Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina
Yugoslavia FCI 41 - Molossoid . Mountain

Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina

The Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina is a brave dog, quiet, safe and reserved with strangers.



As it is the case with many breeds, the true origins of this agility is unknown, Although there are theories that attempt to approach them. Some authors raised that their ancestors were the ancient molossians, especially from Greece and cattle dogs natives of Turkey dogs.

Other authors believe that the Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina, drift of Asian dogs that arrived in Europe accompanied by migration of peoples who were engaged in raising them. This theory is currently the most widely accepted.

The race was initially recognized by the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1939 under the name Illyrian Shepherd Dog, demonstrating the ancient name of the native region of these dogs.

In 1957, at the request of the Yugoslav Canine Federation (JKS), the FCI changed the name to Yugoslav Shepherd DogYugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina, because it is in the mountains Šar (Šar Planina in the South Slavic languages, is a chain of mountains located on the border south of Serbia in the province of Kosovo and in the northwestern part of the Republic of Macedonia), where is concentrated the largest number of specimens of the breed.

If there is something indisputable it is that the Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina, lives since ancient times in the mountainous regions of the former Yugoslavia, from where it has spread throughout the Balkan Peninsula and recently, beyond these borders.

Escudo de DragasThe image of the Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina appears on the obverse of the coin 1 Denar, issued in the Republic of Macedonia in the year 1993, and also is the emblematic character of the coat of arms of Dragaš, a city in the South of Kosovo, found in the region of the mountains Šar.

The Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina has reached the ranches of North America as an esteemed sheepdog and cattle guardian. Predator problems have been greatly diminished once a Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina , takes the responsibility of a herd. You are one of the few dogs that can chase away a wolf or bear.

Physical characteristics

The Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina, is a large size dog, It is quite above average when it comes to large breeds. It is also robust and equipped with a strong Constitution.

The height males average is of 56 to 62 cm and females is of 54 to 58 cm.. The length of the body is slightly greater than the height at the withers.

Although some authors speak of the existence of individuals whose actions were between 75 and 85 cm. of height and a weight of 65 to 100 kg.

– The huge head is proportional to the body, It has the skull slightly convex and slightly longer than the muzzle.
– The eyes of the Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina they are almond-shaped and chestnut-colored (light or dark), transmit an expression of serenity but the look is penetrating.
– The ears they are medium-sized, flat and hang on the cheeks.
– The tail It is long and Sabre-shaped, If it is in a State of alert takes high just beyond it the line of the spine.
– The fur It is long in some parts of the body and short in others. In the head, the ears and the anterior part of the extremities, is short. The length of the neck, the body and the back of the limbs and tail, is long.
– Regard to the the fur color, all uniform colors are supported but it is preferable to be gray iron and gray very dark. Also, at the top of the head, the neck and the trunk have darker hair.

Character and skills

The Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina it is silent, active and very protective, extremely bright, but very independent. It is an extremely good watchdog, and very reserved with strangers. The Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina they are calm sheepdogs, very smart, which is why, wisely, they choose their friends, they don't trust anyone too fast. They are naturally fearless defenders of the pack, as well as his master and his property, so everything he considers his property is jealously and unconditionally guarded. This is a dog with character and very dominant that requires work.. If we just want this dog to be a companion, constant professional education from an early age is essential.

The animals that live with him on the farm will be under his protection and there is no need to fear for them.. However, does not tolerate strange and unknown animals, often aggressive, and the same problems can happen with smaller pets, that can be seen as prey.

She will get along well with the children she will be together with from an early age, will be devoted and protective of them, and you may consider children you don't know as uninvited guests, so we must be very careful. You must be especially careful with younger children, since he will watch over them all the time due to the shepherd's instinct, but if the children want to get away, will drag them back, so you can injure them without realizing it.


Similar to the Caucasian Shepherd Dogthat is very much– He has a temperament more characteristic of a dog guard to a lead dog herds.

Let us not forget that this agility, He was selected to defend the herds of the attack of wolves that were previously very numerous in their homeland.
It is necessary that the owner of this dog is a person responsible and very conscious of the copy that is in charge of, the Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina, It has a specially developed and powerful teeth, It can be a real danger if the dog is not given a correct and healthy education.

Education “Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina”

This is not a suitable dog for beginners. He is very suspicious and incorruptible. Usually, is completely loyal to a single owner. Education must be clear, consistent and should be carried out from the first meeting with the puppy. Early socialization is mandatory. With an inadequate education, this dog can become uncontrollable, very aggressive, dangerous even to the owner.

Required activity

These dogs really need a lot of exercise. If the dog goes to work on a farm, will meet your daily career needs while working, otherwise, need a longer walk or daily run.

Suitable environment

This is a dog suitable exclusively for outdoor life. You will feel better on a farm or in a larger rural fenced yard because you will be able to run freely and perform your primary role as a sheepdog..

Care “Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina”

Your care is not too demanding. Thick hair just needs brushing once in a while, once a week will be enough, except when you change your coat that more frequent brushing is recommended. As with other dogs, this breed also needs to clean their ears, eyes and shorten their claws.

