Cockatiel
Nymphicus hollandicus


Cacatúa Ninfa

Content

Description

25-33 cm.. length and a weight between 80 and 100 grams approximately.

This small cockatoo is no doubt an of the bird's cage more common in the world.

Distribucion Nymphicus hollandicus

The Cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus) adult has the head and the basis of the crest yellow.

Stain handset is orange, paler on the back.
The neck and the long crest feathers are grey.
The upperparts are of color grey Pearl dark.
The wings are grey, but exhibit a white color in the covered and sides.
The underparts are a grey clear.
The tail It varies from grey to dark grey, the base of the tail is paler.
The bill is grey, the irises dark brown.
The legs are grey-brown.

The female presents the stain handset duller, the tuft is less developed, In addition instead of the yellow, the head presents a yellowish grey with yellow dirty envelope the forecrown and a vaguely colorless gray general staining and staining is generally less intense.

The immature are much similar to the females, but have the tail shorter.

We find Pearl specimens in captivity, White, Gray and lutinos.

Habitat:

The Cockatiel they live in a wide variety of habitats, including open forests, small Acacia woodlands bordering rivers and even sections of Spinifex (Triodia) they are perennial and grow in semi-arid regions.

Also found in farmland, in the stubble and the orchards, as well as in the Plains and along the highways.

In dry areas are observed in pairs or in groups of up to 100 individuals.

When feed, the groups contain an average of 27 Member. However, We have already seen demonstrations of almost 1.000 birds near landfills containing vegetable remainders of the rice milling.

Near the points of water, the Cockatiel are often associated with the Budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus).

Estas cockatoos they eat two times a day: In the morning, shortly after the Sun, consuming around 2,72 grams of plant material. At night, about an hour and a half before the night, eating around a mass of 4,25 g., It is almost 7 grams for the day.

Are great travellers.
Outside of the nesting season, they form large gatherings around the planting of cereals.
As they feed on seeds, These birds need water in times of drought, sometimes bands come to the coast.

All these movements are quite unpredictable, since they are related to the weather conditions and the State of the food resources. However, in the South of the continent, migrations are more regular: the birds come to nest during the austral spring and usually go away early in the new year.

Are gregarious and very social, so they need a wide repertoire of calls to communicate or express their feelings. They have a great power to imitate other birds.

Reproduction:

In the North, the reproduction is carried out between April and July, While in the South occurs in general from August to December.
The nest It lies in a hollow tree whose bottom is padded with sawdust shavings. Most of the times, the nesting site is placed near a source of water in which poultry cooled daily.

The spawning has between 3 and 7 eggs they are incubated alternately by both parents for a few 20 days. 4 eggs are a normal litter. There will be several broods during the season. At birth, the chicks have a thick down comforter yellow. They receive their food mainly in the morning and in the evening.

Chicks they leave the nest After 3 to 4 weeks, but they remain within the family group, Depending on their parents for 1 month. After this time, they join large flocks that roam in search of food.

Food:

Consume a wide variety of small seeds He collected soil, including the cultivated fields of sorghum and sunflower. When they are abundant, local seed varieties are generally preferred to the seeds that come from crops.

Distribution:

Endemic to Australia. Its area of distribution covers the vast majority of the continent, except the coastal wetlands. Also absent from the Cape York Peninsula, districts located more to the South in winter and areas located more to the North in the summer.

After heavy rainfall, large meetings can be installed in the center of the country where they are, usually, absent.

Conservation:

– Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern.

– The population trend: Stable

This bird is very common and extended throughout the area. Probably its population grows, It has benefited from the facilities and artificial reservoirs for the development of agriculture.

Its population It is estimated in around a million of birds. The birds that sought to be introduced in the United States they have failed in their attempts to establish themselves in the wild.

In Australia, These small cockatoos are often persecuted as pests for agriculture.

Ninfa cockatoo in captivity:

The Nymphs or Carolinas they are highly prized birds as pets by its docile nature and for being less demanding than the larger parrots. The nymphs they are perfectly suited to life in the home, they are easy to care for and if you homeschool them from small become companions adorable and very affectionate.

They generally live in pairs or in colonies, so it is very common to mate them, to enjoy with the birth of the offspring and its development.

They usually enjoy sharing their time with people and rather stick to their owners, Each bird has its personality, so you don't like all that take them into your hands. Males can sing and learn to mimic a few words, but they are much better to imitating sounds, as melodies, sirens or other birds singing. Females vocalize much less but tend to also be more caring.

