Life expectancy

    14 to 16 years

    Chantilly-Tiffany cat
    A black cat on a chair – Scott, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Grooming

    The Chantilly-Tiffany cat has no undercoat and sheds very little. On the other hand, their fluffy, silky fur tangles easily. Brushing every other day not only removes dead hair, it also avoids tangles, allowing the dog to maintain its appearance. During their shedding periods, in autumn and spring, it is even preferable to brush daily.

    It is also essential to check your ears once a week. This is because the tufts of hair at the entrance of the ears make it difficult to clean the dog and, Therefore, facilitate the accumulation of earwax and dirt. If cleaned with a damp cloth, impurities that may become infected will be removed.

    This weekly grooming session should be used to check the eyes. If they are dirty, wiping the corners of the eyes with a damp cloth is necessary to remove dirt and prevent infection.

    The maintenance of a cat's teeth is also very important, whatever the race. This is because it helps prevent plaque build-up., which can cause more or less serious diseases when it becomes tartar. So, you should brush your pet's teeth at least once a week, but the ideal is to do it daily. In any case, it is essential to use a toothpaste specially designed for felines

    Whether your cat lives exclusively indoors or has access to the outdoors, it is also essential to inspect your nails once a month. If the natural wear and tear is not enough and they become too long, must be trimmed manually. This will prevent them from getting in the way or even breaking and / or injuring the dog. But, It should be noted that caring for your cat's nails does not mean you don't have to provide a scratching post. If you don't, You shouldn't be surprised if your cat falls on furniture or curtains..

    coat care, the ears, the eyes, the teeth and claws of his Chantilly-Tiffany cat does not require any special skills. But, it is a good idea to learn from a cat groomer or vet the first time, so you can learn the right techniques and then do it yourself. In this way, better results are achieved and the risk of injuring or even traumatizing the animal is reduced..

    As long as the owner does it correctly and does not hesitate to add caresses, the grooming sessions of the Chantilly-Tiffany cat will become privileged moments between the two protagonists. In fact, by liking the proximity of its owner, delighted that they pay attention to him and even more that they caress him, you probably appreciate it. It is common for him to let you know with sweet little meows.

    Chantilly-Tiffany cat
    «Black smoke». Our cat «Sarah» outside our house in the suburb of Selfors, in Rana municipality, Nordland, Norway. – Magne Aga, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Food

    Like any cat, the Chantilly-Tiffany cat you need a diet that matches your nutritional needs, both qualitatively and quantitatively. As such, must suit your age, your level of physical activity and your health status.

    In any case, the tendency to be overweight - and even obese- forces you to carefully define your daily food intake. It also, unlike most of his peers, has difficulty regulating himself, so it is better to avoid giving free access to food, since it is likely that he will binge and eat the entire ration for the day in a few minutes. Fixed meal times are a much better solution.

    Industrial cat foods are suitable, as long as they are of good quality. But, the choice should not be made at random, since your cat has a delicate digestion. In particular, avoid corn-based products, since they contain a lot of cellulose, which is difficult for the cat's body to digest. Ideally, seek the help of a veterinarian or feline nutrition specialist to identify the most appropriate.

    In any case, once you have found a suitable product, it is best to avoid changing it, unless, Of course, that your health justifies it. This is true of any cat, but even more so for cats whose digestive system has a harder time adjusting to a change in diet.

    Unless carefully selected, human food is not made for cats: is unlikely to meet your nutritional needs and, on the other hand, it can be a source of deficiencies or excesses. It also, in the case of Chantilly-Tiffany cat, there is also the problem of its digestion capacity. Like this, give small pieces during the meal, table scraps at the end of the table or letting him rummage through the trash is not a gift to keep him healthy. Some foods that are popular with humans are even toxic to cats.

    Your propensity for obesity also means you have to control your weight by weighing it every month. If successive weighings indicate that your cat is getting fat, it is important to take him to the vet. Only a healthcare professional can reliably diagnose the cause of the problem, which may be a feeding problem, but also a disease or a reaction to medication.

    Last, like any cat, the Chantilly-Tiffany cat you must have fresh water at all times.

    Chantilly-Tiffany cat
    Photograph of a Tiffany cat called Kumori (Cloudy). Tsukuba, Japan – Jennie Kondo (Jennie Valdivieso Kondo – Grialte), CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    For sale “Chantilly-Tiffany cat”

    The Chantilly-Tiffany cat it is one of the rarest cat breeds in the world, and it is almost impossible to find one outside the United States or Canada. Even in these countries, you have to be prepared to sometimes wait for many months and / or travel long distances to be able to adopt a cat of this breed.

    in Canada, there are very few breeders and they usually sell their kittens between 500 and 800 canadian dollars.

    One solution is to look at the United States, where there are just under a dozen breeders. The price of a Chantilly-Tiffany cat usually oscillates between 300 and 600 USD.

    In the case of an adoption abroad, must take into account, However, that transport costs and administrative costs are added to the purchase price. It is also necessary to know and comply with the legislation regarding the importation of animals.

    whatever the country, the asking price depends on the reputation of the breeding, from the line from which the animal descends and, above all, its intrinsic characteristics, especially the physical ones. For this reason, quantity can vary within a litter.

    Characteristics "Chantilly-Tiffany cat"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a cat of the breed "Chantilly-Tiffany cat" you know certain factors. You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Joy

    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Activity level

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendliness to other pets

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendliness to children

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming requirements

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Vocality

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for attention

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection towards its owners

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Docility

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Independence

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hardiness

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Videos "Chantilly-Tiffany cat"

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    Chartreux cat (Carthusian)
    Federations: LOOF, CFA, ACF, ACFA, TICA, FIFé, WCF

    chartreux-cat

    Content

    Characteristics "Chartreux cat (Carthusian)"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a cat of the breed "Chartreux cat (Carthusian)" you know certain factors. You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Joy

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Activity level

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendliness to other pets

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendliness to children

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming requirements

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Vocality

    1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for attention

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection towards its owners

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Docility

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Independence

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hardiness

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    History

    The Chartreux cat, also called Carthusian Cat, it is an ancient cat breed: exists for several centuries (at least the XVIII), but its history is quite difficult to trace. In fact, only recently has genetic research been able to prove its Persian origin.

