Traditional Persian cat
Federations: WCF, SACC

Photo: petsforsale.co.za

Content

History

The Traditional Persian cat, also called persian “doll face” for her sweet, doll-like expression, it is one of the most popular purebred cat breeds in the world. Como la mayoría de los gatos domésticos, his story is shrouded in myths and rumors, but the first recorded cases of its appearance in Iran (then called persia) they were produced in the 16th century. A partir de ahí, the breed burst onto the international feline scene and became one of the most popular breeds in the world.
But, ¿qué es lo que hace que estas simpáticas bolitas de pelo sean tan especiales? ¿Y qué diferencia a un gato persa “traditional” from any other Persian?

Physical characteristics

"Traditional Persian cat"

Gato Persa tradicional
Doll face silver Persian cat – Andrey, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

When he hears the word “Persian cat”, you may immediately think of a flattened face and a short nose. Although he is not mistaken, las variantes más parecidas a los carlinos de los persas se han criado específicamente para exagerar esos rasgos. The traditional Persians, for its part, they have also been bred to have small, rounded heads and short noses, but not to the same extent as their exposure counterparts. Instead of the flat faces of the show Persians, traditional Persians have cute and innocent expressions reminiscent of children's dolls, de ahí su apodo común de “doll-faced persians”.

The Traditional Persian cat, just like their show cousins, has chubby cheeks and a short body. They are medium sized cats, that usually weigh between 2,5 and 4,5 kilos when they are adults. Y, like the persian show, traditional Persians also have long, flowing fur that requires daily combing to remove and avoid carpets and tangles. Their fur comes in a wide variety of colors and patterns, that go from white to black and from red to lilac, and can be found in calico, striped, flamed and many other patterns.

Character and skills

Like people, cats have their own personality, so not all persians are exactly the same. Having said that, as he Traditional Persian cat like show cats they tend to be very calm and docile cats that enjoy little naps on the sofa or on another favorite perch. They are affectionate and often enjoy the attention of their human family., but they don't usually make an effort to get it. They like peace and quiet, so they do not adapt well to homes with noisy children or extremely playful dogs.

Although they are not as energetic as other races, enjoy a good play session from time to time. And although they are happy to give you their space, they also like to be paid attention to and treated like royalty, and if they feel that he has neglected them, they will let you know that it is time for you to give them some good back rubs and scratch their ears.

Alternative names:

Doll Face Persian, Classic Persian, Old Fashioned Persian, Long-nosed Persian, Old-style Longhair, Traditional Longhair, Original Longhair.

Pixie-bob
Federations: TICA, ACFA/CAA, CCA-AFC

Even in america, the distribution of Pixie-bob is still limited, since the number of breeders does not exceed twenty.
Photo: © Nathalie Bent - Pixie-bob.info

Content

Characteristics "Pixie-bob"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a cat of the breed "Pixie-bob" you know certain factors. You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Joy

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Activity level

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendliness to other pets

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendliness to children

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming requirements

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Vocality

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for attention

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection towards its owners

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Docility

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Independence

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hardiness

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

The origins of the Pixie-bob están teñidos de fantasía. There is a legend that it is the result of the mating between female domestic cat and male bobcat. This is surely due to the fact that the Pixie-bob looks like “Lynx“, but it has no foundation.

What is known is that Carol Ann Brewer, a Washington state breeder, in the northwestern United States, was the creator of the race.

In 1985, through a newspaper ad, adopted and appointed Keba, un gatito macho que se parecía a un bobcat: large, with spots and with a short tail. The owners told him that the father was a bobcat (Lynx rufus).

Carol Ann Brewer ya tenía una hembra, call Maggie, que tenía las mismas características. Decided to pair them. In the resulting litter, a little kitten was born with features identical to those of her parents. He called Pixie.

Pixie parecía un gato salvaje, but he was tame and he was loving. Carol Ann Brewer was delighted with this original mix and decided to breed it.

He toured the Cascade Mountains and found 23 machos con las mismas características: short tail, spotted fur, short or long hair. Like this, had enough specimens to start breeding what he decided to call the Pixie-bob: Pixie in reference to the little cat from which all representatives of the breed descend, and Bob by “bobcat“, that means Lynx.

Carol Ann Brewer reunió entonces a su alrededor a otros criadores apasionados por el gato y que querían contribuir a su desarrollo. Ejerció un estricto control sobre su labor de cría, so that together they managed to maintain both the wild appearance of the cat and its domestic temperament.

In 1989 Carol Ann Brewer wrote the first rule for the Pixie-bob. She and her colleagues worked hard to get the International Cat Association (TICA) recognize the breed. Una de las formas de hacerlo fue acallar el rumor de que los animales eran híbridos del bobcat, that is to say, que descendían de esa especie. Sabían que era muy poco probable que las autoridades oficiales aceptaran registrar un hybrid cat. Thus, performed genetic tests on the different litters, que demostraron científicamente que no había relación entre sus gatos y los animales salvajes.

In 1993, the organization took a decisive first step in allowing the Pixie-bob will be presented in exhibitions organized under the aegis of the organization, although unable to compete. In 1996, officially granted the Pixie-bob new breed status, and in 1998 the breed received full recognition, allowing your representatives to participate in contests.

At the same time, the “Pixie-bob” began to spread internationally.

This was the case, in particular, from France: a first copy was presented in 1997 in the Festival of the Gato de Pontoise. El organismo de referencia del país, the Livre Officiel des Origines Félines (LOOF), recognized the breed barely 5 years later, in 2002.

Not everyone has done the same. For example, the request for recognition made to the Cat Fanciers’Association (CFA) todavía no ha tenido éxito a día de hoy, contrary to what happened in 2005 with the one carried out at American Cat Fanciers’ Association. In general, few official bodies have accepted the breed. For example, not even Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFé), neither him Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF), not even Association Féline Canadienne (CCA), they have taken the step.

Distribution of "Pixie-bob"

Although the Pixie-bob comenzó a exportarse fuera de su país de origen en los años 90 (Canada, France, Italy, etc.), most of its population is still concentrated in the United States. It is still rare and little known abroad.

Even in america, its distribution remains limited, since the number of breeders does not exceed twenty. in Canada, there are less than a dozen.

In France, there are hardly more than a handful of breeders. El número de registros anuales de Pixie-bob in the Livre Officiel des Origines Félines (LOOF) around twenty between 2006 and 2008, and then drop to a dozen in the following years, before peaking again at 2018, with more than 30 births per year. In any case, whatever the time, records Pixie-bob shorthair are 2 to 3 times more than those of Pixie-bob longhair.

The breed is also present in Belgium, pero allí sólo hay unos pocos criadores.

Physical characteristics

Pixie-bob
Pixie-Bob – Simone Johnsson from Curitiba, Brazil, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The Pixie-bob is a long and powerful cat with a wild look.

The body it is medium to large size, con huesos fuertes y músculos potentes. The rib cage is broad and well developed. The shoulders are prominent and form a hole in the center, which gives the impression that the Pixie-bob roll when walking. Lower body has a belly pocket. The back forms a slight hollow that goes up to the hips, that are slightly taller than the shoulders.

The tail must have at least 5 cm length, but must not extend beyond the hock when the leg is fully extended.

The legs they are long and powerfully muscular, ending in feet large, wide and almost round. Estos últimos tienen dedos carnosos.

Some individuals have a normally long tail or feet polydactyls. In France, the Livre Officiel des Origines Félines (LOOF) authorizes its registration and reproduction, but they cannot participate in contests organized under the auspices of the organization. The International Cat Association accepts the Pixie-bob with long tail, as long as the queue does not exceed more than 2 cm from hock when leg is extended, así como los que son polydactyls (7 fingers maximum).

The head of the Pixie-bob rests on a powerful and muscular neck. It is medium to large in size and has the original shape of an inverted pear.. The forehead is slightly rounded and ends in a slight stop.

The ears they are medium in size and wide at the base, with rounded tip. Subtly leaning out, have feather-shaped tufts of hair at the tip, which gives them an air of resemblance to the Lynx.

The eyes están muy separados en forma de triángulo rectangular y su color varía entre el dorado y el avellana. Están rodeadas por una línea de maquillaje blanco cremoso que resalta su contorno, and are topped by bushy eyebrows. The eyelids are quite heavy and cover a small part of the eyes, giving to Pixie-bob a slightly indolent and half-asleep appearance. It also, on each side, una línea negra va desde el ángulo externo del ojo hasta la mejilla, which is prominent.

The nose it is quite big and wide. It is also slightly arched, forming a small hump, and ends with a brick-colored nose.

Last, the chin is well developed and covered with dense fur.

The Pixie-bob it comes in two varieties, that are differentiated by the length of their fur – todas las demás características físicas y mentales son idénticas. There are individuals of shorthair and Longhair. On this last case, However, hair does not exceed 5 cm length.

Both short-haired and long-haired cats have soft fur, woolly and dense, especially on the head, where it is thicker.

The Pixie-bob is a tabby cat whose coat can only have a spotted tabby pattern, that is to say, is stained with small round spots, randomly distributed throughout the body. Undercoat is mouse gray, and the upper one is brown, or of all its lighter or darker shades. The belly contrasts with the rest of the body, as it is creamy white. The same goes for the chin and lower neck, which are lighter in color. On the other hand, the back of the legs, the pads and the tip of the tail are brownish-black or black.

The fur mottled Pixie-bob changes with the seasons. In winter, the fur is very dense, allowing it to withstand very low temperatures. In summer, the coat is less dense and shorter, allowing the spot pattern to be seen. The molt takes place in spring and autumn.

Last, regardless of the variety, there is a certain sexual dimorphism: the male is not much larger than the female, but it's heavier.

Size and weight

"Pixie-bob"

Pixie Bob
Pixie-Bob – Simone Johnsson from Curitiba, Brazil, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
  • Size: 30 cm.
  • Male weight: Of 6 to 10 kg
  • female weight: 3 to 4 kg

Breed standard

The breed standards are documents produced by official bodies that list the conditions that a dog must meet. Pixie-bob to be fully recognized as belonging to the race:

Varieties

The Pixie-bob it comes in two varieties:

  • the Pixie Bob shorthair;
  • the Pixie Bob longhair.

La única diferencia entre ellos es la longitud del pelo: sus otras características físicas son idénticas, like his temperament. However, the Pixie Bob shorthair es más común que el de pelo largo.

It also, although they are not considered varieties in the strict sense, there are both Pixie Bobs short-tailed (the majority) like those with a much longer tail. Both can be short or long hair.

Character and skills

Pixie-bob
Pixie-bob

The Pixie-bob it is a surprising and remarkable cat. In fact, su aspecto salvaje podría inducir a error, but don't be fooled: this cat has an affectionate and docile character, which is even similar to that of a dog in many respects.

In fact, this outgoing animal, affectionate and easy to carry is ideal for a family. Not an individual cat, but wait - and offer- affection to everyone around him on a daily basis. They like to be the center of family activities and participate in some way. A little talkative, does not hesitate to communicate to demonstrate, for example, that he needs to be caressed.

You can even talk to strangers this way. In fact, the Pixie-bob no es tímido con los extraños o los invitados que entran en su casa. On the other hand, he stays in the middle of all those people and wants to participate.

