Romanian Bucovina Shepherd
Rumanía FCI 357 - Sheepdogs

Romanian Bucovina Shepherd

The Romanian Bucovina Shepherd is a quiet dog, balanced, devoted and who loves children

Content

History

Natural breed known for centuries in the Bucovina region, in northeastern Romania, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd was brought to light for the first time in 1934 by G. Radulescu Calafat, publisher of the first Carpathian Sheepdog standard, who mentioned in an article published in the journal Vet Sciences another molosser type sheepdog named “Dulau” or “Capau”. Until then, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd had been compared to him Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog, smaller.

While the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd has long been used as a guard dog for flocks of sheep against large predators in the Carpathians, like bears, wolves and lynx, it has also been used for many years by Romanian farmers as a guard dog.

In 1982 the Romanian Cynological Association, the reference canine organization in the country, developed a first standard that described the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd. It was updated in 2001 and 2002 in accordance with the FCI requests (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) with a view to their recognition of the breed, what actually happened provisionally in 2009.

In 2019, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd obtained the definitive recognition of the FCI. On the other hand, not yet recognized by the British reference organization, The Kennel Club, nor by the American Kennel Club (AKC) and the United Kennel Club (UKC).

In fact, it is still very rare outside its country of origin and some neighboring countries, like Ukraine or Serbia. In Romania there have been 6.000 copies in the Romanian Origin Book, but only the breeding of 300 females and 200 males, as Romanian law imposes many restrictions on the breeding of dogs.

Photo: Ciobanesc de Bucovina – Romania 2018 by 1jagdterrier – YouTube

Physical characteristics

The Romanian Bucovina Shepherd they are huge dogs with a body slightly longer than the tall, powerful lower limbs and a horizontal, muscular back. Placed high on the body, its long tail is carried hanging at rest and rises in the back in a slightly upward curve when in the gazebo.

Romanian Bucovina Shepherd

The head, which is wide and carried slightly higher than the body, blends in with the voluminous and moderately long neck, which forms an angle of 100 - 110 degrees with the rest of the body.

The muzzle is black, the eyes are relatively small in relation to the head, the powerful jaw is chisel-shaped and the V-shaped ears with a rounded tip fall along the cheeks.

While the head and the front of the legs are covered with short hair, the rest of the body is covered with dense hair, long (6 - 10 cm.) and quite stiff. The coat is predominantly white, marked with black spots, gray or leonadas well defined. However, the standard of Romanian Bucovina Shepherd it also recognizes unbleached, uncoloured specimens that are completely white, white as snow, gray like ash or black.

Sexual dimorphism is well marked in the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd, being the male larger than the female.

Character and skills

The Romanian Bucovina Shepherd is a quiet dog, balanced, devoted and who loves children, what can make it an ideal dog for a family. On the other hand, especially distrust strangers, so it is important to socialize him from an early age with the people with whom he can come into contact: friends, neighbors, postmen…

Used to guarding herds in the company of other dogs, coexists perfectly with its congeners and other pets that share its territory.

It is not aggressive at all, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd they are not prone to attack without reason. On the other hand, their very protective character makes them react in a very intimidating way if they perceive an intrusion into their territory. However, his growls and especially his serious and powerful barks are just a way to scare “invaders” and they are rarely precursors of offensive action. However, if you feel that your “family” (which is simply the herd that is in charge, if he has always lived like a sheepdog) is threatened, this extremely brave and protective dog risks going on the attack, without even backing down in front of a bear or a pack of wolves.

Independent and used to wandering alone in the wild mountains of Romania, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd tolerates loneliness quite well and can be left alone for a few days without too much trouble, although he obviously prefers the company of his family. However, your ability to keep busy depends on having enough space to walk freely.

Due to its size, his resonant voice and his need for great spaces, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd They are not dogs that can live comfortably in apartments and are not recommended for urban areas. They greatly prefer sparsely populated areas, where they can patrol their territory in peace and quiet without risk of unwanted encounters.

A very active and resistant dog, needs daily physical activity and is happy to accompany his master on long walks in the countryside.

Education “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

Romanian Bucovina Shepherd
Dog of the months

The puppy's socialization phase is of primary importance for the puppy. Romanian Bucovina Shepherd, and it is very important that you meet your family very soon, to possible other household pets, as well as the other people and animals that you will meet regularly during your life. In effect, once adult, find it difficult to accept a new person in your environment (including for example a prospective dog handler or dog behaviorist), although this is not impossible.