    But, the vagueness of its history has allowed the existence of various accounts, before genetics has been able to clarify the true context of its appearance. The most popular is that it was created and raised in the Middle Ages by the monks of the Grande Chartreuse monastery, located north of Grenoble, in southeastern France. It is said that in his spare time, between prayers and the making of a famous green liquor, the monks were engaged in developing a calm breed of cat with a low-pitched meow, so as not to disturb during meditation sessions and moments of recollection. But, this beautiful story is really just a legend, since no written record of the monastery mentions the presence of any cat in its bosom. Another version is that the Carthusian cat was brought from the Near East by knights returning from the crusades between the 11th and 13th centuries..

    Whatever the true story of its appearance, its presence in Europe was first documented in the 18th century. In the Dictionnaire universel du commerce, de l’histoire naturelle et des arts et métiers, written by the Frenchman Jacques Savary des Brûlons and published in 1723, we find the first reference to the name Chartreux in reference to the blue-robed cats. The author especially insists on his beautiful skin, which at that time was highly coveted for clothing.

    It is also mentioned in the Systema naturae, written by Carl von Linné and published in 1735. This Swedish naturalist, who initiated the scientific classification of species, dio al Chartreux el nombre latino de Felis catus coeruleus. Georges-louis leclerc, Earl of Buffon, Nor did he stop including it in his monumental Natural History, published in 1749 and the fruit of several decades of work. In fact, one of the volumes lists the four breeds of cats that were common in various European countries at the time: the domestic cat, Angora, the spanish cat and the Chartreux.

    But, some speculate that this cat - or at least one of its ancestors- was mentioned long before, in 1558, by the poet Joachim du Bellay. The latter owned a gray feline named Belaud, whom he described in his poem Epitaphe d’un chat like an excellent rat catcher. But, This description is too vague to suggest with certainty that it was a Carthusian cat. The fact that du Bellay specifies that it is “white underneath like an ermine” suggests even the opposite.

    According to the book Le chat des Chartreux published in 1980 and written by Jean Simonnet, a breed enthusiast, the Chartreux is originally from the Middle East, and an animal identified as the Syrian Cat by the Italian naturalist Ulisse Aldrovandi (1522-1605) is probably one of your ancestors. The book even includes an illustration - based on Aldrovandi's research- of this stocky blue Syrian cat with copper and almond eyes. The drawing also shows a mouse curled up at his feet., symbolizing the cat's strong hunting instinct. It was for this particular reason that the Chartreux cat became popular and that his descendant became a popular companion.

    The Chartreux it was probably brought to Europe by merchant ships from the Near East, more specifically from Persia (the current Iran), and quickly established itself as a French feline breed.

    Its survival in Europe is proof of its great strength. In the 18th century (or even long before), lived mainly on the street and was used in stables, shops or houses for your hunting skills. But, her beautiful skin was used in the textile industry, so it was hunted for many years and had to learn to adapt.

    Until the beginning of the 20th century, groups of stray cats with typical features of Chartreux continued to roam the streets of Paris and other parts of France, for example some Breton islands and the Massif Central. It was not until after World War I that lovers of the country's feline species decided to preserve the breed.. A great deal of work was done to gather as many individuals as possible with similar characteristics, and in the process a standard was developed.

    You can't talk about the origins of the Chartreux not to mention sisters Christine and Suzanne Léger who, in 1920, discovered a group of blue shorthair cats in the town of Palais, in Belle-Île-en-Mer, off the coast of Brittany. This group, then wild, lived near the local hospital, -casually directed- by a religious order. The townspeople called them “the hospital cats”. Captivated by the beauty of these felines, the two sisters also began to work on the development of the breed, which was first shown at a cat show in Paris in 1931.

    The breed quickly became very popular with the public, but the Second World War was about to decimate it. After the war, none of these cats were found in the wild, but there were still some domesticated representatives. They were crossed with the British Shorthair cat blue, the Russian Blue Cat and the Persian cat, in order to maintain bloodlines without the risk of inbreeding problems.

    These crosses came very close to Chartreux cat and to the British Shorthair cat, that ended up being very similar. The Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFé), that in 1949 had recognized the Chartreux as a breed in its own right, came to merge the two standards in 1970, considering that the two cats were now one. Many enthusiasts of the Chartreux they expressed their discontent, especialmente a tal Jean Simonnet, who set out to restore the race to its former characteristics. In fact, the Chartreux has a shagier coat texture than the British Shorthair cat. It is also less massive, taller and has longer ears and tails. Simonnet founded a breed club in 1977, the Club of Chartreux cat, which still exists today and continues to work for the preservation of the breed. Thanks to these works, the cat regained its original appearance and continues today to correspond to the descriptions established at the beginning of its history. In 1977, FIFé decided to separate the two races again and the Chartreux had its own standard. Today, the organization prohibits crosses between both races; a Chartreux cat can only be crossed with a Chartreux, and the same goes for the British Shorthair cat.

    The Chartreux entered the United States in 1970 by Helen Gamon de La Jolla, who imported the first representative from France to California and then started a breeding program. Still today, many of the lines present in North America are the result of his work.

    The International Cat Association (TICA) recognized the Chartreux in 1979, and the Cat Hobbyists Association (CFA) did the same in 1987.

    The Chartreux cat still a relatively unknown breed in North America, occupying the position 35 of 42 in the ranking of the most popular cat breeds in the United States, according to the number of annual registrations in the CFA. There has even been a certain decrease in interest, passing the post 25 to the 30 at the beginning of 2010.

    Not much better in Canada, with little more than 50 cumulative births registered with the Canadian Cat Association (CCA) between 2016 and 2018.

    The Chartreux cat, on the other hand, is much more present in what is considered its country of origin, that is to say, France. With an average of just over 2.000 births per year registered in the Livre Officiel des Origines Félines (LOOF), is even among the 10 favorite feline breeds of the French, representing something more than 4% of the population of purebred cats in the country.

    But, even in europe, its popularity does not seem to have really crossed the borders of France. In Switzerland, bordering country with France and partly francophone, only a few are registered 60 births per year in the Fédération Féline Helvétique (FFH). This figure is in decline, since there were more than 100 since the beginning of the decade of 2000 until mid 2010.

    The situation is not much better in Britain, with less than 50 records per year in the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF). But, This can be explained by the fact that the body has only recognized race since 2017.