If this cuddly feline enjoys cuddling up on the couch with his humans, it is because it is calm and relaxed by nature. A bit addicted to the couch sometimes, he likes the tranquility of his home and being surrounded by his family.

They are able to cope with the excitement of the youngest: amando su compañía y mostrando una paciencia infinita con ellos, without ever being aggressive, It is clearly a recommended breed of cat for children.

However, el hecho de que sea una buena compañía no debe hacernos olvidar que un niño pequeño y un gato -sea cual sea la raza- they should never be alone together, without adult supervision.

The Pixie-bob is also sociable with other cats, dogs and even small animals like rodents and birds. In fact, tends to easily accept sharing their territory, especially if you have gotten used to it since childhood. However, si otro animal entra en el círculo familiar cuando ya no es un gatito, it is preferable to adapt gradually to minimize the risk of problems. In any case, if you are going to live under the same roof as a dog, it is better to choose a breed of dog that gets along well with cats and can live with them.

Without being destructive, the Pixie-bob is playful, and sometimes even exuberant. Therefore, need space. However, as long as it is a respectable size and its owners allow it to exercise, puede vivir tanto en un piso como en una casa con jardín. On this last case, it is a good idea to install a cat flap, so you can come and go as you please, both inside and outside.

Regardless of where your cat lives, it is possible to teach him to walk on a leash, especially if you start early enough. This is an interesting option if letting your cat roam freely is not possible or is too dangerous.. The Pixie-bob he also enjoys car rides, pero hay que tener cuidado para garantizar su seguridad y la de los ocupantes del vehículo colocándolo en un transportín para gatos. Either way, He is very fond of family walks and curious, enjoying observing their surroundings.

When your owners can't take you with them, por ejemplo al trabajo durante el día, no le resulta demasiado difícil afrontar la soledad, as long as he feels safe at home and has interactive toys to keep him busy and stimulate his faculties. This prevents you from finding other objects to entertain yourself with., such as paper towels or toilet paper, that unwinds and grinds with infinite pleasure.

He also likes to chase an object, traerlo de vuelta y así interactuar con las personas que le rodean, como lo haría un perro. This can be an easy way to play with him at home.. His intelligence also allows him to learn little tricks and exercise his skills.

Como a la mayoría de sus compañeros, he also likes to climb, so a cat tree is also an essential investment. Last, to complete the package, a scratching post is essential so you can scratch all you want. You better meet this natural and compelling need in this item., than in the furniture or the curtains.

Last, the Pixie-bob it is one of those rare breeds of cats that love water. A leaky faucet is a real source of fun for him: enjoy not only observing the phenomenon, but also playing with the dripping water, even staining in the sink to get wet. He also likes to jump in the bathtub if there is a bottom to play.

Health

Pixie-bob
Young pixie-bob longhair – VanWagn, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The Pixie-bob It, in general, a healthy dog, which is a testament to the good work that breeders have been doing since the decade of 1980, especially to avoid inbreeding and the problems it causes.

It also, their fur, very dense and waterproof, le permite soportar temperaturas bastante frías y el mal tiempo. On the other hand, makes you suffer from the heat when the mercury rises. Therefore, es más adecuado para climas templados o fríos. In any case, if you live in a Mediterranean climate, for example, it is essential that you have an airy and shady place to rest in the cool of the sun, así como agua fresca a su disposición en todo momento.

Despite your overall good health, the Pixie-bob It, like all races, more prone to certain ailments. In this case, is about:

  • cryptorchidism, que corresponde al hecho de que uno o dos testículos han quedado en el abdomen en lugar de descender a la bolsa. The animal must then be operated, since the genital gland that is left in the abdomen can become cancerous with age. It also, this prevents the cat from behaving like a non-neutered cat, that is to say, to run away and fight more. However, this condition is still very rare;
  • Dystocia, what is the difficulty to give birth. This may be due to an abnormal position of the fetus., to an excessive weight of the same or to an insufficient dilation or diameter of the pelvic canal. If the cat has more than 12 hours with contractions and they are not effective and, Therefore, has not started to give birth, it is urgent to call the vet. In most cases, the vet performs a cesarean section and then advises neutering the animal, so as not to endanger her life again with another pregnancy.

It also, the Pixie-bob has a tendency to overweight, yes no to obesity. This has consequences for the state of the Pixie-bob: can both aggravate pre-existing health problems and cause new ones to appear.

In any case, the fact that this cat is generally in good health does not mean that you should not turn to a serious breeder of Pixie-bob to have the best chance of having a healthy and well-adapted feline. In effect, a professional worthy of the name goes out of his way not only to socialize kittens from their first weeks, but also to rule out any hereditary disease by having various genetic tests performed on the proposed reproducers and excluding those who present a risk. It also, does not hesitate to carry out several tests on the kittens to confirm their good health. Therefore, can provide the results of the various tests, in addition to a certificate of good health drawn up by a veterinarian and a list of the vaccinations received by the kitten, registered in your health or vaccination card.

Once the adoption is done, it is the owner's responsibility to take care of his partner's health throughout his life. As such, it is essential to carry out a complete health check-up at the vet at least once a year, y aún más cuando el perro se hace mayor. In this way, el profesional tiene la oportunidad de diagnosticar lo antes posible cualquier problema que aún no sea visible, to be able to treat it in the best conditions. These regular visits are also an opportunity to remember the cat's vaccinations..

So that the cat is always protected, the owner must make sure to renew the antiparasitic treatments throughout the year, whenever necessary. This applies even to indoor pets.: even if they are less exposed to the risk of parasites, they are not completely safe.

Grooming

"Pixie-bob"

Pixie Bob
Pixie-Bob Female puppy, long tail, short coat, active and very playful – Flickr

The maintenance needs of the Pixie-bob depend on the length of their dense, woolly fur, especially when molting in spring and fall.

In the case of a long-haired cat, brushing twice a week is necessary to remove dead hairs. Durante los periodos de muda, in spring and autumn, a quick daily brushing is necessary.

For the Pixie-bob shorthair, brushing once a week is enough, excepto durante el período de muda, when it is better to brush twice a week.

Regardless of the length of your hair, you also need to check and clean your ears weekly. Así se evita que la humedad o la suciedad se acumulen y se infecten.

You should also take the opportunity to examine the eyes. If required, se debe frotar un paño húmedo en el rabillo de los ojos para eliminar la suciedad y prevenir posibles infecciones.

Neither should you neglect the maintenance of the cat's teeth, as it can cause the accumulation of dental plaque, which can cause more or less serious diseases if it turns into tartar. Cepillarse al menos una vez a la semana con un dentífrico para gatos es la mejor manera de prevenir la acumulación de placa, but it is best to brush more often, or even daily.

It is also a good idea to check your nails every month.. If you have access to the outside, el desgaste natural debería ser suficiente para limarlos, but it is still essential to check that they are not too long. Yes they are, manual trimming is essential to prevent them from getting in the way, break or even injure the dog. For an individual living in a flat, esto debería hacerse generalmente una vez al mes, even if it has a scratching post.

Maintaining a Pixie-bob not particularly complex. However, either its fur, his ears, his eyes, their teeth or claws, the different steps are not always easy to follow: do not hesitate to ask a specialist for help the first time. In effect, learning them from a veterinarian or professional cat groomer allows you to be effective and not risk harming your pet, or even injure her.

It also, as soon as the proper gestures are mastered, grooming sessions can be privileged moments between the master and his partner, especially because Pixie-bob loves to receive attention and caresses. The sooner you get used to it, more easily accept it and even ask for more.

feeding

Like all its fellow men, the Pixie-bob requires a diet perfectly adapted to your nutritional needs, both in terms of quality and quantity. Estas últimas dependen principalmente de su edad, activity level and health status.

Your daily rations must be rigorously defined, since he has an unfortunate tendency to be overweight. For this reason, a diferencia de la mayoría de los gatos, es mejor acostumbrarlo a las comidas fijas en lugar de dejarle comida todo el día, since he is not able to regulate his own intake.

Good quality industrial food can be quite suitable to feed you. However, unless you are sure it meets your needs, you should avoid offering food intended for humans. Especially since giving leftovers can cause tension and damage the relationship with its owner. They may come to see this as a habit or even an obligation., and they will stubbornly demand it, meowing and expressing their discontent if they don't get it. It also, un gato necesita una dieta que varíe poco: any sudden change in your diet can alter your digestion. Last, remember that some foods that are very tasty for humans are toxic to cats.

The owner must always check the weight of his cat every month, pero esto es aún más importante para el Pixie-bob, given its tendency to obesity. En caso de que un deslizamiento se confirme o incluso se acentúe en las siguientes mediciones, a visit to the vet is essential to see more clearly and know how to remedy the problem. In fact, only a professional can make a reliable diagnosis, as the weight gain may not be related to the diet or activity level of the animal: It can be, for example, un efecto secundario de un medicamento o un síntoma de una enfermedad.

Last, as in the case of any other cat, it is important to keep fresh water available to your Pixie-bob at all times.

For sale "Pixie-bob"

The price of a kitten Pixie-bob usually oscillates between 900 and 1500 EUR.

En todos los países, the amount required to adopt a Pixie-bob differs based on the reputation of the kennel, of the lineage from which the animal is descended and, of course, de sus características intrínsecas, sobre todo físicas. Este último punto explica por qué hay diferencias de precio significativas dentro de una camada.

Peterbald cat
Federations: LOOF, FIFé, WCF

Despite its recognition by several leading organizations and its presence around the world, the Peterbald sigue siendo una raza felina muy rara que todavía está en desarrollo.
Photo: purrsiaoriental.com

Content

Characteristics "Peterbald cat"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a cat of the breed "Peterbald cat" you know certain factors. You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Joy

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Activity level

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendliness to other pets

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendliness to children

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming requirements

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Vocality

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for attention

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection towards its owners

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Docility

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Independence

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hardiness

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

The Peterbald It is a recent Russian feline breed, originated in Saint Petersburg in the early 1990.

Olga S. Mironova, an expert on cats who conquered the style of the Donskoy (Don Sphynx), a breed of naked cats that appeared over the years 80 en Rostov del Don (also in russia), decided to cross them with him Oriental shorthair cat. Quería crear un gato de tipo oriental pero sin pelo, so that you could admire his fine and elegant musculature.

Así que en 1993 crossed to Afinguen Myth, A male Don Sphynx, con Radma from Jagerhov, a female Eastern que había ganado varias exposiciones felinas. The first two litters gave birth to four kittens: Mandarín iz Murino, Moscatel iz Murino, Nezhenka iz Murino y Nocturne iz Murino. They are the creators of the race Peterbald, and Nocturne iz Murino, that was used as a stallion, está hoy presente en la línea de todos los Peterbald con pedigrí.

In 1996, the Russian Federation of Selection Felines (SFF) developed the first standard for this breed. It was called Peterbald, in honor of the city of Saint Petersburg, where are they from?. Russian breeders quickly became interested in the breed and began to develop it.