As an intelligent and obedient dog, can be easily trained and trained for his future role as a sheepdog or watchdog from his first birthday. Despite its independent nature, responds very well to positive reinforcement methods, but the teacher must ensure that he always maintains a strong and authoritative demeanor.

In addition, instead of a long daily training session, it is advisable to opt for several short sessions spread throughout the day.

Health “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

The Romanian Bucovina Shepherd it is a particularly healthy and resistant breed.

However, like most large breeds of dogs, are prone to hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia. To reduce risks, make sure they don't overdo physical activity during their growing season.

Gastric dilation of the dog is another problem that can affect this breed. Due to ingestion of food too fast, especially if they are dry, can be life-threatening and requires urgent intervention by a veterinarian. To minimize this risk, it is recommended to leave large amounts of water available when the dog eats, divide his daily ration into at least two meals and let him rest after these meals.

Grooming “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

The Romanian Bucovina Shepherd they are long-haired dogs that need to be brushed once a week, and even more often during the shedding period. Losing her hair galore, not recommended for people who do not like to find dog hair all over the house and always have a perfectly clean interior.

In addition, at the end of winter, it is advisable to cut the hair between its pads to protect your dog from heat.

It is not necessary to bathe your dog unless, of course, is particularly dirty. In any case, no more than 2 or 3 times a year, as this can damage the natural protective layer of the skin.

On the other hand, the inside of the ears needs to be checked regularly, since it is common for external parasites to hide there, and clean them well to avoid any risk of infection.

The dog's claws should be checked monthly and trimmed if natural wear and tear is not enough.

Food “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

If he Romanian Bucovina Shepherd he has always been fed what his pastor used to prepare for him, good quality commercial kibbles are an ideal solution today, If and when, of course, the manufacturer's recommendations are followed.

Bones are important in this dog's diet, so it may be helpful to give him a bone to gnaw once in a while. However, chicken bones and other poultry should be banned as they can cause serious damage to the digestive system.

In addition, as with any dog ​​at high risk of bloating-twisting stomach, the daily ration should be divided into 2 or 3 meals and ensuring that the dog remains calm during and after these meals. This means, for example, make sure he sees his food coming instead of discovering it in front of him when he wakes up, avoid having another animal around you when you eat, and do not stimulate him during his meal or in the following hour.

In addition, is essential for Romanian Bucovina Shepherd have large amounts of fresh water available at all times.

Price “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

A puppy Romanian Bucovina Shepherd usually sold between 500 and 1000 EUR, but prices have tended to rise as the breed has been the subject of some interest after its recognition by the FCI. Males tend to be more expensive than females, and the price is higher when the animal has a smooth coat.

It is necessary to be well informed about the origin of the puppy and check the documents with the Romanian Canine Association. From 2015, the breeding of dogs without pedigree or not registered in the Romanian Origin Book is prohibited in Romania, and the marketing of these puppies is illegal.

Characteristics “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Videos “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

Ciobanesc de Bucovina – Romania 2018 by 1jagdterrier
Shepherd of Bucovina – Ilie Forest 2018

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 357
  • Group 1: Sheepdog and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
  • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1: Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs

    FCI breed standard “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

    FCIFCI – “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”
    Romanian Shepherd from Bucovina FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Bucovina Sheepdog, Bucovina Shepherd, Southeastern European Shepherd (English).
      2. Berger roumain de Bucovine, Berger de l’Europe du Sud-Est (French).
      3. Ciobănesc Românesc de Bucovina (German).
      4. (em romeno: Ciobanesc Romanesc de Bucovina) (Portuguese).
      5. (en rumano: Ciobănesc de Bucovina) (Spanish).

    Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog
    Rumanía FCI 349 - Sheepdogs

    Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog

    The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog it is a calm and balanced dog that has an extraordinarily strong bond with its caregiver.

    Content

    History

    The “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”, or Ciobanesc Romanesc Mioritic in romanian, it is a natural breed that has been present for centuries in the Carpathians, especially in southern Transylvania, in the mountainous regions near Sibiu and Brasov. Its exact origins are unknown, but it seems that their ancestors came to Romania around the 13th century with the Tatars who came to settle in the Danube Delta region and along the Black Sea coast.

