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Cyprus cat (Saint Helen cat)
Recognized by WCF - WCC - TICA

The Cyprus cat they are one of the oldest cat breeds in the world.

A short-haired female kitten

Content

Characteristics "Cyprus cat (Saint Helen cat)"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a cat of the breed "Cyprus cat (Saint Helen cat)" you know certain factors. You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Joy

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Activity level

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Kindness to other people

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendliness to children

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming requirements

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Vocality

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for attention

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection towards its owners

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Docility

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Independence

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Robusted

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

The Cyprus cat It is a breed of cat native to the island of Cyprus, located in the Mediterranean Sea, south of turkey. The history of the relationship between Cypriots and cats is very old. In fact, during the excavation of a Neolithic tomb in the village of Shillourokambos in 2004, French archaeologists discovered a cat skeleton buried alongside a human skeleton, dating from about 9500 years before Christ. This discovery was even more important, as it is the oldest evidence of human domestication of cats.

Although the small cats had been present on the island for thousands of years, the race Aphrodite had benefited from many other influences. The first proof of this is found in the Life of Constantine, written towards the year 338 by Bishop Eusebius of Caesarea (235-369) during the reign of the Roman Empress Helen (250-330). It is said that the Roman empress Helena (250-330 d.C.) discovered during a visit to Cyprus that, after a drought 37 years, the island was infested with poisonous snakes, especially around monasteries located in dry and rocky areas. He decided to send hundreds of cats from Egypt by boat to regulate its population. The monasteries took care of the newcomers: they lived around the convents and the monks were in charge of feeding and caring for them.

This tradition continued for centuries, even to this day. In 1484, the Franciscan friar Francesco Suriano, recounting his trip to the Holy Land and his visit to the island and the monastery of San Nicolás de los Gatos, said “it's wonderful to see them, because almost all of them are mutilated by snakes; one has lost a nose, another an ear… And it is curious that when it comes to eating, to the sound of a bell, meet at the monastery; and when they have eaten enough, to the sound of the same bell, they all go out together to fight the snakes.

But not only the Romans brought cats to the island. It was invaded by the Ottomans in 1571 and then occupied by Great Britain in 1878. In both cases, cats were put on board ships to ward off rats and mice. When the ships docked off the shores of Cyprus, some escaped and stayed on the island, mixing and reproducing with the local population.

Most Cypriots have always resented the large cat population on their island. Cats were often abused, killed or poisoned with impunity, what is still happening today.

The beginnings of the breed Aphrodite

In 2005, by chance, an English cat breeder named Teresa Litherland moved to Cyprus. He was shocked by the treatment the cats received there, and at the same time he realized the very different and unique characteristics of many of them. They were large compared to European cats, with long and muscular bodies, hind legs slightly longer than front legs, long bushy tails, triangular heads and fairly large ears. A beautiful cat he named Cassidy and a female he named Lady came soon into his life as they entered his garden.. They were the first breeding pair to create the breed Aphrodite as we know it today. Next, set out to breed them to see if their characteristics were passed on to offspring. That's how it went, and this success convinced her to embark on an ambitious project: getting the Cypriot cat recognized as a breed in its own right.

The recognition of the breed Aphrodite

Aphrodite's Giant in Larnaca
Aphrodite’s Giant in Larnaca – Apanag10, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Of 2005 to 2008, Teresa Litherland produced 4 generations of kittens. Some were big, long or short hair, others were smaller, mostly short haired. In 2008 met Andreas Mobius in Cyprus, international judge of the World Cat Federation (WCF) ⓘ, and presented them. They were all larger than the wild cats of Cyprus and had a truly unique appearance., both in its skeleton and in different features such as the ears, the eyes and the shape of the mouth. Andreas Mobius focused solely on the big cats and came to the conclusion that they did indeed have unique characteristics and that it made sense to continue this project with a view to gaining recognition as a Cyprus cat breed.. Decided to call the race Giant aphrodite in reference to its impressive size and the goddess Aphrodite What, according to legend, was born in the waters of the island.

That same year, in 2008, the Teresa Litherland se le union Lynn Nyland, a friend from England who was also touched by the situation of the local cats and who decided to help her carry out her project. She, too, realized that the best way to improve her situation in the long term, ensuring adequate protection, was to make the locals realize that they had a treasure, some cats that could be the envy of the whole world. the only way to do it, as difficult as it was, was to get the recognition of the race.

In 2009, they created the Cyprus National Cat Association (CyCNBA), that Aphrodite set out to promote. A few months after its creation, became a full member of the World Cat Federation (WCF) ⓘ.

As they continued their work, and still aiming to breed Aphrodite was recognized as a breed in its own right, they sent Dr.. Leslie A. Lyons, from the Laboratory of Feline Genetics, a letter of intent. Lyons, from the Laboratory of Feline Genetics of the University of California, Davis ((UNITED STATES)UU.), I take 248 cat DNA samples, mixing individuals from their breeding program with those they simply cared for. At the beginning of 2012, the geneticist concluded that they form a distinct and unique population.

They also opened their association to new members, whose breeding work they supervised with great care. The number of litters was a maximum of two per year, and they were strictly controlled. Those who did not conform to the breed standard were castrated, whether they had long or short hair. Others, intended for breeding, they were subjected to tests to check their DNA and thus preserve the purity of the breed. It also, since they couldn't afford to keep all the kittens, the two friends sent some to foster homes or kennels in Europe.

A few months after Dr.. Lyons will present his findings, the WCF officially recognized the breed as the Long Haired Giant Aphrodite. It was the first time that the recognition of a new feline breed was based on DNA tests.

In the news, the organization also recognizes the short-haired version as Short Haired Giant Aphrodite. However, refuses to recognize smaller cats as part of the breed.

With this, disagrees The International Cat Association ETHICS ⓘ, that in 2017 granted the breed recognition with preliminary status, prelude to full recognition. Decided to admit both varieties (long-haired and short-haired), as well as the giant individuals and the smallest (that usually have short fur). Like this, the name of Aphrodite covers no less than four possible combinations.

The fact that there were individuals with short and long hair on the island is related to the fact that Cyprus is partially covered by mountains. The cats that live there have adapted to the living conditions of their environment. Like this, the fact that they have an undercoat and long hair, allows them to cope with the very cold and snowy weather of winter. At the same time, their large size allows them to hunt larger and more dangerous prey, like big rodents, lizards or snakes. On the other hand, those that live on the coast have a shorter coat and a less dense undercoat, since the temperatures there are much milder. They are also usually smaller in size, like their prey, mainly city mice or rats.

The opposition between TICA and WCF continues until today. The other major organizations worldwide have not been able to settle the debate: either the Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFé), the American Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA), the Livre Officiel des Origines Félines (LOOF) French or the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) British, they just don't recognize the breed Aphrodite.

The CyCNBA still exists today, and has expanded its missions to an awareness role in the island's schools, in order to teach future generations that cats must be protected and receive the respect and care they deserve.

Popularity of the "Cyprus cat (Saint Helen cat)"

Although it is recognized by the World Cat Federation (WCF) and The International Cat Association (TICA), the international development of Aphrodite continues to be hampered by the fact that the vast majority of other leading organizations have not yet followed suit. The prohibition of crossing with other breeds imposed by the institutions that recognize it also contributes to limiting its development..

However, there are a handful of breeders in Europe, Asia and the United States that are members of the TICA and that they have decided to start raising the Aphrodite, either a giant or smaller race, short-haired or long-haired. However, this is not the case in france, Belgium and Switzerland, for example, where there are no breeders. In fact, it is still difficult to adopt a representative of the breed outside its island of origin.

In cyprus, the Cyprus Cats National Breed Association (CyCNBA) and the hatchery “Aphrodite” they continue to breed the breed.

Physical characteristics

Aphrodite claims the luggage
Aphrodite claims the luggage – Flickr

The Cyprus cat comes in two different sizes: The Giant Aphrodite, whose length reaches 40-90 cm., while the smallest individuals measure 30-40 cm females and 35-45 cm males.