Con el objetivo de preservar la morfología del Oriental, crossing with Donskoys, para evitar que se perdieran las características especiales de estos gatos. Since the hairless gene has already been introduced into the breed, Russian breeders decided to use only Oriental, Siamese and balinese for the crossing.

However, el funcionamiento de este gen es difícil de entender, y aún hoy la genética no puede explicar claramente su funcionamiento y transmisión, which leads some geneticists to think that several genes are responsible for the appearance of the Peterbald. Like this, these cats may be hairless, have an extremely short coat, have a long coat, or a combination of these different settings (for example, hairless on some parts of the body and hair on others).

The Peterbald cat soon attracted everyone's interest, and the first specimens were exported to Europe and North America in the late 1990s. 1990. The International Cat Association (TICA) granted to Peterbald el título de raza experimental en 1997, and was recognized by the World Cat Federation (WCF) in 2003. In 2006, obtained the full recognition of the TICA, which allowed him to participate in exhibitions organized under the auspices of the organization. The Fédération Internationale Féline (FiFé) also recognized him in 2012.

However, neither him Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) not even Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA) have yet taken the step.

In fact, despite its recognition by several major organizations and its presence around the world, the Peterbald sigue siendo una raza felina muy rara que todavía está en desarrollo.

In France, the first Peterbalds they enrolled in the Livre Officiel des Origines Félines in 2006, and in 2008 some 30 copies per year. Este número se mantuvo estable hasta 2015, before descending to solo 6 copies in 2018. With a total population of just over 300 specimens, the Peterbald it is a rare cat in France.

Physical characteristics

"Peterbald cat"

Peterbald
Yanek of the Iris, Breed Peterbald and Sansha, a Cornish rex cat – Jiel Beaumadier, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The Peterbald has a slim or oriental complexion. His long body is lean and muscular, which gives it an elegant look. The same slenderness is evident in the long legs and whip-shaped tail..

The head is triangular seen from the front and the huge ears, broad at the base, se sitúan en la continuación de este triángulo. Profile, la línea que va desde la parte superior del cráneo hasta la punta de la nariz es perfectamente recta. The eyes they are medium in size and almond shaped, and they can be blue, green or odd (one green eye and one blue).

The fur of the Peterbalds varía de un individuo a otro: según las normas, hay de tres a cinco categorías. Some cats are completely hairless and their skin is elastic and rubbery to the touch, while others have a soft and more or less long coat all over the body. Some have a short but hard and curly coat, which can also be unevenly distributed throughout the body. Others have fur that can be described as “normal”, similar to a shorthair cat.

It also, things are not fixed in time: if a kitten that is born without hair is left without it, another born with hair can keep it or lose it, partially or fully. Like this, some individuals who are born hairy end up naked as adults.

It also, all coat colors are accepted by the breed standard. Hairless individuals have different colors, ya que su piel es del mismo color que tendría el pelo si lo tuvieran.

Last, the sexual dimorphism it is well marked, being the male larger than the female.

Size and weight

  • Male size: 22 to 25 cm.
  • female size: 20-23 cm.
  • Male weight: 3,5-4,5 kg
  • female weight: 2,5-3,5 kg

Breed standard

The breed standards are documents issued by official bodies that list the conditions that a Peterbald must meet to be fully recognized as belonging to the breed:

Varieties

The Peterbald cat can have different types of fur, so it exists in several varieties:

  • Hairless

    These individuals do not have hair and the touch of their skin is reminiscent of rubber.. One Peterbald desnudo he does not usually have a mustache.

  • Chamois

    They are covered with a fine down, less than 1 mm, that feels like the famous suede leather. One Peterbald Chamois has short mustaches.

  • Velour

    They have a very short coat, of only 2 or 3 mm, soft to the touch and velvet texture. One Peterbald Velour he also has short mustaches.

  • brush

    They have short, hard hair, usually curly. One Peterbald type brush usually has curly whiskers.

  • Short-haired fur

    This variety includes all Peterbalds whose coat does not correspond to the previous varieties. Hair can be of different lengths on different parts of the body, from completely hairless to medium length. These cats are well registered as Peterbalds, but they are not allowed to compete in cat shows.

Character and skills

"Peterbald cat"

Peterbald
Peterbald famele Bonita DeMauntiful – Ivan Menshenin Cattery DeMauntiful, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The Peterbald cat it is a very affectionate cat that is never far from its owner. Follows him around the house, sits on your lap or shoulder whenever possible, and sleep next to him. Accompanies him to the door, and it is behind this very door that his master finds him when he returns.

This affection can be overwhelming at times., especially for those who have never had a pet: have a Peterbald at home means having someone around all the time. And their presence is not always discreet, since he likes to start a conversation.

Like is logic, this attachment makes him not like being alone. Being alone while his owner is at work is not a problem for him, but you may suffer from separation anxiety and destructive behavior if you are left alone for a weekend. On the other hand, being much more attached to his master than to his house, the Peterbald travels with ease: therefore, you can perfectly plan to go on vacation with your cat without having to fear great difficulties.

It also, is sociable and gets along with everyone. Receive guests at the door and do not hesitate to chat with them. It is also a breed of cat suitable for children: as long as they know how to behave with a cat and respect it, you will enjoy playing with them for hours.

He also gets along well with other cats, but also with dogs that are used to cats. On the other hand, their sociability with small rodents or reptiles can be problematic: has no hunting instinct towards them, but what is just a game for him can cause them some stress.

Extremely active, the Peterbald run, jump, rasca y juega todo el día. Lo único que le gusta más que perseguir una pelota es jugar con su dueño. Loves varied cat games, including those that stimulate your intelligence.

Yes indeed, although he loves to play, it is not a cat made for the outdoors, so you have to keep it indoors: your skin is sensitive to the sun's rays, así como al mal tiempo y a la suciedad. It also, his sociable character - even naive- podría ponerlo en situaciones de peligro.

Health

"Peterbald cat"

Peterbald
White cat Peterbald type “brush” – Acracrabe, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

The Peterbald cat It is a breed of cats with few health problems and no known risk of genetic diseases. As the breed is new, aún es demasiado pronto para sacar conclusiones definitivas, but it is reasonable to assume that if a serious illness affected her, ya habrían aparecido casos.

On the other hand, the lack of fur makes their skin more sensitive than that of other cats. Like this:

  • It is a breed of cat sensible al frío, so you must live in a warm enough place;
  • There is also that protect them from the sun, utilizando crema solar específica para animales si tienen que salir de casa;
  • Sebum tends to accumulate in your body, creating an oily film that can quickly collect dirt.

Last, although the risk of obesity is low in this breed, remains one of the main health hazards of any indoor cat, so owners should weigh their cat regularly and ensure that it does not exceed its body weight.

Life expectancy

Of 12 to 15 years

Grooming

The Peterbald cat it is easy to care, but it requires more attention than you think. In effect, their lack of fur prevents brushing sessions, but her bare skin perspires, and the tallow retains the dust. To avoid the accumulation of dirt that can cause the appearance of bacteria, body odor and possibly skin problems, es necesario bañar a su gato cada semana con un champú especial.

However, este baño no debería suponer un problema, since at Peterbald he likes to be bathed in hot water, especially if you have gotten used to it since childhood.

To end this weekly grooming session, you have to inspect your teeth, eyes and ears to make sure they are clean, y posiblemente limpiarlos con un paño húmedo.

Last, if natural wear and tear is not enough, you need to trim your cat's nails.

Food

The Peterbald cat can be fed with industrial cat food available in specialized stores. Whether it's croquettes or food, it must be a good quality diet, adapted to your age and activity level. This ensures that your cat receives all the nutrients it needs and remains healthy..

The risk of obesity is low in this hyperactive cat, and can be left with food on hand at all times, since it is capable of self-regulation. However, care must be taken that the weight of the cat remains stable, y hay que consultar al veterinario para establecer una dieta adecuada si se desvía de su peso ideal.

For sale "Peterbald cat"

To adopt a kitten Peterbald, you will have to pay some 1250 euros if it is a male, and 1100 euros if it is a female.

Who wants to adopt a Peterbald by his character and not by his appearance “without hair” may turn to a straight-haired individual. Estos gatitos con pelaje más largo o más corto nacen de padres con pedigrí y, therefore, are recorded as Peterbalds, but they cannot be shown in cat shows. Thus, its price is usually much more affordable, since it is possible to find them around the 600 or 700 EUR.

Persian cat
Federations: LOOF, CFA, ACF, ACFA, TICA, FIFé, WCF

The Persian cat it is placid, calm and sedentary, which makes it a recommended breed of cat for life in a flat.

Content

Characteristics "Persian cat"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a cat of the breed "Persian cat" you know certain factors. You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Joy

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Activity level

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendliness to other pets

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendliness to children

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming requirements

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Vocality

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for attention

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection towards its owners

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Docility

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Independence

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hardiness

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

The Persian cat it is one of the oldest cat breeds. He is a direct descendant of Turkish Angora cat, native to the cold regions of Central Asia, on the border between Iran and Turkey. The long hair of the Turkish Angora cat it is probably the result of a natural mutation and was unknown in Europe at that time.

In 1626 the first long-haired cats appeared in Europe, thanks to the italian traveler Pietro Della Valle, who, impressed by the uniqueness of the Turkish Angora cat during a stay in the Ottoman Empire, some specimens were brought to Italy.

A few years later, Nicolas Fabri de Peiresc, Councilor of the Parliament of Aix-en-Provence, He also brought to his lands several copies of Turkish Angora cat from Damascus. He contributed greatly to the spread of this breed in Europe, becoming the first breeder of turkish angoras in the european territory.

symbol of luxury, refinement and exoticism, this cat quickly became highly prized by the European aristocracy and was generally reserved for the elite. In France, kings from Louis XIII to Louis XVI owned them, like Marie Antoinette, who sent her little cats to America before she was arrested.

The Persian cat Modern was created in the first half of the 19th century in the United Kingdom. It is the result of crosses between the Turkish Angora cat and the European shorthair cat (Common european cat) of Italy, France and UK. The first animals were exhibited in the first feline exhibition in modern history, held at the Crystal Palace, London in 1871. From that moment on, British breeders launched a breeding and selection program that included crosses with the Angora cat to improve coat quality. This breed became very popular and appreciated by all, and got a big boost from Queen Victoria (1819-1901), who particularly liked and owned two of them.

It also, Throughout the 19th century, a lot of work was done to improve the quality of the coat and evolve its morphology to obtain rounder cats.. The range of colors and patterns of the Persian coat was also greatly expanded, to the point that the breed now has more than 200 varieties. In effect, if the first Persians they were unicolored, the end of the 19th century marked the appearance of a wide range of additional colors. The persian smoked , for example, was first exhibited in Brighton in 1872 and is the result of crosses between Persians blacks, white and blue. In 1888, in London, it was the turn of the first Chinchilla Persian cat. And it was at the same time that the Persians atigrados, silver and gold.

This diversification effort continued in the United States during the first half of the 20th century.. Cameo cloak introduced, as well as the so-called Persian “Peke Face”, que, debido a su cabeza extremadamente plana y a los problemas de salud que esto provoca, fue -y sigue siendo- una fuente de gran controversia.