The nymphs are birds Smart, of friendly character and practically does not present problems of behaviour. They are easily adapted to family life and learn to interact and communicate with people who love. If you've decided to adopt one of these cute birds, be sure to dedicate time to your workout to get to have a great pet. This will help you create a strong emotional bond between you and you will also keep it entertaining, mentally active, healthy and happy.

Alternative names:

Cockatiel, Cockatoo Parrot, Crested Parrot, Quarrion, Weero (English).
Calopsitte élégante, Perruche calopsitte (French).
Nymphensittich (German).
Cocatiel (Portuguese).
Cacatúa Ninfa, Carolina, Ninfa (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cockatoo
Scientific name: Nymphicus hollandicus
Genus: Nymphicus
Citation: (Kerr, 1792)
Protonimo: Psittacus hollandicus

Cockatiel mages:

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Cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus)

Sources:
Avibase, elblogdemaskota
Photos: commons.wikimedia.org, huffingtonpost.com, optusnet.com.au, cockateil.NET, galleryhip.com
Sounds: Marc Anderson (Xeno-canto)

Philippine cockatoo
Cacatua haematuropygia

Cacatúa Filipina


Description

It measures 31 cm. and weighs around 300 g..

To the Philippine cockatoo (Cacatua haematuropygia) It is called locally Katala.

Its plumage is a beautiful white with the exception of the feathers of the crest they are yellow or pink on its base and the bottom of the tail and wings they are yellow and Red.

The bill is a grayish-white color, and males has irises dark brown, While the of the female are brown-red color.

  • Sound of the Philippine cockatoo.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cacatua Filipina.mp3]

Habitat:

Is restricted to lowland not more than 50 meters above the sea level, in the rivers or adjacent thereto, and in coastal mangrove areas.

Outside the breeding season (March to June, and, times, from February to August), frequent crops corn and rice. This depends on the station where foods are grown and have the available resources, being partially nomadic.

These birds can fly from their island to the adjacent if they are not more than a few 8 km. distance.

Reproduction:

breeding season between February and June. Of one to three eggs they are placed on a nest on a tree branch. The eggs are hatch for a few 28 days, and the chicks remain in the nest for nine to ten weeks after the hatching.

Food:

Feed of seeds, vegetables, fruits and berries.
They are known for attacking crops of maize in agricultural areas.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 22.700 km2

This cockatoo is endemic in Philippines, and the sole representative of cockatoos found there; This has become a treasure of these islands.

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Danger critic.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

• Population size: 370-770 mature individuals.

In Palawan the capture of the cockatoos to the international illegal trade is particularly serious, something which is reflected in the high price of these birds ($ 160 Americans in Manila in 1997); to have been looted all the visible nests each time the price is higher because it costs more to catch them.

The deforestation and the destruction of mangroves they have been extensive in its range of occupation and has significantly contributed to its decline.

It is also hunted and hunted for consumption as food.
The release of captive birds can introduce diseases into wild populations.

Conservation Actions Proposed:

    • Perform surveys in all them islands of range to assess the size of the population of the species and the distribution.
    • Monitor population trends.
    • Monitor the rates of loss and degradation of habitat.
    • Quantify levels of capture, persecution and trade.
    • Designating more protected areas (for example Tawi-Tawi and towns in or near Palawan).
    • To support the proposed expansion of the The Puerto Princesa subterranean River National Park.
    • Prevent destruction of mangroves.
    • Promote economically viable alternatives to prevent catches of this cockatoo.
    • Continuing education programs and captive breeding programs.
    • Establish personnel at airports and ferry terminals to control the output of copies.
    • Conduct translocations of animals to suitable areas as lowlands or mangrove forests.

Loro Parque Foundation It has warned of the risk of extinction that runs the Philippine cockatoo by the construction of a power plant in Palawan, an island province of Philippines in the region of Western Visayas.

This Spanish NGO has invested 1,3 millions of dollars and more than 14 years of work in this cockatoo recovery project, and fears that with the construction of this station, the less than 1.000 specimens remaining in the world could electrocution with high voltage lines, In addition to being blocked their migration in search of food.

See more in: (20minutes)

Philippine cockatoo in captivity:

Very rare in captivity, Fortunately.