    In the middle ages, some local rulers used these powerful dogs to accompany their armies. This fueled the legend that the dogs often seen in ancient engravings depicting the battles between the Roman Empire and the Dacians, a native people of the Carpathians, they are the shepherds of Mioritza. However, since these battles took place over 1000 years before the arrival of the dog's ancestors to the region, it is in fact unlikely that he can claim to have any connection to these feats of arms.

    In fact, the Mioritza Shepherd Dog he was above all the faithful companion of the illiterate peasants and shepherds isolated in the mountains. Stunning, mighty and brave, protected, and still protects today, herds against the many predators that live in the Carpathians: line, Wolf, bear…

    His name is also a reference to his qualities as a pastor, Since the word “mioara” means “sheep” in romanian, precisely the animal that it has been protecting for several centuries.

    Even today, many shepherds claim that only one of these dogs can scare away a bear, and popular belief says that it is the only race in the world capable of facing a bear and getting out alive.

    The first written references to Mioritic go back to 1930, when Professor Gheorghe Moldoveanu, studying the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog, made a first distinction between the different romanian sheepdogs. In 1934, the National Zootechnical Institute published a description of the dog Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog, but it wasn't until 1981 that a first breed standard was defined, prepared by the Romanian Cynological Association (ACR).

    This standard was revised in 2002 to meet the requirements of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), who accepted the dog Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog provisionally in 2005, before finally recognizing it in 2015. In the meantime, had taken off across the Atlantic, as recognized by the American United Kennel Club (UKC) in 2006. The other reference body in the country, the American Kennel Club (AKC), did the same in 2018. However, neither the British nor the Canadian Kennel Club have followed suit.

    It is estimated that the population of Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog is of 10.000 individuals in Romania, but the vast majority are pedigree and unregistered dogs. In fact, Although the breeding of non-pedigree dogs is prohibited in the country since 2015, ancient habits are slowly changing. Thus, there is often a dog left “field” from which a puppy is delivered to the neighbor of the village when a litter is born, rather than a pedigree dog that is purchased from a professional breeder.

    On the other hand, although they are still relatively popular in the Romanian mountains, the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog remain largely unknown outside of their home country, despite the efforts of Barbara Fallent, an Austrian-based breeder dedicated to popularizing them in Europe.

    Photo: Ciobanesc Mioritic by DorinRodina, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    Sometimes nicknamed “wool bear”, the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog is tall, powerful and furry. It is often confused with the Old English Sheepdog (or Bobtail), with which it has many physical similarities.

    They are big and massive, but harmonious and very agile for a dog of this size, while its legs are muscular and erect. The tail stands tall and falls when at rest, but it rises horizontally when in the gazebo.

    The neck is of medium length but broad and powerful, and bears a massive head of large size in relation to the rest of the body. The skull is slightly domed and ends in a rather short muzzle, tapering towards the nose. The latter should be black and well developed. The powerful jaws are scissor bite. The triangular ears with rounded tips fall along the cheeks and “disappear” in the fur.

    The eyes are medium in size, often hazel or dark brown in color, but they can also be lighter in color, except yellow, which is not accepted by the standard of Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog. They express calm and intelligence.

    The coat of the mioritic it is very long, measure at least 10 cm.. Covers the whole body, from head to tip of tail, going through the legs, where however it is a little shorter. The top coat is rough, while the lower layer is more flexible and dense, which makes the coat perfectly adapted to harsh weather conditions.

    The coat can be uniform, white or gray, but most often it is variegated, with distinctive black or gray spots protruding from the white fur.

    Sexual dimorphism is moderately marked, the female being only slightly smaller than the male.

    Character and skills

    The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog he is a calm and balanced dog that has an extraordinarily strong bond with his master and his family, bond that forms naturally during the growth period. We know that it is “a master's dog” – the person who adopted and raised him – making it very difficult to adopt an adult dog from Mioritic Shepherd Dog.

    He is incredibly devoted and loyal to his family, at least the family he grew up with. Adults, children, pets or farm animals…: everyone he lives with is part of his family, and once he is an adult he will stop at nothing to protect them. Quiet and affectionate, gets along very well with children, without being an ideal playmate, especially for the little ones and / or restless, since he prefers quieter activities. In addition, given its size, could unintentionally push a small one.

    A typical sheepdog, who distrusts strangers. Although tolerate close friends who come often, barks vigorously when a stranger approaches, and only allows him to enter his territory with the agreement of his master. Therefore, a lot of work on socialization and obedience is necessary from an early age to prevent this dog's power from, able to scare away wolves and bears, be misdirected, with dramatic consequences.