Health “Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina”

No known genetic health problems, it is considered a relatively healthy breed. As with other large breeds, hip dysplasia can occur in this breed.

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Type and recognitions:

  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
  • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • CKC – Miscellaneous list
    • UKC – Guard dog

    Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina breed FCI standard


    Alternative names:

      1. Illyrian Shepherd Dog, Šarplaninac (English).
      2. berger yougoslave, charplanina, charplaninatz berger albanais, sarplaninac (French).
      3. Šarplaninac, Jugoslovenski Ovčarski Pas – Šarplaninac, Jugoslawischer Hirtenhund – Šarplaninac, Illyrischer Schäferhund (German).
      4. Šarplaninac, Charplaninatz, Sarplaninac (Portuguese).
      5. Charplaninatz, Perro ovejero ilirio, Perro pastor ilirio, Perro montañés de Serbia, Perro pastor de Serbia, Perro montañés macedonio, Perro pastor macedonio, Šar Planinac (o Šar Planinec), Perro pastor yugoslavo, Perro montañés yugoslavo (Spanish).

    Yorkshire Terrier
    Gran Bretañaa FCI 86 . Toy Terriers

    Yorkshire Terrier



    The Yorkshire Terrier, call Yorkie To abreviate, comes from the north of England and Scotland. Here it served for centuries as a versatile house and garden dog. Its territory was later the settlements of the working poor, that were built en masse with industrialization. The little houses were small, conditions were tight. There was no room for a big dog. The little terriers were exactly the right fit here and they served the village for many years as watchdogs and hunters. Keeping rats and mice away small, driving away a marten or fox that wanted to attack chickens or pigeons, occasionally killing a rabbit; the Yorkie proved to be a useful helper. It is even said that the old Yorkie has gone to the rabbit hole to hunt. Despite its rather delicate appearance, the Yorkshire Terrier it's a complete dog. Basically, it is a concise breed with a sometimes stubborn and fearless temperament. At the same time, has served as a lap dog for over 150 years.

    Your current form as “Yorkshire Terrier” with very long and silky hair is the result of a directed show breeding. In addition, their ancestors were normally much larger than the current ones or even the Toy Yorkies.

    In ancient documents, even 6 KG as the weight of a Yorkshire Terrier. Like the other little British Isles terriers, the Yorkie ultimately originates from a single large gene pool of those terriers from early working class settlements. Only through deliberate artificial separation, namely, the separation of the brood, became the many terrier breeds that are genetically separated today. Already in 1873 the Yorkshire Terrier was recognized as a breed of dog by the Kennel Club.

    According to records, the Yorkshire Terrier was the first most popular breed in the United States in 2002. His first appearance in a canine exposition took place around 1880, and immediately he found wide acceptance in the public. It currently ranks first in the English breeds, and it is one of the most widespread company dogs around the world.

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    Yakutian Laika
    Rusia FCI 365 . Nordic Sledge Dogs

    Laika de Yakutia

    The Yakutian Laika they are very intelligent dogs, with a prodigious sense of smell and an exaggerated sense of direction



    The story of him “Yakutian Laika” is very extensive. For centuries, sleds pulled by dogs was something very important for the majority of peoples of the North of Russia, due to their way of life and the climate to which they were subjected. In the Neolithic, in the line of the coast of Northeast Asia, These dogs were used for transportation and hunting.

    At the beginning of the year 90, There was a finding on Zhokhov Island (Novosibirsk Islands, Yakutia), they found an archaeological site of hunters and dogs. It was investigated by an archaeologist from St. Petersburg, Vladimir Pitulko, There he found remains of archaeological sleds, harnesses and they still kept the bones of dogs. Using the method of radiocarbon dating demonstrated that these remains had a length of 7.800 to 8.000 years. This, It is the oldest discovery that has taken place in the Arctic.

    Ethnographers MG Levin (1946), Smolyak AV (1978) and other authors, they share that since ancient times (up until the present day), for the Aboriginal peoples of the North, the sled dogs were always universal animals: they were shooting animals, they were used also as food, and their skins were used for the manufacture of clothing and the rituals of worship. Times, the dogs were sacrificed and were used for religious ceremonies.

    Many Arctic geographical discoveries were made possible, with the sled dogs. The two poles of the Earth were discovered with the help of these dogs, in 1907, F. Cook and 1909 R. Piry reached the North Pole. In 1911, Amundsen was a Norwegian flag at the South Pole, in hostile climatic conditions, made 2.980 miles in 99 days with sled dogs.