Alternative names:

Philippine Cockatoo, Philippine Islands Cockatoo, Red-vented cackatoo, Red-vented Cockatoo (English).
Cacatoès des Philippines (French).
Rotsteißkakadu (German).
Catatua-filipina (Portuguese).
Cacatúa Filipina, Cacatúa Malaya (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cockatoo
Genus: Cockatoo
Scientific name: Cacatua haematuropygia
Citation: (Statius Müller, 1776)
Protonimo: Psittacus haematuropygius

Philippine cockatoo pictures:

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Philippine cockatoo (Cacatua haematuropygia)

Sources:

Avibase, BirdLife.org

– Photos: Kim Arveen homeland, © Laender Benedict, Wikimedia.

– Sounds: Frank Lambert (Xeno-canto)

Tanimbar cockatoo
Cacatua goffiniana

Cacatua de las Tanimbar

Description

31 to 32 cm.. length and a weight of just 300 g..

The Tanimbar cockatoo (Cacatua goffiniana), like all family members Cockatoo, is a species crestada, meaning it has a collection of feathers on its head which can go up or down at will; his body is covered with white feathers with some feathers or salmon pink between bill and eyes.

The deepest parts of the feathers of the crest and of the neck They are also the pink, but the color is hidden by the white color of the more superficial. The bottom of its wings and feathers of the tail They have a yellowish hue. The bill It is pale gray and eyes ranging from brown to black.

There is a clear sexual dimorphism and, often, merge with the Little Corella (Cacatua sanguinea) due to their similar appearance.

  • Sound of the Tanimbar cockatoo.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cacatua of Tanimbar.mp3]

Habitat:

Riparian forests, thickets of acacias and eucalyptus with short grass or pasture with scattered groups of trees.

Reproduction:

The start is two to three eggs, generally deposited in the hollow of a tree. The incubation, that is shared by two birds, lasts a few 30 days. The chicks they leave the nest about ten weeks after hatching, and parental feeding continues for other weeks.

Food:

Dried fruits, fruit, berries, flowers, roots, bulbs, egg yolks, sprouts, and insects

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 9.100 km2

The the Tanimbar cockatoo It is a species of cockatoo endemic forests Yamdena, Larat and Selaru, all the islands of the Tanimbar Islands of Indonesia. This species has been introduced in the Kai Islands, Indonesia, Puerto Rico and Mexico.

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Near-threatened.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

In the Decade of 1970, Japanese loggers ravaged the Islands. Many birds were stunned and disoriented and were captured for pet trade. Although many died from stress during transport, There is still some hope after this ecological disaster, as many cockatoos got played on programs captive breeding. Therefore, There are now more specimens in captivity than in the wild.

This species has a range very small, but its population is severely fragmented or restricted to a few places. Despite suffering from the pressure of his capture, seems to have maintained a large population. However, the degradation of the habitat, trapping and continuous persecution is likely to be causing a moderate reduction of the population. Therefore it is classified as Near-threatened.

There is a conservation plan in endemic parrots Tanimbar Islands, Indonesia, funded by LORO PARQUE FOUNDATION

The Tanimbar cockatoo in captivity:

You can show a fearful beginning, but you quickly get used to their caregiver, becoming a cockatoo very sweet, playful, sometimes inquisitive and very active. Enjoy being observed, being the center of the world, like all cockatoos. His cry is not nice, but it forgives this little cockatoo everything quickly since his antics and bad manners will surprise us and make us laugh.

Has the continuing need to fly so you need a large space.

Curiosities:

A Tanimbar cockatoo, without previous training, open five types different locks:

The amazing mechanical intelligence of the the Tanimbar cockatoo

Alternative names:

Tanimbar Cockatoo, Goffin’s cackatoo, Goffin’s Cockatoo, Tanimbar Corella (English).
Cacatoès de Goffin (French).
Goffinkakadu, Goffin-Kakadu (German).
Cacatua-de-goffin (Portuguese).
Cacatúa de las Tanimbar, Cacatúa de Tanimbar (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cockatoo
Genus: Cockatoo
Scientific name: Cacatua goffiniana
Citation: Roselaar,CS & Michaels, 2004
Protonimo: Cacatua goffiniana

Images of the Tanimbar cockatoo:


Tanimbar cockatoo (Cacatua goffiniana)

Sources:
Avibase, BirdLife.org, faunadex
– Photos: sciencio.com, Marah09013 (Wikipedia),
– Sounds: Frank Lambert (Xeno-canto)

Little Corella
Cacatua sanguinea


Cacatua sanguinea

Description

It measures 35-40 cm.. and weighs approximately 500 g..