Although they differ in size, representatives of the two varieties share the same physical characteristics. Like this, this cat has a long and very muscular body, especially on the hips and shoulders. Your bone structure is very strong, without being chunky. It also, despite its musculature and bone structure, still quite thin, so it retains a certain elegance. The back is long and the neck is too.

    ♦ The hind legs are slightly longer than the front legs. The tail is very bushy and is almost as long as the body, giving a perfectly balanced morphology.

    ♦ The head is triangular in shape, with a small dome on the forehead and a long, straight nose and muzzle, surrounded by slightly hollow cheeks and dominating a strong chin. The ears are wide at the base and can be large or medium. They form an open V shape, with the rounded skull between the two.

    ♦ The eyes are shaped like oblong olives. Many different colors are possible, from very pale blue to brown, but they must have a solid tone. Color may differ from eye to eye: minnows are allowed.

    ♦ The fur of the Aphrodite can be semi-long or short, with an undercoat in winter that sheds in spring. The top coat is very soft and bushy, although its density varies with the seasons. Topcoat can be solid or bi-color. In the first case, there should be no white spots. Bi-colored plants should have an uneven distribution of the two colors. In any case, all coat colors are allowed, except mink, chocolate, the cinnamon, the fawn and the lilac.

Last, both large and small individuals are sexually dimorphic: the male can be up to a 25 or 30% bigger and heavier than the female.

Varieties of "Cyprus cat (Saint Helen cat)"

The "Cyprus cat (Saint Helen cat)" comes in nothing less than 4 varieties:

Long Haired Giant Aphrodite;

Giant short-haired aphrodite;

Long haired aphrodite;

Short haired aphrodite.

The "Cyprus cat (Saint Helen cat)" it is one of the biggest cats in the world. Males are long or short haired, They measure between 50 and 90 cm and weigh between 6 and 11 kg. The females measure between 40 and 55 cm and weigh between 5 and 7 kg.

As for him Aphrodite normal size, males measure “only” of 35 to 45 cm and weigh in 4 to 5 kg, in front of 30 to 40 cm and 3,5 to 5 kg of females.

The TICA (International Cat Association) consider that they are all part of the same Aphrodite race, since they only differ in the size and length of the coat. The World Cat Federation (WCF), on the other hand, refuses to recognize the smaller sizes and keeps the name of Giant Aphrodite.

Character and skills

"Cyprus cat (Saint Helen cat)"

Cyprus Shorthair cat climbing a tree
Cyprus Shorthair cat climbing a tree – Riannacone, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The Aphrodite has a gentle and affectionate demeanor, but it is also a live and very active animal, whether he's keeping himself busy or interacting with his owners.

They have an athletic body, they need to use to keep their balance. Therefore, needs room to frolic, play or chase small prey. A life within the four walls of a flat is far from ideal for him: it is better to have a garden or access to the outdoors.

The aphrodite "Cyprus cat (Saint Helen cat)"develops a very strong relationship with the people who care for her, they feed her, they pamper her and take care of her. Needs attention but is not possessive, enjoying their moments of independence and seclusion. Therefore, must have places to do it, especially if strangers regularly come to the house. In fact, he is as sociable with his family as he is shy with her, preferring to hide rather than say hello.

On the other hand, gets along especially well with the children of the house, especially if they are old enough to have learned to behave with respect and delicacy with him, avoiding, for example, pulling or hitting his ears when playing with him.

A good option to allow you to spend your high energy is to share your home with another animal. Cats often enjoy the company of other cats, especially if they are as active as him. That your cat lives with a dog is also perfectly feasible, especially if they live together since they were little.

On the other hand, it is better to give up the idea that it lives in harmony under the same roof as a rodent or a bird, because the Aphrodite has a very strong hunting instinct. It also, during their outings, this activity is their main occupation.

Last, It is important to note that the "Cyprus cat (Saint Helen cat)" does not reach full maturity until 4 or 5 years of age. Develops slowly and remains a kitten for a long time, both physiologically and psychologically. It is important to take it into account to take care of it properly: whereas an adult cat is quite independent, a kitten requires more attention and care.

Grooming "Cyprus cat (Saint Helen cat)"

Both short-haired and long-haired cats should be brushed once or twice a week to remove dead hair and dirt., and to prevent knots from forming. Once this is done, you can use a velvet or calfskin cloth to give a good shine to his coat. How he loves pampering, will appreciate it even more.

In the case of long-haired cats, it is advisable to insist on brushing the collar, of the hollows of the front and rear legs and the tail to avoid knots. Without regular and rigorous maintenance, these become impossible to untangle, and there is no choice but to cut his fur. In this way, beauty and aesthetics would be lost, as well as protection against the cold.

Unlike other races, the "Cyprus cat (Saint Helen cat)" only molt once a year: their fur falls out in large clumps in spring. Although this may be impressive, it's quite normal. Brushing helps keep the coat in good condition, but do not insist on it, as it can cause hair to pull out before it is ready to go out.

It is also absolutely necessary to clean his ears once or twice a week with a damp cloth., especially since it is easily prone to ear infections (otitis, etc.).

This is also an opportunity to brush your cat's teeth and check that there are no problems in this area. (caries, tartar deposits, etc.). Lack of dental care can lead to very serious illnesses, like septicemia.

Once a week, wiping the corners of the eyes with a damp cloth will ensure they stay clean, and thus the risk of problems in this area will be reduced.

To the Aphrodite he likes to run around outside and do his first steps in the trees. Therefore, it is usually not necessary to cut the nails manually. However, you have to check them once a month and trim them if they get too long.

Health and nutrition

This photograph depicts a Cypriot cat enjoying the Limassol Medieval Castle by night.
This photograph depicts a Cypriot cat enjoying the Limassol Medieval Castle by night. – CitrusFlowerTalk, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

As the "Cyprus cat (Saint Helen cat)" has only been the subject of breeding programs for a few years, it is difficult to know which diseases you are most prone to. However, appears to be generally in good health.

However, is prone to ear infections, and rigorous maintenance of the ears is necessary to reduce the risk of problems.

They are also known to have a weak stomach. Thus, food choice is especially important to avoid, for example, repeated diarrhea.

As with any breed, regular veterinary control - in particular through the unavoidable annual health check of the cat- allows early detection of any disease and ensures that you are always up to date with your vaccinations.

Last, all organizations that recognize the "Cyprus cat (Saint Helen cat)" (or at least some of its varieties) interbreeding with other breeds is prohibited. The goal is to keep this endemic cat from Cyprus as pure as possible.

Feeding of the "Cyprus cat (Saint Helen cat)"

The "Cyprus cat (Saint Helen cat)" not a difficult animal to feed: industrial foods available on the market are perfectly suitable, especially if you opt for quality products, which typically contain everything you need to meet your nutritional needs. Of course, you should make sure to feed your cat the right amount for his age, body size, activity level and health.

This cat matures late, between 4 and 5 years of age. Thus, although it is already large, it is necessary to feed her a kitten diet until she has a few 2 years, on all of you are not neutered.

When a change in diet is required, for example because a new product is needed due to age and / or unwanted weight gain, the fragility of your stomach makes it very important to avoid doing it abruptly. More so than any other race, this change should be made within the framework of a gradual and careful dietary transition, so that your stomach can gradually get used to the new product.

Given your level of activity, the Aphrodite not especially prone to obesity. However, remember that no cat is immune, especially if it has been sterilized. Therefore, a rule of thumb for keeping your cat in good health is to make sure it doesn't have a tendency to put on weight, and not allow the situation to continue, since this would lock him in a vicious circle (the fatter a cat is, less wants to move). If weight gain is observed for several months in a row, you have to go to the vet, who is the only one capable of determining if the problem is medical (disease, medication, etc.) or is it related to the cat's diet (inadequate feeding and / or insufficient quantity).

Last, like any cat, it is essential that you have fresh water at all times, especially in hot weather. not a difficult animal to feed: industrial foods available on the market are perfectly suitable, especially if you opt for quality products, which typically contain everything you need to meet your nutritional needs. Of course, you should make sure to feed your cat the right amount for his age, body size, activity level and health.