The best known varieties of Persian are the Himalayan cat (or Colourpoint Persian cat), the Exotic shorthair cat and the “Peke Face“. Depending on the feline organization -and, Therefore, from the country-, These varieties are considered breeds in their own right or simply varieties of the Persian cat. The “Jump Face ⓘ” not recognized as a breed, and remains highly distinctive for its different morphology and head shape than the usual Persian.

The Persian cat it is one of the most popular cat breeds in the world, being at the top 5 from many countries. This is especially the case in France, Although the number of registrations in the LOOF (Livre Officiel des Origines Félines) has shown a downward trend since 2010 (more than 5.000 inscriptions in 2010, front 3.700 in 2018). However, still the fourth most popular cat breed in France, just like in the United States. In the United Kingdom, where it was actually created, ranks sixth, According to registration figures in the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) in the last 10 years. The organization records around 1.000 births per year, although this figure has also dropped considerably since the first decade of the 21st century.

Last, besides being probably one of the most famous breeds in the world, the Persian cat probably participated in the creation of the Sacred Cat of Burma (Birman) and of the British Shorthair cat during the interwar period.

Physical characteristics

"Persian cat"

Gato persa
Stephanie is a Persian cat – Mike Powell from United States, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The Persian cat It is a cat of short morphological type. The head is round and flattened on top, with one nose short, ears small with rounded tips and eyes big and round. It leans on a neck short and thick and on a muscular body with a broad chest.

Their legs they are short, powerful and strong, with wide feet.

The tail it is thick and it is carried low: it is short but in proportion to the length of the cat, usually does not exceed the level of the shoulder blades. Too long a tail is even considered a foul.

The fur It is thick, with a silky cape and a bushy collar.

Regardless of the feline organism in question, the persian standard accepts a wide variety of colors fur. Some individuals are uniform in color (black, blue, chocolate, lilac, red, cream or white), while others have distinctive colors (striped, smoke, Chinchilla, silver, dorado, cameo o colourpoint).

The color of the coat determines the color of the eyes. For example, white-coated individuals have blue eyes, gold or mint (one blue and one golden eye). The golden individuals, silvers and chinchillas have green or blue-green eyes. The colored dots have blue eyes.

Size and weight

  • Male size: 25-40 cm.
  • female size: 25-35 cm.
  • Male weight: 3,5-5 kg
  • female weight: 3 to 4 kg

Breed standard

The breed standards are documents produced by official bodies that list the conditions that a Persian must meet to be fully recognized as belonging to the breed.:

Character and skills

Persian Cat
Persian Cat – Payman sazesh, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The Persian cat it is placid, calm and sedentary, which makes it a recommended breed of cat for life in a flat. This is especially true since, unlike many of his peers, does not have a systematic need to climb to the top, at risk of injury or damage. For example, there is little risk of it climbing up the curtains or jumping onto the kitchen counter: the Persian prefers to stick to the floor or furniture that is more accessible to him. It also, their meows are as rare as they are discreet, which is also an appreciable advantage for living in a flat.

You do not necessarily need to have access to the outside, and this could be more dangerous than anything else. In fact, bred generation after generation to be the perfect indoor cat, he would be especially vulnerable outside his house to other animals encountered during his walks, as well as all the risks of accidents outside for a cat.

The Persian cat is famous for its delicacy. Affectionate and peaceful, they are usually very attached to their owners. However, although they love to be caressed, They are not the type of cats that approach you incessantly, as with other breeds.

They are sociable by nature and have no problem living with other dogs or people, and even with the children, as long as you are nice to them and are not over-treated. In effect, if he Persian it is not an aggressive cat, an overly animated child, a very playful dog or a slightly turbulent puppy can be a source of stress for this calm cat. In fact, a noisy and overly lively environment would not suit you: you need a quiet place to live and not subject to too frequent changes.

In short, their temperament makes them an ideal cat breed for seniors. On the other hand, although they quickly approach their humans and regular visitors to their home, tend to be more distant with strangers.

On the other hand, maybe because its claws don't wear out naturally when roaming around outside, they especially enjoy doing it. Therefore, to avoid any laceration of the walls, the curtains or the furniture, providing one or more scratching posts and / or cat trees is strongly recommended. As for the toys, prefers those that are as soft as its fur.

Health

Persian cat
Persian cat chinchilla golden male and silver female – Wiki Taro(Wiki Taro), Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

As a result of extensive breeding and crossbreeding in the past, the Persian cat is prone to health problems, especially genetic in nature. Much of these problems are due to the structure of the head. Therefore, who wants to adopt a Persian you must be aware that this cat, especially “racial” but that has undergone considerable genetic selection, may be subject to numerous ailments.

You may have breathing difficulties or noisy breathing, due to your narrow nasal passages.

They can also suffer dental malocclusion (misalignment or deviation of the teeth) and / or gingivitis (gum infection).

They are also prone to a number of feline eye diseases, as the Progressive Retinal Atrophy (an incurable retinal disease leading to loss of vision in cats), the entropion (inward turning of the eyelid margins), the lacrimal gland prolapse (u “Eye Cherry”, that is to say, an inflammation of the third eyelid) wave renal polyquistosis (for which there is a genetic test).

The Persian cat it is also more prone than other breeds to Hip Dysplasia (which may require surgery) and to the hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (Ho Chi Minh City).

They are also prone to a number of skin diseases in cats.: cheyletiellosis, intertrigo of facial folds, primary seborrhea, had, etc.

Last, it is a breed of cat that fears heat.

In short, the Persian cat it is a fragile cat. For this reason, Among the questions to ask yourself before adopting a cat of this breed is that of veterinary expenses -especially unforeseen-, that can end up representing significant amounts. More than any other race, prevention is the key to keeping your cat in good health, especially through frequent check-ups with the vet. It also, It may be particularly advisable to take out medical insurance for your cat to cover any unforeseen events and avoid the risk of finding yourself in a difficult economic situation.

It also, puberty of Persian it's quite late, since it occurs around the 12 months of age, and reaches full maturity around the 2 years. Litters usually consist of 2 to 3 kittens, but females rarely give birth to kittens when they are over 6 years. Your fertility period is, Therefore, more restricted than many other breeds, they can keep having kittens almost to death.

Any owner considering raising their cat should be aware that childbirth is often complicated in the case of cats. Persians. This is because, in particular, to the enormous size of kittens' heads. In fact, the mortality rate at birth of Persian kittens is higher than that of most other breeds. More than any other race, it is extremely important to monitor the delivery of the cat, as it is often difficult and not uncommon for the mother to have to undergo a caesarean section.

Last, for genetic reasons, deafness is more common in white cats with blue eyes, either Persians or other races. Therefore, it is advisable not to plan a marriage between two individuals with white fur and blue eyes, or even only with blue eyes, since the probability of obtaining deaf or partially deaf kittens is then particularly high.

Life expectancy

10 to 15 years

Grooming

The Persian cat It is a breed of high maintenance cats, and anyone considering adopting a representative of this breed should be prepared to spend some time caring for them.

In fact, the toilet (brushed, combed and washed) it is a task as daily as it is necessary, since the length of the hair favors the rapid formation of knots and tangles. Therefore, it is necessary to detangle your cat's fur every day, and the ideal is to take your cat to a professional groomer regularly; the exact frequency depends on the cat and its lifestyle, as well as the level of demand of the owner. It is also advisable to bathe your cat once a month.

If your cat has access to the outdoors, caring for his coat is even more demanding, as leaves and plants soon adhere to it, as well as dirt and mud. The litter box also requires special attention, as it can start to get angry if too much sand is deposited on the coat or under the paws.

It also, the Persian she loses a lot of hair all the time: living with him means accepting this fact! However, this detachment can vary significantly depending on its origin. So, this parameter can be taken into account when looking for a kitten Persian, favouring, for example, a line where the phenomenon is not too pronounced. In any case, hair loss is obviously even greater during shedding periods, in spring and autumn.

It also, their eyes cry frequently, so you have to clean them regularly. It is advisable to do it once a day (or less if they only run a little), simply wetting the area around them with a glove and warm water.

A cat was not necessarily born to be handled. However, a Persian cat needs to be handled a lot, due to its high maintenance needs. Therefore, even more than with other breeds, it is important to get them used to being handled from an early age without reacting inappropriately.

Food

The diet of the Persian cat it is relatively simple, since he loves croquettes and is not very demanding. However, it is preferable to opt for quality industrial croquettes.

On the other hand, due to its low level of activity, this breed of cat is prone to obesity. Therefore, it is advisable to pay attention to the daily amount distributed to avoid the risk of the cat becoming overweight or obese. This is especially true if the cat is older. (and, Therefore, less active) and / or if he has been neutered (whatever the race, a neutered cat is more likely to gain weight).

For sale "Persian cat"

Persian cat
My persian cat – Flickr

The price range to adopt a Persian cat it is especially wide, since it oscillates between 400 and 2500 EUR. The sex of the kitten influences its price, since a female costs much more than a male. The fur, but above all the pedigree and the titles of the parents, they also have a determining influence.

In general, the kittens that cost between 400 and 600 euros come from amateur or undeclared farms, so they are sold by individuals. They can also come from declared breeders that produce kittens in large quantities.. It is advisable to be especially attentive in these cases, because kittens often haven't had a DNA test, for example against the PKD (Poliquistosis Renal Dominante). It also, these kittens are often sold without LOOF registration, that is to say, no pedigree: they are not purebred kittens, but kittens “kind of lost”.

The kittens that are sold between 600 and 1.400 euros usually come from official farms: meet the breed standard and have been tested (like his parents, even before breeding) to detect the most common genetic diseases.

Last, prices above 1400 euros refer to kittens of excellent lines and intended for breeding. They refer mostly to breeders. It also, a certain number of these cats are bought abroad, which implies significant repatriation costs. These expenses derived from the purchase of the parents explain, in part, that the prices of kittens that give birth are quite high, even though they are meant simply for company.

It also, beyond acquisition cost, who considers adopting a Persian cat you should take into account that this breed is much more expensive than others. This is mainly due to their high maintenance needs and poor health..

Oriental shorthair cat
Federations: LOOF, CFA, ACF, ACFA, TICA, FIFé, WCF

The Oriental shorthair cat today does not come directly from Thailand, but from a hybrid of Siamese Cat mixed in the years 50 and 60.

Content

Characteristics "Oriental shorthair cat"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a cat of the breed "Oriental shorthair cat" you know certain factors. You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Joy

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Activity level

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendliness to other pets

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendliness to children

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming requirements

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Vocality

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for attention

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection towards its owners

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Docility

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Independence

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hardiness

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

In the past, según cuenta la historia, the cats of blue eyes and pattern “pointed” were owned by royalty and kept in the Siam Royal Palace. However, the race of Siamese cat it was just one of several indigenous varieties in the area.

The “Poems from the Book of the Cat”, a manuscript of verses and paintings written in the city of Ayutthaya, Siam, en algún momento entre 1350 d.C., when the kingdom was founded, and 1767 d.C., when the city was destroyed by the invaders, describes and shows a variety of cats native to the area. Among them are solid black cats, the black and white bicolor, solid browns and solid blues, así como los gatos con el patrón de color de punto restringido. Los gatos con colores restringidos retratados en el libro tenían cuerpos y patas delgados, large ears and sharp snouts, similar to the current ones Siamese and related breeds.