In the Little Corella (Cacatua sanguinea), the head and crest (most of the time remains low) are white. The pink base of the feathers are almost completely hidden and yet barely visible small flakes in the cheeks.

Dissemination of salmon-rosa color to the area around the eyes. The upperparts and coverts of the wing are white. There is a remarkable spread of yellow color on the bottom of the flight feather and of the tail.

The bill is grayish white. The skin nude around the eyes is blue grey. The irises is dark brown, the legs grey.

Both sexes are identical in all aspects, including the color of the irises.

The immature have a look more white and the skin of the periphery eyepiece less prominent.

  • Sound of the Little Corella.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cacatua sanguinea.mp3]
Subspecies description
  • Cacatua sanguinea gymnopis

    (Sclater,PL, 1871) – Features with more naranja-rosa around them eyes and in the bases of the feathers of the head, neck and top of the chest. Its orbital skin is darker.

  • Cacatua sanguinea normantoni

    (Mathews, 1917) – Is smaller.

  • Cacatua sanguinea sanguinea

    (Gould, 1843) –

  • Nominal.

  • Cacatua sanguinea transfreta

    (Mees, 1982) – Displays below the wings and tail infiltrations slightly yellow pulling a Brown.

  • Cacatua sanguinea westralensis

    (Mathews, 1917) – It has bright orange-red colors around the eyes and the bases of feathers, also in the the mantle and in the part inferior of the abdomen.

Habitat:

It nests in the forest riparian bordering to them pastures permanent and lands of cultivation. In the breeding season, they can be found in a wide variety of habitats, including areas of acacias and eucalyptus bushes of short grass or pasture with groups of scattered trees. During this period, they are also present in the rice fields, cane extensions, areas of shrubs, at the edges of mangrove areas, in the pastures for horses, on roads and gardens on the outskirts of cities.

Behavior:

The Little Corellas they often form large gatherings in crops and pastures.

Out of it breeding season, It is not uncommon to see flocks of up to 70.000 birds.
At night they fly to their bedrooms, located near the water.

Early in the morning, they drink before heading to the feeding sites often many kilometres from the bedroom.
During the hottest hours of the day they seek refuge in the shade of the leaves.

Reproduction:

In Australia they can be played back in any month of the year, When are conditions good. However, the nesting seems to be further developed early in the North (from May to October) and in the Southeast (August-December).

In Queensland, the implementation is carried out mainly from December to April and from July to October. Reproduction is strongly influenced by climate, usually begins 2 or 3 months after the end of the rainy season in northern districts.

There may be two or three broods per season. Couple ties are very strong and seem to last for life. They are loyal to the same nesting sites year after year. The nest is usually placed in a eucalyptus (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) between 3 and 10 meters above the ground.

The cavity is approximately one meter in depth. It is fairly easy to detect since crust is often removed around inlet. They also nest in the cliffs or termite mounds.

They put 2-4 eggs in a bed made from chips of wood that is replaced each year.

In general, two chicks manage to break the shell after 25 days. They remain in the nest for nine weeks, After this take off.

Food:

It has a diet mainly vegetarian. Feed of seeds you are in the trees of the genus EMEX, green areas or fields of melon (Cucumis myriocarpus). They also eat nuts, fruit, berries, flowers, roots, bulbs, outbreaks as well as insects and larvae.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 5.300.000 km2

The Little Corella lives in New Guinea and Australia. In Australia, We found in the Northwest, on the plateau of Kimberley and Arnhem in the this of the Cape York Peninsula. They are absent from the coast this and all the part Southwest.

Distribution of subspecies
  • Cacatua sanguinea gymnopis

    (Sclater,PL, 1871) – Within the Centre and it's Australia.

  • Cacatua sanguinea normantoni

    (Mathews, 1917) – To the West of the Peninsula of the Cape York

  • Cacatua sanguinea sanguinea

    (Gould, 1843) –

  • Nominal.

  • Cacatua sanguinea transfreta

    (Mees, 1982) – Plain to the South of New Guinea.

  • Cacatua sanguinea westralensis

    (Mathews, 1917) – Basin of the Murchison River, Western Australia.

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern.

• Population trend: Growing.

Its population is estimated at more than 1 million of birds and it believes that is in constant increase, especially in the South of Australia.

