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Red-capped Parrot
Purpureicephalus spurius

Red-capped Parrot




36 cm.. length and a weight between 105 and 156 g..

The Red-capped Parrot (Psittacus erithacus) has the top of the “crown” and nape deep carmine red. The throat and cheeks are yellowish-green, merging slightly yellow on the sides of neck. The the mantle shows a dark green. The rump is bright yellow, which contrasts with the uppertail-coverts green. The wings covers are green, although large coberteras stain blue in the outer feathers.

The flight feather They are blackish with a large dark blue border around the outside edges of the primaries. The underparts is blue, with the exception of the flight feather that are black. The feathers of the chest and the abdomen they are blue-purple, becoming paler in area anal.

The the thighs and lower area of the tail They have a beautiful red. The undersides They have infiltrated some green feathers. Large central feathers tail They are green at the base, and bluish to the tip. side feathers tail They are dark at the base but gradually diluted colors light blue in the middle and then to white at the tips. The bottom of the tail It is pale blue with a white termination.

The bill, formed by a upper jaw more elongated, is bluish grey. The irises is of color Brown dark and the legs brown.

The female is more off than your partner. It has a crown green and chest brown. It shows a clear cross bar at the bottom of the wings, the level of flight feather. This motif is also present in the immature.

The immature they have the upperparts dark green and yellow rump duller than in adults. The the thighs They are less bright red colo. The chest It is browner. The forecrown It is covered with red feathers that are part, in small scattered groups, red feathers crown. The adult plumage It is acquired largely during the first molt and subsequently completed in the first spring.


Red-capped Parrot

Paired adults are sedentary, Although noisy flocks of up to 20 young birds are often seen wandering in search of food.

The Red-capped Parrot they have a preference for the eucalyptus forest and specialized to feed on seeds MARRI since its elongated upper jaw is adapted to eating the large seeds of the plant. The Fruit Marri they are available throughout the year and provide the source of staple food. The Red-capped Parrot they can also be observed in gardens (where sometimes cause serious damage), peoples, wooded pastures and forest of mallee (Eucalyptus Gracilis), feeding also on strips of grass covering the roads.

Couples remain inconspicuous, While quietly feeding in the canopy, during most of the day, Although they sometimes perch on Earth, in the clear, to feed on fallen fruit.


The nesting season is between between August and December.

During the courtship, the male raises its crest, the tail, It tilts its wings and emits loud calls. The ritual offerings of food are also common, feeding the male to his partner during the incubation period.

The spawning usually includes 5 eggs, but may vary from 3 to 9. These are white. The eggs are deposited on a layer of sawdust that lines the bottom of a natural cavity of a eucalyptus marri, to a great height above the ground.

The incubation lasts a few 20 days. The male does not participate in feeding youngsters until they reach the age of 15 days. The flight of the young occurs approximately 5 weeks after hatching. The young remain in the family group for a short time after leaving the nest.


Apart from MARRI, These birds also feed on other eucalyptus, for example, Jarrah (Eucalyptus marginata), casuarinas, (Grevillea, Hakea), and they have also been feeding on flowers and insects.


Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 126.000 km2

Confined to the southwest corner of Western Australia. The species is distributed around the Moore river to the North of Perth (occasionally in Dandaragan), through the leafy South-West corner, usually within 100 km from the coast, reaching the inside of Lake Grace in the East and Esperance on the South Coast. The Red-capped Parrot they are regularly observed in the outskirts of Perth, and are reproduced in the King’s Park in the center of the city. The species is common, especially in the forests of MARRI (eucalyptus calphylla).

The world's population is believed to be above 20.000.

Moderate numbers in captivity. Can be shot like a plague in a small number of areas.



• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern

• Population Trend: Growing

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, Although the world's population is estimated at more of 20 000 specimens.
The species is described as quite common (pit et to the. 1997).

The number of captive birds It seems to be quite modest. In some areas, This bird has no protection and can be shot down if it enters an area of intensive growth. Even so, the population It is suspected that You may be increasing.

As the degradation of the habitat is permanent, new areas of suitable habitat are being created.

"Red-capped Parrot" in captivity:

It is a bird shy and nervous. They should not be housed with aggressive species. They can be noisy especially early, in the morning.
Not common in captivity.

Una muestra vivió 15,3 years in captivity. In captivity, these animals have been able to play to the 2 years of age approximately.

Alternative names:

Red-capped Parrot, Hookbill, King Parrot, Pileated Parakeet, Pileated Parrot, Purple-crowned Parrot, Red capped Parrot, Red-capped Parakeet, Western Australian King Parrot, Western Gray Parrot, Western Grey Parrot, Western King Parrot (ingles).
Perruche à tête pourpre (French).
Kappensittich, Rotkappensittich (German).
Periquito-cabeça-púrpura (Portuguese).
Perico Capelo, Periquito de Birrete Rojo (español).

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Purpureicephalus
Scientific name: Purpureicephalus spurius
Citation: (Kuhl, 1820)
Protonimo: parrot champion

Images “Red-capped Parrot”:

Videos "Red-capped Parrot"


“Red-capped Parrot” (Purpureicephalus spurius)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– AnAge: The Animal Ageing and Longevity Database – Anagé entry for Purpureicephalus spurius


(1) – “Red-Capped-Parrot 0004 flat web“. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.5 via Wikimedia Commons.
(2) – A juvenile Red-capped Parrot at Earls Golf Club, Perth, Western Australia, Australia By Michael MK Khor [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – By Bill & Mark Bell – Flickr
(4) – By Bill & Mark Bell – Flickr
(5) – By Ralph Green – Red-capped Parrot juvenile – Flickr
(6) – Edward Lear [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Randy Moore (Xeno-canto)

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