Los primeros gatos traídos a Inglaterra desde Tailandia eran a menudo de color marrón sólido o azul sólido, or two-color black and white, así como decolorpointed“. These blue cats, browns and bicolored became very popular in Europe in the decade of 1890. However, in the decade of 1920, the dot pattern blue-eyed cat became the Siamese norm in Britain, and interest in the other varieties decreased.

The Oriental shorthair cat today does not come directly from Thailand, sino de un híbrido de Siamese cat mixed in the years 50 and 60. The creation of the breed was deliberate: los criadores con un don para la coloración y los patrones de cría, set out to create a breed of cat that would look and act like the Siamese cat, but that was profusely adorned with a wide range of colors and designs.

In the Decade of 1950, british breeders crossed siamese cats with short-haired domestic cats and the Russian Blue Cat.

At the end of the decade 1960, American breeders, fascinated by Oriental shorthair cat British, they took over and crossed Siamese, short-haired domestic with the Abyssinian cat to create a new look. Body style wasn't sacrificed for color and pattern, and the backcrosses with the Siamese preserved type and personality traits.

The breeders of the Oriental shorthair cat met with initial reproaches from breeders of Siamese, que se resistían, in the best case, a la idea de otro híbrido de tipo Siamese, but, dado que el camino ya había sido allanado por los criadores del Colorpoint shorthair cat, that obtained the acceptance of the CFA in 1964, the opposition did not prevent the Oriental shorthair cat gain ground.

The Oriental shorthair cat became popular very quickly, and their demand increased (at the beginning). In 1972, the CFA accepted the Oriental shorthair cat for registration, and granted him full status in 1977. Since then, its popularity has grown rapidly and it has become one of the short-haired breeds More popular.

The Oriental Longhair cat proceeds of the Oriental shorthair cat; the result is a cat that has the same wide range of colors and patterns as the Shorthair, but with a semi-long coat like that of the Balinese cat.

Since the Siamese cat and the Colorpoint longhair cat tenían como referencia al Balinese cat longhair, parecía justo que el Oriental shorthair cat had his own variant of long hair: a breed with a long body, slim and classy, a silky coat and a full palette of colors and patterns to choose from.

The Oriental Longhair cat developed at the end of the years 70 mixing the Oriental shorthair cat with the Balinese cat. The breed obtained official recognition in 1985, when TICA accepted them with full status, and were accepted for registration by the CFA in February 1988. The breed was gaining popularity, atrayendo a los amantes de los gatos que querían el tipo de cuerpo elegante y la personalidad del Siamese, the style of Balinese cat, and the myriad colors and patterns of the Oriental shorthair cat.

In 1995, the Oriental shorthair cat and the Oriental Longhair cat they became a single race called Oriental Cat. A new color class was also accepted for the Oriental, the bicolor.

Popularity of "Oriental shorthair cat"

Oriental shorthair cat
“Oriental shorthair cat”

The development and dissemination of Oriental shorthair cat se ha visto facilitado por el hecho de que fue reconocido con bastante rapidez por la mayoría de los principales organismos felinos oficiales. It also, its impressive diversity of colors and designs makes it able to attract many people. If to this we add his good character and his attachment to humans, it is easy to understand why it is very attractive and successful.

Like this, hoy en día existen muchos criaderos en los cuatro rincones del mundo, mostly in Western Europe and North America.

In France, since the beginning of the years 2000, are recorded annually between 250 and 350 kittens of Oriental shorthair cat en el Libro Oficial de Orígenes Felinos (LOOF). Esta cifra la sitúa incluso ligeramente por encima de su ancestro el Siamese cat.

It is far from the same success in Switzerland, ya que el número de inscripciones anuales en la Fédération Féline Helvétique (FFH) barely around ten. This is a clear decrease compared to the second half of the years 90, cuando el número de inscripciones se situaba entre 50 and 100. El descenso ya había comenzado en la década de 2000, with an average of 40 registrations per year, but it was accentuated in the following decade. However, the Oriental Longhair cat is still lagging, with zero records in some years.

In the United Kingdom, el número de registros anuales del Oriental shorthair cat in the Governing Council of The Cat Fancy (GCCF) has been reduced by more than half, going from more than 1.400 in the mid 90 some 600. However, la raza se mantiene en torno al 7º puesto en el ranking de los gatos más populares del país. Once again, the Oriental Longhair cat is far behind, with close to 5 times fewer births per year.

In United States, no es posible tener estadísticas sólo del gato de pelo corto, Since the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA) consider the Oriental shorthair cat and the Oriental Longhair cat like two varieties of the same breed: the Eastern. In any case, it is clear that the Oriental sigue siendo una de las diez razas más populares del país, según las cifras anuales de registro de la CFA. Although these figures include both longhair cats as the shorthair cats, es probable que la mayor parte de la población de la raza esté formada por estos últimos.

Physical characteristics

The Oriental shorthair cat has a body alto, elegant with long legs. Except for the fur and the color of the eyes, looks like Siamese cat throughout.

Its body it is medium size, long and tubular. His shoulders and hips are equal in width. Its bone structure is fine and has a delicate overall appearance. However, it is neither fragile nor flimsy, but that, on the other hand, he is much more muscular, denso y pesado de lo que se podría pensar a primera vista. Its back It is prolonged with a long, fine tail that ends in a point.

The legs they are big, slim and muscular, with feet small and oval.

The head it is medium in size and triangular in shape, resting on a neck long and thin that gives it a haughty bearing. The skull and the forehead are flat or slightly rounded.

The ears, large and wide at the base, they are widely separated and perfectly prolong the triangle formed by the head.

The eyes they are almond shaped, medium-sized, wide apart and sloping towards the nose. They are as intense green as possible. A blue eye, one green eye – are possible in bicolor or white-coated individuals. Estos últimos también pueden tener los dos ojos azules.

Side view, the nose it's long and straight. De frente, perfectly fits the general triangular shape of the head, without having a narrow tip. El mentón sigue la línea de la nariz.

The cheeks they are flat, but double chin is acceptable in adult men.

Last, the fur of the Oriental shorthair cat is too short, dense, very closed, fine and silky. While the Siamese cat it can only be colourpoint, that is to say, have a solid body color and darker limbs, the Oriental shorthair cat has a very diverse appearance, with more than 300 color combinations and patterns. However, the colourpoint característico del Siamese cat, el visón típico del Tonkinese cat and the sepia of the Burmese cat.

Oriental shorthair cat
Female Oriental Shorthair Chocolate Golden Lynx – Scottinglis, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Size and weight

  • Male size: Of 30 to 30 cm.
  • female size: 30 cm.
  • Male weight: 4 to 6 kg
  • female weight: 3 to 4 kg

Breed standard

The breed standards are documents established by official bodies that list the conditions that a dog must meet. Oriental shorthair cat to be fully recognized as belonging to the race:

Varieties of "Oriental shorthair cat"

¿Es el Oriental shorthair cat a variety of Siamese cat or a different race? Esta controversia sigue vigente hoy en día en los organismos oficiales.

The Oriental shorthair cat was created as a result of the deliberate desire of British breeders to develop the breed siamesa with a greater variety of coat colors. Therefore, comparte un genotipo común (that is to say, características hereditarias) with the Siamese and a similar general phenotype (that is to say, appearance). Si nos remitimos a la definición científica de raza, things are very clear: since it only differs from Siamese in the coat or in the color of the eyes and that is far from enough to speak of a different race, is simply a variety of the Siamese.

Some official bodies share this opinion. Is the case, in particular, of the Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFé), the International Cat Association (TICA) or the Livre Officiel des Origines Félines (LOOF) French, who consider the Oriental shorthair cat as a variety of the group of Siamese breeds.

Other, as the American Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA), the Canadian Cat Association (CCA) and the Governing Council of The Cat Fancy (GCCF), consider that the differences are sufficient to justify the recognition of the Oriental cat as a race in its own right, which in turn comes in two varieties, según la longitud del pelaje: the Oriental shorthair cat and the Oriental Longhair cat.

In any case, thanks to random genetics, the same litter can mix the Siamese Cat, to the Balinese cat, Oriental shorthair cat and to the Oriental Longhair cat. Esto es tanto más cierto cuanto que la mayoría de las organizaciones, like the LOOF, allow almost all possible crosses between these different cats.

Oriental shorthair cat and Oriental Longhair cat

Also called Javanese cat (Colorpoint Longhair) or gato mandarín, the Oriental Longhair cat appeared at the end of the years 70, when American breeders decided to cross the Oriental shorthair cat with the Balinese cat, a version of long hair cat of the Siamese, to give rise to a longhair cat equivalent of the oriental shorthair.

La única diferencia entre los dos gatos es la longitud de su pelaje; for the rest, tienen las mismas características físicas y el mismo carácter.

For some organizations, como la Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA) or the Canadian Cat Association (CCA), they are two varieties of the same breed: the Eastern.

For others, what do you consider Oriental shorthair cat as a simple variety of the Siamese cat, the Oriental Longhair cat es también una variedad de este último. This is the focus of the Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFé), for example.

Last, the fact that it is more recent and less widespread explains why some organizations do not recognize it at all. This is the case of the French LOOF.

Character and skills

Oriental shorthair cat
Oriental Shorthair, Male – Flickr

The temperament of Oriental shorthair cat is very similar to his ancestor the Siamese cat.

Without being so exclusive with his master like this, he is still quite possessive and absolutely needs contact with his family to live in a balanced way. It is also a good playmate for children. However, to avoid accidents, it is absolutely necessary to avoid leaving him alone with a small child, without adult supervision. This is valid for any breed of cat.

Although they get along with all the members of their family, they usually have a favorite person, usually the one that takes care of them the most. They tend to follow them everywhere, giving them a lot of love, such as snuggling into your lap or sleeping in your bed. You also communicate with her orally: like the Siamese, The short-haired oriental is very talkative. Has a very wide range of sounds, and the meow is an essential means of communication for him.

Therefore, this cat is very attached to its owner and needs the same to happen to thrive. Thus, the owner should interact with him as often as possible, either playing, stroking or talking to him.

Like any cat, the Oriental shorthair cat has its moments of independence. However, although sometimes he likes to sit quietly in his corner, a bit off the beaten path, he always prefers his master to be in his field of vision.

Sociable and outgoing, does not like to be alone for a long time. When left alone, you need to have interactive toys that allow you to develop your skills and keep you busy. This prevents you from finding other interests, like turning the house upside down or playing with toilet paper, that unwinds and grinds with relish.

Sharing a home with another cat can also be a way to keep it entertained during the absence of its owners, y así hacerlas más llevaderas. In fact, he gets along very well with them, as long as it remains the dominant of the group. He knows how to impose his authority in his relationships with other cats, both at home and on your walks, and does not hesitate to fight if necessary.

You can also easily cohabit with a canine representative, and having your cat live with a dog is another option to consider, especially so that he can entertain himself when his humans are not around. However, it is important to choose a breed of dog that gets along well with cats. In any case, Coexistence works best when both parties are used to it from an early age. Otherwise, things should be done very gradually, to maximize the chances of things going well.

