Olive-shouldered Parrot
Aprosmictus jonquillaceus

Olive-shouldered Parrot

35 cm.. length and 130 g. of weight.

The Olive-shouldered Parrot (Aprosmictus jonquillaceus) has the head bright pale green. Mantle and back darker green color that the of the head and underparts, showing a blue diffusion; rump bright teal pale. Uppertail brighter yellowish green.

Upper, the wing feathers with small coverts fused in color yellow-green; Blue dark greenish in the curve of the wings; outer median coverts bright Scarlet, feathers interiors lit of color green yellowish with a bit of red in the tips. Large external coverts scarlet, feathers interiors light green, some showing red ends; some feathers turquoise green on the edge of the Carpus; primary coverts Green with broadcasting blue at the tips of the vane outer; secondary green medium, primaries medium green with blue diffusion in the coats of the feathers outermost. Wing feathers brighter yellowish green; underside of flight feather black. The underparts light green, more yellowish in them the thighs and undertail-coverts. Upper, the tail of color green dark with edges of color yellow, and with vane yellowish external to the lateral feathers; undertail, the tail of color Brown blackish with tips yellow, and with yellowish diffusion in vane outside of lateral feathers.

Bill orange red, with yellow tip; irises orange: legs Blackish grey.

The female lacks of the broadcast Blue in the the mantle, shows less contrast between the head and the the mantle, limb yellowish to them greater coverts red, and have them irises more Brown.

Immature has green, No greenish-yellow, in the wing-coverts and irises of Brown pale.

  • Sound of the Olive-shouldered Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Papagayo of Timor.mp3]

Subspecies description

  • Aprosmictus jonquillaceus wetterensis

    (Salvadori, 1891) – The male as the nominal but the coverts wing lower and Middle are of color green washed with yellow; the mantle and top of the back pale green, with less blue markings; less red on the outer half and the secondary wings covers; smaller.

    The female is like the female of the nominal species, but the uppertail-coverts darker green; slightly smaller in size.

    The youth as the youth of the nominal species, but with the uppertail-coverts darker green; smaller.

  • Aprosmictus jonquillaceus jonquillaceus

    (Vieillot, 1818) – The nominal


In Timor the species is found in forests, acacia savannas, primary and secondary forest, from sea level to the 2.200 m (2.600 meters altitude extreme). In Wetar, observed in 1990 in recently logged forests, near the coast.

The ecology of the species is probably similar to the of the Red-winged Parrot, but it is not well known; observations of birds that fly involve couples and small flocks. A couple allowed a closer approach, observing her in silence to three meters high in a big tree.


Their reproductive habits are unknown, probably similar to the of the Red-winged Parrot.


Probably similar to the of the Red-winged Parrot: seeds, fruit, flowers and insects; in the mangroves, the mistletoe is your favorite food.


Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 28.500 km2

Endemic and fairly common in Timor (for example, about Camplong, Kupang, Lelogama, Mutis and Dili), Wetar and Roti.

The world population is estimated at around 10.000 specimens and it is probably stable, but as the species the majority of parrots from Indonesia is vulnerable to capture and habitat loss. A number of moderate in captivity.

Distribution of subspecies:


• Current IUCN Red list category: Near threatened

• Population trend: Decreasing

The total population has been estimated at 10,000 individuals (Lambert et to the., 1993), probably including mature individuals 6,700.

The population is suspected that it may be declining due to the continuous destruction of the habitat and unsustainable levels of exploitation.

Ongoing conservation actions

Appendix II of CITES. Quotas were imposed during the Decade zero of 1990 While there was uncertainty about the total size of the population, but these are not met.

Conservation Actions Proposed

• Review estimates of the population of the species and review the impact of the trade in their numbers.
• Determine if the decreases are still evident.
• Protect areas of suitable habitat.

Parrotfish Timor in captivity:

Game, with low noise level, aggressive with other birds. You can require deworming.

Very rare in captivity

Alternative names:

Olive-shouldered Parrot, Jonquil Parrot, Olive shouldered Parrot, Timor Parrot, Timor Red-winged Parrot (English).
Perruche jonquille (French).
Timorsittich, Timor Sittich (German).
Periquito-de-asa-vermelha-de-timor (Portuguese).
Papagayo de Timor (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Aprosmictus
Scientific name: Aprosmictus jonquillaceus
Citation: (Vieillot, 1818)
Protonimo: Psittacus jonquillaceus


Olive-shouldered Parrot (Aprosmictus jonquillaceus)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr


(1) – Aprosmictus Jonquillaceus – LoroMania

Sounds: Mike Nelson (Xeno-canto)

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