Safari cat
Unrecognized breed.

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"Safari cat"

Gato Safari
Safari cat

History

The Safari it is a relatively new breed of cat, dating back to the years 70. It is a hybrid between Domestic cat (or “street cat”) and the Geoffroy's cat (Leopardus geoffroyi). The latter is a small wild cat -some 4 kg adult- whose habitat is southern South America, from Bolivia to Patagonia. The breed was named first “Creole” and then “Appaloosa”. Finally, the name of Safari, to refer to its exotic and wild origin.

It is not recognized by American organizations such as the American Cat Fanciers’ Association (ACFA), the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA) or The International Cat Association (TICA), nor by European organizations such as Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF), the World Cat Federation (WCF) wave Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFé). However, some have been registered 100 specimens in the TICA, which makes the Safari in a very rare cat. For this reason and for its price, some have come to call him the “Rolls Royce of cats”.

The first Safaris were created in the United States in the decade of 1970 by Washington State University for use in a leukemia research program. In particular, were used as guinea pigs for stem cell studies and the like.

Upon completion of the medical research project, the hybridization program was abandoned by university researchers due to difficulties encountered. The cells of the geoffrey cat and those of Domestic cat do not contain the same number of chromosomes. The private breeders who have taken over have had to face the same genetic problem. In particular, lack of male fertility makes the breed very difficult to develop. This is the reason why the Safari cat still so rare today.

Physical characteristics

As the breed is not recognized, no standard has yet been established for the Safari cat. But his genetic heritage makes him a tabby and exotic-looking cat.: its fur is reminiscent of a leopard.

It is a Domestic cat large: first-generation hybrids can weigh up to 15 kg. However, size tends to decrease in subsequent generations, stabilizing around the 11 kilos for males and 8 kilos for females.

Size and weight

  • Size: Of 40 to 45 cm.
  • Weight: Of 6 to 12 kg

Character and skills

"Safari cat"

Gato Safari
Safari cat – Stock Credit; iStock

There is a growing number of “races” that are being developed by crossing our Domestic cat Felis catus with wild cats. Apart from the first generations, these cats are being bought by people who want a pet with something different, but the character and behavior of cats is uncertain and many of them are quite large cats. To this must be added the problems if they go outside and are aggressive and very territorial with other cats., or are they much more avid hunters causing the devastation of the fauna.

What is not taken into account is the welfare of the wild cats kept for breeding, the danger to domestic cats that mate with wild ones and the welfare of the first generations that cannot be sold as pets but must be kept as wild cats.

Keeping them confined may not contribute much to your own well-being. hybrid cat.

In conclusion, no need to hybridize domestic cats with wild cats and the resulting races, as the Safari cat, they have many welfare issues and should not be bred or kept as pets.

Health

The small number of individuals makes it difficult to identify the specific health problems of the Safari cat.

However, males are known to be infertile, which makes it difficult to breed the breed. The breeders of Safari they usually stay with the females for breeding, so the cats available for adoption are mostly infertile males.

Observation

In general, the races with pedigree use a much smaller gene pool for breeding than domestic cats and, therefore, are at increased risk of developing inherited disorders. It also, a number of pedigree breeds “newer” are derived from crosses between one or more races “Older”, and in these situations hereditary problems seen in older breeds are likely to be perpetuated within newer breeds.

Grooming

As it is a very rare breed, no specific care requirements have been mentioned so far Safari cat. All you have to do is provide the general care any domestic cat needs.. How is a shorthair cat, a weekly brushing is enough.

For sale "Safari cat"

The price of a Safari cat varies greatly from farm to farm. On average, it can cost from 4.000 at €6,000 given the rarity of this breed. Your sex, the uniqueness of your lineage or your age can influence the price of a Safari. You have to calculate, In addition, around €50 per month to ensure you have a quality meal and keep you in good health.
Special care must be taken with fraudulent breeders who try to sell cats of other breeds under the name of "Safari”.

Seychellois cat
Federations: FIFe

The Seychellois cat still a very confidential breed around the world, and is mainly found in the UK and continental Europe, including France.
Seychellois cat
Larabii of Gentle Mind, Seychellois at Helsinki Cat Show – Heikki Siltala, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Content

Characteristics "Seychellois cat"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a cat of the breed "Seychellois cat" you know certain factors. You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Joy

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Activity level

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendliness to other pets

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendliness to children

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming requirements

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Vocality

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for attention

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection towards its owners

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Docility

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Independence

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hardiness

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

The Seychellois it is a rather rare domestic cat of very recent origin. In the Decade of 1980, a London-based geneticist and breeder named Patricia Turner wanted to start a cat breeding project based on the characteristics of a cat that was once endemic to the Seychelles. He had learned about this animal through reading the travelogues written by explorers who had visited the Indian Ocean archipelago.. Passionate about breeding purebred cats, the Mrs. Turner had already participated in the sixties in the registry of the Scottish Fold -and, Therefore, of the Scottish Straight– in the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF), the leading British feline association.

To create the Seychellois cat, the breeder began to cross Siamese with Persians bicolor and the Oriental shorthair cat. Later, breeders began to cross Siamese and longhair balinese within the new breed, which resulted in a variety of Seychellois cat long and semi-long hair.

The race Seychellois is recognized by the Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFé), Europe's leading feline association, that in 2005 allowed him to participate in the championships organized under his auspices. However, being quite rare, only seen quite occasionally at cat shows.

In 2011, the FIFé decided to combine the Breed Councils and the Siamese Cat standards, the balinese cat, the Oriental shorthair cat and the Oriental Longhair cat. at the end of 2013, Seychellois Shorthair and Seychellois Longhair were integrated into this group. Later, the organization announced that, starting at the 1 in January of 2016, the Short-haired Seychellois would be called Siamese (with white) and the Longhair Seychellois would be called balinese (with white).

At the end, the Seychellois cat still a very confidential breed around the world, and is mainly found in the UK and continental Europe, including France.

Physical characteristics

Seychellois cat
Larabii of Gentle Mind, Seychellois at Helsinki Cat ShowHeikki Siltala, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The Seychellois cat share the same breed standard FIFé (Fédération Internationale Féline) with the Siamese, the Balinese cat, the Oriental shorthair cat and the Oriental Longhair cat. Similar to the Siamese, it is a medium size cat, which measures approximately 30 cm to the cross. Weighs 4 to 6,5 kilos in adulthood. His body is muscular, graceful and slim, and its legs are long and thin.

The eyes are almond-shaped and a remarkable azure blue, located in a head elongated, triangular in shape and attached to the trunk by a neck Strait. The cat has a ears quite large and a tail long, thin and pointed.

The fur is short, except in the varieties balinese and Oriental Longhair cat. The coat is silky and smooth and the extremities -face, ears, legs and tail- are at least partially colored. The kitties, like their cousins Siamese, they are white at birth. Only in the following days and weeks do their colors appear.

Color variations

The Seychellois comes in three color variants, according to the area occupied by the white spots on its fur. They are due to the gene piebald, responsible for the presence of random white spots in the animal kingdom. It is not only present in domestic cats -including the Seychellois– but also, for example, in dogs and snakes.

There is a classification system -del 1 to the 10- according to the surface of the animal's body covered by white spots. Individuals classified as “1” they are almost all black, while those classified as “10” they are almost all white. The high degree of whiteness present in Seychellois place them in categories 7 to 9.

More concretely, the three variants of piebald present in the Seychellois are:

  • Seychellois 7: the body is white, while the tail is colored, as well as parts of the head, body and legs;
  • Seychelles 8: the body is white, but small areas of the head and legs are colored;
  • Seychelles 9: the body is white, the tail is colored and there are small areas of color on the head.

Size and weight

  • Size: Of 30 to 35 cm.
  • Weight: Of 3 to 5 kg

Varieties of "Seychellois cat"

Originally, cats Seychellois from the breeding project of the British breeder and geneticist Patricia Turner they were shorthair cats. The cats that were then used for crossing were the Siamese, the bicolor Persian and Oriental shorthair cats.

A new variety of cat Longhair or semilargo appeared most recently, When the Balinese cat were incorporated into the development of this breed.

Character and skills

"Seychellois cat"

Gato Seychellois
Seychellois at Jämsä Cat show. maleSeychellois-Jämsä_show.JPG: Heikki Siltaladerivative work: Abujoy, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Like his close cousin, the Siamese, the Seychellois cat he is a lively cat, energetic and very active. They love to play, jump and climb, and they really appreciate having cat toys and a cat tree. As they are intelligent and curious, it is advisable to keep valuables out of reach, fragile or potentially harmful.

The Seychellois He is also affectionate and very attached to his owner. They need their owner to return affection and give them enough time and attention; they should not be left alone too often or for too long. This makes it an ideal companion for people who live alone., as long as, of course, be able to take care of it.

His love of play also makes him a cat who appreciates the presence of children.. However, you have to teach them not to rush with their little friend, since this one does not take it well. On the other hand, the Seychellois cat tends to adapt well to the presence of other domestic animals.

Last, the Seychellois is known to be very vocal, although a little less than his cousin the Siamese, which also has a slightly more powerful voice.

Health

The Seychellois has a half-life of about 12 years.

Being a very new breed, there is still little evidence of predisposition to certain diseases, but is currently considered to be in good health and does not appear to be affected by hereditary or congenital diseases, unlike other domestic cats.

Life expectancy

  • 12 years

Grooming

The short and dense coat of the Seychellois does not require particularly careful maintenance.

A weekly brushing of the cat's coat is sufficient. The new variety of longhair cat requires more care: you have to brush it about three times a week.

Videos "Seychellois cat"

Modern Siamese cat
Federations: TICA, FIFe, WCF, CFA, GCCF, CCA

With a history of several centuries, the Modern Siamese cat began to be recognized by national and international official organizations in the years 30.
Modern siamese
Self-made photo of Coco, sealpoint Siamese cat – Yannbee at Dutch Wikipedia, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Content

Characteristics "Modern Siamese cat"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a cat of the breed "Modern Siamese cat" you know certain factors. You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Joy

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Activity level

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendliness to other pets

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendliness to children

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming requirements

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Vocality

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for attention

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection towards its owners

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Docility

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Independence

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hardiness

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

The sophisticated Siamese toma su nombre de su país de origen, the kingdom of siam, which is now thailand. The oldest document that mentions it, the Tamra Maew, data of 1350 and was found in Ayutthaya, the capital of the kingdom since 1350 until 1767. This work is a treatise on cats, in the form of poems accompanied by illustrations. Some of the illustrations show cats with thin, pale bodies and darker masks on their faces., ears, legs and tails. At that time, eran bizcos y tenían nudos en la cola, características que sólo siglos después se convirtieron en defectos que los criadores pudieron prácticamente eliminar.

Legend has it that these cats were none other than the guardians of royal treasures, and that they watched them with such attention that they ended up squinting.

In Europe, it was in great britain, at the end of the 19th century, where the Siamese was first heard. In 1871, two specimens were exhibited in the first feline exhibition in modern history, held in the Crystal Palace From london. En el catálogo del evento se decía que eran los primeros en pisar el país, which is very likely.

However, no fueron ellos los que iniciaron el desarrollo de la raza en el país, but Pho and Mia, two specimens that Owen Gould, British Consul General, received in 1884 as a gift from the king of Siam.

He took them to Britain and his sister, Lilian Jane Veley, took care of them. Se enamoró de estos magníficos felinos y decidió presentarlos en la Exposición del Palacio de Cristal de 1885. Despertaron un gran interés por parte del público. Hay algunas fotografías de esta época que muestran que eran bastante robustos y tenían la cabeza redonda. They were the first two specimens registered in the British Register of Siamese, un registro llevado por uno de los clubes de propietarios de gatos que existían desde hacía varios años y que fueron los precursores del Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF), founded in 1910.

They died right after this exposure, pero entretanto habían parido una camada. Lilian Jane Veley continued to dedicate herself to these cats; with a view to developing the breed, came to found the Siamese Cat Club in 1901, the world's first Siamese breed club.

Among 1884 and late nineteenth century, many were imported siamese cats from Siam to Great Britain and enrolled in the British Siamese Register. In fact, the breed quickly gained in popularity among the English aristocracy; as a result of fashion, muchos de sus miembros querían poseer uno. In 1892 se elaboró una norma que definía los atributos físicos que debía tener un sujeto para ser admitido en el registro.

The Siamese arrived in France in 1885, cuando un diplomático francés trajo dos ejemplares de Bangkok para el Jardin des Plantes de París. In 1893, the Dr. Oustalet, professor at the Museum of Natural History, wrote about the siamese cats traídos por la nuera del presidente Carnot. Se preocupó de describirlos con precisión y se preguntó si esta raza descendía de una especie salvaje.

The introduction of Siamese cat in the United States took place in 1879. The American Consul in Bangkok, after learning about the fondness for cats of the then president's wife, Rutherford Birchard Hayes, sent him a Siamese, who he called Siam.