In any case, no sería aconsejable que un Oriental shorthair cat lived under the same roof as a small rodent or bird. Tienen un fuerte instinto de caza y pronto los verían como una presa. If the situation occurs, it is essential never to leave them together unattended and to take all precautions to protect the small animal, otherwise the experiment may be a failure. When they have access to nature, your hunting instincts can also unleash, y están encantados de traer su botín para demostrar lo bien que han trabajado.

Very energetic, agile and playful, the Oriental shorthair cat needs space to run, ya sea en un piso grande o en una casa con jardín. On this last case, it is good that a cat flap allows you to go out to play or enter and be with your family. Given their need for interaction with their humans, it is important not only to provide him with toys and entertainment, sino también dedicar tiempo a jugar con su gato todos los días. This is especially true because they are playful throughout their lives., to the point that it doesn't take much to amuse them: for example, they enjoy giving back to its owner an object that has been thrown at them.

It is also important to provide him with a cat tree so that he can observe his surroundings and occasionally rest in it., así como un poste de rascado. Esto último es especialmente importante si vive en un piso, as it can scratch furniture or curtains.

The Oriental shorthair cat you are curious and smart. They have a talent for opening doors, drawers and bags, steal and hide the things that interest them. Although he usually understands what is forbidden, his stubborn and vindictive character makes him quickly recalcitrant when it comes to respecting them. Like this, even when his master has made it clear that something is not allowed, does not hesitate to return to the load. Therefore, you need to be patient, consistent and firm with him, insisting everything necessary to respect you.

Last, despite his outgoing character, the Oriental shorthair cat may be afraid of strangers and hide when its owner invites strangers into the house. To avoid this, it is convenient to socialize the dog from an early age, that is to say, get used to meeting all kinds of people. This also applies to other dogs: the more dogs you meet at a young age, better it will be when you know them as an adult.

Health

"Oriental shorthair cat"

Gato Oriental de pelo corto
Oriental Shorthair – Cat Show – Ft. Lauderdale – Jill Saperstein from Boynton Beach, FL, USA, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The Oriental shorthair cat enjoys, in general, Of good health: la mayoría de los representantes de la raza se libran de problemas importantes.

They can withstand high temperatures, pero son especialmente sensibles al frío. Es importante evitar que se resfríen, since the catarrh of the cats, there coryza, can have lifelong effects, especially if they are small or older. When the temperatures are low, it is important that your cat has a warm place to snuggle and can enter at any time to warm up instead of staying outside.

It also, although the short-haired Oriental enjoys, in general, Of good health: la mayoría de los representantes de la raza se libran de problemas importantes.

They can withstand high temperatures, pero son especialmente sensibles al frío. Es importante evitar que se resfríen, since the catarrh of the cats, there coryza, can have lifelong effects, especially if they are small or older. When the temperatures are low, it is important that your cat has a warm place to snuggle and can enter at any time to warm up instead of staying outside.

It also, but the Oriental shorthair cat is generally healthy, not immune to certain diseases, many of which also affect his ancestor the Siamese cat.

The diseases to which they are most prone are:

  • The renal amyloidosis, una enfermedad hereditaria que provoca una acumulación anormal de proteínas de tipo amiloide en los riñones y conduce a una insuficiencia renal irreversible y mortal si no se trata. If caught early, the effects of the disease can be treated and the cat can lead a relatively normal life;
  • The asthma, a bronchopulmonary disease that causes severe respiratory attacks in which the cat suffers attacks of dry cough and stretches its neck because it has difficulty breathing. It is caused by an allergic reaction to certain substances in the environment, tanto naturales como químicas. Long-term treatment can improve living conditions, pero no resuelve el problema de raíz, ya que para ello habría que identificar y eliminar la sustancia problemática, what is rarely possible;
  • strong> Aortic stenosis, congenital cardiovascular malformation consisting of a narrowing of the aorta. Provoca un soplo cardíaco y puede tratarse mediante una intervención quirúrgica o un tratamiento con betabloqueantes;
  • The congenital megaesophagus, a condition in which the esophagus has a delay in its development. Produces regurgitation of food, and weight loss due to the affected animal not being able to feed itself sufficiently. Esto puede mejorar por sí solo a medida que el gato crece. Otherwise, certain eating habits should be adopted to reduce the risk of regurgitated food ending up in the lungs, since it can be deadly;
  • The progressive retinal atrophy, an incurable inherited disease that causes progressive loss of vision, reaching total blindness in cats. Es difícil de detectar hasta que ha alcanzado una fase avanzada, that is to say, the animal begins to collide with everything due to the deterioration of its sight;
  • Genetic strabismus, which weakens visual acuity and reduces the cat's field of vision. No existe ningún tratamiento para corregir esta anomalía, which in fact is not particularly disabling;
  • Psychogenic alopecia, causing loss of hair in a large or small area of ​​the body as a result of constant licking. It is a psychosomatic illness, that is to say, caused by a mental disorder. Esto último está relacionado con un traumatismo pasado (especially at a young age) or with a concern in the direct environment. It is essential to seek the help of a behavioral professional to identify the source of the problem and hope to remedy it..

It also, the Oriental shorthair cat he's a bit gluttonous, so you have a certain propensity to obesity. Obesity is not without its health effects: can both aggravate existing problems and create new ones.

In any case, as many of the diseases to which the breed is prone are or may be hereditary, go to a serious breeder of a Oriental shorthair cat is the best way to ensure that the chances of adopting a healthy pet are good and are maintained. In fact, is not content to guarantee the socialization of puppies from a very young age, Rather, a professional worthy of the name is concerned that they do not inherit a hereditary defect from their parents. As such, systematically performs various genetic tests on proposed breeders and excludes those at risk. Therefore, must be able to present the results of these tests, in addition to a certificate of good health issued by a veterinarian and the details of the vaccinations administered, registered in the animal's health or vaccination card.

Once adopted, it is the owner's responsibility to take care of their cat throughout its life. One of the best ways to keep your cat healthy is to take him to the vet regularly for a full checkup.. Esto debería hacerse al menos una vez al año, and even more often as the animal ages. Times, these visits allow the early detection of a problem, which allows to treat the cat in the best possible conditions, and can also allow cat vaccinations to be done at the same time.

At the same time, the owner must also give his animal adequate antiparasitic treatments throughout the year, so you never stop being protected. This also applies to indoor cats, that are not completely free of parasites.

Grooming

"Oriental shorthair cat"

Gato Oriental de pelo corto
Ebony Solid Oriental Shorthair –Cats rule at the English Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The Oriental shorthair cat it is a breed of cat that does not require much care, and this is especially true for their fur. Cepillar el pelaje cada quince días con un cepillo de cerdas suaves es suficiente para eliminar el pelo muerto.

También es necesario examinar y limpiar las orejas con un paño húmedo una vez a la semana para limpiarlas y evitar que la suciedad se acumule en ellas, lo que podría dar lugar a infecciones como las otitis.

At the same time, hay que revisar los ojos y frotar un paño húmedo en la esquina si están sucios, to reduce the risk of infection.

It is also essential to brush your cat's teeth at regular intervals., idealmente todos los días, and preferably no less than once a week. This will limit plaque buildup., that can cause not only bad breath, but also more or less serious diseases.

Last, the length of the claws of the Oriental shorthair cat must be checked every month. If they get too long, they can get in the way, break and even injure the dog. This is less likely to be a problem for an individual with access to the outside.: el desgaste natural debería ser suficiente para limar las garras, aunque sigue siendo necesario comprobar de vez en cuando que así sea. On the other hand, for an indoor dog, a monthly cut is usually necessary. By the way, this does not exempt you from providing a scratching post so your dog can scratch on it and not on furniture.

Whether the fur, the ears, the eyes, teeth or claws, maintaining a Oriental shorthair cat not particularly complex. However, if they are not done correctly, not only can they be ineffective, but that, above all, can injure or even harm the dog. Therefore, it is best to learn them the first time from a vet or professional groomer.

If done right, these cares can become, with the time, in a special moment between the two protagonists, especially if the owner takes the opportunity to hug his pet. In any case, things are more likely to go well if the animal is used to these different manipulations from a very young age.

Food

Like all other races, the Oriental shorthair cat you need a diet that perfectly meets your nutritional needs - both in terms of quality and quantity- depending on your age, your health and activity level.

Good quality industrial foods can perfectly meet these requirements, but in general the same cannot be said of human food. Unless carefully selected to meet the needs of the animal, unlikely to contain exactly what you need. For example, Giving him the leftovers from the table or letting him help himself to the garbage is not usually a gift. This is especially true because, plus some foods popular with humans are toxic to cats, The Oriental with short hair has a tendency to be overweight.

Esto último también significa que, a diferencia de la mayoría de los otros gatos, it is better to get used to fixed foods from the beginning. Dejar la comida fuera todo el día pronto se convertiría en un problema, due to their inability to regulate themselves.

Your propensity for obesity also makes it important to control your weight by weighing it once a month.. En caso de que el aumento se confirme o incluso se amplíe en las siguientes mediciones, it is advisable to use the experience of a veterinarian, since the diet or activity level of the animal are not necessarily to blame: el exceso de peso puede ser un síntoma de una enfermedad, or be caused by medication. Only a professional can clarify the situation and indicate how to remedy the problem.

Like any other cat, the Oriental shorthair cat must have fresh water available at all times.

For sale "Oriental shorthair cat"

The price of a Oriental shorthair cat usually oscillates between 800 and 1500 EUR.

whatever the country, el importe cobrado varía en función de la reputación del criadero, from the lineage from which the animal comes, but also and above all its intrinsic characteristics, starting with their degree of approach to the breed standard. This explains why there can be significant price differences within a litter.

Oriental Longhair cat
Federations: LOOF, CFA, ACF, ACFA, TICA, WCF

Also know as Javanese cat (Colorpoint Longhair), the Oriental Longhair cat is a fairly rare breed of cat.

En contra de lo que podrían sugerir los distintos nombres exóticos, was created in the United States.

Photo by blackmystica

Content

History

In 1985, en la gatería Sholine de Houston, Texas, United States, an oriental short hair and a balines they escaped their vigilance and be aparearon. The result was a litter of silky puppies and semilargo hair of Eastern plain colors. Wisely, la propietaria de la gatería, Sheryl Ann Boyle, decided to raise this race, and the main records in North America and Europe soon recognized, with the exception of the GCCF in Great Britain, It believed that it was too similar to the angora, now known as Oriental Longhair cat (angora).

In 1995, the CFA joined the Oriental shorthair cat and to the Oriental longhair cat in a single breed with two hair lengths, un hecho controvertido según algunos criadores, que preferían que el rasgo del pelo largo fuera eliminado de las líneas de cría del oriental de pelo corto. Due to its dotted ancestors, all Asians can have puppies occasionally dotted, pero no se pueden exhibir en la mayoría de las asociaciones, since they look very similar and can be confused with the Siamese and balinese.