    Yakutian Laika
    Yakutian Laika

    Until 1960 sleds pulled by dogs teams were important and, Sometimes the only available form of transport of winter in the regions of North Russia. They were used not only by the local population, but also by government agencies, including troops from the border, the postal service and scientific expeditions. According to data from file, at the end of the 50 years of 20th century, in Northern Uluses of Yakutia, the total number of dogs was of 33 000. The decrease in sledges pulled by dogs in Russia was initiated during the last thirty years of the 20th century, When appeared on the market the snowmobiles, This led to a decline of fur and the local fishing industry, that little by little led to the extinction of the use of sledge dogs

    “Give me the winter and a team of dogs, and take all” they are words of the famous traveller from North Knut Rasmussen, who made the trip longer on sledges pulled by dogs. This phrase describes the importance that have had these dogs to the length and breadth of history, and that in turn, It shows that without them much of what we know today belonged to our ignorance.

    The first written record of the dogs in the Yakutian territory dates of 1633. In the documents of the time, Olenek River, the Yana and Kolyma River is referred to as “Rivers of dogs”. In Siberia, the rivers are divided in “rivers of dog” and “Deer River”. In the fish-rich rivers, It was easy to capture and store enough fish (dry fish – yukola) to feed the dogs and so called dog River. When there are fish no, It was difficult to use dogs for transport and the reindeer were used, What are the rivers of reindeer. The journey along the "rivers of dogs" was more difficult, due to the continued need for fishing and hunting to obtain enough food for dogs.

    In 1843, published the “Manual of geography of the Russian Empire” from Ivan Yakovlevich Pavlovsky, in this book, described the Yakutian Laika as a special race, as “a domesticated animal used to pull sleds and hunting”.

    Physical characteristics

    Yakutian Laika
    Yakutian Laika

    The Yakutian Laika, is an excellent hunting companion, they are not usually very large, its height is of 50 to 60 cm., and the reason of its size due to food, given the hostile climate, Sometimes food was really poor, However in other areas in which the race has developed, its size increases significantly. The expression of the side leaves us a cunning air mixed with melancholy.
    Vladimir Ilyich Mikhelson was the first to describe the breed Yakutian Laika and differentiated her from other dogs in Northeast Asia.

    The Yakutian Laika is a robust, built proportionally, a little tall and slim, the dog of medium size and with highly developed layers of hair, which is enough to survive under harsh conditions of the Arctic. The Yakutian Laika is an active dog, the agile, curious, with a friendly and obedient nature, very sociable and nothing aggressive.

    Its main purpose is to pull the sled and hunting. It is robust, with well developed muscles and bones.
    The Yakutian Laika is bold, Extrovert, Active, friendly and sociable, an excellent companion but needs freedom, space and is very happy the cold climates.

    Character and skills

    Dogs Yakutian Laika, they live outdoors all year round, in the summer cavan pits in the Earth to keep fresh, or looking for the water trying to get rid of mosquitoes. In winter, They also tend to dig, they seek shelter, hiding under the snow.

    Good nutrition and training of Yakutian Laika for transport has always been a main activity of the fishing population.

    They are very smart dogs, with a prodigious sense of smell and an exaggerated sense of direction, It replaces a compass, prodigious hearing and sight.

    All those added to his highly developed survival instinct, they are that they are able to travel in a snow storm, mist, on dark nights and foggy, and find the nearest shelter, If they have been once, enough to register it in your memory. And we think that we are talking about a desert snow, no points of referencia…

    Exercises with “Yakutian Laika”

    The Yakutian Laika it is a sled dog with a well defined prey. The breed thrives on regular exercise and sufficient training. With a medium-high energy level, they love to run alongside a bicycle, do sled or tackle races, or play pickup in the yard. They play well with other dogs they are familiar with., but they distrust dogs and strange people. Usually, heat up quickly, but supervision is a good idea in new situations. The Yakutian Laika they are not suitable for people who cannot spend time with their dogs.

    Training “Yakutian Laika”

    Train him Yakutian Laika It is quite a pleasant and easy task thanks to his docile nature and sharp intelligence. This dog has a strong penchant for independent thinking, so you will not follow the trainer's orders unless you fully trust him. Pulling a sled is an innate talent of this breed, and does not need much training in this regard.

    The Yakutian Laika seek leadership and human guidance, but does not respond well to corrective training techniques. Work more enthusiastically if the learning process is based on positive reinforcement and tasty treats. Like any other dog, the Yakutian Laika must learn certain rules and norms of decent behavior in human society, so elemental obedience training is imperative.


    The Yakutian Laika experiences a seasonal shedding that can get out of control if not brushed regularly. Generally, should be brushed weekly to avoid tangles and matting. When a lot comes off, it is a good idea to brush it every day to prevent the hair from sticking to everything. Use a bristle brush and metal comb when brushing. A tousler or detangler can make your job a little easier too. Since the Yakutian Laika he's a working dog, no need to over-trim their fur. Trim between your foot pads to prevent snow, ice and other debris build up and cause irritation. Their fur naturally repels dirt and is odorless, so the bath should only be done two or three times a year. Trim your nails when necessary, usually every two to three weeks. Clean your ears every week as part of your grooming routine.

    Videos “Yakutian Laika”


  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 1 Nordic Sledge Dogs.
    • AKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs

    FCI breed standard “Yakutian Laika”

    FCIFCI – “Yakutian Laika”
    Laika of Yakutia FCI
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