The breed really took off in America in the early 1900s, helped by the lady's cats Clinton Locke. Founder in 1899 of the Beresford Cat Club, el primer registro de gatos de raza del país, bought a copy in France, Lockehaven Siam, which won the award for the best cat in America in 1906 en Detroit. He repeated this feat the following year in Chicago, this time with a female, Lockehaven Elsa. In 1909 a breed club was founded, the Siamese Cat Society of America, who published a first standard.

However, the breed's development was interrupted by the First World War, both in the United States and in Europe.

The development of Siamese cat in the United States it also owes a lot to Virginia Cobb. Originaria de Massachusetts, fell in love with the breed during a cat show at the Madison Square Garden of New York in 1928. He decided to import his first copy, whom he called CH Oriental Nanki Pooh de Newton. This female lived 17 years and had many litters.

Además de estar muy activa e involucrada en la cría y distribución del Siamese in United States, Virginia Cobb was also interested in its genetics. In collaboration with Clyde Edgar Keeler, Harvard University geneticist, exploró en particular los aspectos científicos de los diferentes colores del pelaje. El primer color conocido del siamés había sido el seal point, with dark brown tips and a creamy coat. However, a medida que se hacían reproducciones, appeared the blue point (dark blue tips and bluish-white fur), the chocolat point (chocolate tips, ivory fur) and the lila point (pink gray tips, White fur).

The Second World War was a second brake on the expansion of the race, especially in Europe. At the end of the war, the breed was even on the verge of extinction in Britain.

New blood was needed to expand the gene pool and advance. Once again, several specimens were imported from Thailand, both to Europe and the United States.

However, just like before the two world wars, the Siamese had difficulty adapting to the local climate, very different from the tropical climate of your native Thailand. Los criadores de todos los países se enfrentaron a elevadas pérdidas, mostly due to gastroenteritis and parasites.

This did not prevent the breed from gaining popularity from the decade of 1960, both in Europe and the United States. Many breeders and show judges began to favor a slimmer look. Esta última comenzó a evolucionar gradualmente, a medida que avanzaban la cría y la selección.

The Americans, in particular, preferían un cuerpo tubular y elegante, así como una cabeza larga. Englishmen, on the other hand, they gave priority to almond eyes, large ears and a little lower on the skull. In addition to evolving, las normas también empezaron a diferir de un país a otro.

However, around the world, the Siamese got longer, with a fine bone structure and a narrow head. The breeders' work also made it possible to eliminate strabismus and tail knots..

Esta forma de evolucionar la morfología de la raza fue la elegida por la mayoría de los criadores, since the beginning of the years 70. Other, few, they decided to keep Thai cat. With the passing of the decades, the gap between a Modern Siamese cat, heavily modeled by man, and Thai cat, correspondiente al tipo físico original de la raza y conocido como Thai. At the beginning of the Decade of 2000, esta última fue finalmente reconocida como una raza distinta por la mayoría de los organismos oficiales.

However, the Modern Siamese cat has stolen much of the limelight and enjoys much greater popularity. This explains that she herself was at the origin of several other races:

The recognition of Modern Siamese cat

Modern Siamese cat
Modern Siamese cat – Wikipedia

With a history of several centuries, the Modern Siamese cat began to be recognized by national and international official organizations in the years 30.

The American Cat Breeders Association (CFA) was the first to recognize the breed in 1934. The Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) did the same in 1936.

The Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFé), que reúne a las autoridades felinas de unos cuarenta países, including Switzerland and Belgium, did the same in 1949. Ten years later, also recognized the Oriental shorthair cat, before doing the same in 1983 with the him Balinese cat, and then in 1985 with the him Oriental Longhair cat: these four races together constitute a group in their own right.

The Canadian Cat Association (CCA) recognized the Siamese in 1950, just one year after FIFé.

In 1979, the International Cat Association (TICA) also recognized the Siamese and included him in a group with the Balinese cat, the Oriental shorthair cat and the Oriental Longhair cat, who were admitted at the same time.

Popularity of "Modern Siamese cat"

In Europe, It was in Great Britain that the Siamese, y todavía hoy es en este país donde tiene más éxito. Still the most successful cat in the UK, ocupando el cuarto lugar en número de registros anuales en el Consejo de Gobierno Británico del Cat Fancy (GCCF), at around 1.500 a year. However, this figure triples that of the middle of the years 90, cuando el número de registros superaba los 4.500 a year and was the second highest. The decline was especially marked in the second half of the 1990s. 2000, but continued throughout the next: early in the decade 2010 todavía había más de 2.000 registrations per year.

In France, there has also been a decrease in both absolute and relative terms, and in any case the breed has never reached similar popularity levels. Nails on 250 registrations per year in the Livre Officiel des Origines Félines (LOOF), la raza se sitúa en torno al puesto 20. In the middle of the Decade of 2000, this figure was rather 350 births per year.

In Switzerland, the Siamese has also lost part of its glory. After a peak of about 150 over the years 90, el número de inscripciones anuales en la Fédération Féline Helvétique (FFH) steadily decreased, hasta el punto de que hoy en día no supera los 50 births per year. However, esto la sitúa en torno a la décima posición en las estadísticas de la organización.

in Canada, es aún más discreto. In fact, el número de gatitos registrados cada año en la Asociación Canadiense del Gato (CCA) la sitúa en torno al puesto 25 of the ranking.

In United States, the Siamese was between 10 razas más populares del país a principios de la década de 2010, según las estadísticas de registro anual de la Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA). Desde entonces ha perdido terreno y ahora se sitúa en torno al puesto 12.

Physical characteristics

The Modern Siamese cat, a different looking cat Thai cat
Modern Siamese cat
Modern Siamese cat – Aleichem at Dutch Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Written in 1892, shortly after the breed's arrival in the West, the first standard of the Siamese lets us know what this cat looks like before breeders got involved. The Siamese tenía un cuerpo fornido, a head round and eyes blue. It also, many of the cats were cross-eyed y/o tenían nudos en la cola, what was not considered a defect at that time.

The traditional siamese has stayed quite true to this initial appearance, with its body and head round. On the other hand, décadas de cría selectiva han hecho que el Modern Siamese cat se aleje de la morfología de su ancestro y muestre formas más extremas: a body delgado, long and tubular, a head long in the shape of a triangle, ears very big and a tail very long and thin.

Therefore, es bastante legítimo que estos dos gatos se consideren hoy en día como dos razas distintas, aunque mantengan en común sus intensos ojos azules. The work of the breeders has also made it possible to eliminate the problem of strabismus that affected both, así como la cola torcida.

The appearance of “Modern Siamese cat”

The Modern siamese it is a medium size cat, lanky (Eastern) and elegant looking. Slim and athletic, they have a very harmonious overall look. However, he is quite muscular, lo que explica que sea más pesado de lo que se podría pensar a primera vista.

Its long body has a tubular shape, with shoulders and hips of equal width. Has firm musculature and fine bone structure. The tail it is long and fine and ends in a point.

The legs they are well muscled, long, slim and graceful. Hind legs are slightly longer than front legs. Both end in small, oval feet.

The head it is medium size, long, triangular, wedge-shaped and rests on a neck long and thin. The skull and the forehead are flat or very slightly rounded. More concretely, three types of profiles are accepted: straight, slightly convex or in two planes (the plane of the forehead is prolonged with that of the nose, but without a clear break between the two).

The ears they are very big, wide at the base and prolong the triangular shape of the head.

The eyes they are moderately large, macaroons, far apart and deep blue. They can be vairones (one green eye and one blue) in individuals whose fur is particular. Some individuals have both green eyes, but they are not recognized by the norms established by the different official organisms.

The cheeks are flat and dewlap is only allowed in adult males.

The nose it's long and straight, fitting perfectly into the triangle of the face. Its tip should not be narrow. Domina unas mandíbulas de tamaño medio y un mentón firme.

The fur of the Siamese it's closed, shiny and silky. Consta únicamente de un pelaje exterior: this cat doesn't have undercoat. It also, It colourpoint, which means you have a darker mask on your face and ears, así como en las patas y la cola. This makes it look like he's ready to go to a costume party.

The rest of the body color is uniform, with a clear contrast between the body and the extremities, except for kittens. Kittens are born with slightly colored tips, that darken in the following weeks.

La combinación más común es la seal point: the tips are dark brown and the rest of the body is cream colored. The blue point también es bastante común, with a bluish-white fur and dark blue tips.
La mayoría de los organismos oficiales aceptan todos los puntos de color. It is the case of the Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFé), the International Cat Association (TICA), the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) en el Reino Unido, the Association Féline Canadienne (AFC) or the Livre Officiel des Origines Félines (LOOF) in France.

The Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA) is more restrictive, since it only accepts 4 combinations:
  • The seal point: cream to fawn coat, seal points (dark brown), dark brown pads;
  • The chocolat point : ivory cloak, chocolate dots, pink pads and skin of the nose;
  • The blue point: bluish white cloak, dark blue tips, slate-colored nose pads and skin;
  • The lila point: White fur, lilac tips (grey pink), pink and leather nose pads.

Selective albinism in the Siamese

Modern Siamese cat
Male siamese cat red tabby point. name: By Aristotle Mike DelfinoKamée, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Aunque la morfología del Modern Siamese cat has been partially modified by breeders, still basically a natural breed, that was not created by man. In particular, his dark mask on his face, the ears, las patas y la cola se debe a una anomalía genética espontánea y bastante benigna. This specificity was already visible in the first representations of this cat, dating back several centuries, and it was also found in all individuals imported in the 19th century to Europe and the United States. It is also present in the Thai cat.

It is related to the fact that all Siamese they have the albino gene. This gene encodes a heat-sensitive enzyme, that is to say, is active at low temperatures, but inactive at high temperatures. This explains that the main part of the body, the warmest, be light in color, mientras que las extremidades más frías, like ears, the face, legs and tail, They are darker.

The environment affects this thermosensitivity. When the kittens are born, tienen un color totalmente claro porque la temperatura en el útero es constante y elevada. Their limbs begin to darken within a few weeks, and show their final color when they are about a year old.

Esta característica genética también explica por qué los individuos que viven en países de clima cálido tienden a ser más ligeros que los que viven en regiones más frías. This phenomenon also occurs in other breeds colourpoint, as the Balinese cat or the Himalayan cat.

Size and weight

  • Male size: 30 cm.
  • female size: 30 cm.
  • Male weight: 2-6 kg
  • female weight: 2-6 kg

Breed standard

The breed standards are documents established by official bodies that list the conditions that a dog must meet. Modern Siamese cat to be fully recognized as belonging to the race:

Varieties "Modern Siamese cat"

"Modern Siamese cat"

Gato Siamés moderno
Chat siamois bleu pointEdenvane, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Although not all of them are necessarily recognized by all feline organizations, or are sometimes considered as simple varieties, the Siamese was the origin of several other races, developed from the years 50:

However, Things have changed since then, ya que algunas organizaciones prohíben ahora la cría de un Siamese with a representative of another race. This is the position of the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA) and the Canadian Cat Association (CCA).

On the other hand, other associations authorize marriages with some other races of the same group, in order to expand the gene pool.

Like this, the Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFé), así como la Asociación Internacional del Gato (TICA), accept matings with :

In France, el Libro Oficial de Orígenes Felinos (LOOF) authorizes people with :

Last, the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) authorizes the mating of the Siamese with :

Character and skills

Modern Siamese cat
Male siamese cat Lilac Point, modern type. Name: Freaky Curry vom Elzer BergMartin Bahmann, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Although their appearance differs, the Modern Siamese cat has a character very similar to Thai cat, aunque este último se presenta a veces como un poco más sociable.

It is a very affectionate cat, who loves to live as a family. However, it is better if the owner likes cats with a strong character. In effect, he is passionate about the person he considers his human of reference, and establish a very strong relationship with him. He is fully involved in the life of his protector, follows him in all his movements, sleep next to him, leans on his knees in quiet moments… He is totally devoted and faithful to him. Therefore, he is quite a demanding cat: to be fully happy, the Modern Siamese cat needs a master willing to dedicate time, interest, honey and, sometimes, patience.

The downside is that they quickly become possessive and protest if they don't get the attention they expect.. Es muy seguro de sí mismo, even moody and impatient: you like your requests to be answered quickly, and if you don't get the answer you want, does not hesitate to express his point of view with meows that only cease when he gets his way.

Although it is clear that he has his favorite human, the Modern Siamese cat usually have a good relationship with other people in the family, especially if they surround you with their presence, they caress him and play with him. This is because they help meet your need for care.. However, puede ocurrir que sienta cierta antipatía por alguno de los miembros de la casa y no dude en demostrarlo, dismissively ignoring him and refusing to interact with him.

He gets along very well with children and is a very good playmate for them (and vice versa), as long as they treat you with respect. However, remember that a small child should never be left alone with a cat without adult supervision. This is valid regardless of the breed of the cat, for the safety of both parties.

Affectionate with his family, this cat is on the other hand very suspicious of strangers. If a stranger walks in “their” House, prefers to stand aside and observe the situation from above, for example from the top of your cat tree, an essential accessory.

On the other hand, his proximity to family means that he does not appreciate loneliness at all. No se recomienda para las personas que están fuera la mayor parte del día.