    Chartreux cat
    Chartreux cat

    Physical characteristics

  • The Chartreux is a medium-sized cat with a general appearance that, without being rough, it's quite primitive, what gives it robustness and solidity. It is medium in size, with broad shoulders and a deep chest. Despite these physical characteristics, not at all clumsy, it is extremely flexible and agile.
  • The legs they are relatively short, straight and very robust. Feet are round, medium-sized, and they seem quite small compared to their muscular overall look. This feature sometimes leads to an unflattering comparison to a potato on a stick..
  • The tail It is of medium length, heavy at the base and tapers to the rounded tip.
  • The head it is round and wide, with a powerful jaw and well-furnished cheeks. Your forehead is quite straight, just like your nose, which is medium length. It has a friendly expression, and the shape of his mouth could suggest that he smiles constantly.
  • Their ears they are medium in size and are placed high on the head. The eyes are rounded and wide, which gives a lively and intelligent expression. Slightly curved up, they can be orange, copper or gold, and they must be bright. The color of the eyes, along with the charcoal fur, is the hallmark of this cat, along with coat color.
  • The fur consists of a very dense undercoat and a short, slightly woolly topcoat. The coat of the Chartreux is especially water-repellent, which protects you from both moisture and water. But, the appearance and the amount of coat depend on both the age and the sex of the individual. These may include, an adult male has a full coat, while females and juveniles under 2 years have a softer and finer coat.

  • In any case, the cat's coat color is the same: blue, uniform, no stains and preferably shiny. All shades of blue are accepted, and slight silver reflections are appreciated. In kittens, slight tabby tones can be seen, but these should disappear as they approach adulthood.

    Last, It should be noted that the Chartreux grows slowly, and only reaches full physical maturity among 4 and 5 years of age. This is especially true of the male., whose growth is slower than that of the female.

    This breed is also characterized by a sexual dimorphism very marked, since the male is usually much heavier and taller than the female.

    Size and weight

  • Male size: Of 27 – 33 cm.
  • female size: 25 – 30 cm.
  • Male weight: 4 – 7 kg
  • female weight. 3 – 5 kg

  • Chartreux cat
    Chartreux cat

    Character and skills

    The Chartreux cat could be compared to a mime: quiet but very communicative.

    Before they were used as hunters, are now employed as an excellent family company, although they continue to show their predatory abilities to protect the house and garden from rodents (and from vermin in general) whenever the opportunity presents itself. Its popularity as a pet is not free, as this loyal and very loving friend quickly finds a place in the home. They are known to live alongside their owners and have a sometimes close relationship with them, following them around the house and being aware of everything that happens.

    When they get home, never fails to greet them with his enigmatic smile and soft purr. It´s, in effect, a purring cat of the first order, who knows very well how to express his satisfaction and well-being by this means. This well-being can also be communicated: this is the miracle of purr therapy.

    Apart from this propensity to purr a lot, the Chartreux cat not at all a noisy companion. It's not the kind of animal that meows all the time, for example to order food. But, often opens his mouth and pretends to make noises, but no sound comes out.

    The Chartreux much appreciates the attention, especially if it comes in the form of stroking and scratching under the chin or between the ears. But, as with food, they are not usually the kind that ask for it, content with what is given to them. It is important to get used to observing and paying attention to it, since he is not one of those who express his discontent, your discomfort or even your suffering, for example when you are the victim of a health problem.

    In general, has a uniform personality (neither exuberant nor too shy) and is much more adaptable than most of his peers. These characteristics make it the favorite of truckers looking for animal company on long trips..

    They can easily stay home alone while their owner is at work, but they are even happier if they have a playmate to entertain them during those times. They are quite sociable and generally get along well with other cats.. Living with a dog is also possible, as long as he is not too aggressive with him. On the other hand, in view of his strong hunting instinct, trying to get it to share the same roof as a rodent or bird is not recommended, since the experience could be a failure.

    Inside to the family, this feline tends to form a very strong bond with a particular person. But, remain friendly and cuddly with everyone else. As for the children, get along with them, as long as they are calm with him. So, it is necessary to teach them to behave with this cat, who especially does not like being carried around the house by unruly children. Having said that, even though i'm irritated, is never aggressive: if you feel embarrassed by someone's behavior, it just walks away.

    If a stranger comes to the house, does not rush to greet him, like some cats do, not the kind of event to blow it up. Has a little trouble accepting the newcomer, but then he goes on quietly with his life, without looking too annoying.

    Your character traits, in particular their calm and collected character and the fact that they love to spend time on their owner's lap, make them an ideal cat breed for seniors. But, do not ignore the need for activity of this playful animal with a highly developed sense of humor. They love to playfully interact with their humans and are especially fond of feathery toys that swirl in the air., which stimulates one of your strongest instincts: the hunter. In the same line, chasing balls is also one of his favorite activities. He is a great climber and is known to be capable of impressive stunts during play sessions..

    In addition to physical exercise, likes to stimulate himself with games that test his great intelligence. It is this intelligence that makes him quickly recognize your name and teach you tricks.. But, do not deprive yourself of learning by yourself, as when it comes to inserting drawers or opening doors… Wide awake and always alert, he is fascinated by everything that happens inside and outside the house. Loves looking out the window or watching TV shows, for example.

    Don't be fooled by its quiet and discreet character. They are cunning and clever with their paws, But they will soon flee from their owners when curiosity wins them over and the opportunity presents itself.. In fact, has an amazing ability to find ways to get out of the house, including opening doors or shutters.

    It follows from the above that you need an environment with many stimuli and that access to the outdoors is highly recommended for your physical and psychological well-being..

    As long as they are comfortable on their legs, the Chartreux they are easy to conform and are not the boisterous type. It is fairly easy to train and understands basic household rules very quickly.. He even seems especially aware of them, as if he wanted to preserve his reputation as a polite and respectful partner.

    Chartreux cat
    IC Blue Melody Flipper [NO] macho EX1 CACIB, Carthusian male featured in Vantaa feline show in 2008. – Heikki Siltala – catza.net, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Grooming and caring for the "Chartreux cat (Carthusian)"

    The Chartreux it is an easy cat to care for. Apart from their shedding periods (in spring and autumn), she changes very little, and a weekly brushing is more than enough. It is better to comb than brush your cat's fur to maintain its beautiful woolly texture. Another days, just run your hand through its fur to remove the little hair that falls out, and he loves it!

    A bath is seldom necessary, but if you have to, either because it has become dirty or because a harmful product has been spilled on its fur, you have to let some time pass: their fur, which is especially waterproof, it takes a long time to get really wet.

    Otherwise, as with any cat, the eyes should be examined once a week and cleaned with a cloth soaked in water.

    The same goes for the ears.: weekly cleaning is recommended to limit the risk of infection.

