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Great-billed Parrot
Tanygnathus megalorynchos

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Great-billed Parrot




33 to 43 cm.. length and an approximate weight of 260 g..

The Great-billed Parrot (Tanygnathus megalorynchos) It has a bright green head. Green mantle with narrow blue stripes to the feathers of the back; pale blue rump; coverts underwings light green.

Scapulars black bordered of blue-green; less black on the inner wing coverts, the blue-green external; medium black coverts, with yellow margins in both bands: large blue-green coverts with yellow margins.

Secondary green with thin yellow margins; primary heavily drenched blue in vane external with a gradient through the greenish or blackish blue in the vane inner. The wings and bright yellow axillary feathers; lower part of flight feathers black gray, the inner most dyed yellow.

The underparts, greenish yellow, greener-tinged in the belly, the coverts and thighs undertail. Upper, green tail with yellow tips; at the bottom I light brown with orange tips.

Billed red; iris yellow ; black legs.

Males and the females similar.

Young with beaming less variegated in wings.


List of subspecies Tanygnathus megalorynchos
  • Tanygnathus Megalorynchos Affinis

    (Wallace, 1863) – The head with light bluish hue and chest and abdomen much more green, bend of the blue wing. More green in general.

  • Tanygnathus Megalorynchos Djampeae

    (Hartert, 1924) – Chest and abdomen pale green, the secondary feathers of the coverts bluish green with bordered Straits.

  • Tanygnathus Megalorynchos Floris

    (Hartert, 1924) – Chest and abdomen pale green, the lower part of the back blue is more dark.

  • Tanygnathus Megalorynchos Hellmayri

    (Mayr, 1944) – It is more small, more green by the chest and abdomen while the head is yellowish-green. Practically has tones of blue and on the wings has little black color. In females it just black coloration in the wings.

  • Tanygnathus Megalorynchos Subaffinis

    (PL Sclater, 1883) – Face with slight bluish hue, more green in general and below the back and rump area, light blue-green hue.

  • Tanygnathus Megalorynchos Sumbensis

    (AB Meyer, 1882) – It is more large, with much more blue and blue more dark in the lower area of the back.

  • Tanygnathus Megalorync Viridipennis

    (Hartert, 1903) – The primary feathers of green wings, and in some cases also the secondary.


Great-billed Parrot

The Great-billed Parrot is distributed mainly primary lowland forests, as well as in secondary and coastal forests, mangroves, cultivated areas, gardens and plantations up to 1.000 meters above sea level. The birds regularly travel between the smaller islands and make daily flights between roosts and areas of foraging, calling the attention with its loud cries in flight as a time to settle to rest.

They normally gather in small groups of up to a dozen individuals in search of food., usually fruits and nuts, and commonly throw the remains of from the trees where they feed, since they discard unwanted elements.


Nesting has been recorded between August and December, Noting a nest in the hollow of a mature tree in the forest at a height of some 30 m.


The fruit of the Sonneratia alba, as well Canarium vulgare and casuarinas.


Widely but unevenly distributed across Nusa Tenggara, the Moluccas and Islands to the West of papua. The range includes the following Islands: Sumba, Timor (West end) and adjacent Semau , Flowers, Madu, Kalaotowa, Kalao, Tanahjampea, the Group Tukangbesi to the southwest of Sulawesi, Damar, Babar, the Group Tanimbar, Seram, Haruku, Buru, OBI, Bacan, Kayoa, Halmahera, Makian, Moti, Ternate, Ternate, Morotai, Mayu, islets to the North of Sulawesi and the Group Togian to the East of Sulawesi, Sangir and groups Talaud, Widi, Muor, give, Waigeo, Batanta, Salawati and Misool. The nominal race seems to have been introduced in Balut at the southern end of Mindanao, Philippines. Occasional records in Java and Bali they are probably leaks, but the birds on the Mainland of New Guinea they may be wandering genuine, probably from the small islands of the West Group of papua. The species is quite common, but you might be getting some local decreases as a result of trade and habitat loss. The world population is estimated at more of 100.000 birds.


Distribution of subspecies Tanygnathus megalorynchos
  • Tanygnathus Megalorynchos Affinis

    (Wallace, 1863) – South of Moluccas

  • Tanygnathus Megalorynchos Djampeae

    (Hartert, 1924) – Islands Tanahjampea and Kalao, South of Sulawesi

  • Tanygnathus Megalorynchos Floris

    (Hartert, 1924) – Islands Flowers and Lesser Sunda.

  • Tanygnathus Megalorynchos Hellmayri

    (Mayr, 1944) – Southwest of the Islands Timor, Semau and Roti.

  • Tanygnathus Megalorynchos Subaffinis

    (PL Sclater, 1883) – Tanimbar Islands, and Babar Islands.

  • Tanygnathus Megalorynchos Sumbensis

    (AB Meyer, 1882) – Islands Sumba and Lesser Sunda.

  • Tanygnathus Megalorync Viridipennis

    (Hartert, 1903) – Islands Kalaotowa and Madu, South of Sulawesi.



• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Decreasing

The world population is estimated at more of 100.000 birds.

This species has a very large range, and therefore not approaching the thresholds for Vulnerable according to the range size criterion.

The population is suspected to be declining due to the destruction of habitat in course and unsustainable levels of exploitation.

"Great-billed Parrot" in captivity:

Quiet, little shrill, don't like to be touched.
Rare in captivity.

Alternative names:

Great-billed Parrot, Great billed Parrot, Island Parrot, Large-billed Parrot, Moluccan Parrot (ingles).
Perruche à bec de sang, Perruche à gros bec (French).
Schwarzschulterpapagei, Schwarzschulter-Papagei (German).
Tanygnathus megalorynchos (Portuguese).
Loro de Pico Grueso, Loro Picogordo, Loro Picogoro (español).

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Tanygnathus
Scientific name: Tanygnathus megalorynchos
Citation: (Boddaert, 1783)
Protonimo: Psittacus megalorynchos

Images “Great-billed Parrot”

Videos "Great-billed Parrot"


“Great-billed Parrot” (Tanygnathus megalorynchos)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– Loromania
– Birdlife


(1) – By TJ Lin (originally posted to Flickr as photo 1445) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons from Wikimedia Commons – Wikimedia
(2) – By TJ Lin (originally posted to Flickr as great-billed parrot) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – “Tanygnathus megalorynchos-two in captivity-8a” by TJ Lin – originally posted to Flickr as photo 1466. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(4) – «Tanygnathus megalorynchos-captivity-8a" for TJ Lin – originally posted to Flickr as great-billed parrot. Disponible bajo la licencia CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(5) – A bird in flight by James Eaton – Lynx
(6) – “Tanygnathus megalorynchos – Barraband“. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.

Sounds: Mike Catsis (Xeno-canto)

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