In addition to leaving toys to distract him, a solution to make the absences of their masters more bearable may be to make them share their home with a fellow man. In fact, cohabits easily with another cat and is glad to have an additional playmate and partner in crime. This also prevents you from finding other things to do, how to shred paper towels, what he does with some relish.

It is also usually a cat that gets along well with dogs, although this, of course, it also depends on the compatibility of your partner with the feline species. In any case, things go better if coexistence is instituted from an early age. Otherwise, it is better to ensure that the contact is made gradually.

It is much riskier to have a bird or a small rodent living next to you, since his hunting instinct can be awakened at any time. If the situation presents itself, some vigilance is required. For example, if you are out, the small animal should be kept in a place inaccessible to the cat.

Athletic and energetic, the Modern Siamese cat need to be active. It is imperative that I can run, but this does not necessarily mean that living in a flat is impossible for him, as long as the house is big enough. Especially since it is very possible to teach him to walk on a leash; you are likely to enjoy those outings, since he shares them with his master. However, lo ideal sería que una gatera le permitiera salir de casa siempre que quisiera.

In any case, you have to satisfy your urgent need to scratch. Si no hay un poste de rascado en la casa o el jardín, will not hesitate to use the furniture or curtains.

Games are essential for him too, both to exercise and to develop or maintain your skills. Playing is essential for your mental and emotional balance and, Therefore, for your well-being.

This is especially true for intelligent and curious children., as it provides them with intellectual stimulation. These traits make him an ideal candidate for anyone who wants to teach their cat tricks., such as retrieve a thrown object. Having said that, does not stop learning various things on his own. Capable of opening taps and doors, les gusta esconderse en armarios y roperos y permanecer allí incluso cuando se les llama, until they decide it's time to make their presence felt.

Last, the Modern Siamese cat is known to be a very talkative cat. As they seldom stray far from their owners, a quien no le guste tener un compañero que vocalice todo el día con voz ronca, le convendría otra raza. It is impossible to avoid this behavior: it is his way of communicating not only with his master, but also with all family members. It is his way of communicating not only with his master, but also with all family members, así que puedes esperar largas conversaciones en las que exprese su aprobación o desacuerdo. Si and Am, the talkative conjoined twins of Beauty and the tramp (1955), are perfect examples of the eloquence of this cat.

They can also be very noisy when it comes to claiming attention., sobre todo si se les deja muchas horas sin compañía o sin juguete: no wonder they do a series of shenanigans and long meowing sessions.

Health

"Modern Siamese cat"

The Modern Siamese cat it is generally a robust dog.

However, like all races, are more prone to certain ailments. In your case, is about:

  • Amyloidosis, una enfermedad hereditaria provocada por el depósito en diferentes órganos de una proteína llamada amiloide, that prevents them from working properly. Most of the time, the kidneys are the most affected, resulting in kidney failure or even diabetes. Los principales síntomas, if any, are intense thirst and frequent urge to urinate, diarrhea, loss of appetite … Drug treatment and changes in the animal's diet (especialmente para reducir la ingesta de proteínas) they can wipe out these deposits. However, existing lesions are irreversible;
  • Aortic stenosis, una enfermedad congénita que corresponde a una disminución del diámetro de la salida del ventrículo izquierdo del corazón, at the level of the aorta. Con mayor frecuencia provoca un estado de fatiga y un soplo cardíaco. There are treatments to improve the comfort of life of the animal, pero la enfermedad en sí es incurable;
  • Urolitiasis, characterized by stone formation in the bladder, the kidneys or even the ureter. Then, the cat has difficulty urinating, drink more and, sometimes, we notice the presence of blood in the urine. Las piedras se pueden quitar con cirugía;
  • El asma, also known as chronic or allergic bronchitis, causing short-term breathing difficulties and long-term lung damage. Corresponds to an allergic reaction to certain substances present in the environment, like dust mites, pollens, productos químicos o sintéticos (for example cleaning products), cigarette smoke … The affected animal suffers bouts of coughing and shortness of breath, while your breath makes a kind of hiss. However, treatments can greatly improve your quality of life, reduciendo tanto el número como la intensidad de los ataques;
  • Respiratory problems, due to the elongated and triangular shape of its head. Si es así, is less inclined to move and strain;
  • Progressive retinal atrophy, an incurable inherited disease that causes progressive deterioration of the cat's eyesight, up to total blindness. Often not detected until very late, when it is very advanced and the cat collides with everything;
  • Glaucoma, which is caused by increased pressure in the eye. This gradually degrades the optic nerve, so the affected animal gradually loses sight. Eye drop treatments are sometimes enough to remedy the problem, pero los casos más graves requieren cirugía;
  • Hereditary strabismus, reducing visual acuity and field of vision. Esta anomalía se manifiesta desde el nacimiento y es incurable, but not very disabling;
  • Mouth problems, again because of the shape of her face.

As many of the conditions the breed is prone to are inherited, it is important to go to a breeder of Siamese serious to obtain an animal that has not only grown up in a quality environment and has benefited from good socialization from its first weeks, but also have all the possibilities to enjoy -and stay- Of good health. In effect, a professional worthy of the name ensures that certain genetic tests are performed on proposed stallions, para asegurarse de que no son portadores de una enfermedad que correrían el riesgo de transmitir a sus crías. If they do it, are excluded from the breeding program. Therefore, must be able to present the results of these tests, along with a certificate of good health from a veterinarian and a list of vaccinations already administered to the kitten, registered in the kitten's health or vaccination card.

Once the adoption is complete, the new owner is responsible for the kitten's health for the rest of its life. A visit to the vet at least once a year, and more often as the cat ages, is essential to maximize the chances of keeping you healthy. This appointment allows the professional to carry out the necessary vaccination boosters, but also, and above all, carry out a complete health check of the animal. Esto último debería permitir detectar lo antes posible cualquier problema de salud, to be able to treat it in the best possible conditions.

At the same time, It is essential to protect your cat against parasites by renewing its antiparasitic treatments throughout the year, whenever necessary, so you never stop being protected. This applies even to an animal that lives in a flat, since you are not completely safe from danger.

Life expectancy

11 to 15 years

Cuidados y aseo

"Modern Siamese cat"

Gato Siamés moderno
Siamese cat Chocolate Point, modern typeMartin Bahmann, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

As beautiful as it is, the fur of the Modern Siamese cat, requires little maintenance, especially because it does not have undercoat. Normally, brushing once a week is enough to remove dead hair and shine the coat.

However, it is better to double the frequency during your annual molts, in spring and autumn. Although the coat is short, the molt is much more pronounced.

The weekly brushing session is also an opportunity to check his ears. Limpiar con un paño húmedo elimina la suciedad y reduce el riesgo de que se produzcan infecciones (for example, in the ears).

You should also check your eyes once a week and, if required, limpiarlos con un paño húmedo para evitar que la suciedad se acumule y se infecte.

Teeth require more frequent care. It is important to limit the accumulation of plaque, that can cause not only bad breath, but also various diseases of varying severity. Cepillar los dientes de su gato una vez a la semana con una pasta dental especial para felinos es lo mínimo, but it is best to brush more often, or even daily.

Last, it is important to keep your claws in good condition so that they are not too long, lo que podría causar molestias o incluso romperse y hacerle daño. Whether you live exclusively indoors or have access to the outdoors, should be checked once a month: if natural wear and tear is not enough, must be trimmed manually. This does not prevent you from having a scratching post at your disposal., otherwise it will fall back on the furniture, something he does without hesitation if necessary.

Whether the fur, the ears, the eyes, teeth or claws, caring for a Siamese is not particularly complex. However, es útil saber lo que hay que hacer: esto no sólo garantiza que se actúe con eficacia, but also that there is no risk of injuring or traumatizing the animal. Therefore, it is advisable to seek advice from a veterinarian or professional groomer the first time.

This cat has a very strong relationship with its owner. For this reason, if the owner knows how to do it well, grooming sessions can become moments of tenderness and shared complicity. This is more likely if the cat is used to it from a young age.

Food

Like any cat, the Modern Siamese cat requires a diet that, both qualitatively and quantitatively, must meet your nutritional needs. As such, it must correspond to your age, su actividad física y su estado de salud.

Industrial foods may be perfectly suitable, as long as they are of good quality. However, the same cannot be said for human food. A menos que se haya seleccionado específicamente para ese fin, does not meet a cat's nutritional needs. Even worse, some of the foods that are potentially very popular with their owners turn out to be toxic to the little feline. Therefore, it is a service for him not to offer him bits on the table, nor give him the leftovers or let him put his little head in the garbage can.

In any case, but the Siamese be very energetic and tend to eat a little more than a cat of another breed, He is not one of those who gorge himself. like most cats, the Siamese they self-regulate, so it is possible to make food available at all times without fear of overeating.

Last, like any cat, you must have fresh water at all times.

For sale "Modern Siamese cat"

No es difícil encontrar criadores de Siamese. On the other hand, you should expect to pay a considerable amount of money, because it is by no means one of the cheapest breeds.

For example, adopt a Modern Siamese cat usually costs between 1000 and 2000 EUR.

whatever the country, el precio varía en función de la reputación del criadero, of the animal's lineage and, above all, de sus características intrínsecas, especialmente a nivel físico. For this reason, the amount charged may vary from one individual to another within the same litter.

Videos "Modern Siamese cat"

Burmese cat
Federations: LOOF, CFA, ACF, ACFA, TICA, FIFé, WCF

Today, you can still find cats similar to the current ones Burmese cats in the Buddhist temples of Southeast Asia
Burmese cat
Burmese Cat “Gamse” – DPCS.ie, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Content

History

The first written records of the Burmese cat date back to the 14th century. El Tamra Maew, a manuscript of poems and illustrations found in Ayutthaya, the capital of the Kingdom of Siam (current Thailand), date of this period. This “treatise on cats” describe, among other things, to the Rajah, a round-headed cat, slightly chunky body and very silky chocolate coat: a description that corresponds in all respects to the Burmese what do we know today. Según la leyenda, it was one of the 16 razas que vivían con los monjes budistas, who considered them sacred.

For centuries confined to his homeland, the cat began to spread internationally when in 1930 a US Navy medic, Joseph Thompson, brought a chocolate coated female from Thailand, Wong Mau. As the fur of this one was almost black at the tips (ears, legs and tail) and chocolate-colored in the rest of the body, guessed it was a Siamese cat. However, genetic testing disproved this assumption and established that it was a different breed. Fascinated by the beauty of this animal, Joseph Thompson decidió iniciar un programa de cría con otros entusiastas. Así nació el American Burmese cat, a round-headed cat with a slightly chunky body.

The Burmeses did not arrive in Britain until later. It was not until the end of World War II that soldiers returning from Burma brought some brown cats.. Breeders who learned about the development of the American Burmese cat en Estados Unidos y Canadá se interesaron por estos gatos e iniciaron un programa de cría.

They contacted the American breeders so that they could send them some specimens. Among 1949 and 1956 some imports were made that allowed to expand the gene pool, que de otro modo corría el riesgo de ser insuficiente debido al reducido número de sujetos.

The program was a success: from the third generation, and more specifically in 1952, the breed was recognized by the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF), the british feline organization. Se distinguía del Burmese Raised in America for his more triangular head and less stocky body.

The first standard only specified one layer color: chocolate. However, as time passed and more cats were raised, aparecieron otros colores en las camadas y líneas. Like this, the first blue guy was born in 1952, and others with red fur followed in the following years, cream, tortoiseshell or even lilac in 1971. Breeders continued to develop the breed incorporating these additional colors, that were recognized in the successive updates of the breed standard.

However, until the end of the decade 1960, the gene pool of European Burmes cat remained very small, what limited its development. In 1969 imports could be reorganized, this time from canada, that contributed greatly to the development of the breed.

It also, the breed spread fairly quickly to most of western Europe. Así ocurrió, for example, already in 1956 in France and in 1970 in Germany.

Burmese
Male Brown/Sable Australian Burmese Cat – Psypherium, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons
The controversy between the European Burmes cat and the American Burmese cat

La cría del Burmese has developed in parallel, but in a somewhat different way, in the United States and Great Britain, respectively. Esto explica una cierta divergencia entre las líneas norteamericana y europea.

Like this, the American Burmese cat, also called Contemporary Burmese, has a rather round head, a rather short nose and a somewhat stocky body.

The European Burmes cat, also known as Traditional Burmese, has a more triangular head, a longer nose and slimmer body.

This heterogeneity divides breeders and institutions. For example, the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) has refused to register specimens from the United States since 1980, para preservar las líneas tradicionales inglesas.

La controversia se amplía por la existencia de graves deformidades craneales en algunos gatitos de líneas norteamericanas. For example, some have two noses or just one cheek. La mayoría de los gatitos afectados nacen muertos, and those who are born are immediately euthanized. However, due to the limited size of the breed's gene pool, not even Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA) not even Asociación Canadiense de Gatos (CCA) require routine sterilization of breeders with these defects. This decision is left to the discretion of each breeder..

Las líneas inglesas birmanas no están totalmente libres de estos problemas. However, the prevalence of these problems is much lower than on the other side of the Atlantic.