Its growth and expansion depends on the development of agriculture and the availability of artificial reservoirs. It is a Bird protected, except in the the Australia South. In this last area, the landowners are allowed to kill birds to prevent the formation of large destructive meetings for crops.

Blood cockatoo in captivity:

The Australian poultry to the Blood cockatoo is it considered common.
They are very docile and Welcome to as pets, but you must pay them attention.

Alternative names:

Little Corella, Bare-eyed Cockatoo, Bare-eyed Corella, Blood-stained Cockatoo, Blue-eyed Cockatoo, Corella, Dampier’s Corella, Little Cockatoo, Short-billed Cockatoo, Short-billed Corella (English).
Cacatoès corella, Cacatoès à oeil nu (French).
Nacktaugenkakadu (German).
Cacatua-corella-pequena (Portuguese).
Cacatúa Sanguínea (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cockatoo
Genus: Cockatoo
Scientific name: Cacatua sanguinea
Citation: Gould, 1843
Protonimo: Cacatua sanguinea

Images Little Corella:

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Little Corella (Cacatua sanguinea)

Sources:
Avibase
– Photos: Wikipedia, John H. Boyd, murrundi.org
– Sounds: Nigel Jackett (Xeno-canto)

Western Corella
Cacatua pastinator

Cacatúa Cavadora

Description

The Western Corella (Cacatua pastinator) It is a medium sized and quite chunky cockatoo; 43-48 cm.. in length and a weight ranging from 560 and 815 gr.

Mostly white with a wash of red orange color in prominent lores, a strong washing yellow at the bottom of the wings and tail, orbital ring blue-gray; bill pale grey, and legs and feet grey.

In addition, the feathers of the head, the neck and the chest have bases red orange that, Although normally hidden, they may be exposed during the Act of grooming or stands by the wind.

The male and female look the same.

The immature They are very similar to adult birds, but they can be distinguished when viewed up close; the texture Nonsquamous bill, washing pale yellow in ear-coverts, the upper mandible shorter and pale and bare periophthalmic less pronounced.

Description 2 subspecies

  • Cacatua pastinator derbyi

    (Mathews, 1916) – Significantly smaller and with a bill shorter.

  • Cacatua pastinator pastinator

    (Gould, 1841) – Nominal.

Habitat:

The Habitat of the Western Corella seems very fragmented. Much of the original habitat has been lost due to logging, the dieback of the field due to processes as soil salinization and degradation.

the Western Corella It is now confined to small remnants of their former habitat, including trees isolated in areas cleared of native vegetation. It has been able to persist in small remnants of habitat from agricultural regions since these regions provide permanent water and a plentiful supply of food, but many of these areas are now being converted into plantations Eucalytpus globulus or vegetable crops, which are not suitable for this species.

Reproduction:

The breeding season, generally, It covers the months from September to November.
It lays its eggs in rotten wood or at the base of a hollow wood dust, or hole in a dead tree trunk, especially eucalyptus (Corymbia calophylla and Eucalyptus marginata).

Couples can use a different tree hole breeding every year or can use the same space for a maximum of three consecutive seasons.

The clutches They consist of a four white eggs are incubated for a period of 26 to 29 days.
The role of parents in the incubation of the eggs and the care of young people has not been registered, but it is likely that both parents hatch the eggs and feed the young.

The incipient period and the period of independence It is not registered, but it is likely that the young remain in the nest during 53 to 67 days and are independent three months after leaving the nest.

The survival rates adult and immature birds are unknown, but the younger, they probably die until they are able to reproduce.

Food:

It feeds mainly from seeds but also takes insect larvae, bulbs, tubers, fruits and possibly nectar.

There is little information available about seasonal variation in the diet, but the seeds of cereal grasses are important in summer and early autumn, and seeds and bulbs R. rosea, that they are common in the diet throughout the year, they are probably the main source of food from late autumn to spring.

It´s gregarious. use your upper mandible long to unearth the underground parts of various native plants growing in the forest. It also extracts bulbs when the soil is wet, and unearths the cereals in germination.

Distribution:

Size of its range (reproduction / resident): 258.000 km2

Currently is recognized two separate populations, both confined in southwest Western Australia.
You can find up to 400 meters above sea level.

Distribution 2 subspecies

  • Cacatua pastinator derbyi

    (Mathews, 1916) – It is located in the northern wheat belt of Western Australia.

  • Cacatua pastinator pastinator

    (Gould, 1841) – Nominal. It is found in most southwest Australia, to the South of Perth from the rivers Swan and Avon in the North, to Augusta in the west and Broome in the East.