For sale "Cyprus cat (Saint Helen cat)"

It's hard to find a kitten Aphrodite to adopt, due to lack of breeders. The most realistic solution is usually to import one from abroad, and more specifically from your country of origin: in cyprus, the price can be around 900 EUR. They are also available in the UK for a few 700 pounds.

In both cases, transport and administrative costs are added to the price and, of course, it is important to ensure that the legislation on the importation of animals from abroad is respected.

Characteristics "Cyprus cat (Saint Helen cat)"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a cat of the breed "Cyprus cat (Saint Helen cat)" you know certain factors. You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Videos "Cyprus cat (Saint Helen cat)"

Cyprus cats ‘bored’ during lockdown | AFP

Cyprus Cats 101 : Fun Facts & Myths

Recognitions

Alternative names:

    1. Cypriot cat, Saint Helen cat, Saint Nicholas cat (English).
    2. Chat de Chypre, (French).
    3. Zypriotische Katze, Sankt-Helena-Katze, Sankt-Nikolaus-Katze (German).
    4. Gato cipriota, Gato de Santa Helena, Gato de São Nicolau (Portuguese).
    5. Gato chipriota, Gato de Santa Elena, Gato de San Nicolás (español).

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Chinchilla Persian cat
Federations: WCF

The Chinchilla Persian cat it's a kind of Persian cat characterized by its white fur with spikes. This means that the tips of the hairs are colored.
Chinchilla
Photo: Some rights reserved by pareeerica - Flickr

Content

Characteristics "Chinchilla Persian cat"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a cat of the breed "Chinchilla Persian cat" you know certain factors. You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Joy

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Activity level

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendliness to other pets

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendliness to children

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming requirements

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Vocality

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for attention

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection towards its owners

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Docility

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Independence

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hardiness

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

The first Chinchilla Persian cat born in 1880 at Mrs Vallence's kennel in Great Britain. Kitty, christened Silver Lambkin, was the result of the cross between a Smoke colored Persian cat and a Silver-Tabby Persian cat. His fur was silver.

The new breed descends from this Persian kitten, hence the name of Chinchilla, of the small rodent with dense gray fur. They are also called “silver persian”.

The breed was first recognized in Great Britain in 1901. However, it is rare, mainly due to the restricted selection made by breeders to obtain Persian kittens that meet the criteria.

This selection is so strict that the breed disappeared in Europe during World War II..

Today there are two varieties of Persians Chinchilla Persian cat: the one with silver fur, with white / silver fur, and the one with golden fur. The latter comes from a cross between a Chinchilla Persian cat and Persian cat brown-tabby.

Physical characteristics

The Chinchilla Persian cat has the same physical characteristics as the Persian cat around the world. It is a medium-sized cat with a robust body.. Its legs are rather short and it has large round legs..

The Persian Cats are recognized at first glance by their peculiar head. It is round and large and is dominated by small bushy ears. Its muzzle is as wide as it is long and very flat.

However, the Chinchilla Persian cat it has a narrower head than other Persian cats and its ears are usually longer.

The eyes of the Chinchilla Persian cat they are especially vivid emerald green. They have a black border, that gives them depth. In puppy cats, the color is displayed from the seventh month. The muzzle is also marked by a fine black line., as if i was made up.

Fur

The hair Chinchilla Persian cat it has a tip, which means that the ends of the hair are a different color than the roots. This tip is on the back, the head, the tail and sides and covers less than a quarter of the hair length. The belly and chin are always white.

The tip of a cat silver-colored persian it's silver, a gray that appears darker than a true Chinchilla, although this one does not have a white undercoat.

The coat of a golden-colored Persian cat is “dorado”, that is to say, predominantly beige, while the undercoat is more apricot. In golden cats the tail is black.

It's not common, but some Chinchilla Persian cat they can also have blue tones, chocolate, lilac, red, cream a carey.

Character and skills

The Chinchilla Persian cat tends to be very calm and relaxed. Sometimes they can even be a bit lazy and prefer to sleep during the day..

This does not prevent them from enjoying some moments of activity, especially with their owners, with those who are especially trusting.

Yes indeed, be careful not to humiliate them. The Chinchilla they can quickly get offended if they don't get what they want.

Chinchilla Persian cat
Chinchilla cats – allen watkin from London, UK, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Health

All Persian cats are highly susceptible to disease. Especially their eyes are very sensitive and the dryness of the cornea is very frequent in many breeds of cats..

The bilateral cryptorchidism it is also the most common in this breed. The result is the sterilization of affected male cats..

The Persian Cats have a predisposition to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, which can lead to high blood pressure and other heart conditions.

The Persian Cats are also frequently affected by the dominant type of the genetic renal polycystosis. This applies to 40-50% of the Persian Cats, regardless of sex. The disease can be detected from the tenth month of life and at least allows treatment to be planned in advance, since the disease does not manifest itself until approximately the seventh year of life of the cat.

Grooming

The Chinchilla Persian cat it is a cat that needs a lot of attention and care. Its long coat is highly prized by fleas and parasites. That is why it is important to brush it very regularly and check if the parasites have managed to settle.. A bath is recommended from time to time.

Chinchilla eyes should be washed every day., and ears every week.

Videos "Chinchilla Persian cat"

Chinchilla Persian Cat Playing (My Fluffy Snow Leopard)
Persian Chinchilla Cat Grooming

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Cymric cat
Federations: CFA, FIFe, TICA, WCF, AACE, ACF, ACFA/CAA

To the Cymric cat the water fascinates him, perhaps this fascination comes from originating on a small piece of land surrounded by water.
Cymric
Photo: animalplanet.TK

Content

Characteristics "Cymric cat"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a cat of the breed "Cymric cat" you know certain factors. You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Joy

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Activity level

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendliness to other pets

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendliness to children

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming requirements

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Vocality

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for attention

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection towards its owners

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Docility

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Independence

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hardiness

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

The Cymric cat hails from the Isle of Man, located in the Irish Sea, between Ireland and the United Kingdom. It takes its name from the Welsh word “Wales”, that means “Wales”. It's a long-haired version of the Manx cat, so talk about the history of Cymric is also talking about the history of Manx, since both are largely intertwined.

The cat is believed to have originated around the decade of 1750, but there are many different versions of how your ancestors came to the island. They could have crossed the sea with the Spanish Armada in the 1980s. 1580, the Vikings who settled on the island around the year 800, or even long before, with the Phoenician merchants, around the year 500 a.C.

The history of the Cymric and that of the Manx It, Therefore, quite vague, but it is also full of stories. In particular, various legends try to explain how this cat lost its tail. One of them tells that he arrived too late at Noah's Ark and that the door closed on his tail. Another says that the Vikings used to steal kittens because their tails were considered lucky.; as a result, mother cats bit the tails of their pups so as not to lose them. Another explanation is that the islanders used to cut the tails of their cats during the harsh winters to save firewood.. In effect, a cat without a tail enters the house faster, allowing the door to be closed earlier.

From a more scientific point of view, the fact that Manx cats and Cymric cats be anura (that is to say, have their tail docked) It is explained by a spontaneous genetic mutation that was reinforced by centuries of inbreeding due to the insular nature of the breed. This corresponds to an incomplete formation of the spine., and the gene responsible for this is called gene Manx, since it was first observed in this cat. According to some archival documents, this particularity, commonly called “syndrome of Manx“, began to be observed on the island, so many specialists deduce that cats without a tail were born in these lands. Other, on the other hand, they are convinced that a cat with this peculiarity was brought from abroad via a ship, and spread his gene to the island's feline population. It must be said that the gene Manx is dominant, which greatly facilitates its dissemination: in effect, it is enough that only one of the two parents is a carrier, and thus present this anatomical specificity, so that a part of your kittens is in the same case.

Exists in all vertebrate mammals, and therefore notably in cats of other breeds. Having said that, although within these breeds you can find short-tailed and tailless cats - due to the same genetic mutation- the Cymric and the Manx They are the only breeds that do not specifically have a tail..

Parallel to the absence of a tail, during the years 1940-1950 a recessive gene that gave long hair was introduced into the lines. However, this feature was initially considered a defect, to the point that all the individuals that presented it were excluded from breeding and exhibition. It wasn't until a decade later, over the years 60, when Canadian breeders began to take an interest in this trait and established it as a characteristic of the Cymric.