Physical characteristics

Burmese cat
Burmese – Flickr

The Burmese it is a medium size cat, muscular and of strong stature, tending to weigh between 4 and 6 kg.

The legs they are long and delicate, with delicate oval feet. Overhead wedge-shaped, with one forecrown wide, some settle ears wide and of medium size and a straight nose.

The Greats eyes are golden yellow to amber in color and have an oriental curved upper eyelid. The fur of the Burmese, dense and silky, has a very fine undercoat, so it is attached to the body.

Officially, ten different coat colors are recognized, sin que se permita ningún tipo de patrón. The Burmese comes in ten generally recognized colors. Como característica común, they all have so-called spiky coloration, why the face, the ears, legs and tail are darker than the rest of the body. El color de pelaje más común es el marrón nuez.

Varieties:

Como resultado de programas de cría por separado, the English Burmese are different from americanos. European tends to be more eastern, with a more triangular face, while the American Burmese cat it is plump and rounded in the body, head, eyes and feet; with full cheeks and a short muzzle.

Character and skills

The Burmeses they are curious cats, energetic and loving. They especially like to play and are very people-oriented. You should not leave them alone for a long time, as they quickly feel lonely. Not in vain, these loving cats are called “people's cats”.

Necesitan un contacto físico estrecho y no pueden prescindir de las caricias diarias. The friendly cats remain active and attentive until old age. No muestran ningún temor hacia los extraños y suelen ser bastante “talkers”.

Indoor or outdoor cat?

The "Burmese cat" it is an active animal that needs a lot of space. You are not comfortable in a narrow flat. So that they are happy, must have at least one secure balcony or, even better, un jardín vallado. If the conditions are good, the Burmeses they can also go abroad. El único problema es que estos simpáticos gatos no tienen miedo de los vecinos ni de otros extraños. So, pueden ser fácilmente víctimas de los “cat thieves”.

How much activity does he need? "Burmese cat"?

The Burmeses They are great cats for the whole family. They need a lot of activity and are reluctant to be alone. In fact, They consider themselves so affectionate that they would rather come on vacation with you than wait home alone. If you have to leave your loving cat alone more often, deberías conseguir un segundo gato para que se mantengan ocupados mutuamente.

Especially if cats can't go outside, you must provide them with a suitable substitute occupation. Even outdoor cats are not averse to playing regularly with their humans. With his attentive and curious character, to the Burmese loves to play and chase toys. It is best to provide this clever cat puzzle games or encourage him to seek and chase with hidden treats..

Burmese cat
Burmese cat

Grooming and feeding

The coat of the Burmese cat es muy fácil de cuidar y no necesita ningún tratamiento especial. Just brush the silky fur from time to time to remove dirt. This will not only guarantee a well-groomed and silky appearance, it will also do your cat a favor with extra petting.

A varied and healthy diet also contributes to the well-being of the cat.

For sale "Burmese cat"

Before buying a Burmese cat, you must be sure that you can dedicate the necessary time. The Burmeses they are considered one of the breeds with the longest life expectancy. You can't leave, often, to this cat only for the next 12 to 18 years and you will have to take care of it daily. If you have discovered this oriental cat for yourself, looking for a trusted breeder. En la actualidad no existe ningún club de cría independiente para la raza y tendrás que recurrir a los criadores aficionados. When you choose a kitten, asegúrate de que tanto los gatitos como los padres parecen sanos.

The price of a "Burmese cat" ranges between 800 and 1300 EUR.

European Burmes cat
Chocolate (American “Champagne”) British/European Female Kitten –

Characteristics "Burmese cat"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a cat of the breed "Burmese cat" you know certain factors. You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Joy

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Activity level

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Friendliness to other pets

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Friendliness to children

Rated 3 out of 5
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Grooming requirements

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Vocality

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Need for attention

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Affection towards its owners

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Docility

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Intelligence

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Independence

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Hardiness

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Videos "Burmese cat"

Cat Who Lives On A Boat Loves Visiting New Places – MISS RIGBY | The Dodo
Gato Burmés – Características, Comportamiento y Origen

Sphynx cat (Canadian Sphynx)
Federations: CFA, FIFe, TICA, AACE, ACFA/CAA, CCA-AFC

Photo: wilkipedia

Content

Characteristics "Sphynx cat (Canadian Sphynx)"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a cat of the breed "Sphynx cat (Canadian Sphynx)" you know certain factors. You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Joy

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Activity level

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendliness to other pets

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendliness to children

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming requirements

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Vocality

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for attention

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection towards its owners

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Docility

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Independence

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hardiness

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

The Sphynx it is a singular cat, that does not stop turning those who cross it. In fact, His physical appearance, with her bare and wrinkled skin, does not leave anyone indifferent.

However, only mentioned for a few decades, although the existence of naked cat breeds is not new.

In ancient egypt, hairless cats already attracted attention, and only pharaohs could have them. More recently, wall engravings from Aztec times show that they raised cats very similar to those of the Sphynx current.

In 1830, Swiss naturalist and physician J.R. Rengger described these cats in his book on the mammals of Paraguay (Naturgeschichte der Säugethiere von Paraguay).

In 1903, hairless cats were mentioned in the book The Book of the Cat, written by Frances Ann Simpson, a cat historian. He mentioned two nude specimens named Dick and Nellie who lived in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The Pueblo Indians gifted them to an American cat lover, F.J. Shinick. They told him that they were the last two descendants of the cats bred by the Aztecs.

At a cat show held in Paris in 1930, a male and a female aroused great curiosity. The photos of them show that they look a lot like the Sphynx. Given the rarity of these individuals and the fact that they came from the same neighborhood in Paris, they were assumed to have the same father, which in turn should be hairless. However, the two owners refused to attempt mating.

In the following years, similar individuals were reported in Morocco, Australia and the United States.

The phenomenon was repeated in Toronto (Canada) in 1966: a pair of short-haired domestic cats gave birth to a litter in which one of the males, called Prune, I had no hair. This did not leave Ridyah and Yania Bawa indifferent, breeders by profession, who decided to start breeding naked cats. They acquired Prune and Elizabeth, his mother, and they made them raise. They obtained a litter with a hairless individual. With the help of Keese and Rita Tenhove, they continued their work to develop the breed, who was called first Moonstone Cat and then Canadian Hairless, finally choosing the name of Sphynx cat.

However, the early days were chaotic, with medical problems caused by limited gene pool and inbreeding. As a result, some kittens died quickly from undiagnosed illnesses. In fact, the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA) granted recognition of the breed on a provisional basis in 1970, before withdrawing it the following year precisely for these health problems.

In 1975, Milt y Ethelyn Pearson, Minnesota farmers ((UNITED STATES)UU.), they found a hairless kitten in one of their litters, even though both of his parents did not have this specificity. They called it Epidermis. The following year they had more hairless kittens, one of whom they named Dermis. In 1981, Kim Muesk, from the Z’Stardust hatchery in Oregon, bought the two cats from farmers to try to develop the breed.

At the same time, another Minnesota breeder, Georgiana Gattenby, he also used naked kittens from the Pearson farm to cross with the Cornish Rex and help develop the Sphynx cat.

At the end of the year 70, a dutch amateur, The doctor. Hugo Hernandez, got a male cat and a female, named Starsky and Johnny respectively. Both specimens were probably descendants of Prune. Raised them, but the litter resulting from their mating died.

At the same time, more specifically in 1978, Shirley Smith, a Siamese breeder from Toronto (Canada), he found three little hairless cats on the streets of his neighborhood. He took them in and called them Bambi, Paloma and Punkie. Castrated Bambi, but he sold the other two to Hugo Hernández, who still owned Starsky and Johnny.

Hugo Hernández tried several crosses, but none of them were successful. Castrated Starsky in 1981 and sold Paloma to a German breeder. Finding herself without a male Sphynx able to create, raised Punkie with a white Devon Rex. She gave birth to a litter of five kittens, two of which were hairless and named Q-Ra and Q-Ramses. In collaboration with the German breeder, a mating was arranged between Q-Ra and Paloma, that allowed the latter to give birth to a small Sphynx called Hathor.

The two men also arranged marriages between Q-Ramses and Paloma. In 1983, one of the resulting litters passed into the hands of Patrick Challain, a Parisian breeder, and the breed was introduced in France. One of the kittens in the litter, Chnoem, came to acquire notoriety as European champion of the breed.

In 1985, a couple of French breeders, Aline and Philippe Noël, two little Sphynx were brought from Holland, Mogwi y Gizmo. They had a litter from which came a little cat named Amenophis Clone. The latter was used by the Official Book of Feline Origins (LOOF) to set the standard Sphynx.

Beyond the fact that the breed faced many pitfalls before it was born, sometimes faced a certain suspicion, even open hostility. In effect, if some cat lovers were quickly fascinated by this particular looking cat, others, on the other hand, they had a much less enthusiastic attitude, arguing that the gene that gives bare skin can be considered as a genetic disease, and that, therefore, this particularity should not be encouraged at all, and even less to be recognized by official authorities.

Your point of view is questionable, because the hairless skin trait is due to a spontaneous genetic mutation that has existed since ancient times, no to a disease. However, despite his detractors, the breed managed to develop and be recognized, especially thanks to the crosses made with the American shorthair cat and the Devon Rex: they were a precious help to expand the genetic background of the breed and avoid inbreeding.

Sphynx
Sphynx

Recognition of Sphynx

Although the Sphynx cat It is a fairly recent breed and its beginnings were somewhat chaotic, was quickly recognized by the various reference bodies, both international and national.

The International Cat Association (TICA) was in 1986 the first official body to take the step. The Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFé), that brings together the feline authorities of some forty countries, including Switzerland and Belgium, did the same in 2002. It was also that year when Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA) definitely recognized the Sphynx, after a true false start in 1970, when he was granted provisional recognition, to withdraw it the following year.

In fact, most official organizations in the world have done the same, as the World Cat Federation (WCF), the British Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF), the Canadian Cat Association (CCA) or the Livre Officiel des Origines Félines (LOOF) in France.

The unique appearance of this cat has not prevented it from being widely recognized throughout the world, and its success is undeniable.

Authorized crossings

In order to expand the still relatively small gene pool of the breed, and thus reduce the risk of health problems induced by inbreeding, Most organizations allow a Sphynx cat is raised with a representative of some other races.

The International Cat Association (TICA) allows crossings with :

In United States, the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA) does the same, at least until 2023. In fact, starting at the 1 in January of 2024, Only kittens whose parents are both purebred can register with the organization. Sphynx.

In Great Britain, the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) add russian blue to the list. Therefore, the Sphynx can cross with :

On the other hand, the Canadian Cat Association (CCA) it is much more restrictive, since it only allows crosses with the American shorthair cat.

The Livre Officiel des Origines Félines (LOOF) French is the strictest of all, since it does not allow any crossing of the Sphynx cat with other races. In short, is already applying the policy that the CFA will follow from 2024.

Popularity of "Sphynx cat (Canadian Sphynx)"

Maybe the Sphynx be a recent breed of cat, but it is already very popular in both Europe and North America.
in Canada, despite a hiatus in 2018, in the second half of the Decade of 2010 occurred around 200 annual registrations with the Canadian Cat Association (CCA), which places it on the podium as one of the most popular cat breeds in Canada.

The United States also contributed a lot to its development, so it is not surprising that it is also well established there. Throughout the decade of 2010, log statistics on Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA) placed them between sixth and ninth in the popularity ranking.

In France, the number of annual registrations in the Livre Officiel des Origines Félines (LOOF) has increased almost continuously since the beginning of the century. While at the beginning of the decade of 2000 there were barely hundreds, at the end of it the 300. Things picked up speed in the following decade, to the point that the number of registrations per year exceeded 1.000 at the end of the Decade of 2010, which even allowed the Sphynx enter the Top 10 of the favorite feline breeds of the French.

In Switzerland, things are more mixed. Certainly, annual enrollment statistics Fédération Féline Helvétique (FFH) show a regular progression from the beginning of the years 2000 until 2015, as their number went from a handful to almost fifty, which allowed them to approach the doors of the Top 10. However, in the following years there was a sudden collapse, and the number of cats Sphynx registered in the organization each year was reduced to about 20.

In Great Britain, there was also a similar decline from 2013, although it was much less pronounced. Like this, while the inscriptions in the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) they were approaching 400 early in the decade 2010 (versus less than a hundred in 2006, for example), later they were reduced to 250, and even some 200 at the end of the decade. As a result, after reaching the position 13 in the ranking of the most popular breeds in the country (based on the number of annual registrations) in 2012, the Sphynx cat had been demoted to the position 17 in 2019.

Sphynx
Sphynx

Physical characteristics

With her bare and wrinkled skin, its big ears and its long rat tail, the Sphynx cat is definitely a cat with an atypical appearance, and he rarely leaves those who come across him indifferent.

Its body It is medium in size and semicobby. Has well-developed musculature, that is very evident under her hairless skin. His chest has “barrel shape”: is wide and the abdomen is rounded, which gives the impression that you have eaten too much. In fact, this cat is heavier than most of its congeners, but this is mainly due to their muscle mass. The well-shaped hips and rump are proof of this..