    Last, you need to maintain your cat's nails by trimming them when necessary, normally every fortnight. In very active and activist people, this may not be necessary, since natural wear will take effect; However, it is advisable to check them regularly to avoid them becoming too long and hindering your movements or even injuring you.

    Indoor or outdoor cat?

    Like any indoor cat, the Chartreux he is delighted to go abroad, but their desire to do it is not so developed. But, if you can give the cat a safe opportunity to explore the outdoors, should let you do it. Like outdoor cats, they spend a lot of time outside and the males, in particular, they have a great territory. When the opportunity presents itself, the gray cat likes to hunt mice or other small animals to take them to its owner. The robust and dense coat keeps the velvet paws warm outside even in winter, which makes them ideal cats for the outdoors. But, if they are given enough space and opportunities for activity, they can also be happy as indoor cats.

    How much activity does he need? "Chartreux cat (Carthusian)"?

    One Carthusian cat with access to the outside you can easily entertain yourself and like to take long walks in nature. If you only stay inside, you will have to offer them appropriate activities as a substitute. These beautiful cats are happy to accept smart toys and also like to chase toy mice or balls. At an early age, with a little patience, the cat can even be taught to recover. But, the Chartreux he is an easy and calm cat, you don't need to be constantly entertained. Especially in old age, prefer to lie down in a warm place and enjoy the peace and quiet.

    Health and nutrition

    The Chartreuxx is in good general health. It is a robust cat breed, who doesn't get sick often.

    But, is especially exposed to certain diseases:

  • The renal polyquistosis, characterized by the appearance of cysts that compress the kidney tissue and prevent the proper functioning of the kidneys. This inherited disease can be detected by genetic testing. So, when adopting a kitten from a breeder in Chartreux, it is strongly advised to ask for the results of genetic tests on the subject to minimize the probability of adopting an individual who develops the disease;
  • The struvite stones, consisting of the formation of “married” in urine. If these stones get stuck in the urethra, difficulty urinating, vomiting, coma and even death in the most severe cases. In general, females are more affected by this disease than males;
  • Patella luxation, a malformation that causes the patella to slip out of the femoral groove. Mild cases are not really a problem, since they are not painful, but severe cases cause lameness and can be relieved with surgery.

  • Chartreux cat
    Chartreux cat

    Life expectancy

    13 to 16 years

    For sale "Chartreux cat (Carthusian)"

    You buy a Carthusian cat, will commit to the animal for a long time, with a life expectancy of more than 15 years.

    Before buying, you must make sure and know all the characteristics of the breed. If you want to buy a Carthusian cat purebred and healthy, it is best to go to a reputable breeder. Ideally, go to a breeder who is a member of the Association of Breeders and Lovers of the Chartreux and have experience in breeding. Here you will pay a higher price, 700 EUR, but you will be guaranteed to get a healthy, purebred kitten.

    Videos "Chartreux cat (Carthusian)"

    Carthusian cat (Chartreux) - homemania

    Cats 101 - Chartreux

    Alternative names:

    1. Chartreux cat (English).
    2. Chat Chartreux, Chat des Chartreux (French).
    3. Kartäuser Katze, Kartäuser, Malteserkatze (German).
    4. Gato Chartreux, Cartuxo (Portuguese).
    5. "Gato Chartreux (Cartujo)", Cartujo (español).

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    Chausie cat
    Federations: TICA

    Despite its wild origins, the Chausie cat has all the features of a domestic cat. Very attached to its owner.
    Chausie
    Photo: courtneyBolton (Filckr)

    Content

    Characteristics "Chausie cat"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a cat of the breed "Chausie cat" you know certain factors. You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Joy

    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Activity level

    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendliness to other pets

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendliness to children

    1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming requirements

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Vocality

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for attention

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection towards its owners

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Docility

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence

    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Independence

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hardiness

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    History

    According to legend, the Chausie cat it is a distant cousin of wild cats domesticated in honor of the goddess Bastet in ancient Egypt. In fact, the reality is quite different, despite the eerie similarities between the Chausie real and the artistic representations of some cats of the time.

    Born at the end of the years 60 or early 70 in United States, the Chausie would be the first hybrid breed resulting from the cross between a jungle cat (Felis chaus) who lived essentially in Egypt, India, Central Asia and Southeast Asia, and domestic short-haired cats of various breeds, having in common physical characteristics close to those of the Felis chaus.

    The idea behind the creation of this hybrid was to create a “domesticated jungle cat” that looks like a Felis chaus but that he was as tame as a domestic cat. The Chausie cat intended to appeal both to the daring who were trying to tame true wild cats and to cat lovers “exotic”. The bet paid off over the years 90: passionate breeders managed to stabilize the characteristic traits of the breed and consolidate the genetic stock to facilitate breeding.

    Thanks to the efforts of these breeders, the International Cat Association (the TICA, an organization that lists and registers all existing cat pedigrees in the world) recognized the breed in 1995. In 2003, gave the owners of the Chausie the opportunity to present your companion in the feline shows organized under your aegis, granting him the title of New Race. But, in the news, they cannot participate in the competitions by themselves.

    In France, el LEAF (Livre Officiel des Origines Félines, an association with missions similar to the TICA) follow the position of the TICA and allow owners to participate in exhibitions, but not compete.
    As for the other feline associations in the world, and in particular the FIFE (Fédération Internationale Féline), they still don't recognize the breed.

    Today, the breeders of Chausie cat they keep working to get new generations closer and closer physically to their wild cousin, especially through crosses with the Abyssinian cat. The breed is found primarily in the United States and Europe, but it also has a following in South Asia and India, although its dissemination is more confidential.

    Physical characteristics

    Chausie
    Chausie – Wolfdogrew, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    The Chausie it's a big cat (especially the males) with a long powerful guy and a long rectangular body. Has a sleek appearance and powerful musculature, but it is not very showy. The rib cage is wide, the legs are of medium length with stronger hind legs than most other cat breeds. The tail is shorter than that of other breeds and reaches the hock.

    In the face, the Chausie has a broad, triangular head with prominent cheekbones, a rounded forehead and a long muzzle. The ears are wide at the base and wide open. Feathers are very popular with breeders of this breed. The eyes, oval in shape and slightly flattened on top, are generally golden yellow hazelnut in color. Light green tones are also accepted.