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern.

• Population trend: Growing

The total world population not known, It is estimated in 3000 individuals, but it is believed to be expanding due to increased agricultural areas and thus a greater availability of food. The legal protection by the legislation also plays an important role for the survival of these species.

The decrease in the population of the south is attributed to persecution by farmers who regard the species as a pest for crops.

It keeps in captivity in the Perth Zoo and poultry farmers licensed as part of a captive breeding program initiated by the Department of Conservation and Land Management WA en 1995.

Digger Cockatoo in captivity:

Very rare in captivity.

It can be loud and aggressive with other birds. It has the capacity to imitate and create strong bonds with their caregivers.
In captivity it can live more than 50 years.

Alternative names:

Western Corella, Bare-eyed Long-billed Corella, Corella, Eastern Long-billed Corella, Western Long-billed Cockatoo, Western Long-billed Corella (English).
Cacatoès laboureur, Cacatoès à nez rose, Cacatoès à oeil nu, Cacatoès à oil nu (French).
Wühlerkakadu (German).
Cacatua-pastinator (Portuguese).
Cacatúa Cavadora (Spanish).

John Gould
John Gould

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cockatoo
Genus: Cockatoo
Scientific name: Cacatua pastinator
Citation: (Gould, 1841)
Protonimo: Licmetis pastinato

Images Western Corella:


Long billed Corella
Cacatua tenuirostris


Cacatúa Picofina

Description

35 to 41 cm.. length. The weight of 500 to 600 g..

The Long billed Corella (Cacatua tenuirostris) has plumage white. The undertail coverts and the parts below from the wings they are bathed in pale yellow, very visible in flight. It has red coloration in the throat and the chest, with a Red Crescent ranked in the upper breast.

The Head shows a small crest white, Red front and a wide, nude and fleshy eye ring blue-grey around the eyes Brown dark. The bill is white with blue base. Upper mandible is long and hooked. The legs and feet are dark gray.

The female is similar to the male, with the upper mandible more short and less red.

There are two similar species:

Cacatua sanguinea. Lack of forecrown Red and the red color in the neck. The upper mandible is shorter.

Cacatua galerita. Similar in flight, has crest yellow and lacks of colour red. The bill is black.

  • Sound of the Long billed Corella.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cacatua Picofina.mp3]

Habitat:

Common in the forests and trees remaining on farmland. It nests in Eucalyptus camaldulensis in the flooded Plains or close to streams. Wild populations living on farms and parks in urban areas.

Behavior:

It´s resident in their area of distribution, some local movements. Outside of breeding season, You can see in large flocks of up to 2.000 birds or more. Are noisy and visible, pronouncing discordant calls.

Pose in large eucalyptus near water. They leave the roost in the morning to drink, and then, go to the feeding areas. Again when the darkness comes to sleep, but not before excited participate in games and stunts .

They move on the floor with stunning movement jump. They do not have the other species waddling gait cockatoo.
It causes damage to crops of cereals and tree fruit, considered as one pest for farmers.

Nest colonies. They can create their nests with other species of Corella, and sometimes they hybridize. Populations feral in Sydney and Perth, from the release of unwanted birds, they may hybridize with endangered species such as the Cacatua pastinator

Reproduction:

Held from July to November. Forman couples monogamous. The male and female prepared the nest in the Hollows of large old eucalypts. If you do not find a suitable tree, You can make a burrow in soft soil Bank. They fill the nest of wood chips and often reuse it for several years.

They nest in large colonies, with several nests in the same tree.
The female lays 2-4 eggs White. The incubation lasts a few 24 days, shared by both parents. The young leave the nest about 55 days after hatching, being fed by the parents for three weeks more.

Food:

Feeds mainly on what obtained from soil, seeds, roots and bulbs He unearthed with his upper jaw. Feed cooler day in hours. Also consumes insects.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 382.000 km2

Is located in the southeast of Australia. Introduced in urban centers of Australia and Tasmania.

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern.

• Population trend growing

Populations may be declining due to loss of breeding grounds in its original distribution area.
However, the Long billed Corella It common in its range.

Is created that in the world there are more than 250 thousand individuals.

Slender-billed cockatoo in captivity:

It is very popular as a pet for the most part of Australia, and he has catalogued as the best “talkative” of the Australian cockatoos for its ability to mimic words almost to perfection.
Has a personality playful and Active.