The body ends in a tail long and flexible, slightly thick at the base, that looks like a rat. In some individuals, has a lock of hair on the tip: it is then said that they have a lion's tail.

The legs have fine bone structure and well-defined musculature. The hind legs are slightly arched. They all have oval feet with long, thin toes and clearly defined phalanges.. The pads are meatier than in other cat breeds. This gives the impression of walking gracefully on air cushions..

The head it is medium in size and triangular in shape, longer than wide. The skull and forehead are flat. The neck it is quite slim and arched, what gives to Sphynx a haughty look.

This is reinforced by the ears, that are totally oversized in relation to the head. Wide at the base and rounded at the tip, they are very open and have no hair inside.

The eyes they are very open, are lemon-shaped and have few or no eyelashes. all colors are accepted, and they give you in any case a penetrating and expressive look.

Profile, there is a concave curve from the forehead to the straight nose.

The cheekbones they are bulging and round.

The snout it celebrities, rounded and rather short. The pasterns, fleshy parts of the muzzle where whiskers normally grow, they are complete and round. However, the Sphynx he doesn't have mustaches. The chin is well defined and firm.

The skin of the Sphynx can be characterized by alopecia in the strict sense, all over the body. However, usually covered by a small, barely visible down. In both cases, is thicker than fur breeds, and quite comparable to the touch of the skin of a peach.

It also, kittens are born with very wrinkled fur. This softens a bit as they grow, but a Sphynx cat adult retains folds especially on the legs, neck and head. All colors and designs are accepted. However, black and white is the most common color. The pigmentation of the skin is what gives the breed its varied colors.

Last, this breed is not characterized by a sexual dimorphism very pronounced: the male and female are quite similar in size.

Curious Sphynx cat. – Flickr
A physical characteristic due to an autosomal recessive gene

The Sphynx has completely bare skin or has a small amount of down. This alopecia is due to a spontaneous mutation of a gene, without human intervention.

This gene is autosomal, that is to say, can affect both men and women. It is also recessive in relation to the gene for short or long hair.: to have this morphological peculiarity, an individual must have inherited one copy of the mutated gene from each of their two parents. Otherwise, has hair.

More concretely, if both parents are carriers of the mutated gene and have fur at the same time (that is to say, are heterozygous in the gene that determines the presence or absence of fur), an average of 25% of their kittens have no hair.

If, on the other hand, one of the two parents is hairless (that is to say, is homozygous for the fur gene) and the other is a carrier of the gene but has hair (that is to say, is heterozygous), the 50% of the kittens have no hair.

Last, in the event that both ancestors are hairless (and, Therefore, homozygous for the fur gene), all their offspring are hairless.

However, as detailed by researchers from the University of Davis (California, (UNITED STATES)UU.) in an article titled “The naked truth: Sphynx and Devon Rex cat breed mutations in KRT71“, published in 2010 in Mammalian Genome Magazine, the specificity of the hairless skin of the Sphynx It is produced by the same gene that gives Devon Rex her curly hair. However, unlike the allele associated with curly hair, the one corresponding to the absence of hair is dominant. Therefore, breeding cats Sphynx with cats Devon Rex would produce hairless individuals and was identified as an interesting way to increase the cat population Sphynx and, at the same time, diversify the breed's gene pool. However, It turned out that a large proportion of the individuals born from these matings suffer from dental or nervous diseases.

This gradually led most organizations to ban the breeding of the Sphynx with the Devon Rex. So they decided Livre Officiel des Origines Félines (LOOF) French, the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) British and the Canadian Cat Association (CCA). The Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA) has done the same, but this new rule will only be applicable in 2023: starting at the 1 in January of 2024, will stop recognizing kittens born from such a mating. The International Cat Association (TICA) it is the last major institution that admits these crossings.

Size and weight

  • Size: 30 cm.
  • Weight: Of 2,5 to 4,5 kg

Varieties of "Sphynx cat (Canadian Sphynx)"

Contrary to what its name might suggest, the Donskoy (Don Sphynx) it has nothing to do with him Sphynx cat.

The confusion is even more possible because it is also a naked cat breed and has a similar appearance.. This is why he was called Don: Don refers to the city of Rostov-on-Don, near which he was born, While Sphynx refers to the fact that it resembles the latter. However, their origins and stories are completely different.

Character and skills

The physical appearance of Sphynx cat can sometimes confuse, not to say discourage. However, his character makes him worth knowing.

He is especially affectionate and attached to his family, and even humans in general. In fact, loneliness weighs on him, for which he appreciates the company of another human in the absence of that of his relatives. Therefore, can be easily attended by a third person in case of prolonged absence.

His attachment to his master makes him feel free to follow him everywhere., or even sleeping in his bed (preferably under the sheets, to be warm) if you are offered the opportunity. He also especially likes to lean on the shoulders, to scrutinize your surroundings while in contact with the person who matters most to you. In short, it is not recommended for a person who does not want an animal “sticky” or to be absent often during the day and leave you alone.

Although he has a particular attachment to his human reference, he is very tender with all members of the family. He is very cuddly and will cuddle up on the couch with everyone else to keep you company and warm., not hesitating to take advantage of their human warmth by snuggling with them.

He also really likes tenderness and pampering, and it must be recognized that caressing a Sphynx cat it is a very pleasant experience. In fact, her skin is as smooth as a peach, and radiates a reassuring warmth. It is sometimes used in zootherapy to combat nervousness or anxiety.

Nor is he deprived of welcoming his little world at the door., how would a dog. Sometimes she even winks to show how happy she is to have her family back..

It usually delights children, whose company you enjoy. Playful, patient and non-aggressive, it is an excellent entertainment companion for them. However, like any other dog, should never be left alone with a young child, Unsupervised, because a misunderstanding or awkward gesture can happen quickly. The safety of both parties is at stake.

It also, his closeness to humans is not limited to his family members: he is also very sociable and kind to strangers who come into the house. Far from greeting them with suspicion, as do most of his peers, does not hesitate to go to meet him, for example, jumping on his lap.
In short, whether it comes from your family or from strangers in the house, loves to be the center of attention.

They are very friendly, not aggressive and quite willing to share their territory, so they will easily coexist with a companion or a dog, especially if that dog is of a cat-loving breed. Sharing your home with another animal is a great way to help you cope with your family's absence.: if you are also well disposed, they can become best friends, playing together from morning to night. As he does with his humans, does not hesitate to sleep curled up against his little companion, to benefit from its body heat. So that the coexistence goes well, Ideally, each of the two protagonists should be used to the presence of the other from a young age. Otherwise, a gradual introduction is essential so that no one rushes and everyone gradually gets used to the situation.

Nor is it a problem that a Sphynx live with a bird or a rodent. However, if the family is out, it is always better to ensure the safety of the animal by keeping it in a closed place, either in a cage or in a room that the cat does not have access to.

In addition to his interpersonal qualities, the Sphynx he is a smart cat, lively and curious. All of these qualities combine to make the Sphynx an excellent student for anyone who wants to teach their cat tricks, how to look for objects and come when called. It is also very good at learning things by itself, especially when it follows its owners and observes them. Therefore, it's not surprising to see him open doors, wardrove, drawers and taps. It is also a good idea to stimulate their intellectual faculties with interactive toys., with whom he usually enjoys.

Usually, cats like to rise up to observe the world around them, and the Sphynx is no exception. His master's shoulders are one of his favorite observatories, but this does not mean that a cat tree should not also be installed in the home where it can perch and contemplate its surroundings.

Last, the Sphynx cat it is much more adaptable than most of its congeners. Quickly and easily adapts to a possible change in environment, either punctual (for example, during a trip) the permanent (in the event of a move with your cat). In a way, gives more importance to where you live than to the people you live with.

Sphynx cat
Sphynx cat – Dmitry Makeev, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Grooming and caring for the "Sphynx cat (Canadian Sphynx)"

Those who think that a hairless cat is necessarily less demanding than one with hair will be in for a surprise.: It is not the case of Sphynx cat.

In particular, their skin should be moisturized daily with a mild oil or lotion specifically for felines. As he likes very much to be caressed and does not mind being manipulated, these cares soon become a pleasure for him.

It also, the lack of fur means that the sebum emitted by their skin is not absorbed by the hair, so your skin quickly becomes oily. Daily cleaning with a feline washcloth will help keep your cat clean and prevent oil build-up on the skin., so that it does not leave greasy marks on furniture or fabrics. At the same time, it is necessary to bathe your cat every week with a moisturizing shampoo specially designed for cats. You should also make sure to rinse your cat well afterwards.: shampoo left on your skin could lead to scratching and irritation.

You should also plan to apply sunscreen if you have access to the outdoors and the weather is good.: replaces melanin, the protective substance against ultraviolet rays that, unlike other races, your body does not produce. This is a precaution that should not be overlooked, since sunburn can cause severe burns or even skin cancer if repeated.

It also, as in the case of any cat, you need to check your ears every week. Cleaning them with a damp cloth will remove impurities and prevent infection. (otitis, etc.); This is all the more useful as the Sphynx it has no hair to protect them.

Weekly care should also include checking the condition of the eyes. If they are dirty, it is necessary to clean the corner of them with a damp cloth to avoid the accumulation of dirt that could become infected.

The maintenance of the teeth of the Sphynx is especially crucial to avoid the risk of periodontitis to whom he is predisposed. Brushing once a day is ideal for limiting the buildup of plaque that, when it turns to tartar, not only leads to bad breath but also to more or less serious diseases. It is essential to always use a toothpaste specially formulated for felines.

Last, it is important to periodically check that its claws do not get too long, as this could cause discomfort or even break or injure you. In fact, even for an individual who has access to the outside, natural wear and tear is not always enough. Therefore, inspecting them once a month allows you to check what is happening and, if required, trim them manually. In any case, whether the cat can leave the house or not, providing you with a scratching post is essential: prevents you from satisfying your irresistible need to scratch furniture.

Whether it's skin care, the ears, the eyes, teeth or claws, the need for maintenance of a Sphynx cat is not, Therefore, negligible, although there is nothing complex in these manipulations. However, it is better to know the proper gestures to be efficient and avoid hurting or even injuring him. As such, nothing better than using the experience of a veterinarian or a professional groomer the first time, to learn from them how to proceed in the best possible way.

In any case, this cat readily accepts being handled and, Therefore, it is much less resistant than its congeners to maintenance sessions. Of course, This is even more true if the owner instills a dose of tenderness and takes care of getting him used to it from a young age.: then they have every chance of becoming sweet complicity moments.

Cat Sphynx
Cat Sphynx – Dmitry Makeev, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Indoor or outdoor cat?

By being active and playful, the Sphynx cat need space. However, a garden is not necessarily essential: can be perfectly happy on a floor with enough room for her to run. In any case, is a cat made to live indoors, both because of his closeness to the family and because of his lack of hair, which makes it sensitive to extreme temperatures, either hot or cold. If you live in a house with a garden, the installation of a cat flap is essential so that you can come and go as you please, in particular to take shelter when you get too cold or too hot. Some owners even avoid letting it out unsupervised, since its high price makes it a target for malicious people.

How much activity does he need? "Sphynx cat (Canadian Sphynx)"?

The Sphynx Canadian is an extremely intelligent animal that quickly sees challenging toys. She loves that you spend a lot of time with her and demands daily playtime. He gladly accepts smart toys and also likes to chase toy mice or balls. Of course, like any other cat, he likes to rest. If possible, provide him with a large cat tree where he can play and sleep. A sunny and warm windowsill would also be ideal, where the cat can doze comfortably and warm up.

Health and nutrition

The Sphynx cat is generally in good health.

Although this is partially offset by a thicker layer of fat under the skin than in most other breeds., its lack of fur makes it more sensitive to cold. If you have access to the outside, you must have access at all times to a warm corner where you can come to warm up as soon as you feel the need.

This morphological peculiarity does not prevent it from tolerating heat well. However, does not produce melanin, the molecule that protects from ultraviolet rays. Thus, the risk of sunburn is especially high in this breed. Thus, if they have access to the outside, it is essential to apply a sun cream specially designed for cats, even when the weather is cloudy. It is important to be especially attentive, as repeated burns can lead to skin cancer.

It also, like any race, the Sphynx are prone to certain health problems. In your case, is about:

  • The Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, which is characterized by thickening of the heart muscle and can lead to breathing difficulties, fatigue and intolerance to exertion. It is caused by a genetic mutation that can be detected by a DNA test, but this does not indicate when the symptoms will appear;
  • hereditary myopathy, sometimes known as spasticity, an extremely rare muscle degeneration due to neuromuscular dysfunction, leading to generalized muscle weakness. It occurs in the first months of life and can develop rapidly or remain stable for a short or long period of time before deteriorating abruptly.. In any case, is incurable and leads to the death of the animal;
  • Cutaneous mastocytosis, a skin disease whose causes are still unknown. Results in skin lesions that require generally temporary treatment;
  • The periodontal disease, a gum disease caused by plaque buildup, that turns into tartar. It can cause serious illnesses like sepsis.