    The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog need space, and it is not at all a breed of dog adapted to apartment living. Its territorial and protective character makes it not an ideal option for people who live in a residential area., even with a large garden. Rather, they adapt better to the field or the mountains, where they have space and where they find less “threats” potentials, especially since they can easily spend their days and nights outdoors.

    Having said that, if you need space, the mioritic neither is it a dog that needs a lot of exercise, at least not as an adult. It is true that the puppies of this breed are hyperactive and need to exercise daily, either in the form of games or walks. But the adult is much calmer, as are most sheepdogs, who prefer to stay close to their herd and not stray too far from it: patrolling the garden and taking an occasional walk with his master is more than enough for him.

    However, it is important to know that the “territory” that defends the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog it is not limited to your garden: protect the place where your family is, establishing a kind of security perimeter around it in all circumstances. Like this, if your flock grazes in the mountains, don't let anyone get close, and if your family walks in a park, does the same.

    However, the Mioritic Shepherd Dog not spontaneously aggressive, and never attacks for no reason. Barks to warn the intruder that they are not welcome, and leave the one who understands the message alone. On the other hand, anyone who risks ignoring the warning without his master's consent risks finding out why this dog has been the best friend of Romanian shepherds and protector of their flocks for centuries.

    At last, used to accompany them alone, have learned to make decisions on their own. Although loyal and obedient, his independent character and power make him a dog that is not suitable as a first dog.

    Education “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

    If socializing the puppy from an early age is necessary for all breeds, is even more indispensable in the case of Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog. You must meet the people you may meet as an adult as soon as possible and get used to the situations that will be part of your life: walks in a crowded place, visits to the vet, sessions at the hairdresser… The latter should also allow you to get used to being handled without hesitation, which is absolutely essential to avoid any problems once adult, given its size and power.

    In the same way, learning obedience should begin as soon as the dog is adopted. Smart and devoted, the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog it is relatively easy to train if your master has the necessary experience and knows how to remind your dog who the master is if necessary. On the other hand, Inconsistent or hesitant orders can lead you to take matters into your own hands and choose the attitude that seems most appropriate. Unfortunately, in such cases, unlikely to make the desired decision.

    In any case, although professional help can be useful as support, education must be provided by the teacher himself. You are the only person whose authority you recognize and trust.

    In addition, traditional training methods should be banned, as they run the risk of damaging the strong bond between student and teacher. Positive reinforcement-based dog training is a much better option.

    Regarding your role as guardian, does not require any special training. In fact, their instinct for protection is innate, so you don't need any specific training to become an excellent watchdog. In the same way, learn to become a good herding watchdog by observing adults, and just reproduce this behavior when it grows. Once again, no specific training is required.

    Health “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

    The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog he is a very healthy dog: is not subject to hereditary diseases, it is only slightly sensitive to common diseases and is resistant to harsh weather conditions. In fact, many individuals reach the age of 14 years or more, which is unusual for a dog of this size.

    However, like all large dog breeds, may suffer from ..:

    ▷ Hip Dysplasia;
    ▷ elbow dysplasia;
    ▷ gastric dilation-torsion.

    In addition, its long and dense coat can become a refuge for many parasites, especially if you spend most of your time outdoors. Therefore, it is essential to regularly ensure that all your deworming treatments are up to date.

    Grooming “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

    The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog It is an easy-care breed of dog: a weekly brushing of his coat is enough to get rid of his dead hairs and ensure that he has no injuries that can be hidden by his long hair.

    However, during the move, the dog should be brushed more frequently to avoid accumulation of dead hair, that could create knots and become true “parasite nests”.

    Bathing the dog is unnecessary, since the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog has a self-cleaning coat. Even if he rolled in the mud before he came home, leaving it outside in a dry place should be enough to get rid of dirt. “A Mioritic dry is a Mioritic clean”, as the shepherds say.

    On the other hand, it is essential to check every 2 or 3 days that your eyes and ears are not dirty and do not show any signs of infection. Their teeth and claws may be checked less regularly, but special attention should be paid to the dog's paw pads to make sure there is no accumulated dirt.

    It is a good idea to get used to Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog to these grooming sessions from an early age, to avoid any problems later, given its size and power. If the teacher knows how to do it, they can become beautiful moments of complicity between him and his partner.