Out of its area of distribution is rare in poultry farming.

Alternative names:

Long billed Corella, Long-billed Cockatoo, Long-billed Corella, Slender-billed Corella (English).
Cacatoès nasique (French).
Nasenkakadu (German).
Cacatua-corella-de-bico-longo (Portuguese).
Cacatúa de Pico Largo, Cacatúa Picofina (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cockatoo
Genus: Cockatoo
Scientific name: Cacatua tenuirostris
Citation: (Kuhl, 1820)
Protonimo: Psittacus tenuirostris

Long billed Corella pictures:

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Long billed Corella (Cacatua tenuirostris)

Sources:
Avibase
– Photos: Alice Springs in Australia's Red Centre, commons.wikimedia.org, Ian Barker (ibc.lynxeds.com/)
– Sounds: Marc Anderson (Xeno-canto)

White cockatoo
Cacatua alba

Cacatúa Blanca

Content

Description White Cockatoo

40 to 50 cm.. length and a weight of approximately 550 gr.

The White cockatoo (Cacatua alba) is completely white, with yellowing below wings, bill black and legs dark gray.

The eye ring is blue.
It has a crest exuberant, that is elevated or low, Depending on your state of mind. The wings They are tapered or rounded.

If he irises is brown, then it is male, if reddish, it is female. The females has bill smaller.

The juveniles only they differ by color irises.

White Cockatoo behavior:

They usually fly solo, in pairs, small groups, or in flocks of up to fifteen birds. In the afternoon, they gather in groups of up to fifty birds. Although they are social, with the exception of mating pairs, usually, they do not form close ties with others. As a result, There is no firmly defined order of dominant position in the community. Are day and they tend to be sedentary, Although some can be nomadic and wander in search of food.

The White cockatoos they are very bright and curious birds. They have the ability to use tools, as the use of a branch to scratch your back. They are monogamous, with pair bonds lasting lifetime. They can fall into a deep depression if you lose your partner.

Habitat White Cockatoo:

They live in lowland forests below 900 m, as well as in mangrove forests, plantations and farmland.
they are particularly common in around the edge of clearings and rivers. They spend most of their time in the tops of the trees. The secondary vegetation high is its preferred habitat.

Playing White Cockatoo:

It nests in the hollows of trees. They lay two eggs and two birds hatch for a few 28 days. The largest breeding tends to take dominion over the smaller you can not survive. The chicks leave the nest to the 84 days of age and are independent in winch a 15-18 weeks. These birds reach sexual maturity at the age of 3-4 years.

White Cockatoo feeding:

In nature it feeds mainly on Tree fruits. They are often seen feeding on papaya, Durian, complexioned and rambutan. It has also seen them will eat crickets and lizards. They often feed on corn growing in the fields, sometimes doing considerable damage.

Distribution:

Size of its range (reproduction / resident): 51.400 km2

The White cockatoo It found in rainforests on the islands of Halmahera, Bacan, Ternate, Ternate, Kasiruta and Mandioli in the north of the Moluccas of Indonesia.

Conservation:

Appears as vulnerable by the IUCN and placed in Appendix II in 1981.

In their natural environment, the White cockatoo is a species vulnerable due to the decrease in the number habitat loss natural, as well as the capture for the illegal bird trade. There are restrictions for the number of birds that can be exported, but BirdLife International He says that this is being exceeded by up to 18 times the number agreed in some areas.

It can cause substantial damage to maize.

World population: 43,000 – 183,000 individuals.

The White Cockatoo in captivity:

The White cockatoo You can live more than 60 years. It is very common in poultry farming and is perhaps the most common pet cockatoos.

They are sympathetic, calm, beautiful, sweets and easy to domesticate. Bred to porridge they are usually wonderful pets, You can play some words but are not good talkers. These birds in captivity require mental stimulation almost constant. They are in constant motion, up and doing gymnastics. When lack of mental stimulation, often they are become neurotic, booting the feathers to the point of causing areas of baldness.

They are known for being very affectionate with their human companions, acting more like a dog than a bird in this regard as.

In the absence of a partner, the white cockatoos in captivity will join their caregiver as if that person were his companion.