    This cat's coat has a dense coat of short to medium length. The fur is reminiscent of its wild ancestor, the jungle cat Felis chaus, especially for its ticking. The more ticking (several colored stripes on the same coat), more appreciated will be the cat in the feline exhibitions.

    Size and weight

    Size: Of 40 to 50 cm.
    Male weight: Of 6 to 11 kg
    female weight: 6-9 kg

    Varieties of "Chausie cat"

    Currently, the standards TICA y LOOF they only recognize three colors. There may be a Chausie cat with other colors, but they cannot be registered in the LOOF and / or TICA.

    Full black

    The kitties Chausie negros may show slight brindle markings that disappear as the kitten grows older. Prolonged exposure to the sun can cause your black to turn brown.

    Gray-haired black tabby

    The black tabby pattern is a direct descendant of the wild cat Felis chaus and is exclusive to Chausie. In fact, no other domestic cat has this pattern, unless you have a wild ancestor in your family tree. So, it is easy to understand why this variety is the most sought after, since it is the most similar to the fur of the jungle cat.

    The kitties, originally black, show black brindle markings as they grow, while her fur becomes lighter. The coat of the black tabby has a ticking that changes depending on the part of the body, ranging from dark mouse gray with black tips to a three-striped ticking (mouse gray, black and white) in the finest specimens. This characteristic reaches its full and definitive expression when the cat has 3 years.

    Some Chausies gray-haired blacks can be mistaken for a Chausie negro when silver ticking is scarce.

    Brown tabby

    The brown tabby has a black tabby marking on a brown background, with stripes on the inside of the legs and on the tip of the tail. The shade of brown can vary from cat to cat, as long as it doesn't get too close to the Abyssinian. As with the first two colors, the final color of the Chausie brown ticked tabby not fixed until 3 years of age.

    Character and skills

    Chausie
    Chausie – Wolfdogrew, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Despite its wild origins, the Chausie cat has all the features of a domestic cat. Very attached to his master, even exclusive, it is a sociable cat that demands a lot of attention and barely supports loneliness. Very affectionate, You can enjoy both being indoors with their owners at home and playing with the other animals in the family. This cat also adapts very well to the presence of children, for whom it can be a good playmate, provided he is taught to control his claws from a young age.

    In effect, even if it is a good domestic cat, the Chausie also has a strong character, is often stubborn and may have aggressive reactions, inherited from its wild origins. Your fearlessness can also play tricks on you, especially when it goes outside. In any case, he needs a teacher capable of having authority and patience to reveal all his qualities and temper his predatory side.

    True athlete, has a reputation for being a tireless gamer and spending without sparing expense. In fact, they do better in a house with a garden or in a very large apartment, that provides them with enough space and plenty of opportunities to play and run around in the absence of their owner.

    Last, the Chausie cat distinguished by high intelligence and hunting instincts superior to those of other domestic breeds. It is one of those cats that likes to learn tricks, look for the ball, walk with harness… but also open taps and doors in the absence of supervision. Thus, it is recommended to use cat toys and stimulate their attention as much as possible, both for your well-being and for the living room furniture.

    Care and grooming of the "Chausie cat"

    The coat of the Chausie is slightly longer than that of normal domestic cats, but still easy to care. Regular brushing and removal of dead hairs ensure a shiny coat.

    Indoor or outdoor cat?

    Due to his offspring from a kind of wild cat, the Chausie cat he is very fond of freedom. This athletic cat also has a strong drive to move and can easily jump six feet from a standing position.. Thus, keeping them indoors is only possible under special conditions. If you cannot provide access to the outside, the cat must have a large outdoor enclosure. You must be able to live your natural instincts, ideally hunting mice and birds, to be happy. If you have your cat in an outdoor enclosure, you must be prepared to receive regularly “gifts” of your cat in the form of prey.

    How much activity does he need? "Chausie cat"?

    This affectionate cat likes to be around his owners and is reluctant to stay home alone. If you are a person who works, it is better to have two cats so that the animals do not get bored. A large, sturdy scratching post and several cat toys will keep them busy and provide variety around the home.. They love to play catch and chase mice and balls. You can also give your cat, water lover, a special treat with a soak in the tub or a bubbly drinking fountain. Some cats like water so much that they will even follow you into the shower.

    Health and nutrition

    Chausie
    Chausie – Wolfdogrew, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    The Chausie is a relatively recent hybrid. Thus, There is very little scientific literature on health problems specific to this breed..

    But, analyzes of animals born from two different species draw a picture of pathologies that Chausies, as hybrids, can present: male infertility prevalence, fluctuating physical development (very large or very small individuals), digestive problems, behavioral instability (this cat is still more aggressive than a real house cat) and, in rare cases, heart problems due to malformations of the heart muscle.

    Generations of Chausies are classified according to their “closeness” to its wild ancestor on a scale from F1 to F4 and above, F1 being the generation born directly from hybridization between a domestic cat (Felis sylvestris catus) and a wild cat (Felis chaus). Males of generations F1 to F3, or even F4, are generally sterile, which considerably complicates the work of breeders of Chausie to develop this breed.

    Last, due to its wild origins, this cat has inherited a shorter digestive tract than other breeds. This makes them more susceptible to certain intestinal problems., including inflammation from food allergies, and predisposes them to gluten intolerance.

    Life expectancy

    12 to 14 years

    Food

    As their direct ancestors are wild animals, a high-protein diet is even more important for the breed than for other cats. Ideally, feed them their own BARF food. In this way, your cat will have all the important components of a healthy diet that it would get in the wild.

    For sale "Chausie cat"

    Before buying a Chausie cat, you must be absolutely sure that the hybrid cat suits you. If you can't offer enough exercise, you don't even have to think about getting a cat that likes to move. In any case, in Europe it will be difficult for you to find a breeder. The breed is not very common outside its country of origin.. If you find a breeder, you must check first if he is responsible and takes care of the health of his breeding animals. Due to its rarity, the kitties Chausie they naturally have their price. Depending on the breeder, you can spend up to 10.000 euros for a purebred F1 kitten.

    Interesting Facts and Things to Know

    jungle cat
    jungle cat in Sofia Zoo – Bulgarian: Maria Teresa Cortes Garcia, Learning Center at Sofia ZooEnglish: Maria-Teresa Cortes Garcia, EERC Sofia Zoo, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    To understand the Chausie cat, it is also important to know the jungle cat (Felis chaus).

    The jungle cat found in nine subspecies in Asia, Middle East and Egypt.

    With his black plumes in his ears, resembles a lynx, which also earned him the name of “swamp fox”.