Last, lack of hair can lead to comedones (excessive accumulation of sebum in the pores of the skin), especially on the chin or tail. However, there are treatments for it, which can be periodic or permanent.

Go to a breeder Sphynx earnestly will maximize the chances of adopting a healthy and well-behaved kitten. In fact, is the guarantee that the animal has been well socialized and, in general, has spent the first weeks of life in optimal conditions. It also, a professional worthy of the name takes care of genetic testing the subjects he intends to breed, to verify that they are not carriers of a hereditary defect that can be transmitted to their descendants. If they do it, are excluded from the breeding program. Therefore, must be able to present the results of tests performed to parents and, possibly, to the pups, a certificate of good health from a veterinarian, as well as the details of the vaccinations received by the animal, registered in your health or vaccination card.

From the moment the adoption is finalized, the owner is responsible for keeping the animal in good health. As such, should take their pet to a vet for a full check-up at least once a year, and even more regularly as the pet gets older. This is an opportunity for the professional to diagnose any problems and, if required, treat it in the best possible conditions. It also, You can take advantage of this appointment to repeat the necessary vaccinations at the same time. As in all visits to the vet, usually goes smoothly, since the Sphynx is known for being handled without complaint.

Last, always in the field of prevention, the owner must ensure that his partner's deworming treatments are renewed throughout the year, so you are never unprotected against parasite risks. Even an individual who lives inside is not immune.

Sphynx kittens
Sphynx kittens – Dmitry Makeev, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Food

Like any other cat, the Sphynx you need a diet that meets your nutritional needs, both in terms of quality and quantity. Must suit your age, activity level and health status.

In any case, is distinguished by its greater appetite than most of its congeners. This is not simply because he is gluttonous: her nudity causes her to maintain a body temperature between 40 and 41°C at all times, which is about two degrees higher than most other cats. To maintain this temperature, need to burn more calories (especially in winter, if you have access to the outdoors), and therefore needs to eat more. To be clear about the amount of food you need each day, and thus avoid being underfed, do not hesitate to ask a veterinarian for advice.

In any case, industrial cat food is perfectly suitable for your cat, but the same cannot be said for human food. In fact, unless it has been carefully selected to fit your nutritional needs, chances are high that it will do you more harm than good. So it is best to avoid succumbing to his pleading gaze and never give him leftovers or let him rummage through the bins.. This is all the more true since some very popular foods among humans are toxic to cats..

Last, like all his classmates, the Sphynx cat must have fresh water available at all times.

For sale "Sphynx cat (Canadian Sphynx)"

Exceptional looking, the Sphynx Cat is also usually exceptionally priced, since it is one of the most expensive breeds of cats.

In effect, the price of a kitten Sphynx usually oscillates between 1000 and 2000 EUR.

whatever the country, the amount charged differs depending on the reputation of the kennel, the lineage from which the animal comes, but also and above all its intrinsic characteristics, especially on a physical level. Therefore, prices can vary greatly from one individual to another within the same litter..

The “Sphynx” as a hypoallergenic cat

One might think that a Sphynx cat it is especially suitable for allergy sufferers due to its lack of hair. However, this assumption is not entirely correct, since many people are allergic to cat dander or body secretions and not to hair. However, hairlessness can significantly reduce allergy risk. Therefore, before acquiring a naked cat as hypoallergenic, I should test if it reacts or not.

Videos "Sphynx cat (Canadian Sphynx)"

Gato Esfinge, Sphynx (“gato calvo”)
Sphynx Cat 101 – Must Watch BEFORE Getting One

Alternative names:

Somali cat
Federations: LOOF, CFA, ACF, ACFA, TICA, FIFé, WCF

Content

Characteristics "Somali cat"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a cat of the breed "Somali cat" you know certain factors. You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Joy

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Activity level

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendliness to other pets

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendliness to children

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming requirements

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Vocality

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for attention

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection towards its owners

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Docility

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Independence

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hardiness

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

No one knows for sure when and where the first somali cat; some advocates think that the long coat was a spontaneous natural mutation of the Abyssinian cat. Genetic studies indicate, However, that Somali probably originated around the turn of the century in England, when breeders, few breeders, they used longhair cats in their breeding programs Abyssinians.

At the end of the decade 1910 and at the end of the decade of 1940, during the aftermath of World Wars I and II, when so many races had dwindled to near extinction, breeders were forced to mix other breeds into their bloodlines abisinias to keep the race. Raby Chuffa of Selene, a Abyssinian cat male who came to the United States from Great Britain in 1953, and that appears in the pedigrees of many Abyssinians, is considered the father of the somali race on this continent; all the somalis Canadians and Americans can be traced to this cat.

Somali cat
somali cat, female – FinnFrode, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The pedigree of Raby Chuffa It dates back to Roverdale Purrkins, a female Abyssinian cat English whose mother, Mrs. Mews, was of unknown ancestry and probably carried the gene for Longhair. Mrs. Mews was given to the breeder Janet Robertson by a sailor during WWII. Mrs. Mews later had two kittens: Roverdale Purrkins, registered as Abyssinian, and an unregistered black male.

Robertson used to Purrkins to start his kennel of Roverdale. Your cats and others Abyssinians of British origin were exported to Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Canada and United States. When long-haired kittens appeared in the litters of Abyssinians (which was possible whenever two Abyssinians who carried the longhair recessive gene), the kittens were discreetly given away, since no breeder wanted their Abyssinian lines to be thought to be “contaminated” with the longhair gene.

It was not until the decade of 1960 when breeders, seeing the appeal of a longhair version of a breed that was rapidly gaining popularity in North America, they began to seriously try to turn these castaways into a race of their own. At the same time, breeders of Canada, Europe, Australia and New Zealand also began working with the new breed. Some breeders of Abyssinians they wanted nothing to do with these long-haired hipsters and they didn't want to further the connection that the name “longhair abyssinian” would produce.

the Abyssinian breeder Evelyn Mague, one of the first American breeders to work with the long haired breed after discovering that two of his Abyssinians, Lynn-Lee’s Lord Dublin and Lo-Mi-R’s Trill-By, they were carriers of the long hair gene.

He came up with the name “Somali” because somalia borders ethiopia, the country that used to be called Abyssinia and that gave its name to the Abyssinian cat. In 1972, Mague founded the Somali Cat Club of America and began to gather the enthusiasts of the somalis.

In 1975, the International Somali Cat Club was founded, affiliated with the CFA. La CFA. recognized the breed in 1978. Lynn Lee’s Picasso and Lynn Lee’s Pearl, two somalis from the hatchery of E. Mague, arrived in France in 1979. The FIFe approved the breed in 1982.

This cat is very popular with a growing audience.

Physical characteristics

"Somali cat"

Gato Somali
Picture of a ruddy Somali cat – AbuDun91919, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The complexion of the Somali cat It is similar to the race it comes from, with long legs and agile and muscular body. Long hair may have up to twelve alternate stripes of dark marks in each hair, What produces an impressive brightness when the cat has all the fur. As all cats, silent substantially in spring, and in the year's hottest months or in warm climates, It may seem almost of short hair. With its winter coat, the tail becomes very hairy, and thanks to its color and complexion it has earned the nickname "fox cat".

Size and weight

  • Size: 30 cm.
  • Weight: 3,5 to 5,5 kg

Breed standard

The breed standards are documents established by official bodies that list the conditions that a dog must meet. Somali cat to be fully recognized as belonging to the race:

BODY

Medium long torso, agile and elegant, showing well-developed muscle strength. The rib cage is rounded; the back is slightly arched, giving the appearance of a cat about to jump; flank is level, without it being collected. The conformation falls somewhere between the extremes of the elongated and slender types.

HEAD

Modified wedge, slightly rounded, without blueprints; the eyebrows, cheeks and profile lines show a smooth contour. A slight lift from the bridge of the nose to the forehead, which should be of a good size with a width between the ears that flows into the arched neck without interruption. The muzzle should follow a smooth contour in accordance with the skull, seen from the front profile. The chin must be complete, neither lower nor higher, with a rounded appearance. The muzzle should not be very pointed, and there should be no evidence of a bite, rash or pinch on whiskers.

EARS

Large, alerts, moderately pointed, wide and hollowed out at the base. The ears should be placed in a line towards the back of the skull. The inner ear should have horizontal strands that reach almost to the other side of the ear.; it is desirable that there are tufts.

EYES

Almond-shaped, large, bright and expressive. Skull opening not round or oriental. Eyes accentuated by dark skin on the eyelid surrounded by a light-colored area. On each of them a short dark vertical stroke with a dark pencil line that continues from the upper eyelid to the ear. The color of the eyes is gold or green, the richer and deeper the color, best.

LEGS & PAWS

Legs in proportion to the torso; oval and compact feet. When it is stopped, the Somali gives the impression of being agile and fast. Toes five in the front and four in the back.

TAIL

With a full brush, thick at the base and slightly tapered. Its length is balanced with the torso.

COAT

Very soft texture to the touch, extremely thin and double-layered. The denser the fur, best. Length: a medium length cloak, except on the shoulders, where slightly shorter length is allowed.

COLOR

Ruddy, red, blue and tawny. Warm and glowing.

  • Ticking: distinct and uniform, with dark colored bands contrasting with lighter colored bands on the hair shafts. Undercoat color is clear and bright relative to skin. Deeper color tones are desired, However, ticking intensity should not be sacrificed for color depth. Preference is given to cats without markings on the underparts, chest and legs; tail without rings.
  • Markings: darker shading along spine continuing to tip of tail; darker shading on the hocks, shading is allowed at the tip of the elbow; dark lines extending from the eyes and eyebrows, shading on cheekbones, dots and shading on whisker pads are desirable enhancements, eyes accentuated by a fine dark line, surrounded by a light colored area.

Character and skills

Under his apparent shyness, he is an intelligent cat and sometimes capable of being bold. Very alert, lively and active, it is not exuberant. He is a lovely companion, whose behavior is often compared to that of a little fox.

Tender and very affectionate, demands a lot of attention, but is said to be less possessive than the Abyssinian cat. Although he is somewhat afraid of the cold, Somali do not tolerate confinement and, Therefore, he does not like life on the flat very much. As a great hunter, a garden is better for him than a flat.

Grooming

The maintenance of its coat only requires a weekly brushing. During the molting period, must be brushed daily.

Videos "Somali cat"

Alternative names:

  • Fox cat; long-haired Abyssinian
  • Sokoke cat
    Federations: LOOF, TICA, FIFé,GCCF, AFC

    The cats Sokoke it is one of the few recognized breeds that are of natural origin. It is native, It means that they have evolved on its own, no human intervention or initial breeding selection.

    Content

    Characteristics "Sokoke cat"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a cat of the breed "Sokoke cat" you know certain factors. You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Joy

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Activity level

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendliness to other pets

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendliness to children

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming requirements

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Vocality

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for attention

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection towards its owners

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Docility

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Independence

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hardiness

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    History

    The genesis of the Sokoke

    The Sokoke it is one of the rarest cat breeds in the world. Historically it has lived in the wild in the rainforest of Sokoke-Arabute, a nature reserve on the east coast of Kenya. However, it is not known since when.

    One of the hypotheses is that it descends from domestic cats who arrived at the end of the 19th century with British settlers and then took over the forest of Sokoke-Arabute.

    However, it is more likely that the Sokoke have lived in the area for much longer, in particular through contact with Giriamas, a local tribe that hunts and feeds on the Sokoke, even today. The Giriamas they also gave it its original name, Khadzonzo, that means “like bark”, in reference to its mottled coat.

    In any case, never ceased to intrigue scientists, and many tried to study it. For a long time this was in vain, given their stealth and propensity to evade them.

    In 1978, Jeny Slater, an Englishwoman who lived on the edge of the nature reserve, discovered a litter of three kittens Khadzonzo abandoned and hidden in the hollow of a log. Decided to take them home and feed them. His fascination was even greater because normally it was very difficult to see them, much less catch them. He was very surprised to see how easy it was to tame these little wild cats. Worried about the possibility of this animal disappearing, decided to raise them. When they became adults, two of the little cats gave birth to their first litter.

    Scientists were finally able to begin studying the Khadzonzo. DNA tests were carried out to find out if it was descended from African wild cats, but they were negative: could not establish that link. It was then decided to call the cat simply “African shorthair cat“.

    In 1984, a danish friend of Jeny Slater, Gloria Moldrop, came to visit her in Kenya. Enchanted with Khadzonzos, took two of them to Denmark, Good gene, to try to publicize the breed and contribute to its development. In fact, that year he exhibited them at a cat show in Copenhagen.

    In 1985, Good gene they had their first litter. However, starting with just two individuals was not enough to establish a breeding program that would avoid inbreeding and all the health problems that it could entail.. In 1990, Gloria Moldrop brought three more specimens from Kenya and was able to start a real breeding program with the aim of getting the breed recognized.

    Recognition of the “Sokoke”

    Sokoke cat
    Sokoke, neutered male – The original uploader was SHD at English Wikipedia. A. Turto en:User:SHD (self made), CC BY-SA 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons

    In 1992, Gloria Moldrop presented several copies to the Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFé). The following year, the organization recognized the breed under the name of Sokoke, in reference to the forest Sokoké-Arabute, its natural habitat.