This led to the differentiation between the Manx cat (shorthair) and the Cymric cat (longhair). Breeding programs dedicated entirely to the latter began in Canada., which allowed its recognition by the Canadian Cat Association (CCA) in 1970. The breed was also introduced to the United States, where it was very well received and quickly gained popularity. Breeders considered to be the pioneers of the breed are both Canadians and Americans. Blair Wright y Leslie Falteisek, in particular, were responsible for the current name of the breed: until then it was known simply as Manx longhair, but the name was changed to Cymric in the decade of 1970. This illustrates the clear differentiation between the Manx and the Cymric that was introduced at that time, when the latter began to be considered a breed in its own right. In other words, although they are of British origin, It was in North America where the Cymric became independent and took off.

Cymric
Cymric – Desaix83, based on the work of Heikki Siltala, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Following its recognition by the CEC in 1970, it was the turn of the TICA (The International Cat Association) in 1979.

The Cat Fan Association (CFA), which had recognized the Manx since its founding in 1906, did the same, recognizing the Cymric as a race in its own right in 1989. However, the CFA reversed its position only five years later, in 1994, arguing that the Cymric should be considered a variety of Manx cat and not a race in its own right. Then it started to call Manx longhair, as opposed to Manx shorthair , considering both as two varieties of the same race and having the same standard. The main argument for the association was the strong resemblance between the two cats, that only differ by the length of the hair.

In fact, the resemblance is such that in most associations that consider the two breeds separately, parents kittens Manx but with long hair they are recorded as Cymrics.

The Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) also consider the Cymric as a simple variety of the Manx cat. Last, the Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFé), covering some forty countries, including France and Belgium, and that he had recognized Manx in 1949, lined up on 2006 with the position of the TICA, also considering the Cymric cat as a race in its own right.

In France, despite its recognition as a breed in its own right, the Cymric cat it's almost impossible to find: only one individual was registered in the Livre Officiel des Origines Félines between 2003 and 2019.

In countries where it is considered a simple variety of the Manx cat, it is more difficult to measure its popularity, since it remains “drowned” in the statistics of the latter. However, It should be noted that in the United States, the Manx cat stands just above the position 30 (of little more than 40) in the breed classification based on the number of annual entries in the CFA, that is to say, is far from widespread, and this is even more true for his long-haired variant. The situation in the UK is similar to that in France: it can be considered that the Cymric cat is almost absent from the country, since the number of Manx registered annually was about 40 around the decade of 2000, and then collapsed from 2007, to the point where you can now count on the fingers of one hand. However, in 2018 there was a jump to more than 22 registrations, but it remains to be seen if this recovery will be sustainable.

Physical characteristics

The Cymric It's a long-haired version of the Manx cat: apart from coat length, the two races are identical. The Cymric it is a medium size cat, of solid bones, lighter than it seems and distinguished by its rounded appearance, from the eyes to the spine, head and body in general.

Its back short and compact forms an arch. The legs they are strong and the front ones are shorter than the rear ones. The thighs are especially muscular and the general appearance of the four limbs is such that some compare it to a rabbit. The feet They are round, medium in size and quite bushy.

The head is rounded and slightly longer than wide. It has the ears widely separated with rounded tips. The cheeks are prominent and the muzzle is longer than it is wide. The eyes they are big, round and can be yellow, orange, hazelnut or greens.

The main distinguishing feature of the Cymric and of the Manx is the no tail. It is the result of a spontaneous genetic mutation quite common in cats., and is called “manx syndrome“, even when it occurs in individuals of other races. However, it is possible that Cymrics and Manx are born with a longer or shorter tail. Some have up to three sacral vertebrae (vertebrae located in the pelvic region): called “risers“. Other, the “stumpies“, have a stump composed of one to three caudal vertebrae (vertebrae located in the tail). Last, the “longys” have a tail longer than a stump, but shorter than that of the other races.

Individuals that do not have a tail -the most common case- are called “rumpies“. Only rumpies and risers are accepted in cat shows, but the other types are still of great value to the breed and are found in most breeding programs, since the breeding of two completely tailless individuals causes the death of a quarter of the fetuses before birth, and spinal malformations (calls “manx syndrome“) in around the 20% of those who are born, which leads to certain death to 3/4 years.

However, It should be noted that for cats that get rid of these serious problems, the absence of a tail -which is the lot of most representatives of the breed- not really a disadvantage: as he Cymric as the Manx they have little to envy their peers in terms of their sense of balance, since they have known how to adapt to the absence of it.

Its fur it's semi-long, thick, silky and double-layered. The breed offers a wide range of coat colors: brown, carey, cream, blue, Silver, black, red, white… There is also diversity in terms of coat patterns: ombre, smoked, striped, calico or tortoiseshell. Chocolate patterns, lavender and Himalayas are not allowed in the breed standard. It also, the coat may change color and / or length with the seasons, becoming lighter in summer and longer in winter.

Some Cymrics have especially prominent tufts of hair on their ears and legs, a trait that is valued and sought after by breeders and in shows. Even without this feature, the hair is longer on the neck, the belly, legs and chest.

Last, It should be noted that the Cymric and the Manx they mature very slowly, to the point that some do not reach their maximum size before the 5 years. There is also a slight sexual dimorphism, since the male is usually slightly heavier and larger than the female.

Size and weight

  • Size: Of 30 to 35 cm.
  • Weight: Of 2 to 5 kg

Varieties of "Cymric cat"

The different feline associations distinguish four varieties of Cymric and Manx, the only difference is the size of the tail:

  • Rumpy: the cat has no tail;
  • Riser : the tail has a cartilaginous growth of one to three sacral vertebrae (vertebrae of the pelvic region);
  • Stumpy : the cat has a small tail that measures 3 to 4 cm., formed by one to three caudal vertebrae (that is to say, located in the queue);
  • Longy: the cat has a longer tail than the other varieties, but shorter than other breeds.

The varieties Rumpy and Riser are the most likely to transmit Manx syndrome. The manx syndrome causes the death of the kitten, even before birth or shortly after delivery. Therefore, it is recommended not to breed two representatives of these varieties and, Instead, cross tailless cats with stumpies or longies.

Cymric
A photograph of a long-haired Manx, also known as a Cymric, in a perched position near a window – Robertlucien, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Character and skills

Basically, the Cymric cat differs from Manx cat only in the length of her hair, so some reference organizations consider it a mere variety of the latter. They both have similar personality traits.

The Cymric he is a gentle and affectionate cat, who adores the company of humans and is particularly known for his loyalty to them. They love to follow their owners around the house and participate in all the daily tasks.. Some individuals focus all their love on one person, while others show affection to all family members, including children: its tender and attentive nature makes it a good cat breed choice for children, for whom it is a very good playmate. However, they need a loving and caring family, whose members take time to play and interact with them. Therefore, not recommended for people who are absent often, but it is an ideal cat breed for the elderly.

They are never aggressive, rather they enjoy a generally serene and peaceful lifestyle, but that doesn't mean they are inactive. They love to play, either loading things, crawling into cabinets or opening drawers. Able to play with very little, always find something to do. He is also a very clever and clever cat., able to learn tricks: it is very possible, for example, train him to catch a ball, just like a dog.

This powerful cat is also capable of running very fast and making big jumps.. This means that you can easily reach the high shelves, so objects that must be kept absolutely away from this joker are best kept in tightly closed cupboards.

The Cymric cat is not only physically flexible: is very adaptable and can cope with a change of environment, for example after moving in with your cat or even if it is necessary to transfer it to another family.
It must be said that he likes to meet new people, especially if you are used to all kinds of people, animals and situations from a very young age. Living with other dogs usually goes well, just like living with a dog, especially if it belongs to a breed recommended for cats.

On the other hand, you have to be very careful when it comes to small animals that can be prey for him, like birds, rodents or even fish. In fact, in addition to a great passion for the game, has a well developed hunting instinct. If you live in the same house as this type of animal, it is necessary to get used very early not to attack them. However, it is still preferable to avoid contact with them, so the best option is to avoid coexistence.