    In the wild, the jungle cats they are solitary animals and they hunt at sunset.

    Its habitat is mainly near water bodies or wetlands in inaccessible reed thickets or swampy riparian forests. So, they are not afraid of water and can swim excellently.
    In captivity, the jungle cats they become very tame and it is said that the ancient Egyptians even trained them to hunt.


    Videos "Chausie cat"

    HTTPS://youtu.be/wiyk-VyLLtI
    Animal Planet : Cats 101 ~ Chausie
    Chausie cat / Cat Breed
    Gato Chausie / Raza de Gato

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    Cherubim cat
    Federations: IRCA

    The "premium" breed known today as Ragdoll cat is an early descendant of a line of Cherubim cats.
    Cherubim
    Photo: KRO-Media - Flicker

    Content

    History

    Before becoming the RagaMuffins cat on ACFA ⓘ , This breed of cat was collectively known as Cherubim cat and registered in the IRCA registry of Ann Baker, the International Association of Ragdoll cats.

    The efforts of Ann Baker by breeding cats began in the early s 60 and were officially established in 1971 with the formation of IRCA, developing his first line of cats, the Ragdoll cat who was selected to be just a colored cat.

    During the following 23 years he continued to develop other breeding lines using other breeds and increasing genetic diversity; these lines included all the colors and patterns. All breeding lines developed throughout those years were collectively referred to as Cherubim cats and registered in the IRCA for their lines of development – all these lines together were the original founding breeding lines. The Cherubim cats.

    NOTE: The race “first” known today as Ragdoll cat is an early descendant of a line of Cherubim cats -> the Ragdolls of the IRCA ⓘ only.

    The founders were actively breeding the entire spectrum of lines of Cherubim cats in the IRCA ⓘ until 1992, When, due to the deterioration of the health and stability of Ann Baker, they decided to leave the IRCA ⓘ and seek recognition as a race within the formal organizations of Cat Fancy.

    Contracts with Ann Baker stipulated that if breeders continued to breed cats of the IRCA ⓘ off your record, name “Ragdoll” could not be used to describe cats bred. The name Cherubim had also been recorded by Ann at that time. So, even though the RagaMuffin cats were in fact the Cherubim cats original, and that the logical thing would have been to keep Cherubim as breed name, the need arose for “change name” to remain ethically faithful to their contracts.

    Today, the RagaMuffin cat continues the legacy of its founders by preserving the original focus of the Cherubim cat in personality, the sweet appearance and the genetically diverse and solid health.

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    Chinese Harlequin Cat
    Category VI - TICA

    Alrlequín chino
    Photo: unitedcats.com

    Content

    History

    This feline breed is listed as one of the category VI breeds. under the clause 307.7 of the TICA rules (International Cat Association). The Chinese Harlequin Cat has, of course, the word “chino” in the name, but I don't think this cat is from China or a Chinese feline breed. The TICA, from what i see, does not explain the meaning of Category VI, except it's the lowest category. The first four categories are Established Breeds (category 1), Natural breeds (category 2), Variant Breed / Mutation (category 3) and Domestic Hybrid Breed (category 4).

    The color pattern of the chinese harlequin is called Van. This pattern is also found in cats Turkish van, but this cat is long-haired.

    It is a domestic breed, hair short, bicolor: a predominantly white cat, but with a black tail and black spots on the head and body.

    The Chinese Harlequin Cat can be found elsewhere in China, but they are rare. They are accepted as a thoroughbred by the International Cat Association.

    They are represented in a large number of ancient Chinese art.

    It said that it was an attempt to re-create the old Chinese cat, a race that disappeared.

    Character and skills

    The Chinese Harlequin Cats they are known for their kind and sweet personality, and they are very popular as pets. Unlike many other cat breeds, this breed is very active and playful, and they love to play and explore. It also, they are very friendly and easy to train, so they are a good option for families with children and other pets. But, it is important to note that the Chinese Harlequin Cats require regular care, including proper nutrition, exercise and regular veterinary care.

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    Clippercat
    Registration: CATZ

    Content

    What are Clippercats?

    They are a recently recognized breed, which is being developed under strict guidelines.

    In a nutshell, the Clippercat is the New Zealand shorthair cat and / or the Australian longhair cat. with polydactyl feet. Poly– means “many” and Dactulos – means “fingers”.

    Cats usually have 5 claws on its front legs.. (4 plus a snail claw) and 4 on each hind leg. Cats with the polydactyl mutation can have between 5 and 7 fingers on the front legs and between 4 and 7 in the rear.

    History

    In New Zealand and Australia, between the years 1850 and 1900, a large number of immigrants arrived on the Clipper ships that sailed the seas between England and the Antipodes.

    Many of these ships docked in Auckland and the Hauraki Gulf, where today we find the highest concentrations of polydactyl cats.

    Following the CATZ Inc policy of inclusion and establishment of rules for the responsible registration of cats, these cats, which are a natural mutation, and an expression of an incomplete autosomal dominant gene, can now be registered with CATZ Inc under the breed name “Clippercats”, formerly called Antipodean cat, with the addition of the polydactyl mutation..

    Unlike the United States.UU., the Clippercats (Polydactyls of Domestic / Antipodean origin) cannot be raised with others Clippercats, and there are strict guidelines set by the Registry for their breeding to ensure that all Clippercats recorded are the Heterozygous form of this mutation.

    Right now, if you have a polydactyl cat, you can register it in the open registry as Clippercat, if you meet very specific guidelines.

    Breeding conventions include recording the number of toes on each foot and the breed standard includes both a limit on the number of toes allowed and restricts the structure of the feet to three accepted structural formats..

    The Clippercats they can only be bred with short hairs / New Zealander longs and the breed standard calls for the New Zealand SH / LH type with the addition of the polydactyl mutation.

    The Clippercats cannot be crossed with any other currently recognized championship breed.

    Where do polydactyls come from??

    The polydactyl cats they have a long and interesting history. For many centuries they have roamed south-west Britain and there is evidence of polydactyl cats in countries as far away as Norway, although reports in Europe are few and far between, due mostly to the perceived relationship between cats and witchcraft.

    The polydactyly is a trait allowed in the breed of Pixie Bob cat, which is classified as a natural breed, and that competes in the TICA championship, the International Cat Association. (USA)

    It was also a dominant trait in many of the early Maine Coons, and it was considered that it helped those cats to overcome the heavy snows of the winters of the State of Maine. Breeders, However, selected to remove the trait from that specific breed.