    In 2003, the International Cat Association (TICA) did the same. It was also in this year that the Sokoke was recognized by the Official Book of Feline Origins (LOOF) French.

    However, in 2014, TICA decided to lower its status: it was still possible to register their representatives in the registers kept by the institution, but they could no longer compete in the cat shows organized under their auspices. In effect, had not received the report that breeders normally send and that allows statistics to be established: annual number of births, distribution between males and females, age of the reproducers…

    In any case, the Sokoke cat still has a long way to go to be fully recognized around the world. In fact, still ignored by some major organizations, as the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA).

    Others have given their blessing, but only in a preliminary way, waiting for your full recognition. Is the case, for example, of the Governing Council of The Cat Fancy (GCCF) from 2015, or from Association Féline Canadienne (CCA), which grants it the status of an experimental breed.

    The popularity of the “Sokoke”

    A part of the population of Sokoke cat still living in the wild in the forest of Sokoke-Arabute, in Kenya. However, they seem to be in danger of extinction.

    Can't say that the Sokoke domesticated is imposing, as it is still extremely rare worldwide. Its population is also very small.

    In France, only three specimens were registered in the Libro Oficial de Orígenes Felinos (LOOF) over the years 2000 and 2010, more specifically in 2004.

    The breed is a bit more established in Britain, with almost a dozen annual registrations in the Governing Council of The Cat Fancy (GCCF) at the end of the Decade of 2010. However, this is still a matter of confidentiality.

    In Denmark, Gloria Moldrop has had some followers, so there are also a handful of breeders. There are also some in other European countries, like germany.

    The situation is quite similar in North America: In both the United States and Canada there are hardly more than a handful of breeders. However, the Association Féline Canadienne (CCA) has accepted it as an experimental breed, waiting for your full recognition. The leading organization in the United States, the Cat Fanciers’ Association, has not yet taken the step.

    Physical characteristics

    Sokoke
    Sokoke – Flickr

    The Sokoke It is an elegant and distinguished feline of medium size and semi-linear type. Domesticated and bred individuals look much more harmonious than those left free.

    The body medium length is slim and muscular, built around a strong bone structure. The chest is well developed and prominent.

    The tail is moderately long to long. Thick at the base, tapering towards the tip.

    The legs they are tall and thin, which contributes to the elegant appearance of the dog, But they are, However, muscular. Finish in feet oval with black pads. The hind legs are longer than the front legs and have a significant angle specific to the breed.

    The head rests on a neck long and muscular that separates it well from the shoulders. It is small in relation to the body, and is shaped like a smoothed triangle. The skull it's almost flat.

    The ears are size medium, wide at the base and rounded at the tip. They can end in plumes, and this feature is highly appreciated.

    The eyes they are big, they are far apart, are almond-shaped and slightly sloping. Their color ranges from amber to light green and they are expressive and bright.

    The nose is straight and of medium length. Finish off with a brick red nose. Seen on side, there is a slight concave curve between the forehead and the nose.

    Whisker pads are well marked, but they are not prominent. They dominate a strong and broad chin.

    The fur of the Sokoke It is brilliant, very short and has no undercoat. This is a tabby cat, which can be any shade of black brindle. It is preferable that the marks have sharp hairs, that is to say, that alternate light and dark areas.

    Last, this cat is not characterized by a sexual dimorphism pronounced: males and females are quite similar in size and weight.

    Size and weight

    • Size: 30 cm.
    • Weight: Of 3 to 5 kg

    Breed standard

    The breed standards are documents produced by official bodies that list the conditions that a dog must meet. Sokoke cat to be fully recognized as belonging to the race:

    Character and skills

    Sokoke
    Sokoke –Flickr

    Although it may seem surprising, the Sokoke was originally a wild cat and was easily tame.

    He even enjoys the company of humans, and is especially attached, kind and affectionate with the members of his family, with both adults and children. He is also very playful, which makes it an excellent entertainment companion for them, and vice versa. However, this does not prevent a certain caution: a small child and a cat should never be left alone unsupervised, and this applies to all races. In any case, things are better if the children are old enough to have learned to behave in a respectful way with their companion.

    His playful nature and intelligence make it essential to provide him with interactive toys to stimulate and develop his faculties.. Always play very intensely for short periods of time, then you need to calm down to start over. Of course, he is even happier when he can play with his family. The possibilities are very numerous, since his proximity to the family and his intelligence make him perfectly capable of learning different tricks. For example, catching an object that is thrown at him is a lot of fun for him. Being an activity with your family and spending time with them, It doesn't bother him to be walked on a leash either, and he can get used to it..

    More broadly, His intense relationship with his family means that he is both an attention seeker and an attention giver. Participates willingly in family activities and tends to follow family members and greet them at the door when they arrive home. This is especially true of the person who cares the most about him., although he does not ignore the others.

    He is also very vocal when interacting with family members.. Purr loudly to express well-being, meows softly to calm its owners when its great sensitivity makes it sense that they are in an unusual emotional state, or give your opinion on the TV show. Pretty talkative, knows how to use different recognizable tones to communicate: these different modulations allow you to quickly know, for example, if he is asking for a hug, asking for attention, asking for food or indicating pain.

    He is loyal to his family and enjoys interacting with them, for example playing or receiving pampering. Of course, also needs time apart, since it could be in nature. However, he does not like to be alone: even when he rests quietly in his corner, be grateful that there is someone close.

    Close to yours, the Sokoke he is also very sociable with strangers who enter his domain. He is not one of those who are scared or aggressive towards them: although he should not be expected to hug them, will play happily with them.

    He is also able to share his home with another dog. However, as it is quite territorial, gradual adaptation is necessary for everything to go well, and the ideal is that the coexistence is established from the earliest age of the two protagonists.

    The Sokoke he is very active and does not really belong to a flat. to prosper, you need to live in a house with a garden to which you can have free access, thanks to a cat flap, for example. His instinct is to climb trees, where in nature he used to spend most of the time. This allows you to recover part of its original state, hunt insects, satisfy your curiosity and keep an eye on your territory. It is especially agile in this area.

    He also likes to have some height when he is indoors., so a cat tree is an essential purchase to make you feel comfortable.

    It also, the Sokoke differs from his peers in his attraction to water; not only does he like to play with her, but that it is one of the cat breeds that like to swim. So don't be surprised to see him come back drenched from his wanderings., since he is delighted to bathe in a river or a lake. However, if there is a pool in the house, it is better to cover it to avoid getting into it, since chlorinated water is not good for cats and if they drink it regularly it can cause kidney problems and irritate their skin. Therefore, if he can get into it, it is better to rinse it afterwards with clean water.

    The same, after any bath anywhere, or even just when I come back from the outside wet, it is important to dry him well with a towel so that he can then snuggle up in a blanket and prevent him from getting cold. Of course, this is even more important when the temperature is low.

    Health

    "Sokoke cat"

    Sokoke
    Sokoke

    The Sokoke wild has been little studied. It also, its domestication is relatively recent and the breed's population remains small. All this explains why there is little time to know the diseases to which this cat is especially exposed. However, the cat is known to be generally in good health.

    It is also known to withstand high temperatures very well, which is not surprising for an animal native to the rainforests of Kenya. However, it is also known to fear the cold, above all because does not have undercoat. However, can adapt to all climates, as long as you have constant access to a well-heated place where you can shelter in cold weather, so as not to catch a cold. This risk should not be taken lightly, since the coryza, the common cold, can have lifelong consequences. The risk is even higher for young and old cats, that are more fragile and, Therefore, more prone to colds.

    To adopt a Sokoke, it is essential to contact a serious breeder. This will give you the best chance of having a healthy kitten and keeping it that way.. In effect, a true professional takes the time to socialize little felines and monitor their health from a very young age. But, above all, as the genetic background of the breed is quite small, can also ensure that parents do not have a common ancestor to avoid inbreeding problems. You can also present a certificate of good health issued by a veterinarian, as well as the health or vaccination card containing the vaccines administered to the animal.

    Once the adoption is final, it is the owner's responsibility to take care of the health of his little companion throughout his life. In particular, should ensure that the pet receives a regular check-up by a veterinarian, to make sure everything is okay or, on the other hand, to diagnose any problems as soon as possible and to be able to react as best as possible. Once a year is the minimum, and it is better to go further when the animal gets older. It also, these appointments are also an opportunity to repeat the necessary vaccinations.

    It also, the owner must give his cat the necessary treatments throughout the year to ensure that he is always protected against parasites. This is even more important for an animal like him, who spends a good part of his time outside and who likes to climb trees.

    Grooming

    The Sokoke it's a low maintenance cat.

    This is especially true of their very short coat., that has no undercoat: a simple weekly brushing is enough to remove dead hair.

    It is also important to check your ears once a week and clean them with a damp cloth to remove any impurities., which could otherwise end up accumulating and becoming infected (ear infections, etc.).

    You should take the opportunity to check your eyes. If they are dirty, wiping the corners with a damp cloth will also reduce the risk of infection.

    Regular brushing of your pet's teeth is essential too. This should be done at least once a week, although the ideal is to do it daily. Otherwise, plaque builds up and turns into tartar. This can lead not only to bad breath, but also to more or less serious diseases.

    Last, you need to check the length of the cat's claws every month. If they get too long, there is a risk of injury, discomfort or breakage. Due to its high level of activity, this is not a problem, due to natural wear and tear. However, natural wear and tear may not be enough (for example, in the case of a less active and / or elderly person), and manual trimming may be required. In any case, even for an individual with free access to the outside, the presence of a scratching post (either inside or outside) is essential. This allows them to satisfy their essential need to scratch on an object designed for it., instead of using furniture or curtains, for example.

    Whether for the fur, the ears, the eyes, teeth or claws, the different treatments necessary for the care of the Sokoke are available to everyone. However, to avoid the risk of harming or injuring you - and traumatizing you at the same time- it's best to ask a vet or groomer for advice the first time. This will allow you to know the appropriate gestures to act safely and effectively.

    The best way to get this care to become, with the time, in a special moment between the owner and his pet, is getting used to it from a young age. It also, will appreciate these moments even more if they are sprinkled with cuddles and caresses, or even if they allow a little conversation, since he likes to talk a lot.

    Food

    In its natural state, the Sokoke spends most of the time in the trees, where he also hunts. Unlike their peers, does not eat birds or rodents, but insects like crickets, butterflies and flies. He then descends to ingest his weed loot.

    A domesticated individual needs the food provided by his master to satisfy his nutritional needs.. Therefore, both quantitatively and qualitatively, must suit your age, your health and activity level.

    Quality industrial products usually fulfill this function perfectly.. However, it is not advisable to feed your dog human food, that is unlikely to meet your nutritional needs unless it has been carefully selected for this purpose. For this reason, Giving him table scraps or rummaging through the trash is rarely a good idea, especially since some foods popular with humans are toxic to cats. Therefore, it is better to avoid these situations, and this from a very young age, to prevent you from developing bad habits.

    Last, the Sokoke, just like any other cat, you must have fresh water at all times.

    For sale "Sokoke cat"

    The Sokoke it is one of the rarest cat breeds in the world. Although it has spread to various regions far from its native Kenya, especially in Europe and North America, the number of breeders is still very limited. Therefore, a person wishing to adopt a representative of this breed should not fear traveling many kilometers or having to wait several months.

    Even so, the price of a kitten Sokoke usually hovering between 1500 and 1800 EUR.

    However, when adopting a cat from abroad, It is important to note that transport costs and administrative costs are added to the price of the cat. It also, it is necessary, of course, find out about the legislation regarding the importation of animals and comply with it.

    whatever the country, the price charged can vary significantly depending on the reputation of the kennel, the lineage from which the animal originates and, above all, its intrinsic characteristics, especially when it comes to physical. This last point explains why there can be significant differences within the same litter..

    Videos "Sokoke cat"

    Alternative names:

    Sokoke Forest Cat, African Shorthair, khadzonzo or kadzonzo

    Siberian cat
    Recognized by the CFA, CFA, TICA, WCF, FFE, AACE, ACF, ACFA/CAA

    Content

    Characteristics "Siberian cat"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a cat of the breed "Siberian cat" you know certain factors. You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Joy

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Activity level

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendliness to other pets

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendliness to children

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming requirements

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Vocality

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for attention

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection towards its owners

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Docility

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Independence

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hardiness

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    History

    The Siberian cat is a breed of cat native to Russia and has a natural origin: already roamed the Siberian forests more than 1000 years. Its exact origin is not known, but the fact that the mutation responsible for long hair in cats appeared almost simultaneously in regions as distant as Siberia, Asia minor (which corresponds to the eastern part of Turkey, and from which the Turkish Angora cat and the Turkish Van Cat) and persia (which became Iran, and from which the Persian cat) suggests that these different long-haired cat breeds share common origins.