By the way, he is a pretty disciplined cat, who accepts limits. He quickly understands if his master forbids him certain things, like rubbing on the couch or scratching in certain places.

On the other hand, the Cymric It is a breed of cat that meows a lot.. This big talker is used to meowing to make himself heard., or simply to communicate with its owner. Some individuals even seem to want to play the role of watchdog., as they tend to growl or be threatening when seeing or hearing unusual things.

Health

The absence of a queue in the Cymric and the Manx, caused by the mutation of a gene called “gen manx“, not always benign. This greatly complicates the reproduction of these cats..

Cymric
Long-haired stumpy Manx (Cymric) – Jumpinjim, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

First of all, the embryos that are homozygous for the gene -that is, that inherit the mutation of gen manx of both parents- are destined to die before being born, since your spinal cord is not fully developed. They represent about a quarter of the embryos conceived, so litters are usually small. On a larger plane, the breeding of two tailless cats should be avoided at all costs (variety “Rumpand” or “Riser“), as it increases the risk of getting kittens with deformities.

However, ser Heterozygosity is not enough to be healthy: some of the kittens that are heterozygous they are also heavily affected by deformities of the spine. The spine is usually too short, which can cause movement difficulties, damage to the spinal cord and nerves, or malformations of the urinary or intestinal tract. Most kittens with this problem are identified among the 4 and 6 months of age, mainly by observation. Therefore, before adopting a kitten Cymric or Manx of a breeder, it is advisable to check that the breeder has made sure that the kittens are in full health before putting them up for sale. This particular situation explains why representatives of this breed are usually not available before the 4 months of age, since this guarantees that they do not suffer from these health problems beforehand. The percentage of kittens affected is around 20%, and they are mostly rabones, that is to say, tailless. They are usually euthanized, but if not, do not usually survive more than 3 or 4 years; the oldest cat had 5 years when he died.
This physical characteristic can also cause coccyx arthritis. This affects all varieties, but individuals with a partial tail are most affected.

On the other hand, to a kitten Cymric getting rid of these various risks linked to the absence or unusually short length of its tail is generally promised a long life, since it is not uncommon for representatives of the breed to reach the 20 years of age and living in perfect health. It is a very slow maturing breed, since puppies take many years to reach their adult size, sometimes even 5 years.

One of the health problems they may face is corneal dystrophy, an inherited disease caused by the accumulation of water in the layers of the cornea, which can lead to reduced vision and even blindness.

Last, the Cymric cat are prone to being overweight. Therefore, it is advisable to adapt the portions that are given to your needs (that depend, in particular, of your lifestyle) and check your weight regularly, to prevent any obesity problem in the cat. Although obesity is not a disease in itself, can cause or aggravate various conditions.

Grooming

The long coat of the Cymric cat not particularly difficult to maintain, but must be brushed regularly, ideally two or three times a week. This prevents dead hair from spreading throughout the house. Be more careful during the shedding periods in spring and autumn.

You should also wash your cat's ears about once a week., and do the same with the eyes.

Looking at your nails, largely depends on your level of activity, but natural wear and tear may not be enough: if so, her nails need to be trimmed to prevent embarrassment in her daily life.

Food

The Cymric it is not a particularly difficult cat to feed, and conforms perfectly to quality industrial foods, either croquettes or patés. On the other hand, is very gluttonous and tends to be overweight: therefore, it is advisable to be especially attentive to the amounts of food that are given, and adapt them well according to their physical activity and, Therefore, of your needs. Unlike many races, permanent access to food is not possible, since it is not capable of self-regulation.

For sale "Cymric cat"

The price of a kitten Cymric heavily dependent on his lineage and the reputation of the kennel from which he came. The price range is quite wide, of 900 to 1500 EUR. In any case, the fact that it is a rare breed of cat largely explains its high price. Due to the small number of breeders of Cymric, it is common to have to join a waiting list before being able to take in a kitten of this breed.

Alternative names:

Long-haired Manx / Longhair Manx / Manx Longhair

Videos "Cymric cat"

Winston the Cymric Manx
Cymric kitten Miyako

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Cornish Rex
Federations: LOOF, CFA, ACF, ACFA, TICA, FIFé, WCF, Chats Canada Cats, CCC

The Cornish Rex it is absolutely unique because it wags its tail like a dog when it is happy.

Cornish Rex

Content

Characteristics "Cornish Rex"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a cat of the breed "Cornish Rex" you know certain factors.
You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Joy

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Activity level

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendliness to other pets

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendliness to children

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming requirements

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Vocality

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for attention

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection towards its owners

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Docility

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Independence

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hardiness

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

The history of Cornish Rex started in the summer of 1950 in the small town of Bodmin Moor, Cornwall, England, when serena, a turtle cat owned by Nina Ennismore and Winifred Macalister, gave birth to five kittens. One of the kittens, red and white, He stood out from the crowd for his curly coat and was christened Kallibunker.

as i grew up, Kallibunker developed other physical characteristics: a long slim body, big ears and a very fine tail. Amused by the little Astrex rabbit-like cat, Mrs. Ennismore discussed it with her vet, who advised him to contact a British geneticist named A.C. Jude. He admitted to Kallibunker's unique characteristics and advised that he be raised with his mother., This serene.

The result was a new litter of three kittens.: one straight-haired female and two curly-haired males. Unfortunately, one of the males died at 7 months and only one, called Poldhu, survived. Junto con su padre Kallibunker, they then crossed paths with domestic cats, but also with Siamese, the Russian Blue Cat, the British Shorthair cat and the Havana brown cat, in order to obtain sufficient genetic diversity to establish a healthy and solid foundation for this new breed. It also, these various crosses also gave rise to new coats, both in terms of color and pattern.

In 1956, Life magazine published an article on the Cornish Rex, named for its origin (English Cornwall) and by the similarity of its fur with that of the Astrex rabbit. This article put the new breed in the spotlight of the world. The following year, in 1957, Frances Blancheri imported a cat to California Cornish Rex called Lamorna Cove, nieta de Kallibunker. At the time, she was pregnant with Poldhu and gave birth to a litter of four kittens in the United States., which marked the beginning of the breed in North America.

In 1960 it was discovered that the gene responsible for the distinctive appearance of Cornish Rex is recessive, that is to say, both parents must be carriers and pass on the gene for their offspring to have curly fur. Therefore, and a Cornish Rex crosses with a cat of another breed (that does not carry the kinky gene), all her kittens will be born with straight hair. However, if they cross paths with a Cornish Rex adult, the 50% of kittens will have a distinctive coat, that is to say, Cornish Rex (the 100% of kittens carry the gene). The recessive character of this gene also makes it possible to obtain curly-haired individuals by crossing two straight-haired cats., if both are carriers of a gene for “curly hair” not expressed, and if it is the latter that is transmitted.

Despite its British origin, it was an American organization, the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA), the one who first recognized the Cornish Rex in 1964. It wasn't until three years later, in 1967, When the British Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) he did the same, followed by the Fédération Internationale Féline (FiFé) in 1968. However, was not up 1997 when the International Cat Association (TICA) also fully recognized the breed and allowed it to compete in the feline shows organized under its auspices.

The Cornish Rex is now relatively common in the United States, where it fluctuates between 10th and 15th place in the ranking of breeds by number of annual registrations in the CFA (over forty in total).

On the other hand, is struggling to establish itself in Europe. Even in your home country, it's relatively rare, since the GCCF statistics show that only a few 60 individuals per year. It is even in decline, as the number of individuals has dropped by a factor of four compared to the turn of the century. In France, the number of births per year approaches that of Great Britain, at around 80 Cornish Rex registered annually in the Livre Officiel des Origine Félines (LOOF), a figure that has remained fairly stable since 2009, but before it was less than half.

Physical characteristics

Cornish Rex
Young Cornish Rex – No machine-readable author provided. Groeni assumed (based on copyright claims)., CC BY-SA 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons

The Cornish Rex it is a medium size cat, long and thin, with unusual appearance and features. However, his long and slim body is very muscular, and her arched back, prolonged by a long and fine tail, forms an elegant curve. Their legs they are also long and thin, but surprisingly powerful, especially the rear ones, that allow you to jump to impressive heights.

