Brown-necked Parrot
Poicephalus fuscicollis

Brown-necked Parrot

32 cm.. length and weight between 310-400 g..

The Brown-necked Parrot (Poicephalus fuscicollis) has a plumage variable; head and neck gray-brown / light pink, slightly festooned with orange / brown; band orange / red through crown on female (absent in the males); back and wings, dark green; rump and underparts, green; the thighs, bend of wing and the carpal edge, red / orange; tail black / brown; irises dark brown; eye ring white / grey; bill color horn.

Immature with the head and the neck, green to yellow / brown; body dark green / oliva.

Taxonomic status:

In a study initiated in 1992, the taxonomic status of Lorito was revised Robusto (Poicephalus robustus) (Gmelin), and two species were proposed; Poicephalus robustus, restricted to montane forests of southern Africa, Poicephalus fuscicollis suahelicus, with wider distribution in wooded areas, and Poicephalus fuscicollis fuscicollis, similar to the Poicephalus fuscicollis suahelicus ostensibly, but with discontinuous, restricted to a narrow range of forests and West Africa.

  • Sound of the Brown-necked Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS:// fuscicollis.mp3]

Description 2 subspecies:

  • Poicephalus fuscicollis fuscicollis

    (Their Robust de Kuhl) (Kuhl, 1820) – Nominal.

  • Poicephalus fuscicollis suahelicus
  • Poicephalus fuscicollis suahelicus

    (Gray-headed parrot) (Reichenow, 1898) – With a plumage variable; head and neck silver / grey, festoneado slightly orange / brown; band orange / red through crown on female (absent in the males); back and wings, dark green; rump and lower partess, green / blue ; the thighs, bend of wing and the carpal edge, orange / red; tail black / brown; irises dark brown; eye ring white / grey; bill color horn.


Usually, prefers habitats of forests, as Mopane (Colosphermum mopane), miombo (Brachystegia) and riparian forests.

Most populations are residents but in the dry season become nomads, wandering in search of food.


Nest in natural cavities of trees, usually on the trunk or at the bottom of a branch. The laying is of 2-4 eggs, they are incubated only by the female during 28-30 days. The male contributes to providing food for the female and chicks. Them They learn to fly when they have a 68-83 days old, only become fully independent 4-5 months later.


It feeds almost exclusively on fruit, mainly foraging in the upper canopy, using its beak to climb branches. The following foods have been recorded in your diet:

Sclerocarya birrea (Marula)
Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia (Kudu-berry)
Commiphora mollis (Velvet cork)
Xanthocercis zambesiaca (Nyala tree)
Terminalia (cluster leaves)
Gmelina arborea (Melina)


It is distributed from South Democratic Republic of the Congo and Tanzania until Zambia, Angola, Malawi and South of Africa; It is rare in the Caprivi Strip (Namibia), North of Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, the Limpopo and Southeast of South Africa.

Distribution 2 subspecies:

  • Poicephalus fuscicollis fuscicollis

    (Kuhl, 1820) – Nominal. Inhabits most mangrove forests including and can be found in West Africa, from Gambia and South of Senegal to the North of Ghana and Togo.

  • Poicephalus fuscicollis suahelicus

    (Reichenow, 1898) – Is located in South Africa, North of Zimbabue, Mozambique, areas Namibia, Angola, Zambia, North of Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda and the southern part of the South Africa.


• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

This species has a extremely large range and therefore it is not close to the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criterion of size range (Extension <20,000 km2 combinada con un tamaño de rango decreciente o fluctuante, extensión o calidad de hábitat o tamaño de población y un pequeño número De lugares o fragmentación severa). A pesar de que la population trend appears to be declining, do not believe that the decline is fast enough for approaching the threshold of vulnerable under the criterion of population trend (> 30% decline in ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to be close to the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criterion of population size (<10.000 individuos maduros con una disminución continua estimada> 10% in ten years or three generations or a population structure). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as least concern.

Local and most uncommon in the range, Although more numerous and frequent in Ghana. South Subspecies considered vulnerable in South Africa where, although erratic movements give the impression that the population fluctuates, It has suffered a decline due to the capture of the LBMs, the habitat destruction and persecution by farmers of pecan nuts; There are only fragmented patches of native vegetation. Generally scarce or rare across West Africa (except Ghana).

We know very little about the biology released subspecies Poicephalus fuscicollis suahelicus.
Although it has a very wide distribution area and is not classified as threatened, an analysis of the UICN and CITES They recorded a significantly high traffic Poicephalus robustus (including the Poicephalus fuscicollis suahelicus) between 1991 and 1995, It is involving a risk to natural populations. The lack of data on the ecology and behavior of this species restricts the establishment of conservation measures necessary to protect and effectively manage populations.

Brown Neck Parrot in captivity:

It easily adapts to captivity and is seen in the pet trade.

Alternative names:

Brown-necked Parrot, Angola Brown-necked Parrot, Brown-necked Parrot (Brown-necked), Gambia Brown-necked Parrot, Uncape Parrot (English).
Perroquet à cou brun, Perroquet à cou brun (nominal), Perroquet à cou brun (nominale), Perroquet à cou brun (race nominale) (French).
Graukopfpapage (German).
Brown-necked Parrot (Portuguese).
Loro de Cuello Marrón, You You Fuscicollis (Spanish).

Kuhl, Heinrich
Heinrich Kuhl

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Poicephalus
Scientific name: Poicephalus fuscicollis
Citation: (Kuhl, 1820)
Protonimo: Psittacus fuscicollis

Images Brown-necked Parrot:

Poicephalus [robustus or fuscicollis] suahelicus

Poicephalus [robustus or fuscicollis]

Poicephalus [robustus or fuscicollis] suahelicus

Poicephalus [robustus or fuscicollis] suahelicus


Brown-necked Parrot (Poicephalus fuscicollis)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– Birdlife


(1) – Youth, captive, friendly Poicephalus robustus fuscicollis by Bob CorriganFlickr
(2) – Brown-necked Parrot By Tremeau de Rochebrune, Alphonse [CC BY 2.0 or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Peter Boesman (Xeno-canto)

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