Character and skills

Although the Oriental Longhair cat looks elegant, his personality is often described as less languid anything. All Oriental races have the reputation of being habladoras, playful, very curious and sociable. Necesitan la compañía de otros gatos o la atención completa de su dueño durante un rato cada día, and some studies on the nature of these cats show. Much of the personality of this cat is inherited, and for decades farmers have reinforced the extroverted personality of Eastern races. Copies walk willingly strap and play around to get an object as if they were dogs.

Ocicat cat
Federations: LOOF, CFA, ACF, ACFA, TICA, FIFé, WCF

The Ocicat, sometimes canine behavior, is distinguished by its great adaptability, which is an undeniable asset to make it an excellent family cat.

Content

Characteristics "Ocicat cat"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a cat of the breed "Ocicat cat" you know certain factors. You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Joy

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Activity level

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendliness to other pets

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendliness to children

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming requirements

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1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Vocality

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4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for attention

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4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection towards its owners

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Docility

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Intelligence

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4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Independence

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hardiness

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

The Ocicat is the result of the crossing made from 1964 by Virginia Daly, an American breeder, and its name comes from the contraction of the words “ocelot” and “cat“. In fact, although it is the result of purely domestic ancestry, this breed looks a lot like ocelote (Leopardus pardalis), a large wild cat that lives in Central America.

However, the genesis of the breed is mainly due to chance. In effect, the objective of Virginia Daly was to raise one Abyssinian cat colourpoint, far from the image of the Ocicat

Like this, in 1964, a litter of a Abyssinian cat ruddy and a Siamese cat sealpoint. Among the kittens obtained, the breeder was left with a single female with traits mainly Abyssinians. She was crossed with a male Siamese chocolate-colored. The resulting puppies physically resembled the Abyssinians, but they all had the color point. The breeder was immediately satisfied with the result and repeated the same crossing until one day a kitten with a particular coat was born.: call Tonga, one of the kittens had golden spots on white background. By not coinciding with the objective of Virginia Daly, was quickly castrated and sold to a private.

It was not until some time later that the breeder turned her attention back to this type of wild cat of primitive color, during a correspondence with the geneticist Clyde Keeler. Seeking to revive an extinct feline breed, the “Egyptian spotted fishing cat”, was very interested in the fur of Tonga. He would have liked to cross it with his own mother, but the recent sterilization of the young cat made it impossible. Then the same crossing was repeated that gave rise to Tonga, until you get stained individuals. That's how it went, and the history of Ocicat started in earnest.

Soon Virginia Daly crossed these spotted cats with the American shorthair cat. The purpose of these unions was to obtain larger individuals, as well as the silver color of the race.

Over the years 80, the Ocicat began to be known and appreciated by the public and breeders. Soon, many breeders became interested in this new breed and international organizations began to officially recognize it. Like this, after being accepted in 1966 by the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA) as an experimental breed, obtained full breed status in 1987. That same year, the International Cat Association (TICA) also recognized the breed. Five years later, in 1992, it was the turn of the Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFé).

This period also marked the spread of the breed throughout the world and its recognition by various national bodies., as the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) in Britain or the Livre Officiel des Origines Félines (LOOF) in France.

However, Although various organizations from various parts of the world now recognize the Ocicat, its number of members is still limited. This can be explained in part by the fact that in some countries all interbreeding with any other breed is prohibited., which mechanically limits population growth as well as the diversity of the genetic heritage. However, this is not the case everywhere: en el Reino Unido, for example, crosses with Abyssinians are allowed, which obviously facilitates its diffusion.

In any case, today there are great differences in the establishment of the Ocicat from one country to another. In France, still a very rare breed of cats, with less than 10 registrations per year in the LOOF since the beginning of the century – the number is even nil in some years.

The same is true in Switzerland, although, unlike france, looks like a small upward trend is taking place, since since 2017 more than 10 births per year in the Fédération Féline Helvétique (FFH).

The Ocicat is much more present in the UK, since the number of annual births registered by the GCCF exceeds 50 cats a year. Although this figure may seem high compared to other countries, it is still a decrease compared to the second half of the decade of 2000 and the first of 2010, when he approached a hundred.

Last, is in your country of origin, United States, where the Ocicat is more represented and has been more successful in establishing itself in households. Throughout the decade of 2010, stood around the post 20 (of something less than 50) in the CFA's annual registration ranking.

Physical characteristics

Ocicat
An ocicat presented at the FIFé cat show in Hyvinkää in Finland. Color : Blue spotted tabby – Heikki Siltala-catza.net, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The Ocicat it has particular physical traits that make it a wild-looking feline race. More concretely, although it is a Domestic cat, looks a lot like a ocelote and represents a perfect blend of grace and power: a medium-sized feline, muscular and always very elegant. It is much heavier than it seems.

The Ocicat is built around a fairly deep chest. Its back must be straight, but the topline is slightly higher at the back of the body. The tail is long, fine and has a dark tip.

The legs they are strong, muscular and of medium length. The feet must be oval, compact and proportional to the legs.

The head it is triangular and angular, like that of his Asian ancestor the Siamese. It rests very harmoniously on a neck fine and quite arched. The snout it is wide but well defined. Master a strong jawline and a well-defined chin.

The ears they are large and set high on the head. They usually have small strands of hair on top.

Their eyes they are large, almond-shaped. They are very expressive and reflect their intelligence. All are accepted colors, except blue. On the other hand, there is not necessarily a correspondence between eye color and coat color.

The fur of the Ocicat it is made up of short hairs, soft and shiny, always decorated with those spots that characterize it so much, giving it the appearance of a wild cat. The spots along the spine are rather round and concentrated, while those of the shoulders and the back of the body are more dispersed. The largest markings are usually found on the flanks and under the belly. The tail also has these markings, and there are usually darker hairs around the eyes and on the cheeks. It also, the forehead is usually marked with a “M”, also darker than the basic coat.

There is some diversity in the exact appearance of the fur of the Ocicat, with no less than 3 fur patterns (solid, spotted tabby and silver / smoke spotted tabby) and 6 colors (chocolate, blue, leonado, black, cinnamon and lilac) possible. In all cases, slight silver shine possible, which raises the number of combinations to 36.

Last, the breed is characterized by a certain sexual dimorphism, since females are usually smaller and thinner than males.

Size and weight

  • Size: Of 30 to 35 cm.
  • Weight: Of 3 to 5 kg

Breed standard

The breed standards are documents prepared by official bodies that list the conditions that an Ocicat must meet to be fully recognized as belonging to the breed.:

Character and skills

Ocicat
Ocicat (male) – I, ToB, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The Ocicat is always cheerful and energetic by nature. Very sociable and active, loves to play with his humans or other animals.

They are always happy to play, but they also like to spend long periods of time resting with their owners, for example, spending the night on his lap. Many of the representatives of the breed tend to choose a particular family member with whom they form an especially intense bond., although this does not prevent them from being affectionate with others.

This closeness to their humans makes them an excellent student for those who want to teach their cat tricks.. For example, can learn to find and retrieve objects thrown by his master, to lie down when ordered or to respond to his name.

In fact, this little feline totally breaks the image of the proud and independent cat. He is always happy to accompany his owners everywhere, without hesitation to follow them around the house… or by any other site. In fact, is usually perfectly capable of walking on a leash, making it much easier to take you everywhere. And when that is not an option, can be carried in arms: that they take it is not a problem, as long as it's done with a little respect.

It is also an ideal option for someone who wants to take their cat on vacation or even on a trip., as it can adapt to a new environment without too much trouble.

This is possible thanks to the fact that he is not worried about meeting new people.. He even likes to receive visitors at home and is not shy with them. For them, represent new possibilities for interaction and sources of caresses, and does not hesitate to meet him on his own.

It also, both at home and elsewhere, things go better because he easily assimilates the rules. He is very sensitive to vocal reprimands from his beloved masters and, usually, does not repeat the same mistake twice once caught red-handed (for example, if you have climbed on the table during the meal, or any other undesirable behavior). It is also common for him to show that he has understood the lesson by adopting an attitude similar to that of shame, like many dogs do.

In summary, do not be fooled by its wild appearance: this sometimes canine behavioral animal is distinguished by its great adaptability, which is an undeniable asset to make it an excellent family cat.

Often becomes the best friend of children, as long as they know how to behave with respect towards him. However, it is important to keep in mind the basic rules of precaution: Whatever your race, a cat should never be left alone with a young child, without the slightest adult supervision.

They can also be very suitable for older people, especially if they spend a lot of time at home and like to give them attention and affection.

Regardless of the age of the owners, they love attention and are only suitable for people who can and enjoy spending time with their pet. Otherwise, will suffer a lot.

Allowing him to have a little playmate by his side can be a wise way to keep him from suffering from loneliness., since their sociability does not only extend to humans: in general, appreciates sharing your home with a partner or with a dog, as long as, of course, this one belongs to a breed that is friendly to cats. Being dominant by nature, usually direct the other animals in the house, even when they are bigger than yours. However, this trait means that introductions to an unknown animal must be done very gradually, to avoid any kind of conflict, especially if he's also the dominant type.
In view of his tendency to play with everything that moves, It does not seem wise to try to get it to live with another animal that may be prey. In fact, it is better to avoid coming into contact with rodents, birds or fish, since it could end badly.

Due to his mental acuity and love of the game, not only quickly learn the tricks, they also love puzzles and other toys designed to stimulate their intelligence. However, they can sometimes become possessive of them, so you have to teach them to share from a young age. It also, precious items that you might mistake for games must be hidden or kept out of reach at all costs, taking into account that he is perfectly capable of learning to open doors or drawers by watching his masters do it…

Like most of its congeners, to the Ocicat he loves to hang from the heights. And given its flexibility, there is no furniture, however big it is, that you resist. You also need plenty of space and toys to feel good and get all the exercise you need.. If you live in an apartment, it must be of a certain size and equipped with numerous games, as well as with furniture and a cat tree that allows him to observe his little world from above.

Last, the Ocicat has inherited a strong voice from his ancestor the Siamese cat. He does not hesitate to use it when he has a request to make, and knows perfectly how to make himself understood when he is hungry or needs attention. Their meows are also a very good conversation tool., since he likes to chat with his master responding to his voice. Their purrs are also especially loud; some like, to others not so much. In any case, It is not as loud or demanding as the Siamese.

grooming and care "Ocicat cat"

Ocicat
Picture of a cinnamonsilverspotted ocicat – Hansboskar, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The Ocicat it is a breed of cat that is easy to care for.

Its short and soft coat does not need to be brushed more than once a week to remove dead hair. However, to avoid dead hair all over the house, more frequent brushing is necessary during spring and fall shedding periods.

It is seldom necessary to bathe your dog. when it is so, it is essential to use a shampoo specially designed for cats.

Weekly brushing is also an opportunity to take care of other parts of the body. The first thing to do is check the condition of your eyes and clean the area around them if necessary.. This will help prevent infections and detect any problems in this area early..

The same goes for the ears.: a weekly check and cleaning to remove dirt will help limit the appearance of problems in this area, starting with ear infections.

The teeth should also be brushed regularly with a special toothpaste for felines.. This is especially important, since the Ocicat is especially prone to periodontitis: brushing prevents plaque formation, which is the cause of many oral problems, including this one. Daily brushing is recommended, but if it is done once a week, it's already very good.