    On the other hand, if it has to be prepared by a professional, the presence of your caregiver is necessary to calm you down and ensure that you do not have any aggressive reaction towards the stranger who is manipulating you.

    Price “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

    A puppy Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog costs between 1000 and 1200 EUR. A male is more expensive than a female, because males are more sought after by shepherds.

    In any case, It is necessary to be well informed about the origin of the puppy and to check its documents with the Romanian Canine Association (ACR). In fact, from 2015, the breeding of dogs without pedigree or not registered in the Romanian Origin Book is prohibited in Romania, and the marketing of these puppies is illegal.

    Characteristics “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

    Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog
    Beautiful Romanian Shepherd Dogs, the one on the left is the “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog” and the one on the right is the “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd” by Remus Pereni, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog
    “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog” by akc

    Videos “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

    Romanian Mioritic Shepherd – Facts and Information
    The Miracle of Life – Romanian Mioritic shepherd dog babies

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 349
    • Group 1: Sheepdog and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1: Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
    • AKCFoundation Stock Service
    • UKC – Herding dogs

    FCI breed standard “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”

    FCIFCI – “Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog”
    Romanian Shepherd from Mioritza FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Romanian Mioritic, Mioritic Shepherd Dog, Ciobănesc Românesc Mioritic (English).
      2. Mioritic (French).
      3. Mioritic, Mocano, Barac (German).
      4. (em romeno: Ciobănesc românesc mioritic) ciobanesc romanesc mioritic (Portuguese).
      5. Mioritic (Spanish).

    Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog
    Rumanía FCI 350 - Sheepdogs

    Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog

    The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog is slightly more sensitive and less independent than other guard dog breeds

    Content

    History

    The “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”, also known as Carpatin (of his original name Ciobanesc Romanesc Carpatin), He is native to Romania, more precisely from the Danube Delta.

    It is said to be descended from the Lupo races – molosoides, comparable in size to ancient mastiffs, but with a morphology closer to that of the wolf, and that has been used to protect herds for more than 9.000 years, namely, since the beginning of the domestication of cattle in this region.

    Legend has it that their ancestors, to whom he is physically very close, they interbred naturally with wolves, resulting in a powerful and fearsome race. Although there is no irrefutable evidence, such hybridizations between dog and wolf are known to have in fact occurred in various regions of the world, what makes this theory plausible.

    Often hunting in packs, nothing stops this dog with his courage and unerring protective instinct. There have even been cases where a herd of Carpathian shepherds has been seen repelled by an adult bear. The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog has been selected over the centuries with the main criterion of utility, which explains why it has kept its herding dog qualities intact to this day, especially since Romania still has many predators on its territory, including wolves and bears. Over the years, they have also become increasingly integrated into the family as guard dogs; very protective of their master, it's a role they play wonderfully.

    The first breed standard was developed in Romania in 1934. After the fall of communism in 1989, a few passionate breeders of the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog developed the breed so that its standard could meet the criteria of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale. Their efforts paid off, since the latter finally recognized it provisionally in 2005, and then definitely ten years later, in 2015. Among the other large canine organisms, the Société Centrale Canine and the United Kennel Club also recognize the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog, what is not the case with the American Kennel Club, the Canadian Kennel Club or the Kennel Club, the leading organization in Great Britain.

    Although they are increasingly known and appreciated in the rest of the world, the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog still quite rare outside of their home country. On the other hand, still very popular in Romania, where it is used as a herding dog and as a guard and companion dog.

    Photo: Possibly Carpathian sheepdog or Bucovina sheepdog by Alex Zelenko, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog he is a large dog with an impressive physique.

    The body is rectangular, vigorous and well developed, without heaviness. Its length is greater than the height at the withers, and the lumbar region may be slightly longer in females than in males.

    The tail is held high, reaching or slightly exceeding the point of the hock. With abundant hair, hangs at rest but is carried high and slightly curved in action. It is neither flat nor rolled in the back.

    The head is strong but not heavy, of type lupoid, with a stop moderately marked. The nose is always black, big and wide. The scissor bite is powerful. The eyes are medium in size, almendrada form, dark brown. The ears, slightly above the eye line, they are triangular in shape, a little rounded at the tip, and fall close to the cheeks.