Its head it is longer than it is wide, it is egg-shaped when viewed from the side and is relatively small in relation to its body. This impression is reinforced by their huge ears conics located at the top of the skull. Its big eyes ovals are slightly sloping upwards and can be any color. The whiskers they are not straight but curved, unlike most cats.

The most distinctive feature of Cornish Rex It, of course, his short coat, very soft and silky, notched or even curly. However, in the head, shoulders and legs, sometimes it can be too short to have that specific wavy texture. It also, all coat colors and patterns are allowed by breed standards.

Last, the sexual dimorphism it is well marked, being the male much larger and heavier than the female.

Size and weight

  • Male size: 32 – 35 cm.
  • female size: 30 – 33 cm.
  • Male weight: 3,5 – 4,5 kg
  • female weight: 2 – 3,5 kg

  • Varieties "Cornish Rex"

    The Cornish Rex Variant, a cross between Cornish Rex and the British Shorthair cat, does not have the characteristic coat of the breed, but it carries the gene that gave rise to it. When this cat crosses a Cornish Rex, each of its offspring has a probability of 50 % of having the specific coat of the breed and, Therefore, to be recognized as Cornish Rex by the different organizations.

    These cats have been used since the beginning of the breeding program to increase the gene pool by introducing new individuals., thus guaranteeing the good health of the breed, while allowing the specific characteristics of the Cornish Rex are passed on to the next generations.

    Character and skills

    The Cornish Rex is loving, very sociable and constantly seeks the attention of his family. He loves to follow his owner and interact with him, either playing or purring on your lap. He loves the company of humans, not just his family, but he is also capable of having fun alone if he cannot find a playmate. However, needs attention: it is a breed of cat that does not tolerate loneliness well, therefore not suitable for homeowners who are away often. On the other hand, the fact that he appreciates so much being cared for makes him an excellent therapy cat.

    Playful and very open, he likes to spend time with children, as long as they have learned to behave in the presence of an animal and do not intimidate it. They can be an active child's favorite playmate.

    In addition to humans of all ages, their sociability also extends to other animals, and accepts other dogs very well, as well as dogs used to cats. However, care must be taken that the other occupants of the house are not disturbed by this energetic cat, for example if you have to cohabit with a very calm and / or elderly dog.

    The Cornish Rex he is very active and can spend hours playing and exploring. Running after a ball, retrieving a thrown object or displaying exceptional climbing skills by climbing to the top of the closet are activities he never tires of.

    with such energy, you obviously like to have access to the outdoors, where you can jump higher and run further, but its owner must be aware that the risk of the cat escaping is very real. In fact, being close to all humans, you may decide to stay in another home for a long time if you find food and distractions, like a playmate. In addition to microchipping your cat, a collar and tag with his name and his owner's phone number - or even a GPS collar for cats, so you know where it is at all times- can be a good investment if you are allowed to roam freely around the neighborhood.

    The Cornish Rex can live in a flat, but you need room to run and jump, both inside and outside. It is also important that the family has one or more lockable areas to ensure that their pet does not rob the kibble supply or knock over that beautiful vase that is so important to them.. In fact, besides being dynamic, has slim, agile legs that allow you to pick up and manipulate small objects with ease: for example, using a doorknob is child's play for him.

    In any case, he loves the heat, so he especially appreciates being near the fire, on a radiator or under a duvet. However, his favorite place to nap is his owner's lap. When they are caressed, they seem warmer than other breeds, but it's not like that. In fact, your body temperature is quite similar; only that the thinness of their fur makes their skin temperature feel more.

    In addition to being active and agile, he is also a very intelligent cat, able to learn to open doors and cupboards or sneak up to steal food as soon as the owner turns his back on him. They also excel at puzzle-type cat games that offer a reward. Teaching your cat tricks is perfectly doable with this breed, and can give impressive results.

    Last, They are one of the most meowing cat breeds, who do not hesitate to claim attention by meowing and / or launching long monologues.

    care and grooming

    Cornish rex
    Cornish rex – Tomi Tapio K from Helsinki, Finland, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    The Cornish Rex It is an easy-care breed of cats, as a brief weekly brushing is all you need to keep your coat healthy. More frequent brushing, or too strong, can damage the beautiful coat. For the same reason, bathing your cat should be an exception.

    In the case of a cat with very short hair, just run your hand through its fur. However, for a cat with a thicker or longer coat, a brush is more appropriate. In any case, being sociable and appreciating being touched - as long as it is done delicately- often appreciate these grooming sessions.

    This breed usually sheds very little throughout the year. However, some specimens have a more pronounced shedding period in autumn and spring.

    It also, ears should be cleaned weekly with a damp cloth to prevent buildup of wax and dirt that could lead to infection. You should take the opportunity to make sure that his eyes and teeth are clean and that his claws do not need to be trimmed..

    Indoor or outdoor cat?

    As the Cornish Rex has a very fine fur, not suitable as an outdoor cat. Especially in winter, the cat, with its fine fur, cannot stay outside for long in cold weather. However, if the weather is good, you can let the cat out under supervision. A fenced garden or a secure balcony are ideal to satisfy the cat's urge to move. However, the cat prefers a warm and cozy place on the windowsill. If the cat stays indoors, a litter tray and scratching post are essential.

    How much activity does he need? "Cornish Rex"?

    The Cornish Rex is an active cat breed that loves to jump and needs a lot of exercise. Due to his great intelligence, these active cats need regular and meaningful exercise. They are always on the lookout for new challenges and quickly learn even the most difficult intelligence games.. With patience, you can also teach your smart four-legged friend little tricks, how to open doors. A great tree for cats to climb and jump, as well as a varied selection of toys make the child happy. gato Rex

    Health and nutrition

    Cornish Rex
    Two Cornish Rex female cats – Tomi Tapio K from Helsinki, Finland, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commonsv

    The Cornish Rex it is rather a hardy breed of cat, with little genetic predisposition to any particular disease.

    However, is particularly susceptible to certain conditions:

    • The umbilical hernia, a malformation that allows part of the intestines to pass through the abdominal wall. However, the last case registered in this breed was in 1997;
    • Congenital hypotrichosis, better known as “hereditary baldness”, which makes the coat much less dense than normal;
    • The patellar dislocation, a relatively common knee problem that can cause difficulty walking;
    • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, an enlargement of heart tissue that causes changes in its function.

    Another risk factor for the health of the Cornish Rex is the exposure to the sun, since its thin and sparse coat protects it little from the sun's rays. Therefore, special care must be taken to protect the cat from the sun in summer, for example, not allowing you to go outside during the day. In the case of white or very light colored cats, it may even help to put sunscreen on their ears to prevent burning.

    In general, their fur does not protect them well from the elements, especially bad weather. No cat should be left outside in bad weather, but the Cornish Rex, despite his British origins, it is much less resistant to rain than most of its congeners.

    Life expectancy

    12 to 14 years

    Food

    The Cornish Rex not a fussy cat, and can be easily fed commercially produced cat food, either food or croquettes. However, to keep you healthy, the food must be of sufficient quality to provide all the necessary nutrients, and be adapted to their age and activity level.

    On the other hand, he also likes to help himself to his family's food, so you have to ensure that there are no leftovers.

    Being very active and capable of self-regulation, the risk of obesity is quite limited in this cat. Therefore, it is safe to leave food available at all times.

    For sale "Cornish Rex"

    Before getting a cat as special as him Cornish Rex, must also be well informed. How cats are quite unknown, there is probably no standardized breeding association and you will have to look for private breeders. At the time of buying, make sure that kittens do not have bald spots on their fur and that they look healthy all over their bodies. You also have to look at the parents.

    The average price of a Cornish Rex kitten is about 850 EUR. The price range is quite small, since the vast majority of individuals are offered between 800 and 1.000 EUR.

    Male kittens tend to be somewhat more expensive than female kittens.