As for the claws, they tend to grow quite fast. Therefore, if he only goes out or a little time passes, they usually need to be trimmed regularly. If they get too long, not only can they hinder you when you move, but also break and potentially injure you at the same time. In any case, if your dog does not have access to the outside, it is essential that you have a scratching post: otherwise, you risk using furniture or curtains to scratch.

The gestures to take care of your cat's coat, as well as his eyes, ears, teeth and claws, should not be done randomly, since you run the risk of harming or even injuring you. The first time, no hesitation to learn the correct way of doing things from a professional vet or cat groomer. It also, there are many reasons to get your kitten used to being handled from an early age, so that grooming sessions are not unpleasant for him, but that, on the other hand, be beautiful moments of complicity.

Indoor or outdoor cat?

The cats Ocicat they do not necessarily need to have access to the outside to feel comfortable. However, it would be ideal if you could allow the animals to go out into the wild from time to time. The ideal is a secure garden or, at least, a safe outdoor area. Basically, representatives of this breed always want to be close to their humans and not be left alone for a long time, so cats don't go on long excursions, but they stay close. Due to his affection and easy training, it is also possible to accustom the kitten Ocicat on the leash and take small excursions into nature.

How much activity does he need? "Ocicat cat"?

If you are thinking of buying a Ocicat, you should know that you will only be happy if you get enough attention. Play time and pampering together are essential. Since cats with an athletic build have quite a bit of energy, you have to dedicate time to hunting games, but intelligence games are also very well accepted. It also, representatives of this breed always seek contact with their humans, so it is especially important that, as a member of the family, be allowed to always be where the center of activity is. It also, must provide appropriate opportunities for scratching and climbing, so that the existing urge to move can also be acted upon. So being alone isn't too hard, you always have to provide a Ocicat a companion.

Health and nutrition

"Ocicat cat"

Ocicat
Ocicat "Rizzo" (cat breed) – ToB, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The Ocicat is generally in good health and lives a long time (until 15 years).

However, is not immune to certain problems inherited from its ancestors the Siamese cat and the Abyssinian cat:

  • Hepatic amyloidosis, a disease that can affect the kidneys and/or liver. Causes incomplete dissolution of certain proteins and leads to a buildup of deposits in organs. Loss of appetite, the diarrhea and vomiting it causes often lead to significant weight loss. Appears among 1 and 5 years of age and must be diagnosed quickly so that it can be controlled with specific treatment and a low-protein diet. Failure to do so can be fatal;
  • The pyruvate kinase deficiency (PKDef), an inherited condition that corresponds to a deficiency of this enzyme important for the proper development of red blood cells. The consequence is anemia, more or less serious depending on the case, causing various symptoms such as lethargy, diarrhea, weight loss and eating disorders;
  • The Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (the cardiomyopathy), which is the most common heart disease seen in cats and corresponds to excessive thickening of the walls of the heart. It can be of hereditary origin, but this is only one of the possible causes. In all cases, manifests itself in various ways (breathing difficulties, hindquarters paralysis, vomiting, lethargy, significant weight loss, etc.), but the symptoms usually appear suddenly. Some individuals recover within a few months, while others die quickly;
  • The periodontal disease (o periodontitis), what is an inflammation of the gums. If the problem is not treated in time, dental abscesses may form, and it can also occur, for example, loosening of teeth or severe difficulty chewing certain foods. Longer term, if the bacteria reach the circulatory system and the jaw, infection can lead to death;
  • Progressive reticular atrophy, an incurable, inherited eye disease that causes progressive loss of vision, culminating in blindness. It has been found in some individuals, but its prevalence is still very low in the population of the breed.

The best way to avoid acquiring a cat that may suffer from some hereditary disease in the near future is to go to a serious breeder. Any breeder of Ocicat trust must be able to present not only a veterinary health certificate, but also the animal's health card (or vaccination record), containing the vaccines administered, as well as the results of genetic tests performed on the parents or the kitten, that demonstrate that they are free of inherited diseases.

Last, even if your pet looks healthy, a routine annual visit to the vet never hurts, and in fact it is highly recommended. Allows a complete health check, that sometimes allows discovering emerging problems, and also offers the opportunity to check that vaccinations are up to date. It also, the owner must ensure that their pet's antiparasitic treatments are renewed throughout the year, whenever necessary, so that the pet never stops being protected.

Food

The Ocicat he is a little complicated cat when it comes to feeding and is very happy with good quality industrial food. He also likes prepared meat dishes, vegetables and starch.

In any case, the products chosen and the servings supplied must be adapted to your needs, that depend first of all on your age, your state of health and the amount of physical exercise you do on a daily basis.

The Ocicat not especially prone to obesity but, as with any race, it is important to watch your weight. This is especially true if you have been neutered, as this increases the risk of obesity. Therefore, a monthly weigh-in is necessary, and any deviation that is confirmed or even accentuated the next time must be taken seriously: then it is necessary to take him to the vet to identify the origin of this weight gain. This may be due to a diet that is not adapted in quality and / or quantity., but also to the appearance of another health problem.

It also, like any cat, a bowl of fresh, clean water should be available at all times.

For sale "Ocicat cat"

The price of a Ocicat usually oscillates between 700 and 1400 EUR.

However, in Europe, the number of breeders can be counted on the fingers of one hand, so it is often necessary to arm yourself with patience to find the rare pearl: you are very often placed on a waiting list for months.

One option is to search the UK, where there are many more breeders. This allows you to choose from a larger number of kittens, while avoiding long delays.

whatever the country, the amount charged depends, in particular, of the reputation of the kennel, from the lineage the kitten comes from, but also and above all of its physical characteristics. In the case of adoption from abroad, It must be taken into account that several costs are added to this price: transport, quarantine, administrative transactions, etc.

Interesting data

The Ocicats they are quite fond of water and some representatives of the breed happen to be “water rats” and enjoy a bath in the bathtub or the pool.

Videos "Ocicat cat"

Ojos Azules cat
Unrecognized breed.

The Ojos Azules cat still one of the rarest feline breeds in the world, and the number of breeders remains confidential.
Ojos Azules
Photo: elblogdegatos.com

Content

History

The history of Ojos Azules cat started on 1984 in New Mexico ((UNITED STATES)UU.), when a family discovered a colony of stray cats, algunos de cuyos miembros tenían ojos azules intensos. Their attention focused on a tortoiseshell cat that they took in and called Cornflower.

She was bred with other unrelated cats and gave birth to kittens, some with the same eyes. More intense than the Siamese cat, this blue color is not linked to the color of the cat's fur, and the gene responsible for it does not cause strabismus or deafness, unlike other blue-eyed cats.

In fact, regardless of race, it is the absence of melanin in the iris that makes the cat's eye blue. However, the cause of this absence is not the same; in the case of Ojos Azules, it is a hitherto unknown gene that is in the origin.

It was the discovery of this new gene, que permitía tener gatos con pelaje oscuro y ojos azules, without being affected by strabismus or deafness, which led to the International Cat Association (TICA) to recognize this breed in 1991 and to set a standard, aunque en ese momento todavía era muy rara. In fact, in 1992 they only registered 10 specimens.

However, Later research showed that the gene responsible for blue eyes was also responsible for a life-threatening cranial deformity. A subsequent investigation by the DRA. Solveig Pflueger, judge and president of the TICA Genetics Committee since its creation in 1979, confirmó el vínculo. However, at the same time he discovered that the gene is Heterozygosity, so these dangerous cranial deformities can be avoided by crossing a blue-eyed individual with a standard-eyed individual. Esto llevó a prohibir la cría de dos Ojos Azules cats together.

At the same time, a Ojos Azules in Australia, aunque no se había importado allí ningún ejemplar. Esto llevó a los criadores a creer que esta mutación podía producirse espontáneamente en la población de gatos domésticos.

In France, the LOOF (Livre Officiel des Origines Francaises) established a standard for Blue Eyes in 2004.

However, contrary to what is usually observed, recognition of the breed by reference bodies did not lead to its expansion: the Ojos Azules still one of the rarest feline breeds in the world, and the number of breeders remains confidential. In fact, in 2019, both the TICA and the LOOF eliminated the Ojos Azules from the list of recognized breeds.

Physical characteristics

"Ojos Azules cat"

Ojos Azules cat
Portrait of an Ojos Azules cat – Kipcurry, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

La principal característica del Ojos Azules cat It, as its name suggests, sus magníficos ojos azul intenso.

Otherwise, the standards describe a body rectangular with a fine and solid bone structure, well proportioned and flexible: it is about, because, of a semi-linear cat. The legs hind legs are slightly longer than front and legs, round or oval, they are rather small and delicate. The tail is of medium length and tapers to the tip.

The head it is triangular seen from the front, with prominent cheekbones and a slightly rounded forehead in profile, followed by a slight stop at the beginning of the nose. The ears medians are rounded, while the muzzle is rather square. The eyes they are almost round and as big as possible. Different colored eyes are tolerated, being one of them blue and the other green, gold or copper.

The fur it can be short or medium long and has a silky smooth texture. All colors and patterns are accepted, except for the White, to distinguish this breed from the usual white cats with blue eyes.

The gene responsible for blue eyes also usually gives white markings on the tips of the legs, ears and tail.

Size and weight

  • Size: 30 cm.
  • Weight: Of 4 to 6 kg

Varieties

By recognizing the Ojos Azules in 1991, the TICA (International Cat Association) distinguished between two different varieties in the first published standard: the Ojos Azules Shorthair and the Ojos Azules Longhair, having a medium length coat.

Character and skills

The rarity of Ojos Azules cats hace difícil -incluso peligroso- draw conclusions about their character. However, owners of this breed describe them as affectionate, loyal, smart and playful.

Health

The population of the Ojos Azules cats no es lo suficientemente grande como para disponer de información fiable sobre posibles problemas de salud específicos de esta raza.

However, in the early days of the breed, some individuals were affected by a cranial deformity that was sometimes fatal.

Un estudio realizado posteriormente sobre el gen específico de esta raza que está en el origen del color de sus ojos permitió establecer que bastaba con no hacer reproducir dos individuos con ojos azules: being the gene Heterozygosity, kittens born from the union between a Blue Eyes and another cat that does not have blue eyes are protected from this risk of cranial deformation. In fact, this risk has already been eliminated: current specimens no longer suffer from this life-threatening malformation.

Life expectancy

Of 12 to 15 years

Grooming and feeding

European cat
European cat – Celeda, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The Ojos Azules cat It is an easy-care breed of cats: one brushing a week is enough to remove dead hair.

The teeth, los ojos y los oídos también deben revisarse una vez a la semana para evitar cualquier riesgo de infección.

Last, if the claws are too long because they do not wear out naturally, it is necessary to trim them from time to time.

Food

The Ojos Azules can be commercially fed, either with kibble or cat food. Quality industrial products provide all the nutrients and vitamins necessary for good health.

For sale "Ojos Azules cat"

The rarity of Ojos Azules cats hace que sea muy difícil conseguir uno de estos gatos. The few specimens that exist are, Obviously, in the hands of breeders, and no kittens are officially available for sale.