    The inner layer is dense and flexible, color clear, but the hair is rough, smooth and dense. It is shorter and flatter on the head and front of the legs, longer in the neck, the back of the legs and tail. It is abundant and of medium length in the rest of the body. The fur is sable (Wolf) with white markings, and the skin is ash colored.

    Character and skills

    The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog is balanced, calm and brave. They are innate herding dogs with a very strong protective instinct, with an unconditional attachment to his flock and a closeness to his master and family that is far greater than that of most other guard dog breeds.

    This protective instinct makes them mistrust strangers. In the presence of a stranger, will come between him and his family and bark as a warning, until his master makes him understand that there is no danger.

    However, due to its friendlier temperament than the average of other guard dog breeds, it is also an excellent companion dog. As a breed of dog adapted to children, he is very gentle with them and is a great playmate for them. Regarding the cohabitation of the dog with the cat, generally goes well. Last but not least, the fact that they have long gotten used to defending themselves and working in packs also explains why they generally manage to get along with their peers, although they can be dominant with them.

    Although it suits all families quite well, this large and energetic dog needs a lot of exercise and play to maintain his mental balance and physical health. Therefore, better suited to a family that likes to move, and thus you can enjoy hiking with your dog (dogs-rando), from running with your dog (canicross) or cycling with your dog (cani-mountain biking). To feel completely fine, need at least an hour of daily exercise.

    Therefore, not at all suitable for use in an apartment: too small a space and insufficient physical exercise could cause behavioral disorders in the dog, including uncontrolled aggression (even towards their owners) and / or destructive behavior on the part of the dog. This is all the more true since the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog is slightly more sensitive and less independent than other guard dog breeds; therefore shows more anxiety in case of prolonged loneliness, especially if you are indoors with nothing to do to keep busy. Therefore, the ideal home for him is one with a large enclosed garden where he can run, and a master who is available to play with his dog and walk him for long hours.

    Education “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”

    Although the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog it is a calm and balanced dog that is easier to train than other guard dog breeds, needs a strong education to start at an early age, since it has a strong character. It is imperative that the owner immediately show his dog who the master is and impose his authority, at the risk of seeing his partner with his impressive physique take control.

    Of course, firm does not mean brutal. Positive dog training, with incentives and rewards, is always the best way to earn respect and obedience. Purely authoritarian training would only lead to confrontation with this voluntarily dominant dog.

    Health “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”

    Although there have been cases of hip dysplasia or eye problems in some individuals, the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog it is a robust breed of dog, able to stay outdoors in inclement weather without being unduly hindered and, In addition, does not have a congenital predisposition to certain pathologies.

    Therefore, daily exercise and a balanced diet are enough to keep the dog healthy, vigorous and toned.

    However, be careful not to give too large a portion of food before physical exertion: like all big breeds, is particularly exposed to the risk of stomach dilation-torsion.

    Grooming “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”

    Although the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog has a long fur, rarely needs professional grooming. However, it is recommended to brush the dog's hair daily with a wire brush or detangler, especially during the shedding period.

    If you spend most of your time outdoors, it is recommended to wash your dog once a month. However, if you stay inside, a dog bath every three to four months is sufficient.

    On the other hand, it is important to regularly examine and clean the dog's ears, as for all dogs with lop ears. A buildup of ear wax or bacteria could lead to infections, like ear infections.

    In addition, as in all races, brushing your dog's teeth at regular intervals is essential to avoid tartar problems. Ideally, you could do this two or three times a week.

    At last, how often a dog's claws are trimmed depends on its level of activity. It is best to inspect them from time to time and trim them if necessary.

    Characteristics “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”

    Carpathian Shepherd

    Carpathian Shepherd

    Photos:

    1 – “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog” by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1434185
    2 – “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog” by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1625909

    Videos “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”

    Jeff the Carpathian Shepherd – 4 Weeks Residential Dog Training
    Sanziana, a Carpathian Shepherd Dog baby girl

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 350
    • Group 1: Sheepdog and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1: Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
    • UKC – Herding dogs

    FCI breed standard “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”

    FCIFCI – “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”
    Romanian Carpathian Sheepdog FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Romanian Shepherd, Romanian Carpathian Shepherd, Carpathian Sheepdog (English).
      2. Chien de berger des Carpathes (French).
      3. Carpatin, Zavod (German).
      4. (em romeno: Ciobănesc românesc carpatin) (Portuguese).
      5. Carpatin, Pastor de los Cárpatos, Perro pastor de los Cárpatos (Spanish).
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