    Videos "Cornish Rex"

    Five Cornish Rex Kittens Meet Some New Fluffy And Scaly Friends | Too Cute!
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    Colorpoint shorthair cat
    Federations: CFA, WCF

    Fawn Point is a rare Siamese point. Only the traditional Cat Association recognizes it as an official color. – Photo by Hockeyben

    Content

    History

    The Colorpoint shorthair cat is a variety of domestic cat. Depending on the cat registry, can be considered an independent breed of cats, or more often a variant of a pre-existing one, if it is accepted. These cats are distinguished by their conformity to a wide range of sixteen different colors, in addition to the four standard Siamese colors.

    The variety was initially created by crossing the Siamese cat with the American shorthair cat – the same mix that created the Oriental shorthair cat, but with different objectives.

    The Colorpoint shorthair shares the dot coloring pattern with the Siamese, but in the non-traditional colors of red, cream, tortoiseshell and lynx dots (striped), and in small variations of the same. Regarding body style, head shape and other features, may be intermediate between the two founding breeds, showing cats leaning towards Siamese features. Those who prefer the traditional look of the Siamese may also favor the Colorpoint shorthair of a more moderate type that resemble their ancestors of the American shorthair cat in terms of shape.

    The Cat Fan Association (CFA) and the World Cat Federation (WCF) they are the only major registries that recognize them as an independent breed. In other records, they are part of the races siamesa u Oriental shorthair (and may not be accepted as show and breeding quality, depending on the colors that the registry allows in these breeds, and if they allow some type of crossing in the lineage). Since these cats are a cross, various registries are reluctant to accept them as races or as Siamese valid.

    Origin

    The effort to produce a dotted cat of style Siamese in colors other than the traditional four began in England and America in the decade of 1940, carried out by breeders who used crosses between the Siamese cat, the Abyssinian cat and the Red domestic shorthair cat. The American shorthair cat also became part of the matrix.

    At the beginning, the breeders of Colorpoint suffered setbacks and failures; in the effort to get the right colors in the right places, body type was often sacrificed Siamese. The breeding was further complicated by the difficulty of working with the red coloration because it is a sex-linked color..

    Physical characteristics

    “Colorpoint shorthair cat” is the name that the Cat Lovers Association (CFA), an association of the breed in the United States, used to refer to dotted cats of Siamese descent and of type in colors other than the four Siamese colors “traditional” (seal, chocolate, azul y lilac point). This name is also given to cats of Siamese descent in all four recognized colors whose eight-generation pedigree shows ancestors with other colors. In records of other countries, However, “Colorpoint” (or “Colourpoint“) It is the name given to cats of the Persian type and dotted coloration, as in the Himalayan cat.

    At the CFA, a Colorpoint shorthair cat It can also be any of the four traditional colors of the Siamese cat; However, can only be displayed at the red dot (also called flame point, in the Persian Family) or cream point, or any of the above colors in tabby point (also called lynx point) or tortoiseshell point.

    In most records, in addition to the CFA, the Colorpoint shorthair cat not considered a separate breed, but simply a color class within the Siamese race.

    Colorpoint shorthair cat
    Jade, to 2 year old Siamese Flame point – Theseherodies, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Character and skills

    "Colorpoint shorthair cat"

    Gato Colorpoint de pelo corto
    Colorpoint Shorthair. Blue eyes, White cat. Ckolony at the English-language Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    The Colorpoint shorthair cat is a very intelligent breed, playful and that gets along with people. They are extremely affectionate and outgoing and enjoy lazing around and playing with people., which makes them also described as “extroverts”. They can also be very sensitive with nervous temperaments., who do not adapt well to changes in the environment or strangers.

    Like the Siamese, can be extremely vocal and demanding of attention, feeling the need for human company. They have more than 100 vocal sounds, much more than other races, so they emit very unusual meows. Males are sometimes overly aggressive towards other animals and will fight with other cats when they feel that their territory has been invaded or simply to express their dominance..

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    Colorpoint longhair cat
    Himalayan Cat or Javanese Cat

    Like the dog, the Domestic cat can take on many different appearances, especially in terms of coat color. There is something for everyone: black, white, redhead, grey, smooth, bicolor, tricolor, with drawings and effects… Of all possible coats, the Colourpoint is probably one of the most surprising, for some of its amazing features.

    Colorpoint longhair

    Content

    Cat breeds “Colorpoint”

    Colorpoint Longhair or Colourpoint Longhair (among other spellings) is a term in disuse for one of the many varieties of domestic cat, and can refer to:

    Javanese cat, the long-haired variant of the widely accepted Colorpoint shorthair cat (which is essentially a Siamese cat with non-Siamese coloring); notice, However, that the World Cat Federation uses confusingly “Javanese” to refer to him Oriental Longhair cat, related but different.

    Colourpoint, the name of the World Cat Federation for the long-haired version of its definition of Colorpoint shorthair (including both standard and non-standard Siamese coloring); it is a classification of the breed that encompasses what other registries call:

    • The Himalayan cat (essentially, the Javanese cat but with colors limited to those of the Siamese cat); and
    • The Javanese cat (see above), that is to say, a long-haired cat with any of the colorations that are not standard for the Siamese cat and the Himalayan cat, but that are in the Colorpoint shorthair cat, no WCF.
    • Any long-haired, colored mongrel domestic cat (without capital letters and with several spellings, for example, “long hair colourpoint”, etc.)

    Physical characteristics

    The term Colourpoint refers to a coat pattern in cats in which the limbs (face, ears, underside of legs and tip of tail) are darker than the rest of the body. However, not limited to felines, as it is also found in some other mammals, like gerbils and rabbits.

    The cats Colourpoint have several notable features:

    • are born with a smooth or very light coat;
    • they are cats with blue eyes, even as adults;
    • tend to darken over the years;
    • may temporarily change color in certain situations.

    how is a cat Colourpoint?

    A cat Colourpoint limbs are darker than the rest of the body. In particular, This translates into :

    • the face, with a mask that covers at least the forehead, nose and cheeks. Some also have lighter eye contours and, Therefore, they seem to wear some kind of glasses;
    • the back and the contour of the ears, that are dark;
    • legs and tail, that can be colored only at the tips or throughout their length.

    The cats Colourpoint they rarely have a uniform mark, since the pattern fades in some parts to form a kind of gradient from the darkest to the lightest areas of the body. This color gradation is most noticeable on the legs and tail., especially in individuals with brown or even black tips. However, it is not systematic.

    The different types of colors

    There are different types of Colourpoint, depending on the color of the ends (or points):

    Color point type Final color
    Blue point Grey blue
    Chocolate point Chocolate Cafe
    Cinnamon point Cinnamon brown
    Cream point Light cream
    Fawn point Pink beige
    Lilac point Pinkish gray
    Red point Bright orange
    Seal point Dark brown to black

    It also, the boss Colourpoint can also be used with a pattern: instead of smooth, ends can be brindle (this is called tabby point) or tortie / carey, that is to say, black and Red (this is called tortie point).

    Whether the limbs are stamped or not, the rest of the body can be any color, which increases the number of possible combinations. However, the most sought after colors are usually those that offer a good contrast between the two shades and, Therefore, make the drawing stand out Colourpoint: are the bright or dark ends on a rather light body.

    Are there many Colourpoint cats?

    The boss Colourpoint can be quite distinctive, but it is by no means rare among cats. This is not surprising, since some very popular cat breeds, as the Siamese cat, have it as a standard feature.

    The genetics of the coat Colourpoint

    The boss Colourpoint in cats it is caused by a genetic alteration in the C gene, responsible for the production of an enzyme called tyrosinase. This enzyme is involved in the production of melanin, the pigment that gives skin its color, hair and eyes. You need a temperature of about 38-39°C, what is the normal body temperature of a cat.

    However, certain genetic mutations in gene C cause the tyrosinase be more sensitive to heat. So it is unable to work at normal temperature, which reduces the production of melanin in the hair and eyes, thus limiting its coloration. The fur is not as colorful as it would be if the tyrosinase it could have worked, and the iris is still blue instead of darkening to a more classic shade (that is to say, yellow, green or orange).

    Then, the only places where the tyrosinase can act correctly and in which, Therefore, the hair acquires its color “normal” are those in which the body temperature is lower, that is to say, the extremities: face, ears, underside of legs and tip of tail.

    This genetic mutation explains why cats Colourpoint they have such a special fur and beautiful blue eyes.