    There are several reports of a folklore in southern England, which states that when people found cats with too many fingers, They offered them to the captains of the ships, who apparently considered them “lucky cats” and very suitable for a sailor's life. They were also considered gifted buzzards and, thanks to your extra fingers, more fit for life on mobile covers.

    Large populations of cats with this mutation were seen in and around the Boston area, where they were commonly called “boston thumbs cats”. An article published in the magazine “Cat Watch” from Cornell University in 1998 analyzed the studies carried out on polydactyl cats between 1940 and 1970 and tentatively concluded that the trait probably occurred in cats that came from England to the Boston area with the Puritans in the mid-17th century. These studies focused on the unusually high concentration of polydactyls in that area., and in other east coast ports with strong shipping links to the British Isles, like Halifax and Yarmouth, and in Nova Scotia, where there were also higher concentrations of polydactyl cats.

    The author Ernest Hemingway is also recorded as a gift from a ship captain polydactyl cat of the race Maine Coon cat, and this cat is believed to be the progenitor of the many polydactyl cats now cared for in the trust established for them on the author's home island in the Florida Keys. Apparently, This led to the polydactyl cats will sometimes be called “Hemingway cats”.

    There are currently three separate private registries in the United States where polydactyl breeders can register their specimens.. These cats are often called “American Polydactyl Cat“.

    But, it would be very conceited to consider them solely native to the United States, when its story is rather associated with the many boat cats that traveled with immigrants from England and Europe to the United States and other parts of the world between 1620 and 1900. Even the famous “Mayflower” It was a merchant ship before its well-known trip to the USA.. and in those days he made several trips between England and Norway before being chartered by the pilgrims.

    Source: catzinc.org

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Colorpoint longhair cat
    Himalayan Cat or Javanese Cat

    Like the dog, the Domestic cat can take on many different appearances, especially in terms of coat color. There is something for everyone: black, white, redhead, grey, smooth, bicolor, tricolor, with drawings and effects… Of all possible coats, the Colourpoint is probably one of the most surprising, for some of its amazing features.

    Colorpoint longhair

    Content

    Cat breeds “Colorpoint”

    Colorpoint Longhair or Colourpoint Longhair (among other spellings) is a term in disuse for one of the many varieties of domestic cat, and can refer to:

    Javanese cat, the long-haired variant of the widely accepted Colorpoint shorthair cat (which is essentially a Siamese cat with non-Siamese coloring); notice, However, that the World Cat Federation uses confusingly “Javanese” to refer to him Oriental Longhair cat, related but different.

    Colourpoint, the name of the World Cat Federation for the long-haired version of its definition of Colorpoint shorthair (including both standard and non-standard Siamese coloring); it is a classification of the breed that encompasses what other registries call:

    • The Himalayan cat (essentially, the Javanese cat but with colors limited to those of the Siamese cat); and
    • The Javanese cat (see above), that is to say, a long-haired cat with any of the colorations that are not standard for the Siamese cat and the Himalayan cat, but that are in the Colorpoint shorthair cat, no WCF.
    • Any long-haired, colored mongrel domestic cat (without capital letters and with several spellings, for example, “long hair colourpoint”, etc.)

    Physical characteristics

    The term Colourpoint refers to a coat pattern in cats in which the limbs (face, ears, underside of legs and tip of tail) are darker than the rest of the body. But, not limited to felines, as it is also found in some other mammals, like gerbils and rabbits.

    The cats Colourpoint have several notable features:

    • are born with a smooth or very light coat;
    • they are cats with blue eyes, even as adults;
    • tend to darken over the years;
    • may temporarily change color in certain situations.

    how is a cat Colourpoint?

    A cat Colourpoint limbs are darker than the rest of the body. In particular, This translates into :

    • the face, with a mask that covers at least the forehead, nose and cheeks. Some also have lighter eye contours and, Therefore, they seem to wear some kind of glasses;
    • the back and the contour of the ears, that are dark;
    • legs and tail, that can be colored only at the tips or throughout their length.

    The cats Colourpoint they rarely have a uniform mark, since the pattern fades in some parts to form a kind of gradient from the darkest to the lightest areas of the body. This color gradation is most noticeable on the legs and tail., especially in individuals with brown or even black tips. But, it is not systematic.

    The different types of colors

    There are different types of Colourpoint, depending on the color of the ends (or points):

    Color point type Final color
    Blue point Grey blue
    Chocolate point Chocolate Cafe
    Cinnamon point Cinnamon brown
    Cream point Light cream
    Fawn point Pink beige
    Lilac point Pinkish gray
    Red point Bright orange
    Seal point Dark brown to black

    It also, the boss Colourpoint can also be used with a pattern: instead of smooth, ends can be brindle (this is called tabby point) or tortie / carey, that is to say, black and Red (this is called tortie point).

    Whether the limbs are stamped or not, the rest of the body can be any color, which increases the number of possible combinations. But, the most sought after colors are usually those that offer a good contrast between the two shades and, Therefore, make the drawing stand out Colourpoint: are the bright or dark ends on a rather light body.

    Are there many Colourpoint cats?

    The boss Colourpoint can be quite distinctive, but it is by no means rare among cats. This is not surprising, since some very popular cat breeds, as the Siamese cat, have it as a standard feature.

    The genetics of the coat Colourpoint

    The boss Colourpoint in cats it is caused by a genetic alteration in the C gene, responsible for the production of an enzyme called tyrosinase. This enzyme is involved in the production of melanin, the pigment that gives skin its color, hair and eyes. You need a temperature of about 38-39°C, what is the normal body temperature of a cat.

    But, certain genetic mutations in gene C cause the tyrosinase be more sensitive to heat. So it is unable to work at normal temperature, which reduces the production of melanin in the hair and eyes, thus limiting its coloration. The fur is not as colorful as it would be if the tyrosinase it could have worked, and the iris is still blue instead of darkening to a more classic shade (that is to say, yellow, green or orange).

    Then, the only places where the tyrosinase can act correctly and in which, Therefore, the hair acquires its color “normal” are those in which the body temperature is lower, that is to say, the extremities: face, ears, underside of legs and tip of tail.

    This genetic mutation explains why cats Colourpoint they have such a special fur and beautiful blue eyes.

    Color changes in Colourpoint cats

    Like the particular coat of cats Colourpoint is linked to the sensitivity of the enzyme tyrosinase heat, its coloration can change over time depending on various factors, including body temperature.