    In fact, some specialists think that these cats appeared in Turkey and that human migrations to the Great North explain their appearance in Siberia. On the other hand, others believe that the first long-haired cats originated in Russia and spread to Asia Minor, giving rise to Turkish Van Cat, to the Turkish Angora cat and to the Persian cat, but also to Scandinavia, where would they be at the origin of Norwegian Forest Cat , and then to North America, where they would have evolved to Maine Coon cat.

    However, it is certain that they played an important role for the local populations who had to survive in the extreme conditions of Siberia, since they protected the provisions from rodents. Russian folklore tells that once they weighed more than twenty kilos and were true “guardian cats”, who protected their homes from wild animals and hunted other animals to feed their families. Still today, many stories tell of magical cats whose mission is to protect children.

    The Siberian cat It is known in Europe and North America since the 19th century. It was even one of the breeds exhibited in the first feline exhibition in modern history., held in 1871 at the Crystal Palace in London. It was also presented in the United States at 1884, at the exhibition held in the Madison Square Garden from New York. It is documented in the book Our Cats de Harrison Weir de 1889 and in the book Domestic & Fancy Cats the John Jennings the 1898. A photograph of a representative of the breed also appears on Concerning Cats, written by Helen Winslow and published in 1900.

    However, the Siberian cat disappeared from the international scene for much of the 20th century, since his country of origin was isolated from the rest of the world by the Soviet regime that came to power in 1917. It was not until the decade of 1980 when Russian cat lovers were once again free to own domestic cats and organize into associations to define the rules. He had a great success at the first Moscow cat show in 1988, and soon became the national cat of Russia.

    Siberian cat
    Female Adult Siberian Cat with Seal Lynx Point Coat Color – The voice, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    In 1990, Ophelia, Naina and Kalostro they became the first Siberians to set foot on American soil in almost 100 years, When Elizabeth Terrell, a creator, exchanged them with Nelli Sachuk for four gatos himalayos. A few weeks later, David Boehm, another american breeder, traveled to Russia to bring fifteen cats from the Siberian jungle. Thanks to these two enthusiasts, the breeding of this breed began in North America..

    Once the Iron Curtain fell, its international recognition was fast: the International Cat Association (TICA) was the first to do so in 1993, followed by Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFé) in 1997 and then for the American Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA) in 2000. Surprisingly, the first copies Siberians did not arrive in the UK until 2002. Two years later, in 2004, the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF), the country's main body, granted the breed full recognition, including the right to compete in exhibitions organized under their auspices.

    Today, as well as remaining extremely popular in his home country, the Siberian has clearly found an audience beyond its borders, helped by his reputation, although unfounded, hypoallergenic cat.

    In United States, for example, the Siberian cat stands above the position 20 (of 45) in the classification of breeds according to the number of annual registrations in the CFA. Its success is also growing in Europe. In Great Britain, GCCF statistics show that births in the second decade of the 21st century have risen from about 100 per year to more than 300, which places it in the top ten of the favorite cat breeds of the British.

    There is also a blazing growth in France: the statistics of the Official Book of Feline Origins (LOOF) show that if in the mid-1990s 2000 only thirty specimens were registered per year, this figure had already exceeded 200 in 2010, and then cross the barrier of 1000 in 2016 and overcome the 1500 at the end of the decade. Since 2015, is one of the 10 favorite breeds of cats of the French, representing more than 3,5% of registered births.

    Physical characteristics

    The Siberian has a semi-cobby midline morphology. Sometimes it is confused with the Maine Coon cat or the Norwegian Forest Cat , as it has a similar general appearance, but it differs by having a much more rounded head and body.

    Of average length, He is powerfully muscular and his back is slightly arched. The legs they are also very strong with a solid bone structure, the rear ones being somewhat longer than the front ones. The tail is slightly shorter than the body, very full and sharp.

    The head is wide and has a triangular shape with rounded sides when viewed from the front. Profile, the rounded forehead ends in a slope at the nose. The ears are size medium, wide at the base and ends in a rounded shape. The eyes they are big, almost round, slightly oblique, and they can be green, yellow, coppery or blue in some white-coated dogs.

    The fur of the Siberian it is medium to long, and consists of three parts: abundant down and undercoat, and a thick, shiny protection layer. It is much more abundant in winter than in summer and forms a mane around the neck.

    Except for chocolate and lilac, all the coat colors They're possible, but the brown tabby is the most common. All coat patterns are also accepted by the standard, but some organizations, like the FIFé (Fédération Internationale Féline), consider the Siberian colourpoint as a breed apart, call Neva Masquerade.

    In any case, this cat grows slowly, as it does not reach full maturity until it is about five years old. However, most of the growth occurs during the first 18 months.

    Last, the sexual dimorphism it is very marked: the male is much more imposing than the female.

    Size and weight

  • Male size: 30 – 38 cm.
  • female size: 28 – 35 cm.
  • Male weight: 7 – 11 kg
  • female weight: 5 – 9 kg

  • Varieties of "Siberian cat"

    The fur colourpoint (a light color on the body and darker on the tips of the legs, the tail, ears and face) is accepted by most associations, as the International Cat Association (TICA), the World Cat Federation (WCF) and the Livre Officiel des Origines Félines (LOOF), the reference organization in France. However, some consider cats Siberian colourpoint like a different race.

    Is the case, in particular, of the Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFé), that since 2011 registers them with the name of Neva Masquerade cat. The LOOF also recognizes the term Neva Masquerade, but in conjunction with the name “Siberian“: in his eyes, is simply another way of designating siberianos colourpoint, but by no means a breed in its own right.

    Siberian cat
    A 3-year-old Calico Tabby Siberian Cat – Lilllio, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Character and skills

    The Siberian he is a loving and devoted cat who loves his family. He waits for his owner at the door when he comes home from work, and immediately begins to tell him about his day following him around the house. Loves to participate in various household activities, either helping in the kitchen, lying on the computer keyboard where his owner is working, or sitting in front of the TV that its owner is watching.

    Having said that, although he loves to receive attention from his owners, not overly intrusive or demanding, and he is perfectly capable of waiting patiently for his owners to have time for him. They can be left alone during the day without separation anxiety.

    They are also excellent hosts and, after observing the newcomer from a distance to meet him, they will not hesitate to come over to greet you and participate in the conversation. It is also an ideal cat breed with children who have learned to behave with a certain respect., since he likes to play with them and has enough patience to tolerate some oddities and clumsiness.

    His outgoing character also applies to his peers, but also the dogs: he is not afraid of anything and is aware of his respectable size, is not easily impressed and likes to resolve conflicts amicably.

    On the other hand, has retained a strong hunting instinct that makes it very difficult, yes not impossible, cohabitation with rodents and birds. The fish are not safe either, especially because they have a certain fascination for water. This can lead to, for example, to play with the water in your bowl or toilet, or even to spray his master when he is bathing.

    The Siberian cat he is extremely intelligent, able to learn to retrieve objects (activity that you especially enjoy) or to be walked on a leash, but also to solve complex problems, like opening the closet door or reaching for that toy that its owner thought was out of reach. Teaching your cat tricks is a great way to spend quality time with him., while giving you the opportunity to exercise both physically and intellectually.

    They are also very good at understanding human emotions and know when to go play with a cheerful owner., or comfort someone who has had a bad day by purring on their lap to show their affection. This makes them an excellent therapy cat..

    Although the Siberian cat has a rather calm and quiet character, he is also an active cat that retains a playful side throughout his life. They are surprisingly agile for their size, being able to climb almost anywhere and make dizzying jumps. Some owners still wonder how their dog got the spider in the living room.… And is that, like most of his peers, he likes to be in a high place from which he can admire his territory; if you think your cat tree is not tall enough, do not hesitate to find a closet more to your liking.

    Curious and without any notion of property rights, does not hesitate to steal any object to make a toy with which to play. Thus, it is strongly recommended to store jewelry and other valuables in a safe place.

    On the other hand, although they are delighted to have access to the outside and to be able to run and climb at their ease, they are still a breed of cats capable of living in a flat. In fact, for a Siberian, the company and affection of your family are even more important than physical exercise.

    Last, this cat has a wide vocal range of soft meows, trills and chirps, but also a powerful purr reminiscent of a boat engine. They are not as talkative as the eastern races, but they like to communicate and give their opinion.

    Siberian cat
    Siberian cat

    Grooming and caring for the "Siberian cat"

    The triple coat of the Siberian it is low maintenance, since it does not tend to knot. However, a thorough brushing is necessary every week to remove dead hairs and distribute sebum from the skin. During the moulting season, in autumn and spring, the dog loses a lot of hair, so it is recommended to brush it every day. This grooming session is also an opportunity to share a complicity moment with your pet., especially since he especially appreciates staying quietly on his owner's lap while he is being brushed.

    On the other hand, it should be noted that, against popular belief, the Siberian it can perfectly provoke allergic reactions in its master. The amount of Fel d1 (an enzyme that causes allergies in people sensitive to it) in the saliva of the Siberian cat is much lower than that of a cat without a pedigree, but the amount is not zero. Thus, it is simply a race of hypoallergenic cat, that is to say, that is less likely to cause an allergy.

    Unless you want to expose your cat in a feline exhibition, it is rarely necessary to bathe him. This is certainly a good thing, as it is very difficult to shampoo their thick, waterproof fur.

    However, the weekly grooming session is an opportunity to check your teeth, eyes and ears looking for dirt, and clean them with a damp cloth if necessary. This will reduce the risk of cavities and infections of all kinds.

    Last, if your dog spends a lot of time outdoors, it may be that natural wear and tear is enough to file your nails. If not the case, it is advisable to trim them with a nail trimmer when they have become too long, so that they are not hindered in their movements.

    Indoor or outdoor cat?

    The Siberian cat it is a nature loving breed that spends a lot of time outdoors if allowed to roam freely. This independent cat loves to roam for hours in nature, hunt and explore the environment. Like a good hunter, Siberian he usually takes his prey home.

    That you Siberian gift you with dead birds and mice is not to everyone's liking and should be considered prior to purchase. If the cat stays indoors, a large floor with a sturdy scratching post is a minimum requirement. The ideal would be a safe garden, where the cat can live its desire to move. With the proper precautions, your cat will live happily.

    How much activity does he need? "Siberian cat"?

    As an active breed, the Siberian cat needs a lot of space to play and hunt. Independent cats prefer to occupy themselves and explore their environment. Of course, especially at a young age, they still like to be kept busy with a gaming rod or mice.

    Intelligence toys for cats also keep them busy and boost their intelligence. They also like to play with other cats, so they should not be alone. As one of the few cats, to the Siberian he likes to play with water and can also keep busy for a long time with a leaky faucet.

    Siberian cat
    Siberian cat Tofik – Mstachul, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Health and nutrition

    The Siberian it is very robust. Able to live in environments as difficult as the Siberian forests from which it originates, It is a breed of cat that does not fear the cold. However, not at its best when temperatures exceed 30 °C: to avoid any risk of heat stroke, it is then important to keep it in a shady area or even with air conditioning.

    It also, have a predisposition to certain genetic diseases. This is the case, in particular, of :

  • The feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, a relatively common disease in domestic cats that causes abnormal development of heart tissue, with potentially serious heart problems. Screening of parents can minimize, but not delete, the risk of transmission to the kitten;
  • Deficiency of pyruvate kinase (PK-def), which causes a problem in red blood cell metabolism leading to anemia of varying severity in cats. There is a DNA test to identify the gene; a breeder's siberian cats responsible must exclude the carriers of the offspring.

  • It also, the fact that the Siberian forest cat being so large does not make you immune to one of the greatest health risks of a domestic cat: the Obesity. Responsible owners should ensure that their cats maintain an adequate weight and seek the advice of the veterinarian if they notice a tendency to be overweight.

    Life expectancy

    Of 12 to 15 years

    Food

    The Siberian forest cat he has no problems with his diet; can be fed commercially available industrial cat food without any problem. However, choosing a quality product that is suitable for your age and activity level is essential to ensure that you are getting all the nutrients and vitamins you need.

    By being able to self-regulate, can be left with food at all times.

    However, it is the owner's responsibility to ensure that the dog is not overweight and, Therefore, weigh him regularly to monitor his weight. In the event of deviations, consultation with a veterinarian will allow to establish a more adequate feeding program.

    For sale "Siberian cat"

    It is only possible to get a Siberian cat of breeders of this breed. It is preferable to resort to a family breeding, where the cat is born near its breeder. The small size of the structure and the proximity of the human being have allowed it to develop its familiar and endearing character.

    If raised in good conditions, the Siberian cat he will not be wild and he will be very close to his master. It can become the “dog Cat” what the owner expects, the one who will be curious about strangers, the one who will wait for his owner behind the door and the one who will follow him everywhere. Please note that if the cat you are purchasing does not have a pedigree, will not be considered a pedigree cat but a “street cat”.

    Having said that, the price of a Siberian cat ranges between 700 and 1.000 EUR. The price depends mainly on whether you buy a companion cat or a breeding cat.

    Siberian cat
    Portrait of a Brown tabby Siberian – Sibirela, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos "Siberian cat"

    El Gato Siberiano / Siberian Cat – MuKi&Mu
    SIBERIAN CAT – Characteristics, Care and Health

    Alternative names:

  • Siberian forest cat