    Color changes in Colourpoint cats

    Like the particular coat of cats Colourpoint is linked to the sensitivity of the enzyme tyrosinase heat, its coloration can change over time depending on various factors, including body temperature.

    Changes in body temperature

    When a cat has an abnormally high body temperature (for example, if you have a fever or hyperthermia), the tyrosinase does not work properly and there is not as much melanin: your body becomes clearer. This explains why a kitten comes into the world smooth or very little marked.: has stayed warm in his mother's womb and, Therefore, has a higher temperature than normal.

    On the other hand, lower body temperature (for example, as a result of hypothermia or hair clipping) makes body hair darker. This is why cats Colourpoint tend to darken as they age: as they age, your metabolism slows down and your body temperature drops, which causes an increase in melanin production.

    However, these color changes do not occur in a matter of hours or minutes, since melanin synthesis and hair growth are not immediate. They only occur if the change in body temperature lasts for at least several days, and very gradually. For example, a cat colourpoint sleeping next to a radiator doesn't suddenly become lighter.

    Hormone-related changes

    Regardless of the type of coat, the synthesis process melanin is influenced by the production of certain hormones. However, in colourpoint cats, this influence is multiplied by ten, giving rise to color variations that are easily appreciated in some particular cases.

    For example, it is not uncommon to find that the fur of a cat Colourpoint that has just given birth gets progressively darker as the days go by, due to hormonal changes that occur. Next, will return to its normal color in a few days or weeks, once hormone levels have normalized.

    how to get a cat Colourpoint?

    The genetic mutation responsible for the coat Colourpoint in cats it is transmitted recessively. This means that both parents have to pass the mutation on to the kitten.. If one of the parents does not pass the mutation, but the standard version of the normal gene, the kitten will have a non-colored coat.

    Therefore, the only way to get a kitten Colourpoint is to cross two individuals that are carriers of this genetic characteristic. If you both have two copies, Both are Colourpoint, and the 100% of their kittens will be Colourpoint.

    More concretely, different combinations are possible:

    • of the cats Colourpoint give kittens 100% Colourpoint;
    • a cat Colourpoint and a cat no Colourpoint with the mutation they give an average of 50% Colourpoint kittens;
    • two cats without Colourpoint with the mutation they give an average of 25% of Colourpoint;
    • the marriage between a cat Colourpoint and a cat no Colorpoint does not give rise to offspring Colourpoint. On the other hand, the 100% the offspring inherits the genetic mutation and can in turn pass it on to their offspring;
    • a marriage between a cat no colorpoint with the mutation and a non-carrier cat does not give rise to any offspring Colourpoint. On the other hand, the 50% of the offspring (on average) inherits the genetic mutation and can pass it on to their offspring;
    • a marriage between two cats no Colourpoint who are not carriers of the mutation have no chance of producing a puppy Colourpoint or even a carrier of the mutation.

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    Clippercat
    Registration: CATZ

    Content

    What are Clippercats?

    They are a recently recognized breed, which is being developed under strict guidelines.

    In a nutshell, the Clippercat is the New Zealand shorthair cat and / or the Australian longhair cat. with polydactyl feet. Poly– means “many” and Dactulos – means “fingers”.

    Cats usually have 5 claws on its front legs.. (4 plus a snail claw) and 4 on each hind leg. Cats with the polydactyl mutation can have between 5 and 7 fingers on the front legs and between 4 and 7 in the rear.

    History

    In New Zealand and Australia, between the years 1850 and 1900, a large number of immigrants arrived on the Clipper ships that sailed the seas between England and the Antipodes.

    Many of these ships docked in Auckland and the Hauraki Gulf, where today we find the highest concentrations of polydactyl cats.

    Following the CATZ Inc policy of inclusion and establishment of rules for the responsible registration of cats, these cats, which are a natural mutation, and an expression of an incomplete autosomal dominant gene, can now be registered with CATZ Inc under the breed name “Clippercats”, formerly called Antipodean cat, with the addition of the polydactyl mutation..

    Unlike the United States.UU., the Clippercats (Polydactyls of Domestic / Antipodean origin) cannot be raised with others Clippercats, and there are strict guidelines set by the Registry for their breeding to ensure that all Clippercats recorded are the Heterozygous form of this mutation.

    Right now, if you have a polydactyl cat, you can register it in the open registry as Clippercat, if you meet very specific guidelines.

    Breeding conventions include recording the number of toes on each foot and the breed standard includes both a limit on the number of toes allowed and restricts the structure of the feet to three accepted structural formats..

    The Clippercats they can only be bred with short hairs / New Zealander longs and the breed standard calls for the New Zealand SH / LH type with the addition of the polydactyl mutation.

    The Clippercats cannot be crossed with any other currently recognized championship breed.

    Where do polydactyls come from??

    The polydactyl cats they have a long and interesting history. For many centuries they have roamed south-west Britain and there is evidence of polydactyl cats in countries as far away as Norway, although reports in Europe are few and far between, due mostly to the perceived relationship between cats and witchcraft.

    The polydactyly is a trait allowed in the breed of Pixie Bob cat, which is classified as a natural breed, and that competes in the TICA championship, the International Cat Association. (USA)

    It was also a dominant trait in many of the early Maine Coons, and it was considered that it helped those cats to overcome the heavy snows of the winters of the State of Maine. Breeders, However, selected to remove the trait from that specific breed.

    There are several reports of a folklore in southern England, which states that when people found cats with too many fingers, They offered them to the captains of the ships, who apparently considered them “lucky cats” and very suitable for a sailor's life. They were also considered gifted buzzards and, thanks to your extra fingers, more fit for life on mobile covers.

    Large populations of cats with this mutation were seen in and around the Boston area, where they were commonly called “boston thumbs cats”. An article published in the magazine “Cat Watch” from Cornell University in 1998 analyzed the studies carried out on polydactyl cats between 1940 and 1970 and tentatively concluded that the trait probably occurred in cats that came from England to the Boston area with the Puritans in the mid-17th century. These studies focused on the unusually high concentration of polydactyls in that area., and in other east coast ports with strong shipping links to the British Isles, like Halifax and Yarmouth, and in Nova Scotia, where there were also higher concentrations of polydactyl cats.

    The author Ernest Hemingway is also recorded as a gift from a ship captain polydactyl cat of the race Maine Coon cat, and this cat is believed to be the progenitor of the many polydactyl cats now cared for in the trust established for them on the author's home island in the Florida Keys. Apparently, This led to the polydactyl cats will sometimes be called “Hemingway cats”.

    There are currently three separate private registries in the United States where polydactyl breeders can register their specimens.. These cats are often called “American Polydactyl Cat“.

    However, it would be very conceited to consider them solely native to the United States, when its story is rather associated with the many boat cats that traveled with immigrants from England and Europe to the United States and other parts of the world between 1620 and 1900. Even the famous “Mayflower” It was a merchant ship before its well-known trip to the USA.. and in those days he made several trips between England and Norway before being chartered by the pilgrims.

    Source: catzinc.org

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    Chinese Harlequin Cat
    Category VI - TICA

    Alrlequín chino
    Photo: unitedcats.com

    Content

    History

    This feline breed is listed as one of the category VI breeds. under the clause 307.7 of the TICA rules (International Cat Association). The Chinese Harlequin Cat has, of course, the word “chino” in the name, but I don't think this cat is from China or a Chinese feline breed. The TICA, from what i see, does not explain the meaning of Category VI, except it's the lowest category. The first four categories are Established Breeds (category 1), Natural breeds (category 2), Variant Breed / Mutation (category 3) and Domestic Hybrid Breed (category 4).

    The color pattern of the chinese harlequin is called Van. This pattern is also found in cats Turkish van, but this cat is long-haired.

    It is a domestic breed, hair short, bicolor: a predominantly white cat, but with a black tail and black spots on the head and body.

    The Chinese Harlequin Cat can be found elsewhere in China, but they are rare. They are accepted as a thoroughbred by the International Cat Association.

    They are represented in a large number of ancient Chinese art.

    It said that it was an attempt to re-create the old Chinese cat, a race that disappeared.