    Changes in body temperature

    When a cat has an abnormally high body temperature (for example, if you have a fever or hyperthermia), the tyrosinase does not work properly and there is not as much melanin: your body becomes clearer. This explains why a kitten comes into the world smooth or very little marked.: has stayed warm in his mother's womb and, Therefore, has a higher temperature than normal.

    On the other hand, lower body temperature (for example, as a result of hypothermia or hair clipping) makes body hair darker. This is why cats Colourpoint tend to darken as they age: as they age, your metabolism slows down and your body temperature drops, which causes an increase in melanin production.

    But, these color changes do not occur in a matter of hours or minutes, since melanin synthesis and hair growth are not immediate. They only occur if the change in body temperature lasts for at least several days, and very gradually. These may include, a cat colourpoint sleeping next to a radiator doesn't suddenly become lighter.

    Hormone-related changes

    Regardless of the type of coat, the synthesis process melanin is influenced by the production of certain hormones. But, in colourpoint cats, this influence is multiplied by ten, giving rise to color variations that are easily appreciated in some particular cases.

    These may include, it is not uncommon to find that the fur of a cat Colourpoint that has just given birth gets progressively darker as the days go by, due to hormonal changes that occur. Next, will return to its normal color in a few days or weeks, once hormone levels have normalized.

    how to get a cat Colourpoint?

    The genetic mutation responsible for the coat Colourpoint in cats it is transmitted recessively. This means that both parents have to pass the mutation on to the kitten.. If one of the parents does not pass the mutation, but the standard version of the normal gene, the kitten will have a non-colored coat.

    So, the only way to get a kitten Colourpoint is to cross two individuals that are carriers of this genetic characteristic. If you both have two copies, Both are Colourpoint, and the 100% of their kittens will be Colourpoint.

    More concretely, different combinations are possible:

    • of the cats Colourpoint give kittens 100% Colourpoint;
    • a cat Colourpoint and a cat no Colourpoint with the mutation they give an average of 50% Colourpoint kittens;
    • two cats without Colourpoint with the mutation they give an average of 25% of Colourpoint;
    • the marriage between a cat Colourpoint and a cat no Colorpoint does not give rise to offspring Colourpoint. On the other hand, the 100% the offspring inherits the genetic mutation and can in turn pass it on to their offspring;
    • a marriage between a cat no colorpoint with the mutation and a non-carrier cat does not give rise to any offspring Colourpoint. On the other hand, the 50% of the offspring (on average) inherits the genetic mutation and can pass it on to their offspring;
    • a marriage between two cats no Colourpoint who are not carriers of the mutation have no chance of producing a puppy Colourpoint or even a carrier of the mutation.

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Colorpoint shorthair cat
    Federations: CFA, WCF

    Fawn Point is a rare Siamese point. Only the traditional Cat Association recognizes it as an official color. – Photo by Hockeyben

    Content

    History

    The Colorpoint shorthair cat is a variety of domestic cat. Depending on the cat registry, can be considered an independent breed of cats, or more often a variant of a pre-existing one, if it is accepted. These cats are distinguished by their conformity to a wide range of sixteen different colors, in addition to the four standard Siamese colors.

    The variety was initially created by crossing the Siamese cat with the American shorthair cat – the same mix that created the Oriental shorthair cat, but with different objectives.

    The Colorpoint shorthair shares the dot coloring pattern with the Siamese, but in the non-traditional colors of red, cream, tortoiseshell and lynx dots (striped), and in small variations of the same. Regarding body style, head shape and other features, may be intermediate between the two founding breeds, showing cats leaning towards Siamese features. Those who prefer the traditional look of the Siamese may also favor the Colorpoint shorthair of a more moderate type that resemble their ancestors of the American shorthair cat in terms of shape.

    The Cat Fan Association (CFA) and the World Cat Federation (WCF) they are the only major registries that recognize them as an independent breed. In other records, they are part of the races siamesa u Oriental shorthair (and may not be accepted as show and breeding quality, depending on the colors that the registry allows in these breeds, and if they allow some type of crossing in the lineage). Since these cats are a cross, various registries are reluctant to accept them as races or as Siamese valid.

    Origin

    The effort to produce a dotted cat of style Siamese in colors other than the traditional four began in England and America in the decade of 1940, carried out by breeders who used crosses between the Siamese cat, the Abyssinian cat and the Red domestic shorthair cat. The American shorthair cat also became part of the matrix.

    At the beginning, the breeders of Colorpoint suffered setbacks and failures; in the effort to get the right colors in the right places, body type was often sacrificed Siamese. The breeding was further complicated by the difficulty of working with the red coloration because it is a sex-linked color..

    Physical characteristics

    “Colorpoint shorthair cat” is the name that the Cat Lovers Association (CFA), an association of the breed in the United States, used to refer to dotted cats of Siamese descent and of type in colors other than the four Siamese colors “traditional” (seal, chocolate, azul y lilac point). This name is also given to cats of Siamese descent in all four recognized colors whose eight-generation pedigree shows ancestors with other colors. In records of other countries, However, “Colorpoint” (or “Colourpoint“) It is the name given to cats of the Persian type and dotted coloration, as in the Himalayan cat.

    At the CFA, a Colorpoint shorthair cat It can also be any of the four traditional colors of the Siamese cat; However, can only be displayed at the red dot (also called flame point, in the Persian Family) or cream point, or any of the above colors in tabby point (also called lynx point) or tortoiseshell point.

    In most records, in addition to the CFA, the Colorpoint shorthair cat not considered a separate breed, but simply a color class within the Siamese race.

    Colorpoint shorthair cat
    Jade, to 2 year old Siamese Flame point – Theseherodies, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Character and skills

    "Colorpoint shorthair cat"

    Gato Colorpoint de pelo corto
    Colorpoint Shorthair. Blue eyes, White cat. Ckolony at the English-language Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    The Colorpoint shorthair cat is a very intelligent breed, playful and that gets along with people. They are extremely affectionate and outgoing and enjoy lazing around and playing with people., which makes them also described as “extroverts”. They can also be very sensitive with nervous temperaments., who do not adapt well to changes in the environment or strangers.

    Like the Siamese, can be extremely vocal and demanding of attention, feeling the need for human company. They have more than 100 vocal sounds, much more than other races, so they emit very unusual meows. Males are sometimes overly aggressive towards other animals and will fight with other cats when they feel that their territory has been invaded or simply to express their dominance..