Alternative names:

White cackatoo, Great White Cockatoo, White Cockatoo, White-crested Cockatoo (English).
Cacatoès blanc, Grand Cacatoès blanc (French).
Weißhaubenkakadu (German).
Catatua-branca (Portuguese).
Cacatúa Alba, Cacatúa Blanca, Cacatúa Copete Blanco, Cacatúa de Goffin (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cockatoo
Genus: Cockatoo
Scientific name: Cacatua alba
Citation: (Statius Müller, 1776)
Protonimo: Psittacus albus

White cockatoo pictures:

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White cockatoo (Cacatua alba)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
avimarparrots.es

Photos:

(1) – commons.wikimedia.org
(2) – Adam Lysican

Sounds: Mike Nelson (Xeno-canto)

Salmon-crested Cockatoo
Cacatua moluccensis

Cacatúa Moluqueña

Description

40 to 50 cm.. length and a weight of up to 900 gr.

The plumage of the Salmon-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua moluccensis) is predominantly white, except the tuft, that consists of red feathers that is usually when the bird is excited.

The interior of the wings is light salmon color. The the tail feathers they have a yellow-orange and pink color at the base.
The bill is strong, curved and black. The legs also are of color black. A skin bare of color white blue surrounds them eyes

The sexual dimorphism It is in the color of your eyes. Males have dark eyes while females have them red.
The immature are like adults.

  • Sound of the Salmon-crested Cockatoo.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cacatua Moluquena.mp3]

Habitat:

It shows preference for forests. It is from sea level up to the 1200 metres of elevation. In noisy roosts, during the breeding season, alone or in couples; at other times are found in groups of up to 16 birds. Species usually timid. You enable in the early morning and at dusk.

Reproduction:

The breeding season exact in the nature is unknown, but the activity of nesting It has observed in mayo, July and August, When the birds are usually seen alone or in pairs. The nests are built in large trees, taking advantage of holes in the trunks to 25 meters above the ground. The implementation size in captivity is from one to three, usually two, the eggs, they are incubated by both parents for 28 to 29 days.

Food:

With feeds fruit, grains, seeds, berries, vegetables and dried fruits. It has a peak strong, able to break the hard shells.
Probably also feed on insects and their larvae and from time to time in the coconut plantations, where Peck young fruits, to reach the water and the meat of the content.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 33.800 km2

Lives in the Plains to low height in the islands of the South of the Moluccas in Indonesia, Islands of Ceram, Saparua and Haruku.
It was introduced on the neighbouring island of Ambon.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Is in the list of species at risk of CIPA (International Council for the protection of birds). It became part of the I in 1989 of the CITES and, in Europe, is covered by the program of protection of the species in extinction (EEP).

Their main threats they are the illegal trade (in great measure responsibility of Indonesia) and deforestation, that has led to a dramatic loss of habitat.

In 1982, exported a total of 6.413 birds, around the 15% all local poultry export, Since this species is still very desired as a bird company.

Although the international trade reported fell to zero in the Decade of 1990, them hunters will have maintained very active and the birds are sold openly in Indonesia.

Just 62.400 Salmon-crested Cockatoo in the world according to the Federal Register of the FWS.

In the news Loro Parque Foundation has in place a “field project” for their protection and survival in their country of origin, We hope that this great work to proceed and succeed.

Moluccan cockatoo in captivity:

In captivity is quite rare and face, but he has adapted well and plays smoothly in the spaces provided.

As a pet is simply exceptional for its docility. The only drawback is the noise emitted in the moments when their demands are not met immediately.

Despite their exceptional behavior, We should not consider the holding of this cockatoo bird of this wonderful bird cage. Trade can lead in a few years to extinction.

Alternative names:

Salmon-crested Cockatoo, Moluccan Cockatoo, Rose cackatoo (ingles).
Cacatoès à huppe rouge, Cacatoès des Moluques (francés).
Molukkenkakadu (alemán).
Cacatua-das-molucas (portugués).
Cacatúa Copete Encarnado, Cacatúa Moluqueña, Cacatúa de las Molucas (español).

Gmelin Johann Friedrich
Gmelin Johann Friedrich

Clasificación científica:

Orden: Psittaciformes
Familia: Cacatuidae
Genus: Cacatua
Nombre científico: Cacatua moluccensis
Citation: (Gmelin, 1788)
Protónimo: Psittacus moluccensis

Imágenes Cacatúa Moluqueña:

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Cacatúa Moluqueña (Cacatua moluccensis)

Fuentes:
Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Par
Birdlife

– Fotos: de.wikipedia.org, Wikimedia

– Sonidos: Frank Lambert (xeno-canto)

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